XOTC:COPY Quarterly Report 10-Q Filing - 7/31/2012

Effective Date 7/31/2012

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    Table of Contents                                                                          

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C.  20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)

OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended July 31, 2012

 

Commission file number 0-11254

 

 

COPYTELE, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware

 

 

11-2622630

(State or other jurisdiction of

   

(I.R.S. Employer

incorporation or organization)

 

 

Identification No.)

 

900 Walt Whitman Road

 

 

 

Melville, NY

 

 

11747

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

 

(Zip Code)

 

             

(631) 549-5900

(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Yes   X             No ___

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Yes   X             No ___

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer [ ]

 

Accelerated filer [ ]

Non-accelerated filer [ ]                                                         (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

Smaller reporting company [X]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Yes ____         No   X    

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

On September 10, 2012, the registrant had outstanding 184,854,037 shares of Common Stock, par value $.01 per share, which is the registrant’s only class of common stock.       

 


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

Item 1. Financial Statements.

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of July 31, 2012 (Unaudited) and October 31, 2011

3

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited) for the nine months ended July 31, 2012 and 2011

4

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited) for the three months ended July 31, 2012 and 2011   

5

 

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Shareholders’ Equity (Unaudited) for the nine months ended July 31, 2012

6

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited) for the nine months ended July 31, 2012 and 2011

7

 

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

8 – 24

 

 

Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

25 - 36

 

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

37

 

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

37

 

 

 

 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings.

38

 

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

38

 

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

38

 

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

38

 

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

38

 

 

Item 5. Other Information.

38

 

 

Item 6. Exhibits.

39

 

 

SIGNATURES

40

                                                         

2


 
Table of Contents

PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.  Financial Statements.

COPYTELE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

July 31,

 

October 31,

ASSETS

2012

 

2011

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

101,532

 

$

774,040

Short-term investment in U.S. government securities and certificates of deposit

 

950,000

 

 

2,249,159

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

93,329

 

 

97,158

Total current assets

 

1,144,861

 

 

3,120,357

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investment in Videocon Industries Limited global depository receipts,at market value

 

4,602,717

 

 

5,382,051

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investment in Volga-Svet, Ltd., at cost

 

127,500

 

 

127,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $2,183,914 and $2,178,291, respectively

 

11,901

 

 

15,924

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

$

5,886,979

 

$

8,645,832

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

$

462,856

 

$

374,691

Accrued liabilities

 

129,874

 

 

85,778

Deferred revenue, non-refundable license fees

 

1,187,320

 

 

1,644,679

Total current liabilities

 

1,780,050

 

 

2,105,148

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contingencies (Note 10)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deferred revenue, non-refundable license fee

 

-

 

 

482,651

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loan payable to related party (Note 1)

 

5,000,000

 

 

5,000,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, par value $100 per share; 500,000 shares authorized; no shares issued or outstanding

 

-

 

 

-

Common stock, par value $.01 per share; 240,000,000 shares authorized;184,189,787 and 176,131,047 shares issued and outstanding, respectively

 

1,841,898

 

 

1,761,310

Additional paid-in capital

 

126,267,184

 

 

125,127,246

Loan receivable from related party (Note 1)

 

(5,000,000)

 

 

(5,000,000)

Accumulated deficit

 

(123,222,819)

 

 

(120,830,523)

Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income

 

(779,334)

 

 

-

Total shareholders’ (deficit) equity

 

(893,071)

 

 

1,058,033

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

$

5,886,979

 

$

8,645,832

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


 
Table of Contents

COPYTELE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)

 

 

For the Nine Months Ended

 

July 31,

 

 

2012

 

 

2011

Net revenue

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue from sales of encryption products, net

$

6,725

 

$

128,233

Display technology license fee

 

940,010

 

 

426,000

Total net revenue

 

946,735

 

 

554,233

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of revenue and operating expenses

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of encryption products sold

 

1,948

 

 

33,484

Research and development expenses

 

1,712,302

 

 

2,388,362

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

1,641,277

 

 

2,153,737

Total cost of revenue and operating expenses

 

3,355,527

 

 

4,575,583

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss from operations

 

(2,408,792)

 

 

(4,021,350)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividend income

 

13,463

 

 

33,507

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

3,033

 

 

1,196

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss before income taxes

 

(2,392,296)

 

 

(3,986,647)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Provision for income taxes

 

-

 

 

600,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

$

(2,392,296)

 

$

(4,586,647)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss per share:

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and diluted

$

(0.01)

 

$

(0.03)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and diluted

 

180,620,450

 

 

164,387,291

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


4

 



Table of Contents

COPYTELE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)

 

 

For the Three Months Ended

 

July 31,

 

2012

 

2011

Net revenue

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue from sales of encryption products, net

$

2,800

 

$

24,360

Display technology license fee

 

246,670

 

 

426,000

Total net revenue

 

249,470

 

 

450,360

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of revenue and operating expenses

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of encryption products sold

 

714

 

 

3,626

Research and development expenses

 

458,412

 

 

879,644

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

433,682

 

 

774,748

Total cost of revenue and operating expenses

 

892,808

 

 

1,658,018

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss from operations

 

(643,338)

 

 

(1,207,658)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividend income

 

13,463

 

 

33,507

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

773

 

 

653

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss before income taxes

 

(629,102)

 

 

(1,173,498)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Provision for income taxes

 

-

 

 

600,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

$

(629,102)

 

$

(1,773,498)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss per share:

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and diluted

$

0.00

 

$

(0.01)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and diluted

 

182,964,773

 

 

170,604,447

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


5

 



Table of Contents

COPYTELE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

FOR THE NINE MONTHS ENDED JULY 31, 2012 (UNAUDITED)

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Receivable

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

 

From

 

 

 

 

Other

 

 

Total

Common Stock

Paid-in

Related

Accumulated

Comprehensive

Shareholders'

 

Shares

 

 

Par Value

 

 

Capital

 

 

Party

 

 

Deficit

 

 

Income (Loss)

 

 

Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, October 31, 2011

176,131,047

 

$

1,761,310

 

$

125,127,246

 

$

(5,000,000)

 

$

(120,830,523)

 

$

-

 

$

1,058,033

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock option compensation to employees

-

 

 

-

 

 

111,105

 

 

-

   

-

   

-

 

 

111,105

Common stock issued upon exercise of stock options under stock option plans

1,290,000

 

 

12,900

 

 

195,550

 

 

-

   

-

   

-

 

 

208,450

Common stock issued to employees pursuant to stock incentive plans

6,463,830

 

 

64,639

 

 

796,725

 

 

-

   

-

   

-

 

 

861,364

Common stock issued to consultants pursuant to stock incentive plans

304,910

 

 

3,049

 

 

36,558

 

 

-

   

-

   

-

 

 

39,607

Unrealized (loss) on investment in Videocon Industries Limited global depository receipts

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

   

-

   

-

   

(779,334)

 

 

(779,334)

Net loss

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

   

-

   

(2,392,296)

 

 

-

 

 

(2,392,296)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, July 31, 2012

184,189,787

 

$

1,841,898

 

$

126,267,184

 

$

(5,000,000)

 

$

(123,222,819)

 

$

(779,334)

 

$

(893,071)

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

6



Table of Contents

COPYTELE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)

 

 

For the Nine Months Ended

 

July 31,

 

2012

 

2011

Cash flow from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Payments to suppliers, employees and consultants

$

(2,199,910)

 

$

(2,566,980)

Cash received from sales of product and services

 

5,325

 

 

129,963

Cash received from display technology license fee, net of taxes

 

-

 

 

2,400,000

Dividend received

 

13,463

 

 

33,507

Interest received

 

2,817

 

 

-

Net cash used in operating activities

 

(2,178,305)

 

 

(3,510)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flow from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Disbursements to acquire short-term investments in certificates of deposit

 

(1,200,000)

 

 

(3,747,543)

Proceeds from the sale or maturities of short-term investments in U.S. government

 

 

 

securities and certificates of deposit

 

2,498,947

 

 

749,740

Proceeds from sale of Digital Info Security Co., Inc. common stock

 

-

 

 

118,777

Payments for purchases of property and equipment

 

(1,600)

 

 

(9,028)

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

1,297,347

 

 

(2,888,054)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flow from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Private placement

 

-

 

 

1,250,000

Proceeds from exercise of stock options

 

208,450

 

 

1,098,850

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

208,450

 

 

2,348,850

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

 

(672,508)

 

 

(542,714)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

774,040

 

 

1,094,116

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$

101,532

 

$

551,402

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reconciliation of net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

(2,392,296)

 

 

(4,586,647)

Stock option compensation to employees

 

111,105

 

 

643,024

Stock option compensation to consultants

 

-

 

 

44,034

Stock awards granted to employees pursuant to stock incentive plans

 

861,364

 

 

1,313,046

Stock awards granted to consultants pursuant to stock incentive plans

 

39,607

 

 

84,221

Depreciation expense

 

5,623

 

 

5,992

Gain on sale of Digital Info Security Co., Inc. common stock

 

-

 

 

(30,169)

Other

 

212

 

 

(2,996)

Change in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Inventories

 

2,073

 

 

20,816

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

1,756

 

 

27,848

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

 

132,261

 

 

(96,679)

Deferred revenue

 

(940,010)

 

 

2,574,000

Net cash used in operating activities

$

(2,178,305)

 

$

(3,510)

                                                                                           

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


7

 



Table of Contents

COPYTELE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

(UNAUDITED)

 

1.         BUSINESS AND FUNDING 

Description of Business and Basis of Presentation

Our principal operations include the development, production and marketing of thin flat display technologies, including low-voltage phosphor color displays and low-power passive E-Paper® displays, and the development, production and marketing of multi-functional encryption products that provide information security for domestic and international users over several communications media.

 

The condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited, and have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial reporting, and with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) regarding interim financial reporting.  Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements.  The information contained herein is as of July 31, 2012 and for the nine and three-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011.  In management’s opinion, all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of the results of operations for such periods) have been included herein.  We are required to make certain estimates, judgments and assumptions that management believes are reasonable based upon the information available.  These estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the condensed  consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods.  We have evaluated subsequent events for possible disclosure through the date the condensed consolidated financial statements were issued. 

