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Royal Bank of Canada RY

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Economic Moat




Credit Provisions and Insurance Costs Eat Into Results for Royal Bank of Canada; Capital Still Fine

Eric Compton, CFA Equity Analyst

Analyst Note

| Eric Compton, CFA |

Wide-moat Royal Bank of Canada reported decent fiscal second-quarter results, all things considered. The economic strain of COVID-19-related shutdowns weighed on results with provisioning up significantly, coming in at CAD 2.8 billion versus a more normal range of CAD 300 million-CAD 500 million. This was the biggest factor driving the year-over-year decline in EPS of 55% to CAD 1.00. So far, Canadian banks have reported year-over-year EPS drops of 39% to 55%--on the worse end of the spectrum. One reason for seemingly worse results is RBC’s larger insurance exposure, and the net change in the fair value of insurance liabilities helped drive revenue down 10% compared with positive revenue growth for some peers. Excluding the change in insurance costs, revenue was up 2% year over year. Its common equity Tier 1 ratio remained fairly strong, dropping only to 11.7% from 12% last quarter. We’ll note the drop was disproportionately influenced by risk-weighted asset growth. While we expect some additional RWA growth to occur as credits move from lower-risk to higher-risk categories, the strain from excess balance sheet growth should abate. The big questions for all the banks today are how big will credit costs become and if the banks have enough profitability and capital to absorb these costs. Based on current results, we believe the answer is that RBC is well positioned to deal with the current downturn. Management commented on its internal stress tests, and under almost all scenarios it expects the bank to remain above a 10% common equity Tier 1 ratio, while under the most severe scenarios (our impression is that the most severe scenarios involved unemployment remaining above 10% for years and GDP falling 18%-20% and staying depressed for years) the common equity Tier 1 ratio would still remain above the current regulatory minimum of 9%. After updating our models for these results, we are increasing our fair value estimate to CAD 112 (USD 81) from CAD 111 (USD 84).

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Company Profile

Business Description

Royal Bank of Canada is one of the two largest banks in Canada. It is a diversified financial services company, offering personal and commercial banking, wealth-management services, insurance, corporate banking, and capital markets services. The bank is concentrated in Canada, with additional operations in the U.S. and other countries.

200 Bay Street, 14th Floor, South Tower, Royal Bank Plaza
Toronto, ON, M5J 2J5, Canada
T +1 888 212-5533
Sector Financial Services
Industry Banks - Diversified
Most Recent Earnings Apr 30, 2020
Fiscal Year End Oct 31, 2020
Stock Type
Employees 82,499