XNYS:IPG Interpublic Group of Companies, Inc Quarterly Report 10-Q Filing - 3/31/2012

Effective Date 3/31/2012

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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q
 
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2012
or
 
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission file number: 1-6686
THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
13-1024020
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

1114 Avenue of the Americas, New York, New York 10036
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(212) 704-1200
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes ý    No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes ý    No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
 
ý
  
Accelerated filer
 
¨
Non-accelerated filer
 
¨
  
Smaller reporting company
 
¨
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes ¨    No ý
The number of shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding as of April 16, 2012 was 443,045,442.



INDEX
 
Page No.
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
 
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 6.
INFORMATION REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING DISCLOSURE
This quarterly report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements. Statements in this report that are not historical facts, including statements about management’s beliefs and expectations, constitute forward-looking statements. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, words such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “could,” “would,” “estimate,” “continue” or comparable terminology are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements are based on current plans, estimates and projections, and are subject to change based on a number of factors, including those outlined under Item 1A, Risk Factors, in our most recent annual report on Form 10-K. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made and we undertake no obligation to update publicly any of them in light of new information or future events.
Forward-looking statements involve inherent risks and uncertainties. A number of important factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement. Such factors include, but are not limited to, the following:
potential effects of a challenging economy, for example, on the demand for our advertising and marketing services, on our clients’ financial condition and on our business or financial condition;
our ability to attract new clients and retain existing clients;
our ability to retain and attract key employees;
risks associated with assumptions we make in connection with our critical accounting estimates, including changes in assumptions associated with any effects of a weakened economy;
potential adverse effects if we are required to recognize impairment charges or other adverse accounting-related developments;
risks associated with the effects of global, national and regional economic and political conditions, including counterparty risks and fluctuations in economic growth rates, interest rates and currency exchange rates; and
developments from changes in the regulatory and legal environment for advertising and marketing and communications services companies around the world.
Investors should carefully consider these factors and the additional risk factors outlined in more detail under Item 1A, Risk Factors, in our most recent annual report on Form 10-K.

1


Part I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1.
Financial Statements (Unaudited)
THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2012
 
2011
REVENUE
$
1,506.8

 
$
1,474.8

 
 
 
 
OPERATING EXPENSES:
 
 
 
Salaries and related expenses
1,104.9

 
1,080.1

Office and general expenses
441.3

 
439.2

Restructuring and other reorganization-related charges, net
0.0

 
0.8

Total operating expenses
1,546.2

 
1,520.1

 
 
 
 
OPERATING LOSS
(39.4
)
 
(45.3
)
 
 
 
 
EXPENSES AND OTHER INCOME:
 
 
 
Interest expense
(32.6
)
 
(31.9
)
Interest income
8.0

 
8.3

Other expense, net
(1.3
)
 
(6.1
)
Total (expenses) and other income
(25.9
)
 
(29.7
)
 
 
 
 
Loss before income taxes
(65.3
)
 
(75.0
)
Benefit of income taxes
(19.2
)
 
(21.5
)
Loss of consolidated companies
(46.1
)
 
(53.5
)
Equity in net income of unconsolidated affiliates
0.4

 
0.3

NET LOSS
(45.7
)
 
(53.2
)
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
2.7

 
8.0

NET LOSS ATTRIBUTABLE TO IPG
(43.0
)
 
(45.2
)
Dividends on preferred stock
(2.9
)
 
(2.9
)
NET LOSS AVAILABLE TO IPG COMMON STOCKHOLDERS
$
(45.9
)
 
$
(48.1
)
 
 
 
 
Loss per share available to IPG common stockholders - basic and diluted
$
(0.10
)
 
$
(0.10
)
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding - basic and diluted
437.6

 
476.0

 
 
 
 
Dividends declared per common share
$
0.06

 
$
0.06

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.

2



THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(Amounts in Millions)
(Unaudited)
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
2012
 
2011
 
Before-Tax
Amount
 
Tax (Expense) Benefit
 
Net-of-Tax
Amount
 
Before-Tax
Amount
 
Tax (Expense) Benefit
 
Net-of-Tax
Amount
NET LOSS
$
(64.9
)
 
$
19.2

 
$
(45.7
)
 
$
(74.7
)
 
$
21.5

 
$
(53.2
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
45.3

 
(0.2
)
 
45.1

 
43.6

 
0.1

 
43.7

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gains on available-for-sale securities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Changes in market value of available-for-sale securities
0.5

 
0.0

 
0.5

 
0.6

 
(0.1
)
 
0.5

Less: recognition of previously unrealized losses included in net loss
0.6

 
0.0

 
0.6

 
0.0

 
0.0

 
0.0

 
1.1

 
0.0

 
1.1

 
0.6

 
(0.1
)
 
0.5

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized losses on derivative instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Changes in fair value of derivative instruments
(2.8
)
 
0.0

 
(2.8
)
 
0.0

 
0.0

 
0.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrecognized losses, transition obligation and prior service cost:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss for the period
(0.3
)
 
0.1

 
(0.2
)
 
0.0

 
0.0

 
0.0

Less: amortization of unrecognized losses, transition obligation and prior service cost included in net loss
1.9

 
(0.6
)
 
1.3

 
1.9

 
(0.7
)
 
1.2

Other
(0.1
)
 
0.0

 
(0.1
)
 
0.0

 
0.0

 
0.0

 
1.5

 
(0.5
)
 
1.0

 
1.9

 
(0.7
)
 
1.2

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income
45.1

 
(0.7
)
 
44.4

 
46.1

 
(0.7
)
 
45.4

TOTAL COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(19.8
)
 
18.5

 
(1.3
)
 
(28.6
)
 
20.8

 
(7.8
)
Less: comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interest
(2.4
)
 
0.2

 
(2.2
)
 
(8.5
)
 
0.7

 
(7.8
)
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) ATTRIBUTABLE TO IPG
$
(17.4
)
 
$
18.3

 
$
0.9

 
$
(20.1
)
 
$
20.1

 
$
0.0


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.