 

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of CopyTele, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries, CopyTele International Ltd. (“CopyTele International”) and CopyTele Marketing Inc. (“CopyTele Marketing”).  CopyTele International and CopyTele Marketing were incorporated in the British Virgin Islands in July 2007 and September 2007, respectively.  CopyTele International was formed for the purpose of holding an investment in global depository receipts of Videocon Industries Limited, an Indian company (“Videocon”).  As of July 31, 2012, CopyTele Marketing was inactive.  All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

The results of operations for interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for a full year or any interim period.  Reference is made to the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 2011, for more extensive disclosures than contained in these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

Unless otherwise indicated, all references in this Form 10-Q to “dollars” or “$” refer to U.S. dollars.

8



Table of Contents


Funding and Management’s Plans

 

We are in the process of evaluating our complete patent portfolio to identify potential opportunities and maximize the return on investment from our intellectual property.  We are also reassessing all of our business relationships and development programs to identify our most promising prospects and, in order to achieve cost savings, eliminate those we consider less productive.

 

Since our inception, we have met our liquidity and capital expenditure needs primarily through the proceeds from sales of common stock in our initial public offering and in private placements, upon exercise of warrants issued in connection with the private placements and our initial public offering, and upon the exercise of stock options.  In addition, we have generated limited cash flows from sales of our encryption products and from license fees from Videocon related to our display technology pursuant to the Videocon License Agreement (as defined below).  In May 2011, we entered into the AUO License Agreements (as defined below) with AU Optronics Corp., a Taiwanese company (“AUO”), and in June 2011 we received an initial license fee from AUO.

 

During the nine months ended July 31, 2012, our cash used in operating activities was approximately $2,178,000.  This resulted from payments to suppliers, employees and consultants of approximately $2,186,000, which was offset by cash of approximately $5,000 received from collections of accounts receivable related to sales of encryption products and approximately $3,000 of interest received on certificates of deposit.  Our cash provided by investing activities during the nine months ended July 31, 2012 was approximately $1,297,000, which resulted from approximately $2,499,000 received upon the sale or maturities of short-term investments consisting of certificates of deposit and U.S. government securities, offset by purchases of short-term investments consisting of certificates of deposit of $1,200,000 and the purchase of equipment for approximately $2,000.  Our cash provided by financing activities during the nine months ended July 31, 2012 was approximately $208,000, which resulted from cash received upon the exercise of stock options.  As a result, our cash, cash equivalents, and investments in certificates of deposit and U.S. government securities at July 31, 2012 decreased by approximately $1,971,000 to approximately $1,052,000 from approximately $3,023,000 at October 31, 2011.  

 

Total employee compensation expense for the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011 was approximately $1,939,000 and $2,836,000, respectively, and for the three-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011 was approximately $595,000 and $1,094,000, respectively.  During the nine-months ended July 31, 2012 and 2011, a significant portion of employee compensation consisted of the issuance of stock and stock options to employees in lieu of cash compensation.  We recorded stock-based compensation expense, related to stock awards granted to employees, for the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011 of approximately $861,000 and $1,313,000, respectively, and the three-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011 of approximately $337,000 and $353,000, respectively.  We recorded stock-based compensation expense, related to stock options granted to employees and directors, for the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011 of approximately $111,000 and $643,000 respectively, and for the three-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011 of approximately $-0- and $334,000, respectively.

 

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In February 2011, we sold 7,000,000unregisteredshares of our common stock in a private placement at a price of $0.1786 per share, for proceeds of $1,250,000, of which 3,360,000 shares were sold to our former and current Chairmen and Chief Executive Officers, our Chief Financial Officer and director, and the two other directors of the Company.  In conjunction with the sale of the common stock, we issued warrants to purchase 7,000,000 unregistered shares of our common stock.  Each warrant grants the holder the right to purchase one share of our common stock (or 7,000,000 shares of common stock in the aggregate) at the purchase price of $0.1786 per share on or before February 8, 2016.  The warrants were valued at $0.0756 per share using a Black-Scholes pricing model, adjusted for the estimated impact on fair value of the restrictions relating to the warrants.

In September 2012, we received aggregate gross proceeds of $750,000 from the issuance of 8% convertible debentures due September 12, 2016, of which $300,000 was received from our current Chairman and Chief Executive Officer and one other director of the Company.  The debentures pay interest quarterly and are convertible into shares of our common stock at a conversion price of $0.092 per share on or before September 12, 2016.  The debentures beneficial conversion feature will result in the recording of a material expense during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2012.  We may prepay the debentures at any time without penalty upon 30 days prior notice.

 

Based on information presently available, we do not believe that our existing cash, cash equivalents, and investments in certificates of deposit, together with cash flows from expected sales of our encryption products and revenue relating to our display technologies, and other potential sources of cash flows or necessary expense reductions including employee compensation, will be sufficient to enable us to continue our marketing, production, and research and development activities for 12 months from the end of this reporting period.  Accordingly, there is substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.  If current cash on hand and cash that may be generated from operations are insufficient to satisfy our liquidity requirements, we may seek to sell our investment securities or other financial assets or our debt or additional equity securities or obtain loans from various financial institutions where possible.  The sale of additional equity securities or convertible debt could result in dilution to our shareholders.  We can give no assurance that we will generate sufficient revenues in the future (through sales, license fees and royalties, or otherwise) to satisfy our liquidity requirements or sustain future operations, that our production capabilities will be adequate, that other products will not be produced by other companies that will render our products obsolete, or that other sources of funding, such as sales of equity or debt, would be available, if needed, on favorable terms or at all.  If we cannot obtain such funding if needed or if we cannot sufficiently reduce operating expenses, we would need to curtail or cease some or all of our operations.  We currently have no arrangements with respect to additional financing. 

 

Subsequent to July 31, 2012, management discontinued compensating employees and consultants through the issuance of stock and does not presently anticipate instituting this practice in the future.  Management intends to continue issuing stock options to provide incentives which will attract, retain and motivate highly competent persons as officers, key employees and non-employee directors of, and consultants to, the Company. 

 

AU Optronics Corp.

 

In May 2011, we entered into an Exclusive License Agreement (the “EPD License Agreement”) with AUO.  Under the EPD License Agreement, we provided AUO with an exclusive, non-transferable, worldwide license of our E-Paper® display patents and technology (the “EPD Licensed Technology”), for AUO (or an AUO subsidiary) to produce, market and sell products containing the EPD Licensed Technology, with the right to sublicense the technology to third parties.  The EPD License Agreement provides for joint development with AUO, with an objective to achieve mass production.  We retained the non-exclusive right to use the EPD Licensed Technology in a non-competitive manner.

 

10


 

In May 2011, we also entered into another license agreement (the “Nano Display License Agreement” and together with the EPD License Agreement, the “AUO License Agreements”) with AUO.  Under the Nano Display License Agreement, we provided AUO with a non-exclusive, non-transferable, worldwide license of our Nano Display (as defined below) patents and technology (the “Nano Display Licensed Technology”), for AUO (or an AUO subsidiary) to produce, market and sell products containing the Nano Display Licensed Technology, with the right to consent to the granting of licenses of the Nano Display Licensed Technology to third parties.  The Nano Display License Agreement provides for joint development with AUO, with an objective to achieve mass production.  We are presently reassessing this joint development effort.

 

Under the AUO License Agreements, AUO has agreed to pay CopyTele an aggregate license fee of up to $10 million, of which $3 million was paid by AUO in June 2011 and the remaining $7 million is payable upon completion of certain conditions for the respective technologies, in each case subject to a 20% foreign withholding tax. Accordingly, in June 2011 we received a payment from AUO, net of the withholding tax, of $2.4 million.  As of July 31, 2012, we are working with AUO and cannot presently estimate when or if we will receive the remaining $7 million in licensing fees.  In addition, the AUO License Agreements also provide for the basis for royalty payments by AUO to CopyTele.  

  

 Related Party Transactions with Videocon Industries Limited

 

In November 2007, we entered into a Technology License Agreement (as amended in May 2008, the “Videocon License Agreement”) with Videocon.  In April 2008, the Indian Government approved the Videocon License Agreement.  Under the Videocon License Agreement, we provided Videocon with a non-transferable, worldwide license of our technology for thin, flat, low voltage phosphor Nano Display (the “Videocon Licensed Technology”), for Videocon (or a Videocon Group company) to produce and market products, including TVs, incorporating displays utilizing the Videocon Licensed Technology.  With the approval and support of Videocon, we entered into the AUO License Agreements for AUO to utilize their production facilities to produce our display technologies, including the Videocon Licensed Technology, for their own products and potentially for Videocon products.  Additional licenses of the Videocon Licensed Technology to third parties require the joint agreement of CopyTele, Videocon, and AUO.


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Under the terms of the Videocon License Agreement, we were scheduled to receive a license fee of $11 million from Videocon, payable in installments over a 27 month period and an agreed upon royalty from Videocon based on display sales by Videocon (which royalty will decrease if and when a specified sales level and time period are reached and may increase under other certain circumstances as a result of significant improvements in the Videocon Licensed Technology).  As of July 31, 2012, we have received aggregate license fee payments from Videocon of $3.2 million.  The initial installment commenced in May 2008 however certain license fee payments had been subsequently deferred in light of our joint decision to jointly develop improved versions of our Nano Display technology.  However, the aggregate amount of the payments did not change and Videocon’s obligation to make such payments continues to be subject to CopyTele’s limited performance requirements and is not dependent on any specific performance standards which must be met by completion or delivery of prototypes of CopyTele’s products in the development stage.  No such license fee payments were received from Videocon during the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011 and we cannot presently estimate future payment dates for license fee payments from Videocon. The deferral of the license fee payments is no longer in effect and we are in discussion with Videocon concerning payment of the balance of the license fees; however, we cannot give any estimate as to the outcome of these discussions.  We are not presently involved in development efforts with Videocon.

 

Under the Videocon License Agreement we retained the right to produce and market products utilizing the Videocon Licensed Technology.  We also continue to have the right to utilize Volga-Svet Ltd., a Russian corporation (“Volga”), in which we have a 19.9% ownership interest and with whom we have been working with for more than fourteen years, to produce and market products utilizing the Videocon Licensed Technology. 

