XNAS:USAK USA Truck Inc Quarterly Report 10-Q Filing - 3/31/2012

Effective Date 3/31/2012

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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C.  20549
 
Form 10-Q
(Mark One)
[  X  ]
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2012
 
OR
 
[      ]
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from __________ to __________
 
Commission File Number           0-19858
 

 
USA TRUCK, INC.
 
 
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
 

Delaware
 
71-0556971
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. employer identification no.)
     

3200 Industrial Park Road
   
Van Buren, Arkansas
 
72956
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip code)

   
(479) 471-2500
 
   
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
 
Not applicable
   
 
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
   

 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant:  (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes    X     No        
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes    X     No        
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  (Check one):
 
Large Accelerated Filer _____        Accelerated Filer    X          Non-Accelerated Filer _____        Smaller Reporting Company_____
 
  (Do not check if a Smaller Reporting Company)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   Yes        No    X   
 
The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s Common Stock, par value $.01, as of May 9, 2012 is 10,431,211.
 

 
 

 

 
 
USA TRUCK, INC.
 
 
 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item No.
 
Caption
 
Page
1.
 
Financial Statements
   
   
Consolidated Balance Sheets (unaudited) as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011
  3
   
Consolidated Statements of Operations (unaudited) – Three Months Ended March 31, 2012 and March 31, 2011
  4
   
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (unaudited) – Three Months Ended March 31, 2012 and March 31, 2011
  5
   
Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity (unaudited) – Three Months Ended March 31, 2012
  6
   
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited) – Three Months Ended March 31, 2012 and March 31, 2011
  7
   
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
  8
2.
 
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
  17
3.
 
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
  29
4.
 
Controls and Procedures
  30
   
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION
   
1.
 
Legal Proceedings                                                                                                                 
  30
1A.
 
Risk Factors
  30
2.
 
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
  31
3.
 
Defaults Upon Senior Securities
  32
4.   Mine Safety Disclosures   32
5.
 
Other Information
  32
6.
 
Exhibits
  33
   
Signatures
  34

 

 
2

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
USA TRUCK, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(UNAUDITED)
        (in thousands, except share amounts)
 
March 31,
 
December 31,
 
2012
 
2011
Assets
         
Current assets:
         
        Cash 4,305     $ 2,659  
Accounts receivable:
         
Trade, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $482 in 2012 and $420 in 2011
 
59,171
   
55,359
Other                            
 
2,741
   
1,582
Inventories                
 
1,869
   
1,831
Prepaid expenses and other current assets      
 
15,893
   
13,466
Total current assets               
 
83,979
   
74,897
           
Property and equipment:
         
Land and structures           
 
31,454
   
31,377
Revenue equipment   
 
356,270
   
372,331
Service, office and other equipment       
 
16,034
   
15,853
Property and equipment, at cost          
 
403,758
   
419,561
Accumulated depreciation and amortization          
 
(154,322)
   
(160,761)
Property and equipment, net       
 
249,436
   
258,800
Note receivable      
 
1,997
   
2,003
Other assets         
 
539
   
491
Total assets       
$
335,951
 
$
336,191
           
Liabilities and Stockholders’ equity
         
Current liabilities:
         
Bank drafts payable   
$
5,098
 
$
5,044
Trade accounts payable   
 
21,393
   
21,691
Current portion of insurance and claims accruals       
 
3,826
   
3,418
Accrued expenses          
 
8,975
   
7,790
Note payable         
 
915
   
1,370
Current maturities of long-term debt and capital leases           
 
16,251
   
19,146
Deferred income taxes         
 
2,314
   
1,693
Total current liabilities          
 
58,772
   
60,152
           
Deferred gain             
 
610
   
612
Long-term debt and capital leases, less current maturities           
 
108,108
   
98,927
Deferred income taxes         
 
41,839
   
45,193
Insurance and claims accruals, less current portion             
 
4,515
   
4,335
           
Stockholders’ equity:
         
Preferred Stock, $.01 par value; 1,000,000 shares authorized; none issued
 
--
   
--
Common Stock, $.01 par value; authorized 30,000,000 shares; issued 11,774,547 shares in 2012 and 11,791,997 shares in 2011
 
118
   
118
Additional paid-in capital       
 
65,225
   
65,284
Retained earnings            
 
78,565
   
83,438
Less treasury stock, at cost (1,345,250 shares in 2012 and 1,347,941 shares in 2011)
 
(21,801)
   
(21,868)
Total stockholders’ equity            
 
122,107
   
126,972
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity  
$
335,951
 
$
336,191
See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 
3

 


USA TRUCK, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(UNAUDITED)
 
 
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2012
 
2011
           
Revenue:
         
Trucking revenue            
$
75,937
 
$
82,874
Strategic Capacity Solutions revenue                
 
17,595
   
11,568
Intermodal revenue        
 
4,291
   
5,208
Base revenue           
 
97,823
   
99,650
Fuel surcharge revenue           
 
25,850
   
24,392
Total revenue            
 
123,673
   
124,042
           
Operating expenses and costs:
         
Salaries, wages and employee benefits       
 
35,514
   
33,100
Fuel and fuel taxes            
 
34,770
   
34,727
Purchased transportation        
 
26,978
   
25,379
Depreciation and amortization        
 
11,157
   
12,614
Operations and maintenance        
 
10,931
   
9,877
Insurance and claims              
 
4,882
   
5,864
Operating taxes and licenses      
 
1,507
   
1,398
Communications and utilities           
 
1,023
   
985
Gain on disposal of assets, net       
 
(542)
   
(915)
Other                 
 
4,089
   
4,195
Total operating expenses and costs    
 
130,309
   
127,224
Operating loss        
 
(6,636)
   
(3,182)
           
Other expenses (income):
         
Interest expense       
 
986
   
743
Other, net        
 
(75)
   
(11)
Total other expenses, net   
 
911
   
732
Loss before income taxes          
 
(7,547)
   
(3,914)
Income tax benefit         
 
(2,674)
   
(1,198)
           
Net loss
$
(4,873)
 
$
(2,716)
           
Net loss per share information:
         
Average shares outstanding (Basic)   
 
10,300
   
10,298
Basic loss per share     
$
(0.47)
 
$
(0.26)
           
Average shares outstanding (Diluted)     
 
10,300
   
10,298
Diluted loss per share  
$
(0.47)
 
$
(0.26)

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 
4

 


 
 
USA TRUCK, INC.
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
 
(UNAUDITED)
   
   
(in thousands)
   
Three Months Ended
   
March 31,
   
2012
 
2011
 
Net loss     
$
(4,873)
    $
(2,716)    
     Change in fair value of interest rate swap, net of income tax of $1 for the three months ended March 31, 2011
 
--
   
1
 
     Reclassification of derivative net losses to statement of operations, net of income tax of $7 for the three months ended March 31, 2011
 
--
   
10
 
     Total comprehensive loss
$
(4,873)
 
$
(2,705)
 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 
5

 


 
USA TRUCK, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(UNAUDITED)
 
(in thousands)
 
Common
               
 
Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
           
     
Par
   
Retained
 
Treasury
   
 
Shares
 
Value
   
Earnings
 
Stock
 
Total
    Balance at December 31, 2011
11,792
 
$
118
 
$
65,284
 
$
83,438
 
$
(21,868)
 
$
126,972
Exercise of stock options
--
   
--
   
--
   
--
   
--
   
--
    Excess tax benefit from stock options and Restricted Stock
--
   
--
   
--
   
--
   
--
   
--
    Transfer of stock into (out of) Treasury Stock
--
   
--
   
(67)
   
--
   
67
   
--
    Stock-based compensation
--
   
--
   
8
   
--
   
--
   
8
Restricted stock award grant
--
   
--
   
--
   
--
   
--
   
--
    Forfeited restricted stock
(18)
   
--
   
--
   
--
   
--
   
--
    Net share settlement related to Restricted Stock vesting
--
   
--
   
--
   
--
   
--
   
--
    Return of forfeited restricted stock
--
   
--
   
--
   
--
   
--
   
--
    Net loss
--
   
--
   
--
   
(4,873)
   
--
   
(4,873)
    Balance at March 31, 2012
11,774
 
$
118
 
$
65,225
 
$
78,565
 
$
(21,801)
 
$
122,107

              See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

 
6

 


 
USA TRUCK, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(UNAUDITED)
 
 
(in thousands)
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2012
 
2011
Operating activities
         
Net loss $ (4,873)    $ (2,716)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:
         
Depreciation and amortization    
 
11,157
   
12,614
Provision for doubtful accounts    
 
62
   
(7)
Deferred income taxes     
 
(2,674)
   
(1,190)
Stock-based compensation    
 
8
   
19
Gain on disposal of assets, net         
 
(542)
   
(915)
Recognition of deferred gain     
 
(2)
   
(1)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
         
Accounts receivable       
 
(5,033)
   
(8,950)
Inventories and prepaid expenses   
 
(2,465)
   
(2,428)
Trade accounts payable and accrued expenses     
 
4,572
   
7,775
Insurance and claims accruals  
 
760
   
516
Net cash provided by operating activities 
 
970
   
4,717
           
Investing activities
         
  Purchases of property and equipment
 
(341)
   
(15,085)
  Proceeds from sale of property and equipment
 
5,860
   
6,757
  Change in other assets
 
(42)
   
(11)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
 
5,477
   
(8,339)
           
Financing activities
         
  Borrowings under long-term debt
 
51,557
   
21,638
  Principal payments on long-term debt
 
(44,857)
   
(14,852)
  Principal payments on capitalized lease obligations
 
(11,100)
   
(2,899)
  Principal payments on note payable
 
(455)
   
(334)
  Net increase (decrease) in bank drafts payable
 
54
   
(15)
  Proceeds from exercise of stock options
 
--
   
1
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
 
(4,801)
   
3,539
           
Increase (decrease) in cash     
 
1,646
   
(83)
  Cash:
         
Beginning of period    
 
2,659
   
2,726
End of period       
$
4,305
 
$
2,643
           
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
         
Cash paid during the period for:
         
Interest   
$
995
 
$
730
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing activities:
         
Liability incurred for leases on revenue equipment
 
10,686
   
8,506
Purchases of revenue equipment included in accounts payable
 
--
   
2,247
 
See notes to consolidated financial statements.
 

 
7

 

USA TRUCK, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 
March 31, 2012
 
NOTE 1 BASIS OF PRESENTATION
 
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for interim financial information.  Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements.  In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included.  Operating results for the three month period ended March 31, 2012, are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2012.  For further information, refer to the financial statements, and footnotes thereto, included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.
 
Our business is classified into three operating and reportable segments:  our Trucking operating segment consisting primarily of our General Freight and Dedicated Freight service offerings; our Strategic Capacity Solutions (“SCS”) operating segment consisting entirely of our freight brokerage service offering; and our rail Intermodal operating segment.
 
The balance sheet at December 31, 2011, has been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements at that date but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements.
 
By agreement with our customers, and consistent with industry practice, we add a graduated fuel surcharge to the rates we charge our customers as diesel fuel prices increase above an agreed-upon baseline price per gallon.  Base revenue in the consolidated statements of operations represents revenue excluding this fuel surcharge revenue.
 
NOTE 2 – REVENUE RECOGNITION
 
Revenue generated by our Trucking operating segment is recognized in full upon completion of delivery of freight to the receiver’s location.  For freight in transit at the end of a reporting period, we recognize revenue pro rata based on relative transit time completed as a portion of the estimated total transit time.  Expenses are recognized as incurred.
 
Revenue generated by our SCS and Intermodal operating segments is recognized upon completion of the services provided.  Revenue is recorded on a gross basis, without deducting third party purchased transportation costs because we have responsibility for billing and collecting such revenue.
 
Management believes these policies most accurately reflect revenue as earned and direct expenses, including third party purchased transportation costs, as incurred.
 
