XNAS:KCLI Kansas City Life Insurance Quarterly Report 10-Q Filing - 6/30/2012

Effective Date 6/30/2012

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Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

 

x

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2012 or

 

¨

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                          to                         

Commission File Number 2-40764

KANSAS CITY LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Missouri   44-0308260

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

3520 Broadway, Kansas City, Missouri   64111-2565
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

816-753-7000

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code

Not Applicable

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Yes x                                         No ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

Yes x                                         No ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ¨

 

Accelerated filer x

 

Non-accelerated filer ¨

 

Smaller reporting company ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Yes ¨                                         No x

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Common Stock, $1.25 par   11,056,933 shares
Class   Outstanding June 30, 2012


Table of Contents

KANSAS CITY LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Part I. Financial Information

     3   

Item 1. Financial Statements

     3   

Consolidated Balance Sheets

     3   

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

     4   

Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity

     5   

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

     6   

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

     8   

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     41   

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     72   

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

     72   

Part II: Other Information

     73   

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

     73   

Item 1A. Risk Factors

     73   

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

     74   

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

     74   

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

     74   

Item 5. Other Information

     75   

Item 6. Exhibits

     77   

Signatures

     78   

 

2


Table of Contents

Part I. Financial Information

Item 1. Financial Statements

Amounts in thousands, except share data, or as otherwise noted

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

     June 30
         2012        
    December 31
         2011        
 
     (Unaudited)        

ASSETS

    

Investments:

    

Fixed maturity securities available for sale, at fair value

   $ 2,816,250      $ 2,682,142   

Equity securities available for sale, at fair value

     37,184        36,689   

Mortgage loans

     579,500        601,923   

Real estate

     123,450        127,962   

Policy loans

     79,447        80,375   

Short-term investments

     17,448        49,316   

Other investments

     2,865        3,364   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total investments

     3,656,144        3,581,771   

Cash

     5,573        10,436   

Accrued investment income

     35,784        34,705   

Deferred acquisition costs

     178,911        181,564   

Reinsurance receivables

     194,028        189,885   

Property and equipment

     22,178        22,671   

Other assets

     51,180        60,601   

Separate account assets

     320,566        316,609   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 4,464,364      $ 4,398,242   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

LIABILITIES

    

Future policy benefits

   $ 886,077      $ 879,015   

Policyholder account balances

     2,114,159        2,089,452   

Policy and contract claims

     32,152        36,511   

Other policyholder funds

     152,124        152,125   

Other liabilities

     222,254        213,825   

Separate account liabilities

     320,566        316,609   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     3,727,332        3,687,537   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

    

Common stock, par value $1.25 per share

    

Authorized 36,000,000 shares, issued 18,496,680 shares

     23,121        23,121   

Additional paid in capital

     41,106        41,101   

Retained earnings

     802,652        780,918   

Accumulated other comprehensive income

     42,916        30,086   

Treasury stock, at cost (2012 - 7,439,747 shares; 2011 - 7,187,315 shares)

     (172,763     (164,521
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

     737,032        710,705   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

   $ 4,464,364      $ 4,398,242   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

3


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

 

     Quarter Ended
June 30
    Six Months Ended
June 30
 
         2012                 2011                 2012             2011      
     (Unaudited)     (Unaudited)  

REVENUES

    

Insurance revenues:

        

Premiums, net

   $ 34,205      $ 30,801      $ 66,909      $ 64,426   

Contract charges

     25,590        23,752        50,723        49,986   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total insurance revenues

     59,795        54,553        117,632        114,412   

Investment revenues:

        

Net investment income

     43,435        44,893        87,644        90,284   

Net realized investment gains, excluding impairment losses

     1,361        1,893        17,198        2,905   

Net impairment losses recognized in earnings:

        

Total other-than-temporary impairment losses

     (188     (238     (456     (507

Portion of impairment losses recognized in other comprehensive income

     42        56        150        114   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net impairment losses recognized in earnings

     (146     (182     (306     (393
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total investment revenues

     44,650        46,604        104,536        92,796   

Other revenues

     2,312        2,666        4,497        5,074   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     106,757        103,823        226,665        212,282   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

BENEFITS AND EXPENSES

        

Policyholder benefits

     41,276        38,865        79,746        84,139   

Interest credited to policyholder account balances

     20,377        20,766        40,935        41,247   

Amortization of deferred acquisition costs

     5,121        705        13,022        10,289   

Operating expenses

     27,078        26,498        51,040        52,363   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total benefits and expenses

     93,852        86,834        184,743        188,038   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before income tax expense

     12,905        16,989        41,922        24,244   

Income tax expense

     4,508        5,816        14,084        8,280   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

NET INCOME

   $ 8,397      $ 11,173      $ 27,838      $ 15,964   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

COMPREHENSIVE INCOME, NET OF TAXES

        

Change in net unrealized gains on securities available for sale

   $ 15,925      $ 19,802      $ 18,017      $ 19,178   

Change in future policy benefits

     (3,502     (2,926     (4,969     (2,206

Change in policyholder account balances

     (143     (83     (218     (77
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income

     12,280        16,793        12,830        16,895   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

   $ 20,677      $ 27,966      $ 40,668      $ 32,859   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic and diluted earnings per share:

        

Net income

   $ 0.78      $ 0.97      $ 2.50      $ 1.39   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

4


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity

 

     Six Months Ended
June 30, 2012
 
     (Unaudited)  

COMMON STOCK, beginning and end of period

   $ 23,121   
  

 

 

 

ADDITIONAL PAID IN CAPITAL

  

Beginning of period

     41,101   

Excess of proceeds over cost of treasury stock sold

     5   
  

 

 

 

End of period

     41,106   
  

 

 

 

RETAINED EARNINGS

  

Beginning of period

     780,918   

Net income

     27,838   

Stockholder dividends of $0.54 per share

     (6,104
  

 

 

 

End of period

     802,652   
  

 

 

 

ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE

  

INCOME, net of taxes

  

Beginning of period

     30,086   

Other comprehensive income

     12,830   
  

 

 

 

End of period

     42,916   
  

 

 

 

TREASURY STOCK, at cost

  

Beginning of period

     (164,521

Cost of 82,825 shares acquired

     (2,668

Cost of 19,014 shares sold

     616   

Immaterial correction (See Note 1)

     (6,190
  

 

 

 

End of period

     (172,763
  

 

 

 

TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

   $ 737,032   
  

 

 

 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

5


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 

     Six Months Ended
June 30
 
     2012     2011  
     (Unaudited)  

OPERATING ACTIVITIES

    

Net income

   $ 27,838      $ 15,964   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:

    

Amortization of investment premium and discount

     1,977        1,656   

Depreciation

     1,643        1,468   

Acquisition costs capitalized

     (18,991     (17,998

Amortization of deferred acquisition costs

     13,022        10,289   

Realized investment gains

     (16,892     (2,512

Changes in assets and liabilities:

    

Reinsurance receivables

     (4,143     (1,485

Future policy benefits

     (583     (6,249

Policyholder account balances

     (4,739     (5,916

Income taxes payable and deferred

     2,639        3,468   

Other, net

     (3,754     4,859   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash (used) provided

     (1,983     3,544   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

INVESTING ACTIVITIES

    

Purchases:

    

Fixed maturity securities

     (192,935     (102,576

Equity securities

     (728     (1,398

Mortgage loans

     (30,691     (105,223

Real estate

     (28,845     (4,514

Policy loans

     (7,419     (6,970

Sales or maturities, calls, and principal paydowns:

    

Fixed maturity securities

     96,448        172,383   

Equity securities

     179        214   

Mortgage loans

     52,510        39,111   

Real estate

     49,164        -   

Policy loans

     8,347        9,079   

Net sales (purchases) of short-term investments

     31,868        (20,978

Net acquisitions of property and equipment

     (142     (71
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used

     (22,244     (20,943
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

6


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Continued)

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
     Six Months Ended
June 30
 
             2012                     2011          
     (Unaudited)  

FINANCING ACTIVITIES

    

Deposits on policyholder account balances

   $ 116,859      $ 121,982   

Withdrawals from policyholder account balances

     (86,715     (99,840

Net transfers from separate accounts

     2,099        2,134   

Change in other deposits

     (4,728     164   

Cash dividends to stockholders

     (6,104     (6,191

Net change in treasury stock

     (2,047     (6
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided

     19,364        18,243   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Increase (decrease) in cash

     (4,863     844   

Cash at beginning of year

     10,436        5,445   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash at end of period

   $ 5,573      $ 6,289   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

    

Cash paid during the period for:

    

Income taxes

   $ 10,500      $ 6,257   

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

7


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

1. Nature of Operations and Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The unaudited interim consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes include the accounts of the consolidated entity (the Company), which primarily consists of three life insurance companies. Kansas City Life Insurance Company (Kansas City Life) is the parent company. Sunset Life Insurance Company of America (Sunset Life) and Old American Insurance Company (Old American) are wholly-owned subsidiaries.

