XNAS:RNWK RealNetworks Inc Quarterly Report 10-Q Filing - 3/31/2012

Effective Date 3/31/2012

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Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

(Mark One)

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2012

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from             to

Commission file number 0-23137

 

 

RealNetworks, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Washington   91-1628146
(State of incorporation)  

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

2601 Elliott Avenue, Suite 1000

Seattle, Washington

  98121
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

(206) 674-2700

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer   ¨    Accelerated filer   x
Non-accelerated filer   ¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

The number of shares of the registrant’s Common Stock outstanding as of April 25, 2012 was 34,755,847.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

     Page  
Part I. Financial Information      3   

Item 1. Financial Statements

     3   

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     16   

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     28   

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

     29   

Part II. Other Information

     30   

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

     30   

Item 1A. Risk Factors

     30   

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

     38   

Item 3. Default Upon Senior Securities

     38   

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

     38   

Item 5. Other Information

     38   

Item 6. Exhibits

     38   

Signature

     40   

 

2


Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

REALNETWORKS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except per share data)

 

     March 31,
2012
    December 31,
2011
 

ASSETS

    

Current assets:

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 83,332      $ 106,333   

Short-term investments

     83,681        78,739   

Trade accounts receivable, net of allowances for doubtful accounts and sales returns

     40,160        41,165   

Deferred costs, current portion

     1,338        1,424   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     24,984        21,902   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

     233,495        249,563   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Equipment, software, and leasehold improvements, at cost:

    

Equipment and software

     108,173        104,352   

Leasehold improvements

     26,224        25,947   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total equipment, software, and leasehold improvements, at cost

     134,397        130,299   

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

     95,672        92,825   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net equipment, software, and leasehold improvements

     38,725        37,474   

Restricted cash equivalents and investments

     10,173        10,168   

Equity method investments

     7,430        7,798   

Available for sale securities

     45,630        37,204   

Other assets

     2,960        2,954   

Deferred costs, non-current portion

     691        843   

Deferred tax assets, net, non-current portion

     18,320        18,419   

Other intangible assets, net

     6,177        7,169   

Goodwill

     6,297        6,198   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 369,898      $ 377,790   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

    

Current liabilities:

    

Accounts payable

   $ 17,935      $ 17,151   

Accrued and other liabilities

     58,783        59,194   

Deferred revenue, current portion

     11,270        11,835   

Accrued loss on excess office facilities, current portion

     505        596   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     88,493        88,776   

Deferred revenue, non-current portion

     220        195   

Accrued loss on excess office facilities, non-current portion

     1,843        2,151   

Deferred rent

     2,867        2,944   

Deferred tax liabilities, net, non-current portion

     1,217        1,443   

Other long-term liabilities

     9,884        10,994   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     104,524        106,503   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies

    

Shareholders’ equity:

    

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, no shares issued and outstanding:

    

Series A: authorized 200 shares

     0        0   

Undesignated series: authorized 59,800 shares

     0        0   

Common stock, $0.001 par value authorized 250,000 shares; issued and outstanding 34,541 shares in 2012 and 34,422 shares in 2011

     35        34   

Additional paid-in capital

     578,506        575,515   

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (16,774     (24,884

Retained deficit

     (296,393     (279,378
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total shareholders’ equity

     265,374        271,287   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

   $ 369,898      $ 377,790   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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REALNETWORKS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

(In thousands, except per share data)

 

     Quarters Ended
March 31,
 
     2012     2011  

Net revenue (A)

   $ 66,964      $ 87,301   

Cost of revenue (B)

     27,427        32,066   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit

     39,537        55,235   
    

Sale of patents and other technology assets, net of costs (See Note 17)

     (1,580     0   

Operating expenses:

    

Research and development

     17,818        19,895   

Sales and marketing

     23,796        28,480   

General and administrative

     13,276        5,622   

Restructuring and other charges

     1,609        6,904   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

     56,499        60,901   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

     (18,542     (5,666
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other income (expenses):

    

Interest income, net

     644        379   

Equity in net loss of Rhapsody investment

     (368     (3,281

Other income (expense), net

     1,475        (122
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other income (expenses), net

     1,751        (3,024
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes

     (16,791     (8,690

Income tax benefit (expense)

     (224     (3,615
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

   $ (17,015   $ (12,305
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic net income (loss) per share

   $ (0.49   $ (0.36

Diluted net income (loss) per share

   $ (0.49   $ (0.36

Shares used to compute basic net income (loss) per share

     34,488        34,066   

Shares used to compute diluted net income (loss) per share

     34,488        34,066   

Comprehensive income (loss):

    

Unrealized investment holding gains (losses), net of tax

   $ 8,494      $ (7,066

Foreign currency translation gains (losses)

     (384     2,553   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other comprehensive income (loss)

     8,110        (4,513

Net income (loss)

     (17,015     (12,305
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

   $ (8,905   $ (16,818
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

(A) Components of net revenue:

    

License fees

   $ 14,956      $ 18,414   

Service revenue

     52,008        68,887   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 66,964      $ 87,301   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

(B) Components of cost of revenue:

    

License fees

   $ 3,272      $ 5,246   

Service revenue

     24,155        26,820   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 27,427      $ 32,066   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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REALNETWORKS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands)

 

     Quarter Ended
March 31,
 
     2012     2011  

Cash flows from operating activities:

    

Net income (loss)

   $ (17,015   $ (12,305

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

    

Depreciation and amortization

     4,118        3,819   

Stock-based compensation

     2,343        3,453   

Equity in net loss of Rhapsody

     368        3,281   

Excess tax benefit from stock option exercises

     0        (26

Deferred income taxes, net

     (19     (161

Realized translation gain

     (1,611     0   

Other

     (3     105   

Net change in certain operating assets and liabilities:

    

Trade accounts receivable

     1,394        2,794   

Prepaid expenses and other assets

     (2,738     (1,705

Accounts payable

     (894     (7,655

Accrued and other liabilities

     (3,185     3,214   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

     (17,242     (5,186
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

    

Purchases of equipment, software, and leasehold improvements

     (2,798     (1,165

Purchases of short-term investments

     (9,969     (22,091

Proceeds from sales and maturities of short-term investments

     5,027        38,020   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

     (7,740     14,764   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

    

Proceeds from issuance of common stock (stock options and stock purchase plan)

     675        1,101   

Excess tax benefit from stock option exercises

     0        26   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

     675        1,127   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

     1,306        2,385   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     (23,001     13,090   

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

     106,333        236,018   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

   $ 83,332      $ 249,108   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

    

Cash received from income tax refunds

   $ 39      $ 3,503   

Cash paid for income taxes

   $ 517      $ 851   

Non-cash investing activities:

    

Increase (decrease) in accrued purchases of equipment, software, and leasehold improvements

   $ 1,430      $ 0   

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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REALNETWORKS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Quarters Ended March 31, 2012 and 2011

Note 1. Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Description of Business. RealNetworks, Inc. and subsidiaries is a leading global provider of network-delivered digital media applications and services that make it easy to manage, play and share digital media. The Company also develops and markets software products and services that enable the creation, distribution and consumption of digital media, including audio and video.

Inherent in the Company’s business are various risks and uncertainties, including limited history of certain of its product and service offerings. The Company’s success will depend on the acceptance of the Company’s technology, products and services and the ability to generate related revenue.

In this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2012 (10-Q or Report), RealNetworks, Inc. and subsidiaries is referred to as “RealNetworks”, the “Company”, “we”, “us”, or “our”.

Basis of Presentation. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting only of normal, recurring adjustments that, in the opinion of the Company’s management, are necessary for a fair presentation of the results of operations for the periods presented. Operating results for the quarter ended March 31, 2012 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for any subsequent period or for the year ending December 31, 2012. Certain information and disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011 (the 10-K).

Use of Estimates. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. In addition, current economic conditions may require the use of additional estimates, and certain estimates we make are subject to a greater degree of uncertainty as a result of the current economic conditions.

Reclassifications. Certain reclassifications have been made to the 2011 consolidated financial statements to conform to the 2012 presentation.

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss). The components of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) consisted of unrealized gains (losses) on marketable securities and foreign currency translation gains (losses), net of applicable tax, as follows (in thousands):

 

     March 31,
    December 31,  
     2012     2011  

Unrealized gains on investments, net of taxes

   $ 35,812      $ 27,318   

Foreign currency translation adjustments

     (52,586     (52,202
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

   $ (16,774   $ (24,884
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

In the quarter ended March 31, 2012, we liquidated an investment in one of our foreign entities and recorded a gain of $1.6 million in Other income (expense), net, in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss) upon the release of the same amount of cumulative foreign exchange translation gain out of accumulated other comprehensive income on the balance sheet.

Note 2. Recent Accounting Pronouncements

With the exception of the item discussed below, there have been no recent accounting pronouncements or changes in accounting pronouncements during the quarter ended March 31, 2012, to be implemented as compared to the recent accounting pronouncements described in the 10-K, that are of significance, or potential significance to RealNetworks.

In September 2011, the FASB issued new guidance related to testing goodwill for impairment, which permits an entity to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount as a basis for determining whether it is necessary to perform the two-step goodwill impairment test. The new guidance became effective for our first quarter of 2012 and did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

Note 3. Stock-Based Compensation

Total stock-based compensation expense recognized was as follows (in thousands):

 

     Quarters Ended
March 31,
 
     2012      2011  

Total stock-based compensation expense

   $ 2,343       $ 3,453   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The fair value of options granted determined using the Black-Scholes model used the following weighted-average assumptions:

 

     Quarters
Ended March  31,
 
     2012     2011  

Expected dividend yield

     0     0

Risk-free interest rate

     0.69     1.76

Expected life (years)

     3.8        4.0   

Volatility

     58     54

No stock-based compensation was capitalized as part of the cost of an asset as of March 31, 2012 or December 31, 2011. As of March 31, 2012, we had $9.0 million of total unrecognized compensation cost, net of estimated forfeitures, related to stock options and restricted stock. The unrecognized compensation cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of approximately 3 years.

Note 4. Rhapsody Joint Venture

RealNetworks initially formed in 2007 a joint venture with MTV Networks, a division of Viacom International Inc. (MTVN), to own and operate a business-to-consumer digital audio music service known as Rhapsody. Prior to March 31, 2010, we held a 51% interest in Rhapsody and MTVN owned the remaining 49%. On March 31, 2010, restructuring transactions involving Rhapsody were completed, and as a result, effective March 31, 2010 RealNetworks owned approximately 47% of Rhapsody. Subsequent to the restructuring transaction, the operating results of Rhapsody have been accounted for under the equity method of accounting for investments, and our proportionate share of the income or loss is recognized as a component of “Other income (expenses), net” in the statements of operations. As of March 31, 2012 we owned approximately 45% of Rhapsody. RealNetworks continues to provide certain operational transition services to Rhapsody. These transition services are expected to be completed during 2012.

We recorded our share of losses in the operations of Rhapsody of $0.4 million and $3.3 million for the quarters ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The carrying value of our Rhapsody investment was $7.2 million as of March 31, 2012.

Summarized financial information for Rhapsody, which represents 100% of their financial information (in thousands):

 

    

Quarters Ended

March 31,

 
     2012     2011  

Statements of Operations Data:

    

Net revenue

   $ 35,170      $ 32,487   

Gross profit

     9,612        9,445   

Net loss

     (1,070     (6,981

Note 5. Fair Value Measurements

We measure certain financial assets at fair value on a recurring basis, including cash equivalents, short-term investments, and equity investments of publicly traded companies. The fair value of these financial assets was determined based on three levels of inputs:

 

   

Level 1: Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities

 

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Level 2: Inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly; these include quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets and quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active

 

   

Level 3: Unobservable inputs that reflect our own assumptions

Items Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis

The following table presents information about our financial assets that have been measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2012, and December 31, 2011, and indicates the fair value hierarchy of the valuation inputs utilized to determine such fair value (in thousands).

 

     Fair Value Measurements as of
March 31, 2012
 
     Total      Level 1      Level 2      Level 3  

Cash equivalents:

           

Money market funds

   $ 11,347       $ 11,347       $ 0       $ 0   

Corporate notes and bonds

     18,550         18,550         0         0   

Short-term investments:

           

Corporate notes and bonds

     46,524         46,524         0         0   

U.S. government agency securities

     37,157         37,157         0         0   

Restricted cash equivalents and investments

     10,173         10,173         0         0   

Equity investments:

           

Publicly traded investments

     45,630         45,630         0         0   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 169,381       $ 169,381       $ 0       $ 0   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     Fair Value Measurements as of
December 31, 2011
 
     Total      Level 1      Level 2      Level 3  

Cash equivalents:

           

Money market funds

   $ 6,544       $ 6,544       $ 0       $ 0   

Corporate notes and bonds

     20,697         20,697         0         0   

Short-term investments:

           

Corporate notes and bonds

     39,254         39,254         0         0   

U.S. government agency securities

     39,485         39,485         0         0   

Restricted cash equivalents and investments

     10,168         10,168         0         0   

Equity investments:

           

Publicly traded investments

     37,204         37,204         0         0   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 153,352       $ 153,352       $ 0       $ 0   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Investments in marketable securities classified as short-term investments and equity investments of public companies are measured at fair value using quoted market prices and are classified within Level 1 of the valuation hierarchy.

Our equity investments in publicly traded companies consisted of J-Stream Inc., a Japanese media services company, and LoEn Entertainment, Inc., a Korean digital music distribution company. These equity investments are accounted for as available for sale. The aggregate cost basis of these securities totaled $10.8 million as of March 31, 2012.

Items Measured at Fair Value on a Non-recurring Basis

Certain of our assets and liabilities are measured at estimated fair value on a non-recurring basis. These instruments are subject to fair value adjustments only in certain circumstances (for example, when there is evidence of impairment). During the quarters ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, we did not record any impairments on those assets required to be measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis.