NOTE 3 STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
 
The USA Truck, Inc. 2004 Equity Incentive Plan provides for the granting of incentive or nonqualified options or other equity-based awards covering up to 1,050,000 shares of Common Stock to directors, officers and other key employees.  No options were granted under this 2004 Equity Incentive Plan for less than the fair market value of the Common Stock as defined in the 2004 Equity Incentive Plan at the date of the grant.  Options granted under the 2004 Equity Incentive Plan generally vest ratably over three to five years.  The option price under the 2004 Equity Incentive Plan is the fair market value of our Common Stock at the date the options were granted.  The exercise prices of outstanding options granted under the 2004 Equity Incentive Plan range from $8.94 to $30.22 as of March 31, 2012.  At March 31, 2012, 626,763 shares were available for granting future options or other equity awards under this 2004 Equity Incentive Plan.  The Company issues new shares upon the exercise of stock options.
 
Compensation expense related to incentive and nonqualified stock options granted under the Company’s plans is included in salaries, wages and employee benefits in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.  The amount of compensation expense recognized, net of forfeiture recoveries, is reflected in the table below for the periods indicated.
 
 
(in thousands)
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2012
 
2011
Compensation expense
$
11
 
$
--
 
 
 
8

 

 
The table below sets forth the assumptions used to value stock options granted during the periods indicated:
 
 
2012
 
2011
Dividend yield
0%
 
0%
Expected volatility
64.0%
 
22.6 – 67.1%
Risk-free interest rate
0.6%
 
0.7 – 1.7%
Expected life (in years)
4.00 – 4.25
 
4.13 – 4.25
 
The expected volatility is a measure of the expected fluctuation in our share price based on the historical volatility of our stock.  The risk-free interest rate is based on an implied yield on United States zero-coupon treasury bonds with a remaining term equal to the expected life of the outstanding options. Expected life represents the length of time we anticipate the options to be outstanding before being exercised.  In addition to the above, we also include a factor for anticipated forfeitures, which represents the number of shares under options expected to be forfeited over the expected life of the options.
 
Information related to option activity for the three months ended March 31, 2012 is as follows:
 
 
Number of Options
 
Weighted Average Exercise Price
 
Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Life (in years)
 
Aggregate Intrinsic Value (1)
Outstanding - beginning of year
127,884
 
$
14.80
           
Granted
8,475
   
8.94
           
Exercised
--
   
--
       
$
--
Cancelled/forfeited
(7,403)
   
14.64
           
Expired
(4,952)
   
21.40
           
Outstanding at March 31, 2012
124,004
 
$
14.16
   
3.1
 
$
--
Exercisable at March 31, 2012
44,598
 
$
16.44
   
1.5
 
$
--
               
 
(1)  
The intrinsic value of outstanding and exercisable stock options is determined based on the amount by which the market value of the underlying stock exceeds the exercise price of the option.  The per share market value of our Common Stock, as determined by the closing price on March 30, 2012 (the last trading day of the quarter), was $7.75.
 
Compensation expense related to restricted stock awarded under the Company’s plans is included in salaries, wages and employee benefits in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.  The compensation expense recognized is based on the market value of our Common Stock on the date the restricted stock award is granted and is not adjusted in subsequent periods.  The amount to be recognized, net of forfeiture recoveries, is amortized over the vesting period.  The amount of compensation expense recognized is reflected in the table below for the periods indicated.
 
 
(in thousands)
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2012
 
2011
Compensation (credit) expense
$
(3)
 
$
19
 
Information related to the restricted stock awarded under the 2004 Equity Incentive Plan for the three months ended March 31, 2012, is as follows:
 
 
Number of Shares
 
Weighted Average Grant Price (1)
Nonvested shares – December 31, 2011
146,624
 
$
12.14
Granted
1,220
   
8.94
Forfeited
(18,670)
   
12.10
Vested
--
   
--
Nonvested shares – March 31, 2012
129,174
 
$
12.12
 
(1)  
 The shares were valued at the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the dates of the awards.
 
 
9

 
On July 16, 2008, the Executive Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors of the Company, pursuant to the 2004 Equity Incentive Plan, granted thereunder awards totaling 200,000 restricted shares of the Company’s Common Stock to certain officers of the Company.  The grants were made effective as of July 18, 2008 and were valued at $12.13 per share, which was the closing price of the Company’s Common Stock on that date.  Each officer’s restricted shares of Common Stock will vest in varying amounts over the ten year period beginning April 1, 2011, subject to the Company’s attainment of defined retained earnings growth.  Management must attain an average five-year trailing retained earnings annual growth rate of 10.0% (before dividends) in order for the shares to qualify for full vesting (pro rata vesting will apply down to 50.0% at a 5.0% annual growth rate).  Any shares which fail to vest as a result of the Company’s failure to attain a performance goal will forfeit and result in the recovery of the previously recorded expense.  These forfeited shares will revert to the 2004 Equity Incentive Plan where they will remain available for grants under the terms of that Plan until that Plan expires in 2014.  During the second quarter of 2011, management determined that the performance criteria will not be met for the shares that were scheduled to vest on April 1, 2012 and April 1, 2013; therefore, these shares were deemed forfeited and recorded as Treasury Stock.  The shares will remain outstanding until their scheduled vesting dates, at which time their forfeitures will become effective and the shares will revert to the 2004 Equity Incentive Plan.  The table below sets forth the information relating to the forfeitures of these shares.
 
July 16, 2008 Restricted Stock Award Forfeitures
Scheduled Vest Date
 
Date Deemed Forfeited and Recorded as Treasury Stock
 
Shares Forfeited
(in thousands)
 
Expense Recovered
(in thousands)
 
Date Shares Returned to Plan
April 1, 2011
 
June 30, 2010
 
9
 
$
70
 
April 1, 2011
April 1, 2012
 
June 30, 2011
 
8
   
66
 
April 1, 2012
April 1, 2013
 
June 30, 2011
 
15
   
101
 
April 1, 2013

 
During the quarter ended March 31, 2011, an executive officer of the Company submitted his notice to retire effective April 30, 2011.  Accordingly, during the quarter ended March 31, 2011, the Company recovered an estimate of the expense associated with 27,910 shares of outstanding, unvested restricted stock held by this executive officer in the approximate amount of $0.08 million.  During the quarter ended June 30, 2011, the Company recovered the remaining amount related to this forfeiture in the amount of approximately $0.04 million.  As of June 30, 2011, all expense previously recorded in relation to this forfeiture has been recovered.
 
Information set forth in the following table is related to stock options and restricted stock as of March 31, 2012.
 
 
(in thousands, except weighted average data)
 
Stock Options
 
Restricted Stock
Unrecognized compensation expense
$
143
 
$
801
Weighted average period over which unrecognized compensation expense is to be recognized (in years)
 
1.5
   
5.1
 
NOTE 4 – REPURCHASE OF EQUITY SECURITIES
 
On October 21, 2009, the Board of Directors of the Company approved the repurchase of up to 2,000,000 shares of the Company’s Common Stock expiring on October 21, 2012.  Subject to applicable timing and other legal requirements, these repurchases may be made on the open market or in privately negotiated transactions on terms approved by the Company’s Chairman of the Board or President.  Repurchased shares may be retired or held in treasury for future use for appropriate corporate purposes including issuance in connection with awards under the Company’s employee benefit plans.  During the three months ended March 31, 2012, we did not repurchase any shares of our Common Stock.  Our current repurchase authorization has 2,000,000 shares remaining.
 
NOTE 5 – SEGMENT REPORTING
 
The service offerings we provide relate to the transportation of truckload quantities of freight for customers in a variety of industries.  The services generate revenue, and to a great extent incur expenses, primarily on a per mile basis.  As the revenue generated by these service offerings is becoming increasingly more significant, management determined that additional disclosures were needed.
 
 
Percent of Base Revenue
 
Trucking
 
SCS
 
Intermodal
Three Months ended
               
March 31, 2012
77.6
%
 
18.0
%
 
4.4
%
March 31, 2011
83.2
%
 
11.6
%
 
5.2
%
 
Except with respect to the relatively minor components of our operations that do not involve the use of our trucks, key operating statistics for all three operating segments include, for example, revenue per mile and miles per tractor per week.  While the operations of our SCS segment typically do not involve the use of our equipment and drivers, we nevertheless provide truckload freight services to our customers through arrangements with third party carriers who are subject to the same general regulatory environment and cost sensitivities imposed upon our Trucking operations.  Our Intermodal business does involve the use of our equipment as we utilize our trailers and leased containers to provide this service.  Accordingly, the operations of this segment are subject to the same general regulatory environment and cost sensitivities imposed upon our Trucking operations.
 
 
10

 
Assets are not allocated to our SCS segment as the significant majority of our SCS operations provide truckload freight services to our customers through arrangements with third party carriers who utilize their own equipment.  Assets are not allocated to our Intermodal segment as our Intermodal containers are utilized under operating leases with BNSF Railway, which are not capitalized.  To the extent our Intermodal operations require the use of Company-owned trailers, they are obtained from our Trucking segment on an as-needed basis.  Accordingly, we allocate all of our assets to our Trucking segment.  However, depreciation and amortization expense is allocated to our SCS and Intermodal segments based on the various assets specifically utilized to generate revenue.  All intercompany transactions between segments are consummated at rates similar to those negotiated with independent third parties.  All other expenses are allocated to our SCS and Intermodal segments based on headcount and specifically identifiable direct costs, as appropriate.
 
A summary of base revenue and fuel surcharge revenue by reportable segments is as follows:
 
 
(in thousands)
 
Revenue
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2012
 
2011
Base revenue
         
Trucking
$
75,937
 
$
82,874
SCS
 
22,318
   
13,935
Intermodal
 
4,406
   
5,760
Eliminations
 
(4,838)
   
(2,919)
Total base revenue
 
97,823
   
99,650
Fuel surcharge revenue
         
Trucking
 
21,031
   
20,400
SCS
 
4,026
   
2,527
Intermodal
 
1,302
   
1,669
Eliminations
 
(509)
   
(204)
Total fuel surcharge revenue
 
25,850
   
24,392
Total revenue
$
123,673
 
$
124,042
 
A summary of operating (loss) income by reportable segments is as follows:
 
 
(in thousands)
 
Operating (loss) income
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2012
 
2011
Operating (loss) income
         
Trucking
$
(7,956)
 
$
(4,117)
SCS
 
1,544
   
1,333
Intermodal
 
(224)
   
(398)
Operating (loss) income
$
(6,636)
 
$
(3,182)
 
 
 
11

 

 
A summary of assets by reportable segments is as follows:
 
 
(in thousands)
 
Total Assets
 
March 31,
 
December 31,
 
2012
 
2011
Total Assets
         
Trucking                                                                            
$
222,748
 
$
231,776
Corporate and Other                                                                            
 
113,203
   
104,415
Total Assets                                                                          
$
335,951
 
$
336,191
 
A summary of amortization and depreciation by reportable segments is as follows:
 
 
(in thousands)
 
Depreciation and Amortization
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2012
 
2011
Depreciation and Amortization
         
Trucking
$
10,407
 
$
11,913
SCS
 
27
   
14
Intermodal
 
93
   
100
Corporate and Other
 
630
   
587
Total Depreciation and Amortization
$
11,157
 
$
12,614

 
NOTE 6 – NOTE RECEIVABLE
 
During November 2010, the Company sold its terminal facility in Shreveport, Louisiana.  In connection with this sale, the buyer gave the Company cash in the amount of $0.2 million and a note receivable in the amount of $2.1 million.  The note receivable bears interest at an annual rate of 7.0%, matures in five years and has scheduled principal and interest payments based on a 30-year amortization schedule.  A balloon payment in the approximate amount of $1.9 million is payable to the Company when the note matures in five years.  Accordingly, the Company deferred the approximate $0.7 million gain on the sale of this facility, and will record this gain into earnings as payments on the note receivable are received.  During the three month periods ended March 31, 2012 and March 31, 2011, the Company recognized approximately $1,650 and $1,000, respectively, of this gain.  The Company believes that the note receivable balance at March 31, 2012, in the approximate amount of $2.0 million, is fully collectible and accordingly has not recorded any valuation allowance against the note receivable.
 
