|• FORM 10-Q • EX-31.I • EX-31.II • EX-32.I • EX-32.II • XBRL INSTANCE DOCUMENT • XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION SCHEMA • XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION CALCULATION LINKBASE • XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION DEFINITION LINKBASE • XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION LABEL LINKBASE • XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION PRESENTATION LINKBASE|
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D. C. 20549
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2012
For the transition period from to
Commission File Number 0-25196
CAMCO FINANCIAL CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
814 Wheeling Avenue, Cambridge, Ohio 43725-9757
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
Registrants telephone number, including area code: (740) 435-2020
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of large accelerated filer, accelerated filer, and smaller reporting company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨ No x
As of August 13, 2012, the latest practicable date, 7,468,087 shares of the registrants common stock, $1.00 par value, were outstanding.
Item 1. Financial Statements
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
(In thousands, except share data)
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share data)
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
CAMCO FINANCIAL CORPORATION
(In thousands, except per share data)
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
For the six months ended June 30,
Camco Financial Corporation
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (CONTINUED)
For the six months ended June 30,
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements were prepared in accordance with instructions for Form 10-Q and, therefore, do not include information or footnotes necessary for a complete presentation of financial position, results of operations and cash flows in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (US GAAP). Accordingly, these financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto of Camco Financial Corporation (Camco or the Corporation) included in Camcos Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011. However, all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring accruals) which, in the opinion of management, are necessary for a fair presentation of the consolidated financial statements have been included. The results of operations for the six-month period ended June 2012, are not necessarily indicative of the results which may be expected for the entire year.
The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Camco and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Advantage Bank (Advantage or the Bank). All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.
On March 31, 2011, Camco Financial Corporation dissolved Camco Title Agency, Inc. and sold certain of its assets to a third party. The balance sheet and results of operations of Camco Title were not material to the Corporations consolidated financial statements. For the three months ended March 31, 2011, Camco Titles operations resulted in net income of $15,000.
Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, as well as disclosures found elsewhere in this report, are based upon Camcos consolidated financial statements, which are prepared in accordance with US GAAP. The preparation of these financial statements requires Camco to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. Several factors are considered in determining whether or not a policy is critical in the preparation of financial statements. These factors include, among other things, whether the estimates are significant to the financial statements, the nature of the estimates, the ability to readily validate the estimates with other information including third parties or available prices, and sensitivity of the estimates to changes in economic conditions and whether alternative accounting methods may be utilized under US GAAP.
Material estimates that are particularly susceptible to significant change in the near term relate to the determination of the allowance for loan losses, the valuation of mortgage servicing rights, the valuation of deferred tax assets and other real estate owned. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
We believe the accounting estimates related to the allowance for loan losses, the capitalization, amortization, and valuation of mortgage servicing rights, deferred income taxes and other real estate owned are critical accounting estimates because: (1) the estimates are highly susceptible to change from period to period because they require us to make assumptions concerning the changes in the types and volumes of the portfolios, rates of future prepayments, and anticipated economic conditions, and (2) the impact of recognizing an impairment or loan loss could have a material effect on Camcos assets reported on the balance sheet as well as its net earnings.
Allowance for Loan Losses
The procedures for assessing the adequacy of the allowance for loan losses reflect managements evaluation of credit risk after careful consideration of all information available to management. In developing this assessment, management must rely on estimates and exercise judgment regarding matters where the ultimate outcome is unknown such as economic factors, developments affecting companies in specific industries and issues with respect to single borrowers. Depending on changes in circumstances, future assessments of credit risk may yield materially different results, which may require an increase or a decrease in the allowance for loan losses.
Each quarter, management analyzes the adequacy of the allowance for loan losses based on review of the loans in the portfolio along with an analysis of external factors (including current housing price depreciation, homeowners loss of equity, etc.) and historical delinquency and loss trends. The allowance is developed through specific components: 1) the specific allowance for loans subject to individual analysis, 2) the allowance for classified loans not otherwise subject to individual analysis and 3) the allowance for non-classified loans (primarily homogeneous).
Classified loans with indication or acknowledgment of deterioration are subject to individual analysis. Loan classifications are those used by regulators consisting of Special Mention, Substandard, Doubtful and Loss. In evaluating these loans for impairment, the measure of expected loss is based on the present value of the expected future cash flows discounted at the loans effective interest rate, a loans observable market price or the fair value of the collateral if the loan is collateral dependent. All other classified assets and non-classified assets are combined with the homogeneous loan pools and segregated into loan segments. The segmentation is based on grouping loans with similar risk characteristics (one-to-four family, home equity, etc.). Loss rate factors are developed for each loan segment which is used to estimate losses and determine an allowance. The loss factors for each segment are derived from historical delinquency, classification, and charge-off rates and adjusted for economic factors and an estimated loss scenario.
The allowance is reviewed by management to determine whether the amount is considered adequate to absorb probable, incurred losses inherent in the loan portfolio. Managements evaluation of the adequacy of the allowance is an estimate based on managements current judgment about the credit quality of the loan portfolio. This evaluation includes specific loss estimates on certain individually reviewed loans, statistical loss estimates for loan pools that are based on historical loss experience, and general loss estimates that are based upon the size, quality, and concentration characteristics of the various loan portfolios, adverse situations that may affect a borrowers ability to repay, and current economic and industry conditions. Also considered as part of that judgment is a review of the Banks trends in delinquencies and loan losses, as well as trends in delinquencies and losses for the region and nationally, and economic factors. While the Corporation strives to reflect all known risk factors in its evaluations, judgment errors may occur.
