|• FORM 10-K 04-01-2012 • AMENDED RESTATED ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION • ASSET PURCHASE AGREEMENT DATED AS OF AUGUST 31, 2011 BY AND AMONG QUALCOMM, INC AND INTEGRATED DEVICE TECHNOLOGY, INC • FOUNDRY AGREEMENT DATED AUGUST 3, 2009 BETWEEN THE COMPANY AND TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANUFACTURING CO., LTD • AMENDMENT NO. 1 TO MASTER PURCHASE AGREEMENT • SUBSIDIARIES OF THE COMPANY • CONSENT OF PRICEWATERHOUSECOOPERS LLP • CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER • CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER • CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 • CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 • XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION CALCULATION LINKBASE DOCUMENT • XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION SCHEMA DOCUMENT • XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION DEFINITION LINKBASE DOCUMENT • XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION PRESENTATION LINKBASE DOCUMENT • XBRL INSTANCE DOCUMENT • XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION LABEL LINKBASE DOCUMENT|
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
For the fiscal year ended April 1, 2012
For the transition period from to .
Commission File No. 0-12695
INTEGRATED DEVICE TECHNOLOGY, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
Registrant's Telephone Number, Including Area Code: (408) 284-8200
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ý No o
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act. Yes o No ý
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ý No ¨
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
¨ Large accelerated filer ý Accelerated filer ¨ Non-accelerated filer ¨ Smaller reporting company
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act) Yes o No ý
The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates was approximately $532 million, computed by reference to the last sales price of $5.15 as reported by The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC, as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, October 2, 2011. Shares of common stock held by each executive officer and director and by each person who owns 5% or more of the outstanding common stock have been excluded in that such persons may be deemed affiliates. This determination of affiliate status is not necessarily a conclusive determination for other purposes.
The number of outstanding shares of the registrant's Common Stock, $.001 par value, as of April 30, 2012 was approximately 142,271,904.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Items 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14 of Part III incorporate information by reference from the registrant’s Proxy Statement for the 2012 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
INTEGRATED DEVICE TECHNOLOGY, INC.
ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
We have made statements in this Annual Report on Form 10-K in Part I, Item 1-“Business,” Item 1A-“Risk Factors,” Item 3-“Legal Proceedings,” Part II, Item 7-“Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and in other sections of this Annual Report that are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). These statements relate to future events and the future results of Integrated Device Technology, Inc., including expectations for IDT's proposed acquisition of PLX and are based on current expectations, estimates, forecasts and projections about our business and growth prospects, the industry in which we operate and general economic conditions and the beliefs and assumptions of our management. In addition, in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, the words “expects,” “anticipates,” ”targets,” “goals,” “projects,” “intends,” “plans, “believes,” “seeks, “estimates, “will,” “would,” “could,” “might”, and variations of such words and similar expressions, as they relate to us, our business and our management, are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements should not be read as a guarantee of future performance or results, and will not necessarily be accurate indications of the times at, or by, which such performance or results will be achieved. Forward-looking statements are based on information available at the time those statements are made and/or management’s good faith belief as of that time with respect to future events, and are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual performance or results to differ materially from those expressed in or suggested by the forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed in this Annual Report under the section entitled “Risk Factors” under Part I, Item 1A and elsewhere in this Annual Report, and in other reports we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), including our most recent quarterly reports on Form 10-Q.
Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date the statements are made. You should not put undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. We assume no obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect actual results, changes in assumptions or changes in other factors affecting forward-looking information, except to the extent required by applicable securities laws. If we do update one or more forward-looking statements, no inference should be drawn that we will make additional updates with respect to those or other forward-looking statements.
ITEM 1. BUSINESS
We design, develop, manufacture and market a broad range of low-power, high-performance mixed signal semiconductor solutions for the advanced communications, computing and consumer industries. Currently, we offer communications solutions for customers within the enterprise, data center and wireless markets. Our computing products are designed specifically for storage and server applications and personal computers, while our consumer products focus on solutions for gaming consoles, set-top boxes, digital TV and smart phones . Ultimately, we envision equipping every digital system with an interface based on our silicon.
Our top talent and technology paired with an innovative product-development philosophy focused on digital media allow us to streamline a customer’s overall experience with digital media. Through system-level analog and digital innovation, we consistently deliver extraordinary value to our customers’ applications.
On a worldwide basis, we primarily market our products to original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) through a variety of channels, including direct sales, distributors, electronic manufacturing suppliers (EMS’s) and independent sales representatives.
We seek to differentiate our products from our competitors’ products through the following capabilities:
IDT was incorporated in California in 1980 and reincorporated in Delaware in 1987. The terms “the Company,” “IDT,” “our,” “us” and “we” refer to Integrated Device Technology, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries, where applicable.
We electronically file our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act with the SEC. The public may read or copy any materials we file with the SEC at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, NE, Washington, DC 20549. The public may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The SEC maintains an Internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC. The address of that site is http://www.sec.gov. You may obtain a free copy of our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed with or furnished to the SEC on our website on the World Wide Web at http://www.IDT.com, by contacting the Investor Relations Department at our corporate offices by calling (408) 284-8200 or by sending an e-mail message to ir@IDT.com.
Products and Markets
We offer a broad portfolio of essential semiconductor solutions, including integrated circuits (ICs) that allow digital media to be synchronized, processed and delivered in current and next-generation communications, computing and consumer applications. Among these, we develop solutions that connect digital systems such as processors and memories to the analog world with sight, sound and touch. To accomplish this, our solutions require analog and digital as well as systems expertise. We have successfully expanded our product portfolios targeting applications for – i) Communication Infrastructure; ii) Enterprise Computing ; iii) Consumer Mobility.
Fiscal year 2011 was a critical year for us, as we successfully transitioned into an analog and digital company and enhanced our market leadership capabilities in the timing, serial switching and memory interface markets. In fiscal 2012, we continued to emphasize our growth strategy: defending and growing our core businesses while expanding our potential content in customers’ systems with new analog-intensive mixed signal solutions to achieve higher growth rates.
We measure our business based on two reportable segments: the Communications segment and the Computing and Consumer segment. In fiscal 2012, the Communications segment and the Computing and Consumer segment accounted for approximately 47% and 53%, respectively, of our total revenues of $526.7 million. In fiscal 2011, the Communications segment and the Computing and Consumer segment accounted for approximately 48% and 52%, respectively, of our total revenues of $605.4 million. In fiscal 2010, the Communications segment and the Computing and Consumer segment accounted for approximately 47% and 53%, respectively, of our total revenues of $524.2 million. For further information, see “Note 19 - Segments” in Part II, Item 8 of this Form10-K.
By leveraging our products and markets, we deliver high value to our customers’ applications through system-level analog and digital innovations.
The Communications segment includes clock and timing solutions, Serial RapidIO® switching solutions, Crystal Oscillator replacements, radio frequency (RF), signal path products, flow-control management devices, first in and first out (FIFOs), integrated communications processors, high-speed static random access memory (SRAM), digital logic and telecommunications products.
Communication Timing Products: Created for networking, communications (SONET/SDH), advanced computing (servers and workstations) and enterprise storage (SAN and NAS) applications, our communication clocks include high-performance and high-reliability frequency generation and clock distribution products enabling clock-tree development, clock synthesizers optimized for Freescale PowerQUICC™ processors, FemtoClock™ ultra-low jitter clock sources, Stratum-compliant jitter attenuation and frequency translation PLLs, surface acoustic wave (SAW) PLL communications modules, voltage-controlled SAW oscillator modules and complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) crystal oscillator replacements. We are the leading provider of silicon timing solutions, offering a complete portfolio of products for clock generation, distribution, recovery and jitter attenuation to serve numerous computing, consumer and communications applications.
Digital Logic Products: We provide fast CMOS TTL-compatible, low-voltage CMOS and advanced low-voltage CMOS, including a broad range of high-performance, 3.3-volt CMOS logic products. These products are developed for network switches and routers, wireless base stations, storage networks, servers and other applications.
FIFO Memories: We develop products and technologies to help designers solve inter-chip communications problems such as rate matching, data buffering, bus matching and data-priority managing. We provide a large product portfolio with more than 350 synchronous, asynchronous and bi-directional FIFO offerings that address complex issues associated with high-performance networking applications, such as terabit routers, multi-service switching platforms, host bus adaptors and wireless base stations.
Serial RapidIO Solutions: Our family of Serial RapidIO products provides cost-effective, off-the-shelf solutions targeting wireless base station infrastructure applications; specifically baseband processing solutions that utilize digital signal processing (DSP) clusters as well as radio card interface solutions utilizing the Common Public Radio Interface (CPRI™) industry standard. Our RapidIO switch family addresses the needs of switching data between multiple endpoints. These switches are ideal for central switch cards as well as baseband processing cards. The Serial Buffer family of devices provides all the necessary buffering and storage of data at full 10Gb line rates as well as parallel interfaces to enable the use of legacy components over a non-Serial RapidIO interface. The Functional InterConnect (FIC) devices offer low-cost connectivity between Serial RapidIO, CPRI, Time Division Multiplexing (TDM) and parallel interfaces. A “Baseband-on-a-Card” uTCA board with software and Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) enable our customers to significantly improve their time-to-market. These Serial RapidIO solutions are also ideal for other DSP cluster applications, including video imaging, IPTV, medical and military applications.
SRAM Products: With more than two decades of SRAM experience, we produce a broad line of high-speed, industry-standard SRAMs that are used in communications and other markets. We offer a wide range of products from 16-Kbit to 18-Mbit densities in synchronous and asynchronous architectures. We invented Zero Bus Turnaround® (ZBT®) technology, which has become the communications SRAM standard, and co-developed the quad data rate™ architecture (QDR).
RF Products: We provide an industry-first RF product, including the F1200 low-noise digital IF VGA, ideal for commercial radio systems with very high SNR requirements. Its extremely low distortion makes the device very flexible, while the 200 ohm differential input and output impedances allow it to integrate seamlessly into the signal path.
Telecommunications Products: We offer a broad telecommunications semiconductor portfolio, including products for access and transport, TDM switching and voice processing. The IDT SuperJET™ family of J1/E1/T1 transceivers includes the industry’s first monolithic octal density device, designed to address next-generation universal line-card designs in communications applications. In addition, we provide products for multiplexing and a wide selection of time slot interchange switches and programmable voice CODEC devices for high-volume applications.
Computing and Consumer Segment
The Computing and Consumer Segment includes clock generation and distribution products, high-performance server memory interfaces, PCI Express switching solutions, signal integrity products, multi-port products, touch controllers, PC audio, power management solutions and video products.
Audio: Our high-definition (HD) Audio codecs ensure that PCs and notebooks have the best audio fidelity in the market. Our growing portfolio supports from 2 to 10 channels of audio along with advanced technologies, such as integrated digital microphone interface, modem interface, ADAT® optical interface and more. The power optimization, high performance and quality of our HD Audio codecs bring higher fidelity to media center and entertainment PCs. In addition, our graphical user interface (GUI) enables end users to visually experience the IDT brand while simplifying their control of the computer audio subsystem.
Consumer and Computing Timing Products: Optimized for digital consumer applications, such as video game consoles, set-top boxes (cable, satellite and internet protocol (IP)/digital subscriber line (DSL), digital TV and DVD recorders, our consumer clocks consist of custom and off-the-shelf solutions. Products include programmable timing devices that address in-system programming and test, clock redundancy and I/O translation. By directly enhancing design flexibility, portability and reliability, these products also reduce inventory and test costs. Our other consumer clocks include zero-delay buffers, clock synthesizers, voltage-controlled crystal oscillators and spread-spectrum clock generators.
CrystalFree™ Oscillators: Our crystalFree™ products replace quartz-crystal oscillators and passive crystal (XTAL) resonators with advanced technologies, taking advantage of the economies and scale of both semiconductor processes and standard plastic packages. These devices offer a number of advantages over traditional quartz-crystal based products. Customers worldwide are resolving the challenges encountered with quartz-crystal technology by taking advantage of our CrystalFree technology. The CrystalFree Solid-State crystal-oscillator (XO) replacement products are based on over 35 patents (granted or filed) and consume as little as 1/10th the power of XO products. Also known as CMOS oscillators or silicon oscillators, these devices provide significant price saving, lead time, and performance improvements as compared to quartz-crystal oscillators. Our CrystalFree Solid-State resonator replacement products provide performance, integration, and lead-time advantages over crystal (XTAL) resonators with no cost penalty using solid-state active oscillator technology.
CrystalFree™ piezoelectric MEMS (pMEMS™): Our CrystalFree Piezo MEMS (pMEMS™) Oscillator technology is transforming the frequency control market. Combining the advantages of piezoelectric quartz with the advantages and reliability of silicon MEMS resonators, IDT's pMEMS resonator technology combines the strong electromechanical coupling of the piezoelectric material with the stability and low damping of single crystal silicon to create a passive frequency source of unparalleled performance and reliability. Based on over 40 patents (granted or filed), IDT's CrystalFree pMEMS resonators are the world's smallest hermetically-sealed wafer level package (WLP) resonators.
Our computing timing solutions offer a unique combination of features and high performance, enabling leading-edge technologies, such as PCI Express (Generation 2 and 3), as well as fully buffered, dual in-line memory modules. In addition, we provide customized clock solutions, offering optimized feature sets to meet the needs of specific motherboards. We offer the industry’s largest portfolio of computing timing solutions products for all generations of motherboards that are manufactured by Intel, Inc., Via Technologies, Inc., Silicon Integrated Systems (SiS) Corporation. and Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
We are the leading provider of silicon timing solutions, offering a complete portfolio of products for clock generation, distribution, recovery and jitter attenuation to serve numerous computing, consumer and communications applications.