 

At the same time we entered into the Videocon License Agreement in November 2007, we also entered into a Share Subscription Agreement (the “Share Subscription Agreement”) with Mars Overseas Limited, an affiliate of Videocon (“Mars Overseas”).  Under the Share Subscription Agreement, Mars Overseas purchased 20,000,000 unregistered shares of our common stock (the “CopyTele Shares”) from us for an aggregate purchase price of $16,200,000.  Also in November 2007, our wholly-owned subsidiary, CopyTele International, entered into a GDR Purchase Agreement with Global EPC Ventures Limited (“Global”), for CopyTele International to purchase from Global 1,495,845 global depository receipts of Videocon (the “Videocon GDRs”) for an aggregate purchase price of $16,200,000. 

 

For the purpose of effecting a lock up of the Videocon GDRs and CopyTele Shares (collectively, the “Securities”) for a period of seven years, and therefore restricting both parties from selling or transferring the Securities during such period, CopyTele International and Mars Overseas entered into two Loan and Pledge Agreements in November 2007.  The Videocon GDRs are to be held as security for a loan in the principal amount of $5,000,000 from Mars Overseas to CopyTele International, and the CopyTele Shares are similarly held as security for a loan in the principal amount of $5,000,000 from CopyTele International to Mars Overseas.  The loans are for a period of seven years, do not bear interest, and prepayment of the loans will not release the lien on the Securities prior to the end of the seven year period.  The loan agreements provide for customary events of default, which may result in forfeiture of the Securities by the defaulting party, and also provide for the transfer to the respective parties, free and clear of any encumbrances under the agreements, any dividends, distributions, rights or other proceeds or benefits in respect of the Securities.  The loan receivable from Mars Overseas is classified as a contra-equity under shareholders’ equity in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet; because the loan receivable is secured by the CopyTele Shares and the Share Subscription Agreement and Loan and Pledge Agreement were entered into concurrently.

 

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Revenue Recognition

 

Revenues from sales are recorded when all four of the following criteria are met: (i) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; (ii) delivery has occurred and title has transferred or services have been rendered; (iii) our price to the buyer is fixed or determinable; and (iv) collectibility is reasonably assured.

 

We have assessed the revenue guidance of ASC 605-25 to determine whether multiple deliverables in our arrangements with AUO represent separate units of accounting.  Under the AUO License Agreements, we received initial license fees of $3 million and could receive up to an additional $7 million in license fees upon completion of certain conditions for the respective technologies.  We have determined that the transfer of the licensed patents and technology and the effort involved in completion of the conditions for the respective technologies represent a single unit of accounting for each technology.  Accordingly, using a proportional performance method, during the third quarter of fiscal year 2011 we began recognizing the $3 million initial license fees over the estimated periods that we expect to complete the conditions for the respective technologies and have not recognized any portion of the $7 million as either deferred revenue or revenue as it is considered contingent revenue. Upon completion of the various conditions for the respective technologies, the additional license fees of $7 million will be recognized over the respective performance periods, limiting the revenue recognized on a cumulative basis to the aggregate license fee payments received from AUO.  At each reporting period we assess the progress in completing these efforts and recognize license fee revenue over the remaining estimated period that we expect to complete the conditions for the respective technologies. On this basis, we reassessed the performance period during the third quarter of fiscal year 2012 and, accordingly, revenue recognition for certain technology has been suspended.  This technology represents approximately 39% of the non-refundable deferred revenue on our condensed consolidated balance sheet as of July 31, 2012.  Such revenue will be recognized upon our determination of the appropriate performance period.  This is reflected in the recognized license fee revenue from AUO for the nine-month and three-month periods ended July 31, 2012 of approximately $940,000 and $247,000, respectively and $426,000 for the nine and three-month periods ended July 31, 2011.  License fee payments received from AUO which are in excess of the amounts recognized as revenue (approximately $1,187,000 as of July 31, 2012) are recorded as non-refundable deferred revenue on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet.  The AUO License Agreements also provide for the basis for royalty payments on future production, if any, by AUO to CopyTele, which we have determined represent separate units of accounting. We have not recognized any royalty income under the AUO License Agreements.

 

2.         STOCK BASED COMPENSATION

We maintain stock equity incentive plans under which we may grant non-qualified stock options, stock appreciation rights, stock awards, performance awards, or stock units to employees, directors and consultants.

 

Stock Option Compensation Expense

 

We account for stock options granted to employees and directors using the accounting guidance in ASC 718 “Stock Compensation” (“ASC 718”).  In accordance with ASC 718, we estimate the fair value of stock options granted on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes pricing model.  We recognize compensation expense for stock option awards on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the grant.  We recorded stock-based compensation expense, related to stock options granted to employees and directors, of approximately $111,000 and $643,000, during the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively, and approximately $-0- and $334,000 during the three-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.  Such compensation expense is included in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations in either research and development expenses or selling, general and administrative expenses, as applicable based on the functions performed by such employees and directors.   


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Included in stock based compensation cost related to stock options granted to employees and directors recorded during the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011 was approximately $5,000 and $8,000, respectively, and during the three-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011 was approximately $2,000 and $4,000, respectively, of expense related to the amortization of compensation cost for stock options granted in prior periods but not yet vested.  As of July 31, 2012, there was approximately $2,000 of unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested share-based compensation arrangements for stock options granted to employees and directors which is expected to be amortized during the current fiscal year.

 

We account for stock options granted to consultants using the accounting guidance under ASC 505-50 “Equity-Based Payments to Non-Employees” (“ASC 505-50”).  In accordance with ASC 505-50, we estimate the fair value of stock options granted on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes pricing model.  We recognized consulting expense for options granted to non-employee consultants, during the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011 of approximately $-0- and $44,000, respectively, and during the three-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011, of $-0-. Such consulting expense is included in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations in either research and development expenses or selling, general and administrative expenses, as applicable based on the functions performed by such consultants.  As of July 31, 2012, there was no unrecognized consulting expense related to non-vested share-based compensation arrangements for stock options granted to consultants. 

 

Fair Value Determination 

 

We separate the employees and directors we grant stock options to into three relatively homogenous groups, based on exercise and post-vesting employment termination behaviors.  To determine the weighted average fair value of stock options on the date of grant for options granted to employees and directors, we take a weighted average of the assumptions used for each of these groups.  The fair value of stock options granted to consultants is determined on an individual basis.  Stock options we granted during the nine-months ended July 31, 2012 and 2011 consisted of awards of options with 10-year terms which vested immediately.  

 

The following weighted average assumptions were used in estimating the fair value of stock options granted during the nine months ended July 31, 2012 and 2011and the three months ended July 31, 2011. No stock options were granted during the three months ended July 31, 2012.

 

For the Nine Months Ended

 

For the Three

 

July 31,

 

Months Ended

 

2012

 

2011

 

July 31, 2011

Weighted average fair value at grant date

$0.08

 

$0.16

 

$0.25

Valuation assumptions:

 

 

 

 

 

Expected life ( years)

1.43

 

3.64

 

4.92

Expected volatility

124%

 

102%

 

105%

Risk-free interest rate

0.20%

 

1.05%

 

1.48%

Expected dividend yield

0

 

0

 

0

 
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The expected term of stock options represents the weighted average period the stock options are expected to remain outstanding.  Actual historical performance is used for awards exercised or cancelled.  For awards that remain unexercised and outstanding, even exercise over the remaining contractual term is assumed.  Each category is weighted for its relative size in the population and is then multiplied by the indicated expected term for each category to arrive at the expected term for the population.  We estimated the expected volatility of our shares of common stock based upon the historical volatility of our share price over a period of time equal to the expected term of the options.  We estimated the risk-free interest rate based on the implied yield available on the applicable grant date of a U.S. Treasury note with a term equal to the expected term of the underlying grants.  We made the dividend yield assumption based on our history of not paying dividends and our expectation not to pay dividends in the future.  Under ASC 718, the amount of stock-based compensation expense recognized is based on the portion of the awards that are ultimately expected to vest.  Accordingly, we reduce the fair value of the stock option awards for expected forfeitures, which are forfeitures of the unvested portion of surrendered options.  We estimated expected forfeitures based on our historical experience.

 

We will reconsider use of the Black-Scholes pricing model if additional information becomes available in the future that indicates another model would be more appropriate, or if grants issued in future periods have characteristics that cannot be reasonably estimated using this model.  If factors change and we employ different assumptions in the application of ASC 718 and ASC 505-50 in future periods, the compensation expense that we record may differ significantly from what we have recorded in the current period.

 

Stock Option Activity

 

During the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011, we granted options to purchase 1,290,000 shares and 4,125,000 shares, respectively, to employees, directors and consultants of common stock at weighted average exercise prices of $0.16 and $0.26 per share, respectively, pursuant to the CopyTele, Inc. 2010 Share Incentive Plan (the "2010 Share Plan”).  During the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011, stock options to purchase 1,290,000 shares and 4,670,000 shares, respectively, of common stock were exercised with aggregate proceeds of approximately $208,000 and $1,098,000, respectively.

  

Stock Option Plans

As of April 30, 2012, we have two stock option plans:  the CopyTele, Inc. 2003 Share Incentive Plan (the "2003 Share Plan"), and the 2010 Share Plan, which were adopted by our Board of Directors on April 21, 2003 and July 14, 2010, respectively. 

 

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The remaining outstanding stock options granted under the CopyTele, Inc. 1993 Stock Option Plan and the CopyTele, Inc. 2000 Share Incentive Plan expired during fiscal years ended October 31, 2010 and 2011, respectively.

 

The 2003 Share Plan provides for the grant of nonqualified stock options, stock appreciation rights, stock awards, performance awards and stock units to key employees and consultants.  The maximum number of shares of common stock available for issuance under the 2003 Share Plan is 70,000,000 shares. The 2003 Share Plan was administered by the Stock Option Committee through June 2004, from June 2004 through July 2010, the 2003 Share Plan was administered by the Board of Directors and since July 2010, the 2003 Share Plan has been administered by the Stock Option Committee (and since August 21, 2012, by the Executive Committee which also assumed the duties of the Stock Option Committee), which determines the option price, term and provisions of each option.  The exercise price with respect to all of the options granted under the 2003 Share Plan since its inception was equal to the fair market value of the underlying common stock at the grant date. As of July 31, 2012, the 2003 Share Plan had 324,545 shares available for future grants. 

 

On September 5, 2012, the Executive Committee of the Board of Directors of the Company approved a re-pricing of options to purchase a total of 1,840,000 shares of the Company’s common stock granted under the Company’s 2003 Share Incentive Plan, which were granted from May 11, 2004 to October 8, 2009 with exercise prices ranging from $0.65 to $1.46 and are held by 11 persons, including nine employees, one employee director and one non-employee director.  Pursuant to the re-pricing, the option agreements were unilaterally amended by the Executive Committee to reduce the exercise price of each option to $0.145, which was the closing sales price of the Company’s common stock on September 4, 2012. The number of shares, the vesting commencement date and the length of the vesting period, and expiration period for each of these options were not altered.