3


THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Amounts in Millions)
(Unaudited)
 
March 31,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
ASSETS:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
1,573.1

 
$
2,302.7

Marketable securities
13.8

 
12.9

Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $58.8 and $55.4
3,732.1

 
4,425.4

Expenditures billable to clients
1,447.3

 
1,247.2

Other current assets
346.2

 
298.6

Total current assets
7,112.5

 
8,286.8

Furniture, equipment and leasehold improvements, net of accumulated
    depreciation of $1,145.0 and $1,126.3
451.1

 
459.8

Deferred income taxes
254.8

 
214.5

Goodwill
3,463.0

 
3,444.3

Other non-current assets
484.5

 
471.2

TOTAL ASSETS
$
11,765.9

 
$
12,876.6

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
5,929.1

 
$
6,647.2

Accrued liabilities
676.7

 
827.1

Short-term borrowings
161.5

 
153.5

Current portion of long-term debt
219.8

 
404.8

Total current liabilities
6,987.1

 
8,032.6

Long-term debt
1,239.7

 
1,210.9

Deferred compensation
420.0

 
440.3

Other non-current liabilities
467.3

 
452.1

TOTAL LIABILITIES
9,114.1

 
10,135.9

 
 
 
 
Redeemable noncontrolling interests (see Note 5)
223.7

 
243.4

 
 
 
 
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY:
 
 
 
Preferred stock
221.5

 
221.5

Common stock
48.7

 
48.2

Additional paid-in capital
2,437.2

 
2,427.5

Retained earnings
335.7

 
405.1

Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax
(181.8
)
 
(225.7
)
 
2,861.3

 
2,876.6

Less: Treasury stock
(467.4
)
 
(414.9
)
Total IPG stockholders’ equity
2,393.9

 
2,461.7

Noncontrolling interests
34.2

 
35.6

TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
2,428.1

 
2,497.3

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
$
11,765.9

 
$
12,876.6

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.

4


THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Amounts in Millions)
(Unaudited)
 
Three months ended
March 31,
  
2012
 
2011
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(45.7
)
 
$
(53.2
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization of fixed assets and intangible assets
34.6

 
35.6

Provision for uncollectible receivables
6.7

 
3.5

Amortization of restricted stock and other non-cash compensation
16.7

 
15.7

Net amortization of bond premiums and deferred financing costs
(1.7
)
 
(1.9
)
Deferred income tax benefit
(51.5
)
 
(53.0
)
Other
10.4

 
10.2

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions and dispositions, providing (using) cash:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
742.3

 
369.4

Expenditures billable to clients
(193.7
)
 
(123.2
)
Other current assets
(34.1
)
 
(28.6
)
Accounts payable
(808.4
)
 
(733.6
)
Accrued liabilities
(150.9
)
 
(219.8
)
Other non-current assets and liabilities
(23.2
)
 
(22.8
)
Net cash used in operating activities
(498.5
)
 
(801.7
)
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(22.4
)
 
(16.9
)
Proceeds from sales of businesses and investments, net of cash sold
1.2

 
2.4

Acquisitions, including deferred payments, net of cash acquired
(2.1
)
 
(2.1
)
Other investing activities
2.0

 
(0.2
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(21.3
)
 
(16.8
)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
Purchase of long-term debt
(400.1
)
 
(0.8
)
Proceeds from issuance of 4.00% Senior Notes due 2022
246.8

 
0.0

Repurchase of common stock
(52.5
)
 
(10.5
)
Common stock dividends
(26.2
)
 
(28.5
)
Exercise of stock options
4.9

 
8.4

Net increase (decrease) in short-term bank borrowings
3.8

 
(5.0
)
Preferred stock dividends
(2.9
)
 
(2.9
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests
(1.8
)
 
(3.1
)
Other financing activities
(1.0
)
 
(3.0
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(229.0
)
 
(45.4
)
Effect of foreign exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
19.2

 
28.4

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(729.6
)
 
(835.5
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
2,302.7

 
2,675.7

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
1,573.1

 
$
1,840.2

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.

5


THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(Amounts in Millions)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Preferred
Stock
 
 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Retained Earnings
 
Accumulated 
Other
Comprehensive
Loss, Net of Tax
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Total IPG
Stockholders’
Equity
 
Noncontrolling
Interests
 
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Balance at December 31, 2011
$
221.5

 
491.4

 
$
48.2

 
$
2,427.5

 
$
405.1

 
$
(225.7
)
 
$
(414.9
)
 
$
2,461.7

 
$
35.6

 
$
2,497.3

Net loss
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(43.0
)
 
 
 
 
 
(43.0
)
 
(2.7
)
 
(45.7
)
Other comprehensive income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
43.9

 
 
 
43.9

 
0.5

 
44.4

Reclassifications related to redeemable
    noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 
13.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13.0

 
3.9

 
16.9

Noncontrolling interest transactions
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


 
(0.8
)
 
(0.8
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1.8
)
 
(1.8
)
Change in redemption value of redeemable
    noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3.3

 
 
 
 
 
3.3

 
 
 
3.3

Repurchase of common stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(52.5
)
 
(52.5
)
 
 
 
(52.5
)
Common stock dividends
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(26.2
)
 
 
 
 
 
(26.2
)
 
 
 
(26.2
)
Preferred stock dividends
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(2.9
)
 
 
 
 
 
(2.9
)
 
 
 
(2.9
)
Stock-based compensation
 
 
(0.1
)
 
0.6

 
13.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14.0

 
 
 
14.0

Exercise of stock options
 
 
0.4

 
0.1

 
4.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5.0

 
 
 
5.0

Shares withheld for taxes
 
 
(0.1
)
 
(0.2
)
 
(22.5
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(22.7
)
 
 
 
(22.7
)
Other
 
 
 
 
 
 
0.9

 
(0.6
)
 
 
 
 
 
0.3

 
(0.5
)
 
(0.2
)
Balance at March 31, 2012
$
221.5

 
491.6

 
$
48.7

 
$
2,437.2

 
$
335.7

 
$
(181.8
)
 
$
(467.4
)
 
$
2,393.9

 
$
34.2

 
$
2,428.1

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.

