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Stop Guessing 2.0: Extending the Framework

This paper extends the original framework, including the ability to incorporate expectations/assumptions around: 1) active management alpha; 2) a more diversified and appropriate detailed asset allocation; 3) some of the possible benefits associated with financial planning "gamma" or "advisor's alpha;" 4) the expected benefit of diversifying out of company stock; and 5) utility losses due to lack of complete information on the participant.

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About the Authors

Tom Idzorek

Chief Investment Officer, Retirement
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Tom Idzorek, CFA, is president of Morningstar Investment Management. He is responsible for the firm’s global investment advice, consulting, retirement solutions, and index businesses. Idzorek also serves on Morningstar’s retirement plan committee. An expert on multi-asset class strategic asset allocation, the Black-Litterman model, target-date funds, retirement income solutions, fund-of-funds optimization, risk budgeting, and performance analysis, Idzorek has written numerous articles for academic and industry journals and collaborated on papers selected by the CFA Institute Financial Analysts Journal (FAJ) for Graham and Dodd Scroll Awards.

Idzorek assumed his current role in 2012. From 2010 to 2012, he was global chief investment officer for Morningstar Investment Management. Prior to that, he was director of research and product development for Ibbotson Associates, which Morningstar acquired in 2006. Idzorek began his career as a senior quantitative researcher for Zephyr Associates.

Idzorek holds a bachelor’s degree in marketing from Arizona State University, a master’s degree in business administration from Thunderbird School of Global Management, and the Chartered Financial Analyst® designation.

David Blanchett

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David M. Blanchett, Ph.D., CFA, CFP®, is head of retirement research for Morningstar’s Investment Management group. In this role, he works to enhance the group’s consulting and investment services. He conducts research primarily in the areas of financial and tax planning, annuities, and retirement plans. Blanchett also serves as the chairman of the Advice Methodologies subcommittee, which is the group responsible for developing and maintaining all methodologies relating to wealth forecasting, general financial planning, automated investment selection, and portfolio assignment for Investment Management. Before joining Morningstar in 2011, he was director of consulting and investment research for Unified Trust Company’s retirement plan consulting group.

Blanchett’s research has been published in a variety of academic and industry journals, such as Financial Analysts Journal, Journal of Financial Planning, The Journal of Portfolio Management, Journal of Retirement, and The Journal of Wealth Management. He has also been featured in a variety of media outlets and publications, including InvestmentNews, MarketWatch, Money, The New York Times, PLANSPONSOR, and The Wall Street Journal. His research has won a number of awards, most recently the Journal of Financial Planning’s 2014 and 2015 Montgomery-Warschauer Awards, the Financial Analysts Journal 2015 Graham & Dodd Scroll Award, and the CFP Board Center for Financial Planning 2017 Academic Research Colloquium Best Investments Paper Award.

In 2014, InvestmentNews included him in their inaugural 40 under 40 list as a “visionary” for the financial planning industry, and in 2014, Money named him one of the brightest minds in retirement planning. He is a RetireMentor for MarketWatch and an expert retirement panelist for The Wall Street Journal. Blanchett is also on the executive committee for the Defined Contribution Institutional Investment Association (DCIIA) and serves on the editorial boards of Morningstar Magazine and the Journal of Retirement.

Blanchett holds a bachelor’s degree in finance and economics from the University of Kentucky, a master’s degree in financial services from The American College, a master’s degree in business administration from the University of Chicago Booth School of Business, and a doctorate in personal financial planning from Texas Tech University. Blanchett holds the Chartered Financial Analyst®, Certified Financial Planner™, Chartered Life Underwriter (CLU®), Chartered Financial Consultant (ChFC), and Accredited Investment Fiduciary Analyst™ designations.

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