XNYS:OXY Occidental Petroleum Corp Quarterly Report 10-Q Filing - 3/31/2012

Effective Date 3/31/2012

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SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
þ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2012
OR
¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from ___________ to ___________
 
Commission file number 1-9210
_____________________
OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
95-4035997
(State or other jurisdiction of
(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)
Identification No.)
   
10889 Wilshire Boulevard
 
Los Angeles, California
90024
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
 
(310) 208-8800
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
_____________________
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     R Yes   £ No
   
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).     R Yes   £ No
   
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. (See definition of "accelerated filer", "large accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act):
  
Large Accelerated FilerR   Accelerated Filer£   Non-Accelerated Filer£   Smaller Reporting Company£
   
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     £ Yes   R No
   
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
   
 
Class
  Outstanding at March 31, 2012
 
 
Common stock $.20 par value
  811,067,420 shares  
 
 
 
 
OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES


TABLE OF CONTENTS




       
PAGE
         
Part I
Financial Information
 
         
 
Item 1.
Financial Statements (unaudited)
 
         
   
Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets —
 
     
March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011
2
         
   
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Income —
 
     
Three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011
4
         
   
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Comprehensive Income —
 
     
Three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011
5
         
   
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Cash Flows —
 
      Three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 6
         
   
Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements
7
         
 
Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial
 
     
Condition and Results of Operations
18
         
 
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
26
         
 
Item 4.
Controls and Procedures
26
         
Part II
Other Information
 
         
 
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings
27
         
 
Item 2.
Share Repurchase Activities
27
         
  Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 27
         
 
Item 6.
Exhibits
28
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
PART I    FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
   
Item 1.
Financial Statements (unaudited)
   
OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS
MARCH 31, 2012 AND DECEMBER 31, 2011
(Amounts in millions)
 
     
2012
   
2011
 
               
ASSETS
             
               
CURRENT ASSETS
             
               
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
3,760
 
$
3,781
 
               
Trade receivables, net
   
5,712
   
5,395
 
               
Marketing and trading assets and other
   
874
   
  916
 
               
Inventories
   
1,250
   
1,069
 
               
Prepaid expenses and other
   
391
   
381
 
               
Total current assets
   
11,987
   
11,542
 
               
INVESTMENTS IN UNCONSOLIDATED ENTITIES
   
1,965
   
2,072
 
               
PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, net of accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization of $24,743 at March 31, 2012 and $23,687 at December 31, 2011
   
46,903
   
45,684
 
               
LONG-TERM RECEIVABLES AND OTHER ASSETS, NET
   
767
   
746
 
               
               
TOTAL ASSETS
 
$
61,622
 
$
60,044
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 
2
 
 
 
 
OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS
MARCH 31, 2012 AND DECEMBER 31, 2011
(Amounts in millions)
 
     
2012
   
2011
 
               
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
             
               
CURRENT LIABILITIES
             
Accounts payable
 
$
5,522
 
$
5,304
 
Accrued liabilities
   
2,328
   
2,533
 
Domestic and foreign income taxes
   
248
   
110
 
Total current liabilities
   
8,098
   
7,947
 
               
               
LONG-TERM DEBT, NET
   
5,873
   
5,871
 
               
DEFERRED CREDITS AND OTHER LIABILITIES
             
Deferred and other domestic and foreign income taxes
   
5,203
   
4,846
 
Other
   
3,701
   
3,760
 
     
8,904
   
8,606
 
               
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
             
Common stock, at par value
   
177
   
177
 
Treasury stock
   
(4,517
)
 
(4,502
)
Additional paid-in capital
   
7,313
   
7,286
 
Retained earnings
   
36,262
   
35,142
 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
   
(488
)
 
(483
)
Total stockholders’ equity
   
38,747
   
37,620
 
               
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
$
61,622
 
$
60,044
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 

 
3
 
 
 
 
OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2012 AND 2011
(Amounts in millions, except per-share amounts)
 
     
2012
   
2011
 
REVENUES AND OTHER INCOME
             
Net sales
 
$
6,268
 
$
5,726
 
Interest, dividends and other income
   
14
   
31
 
Gains on disposition of assets, net
   
1
   
22
 
     
6,283
   
5,779
 
               
COSTS AND OTHER DEDUCTIONS
             
Cost of sales
   
2,950
   
2,526
 
Selling, general and administrative and other operating expenses
   
434
   
441
 
Taxes other than on income
   
174
   
151
 
Exploration expense
   
98
   
84
 
Interest and debt expense, net
   
30
   
215
 
     
3,686
   
3,417
 
Income before income taxes and other items
   
2,597
   
2,362
 
Provision for domestic and foreign income taxes
   
1,139
   
1,054
 
Income from equity investments
   
(102
)
 
(97
)
Income from continuing operations
   
1,560
   
1,405
 
Discontinued operations, net
   
(1
)
 
144
 
NET INCOME
 
$
1,559
 
$
1,549
 
               
               
BASIC EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE
             
Income from continuing operations
 
$
1.92
 
$
1.72
 
Discontinued operations, net
   
   
0.18
 
BASIC EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE
 
$
1.92
 
$
1.90
 
               
DILUTED EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE
             
Income from continuing operations
 
$
1.92
 
$
1.72
 
Discontinued operations, net
   
   
0.18
 
DILUTED EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE
 
$
1.92
 
$
1.90
 
DIVIDENDS PER COMMON SHARE
 
$
0.54
 
$
0.46
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 
 
4
 
 
 
 
OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2012 AND 2011
(Amounts in millions)
 
     
2012
   
2011
 
Net income
 
$
1,559
 
$
1,549
 
Other comprehensive income (loss) items
             
Foreign currency translation adjustments
   
4
   
6
 
Pension and postretirement adjustments (a)
   
5
   
7
 
Unrealized gains (losses) on derivatives (b)
   
14
   
(25
)
Reclassification of realized (gains) losses on derivatives and other (c)
   
(28
)
 
14
 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
   
(5
)
 
2
 
Comprehensive income
 
$
1,554
 
$
1,551
 
                 
(a)
Net of tax of $(3) and $(4) in 2012 and 2011, respectively.
 
(b)
Net of tax of $(8) and $14 in 2012 and 2011, respectively.
 
(c)
Net of tax of $17 and $(8) in 2012 and 2011, respectively.
 
 
 
5
 
 
 
 
OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2012 AND 2011
(Amounts in millions)
 
     
2012
   
2011
 
CASH FLOW FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
             
Net income
 
$
1,559
 
$
1,549
 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities
             
Discontinued operations, net
   
1
   
(144
)
Depreciation, depletion and amortization of assets
   
1,085
   
890
 
Deferred income tax provision
   
350
   
276
 
Other noncash charges to income
   
65
   
115
 
Gains on disposition of assets, net
   
(1
)
 
(22
)
Undistributed earnings from equity investments
   
(9
)
 
(48
)
Dry hole and impairment expense
   
82
   
49
 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net
   
(317
)
 
(629
)
Other operating, net
   
(42
)
 
183
 
Operating cash flow from continuing operations
   
2,773
   
2,219
 
Operating cash flow from discontinued operations, net of taxes
   
(8
)
 
3
 
Net cash provided by operating activities
   
2,765
   
2,222
 
CASH FLOW FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
             
Capital expenditures
   
(2,412
)
 
(1,325
)
Payments for purchases of assets and businesses
   
(97
)
 
(3,015
)
Sales of assets, net
   
2
   
44
 
Other, net
   
92
   
(15
)
Investing cash flow from continuing operations
   
(2,415
)
 
(4,311
)
Investing cash flow from discontinued operations
   
   
2,570
 
Net cash used by investing activities
   
(2,415
)
 
(1,741
)
CASH FLOW FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
             
Proceeds from short-term borrowings
   
   
1,000
 
Payments of long-term debt
   
   
(1,523
)
Proceeds from issuance of common stock
   
15
   
3
 
Purchases of treasury stock
   
(15
)
 
(13
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest
   
   
(121
)
Cash dividends paid
   
(374
)
 
(310
)
Other, net
   
3
   
5
 
Net cash used by financing activities
   
(371
)
 
(959
)
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents
   
(21
)
 
(478
)
Cash and cash equivalents—beginning of period
   
3,781
   
2,578
 
Cash and cash equivalents—end of period
 
$
3,760
 
$
2,100
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 
6
 
 
 
 
OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
March 31, 2012
1.
General
   
 
In these unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements, "Occidental" means Occidental Petroleum Corporation, a Delaware corporation (OPC), or OPC and one or more entities in which it owns a controlling interest (subsidiaries). Occidental has made its disclosures in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles as they apply to interim reporting, and condensed or omitted, as permitted by the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and regulations, certain information and disclosures normally included in consolidated financial statements and the notes.  The consolidated condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto in Occidental’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.
   