6


THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY – (CONTINUED)
(Amounts in Millions)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Preferred
Stock
 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Retained Earnings (Accumulated
Deficit)
 
Accumulated 
Other
Comprehensive
Loss, Net of Tax
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Total IPG
Stockholders’
Equity
 
Noncontrolling
Interests
 
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Balance at December 31, 2010
$
221.5

 
489.5

 
$
47.5

 
$
2,456.8

 
$
(63.7
)
 
$
(119.0
)
 
$
(14.1
)
 
$
2,529.0

 
$
37.9

 
$
2,566.9

Net loss
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(45.2
)
 
 
 
 
 
(45.2
)
 
(8.0
)
 
(53.2
)
Other comprehensive income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
45.2

 
 
 
45.2

 
0.2

 
45.4

Reclassifications related to redeemable
    noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11.2

 
11.2

Noncontrolling interest transactions
 
 
 
 
 
 
(0.1
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(0.1
)
 
(3.2
)
 
(3.3
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(3.1
)
 
(3.1
)
Change in redemption value of redeemable
    noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 
(9.4
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(9.4
)
 
 
 
(9.4
)
Repurchase of common stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(10.5
)
 
(10.5
)
 
 
 
(10.5
)
Common stock dividends
 
 
 
 
 
 
(28.5
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(28.5
)
 
 
 
(28.5
)
Preferred stock dividends
 
 
 
 
 
 
(2.9
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(2.9
)
 
 
 
(2.9
)
Stock-based compensation
 
 
0.6

 
0.1

 
16.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16.7

 
 
 
16.7

Exercise of stock options
 
 
0.9

 
0.1

 
8.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8.5

 
 
 
8.5

Shares withheld for taxes
 
 
(0.1
)
 
0.0

 
(5.2
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(5.2
)
 
 
 
(5.2
)
Other
 
 
 
 
 
 
0.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
0.3

 
(0.1
)
 
0.2

Balance at March 31, 2011
$
221.5

 
490.9

 
$
47.7

 
$
2,436.0

 
$
(108.9
)
 
$
(73.8
)
 
$
(24.6
)
 
$
2,497.9

 
$
34.9

 
$
2,532.8

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.

7


Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
Note 1:  Basis of Presentation
The unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared by The Interpublic Group of Companies, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the “Company,” “IPG,” “we,” “us” or “our”) in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("U.S. GAAP") and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) for reporting interim financial information on Form 10-Q. Accordingly, they do not include certain information and disclosures required for complete financial statements. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires us to make judgments, assumptions and estimates that affect the amounts reported and disclosed. Actual results could differ from these estimates and assumptions. The consolidated results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year and should be read in conjunction with our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
In the opinion of management, these unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements include all adjustments of a normal and recurring nature necessary for a fair statement of the information for each period contained therein. Certain reclassifications have been made to prior period financial statements to conform to the current period presentation.

Note 2:  Debt and Credit Arrangements
Long-Term Debt
A summary of the carrying amounts and fair values of our long-term debt is listed below.
 
Effective
Interest Rate
 
March 31,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
Book
Value
 
Fair
Value 1
 
Book
Value
 
Fair
Value
6.25% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2014 (less unamortized
discount of $0.3)
6.29
%
 
$
353.9

 
$
382.4

 
$
354.3

 
$
374.5

10.00% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2017 (less unamortized
discount of $9.1)
10.38
%
 
590.9

 
688.5

 
590.6

 
690.0

4.00% Senior Notes due 2022 (less unamortized
discount of $3.1)
4.13
%
 
246.9

 
245.0

 
0.0

 
0.0

4.75% Convertible Senior Notes due 2023 (plus unamortized
premium of $2.2)
3.50
%
 
202.2

 
226.5

 
202.7

 
220.5

4.25% Convertible Senior Notes due 2023
 
 
0.0

 
0.0

 
403.0

 
405.5

Other notes payable and capitalized leases
 
 
65.6

 
64.5

 
65.1

 
 
Total long-term debt
 
 
1,459.5

 
 
 
1,615.7

 
 
Less: current portion 2
 
 
219.8

 
 
 
404.8

 
 
Long-term debt, excluding current portion
 
 
$
1,239.7

 
 
 
$
1,210.9

 
 
 
1 
See Note 10 for information on the fair value measurement of our long-term debt.
2 
On March 15, 2013, holders of our 4.75% Convertible Senior Notes due 2023 (the “4.75% Notes”) may require us to repurchase their notes for cash at par and as such, we included these notes in the current portion of long-term debt on our March 31, 2012 unaudited Consolidated Balance Sheet. The 4.75% Notes are redeemable in whole or in part at our option beginning March 15, 2013. Any 4.75% Notes not repurchased on March 15, 2013 and not called for redemption by us will be reclassified to long-term debt. On March 15, 2012, holders of our 4.25% Convertible Senior Notes due 2023 (the “4.25% Notes”) could have required us to repurchase their notes for cash at par and therefore, we included these notes in the current portion of long-term debt on our December 31, 2011 Consolidated Balance Sheet.

Debt Transactions
4.00% Senior Notes due 2022
In March 2012, we issued $250.0 in aggregate principal amount of 4.00% Senior Notes due 2022 (the "4.00% Notes") at a discount to par. As a result, the 4.00% Notes were reflected on our unaudited Consolidated Balance Sheet at a fair value of $246.8 at issuance. The discount of $3.2 is amortized through the maturity date of March 15, 2022. Interest is payable semi-annually in arrears on March 15th and September 15th of each year, commencing on September 15, 2012. Capitalized direct fees, including commissions and offering expenses, of $2.5 related to the issuance of the 4.00% Notes are amortized in interest expense through the maturity date. Consistent with our other debt securities, the 4.00% Notes include covenants that, among other things, limit our liens and the liens of certain of our consolidated subsidiaries, but do not require us to maintain any financial ratios or specified levels of net worth or liquidity. We used the proceeds to repurchase and redeem our 4.25% Notes as described below.

8

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)



At any time, at our option, we may redeem all or some of the 4.00% Notes at the greater of the principal amount and a "make-whole" amount, plus, in either case, accrued and unpaid interest to the date of redemption. If we experience a change of control event, we must offer to repurchase the 4.00% Notes in cash at a price equal to not less than 101% of the aggregate principal amount of the 4.00% Notes, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the date of repurchase.

4.25% Convertible Senior Notes due 2023
In March 2012, we retired $400.0 in aggregate principal amount of our 4.25% Notes through redemption, repurchases and conversions into Interpublic common stock. Of the amount retired, $399.6 in aggregate principal amount was redeemed or repurchased at par plus accrued interest of $0.5 for cash. The remaining $0.4 in aggregate principal amount of our 4.25% Notes was converted, at the election of the 4.25% Note holders, into Interpublic common stock at a conversion rate of 82.4612 shares (actual number) per $1,000 (actual number) principal amount of the 4.25% Notes, or approximately 30,000 shares (actual number). The retirement of our 4.25% Notes will eliminate approximately 33.0 shares of common stock from our eligible diluted share count.

