XNAS:SIRI Sirius XM Holdings Inc Quarterly Report 10-Q Filing - 3/31/2012

Effective Date 3/31/2012

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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
þ
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2012
OR
o
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM __________ TO ________
COMMISSION FILE NUMBER 001-34295
 
SIRIUS XM RADIO INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
 
52-1700207
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
 
 
 
1221 Avenue of the Americas, 36th Floor
 
 
New York, New York
 
10020
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (212) 584-5100
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer þ
 
Accelerated filer o
 
Non-accelerated filer o
 
Smaller reporting company o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes o No þ
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
(Class)
 
(Outstanding as of April 27, 2012)
COMMON STOCK, $0.001 PAR VALUE
 
3,801,029,929
SHARES



SIRIUS XM RADIO INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
INDEX TO FORM 10-Q
Item No.
 
Description
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



SIRIUS XM RADIO INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

 
For the Three Months
Ended March 31,
(in thousands, except per share data)
2012
 
2011
Revenue:
 
 
 
Subscriber revenue
$
700,242

 
$
622,437

Advertising revenue, net of agency fees
18,670

 
16,558

Equipment revenue
16,953

 
15,867

Other revenue
68,857

 
68,977

Total revenue
804,722

 
723,839

Operating expenses:

 

Cost of services:

 

Revenue share and royalties
132,111

 
106,929

Programming and content
70,095

 
72,959

Customer service and billing
66,187

 
65,836

Satellite and transmission
18,110

 
18,560

Cost of equipment
5,806

 
6,405

Subscriber acquisition costs
116,121

 
105,270

Sales and marketing
58,361

 
47,819

Engineering, design and development
12,690

 
11,135

General and administrative
59,886

 
56,354

Depreciation and amortization
66,117


68,400

Total operating expenses
605,484

 
559,667

Income from operations
199,238

 
164,172

Other income (expense):

 


Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized
(76,971
)
 
(78,218
)
Loss on extinguishment of debt and credit facilities, net
(9,971
)
 
(5,994
)
Interest and investment loss
(1,142
)
 
(1,884
)
Other (loss) income
(578
)
 
1,617

Total other expense
(88,662
)
 
(84,479
)
Income before income taxes
110,576

 
79,693

Income tax expense
(2,802
)
 
(1,572
)
Net income
$
107,774

 
$
78,121

Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax
(56
)
 
67

Comprehensive income
$
107,718

 
$
78,188

Net income per common share:

 


Basic
$
0.03

 
$
0.02

Diluted
$
0.02

 
$
0.01

Weighted average common shares outstanding:

 


Basic
3,767,443

 
3,735,136

Diluted
6,537,728

 
6,481,384


See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

1


SIRIUS XM RADIO INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 
March 31, 2012
 
December 31, 2011
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
(unaudited)
 
 
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
746,576

 
$
773,990

Accounts receivable, net
108,335

 
101,705

Receivables from distributors
96,037

 
84,817

Inventory, net
36,791

 
36,711

Prepaid expenses
177,515

 
125,967

Related party current assets
6,503

 
14,702

Deferred tax asset
144,798

 
132,727

Other current assets
20,539

 
6,335

Total current assets
1,337,094

 
1,276,954

Property and equipment, net
1,645,610

 
1,673,919

Long-term restricted investments
3,973

 
3,973

Deferred financing fees, net
38,848

 
42,046

Intangible assets, net
2,559,712

 
2,573,638

Goodwill
1,834,856

 
1,834,856

Related party long-term assets
54,229

 
54,953

Other long-term assets
27,402

 
35,657

Total assets
$
7,501,724

 
$
7,495,996

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
$
454,748

 
$
543,193

Accrued interest
77,562

 
70,405

Current portion of deferred revenue
1,404,919

 
1,333,965

Current portion of deferred credit on executory contracts
281,270

 
284,108

Current maturities of long-term debt
1,540

 
1,623

Related party current liabilities
16,541

 
14,302

Total current liabilities
2,236,580

 
2,247,596

Deferred revenue
183,430

 
198,135

Deferred credit on executory contracts
147,012

 
218,199

Long-term debt
2,625,533

 
2,683,563

Long-term related party debt
329,576

 
328,788

Deferred tax liability
1,024,734

 
1,011,084

Related party long-term liabilities
21,048

 
21,741

Other long-term liabilities
84,232

 
82,745

Total liabilities
6,652,145

 
6,791,851

Commitments and contingencies (Note 16)

 

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, par value $0.001; 50,000,000 authorized at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011:
 
 
 
Series A convertible preferred stock; no shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011

 

Convertible perpetual preferred stock, series B-1 (liquidation preference of $0.001 per share at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011); 12,500,000 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011
13

 
13

Common stock, par value $0.001; 9,000,000 shares authorized at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011; 3,788,755,725 and 3,753,201,929 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively
3,789

 
3,753

Accumulated other comprehensive income, net of tax
15

 
71

Additional paid-in capital
10,522,080

 
10,484,400

Accumulated deficit
(9,676,318
)
 
(9,784,092
)
Total stockholders’ equity
849,579

 
704,145

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
7,501,724

 
$
7,495,996


See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

2


SIRIUS XM RADIO INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY


 
Series A
Convertible
Preferred Stock
 
Convertible Perpetual
Preferred Stock,
Series B-1
 
Common Stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(in thousands, except share data)
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Accumulated
Deficit
 
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
Balance at December 31, 2011

 
$

 
12,500,000

 
$
13

 
3,753,201,929

 
$
3,753

 
$
71

 
$
10,484,400

 
$
(9,784,092
)
 
$
704,145

Comprehensive income, net of tax
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(56
)
 
 
 
107,774

 
107,718

Issuance of common stock to employees and employee benefit plans, net of forfeitures

 

 

 

 
598,972

 
1

 

 
1,307

 

 
1,308

Share-based payment expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
13,643

 

 
13,643

Exercise of stock options and vesting of restricted stock units

 

 

 

 
34,954,824

 
35

 

 
22,730

 

 
22,765

Balance at March 31, 2012

 
$

 
12,500,000

 
$
13

 
3,788,755,725

 
$
3,789

 
$
15

 
$
10,522,080

 
$
(9,676,318
)
 
$
849,579

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

3


SIRIUS XM RADIO INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
 
For the Three Months
Ended March 31,
(in thousands)
2012
 
2011
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
107,774

 
$
78,121

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

Depreciation and amortization
66,117

 
68,400

Non-cash interest expense, net of amortization of premium
10,647

 
9,573

Provision for doubtful accounts
6,208

 
9,623

Amortization of deferred income related to equity method investment
(694
)
 
(694
)
Loss on extinguishment of debt and credit facilities, net
9,971

 
5,994

Loss on unconsolidated entity investments, net
422

 
2,350

Loss on disposal of assets

 
266

Share-based payment expense
14,951

 
12,856

Deferred income taxes
1,572

 
1,111

Other non-cash purchase price adjustments
(73,956
)
 
(66,743
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(12,838
)
 
11,291

Receivables from distributors
(11,220
)
 
(8,982
)
Inventory
(80
)
 
(7,330
)
Related party assets
8,347

 
(3,686
)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
(65,753
)
 
(39,232
)
Other long-term assets
8,256

 
7,617

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
(96,859
)
 
(110,400
)
Accrued interest
7,157

 
8,124

Deferred revenue
56,182

 
39,225

Related party liabilities
2,239

 
738

Other long-term liabilities
1,505

 
(113
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
39,948

 
18,109

 
 
 
 
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Additions to property and equipment
(25,187
)
 
(34,983
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(25,187
)
 
(34,983
)
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
22,765

 
1,072

Payment of premiums on redemption of debt
(6,602
)
 
(4,094
)
Repayment of long-term borrowings
(58,338
)
 
(133,100
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(42,175
)
 
(136,122
)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(27,414
)
 
(152,996
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
773,990

 
586,691

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
746,576

 
$
433,695


See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.




4



SIRIUS XM RADIO INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS- Continued


 
For the Three Months
Ended March 31,
(in thousands)
2012
 
2011
Supplemental Disclosure of Cash and Non-Cash Flow Information
 
 
 
Cash paid during the period for:
 
 
 
Interest, net of amounts capitalized
$
56,129

 
$
57,371

Non-cash financing activities:
 
 
 
Common stock issuance upon exercise of warrants


7


See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

5


SIRIUS XM RADIO INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Dollar amounts in thousands, unless otherwise stated)
(1)
Business

We broadcast our music, sports, entertainment, comedy, talk, news, traffic and weather channels in the United States on a subscription fee basis through two proprietary satellite radio systems. Subscribers can also receive certain of our music and other channels over the Internet, including through applications for mobile devices. We have agreements with every major automaker (“OEMs”) to offer satellite radios as factory- or dealer-installed equipment in their vehicles. We also acquire subscribers through the sale and lease of previously owned vehicles with factory-installed satellite radios. We distribute our satellite radios through retail locations nationwide and through our website. Satellite radio services are also offered to customers of certain daily rental car companies.

Our primary source of revenue is subscription fees, with most of our customers subscribing on an annual, semi-annual, quarterly or monthly basis. We offer discounts for prepaid and long-term subscription plans, as well as discounts for multiple subscriptions on each platform. We also derive revenue from activation and other subscription-related fees, the sale of advertising on select non-music channels, the direct sale of satellite radios, components and accessories, and other ancillary services, such as our Internet radio, Backseat TV, data, traffic, and weather services.

In certain cases, automakers include a subscription to our radio services in the sale or lease price of new and previously owned vehicles. The length of these prepaid subscriptions varies, but is typically three to twelve months. In many cases, we receive subscription payments from automakers in advance of the activation of our service. We also reimburse various automakers for certain costs associated with satellite radios installed in their vehicles.

