XNYS:USB U.S. Bancorp Quarterly Report 10-Q Filing - 6/30/2012

Effective Date 6/30/2012

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Form 10-Q
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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

Form 10-Q

 

þ

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE

SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2012

OR

 

¨

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE

SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from (not applicable)

Commission file number 1-6880

U.S. BANCORP

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   41-0255900

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

800 Nicollet Mall

Minneapolis, Minnesota 55402

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

651-466-3000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

(not applicable)

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months, and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

YES þ    NO ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

YES þ    NO ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer þ      Accelerated filer ¨
Non-accelerated filer ¨      Smaller reporting company ¨
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)     

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

YES ¨    NO þ

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Class

Common Stock, $.01 Par Value

 

Outstanding as of July 31, 2012

1,895,298,892 shares

 

 

 


Table of Contents

Table of Contents and Form 10-Q Cross Reference Index

 

Part I — Financial Information

  

1) Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (Item 2)

  

a) Overview

     3   

b) Statement of Income Analysis

     4   

c) Balance Sheet Analysis

     6   

d) Non-GAAP Financial Measures

     32   

e) Critical Accounting Policies

     33   

f) Controls and Procedures (Item 4)

     33   

2) Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk/Corporate Risk Profile (Item 3)

  

a) Overview

     9   

b) Credit Risk Management

     9   

c) Residual Value Risk Management

     23   

d) Operational Risk Management

     23   

e) Interest Rate Risk Management

     23   

f) Market Risk Management

     24   

g) Liquidity Risk Management

     25   

h) Capital Management

     26   

3) Line of Business Financial Review

     27   

4) Financial Statements (Item 1)

     34   

Part II — Other Information

  

1) Risk Factors (Item 1A)

     76   

2) Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds (Item 2)

     76   

3) Exhibits (Item 6)

     76   

4) Signature

     77   

5) Exhibits

     78   

“Safe Harbor” Statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.

This quarterly report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements about U.S. Bancorp. Statements that are not historical or current facts, including statements about beliefs and expectations, are forward-looking statements and are based on the information available to, and assumptions and estimates made by, management as of the date made. These forward-looking statements cover, among other things, anticipated future revenue and expenses and the future plans and prospects of U.S. Bancorp. Forward-looking statements involve inherent risks and uncertainties, and important factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated. Global and domestic economies could fail to recover from the recent economic downturn or could experience another severe contraction, which could adversely affect U.S. Bancorp’s revenues and the values of its assets and liabilities. Global financial markets could experience a recurrence of significant turbulence, which could reduce the availability of funding to certain financial institutions and lead to a tightening of credit, a reduction of business activity, and increased market volatility. Continued stress in the commercial real estate markets, as well as a delay or failure of recovery in the residential real estate markets, could cause additional credit losses and deterioration in asset values. In addition, U.S. Bancorp’s business and financial performance is likely to be negatively impacted by effects of recently enacted and future legislation and regulation. U.S. Bancorp’s results could also be adversely affected by continued deterioration in general business and economic conditions; changes in interest rates; deterioration in the credit quality of its loan portfolios or in the value of the collateral securing those loans; deterioration in the value of securities held in its investment securities portfolio; legal and regulatory developments; increased competition from both banks and non-banks; changes in customer behavior and preferences; effects of mergers and acquisitions and related integration; effects of critical accounting policies and judgments; and management’s ability to effectively manage credit risk, residual value risk, market risk, operational risk, interest rate risk, and liquidity risk.

For discussion of these and other risks that may cause actual results to differ from expectations, refer to U.S. Bancorp’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011, on file with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including the sections entitled “Risk Factors” and “Corporate Risk Profile” contained in Exhibit 13, and all subsequent filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission under Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and U.S. Bancorp undertakes no obligation to update them in light of new information or future events.

 

U. S. Bancorp    1


Table of Contents

Table 1

  Selected Financial Data

 

    

Three Months Ended

June 30,

   

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
(Dollars and Shares in Millions, Except Per Share Data)    2012     2011    

Percent  

Change  

    2012     2011    

Percent

Change

 

Condensed Income Statement

            

Net interest income (taxable-equivalent basis) (a)

   $ 2,713      $ 2,544        6.6   $ 5,403      $ 5,051        7.0

Noninterest income

     2,374        2,154        10.2        4,613        4,171        10.6   

Securities gains (losses), net

     (19     (8     *        (19     (13     (46.2

Total net revenue

     5,068        4,690        8.1        9,997        9,209        8.6   

Noninterest expense

     2,601        2,425        7.3        5,161        4,739        8.9   

Provision for credit losses

     470        572        (17.8     951        1,327        (28.3

Income before taxes

     1,997        1,693        18.0        3,885        3,143        23.6   

Taxable-equivalent adjustment

     55        56        (1.8     111        111          

Applicable income taxes

     564        458        23.1        1,091        824        32.4   

Net income

     1,378        1,179        16.9        2,683        2,208        21.5   

Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

     37        24        54.2        70        41        70.7   

Net income attributable to U.S. Bancorp

   $ 1,415      $ 1,203        17.6      $ 2,753      $ 2,249        22.4   

Net income applicable to U.S. Bancorp common shareholders

   $ 1,345      $ 1,167        15.3      $ 2,630      $ 2,170        21.2   

Per Common Share

            

Earnings per share

   $ .71      $ .61        16.4   $ 1.39      $ 1.13        23.0

Diluted earnings per share

     .71        .60        18.3        1.38        1.12        23.2   

Dividends declared per share

     .195        .125        56.0        .390        .250        56.0   

Book value per share

     17.45        15.50        12.6         

Market value per share

     32.16        25.51        26.1         

Average common shares outstanding

     1,888        1,921        (1.7     1,895        1,920        (1.3

Average diluted common shares outstanding

     1,898        1,929        (1.6     1,904        1,929        (1.3

Financial Ratios

            

Return on average assets

     1.67     1.54       1.64     1.46  

Return on average common equity

     16.5        15.9          16.3        15.2     

Net interest margin (taxable-equivalent basis) (a)

     3.58        3.67          3.59        3.68     

Efficiency ratio (b)

     51.1        51.6          51.5        51.4     

Net charge-offs as a percent of average loans outstanding

     .98        1.51          1.03        1.58     

Average Balances

            

Loans

   $ 214,069      $ 198,810        7.7   $ 212,115      $ 198,194        7.0

Loans held for sale

     7,352        3,118        *        7,115        4,603        54.6   

Investment securities (c)

     73,181        62,955        16.2        72,329        59,698        21.2   

Earning assets

     303,754        277,571        9.4        301,899        275,766        9.5   

Assets

     340,429        312,610        8.9        338,358        310,266        9.1   

Noninterest-bearing deposits

     64,531        48,721        32.5        64,057        46,467        37.9   

Deposits

     231,301        209,411        10.5        229,792        206,871        11.1   

Short-term borrowings

     29,935        29,008        3.2        29,498        30,597        (3.6

Long-term debt

     29,524        32,183        (8.3     30,538        31,877        (4.2

Total U.S. Bancorp shareholders’ equity

     37,266        31,967        16.6        36,341        30,994        17.3   
 
    

June 30,

2012

   

December 31,

2011

                         

Period End Balances

            

Loans

   $ 216,088      $ 209,835        3.0      

Investment securities

     73,948        70,814        4.4         

Assets

     353,136        340,122        3.8         

Deposits

     241,316        230,885        4.5         

Long-term debt

     28,821        31,953        (9.8      

Total U.S. Bancorp shareholders’ equity

     37,792        33,978        11.2         

Asset Quality

            

Nonperforming assets

   $ 3,029      $ 3,774        (19.7      

Allowance for credit losses

     4,864        5,014        (3.0      

Allowance for credit losses as a percentage of period-end loans

     2.25     2.39        

Capital Ratios

            

Tier 1 capital

     10.7     10.8        

Total risk-based capital

     13.0        13.3           

Leverage

     9.1        9.1           

Tangible common equity to tangible assets (d)

     6.9        6.6           

Tangible common equity to risk-weighted assets using Basel 1 definition (d)

     8.5        8.1           

Tier 1 common equity to risk-weighted assets using Basel I definition (d)

     8.8        8.6           

Tier 1 common equity to risk-weighted assets using Basel III proposals published prior to June 2012 (d)

            8.2           

Tier 1 common equity to risk-weighted assets approximated using proposed rules for the Basel III standardized approach released June 2012 (d)

     7.9                                          

 

* Not meaningful.
(a) Presented on a fully taxable-equivalent basis utilizing a tax rate of 35 percent.
(b) Computed as noninterest expense divided by the sum of net interest income on a taxable-equivalent basis and noninterest income excluding net securities gains (losses).
(c) Excludes unrealized gains and losses on available-for-sale investment securities and any premiums or discounts recorded related to the transfer of investment securities at fair value from available-for-sale to held-to-maturity.
(d) See Non-GAAP Financial Measures beginning on page 32.

 

2    U. S. Bancorp


Table of Contents

Management’s Discussion and Analysis

 

OVERVIEW

Earnings Summary U.S. Bancorp and its subsidiaries (the “Company”) reported net income attributable to U.S. Bancorp of $1.4 billion for the second quarter of 2012, or $.71 per diluted common share, compared with $1.2 billion, or $.60 per diluted common share for the second quarter of 2011. Return on average assets and return on average common equity were 1.67 percent and 16.5 percent, respectively, for the second quarter of 2012, compared with 1.54 percent and 15.9 percent, respectively, for the second quarter of 2011. The provision for credit losses was $50 million lower than net charge-offs for the second quarter of 2012, compared with $175 million lower than net charge-offs for the second quarter of 2011.

Total net revenue, on a taxable-equivalent basis, for the second quarter of 2012 was $378 million (8.1 percent) higher than the second quarter of 2011, reflecting a 6.6 percent increase in net interest income and a 9.7 percent increase in noninterest income. The increase in net interest income over a year ago was largely the result of an increase in average earning assets and continued growth in lower cost core deposit funding. Noninterest income increased over a year ago, primarily due to higher mortgage banking revenue and merchant processing services revenue, partially offset by lower debit card revenue.

Noninterest expense in the second quarter of 2012 was $176 million (7.3 percent) higher than the second quarter of 2011, primarily due to higher compensation expense, employee benefits costs, mortgage servicing review-related professional services costs and other expense, including an accrual recorded by the Company in the second quarter of 2012 related to its portion of obligations associated with Visa Inc. litigation matters (“Visa accrual”).

The provision for credit losses for the second quarter of 2012 of $470 million was $102 million (17.8 percent) lower than the second quarter of 2011. Net charge-offs in the second quarter of 2012 were $520 million, compared with $747 million in the second quarter of 2011. Refer to “Corporate Risk Profile” for further information on the provision for credit losses, net charge-offs, nonperforming assets and other factors considered by the Company in assessing the credit quality of the loan portfolio and establishing the allowance for credit losses.

The Company reported net income attributable to U.S. Bancorp of $2.8 billion for the first six months of 2012, or $1.38 per diluted common share, compared with $2.2 billion, or $1.12 per diluted common share for the first six months of 2011. Return on average assets and return on average common equity were 1.64 percent and 16.3 percent, respectively, for the first six months of 2012, compared with 1.46 percent and 15.2 percent, respectively, for the first six months of 2011. Included in the Company’s results for the first six months of 2011 was a $46 million gain related to the acquisition of First Community Bank of New Mexico (“FCB”) in a transaction with the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”). The provision for credit losses was $140 million lower than net charge-offs for the first six months of 2012, compared with $225 million lower than net charge-offs for the first six months of 2011.

