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[X] QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended January 31, 2012
[ ] TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _______________ to _______________
Commission File Number 000-52499
DEL TORO SILVER
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all
reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange
Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the
registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such
filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted
electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive
Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation
S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such
shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a small reporting company. See the definitions of large accelerated filer, accelerated filer and smaller reporting company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company
(as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act
APPLICABLE ONLY TO ISSUERS INVOLVED IN BANKRUPTCY PROCEEDINGS DURING THE PRECEDING FIVE YEARS
Check whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports
required to be filed by Sections 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act after the
distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a
APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE ISSUERS
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuers classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
15,802,240 common shares issued and outstanding as of March 13, 2012.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
Our unaudited interim financial statements for the three month period ended January 31, 2012 form part of this quarterly report. They are stated in United States Dollars (US$) and are prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles.
DEL TORO SILVER CORP.
Consolidated Financial Statements
Periods Ended January 31, 2012 (unaudited) and October 31, 2011
DEL TORO SILVER CORP.
(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements)
DEL TORO SILVER CORP.
(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements)
DEL TORO SILVER CORP.
(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements)
DEL TORO SILVER CORP.
(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements)
DEL TORO SILVER CORP.
DEL TORO SILVER CORP.
DEL TORO SILVER CORP.
Quarter Ended January 31, 2012
As at January 31, 2012, the following share purchase warrants were outstanding:
Additional information regarding stock options as of January 31, 2012, is as follows:
Item 2. Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
This quarterly report contains forward-looking statements. These statements relate to future events or our future financial performance. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as "may", "should", "expects", "plans", "anticipates", "believes", "estimates", "predicts", "potential" or "continue" or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. These statements are only predictions and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our or our industry's actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements. Except as required by applicable law, including the securities laws of the United States, we do not intend to update any of the forward-looking statements to conform these statements to actual results.
Our consolidated unaudited financial statements are stated in United States Dollars (US$) and are prepared in accordance with United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and the related notes that appear elsewhere in this quarterly report. The following discussion contains forward-looking statements that reflect our plans, estimates and beliefs. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in the forward looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed below and elsewhere in this quarterly report.
In this quarterly report, unless otherwise specified, all dollar amounts are expressed in United States dollars. All references to "US$" refer to United States dollars and all references to "common stock" refer to the common shares in our capital stock.
As used in this quarterly report, the terms we, us, our and our company mean Del Toro Silver Corp., unless otherwise indicated.
Our company was incorporated on January 9, 2006 as Candev Resource Exploration, Inc. under the laws of the State of Nevada and extra-provincially registered under the laws of the Province of British Columbia on August 15, 2006. Effective July 28, 2009, our company completed a merger with our wholly owned subsidiary, Del Toro Silver Corp., a Nevada corporation which was incorporated on July 7, 2009 solely to change our companys name to Del Toro Silver Corp.
Our head office is located at 320 North Carson Street, Carson City, Nevada 89701.
Effective July 9, 2009, we completed the acquisition of a 50% undivided interest, and the option to acquire a further 30% interest in the Dos Naciones property, located in state of Sonora, Mexico, in accordance with the terms of a property option agreement with Yale Resources Ltd. dated July 7, 2009. We entered into an amendment agreement dated June 25, 2010, amending certain terms of the option agreement. If our company exercises the option, the parties will be deemed to enter into a joint venture agreement in accordance with the terms of the option agreement.
We entered into a further amendment agreement with Yale dated as of October 21, 2010 pursuant to which we amended the property option agreement with Yale dated July 7, 2009, as earlier amended on June 25, 2010. Pursuant to the terms of the further-amended agreement Yale agreed to grant our company an option to acquire a further 20% interest in the Dos Naciones property (for a total of 70%) in consideration of the issuance of 250,000 more shares of our common stock upon signing of the agreement and 400,000 more shares of our common stock to Yale on or before July 7, 2012. Under the terms of the amendment Yale also agreed to rescind its option to repurchase the property during the option period. During the option period, all expenditures at Dos Naciones are the responsibility of Del Toro.
In October, 2010, we announced that we expanded the Josefina target at Dos Naciones. Fieldwork completed by our company was successful in identifying multiple new exposures of veins as well as a historic working that was previously unknown. The Josefina target now consists of a series of at least six sub-parallel veins with the core of the silver/lead system having been traced along surface for approximately 600 meters along the strike and over 250 meters in width. Highlights from the 38 samples submitted are channel chip samples from the interior of the Josefina working returning 129g/t Ag with 5.23% Pb over 1.0 meters and 105g/t Ag with 4.21% Pb over 0.50 meters.
