|• FORM 10-Q • EXHIBIT 10.258 • EXHIBIT 10.259 • EXHIBIT 15.43 • EXHIBIT 31.81 • EXHIBIT 31.82 • EXHIBIT 32.81 • EXHIBIT 32.82 • EXHIBIT 101.INS • EXHIBIT 101.SCH • EXHIBIT 101.CAL • EXHIBIT 101.DEF • EXHIBIT 101.LAB • EXHIBIT 101.PRE|
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2012
For the transition period from ______________to______________
Commission file number 1-13647
DOLLAR THRIFTY AUTOMOTIVE GROUP, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
5330 East 31st Street, Tulsa, Oklahoma 74135
(Address of principal executive offices and zip code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (918) 660-7700
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes X No____
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes X No____
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer X Accelerated filer Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No X
The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s Common Stock as of May 2, 2012 was 28,040,290.
DOLLAR THRIFTY AUTOMOTIVE GROUP, INC.
FACTORS AFFECTING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This report contains “forward-looking statements” about our expectations, plans and performance, including those under “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Outlook for 2012” and “Liquidity and Capital Resources.” These statements use such words as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “believe,” “intend,” “should,” “could,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “forecast,” “project,” “plan” and similar expressions. These statements do not guarantee future performance and Dollar Thrifty Automotive Group, Inc. assumes no obligation to update them. Risks and uncertainties relating to our business that could materially affect our future results include:
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
The Board of Directors
Dollar Thrifty Automotive Group, Inc.
We have reviewed the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet of Dollar Thrifty Automotive Group, Inc. and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of March 31, 2012, and the related condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income and cash flows for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2012 and 2011. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management.
We conducted our review in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). A review of interim financial information consists principally of applying analytical procedures and making inquiries of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters. It is substantially less in scope than an audit conducted in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, the objective of which is the expression of an opinion regarding the financial statements taken as a whole. Accordingly, we do not express such an opinion.
Based on our review, we are not aware of any material modifications that should be made to the condensed consolidated financial statements referenced above for them to be in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
We have previously audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheet of Dollar Thrifty Automotive Group, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2011, and the related consolidated statements of income, stockholders’ equity and comprehensive income, and cash flows for the year then ended (not presented herein); and in our report dated February 28, 2012, we expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements. In our opinion, the information set forth in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2011, is fairly stated, in all material respects, in relation to the consolidated balance sheet from which it has been derived.
/s/ ERNST & YOUNG LLP
May 9, 2012
Cash and Cash Equivalents – Cash and cash equivalents include cash on hand and on deposit, including highly liquid investments with initial maturities of three months or less. Book overdrafts represent outstanding checks not yet presented to the bank and are included in accounts payable to reflect the Company’s outstanding obligations. At March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, there was $17.6 million and $19.0 million, respectively, in book overdrafts included in accounts payable. These amounts do not represent bank overdrafts, which would constitute checks presented in excess of cash on hand, and would be effectively a loan to the Company.
Restricted Cash and Investments – Restricted cash and investments are restricted for the acquisition of vehicles and other specified uses under the rental car asset-backed note indenture and other agreements. A portion of these funds is restricted due to the like-kind exchange tax program for deferred tax gains on eligible vehicle remarketing. As permitted by the indenture, these funds are primarily held in highly rated money market funds with investments primarily in government and corporate obligations. Restricted cash and investments are excluded from cash and cash equivalents.
Long-Term Incentive Plan
At March 31, 2012, the Company’s common stock authorized for issuance under the long-term incentive plan (“LTIP”) for employees and non-employee directors was 1,994,171 shares. The Company has 211,567 shares available for future LTIP awards at March 31, 2012 after reserving for the maximum potential shares that could be awarded under existing LTIP grants. The Company issues new shares from remaining authorized common stock to satisfy LTIP awards.
Compensation cost for non-qualified option rights, performance shares and restricted stock awards is recognized based on the fair value of the awards granted at the grant-date and is amortized to compensation expense on a straight-line basis over the requisite service periods of the stock awards, which are generally the vesting periods. The Company recognized compensation costs of $1.9 million and $1.2 million during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively, for such awards. The total income tax benefit recognized in the statements of comprehensive income for share-based compensation payments was $0.8 million and $0.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
Option Rights Plan – Under the LTIP, the Human Resources and Compensation Committee may grant non-qualified option rights to key employees and non-employee directors. The maximum number of shares for which option rights may be granted under the LTIP to any participant during any calendar year is 285,000. No awards were granted in 2012 and 2011. There are no options vested during the three months ended March 31, 2012. The grant-date fair value of options vested during the three months ended March 31, 2011 was $1.1 million. Expense is recognized over the service period which is the vesting period. Unrecognized expense remaining at March 31, 2012 and 2011 for the options is less than $0.1 million and $0.7 million, respectively, and will be recognized through April 2012.