The unaudited interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the basis of U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) for interim financial reporting and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Regulations S-K, S-X, and other applicable regulations. Accordingly, they do not include all of the disclosures required by GAAP for complete financial statements. As such, these unaudited interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s 2011 Form 10-K as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Management believes that the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading, and all normal and recurring adjustments necessary to present fairly the financial position at June 30, 2012 and the results of operations for all periods presented have been made. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of the Company’s operating results for a full year. Significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation and certain immaterial reclassifications have been made to prior period results to conform with the current period’s presentation.

The preparation of the unaudited interim consolidated financial statements requires management of the Company to make estimates and assumptions relating to the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the unaudited interim consolidated financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the period. These estimates are inherently subject to change and actual results could differ from these estimates.

Immaterial Correction of Errors

During the second quarter of 2012, the Company identified an error in the presentation of treasury stock held for the benefit of the Company’s deferred compensation plans. This treasury stock was previously recorded as a component of other assets but should have been recorded in stockholders’ equity as treasury stock. Accordingly, the Company reclassified $6.2 million (188,621 shares) from other assets to treasury stock. This error had no material impact on net income in the current or prior reporting periods.

During the first quarter of 2012, the Company identified an error related to the amortization period for unrecognized actuarial gains and losses for its pension plan resulting in a reduction to net periodic pension expense of $2.0 million before applicable income taxes and an after-tax increase of $1.3 million to net income and stockholders’ equity. The excess amortization had been previously recorded during 2011. Please refer to Note 11 – Pensions and Other Postretirement Benefits for additional information.

During 2011, the Company identified errors related to the classification of amounts reported in the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows. The Company has revised the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the six months ended June 30, 2011. The changes resulted in a decrease of $0.9 million to cash flows from operating activities and an increase of the same amount to cash flows from financing activities. This change did not impact net income, the balance sheet, or stockholders’ equity for the period.

Management has evaluated these errors both quantitatively and qualitatively, and concluded that these corrections were not material to the consolidated financial statements.

Significant Accounting Policies

No significant updates or changes to these policies occurred during the six months ended June 30, 2012.

For a full discussion of these significant accounting policies, please refer to the Company’s 2011 Form 10-K.

 

8


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

2. New Accounting Pronouncements

For a full discussion of new accounting pronouncements and other regulatory activity and their impact on the Company, please refer to the Company’s 2011 Form 10-K.

Accounting Pronouncements Adopted During 2012

In October 2010, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued guidance that modifies the types of costs incurred by insurance entities that can be capitalized when issuing or renewing insurance contracts. The guidance defines allowable deferred acquisition costs as incremental or directly related to the successful acquisition of new or renewal contracts. In addition, certain costs related directly to acquisition activities performed by the insurer, such as underwriting and policy issuance, are also deferrable. This guidance also defines the considerations for the deferral of direct-response advertising costs. This guidance became effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011, with either prospective or retrospective application permitted. The Company adopted this new guidance prospectively on January 1, 2012. Please refer to Note 7 – Change in Accounting Principle for additional information.

In May 2011, the FASB issued new guidance concerning fair value measurements and disclosure. The new guidance is the result of joint efforts by the FASB and the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) to develop a single, converged fair value framework on how to measure fair value and the necessary disclosures concerning fair value measurements. The guidance became effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011. The Company adopted this new guidance on January 1, 2012 with no material impact to the consolidated financial statements.

In June 2011, the FASB issued new guidance regarding the manner in which entities present comprehensive income in the financial statements. This guidance removes the previous presentation options and provides that entities must report comprehensive income in either a continuous statement of comprehensive income or two separate but consecutive statements. This guidance also includes the requirement for reclassification adjustments for items that are reclassified from other comprehensive income to net income to be presented on the face of the financial statements. This guidance does not change the items that must be reported in other comprehensive income nor does it require any disclosures in addition to those previously required. In December 2011, the FASB deferred the effective date for amendments to the presentation of reclassification adjustments. The guidance became effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2011. The Company adopted this new guidance on January 1, 2012 with no material impact to the consolidated financial statements.

All other new accounting standards and updates of existing standards issued through the date of this filing were considered by management and did not relate to accounting policies and procedures pertinent to the Company at this time.

 

9


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

3. Investments

Fixed Maturity and Equity Securities Available for Sale

Securities by Asset Class

The following table provides amortized cost and fair value of securities by asset class at June 30, 2012.

 

 

     Amortized
Cost
     Gross
Unrealized
     Fair
Value
 
        Gains      Losses     

U.S. Treasury securities and obligations of U.S. Government

   $ 121,606       $ 14,308       $ 22       $ 135,892   

Federal agencies 1

     22,063         4,061         1         26,123   

Federal agency issued residential mortgage-backed securities 1

     97,158         9,281         -         106,439   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Subtotal

     240,827         27,650         23         268,454   

Corporate obligations:

           

Industrial

     498,231         48,437         1,727         544,941   

Energy

     173,030         20,692         46         193,676   

Communications and technology

     199,416         20,097         28         219,485   

Financial

     298,693         20,753         2,624         316,822   

Consumer

     488,138         47,467         53         535,552   

Public utilities

     253,931         39,068         485         292,514   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Subtotal

     1,911,439         196,514         4,963         2,102,990   

Corporate private-labeled residential mortgage-backed securities

     157,621         2,711         8,694         151,638   

Municipal securities

     148,664         25,510         26         174,148   

Other

     106,488         4,771         8,081         103,178   

Redeemable preferred stocks

     15,736         328         222         15,842   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Fixed maturity securities

     2,580,775         257,484         22,009         2,816,250   

Equity securities

     35,499         1,815         130         37,184   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 2,616,274       $ 259,299       $ 22,139       $ 2,853,434   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

1

Federal agency securities are not backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. Government.

 

10


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

The following table provides amortized cost and fair value of securities by asset class at December 31, 2011.

 

 

     Amortized
Cost
     Gross
Unrealized
     Fair
Value
 
        Gains      Losses     

U.S. Treasury securities and obligations of U.S. Government

   $ 120,593       $ 13,856       $ 12       $ 134,437   

Federal agencies 1

     22,401         3,480         -         25,881   

Federal agency issued residential mortgage-backed securities 1

     109,738         9,901         2         119,637   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Subtotal

     252,732         27,237         14         279,955   

Corporate obligations:

           

Industrial

     444,030         43,710         860         486,880   

Energy

     152,580         19,131         -         171,711   

Communications and technology

     184,983         16,566         156         201,393   

Financial

     308,813         15,155         5,890         318,078   

Consumer

     452,962         43,788         263         496,487   

Public utilities

     259,609         38,094         1,366         296,337   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Subtotal

     1,802,977         176,444         8,535         1,970,886   

Corporate private-labeled residential mortgage-backed securities

     167,666         1,856         12,620         156,902   

Municipal securities

     150,267         18,316         61         168,522   

Other

     100,315         3,576         9,235         94,656   

Redeemable preferred stocks

     11,735         226         740         11,221   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Fixed maturity securities

     2,485,692         227,655         31,205         2,682,142   

Equity securities

     34,951         1,873         135         36,689   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 2,520,643       $ 229,528       $ 31,340       $ 2,718,831   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

1

Federal agency securities are not backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. Government.

Contractual Maturities

The following table provides the distribution of maturities for fixed maturity securities available for sale at June 30, 2012. Expected maturities may differ from these contractual maturities since borrowers may have the right to call or prepay obligations.

 

 

     June 30, 2012  
     Amortized
Cost
     Fair
Value
 

Due in one year or less

   $ 99,536       $ 101,304   

Due after one year through five years

     619,948         665,859   

Due after five years through ten years

     1,035,701         1,151,964   

Due after ten years

     474,696         532,021   

Securities with variable principal payments

     335,158         349,260   

Redeemable preferred stocks

     15,736         15,842   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 2,580,775       $ 2,816,250   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Unrealized Losses on Investments

The Company reviews all security investments, with particular attention given to those having unrealized losses. Further, the Company specifically assesses all investments with greater than 10% declines in fair value below amortized cost and, in general, monitors all security investments as to ongoing risk. These risks are fundamentally evaluated through both a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the issuer. The Company also prepares a formal review document no less often than quarterly of all investments where fair value is less than 80% of amortized cost for six months or more and selected investments that have changed significantly from a previous period and that have a decline in fair value greater than 10% of amortized cost.

 

11


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

The Company has a policy and process in place to identify securities that could potentially have an impairment that is other-than-temporary (OTTI). This process involves monitoring market events and other items that could impact issuers. The Company considers relevant facts and circumstances in evaluating whether the impairment of a security is other-than-temporary. Relevant facts and circumstances considered are described in the Valuation of Investments section of Note 1 – Nature of Operations and Significant Accounting Policies of the Company’s 2011 Form 10-K.

To the extent the Company determines that a fixed maturity security is deemed to be other-than-temporarily impaired, the portion of the impairment that is deemed to be due to credit is charged to the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income and the cost basis of the underlying investment is reduced. The portion of such impairment that is determined to be non-credit-related is deducted from net realized loss in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income and is reflected in other comprehensive income and accumulated other comprehensive income.