Total net revenue, on a taxable-equivalent basis, for the first six months of 2012 was $788 million (8.6 percent) higher than the first six months of 2011, reflecting a 7.0 percent increase in net interest income and a 10.5 percent increase in noninterest income. The increase in net interest income over a year ago was largely the result of an increase in average earning assets and continued growth in lower cost core deposit funding. Noninterest income increased over a year ago, primarily due to higher mortgage banking revenue, merchant processing services revenue and commercial products revenue, partially offset by lower debit card revenue.

Noninterest expense in the first six months of 2012 was $422 million (8.9 percent) higher than the first six months of 2011, primarily due to higher compensation expense, employee benefits costs, mortgage servicing review-related professional services costs, marketing and business development costs and other expense, including higher regulatory and insurance-related costs and the second quarter 2012 Visa accrual.

The provision for credit losses for the first six months of 2012 of $951 million was $376 million (28.3 percent) lower than the first six months of 2011. Net charge-offs in the first six months of 2012 were $1.1 billion, compared with $1.6 billion in the first six months of 2011. Refer to “Corporate Risk Profile” for further information on the provision for credit losses, net charge-offs, nonperforming assets and other factors considered by the Company in assessing the credit quality of the loan portfolio and establishing the allowance for credit losses.

 

 

U. S. Bancorp    3


Table of Contents

STATEMENT OF INCOME ANALYSIS

Net Interest Income Net interest income, on a taxable-equivalent basis, was $2.7 billion in the second quarter of 2012, compared with $2.5 billion in the second quarter of 2011. Net interest income, on a taxable-equivalent basis, was $5.4 billion in the first six months of 2012, compared with $5.1 billion in the first six months of 2011. The increases were primarily the result of growth in both average earning assets and lower cost core deposit funding. Average earning assets increased $26.2 billion (9.4 percent) in the second quarter and $26.1 billion (9.5 percent) in the first six months of 2012, compared with the same periods of 2011, driven by increases in investment securities and loans. The net interest margin in the second quarter and first six months of 2012 was 3.58 percent and 3.59 percent, respectively, compared with 3.67 percent and 3.68 percent in the second quarter and first six months of 2011, respectively. The decreases in the net interest margin reflected increased lower-yielding investment securities and lower loan yields, partially offset by lower deposit rates, reductions in average cash balances held at the Federal Reserve, as well as the inclusion of credit card balance transfer fees in interest income beginning in the first quarter of 2012. Refer to the “Consolidated Daily Average Balance Sheet and Related Yields and Rates” tables for further information on net interest income.

Total average loans for the second quarter and first six months of 2012 were $15.3 billion (7.7 percent) and $13.9 billion (7.0 percent) higher, respectively, than the same periods of 2011, driven by growth in commercial loans, residential mortgages, credit card loans and commercial real estate loans. Impacting average credit card balances during 2012, was the purchase in late

December of 2011 of $700 million of consumer credit card loans. The increases were partially offset by declines in other retail loans and loans covered by loss sharing agreements with the FDIC. Average loans acquired in FDIC-assisted transactions that are covered by loss sharing agreements with the FDIC (“covered” loans) decreased $3.0 billion (17.7 percent) in both the second quarter and first six months of 2012, compared with the same periods of 2011, respectively.

Average investment securities in the second quarter and first six months of 2012 were $10.2 billion (16.2 percent) and $12.6 billion (21.2 percent) higher, respectively, than the same periods of 2011, primarily due to purchases of government agency mortgage-backed securities, as the Company increased its on-balance sheet liquidity in response to anticipated regulatory requirements.

Average total deposits for the second quarter and first six months of 2012 were $21.9 billion (10.5 percent) and $22.9 billion (11.1 percent) higher, respectively, than the same periods of 2011. Average noninterest-bearing deposits for the second quarter and first six months of 2012 were $15.8 billion (32.5 percent) and $17.6 billion (37.9 percent) higher, respectively, than the same periods of 2011, due to growth in average balances in a majority of the lines of business, including Wholesale Banking and Commercial Real Estate, Wealth Management and Securities Services, and Consumer and Small Business Banking. Average total savings deposits for the second quarter and first six months of 2012 were $5.1 billion (4.4 percent) and $6.8 billion (6.0 percent) higher, respectively, than the same periods of 2011, primarily due to growth in Consumer and Small Business Banking balances, partially offset by lower broker-dealer deposits and government banking balances. Average time certificates of deposit less than

 

 

Table 2

  Noninterest Income

 

    

Three Months Ended

June 30,

    

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
(Dollars in Millions)    2012     2011     Percent
Change
     2012     2011     Percent
Change
 

Credit and debit card revenue

   $ 235      $ 286        (17.8 )%     $ 437      $ 553        (21.0 )% 

Corporate payment products revenue

     190        185        2.7         365        360        1.4   

Merchant processing services

     359        338        6.2         696        639        8.9   

ATM processing services

     89        114        (21.9      176        226        (22.1

Trust and investment management fees

     262        258        1.6         514        514          

Deposit service charges

     156        162        (3.7      309        305        1.3   

Treasury management fees

     142        144        (1.4      276        281        (1.8

Commercial products revenue

     216        218        (.9      427        409        4.4   

Mortgage banking revenue

     490        239        *         942        438        *   

Investment products fees and commissions

     38        35        8.6         73        67        9.0   

Securities gains (losses), net

     (19     (8     *         (19     (13     (46.2

Other

     197        175        12.6         398        379        5.0   

Total noninterest income

   $ 2,355      $ 2,146        9.7    $ 4,594      $ 4,158        10.5
* Not meaningful.

 

4    U. S. Bancorp


Table of Contents

$100,000 were slightly lower in the second quarter and first six months of 2012, compared with the same periods of 2011. Average time deposits greater than $100,000 were $1.6 billion (5.3 percent) higher in the second quarter and $1.1 billion (3.4 percent) lower in the first six months of 2012, compared with the same periods of 2011, respectively. Time deposits greater than $100,000 are managed as an alternate to other funding sources such as wholesale borrowing, based largely on relative pricing.

Provision for Credit Losses The provision for credit losses for the second quarter and first six months of 2012 decreased $102 million (17.8 percent) and $376 million (28.3 percent), respectively, from the same periods of 2011. Net charge-offs decreased $227 million (30.4 percent) and $461 million (29.7 percent) in the second quarter and first six months of 2012, respectively, compared with the same periods of 2011, principally due to improvement in the commercial, commercial real estate, credit card and other retail portfolios. The provision for credit losses was lower than net charge-offs by $50 million in the second quarter and $140 million in the first six months of 2012, compared with $175 million in the second quarter and $225 million in the first six months of 2011. Refer to “Corporate Risk Profile” for further information on the provision for credit losses, net charge-offs, nonperforming assets and other factors considered by the Company in assessing the credit quality of the loan portfolio and establishing the allowance for credit losses.

Noninterest Income Noninterest income in the second quarter and first six months of 2012 was $2.4 billion and $4.6 billion, respectively, compared with $2.1 billion and $4.2 billion in the same periods of 2011. The $209 million (9.7 percent) increase during the second quarter and the $436 million (10.5 percent) increase during the first six months of 2012, compared

with the same periods of 2011, were primarily driven by strong mortgage banking revenue, principally due to higher origination and sales revenue. In addition, merchant processing services revenue increased, primarily due to higher transaction volumes. Commercial products revenue was also higher for the first six months of 2012, compared with the same period of 2011, the result of higher loan commitment and syndication fees and bond underwriting fees. Other income increased in the second quarter and first six months of 2012, compared with the same periods of 2011, primarily due to higher retail lease residual revenue and equity investment income. The increase in other income for the first six months of 2012 was partially offset by the FCB gain and a gain related to the Company’s investment in Visa Inc., both recorded in the first quarter of 2011. Also offsetting these positive variances were decreases in credit and debit card revenue due to lower debit card interchange fees as a result of fourth quarter of 2011 legislation (estimated impact of $81 million in the second quarter and $157 million in the first six months of 2012), net of mitigation efforts, and the impact of the inclusion of credit card balance transfer fees in interest income beginning in the first quarter of 2012. These negative variances were partially offset by higher transaction volumes and an $18 million credit related to expired debit card customer rewards recorded in the second quarter of 2012. ATM processing services revenue was also lower, due to excluding surcharge fees the Company passes through to others from revenue beginning in the first quarter of 2012, rather than reporting those amounts in occupancy expense as in previous periods. In addition, the second quarter and first six months of 2012 had unfavorable changes in net securities losses, compared with the same periods of the prior year, as the Company recognized impairment on certain perpetual preferred securities in the second quarter of 2012 as a result of recent downgrades of money center banks by a rating agency.

 

 

Table 3

  Noninterest Expense

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
(Dollars in Millions)    2012     2011    

Percent

Change

     2012     2011    

Percent

Change

 

Compensation

   $ 1,076      $ 1,004        7.2    $ 2,128      $ 1,963        8.4

Employee benefits

     229        210        9.0         489        440        11.1   

Net occupancy and equipment

     230        249        (7.6      450        498        (9.6

Professional services

     136        82        65.9         220        152        44.7   

Marketing and business development

     80        90        (11.1      189        155        21.9   

Technology and communications

     201        189        6.3         402        374        7.5   

Postage, printing and supplies

     77        76        1.3         151        150        .7   

Other intangibles

     70        75        (6.7      141        150        (6.0

Other

     502        450        11.6         991        857        15.6   

Total noninterest expense

   $ 2,601      $ 2,425        7.3    $ 5,161      $ 4,739        8.9

Efficiency ratio (a)

     51.1     51.6              51.5     51.4        

 

(a) Computed as noninterest expense divided by the sum of net interest income on a taxable-equivalent basis and noninterest income excluding securities gains (losses), net.

 

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Noninterest Expense Noninterest expense was $2.6 billion in the second quarter and $5.2 billion in the first six months of 2012, compared with $2.4 billion and $4.7 billion in the same periods of 2011, or increases of $176 million (7.3 percent) and $422 million (8.9 percent), respectively. The increases in noninterest expense from a year ago were principally due to higher compensation expense, employee benefits expense, professional services expense and other expense. Compensation expense increased primarily as a result of growth in staffing for business initiatives and mortgage servicing-related activities, in addition to merit increases. Employee benefits expense increased principally due to higher pension costs and staffing levels. Professional services expense was higher, principally due to mortgage servicing review-related projects. Technology and communications expense was higher due to business expansion and technology projects. Marketing and business development expense for the first six months of 2012 increased over the same period of the prior year due to the timing of charitable contributions and payments-related initiatives. Other expense increased in the second quarter and first six months of 2012 over the same periods of the prior year, driven by higher mortgage servicing costs and the second quarter 2012 Visa accrual, partially offset by lower FDIC insurance expense. In addition, other expense for the first six months of 2012 increased over the same period of the prior year due to higher regulatory and insurance-related costs. These increases were partially offset by decreases in net occupancy and equipment expense, principally reflecting the change in presentation of ATM surcharge revenue passed through to others.