The following table sets forth the non-qualified option rights activity under the LTIP for the three months ended March 31, 2012:
The total intrinsic value of options exercised during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 was $5.6 million and $2.7 million, respectively. Total cash received by the Company for non-qualified option rights exercised during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 totaled $0.6 million and $1.4 million, respectively.
Performance Shares – Performance share awards, which may take the form of performance shares or performance units, are granted to Company officers and certain key employees.
The maximum amount of performance share awards that may be granted under the LTIP during any year to any participant is 160,000 common shares. Compensation expense related to the performance shares is recognized over the vesting period.
In February 2012, the Company granted 29,135 performance units related to the 2011 incentive compensation plan with a grant-date fair value of $76.17 per share. These performance units, which will settle in Company shares, will vest over the requisite service period with 25% vesting on December 31, 2012 and the remaining 75% vesting on December 31, 2013. In December 2011, a target number of performance units was granted with a grant-date fair value of $69.58 per share. These performance units, which will settle in Company shares, will vest over a three-year requisite service period following the grant date with 25% vesting on December 31, 2013 and the remaining 75% vesting on December 31, 2014. The number of performance units ultimately earned will depend upon the level of corporate performance against a pre-established target in 2012. The grant-date fair value for each of these awards was based on the closing market price of the Company’s common shares at the date of grant.
No shares vested during the three months ended March 31, 2012. In March 2011, the 2008 grant of performance shares earned from January 1, 2008 through December 31, 2010 totaling 73,000 shares, net of forfeitures, vested at 200% of the target award (total of approximately 146,000 shares) with a total intrinsic value to the recipients of approximately $3.5 million. The Company withheld approximately 52,000 of these shares for the payment of taxes owed by the recipients and designated the shares withheld as treasury shares.
The following table presents the status of the Company’s nonvested performance shares as of March 31, 2012 and changes during the three months ended March 31, 2012:
At March 31, 2012, the total compensation cost related to nonvested performance share awards not yet recognized is estimated at approximately $10.9 million, depending upon the Company’s performance against targets specified in the performance share agreement. This estimated compensation cost is expected to be recognized over the weighted average period of 1.9 years. The total intrinsic value of vested and issued performance shares during the three months ended March 31, 2011 was $7.6 million. As of March 31, 2012, the intrinsic value of the nonvested performance share awards was $23.5 million.
Restricted Stock Units – Under the LTIP, the Company may grant restricted stock units to key employees and non-employee directors. The grant-date fair value of the award is based on the closing market price of the Company’s common shares at the date of grant. No restricted stock units vested during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011.
In January 2012, non-employee directors were granted 6,815 shares with a grant-date fair value of $73.42 per share that fully vest on December 31, 2012. At March 31, 2012, the total compensation cost related to nonvested restricted stock unit awards not yet recognized is approximately $0.4 million, which is expected to be recognized on a straight-line basis over the vesting period of the restricted stock units.
The following table presents the status of the Company’s nonvested restricted stock units as of March 31, 2012 and changes during the three months ended March 31, 2012:
Vehicle depreciation and lease charges include the following (in thousands):
Average gain on Non-Program Vehicles:
Components of vehicle depreciation per vehicle per month:
Vehicles purchased by vehicle rental companies under programs where either the rate of depreciation or the residual value is guaranteed by the manufacturer are referred to as “Program Vehicles.” Vehicles not purchased under these programs and for which rental companies therefore bear residual value risk are referred to as “Non-Program Vehicles.”
Depreciation expense for Non-Program Vehicles, which constitute substantially all of the Company’s fleet, is recorded on a straight-line basis over the life of the vehicle, based on the original acquisition cost, the projected residual value at the time of sale, and the estimated length of time the vehicle will be in service. The Company’s vehicle depreciation rates are periodically adjusted on a prospective basis when residual value assumptions change due to changes in used vehicle market conditions.
The estimation of residual values requires the Company to make assumptions regarding the expected age and mileage of the vehicle at the time of disposal. Additionally, residual value estimates must also take into consideration overall used vehicle market conditions at the time of sale, including the impact of seasonality on vehicle residuals. The difference in residual values assumed and the proceeds realized upon sale of the vehicle is recorded as a gain or loss on sale of the vehicle, and is recorded as a component of net vehicle depreciation and lease charges in the condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive income.
Basic earnings per share (“EPS”) is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS is based on the combined weighted average number of common shares and dilutive potential common shares outstanding which include, where appropriate, the assumed exercise of options. In computing diluted EPS, the Company utilizes the treasury stock method.
The computation of weighted average common and common equivalent shares used in the calculation of basic and diluted EPS is shown in the following table (in thousands, except share and per share data):
For the three months ended March 31, 2012, and 2011, all options to purchase shares of common stock were included in the computation of diluted EPS because no exercise price was greater than the average per share market price of the common shares.