There are a number of significant risks and uncertainties inherent in the process of monitoring impairments, determining if an impairment is other-than-temporary and determining the portion of an other-than-temporary impairment that is due to credit. These risks and uncertainties are described in the Valuation of Investments section of Note 1 of the Company’s 2011 Form 10-K.

Once a security is determined to have met certain of the criteria for consideration as being other-than-temporarily impaired, further information is gathered and evaluated pertaining to the particular security. If the security is an unsecured obligation, the additional research is a top-down approach with particular emphasis on the likelihood of the issuer to meet the contractual terms of the obligation. If the security is secured by an asset or guaranteed by another party, the value of the underlying secured asset or the financial ability of the third-party guarantor is evaluated as a secondary source of repayment. Such research is based upon a top-down approach, narrowing to the specific estimates of value and cash flow of the underlying secured asset or guarantor. If the security is a collateralized obligation, such as a mortgage-backed or other asset-backed instrument, research is also conducted to obtain and analyze the performance of the collateral relative to expectations at the time of acquisition and with regard to projections for the future. Such analyses are based upon historical results, trends, comparisons to collateral performance of similar securities, and analyses performed by third parties. This information is used to develop projected cash flows that are compared to the amortized cost of the security.

If a determination is made that an unsecured security, secured security, or security with a guaranty of payment by a third-party is other-than-temporarily impaired, an estimate is developed of the portion of such impairment that is due to credit. The estimate of the portion of impairment due to credit is based upon a comparison of ratings and maturity horizon for the security and relative historical default probabilities from one or more nationally recognized rating organizations. When appropriate for any given security, sector or period in the business cycle, the historical default probability is adjusted to reflect periods or situations of distress by adding to the default probability increments of standard deviations from mean historical results. The credit impairment analysis is supplemented by estimates of potential recovery values for the specific security, including the potential impact of the value of any secured assets, in the event of default. This information is used to determine the Company’s best estimate, derived from probability-weighted cash flows.

The evaluation of loan-backed and similar asset-backed securities, particularly including residential mortgage-backed securities, with significant indications of potential other-than-temporary impairment requires considerable use of estimates and judgment. Specifically, the Company performs discounted cash flow projections on these securities to evaluate whether the value of the investment is expected to be fully realized. Projections of expected future cash flows are based upon considerations of the performance of the actual underlying assets, including historical delinquencies, defaults, severity of losses incurred, and prepayments, along with the Company’s estimates of future results for these factors. The Company’s estimates of future results are based upon actual historical performance of the underlying assets relative to historical, current and expected general economic conditions, specific conditions related to the underlying assets, industry data, and other factors that are believed to be relevant. If the present value of the projected expected future cash flows is determined to be below the Company’s carrying value, the Company recognizes an other-than-temporary impairment on the portion of the carrying value that exceeds the projected expected future cash flows. To the extent that the loan-backed or other asset-backed securities were high quality investments at the time of acquisition, and they remain high quality investments and do not otherwise demonstrate characteristics of impairment, the Company performs other initial evaluations to determine whether other-than-temporary cash flow evaluations need to be performed.

 

12


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

The discounted future cash flow calculation typically becomes the primary determinant of whether any portion and to what extent an unrealized loss is due to credit on loan-backed and similar asset-backed securities with significant indications of potential other-than-temporary impairment. Such indications typically include below investment grade ratings and significant unrealized losses for an extended period of time, among other factors. The Company identified 17 non-U.S. Agency mortgage-backed securities that had such indications at both June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011. The discount rate used in calculating the present value of future cash flows was the investment yield at the time of purchase for each security. The initial default rates were assumed to remain constant over a 24-month time frame and grade down thereafter, reflecting the general perspective of a more stabilized residential housing environment in the future.

For loan-backed and similar asset-backed securities, the determination of any amount of impairment that is due to credit is based upon the present value of projected future cash flows being less than the amortized cost of the security. This amount is recognized as a realized loss in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income and the carrying value of the security is written down by the same amount. The portion of an impairment that is determined not to be due to credit is recorded as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

As part of the required accounting for unrealized gains and losses, the Company also adjusts the deferred acquisition costs (DAC) and value of business acquired (VOBA) assets to recognize the adjustment to those assets as if the unrealized gains and losses from securities classified as available for sale actually had been realized.

The following table provides information regarding fixed maturity and equity security investments available for sale with unrealized losses by length of time at June 30, 2012.

 

 

     Less Than 12 Months      12 Months or Longer      Total  
     Fair
Value
     Unrealized
Losses
     Fair
Value
     Unrealized
Losses
     Fair
Value
     Unrealized
Losses
 

U.S. Treasury securities and obligations of U.S. Government

   $ 900       $ 8       $ 779       $ 14       $ 1,679       $ 22   

Federal agency issued residential mortgage-backed securities 1

     333         -         293         1         626         1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Subtotal

     1,233         8         1,072         15         2,305         23   

Corporate obligations:

                 

Industrial

     24,733         1,727         -         -         24,733         1,727   

Energy

     9,580         46         -         -         9,580         46   

Communications and technology

     4,053         28         -         -         4,053         28   

Financial

     17,959         258         15,610         2,366         33,569         2,624   

Consumer

     14,480         46         587         7         15,067         53   

Public utilities

     9,236         74         6,740         411         15,976         485   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Subtotal

     80,041         2,179         22,937         2,784         102,978         4,963   

Corporate private-labeled residential mortgage-backed securities

     -         -         70,210         8,694         70,210         8,694   

Municipal securities

     3,078         18         893         8         3,971         26   

Other

     -         -         45,185         8,081         45,185         8,081   

Redeemable preferred stocks

     -         -         3,460         222         3,460         222   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Fixed maturity securities

     84,352         2,205         143,757         19,804         228,109         22,009   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Equity securities

     -         -         1,127         130         1,127         130   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 84,352       $ 2,205       $ 144,884       $ 19,934       $ 229,236       $ 22,139   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

1

Federal agency securities are not backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. Government.

 

13


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

The following table provides information regarding fixed maturity and equity security investments available for sale with unrealized losses by length of time at December 31, 2011.

 

 

     Less Than 12 Months      12 Months or Longer      Total  
     Fair
Value
     Unrealized
Losses
     Fair
Value
     Unrealized
Losses
     Fair
Value
     Unrealized
Losses
 

U.S. Treasury securities and obligations of U.S. Government

   $ -       $ -       $ 959       $ 12       $ 959       $ 12   

Federal agency issued residential mortgage-backed securities 1

     649         -         294         2         943         2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Subtotal

     649         -         1,253         14         1,902         14   

Corporate obligations:

                 

Industrial

     25,455         860         -         -         25,455         860   

Communications and technology

     7,239         156         -         -         7,239         156   

Financial

     51,273         2,107         16,402         3,783         67,675         5,890   

Consumer

     11,765         119         3,689         144         15,454         263   

Public utilities

     4,710         344         11,152         1,022         15,862         1,366   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Subtotal

     100,442         3,586         31,243         4,949         131,685         8,535   

Corporate private-labeled residential mortgage-backed securities

     41,734         2,668         61,864         9,952         103,598         12,620   

Municipal securities

     -         -         3,909         61         3,909         61   

Other

     9,257         921         47,146         8,314         56,403         9,235   

Redeemable preferred stocks

     2,939         115         3,056         625         5,995         740   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Fixed maturity securities

     155,021         7,290         148,471         23,915         303,492         31,205   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Equity securities

     69         104         1,054         31         1,123         135   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 155,090       $ 7,394       $ 149,525       $ 23,946       $ 304,615       $ 31,340   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

1

Federal agency securities are not backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. Government.

In addition, the Company also considers as part of its monitoring and evaluation process the length of time the fair value of a security is below amortized cost. At June 30, 2012, the Company had 65 issues in its investment portfolio of fixed maturity and equity securities with unrealized losses. Included in this total, 30 security issues were below cost for less than one year; six security issues were below cost for one year or more and less than three years; and 29 security issues were below cost for three years or more. At December 31, 2011, the Company had 85 issues in its investment portfolio of fixed maturity and equity securities with unrealized losses. Included in this total, 46 security issues were below cost for less than one year; 10 security issues were below cost for one year or more and less than three years; and 29 security issues were below cost for three years or more.

 

14


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

The following table provides the distribution of maturities for fixed maturity securities available for sale with unrealized losses at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011. Expected maturities may differ from these contractual maturities since borrowers may have the right to call or prepay obligations.

 

 

     June 30, 2012      December 31, 2011  
     Fair
Value
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
     Fair
Value
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 

Fixed maturity security securities available for sale:

           

Due in one year or less

   $ 919       $ 8       $ 2,953       $ 48   

Due after one year through five years

     32,871         491         42,416         2,120   

Due after five years through ten years

     60,008         2,636         64,772         2,616   

Due after ten years

     60,015         9,958         82,816         13,061   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     153,813         13,093         192,957         17,845   

Securities with variable principal payments

     70,836         8,694         104,540         12,620   

Redeemable preferred stocks

     3,460         222         5,995         740   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 228,109       $ 22,009       $ 303,492       $ 31,205   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

15


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

The following table provides a reconciliation of credit losses recognized in earnings on fixed maturity securities held by the Company for which a portion of the other-than-temporary loss was recognized in other comprehensive income.

