|• ANNUAL AND TRASITION REPORT • EX-12.1 • EX-12.2 • EX-13.1 • EX-13.2 • XBRL INSTANCE FILE • XBRL SCHEMA FILE • XBRL CALCULATION FILE • XBRL DEFINITION FILE • XBRL LABEL FILE • XBRL PRESENTATION FILE|
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Commission file number: 000-31076
Teryl Resources Corp.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
British Columbia, Canada
(Jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
240-11780 Hammersmith Way, Richmond, British Columbia V7A 5E9, Canada
(Address of principal executive offices)
John Robertson, President, email@example.com
240-11780 Hammersmith Way, Richmond, British
Columbia V7A 5E9, Canada
(Name, Telephone, E-Mail and/or Facsimile number and Address of Company Contact Person)
Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act.
Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act. Common Shares, no par value
Securities for which there is a reporting obligation pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Act. None
Indicate the number of outstanding shares of each of the issuer’s classes of capital or common shares as of the close of the period covered by the annual report:
72,678,605 common shares outstanding at May 31, 2012
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer. [ ] Yes [X] No
If this report is an annual or transition report, indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. [ ] Yes [X] No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. [X] Yes [ ] No
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). [ ] Yes [X] No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer.
[ ] Large accelerated filer [ ] Accelerated filer [X] Non-accelerated filer
Indicate by check mark which basis of accounting the registrant has used to prepare the financial statements included in this filing:
If “Other” has been checked in response to previous questions, indicate by check mark which financial statement item the registrant has elected to follow. [X] Item 17 [ ] Item 18
If this is an annual report, indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. [ ] Yes [X] No
Unless otherwise indicated, all references herein are expressed in Canadian dollars and United States currency is stated as “US$”
THIS SUBMISSION SHOULD BE CONSIDERED IN CONJUNCTION WITH PREVIOUSLY FILED FORMS 20-F AND 6-K. THE AUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND NOTES THERETO ATTACHED ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THIS SUBMISSION.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
GLOSSARY OF MINING TERMS
For ease of reference, the following conversion factors are provided:
ITEM 1. IDENTITY OF DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND ADVISERS
ITEM 2. OFFER STATISTICS AND EXPECTED TIMETABLE
ITEM 3. KEY INFORMATION
A. Selected Financial Data
This data has been derived from our audited financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in Canadian GAAP and reconciled for material measurement differences to U.S. GAAP. Set forth in the following table are selected financial data with respect to our financial condition and results of operation for the years ended May 31, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, and 2008.
The selected financial and operating information as at May 31, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, and 2008 should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included elsewhere herein and in conjunction with Item 5 - “Operating and Financial Review and Prospects”. The selected financial data as at and for these periods have been extracted from, and are qualified by reference to the audited consolidated financial statements included herein at Item 17.
Unless otherwise indicated, all monetary references herein are denominated in Canadian Dollars. References to “$” or “Dollars” are to Canadian Dollars and references to “US$” are to United States Dollars.
The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the exchange rates based on the noon buying rate with the Federal Reserve Bank of New York for cable transfers in Canadian dollars. Such rates are the number of Canadian dollars per one (1) US dollar.
The high and low exchange rates for each month during the previous six months are as follows:
On May 31, 2012, the exchange rate was $1.0267 for US$1.00. As of September 27, 2012, the exchange rate was CAD$0.9824 for US$1.00.
B. Capitalization and Indebtedness
C. Reasons for the Offer and Use of Proceeds
D. Risk Factors
The following risk factors should be carefully considered in evaluating our business because such factors currently may have a significant impact on our business, operating results and financial condition.
Risk Factors Related to Our Business
An investment in our securities is highly speculative and involves a high degree of risk and should only be made by investors who can afford to lose their entire investment.
Prior to making an investment decision, investors should consider the investment risks set forth below, which are in addition to the usual risks associated with an investment in a business at an early stage of development. Our directors consider the risks set forth below to be the most significant to potential investors in our company, but not all of the risks associated with an investment in securities of our company. If any of these risks materialize into actual events or circumstances or other possible additional risks and uncertainties of which the directors are currently unaware or which they consider not to be material in connection with our business, actually occur, our assets, liabilities, financial condition, results of operations (including future results of operations), business and business prospects, are likely to be materially and adversely affected. In such circumstances, the price of our securities could decline and investors may lose all or part of their investment.
Additional Capital Requirements
We have and may continue to have capital requirements in excess of our currently available resources. In the event our plans change, our assumptions change or prove inaccurate or our capital resources in addition to projected cash flow, if any, prove to be insufficient to fund operations, we could be required to seek additional financing sooner than currently anticipated. To the extent that any such financing involves the sale of our equity securities, the interests of our then existing shareholders could be substantially diluted. There can be no assurance that such financing will be available to us on terms acceptable to us, if at all.
We may not be able to secure the financing necessary to explore, develop and produce our mineral properties.
The development of our properties depends on our ability to obtain additional required financing or obtaining joint venture partners. As noted in our audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended May 31, 2012, we have incurred operating losses of $766,330 for the year ended May 31, 2012 and have an accumulated deficit of $12,234,099 at May 31, 2012. Our ability to continue as a going concern is dependent on the attainment of profitable operations to meet our liabilities as they become payable and satisfy working capital and operating needs.
Issuance of additional shares would dilute the interests of existing shareholders.
We are authorized to issue 100,000,000 common shares and 5,000,000 preferred shares. On May 31, 2012, we had 72,678,605 common shares issued and outstanding and no preferred shares issued. Our Board has the power to issue additional shares and may in the future issue shares to acquire products, equipment or properties, or for other corporate purposes. Any additional issuance by us from our authorized but unissued share capital would have the effect of diluting the interest of existing shareholders.
We expect to incur losses for the foreseeable future.
We expect to incur losses for the foreseeable future and cannot be certain when or if we will achieve profitability. Failure to become and remain profitable will adversely affect the value of our Common Shares and our ability to raise capital and continue operations.
Our business may be affected by such matters as changes in general economic conditions, changes in laws, regulations, and other factors.
From time to time, our business may be affected by such matters as changes in general economic conditions, changes in laws and regulations, taxes, tax laws, prices and costs, and other factors of a general nature which may have an adverse effect on our business.
Certain of our directors and officers are also directors and/or officers and/or shareholders of potential competitors, giving rise to potential conflicts of interest.
Several of our directors and officers are also directors, officers or shareholders of other companies. In particular, Mr. Robertson, Ms. Moroney, Ms. El-Khatib, Ms. Robertson and Ms. Jane He are directors and/or officers of Linux Gold Corp., a public natural resource exploration company that shares office space and administrative staff with our company. We entered into an agreement with Linux Gold Corp. whereby we could earn up to 50% of the Fish Creek mineral claims. Some of our directors and officers are engaged and will continue to be engaged in the search for additional business opportunities on behalf of other corporations, and situations may arise where these directors and officers will be in direct competition with us. Such associations may give rise to conflicts of interest from time to time. Such a conflict poses the risk that we may enter into a transaction on terms which could place us in a worse position than if no conflict existed. Conflicts, if any, will be dealt with in accordance with the relevant provisions of the BCBCA. Our Board has resolved that any transaction involving a related party is required to be reviewed and approved by our Audit Committee. Our directors are required by law to act honestly and in good faith with a view to our best interests and to disclose any interest which they may have in any project or opportunity in respect of which we are proposing to enter into a transaction.
Loss of any directors or officers.
The loss of any directors or officers would adversely affect our results. We are wholly dependent at present upon the personal efforts and abilities of our officers and directors, who exercise control over our day-to-day affairs. The loss of any director or officer could cause significant delays in our carrying on business or hinder our ability to continue carrying on our business.
Officers and directors may be indemnified against certain securities liabilities.
Under the BCBCA we can indemnify any director, officer, agent and/or employee as to those liabilities and on those terms and conditions as are specified in the BCBCA. Further, we may purchase and maintain insurance on behalf of any such persons whether or not we have the power to indemnify such person against the liability insured. The foregoing could result in substantial expenditures by us and prevent any recovery from such officers, directors, agents and employees for losses incurred by us as a result of their actions. We have been advised that in the opinion of the SEC, indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the U.S. Securities Act, and is, therefore, unenforceable.
Enforcement of Civil Liabilities
As Canadian citizens and residents, our directors and officers may not be subject to U.S. legal proceedings, a result of which is that recovery on judgments issued by U.S. courts may be difficult or impossible. While reciprocal enforcement of judgment legislation exists between Canada and the U.S., our insiders may have defenses available to avoid, in Canada, the effect of U.S. judgments under Canadian law, making enforcement difficult or impossible. Our management may not have any personal assets available in the U.S. to satisfy judgments of U.S. courts. Therefore, our shareholders in the United States may have to avail themselves of remedies under Canadian corporate and securities laws for perceived oppression, breach of fiduciary duty and like legal complaints. Canadian law may not provide for remedies equivalent to those available under U.S. law. A judgment of a U.S. court predicated solely upon such civil liabilities would probably be enforceable in Canada by a Canadian court if the U.S. court in which the judgment was obtained had jurisdiction, as determined by the Canadian court, in the matter. There is substantial doubt whether an original action could be brought successfully in Canada against any of such persons or our company predicated solely upon such civil liabilities based on U.S. federal securities laws.
Our mineral resources competitors have greater financial and technical measures and we may not be able to acquire additional attractive mineral properties on acceptable terms.
Significant and increasing competition exists for mineral opportunities in Canada and the United States. There are a number of large established mineral companies with substantial capabilities and greater financial and technical resources than us. We may be unable to acquire additional attractive mineral properties on terms we consider acceptable. Accordingly, our exploration programs may not yield any new reserves or result in any commercial mineral operations.
We face strong competition from larger oil and gas companies, which could harm our business and ability to operate profitably.
The oil and gas exploration and production business is highly competitive. Many of our competitors have substantially larger financial resources, staffs and facilities. Our competitors in the United States include numerous major oil and gas exploration and production companies, especially major oil and gas companies such as BP Amoco, Exxon/Mobil, Texaco/Shell and Conoco/Phillips. These major oil and gas companies are often better positioned to obtain the rights to exploratory acreage for which we may compete. If we are unable to adequately address our competition, including, but not limited to, finding ways to secure profitable oil and gas producing properties, our ability to earn revenues will suffer.
As a "foreign issuer”, we are exempt from the Section 14 proxy rules and Section 16 of the Securities Act, which may result in shareholders having less complete and timely data.
The submission of proxy and annual meeting of shareholder information (prepared to Canadian standards) on Form 6-K may result in shareholders having less complete and timely data. The exemption from Section 16 rules regarding sales of common shares by insiders may result in shareholders having less data.
Recent Disruptions in International Credit Markets and Other Financial Systems and Deterioration of Global Economic Conditions
Since 2007, the U.S. credit markets experienced serious disruption due to a deterioration in residential property values, defaults and delinquencies in the residential mortgage market and a decline in the value and credit quality of mortgage-backed securities. Other adverse events include delinquencies in non-mortgage consumer credit and a general decline in consumer confidence. These conditions worsened in 2008 and continued in 2009, contributing to reduced confidence in credit and financial markets around the world and the collapse of, and governmental intervention in, major financial institutions. Asset price volatility and solvency concerns have increased, and there has been less liquidity, a widening of credit spreads, a lack of price transparency, increased credit losses and tighter credit conditions. Notwithstanding various government actions, concerns about the general condition of the capital markets, financial instruments and financial institutions persist, and stock markets have declined substantially.
These market disruptions have had a significant material adverse impact on companies in many sectors of the economy and have limited access to capital and credit. These disruptions could, among other things, make it more difficult for us to obtain, or increase our cost of obtaining, financing for our operations. Failure to raise capital when needed or on reasonable terms may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Additionally, these factors, as well as other related factors, may cause decreases in asset values that are deemed to be other than temporary, which may result in impairment losses. If these factors continue, our operations could be adversely impacted and the trading price of our common shares may be adversely affected.
We are also exposed to liquidity risks in meeting our operating and capital expenditure requirements in instances where cash positions are unable to be maintained or appropriate financing is unavailable. These factors may impact our ability to obtain loans and other credit facilities in the future and on favourable terms. If these increased levels of volatility and market turmoil continue, our operations could be adversely impacted and the trading price of the common shares could be adversely affected.
Risk Factors Related to the Natural Resource Industry
We face risks related to the exploration and potential development of our properties.
The exploration and development of mineral deposits involves significant risks. It is impossible to ensure that the current and future exploration programs and/or feasibility studies on our existing mineral properties will establish reserves, or whether any of our exploration stage properties can be brought into production. Few properties that are explored are ultimately developed into producing mines. At present, none of our properties have defined ore bodies with reserves and resources, and our proposed exploration programs are an exploratory search for ore. Whether an ore body will become commercially viable depends on many factors, including: the characteristics of the deposit, such as size, grade and proximity to infrastructure; metal prices, which cannot be predicted and which have been highly volatile in the past; mining, processing and transportation costs; and the willingness of lenders and investors to provide project financing; labour costs and possible labour strikes; and governmental regulations, including, without limitation, regulations relating to prices, taxes, royalties, land tenure, land use, importing and exporting materials, foreign exchange, environmental protection, employment, worker safety, transportation, and reclamation and closure obligations.
We are also subject to the risks normally encountered in the mining industry, such as: unusual or unexpected geological formations; natural disasters; power outages and water shortages; cave-ins, land slides, and other similar mining hazards; inability to obtain suitable or adequate machinery, equipment, or labour; and other known and unknown risks involved in the operation of mines and the conduct of exploration.
Substantial expenditures are required to establish reserves through drilling, to develop metallurgical processes to extract metal from ore and to develop the mining and processing facilities and infrastructure at any site chosen for mining. Depending on the price of minerals, we may determine that it is impractical to commence, or, if commenced, continue exploration into commercial production. Such a decision would negatively affect our profits and may affect the value of our equity securities.
We have no current mining operations and if we ever commence mining operations we face certain risks, any of which could result in our ceasing operations.
We have no current mining operations and no revenue from mining operations. If we ever commence actual mining operations, such operations would face the risk of changing circumstances, including but not limited to: failure of production to achieve metal recovery levels indicated by pre-production testing of drill core and bulk samples; estimates of reserves being adversely affected by encountering unexpected or unusual geological formations; production costs being adversely affected by unforeseen factors such as substantial adverse changes in exchange rates or changes in environmental protection requirements, breakdowns and other technical difficulties, slides, cave-ins or other natural disasters, work interruptions or labor strikes; the grade of ore actually mined being lower than that indicated by drilling results; persistently lower market prices of the products mined than those used to determine the feasibility of mining a mineral occurrence; adverse changes in interest rates that may apply to project development debt. In addition, we have no experience in developing mining properties into production and its ability to do so will be dependent upon securing the services of appropriately experienced personnel or entering into agreements with other major mining companies which can provide such expertise.
Our estimates of any mineral deposits on our properties may not change.