Income Tax Expense The provision for income taxes was $564 million (an effective rate of 29.0 percent) for the second quarter and $1.1 billion (an effective rate of 28.9 percent) for the first six months of 2012, compared with $458 million (an effective rate of 28.0 percent) and $824 million (an effective rate of 27.2 percent) for the same periods of 2011. The increases in the effective tax rate for the second quarter and first six months of 2012, compared with the same periods of the prior year, principally reflected the impact of higher pretax earnings year-over-year. For further information on income taxes, refer to Note 9 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

BALANCE SHEET ANALYSIS

Loans The Company’s total loan portfolio was $216.1 billion at June 30, 2012, compared with $209.8 billion at December 31, 2011, an increase of $6.3 billion (3.0 percent). The increase was driven

primarily by increases in commercial loans, residential mortgages and commercial real estate loans, partially offset by lower credit card, other retail and covered loans. The $4.9 billion (8.6 percent) increase in commercial loans was driven by higher demand from new and existing customers.

Residential mortgages held in the loan portfolio increased $2.8 billion (7.7 percent) at June 30, 2012, compared with December 31, 2011, reflecting origination and refinancing activity due to the low interest rate environment. Most loans retained in the portfolio are to customers with prime or near-prime credit characteristics at the date of origination.

Commercial real estate loans increased $706 million (2.0 percent) at June 30, 2012, compared with December 31, 2011, reflecting higher demand from new and existing customers and acquired balances.

Total credit card loans decreased $455 million (2.6 percent) at June 30, 2012, compared with December 31, 2011, the result of customers spending less and paying down their balances. Other retail loans, which include retail leasing, home equity and second mortgages and other retail loans, decreased $72 million (.1 percent) at June 30, 2012, compared with December 31, 2011. The decrease was primarily driven by lower home equity and second mortgages and student loan balances, partially offset by higher installment loan and retail leasing balances.

Loans Held for Sale Loans held for sale, consisting primarily of residential mortgages to be sold in the secondary market, were $8.3 billion at June 30, 2012, compared with $7.2 billion at December 31, 2011. The increase in loans held for sale was principally due to an increase in mortgage loan origination and refinancing activity due to the low interest rate environment.

Most of the residential mortgage loans the Company originates follow guidelines that allow the loans to be sold into existing, highly liquid secondary markets; in particular in government agency transactions and to government sponsored enterprises (“GSEs”). The Company also originates residential mortgages that follow its own investment guidelines, primarily well secured jumbo mortgages to borrowers with high credit quality, and near-prime non-conforming mortgages, with the intent to hold such loans in the loan portfolio. The Company generally retains portfolio loans through maturity; however, the Company’s intent may change over time based upon various factors such as ongoing asset/liability management activities, assessment of product profitability, credit risk, liquidity needs, and capital implications. If the Company’s intent or ability to hold an existing portfolio loan changes, it is transferred to loans held for sale.

 

 

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MDI Financial Statements

Table 4

  Investment Securities

 

 

    Available-for-Sale      Held-to-Maturity  
At June 30, 2012 (Dollars in Millions)   Amortized
Cost
   

Fair

Value

    Weighted-
Average
Maturity in
Years
    Weighted-
Average
Yield (e)
     Amortized
Cost
    

Fair

Value

     Weighted-
Average
Maturity in
Years
     Weighted-
Average
Yield (e)
 

U.S. Treasury and Agencies

                     

Maturing in one year or less

  $ 117      $ 117        .3        1.71    $ 50       $ 50         .6         .61

Maturing after one year through five years

    518        523        1.5        .94         2,448         2,475         1.7         1.00   

Maturing after five years through ten years

    141        149        7.6        3.26                                   

Maturing after ten years

    10        11        11.1        2.89         60         60         12.7         1.97   

Total

  $ 786      $ 800        2.6        1.50    $ 2,558       $ 2,585         1.9         1.01

Mortgage-Backed Securities (a)

                     

Maturing in one year or less

  $ 3,177      $ 3,180        .7        1.66    $ 170       $ 170         .5         1.61

Maturing after one year through five years

    20,983        21,713        3.1        2.69         30,208         30,616         3.4         2.31   

Maturing after five years through ten years

    4,503        4,350        6.6        2.42         1,304         1,322         6.5         1.33   

Maturing after ten years

    516        514        12.4        1.87         196         200         11.2         1.39   

Total

  $ 29,179      $ 29,757        3.5        2.53    $ 31,878       $ 32,308         3.5         2.26

Asset-Backed Securities (a)

                     

Maturing in one year or less

  $ 17      $ 27        .4        18.86    $ 11       $ 14         .7         1.29

Maturing after one year through five years

    150        166        3.1        12.23         14         12         3.6         .94   

Maturing after five years through ten years

    635        641        7.7        3.27         9         11         7.0         .87   

Maturing after ten years

    7        6        11.8        10.88         17         23         22.4         .95   

Total

  $ 809      $ 840        6.8        5.32    $ 51       $ 60         9.9         1.00

Obligations of State and Political Subdivisions (b) (c)

                     

Maturing in one year or less

  $ 79      $ 79        .3        2.00    $       $         .1         8.33

Maturing after one year through five years

    4,979        5,211        3.9        6.79         6         7         3.3         7.21   

Maturing after five years through ten years

    1,083        1,147        5.7        6.77         1         2         8.1         7.74   

Maturing after ten years

    74        73        20.7        9.37         14         14         14.9         5.40   

Total

  $ 6,215      $ 6,510        4.3        6.76    $ 21       $ 23         10.9         6.10

Other Debt Securities

                     

Maturing in one year or less

  $ 31      $ 31        .2        6.04    $ 3       $ 2         .5         1.22

Maturing after one year through five years

                                 95         90         3.7         1.38   

Maturing after five years through ten years

                                 29         13         8.3         1.20   

Maturing after ten years

    926        806        25.6        3.61                                   

Total

  $ 957      $ 837        24.8        3.69    $ 127       $ 105         4.7         1.33

Other Investments

  $ 553      $ 569        20.4        3.65    $       $                

Total investment securities (d)

  $ 38,499      $ 39,313        4.5        3.29    $ 34,635       $ 35,081         3.4         2.16

 

(a) Information related to asset and mortgage-backed securities included above is presented based upon weighted-average maturities anticipating future prepayments.
(b) Information related to obligations of state and politcal subdivisions is presented based upon yield to first optional call date if the security is purchased at a premium, yield to maturity if purchased at par or a discount.
(c) Maturity calculations for obligations of state and politicial subdivisions are based on the first optional call date for securities with a fair value above par and contractual maturity for securities with a fair value equal to or below par.
(d) The weighted-average maturity of the available-for-sale investment securities was 5.2 years at December 31, 2011, with a corresponding weighted-average yield of 3.19 percent. The weighted-average maturity of the held-to-maturity investment securities was 3.9 years at December 31, 2011, with a corresponding weighted-average yield of 2.21 percent.
(e) Average yields are presented on a fully-taxable equivalent basis under a tax rate of 35 percent. Yields on available-for-sale and held-to-maturity investment securities are computed based on amortized cost balances, excluding any premiums or discounts recorded related to the transfer of investment securities at fair value from available-for-sale to held-to-maturity. Average yield and maturity calculations exclude equity securities that have no stated yield or maturity.

 

     June 30, 2012      December 31, 2011  
(Dollars in Millions)    Amortized
Cost
     Percent
of Total
     Amortized
Cost
     Percent
of Total
 

U.S. Treasury and agencies

   $ 3,344         4.6    $ 3,605         5.1

Mortgage-backed securities

     61,057         83.5         57,561         82.0   

Asset-backed securities

     860         1.2         949         1.4   

Obligations of state and political subdivisions

     6,236         8.5         6,417         9.1   

Other debt securities and investments

     1,637         2.2         1,701         2.4   

Total investment securities

   $ 73,134         100.0    $ 70,233         100.0

 

Investment Securities Investment securities totaled $73.9 billion at June 30, 2012, compared with $70.8 billion at December 31, 2011. The $3.1 billion (4.4 percent) increase primarily reflected $2.7 billion of net investment purchases and a $.4 billion favorable change in net unrealized gains (losses). Held-to-maturity securities were $34.6 billion at June 30, 2012, compared with $18.9 billion at December 31, 2011, due to a

transfer of approximately $11.7 billion of available-for-sale investment securities to the held-to-maturity category during the second quarter of 2012, reflecting the Company’s intent to hold those securities to maturity, and growth in government agency mortgage-backed securities as the Company continued to increase its on-balance sheet liquidity in response to anticipated regulatory requirements.

 

 

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The Company conducts a regular assessment of its investment portfolio to determine whether any securities are other-than-temporarily impaired. At June 30, 2012, the Company’s net unrealized gains on available-for-sale securities was $814 million, compared with $581 million at December 31, 2011. The favorable change in net unrealized gains was primarily due to increases in the fair value of state and political and corporate debt securities, and to amounts recognized as other-than-temporary impairment in earnings. Gross unrealized losses on available-for-sale securities totaled $441 million at June 30, 2012, compared with $691 million at December 31, 2011. When assessing unrealized losses for other-than-temporary impairment, the Company considers the nature of the investment, the financial condition of the issuer, the extent and duration of the unrealized loss, expected cash flows of underlying assets and market conditions. At June 30, 2012, the Company had no plans to sell securities with unrealized losses and believes it is more likely than not that it would not be required to sell such securities before recovery of their amortized cost.

There is limited market activity for non-agency mortgage-backed securities held by the Company. As a result, the Company estimates the fair value of these securities using estimates of expected cash flows, discount rates and management’s assessment of various other market factors, which are judgmental in nature. The Company recorded $13 million and $21 million of impairment charges in earnings during the second quarter and first six months of 2012, respectively, on non-agency mortgage-backed securities. These impairment charges were due to changes in expected cash flows primarily resulting from increases in defaults in the underlying mortgage pools. During the second quarter of 2012, the Company also recognized impairment charges of $27 million in earnings related to certain perpetual preferred securities issued by financial institutions, following the recent downgrades of money center banks by a rating agency. The net unrealized loss for the Company’s investments in perpetual preferred securities was $2 million at June 30, 2012, and the unrealized loss on perpetual preferred securities in a loss position was $25 million. Further adverse changes in market conditions may result in additional impairment charges in future periods. Refer to Notes 2 and 11 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further information on investment securities.

Deposits Total deposits were $241.3 billion at June 30, 2012, compared with $230.9 billion at December 31,

2011, the result of increases in time deposits greater than $100,000, savings accounts, noninterest bearing deposits and money market deposits, partially offset by decreases in interest checking deposits and time certificates less than $100,000. Time deposits greater than $100,000 increased $9.9 billion (36.0 percent) at June 30, 2012, compared with December 31, 2011, primarily in Wholesale Banking and Commercial Real Estate. Time deposits greater than $100,000 are managed as an alternate to other funding sources such as wholesale borrowing, based largely on relative pricing. Savings account balances increased $1.5 billion (5.5 percent), primarily due to continued strong participation in a savings product offered by Consumer and Small Business Banking that includes multiple bank products in a package. Noninterest-bearing deposits increased $1.3 billion (1.9 percent), primarily due to higher Consumer and Small Business Banking balances. Money market balances increased $692 million (1.5 percent) primarily due to higher balances in Wholesale Banking and Commercial Real Estate, partially offset by lower corporate trust balances. Interest checking balances decreased $2.7 billion (5.8 percent) primarily due to lower Wholesale Banking and Commercial Real Estate balances. Time certificates less than $100,000 were $388 million (2.6 percent) lower at June 30, 2012, compared with December 31, 2011, reflecting lower Consumer and Small Business Banking balances.