In December, 2010, we completed an ASTER (Satellite Imaging) study on the Dos Naciones property and surrounding mines, and continued our field work consisting of detailed geological mapping, sampling and prospecting towards identifying drill targets. A follow up field program in the area was commenced in January, 2011 to expand the mapping and sampling of the surrounding areas based on the ASTER report study. Based on the results of our past field program we commenced a drill program in October 2011 on the La Espanola target to obtain further information on mineralization occurrences on the area.
In October, 2011, we were notified by our joint venture participant, Yale Resources Ltd., that a drilling contract had been signed with Geometrics Mineral Services S.A. de C.V. Drilling on the property began in November 2011. . For this drill program it was agreed between Del Toro and Yale that the costs of the program would be split 50:50 on a one time basis.
In November 2011, our management announced that our company will begin to change our corporate strategy to target high grade precious metals properties, located in the western US, that have the potential for near-term production and positive cash flow.
On November 14, 2011, we entered into an asset sale agreement with Bowerman Holdings LLC to acquire up to 75% of 100% of Bowermans right, title and interest in and to 31 KM mining claims and 17 Raddlefinger mining claims located in Siskiyou County, California. Closing of the acquisition is scheduled to occur by May 12, 2012, unless otherwise agreed by the parties, and is subject to satisfactory completion of due diligence by our company.
In consideration of a 60% interest in the property, we have agreed to pay to Bowerman an aggregate purchase price of $6,525,000, payable as follows:
The $4,500,000 secured by the promissory note and deed of trust shall accrue interest (on unpaid principal and interest) from November 14, 2011 at the rate of ten percent (10%) interest per annum, compounded monthly. Principal and interest shall be due and payable in full on November 14, 2014 by way of a balloon payment equal to the amount of the entire balance then-due. We may prepay all or any part of the sum due under the promissory note any time without penalty. Delinquent payments under the note will be subject to a late fee equal to 10% of the delinquent payment amount. Subject to timely payment of the promissory note and all consideration due and payable, our company is entitled to acquire, within 48 months from closing, up to an additional fifteen percent (15%) interest in the property at a rate of $300,000 per 1%.
In addition to the $6,525,000 aggregate purchase price, we have agreed to incur, within 36 months of the closing, not less than $1,500,000 in exploration, development, or operating expenses in respect of the property. Our companys work commitment shall be carried out in accordance with a joint operations agreement between our company and Bowerman, also entered into on November 14, 2011, whereby Bowerman and our company have agreed to jointly develop the property through January 1, 2017.
Pursuant to the agreement, our company and Bowerman shall form a single purpose entity to serve as the sole operator of the property, with our company serving as manager of the entity. Subject to and upon completion of the $1,500,000, 36-month work commitment to be financed by our company, subsequent work programs and budgets shall be determined by our company at our sole discretion, and the operating costs of the entity shall be shared by our company and Bowerman on a pro-rata basis with their respective ownership interest in the property. Net proceeds of the entity shall also be divided between our company and Bowerman on a pro-rata basis with their respective ownership interest in the property.
Bowerman's parent company has caused one of its wholly owned subsidiaries to conditionally license to the entity the use of all equipment, improvements and other items of personal property and improvements overlying the property. Our company shall have the option to exercise the license by paying to Bowerman a license fee of $100,000 per year. At our companys election and sole determination, our company may pay each license fee either in cash, in common shares of our company discounted by 20% of the then-market value, or by crediting the value of the license fee toward Bowermans financial obligation to pay its pro rata interest for work performed under the joint operations agreement, provided that Bowermans obligation shall not accrue until our companys $1,500,000 work commitment has been fully expended. Our company shall also have the option to buy out the licensed equipment and improvements. The entity shall be charged with maintaining, repairing, servicing, supplying, insuring and otherwise keeping in good condition through due care all of the equipment and improvements for the duration of the license.
On January 22, 2012, we entered into a consulting agreement with ATG Inc. wherein ATG will provide financial media relations services to our company for a period of 45 days. The consulting agreement can be cancelled at any time by either party in writing only after each months work has been performed. Any compensation received by ATG shall be retained by ATG and no further fees shall be due. Pursuant to the terms of the consulting agreement, our company paid ATG $19,000 upon receipt of the executed consulting agreement and issued 300,000 restricted shares of our companys common stock. As of the date of this Quarterly Report, the term of the consulting agreement has expired.
On January 26, 2012, we entered into an investor relations and consulting agreement with Stock Signal IR and Consulting Group wherein Stock Signal will provide investor relations and promotional services for a period of 6 months. The investor relations agreement can be cancelled at any time by either party upon 10 calendar days notice to either party. Pursuant to the terms of the investor relations agreement, our company will pay Stock Signal $1,000 and issue an aggregate of 140,000 restricted shares of our companys common stock. The shares will be issued in increments of 15,000 shares during month one; and 25,000 shares for each of months two, three, four, five and six of the term. As of the date of this report we have paid the $1,000 and issued 40,000 restricted shares of our companys common stock, on February 29, 2012, for months one and two of the term.
