Appeals Court Exempts Loan Funds from Dodd-Frank Risk-Retention Rule -- 2nd Update
By Dave Michaels
WASHINGTON -- Managers of Wall Street funds that lend money to heavily indebted firms won't have to retain an interest in the debt they sell to investors after a federal appeals court invalidated part of a major postcrisis rule.
The U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit on Friday overturned regulators' decision to apply a 2014 rule to managers of funds known as collateralized-loan obligations. The rule sought to impose discipline on banks and other mortgage lenders that had spun risky home loans into securities, fomenting the 2008 financial crisis.
A three-judge panel of the D.C. Circuit said the Federal Reserve and Securities and Exchange Commission lacked the authority to apply the risk-retention rule to CLOs.
The regulation required creators of complex securities such as CLOs to keep 5% of the value of the asset they sell to others.
The judges said the SEC and Fed went too far in applying the rule -- required by the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act -- to the business model of CLOs.
"It's a very big deal for the market," said Elliot Ganz, general counsel of the Loan Syndications and Trading Association, which sued the government over the rule in 2014. "No matter what the policy argument was, the statutory language just does not give the agencies the ability to do what they did."
An SEC spokesman declined to comment. A spokesman for the Fed said the central bank is reviewing the court's decision.
CLOs are a big source of credit for indebted companies with limited alternatives. Some CLO managers had moved to create vehicles that allowed them to retain less than 5% of the risk by setting up affiliated companies that would buy the stakes. The fund manager would own roughly 51% of the new firms, and outside investors would own the rest, according to market participants.
CLO managers include firms such as Blackstone Group LP and HPS Investment Partners LLC, a spinoff from JPMorgan Chase & Co. Managers sell portions of the fund to clients such as banks, insurers, mutual funds and others.
The CLO industry lobbied extensively against the 2014 regulation, complaining that fund managers themselves don't originate loans or transfer them to investors. The managers instead use a special-purpose vehicle that purchases loans on the open market and then securitizes them, the judges wrote.
Some regulators who had voted on the rule agreed with the industry's analysis. SEC Commissioner Michael Piwowar, a Republican, cast a dissenting vote, saying the rule was "dismissive of alternatives" proposed by industry groups.
The Fed and SEC had argued that exempting CLOs from the rule would have created a loophole that could allow banks to evade risk retention. The banks could set up third-party managers to pick assets to be securitized and avoid holding them on their books, the regulators reasoned.
The judges wrote that such concerns were overblown. Moreover, the regulators stretched the wording in Dodd-Frank to cover the CLO industry, the court said: "The agencies' policy concerns cannot compel us to redraft the statutory boundaries set by Congress."
Write to Dave Michaels at firstname.lastname@example.org
(END) Dow Jones Newswires
February 09, 2018 17:41 ET (22:41 GMT)Copyright (c) 2018 Dow Jones & Company, Inc.