Our estimates of any mineral deposits on our properties may not change. We have prepared all figures with respect to the size and grade of mineralized deposits included herein, or, in some instances have been prepared, reviewed or verified by independent mining experts, these amounts are estimates only and any identified mineralized deposit may not ever qualify as a commercially viable mineable ore body that can be legally and economically exploited.
The prices of precious and base minerals and metals fluctuate widely and may not produce enough revenue to cover our costs.
Even if commercial quantities of mineral deposits are discovered, a profitable market may not exist for the sale of the metals produced. Our long-term viability and profitability depend, in large part, upon the market price of metals which have experienced significant movement over short periods of time, and are affected by numerous factors beyond our control, including international economic and political trends, expectations of inflation, currency exchange fluctuations, interest rates and global or regional consumption patterns, speculative activities and increased production due to improved mining and production methods. The supply and demand for metals is affected by various factors, including political events, economic conditions and production costs in major producing regions. The price of any minerals produced from our properties may not be sufficient such that any such deposits can be mined at a profit.
The seasonality in Alaska can be extreme and can cause interruptions or delays in our activities.
Certain of our properties are located in Alaska. The weather during the colder seasons in these areas can be extreme and can cause interruptions or delays in our activities. As a result, our activities in these regions are seasonal and the preferred time for work is limited to the spring and summer when costs are more reasonable and access to the properties is easier.
Our properties may be subject to unregistered agreements, transfers, or claims and title may be adversely affected.
Our title opinions do not validate that we have good and marketable title to all of our properties. We follow the usual industry practice in obtaining title opinions with respect to our lands. No examination has been made of the ground to determine if any of our mineral claims have been staked or assessment work carried out. Our properties may be subject to unregistered agreements, transfers or claims and title and may be adversely affected by such undetected defects. If title is disputed, we may have to defend our ownership through the courts, and we cannot guarantee that a favourable judgment will be obtained. In the event of an adverse judgment with respect to any of our mineral properties, we could lose our property rights and may be required to cease our exploration and development activities on that property.
Mineral operations are subject to government and regulatory approvals.
Our operations require the procurement of numerous permits and compliance with an extensive number of codes and regulations. Mining, exploration and exploitation permits are required. Failure to comply with regulatory requirements could result in permits being withdrawn or suspended which could significantly delay our mineral exploration activities.
We are subject to extensive and changing environmental legislation, regulation and actions.
We are subject to extensive and changing environmental legislation, regulation and actions in connection with our operations and properties. We cannot predict what environmental legislation, regulation or policy will be enacted or adopted in the future or how future laws and regulations will be administered or interpreted. The recent trend in environmental legislation and regulation, generally, is toward stricter standards and this trend is likely to continue in the future. This recent trend includes, without limitation, laws and regulations relating to air and water quality, mine reclamation, waste handling and disposal, the protection of certain species and the preservation of certain lands. These regulations may require the acquisition of permits or other authorizations for certain activities. These laws and regulations may also limit or prohibit activities on certain lands. Compliance with more stringent laws and regulations, as well as potentially more vigorous enforcement policies or stricter interpretation of existing laws, may necessitate significant capital outlays, may materially affect our results of operations and business, or may cause material changes or delays in our intended activities.
Our operations may require additional analysis in the future including environmental and social impact and other related studies. We may not be able to obtain or maintain all necessary permits that may be required to continue our operation or our exploration of our properties or, if feasible, to commence development, construction or operation of mining facilities at such properties on terms which enable operations to be conducted at economically justifiable costs.
Uncertainties and Risks Relating to Our Common Shares
The Market Price of our Common Shares May Be Subject to Wide Price Fluctuations
The market price of our common shares may be subject to wide fluctuations in response to many factors, including variations in our operating results, divergence in financial results from analysts’ expectations, changes in earnings estimates by stock market analysts, changes in our business prospects, general economic conditions, changes in mineral reserve or resource estimates, results of exploration, changes in results of mining operations, legislative changes and other events and factors outside of our control. In addition, stock markets from time to time have experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations, which, as well as general economic and political conditions, could adversely affect the market price for our common shares.
We are unable to predict whether substantial amounts of common shares will be sold in the open market. Any sales of substantial amounts of common shares in the public market or the perception that such sales might occur, could materially and adversely affect the market price of our common shares.
We may be a Passive Foreign Investment Company, which may result in material adverse US federal income tax consequences to US investors.
Investors in our common shares that are U.S. taxpayers should be aware that we may be a passive foreign investment company. under Section 1297(a) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code (a “PFIC”). If we are or become a PFIC, generally any gain recognized on the sale of our common shares and any excess distributions (as specifically defined) paid on our common shares must be ratably allocated to each day in a U.S. taxpayer’s holding period for our common shares. The amount of any such gain or excess distribution allocated to prior years of such U.S. taxpayer’s holding period for our common shares generally will be subject to U.S. federal income tax at the highest tax applicable to ordinary income in each such prior year, and the U.S. taxpayer will be required to pay interest on the resulting tax liability for each such prior year, calculated as if such tax liability had been due in each such prior year.
Alternatively, a U.S. taxpayer that makes a qualified electing fund (a “QEF”) election with respect to their investment generally will be subject to U.S. federal income tax on such U.S. taxpayer’s pro rata share of our net capital gain and ordinary earnings, (as specifically defined and calculated under U.S. federal income tax rules), regardless of whether such amounts are actually distributed by us. U.S. taxpayers should be aware, however, that there can be no assurance that we will satisfy record keeping requirements under the QEF rules or that we will supply U.S. taxpayers with required information under the QEF rules, in the event that we are a PFIC and a U.S. taxpayer wishes to make a QEF election. As a second alternative, a U.S. taxpayer may make a .market-to-market election. if we are a PFIC and our common shares are .marketable stock (as specifically defined). A U.S. taxpayer that makes a market-to-market election generally will include in gross income, for each taxable year in which we are a PFIC, an amount equal to the excess, if any, of (a) the fair market value of our common shares as of the close of such taxable year over (b) such U.S. taxpayer’s adjusted tax basis in our common shares.
Our common shares are considered penny stocks and are subject to the Penny Stock Rules
Since our common shares are not listed on a national stock exchange or quoted on the NASDAQ Market within the United States, trading in common shares on the OTCBB is subject, to the extent the market price for the common shares is less than $5.00 per share, to a number of regulations known as the "penny stock rules". The penny stock rules require a broker-dealer to deliver a standardized risk disclosure document prepared by the SEC, to provide the customer with additional information including current bid and offer quotations for the penny stock, the compensation of the broker-dealer and its salesperson in the transaction, monthly account statements showing the market value of each penny stock held in the customer's account, and to make a special written determination that the penny stock is a suitable investment for the purchaser and receive the purchaser's written agreement to the transaction. To the extent these requirements may be applicable they will reduce the level of trading activity in the secondary market for our common shares and may severely and adversely affect the ability of broker-dealers to sell our common shares.
Our directors, officers and their related companies collectively own approximately 9.09% of our common shares and, if they act together, may have the ability to act, or prevent corporate actions, to the detriment of other shareholders.
A limited number of shareholders collectively own a majority of our common shares and may act, or prevent corporate actions, to the detriment of other shareholders. These principal shareholders, including members of our board of directors, officers and entities affiliated with members of our directors and officers, will own more than 11.77% of our outstanding common shares on a diluted basis. Accordingly, these shareholders may, if they act together, exercise significant influence over all matters requiring shareholder approval, including the election of a majority of the directors and the determination of significant corporate actions. This concentration could also have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control that could be otherwise beneficial to our shareholders.
The payment of dividends on our common shares is within the discretion of the Board and will depend upon our future earnings, our capital requirements, our financial condition, and other relevant factors. We do not currently intend to declare any dividends on our shares for the foreseeable future.
ITEM 4. INFORMATION ON THE COMPANY
A. History and Development of the Company
Our company was incorporated in British Columbia, Canada, by registration of our memorandum and articles under the British Columbia Company Act (since replaced by the BCBCA) on May 23, 1980, under the name “Candy Mountain Gold Corporation”. We changed our name to “Teryl Resources Corp.” effective February 28, 1984.
Our corporate offices and our registered and records offices are located at Suite 240 - 11780 Hammersmith Way, Richmond, BC V7A 5E9, Canada. Our telephone number is 604-278-5996. Since our inception and during the three fiscal years ending May 31, 2012, our principal business has been the acquisition, exploration and development of natural resource properties, and the acquisition, drilling and development of oil and gas property interests. We currently have mineral property interests in Alaska and British Columbia. All of our mineral properties are in the exploration stage. We are in the exploration stage and equity financing is required to continue exploration work on our mineral claims and oil and gas interests. As a result of the uncertainty that is typical for an explorative company there is doubt about our ability to continue as going concern as ultimate success will be based on securing adequate equity financing and/or the determination of economically recoverable mineral reserves on its mineral property claims or recoveries on our oil and gas interests.
B. Business Overview
Mineral and Exploration Properties
We are an exploration stage company and there is no assurance that a commercially viable mineral deposit exists on any of our properties. Further exploration will be required before a final evaluation as to the economic and legal feasibility is determined.
If we complete our current exploration programs and if we are successful in identifying a mineral deposit, we will have to spend substantial funds on further drilling and engineering studies before we will know if we have a commercially viable mineral deposit or reserve on any of our properties.
Our main exploration and development work over the last several years took place on the Gil claims, a gold prospect located in the Fairbanks Mining District, Alaska which we sold during the year ended May 31, 2012.
Gil Venture Claims, Fairbanks Mining District, Alaska
We owned a 20% interest in 237 claims located in the Gilmore dome area of Fairbanks district of Alaska, known as the Gil Venture mineral property.
Effective December 21, 2011 we executed the Asset Sale and Purchase Agreement to sell all of our 20% interest in the Gil Venture property to Fairbanks Gold Mining, Inc. (“Fairbanks”). Fairbanks granted to the Company a production royalty equal to 1% of net smelter returns on all production from the property up to US$15,000,000, after which the royalty is equal to 0.5% of the net smelter returns on all production from the property. On December 19, 2011 Fairbanks paid the Company US$2,500,000 as an advance payment of the production royalty. An additional advance payment of royalty of US$1,500,000 will be paid to the Company upon commencement of commercial production from a mine constructed on the property.
West Ridge Claims, Fairbanks Mining District, Alaska
We earned a 100% in the West Ridge mineral claims subject to a 1% net smelter return to the State of Alaska.
The West Ridge Property comprises approximately 5,200 acres and is a road accessible gold prospect located in the Fairbanks Mining District of Alaska. Creeks in the area such as Dome, Fox, Steamboat, and Flume creeks have been mined extensively for placer gold in the past. Limited past gold exploration in the 1990’s through 2003 indicate shear and intrusive hosted gold mineralization at the Old Glory Prospect, Black Dome Prospect, East Anomaly, West Anomaly and the Moose Creek Anomaly within the West Ridge Property. The True North Mine of Fairbanks, a wholly owned subsidiary of Kinross Gold Corporation via a 100% ownership of the True North Venture, is located approximately 3.5 kilomtres (two miles) to the northeast of the West Ridge Property.
During the year ended May 31, 2012 we expended $21,066 (2011 - $8,165) in exploration expenditures on the West Ridge property.
Fish Creek Claims, Fairbanks Mining District, Alaska
In March 2002, we acquired from Linux Gold Corp., a company with common directors, an option to earn a 50% interest in the thirty Fish Creek claims, located in the Fairbanks Mining District in Alaska, by expending $500,000 US within three years and the issuance of 200,000 common shares, which shares were issued in December 2002. An additional 100,000 shares were issued in February 2007 in payment for an extension of the date on which expenditures were required to be completed to March 5, 2007, which date was further extended with amended agreements. On December 1, 2011 the Company and Linux further amended the agreement to include the following terms:
During May, 2012 the Company and Linux agreed to apply the balance owed by Linux of $7,517 and make additional cash payment of $60,000 towards the minimum exploration budget of $500,000.
Linux Gold Corp. will retain a 5% net royalty interest until we pay $2,000,000 US and/or back in for a 25% working interest prior to commencement of production. During the year ended May 31, 2010, we wrote off our cumulative exploration and development expenditures of $111,947 entirely, since the claims were not explored. We did not incur exploration and development expenditures on Fish Creek Claims during the year ended May 31, 2011. During the year ended May 31, 2012 we incurred $142,517 as cash payment in lieu of exploration and geological consulting work on the property of $2,139. We continue to maintain the option agreement and have submitted a permit application for placer and lode exploration on Fish Creek Property.
Silverknife Claims, Liard Mining Division, British Columbia
Pursuant to agreements between Reg Technologies Inc. (“Reg”), SMR Investments Ltd. (“SMR”), Rapitan Resources Inc. (“Rapitan”), and Chevron Minerals Ltd. (“Chevron”), the Company acquired a 30% working interest in the Silverknife mineral claims, situated in the Liard Mining Division in the Province of British Columbia, subject to a 10% Net Profit Royalty (“NPR”) to Rapitan and a 1% Net Smelter Returns to SMR. On December 21, 2010 the Company purchased the 10% NPR in the Silverknife property from Rapitan for consideration of 200,000 common shares of the Company issued at a fair value of $32,000 on January 25, 2011.
On April 20, 2012 the Company and Minewest Silver and Gold Inc. (“Minewest”), a former 100% owned subsidiary of Reg Tech to which Reg Tech spun off 100% of its interest in the Silverknife claims, entered into an Exploration, Development and Mine Operating Agreement (the “Exploration Agreement”) until the completion of mining and environmental restoration on the Property with initial participation interests of 70% and 30% for Minewest and the Company respectively. The Exploration Agreement was approved by the TSX Venture Exchange on September 7, 2012.
Under the terms of the Exploration Agreement, the initial participating interest (a "Participating Interest") of each of Minewest and the Company in the Joint Venture will be equal to their respective current interests. The operations of the Joint Venture will be managed by a manager (the "Manager") with Minewest acting as the initial Manager of the Joint Venture and remaining as such for as long as its Participating Interest is 50% or more. The Exploration Agreement also provides for a management committee (the "Management Committee") comprised of one member from the minority interest, currently Teryl, and two members from the majority interest holder, currently Minewest, the purpose of which will be to determine the overall policies, objectives, procedures, methods and actions under the Agreement.
The Exploration Agreement provides for an initial 2012 exploration program in the amount of approximately $360,000, which program to be approved by the Company and Minewest. Future exploration programs are subject to approval by the Management Committee. Participants of the Joint Venture must fund all exploration programs in amounts proportionate with their Participating Interest and failure to do so will decrease a participant's Participating Interest on a pro-rata basis. If a Participating Interest decreases to less than 10%, the relevant participant will be deemed to have assigned and conveyed its Participating Interest to the other participant.
The Agreement also contains a customary preemptive right pursuant to which a participant intending to transfer all or part of its Participating Interest must provide the other participant with notice and the option to purchase such interest.