NOTE 7 – CLAIMS LIABILITIES
 
We are self-insured up to certain limits for bodily injury, property damage, workers’ compensation, cargo loss and damage claims and medical benefits.  Provisions are made for both the estimated liabilities for known claims as incurred and estimates for those incurred but not reported.
 
Our self-insurance retention levels are $0.5 million for workers’ compensation claims per occurrence, $0.05 million for cargo loss and damage claims per occurrence and $1.0 million for bodily injury and property damage claims per occurrence.  For medical benefits, the Company self-insures up to $0.25 million per plan participant per year with an aggregate claim exposure limit determined by our year-to-date claims experience and the number of covered lives.  We are completely self-insured for physical damage to our own tractors and trailers, except that we carry catastrophic physical damage coverage to protect against natural disasters.  We maintain insurance above the amounts for which we self-insure, to certain limits, with licensed insurance carriers.  We have excess general, auto and employer’s liability coverage in amounts substantially exceeding minimum legal requirements.
 
We record claims accruals at the estimated ultimate payment amounts based on information such as individual case estimates or historical claims experience.  The current portion reflects the amounts of claims expected to be paid in the next twelve months.  In making the estimates of ultimate payment amounts and the determinations of the current portion of each claim we rely on past experience with similar claims, negative or positive developments in the case and similar factors.  We re-evaluate these estimates and determinations each reporting period based on developments that occur and new information that becomes available during the reporting period.
 

 
12

 

NOTE 8 ACCRUED EXPENSES
 
Accrued expenses consisted of the following:
 
 
(in thousands)
 
March 31,
 
December 31,
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
Salaries, wages and employee benefits     
$
3,836
 
$
3,411
 
Other (1)                                                                                   
 
5,139
   
4,379
 
Total accrued expenses                                                                             
$
8,975
 
$
7,790
 

 
(1)
As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, no single item included within other accrued expenses exceeded 5.0% of our total current liabilities.
 
 
NOTE 9 – NOTE PAYABLE
 
On October 14, 2011, the Company entered into an unsecured note payable of $1.8 million.  The note, which is scheduled to mature on September 1, 2012, is payable in monthly installments of principal and interest of approximately $0.2 million and bears interest at 1.9%.  The balance of the note payable at March 31, 2012 was $0.9 million. The note is payable to a third party other than the insurance company and is being used to finance a portion of the Company’s annual insurance premiums.
 
At December 31, 2010, we had an unsecured note payable of $1.0 million.  The note, which is payable in monthly installments of principal and interest of approximately $0.1 million and bearing interest at 2.6% matured on September 1, 2011.  The note was payable to a third party other than the insurance company and was being used to finance a portion of the Company’s annual insurance premiums.
 
NOTE 10 – LONG-TERM DEBT
 
Long-term debt consisted of the following:
 
 
(in thousands)
 
March 31,
 
December 31,
 
2012
 
2011
Revolving credit agreement (1)
$
75,500
 
$
68,800
Capitalized lease obligations (2)
 
48,859
   
49,273
   
124,359
   
118,073
Less current maturities
 
(16,251)
   
(19,146)
Long-term debt and capital leases, less current maturities
$
108,108
 
$
98,927
           
(1)  
On April 19, 2010, we entered into a Credit Agreement with Branch Banking and Trust Company as Administrative Agent, which replaced our Amended and Restated Senior Credit Facility scheduled to mature on September 1, 2010.  The Credit Agreement provides for available borrowings of up to $100.0 million, including letters of credit not to exceed $25.0 million.  Availability may be reduced by a borrowing base limit as defined in the Credit Agreement.  The Credit Agreement provides an accordion feature allowing us to increase the maximum borrowing amount by up to an additional $75.0 million in the aggregate in one or more increases, subject to certain conditions.  The Credit Agreement bears variable interest based on the type of borrowing and on the Administrative Agent’s prime rate or the London Interbank Offered Rate plus a certain percentage, which is determined based on our attainment of certain financial ratios.  A quarterly commitment fee is payable on the unused portion of the credit line and bears a rate which is determined based on our attainment of certain financial ratios.  The obligations of the Company under the Credit Agreement are guaranteed by the Company and secured by a pledge of substantially all of the Company’s assets with the exception of real estate.  The Credit Agreement includes usual and customary events of default for a facility of this nature and provides that, upon the occurrence and continuation of an event of default, payment of all amounts payable under the Credit Agreement may be accelerated, and the lenders’ commitments may be terminated.  The Credit Agreement contains certain restrictions and covenants relating to, among other things, dividends, liens, acquisitions and dispositions outside of the ordinary course of business, and affiliate transactions.  The new Credit Agreement will expire on April 19, 2014.
 
 
13

 
Borrowings under the Credit Agreement are classified as “base rate loans,” “LIBOR loans” or “Euro dollar loans.” Base rate loans accrue interest at a base rate equal to the Administrative Agent’s prime rate plus an applicable margin that is adjusted quarterly between 0.0% and 1.5%, based on the Company’s leverage ratio.  LIBOR loans accrue interest at LIBOR plus an applicable margin that is adjusted quarterly between 2.00% and 3.75% based on the Company’s leverage ratio.  Euro dollar loans accrue interest at the LIBOR rate in effect at the beginning of the month in which the borrowing occurs plus an applicable margin that is adjusted quarterly between 2.00% and 3.75% based on the Company’s leverage ratio.  On a quarterly basis, the Company must pay a fee on the unused amount of the revolving credit facility of between 0.25% and 0.375% based on the Company’s leverage ratio, and it must pay an annual administrative fee to the Administrative Agent of 0.03% of the total commitments.
 
On March 8, 2012, we entered into a Second Amendment to Credit Agreement (the “Second Amendment”) with Branch Banking and Trust Company, as Administrative Agent (the “Agent”), Regions Bank, as Syndications Agent, U.S. Bank National Association, Bank of America, N.A., and BancorpSouth (collectively, the “Lenders”), which amends the Credit Agreement, dated April 19, 2010, by and among the Company, the Agent, and the Lenders.
 
The Second Amendment, among other things, (i) amended the “Applicable Margin” and “Applicable Unused Fee Rate” as set forth in the tables below, (ii) eased the consolidated leverage ratio through the 2012 calendar year such that, where previously the ratio of consolidated debt to consolidated EBITDAR was not to exceed 3.00 to 1.00, now the consolidated leverage ratio is not to exceed:  3.60 to 1.00 for the period January 1, 2012 through June 30, 2012; 3.40 to 1.00 for the period July 1, 2012 through September 30, 2012; 3.25 to 1.00 for the period October 1, 2012 through December 31, 2012; and 3.00 to 1.00 for the period commencing January 1, 2013 and at all times thereafter, and (iii) eased the consolidated fixed charge coverage ratio through the 2012 calendar year such that, where previously the consolidated fixed charge coverage ratio was not to be less than 1.40 to 1.00, now the consolidated fixed charge coverage ratio is not to fall below:  1.00 to 1.00 for the period January 1, 2012 through June 30, 2012; 1.10 to 1.00 for the period July 1, 2012 through September 30, 2012; 1.20 to 1.00 for the period October 1, 2012 through December 31, 2012; and 1.40 to 1.00 for the period commencing January 1, 2013 and at all times thereafter.
 
New Pricing

Ratio of Consolidated Debt
to Consolidated EBITDAR
Euro-Dollar Loans and Letters of Credit
Base Rate Loans
Applicable Unused Fee Rate
Greater than 3.00 to 1.00
3.75%
1.50%
0.375%
Greater than 2.75 to 1.00
but less than or equal to 3.00 to 1.00
3.25%
1.00%
0.375%
Greater than 2.25 to 1.00
but less than or equal to 2.75 to 1.00
2.75%
0.5%
0.30%
Greater than 1.75 to 1.00
but less than or equal to 2.25 to 1.00
2.50%
0.25%
0.25%
Less than or equal to 1.75 to 1.00
2.00%
     0%
0.25%

Prior Pricing

Ratio of Consolidated Debt
to Consolidated EBITDAR
Euro-Dollar Loans and Letters of Credit
Base Rate Loans
Applicable Unused Fee Rate
Greater than 2.75 to 1.00
3.25%
1.0%
0.375%
Greater than 2.25 to 1.00
but less than or equal to 2.75 to 1.00
2.75%
0.5%
0.30%
Greater than 1.75 to 1.00
but less than or equal to 2.25 to 1.00
2.50%
0.25%
0.25%
Less than or equal to 1.75 to 1.00
2.00%
     0%
0.25%

 
In exchange for these amendments, the Company agreed to pay fees of $250,000.
 
 
14

 
The interest rate on our overnight borrowings under the Credit Agreement at March 31, 2012 was 4.25%.  The interest rate including all borrowings made under the Credit Agreement at March 31, 2012 was 3.6%.  The interest rate on the Company’s borrowings under the agreements for the three months ended March 31, 2012 was 3.8%.  A quarterly commitment fee is payable on the unused portion of the credit line and bears a rate which is determined based on our attainment of certain financial ratios.  At March 31, 2012, the rate was 0.375% per annum.  The Credit Agreement is collateralized by revenue equipment having a net book value of $162.3 million at March 31, 2012, and all trade and other accounts receivable.  The Credit Agreement requires us to meet certain financial covenants (i.e., a maximum leverage ratio of 3.6 and a minimum fixed charge ratio of 1.0) and to maintain a minimum tangible net worth of approximately $106.4 million at March 31, 2012.  We were in compliance with these covenants at March 31, 2012.  The covenants would prohibit the payment of dividends by us if such payment would cause us to be in violation of any of the covenants.  As the Company reprices its debt on a quarterly basis, the borrowings under the Credit Agreement approximate its fair value.  And, at March 31, 2012, the Company had outstanding $2.2 million in letters of credit and had approximately $16.3 million available to be borrowed under the Credit Agreement.
 
We amended our Credit Agreement during the first quarter of 2012 to prevent a default and ease two of the financial covenants through 2012.  We continue to closely monitor financial results in light of the revised financial covenants.  We believe attaining compliance in the second quarter will be difficult.  Failure to comply with the covenants in the Credit Agreement could result in a default.
 
 
(2)
Our capitalized lease obligations have various termination dates extending through November 2015 and contain renewal or fixed price purchase options.  The effective interest rates on the leases range from 1.6% to 4.0% at March 31, 2012.  The lease agreements require us to pay property taxes, maintenance and operating expenses.
 
NOTE 11 LEASES AND COMMITMENTS
 
We lease certain revenue equipment under capital leases with terms of 36, 42 or 45 months.  Balances related to these capitalized leases are included in property and equipment in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets and are set forth in the table below for the periods indicated.
 
   
(in thousands)
   
Capitalized Costs
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Net Book Value
March 31, 2012
 
$
63,657
 
$
14,304
 
$
49,353
December 31, 2011
   
72,272
   
22,525
   
49,747
 
We have entered into leases with lenders who participate in the Credit Agreement.  Those leases contain cross-default provisions with the Credit Agreement.  We have also entered into leases with other lenders who do not participate in our Credit Agreement.  Multiple leases with lenders who do not participate in our Credit Agreement generally contain cross-default provisions.
 
We routinely monitor our equipment acquisition needs and adjust our purchase schedule from time to time based on our analysis of factors such as new equipment prices, the condition of the used equipment market, demand for our freight services, prevailing interest rates, technological improvements, fuel efficiency, equipment durability, equipment specifications, our operating performance and the availability of qualified drivers.
 
As of March 31, 2012, for the remainder of 2012, we had commitments for purchases of non-revenue equipment in the amount of $0.02 million and commitments for the purchases of revenue equipment in the amount of approximately $61.2 million, none of which is cancelable by us upon advance written notice.  We anticipate taking delivery of revenue equipment representing approximately $38.1 million throughout the remainder of 2012 and the balance of approximately $23.2 million during the first quarter of 2013.
 