Our Current Business
We are presently an exploration stage company focused on conducting exploration activities on our Dos Naciones property in Mexico. In November 2011, our management announced that our company will begin to change our corporate strategy to target high grade precious metals properties, located in the western US, with the potential for near-term production and positive cash flow. In keeping with this strategy on November 14, 2011, we entered into an asset sale agreement with Bowerman Holdings LLC to acquire up to 75% of 100% of the Bowermans right, title and interest in and to 31 KM mining claims and 17 Raddlefinger mining claims located in Siskiyou County, California. Closing of the acquisition is scheduled to occur by May 12, 2012, unless otherwise agreed by the parties, and is subject to satisfactory completion of due diligence by our company.
While our corporate strategy has changed we remain focused on exercising our option under an option agreement with Yale Resources Ltd. dated July 7, 2009, as amended June 25, 2010 and October 21, 2010. The Dos Naciones property is located approximately 140 km north northeast of the city of Hermosillo, in north-central Sonora, Mexico and is approximately 75 km southwest of the important Cananea mining district. The Dos Naciones property is comprised of one mineral concession that covers approximately 2,391 hectares.
Our company received a technical report dated March 25, 2009 from our consulting geologist David J. Pawliuk respecting the Dos Naciones property. Pursuant to the report, Mr. Pawliuk recommended a three phase exploration program on the Dos Naciones property to explore potential mineralization on the property. The report found that Dos Naciones property hosts different styles of significant metallic mineralization and that economic concentrations of silver and lead occur in quartz veins at both the Josefina and the Dos Naciones occurrence areas within the property.
We intend to conduct a three phase exploration program on the Dos Naciones property at an aggregate estimated cost of $448,250, subject to receiving additional financing. The first phase of our exploration program commenced in July, 2010. The first phase consisted of detailed geological mapping, sampling, hand trenching and prospecting. In July, 2010 the operator on the Dos Naciones property engaged geological consultants to conduct mapping and sampling on the property.
We have submitted 38 samples from the July/August 2010 work program to an assay lab to confirm the sampling results. In October, 2010, fieldwork completed by us was successful in identifying multiple new exposures of veins as well as a historic working that was previously unknown. The Josefina target now consists of a series of at least six sub-parallel veins with the core of the silver/lead system having been traced along surface for approximately 600 meters along strike and over 250 meters wide. Highlights from the 38 samples submitted are channel chip samples from the interior of the Josefina working returning 129g/t Ag with 5.23% Pb over 1.0 meters and 105g/t Ag with 4.21% Pb over 0.50 meters.
In December, 2010, we completed an ASTER (Satellite Imaging) study on the Dos Naciones property and surrounding mines, and continued our field work consisting of detailed geological mapping, sampling and prospecting towards identifying drill targets. A follow up field program in the area was commenced in January, 2011 to expand the mapping and sampling of the surrounding areas based on the ASTER report study. Based on the results of our past field program, we commenced a drill program in October 2011 on the La Espanola target to obtain further information on mineralization occurrences on the area.
At Dos Naciones, we have completed Phase I and have commenced Phase II of exploration, which will continue in stages based on results. Once we complete each phase of exploration, we will make a decision as to whether or not we proceed with each successive phase based upon the analysis of the results of that program. Our management will make these decisions based upon the recommendations of the independent geologist who oversees the program and records the results.
Plan of Operation
Our plan of operation is to carry out exploration work on our Dos Naciones property in order to ascertain whether it possesses commercially exploitable quantities of gold, silver, and other metals. We intend to primarily explore for gold, silver, and copper but if we discover that our mineral property holds potential for other minerals that our management determines are worth exploring further, then we intend to explore for those other minerals. We will not be able to determine whether or not the Dos Naciones property contains a commercially exploitable mineral deposit, or reserve, until appropriate exploratory work is done and an economic evaluation based on that work indicates economic viability.
The three phase exploration program on the Dos Naciones property carries an aggregate estimated cost of $448,250. The first phase of our exploration program was completed during the quarter ended October 31, 2010 and consisted of detailed geological mapping, sampling, hand trenching and prospecting. In July, 2010 our companys operator on the Dos Naciones property engaged geological consultants to conduct mapping and sampling on the property. Our company commenced the second phase of its exploration program in September, 2011. The results of the first work comprising the second phase of our exploration program warrant the continuation into the second phase of the program. The timing and scale of the next work program has yet to be determined but the company is working with Yale to determine how best to advance the exploration at Dos Naciones. Based upon this analysis, the work program may be modified to include further geologic work as outlined in phase one and additional drilling as outlined in phase two. A detailed breakdown of the current proposed budget and work exploration program (which will be modified according to the ongoing evaluation) is as follows:
Estimated Dos Naciones Work Program Costs
Phase Three is contingent on IP anomalies from Phase Two work being determined to be favorable for testing with diamond drill holes.