Fortitude Project, Kahiltna Terrane, Anchorage, Alaska
On August 17, 2010 we entered into a Letter of Agreement with Mark C. Farrar, J. Karnes, Robert W. Karnes and Donald Plancich (the “Vendors”) whereby we were granted an option to acquire a 50% interest in eleven mineral claims located approximately 130 kilometers northwest of Anchorage, Alaska, known as the Fortitude Project. The claim block is in the Kahiltna Terrane area near the Kiska Metals Corp./ Kennecott Exploration Inc. Whistler gold-copper deposit.
The letter agreement includes an option agreement (the “Option Agreement”) to acquire a 50% interest in eleven mineral claims (the “Fortitude Project”). Consideration for the option is as follows:
As at May 31, 2011, the Company planned to terminate the Option Agreement with the Vendors. Accordingly, property cost of $7,500 and exploration costs of $34,261 were written off. The Option Agreement was officially terminated on October 4, 2011.
Oil and Gas Properties
Fayette and Burleson Counties, Texas
We own a 6.5% working interest (4.680% net revenue interest) in the Peters No. 1 Well, in Fayette County, Texas, and a 7.5% working interest (5.79375% net revenue interest) in each of the C-S #1, Jancik #2 and Herrmann #4 wells, located in Burleson County, Texas. During the fiscal year ended May 31, 2012, revenues of $24,423 were recorded from the Texas properties compared to revenues of $32,968 for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2011. The carrying cost of these wells has been completely depleted.
Knox and Laurel Counties, Kentucky
We entered into agreements with IAS Energy, Inc., a company with common directors, to purchase 40% interests (subject to 40% net revenue interests to others), in the Ken Lee #1 natural gas well for $103,045 ($92,500 US), in the Elvis Farris #2 natural gas well for $104,461 ($92,500 US), and in the Clarence Bright #1 natural gas well for $104,673 ($92,500 US). All three wells are located in Knox and Laurel Counties, Kentucky. During the year ended May 31, 2009 we wrote off the carrying costs of the wells to $Nil since the wells have no proven economic reserves.
Description of the Markets in Which We Compete
We do not have a market in which we compete, as we operate in an extractive industry. However, the mining industry in which we operate is highly competitive due to significant and increasing competition for exploration opportunities. Many of our oil and gas exploration and production competitors business have substantially larger financial resources, staffs and facilities.
Significant and increasing competition exists for mining exploration opportunities available in North America and elsewhere in the world. Competitors include well-capitalized mining companies, independent mining companies and other companies having financial and other resources far greater than ours.
We compete with a number of other companies, including major oil companies and other independent operators which are more experienced and which have greater financial resources. Such companies may be able to pay more for prospective oil and gas properties. Additionally, such companies may be able to evaluate, bid for and purchase a greater number of properties and prospects than our financial and human resources permit. We do not hold a significant competitive position in the mining or oil and gas industries.
Due to the northern climate, exploration work in some areas of Alaska can be limited due to excessive snow cover and cold temperatures. In general, surface sampling work is limited to May through September and surface drilling from March through November.
Sources and Availability of Raw Materials
We do not have a reliance on raw materials, as we operate in an extractive industry.
We do not have any plans for a marketing strategy at this time.
Dependency upon Patents/Licenses/Contracts/Processes
Material Effects of Government Regulation
Exploration and development activities require permits from various foreign, federal, state and local governmental authorities. To the best of our knowledge, we are operating in compliance with all applicable environmental regulations.
Our current and anticipated future operations, including further exploration activities, require permits from various state and other governmental agencies. Such operations are subject to various laws governing land use, the protection of the environment, production, exports, taxes, labor standards, occupational health, waste disposal, toxic substances, well safety and other matters. Unfavorable amendments to current laws, regulations and permits governing operations and activities of oil and gas and resource exploration companies, or more stringent implementation thereof, could have a materially adverse impact on us and cause increases in capital expenditures which could result in our ceasing operations. We have had no material costs related to compliance and/or permits in recent years, and anticipate no material costs in the next year.
Oil and Gas Exploration
Our oil and gas operations are subject to various types of regulation at the federal, state and local levels. Such regulation includes the requirement for permits for the drilling of wells; maintaining bonding requirements in order to drill or operate wells; implementing spill prevention plans; submitting notification and receiving permits relating to the presence, use and release of certain materials incidental to oil and gas operations; and regulating the location of wells, the method of drilling and casing wells, the use, transportation, storage and disposal of fluids and materials used in connection with drilling and production activities, surface usage and the restoration of properties upon which wells have been drilled, the plugging and abandoning of wells and the transporting of production. Our operations are also subject to various conservation matters, including the regulation of the size of drilling and spacing units or pro-ration units, the number of wells which may be drilled in a unit, and the unitization or pooling of oil and gas properties. In this regard, some states allow the forced pooling or integration of tracts to facilitate exploration while other states rely on voluntary pooling of lands and leases, which may make it more difficult to develop oil and gas properties. In addition, state conservation laws establish maximum rates of production from oil and gas wells, generally limit the venting or flaring of gas, and impose certain requirements regarding the ratable purchase of production.
We believe that our operations comply in all material respects with applicable laws and regulations and that the existence and enforcement of such laws and regulations have no more restrictive an effect on our operations than on other similar companies in the energy industry. We do not anticipate any material capital expenditures to comply with federal and state environmental requirements.
Plan of Operations
Source of Funds for Fiscal 2013
We had a working capital of $2,044,468 at May 31, 2012, compared to working capital of $42,452 at May 31, 2011.
Our primary source of funds since incorporation has been through the issuance of equity securities. We have been successful in the past in acquiring capital through the issuance of shares of our common stock and through advances from related parties. Although we intend to continue utilizing these sources, there is no assurance that these sources and methods would continue to be available in the future.
In accordance with the Asset Purchase and Sale Agreement effective December 21, 2011 the Company sold all of its 20% interest in the Gil Venture property to Fairbanks. Fairbanks granted to the Company a production royalty equal to 1% of net smelter returns on all production from the property up to US$15,000,000, after which the royalty is equal to 0.5% of the net smelter returns on all production from the property. On December 19, 2011 Fairbanks paid the Company US$2,500,000 as an advance payment of the production royalty. An additional advance payment of royalty of US$1,500,000 will be paid to the Company upon commencement of commercial production from a mine constructed on the property. The timing and amounts of additional royalty payments are not certain as at the date of this report.
At the present time, and in our present circumstances, there exists doubt as to our ability to continue as a going concern, since there is no ongoing source of revenues and profits capable of sustaining our operating overhead. Over the longer term, we will need to either begin to derive revenues from our existing resource-based assets, or find and enter into a business which holds the prospects of ensuring that we can continue as a going concern. Management is aware of such need and is both researching new business opportunities and assessing potential financing possibilities for funding our existing resource property obligations and also any new business which may be entered into or acquired.
Use of Funds for Fiscal 2013
During the year ended May 31, 2013 we estimate that we will expend approximately $450,000 on general and administrative expenses and approximately $600,000 on property exploration and development expenses.
Anticipated Changes to Facilities/Employees
We anticipate there will not be any changes to either facilities or employees in the near future.
C. Organizational Structure
We hold a 100% interest in Teryl, Inc., a private Delaware corporation, incorporated on November 17, 1988, and registered to do business in the USA. Teryl, Inc. holds the Alaska mineral property interests and Texas and Kentucky oil and gas well interests.
D. Property, Plants and Equipment
Our properties are in the exploration stage and a substantial amount of capital will have to be spent on each property before we will know if they contain commercially viable mineral deposits. Our material properties are located in Alaska. Our properties are without known reserves and the work being done by us is exploratory in nature.
Our executive offices are located in rented premises in a commercial business park located in Richmond, British Columbia, Canada, a suburb of Vancouver. The space is shared with several other companies which share common management. The annual rent for our portion of this 2,200 square foot space paid during 2012 was $16,779 (2011 - $14,515). We have occupied these facilities since November 1, 2006. These facilities are believed to be adequate for meeting our needs for the immediate future. If required in the future, we do not anticipate that we will have any difficulty in obtaining additional space at favorable rates. There are no current plans to purchase or otherwise acquire any properties in the near future.
The following are descriptions of our material mineral properties.
Fish Creek Claims
The Fish Creek Claims are 30 mining claims comprising 1,032 acres, known as the Fish Creek Prospect, located 25 miles north of Fairbanks in the Fairbanks Mining District in Alaska. The claims are legally maintained by recording an affidavit of annual labor for a minimum expenditure of $100 per claim ($3,000 total) and by paying annual rental to the State of Alaska in the amount of $130 per claim ($3,900 total). All mechanized exploration activity must be permitted by the Alaska Division of Mining, Alaska Department of Fish and Game, and the U.S. Corps of Engineers. Water can be withdrawn from Fish Creek to support exploration activities with oversight from the Alaska Department of Conservation. Currently, we are permitted to conduct exploration by drilling. To the best of our knowledge, we are operating in compliance with all applicable environmental regulations. There currently are no unusual social, political or environmental encumbrances to mining on the project. We currently hold a valid exploration permit on the project. Additional permits for future work will be acquired from the Division of Mining, Alaska Department of Fish and Game, and the U.S. Corps of Engineers on an as-needed basis.
The Fish Creek project is located in an important mining district with permissive land status and excellent road access to the property. Currently, there are only primitive trails developed within the property to access exploration sites. The project is located within metamorphic and plutonic host rocks that are similar in composition and age to rock units that contain commercially viable mineralization elsewhere in the Fairbanks Mining District. The property is also located on a drainage that was mined extensively for alluvial gold in the past both upstream and downstream of the Fish Creek project. Limited exploration conducted between 1992 and 2003 did not reveal significant bedrock exposures of mineralization, however, very widely spaced placer drilling over a large area of the property conducted in 1996 indicated the presence of placer gold in the alluvial deposits. More extensive and closer spaced placer gold drilling conducted in 2004 confirmed the presence of significant concentrations of placer gold on the claims.
The following map shows the location of and access to the property.
There currently are no resources or reserves on the Fish Creek property that comply with the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (CIM) Standards on Mineral Resources and Reserves Definitions and Guidelines adopted by CIM Council on August 20, 2000.
Additional work on the Fish Creek property will be based on results from the previous drilling programs. Each successive phase of exploration is dependent on generation of encouraging results from the previous programs and the increasing potential for delineation of commercially viable resources on the project.
As we announced on December 7, 2011, Furgo Airborne Survey, Inc. has identified six main gold targets on the site and Linux is considering a low-cost placer mining operation. An exploration program is planned for fiscal 2013.
We have submitted a permit application for placer and lode exploration on Fish Creek Property.
West Ridge Claims
The West Ridge Property is made up of 53 state mining claims north of Fairbanks, Alaska, a distance of 22 miles by road. The West Ridge property adjoins KGC’s True North gold deposit and lies approximately eight miles northwest of the producing Fort Knox gold mine.
As we announced on March 2, 2012, we applied for an exploration program permit to drill five targets on the Westridge property. The 2012 Westridge Exploration Program is designed to test both the placer and lode targets located within the claim block. Previous lode exploration has identified 5 targets within the Westridge Area. Current lode targets include:
Mineral exploration is proposed to consist of up to 610 metres (2,000 feet) of shallow core drilling utilizing a narrow diameter AQ core drill to initially test lode targets on the Old Glory Prospect and Moose Creek Anomaly. On positive results, a larger scale reverse circulation drill program will be conducted.
The total cost to complete all two phases of exploration (610 metres lode and 180 metres placer) is estimated to be $200,000. This estimate is subject to a quote pending for drilling services and includes a 10% contingency for each phase.
On June 20, 2012 we announce that gold exploration work programs were to commence and Metallogeny, Inc. of Fairbanks, Alaska had been contracted to conduct the mineral exploration work for the Company.
The proposed initial work programs included:
Dave Adams, a CPG geologist who had previously worked on the property, participates in the initial exploration phase and works in conjunction with geologist Tara Hutchison to locate the proposed drill sites on the property.
Drilling on the West Ridge Property started in July, 2012.
The Silverknife Property
The Silverknife Property lies on the northeastern flank of the Cassiar Mountains. The terrain of the area is moderately mountainous, with rounded peaks and ridges separated by broad U-shaped valleys. Property elevations range from 1,050 m ASL to 1,660 m ASL. Roughly 20% of the property is above tree line, which is at approximately 1,450 m ASL.
The Silverknife Property is contiguous to Silvercorp’s Silvertip silver-lead-zinc deposit which lies less than one (1) km from the Property boundary. Silvercorp has been active in the past two (2) years exploring and re-evaluating the Silvertip Property towards the initiation of mining operations. Recently, Silvercorp opened up a 50 man camp on the Silvertip Property and has announced plans to apply for a Provincial Small Mine Permit for an underground mining operation with a capacity of under 75,000 tonnes per year and all ancillary dewatering and related permits. Exploration diamond drilling from 10,000-20,000 meters is currently underway on the Silvertip Property.
The Silverknife mineral claims have been held continuously since they were staked in 1983 and were held in trust by Reg Tech through a series of Property agreements.
The Silverknife Property was worked extensively from 1984 through 1988 including geochemical soil sampling, VLF-EM surveys, Induced Polarization surveys and diamond drilling (totaling over 4,400 meters).
These projects located geochemical and geophysical anomalies considered high priority exploration targets as well as generated drill assay results from trace up to 4.2 meters of 29.3 oz/ton silver, 16.5 percent lead and 7.1 percent zinc (Hole 85-21).Sphalerite, galena and pyrite within these mineralized sections are associated with ran coloured siderite which has been interpreted as associated with the higher grace intersection.
On March 22, 2012, we announced that a one year extension has been submitted to the Ministry of Energy and Mines located in Smithers, BC. The original permit was granted on June 21, 2011. We intended to drill on the Silverknife Property in summer 2012, but the plan is delayed due to access road condition.
The 43-101 report completed by Paul D. Gray P.Geo., recommended $360,000 work program consisting of the following:
1. Phase IA: Systematic and Detailed Silverknife Camp Data Compilation and Digitization
2. Phase IB: Core Recovery Program
3. Phase IC: Ground Based Survey/Prospecting/Geological Survey Program
4. Phase ID: Detailed Geophysical Survey
5. Phase IE: Diamond Drilling of Discovery Zone
6. Phase IE: Technical Report Update
ITEM 4A. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
ITEM 5. OPERATING AND FINANCIAL REVIEW AND PROSPECTS
The following discussion of our financial condition, changes in financial condition and results of operations as at May 31, 2012, 2011 and 2010 should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements and related notes included herein. Unless expressly stated otherwise, all references to dollar amounts in this section are Canadian dollars.
A. Operating Results
A comparison of the results of operations for the fiscal years ended May 31, 2012, 2011 and 2010 are as follows:
Year Ended May 31, 2012 as compared to Year Ended May 31, 2011 (IFRS)
We incurred a net loss of $766,330 during the year ended May 31, 2012, compared to a net loss of $534,184 during the year ended May 31, 2011.