Shares included in the diluted EPS calculation decreased on a year-over-year basis from the three months ended March 31, 2011 to the three months ended March 31, 2012. The Company uses the treasury stock method to determine the denominator used in the diluted EPS calculation. To derive the denominator, the number of outstanding options is reduced by the number of shares that would be repurchased from assumed proceeds of certain defined items including the exercise price of the option and the excess tax benefit that would result from the assumed exercise of the option. However, the excess tax benefit component is included only if the assumed tax benefit would decrease the Company’s current taxes payable. In 2012, the Company has projected that it will be a taxpayer and the tax benefit of the repurchases of shares from the assumed proceeds is incorporated into the diluted share calculation. The impact of the assumed tax benefit in 2012 is a reduction in diluted shares outstanding of approximately 600,000 shares. In 2011, the Company was not a taxpayer for federal income tax purposes and did not benefit from the tax deduction related to the assumed option exercises for purposes of the diluted share calculation, thus increasing the number of shares included in the diluted EPS calculation by approximately 700,000 shares. Other factors, such as the Company’s stock price and stock options exercised, also impact the diluted EPS calculation.
During the first quarter of 2012, the Company repurchased 1,515,393 shares of its common stock which reduced the weighted-average common shares outstanding. See Note 10 for further discussion of the share repurchase program.
Receivables consist of the following (in thousands):
Trade accounts receivable and other include primarily amounts due from rental customers, franchisees and tour operators arising from billings under standard credit terms for services provided in the normal course of business.
Vehicle manufacturer receivables include primarily amounts due under guaranteed residual, buyback and Non-Program Vehicle incentive programs, which are paid according to contract terms and are generally received within 60 days.
Car sales receivable include primarily amounts due from car sale auctions for the sale of both Program Vehicles and Non-Program Vehicles.
Allowance for doubtful accounts represents potentially uncollectible amounts owed to the Company from franchisees, tour operators, corporate account customers and others.
Debt and other obligations as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 consist of the following (in thousands):
Asset-Backed Medium-Term Notes
Asset-backed medium-term notes were issued by RCFC in October 2011 (the “Series 2011-2 notes”), July 2011 (the “Series 2011-1 notes”), and May 2007 (the “Series 2007-1 notes”).
The $400 million of Series 2011-2 notes were issued at a fixed interest rate of 3.21% and will be repaid monthly over a six-month period, beginning in December 2014, with an expected final maturity date of May 2015. At March 31, 2012, the Series 2011-2 notes required compliance with a maximum corporate leverage ratio of 3.0 to 1.0, a minimum corporate interest coverage ratio of 2.0 to 1.0 and a minimum corporate EBITDA requirement of $75 million, consistent with the terms of the Company’s Revolving Credit Facility (hereinafter defined).
The Series 2011-1 notes are comprised of $420 million principal amount of Series 2011-1 Class A Notes with a fixed interest rate of 2.51% and $80 million principal amount of Series 2011-1 Class B Notes with a fixed interest rate of 4.38%. On a blended basis, the average annual coupon on the combined $500 million principal amount of the Series 2011-1 notes is approximately 2.81%. The Series 2011-1 notes will be repaid monthly over a six-month period, beginning in September 2014, with an expected final maturity date in February 2015.
The Series 2007-1 notes began scheduled amortization in February 2012. During the first quarter of 2012, $166.7 million of principal payments were made with the remaining $333.3 million due in equal payments April 2012 through July 2012. The Series 2007-1 notes are insured by Financial Guaranty Insurance Company. The Series 2007-1 notes are floating rate notes that were previously effectively converted to fixed rate notes through swap agreements that provided for a fixed interest rate of 5.16% on these notes. At March 31, 2012, the Series 2007-1 notes had an interest rate of 0.58%.
Variable Funding Notes
The Company had drawn $180 million of the $600 million Series 2010-3 variable funding note (“VFN”) at March 31, 2012. At the end of the revolving period, the then-outstanding principal amount of the Series 2010-3 VFN will be repaid monthly over a three-month period, beginning in October 2013, with the final payment due in December 2013. The facility bears interest at a spread of 130 basis points above each funding institution’s cost of funds, which may be based on either the weighted-average commercial paper rate, a floating one-month LIBOR rate or a Eurodollar rate. The Series 2010-3 VFN had an interest rate of 1.57% at March 31, 2012. The Series 2010-3 VFN also has a facility fee commitment rate of up to 0.8% per annum on any unused portion of the facility. The Series 2010-3 VFN requires compliance with a maximum corporate leverage ratio of 3.0 to 1.0, a minimum corporate interest coverage ratio of 2.0 to 1.0 and a minimum corporate EBITDA requirement of $75 million, consistent with the terms of the Company’s Revolving Credit Facility.