Note 6. Cash, Cash Equivalents, Short-Term Investments, Restricted Cash Equivalents and Investments

Cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments, and restricted cash equivalents and investments as of March 31, 2012, consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

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     Amortized
Cost
     Estimated
Fair Value
 

Cash and cash equivalents:

     

Cash

   $ 53,435       $ 53,435   

Money market mutual funds

     11,347         11,347   

Corporate notes and bonds

     18,550         18,550   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total cash and cash equivalents

     83,332         83,332   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Short-term investments:

     

Corporate notes and bonds

     46,484         46,524   

U.S. government agency securities

     37,111         37,157   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total short-term investments

     83,595         83,681   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments

   $ 166,927       $ 167,013   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Restricted cash equivalents and investments

   $ 10,173       $ 10,173   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments, and restricted cash equivalents and investments as of December 31, 2011 consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

     Amortized
Cost
     Estimated
Fair Value
 

Cash and cash equivalents:

     

Cash

   $ 79,092       $ 79,092   

Money market mutual funds

     6,544         6,544   

Corporate notes and bonds

     20,697         20,697   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total cash and cash equivalents

     106,333         106,333   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Short-term investments:

     

Corporate notes and bonds

     39,309         39,254   

U.S. Government agency securities

     39,413         39,485   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total short-term investments

     78,722         78,739   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments

   $ 185,055       $ 185,072   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Restricted cash equivalents and investments

   $ 10,168       $ 10,168   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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As of March 31, 2012, and December 31, 2011, restricted cash equivalents and investments represented cash equivalents and short-term investments pledged as collateral against a letter of credit in connection with lease agreements.

Realized gains or losses on sales of available-for-sale securities for the quarters ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, were not significant.

Gross unrealized gains and gross unrealized losses on short-term investment securities as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 were not significant.

Investments with remaining contractual maturities of five years or less are classified as short-term based on their highly liquid nature and because such marketable securities represent the investment of cash that is available for current operations. The contractual maturities of short-term investments as of March 31, 2012, were as follows (in thousands):

 

     Estimated
Fair Value
 

Within one year

   $ 53,521   

Between one year and five years

     30,160   
  

 

 

 

Total short-term investments

   $ 83,681   
  

 

 

 

Note 7. Allowance for Doubtful Accounts Receivable and Sales Returns

Activity in the allowance for doubtful accounts receivable and sales returns is as follows (in thousands):

 

     Allowance For  
     Doubtful
Accounts
Receivable
    Sales
Returns
 

Balances, December 31, 2011

   $ 1,445      $ 668   

Addition (reduction) to allowance

     (283     347   

Amounts written off

     (1     (136

Foreign currency translation

     26        (0
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balances, March 31, 2012

   $ 1,187      $ 879   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

No customers accounted for 10% or more of trade accounts receivable as of March 31, 2012. As of December 31, 2011, one customer accounted for 17% of trade accounts receivable. No one customer accounted for more than 10% of total revenue during the quarters ended March 31, 2012 and 2011.

Note 8. Other Intangible Assets

Other intangible assets consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

     Gross
Amount
     Accumulated
Amortization
     Net  

Customer relationships

   $ 30,018       $ 25,793       $ 4,225   

Developed technology

     29,083         27,230         1,853   

Patents, trademarks and tradenames

     5,287         5,266         21   

Service contracts and other

     6,197         6,119         78   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total other intangible assets, March 31, 2012

   $ 70,585       $ 64,408       $ 6,177   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total other intangible assets, December 31, 2011

   $ 69,631       $ 62,462       $ 7,169   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Note 9. Goodwill

Changes in goodwill were as follows (in thousands):

 

Balance, December 31, 2011

   $     6,198   

Effects of foreign currency translation

     99   
  

 

 

 

Balance, March 31, 2012

   $ 6,297   
  

 

 

 

 

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Goodwill is assigned to the Company’s segments as follows (in thousands):

 

     March 31,
2012
 

Core products

   $ 778   

Emerging products

     580   

Games

     4,939   
  

 

 

 

Total goodwill

   $ 6,297   
  

 

 

 

Note 10. Accrued and Other Liabilities

Accrued and other liabilities consisted of (in thousands):

 

     March 31,
2012
     December 31,
2011
 

Royalties and other fulfillment costs

   $     25,716       $ 26,651   

Employee compensation, commissions and benefits

     11,057         12,698   

Sales, VAT and other taxes payable

     10,847         11,389   

Deferred tax liabilities—current

     237         232   

Other

     10,926         8,224   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total accrued and other liabilities

   $ 58,783       $ 59,194   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Note 11. Loss on Excess Office Facilities

RealNetworks completed a business and operational reorganization which led to the reduction in use of office space in the corporate headquarters in Seattle, Washington and one other location. As a result, in 2010 losses were recognized representing rent and contractual operating expenses over the remaining life of the leases, and related write-downs of leasehold improvements to their estimated fair value. The Company regularly evaluates the market for office space. If the market for such space changes further in future periods, the Company may have to revise its estimates which may result in future gains or losses on excess office facilities.

Changes to the accrued loss on excess office facilities were as follows (in thousands):

 

Accrued loss December 31, 2011

   $     2,747   

Less amounts paid, net of sublease income

     (399

Sublease income estimate revision

     0   
  

 

 

 

Accrued loss March 31, 2012

     2,348   

Less current portion

     (505
  

 

 

 

Accrued loss, non-current portion

   $ 1,843   
  

 

 

 

Note 12. Income Taxes

As of March 31, 2012, there have been no material changes to RealNetworks’ uncertain tax positions disclosures as provided in Note 14 of the 2011 10-K. We currently anticipate the closure of foreign and domestic income tax examinations in the next twelve months that may decrease our total unrecognized tax benefits by an amount up to $13.7 million as a result of the successful defense of our positions, the settlement and payment of a liability, or a combination thereof. Additionally, we anticipate that our total unrecognized tax benefits may increase by an amount up to $2.8 million as a result of a potential transfer pricing change.

We file numerous consolidated and separate income tax returns in the United States including federal, state and local, as well as foreign jurisdictions. With few exceptions, we are no longer subject to United States federal income tax examinations for tax years before 2008 or state, local, or foreign income tax examinations for years before 1993. RealNetworks, Inc. and/or subsidiaries are under audit by various states and foreign jurisdictions for certain tax years subsequent to 1993.

Note 13. Earnings Per Share

Basic net income (loss) per share (EPS) is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of common and dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period. Basic and diluted EPS were calculated as follows (in thousands):

 

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     Quarters Ended
March 31,
 
     2012     2011  

Net income (loss) available to common shareholders

   $ (17,015   $ (12,305
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding used to compute basic EPS

     34,488        34,066   

Dilutive effect of stock based awards

     0        0   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding used to compute diluted EPS

     34,488        34,066   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic EPS

   $ (0.49   $ (0.36

Diluted EPS

   $ (0.49   $ (0.36

During the quarters ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, 5.9 million and 4.0 million shares of common stock, respectively, of potentially issuable from stock options were excluded from the calculation of diluted EPS because of their antidilutive effect.

Note 14. Commitments and Contingencies

Litigation. On November 1, 2011, a lawsuit was filed by Callertone Innovations, LLC (“Callertone”) against MetroPCS Wireless, Inc. and MetroPCS Communications, Inc., (collectively, “MetroPCS”) in the U.S. District Court for the District of Delaware alleging that MetroPCS infringes Callertone’s patents by providing ringback tone services. We agreed to indemnify MetroPCS against the claims based on an indemnity that is claimed to be owed by us. The complaint was served on MetroPCS on January 14, 2012, and we filed our answer on April 9, 2012. We dispute the plaintiff’s allegations regarding both the validity of its patents and its claims of infringement against MetroPCS. We are unable to provide meaningful quantification of how the final resolution of this litigation may impact our future consolidated financial statements.

On October 28, 2011, a lawsuit was filed by Callertone Innovations, LLC (“Callertone”) against T-Mobile USA, Inc. (“T-Mobile”) in the U.S. District Court for the District of Delaware alleging that T-Mobile infringes Callertone’s patents by providing ringback tone services. We agreed to indemnify T-Mobile against the claims based on an indemnity that is claimed to be owed by us. The complaint was served on T-Mobile on January 16, 2012, and we filed our answer on April 9, 2012. We dispute the plaintiff’s allegations regarding both the validity of its patents and its claims of infringement against T-Mobile. We are unable to provide meaningful quantification of how the final resolution of this litigation may impact our future consolidated financial statements.

In July 2010, the Washington State Office of the Attorney General (Washington AG) sent a letter referencing complaints from consumers relating to RealNetworks’ various consumer products since 2005. The letter advised us that we may be violating Washington State’s consumer protection laws, and invited us to consider changing certain of our consumer practices. We subsequently met with representatives of the Washington AG to review and discuss the complaints and, although we did not believe that our practices violated the law, we voluntarily made changes to certain of our online order paths through which consumers purchase our subscription products in order to address certain of the Washington AG’s concerns.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, in March and September 2011, the Consumer Protection Division of the Washington AG issued civil investigative demands to us requesting information and documents relating to certain of our consumer marketing practices during the period from 2005 to 2011. We are cooperating and are in discussions with the Washington AG regarding the investigation, and have been responding to the Washington AG’s requests. The Washington AG has not initiated any enforcement action against us. We do not believe we have violated any laws, but the final outcome of the investigation remains uncertain. In light of the status of the investigation, we accrued $2.4 million for potential amounts associated with the investigation in the quarter ended March 31, 2012, but the investigation could ultimately result in additional expenses, monetary damages, penalties or injunctive relief against us that could have a material adverse impact on our future consolidated financial statements.

On April 25, 2007, a lawsuit was filed by Greenville Communications, LLC in Greenville, Mississippi against a number of cell phone carriers, including our partners T-Mobile USA, Inc. and Alltel Corporation, alleging that they infringe its patents by providing ringback tone services. We agreed to indemnify T-Mobile and Alltel against the claims based on an indemnity that is claimed to be owed by us. On August 27, 2007, our motion to transfer this matter to the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey was granted. The parties briefed claim construction, but the case was subsequently stayed pending reexamination of the patents at issue. On December 10, 2009, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office issued notice of its intent to issue reexamination certificates for the patents in suit. The District Court lifted the stay on the litigation on January 29, 2010 and discovery has resumed. On September 28, 2011, the District Court held a claims construction hearing but has not yet issued a ruling. We dispute the plaintiff’s allegations regarding both the validity of its patents and its claims of infringement against our partners. We are unable to quantify in a meaningful way the potential impact of the final resolution of this litigation on our future consolidated financial statements.

 

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From time to time we are, and expect to continue to be, subject to legal proceedings, governmental investigations and claims in the ordinary course of business, including employment claims, contract-related claims, and claims of alleged infringement of third-party patents, trademarks and other intellectual property rights. These claims, including those described above, even if not meritorious, could force us to spend significant financial and managerial resources. We are not aware of any other legal proceedings or claims that we believe will have, individually or taken together, a material adverse effect on our business, prospects, financial condition or results of operations. However, we may incur substantial expenses in defending against third-party claims. In addition, given the broad distribution of some of our consumer products, any individual claim related to those products could give rise to liabilities that may be material to us. In the event of a determination adverse to us, we may incur substantial monetary liability, and/or be required to change our business practices. Either of these could have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial statements.

Note 15. Segment Information

We have three reporting segments: (1) Core Products, which includes financial results from existing and future software as a service offerings of ringback tones, music on demand, video on demand, storefront services and inter-carrier messaging; systems integration and professional services; Helix software and licenses for handsets; SuperPass; and the Company’s international radio subscriptions; (2) Emerging Products, which includes financial results from RealPlayer, including distribution of third-party products, advertising and other revenue, and new products and services that will be introduced over time for consumers or enterprise customers; and (3) Games, which includes all games-related financial results, including game sales, subscriptions services, syndication services, advertising-supported games, and mobile and social games.

Corporate overhead expenses, including but not limited to finance, legal, stock compensation and headquarters facilities are reported in the aggregate as “Corporate” expenses and are not reflected in segment results for the business segments described in the preceding paragraph. Corporate amounts in 2012 include expenses related to sale of patent and other technology assets. Only direct business segment expenses, such as research and development, marketing and certain other business shared services are reflected in the associated business segment results.

RealNetworks reports three reporting segments based on factors such as how the we manage our operations and how our Chief Operating Decision Maker reviews results. Our Chief Operating Decision Maker is considered to be the CEO Staff (CEOS), which includes the Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, Executive Vice President and certain Senior Vice Presidents. The CEOS reviews financial information presented on both a consolidated basis and on a business segment basis, accompanied by certain disaggregated information about products and services, geographical regions and corporate expenses for purposes of making decisions and assessing financial performance. The accounting policies used to derive segment results are generally the same as those described in Note 1, Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies.