Borrowings The Company utilizes both short-term and long-term borrowings as part of its asset/liability management and funding strategies. Short-term borrowings, which include federal funds purchased, commercial paper, repurchase agreements, borrowings secured by high-grade assets and other short-term borrowings, were $30.7 billion at June 30, 2012, compared with $30.5 billion at December 31, 2011. The $216 million (.7 percent) increase in short-term borrowings was primarily in commercial paper and other short-term borrowings, partially offset by lower repurchase agreements. Long-term debt was $28.8 billion at June 30, 2012, compared with $32.0 billion at December 31, 2011. The $3.2 billion (9.8 percent) decrease was primarily due to $2.8 billion of medium-term note maturities, $2.2 billion of redemptions of junior subordinated debentures and a $.7 billion decrease in Federal Home Loan Bank advances, partially offset by $2.3 billion of issuances of medium-term notes. Refer to the “Liquidity Risk Management” section for discussion of liquidity management of the Company.

 

 

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CORPORATE RISK PROFILE

Overview Managing risks is an essential part of successfully operating a financial services company. The Company’s most prominent risk exposures are credit, residual value, operational, interest rate, market and liquidity risk. Credit risk is the risk of not collecting the interest and/or the principal balance of a loan, investment or derivative contract when it is due. Residual value risk is the potential reduction in the end-of-term value of leased assets. Operational risk includes risks related to fraud, processing errors, technology, breaches of internal controls and in data security, and business continuation and disaster recovery. Operational risk also includes legal and compliance risks, including risks arising from the failure to adhere to laws, rules, regulations and internal policies and procedures. Interest rate risk is the potential reduction of net interest income as a result of changes in interest rates, which can affect the re-pricing of assets and liabilities differently. Market risk arises from fluctuations in interest rates, foreign exchange rates, and security prices that may result in changes in the values of financial instruments, such as trading and available-for-sale securities, certain mortgage loans held for sale, mortgage servicing rights (“MSRs”) and derivatives that are accounted for on a fair value basis. Liquidity risk is the possible inability to fund obligations to depositors, investors or borrowers. Further, corporate strategic decisions, as well as the risks described above, could give rise to reputation risk. Reputation risk is the risk that negative publicity or press, whether true or not, could result in costly litigation or cause a decline in the Company’s stock value, customer base, funding sources or revenue. In addition to the risks identified above, other risk factors exist that may impact the Company. Refer to “Risk Factors” in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011, for a detailed discussion of these factors.

Credit Risk Management The Company’s strategy for credit risk management includes well-defined, centralized credit policies, uniform underwriting criteria, and ongoing risk monitoring and review processes for all commercial and consumer credit exposures. In evaluating its credit risk, the Company considers changes, if any, in underwriting activities, the loan portfolio composition (including product mix and geographic, industry or customer-specific concentrations), trends in loan performance, the level of allowance coverage relative to similar banking institutions and macroeconomic factors, such as changes in unemployment rates, gross domestic product, real estate values and consumer bankruptcy filings.

In addition, credit quality ratings, as defined by the Company, are an important part of the Company’s overall credit risk management and evaluation of its allowance for credit losses. Loans with a pass rating represent those not classified on the Company’s rating scale for problem credits, as minimal risk has been identified. Loans with a special mention or classified rating, including all of the Company’s loans that are 90 days or more past due and still accruing, nonaccrual loans, those loans considered troubled debt restructurings (“TDRs”), and loans in a junior lien position that are current but are behind a modified or delinquent loan in a first lien position, encompass all loans held by the Company that it considers to have a potential or well-defined weakness that may put full collection of contractual cash flows at risk. The Company’s internal credit quality ratings for consumer loans are primarily based on delinquency and nonperforming status, except for a limited population of larger loans within those portfolios that are individually evaluated. For this limited population, the determination of the internal credit quality rating may also consider collateral value and customer cash flows. The Company obtains recent collateral value estimates for the majority of its residential mortgage and home equity and second mortgage portfolios, which allows the Company to compute estimated loan-to-value (“LTV”) ratios reflecting current market conditions. These individually refreshed LTV ratios are considered in the determination of the appropriate allowance for credit losses. The decline in housing prices over the past several years has deteriorated the collateral support of the residential mortgage, home equity and second mortgage portfolios. However, the underwriting criteria the Company employs consider the relevant income and credit characteristics of the borrower, such that the collateral is not the primary source of repayment. Refer to Note 3 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion of the Company’s loan portfolios including internal credit quality ratings. In addition, Refer to “Management’s Discussion and Analysis — Credit Risk Management” in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011, for a more detailed discussion on credit risk management processes.

The Company manages its credit risk, in part, through diversification of its loan portfolio and limit setting by product type criteria and concentrations. As part of its normal business activities, the Company offers a broad array of lending products. The Company categorizes its loan portfolio into three segments, which is the level at which it develops and documents a

 

 

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systematic methodology to determine the allowance for credit losses. The Company’s three loan portfolio segments are commercial lending, consumer lending and covered loans. The commercial lending segment includes loans and leases made to small business, middle market, large corporate, commercial real estate, financial institution, and public sector customers. Key risk characteristics relevant to commercial lending segment loans include the industry and geography of the borrower’s business, purpose of the loan, repayment source, borrower’s debt capacity and financial flexibility, loan covenants, and nature of pledged collateral, if any. These risk characteristics, among others, are considered in determining estimates about the likelihood of default by the borrowers and the severity of loss in the event of default. The Company considers these risk characteristics in assigning internal risk ratings to, or forecasting losses on, these loans which are the significant factors in determining the allowance for credit losses for loans in the commercial lending segment.

The consumer lending segment represents loans and leases made to consumer customers including residential mortgages, credit card loans, and other retail loans such as revolving consumer lines, auto loans and leases, student loans, and home equity loans and lines. Home equity or second mortgage loans are junior lien closed-end accounts fully disbursed at origination. These loans typically are fixed rate loans, secured by residential real estate, with a 10 or 15 year fixed payment amortization schedule. Home equity lines are revolving accounts giving the borrower the ability to draw and repay balances repeatedly, up to a maximum commitment, and are secured by residential real estate. These include accounts in either a first or junior lien position. Typical terms on home equity lines are variable rates benchmarked to the prime rate, with a 15-year draw period during which a minimum payment is equivalent to the monthly interest, followed by a 10-year amortization period. At June 30, 2012, substantially all of the Company’s home equity lines were in the draw period. Key risk characteristics relevant to consumer lending segment loans primarily relate to the borrowers’ capacity and willingness to repay and include unemployment rates and other economic factors, customer payment history and in some cases, updated LTV information on real estate based loans. These risk characteristics, among others, are reflected in forecasts of delinquency levels, bankruptcies and losses which are the primary factors in determining the allowance for credit losses for the consumer lending segment.

The covered loan segment represents loans acquired in FDIC-assisted transactions that are covered by loss sharing agreements with the FDIC that greatly reduce the risk of future credit losses to the Company. Key risk characteristics for covered segment loans are consistent with the segment they would otherwise be included in had the loss share coverage not been in place, but consider the indemnification provided by the FDIC.

The Company further disaggregates its loan portfolio segments into various classes based on their underlying risk characteristics. The two classes within the commercial lending segment are commercial loans and commercial real estate loans. The three classes within the consumer lending segment are residential mortgages, credit card loans and other retail loans. The covered loan segment consists of only one class.

The Company’s consumer lending segment utilizes several distinct business processes and channels to originate consumer credit, including traditional branch lending, indirect lending, portfolio acquisitions, third party originators, such as correspondent banks and loan brokers, and a consumer finance division. Generally, loans managed by the Company’s consumer finance division exhibit higher credit risk characteristics, but are priced commensurate with the differing risk profile. With respect to residential mortgages originated through these channels, the Company may either retain the loans on its balance sheet or sell its interest in the balances into the secondary market while retaining the servicing rights and customer relationships. For residential mortgages that are retained in the Company’s portfolio and for home equity and second mortgages, credit risk is also diversified by geography and managed by adherence to LTV and borrower credit criteria during the underwriting process.

The Company estimates updated LTV information quarterly, based on a method that combines automated valuation model updates and relevant home price indices. LTV is the ratio of the loan’s outstanding principal balance to the current estimate of property value. For home equity and second mortgages, combined loan-to-value (“CLTV”) is the combination of the first mortgage original principal balance and the second lien outstanding principal balance, relative to the current estimate of property value. Certain loans do not have a LTV or CLTV primarily due to lack of availability of relevant automated valuation model and/or home price indices values, or lack of necessary valuation data on acquired loans.

 

 

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The following tables provide summary information for the LTVs of residential mortgages and home equity and second mortgages by distribution channel and type at June 30, 2012:

 

Residential mortgages

(Dollars in Millions)

  Interest
Only
    Amortizing     Total     Percent
of Total
 

Consumer Finance

       

Less than or equal to 80%

  $ 747      $ 5,364      $ 6,111        45.9

Over 80% through 90%

    266        2,584        2,850        21.4   

Over 90% through 100%

    184        1,239        1,423        10.7   

Over 100%

    640        2,290        2,930        22.0   

No LTV available

           1        1          

Total

  $ 1,837      $ 11,478      $ 13,315        100.0

Other

       

Less than or equal to 80%

  $ 958      $ 15,431      $ 16,389        61.6

Over 80% through 90%

    246        1,975        2,221        8.4   

Over 90% through 100%

    233        1,043        1,276        4.8   

Over 100%

    543        1,138        1,681        6.3   

No LTV available

           108        108        .4   

Loans purchased from GNMA mortgage pools (a)

           4,930        4,930        18.5   

Total

  $ 1,980      $ 24,625      $ 26,605        100.0

Total Company

       

Less than or equal to 80%

  $ 1,705      $ 20,795      $ 22,500        56.4

Over 80% through 90%

    512        4,559        5,071        12.7   

Over 90% through 100%

    417        2,282        2,699        6.8   

Over 100%

    1,183        3,428        4,611        11.5   

No LTV available

           109        109        .3   

Loans purchased from GNMA mortgage pools (a)

           4,930        4,930        12.3   

Total

  $ 3,817      $ 36,103      $ 39,920        100.0

 

(a) Represents loans purchased from Government National Mortgage Association (“GNMA”) mortgage pools whose payments are primarily insured by the Federal Housing Administration or guaranteed by the Department of Veterans Affairs.