Integrated Communications Processors: Our Interprise™ family of integrated communications processors consists of a range of processors and development tools. In addition, we partner with industry-leading software and hardware vendors to deliver system platforms to communications customers. The devices are based on the MIPS™ instruction set architecture and serve communications market segments, such as Ethernet switches, enterprise gateways and wireless local area networks (LANs), as well as edge and access market areas, including fiber-to-the-home and wireless application protocols (WAPs). Our Interprise processors provide a combination of flexibility, performance and appropriate integration levels that enable customers to get to market quickly with cost-effective, flexible systems.
Memory Interface Products: The broad range of our products for dual in-line memory modules (DIMMs) is a direct result of our significant experience in timing, high-speed serial interface and logic technologies. Our advanced memory buffer devices (AMBs) are a class of products that provide a high-speed, serial, communications interface between the memory controller and modules on the channel of FB-DIMMs for server and workstation applications. We offer register and PLL chipsets to meet the latest memory speed needs of server and workstation devices, including Single Data Rate (SDR), Double Data Rate (DDR), DDR2, and DDR3 memory technology.
Multi-Port Memory Products: We offer a comprehensive portfolio of high-performance multi-port memory products. Our portfolio consists of more than 150 types of asynchronous and synchronous dual-ports, tri-ports, four-ports and bank-switchable dual-ports. These devices are well-suited for wireless infrastructures, networking, storage, wireless handsets, high-speed image processing and multi-core computing, such as supercomputers.
Power Management Solutions: We offer the industry's first true single-layer wireless transmitter IC and highest-output-power wireless receiver, the widest dynamic range power metering ICs, the industry's first embedded mixed-signal platform Intelligent System Power Solution, the coolRAC™ high-efficiency rack-level system power solution, and HyperGear™ companion power management and timing solutions for improved performance and efficiency.
P95020 is a single-chip solution that provides intelligent system power management to help improve battery life in today's portable electronic devices.
Signal Integrity Products: Computing and storage applications face increasing signal integrity challenges as data rates continuously rise. The high speed I/O used in today’s systems make cost-effective and reliable PCB design complicated. Our signal integrity products condition signals and help alleviate constraints in computing, storage and communications applications.
Switching Solutions: Our family of PCI Express switching solutions is aimed at high-performance server, storage, embedded and communications applications. Moreover, we offer customers a complete integrated hardware/software development kit that includes evaluation boards, software drivers and a graphical user interface that enables complete system configuration and optimization. Our PCIe Gen1,Gen2 and Gen3 devices are optimized for I/O expansion system interconnects and inter-domain communications.
Touch Controllers: Increasingly, touch technology is being used in consumer electronics and durable goods to create sleek, streamlined products. The latest mobile phone and media player designs feature capacitive touch, differentiating them from standard offerings with mechanical buttons. In consumer durables, such as washing machines and refrigerators, touch interfaces are implemented not only for visual appeal, but also for enhanced reliability in kitchen and laundry environments where heat, moisture and dust present challenges for traditional input techniques. We offer compelling touch solutions based on a strategy of integration, reliability and power efficiency.
We sell our semiconductor products through three channels: direct sales to OEMs and EMSs, consignment sales to OEMs and EMSs, and sales through distributors. Direct sales are managed mainly through our internal sales force and independent sales representatives. Revenue is recognized on direct sales based on the relevant shipping terms. During fiscal 2012, direct sales accounted for approximately 19% of our total worldwide revenues.
Consignment sales relate to areas where we have established hubs at or near key customers to allow them quick access to our products. We retain ownership of the product at consignment locations until the product is pulled by the customer. Consignment sales are managed by our internal sales team and accounted for approximately 12% of our total worldwide revenues in fiscal 2012.
The majority of our worldwide sales are through distributors. Our distributors within the U.S. and Europe have rights to price protection, ship from stock pricing credits and stock rotation. Due to the uncertainty of the amount of the credits related to these programs, revenue is not recognized until the product has been sold by the distributor to an end customer. Within the Asia Pacific region which excludes Japan (“APAC”) and Japan, distributors have limited stock rotation and little or no price protection rights. Revenue is recognized upon shipment to these distributors as we are able to reasonably estimate the amount of pricing adjustments and stock rotation returns. Revenue recognized on a sell through basis through distribution represented approximately 19% of our total worldwide revenues in fiscal 2012, while revenue through distribution recognized upon shipment represented 50% of our total worldwide revenues in the same period.
Sales through three distributors accounted for 10% or more of our total revenues in fiscal 2012, 2011 and 2010. Sales through, Maxtek and its affiliates, represented approximately 15%, 19% and 21% of our total revenues in fiscal 2012, 2011 and 2010, respectively. Sales through Avnet, represented approximately 11%, 13% and 11% of our total revenues in fiscal 2012, 2011 and 2010, respectively. Uniquest represented approximately 10% of the Company's revenue in fiscal 2012. No other distributor, single direct or consignment customer represented 10% or more of our total revenues in fiscal 2012, 2011 and 2010.
We market our products on a worldwide basis, primarily to OEMs who, in turn, incorporate our products into the customers’ products marketed under their brands. We work closely with our OEM customers to design and integrate current and next generation products to meet the requirements of end users. Many of our end customer OEMs have outsourced their manufacturing to a concentrated group of global EMSs and original design manufacturers (ODMs), who then buy product directly from us or through our distributors on behalf of the OEM. These EMSs and ODMs have achieved greater autonomy in design win, product qualification and product purchasing decisions, especially for commodity products. No direct OEM customer accounted for 10% or more of our total revenues in fiscal 2012, 2011 and 2010. However, when sales through all channels are considered, we estimate that end-
customer sales to Cisco Systems, Inc. and/or its wholly-owned subsidiaries represented approximately 11% our revenues in fiscal 2012. No customer accounted for 10% or more of our total revenues in fiscal 2011 or 2010.
We may from time-to-time derive revenue from contracts and subcontracts with agencies of, or prime or secondary contractors to, the U.S. government, including U.S. military agencies. Consequently, we are subject to certain business risks that are particular to companies that contract with U.S. government agencies. These risks include the ability of the U.S. government or related contractors to unilaterally:
In addition, because we may enter into defense industry contracts with respect to products that are sold both within and outside of the United States, we are subject to the following additional risks in connection with government contracts:
The revenue from, and activity with, contracts and subcontracts with agencies of, or prime contractors to, the U.S. government, has declined subsequent to the disposition of our military business to Spectrum Control, Inc. in fiscal 2010. For further information, please see “Note 6 - Divestitures” in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
We currently use third-party foundries that are primarily located in the Asia- Pacific region to manufacture our products. In fiscal 2010, 2011 and 2012, we manufactured wafers at our Oregon wafer fabrication facility which produced 200mm (8-inch) wafers ranging from 0.6-micron to 0.12-micron process technologies. In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2012, we completed the transition of wafer fabrication activities from our facility to third-party foundries. In addition, during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2012, we completed the sale of this facility to Alpha and Omega Semiconductor Limited. We assemble or package products at several different subcontractors in the APAC region. Utilizing several different subcontractors located in different countries enables us to negotiate lower prices and limits the risk associated with production concentration in one country or company. The criteria used to select assembly subcontractors include, but are not limited to cost, quality, delivery, and subcontractor financial stability. We perform vast majority of our test operations at our test facility located in Malaysia. A relatively small amount of test operations are also performed at third party subcontractors in the APAC region.
We offer custom designed products, as well as industry-standard products and ASSPs. Sales are made primarily pursuant to standard purchase orders, which are frequently revised by customers as their requirements change. We have also entered into master purchase agreements, which do not require minimum purchase quantities, with many of our OEM and EMS customers. We schedule product deliveries upon receipt of purchase orders under the related customer agreements. Generally, these purchase orders and customer agreements, especially those for standard products, also allow customers to change the quantities, reschedule delivery dates and cancel purchase orders without significant penalties. In general, orders, especially for industry standard products, are often made with very short lead times and may be canceled, rescheduled, re-priced or otherwise revised prior to shipment. In addition, certain distributor orders are subject to price adjustments both before and after shipment. For all these reasons, we do not believe that our order backlog is a reliable indicator of future revenues.
Certain of our products are sold in the computing and consumer end markets which generally have followed annual seasonal trends. Historically, sales of products for these end markets have been higher in the second and third quarters of the fiscal year as consumer purchases of PCs and gaming systems increase significantly in the second half of the calendar year due to back-to-school and holiday demand.
Research and Development
Our research and development efforts emphasize the development and design of proprietary, differentiated, high-performance, low-power analog and mixed-signal semiconductor products. We believe that a sustained level of investment in research and development is necessary to maintain our competitive position. We operate research and development centers in Irvine, San Jose and Sunnyvale, California; Fort Collins, Colorado; Tempe and Tucson, Arizona; Atlanta, Georgia; Austin, Texas; Basking Ridge, New Jersey; Andover, Marlborough and Watertown, Massachusetts; Ann Arbor, Michigan; Ottawa , Canada and Shanghai, China. Research and development expenses, as a percentage of revenues, were approximately 30%, 26% and 26% in fiscal 2012, 2011 and 2010, respectively.
Our product development activities are focused on the design of integrated circuits that provide differentiated features and enhanced performance primarily for communications, computing and consumer applications.
The semiconductor industry is characterized by rapid technological advances, cyclical market patterns, erosion of product sale prices and evolving industry standards. Many of our competitors have substantially greater technical, marketing, manufacturing or financial resources than we do. In addition, several foreign competitors receive financial assistance from their governments, which could give them a competitive advantage. We compete in different product areas to varying degrees on the basis of technical innovation and product performance, as well as product quality, availability and price.
Our competitive strategy is to use our applications expertise to develop a deep understanding of customers’ systems and to use our unique combination of analog and digital technologies to develop complete product portfolios that solve our customers’ whole problem. We differentiate our products through innovative configurations, proprietary features, high performance, and breadth of offerings. Our ability to compete successfully and to expand our business will depend on a number of factors, including but not limited to:
We compete with product offerings from numerous companies, including LSI, Conexant Systems, Cypress Semiconductor, Exar, Freescale Semiconductor, Integrated Silicon Solutions, Intel, Maxim Integrated Products, Micrel Inc., Pericom Semiconductor, Philips Electronics, PLX Technology, Realtek Semiconductor, STMicroelectronics, Texas Instruments, Toshiba, Analog Devices, Inphi, Silicon Laboratories, Montage, and Diablo.
Intellectual Property and Licensing
We rely primarily on our patents, trade secrets, contractual provisions, licenses, copyrights, trademarks, and other proprietary rights mechanisms to protect our intellectual property. We believe that our intellectual property is a key corporate asset, and we continue to invest in intellectual property protection. We also intend to increase the breadth of our patent portfolio. There can be no assurance that any patents issued to us will not be challenged, invalidated or circumvented, that the rights granted thereunder will provide competitive advantages to us or that our efforts to protect our intellectual property rights will be successful.
In recent years, there has been a growing trend of companies resorting to litigation to protect their semiconductor technology from unauthorized use by others. We have been involved in patent litigation, which has adversely affected our operating results. Although we have obtained patent licenses from certain semiconductor manufacturers, we do not have licenses from a number of semiconductor manufacturers with broad patent portfolios. While we are not knowingly infringing on any of their patents, these semiconductor manufacturers may resort to litigation or other means in an effort to find infringements and force us to obtain
licenses to their patents. Our success will depend in part on our ability to obtain necessary intellectual property rights and protect our intellectual property rights. While we have filed patent applications, we cannot be certain that these applications will issue into patents or that we will be able to obtain the patent coverage and other intellectual property rights necessary to protect our technology. Further, we cannot be certain that once granted, the intellectual property rights covered by such patents will not be challenged by other parties.
We are committed to protecting the environment and the health and safety of our employees, customers and the public. We endeavor to adhere to the most stringent standards across all of our facilities, to encourage pollution prevention and to strive towards continual improvement. As an integral part of our total quality management system, we strive to exceed compliance with regulatory standards in order to achieve a standard of excellence in environmental, health and safety management practices.
Our manufacturing facilities are subject to numerous environmental laws and regulations, particularly with respect to the storage, handling, use, discharge and disposal of certain chemicals, gases and other substances used or produced in the semiconductor manufacturing process. Compliance with these laws and regulations has not had a material impact on our capital expenditures, earnings, financial condition or competitive position. Although we believe that we are fully compliant with all applicable environmental laws and regulations there can be no assurance that current or future environmental laws and regulations will not impose costly requirements upon us. Any failure by us to comply with applicable environmental laws and regulations could result in fines, suspension of production and legal liability.
As of April 1, 2012, we had approximately1,800 employees worldwide, with approximately 850 employees located in the United States. Our future success depends in part on our ability to attract and retain qualified personnel, particularly engineers, who are often in great demand. We have implemented policies enabling our employees to share in our success, including stock option, restricted stock unit, stock purchase and incentive bonus plans. We have never had a work stoppage related to labor issues. None of our employees are currently represented by a collective bargaining agreement, and we consider our relationship with our employees to be good.
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
Investing in our common stock involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider the risks and uncertainties described below and all information contained in this report before you decide to purchase our common stock. If any of the possible adverse events described below actually occurs, we may be unable to conduct our business as currently planned and our financial condition and operating results could be harmed. In addition, the trading price of our common stock could decline due to the occurrence of any of these risks, and you may lose all or part of your investment. The risks described below are not the only risks facing us. Additional risks not currently known to us or that we currently believe are immaterial may also impair our business operations, results, and financial condition.
Our operating results can fluctuate dramatically. Our operating results have fluctuated in the past and are likely to vary in the future. Fluctuations in operating results can result from a wide variety of factors, including:
Global economic conditions, including those related to the credit markets, may adversely affect our business and results of operations.