Interest Rate Swaps
We enter into interest rate swaps to manage our exposure to changes in interest rates. In the first quarter of 2012, we entered into forward-starting interest rate swap agreements with an aggregate notional amount of $175.0 to effectively lock in the benchmark rate for a forecasted issuance of debt expected to occur prior to December 31, 2013. These swaps qualify for hedge accounting as cash flow hedges, as such, the effective portion of gains or losses on the swaps are recorded as other comprehensive income and recognized in earnings over the life of the related debt issuance or when the hedged transaction is determined to be ineffective. 
The fair value of our interest rate swap agreements and the impact on other comprehensive income and earnings related to our interest rate swap agreements are as follows:
Fair Value of Derivatives
 
March 31, 2012
 
Balance Sheet Classification
Derivative liabilities
 
 
 
Interest rate swap agreements
$
2.8

 
Non-current liabilities
 
 
 
 
 Impact on Other Comprehensive Income and Earnings
 
Three months ended
March 31, 2012
 
Loss recognized in OCI (effective portion)
 
Gain (loss) recognized in earnings (ineffective portion)
Derivative liabilities
 
 
 
Interest rate swap agreements
$
(2.8
)
 
$
0.0


Credit Facilities
We maintain a committed corporate credit facility to increase our financial flexibility (the "Credit Agreement"). The Credit Agreement is a revolving facility expiring in May 2016, under which amounts borrowed by us or any of our subsidiaries designated under the Credit Agreement may be repaid and reborrowed, subject to an aggregate lending limit of $1,000.0 or the equivalent in other currencies. The aggregate available amount of letters of credit outstanding may decrease or increase, subject to a sublimit on letters of credit of $200.0 or the equivalent in other currencies. Our obligations under the Credit Agreement are unsecured.
We were in compliance with all of our covenants in the Credit Agreement as of March 31, 2012.

Note 3:  Convertible Preferred Stock
The conversion rate of our 5 1/4% Series B Cumulative Convertible Perpetual Preferred Stock (the "Series B Preferred Stock")is subject to adjustment upon the occurrence of certain events, including the payment of cash dividends on our common stock. During the first quarter of 2012, the conversion rate per share for our Series B Preferred Stock was adjusted from 74.4500 to 75.3568 as a result of the cumulative effect of the cash dividends declared and paid on our common stock during the fourth quarter of 2011 and first quarter of 2012, resulting in a corresponding adjustment of the conversion price from $13.43 to $13.27.



9

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)



Note 4:  Loss Per Share
The following sets forth basic and diluted loss per common share available to IPG common stockholders.
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2012
 
2011
Net loss available to IPG common stockholders
$
(45.9
)
 
$
(48.1
)
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding - basic and diluted
437.6

 
476.0

Loss per share available to IPG common stockholders - basic and diluted
$
(0.10
)
 
$
(0.10
)
Basic and diluted shares outstanding and loss per share are equal for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 because our potentially dilutive securities are antidilutive as a result of the net loss available to IPG common stockholders in each period presented. The following table presents the potential shares excluded from the diluted loss per share calculation because the effect of including these potential shares would be antidilutive.
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2012
 
2011
Restricted stock, stock options and other equity awards
6.3

 
13.3

4.75% Notes
16.5

 
16.1

4.25% Notes 1
30.9

 
32.2

Preferred stock outstanding
16.7

 
16.2

Total
70.4

 
77.8

 
 
 
 
Securities excluded from the diluted loss per share calculation because
the exercise price was greater than the average market price:
 
 
 
Stock options 2
7.2

 
8.1

 
1 
We retired all of our outstanding 4.25% Notes in March 2012. For purposes of calculating diluted loss per share, the potentially dilutive shares are pro-rated based on the period they were outstanding.
2 
These options are outstanding at the end of the respective periods. In any period in which the exercise price is less than the average market price, these options have the potential to be dilutive, and application of the treasury stock method would reduce this amount.

Note 5:  Supplementary Data
Accrued Liabilities
The following table presents the components of accrued liabilities.
 
March 31,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
Salaries, benefits and related expenses
$
402.1

 
$
520.6

Office and related expenses
49.7

 
57.9

Acquisition obligations
45.5

 
43.7

Interest
24.7

 
40.3

Professional fees
22.6

 
25.3

Other
132.1

 
139.3

Total accrued liabilities
$
676.7

 
$
827.1


2004 Restatement Liabilities
As part of the restatement we presented in our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K (the “2004 Restatement”), we recognized liabilities related to vendor discounts and credits where we had a contractual or legal obligation to rebate such amounts to our clients or vendors. Reductions to these liabilities are achieved through settlements with clients and vendors, but also may occur if the applicable statute of limitations in a jurisdiction has lapsed. As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, we had vendor discounts and credit liabilities of $52.0 and $55.5, respectively, related to the 2004 Restatement.



10

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)



Other Expense, net
Results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 include certain items which are not directly associated with our revenue-producing operations.
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2012
 
2011
Losses on sales of businesses and investments
$
(3.4
)
 
$
(6.6
)
Vendor discounts and credit adjustments
2.4

 
0.1

Other (expense) income, net
(0.3
)
 
0.4

Total other expense, net
$
(1.3
)
 
$
(6.1
)
Sales of Businesses and Investments – During each of the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, we recognized a loss relating to the sale of a business in the domestic market within our Integrated Agency Networks ("IAN") segment.
Vendor Discounts and Credit Adjustments – We are in the process of settling our liabilities related to vendor discounts and credits established as part of the 2004 Restatement. These adjustments reflect the reversal of certain of these liabilities as a result of settlements with clients or vendors or where the statute of limitations has lapsed.

Share Repurchase Program
In February 2012, our Board of Directors (the “Board”) authorized a new share repurchase program to repurchase from time to time up to $300.0, excluding fees, of our common stock (the "2012 share repurchase program"). In 2011, the Board authorized a share repurchase program to repurchase from time to time up to $450.0, excluding fees, of our common stock (the "2011 share repurchase program"). We may effect such repurchases through open market purchases, trading plans established in accordance with SEC rules, derivative transactions or other means.
The following table presents our share repurchase activity under our share repurchase programs.
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2012
 
2011
Number of shares repurchased
4.9

 
0.9

Aggregate cost, including fees
$
52.5

 
$
10.5

Average price per share, including fees
$
10.61

 
$
12.36

As of March 31, 2012, $297.5 remains available for repurchase under the 2012 share repurchase program. The 2012 share repurchase program has no expiration date. We completed the 2011 share repurchase program in the first quarter of 2012.
 
Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests
The following table presents changes in our redeemable noncontrolling interests.
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2012
 
2011
Balance at beginning of period
$
243.4

 
$
291.2

Change in related noncontrolling interest balance

(3.9
)
 
(11.2
)
Changes in redemption value of redeemable noncontrolling interests:
 
 
 
Additions
0.0

 
3.6

Redemptions and other
(13.0
)
 
(7.4
)
Redemption value adjustments 1
(2.8
)
 
9.7

Balance at end of period
$
223.7

 
$
285.9

 
1 
Redeemable noncontrolling interests are reported at their estimated redemption value in each reporting period, but not less than their initial fair value. Any adjustment to the redemption value impacts retained earnings or additional paid-in capital, except adjustments as a result of currency translation.



11

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)



Note 6:  Income Taxes
For the three months ended March 31, 2012, our effective income tax rate of 29.4% was negatively impacted primarily by losses in certain foreign locations for which we receive no tax benefit due to 100% valuation allowances. Our effective income tax rate was positively impacted by the reversal of valuation allowances in Europe and a benefit derived from the deduction of foreign tax credits that were previously fully valued.
We have various tax years under examination by tax authorities in various countries, such as the United Kingdom, and in various states, such as New York, in which we have significant business operations. It is not yet known whether these examinations will, in the aggregate, result in our paying additional taxes. We believe our tax reserves are adequate in relation to the potential for additional assessments in each of the jurisdictions in which we are subject to taxation. We regularly assess the likelihood of additional tax assessments in those jurisdictions and, if necessary, adjust our reserves as additional information or events require.
With respect to all tax years open to examination by U.S. federal, various state and local, and non-U.S. tax authorities, we currently anticipate that total unrecognized tax benefits will decrease by an amount between $5.0 and $15.0 in the next twelve months, a portion of which will affect our effective income tax rate, primarily as a result of the settlement of tax examinations and the lapsing of statutes of limitations. This net decrease is related to various items of income and expense, primarily transfer pricing adjustments.
We are effectively settled with respect to U.S. income tax audits for years prior to 2009. With limited exceptions, we are no longer subject to state and local income tax audits for years prior to 1999, or non-U.S. income tax audits for years prior to 2004.

Note 7:  Incentive Compensation Plans
We issue stock-based compensation and cash awards to our employees under a plan established by the Compensation and Leadership Talent Committee of the Board of Directors (the “Compensation Committee”) and approved by our shareholders.
We issued the following stock-based awards under the 2009 Performance Incentive Plan (the “2009 PIP”) during the three months ended March 31, 2012.
 
Awards
 
Weighted-average
grant-date fair value
(per award)
Stock options
0.5

 
$
4.27

Stock-settled awards
0.7

 
$
11.69

Performance-based awards
1.8

 
$
10.62

Total stock-based compensation awards
3.0

 
 
During the three months ended March 31, 2012, the Compensation Committee granted performance cash awards under the 2009 PIP with a total target value of $69.3. Of this amount, awards with a total target value of $32.7 will be settled in shares upon vesting. The number of shares to be settled on the vesting date will be calculated as the cash value adjusted for performance divided by our stock price on the vesting date. Additionally, during the three months ended March 31, 2012, the Compensation Committee granted cash awards under the Interpublic Restricted Cash Plan with a total target value of $1.4. Cash awards are amortized over the vesting period, typically three years.

Note 8:  Employee Benefits
We have a defined benefit pension plan (the “Domestic Pension Plan”) that covers certain U.S. employees. We also have numerous funded and unfunded plans outside the U.S. The Interpublic Pension Plan in the U.K. is a defined benefit plan and is our most material foreign pension plan in terms of the benefit obligation and plan assets. Some of our domestic and foreign subsidiaries provide postretirement health benefits and life insurance to eligible employees and, in certain cases, their dependents. The domestic postretirement benefit plan is our most material postretirement benefit plan in terms of the benefit obligation. Certain immaterial foreign pension and postretirement benefit plans have been excluded from the table below.







12

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)



The components of net periodic cost for the Domestic Pension Plan, the significant foreign pension plans and the domestic postretirement benefit plan are listed below.
 
Domestic Pension Plan
 
Foreign Pension Plans
 
Domestic Postretirement Benefit
Plan
Three months ended March 31,
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
Service cost
$
0.0

 
$
0.0

 
$
2.7

 
$
2.2

 
$
0.0

 
$
0.1

Interest cost
1.6

 
1.7

 
5.4

 
5.8

 
0.6

 
0.7

Expected return on plan assets
(1.9
)
 
(1.8
)
 
(4.5
)
 
(4.7
)
 
0.0

 
0.0

Amortization of:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Transition obligation
0.0

 
0.0

 
0.0

 
0.0

 
0.0

 
0.0

Prior service cost
0.0

 
0.0

 
0.0

 
0.0

 
0.0

 
0.0

Unrecognized actuarial losses
1.5

 
1.7

 
0.3

 
0.2

 
0.1

 
0.0

Net periodic cost
$
1.2

 
$
1.6

 
$
3.9

 
$
3.5

 
$
0.7

 
$
0.8

During the three months ended March 31, 2012, we contributed $2.3 and $4.5 of cash to our domestic and foreign pension plans, respectively. For the remainder of 2012, we expect to contribute approximately $3.0 and $10.0 of cash to our domestic and foreign pension plans, respectively.

Note 9:  Segment Information
We have two reportable segments, IAN and Constituency Management Group ("CMG"). IAN is comprised of McCann Worldgroup, Draftfcb, Lowe & Partners, Mediabrands and our domestic integrated agencies. CMG is comprised of a number of our specialist marketing services offerings. We also report results for the “Corporate and other” group. The profitability measure employed by our chief operating decision maker for allocating resources to operating divisions and assessing operating division performance is operating income (loss), excluding the impact of restructuring and other reorganization-related charges, net and long-lived asset impairment and other charges, if applicable. Other than certain reclassifications, the segment information is presented consistently with the basis described in our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K.





