 

Home equity and second mortgages

(Dollars in Millions)

  Lines     Loans     Total     Percent
of Total
 

Consumer Finance

       

Less than or equal to 80%

  $ 721      $ 56      $ 777        33.9

Over 80% through 90%

    342        41        383        16.7   

Over 90% through 100%

    214        57        271        11.8   

Over 100%

    541        315        856        37.4   

No LTV/CLTV available

    3        1        4        .2   

Total

  $ 1,821      $ 470      $ 2,291        100.0

Other

       

Less than or equal to 80%

  $ 6,669      $ 552      $ 7,221        47.5

Over 80% through 90%

    2,220        237        2,457        16.2   

Over 90% through 100%

    1,666        213        1,879        12.4   

Over 100%

    2,763        500        3,263        21.5   

No LTV/CLTV available

    338        27        365        2.4   

Total

  $ 13,656      $ 1,529      $ 15,185        100.0

Total Company

       

Less than or equal to 80%

  $ 7,390      $ 608      $ 7,998        45.8

Over 80% through 90%

    2,562        278        2,840        16.2   

Over 90% through 100%

    1,880        270        2,150        12.3   

Over 100%

    3,304        815        4,119        23.6   

No LTV/CLTV available

    341        28        369        2.1   

Total

  $ 15,477      $ 1,999      $ 17,476        100.0

Within the consumer finance division, at June 30, 2012, approximately $1.7 billion of residential mortgages were to customers that may be defined as sub-prime borrowers based on credit scores from

independent agencies at loan origination, compared with $1.9 billion at December 31, 2011. In addition to residential mortgages, at June 30, 2012, the consumer finance division had $.4 billion of home equity and second mortgage loans to customers that may be defined as sub-prime borrowers, compared with $.5 billion at December 31, 2011. The total amount of consumer lending segment residential mortgage, home equity and second mortgage loans to customers that may be defined as sub-prime borrowers represented only .6 percent of total assets at June 30, 2012, compared with .7 percent at December 31, 2011. The Company considers sub-prime loans to be those made to borrowers with a risk of default significantly higher than those approved for prime lending programs, as reflected in credit scores obtained from independent agencies at loan origination, in addition to other credit underwriting criteria. Sub-prime portfolios include only loans originated according to the Company’s underwriting programs specifically designed to serve customers with weakened credit histories. The sub-prime designation indicators have been and will continue to be subject to re-evaluation over time as borrower characteristics, payment performance and economic conditions change. The sub-prime loans originated during the periods from June 2009 to June 2012 are with borrowers who met the Company’s program guidelines and have a credit score that generally is at or below a threshold of 620 to 650 depending on the program. Sub-prime loans originated during periods prior to June 2009 were based upon program level guidelines without regard to credit score.

The following table provides further information on the LTVs of residential mortgages, specifically for the consumer finance division, at June 30, 2012:

 

(Dollars in Millions)   Interest
Only
    Amortizing     Total     Percent of
Division
 

Sub-Prime Borrowers

       

Less than or equal to 80%

  $ 2      $ 516      $ 518        3.9

Over 80% through 90%

    1        240        241        1.8   

Over 90% through 100%

    3        237        240        1.8   

Over 100%

    9        729        738        5.5   

Total

  $ 15      $ 1,722      $ 1,737        13.0

Other Borrowers

       

Less than or equal to 80%

  $ 745      $ 4,848      $ 5,593        42.0

Over 80% through 90%

    265        2,344        2,609        19.6   

Over 90% through 100%

    181        1,002        1,183        8.9   

Over 100%

    631        1,561        2,192        16.5   

No LTV available

           1        1          

Total

  $ 1,822      $ 9,756      $ 11,578        87.0

Total Consumer Finance

  $ 1,837      $ 11,478      $ 13,315        100.0
 

 

U. S. Bancorp    11


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The following table provides further information on the LTVs of home equity and second mortgages specifically for the consumer finance division at June 30, 2012:

 

(Dollars in Millions)   Lines     Loans     Total     Percent of
Total
 

Sub-Prime Borrowers

       

Less than or equal to 80%

  $ 37      $ 28      $ 65        2.8

Over 80% through 90%

    18        20        38        1.7   

Over 90% through 100%

    17        35        52        2.3   

Over 100%

    54        201        255        11.1   

No LTV/CLTV available

           1        1          

Total

  $ 126      $ 285      $ 411        17.9

Other Borrowers

       

Less than or equal to 80%

  $ 684      $ 28      $ 712        31.1

Over 80% through 90%

    324        21        345        15.1   

Over 90% through 100%

    197        22        219        9.6   

Over 100%

    487        114        601        26.2   

No LTV/CLTV available

    3               3        .1   

Total

  $ 1,695      $ 185      $ 1,880        82.1

Total Consumer Finance

  $ 1,821      $ 470      $ 2,291        100.0

Covered loans included $1.3 billion in loans with negative-amortization payment options at June 30, 2012, compared with $1.5 billion at December 31, 2011. Other than covered loans, the Company does not have any residential mortgages with payment schedules that would cause balances to increase over time.

Home equity and second mortgages were $17.5 billion at June 30, 2012, compared with $18.1 billion at December 31, 2011, and included $5.2 billion of home equity lines in a first lien position and $12.3 billion of home equity and second mortgage loans and lines in a junior lien position. Loans and lines in a junior lien position at June 30, 2012, included approximately $3.7 billion of loans and lines for which the Company also serviced the related first lien loan, and approximately $8.6 billion where the Company did not service the

related first lien loan. The Company was able to determine the status of the related first liens using information the Company has as the servicer of the first lien, information it received from its primary regulator on loans serviced by other large servicers or information reported on customer credit bureau files. The Company also evaluates other indicators of credit risk for these junior lien loans and lines including delinquency, estimated average CLTV ratios and weighted-average credit scores in making its assessment of credit risk, related loss estimates and determining the allowance for credit losses.

The following table provides a summary of delinquency statistics and other credit quality indicators for the Company’s junior lien positions at June 30, 2012:

 

    Junior Liens Behind        
(Dollars in Millions)  

Company Owned

or Serviced
First Lien

   

Third Party

First Lien

    Total  

Total

    $3,715        $8,632        $12,347   

Percent 30–89 days past due

    .88     1.17     1.08

Percent 90 days or more past due

    .19     .26     .24

Weighted-average CLTV

    90     88     89

Weighted-average credit score

    763        757        759   

See the Analysis and Determination of the Allowance for Credit Losses section for additional information on how the Company determines the allowance for credit losses for loans in a junior lien position.

 

 

12    U. S. Bancorp


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Table 5

  Delinquent Loan Ratios as a Percent of Ending Loan Balances

 

90 days or more past due excluding nonperforming loans    June 30,
2012
    December 31,
2011
 

Commercial

    

Commercial

     .07     .09

Lease financing

              

Total commercial

     .07        .08   

Commercial Real Estate

    

Commercial mortgages

     .02        .02   

Construction and development

     .09        .13   

Total commercial real estate

     .03        .04   

Residential Mortgages (a)

     .80        .98   

Credit Card

     1.17        1.36   

Other Retail

    

Retail leasing

            .02   

Other

     .21        .43   

Total other retail (b)

     .19        .38   

Total loans, excluding covered loans

     .33        .43   

Covered Loans

     4.96        6.15   

Total loans

     .61     .84

 

90 days or more past due including nonperforming loans    June 30,
2012
    December 31,
2011
 

Commercial

     .38     .63

Commercial real estate

     1.92        2.55   

Residential mortgages (a)

     2.46        2.73   

Credit card

     2.29        2.65   

Other retail (b)

     .57        .52   

Total loans, excluding covered loans

     1.27        1.54   

Covered loans

     9.30        12.42   

Total loans

     1.76     2.30
(a) Delinquent loan ratios exclude $2.9 billion at June 30, 2012, and $2.6 billion at December 31, 2011, of loans purchased from GNMA mortgage pools whose repayments are primarily insured by the Federal Housing Administration or guaranteed by the Department of Veterans Affairs. Including these loans, the ratio of residential mortgages 90 days or more past due including all nonperforming loans was 9.60 percent at June 30, 2012, and 9.84 percent at December 31, 2011.
(b) Delinquent loan ratios exclude student loans that are guaranteed by the federal government. Including these loans, the ratio of total other retail loans 90 days or more past due including nonperforming loans was 1.01 percent at June 30, 2012, and .99 percent at December 31, 2011.

 

Loan Delinquencies Trends in delinquency ratios are an indicator, among other considerations, of credit risk within the Company’s loan portfolios. The Company measures delinquencies, both including and excluding nonperforming loans, to enable comparability with other companies. Accruing loans 90 days or more past due totaled $1.3 billion ($663 million excluding covered loans) at June 30, 2012, compared with $1.8 billion ($843 million excluding covered loans) at December 31, 2011. These balances exclude loans purchased from GNMA mortgage pools whose repayments are primarily insured by the Federal Housing Administration or guaranteed by the Department of Veterans Affairs. The $180 million (21.4 percent) decrease, excluding covered

loans, reflected improvement in residential mortgages, credit card and other retail loan portfolios during the first six months of 2012. These loans are not included in nonperforming assets and continue to accrue interest because they are adequately secured by collateral, are in the process of collection and are reasonably expected to result in repayment or restoration to current status, or are managed in homogeneous portfolios with specified charge-off timeframes adhering to regulatory guidelines. The ratio of accruing loans 90 days or more past due to total loans was .61 percent (.33 percent excluding covered loans) at June 30, 2012, compared with .84 percent (.43 percent excluding covered loans) at December 31, 2011.

 

 

U. S. Bancorp    13


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The following table provides summary delinquency information for residential mortgages, credit card and other retail loans included in the consumer lending segment:

 

     Amount      As a Percent of Ending
Loan Balances
 
(Dollars in Millions)    June 30,
2012
     December 31,
2011
     June 30,
2012
    December 31,
2011
 

Residential Mortgages (a)

          

30-89 days

   $ 342       $ 404         .86     1.09

90 days or more

     321         364         .80        .98   

Nonperforming

     660         650         1.65        1.75   

Total

   $ 1,323       $ 1,418         3.31     3.82

Credit Card

          

30-89 days

   $ 203       $ 238         1.20     1.37

90 days or more

     198         236         1.17        1.36   

Nonperforming

     189         224         1.12        1.29   

Total

   $ 590       $ 698         3.49     4.02

Other Retail

          

Retail Leasing

          

30-89 days

   $ 7       $ 10         .13     .19

90 days or more

             1                .02   

Nonperforming

                              

Total

   $ 7       $ 11         .13     .21

Home Equity and Second Mortgages

          

30-89 days

   $ 125       $ 162         .71     .90

90 days or more

     52         133         .30        .73   

Nonperforming

     159         40         .91        .22   

Total

   $ 336       $ 335         1.92     1.85

Other (b)

          

30-89 days

   $ 129       $ 168         .51     .68

90 days or more

     40         50         .16        .20   

Nonperforming

     23         27         .09        .11   

Total

   $ 192       $ 245         .76     .99
(a) Excludes $2.9 billion and $2.6 billion at June 30, 2012, and December 31, 2011, respectively, of loans purchased from GNMA mortgage pools that are 90 days or more past due that continue to accrue interest.
(b) Includes revolving credit, installment, automobile and student loans.