Segment results for the quarters ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 were as follows (in thousands):

Core Products

 

     Quarters Ended March 31,  
     2012      2011  

Revenue

   $ 37,697       $ 48,107   

Cost of revenue

     17,828         20,984   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Gross profit

     19,869         27,123   

Operating expenses

     18,068         19,386   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

   $ 1,801       $ 7,737   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Emerging Products

 

     Quarters Ended March 31,  
     2012      2011  

Revenue

   $ 10,159       $ 11,135   

Cost of revenue

     2,105         1,540   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Gross profit

     8,054         9,595   

Operating expenses

     7,546         9,891   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

   $ 508       $ (296
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Games

 

     Quarters Ended March 31,  
     2012     2011  

Revenue

   $ 19,108      $ 28,059   

Cost of revenue

     6,661        8,534   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit

     12,447        19,525   

Operating expenses

     13,430        16,814   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

   $ (983   $ 2,711   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Corporate

 

     Quarters Ended March 31,  
     2012     2011  

Cost of revenue

     833        1,008   

Sale of patents and other technology assets, net of costs

     1,580        0   

Operating expenses

     17,455        14,810   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

   $ (19,868   $ (15,818
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Our customers consist primarily of consumers and corporations located in the U.S., Europe and various foreign countries. Revenue by geographic region is as follows (in thousands):

 

     Quarters Ended
March 31,
 
     2012      2011  

United States

   $ 31,814       $ 44,469   

Europe

     16,212         18,960   

Rest of the world

     18,938         23,872   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total net revenue

   $ 66,964       $ 87,301   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Long-lived assets, consisting of equipment, software, leasehold improvements, other intangible assets, and goodwill by geographic region are as follows (in thousands):

 

     March 31,
2012
     December 31,
2011
 

United States

   $ 37,989       $ 38,543   

Republic of Korea

     3,665         4,063   

Europe

     2,827         2,949   

Rest of the world

     6,718         5,286   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total long-lived assets

   $ 51,199       $ 50,841   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Net assets by geographic location are as follows (in thousands):

 

     March 31,
2012
     December 31,
2011
 

United States

   $ 225,196       $ 225,271   

Republic of Korea

     1,032         1,903   

Europe

     26,642         30,130   

Rest of the world

     12,504         13,983   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total net assets

   $ 265,374       $ 271,287   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Note 16. Related Party Transactions

Transactions with Rhapsody. See Note 4 Rhapsody Joint Venture for details on the 2010 restructuring transaction involving Rhapsody. Subsequent to the restructuring transaction, we are obligated to provide Rhapsody with certain support services unless earlier terminated by Rhapsody. These support services are expected to be completed during 2012. The support services include information technology and limited operational support provided directly to Rhapsody. The amount of these and other support service costs were based on various measures depending on the service provided, including vendor fees, an allocation of fixed costs and time employees spend on providing services to Rhapsody. RealNetworks allocates the cost of providing these support services and records such allocation as a reduction to the related expense in the period for which it was incurred. During the quarters ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, we charged Rhapsody $0.3 million and $0.9 million, respectively, for the support services.

Transactions with LoEn Entertainment, Inc. In 2008, RealNetworks acquired approximately 11% of the outstanding shares of LoEn Entertainment, Inc. (LoEn). The Company paid market price for the common shares of LoEn, which are traded on the Korean Securities Dealers Automated Quotations. The Company’s investment in LoEn is treated as an equity investment of a public company and is marked-to-market each period with resulting gains or losses recognized in accumulated other comprehensive loss as unrealized holding gains/losses on investment. During the quarters ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, we recorded revenue from LoEn of approximately $3.9 million and $4.1 million, respectively. This revenue consisted primarily of sales of application service provider services, which include sales of ringback tones, music-on-demand, video-on-demand, and inter-carrier messaging services. Associated with these transactions, the Company also recorded accounts receivable of approximately $1.5 million as of March 31, 2012. Accounts payable and cost of revenue balances associated with LoEn as of and for the quarters ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 were nominal.

Note 17. Subsequent Event

On April 5, 2012, RealNetworks completed the sale of certain patents, patent applications and related rights held by us, and certain of our assets relating to our next generation video codec technologies to Intel Corporation pursuant to the Asset Purchase Agreement (the “Asset Purchase Agreement”), dated as of January 26, 2012, between the Company and Intel. In accordance with the Asset Purchase Agreement, Intel acquired the assets for a cash purchase price of $120.0 million. In addition, pursuant to the license agreement, dated as of January 26, 2012 (the “License Agreement”), between Intel and the Company, as of April 5, 2012, Intel granted us a non-exclusive, royalty-free, fully paid up, irrevocable (except as set forth in the License Agreement) and worldwide license (without the right to grant sublicenses) to use the patent assets we sold to Intel in connection with our businesses.

Because the transaction closed subsequent to the end of our first quarter of 2012, the gain on the transaction will first be reflected in our financial statements for the quarter ending June 30, 2012. The $120.0 million of cash we received will be presented as a gain on our income statement, net of certain direct costs incurred, in the quarter ending June 30, 2012. We currently estimate that the total of these direct costs will be approximately $3.5 million. Of the $3.5 million of estimated total direct costs, $1.6 million was incurred and is reported in our Statement of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the quarter ended March 31, 2012.

The Asset Purchase Agreement provides that we have specified obligations to indemnify Intel for breaches of representations and warranties we made, and covenants we agreed to, in the Asset Purchase Agreement and for certain potential future intellectual property infringement claims brought by a third party against Intel. The amount of any potential liabilities related to our indemnification obligations will not be determined until a claim has been made, but the Asset Purchase Agreement provides that we will indemnify Intel up to the amount of the purchase price we received in the sale.

 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the documents incorporated herein by reference contain forward-looking statements that have been made pursuant to the provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements are based on current expectations, estimates, and projections about RealNetworks’ industry, products, management’s beliefs, and certain assumptions made by management. Words such as “anticipates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. All statements contained in this report that do not relate to matters of historical fact should be considered forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include statements with respect to:

 

   

future revenues, operating expenses, income and other taxes, tax benefits, net income (loss) per diluted share available to common shareholders, acquisition costs and related amortization, and other measures of results of operations;

 

   

the effects of our past acquisitions and expectations for future acquisitions and divestitures;

 

   

the effect on our businesses of the sale of certain patent assets and next generation codec assets to Intel Corporation;

 

   

plans, strategies and expected opportunities for future growth, increased profitability and innovation;

 

   

the prospects for creation and growth of strategic partnerships and the resulting financial benefits from such partnerships;

 

   

the expected financial position, performance, growth and profitability of, and investment in, our businesses and the availability of resources;

 

   

our involvement in potential claims, legal proceedings and government investigations, the expected course and costs of existing claims, legal proceedings and government investigations, and the potential outcomes and effects of both existing and potential claims, legal proceedings and governmental investigations on our business, prospects, financial condition or results of operations;

 

   

the expected benefits and other consequences from the 2010 restructuring of Rhapsody and from our other strategic initiatives;

 

   

our expected introduction of new and enhanced products, services and technologies across our businesses;

 

   

the effects of legislation, regulations, administrative proceedings, court rulings, settlement negotiations and other factors that may impact our businesses;

 

   

the continuation and expected nature of certain customer relationships;

 

   

impacts of competition and certain customer relationships on the future financial performance and growth of our businesses;

 

   

the effects of U.S. and foreign income and other taxes on our business, prospects, financial condition or results of operations; and

 

   

the effect of economic and market conditions on our business, prospects, financial condition or results of operations.

These statements are not guarantees of future performance and actual actions or results may differ materially. These statements are subject to certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict, including those noted in the documents incorporated herein by reference. Particular attention should also be paid to the cautionary language in Item 1A of Part II entitled “Risk Factors.” RealNetworks undertakes no obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, unless required by law. Readers should, however, carefully review the risk factors included in other reports or documents filed by RealNetworks from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission, particularly the Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and any Current Reports on Form 8-K.

Overview

We manage our business and report revenue and profit (loss) in three segments: (1) Core Products, (2) Emerging Products and (3) Games. Within Core Products, our revenue is derived primarily from the sale of our software as a service (SaaS) offerings, and within Emerging Products, our revenue is derived primarily from the sale of our RealPlayer media player software and from the associated distribution of third-party products. We report common corporate overhead expenses, including finance, legal, headquarters facilities and stock compensation costs, in the aggregate as Corporate results. Our most significant expenses relate to cost of revenue, compensating employees, and selling and marketing our products and services.

In the first quarter of 2012, our operating results continued to reflect revenue declines in our Core Products and Games segments. Our total revenue decline of $20.3 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2012, compared with the same period in 2011, was nearly all comprised of a decline of $10.4 million in our Core Products segment and a decline of $9.0 million in our Games segment.

 

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Our SaaS business within Core Products continues to experience competitive pricing pressure from carriers and the proliferation of smartphone applications and services, which do not depend on our carrier customers for distribution to consumers. In addition, pricing for our intercarrier messaging services is changing to fixed-price structures, which do not reflect volume increases. In our Games segment, consumer’s game play is shifting from downloadable PCs games and online game subscriptions, where we currently generate the large majority of overall Games revenues, to social networks and mobile devices. Since 2011, we have been focusing on developing social games and monetizing social game play experiences. However, the revenue we currently generate from social games is not a significant portion of our Games revenue.

On April 5, 2012, we completed the sale of certain patents, patent applications and related rights and assets relating to our Next Generation Video codec technologies pursuant to the Asset Purchase Agreement between the Company and Intel Corporation dated January 26, 2012. We received gross cash consideration of $120.0 million from the sale, and we intend to invest the proceeds in our businesses.

Condensed consolidated results of operations for the quarters ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 are as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

     Quarters Ended March 31,  
     2012     2011     $ Change     % Change  

Total revenue

   $ 66,964      $ 87,301      $ (20,337     (23 )% 

Cost of revenue

     27,427        32,066        (4,639     (14
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Gross profit

     39,537        55,235        (15,698     (28

Gross margin

     59     63    

Sale of patents and other technology assets, net of costs

     1,580        —          1,580        —     

Operating expenses

     56,499        60,901        (4,402     (7
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Operating income (loss)

   $ (18,542   $ (5,666   $ (12,876     (227 )% 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

In the quarter ended March 31, 2012, our total consolidated revenue declined by $20.3 million, compared with the year-earlier period. The reduction in revenue resulted from a decline of $10.4 million in our Core Products segment and a decline of $9.0 million in our Games segment, due to the factors described above.

Gross margin declined to 59% from 63% for the year earlier period primarily due to certain costs of revenue that do not decrease in direct proportion to decreases in revenue.

Costs for the sale of patents and other technology assets of $1.6 million related to certain direct expenses incurred in the first quarter of 2012 for the sale transaction with Intel Corporation.

Operating expenses improved by $4.4 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2012, compared with the prior year due primarily to a decline in restructuring costs totaling $5.3 million and reduced personnel and related costs of $5.2 million. These decreases were offset in part by an expense accrual of $2.4 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2012 for potential amounts associated with the pending investigation by the Washington State Attorney General’s office. In addition, the first quarter of 2011 included a benefit of $6.4 million related to an insurance reimbursement for previously settled litigation that reduced expense.

See “Segment Operating Results” below for more information and discussion regarding changes in the operating results for each of our reporting segments.

Segment Operating Results

Core Products

The Core Products segment primarily generates revenue and incurs costs from the sales of SaaS services, such as ringback tones, inter-carrier messages, music on demand and video on demand; professional services and system integration services to carriers and mobile handset companies; sales of licenses of our software products such as Helix for handsets; and consumer subscriptions such as SuperPass and international radio subscriptions.

 

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Core Products segment results of operations for the quarters ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 are as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

     Quarters Ended March 31,  
     2012     2011     $ Change     % Change  

Revenue

   $ 37,697      $ 48,107      $ (10,410     (22 )% 

Cost of revenue

     17,828        20,984        (3,156     (15
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Gross profit

     19,869        27,123        (7,254     (27

Gross margin

     53     56    

Operating expenses

     18,068        19,386        (1,318     (7
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Operating income (loss)

   $ 1,801      $ 7,737      $ (5,936     (77 )% 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total Core Products revenue decreased by $10.4 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2012, compared with the year-earlier period, primarily due to reduced revenue from our SaaS offerings of $7.1 million. The decline in SaaS revenue was due primarily to a $4.7 million decline in our ringback tone and ring tone revenues primarily due to a decline in subscribers and to lower intercarrier messaging contract prices that contributed $1.8 million to the decline. Revenue from systems integration, a business we have de-emphasized since 2008, decreased by $1.4 million and revenue from our SuperPass product decreased $1.3 million due to a decline in subscribers.

Cost of revenue decreased $3.2 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2012, compared with the year-earlier period. During the quarter, costs related to our SaaS offerings decreased by $1.3 million and costs related to sales of systems integrations decreased by $1.2 million.

Operating expenses declined by $1.3 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2012, compared with the year-earlier period, primarily due to reductions in personnel and related costs that resulted from our restructuring efforts.

Emerging Products

The Emerging Products segment primarily generates revenue and incurs costs from sales of RealPlayer and its related products, such as the distribution of third-party software products, advertising on RealPlayer websites, and sales of RealPlayerPlus software licenses to consumers. Also included within the Emerging Products segment is the cost to build and develop new product offerings for consumers and business customers.

Emerging Products segment results of operations for the quarters ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 are as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

     Quarters Ended March 31,  
     2012     2011     $ Change     % Change  

Revenue

   $ 10,159      $ 11,135      $ (976     (9 )% 

Cost of revenue

     2,105        1,540        565        37   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Gross profit

     8,054        9,595        (1,541     (16

Gross margin

     79     86    

Operating expenses

     7,546        9,891        (2,345     (24
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Operating income (loss)

   $ 508      $ (296   $ 804        272
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total Emerging Products revenue decreased by $1.0 million in the quarter ended March, 31, 2012, compared with the year-earlier period, due primarily to lower revenue from the distribution of third-party software.

Cost of revenue increased for the quarter ended March 31, 2012, mainly due to increased costs on certain products.

Operating expenses decreased by $2.3 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2012, compared with the year-earlier period primarily due to reductions in personnel and related costs that resulted from our restructuring efforts.

Games

The Games segment primarily generates revenue and incurs costs from the creation, distribution and sales of games licenses, online games subscription services, advertising on game sites and social network sites, games syndication services, and microtransactions from online and social games, and sales of mobile games.