 

 

     Quarter Ended
June 30
    Six Months Ended
June 30
 
     2012     2012  

Credit losses on securities held at beginning of the period in accumulated other comprehensive income

   $ 13,715      $ 13,559   

Additions for credit losses not previously recognized in other-than-temporary impairment

     1        29   

Additions for increases in the credit loss for which an other-than-temporary impairment was previously recognized when there was no intent to sell the security before recovery of its amortized cost basis

     145        277   

Reductions for securities sold during the period (realized)

     -        -   

Reductions for securities previously recognized in other comprehensive income because of intent to sell the security before recovery of its amortized cost basis

     -        -   

Reductions for increases in cash flows expected to be collected that are recognized over the remaining life of the security

     (4     (8
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Credit losses on securities held at the end of the period in accumulated other comprehensive income

   $ 13,857      $ 13,857   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

16


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

Realized Gains (Losses)

The following table provides detail concerning realized investment gains and losses for the second quarters and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011.

 

 

     Quarter Ended
June 30
    Six Months Ended
June 30
 
         2012             2011             2012             2011      

Gross gains resulting from:

        

Sales of investment securities

   $ -      $ 3,341      $ 313      $ 3,652   

Investment securities called and other

     595        387        803        1,250   

Sales of real estate

     1,010        -        16,180        -   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total gross gains

     1,605        3,728        17,296        4,902   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross losses resulting from:

        

Sales of investment securities

     (32     (1,590     (32     (1,590

Investment securities called and other

     (151     (125     (204     (179

Mortgage loans

     (13     -        (178     (3
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total gross losses

     (196     (1,715     (414     (1,772

Change in allowance for potential future losses on mortgage loans

     (32     -        332        -   

Amortization of DAC and VOBA

     (16     (120     (16     (225
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net realized investment gains, excluding impairment losses

     1,361        1,893        17,198        2,905   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net impairment losses recognized in earnings:

        

Total other-than-temporary impairment losses

     (188     (238     (456     (507

Portion of loss recognized in other comprehensive income

     42        56        150        114   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net impairment losses recognized in earnings

     (146     (182     (306     (393
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net realized investment gains

   $ 1,215      $ 1,711      $ 16,892      $ 2,512   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Proceeds From Sales of Investment Securities

The table below provides information regarding sales of fixed maturity and equity securities, excluding maturities and calls, for the second quarters and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011.

 

 

     Quarter Ended
June 30
    Six Months Ended
June 30
 
     2012     2011     2012     2011  

Proceeds

   $ 2,216      $ 41,398      $ 8,616      $ 51,541   

Gross realized gains

     -        3,341        313        3,652   

Gross realized losses

     (32     (1,590     (32     (1,590

Mortgage Loans

The Company invests on an ongoing basis in commercial mortgage loans that are secured by commercial real estate and are stated at cost, adjusted for amortization of premium and accrual of discount, less an allowance for potential future losses. This allowance is maintained at a level believed by management to be adequate to absorb estimated credit losses and was $2.5 million at June 30, 2012 and $2.8 million at December 31, 2011. The Company had 16% of its invested assets in commercial mortgage loans at June 30, 2012, compared to 17% at December 31, 2011. In addition to the subject collateral underlying the mortgage, the Company typically requires some amount of recourse from borrowers as another potential source of repayment. The recourse requirement is determined as part of the underwriting requirements of each loan. The average loan to value ratio for the overall portfolio was 45% and 46% at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively, and is based upon the appraisal of value at the time the loan was originated or acquired.

 

17


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

The following table identifies the gross mortgage loan principal outstanding and the allowance for potential future losses at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

 

 

     June 30
2012
    December 31
2011
 

Principal outstanding

   $ 582,017      $ 604,772   

Allowance for potential future losses

     (2,517     (2,849
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Carrying value

   $ 579,500      $ 601,923   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following table summarizes the amount of mortgage loans held by the Company at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, segregated by year of origination. Purchased loans are shown in the year acquired by the Company, although the individual loans may have been initially originated in prior years.

 

 

     June 30
2012
     %
of Total
     December 31
2011
     %
of Total
 

Prior to 2002

   $ 22,216         4%       $ 28,437         5%   

2003

     35,236         6%         42,112         7%   

2004

     28,473         5%         29,966         5%   

2005

     52,462         9%         54,802         9%   

2006

     40,594         7%         42,676         7%   

2007

     34,600         6%         35,323         6%   

2008

     38,504         7%         44,285         7%   

2009

     48,268         8%         50,574         8%   

2010

     106,816         18%         133,684         22%   

2011

     136,784         23%         142,913         24%   

2012

     38,064         7%         -         -   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 582,017         100%       $ 604,772         100%   
  

 

 

       

 

 

    

The following table identifies mortgage loans by geographic location at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

 

 

     June 30
2012
     %
of Total
     December 31
2011
     %
of Total
 

Pacific

   $ 133,619         23%       $ 138,529         23%   

West north central

     106,095         18%         130,481         22%   

West south central

     106,996         18%         98,036         16%   

Mountain

     85,285         15%         82,029         14%   

South atlantic

     59,980         10%         63,125         10%   

Middle atlantic

     41,016         7%         42,112         7%   

East north central

     30,462         5%         30,482         5%   

East south central

     18,564         4%         19,978         3%   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 582,017         100%       $ 604,772         100%   
  

 

 

       

 

 

    

 

18


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

The following table identifies mortgage loans by property type at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011. The Other category consists of apartments and retail properties.

 

 

     June 30
2012
     %
Total
     December 31
2011
     %
Total
 

Industrial

   $ 248,332         43%       $ 251,839         42%   

Office

     231,643         40%         243,885         40%   

Medical

     42,066         7%         43,089         7%   

Other

     59,976         10%         65,959         11%   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 582,017         100%       $ 604,772         100%   
  

 

 

       

 

 

    

The following table identifies the concentration of mortgage loans by state greater than 5% at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

 

 

     June 30
2012
     %
of Total
     December 31
2011
     %
of Total
 

California

   $ 113,231         19%       $ 117,261         19%   

Texas

     94,021         16%         84,724         14%   

Minnesota

     63,962         11%         64,952         11%   

Florida

     33,292         6%         31,310         5%   

All others

     277,511         48%         306,525         51%   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 582,017         100%       $ 604,772         100%   
  

 

 

       

 

 

    

The table below identifies the carrying amount of mortgage loans by maturity at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

 

 

     June 30
2012
     %
of Total
     December 31
2011
     %
of Total
 

Due in one year or less

   $ 5,572         1%       $ 2,356         -   

Due after one year through five years

     181,974         32%         153,822         25%   

Due after five years through ten years

     235,378         40%         255,615         42%   

Due after ten years

     159,093         27%         192,979         33%   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 582,017         100%       $ 604,772         100%   
  

 

 

       

 

 

    

The Company may refinance commercial mortgage loans prior to contractual maturity as a means of originating new loans that meet the Company’s underwriting and pricing parameters. The Company refinanced loans with outstanding balances of $4.0 million and $1.9 million during the second quarters of 2012 and 2011, respectively, and $8.6 million and $9.7 million during the first six months of 2012 and 2011, respectively.

In the normal course of business, the Company commits to fund commercial mortgage loans generally up to 120 days in advance. These commitments generally have fixed expiration dates. A small percentage of commitments expire due to the borrower’s failure to deliver the requirements of the commitment by the expiration date. In these cases, the Company retains the commitment fee. For additional information, please see Note 16 – Commitments.

At June 30, 2012, the Company had a construction-to-permanent loan commitment in the amount of $2.8 million, and $2.5 million had been disbursed on this loan. At completion and fulfillment of occupancy requirements, the construction loan will convert to a long-term, fixed-rate permanent loan.

4. Fair Value Measurements

Under GAAP, fair value represents the price that would be received to sell an asset (exit price) or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. It is the Company’s policy to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when developing fair value measurements.

 

19


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Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

The Company categorizes its financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value in three levels, based on the inputs and assumptions used to determine the fair value. These levels are as follows:

Level 1 – Valuations are based upon quoted prices for identical instruments traded in active markets.

Level 2 – Valuations are based upon quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active, and model-based valuation techniques for which all significant assumptions are observable in the market. Valuations are obtained from third-party pricing services or inputs that are observable or derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data.

Level 3 – Valuations are generated from techniques that use significant assumptions not observable in the market. These unobservable assumptions reflect the Company’s assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability. Valuation techniques include the use of discounted cash flow models, spread-based models, and similar techniques, using the best information available in the circumstances.

Following is a description of valuation methodologies used for assets and liabilities recorded at fair value and for estimating fair value for financial instruments not recorded at fair value but for which fair value is disclosed.

Assets

Securities Available for Sale

Fixed maturity and equity securities available for sale are recorded at fair value on a recurring basis. Fair value measurement is based upon unadjusted quoted prices, if available, except as described in the subsequent paragraphs.

Short-Term Financial Assets

Short-term financial assets include cash and other short-term assets. Cash is categorized as Level 1. Other short-term assets are invested in institutional money market funds. These assets are categorized as Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy, as the valuation is based upon the net asset value (NAV) of the fund.