Canadian Fleet Financing
On March 9, 2012, the Company completed a CAD Series 2012-1 $150 million Canadian fleet securitization program (the “CAD Series 2012-1 notes”). This program has a term of two years and requires a program fee of 150 basis points above the one-month rate for Canadian dollar denominated bankers’ acceptances and a utilization fee of 65 basis points on the unused CAD Series 2012-1 amount. At March 31, 2012, CAD $60 million (US $60.1 million) of the CAD Series 2012-1 notes had been drawn. The CAD Series 2012-1 notes had an interest rate of 2.63% at March 31, 2012.
Revolving Credit Facility
On February 16, 2012, the Company terminated the existing senior secured credit facility and replaced it with a new $450 million revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Credit Facility”) that expires in February 2017. Pricing under the Revolving Credit Facility is grid-based with a spread above LIBOR that will range from 300 basis points to 350 basis points, based upon usage of the facility. Commitment fees under the Revolving Credit Facility will equal 50 basis points on unused capacity.
Under the Revolving Credit Facility, the Company is subject to a maximum corporate leverage ratio of 3.0 to 1.0, a minimum corporate interest coverage ratio of 2.0 to 1.0 and a minimum corporate EBITDA requirement of $75 million. In addition, the Revolving Credit Facility contains various restrictive covenants including, among others, limitations on the Company’s and its subsidiaries’ ability to incur additional indebtedness, make loans, acquisitions or other investments, grant liens on their respective property, dispose of assets, pay dividends or conduct stock repurchases, make capital expenditures or engage in certain transactions with affiliates.
Under the Revolving Credit Facility the Company has the ability (subject to specified conditions and limitations), among other things, to incur up to $400 million of unsecured indebtedness; to enter into permitted acquisitions of up to $250 million in the aggregate during the term of the Revolving Credit Facility and to incur financing and assume indebtedness in connection therewith; to make investments in the Company’s U.S. special-purpose financing entities (including RCFC) and its Canadian special-purpose financing entities, in aggregate amounts at any time outstanding of up to $750 million and $150 million, respectively; and to make dividend, stock repurchase and other restricted payments in an amount up to $300 million, plus 50% of cumulative adjusted net income (or minus 100% of cumulative adjusted net loss, as applicable) for the period beginning January 1, 2012 and ending on the last day of the fiscal quarter immediately preceding the restricted payment.
The Company had letters of credit outstanding under the Revolving Credit Facility of $163.7 million for U.S. enhancement and $51.5 million in general purpose letters of credit with a remaining available capacity of $234.8 million at March 31, 2012.
As of March 31, 2012, the Company is in compliance with all covenants under its various financing arrangements.
The Company is exposed to market risks, such as changes in interest rates, and has historically entered into interest rate swap and cap agreements to manage that risk. Additionally, some of the Company’s debt facilities require interest rate cap agreements in order to limit the Company’s exposure to increases in interest rates. The Company used interest rate swap agreements for asset-backed medium-term note issuances in 2007, to effectively convert variable interest rates to fixed interest rates; however, in late 2011, the Company terminated its 2007 swap agreements and paid a termination fee of $8.8 million to settle the outstanding liability. The remaining unamortized value of the hedge deferred in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) on the balance sheet is being reclassified into earnings as interest expense over the remaining term of the related debt through July 2012. During the first quarter of 2012, $4.9 million was reclassified into earnings as interest expense. The Company has also used interest rate cap agreements for its Series 2010-3 VFN, to effectively limit the variable interest rate on a total of $600 million in asset-backed VFNs. These cap agreements have a termination date of July 2014. There were no derivatives designated as hedging instruments at March 31, 2012 or December 31, 2011.
The fair values of derivatives outstanding at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 are as follows (in thousands):
The (gain) loss recognized on interest rate swap and cap agreements that do not qualify for hedge accounting treatment and thus are not designated as hedging instruments for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 are as follows (in thousands):
The amount of gain (loss), net of tax and reclassification, recognized on the terminated hedging instruments in other comprehensive income (loss) (“OCI”) and the amount of the gain (loss) reclassified from Accumulated OCI (“AOCI”) into income for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 are as follows (in thousands):
Additionally, $0.4 million, net of tax, was reclassified from AOCI related to the discontinuance of a cash flow hedge during the three months ended March 31, 2011.
Financial instruments are presented at fair value in the Company’s balance sheets. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Assets and liabilities recorded at fair value in the balance sheets are categorized based upon the level of judgment associated with the inputs used to measure their fair values. These categories include (in descending order of priority): Level 1, defined as observable inputs for identical instruments such as quoted prices in active markets; Level 2, defined as inputs, other than quoted prices in active markets, that are either directly or indirectly observable; and Level 3, defined as unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions.