The significant increase in loss was due to loss on sale of mineral property of $376,928 in 2012, compared to $Nil in 2011.
During 2011, we wrote off mineral property acquisition cost of $7,500 on our Kahiltna Terrane claims, exploration costs of $11,554 on our Gold Hill claims and $34,261 on our Kahiltna Terrane claims. During 2012 we did no record any property impairment.
During 2012 we recorded interest income of $3,286 compared to $Nil in 2011.
Other expenses that changed from 2011 to 2012 are as follows:
Year Ended May 31, 2011 as compared to Year Ended May 31, 2010 (GAAP)
We incurred a net loss of $530,566 during the year ended May 31, 2011, compared to a net loss of $1,419,726 during the year ended May 31, 2010.
The significant decrease in loss was due to an exploration expenditures write-off of $45,815 in 2011, compared to $773,438 in 2010. During 2010, we wrote off $111,947 in cumulative exploration and development expenditures in our Fish Creek Property located in Fairbanks, Alaska, and cumulative exploration and development costs of $661,491 in our West Ridge property located in Dome Creek, Alaska, because the two claims were not explored during 2010. During 2011, we wrote off exploration costs of $11,554 on our Gold Hill claims and $34,261 on our Kahiltna Terrane claims, both incurred during 2011.
Other expenses that changed from 2010 to 2011 are as follows:
B. Liquidity and Capital Resources
As of May 31, 2012, we had a cash position of $2,059,482, compared to $19,371 as at May 31, 2011, representing an increase of $2,040,111. As of May 31, 2012, we had a working capital of $2,044,468, compared to a working capital of $42,452 as at May 31, 2011.
During the year ended May 31, 2012 we used $426,696 in operations compared to $401,943 during the year ended May 31, 2011.
During the year ended May 31, 2012 we generated $2,468,924 from our investing activities compared to $218,846 used in investing activities.
During the year ended May 31, 2012, we issued the following equity securities for cash:
On September 30, 2011, the Company issued 575,000 units of capital stock pursuant to a private placement at $0.10 per unit. Each unit consists of one common share and one share purchase warrant exercisable into the Company’s common stock at $0.15 per share expiring September 30, 2012. In connection with the private placement finders’ fee of $2,100 was paid and 10,000 broker warrants were issued which are exercisable into the Company’s common stock at $0.15 per share expiring September 30, 2012.
During the year ended May 31, 2011, we issued the following equity securities for cash:
On June 6, 2010 the Company issued 1,047,500 common shares for warrants exercised at $0.10 per share for gross proceeds of $104,750.
On December 17, 2010, the Company issued 1,983,326 units of capital stock pursuant to a private placement at $0.15 per unit. Each unit consists of one common share and one share purchase warrant exercisable into the Company’s common stock at $0.20 per share expiring December 17, 2011. Finders’ fee of $11,570 was paid in connection with this private placement.
On January 19, 2011, the Company issued 1,359,333 units of capital stock pursuant to a private placement at $0.15 per unit. Each unit consists of one common share and one share purchase warrant exercisable into the Company’s common stock at $0.20 per share expiring January 19, 2012. In connection with the private placement finders’ fee of $6,993 was paid and 39,000 broker warrants were issued which are exercisable into the Company’s common stock at $0.20 per share expiring January 19, 2012.
On July 4, 2012 we received the approval from the TSX-V on a normal course issuer bid (“NCIB”) to purchase up to 10% of the issued and outstanding common shares of the Company on the open market. As of the date of this report, the Company purchased 1,073,000 shares of the Company for gross purchase of $78,680 at prices between $0.055 to $0.085 per share.
All of our mineral properties are at the early exploration stages. We do not expect to generate significant revenues in the near future and may continue to rely upon the sale of equity securities to raise capital at reasonable share prices. Fluctuations in our share price may affect our ability to obtain future financing and the rate of dilution to existing shareholders.
We have no funding commitments or arrangements for additional financing at this time and there is no assurance that we will be able to obtain any additional financing on terms acceptable to us, if at all. Any additional funds raised will be used for general and administrative expenses, to carry out exploration programs on our mineral properties, and for the acquisition of a property or properties, as applicable. The quantity of funds to be raised and the terms of any equity financing that may be undertaken will be negotiated by management as opportunities to raise funds arise.
For fiscal 2013, we estimate that we will require approximately $450,000 to fund our general and administrative expenses for the next twelve months. We will also require $200,000 to complete the proposed exploration program on the West Ridge mineral property, $150,000 to complete out our exploration program on our Silverknife mineral property and $250,000 to complete our exploration program on our Fish Creek property. The quantity of funds to be raised and the terms of any equity financing that may be undertaken will be negotiated by management as opportunities to raise funds arise.
C. Research and Development, Patents and Licenses, Etc.
D. Trend Information
E. Off Balance Sheet Arrangements
We do not utilize off-balance sheet arrangements.
F. Tabular Disclosure of Contractual Obligations
We did not have any contractual obligations as at May 31, 2012.
G. Safe Harbor
This annual report includes "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such forward-looking statements may include capital and operating costs, prices of silver and gold and other known and unknown risks. These and other factors and uncertainties may cause material differences from future results as expressed or implied by these forward looking statements. These risks, uncertainties and other factors include but are not limited to the risks involved in the exploration and development of a mining and oil and gas business.
All statements, other than statements of historical facts, included in this annual report that address activities, events or developments which we expect or anticipate will or may occur in the future are forward-looking statements. The words "believe", "intend", "expect", "anticipate", "project", "estimate", "predict" and similar expressions are also intended to identify forward-looking statements.
Our estimated or anticipated future results or other non-historical facts are forward-looking and reflect our current perspective of existing trends and information. These statements involve risks and uncertainties that cannot be predicted or quantified, and consequently actual results may differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Such risks and uncertainties include, among others, the success of our exploration and development activities, environmental and other regulatory requirements, foreign exchange issues, mineral deposit estimates and mineral prices, competition by other mining or oil and gas companies, financing risks, mineral title issues, insider conflicts of interest, political stability issues, and other risks and uncertainties detailed in this report and from time to time in our other SEC filings.
Consequently, all of the forward-looking statements made in this annual report are qualified by these cautionary statements. We cannot assure you that the actual results or developments anticipated by us will be realized or, even if substantially realized, that they will have the expected effect on us or our business or operations.
Forward-looking statements are based on expectations, estimates and projections at the time the statements are made that involve a number of risks and uncertainties which could cause actual results or events to differ materially from those presently anticipated
Forward-looking statements are subject to a variety of risks and uncertainties in addition to the risks referred to in “Risk Factors” under Item 3.D above.
ITEM 6. DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND EMPLOYEES
A. Directors and Senior Management
As of May 31, 2012, our Board consisted of five directors, of whom two are independent non-executive directors. The following table provides certain information about the members of our Board and our executive officers as of September 28, 2012.
Senior management serve at the pleasure of the Board. Each director holds office until the next annual meeting of shareholders unless his or her office is earlier vacated in accordance with the Articles and/or the BCBCA, or unless he or she becomes disqualified to act as a director.
John Robertson has been President, CEO, Chairman of the Board, Corporate Secretary and a director of Linux Gold Corp. (“Linux”) since March 1979. Linux is a British Columbia mineral exploration company quoted on the OTC BB. He has been the Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of REGI U.S., Inc. (“REGI”), an Oregon corporation since July 1992. REGI is an Oregon corporation engaged in the development of a rotary engine/ compressor (“Rand Cam Engine”) and is quoted on the OTC BB. Since October 1984, Mr. Robertson has been President and a director of Reg Technologies Inc. (“Reg”), a British Columbia corporation listed on the TSX.V, and quoted on the OTC BC, that has financed the research on the Rand Cam Engine since 1986. He has been the President, CEO and a director of IAS Energy, Inc. (“IAS”) since its formation in December 1994. IAS is a U.S. public company engaged in the acquisition and exploration of oil and gas interests in North America. Since June 1997, Mr. Robertson has been President, CEO and a director of Information Highway.com, Inc., an inactive reporting Florida corporation. Since May 1977, Mr. Robertson has been President and a director of SMR Investments Ltd. (“SMR”), a private British Columbia corporation engaged in management of public companies. Mr. Robertson is also the President and a director of the following private companies: JGR Petroleum, Inc. (since July 1991), Access Information Services, Ltd. (since September 1993), 394754 B.C. Ltd., dba SOVO Computer Centre (since October 1990), Pavlik Travel Services Ltd. (since November 2000), International Diamond Syndicate Ltd. (since May 1993), KLR Enterprises Inc. (since 1999), Rainbow Networks Inc. (since 2000), Rand Energy Group Inc. (since 1993), 540330 B.C Ltd. (since April 1997), Airstream Communications, Inc. (since June 2000) and Minewest Silver and Gold Inc., a reporting issuer in BC (since 2010). Mr. Robertson is a citizen and resident of Canada. Mr. Robertson allocates a minimum of 20% of his time to our ongoing operations. On a project related basis, he may allocate up to 80% of his time to our business as required.
Susanne Robertson has been a principal of SMR Investments, Ltd. since 1979. She has been a director of Linux since 2001, and a director of Reg since 1984. Ms. Robertson is a citizen and resident of Canada.
Thomas Robertson has been an investor relations consultant with Molycor Gold Corp., a TSX.V issuer, since January 2005; previously he was a corporate development and investor relations consultant with several TSX.V issuers, being Strike Zone Minerals (2004), Auterra Ventures Inc. (2004), and Toba Industries (2003/2004. He was also an investor relations consultant with two OTC BB companies, being Tital Consolidated Inc. (2003/2004), Timber Resources International Inc. (2003).
Suzan El-Khatib - Ms. El-Khatib has been a director since April, 2011. Ms. El-Khatib began her career at Bull, Housser Tupper LLP and moved on to a boutique firm before joining Wiebe Douvelos Wittmann LLP. She advises and acts for both individual and corporate clients on a broad variety of matters including corporate governance and commercial litigation. Ms. El-Khatib has experience as a corporate solicitor and as a litigator, appearing at all levels of court. She is a current member of the Law Society of British Columbia, the Canadian Bar Association, and the Trial Lawyers Association of British Columbia. Ms. El-Khatib has been a director of Linux Gold Corp. since April, 2011 and a director of Reg Technologies Inc. since April, 2011.
Jane He has been the CFO since February 25, 2011. She has more than ten years’ experience in fund accounting in the financial industry. Ms. He has been the CFO of Minewest Silver and Gold Inc. since October, 2010 and the CFO of Teryl Resources Corp. since February, 2011. She is in charge of daily business transactions and accounting for the company.
Donna M. Moroney has been a director of the Company since April 2011. She is the President of Equity Corporate Services Inc., a company providing regulatory and corporate compliance services for public companies within Canada and the United States. Ms. Moroney also serves as a senior officer for various public companies: Corporate Secretary of United Silver Corp. (TSX: USC) since March 2011; Corporate Secretary of Legumex Walker Inc. (TSX: LWP) since June 2011; Corporate Secretary of CBM Asia Development Corp. (TSX.V – TCF) since December 2009; Assistant Corporate Secretary of Equity Financial Holdings Inc. (TSX- EQI) since May 2009; Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Secretary of Ravencrest Resources Inc. (CNSX: RVT) since April 2007; and Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Secretary of Greenshield Explorations Limited (NEX: GRX.H ) since August 2006; and has been a director of Linux Gold Corp. since April, 2011.
There are no family relationships between the directors and senior officers, other than John Robertson and Susanne Robertson, who are married, and Thomas Robertson who is the son of John Robertson.
Compensation Discussion & Analysis
Given our current size and stage of development, our Board has not appointed a formal compensation committee, however it is board policy that management directors are required to abstain from voting in respect of their own compensation thereby providing the independent members of the Board with considerable input as to executive compensation. The Board’s compensation philosophy is aimed at attracting and retaining quality and experienced people with established records in managing and maintaining public companies which is critical to our success. These key persons create the framework for future success and later will share in any success of our company. Such a reward system supports our commitment to delivering strong performance for our shareholders. At the present time we do not have a compensation program in place for our executive officers or directors, as is evidenced by the Summary Compensation Table below.
The Board reviews on an annual basis the corporate goals and objectives relevant to executive compensation, and determines if a compensation package should be implemented. The Board also takes into consideration our overall performance, shareholder returns, the value of similar incentive awards to executive officers at comparable companies and the awards given to executive officers in past years. There are currently no plans to implement a compensation package for fiscal 2013.
Summary Compensation Table
The following table sets out certain information respecting the compensation paid to the CEO and CFO and the three most highly compensated executive officers, other than the CEO and CFO, for the year ended May 31, 2012 whose total compensation was more than $150,000. These individuals are referred to collectively as the “NEOs”.
Our executive officers, as well as directors, employees and consultants, are eligible to participate in our stock option plan to receive grants of stock options. Individual stock options are granted by the Board as a whole and the size of the options is dependent on, among other things, each officer’s level of responsibility, authority and importance to our company and the degree to which such officer’s long term contribution to our company will be crucial to our long-term success.
Stock options are normally granted by the Board when an executive officer first joins our company based on his or her level of responsibility within our company. Additional grants may be made periodically to ensure that the number of options granted to any particular officer is commensurate with the officer’s level of ongoing responsibility within our company. The Board also evaluates the number of options an officer has been granted, the exercise price of the options and the term remaining on those options when considering further grants. Options are usually priced at the closing trading price of our shares on the business day immediately preceding the date of grant and the current policy of the Board is that options expire five years from the date of grant.
We have a formalized stock option plan for the granting of incentive stock options to the officers, employees, consultants and directors.
Option/SAR Grants During The Most Recently Completed Financial Year
The following table sets out all stock option-based awards granted to the executive officers and outstanding as of May 31, 2012.
* Calculation using Black Scholes model upon grant
Pension Plan Benefits
We do not have any pension, retirement or deferred compensation plans, including defined contribution plans.
Termination and Change of Control Benefits
We have not entered into any compensatory plans, contracts or arrangements with any of our NEOs whereby such officers are entitled to receive compensation as a result of the resignation, retirement or any other termination of employment of the NEO or from a change in control or a change in the NEO’s responsibilities following a change in control.
Pursuant to a management agreement dated May 1, 1996, we engaged SMR Investments Ltd. to provide general management services at a monthly compensation of $2,500. SMR is a private company which is controlled by Susanne Robertson, a director and the spouse of John Robertson, our President. Mr. Robertson is also a director and officer of SMR. The agreement may be terminated at any time by the mutual consent of the parties.
Compensation of Directors
The following table sets forth all compensation provided to the directors during the year ended May 31, 2012, in their capacity as directors.
We do not pay our directors a fee for their services as such. Directors are entitled to be reimbursed for reasonable expenditures incurred in performing their duties as directors, and we may, from time to time, grant incentive stock options to purchase common shares to our directors.
The following disclosure excludes John G. Robertson’s compensation in his capacity as a director, as he is an executive officer whose compensation is disclosed above under “Summary Compensation Table”.