 
In the opinion of Occidental’s management, the accompanying consolidated condensed financial statements contain all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) necessary to fairly present Occidental’s consolidated financial position as of March 31, 2012, and the consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income and cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, as applicable. The income and cash flows for the periods ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 are not necessarily indicative of the income or cash flows to be expected for the full year.
   
 
Certain financial statements and notes for the prior year have been reclassified to conform to the 2012 presentation.
   
2.
Asset Acquisitions, Dispositions and Other Transactions
   
 
No significant acquisitions, dispositions or other transactions occurred during the first quarter of 2012.
   
3.
Accounting and Disclosure Changes
   
 
Fair Value Measurements – Beginning in the quarter ended March 31, 2012, Occidental enhanced its fair value measurement application and disclosures as a result of adopting new requirements issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board in May 2011.  The new rules include revisions to the standards for the use of fair value measurements and additional disclosures for: (i) all transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy; (ii) Level 3 measurements; and (iii) hierarchy classifications used for assets and liabilities whose fair value is disclosed only in the footnotes.  The new rules did not have a material impact on Occidental.
   
4.
Supplemental Cash Flow Information
   
 
Occidental paid United States federal, state and foreign income taxes for continuing operations of approximately $501 million and $584 million during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.  Interest paid totaled approximately $72 million and $213 million (including $154 million for early debt extinguishment premium) for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

 
7
 
 
 
 
 
5.
Inventories
   
 
A portion of inventories is valued under the LIFO method.  The valuation of LIFO inventory for interim periods is based on Occidental’s estimates of year-end inventory levels and costs.  Inventories as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 consisted of the following (in millions):

     
2012
 
2011
 
Raw materials
   
$
70
     
$
69
 
 
Materials and supplies
     
475
       
443
 
 
Finished goods
     
803
       
655
 
         
1,348
       
1,167
 
 
LIFO reserve
     
(98
)
     
(98
)
 
Total
   
$
1,250
     
$
1,069
 

6.
Environmental Liabilities and Expenditures
   
 
Occidental’s operations are subject to stringent federal, state, local and foreign laws and regulations relating to improving or maintaining environmental quality.  Occidental’s environmental compliance costs have generally increased over time and are expected to rise in the future.  Occidental factors environmental expenditures for its operations into its business planning process as an integral part of producing quality products responsive to market demand.
   
 
The laws that require or address environmental remediation, including the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) and similar federal, state, local and foreign laws, may apply retroactively and regardless of fault, the legality of the original activities or the current ownership or control of sites.  OPC or certain of its subsidiaries participate in or actively monitor a range of remedial activities and government or private proceedings under these laws with respect to alleged past practices at operating, closed and third-party sites.  Remedial activities may include one or more of the following:  investigation involving sampling, modeling, risk assessment or monitoring; cleanup measures including removal, treatment or disposal; or operation and maintenance of remedial systems.  The environmental proceedings seek funding or performance of remediation and, in some cases, compensation for alleged property damage, punitive damages, civil penalties, injunctive relief and government oversight costs.
   
 
As of March 31, 2012, Occidental participated in or monitored remedial activities or proceedings at 160 sites.  The following table presents Occidental’s environmental remediation reserves as of March 31, 2012, the current portion of which is included in accrued liabilities ($79 million) and the remainder in deferred credits and other liabilities – other ($264 million).  The reserves are grouped as environmental remediation sites listed or proposed for listing by the United States Environmental Protection Agency on the CERCLA National Priorities List (NPL sites) and three categories of non-NPL sites — third-party sites, Occidental-operated sites and closed or non-operated Occidental sites.

 
8
 
 
 
 
 
     
Number of Sites
 
Reserve Balance
(in millions)
 
NPL sites
   
36
     
$
58
 
 
Third-party sites
   
73
       
84
 
 
Occidental-operated sites
   
22
       
117
 
 
Closed or non-operated Occidental sites
   
29
       
84
 
 
Total
   
160
     
$
343
 
 
 
As of March 31, 2012, Occidental’s environmental reserves exceeded $10 million at 10 of the 160 sites described above, and 109 of the sites had reserves from zero to $1 million each.  Occidental expects to expend funds corresponding to approximately half of the current environmental reserves over the next four years and the balance over the subsequent 10 or more years.  Occidental believes its range of reasonably possible additional losses beyond those liabilities recorded for environmental remediation at the sites described above could be up to $380 million.  The status of Occidental’s involvement with the sites and related significant assumptions have not changed materially since December 31, 2011.  For management’s opinion with respect to environmental matters, refer to Note 7.
   
7.
Lawsuits, Claims, Commitments and Other Contingencies
   
 
OPC or certain of its subsidiaries are named, in the normal course of business, in lawsuits, claims and other legal proceedings that seek, among other things, compensation for alleged personal injury, breach of contract, property damage or other losses, punitive damages, civil penalties, or injunctive or declaratory relief.  OPC or certain of its subsidiaries also have been named in proceedings under CERCLA and similar federal, state, local and foreign environmental laws.  These environmental proceedings seek funding or performance of remediation and, in some cases, compensation for alleged property damage, punitive damages, civil penalties and injunctive relief; however, Occidental or such subsidiaries are usually among many companies in these proceedings and have to date been successful in sharing response costs with other financially sound companies.   Occidental accrues reserves for currently outstanding lawsuits, claims and proceedings when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the liability can be reasonably estimated.  Occidental has disclosed its reserve balance for environmental matters.  Reserve balances for other matters as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 were not material to Occidental's consolidated balance sheets.  Occidental also evaluates the amount of reasonably possible losses that it could incur as a result of the matters mentioned above.  Occidental has disclosed its range of reasonably possible additional losses for sites where it is a participant in environmental remediation.  Occidental believes that other reasonably possible losses that it could incur in excess of reserves accrued on the balance sheet would not be material to its consolidated financial position or results of operations.
   
 
During the course of its operations, Occidental is subject to audit by tax authorities for varying periods in various federal, state, local and foreign tax jurisdictions.  While the audits of corporate tax returns for taxable years through 2009 have concluded for United States federal income tax purposes, subsequent taxable years, including the current year, are under review by the United States Internal Revenue Service pursuant to its Compliance Assurance Program.  Taxable years from 2000 through the current year remain subject to examination by foreign and state government tax authorities in certain jurisdictions.  In certain of these jurisdictions, tax authorities are in various stages of auditing Occidental’s income taxes.  During the course of tax audits, disputes have arisen and other disputes may arise as to facts and matters of law.  Occidental believes that the resolution of outstanding tax matters would not have a material adverse effect on its consolidated financial position or results of operations.
   