 

Information regarding the 2003 Share Plan for the nine months ended July 31, 2012 is as follows:

 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

Aggregate

 

 

 

Average Exercise

 

Intrinsic

 

Shares

 

Price Per Share

 

Value

Options Outstanding at October 31, 2011

17,552,045

 

$0.81

 

$ -0-

Cancelled

1,262,000

 

0.86

 

 

Options outstanding and exercisable at July 31, 2012

16,290,045

 

$0.81

 

$ -0-


           The following table summarizes information about stock options outstanding under the 2003 Share Plan as of July 31, 2012:

 

 

 

Options Outstanding & Exercisable

 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

 

Range of

 

 

 

Average

 

Weighted

Exercise

 

Number

 

Remaining

 

Average

Prices

 

Outstanding

 

Contractual Life (in years)

 

Exercise Price

$0.25 - $0.65

 

4,510,970

 

2.82

 

$0.57

$0.68 - $0.84

 

4,759,075

 

4.02

 

$0.79

$0.86 - $0.92

 

4,035,000

 

5.11

 

$0.89

$1.04 - $1.46

 

2,985,000

 

3.46

 

$1.10

 
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The 2010 Share Plan provides for the grant of nonqualified stock options, stock appreciation rights, stock awards, performance awards and stock units to key employees and consultants.  The maximum number of shares of common stock available for issuance under the 2010 Share Plan was initially 15,000,000 shares. On July 6, 2011, the 2010 Share Plan was amended by our Board of Directors to increase the maximum number of shares of common stock that may be granted to 27,000,000 shares, and on August 29, 2012, the maximum number of shares of common stock that may be granted was further increased to 30,000,000 shares. Current and future non-employee directors are automatically granted nonqualified stock options to purchase up to 60,000 shares of common stock upon their initial election to the Board of Directors and 60,000 shares of common stock at the time of each subsequent annual meeting of our shareholders at which they are elected to the Board of Directors.  The 2010 Share Plan is administered by the Stock Option Committee (and since August 21, 2012, by the Executive Committee which also assumed the duties of the Stock Option Committee), which determines the option price, term and provisions of each option. The exercise price with respect to the options granted under the 2010 Share Plan was equal to the fair market value of the underlying common stock at the grant date.  As of July 31, 2012, the 2010 Share Plan had 473,270 shares available for future grants. 

 

Information regarding the 2010 Share Plan for the nine months ended July 31, 2012 is as follows:

 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

Aggregate

 

 

 

Average Exercise

 

Intrinsic

 

Shares

 

Price Per Share

 

Value

Options Outstanding at October 31, 2011

1,050,000

 

$0.31

 

 

Granted

1,290,000

 

$0.16

 

 

Exercised

(1,290,000)

 

$0.16

 

 

Options Outstanding at July 31, 2012

1,050,000

 

$0.31

 

$ -0-

Options Exercisable at July 31, 2012

   990,000

 

$0.32

 

$ -0-

 

The following table summarizes information about stock options outstanding under the 2010 Share Plan as of July 31, 2012:

 

 

Options Outstanding

 

Options Exercisable

 

 

Weighted

 

 

 

Weighted

 

 

 

Average

Weighted

 

 

Average

Weighted

Range of

 

Remaining

Average

 

 

Remaining

Average

Exercise

Number

Contractual

Exercise

 

Number

Contractual

Exercise

Prices

Outstanding

Life (in years)

Price

 

Outstanding

Life (in years)

Price

$0.17 - $0.37

1,050,000

8.5

$0.31

 

990,000

8.25

$0.32

 
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Stock Awards

 

We account for stock awards granted to employees and consultants based on their grant date fair value, in accordance with ASC 718 and ASC 505-50, respectively.  During the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011, we issued 6,463,830 shares and 6,396,075 shares, respectively, of common stock to certain employees for services rendered, principally in lieu of cash compensation, pursuant to the 2010 Share Plan.  We recorded compensation expense for the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011, of approximately $861,000 and $1,313,000, respectively, and for the three-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011 of approximately $337,000 and $353,000, respectively, for the shares of common stock issued to employees.  Such compensation expense is included in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations in either research and development expenses or selling, general and administrative expenses, as applicable based on the functions performed by such employees and directors.   In addition, during the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011, we issued 304,910 shares and 345,794 shares, respectively, of common stock to consultants for services rendered pursuant to the 2010 Share Plan.  We recorded consulting expense for the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011 of approximately $40,000 and $84,000, and for the three-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011 of approximately $-0- and $48,000, respectively for the shares of common stock issued to consultants.  Such consulting expense is included in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations in either research and development expenses or selling, general and administrative expenses, as applicable based on the functions performed by such consultants.

 

3.         CONCENTRATION OF CREDIT RISK

Financial instruments that potentially subject us to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of accounts receivable from sales in the ordinary course of business.  Management reviews our accounts receivable for potential doubtful accounts and maintains an allowance for estimated uncollectible amounts.  Generally, no collateral is received from customers for our accounts receivable.  Our policy is to write-off uncollectable amounts at the time it is determined that collection will not occur.  During the nine months ended July 31, 2012, one customer in the Display Technology Segment represented 100% of that segment’s revenue and 99.3% of total net revenue.  During the nine months ended July 31, 2012, one customer in the Encryption Products and Services Segment represented 42% of that segment’s revenue.


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4.        
FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

ASC 820 “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures” (“ASC 820”) defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value under GAAP, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements.  In accordance with ASC 820, we have categorized our financial assets, based on the priority of the inputs to the valuation technique, into a three-level fair value hierarchy as set forth below.  We do not have any financial liabilities that are required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis.  If the inputs used to measure the financial instruments fall within different levels of the hierarchy, the categorization is based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement of the instrument.

 

Financial assets recorded in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets are categorized based on the inputs to the valuation techniques as follows:

 

Level 1 - Financial assets whose values are based on unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in an active market which we have the ability to access at the measurement date.

 

Level 2 - Financial assets whose values are based on quoted market prices in markets where trading occurs infrequently or whose values are based on quoted prices of instruments with similar attributes in active markets. 

 

Level 3 – Financial assets whose values are based on prices or valuation techniques that require inputs that are both unobservable and significant to the overall fair value measurement.  These inputs reflect management’s own assumptions about the assumptions a market participant would use in pricing the asset.  We do not currently have any Level 3 financial assets.

 

The following table presents the hierarchy for our financial assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of July 31, 2012:

 

 

    

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Level 3

 

Total

Money market funds – Cash and cash equivalents

$

101,532

 

$

-

 

$

-

 

$

101,532

Certificates of deposit -Short-term investments

 

 

 

 

950,000

 

 

 

 

 

950,000

Videocon Industries Limited global depository receipts

 

4,602,716

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,602,716

Total financial assets

$

4,704,248

 

$

950,000

 

$

-

 

$

5,654,248

 

The following table presents the hierarchy for our financial assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of October 31, 2011:

 

 

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Level 3

 

Total

Money market funds – Cash and cash equivalents

$

5,685

 

$

-

 

$

-

 

$

5,685

U.S. government securities -Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

 

 

599,994

 

 

 

 

 

599,994

U.S. government securities and certificates of deposit -Short-term investments

 

 

 

 

2,249,159

 

 

 

 

 

2,249,159

Videocon Industries Limited global depository receipts

 

5,382,051

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,382,051

Total financial assets

$

5,387,736

 

$

2,849,153

 

$

-

 

$

8,236,889

 
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Our non financial assets and liabilities that are measured on a non-recurring basis include our property and equipment which are measured using fair value techniques whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate a condition of impairment exists.  These assets were not presented in the preceding table.

 

It is impractical to determine the fair value of the investment in Volga given that Volga is a Russian company, operates under Russian corporate law, and Volga does not use GAAP.  This investment was not presented in the preceding table.

 

The estimated fair value of accounts payable and accrued liabilities approximates their individual carrying amounts due to the short term nature of these measurements.  It is impractical to determine the fair value of the loan receivable and loan payable to the related party given the nature of these loans.  These assets and liabilities were not presented in the preceding table.  Cash and cash equivalents are stated at nominal value which equals fair value.

 

5.         INVESTMENTS 

Short-term Investments

 

At July 31, 2012 we had marketable securities consisting of certificates of deposit of approximately $950,000. At October 31, 2011 marketable securities totaled approximately $2,249,000, consisting of Treasury Bills of approximately $1,049,000 and certificates of deposit of approximately $1,200,000, which were classified as "available-for-sale securities" and reported at fair value, which approximates cost.  Realized gains and losses from the sale of available-for-sale securities are determined on a specific identification basis. 

 

Investment in Videocon

 

Our investment in Videocon is classified as an "available-for-sale security" and reported at fair value, with unrealized gains and losses excluded from operations and reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) in shareholders’ equity.  The original cost basis of $16,200,000 was determined using the specific identification method.  The fair value of the Videocon GDRs is based on the price on the Luxembourg Stock Exchange, which price is based on the underlying price of Videocon’s equity shares which are traded on stock exchanges in India with prices quoted in rupees. 

 

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ASC 320 “Investments-Debt and Equity Securities” (“ASC 320”) and SEC guidance on other than temporary impairments of certain investments in equity securities requires an evaluation to determine if the decline in fair value of an investment is either temporary or other than temporary.  Unless evidence exists to support a realizable value equal to or greater than the carrying cost of the investment, an other than temporary impairment should be recorded.  At each reporting period we assess our investment in Videocon to determine if a decline that is other than temporary has occurred.  In evaluating our investment in Videocon at October 31, 2011, we determined that based on both the duration and the continuing magnitude of the market price decline compared to the carrying cost basis of approximately $7,105,000, and the uncertainty of its recovery, a write-down of the investment of approximately $1,723,000 should be recorded as of October 31, 2011, and a new cost basis of approximately $5,382,000 should be established.  In evaluating our investment in Videocon at July 31, 2012, we determined that, based on both the duration and the magnitude of the market price decline compared to the revised cost basis, a write down of the investment as of July 31, 2011 is not required.