Adverse changes in global financial markets and rapidly deteriorating business conditions in the world's developed economies in late 2008 and the first half of calendar year 2009 resulted in a significant global economic recession. Continuing concerns about the impact of high energy costs, geopolitical issues, the availability and cost of credit, the U.S. mortgage market, a declining real estate market in the U.S. and sovereign debt crises in Europe and the U.S. have contributed to instability in both U.S. and international capital and credit markets, weakened demand and diminished expectations for the U.S. and global economy. These conditions, and the resulting low business and consumer confidence, and high unemployment have contributed to substantial volatility in global capital markets and uncertain demand for our products throughout fiscal 2010, fiscal 2011, and in fiscal 2012. It is difficult for our customers, our vendors, and us to accurately forecast and plan future business activities in this economic environment.
The economic slowdown resulted in reduced customer spending for semiconductors and weakened demand for our products, which had a negative impact on our revenue, gross profit, results of operations and cash flows during fiscal 2010, 2011 and 2012. Global credit markets continue to be volatile and sustainable improvement in global economic activity is uncertain. Should the rate of global economic growth falter, customer demand for our products may continue to decline, which is likely to have a negative impact on our revenue, gross profit, results of operations and cash flows. Reduced customer spending and weakened demand may drive the semiconductor industry to reduce product pricing, which would also have a negative impact on our revenue, gross profit and results of operations and cash flows. In addition, the semiconductor industry has traditionally been highly cyclical and has often experienced significant downturns in connection with, or in anticipation of, deterioration in general economic conditions and we cannot accurately predict how severe and prolonged any downturn might be.
The cyclicality of the semiconductor industry exacerbates the volatility of our operating results.
The semiconductor industry is highly cyclical. The semiconductor industry has experienced significant downturns, often in connection with product cycles of both semiconductor companies and their customers, but also related to declines in general economic conditions. These downturns have been characterized by volatile customer demand, high inventory levels and accelerated erosion of average selling prices. Any future economic downturns could materially and adversely affect our business from one period to the next relative to demand and product pricing. In addition, the semiconductor industry has experienced periods of increased demand, during which we may experience internal and external manufacturing constraints. We may experience substantial changes in future operating results due to the cyclical nature of the semiconductor industry.
Demand for our products depends primarily on demand in the communications, enterprise computing, personal computer (PC), and consumer markets which can be significantly affected by concerns over macroeconomic issues.
Our product portfolio consists predominantly of semiconductor solutions for the communications, computing, and consumer markets. Our strategy and resources are directed at the development, production and marketing of products for these markets. The markets for our products will depend on continued and growing demand for communications equipment, servers, PCs and consumer electronics. These end-user markets may experience changes in demand that could adversely affect our business and could be greater in periods of economic uncertainty and contraction. To the extent demand or markets for our products or markets for our products do not grow, our business could be adversely affected.
We are reliant upon subcontractors and third-party foundries.
We are dependent on third-party subcontractors for all of our assembly operations. We are also dependent on third-party outside foundries for the manufacture of our silicon wafers. Our increased reliance on subcontractors and third-party foundries for our current products increases certain risks because we will have less control over manufacturing quality and delivery schedules, maintenance of sufficient capacity to meet our orders and generally, maintaining the manufacturing processes we require. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2012, we completed the transfer of our internal wafer fabrication production to outside foundries. Due to production lead times and potential capacity constraints, any failure on our part to adequately forecast the mix of product demand
and resulting foundry and subcontractor requirements could adversely affect our operating results. In addition, we cannot be certain that these foundries and subcontractors will continue to manufacture, assemble, package and test products for us on acceptable economic and quality terms, or at all, and it may be difficult for us to find alternatives in a timely and cost-effective manner if they do not do so.
We have made and may continue to make acquisitions and divestitures which could divert management's attention, cause ownership dilution to our stockholders, be difficult to integrate, and/or adversely affect our financial results.
Acquisitions and divestitures are commonplace in the semiconductor industry and we have acquired and divested, and may continue to acquire or divest, businesses and technologies. Integrating newly acquired businesses or technologies could put a strain on our resources, could be costly and time consuming, and might not be successful. Acquisitions or divestitures could divert our management's attention and other resources from other business concerns. In addition, we might lose key employees while integrating new organizations. Acquisitions and divestitures could also result in customer dissatisfaction, performance problems with an acquired company or technology, dilutive or potentially dilutive issuances of equity securities, the incurrence of debt, the assumption or incurrence of contingent liabilities, or other unanticipated events or circumstances, any of which could harm our business. Consequently, we might not be successful in acquiring or integrating any new businesses, products, or technologies, and might not achieve anticipated revenues and cost benefits. In addition, we might be unsuccessful in finding or completing acquisition or divestiture opportunities on acceptable terms in a timely manner.
Our proposed acquisition of PLX Technology, Inc., may not be successfully completed, and even if it is completed, we may not be able to fully realize the anticipated benefits of the acquisition.
On April 30, 2012, we entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (Merger Agreement) with PLX Technology, Inc (PLX), pursuant to which we will commence an exchange offer (offer) to purchase all of the outstanding shares of PLX common stock, $0.001 par value, in exchange for consideration, per share of PLX common stock, comprised of (i) $3.50 in cash plus (ii) 0.525 of a share of IDT common stock, without interest and less any applicable withholding taxes, with the ultimate goal of merging PLX with and into one of our wholly owned subsidiaries (merger). The offer and the merger are subject to the satisfaction or, where permissible, waiver of a number of conditions, many of which are out of our control, including there being tendered enough shares of PLX common stock in the offer to constitute a majority of the voting power of PLX common stock outstanding and the expiration of applicable waiting periods under antitrust regulations. As a result, the offer and the merger may not be successfully completed. Furthermore, if the completion of the offer and the merger are substantially delayed, we may not be able to realize the expected benefits of the merger on a timely basis or at all.
Even if the offer and the merger were completed, the successful integration of PLX's business and operations into those of our own and our ability to realize the expected synergies and benefits of the transaction are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, many of which are outside of our control. These risks and uncertainties include, among other things:
In addition, the offer and the merger may not be accretive and may cause dilution to the combined company's earnings per share, which may negatively affect the price of our common stock following consummation of the offer and the merger. Any failure to realize the full benefits and synergies of the offer and the merger could adversely impact our business, results of operation and financial condition.
We currently expect to take on significant debt to finance the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, and such increased debt levels could adversely affect its business, cash flow and results of operations.
We currently expect to borrow up to $185 million in connection with the consummation of the offer and the merger, which will significantly increase our outstanding indebtedness and interest expense. In order to provide the merger consideration, prepay PLX's bank indebtedness, and pay related fees and expenses, we currently expect to sell shares of preferred stock of one of our wholly-owned subsidiaries to Bank of America, N.A. (Bank of America) pursuant to a master repurchase agreement we signed with Bank of America on June 13, 2011 (the Repurchase Agreement). In addition, we have arranged commitments for $75 million
of new financing with J.P. Morgan Securities LLC and J.P. Morgan Chase Bank, N.A. (JPM) in connection with the offer and the merger (the Credit Facility).
The degree to which we are leveraged under the repurchase agreement and the credit facility will increase our interest expense and could have other important consequences, such as:
These financing arrangements, and any restrictions included therein, may have an adverse impact on IDT's business, cash flow and results of operations, and could adversely affect the value of IDT's common stock.
In addition, the terms of the financing obligations under the Repurchase Agreement and the Credit Facility include restrictions, such as affirmative and negative covenants, conditions to the transactions and the pledge of security interests in certain of IDT's assets. A failure to comply with these restrictions could result in a default under the Repurchase Agreement or the Credit Facility or could require us to obtain waivers from Bank of America or JPM for failure to comply with these restrictions. In addition, our ability to meet our obligations, including any repayment obligations, under the Repurchase Agreement and the Credit Facility will depend on our future performance, which will be subject to financial, business, and other factors affecting our operations, many of which are beyond our control. The occurrence of a default that remains uncured or the inability to secure a necessary consent or waiver could have a material adverse effect on IDT's business, financial condition or results of operations.
We build most of our products based on estimated demand forecasts.
Demand for our products can change rapidly and without advance notice. Demand can also be affected by changes in our customers' levels of inventory and differences in the timing and pattern of orders from their end customers. A large percentage of our revenue in the APAC region is recognized upon shipment to our distributors. Consequently, we have less visibility over both inventory levels at our distributors and end customer demand for our products. Further, the distributors have assumed more risk associated with changes in end demand for our products. Accordingly, significant changes in end demand in the semiconductor business in general, or for our products in particular, may be difficult for us to detect or otherwise measure, which could cause us to incorrectly forecast end-market demand for our products. If we are not able to accurately forecast end demand for our products, we may be left with large amounts of unsold products, may not be able to fill all actual orders, and may not be able to efficiently utilize our existing manufacturing capacity or make optimal investment and other business decisions. As a result, we may end up with excess and obsolete inventory or we may be unable to meet customer short-term demands, either of which could have an adverse impact on our operating results.
If we are unable to execute our business strategy successfully, our revenues and profitability may be adversely affected.
Our future financial performance and success are largely dependent on our ability to execute our business strategy successfully. Our present business strategy to be a leading provider of essential mixed signal semiconductor solutions will be affected, without limitation, by: (1) our ability to continue to aggressively manage, maintain and refine our product portfolio including focus on the development and growth of new applications; (2) our ability to continue to maintain existing customers, aggressively pursue and win new customers; (3) our ability to successfully develop, manufacture and market new products in a timely manner; (4) our ability to develop new products in a more efficient manner ; (5) our ability to sufficiently differentiate and enhance of our products; (6) our ability to successfully deploy R&D investment in the areas of displays, silicon timing, power management, signal integrity and radio frequency and (7) our ability to rationalize our manufacturing operations including the transition to wholly outsourced wafer fabrication operations.
We cannot assure you that we will successfully implement our business strategy or that implementing our strategy will sustain or improve our results of operations. In particular, we cannot assure you that we will be able to build our position in markets with high growth potential, increase our volume or revenue, rationalize our manufacturing operations or reduce our costs and expenses.
Our business strategy is based on our assumptions about the future demand for our current products and the new products and applications that we are developing and on our ability to produce our products profitably. Each of these factors is subject to one or more of the risk factors set forth in this report. Several risks that could affect our ability to implement our business strategy are beyond our control. In addition, circumstances beyond our control and changes in our business or industry may require us to change our business strategy.
Our results are dependent on the success of new products.
The markets we serve are characterized by competition, rapid technological change, evolving standards, short product life cycles and continuous erosion of average selling prices. Consequently, our future success will be highly dependent upon our ability to continually develop new products using the latest and most cost-effective technologies, introduce our products in commercial quantities to the marketplace ahead of the competition and have our products selected for inclusion in leading system manufacturers' products. In addition, the development of new products will continue to require significant R&D expenditures. If we are unable to successfully develop, produce and market new products in a timely manner, have our products available in commercial quantities ahead of competitive products or have our products selected for inclusion in products of systems manufacturers and sell them at gross margins comparable to or better than our current products, our future results of operations could be adversely affected. In addition, our future revenue growth is also partially dependent on our ability to penetrate new markets in which we have limited experience and where competitors are already entrenched. Even if we are able to develop, produce and successfully market new products in a timely manner, such new products may not achieve market acceptance. The above described events could have a variety of negative effects on our competitive position and our financial results, such as reducing our revenue, increasing our costs, lowering our gross margin percentage, and ultimately leading to impairment of assets.
We are dependent on a concentrated group of customers for a significant part of our revenues.
A large portion of our revenues depends on sales to a limited number of customers. If these relationships were to diminish, or if these customers were to develop their own solutions or adopt a competitor's solution instead of buying our products, our results could be adversely affected.
Many of our end-customer original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) have outsourced their manufacturing to a concentrated group of global electronics manufacturing service (EMSs) providers and original design manufacturers (ODMs) who then buy products directly from us or from our distributors on behalf of the OEM. These EMSs and ODMs have achieved greater autonomy in the design win, product qualification and product purchasing decisions, especially for commodity products. Competition for the business from EMSs and ODMs is intense and there is no assurance we can remain competitive and retain our existing market share with these customers. If these companies were to allocate a higher share of commodity or second-source business to our competitors instead of buying our products, our results would be adversely affected. Furthermore, as EMSs and ODMs have represented a growing percentage of our overall business, our concentration of credit and other business risks with these customers has increased. Competition among global EMSs and ODMs is intense as they operate on very low margins. If any one or more of our global EMSs or ODMs customers were to file for bankruptcy or otherwise experience significantly adverse financial conditions, our business would be adversely affected as well.
In addition, we utilize a relatively small number of global and regional distributors around the world, who buy product directly from us on behalf of their customers. For example, sales through three distributors represented 15% , 11% and 10% of the Company's net revenues, respectively, for fiscal 2012. In addition, at April 1, 2012, three distributors represented 19%, 16%, and 12% of the Company's gross accounts receivable. If our business relationships with any of these distributors were to diminish or any of these distributors were to file for bankruptcy or otherwise experience significantly adverse financial conditions, our business could be adversely affected. Because we continue to be dependent on product demand from a small group of OEM end customers and global and regional distributors, any material delay, cancellation or reduction of orders from or loss of these or other major customers could cause our revenue to decline significantly.
We are dependent on a limited number of suppliers.
Our manufacturing operations depend upon obtaining adequate raw materials on a timely basis. The number of suppliers of certain raw materials, such as silicon wafers, ultra-pure metals and certain chemicals and gases needed for our products, is very limited. In addition, certain packages for our products require long lead times and are available from only a few suppliers. From time to time, suppliers have extended lead times or limited supply to us due to capacity constraints. Our results of operations would be materially and adversely affected if we were unable to obtain adequate supplies of raw materials in a timely manner or if there were significant increases in the costs of raw materials, or if foundry or assembly subcontractor capacity were not available, or if capacity were only available at unfavorable prices.