 
OPC, its subsidiaries or both have indemnified various parties against specified liabilities that those parties might incur in the future in connection with purchases and other transactions that they have entered into with Occidental.  These indemnities usually are contingent upon the other party incurring liabilities that reach specified thresholds.  As of March 31, 2012, Occidental is not aware of circumstances that it believes would reasonably be expected to lead to future indemnity claims against it in connection with these transactions that would result in payments materially in excess of reserves.

 
9
 
 
 
 
 
8.
Retirement Plans and Postretirement Benefits
   
 
The following table sets forth the components of the net periodic benefit costs for Occidental’s defined benefit pension and postretirement benefit plans for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 (in millions):
 
     
2012
 
2011
 
Net Periodic Benefit Costs
 
Pension
Plans
 
Postretirement
Plans
 
Pension
Plans
 
Postretirement
Plans
 
Service cost
 
$
3
   
$
7
   
$
5
   
$
6
 
 
Interest cost
   
7
     
11
     
7
     
11
 
 
Expected return on plan assets
   
(8
)
   
     
(8
)
   
 
 
Recognized actuarial loss
   
5
     
8
     
3
     
8
 
 
Total
 
$
7
   
$
26
   
$
7
   
$
25
 
 
 
Occidental contributed $1 million and $2 million in the three-month periods ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively, to its defined benefit pension plans.
     
9.
Fair Value Measurements
     
 
Occidental has categorized its assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value, based on the priority of the inputs to the valuation techniques, in a three-level fair value hierarchy: Level 1 – using quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities; Level 2 – using observable inputs other than quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities; and Level 3 – using unobservable inputs.  Transfers between levels, if any, are recognized at the end of each reporting period.
     
 
Fair Values – Recurring
 
Occidental primarily applies the market approach for recurring fair value measurements, maximizes its use of observable inputs and minimizes its use of unobservable inputs.  Occidental utilizes the mid-point price between bid and ask prices for valuing the majority of its assets and liabilities measured and reported at fair value.  In addition to using market data, Occidental makes assumptions in valuing its assets and liabilities, including assumptions about the risks inherent in the inputs to the valuation technique.  For assets and liabilities carried at fair value, Occidental measures fair value using the following methods:
     
   
Commodity derivatives – Occidental values exchange-cleared commodity derivatives using closing prices provided by the exchange as of the balance sheet date.  These derivatives are classified as Level 1.  Over-the-Counter (OTC) financial commodity contracts, foreign exchange contracts, options and physical commodity forward purchase and sale contracts are generally valued using quotations provided by brokers or industry-standard models that consider various inputs, including quoted forward prices for commodities, time value, volatility factors, credit risk and current market and contractual prices for the underlying instruments, as well as other relevant economic measures.  Substantially all of these inputs are observable in the marketplace throughout the full term of the instrument, can be derived from observable data or are supported by observable prices at which transactions are executed in the marketplace.  Occidental classifies these measurements as Level 2.
     
 
Occidental generally uses an income approach to measure fair value when there is not a market-observable price for an identical or similar asset or liability.  This approach utilizes management's assumptions regarding expectations of projected cash flows, and discounts the expected cash flows using a risk-adjusted risk-free discount rate.

 
10
 
 
 
 

 
The following tables provide fair value measurement information for such assets and liabilities that are measured on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 (in millions):
 
      Fair Value Measurements at
March 31, 2012 Using
           
  Description   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3   Netting and Collateral  
(a)
  Total Fair
Value
  Assets:                              
 
Commodity derivatives
 
$
722
 
$
752
 
$
 
$
(1,234
)
$
240
 
Liabilities:
                             
 
Commodity derivatives
 
$
782
 
$
738
 
$
 
$
(1,331
)
$
189
 
 
      Fair Value Measurements at
December 31, 2011 Using
           
  Description   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3   Netting and Collateral  
(a)
  Total Fair
Value
  Assets:                              
 
Commodity derivatives
 
$
310
 
$
640
 
$
 
$
(758
)
$
192
 
Liabilities:
                             
 
Commodity derivatives
 
$
311
 
$
652
 
$
 
$
(782
)
$
181
       
 
(a)
Represents the impact of netting assets, liabilities and collateral when a legal right of offset exists.
 

 
Fair Values - Nonrecurring
 
During the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, Occidental did not have any assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis.
   
 
Other Financial Instruments
 
The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents and other on-balance-sheet financial instruments, other than fixed-rate debt, approximate fair value.  The cost, if any, to terminate off-balance-sheet financial instruments is not significant.  Occidental estimates the fair value of fixed-rate debt based on the quoted market prices for those instruments or on quoted market yields for similarly rated debt instruments, taking into account such similar instruments’ maturities.  The estimated fair values of Occidental’s debt as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, which were classified as Level 1, were approximately $6.3 billion and $6.4 billion, compared to carrying values of $5.9 billion and $5.9 billion, respectively.
 
 
11
 
 
 
 
 
10.
Derivatives
   
 
Derivatives are carried at fair value and on a net basis when a legal right of offset exists with the same counterparty.  Occidental applies hedge accounting when transactions meet specified criteria for such treatment and management elects to do so.  If a derivative does not qualify or is not designated and documented as a cash-flow hedge, any fair value gains or losses are recognized in earnings in the current period.
   
 
Through its marketing and trading activities and within its established policy controls and procedures, Occidental uses derivative instruments, including a combination of short-term futures, forwards, options and swaps, to improve realized prices for its oil and gas.  Additionally, Occidental’s Phibro trading unit engages in trading activities using derivatives for the purpose of generating profits mainly from market price changes of commodities.  In the past, Occidental has also used derivatives to reduce its exposure to price volatility on a small portion of its oil and gas production.
   
 
Cash-Flow Hedges
   
 
Through December 31, 2011, Occidental held a series of collar agreements for 12,000 barrels of oil per day of its existing domestic production that qualified as cash-flow hedges at a weighted-average strike price that ranged from $32.92 to $46.35.
   
 
In 2009, Occidental entered into financial swap agreements related to the sale of a portion of its existing natural gas production from the Rocky Mountain region of the United States that qualified as cash-flow hedges and terminated as of March 31, 2012.  These swap agreements hedged the sale of 50 million cubic feet of natural gas per day at an average strike price of $6.07.
   
 
Occidental’s marketing and trading operations store natural gas purchased from third parties at Occidental’s North American leased storage facilities.  Derivative instruments are used to fix margins on the future sales of the stored volumes.  These agreements continue through March 2013.  As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, Occidental had approximately 13 billion cubic feet and 25 billion cubic feet of natural gas held in storage, respectively.  As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, Occidental had cash-flow hedges for the forecast sale, to be settled by physical delivery, of approximately 16 billion cubic feet and 35 billion cubic feet of this natural gas held in storage, respectively.
   
 
The following table presents the pre-tax gains and losses recognized in, and reclassified from, Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (AOCI) and recognized in income (net sales), including any hedge ineffectiveness, for derivative instruments classified as cash-flow hedges for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 (in millions):
 
  Commodity Contracts – cash-flow hedges    
2012
   
2011
 
  Unrealized gains (losses) recognized in AOCI  
$
22
 
$
(40
)
  (Gains) losses reclassified into income  
$
(45
)
$
22
 
  Losses recognized in income – ineffective portion
 
$
 
$
(1
)
 

 
12
 
 
 
 
 
 
The following table summarizes net after-tax derivative activity recorded in AOCI for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 (in millions):
 
 
       
2012
   
2011
 
 
Beginning balance – AOCI
 
$
1
 
$
(111
)
  Unrealized gains (losses) recognized in AOCI  
 
14
 
 
(25
)
 
(Gains) losses reclassified to income
 
 
(28
)
 
14
 
 
Ending balance – AOCI
 
$
(13
)
$
(122
)
 
 
Occidental expects that during the next twelve months an insignificant amount of net after-tax derivative losses included in AOCI, based on their valuation as of March 31, 2012, will be reclassified into income.
 