NOTE 12 INCOME TAXES
 
During the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, our effective tax rates were 35.4% and 30.6%, respectively.  Income tax expense varies from the amount computed by applying the statutory federal tax rate to income before income taxes primarily due to state income taxes, net of federal income tax effect, adjusted for permanent differences, the most significant of which is the effect of the per diem pay structure for drivers.  Drivers may elect to receive non-taxable per diem pay in lieu of a portion of their taxable wages.  This per diem program increases our drivers’ net pay per mile, after taxes, while decreasing gross pay, before taxes.  As a result, salaries, wages and employee benefits are slightly lower, and our effective income tax rate is higher than the statutory rate.  Generally, as pre-tax income increases, the impact of the driver per diem program on our effective tax rate decreases because aggregate per diem pay becomes smaller in relation to pre-tax income.  Due to the partially nondeductible effect of per diem pay, our tax rate will fluctuate in future periods based on fluctuations in earnings and in the number of drivers who elect to receive this pay structure.
 
We account for any uncertainty in income taxes by determining whether it is more likely than not that a tax position we have taken in a tax return will be sustained upon examination by the appropriate taxing authority based on the technical merits of the position.  In that regard, we have analyzed filing positions in our federal and applicable state tax returns as well as in all open tax years.  The only periods subject to examination for our federal returns are the 2009, 2010 and 2011 tax years.  We believe that our income tax filing positions and deductions will be sustained on audit and do not anticipate any adjustments that will result in a material change to our consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows.  In conjunction with the above, our policy is to recognize interest related to unrecognized tax benefits as interest expense and penalties as operating expenses.  We have not recorded any unrecognized tax benefits through March 31, 2012.
 
 
15

 
NOTE 13 CHANGE IN ACCOUNTING ESTIMATE
 
Effective May 1, 2011, the Company changed the time period over which it depreciates its 2005 model year and newer trailers and it changed the amount of the salvage value to which those trailers are being depreciated.  The depreciation time period was changed to 14 years from 10 years and the salvage value was changed to $500 from 25.0% of the original purchase price.  The Company believes that both of these changes more clearly and appropriately reflect the state of the current trailer market and thus, will more reasonably and accurately report the value of the trailers on the balance sheet.  This change is being accounted for as a change in estimate.  This change in estimate resulted in a reduction of depreciation expense as set forth in the following table:
 
 
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
Pre-tax Basis
 
Net of Tax
 
Per Share Effect
Three Months Ended
               
March 31, 2012
$
573
 
$
354
 
$
0.03
March 31, 2011
 
--
   
--
   
--
 
NOTE 14 LOSS PER SHARE
 
Basic loss per share is computed based on the weighted average number of shares of Common Stock outstanding during the period.  Diluted loss per share is computed by adjusting the weighted average number of shares of Common Stock outstanding by Common Stock equivalents attributable to dilutive stock options and restricted stock.  The computation of diluted loss per share does not assume conversion, exercise, or contingent issuance of securities that would have an antidilutive effect on loss per share.
 
The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted loss per share:
 
 
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2012
 
2011
Numerator:
         
Net loss                                                                                      
$
(4,873)
 
$
(2,716)
Denominator:
         
Denominator for basic loss per share – weighted average shares
 
10,300
   
10,298
Effect of dilutive securities:
         
Employee stock options and restricted stock    
 
--
   
--
Denominator for diluted loss per share – adjusted weighted average shares and assumed conversions
 
10,300
   
10,298
Basic loss per share                                                                                         
$
(0.47)
 
$
(0.26)
Diluted loss per share                                                                                         
$
(0.47)
 
$
(0.26)
Weighted average anti-dilutive employee stock options and restricted stock
 
177
   
129
 
NOTE 15 LITIGATION
 
We are party to routine litigation incidental to our business, primarily involving claims for personal injury and property damage incurred in the transportation of freight.  We maintain insurance to cover liabilities in excess of certain self-insured retention levels.  Though management believes these claims to be routine and immaterial to our long-term financial position, adverse results of one or more of these claims could have a material adverse effect on our financial position or results of operations in any given reporting period.
 
On July 28, 2008, a former commission sales agent, Mr. William Blankenship (“Blankenship”), filed an action in the United States District Court, Western District of Arkansas entitled William Blankenship, Jr. v. USA Truck, Inc., asking the court to set aside a previously consummated settlement agreement between the parties.  The matter was dismissed by the District Court based upon our Motion to Dismiss, but was later reinstated by the 8th Circuit Court of Appeals and set for trial in the United States District Court in Fort Smith, Arkansas.  In October 2011, the trial was held in the United States District Court and the jury returned a favorable verdict for the Company on all counts and determined that the Company had no additional liability in this matter.  On December 13, 2011, the Court entered an order awarding the Company its costs and attorney’s fees incurred in defending the case totaling approximately $0.2 million.   Blankenship has now appealed the jury verdict and Court order.
 

 
16

 

 
 
ITEM 2.MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
 
Forward-Looking Statements
 
This report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These statements generally may be identified by their use of terms or phrases such as “expects,” “estimates,” “anticipates,” “projects,” “believes,” “plans,” “intends,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “potential,” “continue,” “future” and terms or phrases of similar substance.  Forward-looking statements are based upon the current beliefs and expectations of our management and are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties, some of which cannot be predicted or quantified, which could cause future events and actual results to differ materially from those set forth in, contemplated by, or underlying the forward-looking statements.  Accordingly, actual results may differ from those set forth in the forward-looking statements.  Readers should review and consider the factors that may affect future results and other disclosures by the Company in its press releases, Annual Report on Form 10-K and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Additional risks associated with our operations are discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011 under the heading “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of that report and updates, if any, to that information are included in Item 1A of Part II of this report.  We disclaim any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements to reflect actual results or changes in the factors affecting the forward-looking information.  In light of these risks and uncertainties, the forward-looking events and circumstances discussed in this report might not occur.
 
         All forward-looking statements attributable to us, or persons acting on our behalf, are expressly qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement.
 
References to the “Company,” “we,” “us,” “our” and words of similar import refer to USA Truck, Inc. and its subsidiary.
 
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and notes thereto and other financial information that appears elsewhere in this report.
 
Overview
 
The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) is intended to help the reader understand USA Truck, Inc., our operations and our present business environment.  MD&A is provided as a supplement to, and should be read in conjunction with, our consolidated financial statements and notes thereto and other financial information that appears elsewhere in this report.  This overview summarizes the MD&A, which includes the following sections:
 
Our Business – a general description of our business, the organization of our operations and the service offerings that comprise our operations.
 
Results of Operations – an analysis of our consolidated results of operations for the periods presented in our consolidated financial statements and a discussion of seasonality, the potential impact of inflation and fuel availability and cost.
 
   Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements – a discussion of significant financial arrangements, if any, that are not reflected on our balance sheet.
 
    Liquidity and Capital Resources – an analysis of cash flows, sources and uses of cash, debt, equity and contractual obligations.
 
Critical Accounting Estimates – a discussion of accounting policies that require critical judgment and estimates.
 

 
17

 

Our Business
 
We operate primarily in the for-hire truckload segment of the trucking industry.  Customers in a variety of industries engage us to haul truckload quantities of freight, with the trailer we use to haul that freight being assigned exclusively to that customer’s freight until delivery.  Our business is classified into three operating and reportable segments:  our Trucking operating segment consisting primarily of our General Freight and Dedicated Freight service offerings; our SCS operating segment consisting entirely of our freight brokerage service offering; and our rail Intermodal operating segment.
 
Substantially all of our base revenue from the three reportable segments is generated by transporting, or arranging for the transportation of, freight for customers and is predominantly affected by the rates per mile received from our customers and similar operating costs.  For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and March 31, 2011, Trucking base revenue represented 77.6% and 83.2% of base revenue, respectively, with the remaining base revenue being generated through our SCS and Intermodal operating segments.
 
Our SCS and Intermodal operating segments are intended to provide services which complement our Trucking services, primarily to existing customers of our Trucking operating segment.  A majority of the customers using our SCS and Intermodal services are also customers of our Trucking operating segment.  For the three months ended March 31, 2012, SCS base revenue was $17.6 million, an increase of 52.1% over the same period of the prior year, representing approximately 18.0% of our consolidated revenue.  For the three months ended March 31, 2012, Intermodal base revenue was $4.3 million, a decrease of 17.6% from the same period of the prior year, representing approximately 4.4% of our consolidated revenue.
 
We generally charge customers for our services on a per-mile basis.  The expenses which have a major impact on our profitability are the variable costs of transporting freight for our customers.  The variable costs include fuel expense, insurance and claims and driver-related expenses, such as wages and benefits.
 
Trucking.  Trucking includes the following primary service offerings provided to our customers:
 
·  
General Freight.  Our General Freight service offering provides truckload freight services as a short- to medium-haul common carrier.  We have provided General Freight services since our inception and we derive the largest portion of our revenue from these services.
 
·
Dedicated Freight.  Our Dedicated Freight service offering is a variation of our General Freight service, whereby we agree to make our equipment and drivers available to a specific customer for shipments over particular routes at specified times.  In addition to serving specific customer needs, our Dedicated Freight service offering also aids in driver recruitment and retention.
 
Strategic Capacity Solutions. Our SCS operating segment consists entirely of our freight brokerage service offering which matches customer shipments with available equipment of authorized carriers and provides services that complement our Trucking operations.  We provide these services primarily to our existing Trucking customers, many of whom prefer to rely on a single carrier, or a small group of carriers, to provide all their transportation needs.  To date, a majority of the customers of SCS have also engaged us to provide services through one or more of our Trucking service offerings.  For the three month periods ended March 31, 2012 and March 31, 2011, SCS services generated approximately 18.0% and 11.6%, respectively, of total base revenue.
 
Intermodal.  Our rail Intermodal service offering provides our customers cost savings over General Freight with a slightly slower transit speed, while allowing us to reposition our equipment to maximize our freight network yield. For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and March 31, 2011, rail intermodal services generated approximately 4.4% and 5.2%, respectively, of total base revenue.
 
Results of Operations
 
Executive Overview
 
Our results were mixed in the first quarter.  Since last August, we have been concentrating on driving sequential improvement in key performance metrics as the first step in building sustained, acceptable financial performance.  For the first quarter, several of these metrics continued to improve, while our SCS and Intermodal segments also progressed.  Our overall financial performance remained approximately the same as the third and fourth quarters of 2011.  The improvements in certain operating metrics were offset by an increase in unmanned tractors and higher fuel prices.
 
We are pleased with the continued strong performance in our SCS segment, which posted growth in operating income of 15.8% to $1.5 million year-over-year despite a less robust freight environment that put pressure on our gross margins.  We are also encouraged by the improvement in our Intermodal segment in which our operating loss was reduced by 43.5% to a loss of $0.2 million compared to the first quarter of 2011. These two asset-light business units produced over 22% of base revenue for the quarter and contributed a reasonable gross margin.
 
 
18

 
In our Trucking segment, the operating metrics were mixed. On the positive side, we saw meaningful improvement in equipment utilization (miles per tractor per week) and velocity (loads per tractor per week) over the second half of 2011.  This improvement was better than expected given the increase in unmanned tractors, which are included in the measurements.  We also saw improvement in our safety performance (measured by reportable accident frequency) and our core customer on-time service.
 
We did experience a sequential decline in revenue per total mile; however, our first quarter total reflected an increase of approximately 0.7% over the same quarter of the prior year.  Base rate per loaded mile improved approximately 2.7% year-over-year, but higher empty miles offset some of this gain and also negatively impacted fuel surcharge revenue.
 
Also disappointing was an increase in our unmanned tractor count, which rose sharply in February and March. Prior to that, we had reduced unmanned tractors from a peak of 230 to approximately 100 in January.  A combination of network changes, less than optimal velocity, and seasonal job alternatives caused an increase in unmanned tractors back to 200 during March.
 
Higher empty miles (for which we do not receive fuel surcharges) negatively impacted our net fuel cost per mile both sequentially and year-over-year.  The Department of Energy average diesel price per gallon was $3.97 for the first quarter of 2012, compared with $3.57 for the first quarter of 2011 and $3.87 for the fourth quarter of 2011.  Although the delivery of new, fuel-efficient tractors during 2011 contributed to a year-over-year improvement in miles per gallon, the fuel price increase combined with higher empty miles led to an increase in our net fuel cost per mile.
 