(2)
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Principles of Consolidation

The accompanying consolidated financial statements of Sirius XM Radio Inc. and subsidiaries have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") for interim financial reporting. Accordingly, these interim financial statements do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Basis of Presentation

In the opinion of management, all normal recurring adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of our unaudited consolidated financial statements as of March 31, 2012 and for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 have been made.

Interim results are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for a full year. This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read together with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011, which was filed with the SEC on February 9, 2012.

We have evaluated events subsequent to the balance sheet date and prior to the filing of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and have determined that no events have occurred that would require adjustment to our unaudited consolidated financial statements. For a discussion of subsequent events refer to Notes 16 and 17.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and footnotes. Estimates, by their nature, are based on judgment and available information. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.

Significant estimates inherent in the preparation of the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements include revenue recognition, asset impairment, depreciable lives of our satellites, share-based payment expense, and valuation allowances against deferred tax assets.



6

SIRIUS XM RADIO INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - Continued
(Dollar amounts in thousands, unless otherwise stated)

Income Taxes

Deferred income taxes represents the tax consequence related to temporary differences between the carrying amount of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for tax purposes at each reporting period, based on enacted tax laws and statutory tax rates applicable to the periods in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. A valuation allowance is recognized when, based on the weight of all available evidence, it is considered more likely than not that all, or some portion, of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Income tax expense is the sum of current income tax plus the change in deferred tax assets and liabilities.

As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, we maintained a full valuation allowance against our deferred tax assets due to our historical accumulated pre-tax losses.

ASC 740, Income Taxes, requires a company to first determine whether it is more-likely-than-not that a tax position will be sustained based on its technical merits as of the reporting date, assuming that taxing authorities will examine the position and have full knowledge of all relevant information. A tax position that meets this more-likely-than-not threshold is then measured and recognized at the largest amount of benefit that is greater than fifty percent likely to be realized upon effective settlement with a taxing authority. Changes in recognition or measurement are reflected in the period in which the change in judgment occurs. We record interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions in income tax expense in our unaudited consolidated statements of comprehensive income.

We report revenues net of any tax assessed by a governmental authority that is both imposed on, and concurrent with, a specific revenue-producing transaction between a seller and a customer in our unaudited consolidated statements of comprehensive income.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The fair value for publicly traded instruments is determined using quoted market prices while the fair value for non-publicly traded instruments is based upon estimates from a market maker and brokerage firm. As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the carrying value of our debt was $2,956,649 and $3,013,974, respectively; and the fair value approximated $3,192,636 and $3,506,546, respectively.

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

Accumulated other comprehensive income of $15 is comprised of foreign currency translation adjustments related to our interest in Sirius XM Canada. During the three months ended March 31, 2012, we recorded a foreign currency translation adjustments loss of $56, net of tax of $35.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In May 2011, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2011-04, Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards (Topic 820) — Fair Value Measurement (“ASU 2011-04”), to provide a consistent definition of fair value and ensure that the fair value measurement and disclosure requirements are similar between U.S. GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards. ASU 2011-04 changes certain fair value measurement principles and enhances the disclosure requirements particularly for Level 3 fair value measurements. This standard is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011 and is applied on a prospective basis. We have adopted ASU 2011-04 and the impact of adoption is not material to our unaudited consolidated financial statements.

In June 2011, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2011-05, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220), Presentation of Comprehensive Income (“ASU 2011-05”), to require an entity to present the total of comprehensive income, the components of net income, and the components of other comprehensive income either in a single continuous statements of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements. ASU 2011-05 eliminates the option to present the components of other comprehensive income as part of the statement of equity. The standard does not change the items which must be reported in other comprehensive income, how such items are measured or when they must be reclassified to net income. This standard is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011 and is to be applied retrospectively. The FASB has deferred the requirement to present reclassification adjustments for each component of

7

SIRIUS XM RADIO INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - Continued
(Dollar amounts in thousands, unless otherwise stated)

accumulated other comprehensive income in both net income and other comprehensive income. Companies are required to either present amounts reclassified out of other comprehensive income on the face of the financial statements or disclose those amounts in the notes to the financial statements. During the deferral period, there is no requirement to separately present or disclose the reclassification adjustments into net income. The effective date of this deferral will be consistent with the effective date of the ASU 2011-05. We have adopted ASU 2011-05 and disclosed comprehensive income in our unaudited consolidated statements of comprehensive income and note that this guidance only affects financial statement presentation only and has no impact on our results of unaudited consolidated financial statements.

(3)
Earnings per Share

Basic net income per common share is calculated using the weighted average common shares outstanding during each reporting period. Diluted net income per common share adjusts the weighted average common shares outstanding for the potential dilution that could occur if common stock equivalents (convertible debt and preferred stock, warrants, stock options, restricted stock and restricted stock units) were exercised or converted into common stock, calculated using the treasury stock method. For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, common stock equivalents of approximately 443,764,000 and 587,254,000, respectively, were excluded from the calculation of diluted net income per common share as the effect would have been anti-dilutive.
 
For the Three Months
Ended March 31,
(in thousands, except per share data)
2012
 
2011
Net income
$
107,774

  
$
78,121

Average common shares outstanding-basic
3,767,443

  
3,735,136

Dilutive effect of equity instruments
2,770,285

  
2,746,248

Average common shares outstanding-diluted
6,537,728

  
6,481,384

Net income per common share
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.03

  
$
0.02

Diluted
$
0.02

  
$
0.01

 
(4)
Accounts Receivable, net

Accounts receivable, net are stated at amounts due from customers net of an allowance for doubtful accounts. Our allowance for doubtful accounts considers historical experience, the age of certain receivable balances, current economic conditions and other factors that may affect the counterparty’s ability to pay.

Accounts receivable, net, consists of the following:
 
March 31,
2012
 
December 31, 2011
Gross accounts receivable
$
119,310

 
$
111,637

Allowance for doubtful accounts
(10,975
)
 
(9,932
)
Total accounts receivable, net
$
108,335

 
$
101,705


Receivables from distributors include billed and unbilled amounts due from OEMs for radio services included in the sale or lease price of vehicles, as well as billed amounts due from retailers. Receivables from distributors consist of the following:
 
March 31,
2012
 
December 31, 2011
Billed
$
52,426

  
$
44,618

Unbilled
43,611

  
40,199

Total
$
96,037

  
$
84,817





8

SIRIUS XM RADIO INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - Continued
(Dollar amounts in thousands, unless otherwise stated)

(5)
Inventory, net

Inventory consists of finished goods, refurbished goods, chip sets and other raw material components used in manufacturing radios. Inventory is stated at the lower of cost, determined on a first-in, first-out basis, or market. We record an estimated allowance for inventory that is considered slow moving, obsolete or whose carrying value is in excess of net realizable value. The provision related to products purchased for resale in our direct to consumer distribution channel and components held for resale by us is reported as a component of Cost of equipment in our unaudited consolidated statements of comprehensive income. The provision related to inventory consumed in our OEM and retail distribution channel is reported as a component of Subscriber acquisition costs in our unaudited consolidated statements of comprehensive income.

Inventory, net, consists of the following:
 
March 31,
2012
 
December 31, 2011
Raw materials
$
22,441

 
$
24,134

Finished goods
31,102

 
28,007

Allowance for obsolescence
(16,752
)
 
(15,430
)
Total inventory, net
$
36,791

 
$
36,711


(6)
Goodwill

Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair value of net tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired in business combinations. We will perform an annual qualitative assessment as of October 1st of each year to determine if it is more likely than not that the fair value is less than the carrying amount. An assessment is performed at other times if an event occurs or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of the asset below its carrying value.

As of March 31, 2012, there were no indicators of impairment and no impairment loss was recorded for goodwill during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011.

(7)
Intangible Assets

Intangible assets consisted of the following:
 
 
 
March 31, 2012
 
December 31, 2011
 
Weighted Average
Useful Lives
 
Gross
Carrying
Value
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net Carrying
Value
 
Gross
Carrying
Value
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net Carrying
Value
Indefinite life intangible assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
FCC licenses
Indefinite

 
$
2,083,654

 
$

 
$
2,083,654

 
$
2,083,654

  
$

 
$
2,083,654

Trademark
Indefinite

 
250,000

 

 
250,000

 
250,000

  

 
250,000

Definite life intangible assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Subscriber relationships
9
 years
 
380,000

 
(202,134
)
 
177,866

 
380,000

  
(191,201
)
 
188,799

Licensing agreements
9.1
 years
 
78,897

 
(36,649
)
 
42,248

 
78,897

  
(34,145
)
 
44,752

Proprietary software
6
 years
 
16,552

 
(11,941
)
 
4,611

 
16,552

  
(11,507
)
 
5,045

Developed technology
10
 years
 
2,000

 
(733
)
 
1,267

 
2,000

  
(683
)
 
1,317

Leasehold interests
7.4
 years
 
132

 
(66
)
 
66

 
132

  
(61
)
 
71

Total intangible assets
 
 
$
2,811,235

 
$
(251,523
)
 
$
2,559,712

 
$
2,811,235

  
$
(237,597
)
 
$
2,573,638


Indefinite Life Intangible Assets

We have identified our FCC licenses and the XM trademark as indefinite life intangible assets after considering the expected use of the assets, the regulatory and economic environment within which they are used and the effects of obsolescence on their use.