     
 
Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments
 
 
Occidental’s third-party marketing and trading activities focus on purchasing oil, natural gas liquids (NGLs) and gas for resale from partners, producers and third parties whose oil and gas supply is located near its midstream and marketing assets, such as pipelines, processing plants and storage facilities.  These purchases allow Occidental to aggregate volumes to maximize prices received for Occidental’s production.  The third-party marketing and trading purchase and sales contracts generally approximate each other with respect to aggregate volumes and terms.  In addition, Occidental’s Phibro trading unit’s strategy is to profit from market price changes using derivatives not designated as hedging instruments.
 
     
 
The following table presents gross volumes of Occidental’s outstanding commodity derivatives contracts not designated as hedging instruments as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011:
 

     
Volumes
 
Commodity
 
2012
 
2011
 
Sales contracts related to Occidental’s production
           
 
Oil (million barrels)
 
12
   
9
 
               
 
Third-party marketing and trading activities
           
 
Purchase contracts
           
 
Oil (million barrels)
 
252
   
109
 
 
Natural gas (billion cubic feet)
 
444
   
481
 
 
Precious metals (million troy ounces)
 
1
   
4
 
               
 
Sales contracts
           
 
Oil (million barrels)
 
251
   
109
 
 
Natural gas (billion cubic feet)
 
632
   
723
 
 
Precious metals (million troy ounces)
 
   
1
 

 
 
In addition, Occidental’s Phibro trading unit has certain other commodity trading contracts, including agricultural products and other metals, as well as foreign exchange contracts, but these were not material to Occidental as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011.
   
 
For third-party marketing and trading activities, a substantial portion of sales contracts are typically fulfilled by purchase contracts with substantially identical terms entered into within a short time.  For a substantial portion of the sales commitments not satisfied by such contracts as of March 31, 2012, Occidental entered into offsetting contracts after March 31, 2012.  Occidental believes it has the ability to fulfill any remaining portion through its equity production or through additional third-party purchases.
   
 
Approximately $51 million and $29 million of gains from derivatives not designated as hedging instruments were recognized in net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
 
 
13
 
 
 
 

 
Fair Value of Derivatives
 
 
The following table presents the gross fair value of Occidental’s outstanding derivatives as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 (in millions):
 

     
Asset Derivatives
     
Liability Derivatives
     
 
March 31, 2012
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
Fair Value
 
 Balance Sheet Location
 
Fair Value
 
 
Cash-flow hedges (a)
                     
 
Commodity contracts
 
Marketing and trading assets and other
 
$
6
 
Accrued liabilities
 
$
6
 
                         
 
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments (a)
                     
 
Commodity contracts
 
Marketing and trading assets and other
   
1,398
 
Accrued liabilities
   
1,443
 
   
Long-term receivables and other assets, net
   
70
 
Deferred credits and other liabilities
   
71
 
           
1,468
       
1,514
 
 
Total gross fair value
       
1,474
       
1,520
 
 
Less: counterparty netting and cash collateral (b)
       
(1,234
)
     
(1,331
)
 
Total net fair value of derivatives
     
$
240
     
$
189
 

     
Asset Derivatives
     
Liability Derivatives
     
 
December 31, 2011
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
Fair Value
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
Fair Value
 
 
Cash-flow hedges (a)
                     
 
Commodity contracts
 
Marketing and trading assets and other
 
$
41
 
Accrued liabilities
 
$
5
 
   
Long-term receivables and other assets, net
   
3
 
Deferred credits and other liabilities
   
 
           
44
       
5
 
                         
 
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments (a)
                     
 
Commodity contracts
 
Marketing and trading assets and other
   
835
 
Accrued liabilities
   
887
 
   
Long-term receivables and other assets, net
   
71
 
Deferred credits and other liabilities
   
71
 
           
906
       
958
 
 
Total gross fair value
       
950
       
963
 
 
Less: counterparty netting and cash collateral (c)
       
(758
)
     
(782
)
 
Total net fair value of derivatives
     
$
192
     
$
181
 
   
 
(a)
Fair values are presented at gross amounts, including when the derivatives are subject to master netting arrangements and qualify for net presentation in the consolidated balance sheet.
 
 
(b)
As of March 31, 2012, collateral received of $42 million has been netted against derivative assets and collateral paid of $139 million has been netted against derivative liabilities.
 
 
(c)
As of December 31, 2011, collateral received of $42 million has been netted against derivative assets and collateral paid of $66 million has been netted against derivative liabilities.
 

 
See Note 9 for fair value measurement disclosures on derivatives.
 
 
 

14
 
 
 
 

 
Credit Risk
   
 
A substantial portion of Occidental’s derivative transaction volume is executed through exchange-traded contracts, which are subject to nominal credit risk as a significant portion of these transactions are executed on a daily margin basis.  Collateral of $175 million and $173 million deposited by Occidental for such contracts with clearing houses and brokers, which has not been reflected in the derivative fair value tables, is included in the marketing and trading assets and other balance as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively.
   
 
Occidental executes the rest of its derivative transactions in the over-the-counter (OTC) market.  Occidental is subject to counterparty credit risk to the extent the counterparty to the derivatives is unable to meet its settlement commitments.  Occidental manages this credit risk by selecting counterparties that it believes to be financially strong, by spreading the credit risk among many such counterparties, by entering into master netting arrangements with the counterparties and by requiring collateral, as appropriate.  Occidental actively monitors the creditworthiness of each counterparty and records valuation adjustments to reflect counterparty risk, if necessary.
   
 
Certain of Occidental's OTC derivative instruments contain credit-risk-contingent features, primarily tied to credit ratings for Occidental or its counterparties, which may affect the amount of collateral that each would need to post.  As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, Occidental had a net liability of $22 million and $58 million, respectively, which are net of collateral posted of $76 million and $27 million, respectively.  Occidental believes that if it had received a one-notch reduction in its credit rating, it would not have resulted in a material change in its collateral-posting requirements as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011.
   
11.
Industry Segments
   
 
Occidental conducts its operations through three segments: (1) oil and gas; (2) chemical; and (3) midstream, marketing and other (midstream and marketing).  The oil and gas segment explores for, develops and produces oil and condensate, NGLs and natural gas.  The chemical segment mainly manufactures and markets basic chemicals and vinyls.  The midstream and marketing segment gathers, treats, processes, transports, stores, purchases and markets oil, condensate, NGLs, natural gas, carbon dioxide (CO2) and power.  It also trades around its assets, including pipelines and storage capacity, and trades oil, NGLs, gas and other commodities.
   
 
Earnings of industry segments generally exclude income taxes, interest income, interest expense, environmental remediation expenses, unallocated corporate expenses and discontinued operations, but include gains and losses from dispositions of segment assets and income from the segments’ equity investments.

 
15
 
 
 
 

 
The following table presents Occidental’s industry segment and corporate disclosures (in millions):
 
 
             
Midstream,
 
Corporate
     
             
Marketing
 
and
     
     
Oil and Gas
 
Chemical
 
and Other
 
Eliminations
 
Total
 
 
Three months ended
                               
 
March 31, 2012
                               
                                   
 
Net sales
 
$
4,902
 
$
1,148
 
$
393
 
$
(175
) (a)
$
6,268
 
                                   
 
Pretax operating profit (loss)
 
$
2,504
 
$
184
 
$
131
 
$
(120
) (b)
$
2,699
 
 
Income taxes
   
   
   
   
(1,139
) (c)
 
(1,139
)
 
Discontinued operations, net
   
   
   
   
(1
)
 
(1
)
 
Net income (loss)
 
$
2,504
 
$
184
 
$
131
 
$
(1,260
)
$
1,559
 
                                   
 
Three months ended
                               
 
March 31, 2011
                               
                                   
 
Net sales
 
$
4,367
 
$
1,165
 
$
412
 
$
(218
) (a)
$
5,726
 
                                   
 
Pretax operating profit (loss)
 
$
2,468
 
$
219
 
$
114
 
$
(342
) (b)
$
2,459
 
 
Income taxes
   
   
   
   
(1,054
) (c)
 
(1,054
)
 
Discontinued operations, net
   
 
 
   
   
144
  (d)
 
144
 
 
Net income (loss)
 
$
2,468
 
$
219
 
$
114
 
$
(1,252
)
$
1,549
 
  
 
(a)
Intersegment sales eliminate upon consolidation and are generally made at prices approximately equal to those that the selling entity would be able to obtain in third-party transactions.
 