Mortgage Servicing Rights
To determine the fair value of its mortgage servicing rights (MSRs) each reporting quarter, the Corporation provides information to a third party valuation firm, representing loan information in each pooling period accompanied by escrow amounts. The third party then evaluates the possible impairment of MSRs as described below.
MSRs are recognized as separate assets or liabilities when loans are sold with servicing retained. A pooling methodology, in which loans with similar characteristics are pooled together, is applied for valuation purposes. Once pooled, each grouping of loans is evaluated on a discounted earnings basis to determine the present value of future earnings that the Bank could expect to realize from the portfolio. Earnings are projected from a variety of sources including loan service fees, net interest earned on escrow balances, miscellaneous income and costs to service the loans. The present value of future earnings is the estimated fair value for the pool, calculated using consensus assumptions that a third party purchaser would utilize in evaluating a potential acquisition of the MSRs.
Events that may significantly affect the estimates used are changes in interest rates and the related impact on mortgage loan prepayment speeds and the payment performance of the underlying loans. The interest rate for net interest earned on escrow balances, which is supplied by management, takes into consideration the investment portfolio average yield as well as current short duration investment yields. Management believes this methodology provides a reasonable estimate. Mortgage loan prepayment speeds are calculated by the third party provider utilizing the Economic Outlook as published by the Office of Chief Economist of Freddie Mac in estimating prepayment speeds and provides a specific scenario with each evaluation. Based on the assumptions discussed, pre-tax projections are prepared for each pool of loans serviced. These earnings are used to calculate the approximate cash flow that could be received from the servicing portfolio. Valuation results are presented quarterly to management. At that time, management reviews the information and MSRs are marked to lower of amortized cost or fair value for the current quarter.
Deferred Income Taxes
Camco recognizes expense for federal income taxes currently payable as well as for deferred federal taxes for estimated future tax effects of temporary differences between the tax basis of assets and liabilities and amounts reported in the consolidated balance sheets. Realization of a deferred tax asset is dependent upon generating sufficient taxable income in either the carry forward or carry back periods to cover net operating losses generated by the reversal of temporary differences. A valuation allowance is provided for deferred tax assets if it is determined that it is more likely than not that some or all of the deferred tax asset will not be realized. If different assumptions and conditions were to prevail, the valuation allowance may not be adequate to absorb unrealized deferred taxes and the amount of income taxes payable may need to be adjusted by way of a charge to expense. Furthermore, income tax returns are subject to audit by the IRS. Income tax expense for current and prior periods is subject to adjustment based upon the outcome of such audits. During 2011, the IRS began an examination of the Corporations tax returns for the year ended December 31, 2009. Accrual of income taxes payable and valuation allowances against deferred tax assets are estimates subject to change based upon the outcome of future events.
Other Real Estate
Assets acquired through or instead of foreclosure, primarily other real estate owned, are initially recorded at fair value less costs to sell when acquired, establishing a new cost basis. New real estate appraisals are generally obtained at the time of foreclosure and are used to establish fair value. If fair value declines, a valuation allowance is recorded through expense. Estimating the initial and ongoing fair value of these properties involves a number of factors and judgments including holding time, costs to complete, holding costs, discount rate, absorption and other factors.
Basic earnings per common share is computed based upon the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per common share is computed including the dilutive effect of additional potential common shares issuable under outstanding stock options. Diluted earnings per share is not computed for periods in which an operating loss is sustained. The computations were as follows for the periods ended June 30, 2012 and 2011:
Anti-dilutive options to purchase 580,900 and 604,583 shares of common stock with respective weighted-average exercise prices of $4.70 and $4.97 were outstanding at June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively, but were excluded from the computation of common share equivalents for each of the six month periods, because the exercise prices were greater than the average market price of the common shares.
Anti-dilutive options to purchase 428,286 and 609,583 shares of common stock with respective weighted-average exercise prices of $6.05 and $4.93 were outstanding at June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively, but were excluded from the computation of common share equivalents for each of the three month periods, because the exercise prices were greater than the average market price of the common shares.
The Corporation follows a fair-value based method for valuing stock-based compensation that measures compensation cost at the grant date based on the fair value of the award.
The fair value of each option grant is estimated on the date of grant using the modified Black-Scholes options-pricing model. The following table details the fair value and assumptions used to value stock options as of the grant date that were granted during the six months ended June 30, 2011:
In 2012, no options were granted as the Corporation awarded restricted shares in lieu of options related to goals achieved within the 2011 officer incentive plan.
A summary of the status of the Corporations stock option plans as of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, and changes during the periods ending on those dates is presented below:
The following information applies to options outstanding at June 30, 2012:
In 2009, Camco granted 50,000 restricted shares of stock out of the current authorized common stock related to an employment agreement. The issuance of restricted stock vests in four equal increments beginning in 2010.
In March 2012, Camco granted 262,500 shares of restricted stock awards with an impact to unearned/deferred compensation of $625,000, $262,500 of common stock and additional paid in capital of $362,500. The stock was granted under the Camco Financial Corporation 2010 Equity Plan to officers based on 2011 performance. The restrictions on the shares that were granted and have vested generally lapse after one year. The grant date fair value per share of restricted stock is the stock price at close on grant date, which is expensed on a straight-line basis during the vesting period. The shares represented by restricted stock awards are considered outstanding at the grant date, as the recipients are entitled to voting rights and dividends if declared. A summary of restricted stock award activity for the period is presented below:
At June 30, 2012, there was approximately $458,000 of compensation cost that has not yet been recognized related to restricted stock awards. That cost is expected to be recognized over a remaining period of two years.