9

SIRIUS XM RADIO INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - Continued
(Dollar amounts in thousands, unless otherwise stated)



We hold FCC licenses to operate our satellite digital audio radio service and provide ancillary services. The following table outlines the years in which each of our licenses expires:
FCC license
 
Expiration year
SIRIUS FM-1 satellite
 
2017
SIRIUS FM-2 satellite
 
2017
SIRIUS FM-3 satellite
 
2017
SIRIUS FM-4 satellite (1)
 
2017
SIRIUS FM-5 satellite
 
2017
SIRIUS FM-6 satellite (2)
 

XM-1 satellite
 
2014
XM-2 satellite
 
2014
XM-3 satellite
 
2013
XM-4 satellite
 
2014
XM-5 satellite
 
2018
(1)
In 2010, we retired our FM-4 ground spare satellite. We still maintain the FCC license for this satellite.
(2)
We hold an FCC license for our FM-6 satellite, which will expire eight years from when this satellite is launched and placed into operation.

Prior to expiration, we are required to apply for a renewal of our FCC licenses. The renewal and extension of our licenses is reasonably certain at minimal cost, which is expensed as incurred. Each of the FCC licenses authorizes us to use the broadcast spectrum, which is a renewable, reusable resource that does not deplete or exhaust over time.

In connection with the merger of our wholly owned subsidiary, Vernon Merger Corporation, with and into XM Satellite Radio Holdings Inc. in July 2008 (the "Merger"), $250,000 of the purchase price was allocated to the XM trademark. As of March 31, 2012, there were no legal, regulatory or contractual limitations associated with the XM trademark.

Our annual impairment assessment of our indefinite intangible assets is performed as of October 1st of each year. An assessment is made at other times if events or changes in circumstances indicate that these assets might be impaired. The impairment test consists of a comparison of the fair value of the assets with its carrying value. If the carrying value of the intangible assets exceeds its fair value, an impairment loss is recognized. As of March 31, 2012, there were no indicators of impairment and no impairment loss was recorded for intangible assets with indefinite lives during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011.

Definite Life Intangible Assets

Subscriber relationships are amortized on an accelerated basis over 9 years, which reflects the estimated pattern in which the economic benefits will be consumed. Other definite life intangible assets include certain licensing agreements, which are amortized over a weighted average useful life of 9.1 years on a straight-line basis.

Amortization expense for all definite life intangible assets was $13,926 and $15,303 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Expected amortization expense for the remaining period in 2012, each of the fiscal years 2013 through 2016 and for periods thereafter is as follows:
Year ending December 31,
  
Amount
2012
  
$
39,739

2013
  
47,357

2014
  
38,879

2015
  
37,553

2016
  
31,959

Thereafter
  
30,571

Total definite life intangibles assets, net
  
$
226,058


10

SIRIUS XM RADIO INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - Continued
(Dollar amounts in thousands, unless otherwise stated)



(8)
Subscriber Revenue

Subscriber revenue consists of subscription fees, revenue derived from agreements with certain daily rental fleet operators, activation and other fees. Revenues received from OEMs for subscriptions included in the sale or lease price of vehicles are also included in subscriber revenue over the service period.

Subscriber revenue consists of the following:
 
For the Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
2012
 
2011
Subscription fees
$
696,298

  
$
619,291

Activation fees
3,944

  
3,146

Total subscriber revenue
$
700,242

  
$
622,437


(9)
Interest Costs

We capitalized a portion of the interest on funds borrowed to finance the construction costs of our FM-6 satellite and related launch vehicle. We will continue to capitalize the interest until the launch of our FM-6 satellite. We also incur interest costs on all of our debt instruments and on our satellite incentive agreements. The following is a summary of our interest costs:
 
For the Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
2012
  
2011
Interest costs charged to expense
$
76,971

  
$
78,218

Interest costs capitalized
7,954

  
7,250

Total interest costs incurred
$
84,925

  
$
85,468


Included in interest costs incurred is non-cash interest expense, consisting of amortization related to original issue discounts, premiums and deferred financing fees of $10,647 and $9,573 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

(10)
Property and Equipment

Property and equipment, net, consists of the following:
 
March 31,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
Satellite system
$
1,943,537

 
$
1,943,537

Terrestrial repeater network
110,335

 
112,440

Leasehold improvements
43,529

 
43,455

Broadcast studio equipment
54,218

 
53,903

Capitalized software and hardware
201,266

 
193,301

Satellite telemetry, tracking and control facilities
61,020

 
60,539

Furniture, fixtures, equipment and other
60,739

 
60,283

Land
38,411

 
38,411

Building
57,200

 
57,185

Construction in progress
385,300

 
372,508

Total property and equipment
2,955,555

 
2,935,562

Accumulated depreciation and amortization
(1,309,945
)
 
(1,261,643
)
Property and equipment, net
$
1,645,610

 
$
1,673,919



11

SIRIUS XM RADIO INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - Continued
(Dollar amounts in thousands, unless otherwise stated)



Construction in progress consists of the following:
 
March 31,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
Satellite system
$
352,597

  
$
343,932

Terrestrial repeater network
18,586

  
19,194

Other
14,117

  
9,382

Construction in progress
$
385,300

  
$
372,508


Depreciation and amortization expense on property and equipment was $52,191 and $53,097 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

Satellites

We currently own a fleet of nine orbiting satellites. The chart below provides certain information on these satellites:
Satellite Designation
  
Year Delivered
 
Estimated End of
Depreciable Life
FM-1
  
2000
 
2013
FM-2
  
2000
 
2013
FM-3
  
2000
 
2015
FM-5
  
2009
 
2024
XM-1
  
2001
 
2013
XM-2
  
2001
 
2013
XM-3
  
2005
 
2020
XM-4
  
2006
 
2021
XM-5
  
2010
 
2025

We own four orbiting satellites for use in the Sirius system. We own five orbiting satellites for use in the XM system. Four of these satellites were manufactured by Boeing Satellite Systems International and five were manufactured by Space Systems/Loral.

During the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, we capitalized expenditures, including interest, of $8,665 and $28,815, respectively, related to the construction of our FM-6 satellite and related launch vehicle.

(11)
Related Party Transactions

We had the following related party balances at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011:
 
Related party current assets
 
Related party long-term assets
 
Related party current liabilities
 
Related party long-term liabilities
 
Related party long-term debt
 
March 31,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
 
March 31,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
 
March 31,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
 
March 31,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
 
March 31,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
Liberty Media
$

  
$

  
$
1,122

  
$
1,212

  
$
10,461

 
$
9,722

  
$

  
$

  
$
329,576

  
$
328,788

Sirius XM Canada
6,503

  
14,702

  
53,107

  
53,741

  
6,080

 
4,580

  
21,048

  
21,741

  

  

Total
$
6,503

  
$
14,702

  
$
54,229

  
$
54,953

  
$
16,541

 
$
14,302

  
$
21,048

  
$
21,741

  
$
329,576

  
$
328,788


Liberty Media

In February 2009, we entered into an Investment Agreement (the “Investment Agreement”) with an affiliate of Liberty Media Corporation, Liberty Radio, LLC (collectively, “Liberty Media”). Pursuant to the Investment Agreement, in March 2009

12

SIRIUS XM RADIO INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - Continued
(Dollar amounts in thousands, unless otherwise stated)

we issued to Liberty Radio, LLC 12,500,000 shares of our Convertible Perpetual Preferred Stock, Series B-1 (the “Series B Preferred Stock”), with a liquidation preference of $0.001 per share in partial consideration for certain loan investments. Liberty Media has representatives on our board of directors. The Series B Preferred Stock is convertible into 2,586,976,000 shares of common stock. Liberty Media Corporation has filed with the Federal Communications Commission an application for consent to transfer de facto control of Sirius XM. We have filed a petition to dismiss or deny such application. Liberty Media's application was not filed in connection with a transaction between Liberty Media and us.

Liberty Media has advised us that as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively, it owned the following:
 
March 31,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
8.75% Senior Notes due 2015
$
150,000

  
$
150,000

9.75% Senior Secured Notes due 2015
50,000

  
50,000

13% Senior Notes due 2013
76,000

  
76,000

7% Exchangeable Senior Subordinated Notes due 2014
11,000

  
11,000

7.625% Senior Notes due 2018
50,000

  
50,000

Total principal debt
337,000

  
337,000

Less: discounts
7,424

  
8,212

Total carrying value debt
$
329,576

  
$
328,788


As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, we recorded $10,461 and $9,722, respectively, related to accrued interest with Liberty Media to Related party current liabilities. We recognized Interest expense associated with debt held by Liberty Media of $8,994 and $8,933 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

Sirius XM Canada

In June 2011, Canadian Satellite Radio Holdings Inc. (“CSR”), the parent company of XM Canada, and Sirius Canada completed a transaction to combine their operations (“the Canada Merger”). As a result of the Canada Merger, Sirius Canada became a wholly-owned subsidiary of CSR. The combined company operates as Sirius XM Canada. We own
approximately 46,700,000 Class A shares of CSR, representing a 38.0% equity interest and a 25.0% voting interest, and hold a non-interest bearing note of $410 issued by CSR.

We also hold an investment in Cdn $4,000 face value of 8% convertible unsecured subordinated debentures issued by CSR, for which the embedded conversion feature is bifurcated from the host contract. The host contract is accounted for at fair value as an available-for-sale security with changes in fair value recorded to Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax. The embedded conversion feature is accounted for at fair value as a derivative with changes in fair value recorded in earnings as Interest and investment loss. As of March 31, 2012, the carrying values of the host contract and embedded derivative related to our investment in the debentures was $3,638 and $13, respectively. As of December 31, 2011, the carrying values of the host contract and embedded derivative related to our investment in the debentures was $3,490 and $0, respectively. The carrying values of the host contract and embedded derivative are recorded in Related party long-term assets.