 
(b)
Includes unallocated net interest expense (including the early debt extinguishment costs of $163 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2011), administration expense, environmental remediation and other pre-tax items.
 
 
(c)
Includes all foreign and domestic income taxes from continuing operations.
 
 
(d)
Reflects the after-tax gain from the sale of the Argentine operations.
 
 
 
16
 
 
 
 

12.
Earnings Per Share
 
     
 
Occidental’s instruments containing rights to nonforfeitable dividends granted in stock-based payment transactions are considered participating securities prior to vesting, and, therefore, have been included in the earnings allocations in computing basic and diluted EPS under the two-class method.
 
     
 
Basic EPS was computed by dividing net income, net of participating securities, by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during each period, net of treasury shares and including vested but unissued shares and share units. The computation of diluted EPS reflects the additional dilutive effect of stock options and unvested stock awards.
 
     
 
The following table presents the calculation of basic and diluted EPS for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011:
 

 
(in millions, except per-share amounts)
   
2012
   
2011
 
 
Basic EPS
             
 
Income from continuing operations
 
$
1,560
 
$
1,405
 
 
Discontinued operations, net
 
 
(1
)  
144
 
 
Net income
   
1,559
   
1,549
 
 
Less: Net income allocated to participating securities
 
 
(3
)
 
(3
)
 
Net income, net of participating securities
 
$
1,556
 
$
1,546
 
 
Weighted average number of basic shares
   
810.5
   
812.6
 
 
Basic EPS
 
$
1.92
 
$
1.90
 
 
Diluted EPS
             
 
Net income, net of participating securities
 
$
1,556
 
$
1,546
 
 
Weighted average number of basic shares
   
810.5
   
812.6
 
 
Dilutive effect of potentially dilutive securities
   
0.8
   
0.8
 
 
Total diluted weighted average common shares
   
811.3
   
813.4
 
 
Diluted EPS
 
$
1.92
 
$
1.90
 
 

17
 
 
 
 

Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Consolidated Results of Operations
 
In this report, "Occidental" refers to Occidental Petroleum Corporation (OPC), or OPC and one or more entities in which it owns a controlling interest (subsidiaries).  Occidental reported net income of $1.6 billion for the first quarter of 2012 on net sales of $6.3 billion, compared to net income of $1.5 billion on net sales of $5.7 billion for the same period of 2011.  Diluted earnings per share (EPS) were $1.92 for the first quarter of 2012, compared to $1.90 for the same period of 2011.  
 
The increase in net income for the three months ended March 31, 2012, compared to the same period of 2011, reflected higher oil prices and higher oil and gas segment volumes domestically.  These increases were partially offset by higher oil and gas operating costs, depreciation, depletion and amortization (DD&A) rates and lower international oil volumes and domestic natural gas prices.
 
Selected Income Statement Items
 
The increase in net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2012, compared to the same period of 2011, reflected higher oil prices and higher oil and gas segment volumes domestically, partially offset by lower international oil volumes and domestic gas prices.
 
The increase in cost of sales for the three months ended March 31, 2012, compared to the same period of 2011, reflected higher DD&A expense and higher oil and gas operating costs, including increased well maintenance activity.  The decrease in interest and debt expense, net, was mainly due to the $163 million early debt extinguishment charge recorded in the first quarter of 2011.
 
The increase in provision for domestic and foreign income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2012, compared to the same period of 2011 was due to higher pre-tax income.  The income from discontinued operations, net, for the three months ended March 31, 2011, primarily reflected the $144 million after-tax gain recorded from the sale of the Argentine operations.
 
Selected Analysis of Financial Position
 
See "Liquidity and Capital Resources" for discussion about the changes in cash and cash equivalents, as well as long-term debt, net.
 
The increase in trade receivables, net, reflected higher crude oil sales prices in the first quarter of 2012, compared to the fourth quarter of 2011.  The increase in inventories was primarily due to higher volumes of oil held by the oil and gas and midstream and marketing segments at the end of the first quarter of 2012, compared to the fourth quarter of 2011.  The decrease in investments in unconsolidated entities was mostly due to dividends received in excess of income earned.  The increase in property, plant and equipment, net, reflected capital expenditures of approximately $2.4 billion, partially offset by DD&A.

The increase in domestic and foreign income taxes payable reflected higher pre-tax income in the first quarter of 2012, compared to the fourth quarter of 2011, and the timing of estimated income tax payments.  The increase in deferred and other domestic and foreign income taxes was mainly due to the deferred taxes as a result of the first quarter 2012 capital expenditures.  The increase in stockholders’ equity reflected net income for the first three months of 2012, partially offset by dividend payments.
 
 
18
 
 
 
 
Segment Operations
 
Occidental conducts its operations through three segments: (1) oil and gas; (2) chemical; and (3) midstream, marketing and other (midstream and marketing).  The oil and gas segment explores for, develops and produces oil and condensate, NGLs and natural gas.  The chemical segment mainly manufactures and markets basic chemicals and vinyls.  The midstream and marketing segment gathers, treats, processes, transports, stores, purchases and markets oil, condensate, NGLs, natural gas, carbon dioxide (CO2) and power.  It also trades around its assets, including pipelines and storage capacity, and trades oil, NGLs, gas and other commodities.
 
The following table sets forth the sales and earnings of each operating segment and corporate items for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 (in millions):
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
Net Sales (a)
             
Oil and Gas
 
$
4,902
 
$
4,367
 
Chemical
   
1,148
   
1,165
 
Midstream, Marketing and Other
   
393
   
412
 
Eliminations
   
(175
)
 
(218
)
   
$
6,268
 
$
5,726
 
               
Segment Earnings (b)
             
Oil and Gas
 
$
2,504
 
$
2,468
 
Chemical
   
184
   
219
 
Midstream, Marketing and Other
   
131
   
114
 
     
2,819
   
2,801
 
               
               
Unallocated Corporate Items (b)
             
Interest expense, net
   
(28
)
 
(214
)
Income taxes
   
(1,139
)
 
(1,054
)
Other expense, net
   
(92
)
 
(128
)
               
               
Income from continuing operations
   
1,560
   
1,405
 
Discontinued operations, net (c)
   
(1
)
 
144
 
Net income
 
$
1,559
 
$
1,549
 
        
(a)
Intersegment sales eliminate upon consolidation and are generally made at prices approximately equal to those that the selling entity would be able to obtain in third-party transactions.
 
(b)
Refer to "Significant Transactions and Events Affecting Earnings," "Oil and Gas Segment," "Chemical Segment," "Midstream, Marketing and Other Segment" and "Corporate" discussions that follow.
 
(c)
The 2011 amount reflects an after-tax gain from the sale of the Argentine operations.
 