Our operations and business could be significantly harmed by natural disasters.
A majority of the third-party foundries and subcontractors we currently use are located in Malaysia, South Korea, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, and China. In addition, we own a test facility in Malaysia. The risk of an earthquake or tsunami in these Pacific Rim locations is significant, as highlighted by the severe earthquakes and tsunami that struck the northeast coast of
Japan in March 2011 and the massive flooding in Thailand in October 2011. While we did not experience a significant impact on our operation from these disasters, the occurrence of an earthquake, drought, floods, fires, or other natural disaster near any of these locations could cause a significant reduction of end-customer demand and/or availability of materials, a disruption of the global supply chain, an increase in the cost of products that we purchase, and otherwise interfere with our ability to conduct business. In addition, public health issues, acts of terrorism or other catastrophic events could significantly delay the production or shipment of our products. Although we maintain insurance for some of the damage that may be caused by natural disasters, our insurance coverage may not be sufficient to cover all of our potential losses and would not cover us for lost business. As a result, a natural disaster in one or more of these regions could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.
Costs related to product defects and errata may harm our results of operations and business.
Costs associated with unexpected product defects and errata, or deviations from published specifications, due to, for example, unanticipated problems in our design and manufacturing processes, could include:
These costs could be substantial and may therefore increase our expenses and lower our gross margin. In addition, our reputation with our customers or users of our products could be damaged as a result of such product defects and errata, and the demand for our products could be reduced. The announcement of product defects and/or errata could cause customers to purchase products from our competitors as a result of anticipated shortages of our components or for other reasons. These factors could harm our financial results and the prospects for our business.
If the credit market conditions deteriorate, it could have a material adverse impact on our investment portfolio.
Although we manage our investment portfolio by purchasing only highly rated securities and diversifying our investments across various sectors, investment types, and underlying issuers, recent volatility in the short-term financial markets has been high. We have no securities in asset backed commercial paper and hold no auction rated or mortgage backed securities. However it is uncertain as to the full extent of the current credit and liquidity crisis and with possible further deterioration, particularly within one or several of the large financial institutions, the value of our investments could be negatively impacted.
Intellectual property claims against and/or on behalf of the Company could adversely affect our business and operations.
The semiconductor industry is characterized by vigorous protection and pursuit of intellectual property rights, which has resulted in significant and often protracted and expensive litigation. We have been involved with patent litigation and asserted intellectual property claims in the past, both as a plaintiff and a defendant, some of which have adversely affected our operating results. Although we have obtained patent licenses from certain semiconductor manufacturers, we do not have licenses from a number of semiconductor manufacturers that have broad patent portfolios. Claims alleging infringement of intellectual property rights have been asserted against us in the past and could be asserted against us in the future.
As a result of these claims, we may have to discontinue the use of certain processes, license certain technologies, cease the manufacture, use, and sale of infringing products; incur significant litigation costs and damages and develop non-infringing technology. We might not be able to obtain such licenses on acceptable terms or develop non-infringing technology. Further, the failure to renew or renegotiate existing licenses on favorable terms, or the inability to obtain a key license, could materially and adversely affect our business. Future litigation, either as a plaintiff or a defendant, could adversely affect our operating results, as a result of increased expenses, the cost of settled claims, and/or payment of damages.
Our product manufacturing operations are complex and subject to interruption.
From time to time, we have experienced production difficulties, including lower manufacturing yields or products that do not meet our or our customers' specifications, which has resulted in delivery delays, quality problems and lost revenue opportunities. While delivery delays have been infrequent and generally short in duration, we could experience manufacturing problems, capacity constraints and/or product delivery delays in the future as a result of, among other things, the complexity of our manufacturing processes, changes to our process technologies (including transfers to other facilities and die size reduction efforts), and difficulties
in ramping production. In addition, any significant quality problems could damage our reputation with our customers and could take focus away from the development of new and enhanced products. These could have a significant negative impact on our financial results.
We are dependent upon electric power and water provided by public utilities where we operate our manufacturing facility. We maintain limited backup generating capability, but the amount of electric power that we can generate on our own is insufficient to fully operate this facility, and prolonged power interruptions and restrictions on our access to water could have a significant adverse impact on our business.
Tax benefits we receive may be terminated or reduced in the future, which would increase our costs.
As a result of our international manufacturing operations, a significant portion of our worldwide profits are in jurisdictions outside the United States, primarily Malaysia, which has granted the Company significant reductions in tax rates. These lower tax rates allow us to record a relatively low tax expense on a worldwide basis. Under current Malaysia law, we are not subject to tax on our operational and investment income. If U.S. corporate income tax laws were to change regarding deferral of manufacturing profits or other matters impacting our operating structure, this would have a significant impact to our financial results.
In addition, we were granted a tax holiday in Malaysia during fiscal 2009. The tax holiday was contingent upon us continuing to meet specified investment criteria in fixed assets, and to operate as an APAC regional headquarters center. In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2011, we agreed with the Malaysia Industrial Development Board (MIDA) to cancel this tax holiday and entered into a new tax holiday which is a full tax exemption on statutory income for a period of 10 years commencing April 4, 2011. We are required to meet several requirements as to financial targets, investment, headcount and activities in Malaysia to retain this status. Our inability to renew this tax holiday when it expires or meet certain conditions of the agreement with MIDA may adversely impact our effective tax rate.
Our financial results may be adversely affected by higher than expected tax rates or exposure to additional tax liabilities. Tax audits may have a material adverse effect on our profitability.
As a global company, our effective tax rate is highly dependent upon the geographic composition of worldwide earnings and tax regulations governing each region in which we operate. We are subject to income taxes in the United States and various foreign jurisdictions, and significant judgment is required to determine worldwide tax liabilities. Our effective tax rate could be adversely affected by changes in the mix of earnings between countries with differing statutory tax rates, in the valuation of deferred tax assets, in tax laws or by material audit assessments, which could affect our profitability. In particular, the carrying value of deferred tax assets, which are predominantly in the United States (U.S.), is dependent upon our ability to generate future taxable income in the United States. In addition, the amount of income taxes we pay is subject to ongoing audits in various jurisdictions, and a material assessment by a governing tax authority such as the Internal Revenue Service in the United States could have a material effect on our profitability.
The costs associated with legal proceedings can be substantial, specific costs are unpredictable and not completely within our control, and unexpected increases in litigation costs could adversely affect our operating results.
We have been involved in various legal proceedings, an example of which is described above in Part I, Item 3 "Legal Proceedings." The costs associated with legal proceedings are typically high, relatively unpredictable, and are not completely within our control. While we do our best to forecast and control such costs, the costs may be materially more than expected, which could adversely affect our operating results. Moreover, we may become involved in unexpected litigation with additional litigants at any time, which would increase our aggregate litigation costs, and could adversely affect our operating results. We are not able to predict the outcome of any of any legal action, and an adverse decision in any legal action could significantly harm our business and financial performance.
The loss of the services of any key personnel may adversely affect our business and growth prospects.
Our performance is substantially dependent on the performance of our executive officers and key employees. The loss of the services of any of our executive officers, technical personnel or other key employees could adversely affect our business. In addition, our future success depends on our ability to successfully compete with other technology firms in attracting and retaining specialized technical and management personnel. If we are unable to identify, hire, and retain highly qualified technical and managerial personnel, our business and growth prospects could be adversely affected.
Our results of operations could vary as a result of the methods, estimates, and judgments we use in applying our accounting policies.
The methods, estimates, and judgments we use in applying our accounting policies have a significant impact on our results of operations. Such methods, estimates, and judgments are, by their nature, subject to substantial risks, uncertainties and assumptions, and factors may arise over time that leads us to change our methods, estimates, and judgments. Changes in those methods, estimates, and judgments could significantly affect our results of operations. In particular, the calculation of stock-based compensation expense under the authoritative guidance requires us to use valuation methodologies that were not developed for use in valuing employee stock options and make a number of assumptions, estimates, and conclusions regarding matters such as expected forfeitures, expected volatility of our share price and the exercise behavior of our employees. Changes in these variables could affect our stock-based compensation expense and have a significant and potentially adverse affect on our gross margins, research and development and selling, general and administrative expenses.
Our reported financial results may be adversely affected by new accounting pronouncements or changes in existing accounting standards and practices.
We prepare our financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. These accounting principles are subject to interpretation by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB), SEC and various organizations formed to interpret and create appropriate accounting standards and practices. New accounting pronouncements and varying interpretations of accounting standards and practices have occurred and may occur in the future. New accounting pronouncements or a change in the interpretation of existing accounting standards or practices may have a significant effect on our reported financial results and may even affect our reporting of transactions completed before the change is announced or effective.
International operations add increased volatility to our operating results.
A substantial percentage of our total revenues are derived from international sales, as summarized below:
In addition, our test facility in Malaysia, our design centers in Canada and China, and our foreign sales offices incur payroll, facility, and other expenses in local currencies. Accordingly, movements in foreign currency exchange rates can impact our revenues and costs of goods sold, as well as both pricing and demand for our products.
Our non-U.S. offshore sites, manufacturing subcontractors and export sales are also subject to risks associated with foreign operations, including:
Contract pricing for raw materials and equipment used in the fabrication and assembly processes, as well as for foundry and subcontract assembly services, may also be affected by currency controls, exchange rate fluctuations and currency devaluations. We sometimes hedge currency risk for currencies that are highly liquid and freely quoted, but may not enter into hedge contracts for currencies with limited trading volume. In addition, as much of our revenues are generated outside the United States, a significant portion of our cash and investment portfolio accumulates in the foreign countries in which we operate. On April 1, 2012, we had cash, cash equivalents and investments of approximately $243.3 million invested overseas in accounts belonging to our foreign subsidiaries. While these amounts are primarily invested in U.S. dollars, a portion is held in foreign currencies, and all offshore
balances are exposed to local political, banking, currency control and other risks. In addition, these amounts may be subject to tax and other transfer restrictions.
We invest in companies for strategic reasons and may not realize a return on our investments.
We make investments in companies around the world to further our strategic objectives and support our key business initiatives. Such investments include equity instruments of private companies, and many of these instruments are non-marketable at the time of our initial investment. These companies range from early-stage companies that are often still defining their strategic direction to more mature companies with established revenue streams and business models. The success of these companies is dependent on product development, market acceptance, operational efficiency, and other key business factors as well as their ability to secure additional funding, obtain favorable investment terms for future financings, or participate in liquidity events such as public offerings, mergers, and private sales. If any of these private companies fail, we could lose all or part of our investment in that company. If we determine that other-than-temporary decline in the fair value exists for an equity investment in a private company in which we have invested, we write down the investment to its fair value and recognize the related write-down as an investment loss.
When the strategic objectives of an investment have been achieved, or if the investment or business diverges from our strategic objectives, we may decide to dispose of the investment. We may incur losses on the disposal of our non-marketable investments. Additionally, for cases in which we are required under equity method accounting to recognize a proportionate share of another company's income or loss, such income or loss may impact our earnings. Gains or losses from equity securities could vary from expectations depending on gains or losses realized on the sale or exchange of securities, gains or losses from equity method investments, and impairment charges for equity and other investments.
We rely upon certain critical information systems for the operation of our business.
We maintain and rely upon certain critical information systems for the effective operation of our business. These information systems include telecommunications, the Internet, our corporate intranet, various computer hardware and software applications, network communications, and e-mail. These information systems are subject to attacks, failures, and access denials from a number of potential sources including viruses, destructive or inadequate code, power failures, and physical damage to computers, communication lines and networking equipment. To the extent that these information systems are under our control, we have implemented security procedures, such as virus protection software and emergency recovery processes, to address the outlined risks. While we believe that our information systems are appropriately controlled and that we have processes in place to adequately manage these risks, security procedures for information systems cannot be guaranteed to be failsafe and our inability to use or access these information systems at critical points in time could unfavorably impact the timely and efficient operation of our business.
We are exposed to potential impairment charges on certain assets.
Over the past several years, we have made several acquisitions. As a result of these acquisitions, we had over $1 billion of goodwill and over $204 million of intangible assets on our balance sheet at the beginning of fiscal 2009. As a result of our impairment analysis in fiscal 2009, we recorded a goodwill impairment charge of $946.3 million and an acquisition-related intangible asset impairment charge of $79.4 million. In determining fair value, we consider various factors including our market capitalization, forecasted revenue and costs, risk-adjusted discount rates, future economic and market conditions, determination of appropriate market comparables and expected periods over which our assets will be utilized and other variables.
If our assumptions regarding forecasted cash flow, revenue and margin growth rates of certain long-lived asset groups and reporting units are not achieved, an impairment review may be triggered for the remaining balance of goodwill and long-lived assets prior to the next annual review in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2013, which could result in material charges that could impact our operating results and financial position.
We have limited experience with government contracting, which entails differentiated business risks.
We may from time-to-time derive revenue from contracts and subcontracts with agencies of, or prime or secondary contractors to, the U.S. government, including U.S. military agencies. Consequently, we are subject to certain business risks that are particular to companies that contract with U.S. government agencies. These risks include the ability of the U.S. government or related contractors to unilaterally:
In addition, because we may enter into defense industry contracts with respect to products that are sold both within and outside of the United States, we are subject to the following additional risks in connection with government contracts:
The revenue from, and activity with, contracts and subcontracts with agencies of, or prime contractors to, the U.S. government, has declined subsequent to the disposition of our military business in November 2009.
Our common stock may experience substantial price volatility.
