By Hannah Lang
Filings for unemployment benefits in the latter half of February reached their lowest level in nearly three months amid signs of slow labor-market improvement.
The Labor Department said jobless claims, a proxy for layoffs, rose slightly to 745,000 for the week ended Feb. 27, from a revised 736,000 the prior week. The four week moving-average, which smooths out week-to-week volatility in claims numbers, was just under 800,000, its lowest level since early December.
Despite the easing, worker filings for jobless benefits have remained elevated since the pandemic hit last March, holding above a pre-pandemic peak of 695,000.
"We're almost getting used to these high numbers," said AnnElizabeth Konkel, an economist at jobs site Indeed. "The only thing that's going to fix it is getting the public health situation under control."
Still, Ms. Konkel said the overall outlook could improve as virus cases decline and vaccines are more widely distributed. Some states are also easing restrictions. New York on Wednesday said it would ease Covid-19 restrictions on the size of sports and entertainment gatherings, and Texas on Tuesday said it would end a statewide mask mandate.
Economists expect February's employment report -- the government's broadest look at the U.S. labor market -- to show modest job gains when it is released on Friday. A January boost to household income from the most recent round of government stimulus indicates the U.S. could be primed for a rapid rebound later this year, when consumers are expected to spend some of the savings they accumulated during the pandemic. Hiring is also picking up in some industries, with the number of help-wanted ads returning to pre-pandemic levels.
"We do think the $1.9 trillion will be a boost to the economy in terms of jobs created," S&P Chief Economist Beth Ann Bovino said during a WSJ Jobs Summit on Thursday, referring to the latest stimulus package that is pending in the Senate.
"It's been a slow recovery, but we do seem to have turned the corner," Ms. Bovino said.
The total number of continuing claims -- which offers a good approximation of the number of workers collecting benefits -- was about 4.3 million in regular state programs for the week ending Feb. 20, down slightly from the prior week. The number of continuing claims for pandemic unemployment assistance -- which provides benefits to gig workers, the self-employed and others not typically eligible for unemployment aid -- fell to 7.3 million for the week ending Feb. 13 from 7.5 million the week prior.
Two factors that could be affecting the weekly totals include disruption from winter storms in February and attempted fraud filings. Ohio, for instance, has adjusted recent claims totals after suspected fraud created a spike in claims filings. For the week ended Feb. 27, the state reported approximately 119,000 claims, or about 16% of the nationwide total on an unadjusted basis. Ohio didn't immediately respond to a request for comment about its claims figures.
Jan Riggins, general manager and regional development representative at Express Employment Professionals offices in Fort Worth, Texas, said things have been "a little chaotic" for local businesses since the winter storms, with some companies scrambling to regain lost production and others still below normal operating levels.
Recruiting also slowed while potential job seekers dealt with burst pipes, school closures and other effects from the storms, Ms. Riggins said. Though some grocery store shelves are still empty, businesses are ramping back up. "I think we're definitely going to see the end of it soon," she said.
Layoffs have persisted despite recent signs of labor-market improvement, with jobless claims remaining elevated since the pandemic hit last March.
Best Buy Co. laid off workers and cut hours for some store employees in recent weeks, as the electronics retailer shifted its operations to fulfill demand for online orders. United Airlines Holdings Inc. and American Airlines Group Inc. have told thousands of workers there could be layoffs next month if lawmakers don't complete a proposal to extend aid to the airline industry. And Newport News Shipbuilding, a division of Huntington Ingalls Industries, in February announced layoffs for 314 workers and demotions for 119 managers.
Newport News Shipbuilding spokesman Duane Bourne said the layoffs were part of a broad business reassessment and not pandemic related. "Reducing our workforce is necessary to control costs and improve efficiencies to secure the future of our shipyard and the affordability of the ships we build and maintain for the U.S. Navy," he said.
Some people are finding work after losing their jobs earlier in the pandemic. Gabrielle Lencioni, 24 years old, said she recently accepted a position in the Chicago area as a supply-chain analyst at a food manufacturing company after losing a job last July at an oil-and-gas company.
"I didn't think I would be making a pivot so soon, and I ended up moving into an industry I hadn't even considered when I was in college," she said. "But because I was open to it and just put the application out there, it ended up working out."
She filed for unemployment benefits last year, using the money to cover rent and car payments while looking for work. She said she applied to about 60 positions, a number she kept track of on a spreadsheet, and has one friend who applied to more than double that number.
(END) Dow Jones Newswires
March 04, 2021 13:36 ET (18:36 GMT)Copyright (c) 2021 Dow Jones & Company, Inc.