 
19
 
 
 
 
Significant Transactions and Events Affecting Earnings
 
The following table sets forth, for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, significant transactions and events affecting Occidental’s earnings that vary widely and unpredictably in nature, timing and amount (in millions):
 
     
2012
   
2011
 
Oil & Gas
             
Libya exploration write-off
 
$
 
$
(35
)
Gain on sale of Colombian pipeline interest
   
   
22
 
Foreign tax
   
   
(29
)
Total Oil and Gas
 
$
 
$
(42
)
Chemical
             
No significant items affecting earnings
 
$
 
$
 
Total Chemical
 
$
 
$
 
Midstream, Marketing and Other
             
No significant items affecting earnings
 
$
 
$
 
Total Midstream, Marketing and Other
 
$
 
$
 
Corporate
             
Premium on debt extinguishments
 
$
 
$
(163
)
State income tax charge
   
   
(33
)
Tax effect of pre-tax adjustments
   
   
50
 
Discontinued operations, net*
   
(1
)
 
144
 
Total Corporate
 
$
(1
)
$
(2
)
Total
 
$
(1
)
$
(44
)
*Amounts shown after tax.
 
 
Worldwide Effective Tax Rate
 
The following table sets forth the calculation of the worldwide effective tax rate for income from continuing operations for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 (in millions):
 
     
2012
   
2011
 
Oil & Gas earnings
 
$
2,504
 
$
2,468
 
Chemical earnings
   
184
   
219
 
Midstream, Marketing and Other earnings
   
131
   
114
 
Unallocated corporate items
   
(120
)
 
(342
)
Pre-tax income
   
2,699
   
2,459
 
Income tax expense
             
Federal and state
   
446
   
365
 
Foreign
   
693
   
689
 
Total
   
1,139
   
1,054
 
Income from continuing operations
 
$
1,560
 
$
1,405
 
Worldwide effective tax rate
   
42%
   
43%
 
 

20
 
 
 
 
Oil and Gas Segment
 
The following tables set forth the production and sales volumes of oil, NGLs and natural gas per day for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011.  The differences between the production and sales volumes per day are due to the timing of shipments at Occidental’s international locations where product is loaded onto tankers.
 
     
2012
   
2011
 
Production per Day
             
               
Oil (MBBL)
             
United States
   
244
   
222
 
Middle East/North Africa
   
190
   
212
 
Latin America (a)
   
24
   
31
 
               
NGLs (MBBL)
             
United States
   
72
   
59
 
Middle East/North Africa
   
9
   
11
 
               
Natural Gas (MMCF)
             
United States
   
834
   
734
 
Middle East/North Africa
   
449
   
419
 
Latin America (a)
   
14
   
16
 
Total production (MBOE) (a,b)
   
755
   
730
 

Sales Volumes per Day
             
               
Oil (MBBL)
             
United States
   
244
   
222
 
Middle East/North Africa
   
180
   
209
 
Latin America (a)
   
24
   
33
 
               
NGLs (MBBL)
             
United States
   
72
   
59
 
Middle East/North Africa
   
9
   
10
 
               
Natural Gas (MMCF)
             
United States
   
834
   
734
 
Middle East/North Africa
   
449
   
419
 
Latin America (a)
   
14
   
16
 
Total sales volumes (MBOE) (a,b)
   
745
   
728
 
    
Note: MBBL represents thousand barrels.  MMCF represents million cubic feet.  MBOE represents thousand barrels of oil equivalent.
 
(a)
Excludes volumes from the Argentine operations sold in February 2011 and classified as discontinued operations.
 
(b)
Natural gas volumes have been converted to barrels of oil equivalent (BOE) based on energy content of 6,000 cubic feet (one thousand cubic feet is referred to as "Mcf") of gas to one barrel of oil.  Barrels of oil equivalence does not necessarily result in price equivalence.  The price of natural gas on a barrel of oil equivalent basis is currently substantially lower than the corresponding price for oil and has been similarly lower over the recent past.
 

 
21
 
 
 
 
 
   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
Average Sales Prices
   
2012
   
2011
 
Oil ($/BBL)
             
United States
 
$
103.52
 
$
88.04
 
Middle East/North Africa
 
$
114.80
 
$
96.44
 
Latin America
 
$
103.31
 
$
92.68
 
Total Worldwide
 
$
107.98
 
$
92.14
 
               
NGLs ($/BBL)
             
United States
 
$
53.95
 
$
55.90
 
Middle East/North Africa
 
$
40.77
 
$
33.93
 
Total Worldwide
 
$
52.51
 
$
52.64
 
               
Natural Gas ($/MCF)
             
United States
 
$
2.84
 
$
4.21
 
Latin America
 
$
11.63
 
$
8.23
 
Total Worldwide
 
$
2.22
 
$
3.05
 
 
Oil and gas segment earnings for each of the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 were $2.5 billion.  The oil and gas segment earnings for the three months ended March 31, 2012, compared to the same period of 2011, reflected higher oil prices and higher domestic volumes, partially offset by higher operating costs, increased DD&A rates and lower international oil volumes and domestic natural gas prices.
 
In the first quarter of 2012, the average daily per barrel West Texas Intermediate (WTI) and Brent market prices were $102.93 and $118.35, respectively, compared to $94.10 per barrel and $104.96 per barrel, respectively for the first quarter of 2011.  The average daily New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) domestic natural gas price was $2.83 per million British Thermal Units (BTUs), compared to $4.27 per million BTUs for the first quarter 2011.  The average realized worldwide oil price for the first quarter of 2012, $107.98 per barrel, was approximately 105 percent of the average WTI price and 91 percent of the average Brent price for that period.  Worldwide NGL prices were $52.51 per barrel in the first quarter of 2012, compared with $52.64 per barrel in the first quarter of 2011. Realized domestic gas prices decreased 33 percent from $4.21 per MCF in the first quarter of 2011 to $2.84 per MCF for the first quarter of 2012.  During the first quarter of 2012, realized NGL prices were 51 percent of WTI and realized domestic gas prices were 100 percent of the average NYMEX price.  Approximately 60 percent of Occidental’s oil production tracks world oil prices, such as Brent, and 40 percent tracks WTI.  Price changes at current global prices and levels of production affect Occidental’s quarterly pre-tax income by $36 million for a $1.00 per barrel change in oil prices and $8 million for a $1.00 per barrel change in NGL prices.  A change of $0.50 per million BTUs in domestic gas prices affects quarterly pre-tax earnings by approximately $35 million.  If production levels change in the future, the sensitivity of Occidental’s results to oil, NGL and gas prices also would change.
 
Oil and gas production in the first quarter of 2012 was 755,000 BOE per day, compared with 730,000 BOE per day for the same period of 2011.  The first quarter 2012 production volume increase was a result of 51,000 BOE per day higher domestic volumes, partially offset by 26,000 BOE per day of reduced volumes in the Middle East/North Africa and Colombia.  The across-the-board domestic increase reflects the positive impact of Occidental's higher capital programs. The Middle East/North Africa production was lower due to the December expiration of Yemen’s Masila Field contract, field shut-in due to labor disputes that shut down a pipeline in Yemen, a maintenance-related shutdown in Qatar and price impacts on production-sharing contracts, partially offset by higher Libya production, including additional entitlements related to the initial start-up phase of operations after the 2011 civil unrest.  Colombia daily volumes decreased due to higher insurgent activity resulting in pipeline interruptions.  Due to higher year-over-year average oil prices and other factors affecting production-sharing and similar contracts, the first quarter 2012 production was reduced in the Middle East/North Africa, Colombia, and Long Beach by 10,000 BOE per day compared to the first quarter of 2011. Daily sales volumes increased from 728,000 BOE per day in the first quarter of 2011 to 745,000 BOE per day in the first quarter of
 
 
22
 
 
 
 
2012.  Sales volumes differed from production volumes due to the timing of liftings at Occidental’s international operations, particularly in Libya and Iraq for the first quarter of 2012.  An increase in global oil prices of $5.00 per barrel from the first quarter 2012 levels would result in approximately 3,000 BOE per day lower production due to the impact of higher prices affecting Occidental’s production-sharing and similar contracts.
 
Oil and gas cash average production costs, excluding taxes other than on income, increased from $12.84 per BOE for the total year 2011 to $14.00 per BOE for the three months ended March 31, 2012.  The increase for the three months of 2012 reflected higher well maintenance activity.  Taxes other than on income, which are directly related to product prices, were $2.49 per BOE for the first quarter of 2012, compared to $2.21 per BOE for the total year 2011.
 