The following tables show assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 on the Company’s balance sheet, and the input categories associated with those assets and liabilities:
The fair value of derivative assets, consisting of interest rate caps as discussed above, is calculated using proprietary models utilizing observable inputs, as well as future assumptions related to interest rates, credit risk and other variables. These calculations are performed by the financial institutions that are counterparties to the applicable cap agreements and reported to the Company on a monthly basis. The Company uses these reported fair values to adjust the asset as appropriate. The Company evaluates the reasonableness of the calculations by comparing similar calculations from other counterparties for the applicable period and performs back-testing through use of the look back approach to evaluate the fair value provided by the financial institutions. Deferred compensation plan assets consist of publicly traded securities and are valued in accordance with market quotations. There were no transfers into or out of Level 1 or Level 2 measurements for the three months ended March 31, 2012 or the 12 months ended December 31, 2011. The Company’s policy is to recognize transfers between levels as of the beginning of the period in which the event or change in circumstances triggering the transfer occurs. The Company had no Level 3 financial instruments at any time during the three months ended March 31, 2012 or the 12 months ended December 31, 2011.
The following estimated fair values of financial instruments have been determined by the Company using available market information and valuation methodologies described below.
Cash and Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash and Investments – Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash and investments consist of short-term, highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less when purchased and are comprised primarily of bank deposits, commercial paper and money market funds. The carrying amounts of these items are a reasonable estimate of their fair value due to the short-term nature of these instruments. The Company maintains its cash and cash equivalents in accounts that may not be federally insured.
Receivables and Accounts Payable – The carrying amounts of these items are a reasonable estimate of their fair value. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts and believes it is not exposed to significant credit risk.
Debt and Other Obligations – The fair values of the debt traded on the secondary markets were developed utilizing a market approach based on observable inputs from similar debt arrangements and from information regarding the trading of the Company’s debt in non-active secondary markets and, thus, the debt is classified as Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy. The Company’s other debt is not traded, including floating rate debt for which the carrying amounts are a reasonable estimate of the fair value, as well as fixed rate debt for which the fair values were estimated utilizing an income approach based on discount rates derived from other comparable issuances that include certain unobservable inputs. The non-traded debt is classified as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy. A portion of the Company’s debt is denominated in Canadian dollars, and its carrying value is impacted by exchange rate fluctuations. However, this foreign currency risk is mitigated by the underlying collateral, which is the Company’s Canadian fleet.
The following tables provide information about the Company’s market sensitive financial instruments valued at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011:
Share Repurchase Program
In September 2011, the Company announced that its Board of Directors had increased authorization under the share repurchase program to $400 million. The share repurchase program is discretionary and has no expiration date. Subject to applicable law, the Company may repurchase shares through forward stock repurchase agreements, accelerated stock buyback programs, directly in the open market, in privately negotiated transactions, or pursuant to derivative instruments or plans complying with SEC Rule 10b5-1, among other types of transactions and arrangements. The share repurchase program may be increased, suspended or discontinued at any time.
During the three months ended March 31, 2012, the Company repurchased 1,515,393 shares or approximately $105.0 million ($100 million which was pre-funded in November 2011 under a forward stock repurchase agreement) of its common stock under this share repurchase program at an average price of $69.30 per share. As of March 31, 2012, approximately $295 million remained available for further purchases of the Company’s common stock under this share repurchase program. Additionally, share repurchases are subject to applicable limitations under the Revolving Credit Facility, which as of March 31, 2012, permitted share repurchases totaling approximately $315 million.
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The components of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) are as follows:
During the first quarter of 2012 and 2011, the Company recorded a deferred tax asset on cash flow hedges of $1.5 million and a deferred tax liability on cash flow hedges of $2.3 million, respectively. These cash flow hedges are related to the derivatives used to manage the interest rate risk associated with the Company’s vehicle-related debt and were terminated as described in Note 8.
The Company has provided for income taxes in the U.S. and in Canada based on taxable income or loss and other tax attributes separately for each jurisdiction. The Company has established tax provisions separately for U.S. taxable income and Canadian losses, for which the income tax benefit recorded has been fully reserved with an offsetting valuation allowance. Deferred income taxes are provided for the temporary differences between the financial reporting basis and the tax basis of the Company’s assets and liabilities. A valuation allowance is recorded for deferred income tax assets when management determines it is more likely than not that such assets will not be realized.
The Company utilizes a like-kind exchange program for its vehicles whereby tax basis gains on disposal of eligible revenue-earning vehicles are deferred for purposes of U.S. federal and state income tax (the “Like-Kind Exchange Program”). To qualify for Like-Kind Exchange Program treatment, the Company exchanges (through a qualified intermediary) vehicles being disposed of with vehicles being purchased allowing the Company to carry-over the tax basis of vehicles sold to replacement vehicles, thereby deferring taxable gains from vehicle dispositions.