 

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Games segment results of operations for the quarters ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 are as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

     Quarters Ended March 31,  
     2012     2011     $ Change     % Change  

Revenue

   $ 19,108      $ 28,059      $ (8,951     (32 )% 

Cost of revenue

     6,661        8,534        (1,873     (22
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Gross profit

     12,447        19,525        (7,078     (36

Gross margin

     65     70    

Operating expenses

     13,430        16,814        (3,384     (20
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Operating income (loss)

   $ (983   $ 2,711      $ (3,694     (136 )% 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total Games revenue decreased by $9.0 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2012, compared with the year-earlier period. Lower revenue from license sales and our subscription products contributed approximately $4.2 million and $3.1 million, respectively, to the decline during the period. The decrease in license revenue is a result of a decrease in the number of games sold through our games syndication services, as well as lower sales of mobile games sold through our wholesale channels. Lower subscription revenue is a result of fewer subscribers compared with the year-earlier period.

Cost of revenue decreased by $1.9 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2012, compared with the year-earlier period. The decrease was due to the decrease in partner royalties expense, which has a direct correlation with the decrease in Games revenue. Gross margins decreased for the quarter ended March 31, 2012, due to lower advertising revenue, a higher margin product, as well as increased costs associated with providing our games.

Operating expenses declined by $3.4 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2012, respectively, compared with the year-earlier period. The decrease was primarily due to reductions in marketing expenses, as well as personnel and related costs, of approximately $2.0 million and $0.7 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2012, respectively.

Corporate

Certain corporate-level activity is not allocated to our segments, including costs of: human resources, legal, finance, information technology, procurement activities, litigation, corporate headquarters, legal settlements and contingencies, stock compensation, losses on excess office facilities and employee severance costs.

Corporate segment results of operations for the quarters ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 are as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

     Quarters Ended March 31,  
     2012     2011     $ Change     % Change  

Cost of revenue

   $ 833      $ 1,008      $ (175     (17 )% 

Sale of patents and other technology assets, net of costs

     1,580        0        1,580        100   

Operating expenses

     17,455        14,810        2,645        18   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Operating income (loss)

   $ (19,868   $ (15,818   $ (4,050     (26 )% 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

The costs of $1.6 million related to the sale of patents and other technology assets were for certain direct expenses incurred in the first quarter of 2012 for the asset sale transaction with Intel.

Operating expenses increased by $2.6 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2012, compared with the year-earlier period. The increase compared with the prior period was primarily due to the impact of a benefit of $6.4 million related to an insurance reimbursement for previously settled litigation that reduced expense in the first quarter of 2011, and an expense accrual of $2.4 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2012 for potential amounts associated with the pending investigation by the Washington State Attorney General’s office. These increases were partially offset by lower restructuring charges of $5.3 million.

 

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Consolidated Operating Expenses

Consolidated operating expenses consist primarily of salaries and related personnel costs including stock based compensation, consulting fees associated with product development, sales commissions, amortization of certain intangible assets capitalized in our acquisitions, professional service fees, advertising costs, restructuring and related charges, and losses on excess office facilities. Operating expenses for the quarters ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 are as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

     Quarters Ended March 31,  
     2012      2011      $ Change     % Change  

Research and development

   $ 17,818       $ 19,895       $ (2,077     (10 )% 

Sales and marketing

     23,796         28,480         (4,684     (16

General and administrative

     13,276         5,622         7,654        136   

Restructuring and other charges

     1,609         6,904         (5,295     (77
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total consolidated operating expenses

   $ 56,499       $ 60,901       $ (4,402     (7 )% 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Research and development expenses decreased by $2.1 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2012, compared with the year-earlier period. The decline was primarily due to a decrease in personnel and related costs of approximately $1.4 million resulting from our restructuring activities.

Sales and marketing expenses decreased by $4.7 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2012, compared with the year-earlier period. The decline was primarily due to a decrease in personnel and related costs of approximately $2.8 million resulting from our restructuring activities and to lower expenses for marketing and related activities of $1.4 million.

General and administrative expenses increased by $7.7 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2012, compared with the year-earlier period. This increase was primarily due to the impact of a benefit of $6.4 million related to an insurance reimbursement for previously settled litigation that reduced expense in the first quarter of 2011 and an expense accrual of $2.4 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2012 for potential amounts associated with the pending investigation by the Washington State Attorney General’s office.

Restructuring and other charges consist of costs associated with the realignment and reorganization of our business operations and primarily include separation costs for employees, including severance and other benefits.

Other Income (Expenses)

Other income (expenses), net for the quarters ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 are as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

     Quarters Ended March 31,  
     2012     2011     $ Change      % Change  

Interest income, net

   $ 644      $ 379      $ 265         70

Equity in net loss of Rhapsody and other equity method investments

     (368     (3,281     2,913         89   

Other income (expense), net

     1,475        (122     1,597         1,309   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

Total other income (expense), net

   $ 1,751      $ (3,024   $ 4,775         158
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

The increase in Other income (expense), net, of $1.6 million was primarily due to a non-cash gain in the quarter ended March 31, 2012, due to the release of a $1.6 million cumulative foreign exchange translation gain out of accumulated other comprehensive income on the balance sheet related to the liquidation of an investment in one of our foreign entities.

Income Taxes

During the quarters ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, we recognized income tax expense of $0.2 million and $3.6 million, respectively, related to U.S. and foreign income taxes. The decrease in income tax expense and the change in income tax expense as a percentage of pre-tax loss during the quarter ended March 31, 2012, was largely the result of an increase in unrecognized tax benefits in the prior year period and a change in our jurisdictional income mix.

The sale of patents and other technology assets to Intel Corporation, which was completed on April 5, 2012 and is described in more detail in Note 17, Subsequent Event, will be recorded as a gain, before certain direct costs, of $120.0 million in the quarter ending June 30, 2012. For tax reporting purposes, this transaction is being considered a discrete item for the quarter ended June 30,

 

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2012 and we currently expect that it will result in incremental tax expense of approximately $24 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2012. Because of our U.S. net operating loss carryforwards and capital loss carryforwards, we do not expect to incur any significant cash tax costs related to this transaction.

As of March 31, 2012, there have been no material changes to RealNetworks’ uncertain tax positions disclosures as provided in Note 14 of the 2011 10-K. We currently anticipate the closure of foreign income tax examinations in the next twelve months that may decrease our total unrecognized tax benefits by up to $13.7 million as a result of the successful defense of our positions, the settlement and payment of a liability, or a combination thereof. Additionally, we anticipate that our total unrecognized tax benefits may increase by up to $2.8 million as a result of a potential transfer pricing change.

The majority of our tax expense is due to income in our foreign jurisdictions as we have not benefitted from the losses in the U.S in the first quarter of 2012. We generate income in a number of foreign jurisdictions, some of which have higher tax rates and some of which have lower tax rates relative to the U.S. federal statutory rate. Our tax expense could fluctuate significantly on a quarterly basis to the extent income is lower than anticipated in countries where we have lower statutory tax rates and higher than anticipated in countries where we have higher statutory tax rates. For the quarter ended March 31, 2012, decreases in tax expense from income generated in foreign jurisdictions with lower tax rates in comparison to the U.S. federal statutory rate was offset by increases in tax expense from income generated in foreign jurisdictions having comparable, or higher tax rates in comparison to the U.S. federal statutory rate. As such, the effect of differences in foreign tax rates on the Company’s tax expense for the first quarter of 2012 is minimal.

As of March 31, 2012, we have not provided for U.S. federal and state income taxes on certain undistributed earnings of our foreign subsidiaries, since such earnings are considered indefinitely reinvested outside the U.S. If these amounts were distributed to the U.S., in the form of dividends or otherwise, the Company could be subject to additional U.S. income taxes. It is not practicable to determine the U.S. federal income tax liability or benefit on such earnings due to the timing of such future distributions, the availability of foreign tax credits, and the complexity of the computation if such earnings were not deemed to be permanently reinvested. If future events, including material changes in estimates of cash, working capital, and long-term investment requirements necessitate that these earnings be distributed, an additional provision for U.S. income and foreign withholding taxes, net of foreign tax credits, may be necessary.

We file numerous consolidated and separate income tax returns in the United States, including federal, state and local returns, as well as in foreign jurisdictions. With few exceptions, we are no longer subject to United States federal income tax examinations for tax years prior to 2008 or state, local or foreign income tax examinations for years prior to 1993. RealNetworks, Inc. and /or subsidiaries are under audit by various states and foreign jurisdictions for certain tax years subsequent to 1993.

Geographic Revenue

Revenue by geographic region is as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

     Quarters Ended March 31,  
     2012      2011      $ Change     % Change  

United States

   $ 31,814       $ 44,469       $ (12,655     (28 )% 

Europe

     16,212         18,960         (2,748     (14

Rest of world

     18,938         23,872         (4,934     (21
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total net revenue

   $ 66,964       $ 87,301       $ (20,337     (23 )% 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Revenue in the United States declined by $12.7 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2012, compared with the year-earlier period. The decline was due primarily to reductions in revenue generated from our SaaS offerings of $4.8 million and lower sales of games subscriptions and licenses of approximately $4.5 million.

Revenue in Europe declined by $2.7 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2012, compared with the year-earlier period. The decrease was due to lower licensing, subscription and advertising revenue from our Games segment of $3.4 million, offset by an increase in technology licensing revenue in our Core Products segment of $1.0 million.

Revenue in rest of world decreased by $4.9 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2012, compared with the year-earlier period. The decrease in the quarter ended March 31, 2012 was primarily due to lower revenue from our SaaS services of $2.7 million and decreased systems integration revenue of $1.4 million.

 

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License Fees and Service Revenue

License fees and Service revenue are as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

     Quarters Ended March 31,  
     2012      2011      $ Change     % Change  

License

   $ 14,956       $ 18,414       $ (3,458     (19 )% 

Service

     52,008         68,887         (16,879     (25
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total net revenue

   $ 66,964       $ 87,301       $ (20,337     (23 )% 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

License Fees.

License fees decreased by $3.5 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2012, compared with the year-earlier period. Sales of games during the quarter declined by $4.1 million, offset in part by higher unit sales of RealPlayer Plus of $0.4 million compared with the year-earlier period.

Service Revenue.

Service revenue decreased by $16.9 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2012, compared with the year-earlier period. The decline was primarily due to reduced service revenue from our SaaS offerings of approximately $7.1 million and lower sales of our subscription products of $4.8 million.

Cost of License Fees and Service Revenue

Cost of License fees and Service revenues are as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

     Quarters Ended March 31,  
     2012      2011      $ Change     % Change  

License

   $ 3,272       $ 5,246       $ (1,974     (38 )% 

Service

     24,155         26,820         (2,665     (10
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total cost of revenue

   $ 27,427       $ 32,066       $ (4,639     (14 )% 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Cost of License Fees.

Cost of license fees decreased by $2.0 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2012, compared with the year-earlier period. The decrease was primarily due to reduced partner royalties expenses in our Games segment, as a result of the decline in Games revenue.

Cost of Service Revenue.

Cost of service revenue decreased by $2.7 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2012, compared with the year-earlier period. The decrease during the period is primarily due to reduced costs associated with our SaaS services of $1.3 million and reduced costs related to systems integrations of $1.2 million.

New Accounting Pronouncements

See “Note 2 Recent Accounting Pronouncements” to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this report for information regarding new accounting pronouncements.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

The following summarizes working capital, cash, cash equivalents, short-term investments, and restricted cash (in thousands):

 

     March 31,
2012
     December 31,
2011
 

Working capital

   $ 145,002       $ 160,787   

Cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments

     167,013         185,072   

Restricted cash equivalents and investments

     10,173         10,168   

 

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The following summarizes cash flows (in thousands):

 

     Quarters Ended
March 31,
 
     2012     2011  

Cash used in operating activities

   $ (17,242   $ (5,186

Cash provided by (used in) investing activities

     (7,740     14,764   

Cash provided by (used in) financing activities

     675        1,127   

Cash used in operating activities consisted of net income (loss) adjusted for certain non-cash items including depreciation, amortization, stock-based compensation, deferred income taxes, and the effect of changes in certain operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions.

The higher amount of cash used in operating activities for the quarter ended March 31, 2012 compared to the same period in 2011 was primarily due to changes in the timing of certain payments related to accrued and other liabilities which decreased operating cash flow by $3.2 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2012 and increased operating cash flow by $3.2 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2011, and the higher net loss of $17.0 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2012 compared to the net loss of $12.3 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2011.

In the quarter ended March 31, 2012, cash used in investing activities of $7.7 million was due to purchases, net of sales and maturities, of short-term investments of $4.9 million, and purchases of equipment, software and leasehold improvements of $2.8 million. In the quarter ended March 31, 2011, investing activities provided cash of $14.8 million primarily from the sales and maturities, net of purchases, of short-term investments of $15.9 million.

Financing activities in the quarters ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 provided cash from the proceeds from the exercise of employee stock options.

The declaration and payment of future dividends, as well as the amount thereof, are subject to the discretion of our board of directors and will depend upon our results of operations, financial condition, capital levels, cash requirements, future prospects and other factors deemed relevant by our board of directors. Accordingly, there can be no assurance that we will declare and pay any dividends in the future.

We currently have no planned significant capital expenditures for 2012 other than those in the ordinary course of business. In the future, we may seek to raise additional funds through public or private equity financing, or through other sources such as credit facilities. The sale of additional equity securities could result in dilution to our shareholders. In addition, in the future, we may enter into cash or stock acquisition transactions or other strategic transactions that could reduce cash available to fund our operations or result in dilution to shareholders.

Our principal future cash commitments include office leases. We believe that our current cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments will be sufficient to meet our anticipated cash needs for working capital and capital expenditures for at least the next 12 months.