Loans

The Company does not record loans at fair value. As such, valuation techniques discussed herein for loans are primarily for estimating fair value for purpose of disclosure.

Fair values of mortgage loans on real estate properties are calculated by discounting contractual cash flows, using discount rates based on current industry pricing or the Company’s estimate of an appropriate risk-adjusted discount rate for loans of similar size, type, remaining maturity, likelihood of prepayment, and repricing characteristics. Mortgage loans are categorized as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy.

The Company also has loans made to policyholders. These loans cannot exceed the cash surrender value of the policy. Carrying value of policy loans approximates fair value. Policy loans are categorized as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy.

Separate Accounts

The separate account assets and liabilities, which are equal, are recorded at fair value based upon NAV. They are categorized as Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy, as the Company receives independent prices from external pricing sources to determine the fair value.

Liabilities

Investment-Type Liabilities Included in Policyholder Account Balances and Other Policyholder Funds

Fair values for liabilities under investment-type insurance contracts are based upon account value. The fair values of investment-type insurance contracts included with policyholder account balances for fixed deferred annuities are estimated to be their cash surrender values. The fair values of supplementary contracts without life contingencies are estimated to be the present value of payments using a market yield. The fair values of deposits with no stated maturity are estimated to be the amount payable on demand at the measurement date. These liabilities are categorized as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy.

Guaranteed Minimum Withdrawal Benefits (GMWB)

The Company offers a GMWB rider that can be added to new or existing variable annuity contracts. The rider provides an enhanced withdrawal benefit that guarantees a stream of income payments to an owner or annuitant, regardless of the contract account value. Fair value for GMWB rider contracts is a Level 3 valuation, as it is based on models which utilize significant unobservable inputs. These models require actuarial and financial market assumptions, which reflect the assumptions market participants would use in pricing the contract, including adjustments for volatility, risk, and issuer non-performance.

 

20


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Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

Notes Payable

Fair values for short-term notes payable approximate their carrying value. The carrying amount is a reasonable estimate of the fair value because of the relatively short time between the origination of the loan and its expected repayment.

Determination of Fair Value

The determination of the fair value of the Company’s fixed maturity and equity securities is the responsibility of the Company’s investment accounting group, which reports to the Principal Accounting Officer. This group manages and creates the policies and processes used to determine the fair value for these assets. This group employs third-party pricing services and obtains selected support from the Company’s portfolio managers in order to achieve results for this multi-tiered process. All prices are reviewed by the investment accounting group. The financial reporting group, the Principal Accounting Officer, and the Chief Financial Officer also review the fair value methodologies and the fair values that are obtained each quarter. The results of those reviews are made known to the Company’s Disclosure Committee and to the Company’s Audit Committee. In addition, any significant policy or process changes made during the quarter are also discussed with the Company’s Audit Committee.

The Company utilizes external independent third-party pricing services to determine the majority of its fair values on investment securities available for sale. At June 30, 2012, 96% of the carrying value of these investments was from external pricing services, 2% was from brokers, and 2% was derived from internal matrices and calculations. In the event that the primary pricing service does not provide a price, the Company utilizes the price provided by a second pricing service. The Company reviews prices received from service providers for reasonableness and unusual fluctuations but generally accepts the price identified from the primary pricing service. In the event that a price is not available from either third-party pricing service, the Company pursues external pricing from brokers. Generally, the Company pursues and utilizes only one broker quote per security. In doing so, the Company solicits only brokers which have previously demonstrated knowledge and experience of the subject security. If a broker price is not available, the Company determines a fair value through various valuation techniques that may include discounted cash flows, spread-based models, or similar techniques, depending upon the specific security to be priced. These techniques are primarily applied to private placement securities. The Company utilizes available market information, wherever possible, to identify inputs into the fair value determination, primarily including prices and spreads on comparable securities. In total, the Company internally determined the prices for 20 securities at June 30, 2012. The Company also obtained prices for seven securities from brokers.

Each quarter, the Company evaluates the prices received from third-party security pricing services and independent brokers to ensure that the prices represent a reasonable estimate of the fair value within the macro-economic environment, sector factors, and overall pricing trends and expectations. The Company corroborates and validates the primary pricing sources through a variety of procedures that include but are not limited to comparison to additional independent third-party pricing services or brokers, where possible; a review of third-party pricing service methodologies; back testing; and comparison of prices to actual trades for specific securities where observable data exists. In addition, the Company analyzes the primary third-party pricing service’s methodologies and related inputs and also evaluates the various types of securities in its investment portfolio to determine an appropriate fair value hierarchy. Finally, the Company also performs additional evaluations when individual prices fall outside tolerance levels for prices received from third-party pricing services.

Fair value measurements for assets and liabilities where there exists limited or no observable market data are calculated using the Company’s own estimates and are categorized as Level 3. These estimates are based on current interest rates, credit spreads, liquidity premium or discount, the economic and competitive environment, unique characteristics of the asset or liability, and other pertinent factors. Therefore, these estimates cannot be determined with precision and may not be realized in an actual sale or immediate settlement of the asset or liability. Additionally, there may be inherent weaknesses in any valuation technique. Further, changes in the underlying assumptions used, including discount rates and estimates of future cash flows, could significantly affect the results of current or future values.

The Company’s own estimates of fair value of fixed maturity and equity securities are derived in a number of ways, including but not limited to: 1) pricing provided by brokers, where the price indicates reliability as to value; 2) fair values of comparable securities, incorporating a spread adjustment for maturity differences, collateralization, credit quality, liquidity, and other items, if applicable; 3) discounted cash flow models and margin spreads; 4) bond yield curves; 5) observable market prices and exchange transaction information not provided by external pricing services; and 6) statement values provided to the Company by fund managers.

The determination of the value of the Company’s liabilities that are reported at fair value in the financial statements is the responsibility of the Company’s valuation actuary group, which reports to the Company’s Senior Vice President and Actuary. This group manages and creates the policies and processes used to determine the fair value for these liabilities. This methodology uses internal assumptions and directed third-party inputs to derive a value including a risk-neutral option pricing model that incorporates a third-party-developed index that is consistent with the attributes of the product and provides

 

21


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

for an approximate match of the volatility measure with the expected life of the underlying contracts. The fair value methodologies and the fair values are reviewed by the Senior Vice President and Actuary, the Principal Accounting Officer, and the Chief Financial Officer. The results of those reviews are made known to the Company’s Disclosure Committee and to the Company’s Audit Committee. In addition, any significant policy or process changes made during the quarter are also discussed with the Company’s Audit Committee.

 

22


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

Categories Reported at Fair Value

The following tables present categories reported at fair value on a recurring basis.

 

 

     June 30, 2012  
      Level 1      Level 2      Level 3      Total  

Assets:

           

U.S. Treasury securities and obligations of U.S. Government

   $ 12,781       $ 119,991       $ 3,120       $ 135,892   

Federal agencies 1

     -         26,123         -         26,123   

Federal agency issued residential mortgage-backed securities 1

     -         106,439         -         106,439   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Subtotal

     12,781         252,553         3,120         268,454   

Corporate obligations:

           

Industrial

     -         542,488         2,453         544,941   

Energy

     -         191,293         2,383         193,676   

Communications and technology

     -         219,485         -         219,485   

Financial

     -         305,180         11,642         316,822   

Consumer

     -         514,515         21,037         535,552   

Public utilities

     -         292,514         -         292,514   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Subtotal

     -         2,065,475         37,515         2,102,990   

Corporate private-labeled residential mortgage-backed securities

     -         151,638         -         151,638   

Municipal securities

     -         169,784         4,364         174,148   

Other

     -         103,178         -         103,178   

Redeemable preferred stocks

     15,842         -         -         15,842   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Fixed maturity securities

     28,623         2,742,628         44,999         2,816,250   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Equity securities

     2,131         33,904         1,149         37,184   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 30,754       $ 2,776,532       $ 46,148       $ 2,853,434   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Percent of total

     1%         97%         2%         100%   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities:

           

Other policyholder funds

           

GMWB

   $ -       $ -       $ 278       $ 278   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ -       $ -       $ 278       $ 278   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

1

Federal agency securities are not backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. Government.

 

23


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

     December 31, 2011  
     Level 1      Level 2      Level 3     Total  

Assets:

          

U.S. Treasury securities and obligations of U.S. Government

   $ 12,876       $ 118,130       $ 3,431      $ 134,437   

Federal agencies 1

     -         25,881         -        25,881   

Federal agency issued residential mortgage-backed securities 1

     -         119,637         -        119,637   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Subtotal

     12,876         263,648         3,431        279,955   

Corporate obligations:

          

Industrial

     -         486,380         500        486,880   

Energy

     -         169,342         2,369        171,711   

Communications and technology

     -         201,393         -        201,393   

Financial

     -         307,464         10,614        318,078   

Consumer

     -         474,553         21,934        496,487   

Public utilities

     -         296,337         -        296,337   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Subtotal

     -         1,935,469         35,417        1,970,886   

Corporate private-labeled residential mortgage-backed securities

     -         156,902         -        156,902   

Municipal securities

     -         163,611         4,911        168,522   

Other

     -         94,656         -        94,656   

Redeemable preferred stocks

     11,221         -         -        11,221   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Fixed maturity securities

     24,097         2,614,286         43,759        2,682,142   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Equity securities

     2,216         33,350         1,123        36,689   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   $ 26,313       $ 2,647,636       $ 44,882      $ 2,718,831   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Percent of total

     1%         97%         2%        100%   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Liabilities:

          

Other policyholder funds

          

GMWB

   $ -       $ -       $ (187   $ (187
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   $ -       $ -       $ (187   $ (187
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

1

Federal agency securities are not backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. Government.