Our interest in Sirius XM Canada is accounted for under the equity method. The excess of the cost of our ownership interest in the equity of Sirius XM Canada over our share of the net assets is recognized as goodwill and intangible assets and is included in the carrying amount of our investment. Equity method goodwill is not amortized. We periodically evaluate this investment to determine if there has been an other than temporary decline below carrying value. Equity method intangible assets are amortized over their respective useful lives, which is recorded in Interest and investment loss. As of March 31, 2012, our investment balance in Sirius XM Canada was approximately $44,631, $28,763 of which represents equity method goodwill and intangible assets, and was recorded in Related party long-term assets. As of December 31, 2011, our investment balance in Sirius XM Canada was approximately $45,061, $28,589 of which represented equity method goodwill and intangible assets, and was recorded in Related party long-term assets.

We provide Sirius XM Canada with chip sets and other services and we are reimbursed for these costs. As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 amounts due for these costs totaled $4,504 and $7,404, respectively, and is reported as Related party current assets.


13

SIRIUS XM RADIO INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - Continued
(Dollar amounts in thousands, unless otherwise stated)

As of March 31, 2012, amounts due from Sirius XM Canada also included $6,414 attributable to deferred programming costs and accrued interest, $4,415 of which is reported as Related party long-term assets. As of December 31, 2011, amounts due from Sirius XM Canada included $7,280 attributable to deferred programming costs and accrued interest, $4,780 of which was reported as Related party long-term assets.

As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the amounts due to Sirius XM Canada totaled $3,305 and $1,804, respectively, and is reported as Related party current liabilities.

We recorded the following revenue from Sirius XM Canada as Other revenue in our consolidated statements of comprehensive income:
 
For the Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
2012
Royalty income
$
7,465

Amortization of Sirius XM Canada deferred income
694

Licensing fee revenue
1,500

Advertising reimbursements
417

Total revenue from Sirius XM Canada
$
10,076


Our share of net earnings or losses of Sirius XM Canada are recorded to Interest and investment loss in our consolidated statements of comprehensive income on a one month lag. Our share of Sirius XM Canada’s net loss was $1,645 for the three months ended March 31, 2012. We recorded amortization expense of $(173) related to the equity method intangible assets for three months ended March 31, 2012.
 
Sirius Canada

We had an equity interest of 49% in Sirius Canada until June 21, 2011 when the transaction between XM Canada and Sirius Canada closed.

In 2005, we entered into a license and services agreement with Sirius Canada. Pursuant to such agreement, we are reimbursed for certain costs incurred to provide Sirius Canada service, including certain costs incurred for the production and distribution of radios, as well as information technology support costs. In consideration for the rights granted pursuant to this license and services agreement, we have the right to receive a royalty equal to a percentage of Sirius Canada’s gross revenues based on subscriber levels (ranging between 5% to 15%) and the number of Canadian-specific channels made available to Sirius Canada.

We recorded the following revenue from Sirius Canada. Royalty income is included in other revenue and dividend income is included in Interest and investment loss in our consolidated statements of comprehensive income:
 
For the Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
2011
Royalty income
$
4,470

Dividend income
238

Total revenue from Sirius Canada
$
4,708


Receivables from royalty and dividend income were utilized to absorb a portion of our share of net losses generated by Sirius Canada. Total costs that have been reimbursed by Sirius Canada were $2,490 for the three months ended March 31, 2011.

Our share of net earnings or losses of Sirius Canada was recorded to Interest and investment loss in our consolidated statements of comprehensive income on a one month lag. Our share of Sirius Canada’s net loss was $4,458 for the three months ended March 31, 2011. The payments received from Sirius Canada in excess of carrying value were $2,880 for the three months ended March 31, 2011.

14

SIRIUS XM RADIO INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - Continued
(Dollar amounts in thousands, unless otherwise stated)



XM Canada

We had an equity interest of 21.5% in XM Canada until June 21, 2011 when the transaction between XM Canada and Sirius Canada closed.

In 2005, XM entered into agreements to provide XM Canada with the right to offer XM satellite radio service in Canada. The agreements have an initial ten year term and XM Canada has the unilateral option to extend the agreements for an additional five year term. We receive a 15% royalty for all subscriber fees earned by XM Canada each month for its basic service and an activation fee for each gross activation of an XM Canada subscriber on XM’s system. Sirius XM Canada is obligated to pay us a total of $70,300 for the rights to broadcast and market National Hockey League (“NHL”) games for a ten year term. We recognize these payments on a gross basis as a principal obligor pursuant to the provisions of ASC 605, Revenue Recognition. The estimated fair value of deferred revenue from XM Canada as of the Merger date was approximately $34,000, which is amortized on a straight-line basis through 2020, the end of the expected term of the agreements. As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the carrying value of deferred revenue related to this agreement was $23,823 and $24,517, respectively.

The Cdn $45,000 standby credit facility we extended to XM Canada was paid and terminated as a result of the Canada Merger. We received $38,815 in cash upon payment of this facility. As a result of the repayment of the credit facility and completion of the Canada Merger, we released a $15,649 valuation allowance related to the absorption of our share of the net loss from our investment in XM Canada as of June 21, 2011.

We recorded the following revenue from XM Canada as Other revenue in our consolidated statements of comprehensive income:
 
For the Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
2011
Amortization of XM Canada deferred income
$
694

Subscriber and activation fee royalties
2,623

Licensing fee revenue
1,500

Advertising reimbursements
417

Total revenue from XM Canada
$
5,234


Our share of net earnings or losses of XM Canada is recorded to Interest and investment loss in our consolidated statements of comprehensive income on a one month lag. Our share of XM Canada’s net loss was $2,053 for the three months ended March 31, 2011.

(12)    Investments

Long Term Restricted Investments

Restricted investments relate to reimbursement obligations under letters of credit issued for the benefit of lessors of office space. As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, our Long-term restricted investments were $3,973.


15

SIRIUS XM RADIO INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - Continued
(Dollar amounts in thousands, unless otherwise stated)


(13)
Debt
Our debt consists of the following:
 
Conversion
Price
(per share)
 
March 31,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
8.75% Senior Notes due 2015 (a)
N/A

 
800,000

 
800,000

Less: discount
 
 
(9,102
)
 
(9,753
)
9.75% Senior Secured Notes due 2015 (b)
N/A

 
224,428

 
257,000

Less: discount
 
 
(6,886
)
 
(8,356
)
13% Senior Notes due 2013 (c)
N/A

 
744,246

 
778,500

Less: discount
 
 
(32,438
)
 
(39,504
)
7% Exchangeable Senior Subordinated Notes due 2014 (d)
$
1.875

 
550,000

 
550,000

Less: discount
 
 
(5,513
)
 
(5,956
)
7.625% Senior Notes due 2018 (e)
N/A

 
700,000

 
700,000

Less: discount
 
 
(10,595
)
 
(10,898
)
Other debt:
 
 
 
 
 
Capital leases
N/A

 
2,509

 
2,941

Total debt
 
 
2,956,649

 
3,013,974

Less: total current maturities non-related party
 
 
1,540

 
1,623

Total long-term
 
 
2,955,109

 
3,012,351

Less: related party
 
 
329,576

 
328,788

Total long-term, excluding related party
 
 
$
2,625,533

 
$
2,683,563


(a)
8.75% Senior Notes due 2015

In March 2010, we issued $800,000 aggregate principal amount of 8.75% Senior Notes due 2015 (the “8.75% Notes”). Interest is payable semi-annually in arrears on April 1 and October 1 of each year at a rate of 8.75% per annum. The 8.75% Notes mature on April 1, 2015. The 8.75% Notes were issued for $786,000, resulting in an aggregate original issuance discount of $14,000. Substantially all of our domestic wholly-owned subsidiaries guarantee our obligations under the 8.75% Notes on a senior unsecured basis.

(b)
9.75% Senior Secured Notes due 2015

In August 2009, we issued $257,000 aggregate principal amount of 9.75% Senior Secured Notes due September 1, 2015 (the “9.75% Notes”). Interest is payable semi-annually in arrears on March 1 and September 1 of each year at a rate of 9.75% per annum. The 9.75% Notes were issued for $244,292, resulting in an aggregate original issuance discount of $12,708. Substantially all of our domestic wholly-owned subsidiaries guarantee our obligations under the 9.75% Notes. The 9.75% Notes and related guarantees are secured by first-priority liens on substantially all of our assets and the assets of the guarantors.

In March 2012, we purchased $32,572 in aggregate principal amount of the 9.75% Notes, $9,500 of which was settled in April 2012. The aggregate purchase price for these 9.75% Notes was $35,565 inclusive of accrued interest. We recognized an aggregate loss on extinguishment of these 9.75% Notes of $3,778, consisting primarily of unamortized discount, deferred financing fees and repayment premium, to Loss on extinguishment of debt and credit facilities, net, for the three months ended March 31, 2012.

(c)
13% Senior Notes due 2013

In July 2008, we issued $778,500 aggregate principal amount of 13% Senior Notes due 2013 (the “13% Notes”). Interest is payable semi-annually in arrears on February 1 and August 1 of each year at a rate of 13% per annum. The 13% Notes mature on August 1, 2013. Substantially all of our domestic wholly-owned subsidiaries guarantee our obligations under

16

SIRIUS XM RADIO INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - Continued
(Dollar amounts in thousands, unless otherwise stated)

the 13% Notes.

In March 2012, we purchased $34,254 in aggregate principal amount of the 13% Notes. The aggregate purchase price for these 13% Notes was $39,610 inclusive of accrued interest. We recognized an aggregate loss on extinguishment on these 13% Notes of $6,193, consisting primarily of unamortized discount, deferred financing fees and repayment premium, to Loss on extinguishment of debt and credit facilities, net, for the three months ended March 31, 2012.

(d)
7% Exchangeable Senior Subordinated Notes due 2014

In August 2008, we issued $550,000 aggregate principal amount of 7% Exchangeable Senior Subordinated Notes due 2014 (the “Exchangeable Notes”). The Exchangeable Notes are senior subordinated obligations and rank junior in right of payment to our existing and future senior debt and equally in right of payment with our existing and future senior subordinated debt. Substantially all of our domestic wholly-owned subsidiaries have guaranteed the Exchangeable Notes on a senior subordinated basis.