Other than John Robertson, the directors are not compensated for their services in their capacity as directors, although directors are reimbursed for their expenses incurred in connection with their services as directors.
Directors are also entitled to participate in our stock option plan, which is designed to give each option holder an interest in preserving and maximizing shareholder value in the longer term. Individual grants are determined by an assessment of each individual Director’s current and expected future performance, level of responsibilities and the importance of his/her position and contribution to our company.
C. Board Practices
Our Board consists of five members, the terms of which expire at the general meeting of shareholders to be held in each year. The information regarding the term each director has served in office in “Item 6.A – Directors and Senior Management” is hereby incorporated by reference in response to this Item 6.C. Directors are elected by a majority of the votes of our common shares present in person or represented by proxy at our annual meeting of shareholders and entitled to vote at such election. Each director will hold office until his or her term expires or until he or she resigns. Executive officers serve at the discretion of the Board. Officers are elected at the annual meeting of the directors held immediately after the annual meeting of shareholders. The directors hold regularly scheduled meetings at which members of management are not in attendance.
None of our directors have entered into service contracts with us or any of our subsidiaries that provide for benefits upon their termination as a director.
We have granted and intend to continue to grant stock options to employees, directors, officers and consultants on terms and conditions established by the Board at the time of the grant and in accordance with our stock option plan and prevailing TSX.V policy. Except as disclosed above under “Compensation of Directors”, our directors do not receive any monies for serving in their capacity as Directors and there is currently no arrangement for the payment of any compensation in the future.
We have the following committees of the Board:
The Board of directors has determined that it does not have a member that qualifies as an “audit committee financial expert” as defined in Form 20-F of the SEC.
We have been unable to retain the services of a person who qualifies as an “audit committee financial expert”. Until we appoint such a person, we believe that the members of our Board of Directors are collectively capable of analyzing and evaluating our financial statements and understanding internal controls and procedures for financial reporting.
We do not presently have any employees.
E. Share Ownership
The following table sets forth the common share ownership of each of our officers and directors as at September 28, 2012. Each person has sole voting and investment power with respect to the shares of common stock shown, and all ownership is of record and beneficial.
The following table sets forth the stock purchase option ownership of each of our officers and directors as at September 28, 2012. Each person has sole voting and investment power with respect to the shares of common stock shown, and all ownership is of record and beneficial.
Stock Option Plan
Our Stock Option Plan (the “Plan”) was approved by our shareholders at our annual meeting held on April 29, 2011. Pursuant to the Plan we may grant up to 10% of our issued and outstanding shares for issuance to directors, officers, employees and consultants at prices set in accordance with the policies of the TSX.V. As of the date of this registration statement, there are 2,775,000 options outstanding, at exercise prices ranging between $0.10 and $0.19 per share which expire on dates ranging between April 24, 2012 and April 19, 2015.
The purpose of the Plan is to provide incentive to employees, officers, directors, management company employee and consultants who provide services to us and reduce the cash compensation we would otherwise have to pay.
The Plan is administered by the Board or, if the Board so elects, by a committee appointed by the Board. The Plan provides that options will be issued pursuant to option agreements (“Option Agreements”). No optionee under the Plan shall be granted an option which exceeds the maximum number permitted by the TSX.V. Options issued pursuant to the Plan will have an exercise price determined by the Board provided that it is not less than the price permitted by the TSX.V, or, if our shares are no longer listed on the TSX.V, then such other exchange or quotation system on which our shares are listed or quoted for trading.
Options granted under the plan shall, unless sooner terminated, expire on a date to be determined by the Board which will not be later than 5 years from the day the option is granted or 90 days from the date the optionee ceases to be a director, officer, consultant, employee or a management company employee, unless such optionee was engaged in investor relations activities in which case, only within 30 days after the cessation of his services to us.
In the event of death of an optionee, options held by such optionee will expire the earlier of 5 years from the date of grant or one year from the date of such death.
Item 7. Major SHAREHOLDERS AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
A. Major Shareholders
Holdings by Major Shareholders
The following table sets forth the shareholdings of those persons who own of record or are known to us to own beneficially, directly or indirectly, or exercise control or direction over, more than 5% of our issued and outstanding common shares as at the date of this annual report:
Canadian Share Ownership
The following table indicates the approximate number of Canadian record holders of common shares and the portion and percentage of common shares held in Canada as at September 28, 2012:
U.S. share Ownership
The following table indicates the approximate number of record holders of common shares with United States addresses and the portion and percentage of common shares held in the United States as at September 28, 2012:
The computation of the number and percentage of common shares held in the United States is based upon the number of common shares held by record holders with United States addresses and by trusts, estates or accounts with United States addresses as disclosed to us following inquiry to all record holders known to us to be trustees, executors, guardians, custodians or other fiduciaries holding common shares for one or more trusts, estates or accounts. United States residents may beneficially own common shares held of record by non-United States residents.
Control of the Corporation
We are a publicly owned Canadian company, the shares of which are owned by Canadian residents, U.S. residents and other foreign residents. To the best of our knowledge, we are not directly or indirectly owned or controlled by another corporation, any foreign governments or any other natural or legal person, jointly or severally.
Change in Control Arrangements
We are not aware of any arrangements the operation of which may at a subsequent date result in a change of control of our company.
B. Related Party Transactions
Other than as disclosed in Item 6.B – “Directors, Senior Management and Employees – Compensation” and the transactions set forth below, there are no related party transactions or proposed transactions involving any insider, or associate or affiliate of an insider, that have occurred during our two most recently completed fiscal.
During the year ended May 31, 2012 and May 31, 2011, we entered into the following transactions with related parties:
Related party transactions occurred in the normal course of operations and are measured at agreed to amounts, which is the amount of consideration established and agreed to by the parties.
Related party transactions not disclosed elsewhere in these financial statements are as follows:
At May 31, 2012, the following advances to/from related parties, other than the note receivable from REGI US, Inc. are unsecured, non-interest bearing and have no fixed terms of repayment. Unless otherwise indicated, the companies are controlled by the President and CEO or are companies where he is the President and CEO:
Advances to related parties:
Advances from related parties:
*During the year ended May 31, 2012 REGI US, Inc. repaid $3,916 to the Company and converted the balance of $24,684 into a promissory note owed to the Company at annual interest rate of $6%, for which the Company recorded interest income of $540 on the promissory note during the year ended May 31, 2012. The note matured on April 18, 2012 and was extended to an expiry date of December 31, 2012.
During the year ended May 31, 2012, Linux and the Company revised the Fish Creek property option agreement whereby the Company applied $142,517 of the balance owed by Linux as cash payment in lieu of exploration work required by the option agreement, in consideration of which Linux extended the option agreement for an additional year.
C. Interests of Experts and Counsel
Item 8. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
A. Consolidated Statements and Other Financial Information
Included are our audited financial statements, consisting of consolidated statements of financial position as at May 31, 2012 and 2011, consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss, consolidated statements of cash flows and consolidated statements of change in equity for each of the years ended Mary 31, 2012 and 2011 along with related notes and Auditor’s Report and Comments by Auditors. See Item 17 – “Financial Statements”.
There are no material legal or arbitration proceedings to which we were a party or in respect of which our property is subject. Our management has no knowledge of any legal proceedings in which we may be involved or that are contemplated by governmental authorities or otherwise.
No dividends have been paid on any class of our shares since the date of our incorporation and we are not contemplating that any dividends will be paid in the immediate or foreseeable future.
B. Significant Changes
The following changes occurred subsequent to May 31, 2012:
Item 9. THE OFFER AND LISTING
A. Offer and Listing Details
We currently trade on the TSX.V under the trading symbol “TRC-V”. There are currently no restrictions on the transferability of these shares under Canadian securities laws. In addition, there has been a U.S. market in our shares on the OTC BB under the symbol TRYLF.OB. There is also a U.S. market in our shares on the Pink Sheets. We are not specifically aware of prices and other trading details for any shares which have or may have traded on the Pink Sheets. The ranges of the low and high sales prices for our shares traded on the TSX.V and OTC BB for the periods indicated are as follows.
The following summarizes the reported high and low prices for our shares on the TSX.V and the OTC BB for the periods indicated:
The closing price of our common shares on the TSX.V on May 31, 2012 was Cdn$0.05 and on the OTC BB it was US$0.05.
B. Plan of Distribution
Our common shares trade on the TSX.V under the symbol TRC-V. There are currently no restrictions on the transferability of these shares under Canadian securities laws. In addition there has been a U.S. market in our shares on the OTCBB under the symbol TRYLF.OB. Additionally, there has been a U.S. market in our shares on the Pink Sheets.
D. Selling Shareholders
F. Expenses of the Issue
Item 10. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
A. Share Capital
B. Memorandum and Articles of Association
We maintain at Computer share Investor Services Inc. (“transfer agent”) a securities register in which we record the securities issued by us in registered form, showing with respect to each class or series of securities:
The transfer agent keeps information relating to a security holder that is entered in the securities register for at least seven years after the security holder ceases to be a security holder.
We were incorporated pursuant to the British Columbia Company Act (the predecessor statute to the BCBCA) by memorandum and articles filed with the British Columbia Registrar of Companies on May 23, 1980. There are no restrictions on the type of business which may be carried out by us in our memorandum and articles and our objectives and purposes are not set out in our memorandum and articles.
Powers of Directors
Approval and Voting
A director or senior officer who holds a disclosable interest (as that term is used in the BCBCA) in a contract or transaction into which we have entered or propose to enter is:
A director or senior officer who holds any office or possesses any property, right or interest that could result, directly or indirectly, in the creation of a duty or interest that materially conflicts with that individual’s duty or interest as a director or senior officer, must disclose the nature and extent of the conflict as required by the BCBCA.
Remuneration and Expenses
The directors are entitled to the remuneration for acting as directors, if any, as the directors may from time to time determine. If the directors so decide, the remuneration of the directors, if any, will be determined by the Board. That remuneration may be in addition to any salary or other remuneration paid to any officer or employee as such, who is also a director.
If authorized by the Board, we may:
Any bonds, debentures or other debt obligations may be issued at a discount, premium or otherwise, and with any special privileges as to redemption, surrender, drawings, allotment of or conversion into or exchange for shares or other securities, attending and voting at our general meetings, appointment of directors or otherwise and may by their terms be assignable free from any equities between us and the person to whom they were issued or any subsequent holder thereof, all as the Board may determine.
A director is not required to hold a share in our capital as qualification for his or her office but must be qualified as required by the BCBCA to become, act or continue to act as a director.
The BCBCA states that
(1) A person must not become or act as a director of a company unless that person is an individual who is qualified to do so.
(2) An individual is not qualified to become or act as a director of a company if that individual is
(3) A director who ceases to be qualified to act as a director of a company must promptly resign.
Description of Securities
We are authorized to issue 100,000,000 common shares without par value of which, as at September 28, 2012, 72,628,605 common shares are issued and outstanding as fully paid and non-assessable. As at September 28, 2012, we had 2,775,000 common shares reserved under our stock option plan. These options are exercisable at prices ranging between $0.10 and $0.19 per share, expiring on dates ranging from August 26, 2013 to June 21, 2017. As at September 28, 2012, we had 585,000 common shares reserved under share purchase warrants. These warrants are exercisable at a price of $0.15 per share, expiring on September 30, 2012.
The holders of the common share are entitled to vote at all meetings of shareholders, except meetings at which only holders of a specified class of shares are entitled to vote, and on every poll taken at every such meeting, or adjourned meeting, every holder of common shares shall be entitled to one vote in respect of each common share held.
We are authorized to issue 5,000,000 preferred shares with no par value, which, as at September 28, 2012, no preferred shares are issued and outstanding. The Preferred Shares have attached thereto a right to receive dividends as determined by the Board. Pursuant to the special rights and restrictions attached to the shares, we may, by directors' resolution or ordinary resolution, in each case as determined by the Board: (a) determine the maximum number of shares of any of those series of preferred shares that we are authorized to issue, determine that there is no such maximum number or alter any determination made in relation to a maximum number of those shares; (b) create an identifying name by which the shares of any of those series of preferred shares may be identified or alter any identifying name created for those shares; and (c) attach special rights or restrictions to the shares of any of those series of preferred shares or alter any special rights or restrictions attached to those shares, subject to the special rights and restrictions attached to the series of preferred shares by our Articles. Where these alterations, determinations or authorizations are to be made in relation to a series of preferred shares of which there are issued shares, such alteration must be made by special resolution of our shareholders and a separate special resolution of the holders of that series.
Annual and Extraordinary General Meetings
Unless an annual general meeting is deferred or waived in accordance with the BCBCA, we must hold an annual general meeting at least once in each calendar year and not more than 15 months after the last annual meeting date at such time and place as may be determined by the Directors. The Board may call an extraordinary general meeting at any time. Notice of such meetings must be accompanied by an information circular describing the proposed business to be dealt with and making disclosures as prescribed by statute. A shareholder or shareholders having in the aggregate 5% of our issued shares may requisition a meeting and the Board is required to hold such meeting within four months of such requisition. Admission to such meetings is open to registered shareholders and their duly appointed proxies. Others may be admitted subject to the consent of the Chairman of the meeting.
Notice of Meetings
We must send notice of the date, time and location of any meeting of shareholders, in the manner provided in our Articles, or in such other manner, if any, as may be prescribed by directors’ resolution (whether previous notice of the resolution has been given or not), to each shareholder entitled to attend the meeting, to each Director and to our auditor, unless our Articles otherwise provide, at least the following number of days before the meeting:
The dividend entitlement of a common shareholder of record is fixed at the time of declaration by the Board. A vested dividend entitlement does not lapse, but unclaimed dividends are subject to a statutory six year contract debts limitation. Each common share is entitled to one vote on the election of each director. There are no cumulative voting rights, in consequence of which a simple majority of votes at the annual meeting can elect all of our directors. Each common share carries with it the right to share equally with every other common share in dividends declared and in any distribution of our surplus assets after payment to creditors on any winding up, liquidation or dissolution. There are no sinking fund provisions. All common shares must be fully paid prior to issue and are thereafter subject to no further capital calls by us. There exists no discriminatory provision affecting any existing or prospective holder of common shares as a result of such shareholder owning a substantial number of shares.
Rights of Shareholders
Under the BCBCA, the rights of shareholders may be changed only by the shareholders passing a special resolution approved by 2/3 of the votes cast at a general meeting of shareholders, the notice of which is accompanied by an information circular describing the proposed action and its effect on the shareholders. Shareholders representing 10% of our common shares who vote against such a resolution may apply to the Court to set aside the resolution and the Court may set aside, affirm or affirm and order us to purchase the shares of any shareholder at a price determined by the Court.
Our memorandum and articles contain no limitations on the rights of non-resident or foreign shareholders to hold or exercise rights on our shares. There is no limitation at law upon the right of a non-resident to hold shares in a Canadian company. There are no provisions in our memorandum and articles that would have an effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a change in control and that would operate only with respect to a merger, acquisition or corporate restructuring involving us or any of our subsidiaries.
