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DOL Fiduciary Rule: What the Court's Decision Means for Advisors

The shift to best-interest advice will continue, with or without regulators’ help

Aron Szapiro

 

The future of the Department of Labor’s fiduciary rule just got murkier.

A panel of the 5th Circuit Court of Appeals struck down the rule on Thursday. The Labor Department could appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court, ask the full 5th Circuit to reconsider, or revise the rule to focus on areas where they have clearer legal authority and ongoing concerns, such as the advice being given to small plans.  

The fiduciary rule has been in partial effect since June 2017. But it’s accelerated an ongoing, irreversible trend: Clients are increasingly demanding advice in their best interests, and many advisors are changing their business models to deliver it.

The rule has already spurred many financial institutions to examine their conflicts of interest and to take steps to provide best-interest advice. This focus on best-interest advice is a global trend, driven by the maturation of the defined-contribution system. With more individuals responsible for their retirement savings, policymakers have been increasingly interested in ensuring investors get the advice they need to succeed in achieving a secure retirement.

The SEC also continues to make progress on its advice rule. In public statements, Chairman Jay Clayton has said the draft version of a uniform advice standard will be ready by the end of June and won’t be merely a “disclosure-based” standard. Given that the DOL rule was partially delayed and the widespread assumption was that DOL would craft an exemptive class for anyone following the SEC rule, this court decision may not make that much difference.

What does the appellate court’s ruling mean for advisors? 

It’s hard to say where the dust will settle with so many moving parts—an SEC rule on the horizon, more uncertainty with the DOL rule, and perhaps even congressional intervention.

However, one thing is clear: Investors are moving toward advisors who put their interests first and manage their conflicts of interest. And, many financial institutions have responded to these investors and the DOL rule by changing their business models.

Further, assuming this court decision means the SEC takes over as the primary regulator of advice, it could be good for advisors. The SEC could normalize treatment between taxable and nontaxable accounts for registered investment advisors and broker/dealers giving advice to retail investors. 

For the most part, investors with ERISA protections can sue in federal court if their fiduciary fails to act in their best interests. But the SEC regulates advice pursuant to the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, which does not generally allow investors a court remedy, except in some unusual cases.

The DOL’s fiduciary rule was expected to set up an enforcement mechanism that would have left financial institutions subject to class action lawsuits in state courts. This was a key issue in the 5th Circuit Court of Appeals decision, in which the panel ruled that the Labor Department overstepped its authority.

Regardless, we think the shift to best-interest advice will continue, with or without a tailwind from regulators.

Learn more about how Morningstar can help you provide best-interest advice to your clients.

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