Interest is payable semi-annually in arrears on June 1 and December 1 of each year at a rate of 7% per annum. The Exchangeable Notes mature on December 1, 2014. The Exchangeable Notes are exchangeable at any time at the option of the holder into shares of our common stock at an initial exchange rate of 533.3333 shares of common stock per $1,000 principal amount of Exchangeable Notes, which is equivalent to an approximate exchange price of $1.875 per share of common stock. Although our stock price was greater than the exchange price during the three months ended March 31, 2012, the common stock reserved for exchange in connection with the Exchangeable Notes were considered to be anti-dilutive in our calculation of diluted net income per common share.

(e)
7.625% Senior Notes due 2018

In October 2010, we issued $700,000 aggregate principal amount of 7.625% Senior Notes due 2018 (the “7.625% Notes”). Interest is payable semi-annually in arrears on May 1 and November 1 of each year at a rate of 7.625% per annum. The 7.625% Notes mature on November 1, 2018. Substantially all of our domestic wholly-owned subsidiaries guarantee our obligations under the 7.625% Notes.

Retired Debt Instruments

3.25% Convertible Notes due 2011

In February 2011, we purchased $94,148 of our then outstanding 3.25% Convertible Notes due 2011 (the "3.25% Notes") at prices between 100.75% and 100.94% of the principal amount plus accrued interest. We recognized a loss on extinguishment of debt for the 3.25% Notes of $1,079 for the three months ended March 31, 2011, which consisted primarily of cash premiums paid, unamortized discount and deferred financing fees. The remainder of the 3.25% Notes were paid upon maturity in the fourth quarter of 2011.

11.25% Senior Secured Notes due 2013

In January 2011, we purchased the remaining portion of our outstanding 11.25% Senior Secured Notes due 2013 for an aggregate purchase price of $40,376. A loss from extinguishment of debt of $4,915 associated with this purchase was recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2011.

Covenants and Restrictions

Our debt generally requires compliance with certain covenants that restrict our ability to, among other things, (i) incur additional indebtedness unless our consolidated leverage would be no greater than 6.0 times consolidated operating cash flow after the incurrence of the indebtedness, (ii) incur liens, (iii) pay dividends or make certain other restricted payments, investments or acquisitions, (iv) enter into certain transactions with affiliates, (v) merge or consolidate with another person, (vi) sell, assign, lease or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of our assets, and (vii) make voluntary prepayments of certain debt, in each case subject to exceptions.

Under our debt agreements, the following generally constitute an event of default: (i) a default in the payment of

17

SIRIUS XM RADIO INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - Continued
(Dollar amounts in thousands, unless otherwise stated)

interest; (ii) a default in the payment of principal; (iii) failure to comply with covenants; (iv) failure to pay other indebtedness after final maturity or acceleration of other indebtedness exceeding a specified amount; (v) certain events of bankruptcy; (vi) a judgment for payment of money exceeding a specified aggregate amount; and (vii) voidance of subsidiary guarantees, subject to grace periods where applicable. If an event of default occurs and is continuing, our debt could become immediately due and payable.

At March 31, 2012, we were in compliance with our debt covenants.

(14)
Stockholders’ Equity

Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share

We were authorized to issue up to 9,000,000,000 shares of common stock as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011. There were 3,788,755,725 and 3,753,201,929 shares of common stock issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively.

As of March 31, 2012, approximately 3,303,857,000 shares of common stock were reserved for issuance in connection with outstanding convertible debt, preferred stock, warrants, incentive stock awards and common stock to be granted to third parties upon satisfaction of performance targets.

To facilitate the offering of the Exchangeable Notes, we entered into share lending agreements with Morgan Stanley Capital Services Inc. (“MS”) and UBS AG London Branch (“UBS”) in July 2008, under which we loaned MS and UBS an aggregate of 262,400,000 shares of our common stock in exchange for a fee of $0.001 per share. During the third quarter of 2009, MS returned to us 60,000,000 shares of our common stock borrowed. In October 2011, MS and UBS returned the remaining 202,400,000 shares loaned. The returned shares were retired upon receipt and removed from outstanding common stock. The share lending agreements have been terminated. Under GAAP, the borrowed shares were not considered outstanding for the purpose of computing and reporting our net income (loss) per common share.

We recorded interest expense related to the amortization of the costs associated with the share lending arrangement and other issuance costs of $2,982 and $2,690, respectively, for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011. As of March 31, 2012, the unamortized balance of the debt issuance costs was $37,072, with $36,331 recorded in deferred financing fees, net, and $741 recorded in Long-term related party assets. As of December 31, 2011, the unamortized balance of the debt issuance costs was $40,054, with $39,253 recorded in deferred financing fees, net, and $801 recorded in Long-term related party assets. These costs will continue to be amortized until the debt is terminated.
 
In January 2004, Sirius Satellite Radio Inc. signed a seven-year agreement with a sports programming provider which expired in February 2011. Upon execution of this agreement, Sirius delivered 15,173,070 shares of common stock valued at $40,967 to that programming provider. These shares of common stock were subject to transfer restrictions which lapsed over time. We recognized share-based payment expense associated with these shares of $1,568 in the three months ended March 31, 2011.

Preferred Stock, par value $0.001 per share

We were authorized to issue up to 50,000,000 shares of undesignated preferred stock as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011. There were no shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (“Series A Preferred Stock”) issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

There were 12,500,000 shares of Series B Preferred Stock issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011. The Series B Preferred Stock is convertible into shares of our common stock at the rate of 206.9581409 shares of common stock for each share of Series B Preferred Stock, representing approximately 40% of our outstanding shares of common stock (after giving effect to such conversion). As the holder of the Series B Preferred Stock, Liberty Radio LLC is entitled to a number of votes equal to the number of shares of our common stock into which such shares of Series B Preferred Stock are convertible. Liberty Radio LLC will also receive dividends and distributions ratably with our common stock, on an as-converted basis. With respect to dividend rights, the Series B Preferred Stock ranks evenly with our common stock and each other class or series of our equity securities not expressly provided as ranking senior to the Series B Preferred Stock. With respect to liquidation rights, the Series B Preferred Stock ranks evenly with each other class or series of our equity securities not expressly provided as ranking senior to the Series B Preferred Stock, and ranks senior to our common stock.

18

SIRIUS XM RADIO INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - Continued
(Dollar amounts in thousands, unless otherwise stated)

Warrants

We have issued warrants to purchase shares of common stock in connection with distribution, programming and satellite purchase agreements. As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, approximately 22,506,000 warrants to acquire an equal number of shares of common stock were outstanding and fully vested. These warrants expire at various times through 2015. At March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the weighted average exercise price of outstanding warrants was $2.63 per share. We did not incur warrant related expenses during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011.

In February 2011, Daimler AG exercised 16,500,000 warrants to purchase shares of common stock on a net settlement basis, resulting in the issuance of 7,122,951 shares of our common stock.

(15)
Benefits Plans

We recognized share-based payment expense of $14,951 and $11,288 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. We did not realize any income tax benefits from share-based benefits plans during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 as a result of the full valuation allowance that is maintained for substantially all net deferred tax assets.

2009 Long-Term Stock Incentive Plan

In May 2009, our stockholders approved the Sirius XM Radio Inc. 2009 Long-Term Stock Incentive Plan (the “2009 Plan”). Employees, consultants and members of our board of directors are eligible to receive awards under the 2009 Plan. The 2009 Plan provides for the grant of stock options, restricted stock, restricted stock units and other stock-based awards that the compensation committee of our board of directors may deem appropriate. Vesting and other terms of stock-based awards are set forth in the agreements with the individuals receiving the awards. Stock-based awards granted under the 2009 Plan are generally subject to a vesting requirement. Stock-based awards generally expire ten years from the date of grant. Each restricted stock unit entitles the holder to receive one share of common stock upon vesting. As of March 31, 2012, approximately 199,061,000 shares of common stock were available for future grants under the 2009 Plan.

Other Plans

We maintain four other share-based benefit plans — the XM 2007 Stock Incentive Plan, the Amended and Restated Sirius Satellite Radio 2003 Long-Term Stock Incentive Plan, the XM 1998 Shares Award Plan and the XM Talent Option Plan. No further awards may be made under these plans. Outstanding awards under these plans continue to vest.

The following table summarizes the weighted-average assumptions used to compute the fair value of options granted to employees and members of our board of directors:
 
For the Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
2012
Risk-free interest rate
0.8%
Expected life of options — years
5.34
Expected stock price volatility
57%
Expected dividend yield
0%

There were no options granted to employees and members of our board of directors during the three months ended March 31, 2011.

There were no options granted to third parties during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011.







19

SIRIUS XM RADIO INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - Continued
(Dollar amounts in thousands, unless otherwise stated)

The following table summarizes stock option activity under our share-based payment plans for the three months ended March 31, 2012 (options in thousands):
 
Options
 
Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price
 
Weighted-Average
Remaining
Contractual Term
(Years)
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
Outstanding as of December 31, 2011
439,580

 
$
1.25

 
 
 
 
Granted
275

 
$
2.04

 
 
 
 
Exercised
(34,955
)
 
$
0.65

 
 
 
 
Forfeited, cancelled or expired
(4,281
)
 
$
2.67

 
 
 
 
Outstanding as of March 31, 2012
400,619

 
$
1.29

 
6.00

 
$
501,494

Exercisable, March 31, 2012
148,585

 
$
1.78

 
4.20

 
$
169,371


The weighted average grant date fair value of options granted during the three months ended March 31, 2012 was $1.02. The total intrinsic value of stock options exercised during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 was $52,274 and $2,099, respectively.