On April 5, 2012, we completed the sale of certain patents, patent applications and related rights and assets relating to our Next Generation Video codec technologies pursuant to the Asset Purchase Agreement between the Company and Intel Corporation dated January 26, 2012. We received gross cash consideration of $120.0 million from the sale, and the net cash proceeds were invested in liquid securities in the U.S.

We do not hold derivative financial instruments or equity securities in our short-term investment portfolio. Our cash equivalents and short-term investments consist of high quality securities, as specified in our investment policy guidelines. The policy limits the amount of credit exposure to any one non-U.S. Government or non-U.S. Agency issue or issuer to a maximum of 5% of the total portfolio. These securities are subject to interest rate risk and will decrease in value if interest rates increase. Because we have historically had the ability to hold our fixed income investments until maturity, we do not expect our operating results or cash flows to be significantly affected by a sudden change in market interest rates in our securities portfolio.

We conduct our operations primarily in five functional currencies: the U.S. dollar, the Korean won, the Japanese yen, the British pound and the euro. We currently do not hedge the majority of our foreign currency exposures and are therefore subject to the risk of exchange rate fluctuations. We invoice our international customers primarily in U.S. dollars, except for certain countries where we invoice our customers primarily in the respective foreign currencies. We are exposed to foreign exchange rate fluctuations as the financial results of foreign subsidiaries are translated into U.S. dollars in consolidation. Our exposure to foreign exchange rate fluctuations also arises from intercompany payables and receivables to and from our foreign subsidiaries.

As of March 31, 2012, approximately $42.6 million of the $167.0 million of cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments was held by our foreign subsidiaries. If these funds are needed for our operations in the U.S., we may be required to accrue and pay U.S. taxes to repatriate these funds. However, our intent is to permanently reinvest these funds outside of the U.S. and our current plans do not demonstrate a need to repatriate them to fund our U.S. operations. Additionally, the Company currently has significant net operating losses and other tax attributes that could be used to offset most potential U.S. income tax that could result if these

 

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amounts were distributed to the U.S. We utilize a variety of tax planning and financing strategies in an effort to ensure that our worldwide cash is available in the locations in which it is needed. We do not expect restrictions or potential taxes on repatriation of amounts held outside of the U.S to have a material effect on our overall liquidity, financial condition or results of operations.

As of March 31, 2012, we have not provided for U.S. federal and state income taxes on certain undistributed earnings of our foreign subsidiaries, since such earnings are considered indefinitely reinvested outside the U.S. If these amounts were distributed to the U.S, in the future in the form of dividends or otherwise, we could be subject to additional U.S. income taxes. It is not practicable to determine the U.S. federal income tax liability or benefit on such earnings due to the timing of such future distributions, the availability of foreign tax credits, and the complexity of the computation if such earnings were not deemed to be permanently reinvested. If future events, including material changes in estimates of cash, working capital, and long-term investment requirements necessitate that these earnings be repatriated, an additional provision for U.S. income and foreign withholding taxes, net of foreign tax credits, may be necessary.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

Our only significant off-balance sheet arrangements relate to operating lease obligations for office facility leases.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

The preparation of our financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Our critical accounting policies and estimates are as follows:

 

   

Revenue recognition;

 

   

Estimating music publishing rights and music royalties;

 

   

Estimating recoverability of deferred costs;

 

   

Estimating allowances for doubtful accounts and sales returns;

 

   

Estimating losses on excess office facilities;

 

   

Valuation of equity method investments;

 

   

Valuation of available for sale securities;

 

   

Valuation of long-lived assets;

 

   

Valuation of goodwill;

 

   

Stock-based compensation; and

 

   

Accounting for income taxes.

Revenue Recognition. We recognize revenue when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the sales price is fixed or determinable, and collection is probable. Physical products are considered delivered to the customer once they have been shipped and title and risk of loss have been transferred. For online sales, the products or services are considered delivered at the time the product or services are made available, digitally, to the end user.

We recognize revenue on a gross or net basis. In most arrangements, we contract directly with end user customers, are the primary obligor and carry all collectability risk. In such arrangements, we recognize revenue on a gross basis. In some cases, we utilize third-party distributors to sell products or services directly to end user customers and carry no collectability risk. In such instances, we recognize revenue on a net basis.

 

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In our direct to consumer business segments, we derive revenue through (1) subscriptions of SuperPass within our Core Products segment and subscriptions sold by our Games segment, (2) sales of content downloads, software and licenses offered by our Core Products, Emerging Products and Games segments and (3) the sale of advertising and the distribution of third-party products on our websites and in our games. Prior to April 1, 2010, our direct to consumer business also included the products and services offered by our Music segment, which was primarily sold by the Rhapsody joint venture and included in our Music segment. Beginning on April 1, 2010, revenue from the Rhapsody joint venture is no longer consolidated within our financial statements. We now report our share of Rhapsody’s net income or losses as “Equity in net loss of Rhapsody and other equity method investments.”

Consumer subscription products are paid in advance, typically for monthly, quarterly or annual duration. Subscription revenue is recognized ratably over the related subscription time period. Revenue from sales of content downloads, software and licenses is recognized at the time the product is made available, digitally, to the end user. Revenue generated from advertising on our websites and from advertising and the distribution of third-party products included in our products is recognized as revenue at the time of delivery.

We also generate revenue through business-to-business channels by providing services within our Core Products segment enabling mobile carriers to deliver audio and video content to their customers and by selling software licenses and products and related support and other services. Revenue generated from services provided to mobile carriers that enable the delivery of audio and video content to their customers is recognized as the services are provided. Setup fees to build these services are recognized ratably upon launch of the service over the remaining expected term of the service.

Non-software revenue arrangements with multiple deliverables are divided into separate units and revenue is allocated using estimated selling prices if the Company does not have vendor-specific objective evidence or third-party evidence of the selling prices of the deliverables. A portion of the revenue related to the sale of software licenses and products and related support and other services is recorded as unearned due to undelivered elements including, in some cases, post-delivery support and the right to receive unspecified upgrades or enhancements on a when-and-if-available basis. Unearned revenue due to undelivered elements is recognized ratably on a straight-line basis over the related products’ contract term.

Estimating Music Publishing Rights and Music Royalty Accruals. We must make estimates of amounts owed related to our music publishing rights and music royalties for our domestic and international music services primarily incurred by Rhapsody which was separated from our operating results beginning April 1, 2010. Unsettled obligations incurred prior to April 1, 2010 remain our liability. Material differences may impact the amount and timing of our expense for any period if management made different judgments or utilized different estimates. Under copyright law, we may be required to pay licensing fees for digital sound recordings and compositions we deliver. Copyright law generally does not specify the rate and terms of the licenses, which are determined by voluntary negotiations among the parties or, for certain compulsory licenses where voluntary negotiations are unsuccessful, by arbitration. There are certain geographies and agencies for which we have not yet completed negotiations with regard to the royalty rate to be applied to the current or historic sales of our digital music offerings. Our estimates are based on contracted or statutory rates, when established, or management’s best estimates based on facts and circumstances regarding the specific music services and agreements in similar geographies or with similar agencies. While we base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that management believes to be reasonable under the circumstances, actual results may differ materially from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

Estimating Recoverability of Deferred Costs. We defer costs on projects for service revenue and system sales. Deferred costs consist primarily of direct and incremental costs to customize and install systems, as defined in individual customer contracts, including costs to acquire hardware and software from third parties and payroll costs for our employees and other third parties.

We recognize such costs as a component of cost of revenue, the timing of which is dependent upon the revenue recognition policy by contract. For revenue recognized under the completed contract method, costs are deferred until the products are delivered, or upon completion of services or, where applicable, customer acceptance. For revenue recognized under the percentage of completion method, costs are recognized as products are delivered or services are provided in accordance with the percentage of completion calculation. For revenue recognized ratably over the term of the contract, costs are recognized ratably over the term of the contract, commencing on the date of revenue recognition. At each balance sheet date, we review deferred costs to ensure they are ultimately recoverable. Any anticipated losses on uncompleted contracts are recognized when evidence indicates the estimated total cost of a contract exceeds its estimated total revenue.

 

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Assessing the recoverability of deferred project costs is based on significant assumptions and estimates, including future revenue and cost of sales. Significant or sustained decreases in revenue or increases in cost of sales in future periods could result in additional impairments of deferred project costs. We cannot accurately predict the amount and timing of such impairments. Should the value of deferred project costs become impaired, we would record the appropriate charge, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations.

Estimating Allowances for Doubtful Accounts and Sales Returns. We make estimates of the uncollectible portion of our accounts receivable. We specifically analyze the age of accounts receivable and historical bad debts, customer credit-worthiness and current economic trends when evaluating the adequacy of the allowance for doubtful accounts. Similarly, we make estimates of potential future product returns related to current period revenue. We analyze historical returns, current economic trends, and changes in customer demand and acceptance of our products when evaluating the adequacy of the sales returns allowance. Significant judgments and estimates are made and used in connection with establishing allowances for doubtful accounts and sales returns in any accounting period. Material differences may result in the amount and timing of our revenue for any period if we were to make different judgments or utilize different estimates or actual future experience was different from the judgments and estimates.

Estimating Losses on Excess Office Facilities. We made significant estimates in determining the appropriate amount of accrued loss on excess office facilities. If we made different estimates, our loss on excess office facilities could be significantly different from that recorded, which could have a material impact on our operating results.

Valuation of Equity Method Investments. We use the equity method in circumstances where we have the ability to exert significant influence, but not control, over an investee or joint venture. We initially record our investment based on a fair value analysis of the investment. Prior to 2010, most of our equity method investments were purchased with cash which was determined to be fair value. For the investment in Rhapsody as of March 31, 2010, we used multiple valuation models that were based on assumptions of future results, including operating and cash flow projections, to calculate the fair value since we contributed both cash and non-cash items in exchange for our interest. These models were based upon estimates and assumptions relating to future revenue, cash flows, operating expenses, costs of capital and capital purchases. These estimates and assumptions are complex and subject to a significant degree of judgment with respect to certain factors including, but not limited to, the cash flows of long-term operating plans, market and interest rate risk, and risk-commensurate discount rates and cost of capital.

We record our percentage interest in the investee or joint venture’s income or loss under this method, which will increase or decrease the value of the investment. We record investee losses up to the aggregate amount of the investment.

We evaluate impairment of an investment valued under the equity method only if events and circumstances warrant. An impairment charge would be recorded whenever a decline in value of an equity investment below its carrying amount is determined to be other than temporary. In determining if a decline is other than temporary, we consider factors such as the length of time and extent to which the fair value of the investment has been less than the carrying amount of the investee or joint venture, the near-term and longer-term operating and financial prospects of the investee or joint venture and our intent and ability to hold the investment for a period of time sufficient to allow for any anticipated recovery.

Valuation of Available for Sale Securities. Our investments in publicly traded companies are accounted for as available-for-sale and are carried at current market value. We periodically evaluate whether any declines in fair value of our available for sale securities are other-than-temporary based on a review of qualitative and quantitative factors. For investments with publicly quoted market prices, these factors include the time period and extent by which its accounting basis exceeds its quoted market price. We consider additional factors to determine whether declines in fair value are other-than-temporary, such as the investee’s financial condition, results of operations, and operating trends. The evaluation also considers publicly available information regarding the investee companies.

Valuation of Long-Lived Assets. Long-lived assets consist primarily of property, plant and equipment, as well as amortizable intangible assets acquired in business combinations. Long-lived assets are amortized on a straight line basis over their estimated useful lives. We review long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying amount of such assets may not be recoverable. Recoverability of these assets is measured by comparison of their carrying amount to future undiscounted cash flows the assets are expected to generate. If long-lived assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized equals the amount by which the carrying value of the assets exceeds their fair market value. The impairment analysis of long-lived assets is based upon estimates and assumptions relating to our future revenue, cash flows, operating expenses, costs of capital and capital purchases. These estimates and assumptions are complex and subject to a significant degree of judgment with respect to certain factors including, but not limited to, the cash flows of our long-term operating plans, market and interest rate risk, and risk-commensurate discount rates and cost of capital. Significant or sustained declines in future revenue or cash flows, or adverse changes in our business climate, among other factors, and their resulting impact on the estimates and assumptions relating to the value of our long-lived assets could result in the need to perform an impairment analysis in future interim periods which could result in a significant impairment. While we believe our estimates and assumptions are reasonable, due to their complexity and subjectivity, these estimates and assumptions could vary period to period.

 

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Valuation of Goodwill. We assess the impairment of goodwill on an annual basis, in our fourth quarter, or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the fair value of the reporting unit to which goodwill relates is less than the carrying value. We consider a synthesis of the following important factors that could trigger an impairment review include the following:

 

   

poor economic performance relative to historical or projected future operating results;

 

   

significant negative industry, economic or company specific trends;

 

   

market and interest rate risk;

 

   

changes in the manner of our use of the assets or the plans for our business; and

 

   

loss of key personnel.

In addition, we perform a reconciliation of our market capitalization plus a reasonable control premium to the aggregated implied fair value of all of our reporting units.

If we were to determine that the fair value of a reporting unit was less than its carrying value, including goodwill, based upon the annual test or the existence of one or more of the above indicators of impairment, we would measure impairment based on a comparison of the implied fair value of reporting unit goodwill with the carrying amount of goodwill. The implied fair value of goodwill is determined by allocating the fair value of a reporting unit to its assets (recognized and unrecognized) and liabilities in a manner similar to a purchase price allocation. The residual fair value after this allocation is the implied fair value of the goodwill of the reporting unit. To the extent the carrying amount of reporting unit goodwill is greater than the implied fair value of reporting unit goodwill, we would record an impairment charge for the difference. Judgment is required in determining our reporting units and assessing fair value of the reporting units.