At March 31, our outstanding debt, less cash, represented 48.9% of our balance sheet capitalization, compared to 47.4% at December 31, 2011.  And at March 31, 2012 we were in compliance with all of our debt covenants.
 
All-in-all, the pace of improvement in our one-way domestic truckload business is behind our expectations.  We are not yet achieving optimal operating efficiencies from our network which we must attain in order to most effectively improve yield and profitability.  In the near term, we believe improving velocity toward and above 3.5 loads per tractor per week is a key factor in achieving profitability.  Velocity improvement will require a combination of reducing unmanned tractors, continuing to optimize the network, and enhancing the proficiency of our customer service, load planning, and fleet management personnel.  In addition, we also believe improving base revenue per total mile is another key factor, which will require further reducing empty miles, improving freight mix, and obtaining rate increases where justified. We recognize that none of these key factors is a quick fix, and progress may be uneven as we shift assets, refine the network, and implement internal operations initiatives.  As we look ahead in 2012, we have pushed out our expectations for improvement over 2011 into the second half of the year.
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2012 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2011
 
Results of Operations – Combined Services
 
Total base revenue decreased 1.8% to $97.8 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2012 from $99.7 million for the same quarter of 2011.  We reported a net loss of $4.9 million ($0.47 per share) for the quarter ended March 31, 2012 as compared to a net loss of $2.7 million ($0.26 per share) for the comparable prior year period.
 
Our effective tax rate was 35.4% for the quarter ended March 31, 2012 compared to 30.6% for the same quarter of 2011.  Income tax expense varies from the amount computed by applying the federal tax rate to income before income taxes primarily due to state income taxes, net of federal income tax effect, adjusted for permanent differences, the most significant of which is the effect of the per diem pay structure for drivers.  Due to the partially nondeductible effect of per diem payments, our tax rate will vary in future periods based on fluctuations in earnings and in the number of drivers who elect to receive this pay structure.
 

 
19

 

Results of Operations – Trucking
 
Relationship of Certain Items to Base Revenue
 
The following table sets forth the percentage relationship of certain items to base revenue of our Trucking operating segment for the periods indicated.  Fuel and fuel taxes are shown net of fuel surcharges.
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2012
 
2011
Base Trucking revenue
100.0
%
 
100.0
%
Operating expenses and costs:
         
Salaries, wages and employee benefits
43.8
   
38.6
 
Fuel and fuel taxes
17.8
   
17.3
 
Purchased transportation
7.0
   
9.2
 
Depreciation and amortization
14.5
   
15.1
 
Operations and maintenance
13.5
   
11.2
 
Insurance and claims
6.3
   
7.0
 
Operating taxes and licenses
1.8
   
1.6
 
Communications and utilities
1.2
   
1.1
 
Gain on disposal of revenue equipment, net
(0.7)
   
(1.1)
 
Other
5.3
   
5.0
 
Total operating expenses and costs
110.5
   
105.0
 
Operating loss 
(10.5)
%
 
(5.0)
%

Key Operating Statistics:
 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
2012
 
2011
Operating loss (in thousands) 
$
(7,956)
   
$
(4,117)
 
Total miles (in thousands) (1) 
 
53,360
     
58,662
 
Empty mile factor (2)
 
11.8
%
   
10.0
%
Weighted average number of tractors (3)
 
2,230
     
2,342
 
Average miles per tractor per period
 
23,928
     
25,048
 
Average miles per tractor per week
 
1,841
     
1,948
 
Average miles per trip (4)
 
527
     
556
 
Base Trucking revenue per tractor per week
$
2,619
   
$
2,752
 
Number of tractors at end of period (3)
 
2,250
     
2,338
 
Operating ratio (5)
 
110.5
%
   
105.0
%
 
 
(1)
Total miles include both loaded and empty miles.
 
 
(2)
The empty mile factor is the number of miles traveled for which we are not typically compensated by any customer as a percent of total miles traveled.
 
 
(3)
Tractors include Company-operated tractors in-service plus tractors operated by independent contractors.
 
 
(4)
Average miles per trip are based upon loaded miles divided by the number of Trucking shipments.
 
 
(5)
Operating ratio is based upon total operating expenses, net of fuel surcharge revenue, as a percentage of base revenue.
 
Our base Trucking revenue decreased 8.4% from $82.9 million to $75.9 million and our operating loss was $8.0 million compared to an operating loss of $4.1 million for the same quarter of 2011.  The decrease in our base Trucking revenue resulted from our miles per tractor per period decreasing 4.5%.  While our loaded rate per mile improved 2.7%, it was offset by an increase in our empty mile factor of 17.9%.
 
Overall, our operating ratio deteriorated by 5.5 percentage points of base revenue to 110.5% from 105.0% as a result of the following factors:
 
·  
Salaries, wages and employee benefits expense increased by 5.2 percentage points of base revenue predominately due to an 8.4% reduction in Trucking base revenue, an increase in driver sign-on bonuses related to hiring more qualified drivers and, as mentioned below, a decrease in the number of independent contractors.  Driver compensation costs increased in excess of $0.03 per mile, or $0.10 per share, for the quarter.  During the first quarter of 2012, we continued to see evidence of a tightening market of eligible drivers related to the implementation of the Department of Transportation’s (“DOT”) Compliance, Safety, Accountability (“CSA”) program accompanied by seasonal job alternatives for drivers that made driver retention more difficult.   New hours-of-service rules being reviewed by the DOT, through the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, may further reduce the pool of eligible drivers and may continue to cause increases in driver related expenses that would increase salaries, wages and employee benefits.
 
 
20

 
·  
Fuel and fuel taxes expense increased 0.5 percentage points of base Trucking revenue.  Contributing to this increase, was a 6.7% increase in fuel prices, a 37.6% decrease in our number of independent contractors, which increased the percentage of our fleet comprised of Company trucks, for which we bear the fuel expense and, to a lesser extent, an increase in our out-of-route percentage.  Partially offsetting this decrease was an improvement of 1.4% in our miles per gallons per tractor. Fuel costs will continue to be affected in the future by price fluctuations, the terms and collectability of fuel surcharge revenue and the percentage of total miles driven by independent contractors.
 
·  
Purchased transportation expense, which is comprised of independent contractor compensation and fees paid to Mexican carriers decreased by 2.2 percentage points of base Trucking revenue.  This decrease is primarily the result of the above mentioned decrease in the number of independent contractors included in our fleet. Over the longer term, we expect our purchased transportation expense to increase if we achieve our long-term goal to grow our independent contractor fleet, but in the event that we are unable to recruit and retain independent contractors, this expense could continue to fall causing a corresponding increase in fuel and fuel taxes expense.
 
·  
Depreciation and amortization expense decreased 0.6 percentage points of base Trucking revenue.  During the quarter, we purchased 65 tractors and disposed of a total of 140 tractors and 99 trailers.  As our unmanned tractor count increased throughout the quarter, we delayed in-servicing some of the new equipment while selling some of the older equipment.  This resulted in a decrease in depreciation and amortization expense.  In addition, effective May 1, 2011, the Company changed the time period over which it depreciates its 2005 model year and newer trailers to 14 years from 10 years and it changed the amount of the salvage value to which those trailers are being depreciated from 25.0% of the original purchase price to $500.  This change in estimate resulted in a reduction of depreciation expense on a pre-tax basis of approximately $0.6 million and on a net-of-tax basis of approximately $0.4 million ($0.03 per share) during the quarter.  Depreciation and amortization expense may be affected in the future as equipment manufacturers change prices and if the prices of used equipment fluctuate.
 
·  
Operations and maintenance expense increased 2.3 percentage points of base Trucking revenue primarily due to a 14.8% increase in direct repair costs related to new engine emissions requirements mandated by the EPA, various rules imposed by California’s Air Resources Board, the higher mileage equipment remaining in our fleet and the increase in the cost of parts and tires.  Our average tractor age as of March 31, 2012 was 28.8 months compared to 27.5 months at March 31, 2011, whereas our average trailer age was 73.5 months and 66.2 months, respectively.  Operations and maintenance expense may increase in the future if we delay the purchase of new equipment and the age of our equipment continues to increase.
 
·  
Insurance and claims expense decreased 0.7 percentage points of base Trucking revenue.  During the March 31, 2012 quarter, we experienced fewer winter related accidents as compared to the March 31, 2011 quarter due to the mild winter weather.  In addition, the continuing education of our drivers regarding accident prevention is assisting in reducing insurance and claims expense. If we are able to continue to successfully execute our “War on Accidents” safety initiative, we would expect insurance and claims expense to continue to decrease over the long term, though remaining volatile from period-to-period.
 
·  
Other expenses increased 0.3 percentage points of base Trucking revenue as a result of increased driver recruiting expenses and an increase in professional services. The DOT’s CSA program has increased the difficulty of recruiting qualified drivers as the demand for those highly qualified drivers has increased, while the program has simultaneously decreased the overall supply of drivers.  The percentage of unmanned trucks in the first quarter decreased by 26.5%.  However, due in large part to a reduction in our miles per tractor per week, we experienced a 39.8% increase in driver turnover.  While our driver recruiting costs have trended upward the past several quarters, we expect that most of these costs will subside upon reaching our goal of 3% unmanned tractors, but this could take several quarters to achieve given our current unmanned tractor count.  In the event that we are unable to retain existing drivers or attract new drivers and drive down our unmanned tractor count in the future, we would expect other expenses to increase as a percentage of base Trucking revenue.  The increase in professional services is primarily related to additional consulting and legal fees.
 
·  
Gain on the disposal of equipment decreased 0.4 percentage points in the quarter ended March 31, 2012 as a result of fewer sales of our tractors and trailers.  Despite the reduction in gains, the market for used equipment remains strong.  If the used equipment market was to soften or we decided to keep our equipment for a longer period of time, gains on disposal of equipment could decrease.
 
 
21

 
Results of Operations – Strategic Capacity Solutions
 
The following table sets forth certain information relating to our SCS segment for the periods indicated:
 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
2012
   
2011
 
Total SCS revenue
$
26,344
   
$
16,462
 
Intercompany revenue
 
(5,192)
     
(2,425)
 
Net revenue
$
21,152
   
$
14,037
 
               
Operating income (in thousands) 
$
1,544
   
$
1,333
 
Gross margin (1)
 
14.4
%
   
15.6
%
 
 
(1)
Gross margin is calculated by taking total SCS revenue less purchased transportation and dividing that amount by total SCS revenue.  This calculation includes intercompany revenue and expenses.
 
Net revenue from SCS increased 50.7% to $21.2 million from $14.0 million, while operating income increased 15.8% to $1.5 million from $1.3 million.  This increase was primarily a result of the continued expansion of our SCS operations as we added five branch offices since the first quarter of 2011, bringing the total number of branches to 13 at March 31, 2012.  This increase was partially offset by a 7.7% decline in gross margin.  If we are successful in continuing to build our SCS business, we would expect to see expenses as a percent of total revenue decline further in the next several quarters.
 
Results of Operations – Intermodal Operations
 
The following table sets forth certain information relating to our Intermodal operating segment for the periods indicated:
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2012
   
2011
 
Total Intermodal revenue (1)
$
5,708
   
$
7,429
 
Intercompany revenue
 
(155)
     
(698)
 
Net revenue
$
5,553
   
$
6,731
 
               
Operating (loss) (in thousands) 
$
(224)
   
$
(398)
 
Gross margin (2)
 
21.5
%
   
6.0
%
 
 
(1)
Includes fuel surcharge revenue.
 
 
(2)  Gross margin is calculated by taking total Intermodal revenue less purchased transportation and dividing that amount by total Intermodal revenue.  This calculation includes intercompany revenue and expenses.
 
Total net revenue from our Intermodal operating segment decreased 17.5% to $5.6 million from $6.7 million.  We have had a difficult time achieving the lane density needed to operate the containers well enough to overcome the fixed costs associated with them.  We continue to try to improve our lane density and cull business that does not cover the costs associated with operating our containers.  Without the lane density needed to achieve the covering of our costs, we opted to incur additional fixed costs associated with idle containers related to chassis rentals and storage. The 259.8% improvement in gross margin percentage was offset by the $0.4 million fixed expense incurred related to the containers during the first quarter of 2012.
 