We recognized share-based payment expense associated with stock options of $13,643 and $9,977 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

The following table summarizes the nonvested restricted stock and restricted stock unit activity under our share-based payment plans for the three months ended March 31, 2012 (awards in thousands):
 
Awards
 
Weighted-Average
Grant Date Fair
Value
Nonvested, December 31, 2011
421

 
$
1.46

Granted

 
$

Vested restricted stock

 
$

Vested restricted stock units

 
$

Forfeited

 
$

Nonvested, March 31, 2012
421

 
$
1.46


The outstanding nonvested shares of restricted stock represent shares issued to members of the board of directors as part of our former director compensation program. These shares will vest on the first anniversary of the date the person ceases to be a director.

The weighted average grant date fair value of restricted stock units granted during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 was $0 as no shares were granted in the periods. The total intrinsic value of restricted stock and restricted stock units that vested during the years ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 was $0 and $3,085, respectively.

We recognized share-based payment expense associated with restricted stock units and shares of restricted stock of $0 and $542 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

Total unrecognized compensation costs related to unvested share-based payment awards for stock options and restricted stock units and shares granted to employees and members of our board of directors at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, net of estimated forfeitures, was $115,786 and $129,983, respectively. The total unrecognized compensation costs at March 31, 2012 are expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of three years.

401(k) Savings Plan

We sponsor the Sirius XM Radio 401(k) Savings Plan (the “Sirius XM Plan”) for eligible employees.

20

SIRIUS XM RADIO INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - Continued
(Dollar amounts in thousands, unless otherwise stated)


The Sirius XM Plan allows eligible employees to voluntarily contribute from 1% to 50% of their pre-tax eligible earnings, subject to certain defined limits. We match 50% of an employee’s voluntary contributions, up to 6% of an employee’s pre-tax salary, in the form of shares of common stock. Employer matching contributions under the Sirius XM Plan vest at a rate of 33.33% for each year of employment and are fully vested after three years of employment for all current and future contributions. Share-based payment expense resulting from the matching contribution to the Sirius XM Plan was $1,308 and $769 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

We may also elect to contribute to the profit sharing portion of the Sirius XM Plan based upon the total eligible compensation of eligible participants. These additional contributions in the form of shares of common stock are determined by the compensation committee of our board of directors. Employees are only eligible to receive profit-sharing contributions during any year in which they are employed on the last day of the year. Currently, we do not plan to contribute to the profit sharing portion of the Sirius XM Plan in 2012. We did not contribute to the profit sharing portion of the Sirius XM Plan in 2011.

(16)
Commitments and Contingencies

The following table summarizes our expected contractual cash commitments as of March 31, 2012:
 
2012
 
2013
 
2014
 
2015
 
2016
 
Thereafter
 
Total
Long-term debt obligations
$
1,191

 
$
745,382

 
$
550,182

 
$
1,024,428

 
$

 
$
700,000

 
$
3,021,183

Cash interest payments
221,328

 
280,579

 
183,759

 
110,257

 
53,375

 
106,750

 
956,048

Satellite and transmission
5,624

 
57,257

 
13,311

 
13,157

 
3,597

 
18,693

 
111,639

Programming and content
135,602

 
191,616

 
163,131

 
156,244

 
13,388

 
1,125

 
661,106

Marketing and distribution
35,957

 
22,692

 
17,450

 
12,129

 
8,685

 
3,192

 
100,105

Satellite incentive payments
7,758

 
11,864

 
12,607

 
11,728

 
12,604

 
78,591

 
135,152

Operating lease obligations
26,501

 
32,333

 
27,005

 
29,378

 
19,033

 
195,416

 
329,666

Other
23,268

 
14,283

 
2,712

 
419

 
182

 

 
40,864

Total(1)
$
457,229

 
$
1,356,006

 
$
970,157

 
$
1,357,740

 
$
110,864

 
$
1,103,767

 
$
5,355,763


(1)
The table does not include our reserve for uncertain tax positions, which at March 31, 2012 totaled $1,537, as the specific timing of any cash payments cannot be projected with reasonable certainty.

Long-term debt obligations.    Long-term debt obligations include principal payments on outstanding debt and capital lease obligations. The chart above does not give effect to the purchase of $62,729 of our 13% Notes in April 2012. Refer to Note 17.

Cash interest payments.    Cash interest payments include interest due on outstanding debt and capital lease payments through maturity. The chart above does not give effect to the purchase of $62,729 of our 13% Notes in April 2012. Refer to Note 17.

Satellite and transmission.    We have entered into agreements with third parties to operate and maintain the off-site satellite telemetry, tracking and control facilities and certain components of our terrestrial repeater networks. We have also entered into various agreements to design and construct a satellite and related launch vehicle for use in our systems.

Programming and content.    We have entered into various programming agreements. Under the terms of these agreements, our obligations include fixed payments, advertising commitments and revenue sharing arrangements.

Marketing and distribution.    We have entered into various marketing, sponsorship and distribution agreements to promote our brand and are obligated to make payments to sponsors, retailers, automakers and radio manufacturers under these agreements. Certain programming and content agreements also require us to purchase advertising on properties owned or controlled by the licensors. We also reimburse automakers for certain engineering and development costs associated with the incorporation of satellite radios into vehicles they manufacture. In addition, in the event certain new products are not shipped by a distributor to its customers within 90 days of the distributor’s receipt of goods, we have agreed to purchase and take title to the product.
 

21

SIRIUS XM RADIO INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - Continued
(Dollar amounts in thousands, unless otherwise stated)

Satellite incentive payments.    Boeing Satellite Systems International, Inc., the manufacturer of four of XM’s in-orbit satellites, may be entitled to future in-orbit performance payments with respect to two of XM’s satellites. As of March 31, 2012, we have accrued $27,812 related to contingent in-orbit performance payments for XM-3 and XM-4 based on expected operating performance over their fifteen year design life. Boeing may also be entitled to an additional $10,000 if XM-4 continues to operate above baseline specifications during the five years beyond the satellite’s fifteen-year design life.

Space Systems/Loral, may be entitled to future in-orbit performance payments. As of March 31, 2012, we have accrued $10,216 and $21,450 related to contingent performance payments for FM-5 and XM-5, respectively, based on expected operating performance over their fifteen-year design life.

Operating lease obligations.    We have entered into cancelable and non-cancelable operating leases for office space, equipment and terrestrial repeaters. These leases provide for minimum lease payments, additional operating expense charges, leasehold improvements and rent escalations that have initial terms ranging from one to fifteen years, and certain leases that have options to renew. The effect of the rent holidays and rent concessions are recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term, including reasonably assured renewal periods.

Other.    We have entered into various agreements with third parties for general operating purposes. In addition to the minimum contractual cash commitments described above, we have entered into agreements with other variable cost arrangements. These future costs are dependent upon many factors, including subscriber growth, and are difficult to anticipate; however, these costs may be substantial. We may enter into additional programming, distribution, marketing and other agreements that contain similar variable cost provisions.

We do not have any other significant off-balance sheet financing arrangements that are reasonably likely to have a material effect on our financial condition, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources.

Legal Proceedings

In the ordinary course of business, we are a defendant in various lawsuits and arbitration proceedings, including derivative actions; actions filed by subscribers, both on behalf of themselves and on a class action basis, and actions filed by former employees, parties to contracts or leases, and owners of patents, trademarks, copyrights or other intellectual property. Our significant legal proceedings are discussed under Item I, Legal Proceedings, in Part II, Other Information.

(17)    Subsequent Events

Repurchase of 13% Senior Notes due 2013

In April 2012, we purchased $62,729 of the outstanding principal balance of our 13% Notes. The aggregate purchase price of these 13% Notes was $73,616, which is inclusive of accrued interest. We will recognize a loss on extinguishment of these 13% Notes of approximately $11,600, consisting primarily of unamortized debt, deferred financing fees and repayment premium, in the second quarter.

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

(All dollar amounts referenced in this Item 2 are in thousands, unless otherwise stated)

Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

The following cautionary statements identify important factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those projected in forward-looking statements made in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and in other reports and documents published by us from time to time. Any statements about our beliefs, plans, objectives, expectations, assumptions, future events or performance are not historical facts and may be forward-looking. These statements are often, but not always, made through the use of words or phrases such as “will likely result,” “are expected to,” “will continue,” “is anticipated,” “estimated,” “intend,” “plan,” “projection” and “outlook.” Any forward-looking statements are qualified in their entirety by reference to the factors discussed throughout this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and in other reports and documents published by us from time to time, particularly the risk factors described under “Risk Factors” in Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on

22


Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011 and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results or Operations” herein and in Part II, Item 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.

Among the significant factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements are:

we face substantial competition and that competition is likely to increase over time;
our business depends in large part upon automakers;
general economic conditions can affect our business;
failure of our satellites would significantly damage our business;
our ability to attract and retain subscribers at a profitable level in the future is uncertain;
royalties for music rights may increase;
failure to comply with FCC requirements could damage our business;
the unfavorable outcome of pending or future litigation could have a material adverse effect;
rapid technological and industry changes could adversely impact our services;
failure of other third parties to perform could adversely affect our business;
changes in consumer protection laws and their enforcement could damage our business;
interruption or failure of our information technology and communication systems could negatively impact our results and brand;
if we fail to protect the security of personal information about our customers, we could be subject to costly government enforcement actions or private litigation and our reputation could suffer;
we may from time to time modify our business plan, and these changes could adversely affect us and our financial condition;
our substantial indebtedness could adversely affect our operations and could limit our ability to react or changes in the economy or our industry;
our broadcast studios, terrestrial repeater networks, satellite uplink facilities or other ground facilities could be damaged by natural catastrophes or terrorist activities;
electromagnetic interference from others could damage our business;
our business may be impaired by third-party intellectual property rights;
Liberty Media Corporation has significant influence over our business and affairs and its interest may differ from ours; and
our net operating loss carryforwards could be substantially limited if we experience an ownership change as defined in the Internal Revenue Code.