   

The fair value of investment in Videocon as of July 31, 2012 and October 31, 2011, and the unrealized loss for the nine-month period ended July 31, 2012, are as follows:

 

 

Investment in Videocon

Fair Value as of October 31, 2011

$

5,382,051

Unrealized loss

 

(779,334)

Fair Value as of July 31, 2012

$

4,602,717

 

Investment in and Related Party Transactions with Volga-Svet, Ltd

 

In September 2009, we entered into the Volga License Agreement (as defined below) to produce and market our thin, flat, low voltage phosphor displays in Russia.  We have been working with Volga for the past fourteen years to assist us with our low voltage phosphor displays.  As part of the Volga License Agreement, Volga is required to purchase from us the matrix substrate, carbon nanotubes, and associated display electronics, however, no purchases have been made to date.  In addition, in September 2009, we acquired a 19.9% ownership interest in Volga in exchange for 150,000 unregistered shares of our common stock.  As we do not believe that we can exercise significant influence over Volga, our investment in Volga is recorded at cost of $127,500 based on the closing price of our common stock at the time of the acquisition.  As of July 31, 2012, we have not identified any events or changes in circumstances that may have a significant adverse effect on the fair value of the investment.  During the third quarter of fiscal 2012 we reduced our level of development activity with Volga.  Management is presently reassessing many of our development efforts, which may result in a continued reduction of our development work with Volga.  Research and development expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations include payments to Volga for the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011 of approximately $326,000 and $383,000, respectively, and for the three-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011 of approximately $20,000 and $128,000, respectively.

 

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Investment in ZQX Advisors, LLC

 

In August 2009, we entered into an Engagement Agreement with ZQX Advisors, LLC (“ZQX”) to assist us in seeking business opportunities and licenses for our electrophoretic display technology.  Management is currently evaluating our relationship with ZQX.  Concurrently with entering into the Engagement Agreement, we acquired a 19.5% ownership interest in ZQX and they agreed to attempt to locate business opportunities and licenses for our technology.  In exchange for the 19.5% ownership interest and related services, we issued 800,000 unregistered shares of common stock as well as warrants to purchase an additional 500,000 unregistered shares of common stock, half of which are exercisable at $0.37 per share and the other half at $0.555 per share to ZQX.  The warrants are exercisable at any time after August 19, 2010 and expire on August 19, 2019.  The total fair value of the common stock and warrants was approximately $468,000.  We recognized approximately $377,000 of this amount as consulting expense in fiscal year 2009 since the two other owners of ZQX did not contribute any assets to ZQX but instead have agreed to seek business opportunities and licenses for our electrophoretic display technology.  In addition, we have classified our remaining ownership interest of $91,000 in ZQX as a reduction of additional paid-in capital within shareholders’ equity since this investment in ZQX consists entirely of our equity securities.

 

6.          NET LOSS PER SHARE OF COMMON STOCK

In accordance with ASC 260, “Earnings Per Share”, basic net loss per common share (“Basic EPS”) is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding.  Diluted net loss per common share (“Diluted EPS”) is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of common shares and dilutive common share equivalents and convertible securities then outstanding.  Diluted EPS for all periods presented is the same as Basic EPS, as the inclusion of the effect of common share equivalents then outstanding would be anti-dilutive.  For this reason, excluded from the calculation of Diluted EPS for the nine and three-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011, were stock options to purchase 17,340,045 and 18,817,045 shares respectively, and warrants to purchase 7,500,000 and 7,500,000 shares, respectively.

 

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7.                  EFFECT OF RECENTLY ISSUED PRONOUNCEMENTS

 

In December 2011, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2011-12 (“ASU 2011-12”), Deferral of the Effective Date for Amendments to the Presentation of Reclassifications of Items Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income in Accounting Standards Update No. 2011-05.  This amendment defers the effective date of the requirement to present separate line items on the income statement for reclassification adjustments of items out of accumulated other comprehensive income into net income. ASU 2011-12 is effective at the same time as Accounting Standards Update 2011-05, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Presentation of Comprehensive Income (“ASU 2011-05”), so that entities will not be required to comply with the presentation requirements in ASU 2011-05 that this ASU 2011-12 is deferring. ASUs 2011-12 and 2011-05 are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2011.  The Company expects to adopt ASUs 2011-05 and 2011-12 on November 1, 2012.  We do not expect the adoption of these new disclosure requirements to have a material impact on our disclosures or consolidated financial statements.

 

8.         INCOME TAXES

 

We file Federal and New York State income tax returns.  Due to net operating losses, the statute of limitations remains open since the fiscal year ended October 31, 1996.   We account for interest and penalties related to income tax matters in selling, general and administrative expenses. There are no unrecognized benefits as of July 31, 2012 and October 31, 2011.

 

During the three months ended July 31, 2011, CopyTele received a $3,000,000 license fee payment from AUO, which was subject to a $600,000 withholding tax in Taiwan. At the election of the Company, this withholding tax could be deducted or credited against future US income tax and has been reflected as a provision for income taxes in the consolidated statements of operations for the nine month and three month periods ended July 31, 2011. We have provided a valuation allowance against this deferred tax asset due to our current and historical pre-tax losses and the uncertainty regarding its realizability.

 

9.         SEGMENT INFORMATION            

We follow the accounting guidance of ASC 280 “Segment Reporting” (“ASC 280”).  Reportable operating segments are determined based on management’s approach.  The management approach, as defined by ASC 280, is based on the way that the chief operating decision-maker organizes the segments within an enterprise for making operating decisions and assessing performance.  While our results of operations are primarily reviewed on a consolidated basis, the chief operating decision-maker also manages the enterprise in two segments: (i) Display Technology and (ii) Encryption Products and Services.  The following represents selected financial information for our segments for the nine-month and three- month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011:

 

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Encryption

 

 

 

 

Display

 

Products and

 

 

 

Segment Data

Technology

 

Services

 

Total

Nine Months Ended July 31, 2012:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net revenue

$

940,010

 

$

6,725

 

$

946,735

Net loss

 

(2,199,560)

 

 

(192,736)

 

 

(2,392,296)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nine Months Ended July 31, 2011:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net revenue

$

426,000

 

$

128,233

 

$

554,233

Net loss

 

(3,878,176)

 

 

(708,471)

 

 

(4,586,647)

 
 

 

 

 

 

Encryption

 

 

 

 

Display

 

Products and

 

 

 

Segment Data

Technology

 

Services

 

Total

Three Months Ended July 31, 2012:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net revenue

$

246,670

 

$

2,800

 

$

249,470

Net income (loss)

 

(631,188)

 

 

2,086

 

 

(629,102)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended July 31, 2011:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net revenue

$

426,000

 

$

24,360

 

$

450,360

Net loss

 

(1,576,313)

 

 

(197,185)

 

 

(1,773,498)

 

In the second and third quarters of fiscal year 2012 we devoted all our efforts to the display technology segment.  Accordingly, the only expense allocated to the encryption segment was the cost of encryption products sold.

 

10.       CONTINGENCES       

We are not involved in any litigation or other legal proceedings and management is not aware of any pending litigation or legal proceeding against us that would have a material adverse effect upon our results of operations or financial condition.

 

 

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Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

GENERAL

 

As used herein, “we,” “us,” “our,” the “Company” or “CopyTele” means CopyTele, Inc. unless otherwise indicated.  Unless otherwise indicated, all references in this Form 10-Q to “dollars” or “$” refer to U.S. dollars.

 

Our principal operations include the development, production and marketing of thin flat display technologies, including low-voltage phosphor color displays and low-power passive E-Paper® displays, and the development, production and marketing of multi-functional encryption products that provide information security for domestic and international users over several communications media.

 

We are in the process of evaluating our complete patent portfolio to identify potential opportunities and maximize the return on investment from our intellectual property.  We are also reassessing all of our business relationships and development programs to identify our most promising prospects and, in order to achieve cost savings, eliminate those we consider less productive.

 

As part of our ongoing development activities, we continue to conduct improvement programs related to both our electrophoretic display (“EPD”) and flat panel, low voltage phosphor, nanotube display (“Nano Display”) technologies to meet anticipated future customer needs.  Our advanced new EPD technology utilizes specially coated particles in combination with a unique type of pixel structure to create an image.  This new technology is applicable to electronic books and other low power applications.  We believe that our advanced EPD technology will have higher contrast, considerably faster operation, and be produced at a lower cost than current electrophoretic displays.  Our Nano Display technology incorporates a new type of low voltage, efficient color phosphors in combination with nano materials and an electron emission system utilizing nano materials to produce color video information.  Our Nano Display technology is applicable to small hand-held and larger size applications, including TVs. We believe our Nano Display could potentially have a cost similar to a CRT (cathode ray tube) and thus cost less than current LCDs (liquid crystal displays), partly because our Nano Display does not contain a backlight, color filter or polarizer which represent a substantial portion of the cost of an LCD.

 

In May 2011, we entered into an Exclusive License Agreement (the “EPD License Agreement”) with AU Optronics Corp., a Taiwanese company (“AUO”).  Under the EPD License Agreement, we provided AUO with an exclusive, non-transferable, worldwide license of our E-Paper® display patents and technology (the “EPD Licensed Technology”), for AUO (or an AUO subsidiary) to produce, market and sell products containing the EPD Licensed Technology, with the right to sublicense the technology to third parties.  The EPD License Agreement provides for joint development with AUO, with an objective to achieve mass production.   We retained the non-exclusive right to use the EPD Licensed Technology in a non-competitive manner.

 

In May 2011, we also entered into another license agreement (the “Nano Display License Agreement” and together with the EPD License Agreement, the “AUO License Agreements”) with AUO.  Under the Nano Display License Agreement, we provided AUO with a non-exclusive, non-transferable, worldwide license of our Nano Display patents and technology (the “Nano Display Licensed Technology”), for AUO (or an AUO subsidiary) to produce, market and sell products containing the Nano Display Licensed Technology, with the right to consent to the granting of licenses of the Nano Display Licensed Technology to third parties.  The Nano Display License Agreement provides for joint development with AUO, with an objective to achieve mass production.  We are presently reassessing this joint development effort.

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Under the AUO License Agreements, AUO has agreed to pay CopyTele an aggregate license fee of up to $10 million, of which $3 million was paid by AUO in June 2011 and the remaining $7 million is payable upon completion of certain conditions for the respective technologies, in each case subject to a 20% foreign withholding tax.  Accordingly, in June 2011 we received a payment from AUO, net of the withholding tax, of $2.4 million.  As of July 31, 2012, we are working with AUO and cannot presently estimate when or if we will receive the remaining $7 million in licensing fees.  In addition, the AUO License Agreements also provide for the basis for royalty payments by AUO to CopyTele.