Seasonality
 
In the trucking industry, revenue generally decreases as customers reduce shipments during the winter holiday season and as inclement weather impedes operations.  At the same time, operating expenses increase due primarily to decreased fuel efficiency and increased maintenance costs.  Future revenue could be impacted if customers, particularly those with manufacturing operations, reduce shipments due to temporary plant closings.  Historically, many of our customers have closed their plants for maintenance or other reasons during January and July.
 
 
22

 
Inflation
 
Most of our operating expenses are inflation sensitive, and we have not always been able to offset inflation-driven cost increases through increases in our revenue per mile and our cost control efforts.  The effect of inflation-driven cost increases on our overall operating costs is not expected to be greater for us than for our competitors.
 
Fuel Availability and Cost
 
The motor carrier industry is dependent upon the availability of fuel.  Fuel shortages or increases in fuel taxes or fuel costs have adversely affected our profitability and will continue to do so.  Fuel prices have fluctuated widely, and fuel prices and fuel taxes have generally increased in recent years.  We have not experienced difficulty in maintaining necessary fuel supplies.  Typically, we are not able to fully recover increases in fuel prices through rate increases and fuel surcharges, primarily because those items do not provide any benefit with respect to empty and out-of-route miles, for which we typically do not receive compensation from customers.  We do not have any long-term fuel purchase contracts and we have not entered into any other hedging arrangements that protect us against fuel price increases.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
We do not currently have off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a material current or future effect on our consolidated financial condition, revenue or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources.  From time to time, we enter into operating leases relating to facilities and office equipment that are not reflected in our balance sheet.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
During the first quarter of 2012, the maximum amount borrowed under the Credit Agreement, including letters of credit, reached approximately 79.0% of the total amount available at its highest point and we ended the quarter with outstanding borrowings, including letters of credit, equal to approximately 77.7% of the total amount available.  At March 31, 2012, we had approximately $24.4 million of availability for new capital leases under existing lease facilities, of which $50.0 million has been authorized for use through 2012 by the Company’s Board of Directors.  At March 31, 2012, we had approximately $16.3 million available under our Credit Agreement.
 
      We amended our Credit Agreement during the first quarter of 2012 to prevent a default and ease two of the financial covenants through 2012.  We continue to closely monitor financial results in light of the revised financial covenants.  We believe attaining compliance in the second quarter will be difficult.  Failure to comply with the covenants in the Credit Agreement could result in a default.
 
  The nature of our business requires significant investments in new revenue equipment.  We have financed new tractor and trailer purchases predominantly with cash flows from operations, the proceeds from sales or trades of used equipment, borrowings under our Credit Agreement and capital lease purchase arrangements.  We have historically met our working capital needs with cash flows from operations and with borrowings under financing arrangements.  We use these financing arrangements to minimize fluctuations in cash flow needs and to provide flexibility in financing revenue equipment purchases.  Management is not aware of any known trends or uncertainties that would cause a significant change in our sources of liquidity.  We expect our principal sources of capital to be sufficient to finance our operations, annual debt maturities, lease commitments, letter of credit commitments, stock repurchases and capital expenditures over the next twelve months.  There can be no assurance, however, that such sources will be sufficient to fund our operations and all expansion plans for the next several years, or that any necessary additional financing and facility renewal will be available, if at all, in amounts required or on terms satisfactory to us.
 
Our balance sheet debt, less cash, represents 48.9% of our total capitalization, and we have no material off-balance sheet debt.  Our capital leases currently represent 39.0% of our total debt and carry an average fixed rate of 2.2%.  On March 31, 2012, we had $24.4 million available through equipment financing commitments and approximately $16.3 million of additional availability on our revolving credit line. We expect our net capital expenditures for the remainder of 2012 will be approximately $25.6 million.
 
Cash Flows
 
 
(in thousands)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2012
 
2011
Net cash provided by operating activities
$
970
 
$
4,717
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
 
5,477
 
 
 (8,339)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
 
 (4,801)
 
 
 3,539
 
 
23

 
Cash generated from operations decreased $3.7 million during the first three months of 2012 as compared to the same time period of 2011, primarily due to the net effect of the following factors:
 
·  
A $4.9 million net loss was incurred for the three months ended March 31, 2012 compared to the $2.7 million net loss for the comparable prior year period.  This loss was primarily due to higher empty miles, reduced revenue per mile and an increase in the number of unmanned tractors.
 
·  
A $1.5 million decrease in depreciation and amortization due to an overall decrease in our revenue equipment counts.  As of March 31, 2012, we were able to reduce our total tractor count by 174 as compared to March 31, 2011, representing units shut down due to high mileage and trade life cycles.  We were also able to reduce our trailer count by 489 year over year as part of our plan to reduce the number of trailers because of our investment in trailer tracking devices.
 
·  
A $3.9 million increase in cash provided from accounts receivable resulting from a decline in revenue, primarily in March.
 
·  
A decrease of approximately $1.5 million in our tax liability resulting from the loss incurred during the current year.
 
·  
A $0.4 million decrease in the gain on disposal of revenue equipment.  We continue to experience a strong used equipment market; however, we had less revenue equipment in inventory to sell in 2012 as compared to 2011.  During the first three months of 2012, we sold 139 tractors and 92 trailers as compared to 189 tractors and 177 trailers for the comparable prior year period.
 
·  
A $3.2 million decrease in cash used in trade accounts payable and accrued expenses primarily due to the timing of revenue equipment purchases.
 
For the three months ended March 31, 2012, net cash provided by investing activities was $5.5 million, compared to $8.3 million of cash used for the same period of 2011.  The $13.8 million decrease in cash used in investing activities primarily resulted from a decrease in purchases of property and equipment.  Cash used to purchase property and equipment decreased $14.7 million during the first three months of 2012 as compared to the same period of 2011.  This decrease was primarily due to the number of tractors we purchased.  Through the first three months of 2012, we purchased 65 tractors compared to 155 tractors for the comparable prior year period.  During the first quarter of 2011, cash used in investing activities decreased $9.6 million as compared to the same time period of 2010 primarily due to the method utilized to finance acquisitions of revenue equipment.  During 2010, we primarily utilized borrowings from our Credit Agreement to fund revenue equipment acquisitions and during 2011 we utilized more lease-based financing.
 
Cash provided by financing activities decreased $8.3 million for the first quarter of 2012 as compared to the same time period in 2011.  The primary reason for the decrease in cash provided was due to cash used for the principal payment on capitalized lease obligations.  The increase in payments was due to the expiration of various revenue equipment leases for which we paid approximately $8.3 million during the first quarter of 2012.  During the first quarter of 2011, cash provided by financing activities decreased $9.8 million as compared to the same time period in 2010.  We borrowed a net amount on our Credit Agreement of $6.8 million in 2011 compared to $17.8 million in net borrowings in 2010, resulting in an $11.0 million decrease in net borrowings on our Credit Agreement, partially offset by a $1.0 million decrease in bank drafts outstanding.  Net borrowings on our Credit Agreement were higher in 2010 due to revenue equipment purchases.
 
Debt
 
On April 19, 2010, we entered into a Credit Agreement with BB&T as Administrative Agent, which replaced our Amended and Restated Senior Credit Facility that was to mature on September 1, 2010.  The Credit Agreement provides for available borrowings of up to $100.0 million, including letters of credit not exceeding $25.0 million.  Availability may be reduced by a borrowing base limit as defined in the Credit Agreement.  The Credit Agreement provides an accordion feature allowing us to increase the maximum borrowing amount by up to an additional $75.0 million in the aggregate in one or more increases, subject to certain conditions.  The Credit Agreement bears variable interest based on the type of borrowing and on the Administrative Agent’s prime rate or the London Interbank Offered Rate plus a certain percentage, which is determined based on our attainment of certain financial ratios.  A quarterly commitment fee is payable on the unused portion of the credit line and bears a rate which is determined based on our attainment of certain financial ratios.  The obligations of the Company under the Credit Agreement are guaranteed by the Company and secured by a pledge of substantially all of the Company’s assets with the exception of real estate.  The Credit Agreement includes usual and customary events of default for a facility of this nature and provides that, upon the occurrence and continuation of an event of default, payment of all amounts payable under the Credit Agreement may be accelerated, and the lenders’ commitments may be terminated.  The Credit Agreement contains certain restrictions and covenants relating to, among other things, dividends, liens, acquisitions and dispositions outside of the ordinary course of business, and affiliate transactions.  The new Credit Agreement will expire on April 19, 2014.
 
 
24

 
Borrowings under the Credit Agreement are classified as “base rate loans,” “LIBOR loans” or “Euro dollar loans.”  Base rate loans accrue interest at a base rate equal to the Administrative Agent’s prime rate plus an applicable margin that is adjusted quarterly between 0.0% and 1.5%, based on the Company’s leverage ratio.  LIBOR loans accrue interest at LIBOR plus an applicable margin that is adjusted quarterly between 2.00% and 3.75% based on the Company’s leverage ratio.  Euro dollar loans and letters of credit accrue interest at the LIBOR rate in effect at the beginning of the month in which the borrowing occurs plus an applicable margin that is adjusted quarterly between 2.00% and 3.75% based on the Company’s leverage ratio.  On a per annum basis, the Company must pay a fee on the unused amount of the revolving credit facility of between 0.25% and 0.375% based on the Company’s leverage ratio, and it must pay an annual administrative fee to the Administrative Agent of 0.03% of the total commitments.
 
On March 8, 2012, we entered into a Second Amendment to Credit Agreement (the “Second Amendment”).  The Second Amendment, among other things, (i) amended the “Applicable Margin” and “Applicable Unused Fee Rate” as set forth in the tables below, (ii) eased the consolidated leverage ratio through the 2012 calendar year such that, where previously the ratio of consolidated debt to consolidated EBITDAR was not to exceed 3.00 to 1.00, now the consolidated leverage ratio is not to exceed:  3.60 to 1.00 for the period January 1, 2012 through June 30, 2012; 3.40 to 1.00 for the period July 1, 2012 through September 30, 2012; 3.25 to 1.00 for the period October 1, 2012 through December 31, 2012; and 3.00 to 1.00 for the period commencing January 1, 2013 and at all times thereafter, and (iii) eased the consolidated fixed charge coverage ratio through the 2012 calendar year such that, where previously the consolidated fixed charge coverage ratio was not to be less than 1.40 to 1.00, now the consolidated fixed charge coverage ratio is not to fall below:  1.00 to 1.00 for the period January 1, 2012 through June 30, 2012; 1.10 to 1.00 for the period July 1, 2012 through September 30, 2012; 1.20 to 1.00 for the period October 1, 2012 through December 31, 2012; and 1.40 to 1.00 for the period commencing January 1, 2013 and at all times thereafter.
 
New Pricing

Ratio of Consolidated Debt
to Consolidated EBITDAR
Euro-Dollar Loans and Letters of Credit
Base Rate Loans
Applicable Unused Fee Rate
Greater than 3.00 to 1.00
3.75%
1.50%
0.375%
Greater than 2.75 to 1.00
but less than or equal to 3.00 to 1.00
3.25%
1.00%
0.375%
Greater than 2.25 to 1.00
but less than or equal to 2.75 to 1.00
2.75%
0.5%
0.30%
Greater than 1.75 to 1.00
but less than or equal to 2.25 to 1.00
2.50%
0.25%
0.25%
Less than or equal to 1.75 to 1.00
2.00%
     0%
0.25%

Prior Pricing

Ratio of Consolidated Debt
to Consolidated EBITDAR
Euro-Dollar Loans and Letters of Credit
Base Rate Loans
Applicable Unused Fee Rate
Greater than 2.75 to 1.00
3.25%
1.0%
0.375%
Greater than 2.25 to 1.00
but less than or equal to 2.75 to 1.00
2.75%
0.5%
0.30%
Greater than 1.75 to 1.00
but less than or equal to 2.25 to 1.00
2.50%
0.25%
0.25%
Less than or equal to 1.75 to 1.00
2.00%
     0%
0.25%

 
In exchange for these amendments, we agreed to pay fees of $250,000.
 