13

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)



Summarized financial information concerning our reportable segments is shown in the following table.
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2012
 
2011
Revenue:
 
 
 
IAN
$
1,243.9

 
$
1,235.9

CMG
262.9

 
238.9

Total
$
1,506.8

 
$
1,474.8

 
 
 
 
Segment operating income (loss):
 
 
 
IAN
$
(15.3
)
 
$
(21.4
)
CMG
7.5

 
10.7

Corporate and other
(31.6
)
 
(33.8
)
Total
(39.4
)
 
(44.5
)
 
 
 
 
Restructuring and other reorganization-related charges, net
0.0

 
(0.8
)
Interest expense
(32.6
)
 
(31.9
)
Interest income
8.0

 
8.3

Other expense, net
(1.3
)
 
(6.1
)
Loss before income taxes
$
(65.3
)
 
$
(75.0
)
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization of fixed assets and intangible assets:
 
 
 
IAN
$
28.4

 
$
29.3

CMG
3.4

 
3.1

Corporate and other
2.8

 
3.2

Total
$
34.6

 
$
35.6

 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures:
 
 
 
IAN
$
12.8

 
$
14.0

CMG
2.0

 
1.3

Corporate and other
7.6

 
1.6

Total
$
22.4

 
$
16.9

 
 
 
 
 
March 31,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
Total assets:
 
 
 
IAN
$
10,122.4

 
$
10,589.2

CMG
1,049.7

 
1,019.9

Corporate and other
593.8

 
1,267.5

Total
$
11,765.9

 
$
12,876.6

 

Note 10:  Fair Value Measurements
Authoritative guidance for fair value measurements establishes a fair value hierarchy which requires us to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. There are three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:
Level 1
  
Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. An active market for the asset or liability is a market in which transactions for the asset or liability occur with sufficient frequency and volume to provide pricing information on an ongoing basis.
 
 
Level 2
  
Observable inputs other than Level 1 prices, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.
 
 
 
Level 3
  
Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

14

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)



Financial Instruments that are Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
We primarily apply the market approach to determine the fair value of financial instruments that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis. There were no changes to our valuation techniques used to determine the fair value of financial instruments during the three months ended March 31, 2012. The following tables present information about our financial instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2012 and March 31, 2011, and indicates the fair value hierarchy of the valuation techniques utilized to determine such fair value.
 
March 31, 2012
 
Balance Sheet Classification
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents
$
844.6

 
$
0.0

 
$
0.0

 
$
844.6

 
Cash and cash equivalents
Short-term marketable securities
13.8

 
0.0

 
0.0

 
13.8

 
Marketable securities
Long-term investments
1.4

 
9.2

 
0.0

 
10.6

 
Other assets
Total
$
859.8

 
$
9.2

 
$
0.0

 
$
869.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
As a percentage of total assets
7.3
%
 
0.1
%
 
0.0
%
 
7.4
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swap agreements 1
$
0.0

 
$
2.8

 
$
0.0

 
$
2.8

 
Other non-current liabilities
Mandatorily redeemable noncontrolling interests 2
$
0.0

 
$
0.0

 
$
25.8

 
$
25.8

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2011
 
Balance Sheet Classification
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents
$
1,100.2

 
$
0.0

 
$
0.0

 
$
1,100.2

 
Cash and cash equivalents
Short-term marketable securities
14.1

 
0.0

 
0.0

 
14.1

 
Marketable securities
Long-term investments
1.4

 
13.9

 
0.0

 
15.3

 
Other assets
Total
$
1,115.7

 
$
13.9

 
$
0.0

 
$
1,129.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
As a percentage of total assets
9.2
%
 
0.1
%
 
0.0
%
 
9.3
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swap agreements 1
$
0.0

 
$
0.3

 
$
0.0

 
$
0.3

 
Other non-current liabilities
Mandatorily redeemable noncontrolling interests 2
$
0.0

 
$
0.0

 
$
57.9

 
$
57.9

 
 
 
1 
Our interest rate swap agreements are cash flow or fair value hedges whose fair value was derived from the present value of future cash flows using valuation models that were based on readily observable market data such as interest rates and yield curves.
2 
Relates to unconditional obligations to purchase additional noncontrolling equity shares of consolidated subsidiaries. Fair value measurement of the obligation was based upon the amount payable as if the forward contracts were settled. The amount redeemable within the next twelve months is classified in accrued liabilities; any interests redeemable thereafter are classified in other non-current liabilities.

The following table presents additional information about financial instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis and for which we utilize Level 3 inputs to determine fair value.
 
Three months ended
March 31,
Liabilities
2012
 
2011
Mandatorily redeemable noncontrolling interests - Balance at beginning of period
$
58.9

 
$
52.0

Level 3 additions
0.0

 
7.4

Level 3 reductions
(33.1
)
 
(1.5
)
Realized (losses) gains included in net loss
(0.1
)
 
0.1

Foreign currency translation
(0.1
)
 
0.1

Mandatorily redeemable noncontrolling interests - Balance at end of period
$
25.8

 
$
57.9


15

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)



Level 3 additions relate to unconditional obligations to purchase additional equity interests in previous acquisitions for cash in future periods. Level 3 reductions primarily consist of cash payments made related to unconditional obligations to purchase additional equity interests in previous acquisitions, which are classified within the financing section of the unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, or reclassification of obligations due to the transfer of ownership, that have not yet been paid. Realized (losses) gains included in net loss for mandatorily redeemable noncontrolling interests are reported as a component of interest expense in the unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Financial Instruments that are not Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
The following table presents information about our financial instruments that are not measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2012, and indicates the fair value hierarchy of the valuation techniques utilized to determine such fair value.
 
March 31, 2012
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Total long-term debt
$
0.0

 
$
1,542.4

 
$
64.5

 
$
1,606.9

Our long-term debt comprises senior notes and other notes payable.  The fair value of our senior notes is based on quoted prices for such securities traded over-the-counter, but which fair value can also be derived from inputs that are readily observable. Therefore, our senior notes are classified as Level 2 within the fair value hierarchy.  The financial instruments in other notes payable are not actively traded and their fair value is not solely derived from readily observable inputs. Thus, the fair value of our other notes payable is determined based on a discounted cash flow model and other proprietary valuation methods, and therefore are classified as Level 3 within the fair value hierarchy.  See Note 2 for further information on our long-term debt. 