Diamond drilling in area of IP chargeability anomalies
1,000 meters at an all-inclusive (drilled, logged, split, sampled, water haul)
Mineral property exploration is typically conducted in phases. Each subsequent phase of exploration work is recommended by a geologist based on the results from the most recent phase of exploration. Once we complete each phase of exploration, we will make a decision as to whether or not we proceed with each successive phase based upon the analysis of the results of that program. Our management will make these decisions based upon the recommendations of the independent geologist who oversees the program and records the results.
Anticipated Cash Requirements
We anticipate that we will incur the following expenses over the next twelve months:
As of January 31, 2012 we had cash of $4,781.
Based on the above estimate of $235,000 for our expenses for the next twelve months we do not have enough funds to proceed with our plan of operation over the next twelve months. We plan to rely on the equity financing in order to raise any additional funds necessary to pursue our plan of operation and to fund our working capital deficit in order to enable us to pay our accounts payable and accrued liabilities. We currently do not have any arrangements in place for the completion of any equity financings and there is no assurance that we will be successful in completing any equity financings.
Results of Operations
The following discussion of our results of operations should be read in conjunction with our unaudited financial statements for the three month period ended January 31, 2012 which are included herein.
Our expenses for the three month period ended January 31, 2012 and 2011 are outlined in the table below:
General and Administrative
The $12,617 increase in our general and administrative expenses for the three month period ended January 31, 2012 compared to the three month period ended January 31, 2011 was primarily due to increased business activities.
Our interest expenses decreased by $22,917 during the three month period ended January 31, 2012 compared to the three month period ended January 31, 2011 primarily due to the conversion of all convertible debt in the prior reporting period.
Professional fees include our accounting and auditing expenses incurred in connection with the preparation and audit of our financial statements and professional fees that we pay to our legal counsel. Our professional fees increased by $18,150 during the three month period ended January 31, 2012 compared to the three month period ended January 31, 2011 primarily due to increased due diligence work surrounding issuances of common shares.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
We anticipate that we will incur approximately $235,000 for operating expenses, including professional, legal and accounting expenses associated with our reporting requirements under the Exchange Act during the next twelve months. As of January 31, 2012 we had cash of $4,781, accordingly, we will need to obtain additional financing in order to complete our business plan.
Cash Used In Operating Activities
We used cash in operating activities in the amount of $60,756 during the three period ended January 31, 2012 and $45,660 during the three month period ended January 31, 2011. Cash used in operating activities was funded by cash from financing activities, and $26,353 decrease was due to insufficient working capital.
Cash from Financing Activities
We generated cash of $41,449 from financing activities during the three month period ended January 31, 2012 compared to cash of $55,764 generated from financing activities during the three month period ended January 31, 2011. The decrease was due to no issuance of convertible debenture.
Disclosure of Outstanding Share Data
As March 13, 2012, we had 15,802,240 shares of common stock issued and outstanding and 2,000,000 warrants outstanding, exercisable at a price of $0.25 per share until December 3, 2012.
We have 1,000,000 options to acquire additional shares of common stock at a price of $0.10 per share. We do not have shares of any other class issued and outstanding as at the date of this report.
The financial statements accompanying this report have been prepared on a going concern basis, which implies that our company will continue to realize its assets and discharge its liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business. Our company has not generated revenues since inception and has never paid any dividends and is unlikely to pay dividends or generate earnings in the immediate or foreseeable future. The continuation of our company as a going concern is dependent upon the continued financial support from our shareholders, the ability of our company to obtain necessary equity financing to achieve our operating objectives, and the attainment of profitable operations. As at January 31, 2012, our company has accumulated losses of $1,151,231 since inception. We do not have sufficient working capital to enable us to carry out our stated plan of operation for the next twelve months.
Due to the uncertainty of our ability to meet our current operating expenses and the capital expenses noted above in their report on the financial statements for the year ended October 31, 2011, our independent auditors included an explanatory paragraph regarding concerns about our ability to continue as a going concern. Our financial statements contain additional note disclosures describing the circumstances that lead to this disclosure by our independent auditors.
The continuation of our business is dependent upon us raising additional financial support. The issuance of additional equity securities by us could result in a significant dilution in the equity interests of our current stockholders. Obtaining commercial loans, assuming those loans would be available, will increase our liabilities and future cash commitments.