Because the risk factors referred to above could cause actual results or outcomes to differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statements made by us or on our behalf, you should not place undue reliance on any of these forward-looking statements. In addition, any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which it is made, and we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement or statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which the statement is made, to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events or otherwise. New factors emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for us to predict which will arise or to assess with any precision the impact of each factor on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements.

Executive Summary

We broadcast our music, sports, news, talk, entertainment, traffic and weather channels, as well as infotainment services in the United States on a subscription fee basis through two proprietary satellite radio systems. Subscribers can also receive certain of our music and other channels over the Internet, including through applications for mobile devices.

We have agreements with every major automaker (“OEMs”) to offer satellite radios as factory- or dealer-installed equipment in their vehicles. We also acquire subscribers through the sale and lease of previously owned vehicles with factory-installed satellite radios. We distribute our satellite radios through retail locations nationwide and through our website. Satellite radio services are also offered to customers of certain daily rental car companies.

As of March 31, 2012, we had 22,297,420 subscribers of which 18,208,090 were self-pay subscribers and 4,089,330 were paid promotional subscribers. Our subscriber totals include subscribers under our regular pricing plans; discounted pricing plans; subscribers that have prepaid, including payments either made or due from automakers and dealers for subscriptions included in the sale or lease price of a vehicle; activated radios in daily rental fleet vehicles; certain subscribers to our Internet services; and certain subscribers to our Backseat TV, data, traffic, and weather services.

23



Our primary source of revenue is subscription fees, with most of our customers subscribing on an annual, semi-annual, quarterly or monthly basis. We offer discounts for prepaid and long-term subscription plans, as well as discounts for multiple subscriptions on each platform. We also derive revenue from activation and other subscription-related fees, the sale of advertising on select non-music channels, the direct sale of satellite radios, components and accessories, and other ancillary services, such as our Internet radio, Backseat TV, data, traffic, and weather services.

In certain cases, automakers include a subscription to our radio services in the sale or lease price of new and previously owned vehicles. The length of these prepaid subscriptions varies, but is typically three to twelve months. In many cases, we receive subscription payments from automakers in advance of the activation of our service. We also reimburse various automakers for certain costs associated with satellite radios installed in their vehicles.

We also have an equity interest in the satellite radio services offered in Canada. Subscribers to the Sirius XM Canada service are not included in our subscriber count. In June 2011, Canadian Satellite Radio Holdings Inc. ("CSR"), the parent company of XM Canada, and Sirius Canada completed a transaction to combine their operations (the "Canada Merger").

Results of Operations

Set forth below are our results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2012 compared with the three months ended March 31, 2011.

Unaudited
 




For the Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
2012 vs 2011 Change

2012

2011
 
Amount

%
Revenue:



 



Subscriber revenue
$
700,242


$
622,437

 
$
77,805


13
 %
Advertising revenue, net of agency fees
18,670


16,558

 
2,112


13
 %
Equipment revenue
16,953


15,867

 
1,086


7
 %
Other revenue
68,857


68,977

 
(120
)

 %
Total revenue
804,722


723,839

 
80,883


11
 %
Operating expenses:



 



Cost of services:



 



Revenue share and royalties
132,111


106,929

 
25,182


24
 %
Programming and content
70,095


72,959

 
(2,864
)

(4
)%
Customer service and billing
66,187


65,836

 
351


1
 %
Satellite and transmission
18,110


18,560

 
(450
)

(2
)%
Cost of equipment
5,806


6,405

 
(599
)

(9
)%
Subscriber acquisition costs
116,121


105,270

 
10,851


10
 %
Sales and marketing
58,361


47,819

 
10,542


22
 %
Engineering, design and development
12,690


11,135

 
1,555


14
 %
General and administrative
59,886


56,354

 
3,532


6
 %
Depreciation and amortization
66,117


68,400

 
(2,283
)

(3
)%
Total operating expenses
605,484


559,667

 
45,817


8
 %
Income from operations
199,238


164,172

 
35,066


21
 %
Other income (expense):



 



Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized
(76,971
)

(78,218
)
 
1,247


2
 %
Loss on extinguishment of debt and credit facilities, net
(9,971
)

(5,994
)
 
(3,977
)

(66
)%
Interest and investment loss
(1,142
)

(1,884
)
 
742


39
 %
Other (loss) income
(578
)

1,617

 
(2,195
)

(136
)%
Total other expense
(88,662
)

(84,479
)
 
(4,183
)

(5
)%
Income before income taxes
110,576


79,693

 
30,883


39
 %
Income tax expense
(2,802
)

(1,572
)
 
(1,230
)

(78
)%
Net income
$
107,774


$
78,121

 
$
29,653


38
 %

Total Revenue

Subscriber Revenue includes subscription, activation and other fees.

24



For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, subscriber revenue was $700,242 and $622,437, respectively, an increase of 13%, or $77,805. The increase was primarily attributable to a 9% increase in daily weighted average subscribers, the increase in certain of our subscription rates beginning in January 2012, and an increase in sales of premium services, including Premier packages, data services and streaming. The increase was partially offset by the impact of subscription discounts offered through customer acquisition and retention programs.

The future growth of subscriber revenue will be dependent upon the growth of our subscriber base, promotions, rebates offered to subscribers and corresponding take-rates, plan mix, subscription prices and identification of additional revenue streams from subscribers.

Advertising Revenue includes the sale of advertising on our non-music channels, net of agency fees. Agency fees are based on a contractual percentage of the gross advertising billing revenue.

For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, advertising revenue was $18,670 and $16,558, respectively, an increase of 13%, or $2,112. The increase was primarily due to increases in the number of advertising spots sold as well as the rate charged per spot.

Our advertising revenue is subject to fluctuation based on the effectiveness of our sales efforts and the national economic environment. We expect advertising revenue to grow as advertisers are attracted by the increase in our subscriber base.

Equipment Revenue includes revenue and royalties from the sale of satellite radios, components and accessories.

For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, equipment revenue was $16,953 and $15,867 respectively, an increase of 7%, or $1,086. The increase was driven by royalties from higher OEM production.

We expect equipment revenue to fluctuate based on OEM production for which we receive royalty payments for our technology and, to a lesser extent, on the volume and mix of equipment sales in our direct to consumer business.

Other Revenue includes amounts earned from subscribers for the U.S. Music Royalty Fee, revenue from our Canadian affiliate and ancillary revenues.

For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, other revenue was $68,857 and $68,977, respectively, a decrease of $120. The decrease was primarily due to the December 2010 reduction in the U.S. Music Royalty Fee rate from 15.3% to 10.8%, partially offset by increased royalty revenue from Sirius XM Canada, an increase in subscribers and the increase in certain subscription rates.

Other revenue is dependent upon the amount of the U.S. Music Royalty Fee and the royalty from our Canadian affiliate. Other revenue will fluctuate as our subscriber base changes, as additional subscribers cycle to the lower rate of the U.S. Music Royalty Fee, as the increase in certain subscription rates cycle through to subscriptions, and based on the performance of our Canadian affiliate.

Operating Expenses

 Revenue Share and Royalties include distribution and content provider revenue share, advertising revenue share, residuals and broadcast and web streaming royalties. Residuals are monthly fees paid based upon the number of subscribers using satellite radios purchased from retailers. Advertising revenue share is recognized in revenue share and royalties in the period in which the advertising is broadcast.

For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, revenue share and royalties were $132,111 and $106,929, respectively, an increase of 24%, or $25,182 and increased as a percentage of total revenue. The increase was primarily attributable to an increase in our revenues subject to royalty and/or revenue sharing arrangements and a 7% increase in the statutory royalty rate for the performance of sound recordings, partially offset by a $4,913 increase in the benefit to earnings from the amortization of deferred credits on executory contracts initially recognized in purchase price accounting associated with the Merger.


25


We expect our revenue share and royalty costs to increase as our revenues grow. Under the terms of the Copyright Royalty Board's decision, we paid royalties of 8.0% and 7.5% of gross revenues, subject to certain exclusions, for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The deferred credits on executory contracts initially recognized in purchase price accounting associated with the Merger are expected to provide increasing benefits to revenue share and royalties through the expiration of the acquired executory contracts in 2013.

Programming and Content includes costs to acquire, create, promote and produce content. We have entered into various agreements with third parties for music and non-music programming that require us to pay license fees, purchase advertising on media properties owned or controlled by the licensor, which is allocated to sales and marketing, and pay other guaranteed amounts.

For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, programming and content expenses were $70,095 and $72,959, respectively, a decrease of 4%, or $2,864, and decreased as a percentage of total revenue. The decrease was primarily due to savings in content agreements, partially offset by increases in personnel costs and a $1,122 reduction in the benefit to earnings from purchase price accounting adjustments associated with the Merger attributable to the amortization of the deferred credit on acquired programming executory contracts.

Excluding the impact from purchase accounting adjustments, based on our current programming offerings, we expect our programming and content expenses to decrease as agreements expire and are renewed or replaced on more cost effective terms. The impact of purchase price accounting adjustments associated with the Merger attributable to the amortization of the deferred credit on acquired programming executory contracts will continue to decline, in absolute amount and as a percentage of reported programming and content costs, through 2015. Substantially all of the deferred credits on executory contracts will be amortized by the end of 2013.

Customer Service and Billing includes costs associated with the operation and management of third party customer service centers, and our subscriber management systems as well as billing and collection costs, transaction fees and bad debt expense.