There is no provision in our articles setting a threshold or requiring or governing disclosure of shareholder ownership above any level. Securities Acts, regulations and the policies and rules thereunder in the Provinces of Alberta and British Columbia, where we are a reporting company, require any person holding or having control of more than 10% of our issued shares to file insider returns disclosing such share holdings.
C. Material Contracts
During the year ended May 31, 2012 and subsequent to that date we entered into the following material contracts:
On April 20, 2012 the Company and Minewest Silver and Gold Inc. 70% owner of the Silverknife claims, entered into an Exploration, Development and Mine Operating Agreement until the completion of mining and environmental restoration on the Property with initial participation interests of 70% and 30% for Minewest and the Company respectively. The Exploration Agreement was approved by the TSX Venture Exchange on September 7, 2012.
D. Exchange Controls
There are no governmental laws, decrees or regulations in Canada relating to restrictions on the export or import of capital, or affecting the remittance of interest, dividends or other payments to non-resident holders of our common stock. See “Taxation” below.
The Investment Canada Act requires a non-Canadian making an investment which would result in the acquisition of control of a Canadian business, the gross value of the assets of which exceed certain threshold levels or the business activity of which is related to Canada’s cultural heritage or national identity, to either notify, or file an application for review with, Investment Canada, the federal agency created by the Investment Canada Act.
The notification procedure involves a brief statement of information about the investment on a prescribed form, which is required to be filed with Investment Canada by the investor at any time up to 30 days following implementation of the investment. It is intended that investments requiring only notification will proceed without government intervention unless the investment is in a specific type of business activity related to Canada’s cultural heritage and national identity.
If an investment is reviewable under the Act, an application for review in the form prescribed is normally required to be filed with Investment Canada prior to the investment taking place and the investment may not be implemented until the review has been completed and the Minister responsible for Investment Canada is satisfied that the investment is likely to be of net benefit to Canada. If the Minister is not satisfied that the investment is likely to be of net benefit to Canada, the non-Canadian must not implement the investment or, if the investment has been implemented, must divest himself of control of the business that is the subject of the investment.
Canadian Federal Income Tax Consequences
The following is a general discussion of all material Canadian federal income tax consequences, under current law, generally applicable to a holder of one or more Common Shares (a “Holder”) who for the purposes of the Income Tax Act (Canada) (the "Canadian Tax Act") is a non-resident of Canada, holds his Common Shares as capital property and deals at arm's length with our company and is restricted to such circumstances.
The following summary describes the principal Canadian federal income tax considerations generally applicable to a holder of the Common Shares who, for purposes of the Canadian Tax Act and the Convention between Canada and the United States of America with Respect to Taxes on Income and on Capital (the "Convention") and at all relevant times, is resident in the United States and was not and is not resident in Canada, deals at arm's length and is not affiliated with our company, holds the Common Shares as capital property, does not use or hold and is not deemed to use or hold the Common Shares in or in the course of carrying on business in Canada and is not a non-resident insurer and who otherwise qualifies for the full benefit of the Convention (a "United States Holder").
This summary is based on the current provisions of the Convention, the Canadian Tax Act and the regulations thereunder, and specific proposals to amend the Canadian Tax Act and the regulations announced by the Minister of Finance (Canada) prior to the date hereof and our understanding of the administrative practices published in writing by the Canada Revenue Agency prior to the date hereof. On September 21, 2007, the Minister of Finance (Canada) and the United States Secretary of the Treasury signed the fifth protocol to the Convention (the "Protocol") which includes amendments to many of the provisions of the Convention, including significant amendments to the limitation on benefits provision and treatment of fiscally transparent entities such as some United States limited liability companies. The Protocol was ratified by the United States government in December 2008 (it was ratified by the Canadian government in 2007) and came into force in 2010. United States Holders are urged to consult their own tax advisors to determine the impact of the Protocol and their entitlement to relief under the Convention based on their particular circumstances.
This summary does not take into account or anticipate any other changes in the governing law, whether by judicial, governmental or legislative decision or action, nor does it take into account the tax legislation or considerations of any province, territory or non-Canadian (including U.S.) jurisdiction, which legislation or considerations may differ significantly from those described herein.
For the purposes of the Canadian Tax Act, the Canadian tax results of a United States Holder are to be determined using Canadian currency based on the relevant exchange rate applicable thereto.
Prospective purchasers and holders of Common Shares should consult their own tax advisors with respect to their individual circumstances.
Generally, dividends paid by Canadian corporations to non-resident shareholders are subject to a withholding tax of 25% of the gross amount of such dividends. Pursuant to the Convention, the withholding tax rate on the gross amount of dividends paid to United States Holders may be reduced to 15% or, in the case of a United States Holder that is a U.S. corporation which beneficially owns at least 10% of the voting stock of the Canadian corporation paying the dividends, to 5% of the gross amount of such dividends.
Under the Convention, dividends paid to certain religious, scientific, charitable and other similar tax-exempt organizations and certain organizations that are resident in, and exempt from tax in, the United States are exempt from Canadian non-resident withholding tax, including any withholding tax levied in respect of dividends received on the shares.
Disposition of Common Shares
In general, a United States Holder will not be subject to Canadian income tax on capital gains arising on the disposition of the Common Shares, unless such shares are "taxable Canadian property" within the meaning of the Canadian Tax Act and no relief is afforded under the Convention. Generally, the Common Shares would be taxable Canadian property of a United States Holder if at any time during the sixty month period immediately preceding a disposition by the United States Holder of such shares, not less than 25% of the issued shares of any class or series of a class of shares of our company belonged to the United States Holder, to persons with whom the United States Holder did not deal at arm's length (within the meaning of the Canadian Tax Act), or to the United States Holder and persons with whom the non-resident did not deal at arm's length (within the meaning of the Canadian Tax Act). Even if the Common Shares are "taxable Canadian property" under the Canada Tax Act, under the Convention, a capital gain realized by a United States Holder will not be subject to Canadian tax unless the value of the Common Shares is derived principally from real property (as defined in the Convention) situated in Canada. We do not believe the value of our Common Shares is derived principally from real property situated in Canada.
U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences
The following is a summary of the anticipated material U.S. federal income tax consequences to a U.S. Holder (as defined below) arising from and relating to the acquisition, ownership, and disposition of Common Shares.
Each U.S. Holder is encouraged to consult his own financial advisor, legal counsel, or accountant regarding the U.S. federal, U.S. state and local, and foreign tax consequences of the acquisition, ownership, and disposition of Common Shares.
Scope of this Disclosure
This summary is based on the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the "Code"), Treasury Regulations (whether final, temporary. or proposed), published rulings of the Internal Revenue Service ("IRS"), published administrative positions of the IRS, and U.S. court decisions that are applicable and, in each case, as in effect and available, as of the date of this Registration Statement. Any of the authorities on which this summary is based could be changed in a material and adverse manner at any time, and any such change could be applied on a retroactive basis. This summary does not discuss the potential effects, whether adverse or beneficial, of any proposed legislation that, if enacted, could be applied on a retroactive basis.
For purposes of this summary, a "U.S. Holder" is a beneficial owner of Common Shares that, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, is (a) an individual who is a citizen or resident of the U.S., (b) a corporation, or any other entity classified as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes, that is created or organized in or under the laws of the U.S. or any state in the U.S., including the District of Columbia, (c) an estate if the income of such estate is subject to U.S. federal income tax regardless of the source of such income, or (d) a trust subject to the primary supervision of a court within the U.S. and control of a U.S. fiduciary as described Section 7701(a)(30) of the Code. If a partnership or other “pass-through” entity treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes holds Common Shares, the U.S. federal income tax treatment of the partners or owners of such partnership or other pass-through entity generally will depend on the status of such partners or owners and the activities of such partnership or pass-through entity.
Persons Not Covered
This summary does not address the U.S. federal income tax consequences to persons (including persons who are U.S. Holders) subject to special provisions of U.S. federal income tax law, including (i) persons who are tax-exempt organizations, qualified retirement plans, individual retirement accounts and other tax-deferred accounts, financial institutions, insurance companies, real estate investment trusts, regulated investment companies, or brokers, dealers or traders in securities, (ii) persons who have a “functional currency” other than the U.S. dollar, (iii) persons subject to the alternative minimum tax, (xi) persons who own their Common Shares as part of a straddle, hedging, conversion transaction, constructive sale or other arrangement involving more than one position, (iv) persons who acquired their Common Shares through the exercise of employee stock options or otherwise as compensation for services, (v) persons that own an interest in an entity that owns Common Shares, (vi) persons who own, exercise or dispose of any options, warrants or other rights to acquire Common Shares, (vii) persons who are partners or owners of partnerships or other pass-through entities or (viii) persons who own their Common Shares other than as a capital asset within the meaning of Section 1221 of the Code.
Distributions Made by the Corporation to U.S. Holders
General Rules. U.S. Holders receiving distributions (including constructive distributions) with respect to Common Shares issued by us are required to include in gross income as a dividend for U.S. federal income tax purposes the gross amount of such distributions (without reduction for any Canadian income tax withheld from such distributions), equal to the U.S. dollar value of such distributions on the date of receipt (based on the exchange rate on such date), to the extent that we have current or accumulated earnings and profits. To the extent that distributions from us exceed our current and accumulated earnings and profits, such distributions will be treated first as a return of capital, to the extent of the U.S. Holder’s adjusted basis in the shares, and thereafter as gain from the sale or exchange of the shares. (See more detailed discussion at “Disposition of Shares” below). Any Canadian tax withheld from a distribution by us may be credited, subject to certain limitations, against the U.S. Holder’s U.S. federal income tax liability or, alternatively, may be deducted in computing the U.S. Holder’s U.S. federal taxable income by those who itemize deductions. (See more detailed discussion at “Foreign Tax Credit” below).
Currency Gain or Loss. In the case of foreign currency received as a distribution that is not converted by the recipient into U.S. dollars on the date of receipt, a U.S. Holder will have a tax basis in the foreign currency equal to its U.S. dollar value on the date of receipt. Generally any gain or loss recognized upon a subsequent sale or other disposition of the foreign currency, including the exchange for U.S. dollars, will be ordinary income or loss. However, an individual whose realized gain does not exceed $200 will not recognize that gain, to the extent that there are no expenses associated with the transaction that meet the requirements for deductibility as a trade or business expense (other than travel expenses in connection with a business trip) or as an expense for the production of income.
Dividend may be Eligible for Reduced Tax Rate. For taxable years beginning after September 30, 2002 and before January 1, 2009, dividends received by U.S. Holders that are individuals, estates or trusts from “qualified foreign corporations,” as defined in Section 1(h)(11) of the Code, generally are taxed at the same preferential tax rates applicable to long-term capital gains. Although not free from doubt, it appears that we would be a “qualified foreign corporation,” as defined in Section 1(h)(11) of the Code pursuant to the U.S. Canada income tax treaty if we are not a Passive Foreign Investment Company (“PFIC”). A corporation that is properly described as a PFIC, Foreign Personal Holding Company (defined below), or a Foreign Investment Company (defined below) for its taxable year during which it pays a dividend, or for its immediately preceding taxable year, will not be treated as a “qualifying foreign corporation” and dividends received by U.S. Holders that are individuals, estates or trusts generally will be subject to U.S. federal income tax at ordinary income tax rates (and not at the preferential tax rates applicable to long-term capital gains).
Dividends not Eligible for Dividends Received Deduction. Dividends paid by us generally will not be eligible for the “dividends received deduction” allowed to corporate shareholders receiving dividends from certain U.S. corporations. Under certain circumstances, a U.S. Holder that is a corporation and that owns shares representing at least 10% of the total voting power and the total value of shares issued by us may be entitled to a 70% deduction of the “U.S. source” portion of dividends received from us (unless we qualify as a “Foreign Personal Holding Company” or a “PFIC” as defined below). The availability of the dividends received deduction is subject to several complex limitations that are beyond the scope of this discussion, and U.S. Holders of shares issued by us should consult their own financial advisor, legal counsel or accountant regarding the dividends received deduction.
Dividend Paid to Shareholder who Made QEF Election may be Exempt from Tax. Generally, shareholders are not subject to additional income taxation on distributions made by a PFIC to the extent of the shareholder’s basis in the corporation’s shares if a Qualified Electing Fund (“QEF”) election is in effect. (Please see the QEF election discussion below.) A shareholder’s basis in this situation is usually equal to the cost of purchasing the shares plus the amount of the corporation’s income that was reported on the shareholder’s return pursuant to the QEF election less any prior distributions made by the corporation to the shareholder. Again, these rules are subject to several exceptions that are beyond the scope of this discussion. U.S. Holders of shares issued by us should consult their own financial advisor, legal counsel or accountant regarding whether dividends paid by us to them will be exempt from federal income tax if a QEF election is made.
Disposition of Shares
General Rule. A U.S. Holder will recognize gain or loss upon the sale or other taxable disposition of shares issued by us equal to the difference, if any, between (i) the amount of cash plus the fair market value of any property received, and (ii) the shareholder’s tax basis in the shares. This gain or loss will be capital gain or loss if the Common Shares are a capital asset in the hands of the U.S. Holder, which will be long-term capital gain or loss if the shares are held for more than one year.
Reduced Tax Rate. Preferential tax rates apply to long-term capital gains of U.S. Holders that are individuals, estates or trusts. There are currently no preferential tax rates for long-term capital gains for a U.S. Holder that is a corporation (other than a corporation subject to Subchapter S of the Code). Deductions for net capital losses are subject to significant limitations. For U.S. Holders that are not corporations, any unused portion of such net capital loss may be carried over to be used in later tax years until such net capital loss is thereby exhausted. For U.S. Holders that are corporations (other than corporations subject to Subchapter S of the Code), an unused net capital loss may be carried back three years and carried forward five years from the loss year to be offset against capital gains until such net capital loss is thereby exhausted. Sales of PFIC stock are not eligible for the reduced long-term capital gains rates that are usually applicable to sales of stock unless the shareholder made a QEF election regarding such shares.
Our Corporation may be a Passive Foreign Investment Company
General Discussion. It is highly likely that we will be classified as a passive foreign investment company (“PFIC”) from time to time for U.S. federal income tax purposes. A non-U.S. corporation is classified as a PFIC whenever it satisfies either the asset test or the income test. This determination is not binding on U.S. Holders or the IRS and there can be no assurance that the IRS will not challenge this determination. A U.S. Holder who holds stock in a foreign corporation during any year in which such corporation qualifies as a PFIC is subject to numerous special U.S. federal income taxation rules and may elect to be taxed under two alternative tax regimes. The following is a discussion of these three sets of special rules applied to U.S. Holders of shares issued by us. In addition, special rules apply if a foreign corporation qualifies as both a PFIC and a “controlled foreign corporation” (as defined below) and a U.S. Holder owns, actually or constructively, 10 % or more of the total combined voting power of all classes of stock entitled to vote of such foreign corporation (See more detailed discussion at “Controlled Foreign Corporation” below).