We anticipate continuing to rely on equity sales of our shares of common stock in order to continue to fund our business operations. Issuances of additional shares will result in dilution to our existing stockholders. There is no assurance that we will achieve any additional sales of our equity securities or arrange for debt or other financing to fund our planned activities.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We have no off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that is material to stockholders.
Risks and Uncertainties
Risks Associated with Mining
All of our properties are in the exploration stage. There is no assurance that we can establish the existence of any mineral resource on any of our properties in commercially exploitable quantities. Until we can do so, we cannot earn any revenues from operations and if we do not do so we will lose all of the funds that we expend on exploration. If we do not discover any mineral resource in a commercially exploitable quantity, our business could fail.
Despite exploration work on our mineral properties, we have not established that any of them contain any mineral reserve, nor can there be any assurance that we will be able to do so. If we do not, our business could fail.
A mineral reserve is defined by the Securities and Exchange Commission in its Industry Guide 7 (which can be viewed over the Internet at http://www.sec.gov/divisions/corpfin/forms/industry.htm#secguide7) as that part of a mineral deposit which could be economically and legally extracted or produced at the time of the reserve determination. The probability of an individual prospect ever having a reserve that meets the requirements of the Securities and Exchange Commissions Industry Guide 7 is extremely remote; in all probability our mineral resource property does not contain any reserve and any funds that we spend on exploration will probably be lost.
Even if we do eventually discover a mineral reserve on one or more of our properties, there can be no assurance that we will be able to develop our properties into producing mines and extract those resources. Both mineral exploration and development involve a high degree of risk and few properties which are explored are ultimately developed into producing mines.
The commercial viability of an established mineral deposit will depend on a number of factors including, by way of example, the size, grade and other attributes of the mineral deposit, the proximity of the resource to infrastructure such as a smelter, roads and a point for shipping, government regulation and market prices. Most of these factors will be beyond our control, and any of them could increase costs and make extraction of any identified mineral resource unprofitable.
Mineral operations are subject to applicable law and government regulation. Even if we discover a mineral resource in a commercially exploitable quantity, these laws and regulations could restrict or prohibit the exploitation of that mineral resource. If we cannot exploit any mineral resource that we might discover on our properties, our business may fail.
Both mineral exploration and extraction require permits from various foreign, federal, state, provincial and local governmental authorities and are governed by laws and regulations, including those with respect to prospecting, mine development, mineral production, transport, export, taxation, labor standards, occupational health, waste disposal, toxic substances, land use, environmental protection, mine safety and other matters. There can be no assurance that we will be able to obtain or maintain any of the permits required for the continued exploration of our mineral properties or for the construction and operation of a mine on our properties at economically viable costs. If we cannot accomplish these objectives, our business could fail.
We believe that we are in compliance with all material laws and regulations that currently apply to our activities but there can be no assurance that we can continue to remain in compliance. Current laws and regulations could be amended and we might not be able to comply with them, as amended. Further, there can be no assurance that we will be able to obtain or maintain all permits necessary for our future operations, or that we will be able to obtain them on reasonable terms. To the extent such approvals are required and are not obtained, we may be delayed or prohibited from proceeding with planned exploration or development of our mineral properties.
If we establish the existence of a mineral resource on any of our properties in a commercially exploitable quantity, we will require additional capital in order to develop the property into a producing mine. If we cannot raise this additional capital, we will not be able to exploit the resource, and our business could fail.
If we do discover mineral resources in commercially exploitable quantities on any of our properties, we will be required to expend substantial sums of money to establish the extent of the resource, develop processes to extract it and develop extraction and processing facilities and infrastructure. Although we may derive substantial benefits from the discovery of a major deposit, there can be no assurance that such a resource will be large enough to justify commercial operations, nor can there be any assurance that we will be able to raise the funds required for development on a timely basis. If we cannot raise the necessary capital or complete the necessary facilities and infrastructure, our business may fail.
Mineral exploration and development is subject to extraordinary operating risks. We do not currently insure against these risks. In the event of a cave-in or similar occurrence, our liability may exceed our resources, which would have an adverse impact on our company.
Mineral exploration, development and production involves many risks which even a combination of experience, knowledge and careful evaluation may not be able to overcome. Our operations will be subject to all the hazards and risks inherent in the exploration for mineral resources and, if we discover a mineral resource in commercially exploitable quantity, our operations could be subject to all of the hazards and risks inherent in the development and production of resources, including liability for pollution, cave-ins or similar hazards against which we cannot insure or against which we may elect not to insure. Any such event could result in work stoppages and damage to property, including damage to the environment. We do not currently maintain any insurance coverage against these operating hazards. The payment of any liabilities that arise from any such occurrence would have a material adverse impact on our company.