The interest rate on our overnight borrowings under the Credit Agreement at March 31, 2012 was 4.25%.  The interest rate including all borrowings made under the Credit Agreement at March 31, 2012 was 3.6% and for the three months ended March 31, 2012 was 3.8%.  A quarterly commitment fee is payable on the unused portion of the credit line and bears a rate which is determined based on our attainment of certain financial ratios.  At March 31, 2012, the rate was 0.375% per annum.  The Credit Agreement is collateralized by revenue equipment having a net book value of $162.3 million at March 31, 2012, and all trade and other accounts receivable.
 
 
25

 
The Credit Agreement requires us to meet certain financial covenants (i.e., a maximum leverage ratio of 3.6 (currently and through the end of the Credit Agreement), and a minimum fixed charge ratio of 1.0) and to maintain a minimum tangible net worth of approximately $106.4 million at March 31, 2012.  We were in compliance with these covenants at March 31, 2012.  The covenants would prohibit the payment of dividends by us if such payment would cause us to be in violation of any of the covenants.
 
We have entered into leases with lenders who participate in our Credit Agreement and who participated in our Amended and Restated Senior Credit Facility, which was replaced by the Credit Agreement.  Those leases contain cross-default provisions with the Credit Agreement and the previous Facility.  We have also entered into leases with other lenders who do not participate in our Credit Agreement nor participated in our previous Facility.  Multiple leases with lenders who do not participate in our Credit Agreement generally contain cross-default provisions.
 
We record derivative financial instruments in the balance sheet as either an asset or liability at fair value, with classification as current or long-term depending on the duration of the instrument.  Changes in the derivative instrument’s fair value must be recognized currently in earnings unless specific hedge accounting criteria are met.  For cash flow hedges that meet the criteria, the derivative instrument’s gains and losses, to the extent effective, are recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income and reclassified into earnings in the same period during which the hedged transaction affects earnings.
 
Equity
 
At March 31, 2012, we had stockholders’ equity of $122.1 million and total debt including current maturities of $125.3 million, resulting in a total debt, less cash, to total capitalization ratio of 48.9% compared to 47.4% at December 31, 2011.
 
Purchases and Commitments
 
We have updated our capital expenditures expectations since year end and now, as of March 31, 2012, our capital expenditures forecast, net of proceeds from the sale or trade of equipment, is $25.6 million for the remainder of 2012, approximately $23.7 million of which relates to revenue equipment.    We may change the amount of the capital expenditures based on operating performance.  Should we further decrease our capital expenditures for tractors and trailers, we would expect the age of our equipment to increase.  To the extent further capital expenditures are feasible based on our debt covenants and operating cash requirements, we would use the balance of $1.9 million primarily for property acquisitions, facility construction and improvements and maintenance and office equipment.  We routinely evaluate our equipment acquisition needs and adjust our purchase and disposition schedules from time to time based on our analysis of factors such as freight demand, driver availability and the condition of the used equipment market.  During the three months ended March 31, 2012, we made net capital expenditures of approximately $1.3 million relating to revenue equipment that we took possession of in 2012 and approximately $3.7 million relating to revenue equipment we took possession of during 2011 and funded in 2012. During the three months ended March 31, 2012, we also incurred net capital expenditures of $0.2 million for facility expansions and other expenditures.
 
 
26

 
The following table represents our outstanding contractual obligations at March 31, 2012, excluding letters of credit:
 
 
(in thousands)
 
Payments Due By Period
 
 
Total
 
Less than 1 year
 
 
1-3 years
 
 
3-5 years
 
More than 5 years
Contractual Obligations:
                           
Long-term debt obligations (1)
$
75,500
 
$
--
 
$
75,500
 
$
--
 
$
--
Capital lease obligations (2)
 
50,976
   
17,328
   
25,152
   
8,496
   
--
Purchase obligations (3)
 
61,266
   
61,266
   
--
   
--
   
--
Rental obligations
 
4,038
   
1,686
   
1,955
   
96
   
301
Total
$
191,780
 
$
80,280
 
$
102,607
 
$
8,592
 
$
301
                             
 
(1)  
Long-term debt obligations, excluding letters of credit in the amount of $2.2 million, consist of our Credit Agreement, which matures on April 19, 2014. The primary purpose of this agreement is to provide working capital for the Company; however, the agreement is also used, as appropriate, to minimize interest expense on other Company purchases that could be obtained through other more expensive capital purchase financing sources.  Because the borrowing amounts fluctuate and the interest rates vary, they are subject to various factors that will cause actual interest payments to fluctuate over time.  Based on these factors, we have not included in this line item an estimate of future interest payments.
 
(2)  
Includes interest payments not included in the balance sheet.
 
(3)  
Purchase obligations include commitments to purchase approximately $61.2 million of revenue equipment, none of which is cancelable by us upon advance written notice.  We anticipate taking delivery of revenue equipment representing approximately $38.1 million throughout the remainder of 2012 and the balance of approximately $23.2 million during the first quarter of 2013.
 
Critical Accounting Estimates
 
        The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes.  We base our assumptions, estimates and judgments on historical experience, current trends and other factors that management believes to be relevant at the time our consolidated financial statements are prepared. Actual results could differ from those estimates, and such differences could be material.
 
The most significant accounting policies and estimates that affect our financial statements include the following:
 
·  
Revenue recognition and related direct expenses based on relative transit time in each period.  Revenue generated by our Trucking operating segment is recognized in full upon completion of delivery of freight to the receiver’s location.  For freight in transit at the end of a reporting period, we recognize revenue pro rata based on relative transit time completed as a portion of the estimated total transit time.  Expenses are recognized as incurred.
 
Revenue generated by our SCS and Intermodal operating segments is recognized upon completion of the services provided.  Revenue is recorded on a gross basis, without deducting third party purchased transportation costs because we have responsibility for billing and collecting such revenue.
 
Management believes these policies most accurately reflect revenue as earned and direct expenses, including third party purchased transportation costs, as incurred.
 

 
27

 


 
·  
Selections of estimated useful lives and salvage values for purposes of depreciating tractors and trailers.  We operate a significant number of tractors and trailers in connection with our business.  We may purchase this equipment or acquire it under leases.  We depreciate purchased equipment on the straight-line method over the estimated useful life down to an estimated salvage or trade-in value.  We initially record equipment acquired under capital leases at the net present value of the minimum lease payments and amortize it on the straight-line method over the lease term.  Depreciable lives of tractors and trailers range from three years to ten years.  We estimate the salvage value at the expected date of trade-in or sale based on the expected market values of equipment at the time of disposal.
 
We make equipment purchasing and replacement decisions on the basis of various factors, including, but not limited to, new equipment prices, used equipment market conditions, demand for our freight services, prevailing interest rates, technological improvements, fuel efficiency, equipment durability, equipment specifications and driver availability.  Therefore, depending on the circumstances, we may accelerate or delay the acquisition and disposition of our tractors and trailers from time to time, based on an operating principle whereby we pursue trade intervals that economically balance our maintenance costs and expected trade-in values in response to the circumstances existing at that time.  Such adjustments in trade intervals may cause us to adjust the useful lives or salvage values of our tractors or trailers.  By changing the relative amounts of older equipment and newer equipment in our fleet, adjustments in trade intervals also increase and decrease the average age of our tractors and trailers, whether or not we change the useful lives or salvage values of any tractors or trailers.  We also adjust depreciable lives and salvage values based on factors such as changes in prevailing market prices for used equipment.  We periodically monitor these factors in order to keep salvage values in line with expected market values at the time of disposal.  Adjustments in useful lives and salvage values are made as conditions warrant and when we believe that the changes in conditions are other than temporary.  These adjustments result in changes in the depreciation expense we record in the period in which the adjustments occur and in future periods.  These adjustments also impact any resulting gain or loss on the ultimate disposition of the revenue equipment.  Management believes our estimates of useful lives and salvage values have been materially accurate as demonstrated by the insignificant amounts of gains and losses on revenue equipment dispositions in recent periods.  However, management will continually review salvage values to assure that book values do not exceed market values.
 
To the extent depreciable lives and salvage values are changed, such changes are recorded in accordance with the applicable generally accepted accounting principles existing at the time of change.
 
Effective May 1, 2011, the Company changed the time period over which it depreciates its 2005 model year and newer trailers and it changed the amount of the salvage value to which those trailers are being depreciated.  The depreciation time period was changed to 14 years from 10 years and the salvage value was changed to $500 from 25.0% of the original purchase price.  For the three months ended March 31, 2012, this change in estimate resulted in a reduction of depreciation expense on a pre-tax basis of approximately $0.6 million and on a net-of-tax basis of approximately $0.4 million ($0.03 per share).
 
·  
Estimates of accrued liabilities for claims involving bodily injury, physical damage losses, employee health benefits and workers’ compensation.  We record both current and long-term claims accruals at the estimated ultimate payment amounts based on information such as individual case estimates, historical claims experience and an estimate of claims incurred but not reported.  The current portion of the accrual reflects the amounts of claims expected to be paid in the next twelve months.  In making the estimates, we rely on past experience with similar claims, negative or positive developments in the case and similar factors.  We do not discount our claims liabilities.  See our Claims Liabilities disclosure elsewhere in this report and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information.
 
·  
Stock option valuation.  The assumptions used to value stock options are dividend yield, expected volatility, risk-free interest rate, expected life and anticipated forfeitures.  As we have not paid any dividends on our Common Stock, the dividend yield is zero.  Expected volatility represents the measure used to project the expected fluctuation in our share price.  We use the historical method to calculate volatility with the historical period being equal to the expected life of each option.  This calculation is then used to determine the potential for our share price to increase over the expected life of the option.  The risk-free interest rate is based on an implied yield on United States zero-coupon treasury bonds with a remaining term equal to the expected life of the outstanding options.  Expected life represents the length of time we anticipate the options to be outstanding before being exercised.  Based on historical experience, that time period is best represented by the option’s contractual life.  Anticipated forfeitures represent the number of shares under options we expect to be forfeited over the expected life of the options.
 

 
28

 


 
·  
Accounting for income taxes. Our deferred tax assets and liabilities represent items that will result in taxable income or a tax deduction in future years for which we have already recorded the related tax expense or benefit in our consolidated statements of operations.  Deferred tax accounts arise as a result of timing differences between when items are recognized in our consolidated financial statements compared to when they are recognized in our tax returns.  Significant management judgment is required in determining our provision for income taxes and in determining whether deferred tax assets will be realized in full or in part.  Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled.  We periodically assess the likelihood that all or some portion of deferred tax assets will be recovered from future taxable income.  To the extent we believe recovery is not probable, a valuation allowance is established for the amount determined not to be realizable.  We have not recorded a valuation allowance at March 31, 2012, as all deferred tax assets are more likely than not to be realized.
 
We believe that we have adequately provided for our future tax consequences based upon current facts and circumstances and current tax law.  During the three months ended March 31, 2012, we made no material changes in our assumptions regarding the determination of income tax liabilities.  However, should our tax positions be challenged, different outcomes could result and have a significant impact on the amounts reported through our consolidated statements of operations.
 
·  
Prepaid tires.  Commencing when the tires, including recaps, are placed into service, we account for them as prepaid expenses and amortize their cost over varying time periods, ranging from 18 to 30 months depending on the type of tire.
 
 
ITEM 3.QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
 
We experience various market risks, including changes in interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates and commodity prices.
 
  Interest Rate Risk.  We are exposed to interest rate risk primarily from our Credit Agreement.  The Credit Agreement bears variable interest based on the type of borrowing and on the Administrative Agent’s prime rate or the London Interbank Offered Rate plus a certain percentage which is determined based on our attainment of certain financial ratios.  At March 31, 2012, we had $77.7 million outstanding pursuant to our Credit Agreement including letters of credit of $2.2 million.  Assuming the outstanding balance at March 31, 2012 was to remain constant, a hypothetical one-percentage point increase in interest rates applicable to the Credit Agreement would increase our interest expense over a one-year period by approximately $0.8 million.
 
  Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risk.  We require customers to pay for our services in U.S. dollars.  Although the Canadian government makes certain payments, such as tax refunds, to us in Canadian dollars, any foreign currency exchange risk associated with such payments is not material.
 
  Commodity Price Risk.  Fuel prices have fluctuated greatly and have generally increased in recent years.  In some periods, our operating performance was adversely affected because we were not able to fully offset the impact of higher diesel fuel prices through increased freight rates and fuel surcharge revenue recoveries.  We cannot predict the extent to which high fuel price levels will continue in the future or the extent to which fuel surcharge revenue recoveries could be collected to offset such increases.  As of March 31, 2012, we did not have any derivative financial instruments to reduce our exposure to fuel price fluctuations, but may use such instruments in the future.  Accordingly, volatile fuel prices will continue to impact us significantly.  A significant increase in fuel costs, or a shortage of diesel fuel, could materially and adversely affect our results of operations.  Further, these costs could also exacerbate the driver shortages our industry experiences by forcing independent contractors to cease operations.  Based on our expected fuel consumption for the remainder of 2012, a one dollar change in the related price of diesel fuel per gallon would change our fuel expense by approximately $6.8 million, assuming no further change to our fuel surcharge recovery.
 

 
29

 

ITEM 4.    CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
 
As of the end of the period covered by this report, an evaluation was performed under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer (the “CEO”) and Chief Financial Officer (the “CFO”), of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures.  Based on that evaluation, our management, including the CEO and CFO, concluded that, as of the end of the period covered by this report, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level.  There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the last fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
 
We have confidence in our internal controls and procedures.  Nevertheless, our management, including our CEO and CFO, does not expect that our disclosure procedures and controls or our internal controls will prevent all errors or intentional fraud.  An internal control system, no matter how well-conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of such internal controls are met.  Further, the design of an internal control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs.  Because of the inherent limitations in all internal control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all our control issues and instances of fraud, if any, have been detected.
 
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1.
LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
 
We are party to routine litigation incidental to our business, primarily involving claims for personal injury and property damage incurred in the transportation of freight.  We maintain insurance to cover liabilities in excess of certain self-insured retention levels.  Though management believes these claims to be routine and immaterial to our long-term financial position, adverse results of one or more of these claims could have a material adverse effect on our financial position or results of operations in any given reporting period.
 
On July 28, 2008, a former commission sales agent, Mr. William Blankenship (“Blankenship”), filed an action in the United States District Court, Western District of Arkansas entitled William Blankenship, Jr. v. USA Truck, Inc., asking the court to set aside a previously consummated settlement agreement between the parties.  The matter was dismissed by the District Court based upon our Motion to Dismiss, but was later reinstated by the 8th Circuit Court of Appeals and set for trial in the United States District Court in Fort Smith, Arkansas.  In October 2011, the trial was held in the United States District Court and the jury returned a favorable verdict for the Company on all counts and determined that the Company had no additional liability in this matter.  On December 13, 2011, the Court entered an order awarding the Company its costs and attorney’s fees incurred in defending the case totaling approximately $0.2 million. Blankenship has now appealed the jury verdict and Court order.
 
ITEM 1A.  RISK FACTORS
 
While we attempt to identify, manage, and mitigate risks and uncertainties associated with our business, some level of risk and uncertainty will always be present.  Our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011, in the section entitled Item 1A. Risk Factors, describes some of the risks and uncertainties associated with our business.  These risks and uncertainties have the potential to materially affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, projected results, and future prospects. In addition to the risk factors set forth in our Form 10-K, we believe that the following additional issues, uncertainties, and risks should be considered in evaluating our business and growth outlook:
 
Our Credit Agreement and other financing arrangements contain certain covenants, restrictions, and requirements, and we may be unable to comply with the covenant, restrictions, and requirements. A default could result in the acceleration of all or part of our outstanding indebtedness, which could have an adverse effect on our financial condition, liquidity, results of operations, and the price of our common stock.
 
30

 
 
We have a $100.0 million Credit Agreement with a group of banks and numerous other financing arrangements. The Credit Agreement contains certain restrictions and covenants relating to, among other things, dividends, liens, acquisitions and dispositions outside of the ordinary course of business, affiliate transactions, and various financial covenants. We have had difficulty meeting budgeted results and recently on March 8, 2012, we entered into a Second Amendment to Credit Agreement to revise our debt covenants to allow us more flexibility to implement our action plan.  We believe that attaining compliance in the second quarter will be difficult, and failure to comply with the covenants in the Credit Agreement could result in a default.  Certain other financing arrangements contain certain restrictions and covenants, as well. If we fail to comply with any of our financing arrangement covenants, restrictions, and requirements, we will be in default under the relevant agreement, which could cause cross-defaults under our other financing arrangements. In the event of any such default, if we failed to obtain replacement financing, amendments to, or waivers under the applicable financing arrangements, our lenders could cease making further advances, declare our debt to be immediately due and payable, fail to renew letters of credit, impose significant restrictions and requirements on our operations, institute foreclosure procedures against their collateral, or impose significant fees and transaction costs. If acceleration occurs, it may be difficult or expensive to refinance the accelerated debt or we may have to issue equity securities, which would dilute stock ownership. Even if new financing is made available to us, more stringent borrowing terms may mean that credit is not available to us on acceptable terms. A default under our financing arrangements could cause a materially adverse effect on our liquidity, financial condition, and results of operations.
 
ITEM 2.   UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
 
(a) Recent unregistered sales of securities.
 
None.
 
(b) Use of proceeds from registered sales of securities.
 
None.
 
(c) Purchases of equity securities by the issuer and affiliated purchasers.
 
On October 21, 2009, the Board of Directors of the Company approved the repurchase of up to 2,000,000 shares of the Company’s Common Stock expiring on October 21, 2012.  Subject to applicable timing and other legal requirements, these repurchases may be made on the open market or in privately negotiated transactions on terms approved by the Company’s Chairman of the Board or President.  Repurchased shares may be retired or held in treasury for future use for appropriate corporate purposes including issuance in connection with awards under the Company’s employee benefit plans.  During the nine months ended March 31, 2012, we did not repurchase any shares of our Common Stock.  Our current repurchase authorization has 2,000,000 shares remaining.
 
 
31

 
The following table sets forth information regarding shares of Common Stock purchased or that may yet be purchased by us under the current authorization during the first quarter of 2012.
 
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
Period
 
Total Number of Shares Purchased
 
 
Average Price Paid per Share
 
Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs
 
Maximum Number of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs
January 1 – January 31
 
--
 
$
--
 
--
 
2,000,000
February 1 – February 29
 
--
   
--
 
--
 
2,000,000
March 1 – March 31
 
--
   
--
 
--
 
2,000,000
Total
 
--
 
$
--
 
--
 
2,000,000
 
We may reissue repurchased shares under our equity compensation plans or as otherwise directed by the Board of Directors.
 
We are required to include in the table above purchases made by us or by an affiliated purchaser.  For this purpose, “affiliated purchaser” does not include our Employee Stock Purchase Plan, which provides that shares purchased for team members under that Plan may be shares provided by us or shares purchased on the open market.  Open market purchases under that Plan are made by the administrator of the Plan, which is an agent independent of us.  Any shares purchased by the administrator are not counted against the number of shares available for purchase by us pursuant to the repurchase authorization described above.
 
ITEM 3.
DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES
 
 
None.
 
ITEM 4.
MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
 
ITEM 5.                      OTHER INFORMATION
 
None.
 

 
32

 

ITEM 6. EXHIBITS
 
(a)  
Exhibits

3.1
 
Restated and Amended Certificate of Incorporation of the Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, Registration No. 33-45682, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 13, 1992 [the “Form S-1”]).
3.2
 
Bylaws of the Company as Amended and Restated on May 4, 2011 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the Company’s quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2011).
3.3
 
Certificate of Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation of the Company filed March 17, 1992 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.3 to Amendment No. 1 to the Form S-1 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 19, 1992).
3.4
 
Certificate of Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation of the Company filed April 29, 1993 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 5 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form 8-A/A filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 2, 1997 [the “Form 8-A/A”]).
3.5
 
Certificate of Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation of the Company filed May 13, 1994 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 6 to the Form 8-A/A).
4.1
 
Specimen certificate evidencing shares of the Common Stock, $.01 par value, of the Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Form S-1).
4.2
 
Instruments with respect to long-term debt not exceeding 10.0% of the total assets of the Company have not been filed.  The Company agrees to furnish a copy of such instruments to the Securities and Exchange Commission upon request.
10.1
#
Second Amendment to Credit Agreement dated March 8, 2012 among the Company, Branch Banking and Trust Company, as Administrative Agent (the “Agent”), Regions Bank, as Syndications Agent, U.S. Bank National Association, Bank of America, N.A., and BancorpSouth (collectively, the “Lenders”), filed herewith, which amends that certain Credit Agreement, dated April 19, 2010, by and among the Company, the Agent, and the Lenders.
31.1
#
Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
31.2
#
Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
32.1
#
Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
32.2
#
Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
101.INS
*
XBRL Instance Document.
101.SCH
*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
101.CAL
*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
101.DEF
*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.
101.LAB
*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
101.PRE
*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.
     
     
References:
*
 
In accordance with Regulation S-T, the XBRL-related information in Exhibit 101 to this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q shall be deemed to be "furnished" and not "filed."
#
 
Filed herewith.

 

 
33

 

 
SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
       
USA Truck, Inc.
       
(Registrant)
         
         
Date:
May 10, 2012
 
By:
/s/ Clifton R. Beckham
       
Clifton R. Beckham
       
President and Chief Executive Officer
         


 
34

 

INDEX TO EXHIBITS
USA TRUCK, INC.

Exhibit
Number
 
 
Exhibit
 
3.1
 
Restated and Amended Certificate of Incorporation of the Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, Registration No. 33-45682, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 13, 1992 [the “Form S-1”]).
 
3.2
 
Bylaws of the Company as Amended and Restated on May 4, 2011 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the Company’s quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2011).
 
3.3
 
Certificate of Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation of the Company filed March 17, 1992 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.3 to Amendment No. 1 to the Form S-1 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 19, 1992).
 
3.4
 
Certificate of Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation of the Company filed April 29, 1993 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 5 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form 8-A/A filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 2, 1997 [the “Form 8-A/A”]).
 
3.5
 
Certificate of Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation of the Company filed May 13, 1994 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 6 to the Form 8-A/A).
 
4.1
 
Specimen certificate evidencing shares of the Common Stock, $.01 par value, of the Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Form S-1).
 
4.2
 
Instruments with respect to long-term debt not exceeding 10.0% of the total assets of the Company have not been filed.  The Company agrees to furnish a copy of such instruments to the Securities and Exchange Commission upon request.
 
10.1
#
Second Amendment to Credit Agreement dated March 8, 2012 among the Company, Branch Banking and Trust Company, as Administrative Agent (the “Agent”), Regions Bank, as Syndications Agent, U.S. Bank National Association, Bank of America, N.A., and BancorpSouth (collectively, the “Lenders”), filed herewith, which amends that certain Credit Agreement, dated April 19, 2010, by and among the Company, the Agent, and the Lenders.
 
31.1
#
Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
31.2
#
Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
32.1
#
Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
32.2
#
Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
101.INS
*
XBRL Instance Document.
 
101.SCH
*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
 
101.CAL
*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
 
101.DEF
*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.
 
101.LAB
*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
 
101.PRE
*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.
       
 
References:
 
*
 
In accordance with Regulation S-T, the XBRL-related information in Exhibit 101 to this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q shall be deemed to be "furnished" and not "filed."
 
#
 
Filed herewith.

 

XNAS:USAK USA Truck Inc Quarterly Report 10-Q Filling

USA Truck Inc XNAS:USAK Stock - Get Quarterly Report SEC Filing of USA Truck Inc XNAS:USAK stocks, including company profile, shares outstanding, strategy, business segments, operations, officers, consolidated financial statements, financial notes and ownership information.

XNAS:USAK USA Truck Inc Quarterly Report 10-Q Filing - 3/31/2012
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