 

24


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

The following tables present the fair value of fixed maturity and equity securities available for sale by pricing source and fair value hierarchy level.

 

 

     June 30, 2012  
         Level 1              Level 2              Level 3                Total        

Fixed maturity securities available for sale:

           

Priced from external pricing services

   $ 28,623       $ 2,695,082       $ -       $ 2,723,705   

Priced from independent broker quotations

     -         47,546         -         47,546   

Priced from internal matrices and calculations

     -         -         44,999         44,999   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Subtotal

     28,623         2,742,628         44,999         2,816,250   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Equity securities available for sale:

           

Priced from external pricing services

     2,131         7,271         -         9,402   

Priced from independent broker quotations

     -         -         -         -   

Priced from internal matrices and calculations

     -         26,633         1,149         27,782   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Subtotal

     2,131         33,904         1,149         37,184   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 30,754       $ 2,776,532       $ 46,148       $ 2,853,434   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Percent of total

     1%         97%         2%         100%   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     December 31, 2011  
         Level 1              Level 2              Level 3                Total        

Fixed maturity securities available for sale:

           

Priced from external pricing services

   $ 24,097       $ 2,582,617       $ -       $ 2,606,714   

Priced from independent broker quotations

     -         31,669         -         31,669   

Priced from internal matrices and calculations

     -         -         43,759         43,759   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Subtotal

     24,097         2,614,286         43,759         2,682,142   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Equity securities available for sale:

           

Priced from external pricing services

     2,216         7,444         -         9,660   

Priced from independent broker quotations

     -         -         -         -   

Priced from internal matrices and calculations

     -         25,906         1,123         27,029   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Subtotal

     2,216         33,350         1,123         36,689   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 26,313       $ 2,647,636       $ 44,882       $ 2,718,831   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Percent of total

     1%         97%         2%         100%   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

25


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

The changes in Level 3 assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis for the second quarter and six months ended June 30, 2012 and year ended December 31, 2011 are summarized below:

 

 

     Quarter Ended June 30, 2012  
     Assets     Liabilities  
     Fixed maturity
securities available
for sale
    Equity securities
available

for sale
     Total     GMWB  

Beginning balance

   $ 45,652      $ 1,093       $ 46,745      $ (950

Included in earnings

     3        -         3        1,371   

Included in other comprehensive income

     260        56         316        -   

Purchases, issuances, sales and other dispositions:

         

Purchases

     -        -         -        -   

Issuances

     -        -         -        141   

Sales

     -        -         -        -   

Other dispositions

     (916     -         (916     (284

Transfers into Level 3

     -        -         -        -   

Transfers out of Level 3

     -        -         -        -   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending balance

   $ 44,999      $ 1,149       $ 46,148      $ 278   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net unrealized losses

   $ 248      $ 56       $ 304     
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

     Six Months Ended June 30, 2012  
     Assets     Liabilities  
     Fixed maturity
securities available
for sale
    Equity securities
available

for sale
     Total     GMWB  

Beginning balance

   $ 43,759      $ 1,123       $ 44,882      $ (187

Included in earnings

     7        -         7        683   

Included in other comprehensive income

     (39     26         (13     -   

Purchases, issuances, sales and other dispositions:

         

Purchases

     -        -         -        -   

Issuances

     -        -         -        196   

Sales

     -        -         -        -   

Other dispositions

     (2,542     -         (2,542     (414

Transfers into Level 3

     3,814        -         3,814        -   

Transfers out of Level 3

     -        -         -        -   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending balance

   $ 44,999      $ 1,149       $ 46,148      $ 278   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net unrealized losses

   $ (51   $ 26       $ (25  
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

26


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

     Year Ended December 31, 2011  
     Assets     Liabilities  
     Fixed maturity
securities available
for sale
    Equity securities
available

for sale
    Total     GMWB  

Beginning balance

   $ 55,801      $ 1,180      $ 56,981      $ (2,799

Included in earnings

     11        92        103        2,500   

Included in other comprehensive income

     1,385        51        1,436        -   

Purchases, issuances, sales and other dispositions:

        

Purchases

     -        -        -        -   

Issuances

     -        -        -        163   

Sales

     -        -        -        -   

Other dispositions

     (2,977     (200     (3,177     (51

Transfers into Level 3

     8,640        -        8,640        -   

Transfers out of Level 3

     (19,101     -        (19,101     -   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending balance

   $ 43,759      $ 1,123      $ 44,882      $ (187
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net unrealized gains

   $ 1,401      $ 105      $ 1,506     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

The Company did not exclude any realized or unrealized gains or losses on items transferred into Level 3 in any of the periods presented. Depending upon the availability of Level 1 or Level 2 pricing, specific securities may transfer into or out of Level 3. The Company did not have any transfers between Level 1 or Level 2 during the second quarter or six months ended June 30, 2012.

The following table presents quantitative information about material Level 3 fair value measurements as of June 30, 2012.

 

 

     Fair Value      Valuation
Technique
     Unobservable
Inputs
     Range
(in basis points)
     Weighted
Average
of Range
 

Fixed maturity securities

   $ 44,999         Market comparable         Spread adjustment         46-367         190   

The Company’s primary category of Level 3 fair values is fixed maturity securities, totaling $45.0 million as of June 30, 2012. These assets are valued using comparable security valuations through the unobservable input of estimated discount spreads. Specifically, the Company reviews the values and discount spreads on similar securities for which such information is observable in the market. Estimates of increased discount spreads are then determined based upon the characteristics of the securities being evaluated. The Company estimates that an increased spread of 10 basis points on each of the Level 3 securities would reduce the reported fair value by $0.2 million, as of June 30, 2012.

Other assets and liabilities categorized as Level 3 for purposes of fair value determination are not material to the Company’s financial statements, and the sensitivities of such valuations to unobservable inputs are also believed to not be material.

 

27


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

The table below is a summary of fair value estimates at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 for financial instruments. The Company has not included assets and liabilities that are not financial instruments in this disclosure. The total of the fair value calculations presented do not represent, and should not be construed to represent, the underlying value of the Company.

 

 

     June 30, 2012      December 31, 2011  
     Carrying
Value
     Fair
Value
     Carrying
Value
    Fair
Value
 

Assets:

          

Investments:

          

Fixed maturity securities available for sale

   $ 2,816,250       $ 2,816,250       $ 2,682,142      $ 2,682,142   

Equity securities available for sale

     37,184         37,184         36,689        36,689   

Mortgage loans

     579,500         623,887         601,923        642,905   

Policy loans

     79,447         79,447         80,375        80,375   

Cash and short-term investments

     23,021         23,021         59,752        59,752   

Separate account assets

     320,566         320,566         316,609        316,609   

Liabilities:

          

Individual and group annuities

     1,112,283         1,091,546         1,082,324        1,062,407   

Supplementary contracts without life contingencies

     54,898         53,872         56,193        54,824   

Separate account liabilities

     320,566         320,566         316,609        316,609   

Other policyholder funds – GMWB

     278         278         (187     (187

5. Financing Receivables

The Company has financing receivables that have both a specific maturity date, either on demand or on a fixed or determinable date, and are recognized as an asset in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

The table below identifies the Company’s financing receivables by classification at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

 

 

     June 30
2012
     December 31
2011
 

Receivables:

     

Agent receivables, net (allowance $2,230; $2,226 – 2011)

   $ 1,527       $ 1,708   

Investment-related financing receivables:

     

Mortgage loans, net (allowance $2,517; $2,849 – 2011)

     579,500         601,923   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total financing receivables

   $ 581,027       $ 603,631   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following table details the activity of the allowance for uncollectible accounts on agent receivables at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

 

 

     June 30
2012
    December 31
2011
 

Beginning of year

   $ 2,226      $ 644   

Additions

     154        1,724   

Deductions

     (150     (142
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

End of period

   $ 2,230      $ 2,226   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

28


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

The following table details the mortgage loan portfolio as collectively or individually evaluated for impairment.