Definition of PFIC. Section 1297 of the Code defines a PFIC as a corporation that is not formed in the U.S. and, for any taxable year, either (a) 75% or more of its gross income is “passive income” or (b) the average percentage, by fair market value (or, if the corporation is not publicly traded and either is a controlled foreign corporation or makes an election, by adjusted tax basis), of its assets that produce or are held for the production of “passive income” is 50% or more. “Passive income” includes, for example, dividends, interest, certain rents and royalties, certain gains from the sale of stock and securities, and certain gains from commodities transactions. However, gains resulting from commodities transactions are generally excluded from the definition of passive income if “substantially all” of a merchant’s, producer’s or handler’s business is as an active merchant, producer or handler of such commodities. For purposes of the PFIC income test and the assets test, if a foreign corporation owns (directly or indirectly) at least 25% by value of the stock of another corporation, such foreign corporation shall be treated as if it (a) held a proportionate share of the assets of such other corporation, and (b) received directly its proportionate share of the income of such other corporation. Also, for purposes of such PFIC tests, passive income does not include any interest, dividends, rents or royalties that are received or accrued from a “related” person to the extent such amount is properly allocable to the income of such related person which is not passive income. For these purposes, a person is related with respect to a foreign corporation if such person “controls” the foreign corporation or is controlled by the foreign corporation or by the same persons that control the foreign corporation. For these purposes, “control” means ownership, directly or indirectly, of stock possessing more than 50% of the total voting power of all classes of stock entitled to vote or of the total value of stock of a corporation
Generally Applicable PFIC Rules. If a U.S. Holder does not make a timely election to be taxed in conformity with the Mark-to-Market rules or the QEF rules during a year in which it holds (or is deemed to have held) shares issued by us while we are a PFIC (a “Non-Electing U.S. Holder”), then special taxation rules under Section 1291 of the Code will apply to (i) gains realized on the disposition (or deemed to be realized by reasons of a pledge) of his Common Shares and (ii) certain “excess distributions” (generally, distributions received in the current taxable year that are in excess of 125% of the average distributions received during the three preceding years or, if shorter, the U.S. Holder’s holding period) by us.
A Non-Electing U.S. Holder generally would be required to pro rate all gains realized on the disposition of his Common Shares and all excess distributions on his Common Shares over the entire holding period for the Common Shares. All gains or excess distributions allocated to prior years of the U.S. Holder would be taxed at the highest tax rate for each such prior year applicable to ordinary income. The Non-Electing U.S. Holder also would be liable for interest on the foregoing tax liability for each such prior year calculated as if such liability had been due with respect to each such prior year. A Non-Electing U.S. Holder that is not a corporation must treat this interest charge as “personal interest” which, as discussed above, is wholly non-deductible. The balance of the gain or the excess distribution will be treated as ordinary income in the year of the disposition or distribution, and no interest charge will be incurred with respect to such balance.
If we are a PFIC for any taxable year during which a Non-Electing U.S. Holder holds shares issued by us, then we will continue to be treated as a PFIC with respect to such Common Shares, even if we cease meeting the definition of a PFIC. A Non-Electing U.S. Holder may terminate this deemed PFIC status by electing to recognize gain (which will be taxed under the rules discussed above for Non-Electing U.S. Holders) as if such Common Shares had been sold on the last day of the last taxable year for which it was a PFIC.
Market-to-Market Election. U.S. Holders who hold, actually or constructively, marketable stock (as specifically defined in the Treasury Regulations) of a foreign corporation that qualifies as a PFIC may annually elect to mark such stock to the market (a “market-to-market election”). If such an election is made, such U.S. Holder will generally not be subject to the special taxation rules of Section 1291 discussed above. However, if the mark-to-market election is made by a Non-Electing U.S. Holder after the beginning of the holding period for the PFIC stock, then the Section 1291 rules will apply to certain dispositions of, distributions on and other amounts taxable with respect to our Common Shares. A U.S. Holder who makes the mark-to market election will include in income for the taxable year for which the election was made an amount equal to the excess, if any, of the fair market value of our Common Shares as of the close of such tax year over such U.S. Holder’s adjusted basis in such Common Shares. In addition, the U.S. Holder is allowed a deduction for the lesser of (i) the excess, if any, of such U.S. Holder’s adjusted tax basis in the Common Shares over the fair market value of such shares as of the close of the tax year, or (ii) the excess, if any, of (A) the mark-to-market gains for our shares included by such U.S. Holder for prior tax years, including any amount which would have been included for any prior tax year but for the Section 1291 interest on tax deferral rules discussed above with respect to Non-Electing U.S. Holders, over (B) the mark-to-market losses for shares that were allowed as deductions for prior tax years. A U.S. Holder’s adjusted tax basis in his shares will be adjusted to reflect the amount included in or deducted from income as a result of a mark-to-market election. A mark-to-market election applies to the taxable year in which the election is made and to each subsequent taxable year, unless the shares cease to be marketable, as specifically defined, or the IRS consents to revocation of the election.
QEF Election. A U.S. Holder who makes a timely QEF election (an “Electing U.S. Holder”) regarding his shares issued by us will be subject, under Section 1293 of the Code, to current U.S. federal income tax for any taxable year in which we qualify as a PFIC on his pro rata share of our (i) “net capital gain” (the excess of net long-term capital gain over net short-term capital loss), which will be taxed as long-term capital gain to the Electing U.S. Holder and (ii) “ordinary earnings” (the excess of earnings and profits over net capital gain), which will be taxed as ordinary income to the Electing U.S. Holder, in each case, for the shareholder’s taxable year in which (or with which) our taxable year ends, regardless of whether such amounts are actually distributed.
The effective QEF election also allows the Electing U.S. Holder to (i) generally treat any gain realized on the disposition of his Common Shares (or deemed to be realized on the pledge of his shares) as capital gain; (ii) treat his share of our net capital gain, if any, as long-term capital gain instead of ordinary income; and (iii) either avoid interest charges resulting from PFIC status altogether, or make an annual election, subject to certain limitations, to defer payment of current taxes on his share of our annual realized net capital gain and ordinary earnings subject, however, to an interest charge. If the Electing U.S. Holder is not a corporation, such an interest charge would be treated as “personal interest” that is not deductible.
The procedure a U.S. Holder must comply with in making an effective QEF election, and the U.S. federal income tax consequences of the QEF election, will depend on whether the year of the election is the first year in the U.S. Holder’s holding period in which we are a PFIC. If the U.S. Holder makes a QEF election in such first year, i.e., a timely QEF election, then the U.S. Holder may make the QEF election by simply filing the appropriate QEF election documents at the time the U.S. Holder files his tax return for such first year. However, if we qualified as a PFIC in a prior year, then in addition to filing the QEF election documents, the U.S. Holder must elect to recognize (i) under the rules of Section 1291 of the Code (discussed herein), any gain that he would otherwise recognize if the U.S. Holder sold his stock on the qualification date or (ii) if we are a controlled foreign corporation, the U.S. Holder’s pro rata share of our earnings and profits as of the qualification date. The qualification date is the first day of our first tax year in which we qualified as a QEF with respect to such U.S. Holder. The elections to recognize such gain or earnings and profits can only be made if such U.S. Holder’s holding period for the shares includes the qualification date. By electing to recognize such gain or earnings and profits, the U.S. Holder will be deemed to have made a timely QEF election. U.S. Holders are urged to consult a tax advisor regarding the availability of and procedure for electing to recognize gain or earnings and profits under the foregoing rules. In addition to the above rules, under very limited circumstances, a U.S. Holder may make a retroactive QEF election if such U.S. Holder failed to file the QEF election documents in a timely manner.
A QEF election, once made with respect to our company, applies to the tax year for which it was made and to all subsequent tax years, unless the election is invalidated or terminated, or the IRS consents to revocation of the election. If a QEF election is made by a U.S. Holder and we cease to qualify as a PFIC in a subsequent tax year, the QEF election will remain in effect, although not applicable, during those tax years in which we do not qualify as a PFIC. Therefore, if we again qualify as a PFIC in a subsequent tax year, the QEF election will be effective and the U.S. Holder will be subject to the rules described above for Electing U.S. Holders in such tax year and any subsequent tax years in which we qualify as a PFIC. In addition, the QEF election remains in effect, although not applicable, with respect to an Electing U.S. Holder even after such U.S. Holder disposes of all of his or its direct and indirect interest in our shares. Therefore, if such U.S. Holder reacquires an interest in our company, that U.S. Holder will be subject to the rules described above for Electing U.S. Holders for each tax year in which we qualify as a PFIC.
Generally, shareholders do not make a QEF election unless they have sufficient information to determine their proportionate shares of a corporation’s net capital gain and ordinary earnings. We have not calculated these amounts for any shareholder and do not anticipate making these calculations in the foreseeable future. Therefore, U.S. Holders of our Common Shares should consult their own financial advisor, legal counsel or accountant regarding the QEF election before making this election.
Other PFIC Rules. Under Section 1291(f) of the Code, the IRS has issued Proposed Treasury Regulations that, subject to certain exceptions, would treat as taxable certain transfers of PFIC stock by Non-Electing U.S. Holders that are generally not otherwise taxed, such as gifts, exchanges pursuant to corporate reorganizations, and transfers at death. Generally, in such cases the basis of shares in the hands of the transferee and the basis of any property received in the exchange for those shares would be increased by the amount of gain recognized. However, the specific U.S. federal income tax consequences to the U.S. Holder and the transferee may vary based on the manner in which the Common Shares are transferred.
Certain special, generally adverse, rules will apply with respect to shares issued by us while we are a PFIC whether or not it is treated as a QEF. For example under Section 1298(b)(6) of the Code, a U.S. Holder who uses PFIC stock as security for a loan (including a margin loan) will, except as may be provided in regulations, be treated as having made a taxable disposition of such shares.
The PFIC rules are very complicated, and U.S. Holders should consult their own financial advisor, legal counsel or accountant regarding the PFIC rules, including the advisability of and procedure for making a QEF election or a mark-to-mark election, and how these rules may impact their U.S. federal income tax situation.
Foreign Tax Credit
A U.S. Holder who pays (or has withheld from distributions) Canadian or other foreign income tax with respect to the ownership of shares issued by us may be entitled, at the option of the U.S. Holder, to either receive a deduction or a tax credit for U.S. federal income tax purposes with respect to such foreign tax paid or withheld. Generally, it will be more advantageous to claim a credit because a credit reduces U.S. federal income taxes on a dollar-for-dollar basis, while a deduction merely reduces the taxpayer’s income subject to U.S. federal income tax. This election is made on a year-by-year basis and applies to all foreign taxes paid by (or withheld from distributions to) the U.S. Holder during that year.
There are significant and complex limitations that apply to the foreign tax credit, among which is the general limitation that the credit cannot exceed the proportionate share of the U.S. Holder’s U.S. income tax liability that the U.S. Holder’s “foreign source” income bears to his or its worldwide taxable income. In applying this limitation, the various items of income and deduction must be classified as either “foreign source” or “U.S. source.” Complex rules govern this classification process. In addition, this limitation is calculated separately with respect to specific classes of income such as “passive income,” “high withholding tax interest,” “financial services income,” “shipping income,” and certain other classifications of income. Dividends distributed by us will generally constitute “foreign source” income, and will be classified as “passive income” or, in the case of certain U.S. Holders, “financial services income” for these purposes.
In addition, U.S. Holders that are corporations and that own 10% or more of our voting stock may be entitled to an “indirect” foreign tax credit under Section 902 of the Code with respect to the payment of dividends by us under certain circumstances and subject to complex rules and limitations. The availability of the foreign tax credit and the application of the limitations with respect to the foreign tax credit are fact specific, and each U.S. Holder of Common Shares issued by us should consult their own financial advisor, legal counsel or accountant regarding the foreign tax credit rules.
Information Reporting; Backup Withholding
Certain information reporting and backup withholding rules may apply with respect to certain payments related to shares issued by us. In particular, a payor or middleman within the U.S., or in certain cases outside the U.S., will be required to withhold 28% (which rate is scheduled for periodic adjustment) of any payments to a U.S. Holder regarding dividends paid by us, or proceeds from the sale of, such Common Shares within the U.S., if a U.S. Holder fails to furnish its correct taxpayer identification number (generally on Form W-9) or otherwise fails to comply with, or establish an exemption from, the backup withholding tax requirements. Any amounts withheld under the U.S. backup withholding tax rules will be allowed as a refund or a credit against the U.S. Holder’s U.S. federal income tax liability, provided the required information is furnished to the IRS. U.S. Holders should consult their own financial advisor, legal counsel or accountant regarding the information reporting and backup withholding rules applicable to our shares.
Other Considerations for U.S. Holders
In the following circumstances, the above sections of this discussion may not describe the U.S. federal income tax consequences to U.S. Holders resulting from the ownership and disposition of shares issued by a foreign corporation.
Foreign Personal Holding Company. If at any time during a taxable year (a) more than 50% of the total voting power or the total value of outstanding shares issued by us is owned, directly or indirectly, by five or fewer individuals who are citizens or residents of the U.S. and (b) 60% (or 50% in certain cases) or more of our gross income for such year is “foreign personal holding company income” as defined in Section 553 of the Code (e.g., dividends, interest, royalties, certain gains from the sale of stock and securities, and certain gains from commodities transactions), we may be treated as a “Foreign Personal Holding Company” (“FPHC”) In that event, U.S. Holders of our Common Shares would be required to include in gross income for such year their allocable portions of such “foreign personal holding company income” to the extent we do not actually distribute such income.
We do not believe that we currently qualify as a FPHC. However, there can be no assurance that we will not be considered a FPHC for the current or any future taxable year.
Foreign Investment Company. If (a) 50% or more of the total voting power or the total value of our outstanding shares is owned, directly or indirectly, by citizens or residents of the U.S., U.S. partnerships or corporations, or U.S. estates or trusts (as defined by the Code Section 7701(a)(30)), and (b) we are found to be engaged primarily in the business of investing, reinvesting, or trading in securities, commodities, or any interest therein, we may be treated as a “Foreign Investment Company” (“FIC”) as defined in Section 1246 of the Code, causing all or part of any gain realized by a U.S. Holder selling or exchanging our Common Shares to be treated as ordinary income rather than capital gain.
We do not believe that we currently qualify as a FIC. However, there can be no assurance that we will not be considered a FIC for the current or any future taxable year.
Controlled Foreign Corporation. If more than 50% of the total voting power or the total value of our outstanding shares is owned, directly or indirectly, by citizens or residents of the U.S., U.S. partnerships or corporations, or U.S. estates or trusts (as defined by the Code Section 7701(a)(30)), each of which own, directly or indirectly, 10% or more of the total voting power of our outstanding shares (each a “10% Shareholder”), we could be treated as a “Controlled Foreign Corporation” (“CFC”) under Section 957 of the Code.