Chemical Segment
 
Chemical segment earnings for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 were $184 million and $219 million, respectively.  Results for the first quarter of 2012 reflected lower export volumes and higher raw material costs, in large part caused by a rapid increase in ethylene prices. Calcium chloride sales volumes for de-icing applications were significantly lower due to the mild winter weather.
 
Midstream, Marketing and Other Segment
 
Midstream and marketing segment earnings for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 were $131 million and $114 million, respectively.  Earnings for the first quarter of 2012 reflected higher income in the pipeline and gas processing businesses, partially offset by lower power business margins.
 
Corporate
 
In the first quarter of 2011, Occidental redeemed all $1.0 billion of its outstanding 7-percent senior notes due 2013 and all $368 million of its outstanding 6.75-percent senior notes due 2012 and recorded a $163 million pre-tax charge related to this redemption.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
At March 31, 2012, Occidental had approximately $3.8 billion in cash on hand.  In addition, Occidental currently has available but unused committed bank credit of $2.0 billion. Income and cash flows are largely dependent on oil and gas prices and sales volumes. Occidental believes that cash on hand and cash generated from operations will be sufficient to fund its operating needs and planned capital expenditures, dividends and any debt payments.
 
Occidental’s cash flow from operations for the three months ended March 31, 2012 was approximately $2.8 billion, compared to $2.2 billion for the same period in 2011.  The most important sources of the increase in operating cash flow in 2012, compared to 2011, were higher worldwide oil prices and higher domestic oil volumes.  In the first three months of 2012, compared to the same period in 2011, Occidental's average realized worldwide price for oil was 17 percent higher, while the average realized natural gas price decreased 33 percent in the United States, where approximately 64 percent of Occidental’s natural gas was produced.  The oil price increase had a significantly larger impact on cash flows than the gas price decrease.  The overall impact of the chemical and midstream and marketing segments’ margins on cash flow changes was less significant than the increases in the oil and gas segment cash flows because the chemical and midstream and marketing segments are significantly smaller.  Occidental also used approximately $300 million of cash for working capital during the first quarter of 2012.
 
Occidental’s net cash used by investing activities was $2.4 billion for the first three months of 2012, compared to $1.7 billion for the same period of 2011.  The 2012 amount included approximately $100 million of distributions received from its Dolphin equity method investment as well as payments that were contractually due and for various small acquisitions of domestic oil and gas interests.  The 2011 amount included payments of $3.0 billion for acquisitions of various interests in domestic oil and gas properties and $2.6 billion of cash received from the sale of the Argentine discontinued operations.  Capital expenditures for the first three months of 2012 were $2.4 billion, including $2.0 billion in the oil and gas segment.   Capital expenditures for the first three months of 2011 were $1.3 billion, including $1.2 billion in the oil and gas segment.
 

23
 
 
 
 
Occidental’s net cash used by financing activities was $371 million in the first three months of 2012, compared to $959 million used for the same period of 2011.  The 2012 amount included dividend payments of $374 million.  The 2011 amount included the early repayment of Occidental’s debt of $1.5 billion, short-term borrowings of $1.0 billion, dividend payments of $310 million and $121 million of distributions paid to a noncontrolling interest partner.
 
As of March 31, 2012, under the most restrictive covenants of its financing agreements, Occidental had substantial capacity for additional unsecured borrowings, the payment of cash dividends and other distributions on, or acquisitions of, Occidental stock.  In April 2012, Moody's Investors Service upgraded Occidental's senior unsecured debt rating from A2 to A1.
 
Occidental’s expectation for 2012 capital spending has not changed significantly since the beginning of 2012 and will be focused on increasing oil and gas production and ensuring Occidental’s returns remain well above its cost of capital given current oil and gas prices and the cost environment.  The capital program will be reviewed around mid-year and will be adjusted as conditions dictate.
 
Environmental Liabilities and Expenditures
 
Occidental’s operations are subject to stringent federal, state, local and foreign laws and regulations relating to improving or maintaining environmental quality.  Occidental’s environmental compliance costs have generally increased over time and are expected to rise in the future.  Occidental factors environmental expenditures for its operations into its business planning process as an integral part of producing quality products responsive to market demand.
 
The laws that require or address environmental remediation, including the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) and similar federal, state, local and foreign laws, may apply retroactively and regardless of fault, the legality of the original activities or the current ownership or control of sites.  OPC or certain of its subsidiaries participate in or actively monitor a range of remedial activities and government or private proceedings under these laws with respect to alleged past practices at operating, closed and third-party sites.  Remedial activities may include one or more of the following:  investigation involving sampling, modeling, risk assessment or monitoring; cleanup measures including removal, treatment or disposal; or operation and maintenance of remedial systems.  The environmental proceedings seek funding or performance of remediation and, in some cases, compensation for alleged property damage, punitive damages, civil penalties, injunctive relief and government oversight costs.
 
As of March 31, 2012, Occidental participated in or monitored remedial activities or proceedings at 160 sites.  The following table presents Occidental’s environmental remediation reserves as of March 31, 2012, the current portion of which is included in accrued liabilities ($79 million) and the remainder in deferred credits and other liabilities — other ($264 million).  The reserves are grouped as environmental remediation sites listed or proposed for listing by the United States Environmental Protection Agency on the CERCLA National Priorities List (NPL sites) and three categories of non-NPL sites — third-party sites, Occidental-operated sites and closed or non-operated Occidental sites.
 
       
Reserve Balance
   
Number of Sites
 
(in millions)
NPL sites
   
36
     
$
58
 
Third-party sites
   
73
       
84
 
Occidental-operated sites
   
22
       
117
 
Closed or non-operated Occidental sites
   
29
       
84
 
Total
   
160
     
$
343
 
 
As of March 31, 2012, Occidental’s environmental reserves exceeded $10 million at 10 of the 160 sites described above, and 109 of the sites had reserves from zero to $1 million each.  Occidental expects to expend funds corresponding to approximately half of the current environmental reserves over the next four years and the balance over the subsequent 10 or more years.  Occidental believes its range of reasonably possible additional losses beyond those liabilities recorded for environmental remediation at the sites described above could be up to $380 million.  The status of Occidental’s involvement with the sites and related significant assumptions have not changed materially since December 31, 2011.
 
 
24
 
 
 
 

Refer to the "Environmental Liabilities and Expenditures" section of Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in Occidental’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011 for additional information regarding Occidental’s environmental expenditures.
 
Lawsuits, Claims, Commitments and Other Contingencies
 
OPC or certain of its subsidiaries are named, in the normal course of business, in lawsuits, claims and other legal proceedings that seek, among other things, compensation for alleged personal injury, breach of contract, property damage or other losses, punitive damages, civil penalties, or injunctive or declaratory relief.  OPC or certain of its subsidiaries also have been named in proceedings under CERCLA and similar federal, state, local and foreign environmental laws.  These environmental proceedings seek funding or performance of remediation and, in some cases, compensation for alleged property damage, punitive damages, civil penalties and injunctive relief; however, Occidental or such subsidiaries are usually among many companies in these proceedings and have to date been successful in sharing response costs with other financially sound companies.   Occidental accrues reserves for currently outstanding lawsuits, claims and proceedings when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the liability can be reasonably estimated.  Occidental has disclosed its reserve balance for environmental matters.  Reserve balances for other matters as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 were not material to Occidental's consolidated balance sheets.  Occidental also evaluates the amount of reasonably possible losses that it could incur as a result of the matters mentioned above.  Occidental has disclosed its range of reasonably possible additional losses for sites where it is a participant in environmental remediation.  Occidental believes that other reasonably possible losses that it could incur in excess of reserves accrued on the balance sheet would not be material to its consolidated financial position or results of operations.
 