Mineral prices are subject to dramatic and unpredictable fluctuations.
We expect to derive revenues, if any, either from the sale of our mineral resource properties or from the extraction and sale of precious and base metals such as gold, silver and copper. The price of those commodities has fluctuated widely in recent years, and is affected by numerous factors beyond our control, including international, economic and political trends, expectations of inflation, currency exchange fluctuations, interest rates, global or regional consumptive patterns, speculative activities and increased production due to new extraction developments and improved extraction and production methods. The effect of these factors on the price of base and precious metals, and therefore the economic viability of any of our exploration properties and projects, cannot accurately be predicted.
The mining industry is highly competitive and there is no assurance that we will continue to be successful in acquiring mineral claims. If we cannot continue to acquire properties to explore for mineral resources, we may be required to reduce or cease operations.
The mineral exploration, development, and production industry is largely un-integrated. We compete with other exploration companies looking for mineral resource properties. While we compete with other exploration companies in the effort to locate and acquire mineral resource properties, we will not compete with them for the removal or sales of mineral products from our properties if we should eventually discover the presence of them in quantities sufficient to make production economically feasible. Readily available markets exist worldwide for the sale of mineral products. Therefore, we will likely be able to sell any mineral products that we identify and produce.
In identifying and acquiring mineral resource properties, we compete with many companies possessing greater financial resources and technical facilities. This competition could adversely affect our ability to acquire suitable prospects for exploration in the future. Accordingly, there can be no assurance that we will acquire any interest in additional mineral resource properties that might yield reserves or result in commercial mining operations.
If our costs of exploration are greater than anticipated, then we may not be able to complete the exploration program for our Dos Naciones property without additional financing, of which there is no assurance that we would be able to obtain.
We are proceeding with the initial stages of exploration on our Dos Naciones property. We intend to carry out an exploration program that has been recommended by a consulting geologist. This exploration program outlines a budget for completion of the recommended exploration program. However, there is no assurance that our actual costs will not exceed the budgeted costs. Factors that could cause actual costs to exceed budgeted costs include increased prices due to competition for personnel and supplies during the exploration season, unanticipated problems in completing the exploration program and delays experienced in completing the exploration program. Increases in exploration costs could result in our not being able to carry out our exploration program without additional financing. There is no assurance that we would be able to obtain additional financing in this event.
Because of the speculative nature of exploration of mining properties, there is substantial risk that no commercially exploitable minerals will be found and our business will fail.
We are in the initial stage of exploration of our mineral property, and thus have no way to evaluate the likelihood that we will be successful in establishing commercially exploitable reserves of gold, silver or other valuable minerals on our Dos Naciones property. The search for valuable minerals as a business is extremely risky. We may not find commercially exploitable reserves of gold, silver or other valuable minerals in our mineral property. Exploration for minerals is a speculative venture necessarily involving substantial risk. The expenditures to be made by us on our exploration program may not result in the discovery of commercial quantities of ore. The likelihood of success must be considered in light of the problems, expenses, difficulties, complications and delays encountered in connection with the exploration of the mineral properties that we plan to undertake. Problems such as unusual or unexpected formations and other conditions are involved in mineral exploration and often result in unsuccessful exploration efforts. In such a case, we would be unable to complete our business plan.
Because of the inherent dangers involved in mineral exploration, there is a risk that we may incur liability or damages as we conduct our business.
The search for valuable minerals involves numerous hazards. In the course of carrying out exploration of our Dos Naciones Property, we may become subject to liability for such hazards, including pollution, cave-ins and other hazards against which we cannot insure or against which we may elect not to insure. We currently have no such insurance nor do we expect to get such insurance for the foreseeable future. If a hazard were to occur, the costs of rectifying the hazard may exceed our asset value and cause us to liquidate all of our assets, resulting in the loss of your entire investment in our company.
Because access to our mineral property is often restricted by inclement weather, we may be delayed in our exploration and any future mining efforts.
Access to the mineral property is restricted to the period between August to March of each year because the period between April and July are typically rainy season in the area. We can attempt to visit, test or explore our mineral property only when weather permits such activities. These limitations can result in significant delays in exploration efforts, as well as in mining and production in the event that commercial amounts of minerals are found. Such delays can cause our business to fail.
As we undertake exploration of our mineral property, we will be subject to compliance with government regulation that may increase the anticipated time and cost of our exploration program, which could increase our expenses.