The fair value framework as disclosed in the Fair Value Measurements and Disclosure Topic of FASB ASC Topic 825, Financial Instruments (Fair Value Topic) includes a hierarchy which focuses on prioritizing the inputs used in valuation techniques. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1), a lower priority to observable inputs other than quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities (Level 2), and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3). When determining the fair value measurements for assets and liabilities, the Corporation looks to active markets to price identical assets or liabilities whenever possible and classifies such items in Level 1. When identical assets and liabilities are not traded in active markets, the Corporation looks to observable market data for similar assets and liabilities and classifies such items as Level 2. Certain assets and liabilities are not actively traded in observable markets and the Corporation must use alternative techniques, based on unobservable inputs, to determine the fair value and classifies such items as Level 3. The level within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of input that is significant in the fair value measurement.
As a financial services corporation, the carrying value of certain financial assets and liabilities is impacted by the application of fair value measurements, either directly or indirectly. In certain cases, an asset or liability is measured and reported at fair value on a recurring basis, such as available-for-sale investment securities. In other cases, management must rely on estimates or judgments to determine if an asset or liability not measured at fair value warrants an impairment write-down or whether a valuation reserve should be established. Given the inherent volatility, the use of fair value measurements may have a significant impact on the carrying value of assets or liabilities, or result in material changes to the financial statements, from period to period.
The following methods, assumptions, and valuation techniques were used by the Corporation to measure different financial assets and liabilities at fair value and in estimating its fair value disclosures for financial instruments.
Cash and Cash Equivalents: The carrying amounts reported in the consolidated statements of financial condition for cash and cash equivalents is deemed to approximate fair value and are classified as Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy.
Investment Securities: Fair values for investment securities are determined by quoted market prices if available (Level 1). For securities where quoted prices are not available, fair values are calculated based on market prices of similar securities. For securities where quoted prices or market prices of similar securities are not available, fair values are calculated using matrix pricing, which is a mathematical technique widely used in the industry to value investment securities without relying exclusively on quoted prices for the specific investment securities but rather relying on the investment securities relationship to other benchmark quoted investment securities (Level 2). Any investment securities not valued based upon the methods above is considered Level 3.
The Corporation utilizes information provided by a third-party investment securities portfolio manager in analyzing the investment securities portfolio in accordance with the fair value hierarch of the Fair Value Topic. The portfolio managers evaluation of investment security portfolio pricing is performed using a combination of prices and data from other sources, along with internally developed matrix pricing models. The third-partys month-end pricing process includes a series of quality assurance activities where prices are compared to recent market conditions, previous evaluation prices, and between the various pricing services. These processes produce a series of quality assurance reports on which price exceptions are identified, reviewed and where appropriate, securities are repriced. In the event of a materially different price, the third party will report the variance and review the pricing methodology in detail. The results of the quality assurance process are incorporated into the selection of pricing providers by the third party.
Loans Held for Sale: Mortgage loans held for sale are classified as Level 2 and are estimated using fair value which is determined using quoted prices and if available the contracted sales price of loans committed for delivery, which is determined on the date of sale commitment. Gains and losses on the sale of loans are recorded as net gains from sales of loans within noninterest income in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Loans Receivable: The loan portfolio has been segregated into categories with similar characteristics, such as one- to four-family residential real estate, multi-family residential real estate, installment and other. These loan categories were further delineated into fixed-rate and adjustable-rate loans. The fair values for the resultant loan categories were computed via discounted cash flow analysis, using current interest rates offered for loans with similar terms to borrowers of similar credit quality. The methods utilized to estimate the fair value of loans do not necessarily represent an exit price and due to the significant judgment involved in evaluating credit quality, loans are classified within Level 3 classification.
Federal Home Loan Bank Stock: The carrying amount presented in the consolidated statements of financial condition is deemed to approximate fair value.
Accrued Interest Receivable and Payable: The carrying value for accrued interest approximates fair value.
Deposits: The fair values of deposits with no stated maturity, such as money market demand deposits, savings and NOW accounts have been analyzed by management and assigned estimated maturities and cash flows which are then discounted to derive a value. The fair value of fixed-rate certificates of deposit is based on the discounted value of contractual cash flows. The discount rate is estimated using the rates currently offered for deposits of similar remaining maturities. The Corporation classifies the estimated fair value of deposit liabilities as Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy.
Advances from the Federal Home Loan Bank: The fair value of these advances is estimated using the rates currently offered for similar advances of similar remaining maturities or, when available, quoted market prices.
Repurchase Agreements: The fair value of repurchase agreements is based on the discounted value of contractual cash flows using rates currently offered for similar maturities. The Corporation classifies the estimated fair value of short-term borrowings as Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy.
Subordinated Debentures: The fair value of subordinated debentures is based on the discounted value of contractual cash flows using rates currently offered for smaller maturities.
Advances by Borrowers for Taxes and Insurance: The carrying amount of advances by borrowers for taxes and insurance is deemed to approximate fair value.
Commitments to Extend Credit: For fixed-rate and adjustable-rate loan commitments, the fair value estimate considers the difference between current levels of interest rates and committed rates. At June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the fair value of loan commitments was not material.
Listed below are three levels of inputs that Camco uses to measure fair value:
Level 1: Quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets that the entity has the ability to access as of the measurement date.
Level 2: Quoted prices on identical assets or liabilities that are not actively traded. Also consists of an observable market price for a similar asset or liability. This includes the use of matrix pricing used to value debt securities absent the exclusive use of quoted prices.
Level 3: Consists of unobservable inputs that are used to measure fair value when observable market inputs are not available. This could include the use of internally developed models, financial forecasting, etc.