For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, customer service and billing expenses were $66,187 and $65,836, respectively, an increase of 1%, or $351, but decreased as a percentage of total revenue. The increase was primarily due to higher call volume due to the increases in total subscribers, billing and collection costs and personnel costs, partially offset by lower bad debt expense.

We expect our customer service and billing expenses to increase as our subscriber base grows.

Satellite and Transmission consists of costs associated with the operation and maintenance of our satellites; satellite telemetry, tracking and control systems; terrestrial repeater networks; satellite uplink facilities; broadcast studios; and delivery of our internet streaming service.

For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, satellite and transmission expenses were $18,110 and $18,560, respectively, a decrease of 2%, or $450, and decreased as a percentage of total revenue. The decrease was primarily due to a reduction in in-orbit satellite insurance expense, partially offset by increased repeater network costs.

We expect overall satellite and transmission expenses to increase as we add enhanced internet-based features and functionality, while costs associated with our in-orbit satellite fleet remain relatively flat.

Cost of Equipment includes costs from the sale of satellite radios, components and accessories and provisions for inventory allowance attributable to products purchased for resale in our direct to consumer distribution channels.

For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, cost of equipment was $5,806 and $6,405, respectively, a decrease of 9%, or $599, and remained flat as a percentage of total revenue but decreased as a percentage of equipment revenue. The decrease was primarily due to lower direct to consumer sales.

We expect cost of equipment to vary with changes in sales, supply chain management and inventory valuations.

Subscriber Acquisition Costs include hardware subsidies paid to radio manufacturers, distributors and automakers, including subsidies paid to automakers who include a satellite radio and subscription to our service in the sale or lease price of

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a new vehicle; subsidies paid for chip sets and certain other components used in manufacturing radios; device royalties for certain radios and chip sets; commissions paid to retailers and automakers as incentives to purchase, install and activate satellite radios; product warranty obligations; freight; and provisions for inventory allowances attributable to inventory consumed in our OEM and retail distribution channels. The majority of subscriber acquisition costs are incurred and expensed in advance of, or concurrent with, acquiring a subscriber. Subscriber acquisition costs do not include advertising, loyalty payments to distributors and dealers of satellite radios and revenue share payments to automakers and retailers of satellite radios.

For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, subscriber acquisition costs were $116,121 and $105,270, respectively, an increase of 10%, or $10,851, and decreased as a percentage of total revenue. The increase was primarily a result of the 5% increase in gross subscriber additions and subsidies related to increased OEM installations occurring in advance of acquiring the subscriber, partially offset by improved OEM subsidy rates per vehicle and a $2,429 increase in the benefit to earnings from the amortization of the deferred credit for acquired executory contracts recognized in purchase price accounting associated with the Merger.

We expect total subscriber acquisition costs to fluctuate with increases or decreases in OEM installations and changes in our gross subscriber additions. Changes in contractual OEM subsidy rates and the cost of subsidized radio components will also impact total subscriber acquisition costs. The impact of purchase price accounting adjustments associated with the Merger attributable to the amortization of the deferred credit for acquired executory contracts will vary, in absolute amount and as a percentage of reported subscriber acquisition costs, through the expiration of the acquired contracts in 2013. We intend to continue to offer subsidies, commissions and other incentives to acquire subscribers.

Sales and Marketing includes costs for advertising, media and production, including promotional events and sponsorships; cooperative marketing; customer retention and personnel. Cooperative marketing costs include fixed and variable payments to reimburse retailers and automakers for the cost of advertising and other product awareness activities performed on our behalf.

For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, sales and marketing expenses were $58,361 and $47,819, respectively, an increase of 22%, or $10,542, and increased as a percentage of total revenue. The increase was primarily due to additional subscriber communications and retention programs associated with a greater number of subscribers and promotional trials, and higher OEM cooperative marketing.

Sales and marketing expenses will fluctuate on a quarterly basis as we launch seasonal advertising and promotional initiatives to attract new subscribers, and launch and expand programs to retain our existing subscribers and win-back former subscribers. The impact of purchase price accounting adjustments associated with the Merger attributable to the amortization of the deferred credit on acquired sales and marketing contracts will continue to decline, in absolute amount and as a percentage of reported sales and marketing costs, through 2013.

Engineering, Design and Development includes costs to develop chip sets and new products, research and development for broadcast information systems and costs associated with the incorporation of our radios into vehicles manufactured by automakers.

For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, engineering, design and development expenses were $12,690 and $11,135, respectively, an increase of 14% or $1,555, and remained flat as a percentage of total revenue. The increase was due to higher product development costs and costs related to enhanced subscriber features and functionality as well as higher personnel costs.

We expect engineering, design and development expenses to increase in future periods as we develop our next generation chip sets and products.

General and Administrative includes executive management, rent and occupancy, finance, legal, human resources, information technology, insurance and investor relations costs.

For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, general and administrative expense was $59,886 and $56,354, respectively, an increase of 6% or $3,532, and remained flat as a percentage of total revenue. The increase was primarily due to higher facility and legal costs, partially offset by lower litigation settlement charges.

We expect our general and administrative expenses to increase in future periods primarily as a result of enhanced

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information technology and personnel costs to support the growth of our business.

Depreciation and Amortization represents the systematic recognition in earnings of the acquisition cost of assets used in operations, including our satellite constellations, property, equipment and intangible assets, over their estimated service lives.

For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, depreciation and amortization expense was $66,117 and $68,400, respectively, a decrease of 3% or $2,283, and decreased as a percentage of total revenue. The decrease was primarily due to a reduction in the amortization of subscriber relationships and depreciation recognized on assets placed in-service as certain assets reach the end of their estimated service lives.

We expect depreciation expenses to increase in future periods as we complete construction and launch our FM-6 satellite, which will be partially offset by reduced amortization associated with the stepped-up basis in assets acquired in the Merger (including intangible assets, satellites, property and equipment) through the end of their estimated service lives, principally through 2017.

Other Income (Expense)

  Interest Expense, Net of Amounts Capitalized, includes interest on outstanding debt, reduced by interest capitalized in connection with the construction of our satellites and related launch vehicles.

For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, interest expense was $76,971 and $78,218, respectively, a decrease of 2% or $1,247. The decrease was primarily due to higher capitalized interest related to the construction of a satellite and related launch vehicle and by the mix of outstanding debt with lower interest rates.

Following the launch of our FM-6 satellite, the capitalization of interest expense related to the construction of our satellites and related launch vehicles will be eliminated, until we begin replacing satellites in our fleet.  As a result, we expect interest expense to increase, offset partially as our outstanding debt declines due to retirements at maturity, redemptions and repurchases.

Loss on Extinguishment of Debt and Credit Facilities, Net, includes losses incurred as a result of the conversion and retirement of certain debt.

For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, loss on extinguishment of debt and credit facilities, net was $9,971 and $5,994, respectively, an increase of 66% or $3,977. During the three months ended March 31, 2012, a $9,971 loss was recorded on the partial repayment of our 13% Senior Notes due 2013 and our 9.75% Senior Secured Notes due 2015. During the three months ended March 31, 2011, a $5,994 loss was incurred on the repayment of our 11.25% Senior Secured Notes due 2013 and the partial repayment of our 3.25% Convertible Notes due 2011.

  Interest and Investment Loss includes realized gains and losses, dividends, interest income, our share of Sirius Canada’s and XM Canada’s pre-merger net losses, and our share of the income (loss) of Sirius XM Canada.

For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, interest and investment loss was $1,142 and $1,884, respectively, a decrease of 39% or $742. The decrease was primarily attributable to a lower loss on our share of Sirius XM Canada’s net loss in the first quarter of 2012 compared to losses at XM Canada and Sirius Canada during the same period in 2011.

Income Taxes

Income Tax Expense primarily represents the change in our deferred tax liability related to the difference in accounting for our FCC licenses, which are amortized over 15 years for tax purposes but not amortized for book purposes in accordance with GAAP, foreign withholding taxes on royalty income and the effect of changes in certain state laws related to the utilization of net operating losses ("NOLs").

For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, income tax expense was $2,802 and $1,572, respectively, an increase of 78%, or $1,230. The increase was primarily due to an increase in the applicable state effective tax rates and the effect of changes in certain state laws related to the utilization of NOLs.


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In assessing the recoverability of our deferred tax assets, management regularly considers whether a portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized based on the recognition threshold and measurement of tax positions. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of sufficient projected taxable income within the carryforward periods. Management considers the scheduled reversal of deferred tax assets and liabilities, projected taxable income and tax planning strategies in making this assessment. Management's evaluation of the realizability of deferred tax assets weighs both positive and negative evidence. The weight given to the potential effects of positive and negative evidence is based on the extent to which it can be objectively verified. Our conclusion with regard to maintaining or releasing the valuation allowance gives consideration to a variety of factors including but not limited to: (a) a three-year cumulative pre-tax income, (b) the extent of current period taxable income and an expectation of sufficient and sustainable future taxable income, and (c) our ability to utilize net operating losses within the carryforward period. After weighing this evidence, management concludes whether it is more likely than not that our deferred tax assets will be realized.

We maintained a deferred tax valuation allowance against our deferred tax assets as of March 31, 2012. In 2010, we had our first year of pre-tax earnings for financial reporting purposes, but continued to generate taxable losses for tax reporting purposes. For the year ended December 31, 2011, we continued to report positive earnings and generated taxable income for the first time since our inception. For the quarter ended March 31, 2012, this positive trend continued. However, based on the objective and verifiable negative evidence, such as cumulative losses in recent years, we have concluded as of March 31, 2012 to retain the valuation allowance.

As part of our continuing assessment of the recoverability of our deferred tax assets, we consider the impact of future forecasted taxable income. Depending on our continued positive performance in the second quarter of 2012, together with the emergence from cumulative losses in recent years, as well as projections of sufficient and sustainable taxable income, we may recogniz