Our stock price has experienced volatility in the past, and volatility in the price of our common stock may occur in the future, particularly as a result of fluctuations in global economic conditions and quarter-to-quarter variations in our actual or anticipated financial results, or the financial results of other semiconductor companies or our customers. Stock price volatility may also result from product announcements by us or our competitors, or from changes in perceptions about the various types of products we manufacture and sell. In addition, our stock price may fluctuate due to price and volume fluctuations in the stock market, especially in the technology sector, and as a result of other considerations or events described in this section.
We depend on the ability of our personnel, raw materials, equipment and products to move reasonably unimpeded around the world.
Any political, military, world health or other issue which hinders the worldwide movement of our personnel, raw materials, equipment or products or restricts the import or export of materials could lead to significant business disruptions. Furthermore, any strike, economic failure, or other material disruption on the part of major airlines or other transportation companies could also adversely affect our ability to conduct business. If such disruptions result in cancellations of customer orders or contribute to a general decrease in economic activity or corporate spending on information technology, or directly affect our marketing, manufacturing, financial and logistics functions, our results of operations and financial condition could be materially and adversely affected.
We are subject to a variety of environmental and other regulations related to hazardous materials used in our manufacturing processes.
The manufacturing and testing of our products require the use of hazardous materials that are subject to a broad array of environmental, health and safety laws and regulations. Any failure by us to adequately control the use or discharge of hazardous materials under present or future regulations could subject us to substantial costs or liabilities or cause our manufacturing operations to be suspended.
Existing and future environmental, health and safety laws and regulations could also require us to acquire pollution abatement or remediation equipment, modify our product designs, or incur other expenses associated with such laws and regulations. Many new materials that we are evaluating for use in our operations may be subject to regulation under existing or future environmental laws and regulations that may restrict our use of one or more of such materials in our manufacturing, and test processes, or products. Any of these restrictions could harm our business and results of operations by increasing our expenses or requiring us to alter our manufacturing and test processes.
ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
ITEM 2. PROPERTIES
We own and operate a test facility in Malaysia (approximately 145,000 square feet). Our Malaysia facility is subject to ground leases. We owned and operated a wafer fabrication facility in Hillsboro, Oregon (approximately 245,000 square feet) until January 2012. In January 2012, we completed the sale of this facility.
Our corporate headquarters and various administrative, engineering and support functions are located in San Jose, California. We own and occupy approximately 263,000 square feet of space at our San Jose headquarters. We also lease various facilities throughout the world for research and development and sales and marketing functions, including design centers in the United States, Canada and China.
We believe that the facilities that we currently own or lease are suitable and adequate for our needs for the immediate future.
ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
For a discussion of legal proceedings, please see “Note 16 – Commitments and contingencies- Litigation” in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
Price Range of Common Stock
Our Common Stock is traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol IDTI. The following table shows the high and low sales prices for our Common Stock as reported by the NASDAQ Global Select Market for the fiscal periods indicated:
As of April 30, 2012 there were approximately 718 record holders of our Common Stock. A substantial majority of our shares are held by brokers and other institutions on behalf of individual stockholders.
We have never paid cash dividends on our Common Stock. We currently plan to retain any future earnings for use in our business and do not currently anticipate paying cash dividends in the foreseeable future.
Equity Incentive Programs
We primarily issue awards under our equity based plans in order to provide additional incentive and retention to directors and employees who are considered to be essential to the long-rang success of the Company. Please see “Note 9 – Stock-Based Employee Compensation” in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Other equity plan information required by this Item is incorporated by reference to the information in Part III, Item 12 of this Form 10-K.
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
The following table sets forth information with respect to repurchases of our common stock during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2012:
On July 21, 2010, our Board of Directors approved a share repurchase plan to repurchase up to $225 million of our common stock. The old share repurchase program was canceled upon the approval of the new share repurchase program. In fiscal 2011, we repurchased approximately 12.8 million shares of our common stock at an average price of $6.06 per share for a total purchase price of $77.7 million under this new program. In fiscal 2012, we repurchased approximately 10.4 million shares of our common stock at an average price of $6.49 per share for a total purchase price of $67.5 million under this new program. As of April 1, 2012, approximately $79.8 million was available for future purchase under this new share repurchase program. Share repurchases were recorded as treasury stock and resulted in a reduction of stockholders’ equity.
Stock Performance Graph
Set forth below is a line graph comparing the percentage change in the cumulative total stockholder return on our common stock against the cumulative total return of the S&P 500 Index and the S&P Electronics (Semiconductors) Index for a period of five fiscal years. Our fiscal year ends on a different day each year because our year ends at midnight on the Sunday nearest to March 31 of each calendar year. However, for convenience, the amounts shown below are based on a March 31 fiscal year end. “Total return,” for the purpose of this graph, assumes reinvestment of all dividends.
The performance of our stock price shown in the following graph is not necessarily indicative of future stock price performance.
ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
The data set forth below are qualified in their entirety by reference to, and should be read in conjunction with, "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and the Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes thereto included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Statements of Operations Data
Balance Sheets and Other Data
ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with “Item 6. Selected Financial Data” and “Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data”, included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
The information in this Annual Report contains forward looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Exchange Act. Any statements contained herein that are not statements of historical facts may be deemed to be forward-looking. Forward-looking statements are based upon current expectations that involve a number of risks and uncertainties. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to: operating results; new product introductions and sales; competitive conditions; capital expenditures and resources; manufacturing capacity utilization; customer demand and inventory levels; intellectual property issues; and the risk factors set forth in the section “Risk Factors” in Part I, Item 1A, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. As a result of these risks and uncertainties, actual results and timing of events could differ significantly from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to publicly release any revisions to the forward-looking statements for future events or new information after the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Critical Accounting Policies
Our consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. The preparation of such statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period and the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements. Our estimates and assumptions are based on historical experience and other factors that we consider to be appropriate in the circumstances. However, actual future results may vary from our estimates and assumptions.
We believe that the following accounting policies are "critical," as defined by the SEC, in that they are both highly important to the portrayal of our financial condition and results, and they require difficult management judgments, estimates and assumptions about matters that are inherently uncertain.
Revenue Recognition. Our revenue results from semiconductors sold through three channels: direct sales to original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and electronic manufacturing service providers (EMSs), consignment sales to OEMs and EMSs, and sales through distributors. We recognize revenue when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred or services have been rendered, the price is fixed or determinable and our ability to collect is reasonably assured. For direct sales, we recognize revenue in accordance with the applicable shipping terms. Revenue related to the sale of consignment inventory is not recognized until the product is pulled from inventory stock by the customer.
For distributors in the Americas and Europe regions, who have stock rotation, price protection and ship from stock pricing adjustment rights, we defer revenue and related cost of revenues on sales to these distributors until the product is sold through by the distributor to an end-customer. Subsequent to shipment to the distributor, we may reduce product pricing through price protection based on market conditions, competitive considerations and other factors. Price protection is granted to distributors on the inventory that they have on hand at the date the price protection is offered. We also grant certain credits to our distributors on specifically identified portions of the distributors’ business to allow them to earn a competitive gross margin on the sale of our products to their end-customers. As a result of our inability to estimate these credits, we have determined that the sales price to these distributors is not fixed or determinable until the final sale to the end-customer.
In the APAC region and Japan, we have distributors for which revenue is recognized upon shipment, with reserves recorded for the estimated return and pricing adjustment exposures. The determination of the amount of reserves to be recorded for stock rotation rights requires that we make estimates as to the amount of product which will be returned by customers within their limited contractual rights. We utilize historical return rates to estimate the exposure in accordance with authoritative guidance for Revenue Recognition When Right of Return Exists. In addition, from time to time, we offer pricing adjustments to distributors for product purchased in a given quarter that remains in their inventory. These amounts are estimated by management based on discussions with customers, assessment of market trends, as well as historical experience.
Income Taxes. We account for income taxes under an asset and liability approach that requires the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between book and tax bases of assets and liabilities be recognized as deferred tax assets and liabilities. Generally accepted accounting principles require us to evaluate the ability to realize the value of our net deferred tax assets on an ongoing basis. A valuation allowance is recorded to reduce the net deferred tax assets to an amount that will more likely than not be realized. Accordingly, we consider various tax planning strategies, forecasts of future taxable income and our most recent operating results in assessing the need for a valuation allowance. In consideration of the ability to realize the value of net deferred tax assets, recent results must be given substantially more weight than any projections of future profitability. Since the fourth
quarter of fiscal 2003, we have determined that, under applicable accounting principles, it is more likely than not that we will not realize the value of our net deferred tax assets. Our assumptions regarding the ultimate realization of these assets remained unchanged in fiscal 2012 and accordingly, we continue to maintain a valuation allowance to reduce our deferred tax assets to an amount that is more likely than not to be realized.
We recognize the tax liabilities for uncertain income tax positions taken on our income tax return based on the two-step process prescribed under US GAAP. The first step is to determine whether it is more likely than not that each income tax position would be sustained upon audit. The second step is to estimate and measure the tax benefit as the amount that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement with the tax authority. Estimating these amounts requires us to determine the probability of various possible outcomes. We evaluate these uncertain tax positions on a quarterly basis. This evaluation is based on the consideration of several factors including changes in facts or circumstances, changes in applicable tax law, settlement of issues under audit, and new exposures. If we later determine that the exposure is lower or that the liability is not sufficient to cover our revised expectations, we adjust the liability and effect a related change in our tax provision during the period in which we make such determination.
Inventories. Inventories are recorded at the lower of standard cost (which approximates actual cost on a first-in, first-out basis) or market value. We record provisions for obsolete and excess inventory based on our forecasts of demand over specific future time horizons. We also record provisions to value our inventory at the lower of cost or market value, which rely on forecasts of average selling prices (ASPs) in future periods. Actual market conditions, demand and pricing levels in the volatile semiconductor markets that we serve may vary from our forecasts, potentially impacting our inventory reserves and resulting in material impacts to our gross margin.
Valuation of Long-Lived Assets and Goodwill. We own and operate our own manufacturing testing facilities (see Part I of this Form 10-K), and have also acquired certain businesses and product portfolios in recent years. As a result, we have property, plant and equipment, goodwill and other intangible assets. We evaluate these items for impairment on an annual basis, or sooner, if events or changes in circumstances indicate that carrying values may not be recoverable. Triggering events for impairment reviews may include adverse industry or economic trends, significant restructuring actions, significantly lowered projections of profitability, or a sustained decline in our market capitalization. Evaluations of possible impairment and if applicable, adjustments to carrying values, require us to estimate among other factors, future cash flows, useful lives and fair values of our reporting units and assets. Actual results may vary from our expectations.
We review goodwill for impairment annually and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value of goodwill may not be recoverable. Determining the fair value of a reporting unit is judgmental in nature and involves the use of significant estimates and assumptions. These estimates and assumptions include revenue growth rates and operating margins used to calculate projected future cash flows, risk-adjusted discount rates, future economic and market conditions and determination of appropriate market comparables. We utilize a discounted cash flow analysis to estimate the fair value of our reporting units. Actual future results may differ from those estimates. In addition, we make certain judgments and assumptions in allocating shared assets and liabilities to determine the carrying values for each of our reporting units.
Stock-based Compensation. In accordance with FASB guidance on share-based payments, we measure and recognize compensation expense for all stock-based payments awards, including employee stock options, restricted stock units and rights to purchase shares under employee stock purchase plans, based on their estimated fair value and recognize the costs in the financial statements over the employees’ requisite service period.
The fair value of employee restricted stock units is equal to the market value of our common stock on the date the award is granted. We estimate the fair value of employee stock options and the right to purchase shares under the employee stock purchase plan using the Black-Scholes valuation model. Option-pricing models require the input of highly subjective assumptions, including the expected term of options and the expected price volatility of the stock underlying such options. In addition, we are required to estimate the number of stock-based awards that will be forfeited due to employee turnover and true up these forfeiture rates when actual results are different from our estimates. We attribute the value of stock-based compensation to expense using an accelerated method. Finally, we capitalize into inventory a portion of the periodic stock-based compensation expense that relates to employees working in manufacturing activities.
We update the expected term of stock option grants annually based on our analysis of the stock option exercise behavior over a period of time. The interest rate is based on the average U.S. Treasury interest rate over the expected term during the applicable quarter. We believe that the implied volatility of our common stock is an important consideration of overall market conditions and a good indicator of the expected volatility of our common stock. However, due to the limited volume of options freely traded over the counter, we believe that implied volatility, by itself, is not representative of the expected volatility of our common stock. Therefore, upon the adoption of the FASB’s authoritative guidance for stock-based payments at the beginning of fiscal
2007, we revised the volatility factor used to estimate the fair value of our stock-based awards which now reflects a blend of historical volatility of our common stock and implied volatility of call options and dealer quotes on call options, generally having a term of less than twelve months. We have not paid, nor do we have current plans to pay dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future.
Revision of Prior Period Financial Statements
During the third quarter of fiscal 2012, we identified errors primarily related to retention bonuses associated with our plan to exit our Oregon manufacturing facility ($6.4 million expense). In addition, we had corrected prior period errors in the first and second quarters of 2012 related to retention bonuses ($0.5 million expense) for certain key employees and accounts payable system related issues ($1.0 million benefit) respectively. We assessed the materiality of these errors individually and in the aggregate on prior periods’ financial statements in accordance with the SEC’s Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 99, and concluded that the errors were not material to any of our prior annual or interim financial statements. Further, although we also concluded that correcting the errors, on a cumulative basis, would not be material to the expected results of operations for the year ended April 1, 2012, we elected to revise our previously issued financial statements as permitted in SEC’s Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 108 regarding immaterial revisions. We also elected to revise our previously issued consolidated financial statements the next time they are filed. As each subsequent filing is made in the future, the previous period consolidated financial statements affected by the errors will be revised. We have revised the April 3, 2011 consolidated balance sheet and the consolidated statements of operations for fiscal 2011 and 2010 included herein to reflect the correct balances. Of the above mentioned errors, the amount related to the accounts payable system related issue has been corrected in the accumulated deficit balance as of the end of fiscal 2009 as shown in the consolidated statements of stockholders' equity and will not impact the earnings of prior, current or subsequent filings. The impact of correcting these errors on net income as reported for fiscal 2011 and fiscal 2010 was a reduction of $3.0 million and $1.6 million, respectively. (See "Note 2-Revision of Prior Period Financial Statements" in Part II, Item 8 of this Form10-K).