We will be subject to the mining laws and regulations in Mexico as we carry out our exploration program. We will be required to pay mining taxes to the Mexican government. We will be required to prove our compliance with relevant Mexican environmental and workplace safety laws, regulations and standards by submitting receipts showing the purchase of equipment used for workplace safety or the prevention of pollution or the undertaking of environmental remediation projects before we are able to obtain drilling permits. If our exploration activities lead us to make a decision to go into mining production, before we initiate a major drilling program, we will have to obtain an environmental impact statement authorization. This could potentially take more than 10 months to obtain and could potentially be refused. New regulations, if any, could increase our time and costs of doing business and prevent us from carrying out our exploration program. These factors could prevent us from becoming profitable.
Because our executive officers have limited experience in mineral exploration and do not have formal training specific to the technicalities of mineral exploration, there is a higher risk that our business will fail.
Our executive officers have limited experience in mineral exploration and do not have formal training as geologists or in the technical aspects of management of a mineral resource exploration company. As a result of this inexperience, there is a higher risk of our being unable to complete our business plan for the exploration of our mineral property. With no direct training or experience in these areas, our management may not be fully aware of many of the specific requirements related to working within this industry. Our decisions and choices may not take into account standard engineering or managerial approaches mineral resource exploration companies commonly use. Consequently, the lack of training and experience of our management in this industry could result in management making decisions that could result in a reduced likelihood of our being able to locate commercially exploitable reserves on our mineral property with the result that we would not be able to achieve revenues or raise further financing to continue exploration activities. In addition, we will have to rely on the technical services of others with expertise in geological exploration in order for us to carry out our planned exploration program. If we are unable to contract for the services of such individuals, it will make it difficult and maybe impossible to pursue our business plan. There is thus a higher risk that our operations, earnings and ultimate financial success could suffer irreparable harm and our business will likely fail.
Because our executive officers have other business interests, they may not be able or willing to devote a sufficient amount of time to our business operation, causing our business to fail.
Greg Painter, our president and chief executive officer, devotes approximately 80% of his working time on providing management services to us and Patrick Fagen, our chief financial officer, devotes approximately 40% of his working time on providing management services to us. If the demands on our executive officers from their other obligations increase, they may no longer be able to devote sufficient time to the management of our business. This could negatively impact our business development.
Risks Related to Our Company
We have a limited operating history on which to base an evaluation of our business and prospects.
We have been in the business of exploring mineral resource properties since January 2006 and we have not yet located any mineral reserve. As a result, we have never had any revenues from our operations. In addition, our operating history has been restricted to the acquisition and exploration of our mineral properties and this does not provide a meaningful basis for an evaluation of our prospects if we ever determine that we have a mineral reserve and commence the construction and operation of a mine. We have no way to evaluate the likelihood of whether our mineral properties contain any mineral reserve or, if they do that we will be able to build or operate a mine successfully. We anticipate that we will continue to incur operating costs without realizing any revenues during the period when we are exploring our properties. We therefore expect to continue to incur significant losses into the foreseeable future. We recognize that if we are unable to generate significant revenues from mining operations and any dispositions of our properties, we will not be able to earn profits or continue operations. At this early stage of our operation, we also expect to face the risks, uncertainties, expenses and difficulties frequently encountered by companies at the start up stage of their business development. We cannot be sure that we will be successful in addressing these risks and uncertainties and our failure to do so could have a materially adverse effect on our financial condition. There is no history upon which to base any assumption as to the likelihood that we will prove successful and we can provide investors with no assurance that we will generate any operating revenues or ever achieve profitable operations.
The fact that we have not earned any operating revenues since our incorporation raises substantial doubt about our ability to continue to explore our mineral properties as a going concern.
We have not generated any revenue from operations since our incorporation and we anticipate that we will continue to incur operating expenses without revenues unless and until we are able to identify a mineral resource in a commercially exploitable quantity on one or more of our mineral properties and we build and operate a mine. At January 31, 2012 we had working capital deficit of $53,174. We incurred a net loss of $79,262 for the three month period ended January 31, 2012 and $1,151,231 since inception. We will require additional financing to sustain our business operations if we are not successful in earning revenues once exploration is complete. If our exploration programs are successful in discovering reserves of commercial tonnage and grade, we will require significant additional funds in order to place the Dos Naciones property into commercial production. Should the results of our planned exploration require us to increase our current operating budget, we may have to raise additional funds to meet our currently budgeted operating requirements for the next 12 months. As we cannot assure a lender that we will be able to successfully explore and develop our mineral properties, we will probably find it difficult to raise debt financing from traditional lending sources. We have traditionally raised our operating capital from sales of equity and debt securities, but there can be no assurance that we will continue to be able to do so. If we cannot raise the money that we need to continue exploration of our mineral properties, we may be forced to delay, scale back, or eliminate our exploration activities. If any of these were to occur, there is a substantial risk that our business would fail.