 

In November 2007, we entered into a Technology License Agreement (as amended in May 2008, the “Videocon License Agreement”) with Videocon Industries Limited, an Indian company (“Videocon”).  In April 2008, the Indian Government approved the Videocon License Agreement.  Under the Videocon License Agreement, we provided Videocon with a non-transferable, worldwide license of our technology for thin, flat, low voltage phosphor Nano Display (the “Videocon Licensed Technology”), for Videocon (or a Videocon Group company) to produce and market products, including TVs, incorporating displays utilizing the Videocon Licensed Technology.  Under the terms of the Videocon License Agreement, we were scheduled to receive a license fee of $11 million from Videocon, payable in installments over a 27 month period which commenced in May 2008, and an agreed upon royalty from Videocon based on display sales by Videocon.  The license fee payments were subsequently deferred as described more fully in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal year ended October 31, 2011.  As of July 31, 2012, we have received aggregate license fee payments from Videocon of $3.2 million.  No such license fee payments were received from Videocon during the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011 and we cannot presently estimate future payment dates for license fee payments from Videocon. The deferral of the license fee payments is no longer in effect and we are in discussion with Videocon concerning payment of the balance of the license fees; however, we cannot give any estimate as to the outcome of these discussions.  We are not presently involved in development efforts with Videocon.

 

With the approval and support of Videocon, we entered into the AUO License Agreements for AUO to utilize their production facilities to produce our display technologies, including the Videocon Licensed Technology, for their own products and potentially for Videocon products.  Additional licenses of the Videocon Licensed Technology to third parties require the joint agreement of CopyTele, Videocon and AUO. 

 

Under the Videocon License Agreement we retained the right to produce and market products utilizing the Videocon Licensed Technology.  We also continue to have the right to utilize Volga-Svet Ltd., a Russian corporation (“Volga”), with whom we have been working with for more than fourteen years, to produce and market products utilizing the Videocon Licensed Technology.  During the third quarter of fiscal 2012 we reduced our level of development activity with Volga.  Management is presently reassessing many of our development efforts, which may result in a continued reduction of our development work with Volga. 

 

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At the same time we entered into the Videocon License Agreement in November 2007, we also entered into a Share Subscription Agreement (the “Share Subscription Agreement”) with Mars Overseas Limited, an affiliate of Videocon (“Mars Overseas”).  Under the Share Subscription Agreement, Mars Overseas purchased 20,000,000 unregistered shares of our common stock (the “CopyTele Shares”) from us for an aggregate purchase price of $16,200,000.  Also in November 2007, our wholly-owned subsidiary, CopyTele International Ltd. (“CopyTele International”), entered into a GDR Purchase Agreement with Global EPC Ventures Limited (“Global”), for CopyTele International to purchase from Global 1,495,845 global depository receipts of Videocon (the “Videocon GDRs”) for an aggregate purchase price of $16,200,000.  The fair value of our investment in the Videocon GDRs as of July 31, 2012 was approximately $4,603,000.  For the purpose of effecting a lock up of the Videocon GDRs and CopyTele Shares (collectively, the “Securities”) for a period of seven years, and therefore restricting both parties from selling or transferring the Securities during such period, CopyTele International and Mars Overseas entered into two Loan and Pledge Agreements in November 2007.  The Videocon GDRs are to be held as security for a loan in the principal amount of $5,000,000 from Mars Overseas to CopyTele International, and the CopyTele Shares are similarly held as security for a loan in the principal amount of $5,000,000 from CopyTele International to Mars Overseas.  See Note 1 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information.

 

In August 2009, we entered into an initial development agreement with a U.S. company to provide engineering and implementation support for the development of our patented extremely low power passive monochrome or color display for use in portable devices including e-books.  Our proprietary extremely low power display incorporates a new micro-matrix substrate.  Our display is designed to have bi-stability capability, and to use low power when an image is created.  We have jointly performed design simulations to verify its performance.  Development of this program has been delayed as a result of the concentration of our efforts related to the AUO License Agreements.  Management is presently reassessing the level of our efforts in this technology.

 

We are currently evaluating our potential opportunities relating to our encryption technology.  We presently have limited revenue from our encryption products and services segment. 

 

Our operations and the achievement of our objectives in marketing, production, and research and development are dependent upon an adequate cash flow.  Accordingly, in monitoring our financial position and results of operations, particular attention is given to cash and cash flows from operations.  Since our initial public offering, our cash flows have been primarily generated through the sales of common stock in private placements and upon exercise of warrants and stock options.  Since 1999, we have generated limited cash flows from sales of our encryption products, and in May 2008 we began receiving license fees from Videocon and in June 2011 we  received license fees from AUO, related to our display technology.  No license fees were received during the nine month period ended July 31, 2012.  We are seeking to improve our liquidity through sales or licenses of products and technology.

 

In reviewing Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, you should refer to our condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes related thereto.

 

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CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICES

 

Our condensed  consolidated financial statements are prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.  As such, we are required to make certain estimates, judgments and assumptions that management believes are reasonable based upon the information available.  These estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the condensed  consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods. 

 

We believe the following critical accounting polices affect the more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our condensed  consolidated financial statements.  For additional discussion on the application of these and other accounting policies, refer to the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 2011.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Revenues from sales are recorded when all four of the following criteria are met: (i) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; (ii) delivery has occurred and title has transferred or services have been rendered; (iii) our price to the buyer is fixed or determinable; and (iv) collectibility is reasonably assured.

 

We have assessed the revenue guidance of ASC 605-25 to determine whether multiple deliverables in our arrangements with AUO represent separate units of accounting.  Under the AUO License Agreements, we received initial license fees of $3 million and could receive up to an additional $7 million in license fees upon completion of certain conditions for the respective technologies.  We have determined that the transfer of the licensed patents and technology and the effort involved in completion of the conditions for the respective technologies represent a single unit of accounting for each technology.  Accordingly, using a proportional performance method, during the third quarter of fiscal year 2011 we began recognizing the $3 million initial license fees over the estimated periods that we expect to complete the conditions for the respective technologies and have not recognized any portion of the $7 million either deferred revenue or revenue as it is considered contingent revenue. Upon completion of the various conditions for the respective technologies, the additional license fees of $7 million will be recognized over the respective performance periods, limiting the revenue recognized on a cumulative basis to the aggregate license fee payments received from AUO.  At each reporting period we assess the progress in completing these efforts and recognize license fee revenue over the remaining estimated period that we expect to complete the conditions for the respective technologies.  On this basis, we reassessed the performance period during the third quarter of fiscal year 2012 and, accordingly, revenue recognition for certain technology has been suspended . This technology represents approximately 39% of the non-refundable deferred revenue on our condensed consolidated balance sheet as of July 31, 2012.  Such revenue will be recognized upon our determination of the appropriate performance period. This is reflected in the recognized license fee revenue from AUO for the nine-month and three-month periods ended July 31, 2012 of approximately $940,000 and $247,000, respectively and $426,000 for the nine and three-month periods ended July 31, 2011. License fee payments received from AUO which are in excess of the amounts recognized as revenue (approximately $1,187,000 as of July 31,2012) are recorded as non-refundable deferred revenue on the accompanying condensed consolidatedbalance sheet.  The AUO License Agreements also provide for the basis for royalty payments on future production, if any, by AUO to CopyTele, which we have determined represent separate units of accounting.  We have not recognized any royalty income under the AUO License Agreements.

 

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Investment Securities

 

Our investment securities are classified as available-for-sale and reported at fair value.  Unrealized gains and losses, net of the related tax effect, on available-for-sale securities are excluded from earnings and are reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) until realized.  Realized gains and losses from the sale of available-for-sale securities are determined on a specific identification basis.  Dividend and interest income are recognized when earned.

 

We monitor the value of our investments for indicators of impairment, including changes in market conditions and the operating results of the underlying investment that may result in the inability to recover the carrying value of the investment.  During the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2011, we determined that based on both the duration and the continuing magnitude of the market price decline and the uncertainty of its recoverability, there was an other than temporary impairment in both our Videocon and Digital Info Security Co., Inc. (“DISC”) investments.  We will record an additional impairment charge if and when we believe any such investment has experienced an additional decline that is other than temporary.

 

Stock Based Compensation

 

We account for stock options granted to employees and directors using the accounting guidance in ASC 718.  We recognize compensation expense for stock option awards on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the grant.  We recorded stock-based compensation expense, related to stock options granted to employees and directors, of approximately $111,000 and $643,000 during the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively, and of approximately $-0- and $334,000 during the three-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.  We account for stock options granted to consultants using the accounting guidance under ASC 505-50. We recognized consulting expense for stock options granted to non-employee consultants during the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011, of  $-0- and $44,000, respectively and during the three-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011 of $-0- and $-0-. See Note 2 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information.

  

We account for stock awards granted to employees and consultants based on their grant date fair value, in accordance with ASC 718 and ASC 505-50, respectively.  We recorded stock-based compensation expense for the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011, of approximately $861,000 and $1,313,000, respectively, and for the three-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011, of approximately $337,000 and $353,000, respectively, for the shares of common stock issued to employees, principally in lieu of cash compensation.  In addition, we recorded consulting expense for the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011 of approximately $40,000 and $84,000, respectively, and for the three-months ended July 31, 2012 and 2011, of approximately $-0- and $48,000, respectively, for the shares of common stock issued to consultants.

 

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Determining the appropriate fair value model and calculating the fair value of stock-based awards requires judgment, including estimating stock price volatility, forfeiture rates and expected term.  If factors change and we employ different assumptions in the application of ASC 718 and ASC 505-50 in future periods, the compensation expense that we record may differ significantly from what we have recorded in the current period.  See Note 2 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information.