On June 13, 2011, we entered into a Master Repurchase Agreement (the "Repurchase Agreement") with Bank of America, N.A. (Bank of America), pursuant to which we have the right, subject to the terms and conditions of the Repurchase Agreement, to sell to Bank of America up to 1,431 shares of Class A preferred shares of one of our wholly owned subsidiaries, in one or more transactions prior to June 13, 2012, for an aggregate purchase price of $135 million in cash. Pursuant to the Repurchase Agreement, to the extent we sell any such shares to Bank of America, we will be obligated to repurchase from Bank of America and Bank of America will be obligated to resell to us, those preferred shares for the aggregate purchase price paid by Bank of America. In such case, and while such shares are outstanding, we will also be obligated to make monthly payments to Bank of America at a floating interest rate of LIBOR plus 2.125% and will have the right to accelerate the repurchase of all or any portion of the shares prior to June 13, 2016. In addition, we are obligated to pay retention fees associated with amounts available under the Repurchase Agreement. These retention fees have been recorded as interest expense in our Statement of Operations. The Repurchase Agreement also contains certain customary events of default. As of April 1, 2012, we have not sold any preferred stock to Bank of America. . On May 17, 2012, we entered into an amendment to the Repurchase Agreement which, among other things, extended the availability of the transactions under the Repurchase Agreement until December 13, 2012.
Acquisition of Nethra Imaging
In November, 2011, we completed the acquisition of Nethra Imaging for $2.0 million in cash consideration, of which $0.3 million will be kept in escrow account for a period of one year. As a result of this transaction, IDT has obtained a SerDes team of engineers, rights to technology and a number of customer contracts. The acquisition of Nethra Imaging had no material effect on our fiscal 2012 results of operations.
Acquisition of Fox Electronics
On April 30, 2012, we completed the acquisition of Fox Electronics (Fox), a leading supplier of frequency control products including crystals and crystal oscillators, in an all-cash transaction for approximately $30 million, of which $26 million was paid at closing. The effects of this transaction will be recorded in the first quarter of our fiscal 2013. We believe that the combination of Fox's product portfolio with our award-winning CrystalFree™ oscillators makes us the industry's most comprehensive one-stop shop for frequency control products. In addition, we expect that this acquisition will help accelerate the adoption of CrystalFree™ by enabling customers to purchase pMEMS and CMOS solid-state oscillators alongside traditional quartz-based components through an established and trusted sales channel.
In the second quarter of fiscal 2012, we completed the transfer of certain assets related to IDT’s Hollywood Quality Video (HQV) and Frame Rate Conversion (FRC) video processing product lines to Qualcomm pursuant to an Asset Purchase Agreement. The sale of these HQV and FRC video processing assets is intended to allow us to intensify focus on our analog-intensive mixed-signal, timing, and interface solutions. Upon closing of the transaction, Qualcomm paid $58.7 million in cash consideration, of which $6.0 million will be withheld in an escrow account for a period of two years. In the second quarter of fiscal 2012, we recorded a gain of $45.9 million related to this divestiture in fiscal 2012. The HQV and FRC product lines represented a significant portion of our video processing assets. We currently intend to fully divest our remaining video processing product lines and have classified these assets as available for sale. The video processing lines were previously included as part of our Computing and Consumer reportable segment. For financial statement purposes, the results of operations for these discontinued businesses have been segregated from those of the continuing operations and are presented in the consolidated financial statements as discontinued operations. Unless otherwise indicated, the following discussion pertains only to our continuing operations.
Divestiture of wafer fabrication facility
On January 31, 2012, we completed the sale of our wafer fabrication facility located in Hillsboro, Oregon related assets and specific liabilities to Jireh Semiconductor Incorporated, an Oregon corporation and wholly owned subsidiary of Alpha and Omega Semiconductor Limited (AOS) for $26.3 million in cash. We recorded a gain of $20.7 million on this divestiture in fiscal 2012.
On April 30, 2012, we entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger with PLX Technology, Inc (PLX). The Merger Agreement provides that subject to the terms of the Merger Agreement, we will commence an exchange offer (the Offer) to purchase all of the outstanding shares of PLX common stock, $0.001 par value, in exchange for consideration, per Share, comprised of (i) $3.50 in cash plus (ii) 0.525 of a share of IDT common stock, without interest and less any applicable withholding taxes, and upon the consummation of the offer and subject to the satisfaction of certain conditions, PLX will merge with and into Pinewood Acquisition Corp, our wholly-owned subsidiary (the Merger). We expect the proposed acquisition to expand our core serial switching and interface business. We believe that we and PLX have complementary product sets, technologies and customer bases.
As of the filing date of this Form10-K, the exchange offer had not yet commenced.
The following table and discussion provide an overview of our operating results from continuing operations for fiscal 2012, 2011 and 2010:
Our revenues decreased by $78.7 million, or 13% to $526.7 million in fiscal 2012 compared to fiscal 2011. The decrease was primarily due to a decrease in unit shipments as we experienced reduced overall demand for our products in the communications market segment and the computing and consumer market segment. This overall reduction in demand is consistent with economic conditions within the markets we serve. Gross profit decreased by $48.4 million in fiscal 2012 as compared to fiscal 2011 primarily as a result of lower revenues. Gross profit as a percentage of net revenues was 53% in fiscal 2012 as compared to 54% in fiscal 2011. Our operating income decreased from $70.9 million in fiscal 2011 to $20.9 million in fiscal 2012 primarily due to lower revenues. Net income from continuing operations in fiscal 2012 was $37.3 million and includes a $20.7 million gain from sale of our wafer fabrication facility. This compares to fiscal 2011 net income from continuing operations of $93.8 million which included a $20.1 million one-time tax benefit associated with the effective settlement of an IRS audit. We ended fiscal 2012 with cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments of $325.5 million. We generated $33.8 million in cash from operations in
fiscal 2012, received $51.7 million in proceeds from the divestiture of our HQV and FRC video processing business and $18.6 million in proceeds from the sale of our wafer fabrication facility. During fiscal 2012, we repurchased 10.4 million shares of our common stock for a total of $67.5 million. The stock repurchase activity is one element of our overall program to offset dilution from employee stock options and increase return on invested capital, which we believe improves shareholder value over time.
Results of Operations
Revenues in our Communications segment decreased $43.1 million, or 15% to $248.4 million in fiscal 2012 as compared to fiscal 2011, as a result of reduced customer demand for products in this segment. In general, demand for most products within this market segment declined in-line with market conditions, with the exception of revenues from our flow control management products which increased 21% as compared to the prior year. This increase resulted from continued growth in demand for our Rapid I/O switching solutions products.
In fiscal 2011, revenues in our Communications segment increased $46.0 million, or 19% compared to fiscal 2010 due to an improved macroeconomic environment and increased unit shipments of our products. Revenues from our flow control management products more than doubled as a result of the significant growth in demand for our Rapid I/O switching solutions products, along with increased demand for our timing and telecom products in the communications markets. Revenues from SRAM, FIFO, and digital logic products increased 21% due to the strength in the communication integrated circuit market.
Computing and Consumer Segment
Revenues in our Computing and Consumer segment decreased $35.6 million, or 11% to $278.3 million in fiscal 2012 as compared to fiscal 2011, as a result of reduced demand. In general, demand for most products within this market segment declined in-line with market conditions, with the exception of increased demand for our memory interface products as a result of continued growth in demand for our DDR3 products.
In fiscal 2011, revenues in our Computing and Consumer segment increased $35.2 million, or 13% as compared to fiscal 2010 as a result of the improved global macroeconomic environment, design wins and increased unit shipments of our products. Revenues from our memory interface products increased 18% as a result of strong demand for our DDR3 products.
Revenues by Region
Revenues in fiscal 2012 decreased in all regions as compared to fiscal 2011. Revenues in APAC (excluding Japan), Americas, Japan and Europe accounted for 66%, 15%, 8% and 11%, respectively, of consolidated revenues in fiscal 2012 compared to 65%, 16%, 9% and 10%, respectively, of our consolidated revenues in fiscal 2011. Revenues in APAC, Americas, Japan and Europe accounted for 66%, 18%, 8% and 8%, respectively, of consolidated revenues in fiscal 2010. The Asia Pacific region continues to be our strongest region, as many of our largest customers utilize manufacturers in that region.
Deferred Income on Shipments to Distributions
Included in the Balance Sheet caption “Deferred income on shipments to distributors” are amounts related to shipments to certain distributors for which revenue is not recognized until our product has been sold by the distributor to an end customer. The components as of April 1, 2012 and March 28, 2010 are as follows:
The gross deferred revenue represents the gross value of shipments to distributors at the list price billed to the distributor less any price protection credits provided to them in connection with reductions in list price while the products remain in their inventory. Based on our history, the amount ultimately recognized as revenue is generally less than the gross deferred revenue as a result of ship from stock pricing credits, which are issued in connection with the sell through of the product to an end customer. As the amount of price adjustments subsequent to shipment is dependent on the overall market conditions, the levels of these adjustments can fluctuate significantly from period to period. Historically, the price adjustments have represented an average of approximately 27% of the list price billed to the customer. As these credits are issued, there is no impact to working capital as this reduces both accounts receivable and deferred revenue. The gross deferred costs represent the standard costs (which approximate actual costs) of products we sell to the distributors.
Gross profit decreased $48.4 million or 15% in fiscal 2012 compared to fiscal 2011 primarily due to lower revenue levels. Gross profit as a percentage of revenues decreased 1% in fiscal 2012 compared to fiscal 2011. Our gross profit percentage in fiscal 2012 was negatively affected by $4.9 million primarily due to lower fixed manufacturing capacity utilization combined with a $1.8 million increase in charges for excess inventory reserves, which was offset in part by a $3.4 million release of severance and other accrued expenses associated with the transition of wafer fabrication activities. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2012 we completed the transition of wafer fabrication activities from our Oregon fab to third party foundries. As of April 1, 2012, the balance of inventory buffer stock which has been built in anticipation of the transition of wafer fabrication activities totaled approximately $13 million. We anticipate that, on average, the cost of wafers transferred to third party foundries will be comparable to the cost of wafers manufactured at our Oregon facility during fiscal 2011 and first half of 2012, when manufacturing capacity was fully utilized. Compared to prior years, we expect our fiscal year 2013 cost of sales and gross margin to be favorably affected by the absence of expenses associated with transfer of fabrication production to third party foundries of $4.6 million, $5.3 million and $2.3 million recorded in fiscal years 2012, 2011 and 2010, respectively. However, given the long term nature of our wafer supply agreement with TSMC, we do expect our future cost per wafer unit to be less volatile when compared to prior years when the cost of sales was affected by periods of idle capacity at our Oregon wafer fabrication facility.
In fiscal 2011, gross profit increased $105.2 million or 47% compared to fiscal 2010 and gross profit percentage increased 11% in fiscal 2011 compared to fiscal 2010. Our gross profit percentage was positively affected by a favorable shift in the mix of products sold, a higher utilization of our fabrication facility and manufacturing cost reduction initiatives. The utilization of our manufacturing capacity in Oregon increased from approximately 79% of equipped capacity in 2010 to 100% of equipped capacity in fiscal 2011. In addition, gross profit percentage in fiscal 2011 was positively affected by cost savings from the closure of our test facility in Singapore and consolidation of our test operations in Malaysia. Our gross profit percentage in fiscal 2010 was negatively affected by $8.4 million related to the sale of acquired inventory valued at fair market value, less an estimated selling cost, associated with our acquisition of Tundra and $5.7 million of restructuring costs, while we had no such charges in fiscal 2011.
The following table presents our operating expenses for fiscal years 2012, 2011 and 2010, respectively:
Research and Development (R&D)
R&D expense increased $4.3 million, or 3%, to $158.7 million in fiscal 2012 compared to fiscal 2011. The increase was primarily due to a $4.1 million increase in salaries and wages associated with increased R&D headcount combined with $2.8 million in increase in outside R&D consulting expenses, which were offset in-part by a $4.1 million reduction in accrued variable incentive compensation expenses.
R&D expense increased $18.8 million, or 14%, to $154.5 million in fiscal 2011 compared to fiscal 2010. The increase was primarily attributable to a $8.0 million increase in variable incentive compensation expense, a $6.6 million increase in salaries and wages and other employee benefits costs partially due to an additional one week of operations in fiscal 2011 and $2.2 million increase in R&D software license costs.
Selling, General and Administrative (SG&A)
SG&A expenses decreased $2.7 million, or 3%, to $100.9 million in fiscal 2012 compared to fiscal 2011. The decrease was primarily the result of a $1.7 million decrease in variable incentive compensation, a $1.5 million decrease in outside professional fees for legal, tax and other services, a $0.8 million decrease in intangible amortization expenses, a $0.7 million decrease in sales representative commissions and a $0.6 million decrease in depreciation and equipment expenses which were offset in part by a $3.0 million increase in salaries and wages and other employee benefit costs.
SG&A expenses increased $0.7 million, or 1%, to $103.6 million in fiscal 2011 compared to fiscal 2010. The increase in SG&A was primarily due to a $3.3 million increase in variable incentive compensation expense and a $3.5 million increase in salaries and wages and other employee benefit costs partially due to an additional one week of operations in fiscal 2011, a $2.3 million increase in sales representative commissions and other selling costs attributable to higher revenues in fiscal 2011. Partially offsetting these increases was a $2.4 million decrease in outside professional fees for legal, tax and other services primarily attributable to lower acquisition and litigation activities in fiscal 2011 and a $5.6 million decrease in severance expense.