The impairment analysis of goodwill is based upon estimates and assumptions relating to our future revenue, cash flows, operating expenses, costs of capital and capital purchases. These estimates and assumptions are complex and subject to a significant degree of judgment with respect to certain factors including, but not limited to, the cash flows of our long-term operating plans, market and interest rate risk, and risk-commensurate discount rates and cost of capital.

Stock-Based Compensation. Stock-based compensation cost is estimated at the grant date based on the award’s fair-value as calculated by the Black-Scholes option-pricing model or other appropriate valuation models and is recognized as expense over the requisite service period, which is the vesting period. The valuation models require various highly judgmental assumptions including volatility in our common stock price and expected option life. If any of the assumptions used in the valuation models change significantly, stock-based compensation expense may differ materially in the future from the amounts recorded in our consolidated statement of operations. We are required to estimate forfeitures at the time of grant and revise those estimates in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. We use historical data to estimate pre-vesting option forfeitures and record stock-based compensation expense only for those awards that are expected to vest.

Accounting for Income Taxes. We use the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes. Under this method, income tax expense is recognized for the amount of taxes payable or refundable for the current year. In addition, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the financial reporting and tax basis of assets and liabilities and for operating losses and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities and operating loss and tax credit carryforwards are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences and operating loss and tax credit carryforwards are expected to be recovered or settled. We must make assumptions, judgments and estimates to determine current provision for income taxes, deferred tax assets and liabilities and any valuation allowance to be recorded against deferred tax assets. Our judgments, assumptions, and estimates relative to the current provision for income tax take into account current tax laws, our interpretation of current tax laws and possible outcomes of future audits conducted by foreign and domestic tax authorities. Changes in tax law or our interpretation of tax laws and future tax audits could significantly impact the amounts provided for income taxes in our consolidated financial statements.

Each reporting period we must periodically assess the likelihood that our deferred tax assets will be recovered from future taxable income, and to the extent that recovery is not more likely than not, a valuation allowance must be established. The establishment of a

 

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valuation allowance and increases to such an allowance result in either increases to income tax expense or reduction of income tax benefit in the statement of operations and comprehensive income. Factors we consider in making such an assessment include, but are not limited to, past performance and our expectation of future taxable income, macroeconomic conditions and issues facing our industry, existing contracts, our ability to project future results and any appreciation of our investments and other assets.

As of March 31, 2012, approximately $42.6 million of the $167.0 million of cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments was held by our foreign subsidiaries.

As of March 31, 2012, we have not provided for U.S. federal and state income taxes on certain undistributed earnings of our foreign subsidiaries, since such earnings are considered indefinitely reinvested outside the U.S. If these amounts were distributed to the U.S., in the form of dividends or otherwise, the Company could be subject to additional U.S. income taxes. It is not practicable to determine the U.S. federal income tax liability or benefit on such earnings due to the timing of such future distributions, the availability of foreign tax credits, and the complexity of the computation if such earnings were not deemed to be permanently reinvested. If future events, including material changes in estimates of cash, working capital, and long-term investment requirements necessitate that these earnings be distributed, an additional provision for U.S. income and foreign withholding taxes, net of foreign tax credits, may be necessary.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

The following discussion about our market risk involves forward-looking statements. All statements that do not relate to matters of historical fact should be considered forward-looking statements. Actual results could differ materially from those projected in any forward-looking statements.

Interest Rate Risk. Our exposure to interest rate risk from changes in market interest rates relates primarily to our short-term investment portfolio. We do not hold derivative financial instruments or equity investments in our short-term investment portfolio. Our short-term investments consist of investment grade debt securities as specified in our investment policy. Investments in both fixed and floating rate instruments carry a degree of interest rate risk. The fair value of fixed rate securities may be adversely impacted due to a rise in interest rates, while floating rate securities may produce less income than expected if interest rates fall. Additionally, a declining rate environment creates reinvestment risk because as securities mature the proceeds are reinvested at a lower rate, generating less interest income. See Note 6 “Cash, Cash Equivalents, Short-Term Investments, Restricted Cash Equivalents and Investments” for additional information. Due in part to these factors, our future interest income may be adversely impacted due to changes in interest rates. In addition, we may incur losses in principal if we are forced to sell securities that have declined in market value due to changes in interest rates. Because we have historically had the ability to hold our short-term investments until maturity, we would not expect our operating results or cash flows to be significantly impacted by a sudden change in market interest rates. There have been no material changes in our investment methodology regarding our cash equivalents and short-term investments during the quarter ended March 31, 2012. Based on our cash, cash equivalents, short-term investments, and restricted cash equivalents as of March 31, 2012, a hypothetical 10% increase/decrease in interest rates would not increase/decrease our annual interest income or cash flows by more than a nominal amount.

Investment Risk. As of March 31, 2012, we had investments in voting capital stock of both publicly traded and privately-held technology companies for business and strategic purposes. Our investments in publicly traded companies are accounted for as available-for-sale, carried at current market value and are classified as long-term as they are strategic in nature. We periodically evaluate whether any declines in fair value of our investments are other-than-temporary based on a review of qualitative and quantitative factors. For investments with publicly quoted market prices, these factors include the time period and extent by which its accounting basis exceeds its quoted market price. We consider additional factors to determine whether declines in fair value are other-than-temporary, such as the investee’s financial condition, results of operations, and operating trends. The evaluation also considers publicly available information regarding the investee companies. For investments in private companies with no quoted market price, we consider similar qualitative and quantitative factors as well as the implied value from any recent rounds of financing completed by the investee. Based upon an evaluation of the facts and circumstances during the quarter ended March 31, 2012, we determined that no additional other-than-temporary decline in fair value had occurred and therefore no impairment charges were recorded.

Foreign Currency Risk. We conduct business internationally in several currencies. As such, we are exposed to adverse movements in foreign currency exchange rates.

Our exposure to foreign exchange rate fluctuations arise in part from: (1) translation of the financial results of foreign subsidiaries into U.S. dollars in consolidation; (2) the remeasurement of non-functional currency assets, liabilities and intercompany balances into U.S. dollars for financial reporting purposes; and (3) non-U.S. dollar denominated sales to foreign customers. A portion of these risks is managed through the use of financial derivatives, but fluctuations could impact our results of operations and financial position.

 

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Generally, our practice is to manage foreign currency risk for the majority of material short-term intercompany balances through the use of foreign currency forward contracts. These contracts require us to exchange currencies at rates agreed upon at the contract’s inception. Because the impact of movements in currency exchange rates on forward contracts offsets the related impact on the short-term intercompany balances, these financial instruments help alleviate the risk that might otherwise result from certain changes in currency exchange rates. We do not designate our foreign exchange forward contracts related to short-term intercompany accounts as hedges and, accordingly, we adjust these instruments to fair value through results of operations. However, we may periodically hedge a portion of our foreign exchange exposures associated with material firmly committed transactions, long-term investments, highly predictable anticipated exposures and net investments in foreign subsidiaries. Some of our unhedged exposures are reconciled through our statement of operations on a mark-to-market basis each quarter, so to the extent we continue to experience adverse economic conditions, we may record losses related to such unhedged exposures in future periods that may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

Our foreign currency risk management program reduces, but does not entirely eliminate, the impact of currency exchange rate movements.

We have cash balances denominated in foreign currencies which are subject to foreign currency fluctuation risk. The majority of our foreign currency denominated cash is held in Korean won and euros. A hypothetical 10% increase or decrease in the Korean won and euro relative to the U.S. dollar as of March 31, 2012 would not result in more than a nominal amount of unrealized gain or loss.

Foreign currency transaction gains and losses were not material for the quarters ended March 31, 2012 or 2011.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

(a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures. Based on an evaluation as of the end of the period covered by this report, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”)) were effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act (1) is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in Securities and Exchange Commission rules and forms, and (2) is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

(b) Changes in Internal Controls. There have not been any changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) during the quarter ended March 31, 2012, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

See Note 14, Commitments and Contingencies to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this report for information regarding legal proceedings.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

You should carefully consider the risks described below together with all of the other information included in this 10-Q. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones facing our company. If any of the following risks actually occurs, our business, financial condition or operating results could be harmed. In such case, the trading price of our common stock could decline, and investors in our common stock could lose all or part of their investment.

We need to successfully introduce new products and services to grow our businesses.

Our business is dependent upon the introduction of new products and services, which is subject to a number of risks. The process of developing new, and enhancing existing, products and services is complex, costly and uncertain. Providing products and services that are attractive and useful to subscribers and consumers is in part subject to unpredictable and volatile factors beyond our control, including end-user preferences and competing products and services. Any failure by us to timely respond to or accurately anticipate consumers’ changing needs, emerging technological trends or important changes in the market or competition for products and services we plan to introduce could significantly harm our current market share or result in the loss of market opportunities. In addition, we must make long-term investments, develop or obtain appropriate intellectual property and commit significant resources before knowing whether our predictions will accurately reflect consumer demand for our products and services, which may result in no return or a loss on our investments. Furthermore, new products and services may be subject to legal challenge. Responding to these potential claims may require us to enter into royalty and licensing agreements on unfavorable terms, require us to stop distributing or selling, or to redesign our products or services, or to pay damages. If we do not successfully introduce new products and services, our operating results may be materially harmed.

The mobile entertainment market is evolving rapidly and highly competitive.

The market for mobile entertainment services, including our ring back tones, music on demand and video on demand solutions, is highly competitive and evolving rapidly, particularly with the growth in the use of smartphones. Increased use of smartphones has resulted in a proliferation of applications and services that compete with our SaaS services and, in many cases, are not dependent upon our carrier customers to make them available to subscribers. To maintain or enhance our competitive position, we may need to develop new SaaS services that enable our carrier customers to compete with the broad range of applications and other services available in the market. We face competition, and may face future competition, from major media companies, Internet portal companies, content aggregators, wireless software providers and other pure-play wireless entertainment publishers, some of which have greater financial resources than we do. Furthermore, while most of our carrier customers do not offer internally developed services that compete with ours, if our carrier customers begin developing these services internally, we could be forced to lower our prices or increase the amount of service we provide in order to maintain our business with those carrier customers. Increased competition has in the past resulted in pricing pressure, forcing us to lower the selling price of our services. If we are unable to develop or provide services that compete effectively in the mobile entertainment market, our operating results and financial condition may be materially harmed.

Contracts with our carrier customers subject us to significant risks that could negatively impact our revenue or otherwise harm our operating results.

We derive a material portion of our revenue from our SaaS offerings we provide to carriers. Many of our SaaS contracts with carriers provide for revenue sharing arrangements, but we have little control over the pricing decisions of our carrier customers. Furthermore, most of these contracts do not provide for guaranteed minimum payments or usage levels. Because most of our carrier customer contracts are nonexclusive, it is possible that our mobile carrier customers could purchase similar services from third parties and cease to use our services in the future. As a result, our revenue derived under these agreements could be substantially reduced depending on the pricing and usage decisions of our carrier customers. In addition, some of our SaaS contracts require us to incur significant set-up costs prior to the launch of services with a carrier customer. In the fourth quarter of 2011, we reduced our forecast for profitability associated with certain carrier customer contracts for which the total costs exceeded the total revenue we expect to recognize from these contracts, and as a result, we recorded impairment of deferred costs totaling $20.0 million. We cannot provide assurance that we will not record additional impairments or other charges in future periods related to our carrier customer contracts, which would negatively impact our results of operations.

In addition, none of our SaaS contracts with carriers obligates our carrier customers to market or distribute any of our SaaS offerings. Despite the lack of marketing commitments, revenue related to our SaaS offerings is, to a large extent, dependent upon the marketing and promotion activities of our carrier customers. In addition, many of our carrier contracts are short term and allow for early termination by the carrier with or without cause. These contracts are therefore subject to renegotiation of pricing or other key

 

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terms that could be adverse to our interests and leave us vulnerable to non-renewal by the carriers. The loss of carrier customers, a reduction in marketing or promotion of our SaaS offerings, or the termination, non-renewal or renegotiation of contract terms that are less favorable to us would likely result in the loss of future revenues from our SaaS offerings.

Finally, nearly all of our carrier contracts obligate us to indemnify the carrier customer for certain liabilities and losses incurred by them, including liabilities resulting from third party claims for damages that arise out of the use of our technology. These indemnification terms provide us with certain procedural safeguards, including the right to control the defense of the indemnified party. Pursuant to these indemnifications obligations, we have agreed to control the defense on behalf of three of our carrier customers related to pending patent infringement proceedings, and we are vigorously defending them. These pending proceedings or future claims against which we may be obligated to defend our carrier customers could result in payments that could materially harm our business or our consolidated financial statements.

A majority of the revenue that we generate in our Core Products business segment is dependent upon our relationship with a few customers, including SK Telecom and Verizon; any deterioration of these relationships could materially harm our business.

We generate a significant portion of our revenue from sales of our mobile entertainment services to a few of our mobile carrier customers, including SK Telecom, a leading wireless carrier in South Korea. In the near term, we expect that we will continue to generate a significant portion of our total revenue from these customers, particularly SK Telecom and Verizon. If these customers fail to market or distribute our services or terminate their business contracts with us, or if our relationships with these customers deteriorate in any significant way, we may be unable to replace the affected business arrangements with acceptable alternatives. Our relationship with SK Telecom may also be affected by the general state of the economy of South Korea. Failure to maintain our relationships with these customers could have a material negative impact on our revenue and operating results.

Our businesses face substantial competitive and other challenges that may prevent us from being successful in, and negatively impact future growth in, those businesses.