 

 

     June 30
2012
    December 31
2011
 

Mortgage loans collectively evaluated for impairment

   $ 582,017      $ 604,772   

Mortgage loans individually evaluated for impairment

     -        -   

Allowance for potential future losses

     (2,517     (2,849
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Carrying value

   $ 579,500      $ 601,923   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following table details the activity of the allowance for potential future losses on mortgage loans at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

 

 

     June 30
2012
    December 31
2011
 

Beginning of year

   $ 2,849      $ 3,410   

Additions

     32        -   

Deductions

     (364     (561
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

End of period

   $ 2,517      $ 2,849   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Agent Receivables

The Company has agent receivables which are classified as financing receivables and are reduced by an allowance for doubtful accounts. These trade receivables from agents are long-term in nature and are specifically assessed as to the collectability of each receivable. The Company’s gross agent receivables totaled $3.7 million at June 30, 2012, and the Company maintained an allowance for doubtful accounts totaling $2.2 million. Gross agent receivables totaled $3.9 million with an allowance for doubtful accounts of $2.2 million at December 31, 2011. The Company has two types of agent receivables, including:

 

   

Agent specific loans. At June 30, 2012, these loans totaled $1.0 million with an allowance for doubtful accounts of $0.2 million. At December 31, 2011, agent specific loans totaled $0.8 million with an allowance for doubtful accounts of $0.2 million.

   

Various agent commission advances and other commission receivables. Gross agent receivables in this category totaled $2.7 million, with an allowance for doubtful accounts of $2.0 million at June 30, 2012. Gross agent receivables totaled $3.1 million and the allowance for doubtful accounts was $2.0 million at December 31, 2011.

Mortgage Loans

The Company considers its mortgage loan portfolio to be long-term financing receivables. Mortgage loans are stated at cost, net of an allowance for potential future losses. Mortgage loan interest income is recognized on an accrual basis with any premium or discount amortized over the life of the loan. Prepayment and late fees are recorded on the date of collection. Loans in foreclosure, loans considered impaired, or loans past due 90 days or more are placed on a non-accrual status.

If a mortgage loan is determined to be on non-accrual status, the Company does not accrue interest income. The loan is independently monitored and evaluated as to potential impairment or foreclosure. This evaluation includes assessing the probability of receiving future cash flows, along with consideration of many of the factors described below. If delinquent payments are made and the loan is brought current, then the Company returns the loan to active status and accrues income accordingly.

Generally, the Company considers its mortgage loans to be a portfolio segment. The Company considers its primary class to be property type. The Company primarily uses loan-to-value as its credit risk quality indicator but also monitors additional secondary risk factors, such as geographic distribution both on a regional and specific state basis. The mortgage loan portfolio segment is presented by property-type in a table in Note 3 – Investments, as are geographic distributions for both regional and significant state concentrations. These measures are also supplemented with various other analytics to provide additional information concerning mortgage loans and management’s assessment of financing receivables.

 

29


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

The following table presents an aging schedule for delinquent payments for both principal and interest at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, by property type.

 

 

            Amount of Payments Past Due  
      Book Value      30-59 Days      60-89 Days      > 90 Days      Total  

June 30, 2012

              

Industrial

   $ -       $ -       $ -       $ -       $ -   

Medical

     -         -         -         -         -   

Office

     159         9         -         -         9   

Other

     -         -         -         -         -   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 159       $ 9       $ -       $ -       $ 9   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

December 31, 2011

              

Industrial

   $ -       $ -       $ -       $ -       $ -   

Office

     816         13         -         -         13   

Medical

     7,019         75         -         -         75   

Other

     -         -         -         -         -   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 7,835       $ 88       $ -       $ -       $ 88   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

At June 30, 2012, there was one mortgage loan that was 30 days past due. Subsequently, payment was received and this loan was brought current in July 2012.

The allowance for potential future losses on mortgage loans is maintained at a level believed by management to be adequate to absorb estimated credit losses. Management’s periodic evaluation and assessment of the adequacy of the reserve is based on known and inherent risks in the portfolio, historical and industry data, current economic conditions, and other relevant factors. The Company assesses the amount it maintains in the mortgage loan allowance through an assessment of what the Company believes are relevant factors at both the macro-environmental level and specific loan basis. A loan is considered impaired if it is probable that contractual amounts due will not be collected. The Company’s allowance for potential future losses was $2.5 million at June 30, 2012 and $2.8 million at December 31, 2011. For information regarding management’s periodic evaluation and assessment of mortgage loans and the allowance for potential future losses, please refer to Note 5 – Financing Receivables in the Company’s 2011 Form 10-K.

The Company has had three mortgage loan defaults in the current and prior year. One loan was foreclosed in the first quarter of 2012 and an impairment of $0.2 million was recorded. One of the loan defaults in 2011 resulted in an impairment of $0.4 million, while the second loan default in 2011 did not result in an impairment based upon the fair value of the property being greater than the loan value. The Company had no troubled loans that were restructured or modified during 2012 or 2011.

6. Variable Interest Entities

The Company invests in certain affordable housing and real estate joint ventures which are considered to be variable interest entities (VIEs) and are included in Real Estate in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. The assets held in affordable housing real estate joint venture VIEs are primarily residential real estate properties that are restricted to provide affordable housing under federal or state programs for varying periods of time. The restrictions primarily apply to the rents that may be paid by tenants residing in the properties during the term of an agreement to remain in the affordable housing program. Investments in real estate joint ventures are equity interests in partnerships or limited liability corporations that may or may not participate in profits or residual value. In certain cases, the Company may issue fixed-rate senior mortgage loan investments secured by properties controlled by VIEs. These investments are classified as mortgage loans in the Consolidated Balance Sheets, and the income received from such investments is recorded as investment income in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income. For additional information, please refer to Note 6 – Variable Interest Entities in the Company’s 2011 Form 10-K.

 

30


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

The following table presents the carrying amount and maximum exposure to loss relating to VIEs for which the Company holds a variable interest, but is not the primary beneficiary, and which had not been consolidated at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011. The table includes investments in eight real estate joint ventures and 28 affordable housing real estate joint ventures at June 30, 2012 and investments in eleven real estate joint ventures and 28 affordable housing real estate joint ventures at December 31, 2011.

 

 

     June 30
2012
     December 31
2011
 
     Carrying
Amount
     Maximum
Exposure
to Loss
     Carrying
Amount
     Maximum
Exposure
to Loss
 

Real estate joint ventures

   $ 24,089       $ 24,089       $ 35,551       $ 35,551   

Affordable housing real estate joint ventures

     24,171         60,966         20,749         61,124   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 48,260       $ 85,055       $ 56,300       $ 96,675   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The maximum exposure to loss relating to the real estate joint ventures and affordable housing real estate joint ventures, as shown in the table above, is equal to the carrying amounts plus any unfunded equity commitments, exposure to potential recapture of tax credits, guarantees of debt, or other obligations of the VIE with recourse to the Company. Unfunded equity and loan commitments typically require financial or operating performance by other parties and have not yet become due or payable but which may become due in the future.

At June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Company had $1.4 million and $6.4 million, respectively, in fixed-rate senior mortgage loan commitments outstanding to the benefit of entities that are also real estate joint venture VIEs. The loan commitments are included in the discussion of commitments in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for both periods. The Company also has contingent commitments to fund additional equity contributions for operating support to certain real estate joint venture VIEs, which could result in additional exposure to loss. However, the Company is not able to quantify the amount of these contingent commitments.

In addition, the maximum exposure to loss on affordable housing joint ventures at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 includes $11.2 million and $13.2 million, respectively, of losses which could be realized if the tax credits received by the VIEs were recaptured. Recapture events would cause the Company to reverse some or all of the benefit previously recognized by the Company or third parties to whom the tax credit interests were transferred. A recapture event can occur at any time during a 15-year required compliance period. The principal causes of recapture include financial default and non-compliance with affordable housing program requirements by the properties controlled by the VIE. The potential exposure due to recapture may be mitigated by guarantees from the managing member or managing partner in the VIE, insurance contracts, or changes in the residual value accruing to the Company’s interests in the VIEs.

7. Change in Accounting Principle

The Company adopted Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2010-26 “Accounting for Costs Associated with Acquiring or Renewing Insurance Contracts,” effective January 1, 2012. This guidance modifies the types of costs incurred by insurance entities that can be capitalized when issuing or renewing insurance contracts. The guidance defines allowable deferred acquisition costs as incremental or directly related to the successful acquisition of new or renewal contracts. In addition, certain costs related directly to acquisition activities performed by the insurer, such as underwriting and policy issuance, are also deferrable. This guidance also defines the considerations for the deferral of direct-response advertising costs.

Effective January 1, 2012, the Company prospectively adopted this guidance. Pursuant to this guidance, the Company evaluated the types of acquisition costs it capitalizes. The Company capitalizes agent compensation and benefits and other expenses that are directly related to the successful acquisition of contracts. The Company also capitalizes expenses directly related to activities performed by the Company, such as underwriting, policy issuance, and processing fees incurred in connection with successful contract acquisitions.

 

31


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

Deferred acquisition costs are capitalized as incurred. These costs for life insurance products are generally deferred and amortized over the premium paying period. Policy acquisition costs that relate to interest sensitive and variable insurance products are deferred and amortized in relation to the estimated gross profits to be realized over the lives of the contracts. For interest sensitive and variable insurance products, estimated gross profits are composed of net interest income, net realized investment gains and losses, fees, surrender charges, expenses, and mortality gains and losses. At the issuance of policies, projections of estimated gross profits are made which are then replaced by actual gross profits over the lives of the policies. The Company considers the following assumptions to be of significance when projecting future estimated gross profits: mortality, interest rates and spreads, surrender and withdrawal rates, and expense margins.