Other-Than-Temporary Impairment Loss on Investment
We account for our equity investments in privately held companies under the cost method. These investments are subject to periodic impairment review and measured and recorded at fair value when they are deemed to be other-than-temporarily impaired. In determining whether a decline in value of our investments has occurred and is other than temporary, an assessment is made by considering available evidence, including the general market conditions, the investee’s financial condition, near-term prospects, market comparables and subsequent rounds of financing. The valuation also takes into account the investee’s capital structure, liquidation preferences for its capital and other economic variables. The valuation methodology for determining the decline in value of non-marketable equity securities is based on inputs that require management judgment. In fiscal 2012, we
determined that the value of two of our non-marketable private equity investments were impaired and we recorded $3.4 million in other-than temporary impairment losses during the period. We did not recognize any impairment losses in fiscal 2011 and fiscal 2010.
During fiscal 2012, we recorded $3.6 million in restructuring expenses for employee retention costs in connection with our plans to fully divest remaining video processing product lines. These costs have been recorded to discontinued operations. As of April 1, 2012, the total accrued balance for employee retention costs related to this restructuring action was $3.6 million. We expect to complete this restructuring action in the second quarter of fiscal 2013.
We approved a restructuring plan to exit wafer production operations at our Oregon fabrication facility in fiscal 2010 in connection with our plan to transition the manufacture of products to Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Limited ('TSMC"). As a result, we accrued restructuring expenses of $4.8 million for severance payments and other benefits associated with this restructuring action in fiscal 2010. During fiscal 2012, we decreased this accrual by $3.1 million based on the actual number of employees who were offered employment with the acquirer of the wafer fabrication facility. During fiscal 2012, we also recorded a prior period adjustment of $4.1 million for employee retention costs associated with this restructuring action. See "Note 2-Revision of Prior Period Financial Statements" in Part II, Item 8 of this Form10-K for prior period adjustments. An additional $2.5 million for employee retention costs was recorded in fiscal 2012. As of April 1, 2012, the total accrued balance for severance and retention costs related to this restructuring was $1.0 million. We expect to complete this restructuring action in the first quarter of fiscal 2013.
In connection with discontinuing manufacturing operations at our Singapore facility in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2010, we exited its leased facility in Singapore in the first quarter of fiscal 2011. As a result, we recorded lease impairment charges of approximately $0.5 million in fiscal 2011, which represented the future rental payments under the agreements, reduced by an estimate of sublease incomes, and discounted to present value using an interest rate applicable to us. These charges were recorded as cost of goods sold. As of April 1, 2012, the remaining accrued lease liabilities were $0.1 million. We expect to pay off the facility lease charges through the third quarter of fiscal 2013.
In connection with the divestiture of Silicon Logic Engineering business in the third quarter of fiscal 2010, we exited certain leased facilities. As a result, we recorded lease impairment charges of approximately $0.9 million, which represented the future rental payments under the agreements, reduced by an estimate of sublease incomes, and discounted to present value using an interest rate applicable to us. We completed the restructuring plan in fiscal 2012.
Gain on Divestitures (not accounted as discontinued operations)
As discussed above, in fiscal 2012 we recorded gain on divestiture of $20.7 million on sale of our wafer fabrication facility in Oregon.
In fiscal 2010, we recorded a net gain on divestitures of $78.3 million. This included a $82.7 million gain on the sale of certain assets related to network search engine business to NetLogic Microsystems, Inc., a loss of $0.2 million on sale of certain assets and transfer of certain liabilities related to the Silicon Logic Engineering (SLE) business to Open Silicon Inc and a loss of $4.3 million related to the sale of certain assets and transfer of certain liabilities related to our military business to Spectrum Control, Inc.
Interest Income and Other, Net
The components of interest income and other, net are summarized as follows:
Interest income decreased $0.6 million in fiscal 2012 compared to fiscal 2011, primarily due to lower average earnings on cash
and investment balances. Interest expense increased in fiscal 2012 compared to fiscal 2011 by $1.3 million due to interest charges associated with the credit facility with Bank of America which was established in the first quarter of fiscal 2012. Increase in Other expense of $2.9 million in fiscal 2012 compared to fiscal 2011, was primarily attributable to decrease in value of our our deferred compensation plan assets.
Interest income decreased $0.7 million in fiscal 2011 compared to fiscal 2010, primarily due to lower average interest rates and lower cash and investment balances during fiscal 2011compared to fiscal 2010. Other income (expense), net increased $0.5 million, primarily attributable to a decrease in foreign currency loss and an increase in gain from sale and retirement of our fixed assets in fiscal 2011 compared to fiscal 2010.
Income Tax Expense (Benefit)
We recorded an income tax provision of $0.2 million in fiscal 2012, an income tax benefit of $19.4 million in fiscal 2011 and an income tax provision of $2.5 million in fiscal 2010. The income tax provision in fiscal 2012 was primarily due to foreign tax expenses. The income tax benefit in fiscal 2011 was primarily attributable to a one-time tax benefit of $20.1 million associated with the effective settlement of an IRS audit for the fiscal years from 2001 to 2008. In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2011, we entered into a Closing Agreement with the IRS on the “buy-in payment” for our tax structure and Extraterritorial Income Exclusion for exported products outside the U.S. The total tax adjustments increased taxable income and reduced our net operating loss carryforward by $59.5 million. We recorded an income tax provision of $2.5 million in fiscal 2010, which primarily reflected income tax provision for the sale of the NWD assets and MNC business, the true-up of the federal income tax returns for fiscal 2009, current U.S. and state taxes and foreign income taxes. This was offset by income tax benefits for the true-up of the state fiscal 2009 income tax returns and the U.S. refundable research and development credit.
As of April 1, 2012, we continued to maintain a valuation allowance against our net U.S. and foreign deferred tax assets, as we could not conclude that it is more likely than not that we will be able to realize our U.S. and foreign deferred tax assets in the foreseeable future. We will continue to evaluate the release of the valuation allowance on a quarterly basis.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Our cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments were $325.5 million at April 1, 2012, an increase of $26.3 million compared to April 3, 2011. We had no outstanding debt at April 3, 2011 and March 28, 2010. As discussed above, we have a credit facility with Bank of America under which we can sell preferred shares of our wholly owned subsidiary to the bank for up to $135 million in cash prior to December 13, 2012, but to the extent we sell any such shares, we are obligated to repurchase it from the bank prior to June 13, 2016.
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
Net cash provided by operating activities totaled $33.8 million in fiscal 2012 compared to $74.4 million in fiscal 2011 and $52.1 million in fiscal 2010. Cash provided by operating activities in fiscal 2012 consisted of our net income, as adjusted to exclude gain on divestitures of $66.6 million and depreciation, amortization and other non-cash items totaling $54.9 million; and cash used for working capital requirements primarily related to decreases in accounts payable, other accrued liabilities and accrued compensation partially offset by decrease in accounts receivable. Decrease in accounts payable of $12.2 million was primarily attributable to reduced inventory subcontract activities in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2012 combined with the timing of payments. Decrease in other accrued liabilities of $13.2 million was primarily due to decreases in accrued severance costs, supplier obligations and miscellaneous payables. Accrued compensation decreased by $5.8 million primarily due to mid-year payouts made in the third quarter of fiscal 2012 and reduced incentive bonus accruals for fiscal 2012 as compared to fiscal 2011. Decrease in accounts receivable of $21.2 million was primarily the result of decrease in sales.
In fiscal 2011, net cash provided by operating activities consisted of our net income, as adjusted to exclude depreciation, amortization and other non-cash items totaling $54.4 million, and cash used for working capital requirements primarily related to increase in accounts receivable and inventory partially offset by decrease in income tax payable. Increase in accounts receivable of $12.0 million was primarily attributable to the increase in sales and timing of shipments. Increase in inventory of $15.3 million was primarily attributable to increased inventory in work in process to support increased higher shipment levels combined with our build-ahead of inventory in anticipation of our wafer fabrication transition to the third party foundry. The decrease in income tax payable of $19.5 million was due to our effective tax settlement with the IRS in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2011.
In fiscal 2010, net cash provided by operating activities consisted of our net income, as adjusted to exclude gain on divestitures of $78.3 million and depreciation, amortization and other non-cash items totaling $61.5 million; and cash used for working capital requirements primarily related to decrease in inventories, increase in other accrued liabilities, increase in accounts payable partially offset by an increase in accounts receivable. Decrease in inventory of $26.2 million was primarily attributable to our efforts to align our inventory levels to meet current demand. Increase in other accrued liabilities of $3.7 million was primarily attributable
to an increase in accruals related to our restructuring actions, deferred gain related to the agreement signed in connection with divestiture of our NWD assets and an increase in the fair value of our executive deferred compensation plan due to stock market performance improvement in fiscal 2010. Increase in accounts receivable of $13.8 million was due to higher level of shipments in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2010. Increase in accounts payable of $8.2 million was primarily attributable to the timing of payments and increase in the volume of foundry and subcontractor activity.
Cash Flows from Investing Activities
Net cash provided by investing activities in fiscal 2012 was $47.5 million compared to net cash used by investing activities of $0.4 million in fiscal 2011 and of $52.7 million in fiscal 2010. Net cash provided by investing activities in fiscal 2012 primarily consisted of $70.2 million of proceeds from divestitures, net proceeds of $4.0 million from sale of short-term investments and receipt of $2.6 million on sale of a non-marketable security partially offset by $22.4 million of expenditures to purchase capital equipment, $5.0 million paid for purchase of intangible assets and $2.0 million paid for acquisition of Nethra Imaging business.
In fiscal 2011, net cash used by investing activities primarily consisted of expenditure of $12.5 million to purchase capital equipment, payment of $7.4 million for IKOR acquisition and purchase of non-marketable security of $5.5 million partially offset by net proceeds from sale of short-term investments of $25.0 million.
In fiscal 2010, net cash used by investing activities primarily consisted of payment of $85.0 million for acquisitions, expenditure of $12.9 million to purchase capital equipment, $63.2 million of net purchases of short-term investment partially offset by net cash proceeds from the divestiture activities of $109.4 million.
Cash Flows from Financing Activities
Net cash used in financing activities was $50.6 million in fiscal 2012 as compared to $90.8 million in fiscal 2011 and $15.2 million in fiscal 2010.
Cash used in financing activities in fiscal 2012, was primarily due to repurchases of approximately $67.5 million of IDT common stock, partially offset by proceeds of approximately $16.3 million from the exercise of employee stock options and the issuance of stock under our employee stock purchase plan.
In fiscal 2011, cash used in financing activities was primarily the result of repurchases of approximately $107.6 million of IDT common stock, partially offset by proceeds of approximately $15.3 million from the exercise of employee stock options and the issuance of stock under our employee stock purchase plan.
In fiscal 2010, cash used in financing activities was primarily due to repurchase of $24.4 million of IDT common stock, partially offset by proceeds of approximately $7.3 million from the exercise of employee stock options and the issuance of stock under our employee stock purchase plan.
We anticipate capital expenditures of approximately $30 million to $35 million during fiscal 2013 to be financed through cash generated from operations and existing cash and investments.
Cash equivalents are highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less at the time of purchase. We maintain the cash and cash equivalents with reputable major financial institutions. Deposits with these banks may exceed the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) insurance limits or similar limits in foreign jurisdictions. These deposits typically may be redeemed upon demand and, therefore, bear minimal risk. In addition, a significant portion of cash equivalents is concentrated in money market funds which are invested primarily in U.S. government treasuries. While we monitor daily the cash balances in our operating accounts and adjust the balances as appropriate, these balances could be affected if one or more of the financial institutions with which we deposit fails or is subject to other adverse conditions in the financial markets. As of April 1, 2012, we had not experienced any loss or lack of access to our invested cash or cash equivalents in our operating accounts. However, we can provide no assurances that access to our invested cash and cash equivalents will not be affected by adverse conditions in the financial markets. See Item 1A-“Risk Factors: Global Market and Economic Conditions, including those related to the credit markets, may adversely affect our business and results of operations.”
In addition, as much of our revenues are generated outside the U.S., a significant portion of our cash and investment portfolio accumulates in the foreign countries in which we operate. At April 1, 2012, we had cash, cash equivalents and investments of approximately $243.3 million invested overseas in accounts belonging to various IDT foreign operating entities. While these amounts are primarily invested in U.S. dollars, a portion is held in foreign currencies, and all offshore balances are exposed to local political, banking, currency control and other risks. In addition, these amounts may be subject to tax and other transfer restrictions.
All of our short-term investments which are classified as available-for-sale investments are subject to a periodic impairment review. Investments are considered to be impaired when a decline in fair value is judged to be other-than-temporary. This determination requires significant judgment. For publicly traded investments, impairment is determined based upon the specific facts and circumstances present at the time, including a review of the closing price over the length of time, general market conditions and our intent and ability to hold the investment for a period of time sufficient to allow for recovery. Although we believe the portfolio continues to be comprised of sound investments due to high credit ratings and government guarantees of the underlying investments, a further decline in the capital and financial markets would adversely impact the market values of its investments and their liquidity. We continually monitor the credit risk in our portfolio and future developments in the credit markets and make appropriate changes to our investment policy as deemed necessary. We did not record any other-than-temporary impairment charges related to our short-term investments in fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011.