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Nine months ended July 31, 2012 compared with nine months ended July 31, 2011

 

Net Revenue

Net revenue increased by approximately $393,000 in the nine months ended July 31, 2012, to approximately $947,000, as compared to approximately $554,000 in the comparable prior-year period.  Revenue in the nine months ended July 31, 2012 and 2011 is principally from display technology license fees related to the AUO License Agreements of approximately $940,000 and $426,000, respectively.  See “- General” above in this Item 2. At each reporting period we assess the progress in completing these efforts and recognize license fee revenue over the remaining estimated period that we expect to complete the conditions for the respective technologies.  We reassessed the performance period during the second and third quarters of fiscal year 2012 and, accordingly, revenue for certain technology has been suspended. Revenue from sales of encryption products decreased by approximately $121,000 in the nine months ended July 31, 2012, to approximately $7,000, as compared to approximately $128,000 in the comparable prior-year period.  Our encryption revenue has been limited and is sensitive to individual transactions. 

 

Cost of Encryption Products Sold

Due to the decrease in encryption product sales, the cost of encryption products sold decreased by approximately $31,000 in the nine months ended July 31, 2012, to approximately $2,000, as compared to approximately $33,000 in the comparable prior-year period. 

 

Research and Development Expenses

Research and development expenses decreased by approximately $676,000 in the nine months ended July 31, 2012, to approximately $1,712,000, from approximately $2,388,000 in the comparable prior-year period.  The decrease in research and development expenses was principally due to a decrease in employee stock option expense of approximately $296,000 resulting from a decrease in the both number and the fair value of options granted, a decrease in employee compensation and related costs, other than stock option expense, of approximately $174,000 resulting from a decrease in discretionary bonuses, a decrease in outside research and development expense of approximately $82,000 due to a reduced level of development activity with Volga, a reduction in engineering supplies and accessories of approximately $55,000 due to non-recurring expenses incurred in the prior year period and a decrease in outside consultants’ expense of approximately $33,000. 

  

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased by approximately $513,000 to approximately $1,641,000 in the nine months ended July 31, 2012, from approximately $2,154,000 in the comparable prior-year period.  The decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses was principally due to a decrease in stock option expense of approximately $236,000 resulting from a decrease in the both number and the fair value of options granted, a decrease in employee compensation and related costs, other than stock option expense of approximately $191,000 resulting from a decrease in discretionary bonuses, and a reduction of professional fees of approximately $87,000 primarily related to legal fees incurred in connection with the AUO License Agreements in the prior-year period, partially offset by a decrease in the gain on the sale of DISC common stock of approximately $29,000.

 

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Dividend Income

 

Dividend income decreased by approximately $21,000 to approximately $13,000 in the nine months ended July 31, 2012 compared to approximately $34,000 in the nine months ended July 31, 2011. The dividend income received was related to the Videocon GDR’s we acquired in December 2007.  The decrease was attributable to Videocon decreasing its dividend rate and a weakening of the Indian Rupee against the U.S. dollar.

 

Provision for Income Taxes

 

Provision for income taxes was $-0- in the nine months ended July 31, 2012 compared to  $600,000 in the nine months ended July 31, 2011. The income tax in the 2011 period is related to the 20% withholding payment in connection with the $3,000,000 license fee payment from AUO in June 2011.  We had no similar withholding payment during the corresponding period of 2012 as no payment was received from AUO during this period.

 

Three months ended July 31, 2012 compared with three months ended July 31, 2011

 

Net Revenue

Net revenue decreased by approximately $201,000 in the three months ended July 31, 2012, to approximately $249,000, as compared to approximately $450,000 in the comparable prior-year period.  Revenue during the current period is principally from display technology license fees related to the AUO License Agreements of approximately $247,000 compared to $426,000 in the comparable prior-year period. At each reporting period we assess the progress in completing these efforts and recognize license fee revenue over the remaining estimated period that we expect to complete the conditions for the respective technologies. We reassessed the performance period during the second and third quarters of fiscal year 2012 and, accordingly, revenue for certain technology has been suspended. Revenue from sales of encryption products decreased by approximately $21,000 in the three months ended July 31, 2012, to approximately $3,000, as compared to approximately $24,000 in the comparable prior-year period.  Our encryption revenue has been limited and is sensitive to individual transactions. 

 

Cost of Encryption Products Sold

Due to the decrease in encryption product sales, the cost of encryption products sold decreased by approximately $3,000 in the three months ended July 31, 2012, to less than $1,000, as compared to approximately $4,000 in the comparable prior-year period. 

 

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Research and Development Expenses

Research and development expenses decreased by approximately $422,000 in the three months ended July 31, 2012, to approximately $458,000, from approximately $880,000 in the comparable prior-year period.  The decrease in research and development expenses was principally due to a decrease in employee stock option expense of approximately $174,000 resulting from a decrease in options granted, a decrease in employee compensation and related costs, other than stock option expense, of approximately $84,000 resulting from a decrease in discretionary bonuses, a decrease in outside research and development expense of approximately $108,000 due to a reduced level of development activity with Volga, a reduction in engineering supplies and accessories of approximately $17,000, and a decrease in travel expense of approximately $16,000.

 

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased by approximately $341,000 to approximately $434,000 in the three months ended July 31, 2012, from approximately $775,000 in the comparable prior-year period.  The decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses was principally due to a decrease in employee stock option expense of approxiamtely $160,000 resulting from a decrease in options granted, a decrease in employee compensation and related costs, other than stock option expense, of approximately $80,000 resulting from a decrease in discretionary bonuses and a decrease in legal and accounting fees of approximately $84,000 primarily related to legal fees incurred in connection with the AUO License Agreements in the prior-year period.

 

Dividend Income

 

Dividend income decreased by approximately $21,000 to approximately $13,000 in the three months ended July 31, 2012 compared to approximately $34,000 received in the three months ended July 31, 2011. The dividend income received is related to the Videocon GDR’s we acquired in December 2007.  The decrease was attributable to Videocon decreasing its dividend rate and a weakening of the Indian Rupee against the U.S. dollar.

 

Provision for Income Taxes

 

Provision for income taxes was $-0- in the three months ended July 31, 2012 compared to  $600,000 in the three months ended July 31, 2011. The income tax in the 2011 period is related to the 20% withholding payment in connection with the $3,000,000 license fee payment from AUO in June 2011. We had no similar withholding payment during the corresponding period of 2012 as no payment was received from AUO during this period.

 

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

 

Since our inception, we have met our liquidity and capital expenditure needs primarily through the proceeds from sales of common stock in our initial public offering and in private placements, upon exercise of warrants issued in connection with the private placements and our initial public offering, and upon the exercise of stock options.  In addition, we have generated limited cash flows from sales of our encryption products and from license fees from Videocon related to our display technology pursuant to the Videocon License Agreement.  In May 2011, we entered into the AUO License Agreements, and in June 2011 we received an initial license fee, net of foreign withholding tax, of $2,400,000 from AUO.

 

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During the nine months ended July 31, 2012, our cash used in operating activities was approximately $2,178,000.  This resulted from payments to suppliers, employees and consultants of approximately $2,200,000, which was offset by approximately $13,000 of dividend income received, cash of approximately $5,000 received from collections of accounts receivable related to sales of encryption products and approximately $3,000 from interest received on certificates of deposit.  Our cash provided by investing activities during the nine months ended July 31, 2012 was approximately $1,297,000, which resulted from approximately $2,499,000 received upon the sale or maturities of short-term investments consisting of certificates of deposit and U.S. government securities, offset by purchases of short-term investments consisting of certificates of deposit of $1,200,000 and the purchase of equipment for approximately $2,000.  Our cash provided by financing activities during the nine months ended July 31, 2012 was approximately $208,000, which resulted from cash received upon the exercise of stock options.  As a result, our cash, cash equivalents, and investments in certificates of deposit and U.S. government securities at July 31, 2012 decreased by approximately $1,971,000 to approximately $1,052,000 from approximately $3,023,000 at October 31, 2011.  

  

            Prepaid expenses and other current assets decreased approximately $4,000 from $97,000 at October 31, 2011 to $93,000 at July 31, 2012.   Investment in Videocon is recorded at fair value and decreased to approximately $4,603,000 at July 31, 2012 from approximately $5,382,000 at October 31, 2011, as a result of a decrease in the exchange rate between the Indian Rupee and the U.S. Dollar and a decrease in the price of Videocon’s GDRs which are listed on the Luxembourg Stock Exchange.  There was no change in the investment in Volga at July 31, 2012 from approximately $128,000 at October 31, 2011.  Accounts payable and accrued liabilities increased by approximately $132,000 from approximately $460,000 at October 31, 2011 to approximately $592,000 at July 31, 2012, as a result of the timing of payments and legal and accounting fees incurred in connection with the preparation of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal year ended October 31, 2011.  Deferred revenue decreased by approximately $940,000 from approximately $2,127,000 at October 31, 2011 to approximately $1,187,000 at July 31, 2012, as a result of license fee revenue recognized during the nine months ended July 31, 2012.  Loan payable, which is due in December 2014, remained at $5,000,000 at July 31, 2012 and October 31, 2011.  Loan receivable, which is classified as a contra-equity in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet and is due in December 2014, remained at $5,000,000 at July 31, 2012 and October 31, 2011.  As a result of these changes, working capital decreased approximately $1,651,000 from approximately $1,015,000 at October 31, 2011 to negative $636,000 at July 31, 2012.

 

Under the AUO License Agreements, AUO has agreed to pay CopyTele an aggregate license fee of up to $10 million, of which $3 million was paid by AUO in June 2011 and the remaining $7 million is payable upon completion of certain conditions for the respective technologies, in each case subject to a 20% foreign withholding tax. Accordingly, in June 2011 we received a payment from AUO, net of the withholding tax, of $2.4 million.  As of July 31, 2012, we are working with AUO and cannot presently estimate when or if we will receive the remaining $7 million in licensing fees.  In addition, the AUO License Agreements also provide for the basis for royalty payments by AUO to CopyTele.  

  

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Under the terms of the Videocon License Agreement, we were scheduled to receive a license fee of $11 million from Videocon, payable in installments over a 27 month period and an agreed upon royalty from Videocon based on display sales by Videocon (which royalty will decrease if and when a specified sales level and time period are reached and may increase under other certain circumstances as a result of significant improvements in the Videocon Licensed Technology).  As of July 31, 2012, we have received aggregate license fee payments from Videocon of $3.2 million. The initial installment commenced in May 2008 however certain license fee payments had been subsequently deferred in light of our joint decision to jointly develop improved versions of our Nano Display technology.  However, the aggregate amount of the payments did not change and Videocon’s obligation to make such payments continues to be subject to CopyTele’s limited performance requirements and is not dependent on any specific performance standards which must be met by completion or delivery of prototypes of CopyTele’s products in the development stage.  No such license fee payments were received from Videocon during the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011 and we cannot presently estimate future payment dates for license fee payments from Videocon.  The deferral of the license fee payments is no longer in effect and we are in discussion with Videocon concerning payment of the balance of the license fees; however, we cannot give any estimate as to the outcome of these discussions.  We are not presently involved in development efforts with Videocon.