The amount of acquisition costs capitalized during the second quarter and six months ended June 30, 2012 were $9.3 million and $19.0 million, respectively. The amount of acquisition costs that would have been capitalized during the second quarter and six months ended June 30, 2012 if the Company’s previous policy had been applied during that period would have been $8.8 million and $17.5 million, respectively. Thus, the adoption of this guidance resulted in a $0.6 million and a $1.5 million increase in the amount of acquisition costs capitalized during the two respective periods. The net result of the adoption of ASU No. 2010-26 were increases of $0.8 million and $1.4 million in pretax earnings in the second quarter and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively.

8. Separate Accounts

The Company has a guaranteed minimum withdrawal benefit (GMWB) rider that can be added to new or existing variable annuity contracts. The rider provides an enhanced withdrawal benefit that guarantees a stream of income payments to an owner or annuitant, regardless of the contract account value. The value of variable annuity separate accounts with the GMWB rider was $91.6 million at June 30, 2012 (December 31, 2011 - $86.6 million) and the guarantee liability was $0.3 million at June 30, 2012 (December 31, 2011 - ($0.2) million). The value of the GMWB rider is recorded at fair value. The change in this value is included in policyholder benefits in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income. The value of variable annuity separate accounts with the GMWB rider is recorded in separate account liabilities, and the value of the rider is included in other policyholder funds in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. The determination of fair value of the GMWB liability requires models that use actuarial and financial market assumptions, which reflect the assumptions market participants would use in pricing the contract, including adjustments for risk and issuer non-performance.

Guarantees are offered under variable universal life and variable annuity contracts: a guaranteed minimum death benefit (GMDB) rider is available on certain variable universal life contracts, and GMDB are provided on all variable annuities. The GMDB rider for variable universal life and variable annuity contracts guarantees the death benefit for specified periods of time, regardless of investment performance, provided cumulative premium requirements are met. The total reserve held for the variable annuity GMDB at June 30, 2012 was $0.1 million (December 31, 2011 - $0.2 million).

9. Notes Payable

The Company had no notes payable at June 30, 2012 or December 31, 2011.

As a member of the Federal Home Loan Bank of Des Moines (FHLB) with a capital investment of $4.7 million, the Company has the ability to borrow on a collateralized basis from the FHLB. The Company received dividends on the capital investment of less than $0.1 million in both the second quarter and the six-month period ended June 30, 2012. Dividends received were less than $0.1 million in the second quarter and $0.1 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2011.

The Company has unsecured revolving lines of credit of $60.0 million with two major commercial banks with no balances outstanding and which are at variable interest rates based upon short-term indices. These lines of credit will expire in June of 2013. The Company anticipates renewing these lines as they come due.

 

32


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

10. Income Taxes

The following table provides a reconciliation of the federal income tax rate to the Company’s effective income tax rate for the second quarters and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011.

 

 

     Quarter Ended
June 30
    Six Months Ended
June 30
 
         2012             2011             2012             2011      

Federal income tax rate

     35%        35%        35%        35%   

Tax credits, net of equity adjustment

     (1     -        -        -   

Permanent differences

     (1     (1     (1     (1

Other

     2        -        -        -   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effective income tax rate

     35%        34%        34%        34%   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The Company did not have any uncertain tax positions at June 30, 2012.

At June 30, 2012, the Company had a $2.3 million current tax liability and a $75.7 million deferred tax liability, compared to a $0.3 million current tax recoverable and a $68.8 million deferred tax liability at December 31, 2011.

11. Pensions and Other Postretirement Benefits

The following table provides the components of net periodic benefit cost for the second quarters and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011:

 

 

     Pension Benefits     Other Benefits  
     Quarter Ended
June 30
    Quarter Ended
June 30
 
             2012                     2011                     2012                     2011          

Service cost

   $ -      $ -      $ 199      $ 161   

Interest cost

     1,475        1,871        452        387   

Expected return on plan assets

     (2,225     (2,342     (8     (9

Amortization of:

        

Unrecognized actuarial loss

     575        896        70        4   

Unrecognized prior service cost

     -        -        (63     (68
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net periodic benefit cost (income)

   $ (175   $ 425      $ 650      $ 475   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

     Pension Benefits     Other Benefits  
     Six Months Ended
June 30
    Six Months Ended
June 30
 
             2012                     2011                     2012                     2011          

Service cost

   $ -      $ -      $ 399      $ 321   

Interest cost

     2,950        3,742        902        774   

Expected return on plan assets

     (4,450     (4,684     (16     (18

Amortization of:

        

Unrecognized actuarial (gain) loss

     (850     1,792        141        9   

Unrecognized prior service cost

     -        -        (126     (136
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net periodic benefit cost (income)

   $ (2,350   $ 850      $ 1,300      $ 950   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

33


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

During the first quarter of 2012, the Company identified an error related to the amortization period for unrecognized actuarial gains and losses for its pension plan. The Company determined that upon curtailment of the plan on January 1, 2011, the status of the plan participants should have changed from active to inactive. The amortization period was corrected from the average remaining service period of plan participants, approximately 10 years, to the average remaining life expectancy of plan participants, approximately 26 years. The Company has recognized a $2.0 million pre-tax benefit related to the reversal of amortization recorded during 2011.

12. Share-Based Payment

The Company has a long-term incentive plan for senior management that provides a cash award to participants for the increase in the share price of the Company’s common stock through units (phantom shares) assigned by the Board of Directors. The cash award is calculated over a three-year interval on a calendar year basis. At the conclusion of each three-year interval, participants will receive a cash award based on the increase in the share price during a defined measurement period, multiplied by the number of units. The increase in the share price will be determined based on the change in the share price from the beginning to the end of the three-year interval. Dividends are accrued and paid at the end of each three-year interval to the extent that they exceed negative stock price appreciation. Plan payments are contingent on the continued employment of the participant unless termination is due to a qualifying event such as death, disability, or retirement. The Company does not make payments in shares, warrants, or options.

No payments were made under this plan during the first six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011.

At each reporting period, an estimate of the share-based compensation expense is accrued, utilizing the share price at the period end. The cost of share-based compensation accrued as an operating expense in the second quarter of 2012 was $0.2 million, net of tax. The change in accrual for share-based compensation that reduced operating expense in the second quarter of 2011 was $0.1 million, net of tax. The cost of compensation accrued as an operating expense for the six months ended June 30, 2012 was $0.5 million, net of tax. The change in accrual for share-based compensation that reduced operating expense in the first six months of 2011 was less than $0.1 million, net of tax.

13. Comprehensive Income

Comprehensive income is comprised of net income and other comprehensive income. Other comprehensive income includes the unrealized investment gains or losses on securities available for sale (net of adjustments for realized investment gains or losses) net of adjustments to DAC, VOBA, future policy benefits, and policyholder account balances. In addition, other comprehensive income includes the change in the liability for benefit plan obligations. Other comprehensive income reflects these items net of tax.

 

34


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

The table below provides information about comprehensive income for the second quarters and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011.

 

 

     Quarter Ended June 30, 2012  
     Before-Tax
Amount
    Tax (Expense)
or Benefit
    Net-of-Tax
Amount
 

Net unrealized gains (losses) arising during the year

      

Fixed maturity securities

   $ 32,275      $ 11,297      $ 20,978   

Equity securities

     (55     (20     (35

Less reclassification adjustments:

      

Net realized investment gains (losses), excluding impairment losses

     412        144        268   

Other-than-temporary impairment losses recognized in earnings

     (188     (66     (122

Other-than-temporary impairment losses recognized in other comprehensive income

     42        15        27   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net unrealized gains (losses) excluding impairment losses

     31,954        11,184        20,770   

Effect on DAC and VOBA

     (7,454     (2,609     (4,845

Future policy benefits

     (5,389     (1,887     (3,502

Policyholder account balances

     (219     (76     (143
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income

   $ 18,892      $ 6,612      $ 12,280   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

         8,397   
      

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

       $ 20,677   
      

 

 

 

 

35


Table of Contents

Kansas City Life Insurance Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)–Continued

 

     Quarter Ended June 30, 2011  
     Before-Tax
Amount
    Tax (Expense)
or Benefit
    Net-of-Tax
Amount
 

Net unrealized gains (losses) arising during the year

      

Fixed maturity securities

   $ 39,150      $ 13,703      $ 25,447   

Equity securities

     41        14        27   

Less reclassification adjustments:

      

Net realized investment gains (losses), excluding impairment losses

     2,013        705        1,308   

Other-than-temporary impairment losses recognized in earnings

     (238     (83     (155

Other-than-temporary impairment losses recognized in other comprehensive income

     56        20        36   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net unrealized gains (losses) excluding impairment losses

     37,360        13,075        24,285   

Effect on DAC and VOBA

     (6,897     (2,414     (4,483

Future policy benefits

     (4,502     (1,576     (2,926

Policyholder account balances

     (127     (44     (83
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income

   $ 25,834      $ 9,041      $ 16,793   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

         11,173   
      

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

       $ 27,966