The following table provides information on delinquent and nonperforming consumer lending loans as a percent of ending loan balances, by channel:

 

     Consumer Finance      Other Consumer Lending  
      June 30,
2012
    December 31,
2011
     June 30,
2012
    December 31,
2011
 

Residential mortgages (a)

         

30-89 days

     1.58     1.87      .50     .67

90 days or more

     1.38        1.71         .51        .59   

Nonperforming

     2.45        2.50         1.25        1.35   

Total

     5.41     6.08      2.26     2.61

Credit card

         

30-89 days

              1.20     1.37

90 days or more

                    1.17        1.36   

Nonperforming

                    1.12        1.29   

Total

              3.49     4.02

Other retail

         

Retail leasing

         

30-89 days

              .13     .19

90 days or more

                           .02   

Nonperforming

                             

Total

              .13     .21

Home equity and second mortgages

         

30-89 days

     1.70     2.01      .56     .73

90 days or more

     .48        1.42         .27        .63   

Nonperforming

     1.66        .21         .80        .22   

Total

     3.84     3.64      1.63     1.58

Other (b)

         

30-89 days

     4.97     4.92      .44     .60

90 days or more

     .83        .90         .15        .19   

Nonperforming

                    .09        .11   

Total

     5.80     5.82      .68     .90
(a) Excludes loans purchased from GNMA mortgage pools that are 90 days or more past due that continue to accrue interest.
(b) Includes revolving credit, installment, automobile and student loans.

 

14    U. S. Bancorp


Table of Contents

Within the consumer finance division at June 30, 2012, approximately $309 million of the delinquent residential mortgages and $56 million of the delinquent home equity and other retail loans were to customers defined as sub-prime, compared with $363 million and $63 million, respectively, at December 31, 2011.

The following table provides summary delinquency information for covered loans:

 

     Amount      As a Percent of Ending
Loan Balances
 
(Dollars in Millions)    June 30,
2012
     December 31,
2011
     June 30,
2012
    December 31,
2011
 

30-89 days

   $ 234       $ 362         1.78     2.45

90 days or more

     652         910         4.96        6.15   

Nonperforming

     570         926         4.34        6.26   

Total

   $ 1,456       $ 2,198         11.08     14.86

Restructured Loans In certain circumstances, the Company may modify the terms of a loan to maximize the collection of amounts due when a borrower is experiencing financial difficulties or is expected to experience difficulties in the near-term. In most cases the modification is either a concessionary reduction in interest rate, extension of the maturity date or reduction in the principal balance that would otherwise not be considered. Concessionary modifications are classified as TDRs unless the modification results in only an insignificant delay in the payments to be received. TDRs accrue interest if the borrower complies with the revised terms and conditions and has demonstrated repayment performance at a level commensurate with the modified terms over several payment cycles. Loans classified as TDRs are considered impaired loans for reporting and measurement purposes.

Troubled Debt Restructurings The Company continues to work with customers to modify loans for borrowers who are experiencing financial difficulties, including those acquired through FDIC-assisted acquisitions. Many of the Company’s TDRs are determined on a case-by-case basis in connection with ongoing loan collection processes. The modifications vary within each of the Company’s loan classes. Commercial lending segment TDRs generally include extensions of the maturity date and may be accompanied by an increase or decrease to the interest rate. The Company may also work with the borrower to make other changes to the loan to mitigate losses, such as obtaining additional collateral and/or guarantees to support the loan.

The Company has also implemented certain residential mortgage loan restructuring programs that may result in TDRs. The Company participates in the U.S. Department of the Treasury Home Affordable Modification Program (“HAMP”). HAMP gives

qualifying homeowners an opportunity to permanently modify their loan and achieve more affordable monthly payments, with the U.S. Department of the Treasury compensating the Company for a portion of the reduction in monthly amounts due from borrowers participating in this program. The Company also modifies residential mortgage loans under Federal Housing Administration, Department of Veterans Affairs, and other internal programs. Under these programs, the Company provides concessions to qualifying borrowers experiencing financial difficulties. The concessions may include adjustments to interest rates, conversion of adjustable rates to fixed rates, extensions of maturity dates or deferrals of payments, capitalization of accrued interest and/or outstanding advances, or in limited situations, partial forgiveness of loan principal. In most instances, participation in residential mortgage loan restructuring programs requires the customer to complete a short-term trial period. A permanent loan modification is contingent on the customer successfully completing the trial period arrangement and the loan documents are not modified until that time. The Company reports loans in a trial period arrangement as TDRs.

Credit card and other retail loan modifications are generally part of distinct restructuring programs. The Company offers a workout program providing customers modification solutions over a specified time period, generally up to 60 months. The Company also provides modification programs to qualifying customers experiencing a temporary financial hardship in which reductions are made to monthly required minimum payments for up to 12 months.

Modifications to loans in the covered segment are similar in nature to that described above for non-covered loans, and the evaluation and determination of TDR status is similar, except that acquired loans restructured after acquisition are not considered TDRs for purposes of the Company’s accounting and disclosure if the loans evidenced credit deterioration as of the acquisition date and are accounted for in pools. Losses associated with modifications on covered loans, including the economic impact of interest rate reductions, are generally eligible for reimbursement under the loss sharing agreements.

 

 

U. S. Bancorp    15


Table of Contents

The following table provides a summary of TDRs by loan class, including the delinquency status for TDRs that continue to accrue interest and TDRs included in nonperforming assets:

 

            As a Percent of Performing TDRs                  
At June 30, 2012
(Dollars in Millions)
   Performing
TDRs
     30-89 Days
Past Due
    90 Days or more
Past Due
    Nonperforming
TDRs
    Total
TDRs
 

Commercial

   $ 248         4.8     1.6   $ 102  (a)    $ 350   

Commercial real estate

     596         1.5               258  (b)      854   

Residential mortgages

     2,011         5.8        5.0        185         2,196 (d) 

Credit card

     337         9.7        9.0        189  (c)      526   

Other retail

     118         9.2        5.8        35  (c)      153 (e) 

TDRs, excluding GNMA and covered loans

     3,310         5.5        4.3        769        4,079   

Loans purchased from GNMA mortgage pools

     1,352         10.5        43.8               1,352 (f) 

Covered loans

     375         1.9        9.4        168        543   

Total

   $ 5,037         6.6     15.3   $ 937      $ 5,974   
(a) Primarily represents loans less than six months from the modification date that have not met the performance period required to return to accrual status (generally six months) and small business credit cards with a modified rate equal to 0 percent.
(b) Primarily represents loans less than six months from the modification date that have not met the performance period required to return to accrual status (generally six months).
(c) Primarily represents loans with a modified rate equal to 0 percent.
(d) Includes $50 million of residential mortgage loans in trial period arrangements at June 30, 2012.
(e) Includes $4 million of home equity and second mortgage loans in trial period arrangements at June 30, 2012.
(f) Includes $301 million of Federal Housing Association and Department of Veterans Affairs residential mortgage loans in trial period arrangements at June 30, 2012.

 

 

Short-term Modifications The Company makes short-term modifications that it does not consider to be TDRs in limited circumstances to assist borrowers experiencing temporary hardships. Consumer lending programs include payment reductions, deferrals of up to three past due payments, and the ability to return to current status if the borrower makes required payments. The Company may also make short-term modifications to commercial lending loans, with the most common modification being an extension of the maturity date of three months or less. Such extensions generally are used when the maturity date is imminent and the borrower is experiencing some level of financial stress, but the Company believes the borrower will pay all contractual amounts owed. Short-term modifications were not material at June 30, 2012.

Nonperforming Assets The level of nonperforming assets represents another indicator of the potential for future credit losses. Nonperforming assets include nonaccrual loans, restructured loans not performing in accordance with modified terms and not accruing interest, restructured loans that have not met the performance period required to return to accrual status, other real estate owned and other nonperforming assets owned by the Company. Interest payments collected from assets on nonaccrual status are typically applied against the principal balance and not recorded as income.

At June 30, 2012, total nonperforming assets were $3.0 billion, compared with $3.8 billion at December 31, 2011. Excluding covered assets, nonperforming assets were $2.3 billion at June 30, 2012, compared with $2.6 billion at December 31, 2011. The $318 million (12.4 percent) decrease in nonperforming assets, excluding covered assets, was primarily driven by reductions in nonperforming construction and development loans, as the Company continued to reduce exposure to these problem assets, as well as improvement in other commercial loan portfolios, partially offset by an increase in nonperforming other retail loans. Beginning in the second quarter of 2012, the Company included junior lien loans and lines greater than 120 days past due, as well as junior lien loans and lines behind a first lien greater than 180 days past due or in nonaccrual status, as nonperforming loans. This change did not have a material impact on the Company’s allowance for credit losses. Nonperforming covered assets at June 30, 2012, were $773 million, compared with $1.2 billion at December 31, 2011. These assets are covered by loss sharing agreements with the FDIC that substantially reduce the risk of credit losses to the Company. The ratio of total nonperforming assets to total loans and other real estate was 1.40 percent (1.11 percent excluding covered assets) at June 30, 2012, compared with 1.79 percent (1.32 percent excluding covered assets) at December 31, 2011. The Company expects total nonperforming assets to trend lower in the third quarter of 2012.

 

 

16    U. S. Bancorp


Table of Contents

Table 6

  Nonperforming Assets (a)

 

(Dollars in Millions)    June 30,
2012
    December 31,
2011
 

Commercial

    

Commercial

   $ 172      $ 280   

Lease financing

     23        32   

Total commercial

     195        312   

Commercial Real Estate

    

Commercial mortgages

     376        354   

Construction and development

     314        545   

Total commercial real estate

     690        899   

Residential Mortgages (b)

     660        650   

Credit Card

     189        224   

Other Retail

    

Retail leasing

              

Other

     182        67   

Total other retail

     182        67   

Total nonperforming loans, excluding covered loans

     1,916        2,152   

Covered Loans

     570        926   

Total nonperforming loans

     2,486        3,078   

Other Real Estate (c)(d)

     324        404   

Covered Other Real Estate (d)

     203        274   

Other Assets

     16        18   

Total nonperforming assets

   $ 3,029      $ 3,774   

Total nonperforming assets, excluding covered assets

   $ 2,256      $ 2,574   

Excluding covered assets:

    

Accruing loans 90 days or more past due (b)

   $ 663      $ 843   

Nonperforming loans to total loans

     .94     1.10

Nonperforming assets to total loans plus other real estate (c)

     1.11     1.32

Including covered assets:

    

Accruing loans 90 days or more past due (b)

   $ 1,315      $ 1,753   

Nonperforming loans to total loans

     1.15     1.47

Nonperforming assets to total loans plus other real estate (c)

     1.40     1.79

Changes in Nonperforming Assets

 

(Dollars in Millions)    Commercial and
Commercial
Real Estate
    Credit Card,
Other Retail
and Residential
Mortgages (f)
    Covered
Assets
    Total  

Balance December 31, 2011

   $ 1,475      $ 1,099      $ 1,200      $ 3,774   

Additions to nonperforming assets

        

New nonaccrual loans and foreclosed properties

     537        530        144        1,211   

Advances on loans

     25                      25   

Total additions

     562        530        144        1,236   

Reductions in nonperforming assets

        

Paydowns, payoffs

     (409     (166     (388     (963

Net sales

     (196     (78     (151     (425

Return to performing status

     (25     (55     (35     (115

Charge-offs (e)

     (306     (175     3        (478

Total reductions

     (936     (474     (571     (1,981

Net additions to (reductions in) nonperforming assets

     (374     56        (427     (745

Balance June 30, 2012

   $ 1,101      $ 1,155      $ 773      $ 3,029   
(a) Throughout this document, nonperforming assets and related ratios do not include accruing loans 90 days or more past due.
(b) Excludes $2.9 billion and $2.6 billion at June 30, 2012, and December 31, 2011, respectively, of loans purchased from GNMA mortgage pools that are 90 days or more past due that continue to accrue interest, as their repayments are primarily insured by the Federal Housing Administration or guaranteed by the Department of Veterans Affairs.
(c) Foreclosured GNMA loans of $731 million and $692 million at June 30, 2012, and December 31, 2011, respectively, continue to accrue interest and are recorded as other assets and excluded from nonperforming assets because they are insured by the Federal Housing Administration or guaranteed by the Department of Veterans Affairs.
(d) Includes equity investments in entities whose principal assets are other real estate owned.
(e) Charge-offs exclude actions for certain card products and loan sales that were not classified as nonperforming at the time the charge-off occurred.
(f) Residential mortgage information excludes changes related to residential mortgages serviced by others.