In addition, the Company has historically elected to utilize accelerated or “bonus” depreciation methods on its vehicle inventories in order to defer its cash liability for U.S. federal and state income tax purposes. The Company’s ability to continue to defer the reversal of prior period tax deferrals will depend on a number of factors, including the size of the Company’s fleet, as well as the availability of accelerated depreciation methods in future years. Accordingly, the Company may make material cash federal income tax payments in future periods. Based on existing tax law, the Company expects to be a cash tax payer in 2012. In the first quarter of 2012, the Company received a tax refund of $8.8 million due to overpayments of the excess estimated tax payments made in 2011.
For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, the overall effective tax rate of 40.1% and 43.8%, respectively, differed from the U.S. statutory federal income tax rate due primarily to the state and local taxes and losses relating to DTG Canada for which no benefit was recognized due to full valuation allowance.
As of March 31, 2012, the Company had no material liability for unrecognized tax benefits. There are no material tax positions for which it is reasonably possible that unrecognized tax benefits will significantly change in the 12 months subsequent to March 31, 2012.
The Company files income tax returns in the U.S. federal and various state, local and foreign jurisdictions. In the Company’s significant tax jurisdictions, the tax years 2008 and later are subject to examination by U.S. federal taxing authorities and the tax years 2007 and later are subject to examination by state and foreign taxing authorities.
The Company accrues interest and penalties on underpayment of income taxes related to unrecognized tax benefits as a component of income tax expense in the condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive income. No material amounts were recognized for interest and penalties during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011.
For a detailed description of certain legal proceedings see Note 14 of notes to the consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.
The following recent development pertaining to a legal proceeding described in the Company’s Form 10-K is furnished on a supplemental basis:
On March 2, 2012, the appellate court in Susan and Jeffrey Dillon v. DTG Operations, Inc. d/b/a Thrifty Car Rental (Case No. 09CH34874, Cook County Circuit Court, Chancery Division, Illinois) upheld the lower court’s ruling in favor of the Company. The Plaintiffs did not seek a rehearing or further appeals, and this action has been dismissed.
Aside from the above mentioned, none of the other legal proceedings described in the Company’s Form 10-K have experienced material changes.
Various legal actions, claims and governmental inquiries and proceedings have been in the past, or may be in the future, asserted or instituted against the Company, including other purported class actions or proceedings relating to the Hertz transaction terminated in October 2010 and some that may demand large monetary damages or other relief which could result in significant expenditures. The Company is also subject to potential liability related to environmental matters. The Company establishes reserves for litigation and environmental matters when the loss is probable and reasonably estimable. It is reasonably possible that the final resolution of some of these matters may require the Company to make expenditures, in excess of established reserves, over an extended period of time and in a range of amounts that cannot be reasonably estimated. The term “reasonably possible” is used herein to mean that the chance of a future transaction or event occurring is more than remote but less than probable. The Company evaluates developments in its legal matters that could affect the amount of previously accrued reserves and makes adjustments as appropriate.
Significant judgment is required to determine both likelihood of a further loss and the estimated amount of the loss. With respect to outstanding litigation and environmental matters, based on current knowledge, the Company believes that the amount or range of reasonably possible loss will not, either individually or in the aggregate, have a material adverse effect on its business or consolidated financial statements. However, the outcome of such legal matters is inherently unpredictable and subject to significant uncertainties.
In May 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2011-04, “Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRS” (“ASU 2011-04”), which amends U.S. GAAP to converge U.S. GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards by changing the wording used to describe many of the requirements in U.S. GAAP for measuring fair value and for disclosing information about fair value measurements. ASU 2011-04 is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011. The Company adopted ASU 2011-04 on January 1, 2012, as required (see Note 9 for required disclosures).
In June 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-05, “Comprehensive Income - Presentation of Comprehensive Income” (“ASU 2011-05”). ASU 2011-05 eliminates the option to present the components of other comprehensive income as part of the statement of stockholders’ equity. It requires an entity to present the total of comprehensive income, the components of net income, and the components of other comprehensive income either in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements. In December 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-12, “Comprehensive Income - Deferral of the Effective Date for Amendments to the Presentation of Reclassifications of Items Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income in ASU 2011-05” (“ASU 2011-12”) to defer the effective date of the specific requirement to present items that are reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income to net income alongside their respective components of net income and other comprehensive income. All other provisions of this update, which are to be applied retrospectively, are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2011. The Company adopted ASU 2011-05 and ASU 2011-12 on January 1, 2012, as required (see Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income and Note 10 for required disclosures).
In December 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-11, “Balance Sheet (Topic 210): Disclosures about Offsetting Assets and Liabilities” (“ASU 2011-11”) to amend the requirement for an entity to disclose information about offsetting and related arrangements to enable users of its financial statements to understand the effect of those arrangements on its financial position. An entity should provide the disclosures required by those amendments retrospectively for all comparative periods presented. ASU 2011-11 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning on or after January 1, 2013, and interim periods within those annual periods. The Company plans to adopt ASU 2011-11 on January 1, 2013, as required, but does not believe this guidance will have a significant impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
In preparing the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements, the Company has reviewed events that have occurred after March 31, 2012 through the issuance of the financial statements. The Company noted no reportable subsequent events other than the subsequent events noted below.