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or transfer a liability between market participants at the balance sheet date. When possible, the Corporation looks to active and observable markets to price identical assets or liabilities. When identical assets and liabilities are not traded in active markets, the Corporation looks to observable market data for similar assets and liabilities. However, certain assets and liabilities are not traded in observable markets and Camco must use other valuation methods to develop a fair value. The fair value of impaired loans is based on the fair value of the underlying collateral, which is estimated through third party appraisals or internal estimates of collateral values.
Based on the foregoing methods and assumptions, the carrying value and fair value of the Corporations financial instruments are as follows:
The following table presents financial assets and liabilities measured on a recurring basis:
The following table presents financial assets and liabilities measured on a non-recurring basis:
Impaired loans are measured and reported at fair value when management believes collection of contractual interest and principal payments is doubtful. Managements determination of the fair value for these loans represents the estimated net proceeds to be received from the sale of the collateral based on observable market prices and market value provided by independent, licensed or certified appraisers.
Fair value for real estate acquired through foreclosure is generally determined by obtaining recent appraisals on the properties. Other types of valuing include broker price opinions and valuations pertaining to the current and anticipated deterioration in the regional economy and real estate market, as evidenced by, among other things, changes in the local population, unemployment rates, increasing vacancy rates, borrower delinquencies, declining property values and rental prices, differences between foreclosure appraisals and real estate owned sales prices, and an increase in concessions and other forms of discounting or other items approved by our asset classification committee. The fair value under such appraisals is determined by using one of the following valuation techniques: income, cost or comparable sales. The fair value is then reduced by managements estimate for the direct costs expected to be incurred in order to sell the property. Holding costs or maintenance expenses are recorded as period costs when occurred and are not included in the fair value estimate.
The allowance for loan losses is a reserve established through a provision which is charged to expense and represents managements best estimate of probable losses that could be incurred within the existing portfolio of loans. The allowance is necessary to reserve for estimated loan losses and risks inherent in the loan portfolio. The Corporations allowance for possible loan loss methodology is based on historical loss experience by type of credit and internal risk grade, specific homogeneous risk pools and specific loss allocations, with adjustments for current events and conditions. The provision for possible loan losses reflects loan quality trends, including the levels of and trends related to non-accrual loans, past due loans, potential problem loans, criticized loans and net charge-offs or recoveries, among other factors. The amount of the provision reflects not only the necessary allowance for possible loan losses related to newly identified criticized loans, but it also reflects actions taken related to other loans including, among other things, any necessary increases or decreases in required allowances for specific loans or loan pools. While management utilizes its best judgment and information available, the ultimate adequacy of the allowance is dependent upon a variety of factors beyond the Corporations control, including, among other things, changes in market interest rates and other factors in the local economies that we serve, such as unemployment rates and real estate market values.
The Corporations allowance for possible loan losses consists of three elements: (i) specific valuation allowances on probable losses on specific loans; (ii) historical valuation allowances based on historical loan loss experience for similar loans with similar characteristics and trends, adjusted, as necessary, to reflect the impact of current conditions; and (iii) general valuation allowances based on general economic conditions and other qualitative risk factors both internal and external to the Corporation.
Loans identified as losses by management are charged-off. Furthermore, consumer loan accounts are charged-off automatically based on regulatory requirements.
Allowance for loan losses for the three and six months period ending June 30, 2012 and 2011 are summarized as follows:
Allocation of the allowance for loan loss by segment to loans individually and collectively evaluated for impairment as follows:
Non-accrual and Past Due Loans. Loans are considered past due if the required principal and interest payments have not been received as of the date such payments were due. Loans are placed on non-accrual status when the loan is more than three payments past due, as well as when required by regulatory provisions. Loans may be placed on non-accrual status regardless of whether or not such loans are considered past due. When interest accrual is discontinued, all unpaid accrued interest is reversed. Interest income is recognized when the loan is returned to accrual status and all the principal and interest amounts contractually due are brought current (minimum of six months), or future payments are reasonably assured. Future payments interest income will be recognized while the previous payments of interest (during non-accrual status) will not be recognized until payoff or refinance.
The following table details non-accrual loans at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011:
An age analysis of past due loans, segregated by class of loans were as follows:
Although we believe that the allowance for loan losses at June 30, 2012 is adequate to cover losses inherent in the loan portfolio at that date based upon the available facts and circumstances, there can be no assurance that additions to the allowance for loan losses will not be necessary in future periods, which could adversely affect our results of operations. Unemployment rates in our markets and Ohio in general, are close to the national average, but we are still experiencing some decline in values of residential real estate. Ohio in general has experienced some decreases in home values over the past five years like many regions in the U.S., which should comparatively mitigate losses on loans. Nonetheless, these factors, compounded by a very uncertain national economic outlook, may continue to increase the level of future losses beyond our current expectations.
Impaired loans. Loans are considered impaired when, based on current information and events, it is probable Advantage will be unable to collect all amounts due in accordance with the original contractual terms of the loan agreement, including
scheduled principal and interest payments. Impairment is evaluated in total for smaller-balance loans of a similar nature and on an individual loan basis for other larger commercial credits. If a loan is collateral dependent and payment is expected solely from the collateral, or is less than the present value of estimated future cash flows using the loans existing rate and the calculated value is not sufficient it is considered impaired. If it is impaired a specific valuation allowance is allocated, so that the loan is reported net, or at the loans fair value. All payments on impaired loans are typically applied to principal unless collectability of the principal amount is reasonably assured in which case interest is recognized on an accrual basis. Impaired loans or portions of loans are charged off when deemed uncollectible.