During the course of its operations, Occidental is subject to audit by tax authorities for varying periods in various federal, state, local and foreign tax jurisdictions.  While the audits of corporate tax returns for taxable years through 2009 have concluded for United States federal income tax purposes, subsequent taxable years, including the current year, are under review by the United States Internal Revenue Service pursuant to its Compliance Assurance Program.  Taxable years from 2000 through the current year remain subject to examination by foreign and state government tax authorities in certain jurisdictions.  In certain of these jurisdictions, tax authorities are in various stages of auditing Occidental’s income taxes.  During the course of tax audits, disputes have arisen and other disputes may arise as to facts and matters of law.  Occidental believes that the resolution of outstanding tax matters would not have a material adverse effect on its consolidated financial position or results of operations.
 
OPC, its subsidiaries or both have indemnified various parties against specified liabilities that those parties might incur in the future in connection with purchases and other transactions that they have entered into with Occidental.  These indemnities usually are contingent upon the other party incurring liabilities that reach specified thresholds.  As of March 31, 2012, Occidental is not aware of circumstances that it believes would reasonably be expected to lead to future indemnity claims against it in connection with these transactions that would result in payments materially in excess of reserves.
 
Recently Adopted Accounting and Disclosure Changes
 
Fair Value Measurements – Beginning in the quarter ended March 31, 2012, Occidental enhanced its fair value measurement application and disclosures as a result of adopting new requirements issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) in May 2011.  The new rules include revisions to the standards for the use of fair value measurements and additional disclosures for: (i) all transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy; (ii) Level 3 measurements; and (iii) hierarchy classifications used for assets and liabilities whose fair value is disclosed only in the footnotes.  The new rules did not have a material impact on Occidental.
 
 
25
 
 
 
 
Safe Harbor Statement Regarding Outlook and Forward-Looking Information
 
Portions of this report contain forward-looking statements and involve risks and uncertainties that could materially affect expected results of operations, liquidity, cash flows and business prospects.  Factors that could cause results to differ materially include, but are not limited to: global commodity pricing fluctuations; supply and demand considerations for Occidental’s products; general domestic political and regulatory approval conditions; international political conditions; not successfully completing, or any material delay of, any development of new fields, expansion projects, capital expenditures, efficiency-improvement projects, acquisitions or dispositions; potential failure to achieve expected production from existing and future oil and gas development projects; exploration risks such as drilling unsuccessful wells; any changes in general economic conditions domestically or internationally; higher-than-expected costs; potential liability for remedial actions under existing or future environmental regulations and litigation; potential liability resulting from pending or future litigation; potential disruption or interruption of Occidental’s production or manufacturing or damage to facilities due to accidents, chemical releases, labor unrest, weather, natural disasters, political events or insurgent activity; failure of risk management; changes in law or regulations; or changes in tax rates.  Words such as "estimate", "project", "predict", "will", "would", "should", "could", "may", "might", "anticipate", "plan", "intend", "believe", "expect", "aim", "goal", "target", "objective", "likely" or similar expressions that convey the uncertainty of future events or outcomes generally indicate forward-looking statements.  You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this report.  Unless legally required, Occidental does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statements, as a result of new information or future events or otherwise.  Material risks that may affect Occidental’s results of operations and financial position appear in Part 1, Item 1A "Risk Factors" of the 2011 Form 10-K.
 
   
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
   
For the three months ended March 31, 2012, there were no material changes in the information required to be provided under Item 305 of Regulation S-K included under the caption "Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (Incorporating Item 7A) – Derivative Activities and Market Risk" in the 2011 Form 10-K.
 
   
Item 4.
Controls and Procedures
   
Occidental's President and Chief Executive Officer and its Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer supervised and participated in Occidental's evaluation of its disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) as of the end of the period covered by this report.  Based upon that evaluation, Occidental's President and Chief Executive Officer and Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer concluded that Occidental's disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of March 31, 2012.
 
There has been no change in Occidental's internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) during the first quarter of 2012 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, Occidental's internal control over financial reporting.
  
 
26
 
 
 
 
PART II    OTHER INFORMATION
 
   
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings
   
For information regarding legal proceedings, see the information in Note 7 to the consolidated condensed financial statements in Part I of this Form 10-Q and Part I, Item 3, "Legal Proceedings" in the Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.
 
The New Mexico Environment Department asserted a penalty claim in excess of $100,000 on April 6, 2012 against an Occidental Petroleum Corporation (OPC) subsidiary for alleged notification, permitting and emissions violations of the New Mexico Air Quality Control Act at a facility in Lea County, New Mexico.  The subsidiary is evaluating this claim, the resolution of which will not have a material adverse effect on OPC's consolidated financial position or results of operations.
 
   
Item 2.
Share Repurchase Activities
   
Occidental’s share repurchase activities for the three months ended March 31, 2012 were as follows:
 
           
Total Number
 
Maximum Number
   
Total
 
Average
 
of Shares Purchased
 
of Shares that May
   
Number
 
Price
 
as Part of Publicly
 
Yet be Purchased
   
of Shares
 
Paid
 
Announced Plans
 
Under the Plans
Period
 
Purchased (a)
 
per Share
 
or Programs
 
or Programs
January 1 – 31, 2012
 
   
$
   
       
February 1 – 29, 2012
 
144,542
   
$
104.84
   
       
March 1 – 31, 2012
 
   
$
   
       
Total
 
144,542
   
$
104.84
   
   
24,485,575
 
    
(a)
Purchased from the trustee of Occidental’s defined contribution savings plan.

   
Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures
   
Not Applicable.


 
27
 
 
 
 
 
Item 6.
Exhibits
   
 

 
10.1
Form of Restricted Stock Award for Non-Employee Directors under Occidental Petroleum Corporation 2005 Long-Term Incentive Plan.
     
 
10.2
Form of Restricted Stock Unit Award for Non-Employee Directors under Occidental Petroleum Corporation 2005 Long-Term Incentive Plan.
     
 
10.3
Occidental Petroleum Corporation 2005 Long-Term Incentive Plan Restricted Stock Award Terms and Conditions.
     
 
12
Statement regarding the computation of total enterprise ratios of earnings to fixed charges for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 and for each of the five years in the period ended December 31, 2011.
     
 
31.1
Certification of CEO Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
 
31.2
Certification of CFO Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
 
32.1
Certifications of CEO and CFO Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
 
101.INS
XBRL Instance Document.
     
 
101.SCH
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
     
 
101.CAL
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
     
 
101.LAB
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
     
 
101.PRE
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.
     
 
101.DEF
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.

 
28
 
 
 
 
SIGNATURES


Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.



 
OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION
 







DATE:  May 2, 2012
/s/ Roy Pineci
 
 
Roy Pineci
 
 
Vice President, Controller and
 
 
Principal Accounting Officer
 

 
29
 
 
 
 
EXHIBIT INDEX

EXHIBITS
 
 
10.1
Form of Restricted Stock Award for Non-Employee Directors under Occidental Petroleum Corporation 2005 Long-Term Incentive Plan.
     
 
10.2
Form of Restricted Stock Unit Award for Non-Employee Directors under Occidental Petroleum Corporation 2005 Long-Term Incentive Plan.
     
 
10.3
Occidental Petroleum Corporation 2005 Long-Term Incentive Plan Restricted Stock Award Terms and Conditions.
     
 
12
Statement regarding the computation of total enterprise ratios of earnings to fixed charges for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 and for each of the five years in the period ended December 31, 2011.
     
 
31.1
Certification of CEO Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
 
31.2
Certification of CFO Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
 
32.1
Certifications of CEO and CFO Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
 
101.INS
XBRL Instance Document.
     
 
101.SCH
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
     
 
101.CAL
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
     
 
101.LAB
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
     
 
101.PRE
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.
     
 
101.DEF
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.

 
30