During April 2012, the Company repurchased 92,500 shares or approximately $7.4 million of its common stock under the share repurchase program at an average price of $79.48, leaving approximately $288 million available for further purchases of the Company’s common stock under the share repurchase program.
In April 2012, the Company reduced the letters of credit outstanding under its Revolving Credit Facility by $145 million and satisfied the related enhancement requirement with cash.
Also in April 2012, the Company’s Board of Directors approved an amendment to its certificate of incorporation that would increase the Company’s common share capital from 50 million shares of common stock to 200 million shares of common stock. The additional shares would have the same rights and privileges and rank equally, share ratably and be identical in all other respects to the outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock. The amendment to the certificate of incorporation is subject to the approval of stockholders at the Company’s annual meeting of stockholders on June 7, 2012.
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Results of Operations
The following table sets forth certain selected operating data of the Company:
Use of Non-GAAP Measures for Measuring Results
Corporate Adjusted EBITDA means earnings, excluding the impact of the (increase) decrease in fair value of derivatives, before non-vehicle interest expense, income taxes, non-vehicle depreciation, amortization, and certain other items as shown below. The Company believes Corporate Adjusted EBITDA is important as it provides a supplemental measure of the Company's liquidity by adjusting earnings to exclude certain non-cash items, taxes and corporate-level capital structure decisions (i.e., non-vehicle interest), thus allowing the Company’s management, including the chief operating decision maker, as well as investors and analysts, to evaluate the Company’s operating cash flows based on the core operations of the Company. Additionally, the Company believes Corporate Adjusted EBITDA is a relevant measure of operating performance in providing a measure of profitability that focuses on the core operations of the Company while excluding certain items that do not directly reflect ongoing operating performance. The Company’s management, including the chief operating decision maker, uses Corporate Adjusted EBITDA to evaluate the Company’s performance and in preparing monthly operating performance reviews and annual operating budgets. The items excluded from Corporate Adjusted EBITDA, but included in the calculation of the Company’s reported net income, are significant components of its condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income, and must be considered in performing a comprehensive assessment of overall financial performance. Corporate Adjusted EBITDA is not defined under GAAP and should not be considered as an alternative measure of the Company's net income, cash flow or liquidity. Corporate Adjusted EBITDA amounts presented may not be comparable to similar measures disclosed by other companies.
See the table below for a reconciliation of non-GAAP to GAAP results.
Three Months Ended March 31, 2012 Compared with Three Months Ended March 31, 2011
During the first quarter of 2012, the Company’s vehicle rental revenue increased, primarily due to a 6.5% increase in the number of rental days, partially offset by a 4.2% decrease in average revenue per day. Net vehicle depreciation and lease charges decreased $32.4 million during the first quarter of 2012 due to lower base depreciation rates on vehicles in the fleet and $6.3 million of higher gains on the sales of Non-Program Vehicles, compared to the first quarter of 2011. Additionally, the Company did not incur any merger-related expenses during the first quarter of 2012, compared to $3.5 million of such expenses incurred in the first quarter of 2011. Net interest expense decreased $3.9 million during the first quarter of 2012 due to lower interest rates on remaining fleet financing facilities compared to the first quarter of 2011. The Company had income before income taxes of $67.4 million for the first quarter of 2012, compared to income before income taxes of $29.4 million for the first quarter of 2011. The Company experienced a decrease in the fair value of derivatives of $0.3 million in the first quarter of 2012, compared to an increase of $3.5 million in the first quarter of 2011. Additionally, the Company had net income of $40.4 million for the first quarter of 2012, compared to net income of $16.5 million for the first quarter of 2011.
Vehicle rental revenue for the first quarter of 2012 increased 2.1%. The Company experienced a 6.5% increase in the number of rental days totaling $21.5 million that resulted from significant improvement in rental demand in the first quarter of 2012 compared to the first quarter of 2011, which was negatively impacted by severe weather conditions in several markets. This increase was partially offset by a 4.2% decrease in average revenue per day totaling $14.7 million due to the competitive pricing environment in the first quarter of 2012.
Other revenue increased $1.1 million, primarily due to a $1.4 million gain on sale of assets during the first quarter of 2012.
Direct vehicle and operating expenses for the first quarter of 2012 increased $5.9 million primarily due to an increase in the average fleet operated during the period of 3.6%. As a percent of revenue, direct vehicle and operating expenses were 51.7% in the first quarter of 2012, compared to 51.2% in the first quarter of 2011.