 

Total employee compensation expense for the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011 was approximately $1,939,000 and $2,836,000, respectively, and for the three-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011 was approximately $595,000 and $1,094,000, respectively. During the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011, a significant portion of employee compensation consisted of the issuance of stock and stock options to employees in lieu of cash compensation.  During the nine-month periods ended July 30, 2012 and 2011, we issued 6,463,830 shares and 6,396,075 shares, respectively, of common stock to certain employees for services rendered.  We recorded stock-based compensation expense for the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011, of approximately $861,000 and $1,313,000, respectively, and for the three-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011 of approximately $337,000 and $353,000 respectively, for shares of common stock issued to employees. In addition, during the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011, we granted to employees stock options to purchase 1,290,000 shares and 3,865,000 shares, respectively. We recorded stock-based compensation expense, related to stock options granted to employees, of approximately $111,000 and $643,000, respectively, during the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011 and $-0- and $334,000, respectively, during the three-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011. 

   

In addition, during the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011, we issued 304,910 shares and 345,794 shares, respectively, of common stock to non-employee consultants for services rendered.  We recorded consulting expense for the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011 of approximately $40,000 and $84,000, respectively, and for the three-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011 of approximately $-0- and $48,000, respectively, for shares of common stock issued to non-employee consultants. In addition, during the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011, we granted to consultants options to purchase -0- shares and 260,000 shares, respectively. We recorded consulting expense related to the stock options granted to non-employee consultants of approximately $-0- and $44,000, respectively, for the nine-months ended July 31, 2012 and 2011.

 

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There were no options to purchase shares granted to consultants during the three-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011. 

 

During the nine-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011, stock options to purchase 1,290,000 shares and 4,670,000 shares, respectively, of common stock were exercised with aggregate proceeds of approximately $208,000 and $1,098,000, respectively.

 

In February 2011, we received proceeds of $1,250,000 pursuant to the sale of 7,000,000 unregistered shares of our common stock and warrants to purchase 7,000,000 shares of our unregistered common stock in a private placement.  Additionally, in February 2011, we sold an additional 3,300,000 shares of DISC common stock that were being held for investment for approximately $100,000.

 

In September 2012, we received aggregate gross proceeds of $750,000 from the issuance of 8% convertible debentures due September 12, 2016, of which $300,000 was received from our current Chairman and Chief Executive Officer and one other director of the Company.  The debentures pay interest quarterly and are convertible into shares of our common stock at a conversion price of $0.092 per share on or before September 12, 2016.  The debentures beneficial conversion feature will result in the recording of a material expense during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2012.  We may prepay the debentures at any time without penalty upon 30 days prior notice.

 

Based on information presently available, we do not believe that our existing cash, cash equivalents, and investments in certificates of deposit, together with cash flows from expected sales of our encryption products and revenue relating to our display technologies, and other potential sources of cash flows or necessary expense reductions including employee compensation, will be sufficient to enable us to continue our marketing, production, and research and development activities for 12 months from the end of this reporting period.  Accordingly, there is substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.  If current cash on hand and cash that may be generated from operations are insufficient to satisfy our liquidity requirements, we may seek to sell our investment securities or other financial assets or our debt or additional equity securities or obtain loans from various financial institutions where possible.  The sale of additional equity securities or convertible debt could result in dilution to our shareholders.  We can give no assurance that we will generate sufficient revenues in the future (through sales, license fees and royalties, or otherwise) to satisfy our liquidity requirements or sustain future operations, that our production capabilities will be adequate, that other products will not be produced by other companies that will render our products obsolete, or that other sources of funding, such as sales of equity or debt, would be available, if needed, on favorable terms or at all.  If we cannot obtain such funding if needed or if we cannot sufficiently reduce operating expenses, we would need to curtail or cease some or all of our operations.  We currently have no arrangements with respect to additional financing. 

 

Subsequent to July 31, 2012, management discontinued compensating employees and consultants through the issuance of stock and does not presently anticipated instituting this practice in the future.  Management intends to continue issuing stock options to provide incentives which will attract, retain and motivate highly competent persons as officers, key employees and non-employee directors of, and consultants to, the Company. 

   

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The following table presents our expected cash requirements for contractual obligations outstanding as of July 31, 2012:

 

 

 

 

Payments Due by Period

 

Contractual

Obligations

 

Less

than

1 year

 

 

1-3

years

 

 

3-5

years

 

 

After

5 years

 

 

 

Total

Non-cancelable Operating Leases

 

$ 313,000

 

$    417,000

 

-

 

-

 

$    730,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Secured Loan Obligation to Mars Overseas

 

-

 

$ 5,000,000

 

 

 

-

 

$ 5,000,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Contractual Cash Obligations

 

$ 313,000

 

$ 5,417,000

 

$

 

$ -

 

$ 5,730,000

 

EFFECT OF RECENTLY ISSUED PRONOUNCEMENTS

 

Refer to Note 7 to the condensed consolidated financial statements – “Effect of Recent Pronouncements” for discussion regarding the impact of recently adopted accounting pronouncements on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

Information included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Report”) may contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.  Forward-looking statements are not statements of historical facts, but rather reflect our current expectations concerning future events and results.  We generally use the words “believes,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “likely,” “will” and similar expressions to identify forward-looking statements.  Such forward-looking statements, including those concerning our expectations, involve risks, uncertainties and other factors, some of which are beyond our control, which may cause our actual results, performance or achievements, or industry results, to be materially different from any future results, performance, or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements.  These risks, uncertainties and factors include, but are not limited to, those factors set forth in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 2011 under “Item 1A – “Risk Factors.”  You should read this discussion and analysis along with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 2011 and the condensed consolidated financial statements included in this Report.   We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.  You are cautioned not to unduly rely on such forward-looking statements when evaluating the information presented in this Report.

 

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Item 3.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

 

As of July 31, 2012, we had invested a portion of our cash on hand in short-term, fixed rate and highly liquid instruments that have historically been reinvested when they mature throughout the year.  Although our existing short-term instruments are not considered at risk with respect to changes in interest rates or markets for these instruments, which investments consist of FDIC guaranteed certificates of deposit, our rate of return on these securities could be affected at the time of reinvestment, if any. 

 

At July 31, 2012, our investment in Videocon GDRs is recorded at fair value of approximately $4,603,000 and has exposure to additional price risk.  The fair value of the Videocon GDRs is based on the underlying price of Videocon’s equity shares which are traded on stock exchanges in India with prices quoted in rupees.  Accordingly, the fair value of the Videocon GDRs is subject to price risk and foreign exchange risk.  The potential loss in fair value resulting from a hypothetical 10% adverse change in prices of Videocon equity shares quoted by Indian stock exchanges and in foreign currency exchange rates, as of July 31, 2012, amounts to approximately $460,000.

 

At October 31, 2011 we determined that, due to the continual decline in market value, the uncertainty of its recoverability and the decline in trading volume, our investment in DISC which had a carrying value of approximately $63,000, should be written down to $-0-.  Accordingly, we have no further market risk related to our investment in DISC.

 

As a smaller reporting company, the Company is not required to provide the disclosures set forth in this Item.

 

Item 4.  Controls and Procedures.

 

We carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management including our Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer and our Vice President – Finance and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Rule 13-15(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.  Based upon that evaluation, our Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer and our Vice President – Finance and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective as of the end of the period covered by this Report. 

 

There was no change in our internal control over financial reporting during the third quarter of fiscal year 2012 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.


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PART II.  OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings.  None

 

Item 1A.  Risk Factors

 

There have been no material changes in our risk factors from those disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 2011.

 

Item 2.  Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.     

 

On September 12, 2012, the Company completed the sale of $750,000 principal amount of the of 8% Convertible Debentures due 2016 (the “Debentures”) to five accredited investors, including Lewis H. Titterton, Jr., the Company’s Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, and Bruce F. Johnson, a director of the Company (the “Investors”), for gross proceeds of $750,000.   The Debentures mature on September 12, 2016, bear interest at the rate of 8% payable quarterly and are convertible into shares (the “Conversion Shares”) of our common stock and at a price per share of $0.092.  The Company may prepay the Debentures at any time without penalty upon 30 days prior notice.  The Company granted the holders customary piggy-back registration rights. If all of the Debentures are converted, the Company would issue (or 8,152,174 shares of its Common Stock.

 

The sale of the Debentures was not subject to any underwriting discounts or commissions.

 

The Debentures (and the Conversion Shares issuable upon conversion of the Debentures) will not be registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Act”), in reliance on an exemption from registration under Section 4(2) of the Act, and Rule 506 promulgated thereunder, based on the fact that all of the Investors are “accredited investors,” as such term is defined in Rule 501 of Regulation D.

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities  None 

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.  Not Applicable.

 

Item 5. Other Information

 

            (a)        None

 

(b)        There have been no material changes to the procedures by which security holders may recommend nominees to the Company’s board of directors.

  

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Item 6.  Exhibits. 

 

31.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer, pursuant to Section 302 of   the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, dated September 14, 2012.

 

31.2   Certification of Chief Financial Officer, pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, dated September 14, 2012.

 

32.1     Statement of Chief Executive Officer, pursuant to Section 1350 of Title 18 of the United States Code, dated September 14, 2012.

 

32.2     Statement of Chief Financial Officer, pursuant to Section 1350 of Title 18 of the United States Code, dated September 14, 2012.

 

101.ins   Instance Document*

 

101.def   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document*

 

101.sch   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document *

 

101.cal   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document *

 

101.lab   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document *

 

101.pre   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document *

 

* Furnished, not filed herewith.

 

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SIGNATURES

 

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

                                                                                                                                               COPYTELE, INC.

 

                                                 

 

 

By:-

/s/ Lewis H. Titterton, JR.

 

 

Lewis H. Titterton,Jr.

 

 

Chairman of the Board and

 

 

Chief Executive Officer

September 14, 2012

 

(Principal Executive Officer)

 

 

 

By:

/s/ Henry P. Herms

 

 

Henry P. Herms

 

 

Vice President - Finance and

 

 

Chief Financial Officer (Principal

September 14, 2012

 

Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

40


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