Investors worry that delivering more e-commerce orders will rt profit margins
By Paul Ziobro
This article is being republished as part of our daily reproduction of WSJ.com articles that also appeared in the U.S. print edition of The Wall Street Journal (December 19, 2019).
It turns out there is no such thing as free shipping.
Shares of FedEx Corp. tumbled 10% on Wednesday, highlighting investor concerns about the delivery giant's ability to adapt as more of its business shifts to delivering less profitable e-commerce packages to homes.
The overnight delivery pioneer on Tuesday reported a 40% drop in fiscal second-quarter profits and cut its earnings targets for the fourth time in 2019.
FedEx has been squeezed by a global drop in profitable Express air shipments, generally sent between businesses, and the added costs of building its Ground network, which is typically associated with package delivery from online merchants. In the latest quarter, domestic Express parcel volumes fell 4.1% from a year ago, while Ground shipments rose 3.5%.
Historically, FedEx largely avoided e-commerce shipments, leaving much of that business to rival United Parcel Service Inc. and the U.S. Postal Service. Amazon.com Inc., the biggest online retailer, accounted for just 1.3% of its revenue last year, the company says.
But FedEx executives decided over the last year to embrace e-commerce orders, a strategy they said they have been preparing for years as they watched the shift to online shopping and the deteriorating finances of the Postal Service, its key partner in handling such packages.
The company has added dozens of facilities to sort packages, including specialized centers to handle oversize packages, and now makes regular weekend deliveries.
The transition is shaping up to be one of the most arduous in FedEx's four-decade history, and some on Wall Street are openly questioning longtime CEO Fred Smith's strategy.
One reason is that FedEx is chasing growth in a less profitable sector. Online parcels are generally small and lightweight, a combination for lower revenue per package. They are also costly to deliver since drivers generally drop off one package to individual homes.
That contrasts with FedEx's larger business delivering shipments between businesses. In that business, packages are larger and generate more revenue, while companies often ship multiple packages to each other. Such shipments tend to be more profitable, but growth there has stalled.
Operating profit margins in FedEx's e-commerce-heavy Ground business plunged to 6.7% in the fiscal second quarter, down from 12.4% in the first quarter. Executives blamed issues including the costs of delivering seven days a week, the timing of the Cyber Monday holiday, a compressed holiday shipping season that required more staffing and the loss of Amazon as a customer.
"Standing up to [a] six- and seven-day network was very expensive for us, " Mr. Smith told analysts on a conference call Tuesday. "And we certainly anticipated some of it, but we probably underestimated the cost of standing it up."
FedEx executives vowed that Ground profit margins would return to prior levels after the holiday crush. But some analysts were skeptical, arguing that the timing of Cyber Monday and condensed holiday calendar were known in advance. UPS, which has invested to expand and modernize its ground network, has posted strong sales and profits in recent quarters.
"It is difficult to have clear visibility to improvement on Ground margin given the magnitude of decline and the number of moving parts," said UBS analyst Tom Wadewitz. "There remains a sharp contrast between the favorable trends at UPS and the margin weakness plaguing FDX."
Mr. Smith defended his strategy to stop delivering packages for Amazon this year and embrace e-commerce deliveries from companies like Walmart Inc. and Target Corp. It also has decided to deliver more of the residential orders that it previously handed off the Postal Service.
The shift has moved the company into a lower-margin business where it will compete not just with UPS and Postal Service but also Amazon, which is ramping up its own delivery network.
"In the last weekend that just finished, we delivered over 14 million packages on Saturday and Sunday," Mr. Smith said on Tuesday. "We weren't even delivering packages on the weekend a couple of years ago."
To curb spending, FedEx on Tuesday said it would reduce capacity in its Express air network, including grounding 10 cargo planes and cutting flight hours. Previously, Mr. Smith has come under fire for his reluctance to pare the Express network and the decision to spend on new jets.
Analysts asked executives on the conference call whether FedEx needs to consider bigger strategic changes, such as integrating its Express and Ground units. The two currently operate independently, which can result in employees from each division visiting the same address on the same day. Mr. Smith has argued the arrangement is necessary to ensure critical Express deliveries arrive on time.
"Wall Street is looking for a silver bullet to magically 'fix' FedEx," Rick Paterson, an analyst at Loop Capital Markets, wrote in a note to clients. "The dual [pickup and delivery] networks may at some point be a luxury FedEx can no longer afford." Mr. Paterson said he was surprised "we haven't yet seen any [investor] activism with regard to FedEx, touting structural changes such as this one."
Mr. Smith, 75 years old, has run FedEx since he started the company in 1971. He remains one of the company's largest shareholders with a nearly 6% stake. But like other investors, he has suffered investment losses over the last year. FedEx shares, worth more than $250 last year, closed Wednesday at $146.86.
Write to Paul Ziobro at Paul.Ziobro@wsj.com
(END) Dow Jones Newswires
December 19, 2019 02:47 ET (07:47 GMT)Copyright (c) 2019 Dow Jones & Company, Inc.