We have included the following information with respect to impairment measurements relating to collateral-dependent loans for better understanding of our process and procedures relating to fair value of loans:
Impaired loans are set forth in the following table:
The Corporation categorizes loans and leases into risk categories based on relevant information about the ability of borrowers to service their debt such as: current financial information, historical payment experience, credit documentation, public information, and current economic trends, among other factors. The Corporation analyzes loans and leases individually by classifying the loans and leases as to credit risk. The loans monitored utilizing the risk categories listed below refer to commercial, commercial and industrial, construction, land, farmland and agriculture loans. All non-homogeneous loans are monitored through delinquency reporting. This analysis is performed on a quarterly basis. The Corporation uses the following definitions for risk ratings:
Un-criticized assets exhibit no material problems, credit deficiencies or payment problems. These assets generally are well protected by the current net worth and paying capacity of the obligor or by the value of the asset or underlying collateral. Such credits are graded as follows: Excellent (1), Good (2) or Satisfactory (3).
Watch rated credits are of acceptable credit quality, but exhibit one or more characteristics which merit closer monitoring or enhanced structure. Such characteristics include higher leverage, lower debt service coverage, industry issues or a construction loan without preleasing commitments (generally multifamily projects).
Special Mention Assets have potential weaknesses or pose financial risk that deserves managements close attention. If left uncorrected, these weaknesses may result in deterioration of the repayment prospects for the asset or in the Banks credit position at some future date. Special Mention Assets are not adversely classified and do not expose the Bank to sufficient risk to warrant adverse classification.
An asset classified Substandard is protected inadequately by the current net worth and paying capacity of the obligor, or by the collateral pledged, if any. Assets so classified have a well-defined weakness or weaknesses that jeopardize the liquidation of the debt. They are characterized by the distinct possibility that the Bank will sustain some loss if the deficiencies are not corrected. The possibility that liquidation would not be timely requires a substandard classification even if there is little likelihood of total loss.
Assets classified as Substandard may exhibit one or more of the following weaknesses:
An asset classified Doubtful has all the weaknesses inherent in one classified as Substandard with the added characteristic that the weaknesses make collection or liquidation in full, on the basis of currently existing facts, conditions, and values, highly questionable and improbable.
An asset, or portion thereof, classified loss is considered uncollectible and of such little value that its continuance on the books is not warranted. This classification does not mean that the asset has absolutely no recovery or salvage value; rather, it is not practical or desirable to defer writing off an essentially worthless asset (or portion thereof), even though partial recovery may occur in the future.
Loans and leases not meeting the criteria above that are analyzed individually as part of the above described process are considered to be pass rated loans and leases.
Based on the most recent analysis performed, the risk category of non-homogeneous loans and leases is as follows:
Homogeneous loans are monitored at 60+ days delinquent. See the above schedule on page 16 related to change in allowance for loans which includes all class of loans including the loans related to residential and consumer.
A modification of a loan constitutes a troubled debt restructuring (TDR) when a borrower is experiencing financial difficulty and the modification constitutes a concession. The Corporation offers various types of concessions when modifying a loan, however, forgiveness of principal is rarely granted. Commercial and industrial loans modified in a TDR often involve temporary interest-only payments, term extensions, and converting revolving credit lines to term loans. Additional collateral and/or guarantors may be requested.
Commercial mortgage and construction loans modified in a TDR often involve a temporary or permanent interest rate reduction, extending the maturity date at an interest rate lower than the current market rate for new debt with similar risk, and/or substituting or adding a new borrower or guarantor. Construction loans modified in a TDR may also involve extending the interest-only payment period. Residential mortgage loans modified in a TDR are primarily comprised of loans where monthly payments are lowered to accommodate the borrowers financial needs. This is accomplished by temporary interest only payment periods, temporarily lowering the interest rate, extending the maturity date or a combination of these strategies. The accrual status of modified residential mortgages is dependent on the delinquency status before, during and after the modification process. Home equity modifications are uniquely designed to meet the specific needs of each borrower. Modified terms for home equity loans include renewal of an interest only payment stream, extending the maturity date, converting to a principal and interest payment, amortizing the balance due, or a combination of these strategies. Automobile loans are typically not modified.
Loans modified in a TDR may be in accrual status, non-accrual status, partial charge-offs, not delinquent, delinquent or any combination of these criteria. As a result, loans modified in a TDR for the Corporation may have the financial effect of increasing the specific allowance associated with individual loans. An allowance for impaired consumer and commercial loans that have been modified in a TDR is measured based either on the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loans original effective interest rate, or the estimated fair value of the collateral, less any selling costs, if the loan is collateral dependent. Management exercises significant judgment in developing these estimates.
The following presents by class, information related to loans modified in a TDR during the six months ended June 30, 2012.
The following presents by class, loans modified in a TDR from July 1, 2011 through June 30, 2012 that subsequently defaulted (i.e., 60 days or more past due following a modification) during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012.
The amortized cost, gross unrealized gains, gross unrealized losses and estimated fair values of investment securities at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 are as follows:
The amortized cost and estimated fair value of investment securities at June 30, 2012 by contractual term to maturity are shown below.
Proceeds from sales of investment securities during the six months ended June 30, 2012, totaled $8,000, resulting in gross realized gains of $1,000, and for the year ended December 31, 2011, proceeds from sales totaled $27.2 million, resulting in gross realized gains of $1.3 million.
At June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, there were $16.5 million and $7.0 million securities in an unrealized loss position less than twelve months and $0 and $0 of securities in an unrealized loss position more than twelve months, respectively. The table below indicates the length of time individual securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011.