Non-financial Instruments that are Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis
Certain non-financial instruments are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis, primarily goodwill, intangible assets, and property, plant and equipment. Accordingly, these assets are not measured and adjusted to fair value on an ongoing basis but are subject to periodic evaluations for potential impairment.

Note 11:  Commitments and Contingencies
Legal Matters
We are involved in various legal proceedings, and subject to investigations, inspections, audits, inquiries and similar actions by governmental authorities, arising in the normal course of business.  We evaluate all cases each reporting period and record liabilities for losses from legal proceedings when we determine that it is probable that the outcome in a legal proceeding will be unfavorable and the amount, or potential range, of loss can be reasonably estimated. In certain cases, we cannot reasonably estimate the potential loss because, for example, the litigation is in its early stages. While any outcome related to litigation or such governmental proceedings in which we are involved cannot be predicted with certainty, management believes that the outcome of these matters, individually and in the aggregate, will not have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. 
Guarantees
As discussed in our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K, we have guaranteed certain obligations of our subsidiaries relating principally to operating leases and credit facilities of certain subsidiaries. The amount of parent company guarantees on lease obligations was $372.1 and $385.1 as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively, and the amount of parent company guarantees primarily relating to credit facilities was $339.9 and $327.5 as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively.

Note 12:  Recent Accounting Standards
Comprehensive Income
In June 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued amended guidance for presenting comprehensive income, which was effective for us January 1, 2012, and applied retrospectively. This amended guidance provides the option to present the items of net income and other comprehensive income in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate, but consecutive, statements, and eliminates the option to present other comprehensive income and its components in the statement of stockholders' equity. The adoption of this amended guidance did not have a significant impact on our unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.




16

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)



Fair Value Measurements
In May 2011, the FASB issued amended guidance for measuring fair value and required disclosure information about such measures, which was effective for us January 1, 2012, and applied prospectively. The amended guidance requires an entity to disclose all transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy as well as provide quantitative and qualitative disclosures related to Level 3 fair value measurements. Additionally, the amended guidance requires an entity to disclose the fair value hierarchy level which was used to determine the fair value of financial instruments that are not measured at fair value, but for which fair value information must be disclosed. The adoption of this amended guidance did not have a significant impact on our unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.

17


Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)

Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) is intended to help you understand The Interpublic Group of Companies, Inc. and its subsidiaries (“IPG,” “we,” “us” or “our”). MD&A should be read in conjunction with our unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements and the accompanying notes included in this report and our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K, as well as our other reports on Form 8-K and other Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) filings. Our Annual Report includes additional information about our significant accounting policies and practices as well as details about our most significant risks and uncertainties associated with our financial and operating results. Our MD&A includes the following sections:
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY provides a discussion about our strategic outlook, factors influencing our business and an overview of our results of operations and liquidity.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS provides an analysis of the consolidated and segment results of operations for the periods presented.
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES provides an overview of our cash flows, funding requirements, financing and sources of funds and debt credit ratings.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES provides an update to the discussion of our accounting policies that require critical judgment, assumptions and estimates in our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
RECENT ACCOUNTING STANDARDS, by reference to Note 12 to the unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements, provides a discussion of certain accounting standards that have been adopted during 2012 or that have not yet been required to be implemented and may be applicable to our future operations.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
We are one of the world’s premier global advertising and marketing services companies. Our companies specialize in consumer advertising, digital marketing, communication planning and media buying, public relations and specialized communications disciplines. Our agencies create customized marketing programs for many of the world’s largest companies. Comprehensive global services are critical to effectively serve our multinational and local clients in markets throughout the world, as they seek to build brands, increase sales of their products and services and gain market share.
We operate in a media landscape that is evolving at a rapid pace. Media channels continue to fragment, and clients face an increasingly complex consumer environment. To stay ahead of these challenges and to achieve our objectives, we have made and continue to make significant investments in creative and strategic talent in fast-growth digital marketing channels and high-growth geographic regions and world markets. In addition, we consistently review opportunities within our company to enhance our operations through mergers and strategic alliances, as well as the development of internal programs that encourage intra-company collaboration. As appropriate, we also develop relationships with technology and emerging media companies that are building leading-edge marketing tools that complement our agencies' skill sets and capabilities.
Our long-term financial goals include maintaining competitive organic revenue growth and continuing to improve our operating margins, which we expect will further strengthen our liquidity profile and increase value to our shareholders. Accordingly, we remain focused on meeting the evolving needs of our clients while concurrently managing our cost structure. We continually seek greater efficiency in the delivery of our services, focusing on more effective resource utilization, including the productivity of our employees, real estate, information technology and shared services, such as finance, human resources and legal. The improvements we have made in our financial reporting and business information systems in recent years, and which continue, allow us more timely and actionable insights from our global operations, while our disciplined approach to managing our balance sheet and liquidity provides us with a solid financial foundation and financial flexibility to manage our business.








18


Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)


The following tables present a summary of financial performance for the three months ended March 31, 2012, as compared with the same period in 2011.
 
Three months ended
March 31, 2012
% Increase
Total
 
Organic
Revenue
2.2
 %
 
2.8
 %
Salaries and related expenses
2.3
 %
 
2.7
 %
Office and general expenses
0.5
 %
 
0.8
 %
 
 
 
 
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2012
 
2011
Operating margin
(2.6
)%
 
(3.1
)%
Expenses as % of revenue:
 
 
 
Salaries and related expenses
73.3
 %
 
73.2
 %
Office and general expenses
29.3
 %
 
29.8
 %
 
 
 
 
Net loss available to IPG common stockholders
$
(45.9
)
 
$
(48.1
)
 
 
 
 
Loss per share available to IPG common stockholders - basic and diluted
$
(0.10
)
 