Many of our current and potential competitors in our businesses have longer operating histories, greater name recognition, more employees and significantly greater resources than we do. To effectively compete in the markets for our products and services, we may experience the following consequences, any of which would adversely affect our operating results and the trading price of our stock:

 

   

reduced prices or margins,

 

   

loss of current and potential customers, or partners and potential partners who provide content we distribute to our customers,

 

   

changes to our products, services, technologies, licenses or business practices or strategies,

 

   

lengthened sales cycles,

 

   

industry-wide changes in content distribution to customers or in trends in consumer consumption of digital media products and services,

 

   

pressure to prematurely release products or product enhancements, or

 

   

degradation in our stature or reputation in the market.

In addition, we face the following competitive risks relating to our businesses:

Our SuperPass subscription service faces competition from a broad variety of entertainment sources, including traditional media outlets and emerging Internet media sources. We expect this competition to continue to be intense as the market and business models for Internet video content mature and more competitors enter these new markets. Competing services may be able to obtain better or more favorable access to compelling video content than us, may develop better offerings than us and may be able to leverage other assets or technologies to promote or distribute their offerings successfully. Our RealPlayer software services compete with alternative streaming media playback technologies and audio and video formats including Microsoft Windows Media Player and Adobe Flash and their related file formats, each of which has obtained very broad market penetration. In addition, our overall ability to sell subscription services depends in part on the use of our formats on the Internet, and declines in the use of our formats have negatively affected, and are expected to continue to negatively affect, our subscription revenue and increase costs of obtaining new subscribers. If we are unable to compete successfully, including through the introduction of compelling new products and services, our SuperPass and RealPlayer businesses could continue to decline.

Our GameHouse, Zylom and Atrativa branded services compete with other online aggregators and distributors of online, downloadable and social casual PC games. Some of these competitors have high volume distribution channels and greater financial resources than we do. Our Games business also competes with many other smaller companies that may be able to adjust to market conditions, including responding effectively to the growing popularity of casual games on social networks, faster than us. We also face increasing price competition in the casual games market, and some of our competitors may be able to lower prices more aggressively than us. We expect competition to intensify in this market from these and other competitors, and no assurance can be made that we will be able to achieve growth in our revenue. Our games development studios compete primarily with other developers of online, downloadable, mobile and social casual PC games and must continue to develop popular and high-quality game titles. Our Games business must also continue to execute on opportunities to expand the play of our games on a variety of non-PC platforms, including social networks, in order to maintain our competitive position and to grow the business.

 

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We may not be successful in maintaining and growing our distribution of digital media products.

Maintaining and growing the distribution of digital media products through our websites and our other distribution channels is important to our future prospects, including future growth through the introduction of new products and services distributed through these channels. We cannot predict whether consumers will continue to download and use our digital media products consistent with past usage, which may reduce our ability to generate revenue from those products as well as result in lower than expected adoption of newly introduced products and services. Our inability to maintain continued high volume distribution of our digital media products could also hold back the growth and development of related revenue streams from these market segments, including the distribution of third-party products and sales of our subscription services, and therefore could harm our business and our prospects. Our revenue from the distribution of third-party products will also be negatively impacted if those products are not widely downloaded by consumers, including due to the relative market saturation of such products. In addition, our revenue from the distribution of third party products is currently significantly dependent on a single customer contract. If that contract is not renewed or terminated and cannot be replaced by another similar customer contract, our financial results would be harmed.

Our operating results are difficult to predict and may fluctuate, which may contribute to volatility in our stock price.

The trading price for our common stock has been volatile, ranging from $6.81 to $15.08 per share during the 52-week period ended March 31, 2012. As a result of the rapidly changing markets in which we compete, our operating results may fluctuate from period-to-period, which may continue to contribute to the volatility of our stock price. In past periods, our operating results have been affected by personnel reductions and related charges, charges relating to losses on excess office facilities, restructuring charges and impairment charges for certain of our equity investments, goodwill and other long-lived assets. Our operating results may be adversely affected by similar or other charges or events in future periods, including, but not limited to:

 

   

impairments of long-lived assets,

 

   

integrating and operating newly acquired businesses and assets, and

 

   

the general difficulty in forecasting our operating results and metrics, which could result in actual results that differ significantly from expected results.

Certain of our product and service investment decisions (for example, research and development and sales and marketing efforts) are based on predictions regarding business and the markets in which we compete. Fluctuations in our operating results, particularly when experienced beyond what we expected, could cause the trading price of our stock to continue to fluctuate.

Continued loss of revenue from some of our subscription services may harm our operating results.

Our operating results could be adversely impacted by the loss of subscription revenue. Subscribers may cancel their subscriptions to our services for many reasons, including a perception that they do not use the services sufficiently or that the service does not provide enough value, a lack of attractive or exclusive content generally or as compared with competitive service offerings, or because customer service issues are not satisfactorily resolved. Revenue from our SuperPass subscription service has declined in recent periods due in part to our focus on other products and services we offer, and we expect this trend to continue. For the subscription services we offer, we must continue to obtain compelling digital media content for our video and games services in order to maintain and increase usage and overall customer satisfaction for these products. Our operating results may be negatively impacted if we cannot obtain content for our subscription services on commercially reasonable terms.

Government regulation of the Internet is evolving, and unfavorable developments could have an adverse affect on our operating results.

We are subject to regulations and laws specific to the marketing, sale and delivery of goods and services over the Internet. These laws and regulations cover taxation, user privacy, data collection and protection, copyrights, electronic contracts, sales procedures, automatic subscription renewals, credit card processing procedures, consumer protections, broadband Internet access and content restrictions. We cannot guarantee that we have been or will be fully compliant in every jurisdiction, as it is not entirely clear how existing laws and regulations governing issues such as privacy, taxation and consumer protection apply or will be enforced with respect to the products and services we sell through the Internet. Moreover, as Internet commerce continues to evolve, increasing regulation and/or enforcement efforts by federal, state and foreign agencies becomes more likely. The adoption of any laws or regulations or the imposition of other legal requirements that adversely affect our ability to market, sell, and deliver our products and services could decrease demand for our service offerings, resulting in lower revenue. Future regulations, or changes in laws and regulations or their existing interpretations or applications, could also require us to change our business practices, raise compliance costs or other costs of doing business and result in additional historical or future liabilities for us, resulting in adverse impacts on our business and our operating results.

 

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As a consumer-facing business, we receive complaints from our customers regarding our consumer marketing efforts and our customer service practices. Some of these customers may also complain to government agencies, and from time to time, those agencies have made inquiries to us about these practices. In March and September 2011, the Consumer Protection Division of the Washington State Office of the Attorney General (Washington AG) issued civil investigative demands to us requesting information and documents relating to certain of our consumer marketing practices during the period from 2005 to 2011. We are cooperating and are in discussions with the Washington AG regarding the investigation, and have been responding to the Washington AG’s requests. The Washington AG has not initiated any enforcement action against us. We believe our practices have been consistent with industry standards and have not violated any laws, but the final outcome of the investigation remains uncertain. In light of the status of the investigation, we accrued $2.4 million for potential amounts associated with the investigation in the quarter ended March 31, 2012, but the investigation could ultimately result in additional expenses, monetary damages, penalties or injunctive relief against us that could have a material adverse impact on our future consolidated financial statements.

 

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Uncertainty and adverse conditions in the economy could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Weaknesses in the national and global economy has resulted in recent years in a decline in overall consumer and corporate spending, declines in consumer and corporate access to credit, fluctuations in foreign exchange rates, declines in the value of assets and increased liquidity risks, all of which could materially impact our business, financial condition and results of operations. We provide digital entertainment services to consumers directly and indirectly through our carrier customers. Consumers may consider the purchase of our products and services to be a discretionary expenditure. As a result, consumers considering whether to purchase our products or services may be influenced by macroeconomic factors that affect consumer spending such as unemployment, conditions in the residential real estate and mortgage markets and access to credit when making a determination whether to commence, continue, or stop subscribing to or otherwise purchasing our products and services. In addition, businesses may reduce their advertising spending during adverse macroeconomic conditions, which would negatively impact the revenue we generate through sales of advertising on our websites and other properties. We recorded impairments to our assets in 2008 and 2009 due in part to weakness in the global economy, and if there is a sustained period of significant weakness or uncertainty in the global economy, we may need to record additional impairments to our assets in future periods. If any of these risks are realized, we may experience a material adverse impact on our financial condition and results of operations.

Our restructuring efforts may not yield the anticipated benefits to our shareholders.

We have been restructuring the operating and overhead costs of, and taking other measures to simplify, our business and operations. We have never before pursued initiatives to this extent and there is no assurance that our efforts will be successful. Our business and operations may be harmed to the extent there is customer or employee uncertainty surrounding the future direction of our product and service offerings and strategy for our businesses. Our restructuring activities have included implementing cost-cutting initiatives, which could materially impact our ability to compete in future periods. If we have not effectively re-aligned the cost structure of our remaining businesses or otherwise do not execute effectively on our strategic plans, our stock price may be adversely affected, and we and our shareholders will not realize the anticipated financial, operational and other benefits from such initiatives.

The restructuring of Rhapsody may not yield the anticipated benefits to us or to Rhapsody.

On March 31, 2010, we completed the restructuring transactions of our digital audio music service joint venture, Rhapsody America LLC (Rhapsody). As a result of the restructuring, we no longer have operational control over Rhapsody and Rhapsody’s operating performance is no longer consolidated with our condensed consolidated financial statements. We believe the restructuring will provide Rhapsody with the financial, intellectual property and other key assets, and the operational flexibility to compete more effectively in the digital music market. Rhapsody’s inability to operate and compete effectively as an independent company could adversely impact its financial condition and results of operations, which in turn could materially impact our reported net income (loss) in future periods. In addition, Rhapsody has generated losses since its inception, and the new structure may not alter this trend. If Rhapsody continues to incur losses, or if it otherwise experiences a significant decline in its business, we may incur a loss on our investment, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

Given the current proportion of the outstanding equity of Rhapsody that we hold, we anticipate that we will need to receive Rhapsody’s unaudited quarterly financial statements in order to timely prepare our quarterly consolidated financial statements and also to report certain of Rhapsody’s financial results, as may be required, in our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q. In addition, we may be required to include Rhapsody’s annual audited financial statements in our annual report on Form 10-K in future periods. As we no longer exert operational control over Rhapsody, we cannot guarantee that Rhapsody will deliver its financial statements to us in a timely manner, or at all, or that the unaudited financial statement information provided by Rhapsody will not contain inaccuracies that are material to our reported results. Any failure to timely obtain Rhapsody’s quarterly financial statements or to include its audited financial statements in our future annual reports on Form 10-K, if required, could cause our reports to be filed in an untimely manner, which would preclude us from utilizing certain registration statements and could negatively impact our stock price.

We depend upon our executive officers and key personnel, but may be unable to attract and retain them, which could significantly harm our business and results of operations.

Our success depends on the continued employment of certain executive officers and key employees. In January 2010, Rob Glaser, our founder and the only Chief Executive Officer in our history, resigned as Chief Executive Officer, but remained the Chairman of our Board of Directors. In March 2011, Robert Kimball resigned as Chief Executive Officer and Michael Lunsford was appointed as Interim Chief Executive Officer, and since November 2011, Thomas Nielsen has served as our President and Chief Executive Officer. Accordingly, we are experiencing our third transition at the Chief Executive Officer level in less than two years. We cannot provide assurance that we will effectively manage these transitions, which may impact our ability to retain our remaining key executive officers and which could harm our business and operations to the extent there is customer or employee uncertainty arising from these transitions.

 

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Our success is also dependent upon our ability to identify, attract and retain highly skilled management, technical and sales personnel. Qualified individuals are in high demand and competition for such qualified personnel in our industry, particularly engineering talent, is intense, and we may incur significant costs to attract or retain them. Our ability to attract and retain personnel may also be made more difficult by the uncertainty created by the recent changes at our Chief Executive Officer position. There can be no assurance that we will be able to attract and retain the key personnel necessary to sustain our business or support future growth.

Acquisitions and divestitures involve costs and risks that could harm our business and impair our ability to realize potential benefits from these transactions.

As part of our business strategy, we have acquired and sold technologies and businesses in the past and expect that we will continue to do so in the future. The failure to adequately manage transaction costs and address the financial, legal and operational risks raised by acquisitions and divestitures of technology and businesses could harm our business and prevent us from realizing the benefits of these transactions.

Transaction-related costs and financial risks related to completed and potential future purchase or sale transactions may harm our financial position, reported operating results, or stock price. Previous acquisitions have resulted in significant expenses, including amortization of purchased technology, amortization of acquired identifiable intangible assets and the incurrence of charges for the impairment of goodwill and other intangible assets, which are reflected in our operating expenses. New acquisitions and any potential additional future impairment of the value of purchased assets, including goodwill, could have a significant negative impact on our future operating results.

Purchase and sale transactions also involve operational risks that could harm our existing operations or prevent realization of anticipated benefits from a transaction. These operational risks include:

 

   

difficulties and expenses in assimilating the operations, products, technology, information systems, and/or personnel of the acquired company;

 

   

retaining key management or employees of the acquired company;

 

   

entrance into unfamiliar markets, industry segments, or types of businesses;

 

   

operating, managing and integrating acquired businesses in remote locations or in countries in which we have little or no prior experience;

 

   

diversion of management time and other resources from existing operations;

 

   

impairment of relationships with employees, affiliates, advertisers or content providers of our business or acquired business; and

 

   

assumption of known and unknown liabilities of the acquired company, including intellectual property claims.

We may be unable to adequately protect our proprietary rights or leverage our technology assets, and may face risks associated with third-party claims relating to our intellectual property.