Management has the intent and ability to hold these securities for the foreseeable future and the decline in the fair value is primarily due to an increase in market interest rates. The fair values are expected to recover as securities approach maturity dates.
At June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 approximately $10.0 and $13.7 million, respectively, of investment securities were pledged in accordance with federal and state requirements to secure deposits and repurchase agreements.
Forward Looking Statements
This Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (MD&A) and this Form 10-Q include forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (Exchange Act), as amended, which can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology, such as may, might, could, would, believe, expect, intend, plan, seek, anticipate, estimate, project or continue or the negative thereof or comparable terminology. All statements other than statements of historical fact included in this document regarding our outlook, financial position and results of operation, liquidity, capital resources and interest rate sensitivity are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements also include, but are not limited to:
These forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause our actual results to be materially different from any future results expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Although we believe the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are reasonable, we can give no assurance such expectations will prove to have been correct. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements also include, but are not limited to:
This MD&A is intended to give stockholders a more comprehensive review of the issues facing management than could be obtained from an examination of the financial statements alone. This analysis should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related footnotes and the selected financial data elsewhere in this report. As used herein and except as the context may otherwise require, references to Camco, the Corporation, we, us, or our means, collectively, Camco Financial Corporation and its wholly owned subsidiary, Advantage Bank, and through March 31, 2011, its formerly wholly-owned subsidiary, Camco Title Agency.
Camco is a full-service provider of financial products through its subsidiary, Advantage Bank. Products and services include traditional banking products, such as deposit accounts and lending products within Ohio, Kentucky and West Virginia. Services are provided through 22 financial offices, 20 ATMs and telephone and internet-based banking. Brokerage services are offered exclusively through an unaffiliated registered broker-dealer at certain locations.
Summary of Recent Transactions and Events
The following is a summary of recent transactions or events that have impacted or are expected to impact Camcos results of operations or financial condition:
Since early 2009, Camcos loan quality has been negatively impacted by adverse conditions within the commercial real estate market and economy as a whole. The deterioration in the economic conditions of the country has created challenges for the Corporation, including the following:
The above factors resulted in the continued movement of loans to nonperforming status during the past few years. In addition, many of these loans are collateral dependent real estate loans that the Bank is required to write down to fair value less estimated costs to sell, with the fair values determined primarily based on third party appraisals. Beginning in 2009 and continuing through 2012, appraised values have decreased significantly. As a result, in the past few years, the Banks evaluation of the loan portfolio and allowance for loan losses resulted in higher than normal net charge-offs and the need to record higher provision for loan losses over the past few years. The Corporation has made noted improvements over the past three years See Note 7. Allowance Loan Losses and related tables above and note C in the 10-K for the period ending December 31, 2011.
In 2011, the Corporation took steps to improve capital ratios through the reduction of assets and borrowings. Assets were reduced through the sale of $27.2 million in investments that created a gain of $1.2 million. The Bank used the proceeds of the sale to pay $21.0 million in FHLB borrowings, including a prepayment penalty of $216,000. Additionally, Camco filed a Form S-1 on July 17, 2012 for a potential rights offering of up to $10.0 million in Camco common stock.
The Corporation is addressing credit quality issues by directing the efforts of experienced workout specialists solely to manage the resolution of nonperforming assets. We continue to deal with the economic challenges in our markets, through our loan charge-offs and provision for loan losses as we continue to recognize the results of difficult economic conditions. The real estate market continues to create a very challenging environment as bankruptcies, foreclosures and unemployment continue to be higher than normal in Ohio.
It is the Corporations goal to remove the majority of the nonperforming assets from its balance sheet while still obtaining reasonable value for these assets. Given the current conditions in the real estate market, accomplishing this goal is a significant undertaking, requiring both time and considerable effort of staff. We believe that we are taking the appropriate steps forward in managing our classified assets. We have devoted and will continue to devote substantial management resources toward the resolution of all delinquent and non-performing assets, but no assurance can be made that managements efforts will be successful.
Net interest income, the amount by which interest income exceeds interest expense, is affected by various factors, including changes in market interest rates due to the Federal Reserve Boards monetary policy, the level and degree of pricing competition for both loans and deposits in our markets and the amount and composition of earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities. We have found that core deposit growth continues to be challenging in our markets but have continued to work with commercial borrowers to build banking relationships. The extended low rate environment and increased competition for deposits continue to put pressure on marginal funding costs, despite the continuing low market rates. Earnings related to net interest income continues to be challenged as net interest income and margin are impacted by changes in market interest rates based upon actions taken by the Federal Reserve either directly or through its Open Market Committee. Between 2007 and 2008, the Federal Reserve reduced the Federal Funds rate 500 basis points to a range of 0% to .25% and reduced the Discount Rate 575 basis points to .50%. These actions have caused a downward shift in short-term market interest rates and these rates have continued at historically low levels with expectations that the rates will not increase until 2014.
Discussion of Financial Condition Changes from December 31, 2011 to June 30, 2012
At June 30, 2012, Camcos consolidated assets totaled $766.9 million, a decrease of $102,000, from December 31, 2011. The decrease in total assets resulted primarily from decreases in cash and cash equivalents and loans receivable and loans held for sale, offset partially by increases in securities available for sale. Loans receivable decreased in the second quarter of 2012, primarily due to the slowing of portfolio production and continued expected payoffs, which in turn has decreased our concentration limits.