The classification of our company as a CFC would affect many complex results, including that 10% Shareholders would generally (i) be treated as having received a current distribution of our “Subpart F income” and (ii) would also be subject to current U.S. federal income tax on their pro rata shares of our earnings invested in “U.S. property.” The foreign tax credit may reduce the U.S. federal income tax on these amounts for such 10% Shareholders (See more detailed discussion at “Foreign Tax Credit” above). In addition, under Section 1248 of the Code, gain from the sale or other taxable disposition of our Common Shares by a U.S. Holder that is or was a 10% Shareholder at any time during the five-year period ending with the sale is treated as a dividend to the extent of our earnings and profits attributable to the Common Shares sold or exchanged.
If we are classified as both a PFIC and a CFC, we generally will not be treated as a PFIC with respect to 10% Shareholders. This rule generally will be effective for taxable years of 10% Shareholders beginning after 1997 and for its taxable years ending with or within such taxable years of 10% Shareholders.
We do not believe that we currently qualify as a CFC. However, there can be no assurance that we will not be considered a CFC for the current or any future taxable year.
The FPHC, FIC and CFC rules are very complicated, and U.S. Holders should consult their own financial advisor, legal counsel or accountant regarding the FPHC, FIC and CFC rules and how these rules may impact their U.S. federal income tax situation.
F. Dividends and Paying Agents
G. Statements by Experts
H. Documents on Display
We have filed with the SEC this Annual Report on Form 20-F, including exhibits, under the Exchange Act with respect to our common shares.
Our registration statement may be inspected and copied, including exhibits and schedules, and the reports and other information as filed with the SEC in accordance with the Exchange Act at the public reference facilities maintained by the SEC at Judiciary Plaza, 100 F Street NE, Washington, D.C. 20549. Copies of such material may also be obtained from the Public Reference Section of the SEC at 100 F Street NE, Washington, D.C. 20549, at prescribed rates. Information may be obtained regarding the Washington D.C. Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330 or by contacting the SEC over the Internet at its website at http://www.sec.gov.
I. Subsidiary Information
Item 11. quantitative and qualitative disclosures about market risk
Item 12. DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES OTHER THAN EQUITY SECURITIES
Item 13. DEFAULTS, DIVIDEND ARREARAGES AND DELINQUENCIES
There have been no defaults, dividends arrearages or delinquencies.
Item 14. MATERIAL MODIFICATION TO THE RIGHTS OF SECURITY HOLDERS AND USE OF PROCEEDS
There have been no material modifications to our common shares.
ITEM 15. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
A. Disclosure Controls and Procedures
As at the end of the period covered by this Form 20-F Annual Report, our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive officer and our Chief Financial Officer, performed an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that the material financial and non-financial information required to be disclosed by Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 of the Exchange Act and filed with the SEC is recorded, processed, summarized and timely reported. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in our reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding our required disclosure.
Management, including our CEO and CFO, does not expect that our disclosure controls and procedures or internal controls and procedures will prevent all error and all fraud. A control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within our company have been detected. These inherent limitations include the realities that judgments in decision-making can be faulty, and that breakdowns can occur because of simple error or mistake. Additionally, controls can be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people, or by management override of control. The design of any system of controls also is based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions; over time, control may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate. Because of the inherent limitations in a cost-effective control system, misstatements due to error or fraud may occur and not be detected.
Management, including the CEO and CFO, directly supervises the preparation of all of the financial reports prepared by us and is directly involved in our financial record keeping and reporting. All accounting records and financial reports prepared by us are reviewed for accuracy by the CEO and CFO.
After evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the year end covered by this report, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as a result of weaknesses in the design of internal control over financial reporting.
B. Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over the financial reporting of our company. Internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) of the Exchange Act is a process designed by, or under the supervision of, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, and affected by our Board, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with GAAP, and includes those policies and procedures that: (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect transactions and dispositions of our assets; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP, and that receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with the authorizations of management and our Board; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of our assets that could have a material effect on our financial statements.
Management has concluded, based on their evaluation, that as of May 31, 2012, weaknesses existed in the design of internal control over financial reporting caused by a lack of adequate segregation of duties and ineffective risk management. These weaknesses have the potential to result in material misstatements in our financial statements, and should also be considered a weakness in our disclosure controls and procedures. As a result of limited staffing due to the size of our business certain staff members carry out multiple responsibilities independently. To remediate such weakness, we plan to appoint additional qualified personnel to address inadequate segregation of duties and ineffective risk management, and adopt sufficient written policies and procedures for accounting and financial reporting. These remediation efforts are largely dependent upon securing additional financing to cover the costs of implementing the changes required. Because of the material weakness described, management believes that, as of May 31, 2012, our company’s internal control over financial report was not effective as of the Evaluation Date.
The Audit Committee has been provided information on the deficiency. Together, the Audit Committee, the Board and management continue to work to mitigate the risk of a material misstatement in our financial statements. Management will continue to identify certain areas where it can improve process controls and will incorporate these changes into the control over the financial reporting going forward.
C. Attestation Report of the Registered Public Accounting Firm
This annual report does not include an attestation report of our registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management’s report was not subject to attestation by our registered public accounting firm pursuant to temporary rules of the SEC that permit us to provide only management’s report in this annual report.
D. Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
During the period covered by this report, there has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
ITEM 16A. AUDIT COMMITTEE FINANCIAL EXPERT
We do not currently have a financial expert on our audit committee. We rely upon the services of a chartered accountant in Vancouver, BC, Canada, to prepare our consolidated financial statements.
Our audit committee is comprised of seasoned business professionals, whereby the members have over 25 years of experience in the investment business and are board members of several corporations. We believe that the audit committee has adequate resources available to it when financial expertise and advice are necessary.
ITEM 16B. CODE OF ETHICS
We have not yet adopted a written “code of ethics” that meets the new United States’ Sarbanes-Oxley standards. The Board believes that its existing standards and procedures are adequate for its purposes. We believe that our management structure and corporate culture effectively deter wrongdoing and promote honest and ethical conduct, full, fair and accurate, timely, and understandable disclosure in reports and documents, compliance with applicable governmental laws, rules and regulations, prompt internal reporting of unethical conduct and accountability for adherence to the conduct standards. We have no employees and our officers are also directors, thus eliminating any split between our management and the directors who are responsible to safeguard shareholder interests. As a result, we believe that the activities of our officers, employees and other agents can be easily monitored by our directors, thus eliminating the need for a formal written code of ethics.
ITEM 16C. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES
ACAL Group, Chartered Accountants (“ACAL”) audited our financial statements for the years ended May 31, 2012 and May 31, 2011.
ACAL were paid or accrued the corresponding fees for the fiscal years ended May 31, 2012 and May 31, 2011, respectively.
Fees billed by ACAL for professional services for the year ended May 31, 2012 were $19,000 and for the year ended May 31, 2011 were $18,000. Such fees were for the audit of our annual financial statements and for services in connection with statutory and regulatory filings for such fiscal years.
Audit Related Fees
Fees billed for audit related fees by ACAL for assurance and related services that are reasonably related to the performance of the audit or review of our financial statements and not reported under audit fees totaled $Nil for ACAL for the years ended May 31, 2012 and 2011.
Fees for tax services, including tax compliance, tax advice and tax planning work billed by ACAL for the years ended May 31, 2012 and 2011 were $Nil.
All Other Fees
All other fees billed by ACAL during the fiscal years ended May 31, 2012 and 2011 were $Nil for compilation reports on the pro forma financial statements.
Audit Committee Policies and Procedures
The audit services provided to us by ACAL in the fiscal years ended May 31, 2012 and May 31, 2011 were pre-approved by our audit committee. Prior to engaging ACAL, as the case may be, to perform audit and review services, our audit committee reviewed the services to be provided and the fee to be paid by us for such service and assessed the impact of the service on each of the auditor’s independence.
It is our policy for our Audit Committee to pre-approve all audit and audit-related fees prior to commencement of the services. The percentage of audit related fees pre-approved by our Audit Committee during fiscal 2012 was 100%.
There were no hours expended on ACAL’s engagement to audit our financial statements for the most recent fiscal year that were attributed to work performed by persons other than ACAL’s full-time, permanent employees.
ITEM 16D. EXEMPTIONS FROM THE LISTING STANDARDS FOR AUDIT COMMITTEES
ITEM 16E. PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES BY THE ISSUER AND AFFILIATED PURCHASERS
No purchases of shares or any other units of any class of our equity securities have been made by or on our behalf, or any affiliated purchaser.
ITEM 16F. CHANGE IN REGISTRANT’S CERTIFYING ACCOUNTANT
ITEM 16G. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE
Item 17. Financial Statements
The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Canadian GAAP and are presented in Canadian dollars. There are material measurement differences between United States and Canadian GAAP. A reconciliation of the financial statements to United States GAAP is set forth in Note 16 to the consolidated financial statements.
Consolidated Financial Statements for the Year Ended May 31, 2012 and 2011
Auditors’ Report dated September 27, 2012.
Consolidated Statements of Financial Position
Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
Consolidated Statements of Change in Equity
Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements
TERYL RESOURCES CORP.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE YEARS ENDED MAY 31, 2012 AND 2011
(Stated in Canadian Dollars)
INDEPENDENT AUDITORS’ REPORT
To: the Shareholders of
Teryl Resources Corp.
We have audited the accompanying consolidated financial statements of Teryl Resources Corp. (the “Company”), which comprise the consolidated statements of financial position as at May 31, 2012 and May 31, 2011 and June 1, 2010, and the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss, consolidated statements of cash flows and consolidated statements of changes in equity for the years ended May 31, 2012 and May 31, 2011, and a summary of significant accounting policies and other explanatory information.
Management’s Responsibility for the Financial Statements
Management is responsible for the preparation and fair presentation of these consolidated financial statements in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board, and for such internal control as management determines is necessary to enable the preparation of consolidated financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.
Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with Canadian generally accepted auditing standards and the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we comply with ethical requirements and plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free from material misstatement. We were not engaged to perform an audit of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.
An audit involves performing procedures to obtain audit evidence about the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. The procedures selected depend on the auditor's judgment, including the assessment of the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to fraud or error. An audit also includes evaluating the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements.
We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained in our audits is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our audit opinion.
In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as at May 31, 2012 and May 31, 2011 and June 1, 2010, and its financial performance and its cash flows for the years ended May 31, 2012 and May 31, 2011 in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board.
Emphasis of Matter
Without qualifying our opinion, we draw attention to Note 1 in the consolidated financial statements which indicates that the Company has incurred losses to date. This condition, along with other matters as set forth in Note 1, indicates the existence of a material uncertainty that may cast significant doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.
Vancouver, British Columbia
September 27, 2012
TERYL RESOURCES CORP.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION
(Stated in Canadian Dollars)
Going Concern (Note 1) and Subsequent Events (Note 19)
Approved on behalf of the Board of Directors:
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
TERYL RESOURCES CORP.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(Stated in Canadian Dollars)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
TERYL RESOURCES CORP.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Stated in Canadian Dollars)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
TERYL RESOURCES CORP.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGE IN EQUITY
(Stated in Canadian Dollars)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
TERYL RESOURCES CORP.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE YEARS ENDED MAY 31, 2012 AND 2011
(Stated in Canadian Dollars)
Teryl Resources Corp. (the “Company”) is a public company incorporated in British Columbia on May 23, 1980 and changed to its current name on February 28, 1984. Its shares are listed on the TSX Venture Exchange (“TSX.V”). The Company is in the business of acquiring mineral properties and carries out exploration work. It also acquires oil and gas property interests and participates in drilling wells. The Company’s registered office is located at #240 – 11780, Hammersmith Way, Richmond, BC, V7A 5E9.
These consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the basis of accounting principles applicable to a going concern, which assumes that the Company will continue in operation for the foreseeable future and will be able to realize its assets and discharge its liabilities in the normal course of operations. Several adverse conditions cast substantial doubt on the validity of this assumption. The Company continues to incur operating losses, has limited financial resources, limited sources of operating cash flow, and no assurances that sufficient funding, including adequate financing, will be available to conduct further exploration and development of its mineral property projects.
The Company’s ability to continue as a going concern is dependent upon its ability to obtain the financing necessary to complete its mineral projects by issuance of share capital or through joint ventures, and to realize future profitable production or proceeds from the disposition of its natural resource interests. The Company has incurred an accumulated deficit of $12,234,099 (2011 - $11,467,769) as at May 31, 2012 and has incurred a loss of $766,330 in the year ended May 31, 2012 (2011 – $534,184). These consolidated financial statements do not include adjustments that would be necessary should it be determined that the Company may be unable to continue as a going concern.
If the going concern assumption was not appropriate for these consolidated financial statements, adjustments would be necessary in the carrying values of assets, liabilities, reported income and expenses and the balance sheet classifications used. Such adjustments could be material.
These consolidated financial statements of the Company and its subsidiaries, including comparatives, have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”), as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (“IASB”). As these consolidated financial statements represent the Company’s initial presentation of its annual operating results and year-end financial position under IFRS, they were prepared in accordance with IFRS 1 (First time Adoption of IFRS). The first date at which IFRS was applied was June 1, 2010. The policies set out below were consistently applied to all the periods presented unless otherwise noted below.
The Company’s consolidated financial statements were previously prepared in accordance with Canadian GAAP. Canadian GAAP differs in certain respects from IFRS. In preparing these consolidated financial statements, management has amended certain accounting, valuation and consolidation methods previously applied in the Canadian GAAP financial statements to comply with IFRS. The comparative figures for 2011 were restated to reflect these adjustments. Note 18 contains reconciliations and descriptions of the effect of the transition from Canadian GAAP to IFRS on equity, earnings and comprehensive income along with line-by-line reconciliations of the consolidated statement of financial position as at May 31, 2011 and June 1, 2010, and the consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive income for the year ended May 31, 2011. Subject to the transition elections, the Company has consistently applied the same accounting policies in the opening IFRS statement of financial position at June 1, 2010 and throughout the periods presented, as if these policies had always been in effect.
These consolidated financial statements were reviewed by the Audit Committee and approved and authorized for issue by the Board of Directors on September 27, 2012.
TERYL RESOURCES CORP.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE YEARS ENDED MAY 31, 2012 AND 2011
(Stated in Canadian Dollars)
Basis of preparation
These consolidated financial statements were prepared on a going concern basis, under the historical cost convention, except for the revaluation of certain financial instruments.
The preparation of financial statements in accordance with IFRS requires the use of certain critical accounting estimates. It also requires management to exercise judgment in applying the Company’s accounting policies. The areas involving a higher degree of judgment or complexity, or areas where assumptions and estimates are significant to the consolidated financial statements are disclosed in Note 4.
Basis of consolidation and presentation
These consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Argon Investment Corporation (inactive) and Teryl, Inc. Teryl, Inc. was incorporated on November 17, 1988 in the state of Delaware and registered to do business in the USA, to hold and operate the Alaska mineral property interests, the Texas oil and gas well interests and the Arizona mineral property interests.
All inter-company transactions are eliminated upon consolidation.
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