Our ability to compete across our businesses partly depends on the superiority, uniqueness and value of our technology, including both internally developed technology and technology licensed from third parties. To protect our proprietary rights, we rely on a combination of patent, trademark, copyright and trade secret laws, confidentiality agreements with our employees and third parties, and protective contractual provisions. Our efforts to protect our intellectual property rights may not assure our ownership rights in our intellectual property, protect or enhance the competitive position of our products and services or effectively prevent misappropriation of our technology. We also routinely receive challenges to our trademarks and other proprietary intellectual property that we are using in our business activities in China. Disputes regarding the validity and scope of patents or the ownership of technologies and rights associated with streaming media, digital distribution, and online businesses are common and likely to arise in the future. We may be forced to litigate to enforce or defend our patents and other intellectual property rights or to determine the validity and scope of other parties’ proprietary rights, enter into royalty or licensing agreements on unfavorable terms or redesign our product features and services. Any such dispute would likely be costly and distract our management, and the outcome of any such dispute could fail to improve our business prospects or otherwise harm our business.

From time to time we receive claims and inquiries from third parties alleging that our technology may infringe the third parties’ proprietary rights, especially patents. Third parties have also asserted and most likely will continue to assert claims against us alleging contract breaches, infringement of copyrights, trademark rights, trade secret rights or other proprietary rights, or alleging unfair competition or violations of privacy rights. These claims, even if not meritorious, could force us to spend significant financial and managerial resources. Given the broad distribution of some of our consumer products, any individual claim related to those products could give rise to liabilities that may be material to us. Currently, we are investigating or litigating a variety of such pending claims, some of which are described in “Note 14. Commitments and Contingencies” to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this report. In the event of a determination adverse to us, we may incur substantial monetary liability and/or be required to change its business practices. In addition, we recently sold substantially all of our patent assets to Intel Corporation. We believe that our patent portfolio may have in the past discouraged third parties from bringing infringement or other claims against us relating to the use of our technologies in our business. Accordingly, we cannot predict whether the sale of these patent assets to Intel will result in additional infringement or other claims against us from third parties.

 

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Our business and operating results will suffer if our systems or networks fail, become unavailable, unsecured or perform poorly so that current or potential users do not have adequate access to our products, services and websites.

Our ability to provide our products and services to our customers and operate our business depends on the continued operation and security of our information systems and networks. A significant or repeated reduction in the performance, reliability, security or availability of our information systems and network infrastructure could harm our ability to conduct our business, and harm our reputation and ability to attract and retain users, customers, advertisers and content providers. We have on occasion experienced system errors and failures that caused interruption in availability of products or content or an increase in response time. Problems with our systems and networks could result from our failure to adequately maintain and enhance these systems and networks, natural disasters and similar events, power failures, HVAC failures, intentional actions to disrupt our systems and networks and many other causes. The vulnerability of a large portion of our computer and communications infrastructure is enhanced because much of it is located at a single leased facility in Seattle, Washington, an area that is at heightened risk of earthquake, flood, and volcanic events. Many of our services do not currently have fully redundant systems or a formal disaster recovery plan, and we may not have adequate business interruption insurance to compensate us for losses that may occur from a system outage.

The growth of our business is dependent in part on successfully managing our international operations.

Our international operations involve risks inherent in doing business globally, including difficulties in managing operations due to distance, language, and cultural differences, local economic conditions, different or conflicting laws and regulations, taxes, and exchange rate fluctuations. The functional currency of our foreign subsidiaries is the local currency of the country in which each subsidiary operates. We translate our subsidiaries’ revenues into U.S. dollars in our financial statements, and continued volatility in foreign exchange rates, particularly if the U.S. dollar strengthens against the euro or the Korean won, may result in lower reported revenue or net assets in future periods. Our foreign currency exchange risk management program reduces, but does not eliminate, the impact of currency exchange rate movements. If we do not effectively manage any of the risks inherent in running our international businesses, our operating results and financial condition could be harmed.

We may be subject to market risk and legal liability in connection with our data collection and data security capabilities.

Many of our products are interactive Internet applications that by their very nature require communication between a client and server to operate. For example, to provide better consumer experiences and to operate effectively, our products send information, including personally identifiable information, to our servers. In addition, we sell many of our products and services through online sales transactions directly with consumers, through which we collect and store credit card information. In connection with our direct sales to consumers, we may be the victim of fraudulent transactions, including credit card fraud, which presents a risk to our revenue and potentially disrupts service to our consumers. While we take measures to protect our consumer data, we have experienced unauthorized access to our consumer data in the past, and it is possible that our security controls over consumer data may not prevent future improper access or disclosure of credit card information or personally identifiable information. We have an extensive privacy policy concerning the collection, use and disclosure of user data involved in interactions between our client and server products. A security breach that leads to disclosure of consumer account information (including personally identifiable information) or any failure by us to comply with our posted privacy policy or existing or new legislation regarding privacy issues could harm our reputation, impact the market for our products and services, subject us to litigation, and require us to expend significant resources to mitigate the breach of security, comply with breach notification laws or address related matters. In addition, we also are not yet fully compliant with the Payment Card Industry (PCI) compliance standard for data security in connection with our use of credit card services for payment. If we fail to satisfy timely the PCI compliance standards we may be subject to substantial monetary penalties and we could lose the ability to accept credit card payments for transactions with our customers. Any of these consequences could materially harm our business or our consolidated financial statements.

Changes in regulations applicable to the Internet and e-commerce that increase the taxes on the services we provide could materially harm our business and operating results.

As Internet commerce continues to evolve, increasing taxation by state, local or foreign tax authorities becomes more likely. For example, taxation of electronically delivered products and services or other charges imposed by government agencies may also be imposed. We believe we collect transactional taxes and are compliant and current in all jurisdictions where we believe we have a collection obligation for transaction taxes. Any regulation imposing greater taxes or other fees for products and services could result in a decline in the sale of products and services and the viability of those products and services, harming our business and operating results. A successful assertion by one or more states or foreign tax authorities that we should collect and remit sales or other taxes on the sale of our products or services could result in substantial liability for past sales.

In those countries where we have taxable presence, we collect value added tax, or VAT, on sales of “electronically supplied services” provided to European Union residents. The collection and remittance of VAT subjects us to additional currency fluctuation risks.

 

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We may be subject to additional income tax assessments.

We are subject to income taxes in the U.S. and numerous foreign jurisdictions. Significant judgment is required in determining our worldwide provision for income taxes, income taxes payable, and net deferred tax assets. In the ordinary course of business, there are many transactions and calculations where the ultimate tax determination is uncertain. Although we believe our tax estimates are reasonable, the final determination of tax audits and any related litigation could be materially different than that which is reflected in our historical financial statements. An audit or litigation can result in significant additional income taxes payable in the U.S. or foreign jurisdictions which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

Our Chairman of the Board beneficially owns approximately 37% of our stock, which gives him significant control over certain major decisions on which our shareholders may vote or may discourage an acquisition of us.

Robert Glaser, our Chairman of the Board, beneficially owns approximately 37% of our common stock. As a result, Mr. Glaser and his affiliates will have significant influence to:

 

   

elect or defeat the election of our directors;

 

   

amend or prevent amendment of our articles of incorporation or bylaws;

 

   

effect or prevent a merger, sale of assets or other corporate transaction; and

 

   

control the outcome of any other matter submitted to the shareholders for vote.

At our 2010 annual meeting of shareholders, Mr. Glaser withheld votes of his shares of our common stock with respect to the election of four of our directors, including three of our incumbent directors and Robert Kimball, our former President and Chief Executive Officer. Although these four directors were re-elected, none of them received approval of a majority of the votes cast. The stock ownership of Mr. Glaser and his affiliates may discourage a potential acquirer from making a tender offer or otherwise attempting to obtain control of RealNetworks, which in turn could reduce our stock price or prevent our shareholders from realizing a premium over our stock price.

Provisions of our charter documents, Shareholder Rights Plan, and Washington law could discourage our acquisition by a third-party.

Our articles of incorporation provide for a strategic transaction committee of the board of directors. Without the prior approval of this committee, and subject to certain limited exceptions, the board of directors does not have the authority to:

 

   

adopt a plan of merger;

 

   

authorize the sale, lease, exchange or mortgage of assets representing more than 50% of the book value of our assets prior to the transaction or on which our long-term business strategy is substantially dependent;

 

   

authorize our voluntary dissolution; or

 

   

take any action that has the effect of any of the above.

In addition, Mr. Glaser has special rights under our articles of incorporation to appoint or remove members of the strategic transaction committee at his discretion that could make it more difficult for RealNetworks to be sold or to complete another change of control transaction without Mr. Glaser’s consent. RealNetworks has also entered into an agreement providing Mr. Glaser with certain contractual rights relating to the enforcement of our charter documents and Mr. Glaser’s roles and authority within RealNetworks. These rights and his role as Chairman of the Board of Directors, together with Mr. Glaser’s significant beneficial ownership, create unique potential for concentrated influence of Mr. Glaser over potentially material transactions involving RealNetworks and decisions regarding the future strategy and leadership of RealNetworks.

 

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We have adopted a shareholder rights plan, which was amended and restated in December 2008, which provides that shares of our common stock have associated preferred stock purchase rights. The exercise of these rights would make the acquisition of RealNetworks by a third-party more expensive to that party and has the effect of discouraging third parties from acquiring RealNetworks without the approval of our board of directors, which has the power to redeem these rights and prevent their exercise.

Washington law imposes restrictions on some transactions between a corporation and certain significant shareholders. The foregoing provisions of our charter documents, shareholder rights plan, our agreement with Mr. Glaser, and Washington law, as well as our charter provisions that provide for a classified board of directors and the availability of “blank check” preferred stock, could have the effect of making it more difficult or more expensive for a third-party to acquire, or of discouraging a third-party from attempting to acquire, control of us. These provisions may therefore have the effect of limiting the price that investors might be willing to pay in the future for our common stock.

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

(a) Not applicable

(b) Not applicable

(c) Not applicable

 

Item 3. Default Upon Senior Securities

None

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

 

Item 5. Other Information

None

 

Item 6. Exhibits

Exhibits Required by Item 601 of Regulation S-K

 

Exhibit
Number

 

Description

    2.1   Asset Purchase Agreement dated as of January 26, 2012, by and between RealNetworks, Inc. and Intel Corporation (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 2.1 to RealNetworks’ Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on January 30, 2012). Certain schedules and exhibits referenced in the Asset Purchase Agreement have been omitted in accordance with Item 601(b)(2) of Regulation S-K. A copy of any omitted schedule or exhibit will be furnished supplementally to the Securities and Exchange Commission upon request.
  10.1†   License Agreement, dated as of January 26, 2012, by and between RealNetworks, Inc. and Intel Corporation (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.1 to RealNetworks’ Current Report on Form 8-K/A filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 11, 2012)
  31.1   Certification of Thomas Nielsen, President and Chief Executive Officer of RealNetworks, Inc., Pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a), as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
  31.2   Certification of Tim M. Wan, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer of RealNetworks, Inc., Pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a), as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
  32.1   Certification of Thomas Nielsen, President and Chief Executive Officer of RealNetworks, Inc., Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
  32.2   Certification of Tim M. Wan, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer of RealNetworks, Inc., Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
101.INS**   XBRL Instance Document

 

38


Table of Contents

Exhibit
Number

 

Description

101.SCH**   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL**   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.LAB**   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE**   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
101.DEF**   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

 

Portions of this exhibit are omitted and were filed separately with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to the Company’s application requesting confidential treatment under Rule 24b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
** Pursuant to Rule 406T of Regulation S-T, these interactive data files are deemed not filed or part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of Sections 11 or 12 of the Securities Act of 1933 or Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and otherwise are not subject to liability.

 

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Table of Contents

SIGNATURE

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, on May 8, 2012.

 

REALNETWORKS, INC.
By:  

/s/    Tim M. Wan        

  Tim M. Wan
Title:  

Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

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INDEX TO EXHIBITS

 

Exhibit

Number

 

Description

    2.1   Asset Purchase Agreement dated as of January 26, 2012, by and between RealNetworks, Inc. and Intel Corporation (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 2.1 to RealNetworks’ Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on January 30, 2012). Certain schedules and exhibits referenced in the Asset Purchase Agreement have been omitted in accordance with Item 601(b)(2) of Regulation S-K. A copy of any omitted schedule or exhibit will be furnished supplementally to the Securities and Exchange Commission upon request.
  10.1†   License Agreement, dated as of January 26, 2012, by and between RealNetworks, Inc. and Intel Corporation (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.1 to RealNetworks’ Current Report on Form 8-K/A filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 11, 2012)
  31.1   Certification of Thomas Nielsen, President and Chief Executive Officer of RealNetworks, Inc., Pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a), as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
  31.2   Certification of Tim M. Wan, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer of RealNetworks, Inc., Pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a), as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
  32.1   Certification of Thomas Nielsen, President and Chief Executive Officer of RealNetworks, Inc., Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
  32.2   Certification of Tim M. Wan, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer of RealNetworks, Inc., Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
101.INS**   XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH**   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL**   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.LAB**   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE**   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
101.DEF**   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

 

Portions of this exhibit are omitted and were filed separately with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to the Company’s application requesting confidential treatment under Rule 24b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
** Pursuant to Rule 406T of Regulation S-T, these interactive data files are deemed not filed or part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of Sections 11 or 12 of the Securities Act of 1933 or Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and otherwise are not subject to liability.

 

41

XNAS:RNWK RealNetworks Inc Quarterly Report 10-Q Filling

RealNetworks Inc XNAS:RNWK Stock - Get Quarterly Report SEC Filing of RealNetworks Inc XNAS:RNWK stocks, including company profile, shares outstanding, strategy, business segments, operations, officers, consolidated financial statements, financial notes and ownership information.

XNAS:RNWK RealNetworks Inc Quarterly Report 10-Q Filing - 3/31/2012
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