Advantage continues to monitor certain types of commercial loan growth related to regulatory guidance that suggests financial institutions not exceed 3x risk based capital in a concentration of commercial real estate. At June 30, 2012, Advantages ratio for this concentration was 3.76x risk based capital, approximately $43.1 million over the guidance limitation. Advantage has a number of pay-downs approaching throughout 2012. Additionally, Advantage continues to monitor and control our concentration exposure through our concentration management plan that was implemented in 2011. Camco also plans to raise capital through a rights offering, as described in the Form S-1 that was filed with the SEC on July 17, 2012. Camco intends to contribute a significant portion of the additional capital raised to the Bank to help correct and/or eliminate the exposure and concentration limits.
Residential loan production increased slightly in the second quarter of 2012. High unemployment rates in Ohio have fallen from 10.0% in 2010 to 7.3% at June 30, 2012. This coupled with a slight decrease in loan rates in 2012 has resulted in some new residential home loan purchases and additional refinancing in the first six months of 2012.
Managements continued focus at the Bank has been on managing credit, reducing risk and concentrations within the loan portfolio and maintaining sufficient liquidity and capital in a distressed economic environment. Continuous progress is being made on addressing these issues, but we expect the distressed economic environment to continue through 2012 and into 2013.
Cash and interest-bearing deposits in other financial institutions totaled $28.2 million at June 30, 2012, a decrease of $10.2 million, or 26.6%, from December 31, 2011. Cash was previously held at higher levels as we continued to restructure the balance sheet by decreasing assets and liabilities when possible to improve our capital position in conjunction with ensuring that liquidity continues to be adequate.
As of June 30, 2012, securities totaled $75.3 million, an increase of $54.4 million, or 260.0%, from December 31, 2011, due to the purchase of $64.0 million in securities at a weighted rate of .51%, offset partially by principal repayments and maturities of $9.6 million. Decreases of $39.6 million in the loan portfolio; and $5.6 million in loans held for sale and an increase of $9.3 million in deposits created additional liquidity that was utilized to purchase securities in the first six months of 2012.
Loans receivable, including loans held for sale, totaled $602.1 million at June 30, 2012, a decrease of $45.1 million, or 7.0%, from December 31, 2011. The decrease resulted primarily from principal repayments of $134.8 million, loan sales of $53.7 million, $3.3 million of loans transferred to real estate owned, and an addition of $1.1 million to losses on loans, all of which was offset partially by loan disbursements totaling $148.1 million. Principal repayments and payoffs on loans were higher than 2011, which have decreased the portfolio balances and improved our concentration levels related to commercial production. The reduction in residential real estate loan balances was intensified by the secondary market offering historically low long-term fixed rates during the current year. New purchase customers are currently more likely to choose fixed rate loans during this low rate environment. Due to the fact that Advantage normally sells fixed rate loans and does not hold them, the portfolio balance of residential loans continues to decrease. Management will consider holding some fixed rate loans in the second half of 2012 if the portfolio continues to decrease and liquidity is available.
Loan originations during the six-month period ended June 30, 2012 included $86.3 million of commercial loans, $53.9 million in loans secured by one- to four-family residential real estate and $7.9 million in consumer and other loans. Our intent is to continue to service our communities in one- to four-family residential, consumer and commercial real estate lending and continue with our strategic plan of generating additional lending opportunities and core relationships.
The Corporation continues to originate fixed-rate, single-family loans in its marketplace, with most originated for sale in the secondary market rather than for its portfolio. The origination and sale of fixed-rate loans has historically generated gains on sale and allowed the Corporation to manage its investment in loans serviced, without assuming the interest-rate risk associated with holding long-term fixed-rate assets, which facilitates the maintenance of liquidity levels. Mortgage application volume has remained elevated in the current quarter, due to a low interest rate environment, and consisted predominantly of loan refinancing highly correlated to interest rate movements and levels. New home sales continue to remain weak in the current economic environment, limiting new home financing opportunities.
During the first six months of 2012, the average yield on loans was 5.21% a decrease of 36 basis points as compared to 5.57% for the same period in 2011. The decrease in yield is due to lower average loan balances coupled with lower effective rates in the loan portfolio during 2012. As we continue to have payoffs and adjustable rate loans re-price and originate new loans at the current lower rate environment we expect the yield on loans to continue to decrease slightly throughout 2012.
The allowance for loan losses totaled $14.2 million and $14.5 million at June 30, 2012, and December 31, 2011, respectively, representing 60.0% and 58.3% of nonperforming loans, respectively, at those dates. Nonperforming loans (loans with three payments delinquent plus nonaccrual loans) totaled $23.7 million and $24.9 million at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively, constituting 3.8% of total net loans for June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, including loans held for sale. See the Allowance for loan losses footnote above for additional information related to change in allowance and delinquency. Net charge-offs totaled $1.5 million and $1.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and June 30, 2011 respectively.
The following table sets forth information with respect to Advantages nonperforming assets for the periods indicated.
Nonaccrual status denotes loans greater than three payments past due, loans for which, in the opinion of management, the collection of additional interest is unlikely, or loans that meet nonaccrual criteria as established by regulatory authorities. Payments received on a nonaccrual loan are either applied to the outstanding principal balance or recorded as an asset which holds the interest income, depending on managements assessment of the collectability of the loan.
At June 30, 2012, the Corporations other real estate owned (REO) consisted of 169 repossessed properties with a net book value of $12.0 million, an increase of $1.1 million, compared to December 31, 2011, due primarily to one large relationship. Initial loss is recorded as a charge to the allowance for loan losses. Thereafter, if there is a further deterioration in value, a specific valuation allowance is established and charged to operations. The Corporation reflects costs to carry REO as period costs. When property is acquired through foreclosure or deed in lieu of foreclosure, it is initially recorded at the fair value of the related assets at the date of foreclosure, less estimated costs to sell the property.