These circumstances lead our independent registered public accounting firm, in their report dated February 10, 2012, to comment about our companys ability to continue as a going concern. When an auditor issues a going concern opinion, the auditor has substantial doubt that the company will continue to operate indefinitely and not go out of business and liquidate its assets. These conditions raise substantial doubt about our companys ability to continue as a going concern. The financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded assets, or the amounts of and classification of liabilities that might be necessary in the event our company cannot continue in existence. We continue to experience net operating losses.
Risks Associated with Our Common Stock
Trading on the OTC Bulletin Board may be volatile and sporadic, which could depress the market price of our common stock and make it difficult for our stockholders to resell their shares.
Our common stock is quoted on the OTC Bulletin Board service of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority. Trading in stock quoted on the OTC Bulletin Board is often thin and characterized by wide fluctuations in trading prices, due to many factors that may have little to do with our operations or business prospects. This volatility could depress the market price of our common stock for reasons unrelated to operating performance. Moreover, the OTC Bulletin Board is not a stock exchange, and trading of securities on the OTC Bulletin Board is often more sporadic than the trading of securities listed on a quotation system like NASDAQ or a stock exchange like Amex. Accordingly, shareholders may have difficulty reselling any of their shares.
Our stock is a penny stock. Trading of our stock may be restricted by the Securities and Exchange Commissions penny stock regulations which may limit a stockholders ability to buy and sell our stock.
Our stock is a penny stock. The Securities and Exchange Commission has adopted Rule 15g-9 which generally defines penny stock to be any equity security that has a market price (as defined) less than $5.00 per share or an exercise price of less than $5.00 per share, subject to certain exceptions. Our securities are covered by the penny stock rules, which impose additional sales practice requirements on broker-dealers who sell to persons other than established customers and accredited investors. The term accredited investor refers generally to institutions with assets in excess of $5,000,000 or individuals with a net worth in excess of $1,000,000 or annual income exceeding $200,000 or $300,000 jointly with their spouse. The penny stock rules require a broker-dealer, prior to a transaction in a penny stock not otherwise exempt from the rules, to deliver a standardized risk disclosure document in a form prepared by the Securities and Exchange Commission which provides information about penny stocks and the nature and level of risks in the penny stock market. The broker-dealer also must provide the customer with current bid and offer quotations for the penny stock, the compensation of the broker-dealer and its salesperson in the transaction and monthly account statements showing the market value of each penny stock held in the customers account. The bid and offer quotations, and the broker-dealer and salesperson compensation information, must be given to the customer orally or in writing prior to effecting the transaction and must be given to the customer in writing before or with the customers confirmation. In addition, the penny stock rules require that prior to a transaction in a penny stock not otherwise exempt from these rules, the broker-dealer must make a special written determination that the penny stock is a suitable investment for the purchaser and receive the purchasers written agreement to the transaction. These disclosure requirements may have the effect of reducing the level of trading activity in the secondary market for the stock that is subject to these penny stock rules. Consequently, these penny stock rules may affect the ability of broker-dealers to trade our securities. We believe that the penny stock rules discourage investor interest in, and limit the marketability of, our common stock.
The Financial Industry Regulatory Authority sales practice requirements may also limit a stockholders ability to buy and sell our stock.
In addition to the penny stock rules described above, the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, which we refer to as FINRA, has adopted rules that require that in recommending an investment to a customer, a broker-dealer must have reasonable grounds for believing that the investment is suitable for that customer. Prior to recommending speculative low-priced securities to their non-institutional customers, broker-dealers must make reasonable efforts to obtain information about the customers financial status, tax status, investment objectives and other information. Under interpretations of these rules, the FINRA believes that there is a high probability that speculative low-priced securities will not be suitable for at least some customers. The FINRA requirements make it more difficult for broker-dealers to recommend that their customers buy our common stock, which may limit your ability to buy and sell our stock and have an adverse effect on the market for shares of our common stock.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
As a smaller reporting company, we are not required to provide the information required by this Item.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Managements Report on Disclosure Controls and Procedures
We maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission's rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our president (our principal executive officer) and chief financial officer (our principal financial officer and principal accounting officer) to allow for timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
As the end of the quarter covered by this report, we carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our president (our principal executive officer) and chief financial officer (our principal financial officer and principal accounting officer), of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures. Based on the foregoing, our president (our principal executive officer) and chief financial officer (our principal financial officer and principal accounting officer) concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective in providing reasonable assurance in the reliability of our reports as of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
During the period covered by this report there were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
We know of no material, active or pending legal proceedings against our company, nor are we involved as a plaintiff in any material proceeding or pending litigation. There are no proceedings in which any of our directors, officers or affiliates, or any registered or beneficial shareholder, is an adverse party or has a material interest adverse to our interest.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4. Mining Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.