$
(0.10
)
When we analyze period-to-period changes in our operating performance we determine the portion of the change that is attributable to foreign currency rates and the net effect of acquisitions and divestitures, and the remainder we call organic change, which indicates how our underlying business performed. The performance metrics that we use to analyze our results include the organic change in revenue, salaries and related expenses and office and general expenses, and the components of operating expenses, expressed as a percentage of total consolidated revenue. Additionally, in certain of our discussions we analyze revenue by business sector, where we focus on our top 100 clients, which typically constitute approximately 55%-60% of our annual consolidated revenues. We also analyze revenue by geographic region.
The change in our operating performance attributable to foreign currency rates is determined by converting the prior-period reported results using the current-period exchange rates and comparing these prior-period adjusted amounts to the prior-period reported results. Although the U.S. Dollar is our reporting currency, a substantial portion of our revenues and expenses are generated in foreign currencies. Therefore, our reported results are affected by fluctuations in the currencies in which we conduct our international businesses. We do not use derivative financial instruments to manage this translation risk. Our exposure is mitigated as the majority of our revenues and expenses in any given market are generally denominated in the same currency. Both positive and negative currency fluctuations against the U.S. Dollar affect our consolidated results of operations, and the magnitude of the foreign currency impact on us related to each geographic region depends on the significance and operating performance of the region. The primary foreign currencies that impacted our results during the first quarter of 2012 include the Brazilian Real, Euro, Indian Rupee and the South African Rand. During the first quarter of 2012, the U.S. Dollar was stronger as compared to several foreign currencies in regions where we primarily conduct our business as compared to the prior-year period, which had a negative impact on our consolidated results of operations. For the first quarter of 2012, foreign currency fluctuations resulted in net decreases of approximately 1% in revenues and operating expenses, which had no impact on our operating margin percentage.
For purposes of analyzing changes in our operating performance attributable to the net effect of acquisitions and divestitures, transactions are treated as if they occurred on the first day of the quarter during which the transaction occurred. In recent years we have acquired companies that we believe will enhance our offering and disposed of businesses that are not consistent with our strategic plan. For the first quarter of 2012, the net effect of acquisitions and divestitures had a minimal impact on revenue and operating expenses compared to the prior-year period.









19


Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)


RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Consolidated Results of Operations – Three Months Ended March 31, 2012 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2011
REVENUE
 
Three months
ended
March 31, 2011
 
Components of Change
 
Three months
ended
March 31, 2012
 
Change
 
Foreign
Currency
 
Net
Acquisitions/
(Divestitures)
 
Organic
 
Organic
 
Total
Consolidated
$
1,474.8

 
$
(16.1
)
 
$
6.9

 
$
41.2

 
$
1,506.8

 
2.8
 %
 
2.2
 %
Domestic
865.3

 
0.0

 
(9.3
)
 
23.7

 
879.7

 
2.7
 %
 
1.7
 %
International
609.5

 
(16.1
)
 
16.2

 
17.5

 
627.1

 
2.9
 %
 
2.9
 %
United Kingdom
118.8

 
(2.1
)
 
5.5

 
3.0

 
125.2

 
2.5
 %
 
5.4
 %
Continental Europe
184.0

 
(7.5
)
 
0.9

 
(10.1
)
 
167.3

 
(5.5
)%
 
(9.1
)%
Asia Pacific
140.4

 
0.5

 
6.3

 
23.7

 
170.9

 
16.9
 %
 
21.7
 %
Latin America
77.1

 
(3.4
)
 
2.2

 
3.4

 
79.3

 
4.4
 %
 
2.9
 %
Other
89.2

 
(3.6
)
 
1.3

 
(2.5
)
 
84.4

 
(2.8
)%
 
(5.4
)%
During the first quarter of 2012, our revenue increased by $32.0, or 2.2%, compared to the first quarter of 2011, primarily consisting of an organic revenue increase of $41.2, or 2.8%, partially offset by an adverse foreign currency rate impact of $16.1. Our organic revenue increase was primarily attributable to net higher spending from existing clients in several client sectors, notably in auto and transportation, and throughout most geographic regions, partially offset by the loss of certain client assignments during 2011, primarily in the technology and telecom and consumer goods sectors. Regionally, the largest organic revenue increases were in the domestic market and in the Asia Pacific region, primarily in Australia, China and Japan. In the domestic market, our organic revenue increase of 2.7% was primarily due to strong growth in several client sectors. Our revenue decreased in the Continental Europe region, primarily due to a challenging economic climate.
Our revenue is directly impacted by our ability to win new clients and the retention and spending levels of existing clients. Most of our expenses are recognized ratably throughout the year and are therefore less seasonal than revenue. Our revenue is typically lowest in the first quarter and highest in the fourth quarter. This reflects the seasonal spending of our clients, incentives earned at year end on various contracts and project work completed that is typically recognized during the fourth quarter. In the events marketing business, revenues can fluctuate due to the timing of completed projects, as revenue is typically recognized when the project is complete. We generally act as principal for these projects and accordingly record the gross amount billed to the client as revenue and the related costs incurred as pass-through costs in office and general expenses.
Refer to the segment discussion later in this MD&A for information on changes in revenue by segment.

OPERATING EXPENSES
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2012
 
2011
Salaries and related expenses
$
1,104.9

 
$
1,080.1

Office and general expenses
441.3

 
439.2

Restructuring and other reorganization-related charges, net
0.0

 
0.8

Total operating expenses
$
1,546.2

 
$
1,520.1

Operating loss
$
(39.4
)
 
$
(45.3
)
 








20


Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)


Salaries and Related Expenses
 
2011
 
Components of Change
 
2012
 
Change
 
Foreign
Currency
 
Net
Acquisitions/
(Divestitures)
 
Organic
 
Organic
 
Total
Three months ended March 31,
$
1,080.1

 
$
(11.0
)
 
$
6.1

 
$
29.7

 
$
1,104.9

 
2.7
%
 
2.3
%
Our staff cost ratio, defined as salaries and related expenses as a percentage of total consolidated revenue, increased slightly in the first quarter of 2012 to 73.3% from 73.2% when compared to the prior-year period. Salaries and related expenses in the first quarter of 2012 increased by $24.8 compared to the first quarter of 2011, primarily consisting of an organic increase of $29.7, partially offset by a favorable foreign currency rate impact of $11.0. The organic increase was primarily attributable to increases in our workforce, which occurred predominantly over the course of 2011 to support business growth, resulting in an increase in base salaries, benefits and temporary help of $24.4. The organic increase occurred across most regions, primarily in our domestic market.
The following table details our staff cost ratio.
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2012
 
2011
Salaries and related expenses
73.3
%
 
73.2
%
Base salaries, benefits and tax
60.8
%
 
60.5
%
Incentive expense
4.4
%
 
4.4
%
Severance expense
1.4
%
 
1.6
%
Temporary help
4.0
%
 
4.1
%
All other salaries and related expenses
2.7
%
 
2.6</