The Corporation works with borrowers to avoid foreclosure if possible. Furthermore, if it becomes inevitable that a borrower will not be able to retain ownership of their property, the Corporation often seeks a deed in lieu of foreclosure in order to gain control of the property earlier in the recovery process. The strategy of pursuing deeds in lieu of foreclosure more aggressively should result in a reduction in the holding period for nonperforming assets and ultimately reduce economic losses.
Deposits totaled $638.5 million at June 30, 2012, an increase of $9.3 million, or 1.5%, from the total at December 31, 2011. The following table details our deposit portfolio balances and the average rate paid on our deposit portfolio at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011:
The decrease in certificates of deposits was primarily due to decreases in non-core customers (only certificate of deposit account). The decline in retail certificates of deposit continues to be strategically directed as part of managements relationship pricing initiative which targets rate sensitive, non-relationship deposits for reduction, coupled with an emphasis on increasing core relationships and commercial deposits. The Corporation continues to focus on its collection of core deposits. Core deposit balances, generated from customers throughout the Banks branch network, are generally a stable source of funds similar to long-term funding, but core deposits such as checking and savings accounts are typically less costly than alternative fixed-rate funding. The Corporation believes that this cost advantage makes core deposits a superior funding source, in addition to providing cross-selling opportunities and fee income possibilities. Management will continue to modify its noncore deposit strategies to support the funding needs of the Companys loan activities, while maintaining appropriate liquidity levels, as it executes its strategies to diversify its funding mix by expanding core deposit relationships and building business deposits. To the extent the Bank is able to grow its core deposits and continues to pay down borrowings and higher cost funds such as certificates of deposits, the cost related to these liabilities should decrease.
In 2010, we implemented a number of organizational and product development initiatives including a new suite of commercial and small business checking accounts, enhancements to our online business cash management system, and the launch of remote deposit capture solution. We believe these products will continue to help us be more competitive for business checking accounts. Additionally, in 2011 we implemented paperless statements that are less costly to the Bank, more efficient for many customers, and strategically add convenience products to enhance our banking products with current technology.
Effective January 1, 2010, interest rates paid by Advantage on deposits became subject to limitations as a result of a consent order Advantage entered into with the FDIC and Ohio Division of Financial Institutions in July 2009 (Prior Consent Order). Deposits solicited by the Bank cannot significantly exceed the prevailing rates in our market areas. The FDIC has implemented by regulation the statutory language significantly exceeds as meaning more than 75 basis points. Although the rule became effective January 1, 2010, Advantage has utilized these standards since mid-year 2009.
Advances from the FHLB and other borrowings totaled $69.2 million at June 30, 2012, a decrease of $11.1 million, or 13.8%, from the total at December 31, 2011. The decrease in borrowings was due to decreased balances in repurchase agreements which we believe is timing related to customer needs coupled with the payoff of a maturing $5.0 million advance.
The decrease in advances from borrowers for taxes and insurance of $1.2 million for the period ended June 30, 2012 was attributable to timing differences between the collection and payment of taxes and insurance. The increase of $1.8 million in accrued expenses and other liabilities was primarily the result of timing related to an investment that was purchased but not settled as of June 30, 2012.
Stockholders equity totaled $46.8 million at June 30, 2012, an increase of $1.2 million, or 2.6%, from December 31, 2011. The increase resulted primarily from net earnings of $895,000, coupled with $262,000 of restricted stock awards related to the 2011 officer incentive plan and an increase in other comprehensive income of $49,000 related to the fair value of our investment securities. This was partially offset by $36,000 of net changes related to FAS 123R and stock based compensation.
Comparison of Results of Operations for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2012 and 2011
Camcos net income is dependent primarily on its net interest income, which is the difference between interest earned on its loans and investments and interest paid on interest-bearing liabilities. Net interest income is determined by (i) the difference between yields earned on interest-earning assets and rates paid on interest-bearing liabilities (interest-rate spread) and (ii) the relative amounts of interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities. The Camcos interest-rate spread is affected by regulatory, economic and competitive factors that influence interest rates, loan demand, the collectability of loans, and deposit flows. Net interest income also includes amortization of loan origination fees, net of origination costs.
Camcos net income is also affected by the generation of non-interest income, which primarily consists of loan servicing income, service fees on deposit accounts and gains on sale of loans held for sale. In addition, net income is affected by the level of operating expenses, loan loss provisions, and costs associated with the acquisition, maintenance and disposal of real estate.
Camco recognized net earnings for the six months ended June 30, 2012, of $895,000, an increase of $1.7 million, or 210.4%, from the net loss of $811,000 reported in the comparable 2011 period. On a per share basis, the net earnings during the first half of 2012 were $0.12, compared to $(0.11) per share in the first half of 2011. The increase in earnings was primarily attributable to increased gain on sale of loans, decreased REO expense and loan expenses coupled with a decrease in provision for losses on loans. This was offset partially by decreased gain on sale of investments.
Net Interest Income
Net interest income totaled $12.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012, a decrease of $944,000 or 7.2%, compared to the six month period ended June 30, 2011, generally reflecting the effects of a $13.4 million decrease in the average balance of interest earning assets coupled with the decrease of average yield on earning assets of 57 basis points. This was partially offset by a $38.8 million decrease in interest-bearing liabilities and a decrease of 33 basis points related to the cost of funding. Due to these changes, the net interest margin decreased 20 basis points