Contractual Obligations and Commercial Commitments
The following table summarizes our contractual arrangements at April 1, 2012 and the expected timing and effects of these commitments on our liquidity and cash flow in future periods:
As of April 1, 2012, our unrecognized tax benefits were $25.4 million, of which $0.7 million are classified as long-term liabilities and $24.7 million which are netted against deferred tax assets. In addition, we have $14.9 million of amounts payable related to obligations under our deferred compensation plan, which are classified as long-term liabilities. At this time, we are unable to make a reasonably reliable estimate of the timing of payments, if any, in individual years due to uncertainties in the timing or outcomes of either actual or anticipated tax audits and the timing of employee departures. As a result, these amounts are not included in the table above.
Purchase orders or contracts for the purchase of raw materials and other goods and services are not included in the table above. We are not able to determine the aggregate amount of such purchase orders that represent binding contractual obligations, as purchase orders often represent authorizations to purchase rather than binding agreements. Our purchase orders are based on our current manufacturing needs and are fulfilled by our vendors within short time horizons. We also enter into contracts for outsourced services, which generally contain clauses allowing for cancellation prior to services being performed without significant penalty. In addition, the table above excludes leases in which amounts have been accrued for impairment charges.
As discussed above, on April 30, 2012 we entered in an agreement with PLX Technology, Inc to purchase all outstanding shares of PLX Technology for approximately $330 million which we expect to fund with cash and common stock.
We believe that existing cash and investment balances, together with cash flows from operations and credit facilities, will be sufficient to meet our working capital and capital expenditure needs through at least fiscal 2013. We may choose to investigate other financing alternatives; however, we cannot be certain that additional financing will be available on satisfactory terms.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
As of April 1, 2012, we did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements, as defined under SEC Regulation S-K Item 303(a)(4)(ii), other than the items discussed in Note 16 – Commitment and Contingencies- Commitments (Operating leases)” in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
For further information, please see “Note 1—Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Related Party Transactions
For further information, please see “Note 22—Related Party Transactions” in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
Our interest rate risk relates primarily to our short-term investments of 190.5 million and 194.5 million as of April 1, 2012 and April 3, 2011, respectively. By policy, we limit our exposure to long-term investments and mitigate the credit risk through diversification and adherence to a policy requiring the purchase of highly rated securities. As of April 1, 2012 and April 3, 2011, the Company’s cash, cash equivalents and investment portfolio was concentrated in securities with same day liquidity and at the end of fiscal 2012, a substantial majority of securities in our investment portfolio had maturities of less than two years. A hypothetical 10% change in interest rates will not have a material effect on the value of our investment portfolio as of April 1, 2012. We do not currently use derivative financial instruments in our investment portfolio.
At April 1, 2012 and April 3, 2011, we had no outstanding debt.
We are exposed to foreign currency exchange rate risk as a result of international sales, assets and liabilities of foreign subsidiaries, local operating expenses of our foreign entities and capital purchases denominated in foreign currencies. We may use derivative financial instruments to help manage our foreign currency exchange exposures. We do not enter into derivatives for speculative or trading purposes. We have foreign exchange facilities used for hedging arrangements with banks that allow the Company to enter into foreign exchange contracts totaling approximately $20.0 million, all of which was available at April 1, 2012. We performed a sensitivity analysis as of April 1, 2012 and April 3, 2011 and determined that, without hedging the exposure, a 10% change in the value of the U.S. dollar would result in an approximate 0.5% and 0.4% impact on gross profit margin percentage, as we operate manufacturing testing facility in Malaysia, and an approximate 1.2% and 0.9% impact to operating expenses (as a percentage of revenue) as we operate sales offices in Japan and throughout Europe and design centers in the U.S., China, and Canada. At April 1, 2012 and April 3, 2011, we had no outstanding foreign exchange contracts.
We did not have any currency exposure related to any outstanding capital purchases as of April 1, 2012 and April 3, 2011.
ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA
Index to Consolidated Financial Statements
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of
Integrated Device Technology, Inc.:
In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements listed in the accompanying index appearing under item 15(a)(1), present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Integrated Device Technology, Inc. and its subsidiaries at April 1, 2012 and April 3, 2011, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended April 1, 2012 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. In addition, in our opinion, the financial statement schedule listed in the accompanying index under item 15(a)(2) presents fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein when read in conjunction with the related consolidated financial statements. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of April 1, 2012, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Company's management is responsible for these financial statements and financial statement schedule, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in Management's Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting appearing under Item 9A. Our responsibility is to express opinions on these financial statements, on the financial statement schedule, and on the Company's internal control over financial reporting based on our integrated audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audits of the financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
/s/ PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
San Jose, CA
May 21, 2012
INTEGRATED DEVICE TECHNOLOGY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
INTEGRATED DEVICE TECHNOLOGY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
INTEGRATED DEVICE TECHNOLOGY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
INTEGRATED DEVICE TECHNOLOGY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
INTEGRATED DEVICE TECHNOLOGY, INC.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Nature of Business. Integrated Device Technology, Inc. (IDT or the Company) designs, develops, manufactures and markets a broad range of integrated circuits for the advanced communications, computing and consumer industries.
Basis of Presentation. The Company's fiscal year is the 52 or 53 week period ending on the Sunday nearest to March 31. Fiscal 2012 included 52 weeks and ended on April 1, 2012. Fiscal 2011 included 53 weeks and ended on April 3, 2011 and fiscal 2010 included 52 weeks and ended on March 28, 2010.
Reclassifications. Certain fiscal 2011 and fiscal 2010 amounts in the accompanying consolidated financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the fiscal 2012 presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on the previously reported consolidated statements of operations or stockholders’ equity.
Principles of Consolidation. The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated.
Use of Estimates. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Cash and Cash Equivalents. Cash equivalents are highly liquid investments with remaining maturities of three months or less at the time of purchase.
Available-for-Sale Investments. Investments designated as available-for-sale include marketable debt and equity securities. Available-for-sale investments are classified as short-term, as these investments generally consist of highly marketable securities that are intended to be available to meet near-term cash requirements. Marketable securities classified as available-for-sale are reported at market value, with net unrealized gains or losses recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), a separate component of stockholders' equity, until realized. Realized gains and losses on investments are computed based upon specific identification, are included in interest income and other, net and have not been significant for all periods presented.
Non-Marketable Equity Securities. Non-marketable equity securities are accounted for at historical cost or, if the Company has significant influence over the investee, using the equity method of accounting.
Other-Than-Temporary Impairment. All of the Company’s available-for-sale investments and non-marketable equity securities are subject to a periodic impairment review. Investments are considered to be impaired when a decline in fair value is judged to be other-than-temporary. This determination requires significant judgment. For publicly traded investments, impairment is determined based upon the specific facts and circumstances present at the time, including a review of the closing price over the previous six months, general market conditions and the Company’s intent and ability to hold the investment for a period of time sufficient to allow for recovery. For non-marketable equity securities, the impairment analysis requires the identification of events or circumstances that would likely have a significant adverse effect on the fair value of the investment, including revenue and earnings trends, overall business prospects and general market conditions in the investees’ industry or geographic area. Investments identified as having an indicator of impairment are subject to further analysis to determine if the investment is other-than-temporarily impaired, in which case the investment is written down to its impaired value.
Inventories. Inventories are recorded at the lower of standard cost (which approximates actual cost on a first-in, first-out basis) or market value. Inventory held at consignment locations is included in finished goods inventory as the Company retains full title and rights to the product. Inventory valuation includes provisions for excess and obsolete inventory based on management’s forecasts of demand over specific future time horizons and reserves to value our inventory at the lower of cost or market which rely on forecasts of average selling prices (ASPs) in future periods.
Property, Plant and Equipment. Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost. Property, plant and equipment acquired in conjunction with mergers or acquisitions are stated at estimated fair value at the time of acquisition. For financial reporting purposes, depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over estimated useful lives of the assets. Estimated useful lives for major asset categories are as follows: machinery and equipment, three to five years; and buildings and improvements, 10 to 30 years. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of the estimated useful lives of the assets or the remaining term of the lease.
Long-Lived Assets and Goodwill. The carrying values of long-lived assets, including purchased intangibles are evaluated whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying values may not be recoverable. If estimated undiscounted cash flows are not sufficient to recover the carrying values, the affected assets are considered impaired and are written down to their estimated fair value, which is generally determined on the basis of discounted cash flows or outside appraisals.
The Company tests for impairment of goodwill and other indefinite-lived assets on an annual basis, or more frequently if indicators of impairment are present. These tests are performed at the reporting unit level using a two-step, fair-value based approach. The first step, used to determine if impairment possibly exists, is to compare the carrying amount of a reporting unit, including goodwill, to its fair value. If the carrying amount of the reporting unit exceeds the fair value, the second step is to measure the amount of impairment loss by comparing the implied fair value of reporting unit goodwill with the carrying amount of that goodwill.
Income Taxes. The Company accounts for income taxes under an asset and liability approach that requires the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between book and tax bases of assets and liabilities be recognized as deferred tax assets and liabilities. Generally accepted accounting principles require the Company to evaluate its ability to realize the value of its net deferred tax assets on an ongoing basis. A valuation allowance is recorded to reduce the net deferred tax assets to an amount that will more likely than not be realized. Accordingly, the Company considers various tax planning strategies, forecasts of future taxable income and its most recent operating results in assessing the need for a valuation allowance. In the consideration of the ability to realize the value of net deferred tax assets, recent results must be given substantially more weight than any projections of future profitability. Since the fourth quarter of fiscal 2003, the Company determined that, under applicable accounting principles, it could not conclude that it was more likely than not that the Company would realize the value of its net deferred tax assets. The Company’s assumptions regarding the ultimate realization of these assets remained unchanged in fiscal 2012 and accordingly, the Company continues to record a valuation allowance to reduce its deferred tax assets to the amount that is more likely than not to be realized.
The Company recognizes the tax liability for uncertain income tax positions on the income tax return based on the two-step process. The first step is to determine whether it is more likely than not that each income tax position would be sustained upon audit. The second step is to estimate and measure the tax benefit as the amount that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement with the tax authority. Estimating these amounts requires the Company to determine the probability of various possible outcomes. The Company evaluates these uncertain tax positions on a quarterly basis. This evaluation is based on the consideration of several factors including changes in facts or circumstances, changes in applicable tax law, settlement of issues under audit, and new exposures. If the Company later determines that the exposure is lower or that the liability is not sufficient to cover its revised expectations, the Company adjusts the liability and effect a related change in its tax provision during the period in which the Company makes such determination.
Revenue Recognition. The Company’s revenue results from semiconductor products sold through three channels: direct sales to original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and electronic manufacturing service providers (EMSs), consignment sales to OEMs and EMSs, and sales through distributors. The Company recognizes revenue when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred or services have been rendered, the price is fixed or determinable, and its ability to collect is reasonably assured.
For distributors in Americas and Europe regions, who have stock rotation, price protection and ship from stock pricing adjustment rights, the Company defers revenue and related cost of revenues on sales to these distributors until the product is sold through by the distributor to an end-customer. Subsequent to shipment to the distributor, the Company may reduce product pricing through price protection based on market conditions, competitive considerations and other factors. Price protection is granted to distributors on the inventory that they have on hand at the date the price protection is offered. The Company also grants certain credits to its distributors on specifically identified portions of the distributors’ business to allow them to earn a competitive gross margin on the sale of the Company’s products to their end customers. As a result of its inability to estimate these credits, the Company has determined that the sales price to these distributors is not fixed or determinable until the final sale to the end-customer.
In the Asia Pacific region excluding Japan (APAC) and Japan, the Company has distributors for which revenue is recognized upon shipment, with reserves recorded for the estimated return and pricing adjustment exposures. The determination of the amount of reserves to be recorded for stock rotation rights requires the Company to make estimates as to the amount of product which will be returned by customers within their limited contractual rights. The Company utilizes historical return rates to estimate the exposure. In addition, on occasion, the Company can offer pricing adjustments to distributors for product purchased in a given quarter that remains in their inventory. These amounts are estimated by management based on discussions with customers, assessment of market trends, as well as historical practice.
Shipping and Handling Costs. The Company includes shipping and handling costs billed to customers in revenues. The Company’s shipping and handling costs are included in cost of revenues.
Stock-based Compensation. The fair value of employee restricted stock units is equal to the market value of the Company’s common stock on the date the award is granted. The Company estimates the fair value of employee stock options and the right to purchase shares under the employee stock purchase plan using the Black-Scholes valuation model, consistent with the FASB’s authoritative guidance for share-based payments. Option-pricing models require the input of highly subjective assumptions, including the expected term of options and the expected price volatility of the stock underlying such options. In addition, the Company is required to estimate the number of stock-based awards that will be forfeited due to employee turnover and true up these forfeiture rates when actual results are different from our estimates. The Company attributes the value of stock-based compensation to expense on an accelerated method. Finally, the Company capitalizes into inventory a portion of the periodic stock-based compensation expense that relates to employees working in manufacturing activities.
The Company updates the expected term of stock option grants annually based on its analysis of the stock option exercise behavior over a period of time. The interest rate used in the Black-Scholes valuation model to value the stock option is based on the average U.S. Treasury interest rate over the expected term during the applicable quarter. The Company believes that the implied volatility of its common stock is an important consideration of overall market conditions and a good indicator of the expected volatility of its common stock. However, due to the limited volume of options freely traded over the counter, the Company believes that implied volatility, by itself, is not representative of the expected volatility of its common stock. Therefore, the Company's volatility factor used to estimate the fair value of its stock-based awards reflects a blend of historical volatility of its common stock and implied volatility of call options and dealer quotes on call options, generally having a term of less than twelve months. The Company has not paid, nor does it have current plans to pay dividends on its common stock in the foreseeable future.
Translation of Foreign Currencies. For subsidiaries in which the functional currency is the local currency, gains and losses resulting from translation of foreign currency financial statements into U.S. dollars are recorded as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income. For subsidiaries where the functional currency is the U.S. dollar, gains and losses resulting from the proce