The increase in direct vehicle and operating expense in the first quarter of 2012 primarily resulted from the following:
Net vehicle depreciation and lease charges for the first quarter of 2012 decreased $32.4 million. As a percent of revenue, net vehicle depreciation and lease charges were 11.7% in the first quarter of 2012, compared to 21.3% in the first quarter of 2011.
The decrease in net vehicle depreciation and lease charges resulted from the following:
Selling, general and administrative expenses for the first quarter of 2012 decreased $3.4 million. As a percent of revenue, selling, general and administrative expenses were 12.8% in the first quarter of 2012, compared to 14.1% in the first quarter of 2011.
The decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses in the first quarter of 2012 primarily resulted from the following:
Net interest expense for the first quarter of 2012 decreased $3.9 million primarily due to lower average interest rates and lower amortization of deferred financing costs. As a percent of revenue, net interest expense was 4.8% in the first quarter of 2012, compared to 6.0% in the first quarter of 2011.
The income tax expense for the first quarter of 2012 was $27.1 million, compared to $12.9 million for the first quarter of 2011. The effective income tax rate for the first quarter of 2012 was 40.1% compared to 43.8% for the first quarter of 2011. The Company’s overall effective tax rate will vary depending on the amount of taxable income generated by the Company’s operations in various states and the applicable tax rates in those states, as well as the proportion those taxes represent of the Company’s pretax income on a consolidated basis. The effective income tax rates for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 were higher than the federal statutory rates principally due to state and local income taxes and the full valuation allowance for the tax benefit of Canadian operating losses. Interim reporting requirements for applying separate, annual effective income tax rates to U.S. and Canadian operations, combined with the seasonal impact of Canadian operations, generally cause significant variations in the Company’s quarterly consolidated effective income tax rates.
The Company’s business is subject to seasonal variations in customer demand, with the summer vacation period representing the peak season for vehicle rentals. During the peak season, the Company increases its rental fleet and workforce to accommodate increased rental activity. As a result, any occurrence that disrupts travel patterns during the summer period could have a material adverse effect on the annual performance of the Company. The first and fourth quarters for the Company’s rental operations are generally the weakest, when there is limited leisure travel and a greater potential for adverse weather conditions. Many of the operating expenses such as rent, general insurance and administrative personnel are fixed and cannot be reduced during periods of decreased rental demand.
Outlook for 2012
Based on the first quarter performance, current overall economic conditions, expectations for continued strength in the domestic used vehicle market and continued improvement in travel volumes, the Company noted that it has revised its full year guidance for diluted EPS to be within a range of $5.00 to $5.60. Additionally, Corporate Adjusted EBITDA for the full year of 2012 is expected to be within a range of $285 million to $310 million.
See below for the reconciliation of forecasted Corporate Adjusted EBITDA for the full year of 2012.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
The Company’s primary uses of liquidity are for the purchase of vehicles for its rental fleet, including required collateral enhancement under its fleet financing structures, non-vehicle capital expenditures and working capital. The Company’s need for cash to finance vehicles is seasonal and typically peaks in the second and third quarters of the year when fleet levels build to meet seasonal rental demand. The Company expects to continue to fund its revenue-earning vehicles with borrowings under secured vehicle financing programs, cash provided from operations and proceeds from the disposal of used vehicles. The Company uses both cash and letters of credit to support asset-backed vehicle financing programs. The Company also uses letters of credit or insurance bonds to secure certain commitments related to airport concession agreements, insurance programs and for other purposes. The Company’s primary sources of liquidity are cash generated from operations, secured vehicle financing, sales proceeds from disposal of used vehicles and availability under the Revolving Credit Facility.
The Company believes that its cash generated from operations, cash balances, availability under the Revolving Credit Facility and secured vehicle financing programs are adequate to meet its liquidity requirements for the near future. The Company has asset-backed medium-term note maturities totaling $333 million that amortize in equal monthly installments from April 2012 through July 2012. In February 2012, the Company terminated the existing senior secured credit facility and replaced it with a $450 million Revolving Credit Facility, and in March 2012, the Company completed the $150 million CAD Series 2012-1 notes.
The secured vehicle financing programs require varying levels of credit enhancement or overcollateralization, which are provided by a combination of cash, vehicles and letters of credit. Enhancement levels vary based on the source of debt used to finance the vehicles. The letters of credit are provided under the Company’s Revolving Credit Facility. Additionally, enhancement levels are seasonal and increase significantly during the second quarter when the fleet is at peak levels. Enhancement requirements under asset-backed financing sources have changed significantly for the rental car industry as a whole over the past few years, and as a result, enhancement levels under the Series 2011-1 notes, the Series 2011-2 notes and the Series 2010-3 VFN are approximately 45%, compared to 30% on the Series 2007-1 notes. Based on expected future peak fleet levels and the scheduled amortization of the Series 2007-1 notes, which began in February 2012, the Company expects to provide up to $75 million of additional enhancement in 2012 compared to 2011 levels.