 

U. S. Bancorp    17


Table of Contents

Other real estate owned, excluding covered assets, was $324 million at June 30, 2012, compared with $404 million at December 31, 2011, and was related to foreclosed properties that previously secured loan balances.

The following table provides an analysis of other real estate owned, excluding covered assets, as a percent of their related loan balances, including geographical location detail for residential (residential mortgage, home equity and second mortgage) and commercial (commercial and commercial real estate) loan balances:

 

    Amount    

As a Percent of
Ending

Loan Balances

 
(Dollars in Millions)   June
30,
2012
    December
31,
2011
    June
30,
2012
    December
31,
2011
 

Residential

         

Minnesota

  $ 14      $ 22        .24     .39

Illinois

    13        10        .39        .31   

California

    8        16        .10        .22   

Missouri

    7        7        .26        .26   

Wisconsin

    5        6        .24        .29   

All other states

    69        90        .19        .26   

Total residential

    116        151        .20        .27   

Commercial

         

Nevada

    33        44        2.53        3.13   

California

    28        26        .18        .18   

Connecticut

    25        25        4.52        4.78   

Ohio

    19        18        .40        .38   

Missouri

    13        5        .29        .12   

All other states

    90        135        .13        .20   

Total commercial

    208        253        .21        .27   

Total

  $ 324      $ 404        .16     .21

Analysis of Loan Net Charge-Offs Total loan net charge-offs were $520 million for the second quarter and $1.1 billion for the first six months of 2012, compared with $747 million and $1.6 billion for the same periods of 2011. The ratio of total loan net charge-offs to average loans outstanding on an annualized basis for the second quarter and first six months of 2012 was .98 percent and 1.03 percent, respectively, compared with 1.51 percent and 1.58 percent for the same periods of 2011. The year-over-year decreases in total net charge-offs were due to improvement in all loan portfolios, as economic conditions continue to slowly improve. Given current economic conditions, the Company expects the level of net charge-offs to be modestly lower in the third quarter of 2012.

Commercial and commercial real estate loan net charge-offs for the second quarter of 2012 were $124 million (.52 percent of average loans outstanding on an annualized basis), compared with $260 million (1.22 percent of average loans outstanding on an annualized basis) for the second quarter of 2011. Commercial and commercial real estate loan net charge-offs for the first six months of 2012 were $281 million (.60 percent of average loans outstanding on an annualized basis), compared with $524 million (1.25 percent of average loans outstanding on an annualized basis) for the first six months of 2011. The decreases reflected the impact of efforts to resolve and reduce exposure to problem assets in the Company’s commercial real estate portfolios and improvement in the other commercial portfolios due to the stabilizing economy.

 

 

Table 7

  Net Charge-offs as a Percent of Average Loans Outstanding

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
      2012     2011     2012     2011  

Commercial

        

Commercial

     .41     .75     .51     .97

Lease financing

     1.07        .88        .81        .91   

Total commercial

     .48        .77        .54        .96   

Commercial Real Estate

        

Commercial mortgages

     .62        .90        .54        .75   

Construction and development

     .41        5.67        1.41        5.13   

Total commercial real estate

     .58        1.85        .69        1.65   

Residential Mortgages

     1.12        1.46        1.15        1.55   

Credit Card (a)

     4.10        5.45        4.07        5.83   

Other Retail

        

Retail leasing

                   .04        .04   

Home equity and second mortgages

     1.44        1.64        1.55        1.69   

Other

     .86        1.16        .89        1.25   

Total other retail

     .98        1.23        1.05        1.30   

Total loans, excluding covered loans

     1.04        1.63        1.11        1.72   

Covered Loans

            .12        .01        .08   

Total loans

     .98     1.51     1.03     1.58
(a) Net charge-off as a percent of average loans outstanding, excluding portfolio purchases where the acquired loans were recorded at fair value at the purchase date, were 4.25 percent and 5.62 percent for the three months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively, and 4.23 percent and 6.03 percent for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

 

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Residential mortgage loan net charge-offs for the second quarter of 2012 were $109 million (1.12 percent of average loans outstanding on an annualized basis), compared with $119 million (1.46 percent of average loans outstanding on an annualized basis) for the second quarter of 2011. Residential mortgage loan net charge-offs for the first six months of 2012 were $221 million (1.15 percent of average loans outstanding on an annualized basis), compared with $248 million (1.55 percent of average loans outstanding on an annualized basis) for the first six months of 2011. Credit card loan net charge-offs for the second quarter of 2012 were $170 million (4.10 percent of average loans outstanding on an annualized basis), compared with $216 million (5.45 percent of average loans outstanding on an annualized basis) for the second quarter of 2011. Credit card loan net charge-offs for the first six months of 2012 were $339 million (4.07 percent of average

loans outstanding on an annualized basis), compared with $463 million (5.83 percent of average loans outstanding on an annualized basis) for the first six months of 2011. Other retail loan net charge-offs for the second quarter of 2012 were $117 million (.98 percent of average loans outstanding on an annualized basis), compared with $147 million (1.23 percent of average loans outstanding on an annualized basis) for the second quarter of 2011. Other retail loan net charge-offs for the first six months of 2012 were $249 million (1.05 percent of average loans outstanding on an annualized basis), compared with $310 million (1.30 percent of average loans outstanding on an annualized basis) for the first six months of 2011. The year-over-year decreases in total residential mortgage, credit card and other retail loan net charge-offs reflected the impact of more stable economic conditions.

 

 

The following table provides an analysis of net charge-offs as a percent of average loans outstanding by channel:

 

     Three Months Ended June 30,     Six Months Ended June 30,  
    

Average Loans

     Percent of
Average
Loans
    Average Loans        Percent of
Average
Loans
 
(Dollars in Millions)    2012      2011      2012     2011     2012      2011      2012     2011  

Consumer Finance

                    

Residential mortgages

   $ 13,279       $ 12,083         2.36     2.82   $ 13,190       $ 11,989         2.38     3.01

Home equity and second mortgages

     2,307         2,477         3.66        4.37        2,331         2,492         3.80        4.69   

Other

     377         539         3.20        1.49        398         554         3.54        2.55   

Other Consumer Lending

                    

Residential mortgages

   $ 25,887       $ 20,651         .48     .66   $ 25,308       $ 20,269         .52     .69

Home equity and second mortgages

     15,291         16,157         1.10        1.22        15,434         16,225         1.21        1.23   

Other

     24,774         23,959         .83        1.16        24,629         24,040         .85        1.22   

Total Company

                    

Residential mortgages

   $ 39,166       $ 32,734         1.12     1.46   $ 38,498       $ 32,258         1.15     1.55

Home equity and second mortgages

     17,598         18,634         1.44        1.64        17,765         18,717         1.55        1.69   

Other (a)

     25,151         24,498         .86        1.16        25,027         24,594         .89        1.25   
(a) Includes revolving credit, installment, automobile and student loans

The following table provides further information on net charge-offs as a percent of average loans outstanding for the consumer finance division:

 

     Three Months Ended June 30,     Six Months Ended June 30,  
     Average Loans      Percent of
Average
Loans
    Average Loans      Percent of
Average
Loans
 
(Dollars in Millions)    2012      2011      2012     2011     2012      2011      2012     2011  

Residential mortgages

                    

Sub-prime borrowers

   $ 1,758       $ 2,009         6.63     5.79   $ 1,787       $ 2,045         6.19     6.11

Other borrowers

     11,521         10,074         1.71        2.23        11,403         9,944         1.78        2.37   

Total

   $ 13,279       $ 12,083         2.36     2.82   $ 13,190       $ 11,989         2.38     3.01

Home equity and second mortgages

                    

Sub-prime borrowers

   $ 417       $ 502         6.75     8.79   $ 427       $ 514         7.54     9.81

Other borrowers

     1,890         1,975         2.98        3.25        1,904         1,978         2.96        3.36   

Total

   $ 2,307       $ 2,477         3.66     4.37   $ 2,331       $ 2,492         3.80     4.69

 

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Analysis and Determination of the Allowance for Credit Losses The allowance for credit losses reserves for probable and estimable losses incurred in the Company’s loan and lease portfolio and includes certain amounts that do not represent loss exposure to the Company because those losses are recoverable under loss sharing agreements with the FDIC. The allowance for credit losses is increased through provisions charged to operating earnings and reduced by net charge-offs. Management evaluates the allowance each quarter to ensure it appropriately reserves for incurred losses.

The allowance recorded for loans in the commercial lending segment is based on reviews of individual credit relationships and considers the migration analysis of commercial lending segment loans and actual loss experience. The Company currently uses an 11-year period of historical losses in considering actual loss experience. This timeframe and the results of the analysis are evaluated quarterly to determine the appropriateness. The allowance recorded for impaired loans greater than $5 million in the commercial lending segment is based on an individual loan analysis utilizing expected cash flows discounted using the original effective interest rate, the observable market price, or the fair value of the collateral for collateral-dependent loans. The allowance recorded for all other commercial lending segment loans is determined on a homogenous pool basis and includes consideration of product mix, risk characteristics of the portfolio, bankruptcy experience, and historical losses, adjusted for current trends.

The allowance recorded for purchased impaired and TDR loans in the consumer lending segment is determined on a homogenous pool basis utilizing expected cash flows discounted using the original effective interest rate of the pool. The allowance recorded for all other consumer lending segment loans is determined on a homogenous pool basis and includes consideration of product mix, risk characteristics of the portfolio, bankruptcy experience, delinquency status and historical losses, adjusted for current trends. Credit card and other retail loans 90 days or more past due are generally not placed on nonaccrual status because of the relatively short period of time to charge-off and, therefore, are excluded from nonperforming loans and measures that include nonperforming loans as part of the calculation.

When evaluating the appropriateness of the allowance for credit losses for any loans and lines in a junior lien position, the Company considers the delinquency and modification status of the first lien. At

June 30, 2012, the Company serviced the first lien on 30 percent of the home equity loans and lines in a junior lien position. The Company also considers information received from its primary regulator on the status of the first liens that are serviced by other large servicers in the industry and the status of first lien mortgage accounts reported on customer credit bureau files. Regardless of whether or not the Company services the first lien, an assessment is made of economic conditions, problem loans, recent loss experience and other factors in determining the allowance for credit losses. Based on the available information, the Company estimated $500 million or 2.9 percent of the total home equity portfolio at June 30, 2012, represented junior liens where the first lien was delinquent or modified.

