Today's Top Supply Chain and Logistics News From WSJ
By Paul Page
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New air-pollution rules on marine fuel don't go into effect for more than two years but they're already reverberating across the energy and shipping industries. Big fuel producers including ExxonMobil Corp. and Total SA have invested billions to upgrade refineries to producer lower-sulfur fuel that meets the global standards, the WSJ's Christopher M. Matthews and Christopher Alessi write, signaling a shift in maritime energy supply chains as carriers and shipbuilders adjust to the rule. The International Maritime Organization has mandated that vessels cut the sulfur content in their fuel by more than 85% starting in 2020. Ship operators can either undertake costly retrofits or use cleaner fuels such as low-sulfur diesel. Container shipping giant CMA CGM SA is taking another route, announcing it will use liquefied natural gas to power the nine megaships it recently ordered. That's the biggest move so far in shipping toward LNG power, and CMA CGM is already in talks with ports and other suppliers about providing the infrastructure needed to move beyond bunker fuel.
The Petya cyberattack slowed but didn't stop earnings growth at the world's biggest container shipping line. Maersk Line earned $211 million last quarter even as losses from the computer-systems attack pushed parent A.P. Moller-Maersk into a net loss, the WSJ's Costas Paris and Ian Walker report. The profit at the liner business despite the loss of tens of thousands of container bookings highlights the strength of the broader shipping-industry recovery, and suggests why Maersk is upbeat about coming quarters. Maersk says its freight rates were up 14% from a year ago even as volumes dropped because. Even within Maersk, however, the shipping rebound hasn't spread evenly. The Damco freight forwarding operation lost $6 million in the quarter despite rising revenue while port manager APM Terminals saw profit and margins hurt by overcapacity. And falling freight shipping rates this quarter along with rising fuel costs suggest clouds on the horizon.
China's No. 2 e-commerce company is adding some American protein to its distribution channels. company JD.com plans to import $2 billion worth of U.S. beef and other food products, the WSJ's Lisa Lin reports, in one of a series of trade agreements being lined up for President Donald Trump's visit to China. The deal with JD follows China's agreement in May to allow imports of U.S. beef to resume after a ban of nearly 14 years on most imports. That could open a big market for U.S. ranchers that have coped with lower prices in recent years due to a buildup in supply. It also may give JD an opening as it targets China's expanding middle class and the growing demands for higher-quality imported food. The business-to-consumer operator will add the meat to a growing perishables distribution line that it's been bulking up this year with fruits, vegetables and a growing lineup of refrigerated distribution centers.
SUPPLY CHAIN STRATEGIES
America's love for coffee may have gotten overcaffeinated. The number of coffee shops across the U.S. has grown by 16% in five years, the WSJ's Julie Jargon writes, boosting supply chains for Arabica while hurting business owners as the relentless spread of specialty coffees cuts into profit margins. The plethora of options is cutting into business, with consumers visiting traditional coffee shops less often and spreading their spending from Starbucks to McDonald's Corp. and the expanding coffee spaces at grocery stores. The coffee world's woes are similar to those plaguing the broader food-retail and restaurant industries, which have an oversupply of retail space competing against a proliferation of new food options. The storefronts also are being hurt by e-commerce -- not necessarily because people are buying more java online but simply because they are staying at home rather than out shopping. That has many storefronts slowing down their growth plans, as if the jolt from a morning espresso is wearing off.
IN OTHER NEWS
In a Guest Voices commentary, MIT's Yossi Sheffi writes corporations face a "soft skills" shortage in their supply-chain ranks and that schools can help companies adjust. (WSJ)
The economies of central and southeastern Europe are on course for their strongest growth year since the financial crisis. (WSJ)
Russia has ramped up its crude exports this year, potentially undermining a deal to restrict global supply to boost prices. (WSJ)
The European Union is poised to propose a 30% cut in carbon-dioxide emissions from cars and vans through 2030. (WSJ)
Waymo LLC is unleashing the first fleet of robot vehicles on public roads without humans behind the wheel. (WSJ)
Toyota Motor Corp. is facing shortages of its most popular vehicles in the U.S. as it seeks to increase sales. (WSJ)
German car maker BMW AG raised its full-year outlook despite a drop in quarterly revenue and profit from its core business. (WSJ)
U.S. department stores are putting off new orders from suppliers as they seek to keep inventories lean this fall. (Reuters)
IKEA struck deals to add distribution centers in Texas outside Houston and in California north of Oakland. (Houston Chronicle)
Tesla Inc. acquired manufacturing automation company Perbix. (Bloomberg)
FedEx Corp. expanded an agreement with Walgreen's that will add pickup and dropoff points in 7,500 U.S. drugstores. (Memphis Commercial Appeal)
Food suppliers Kraft Heinz and Mondelez International are pouring big research funding into online consumer sales. ( Chicago Tribune)
Some 60% of small U.S. trucking companies haven't added the electronic monitors that will be required starting next month. (Commercial Carrier Journal)
Third-quarter profit at truckload carrier Schneider National Inc. was almost flat at $36.9 million, well below expectations. (Heavy Duty Trucking)
Rail supplier Vertex Railcar Carp. laid off workers for the second time in a month. (WECT)
The Georgia Ports Authority wants more federal money for a Savannah River deepening project they say needs $100 million a year. (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)
The Port of Oakland expects to reduce its diesel emissions by 16% by 2020. (Logistics Management)
British truckers facing chronic severe delays serving London Heathrow Airport's cargo facilities. (Motor Transport)
Paul Page is deputy editor of WSJ Logistics Report. Follow him at @PaulPage, and follow the entire WSJ Logistics Report team: @brianjbaskin , @jensmithWSJ and @EEPhillips_WSJ. Follow the WSJ Logistics Report on Twitter at @WSJLogistics.
Write to Paul Page at email@example.com
(END) Dow Jones Newswires
November 08, 2017 07:08 ET (12:08 GMT)Copyright (c) 2017 Dow Jones & Company, Inc.