The Company uses historical loss experience on the loans and lines in a junior lien position where the first lien is serviced by the Company to establish loss estimates for junior liens and lines the Company services when they are current, but the first lien is delinquent or modified. The Company applies this estimate, adjusted for relative performance of junior lien position accounts where the first lien is serviced by a third party, to the remaining portfolio of junior lien loans and lines where the first lien is serviced by others. Historically, the number of junior lien defaults in any period has been a small percentage of the total portfolio (for example, only 1.7 percent for the twelve months ended June 30, 2012), and the long-term average loss rate on the small percentage of loans that default has been approximately 80 percent. In periods of economic stress such as the current environment, the Company has experienced loss severity rates in excess of 90 percent for junior liens that default. In addition, the Company obtains updated credit scores on its home equity portfolio each quarter and in some cases more frequently, and uses this information to qualitatively supplement its loss estimation methods. Credit score distributions for the portfolio are monitored monthly and any changes in the distribution are one of the factors considered in assessing the Company’s loss estimates.

The allowance for covered segment loans is evaluated each quarter in a manner similar to that described for non-covered loans, and represents any decreases in expected cash flows on those loans after the acquisition date. The provision for credit losses for covered segment loans considers the indemnification provided by the FDIC.

 

 

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In addition, the evaluation of the appropriate allowance for credit losses for purchased non-impaired loans acquired after January 1, 2009, in the various loan segments considers credit discounts recorded as a part of the initial determination of the fair value of the loans. For these loans, no allowance for credit losses is recorded at the purchase date. Credit discounts representing the principal losses expected over the life of the loans are a component of the initial fair value. Subsequent to the purchase date, the methods utilized to estimate the required allowance for credit losses for these loans is similar to originated loans; however, the Company records a provision for credit losses only when the required allowance, net of any expected reimbursement under any loss sharing agreements with the FDIC, exceeds any remaining credit discounts.

The evaluation of the appropriate allowance for credit losses for purchased impaired loans in the various loan segments considers the expected cash flows to be collected from the borrower. These loans are initially recorded at fair value and therefore no allowance for credit losses is recorded at the purchase date.

Subsequent to the purchase date, the expected cash flows of purchased loans are subject to evaluation. Decreases in the present value of expected cash flows are recognized by recording an allowance for credit losses with the related provision for credit losses partially offset by an increase in losses reimbursable by the FDIC, where applicable. Increases in expected cash flows of purchased loans and decreases in expected cash flows of

the FDIC indemnification assets, where applicable, are considered together and recognized over the remaining life of the loans. If the expected cash flows on the purchased loans increase such that a previously recorded impairment allowance can be reversed, the Company records a reduction in the allowance with a related reduction in losses reimbursable by the FDIC, where applicable.

The Company’s methodology for determining the appropriate allowance for credit losses for all the loan segments also considers the imprecision inherent in the methodologies used. As a result, in addition to the amounts determined under the methodologies described above, management also considers the potential impact of other qualitative factors which include, but are not limited to, economic factors; geographic and other concentration risks; delinquency and nonaccrual trends; current business conditions; changes in lending policy, underwriting standards, internal review and other relevant business practices; and the regulatory environment. The consideration of these items results in adjustments to allowance amounts included in the Company’s allowance for credit losses for each of the above loan segments.

Refer to “Management’s Discussion and Analysis — Analysis and Determination of the Allowance for Credit Losses” in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011, for further discussion on the analysis and determination of the allowance for credit losses.

 

 

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Table 8

  Summary of Allowance for Credit Losses

 

    

Three Months Ended

June 30,

    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
(Dollars in Millions)    2012     2011     2012      2011  

Balance at beginning of period

   $ 4,919      $ 5,498      $ 5,014       $ 5,531   

Charge-Offs

         

Commercial

         

Commercial

     71        103        168         240   

Lease financing

     22        22        38         46   

Total commercial

     93        125        206         286   

Commercial real estate

         

Commercial mortgages

     51        70        90         115   

Construction and development

     25        105        69         200   

Total commercial real estate

     76        175        159         315   

Residential mortgages

     114        123        230         256   

Credit card

     198        241        399         509   

Other retail

         

Retail leasing

     1        2        4         6   

Home equity and second mortgages

     70        82        149         167   

Other

     78        97        163         203   

Total other retail

     149        181        316         376   

Covered loans (a)

     1        5        2         7   

Total charge-offs

     631        850        1,312         1,749   

Recoveries

         

Commercial

         

Commercial

     15        20        34         32   

Lease financing

     7        9        15         19   

Total commercial

     22        29        49         51   

Commercial real estate

         

Commercial mortgages

     4        6        8         11   

Construction and development

     19        5        27         15   

Total commercial real estate

     23        11        35         26   

Residential mortgages

     5        4        9         8   

Credit card

     28        25        60         46   

Other retail

         

Retail leasing

     1        2        3         5   

Home equity and second mortgages

     7        6        12         10   

Other

     24        26        52         51   

Total other retail

     32        34        67         66   

Covered loans (a)

     1               1           

Total recoveries

     111        103        221         197   

Net Charge-Offs

         

Commercial

         

Commercial

     56        83        134         208   

Lease financing

     15        13        23         27   

Total commercial

     71        96        157         235   

Commercial real estate

         

Commercial mortgages

     47        64        82         104   

Construction and development

     6        100        42         185   

Total commercial real estate

     53        164        124         289   

Residential mortgages

     109        119        221         248   

Credit card

     170        216        339         463   

Other retail

         

Retail leasing

                   1         1   

Home equity and second mortgages

     63        76        137         157   

Other

     54        71        111         152   

Total other retail

     117        147        249         310   

Covered loans (a)

            5        1         7   

Total net charge-offs

     520        747        1,091         1,552   

Provision for credit losses

     470        572        951         1,327   

Net change for credit losses to be reimbursed by the FDIC

     (5     (15     (10      2   

Balance at end of period

   $ 4,864      $ 5,308      $ 4,864       $ 5,308   

Components

         

Allowance for loan losses, excluding losses to be reimbursed by the FDIC

   $ 4,507      $ 4,977        

Allowance for credit losses to be reimbursed by the FDIC

     65        94        

Liability for unfunded credit commitments

     292        237        

Total allowance for credit losses

   $ 4,864      $ 5,308        

Allowance for Credit Losses as a Percentage of

         

Period-end loans, excluding covered loans

     2.34     2.83     

Nonperforming loans, excluding covered loans

     247        188        

Nonperforming and accruing loans 90 days or more past due, excluding covered loans

     184        146        

Nonperforming assets, excluding covered assets

     210        159        

Annualized net charge-offs, excluding covered loans

     227        174        

Period-end loans

     2.25     2.66     

Nonperforming loans

     196        140        

Nonperforming and accruing loans 90 days or more past due

     128        96        

Nonperforming assets

     161        114        

Annualized net charge-offs

     233        177                    

 

Note: At June 30, 2012 and 2011, $1.8 billion and $2.0 billion, respectively, of the total allowance for credit losses related to incurred losses on credit card and other retail loans.
(a) Relates to covered loan charge-offs and recoveries not reimbursable by the FDIC.

 

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At June 30, 2012, the allowance for credit losses was $4.9 billion (2.25 percent of total loans and 2.34 percent of loans excluding covered loans), compared with an allowance of $5.0 billion (2.39 percent of total loans and 2.52 percent of loans excluding covered loans) at December 31, 2011. The ratio of the allowance for credit losses to nonperforming loans was 196 percent (247 percent excluding covered loans) at June 30, 2012, compared with 163 percent (228 percent excluding covered loans) at December 31, 2011. The ratio of the allowance for credit losses to annualized loan net charge-offs was 233 percent at June 30, 2012, compared with 176 percent of full year 2011 net charge-offs at December 31, 2011, as net charge-offs continue to decline due to stabilizing economic conditions.

Residual Value Risk Management The Company manages its risk to changes in the residual value of leased assets through disciplined residual valuation setting at the inception of a lease, diversification of its leased assets, regular residual asset valuation reviews and monitoring of residual value gains or losses upon the disposition of assets. As of June 30, 2012, no significant change in the amount of residual values or concentration of the portfolios had occurred since December 31, 2011. Refer to “Management’s Discussion and Analysis — Residual Value Risk Management” in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011, for further discussion on residual value risk management.

Operational Risk Management The Company manages operational risk through a risk management framework and its internal control processes. Within this framework, the Risk Management Committee of the Company’s Board of Directors provides oversight and assesses the most significant operational risks facing the Company within its business lines. Under the guidance of the Risk Management Committee, enterprise risk management personnel establish policies and interact with business lines to monitor significant operating risks on a regular basis. Business lines have direct and primary responsibility and accountability for identifying, controlling, and monitoring operational risks embedded in their business activities. In addition, enterprise risk management is responsible for establishing a culture of compliance and compliance program standards and policies, and performing risk assessments on the business lines’ adherence to laws, rules, regulations and internal policies and procedures. Refer to “Management’s Discussion and Analysis — Operational Risk Management” in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011, for further discussion on operational risk management.

Interest Rate Risk Management In the banking industry, changes in interest rates are a significant risk that can

impact earnings, market valuations and the safety and soundness of an entity. To minimize the volatility of net interest income and the market value of assets and liabilities, the Company manages its exposure to changes in interest rates through asset and liability management activities within guidelines established by its Asset Liability Committee (“ALCO”) and approved by the Board of Directors. The ALCO has the responsibility for approving and ensuring compliance with the ALCO management policies, including interest rate risk exposure. The Company uses net interest income simulation analysis and market value of equity modeling for measuring and analyzing consolidated interest rate risk.

Net Interest Income Simulation Analysis Management estimates the impact on net interest income of changes in market interest rates under a number of scenarios, including gradual shifts, immediate and sustained parallel shifts, and flattening or steepening of the yield curve. The table on the following page summarizes the projected impact to net interest income over the next 12 months of various potential interest rate changes. The ALCO policy limits the estimated change in net interest income in a gradual 200 basis point (“bps”) rate change scenario to a 4.0 percent decline of forecasted net interest income over the next 12 months. At June 30, 2012, and December 31, 2011, the Company was within policy. Refer to “Management’s Discussion and Analysis — Net Interest Income Simulation Analysis” in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011, for further discussion on net interest income simulation analysis.

Market Value of Equity Modeling The Company also manages interest rate sensitivity by utilizing market value of equity modeling, which measures the degree to which the market values of the Company’s assets and liabilities and off-balance sheet instruments will change given a change in interest rates. Management measures the impact of changes in market interest rates under a number of scenarios, including immediate and sustained parallel shifts, and flattening or steepening of the yield curve. The ALCO policy limits the change in market value of equity in a 200 bps parallel rate shock to a 15.0 percent decline. A 200 bps increase would have resulted in a 2.4 percent decrease in the market value of equity at June 30, 2012, compared with a 2.0 percent decrease at December 31, 2011. A 200 bps decrease, where possible given current rates, would have resulted in a 4.2 percent decrease in the market value of equity at June 30, 2012, compared with a 6.4 percent decrease at December 31, 2011. Refer to “Management’s Discussion and Analysis — Market Value of Equity Modeling” in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011, for further discussion on market value of equity modeling.

 

 

U. S. Bancorp    23