XNAS:ADTN Adtran Inc Quarterly Report 10-Q Filing - 6/30/2012

Effective Date 6/30/2012

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Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

[X] Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the Quarterly Period Ended June 30, 2012

OR

 

¨ Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the Transition Period from                     to                     

Commission File Number 0-24612

 

 

ADTRAN, INC.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

 

Delaware   63-0918200
(State of Incorporation)  

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

901 Explorer Boulevard, Huntsville, Alabama 35806-2807

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

(256) 963-8000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding twelve months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulations S-T (232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large Accelerated Filer   x    Accelerated Filer   ¨
Non-accelerated Filer      Smaller Reporting Company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of Common Stock, as of the latest practicable date:

 

Class

 

Outstanding at July 24, 2012

Common Stock, $.01 Par Value   63,271,378 shares

 

 

 


Table of Contents

ADTRAN, INC.

Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q

For the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2012

Table of Contents

 

Item

Number

   Page
Number
 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

  

1 Financial Statements:

  

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 – (Unaudited)

     3   

Consolidated Statements of Income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011 – (Unaudited)

     4   

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011 – (Unaudited)

     5   

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011 – (Unaudited)

     6   

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – (Unaudited)

     7   

2 Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     23   

3 Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     33   

4 Controls and Procedures

     34   

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

  

1A Risk Factors

     34   

2 Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

     34   

6 Exhibits

     35   

SIGNATURE

     36   

EXHIBIT INDEX

     37   

FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 provides a safe harbor for forward-looking statements made by or on behalf of ADTRAN. ADTRAN and its representatives may from time to time make written or oral forward-looking statements, including statements contained in this report, our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and other communications with our stockholders. Generally, the words, “believe,” “expect,” “intend,” “estimate,” “anticipate,” “will,” “may,” “could” and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements. We caution you that any forward-looking statements made by us or on our behalf are subject to uncertainties and other factors that could cause such statements to be wrong. A list of factors that could materially affect our business, financial condition or operating results is included under “Factors that Could Affect Our Future Results” in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” contained in Item 2 of Part I of this report. They have also been discussed in Item 1A of Part I in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011 filed on February 29, 2012 with the SEC. Though we have attempted to list comprehensively these important factors, we caution investors that other factors may prove to be important in the future in affecting our operating results. New factors emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for us to predict all of these factors, nor can we assess the impact each factor or a combination of factors may have on our business.

You are further cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements because they speak only of our views as of the date that the statements were made. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.

 

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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

ADTRAN, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited)

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 

     June 30,     December 31,  
     2012     2011  

ASSETS

    

Current Assets

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 36,968      $ 42,979   

Short-term investments

     169,449        159,347   

Accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $5 and $8 at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively

     118,511        76,130   

Other receivables

     8,124        9,743   

Inventory

     103,776        87,800   

Prepaid expenses

     4,670        3,119   

Deferred tax assets, net

     12,803        12,125   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Current Assets

     454,301        391,243   

Property, plant and equipment, net

     81,981        75,295   

Deferred tax assets, net

     8,368        8,345   

Goodwill

     3,492        3,492   

Other assets

     14,323        7,131   

Long-term investments

     348,424        332,008   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Assets

   $ 910,889      $ 817,514   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

    

Current Liabilities

    

Accounts payable

   $ 46,978      $ 29,404   

Unearned revenue

     27,251        9,965   

Accrued expenses

     12,577        5,876   

Accrued wages and benefits

     15,709        13,518   

Income tax payable, net

     10,677        3,169   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Current Liabilities

     113,192        61,932   

Non-current unearned revenue

     23,009        4,874   

Other non-current liabilities

     14,908        12,077   

Bonds payable

     46,500        46,500   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Liabilities

     197,609        125,383   

Commitments and contingencies (see Note 14)

    

Stockholders’ Equity

    

Common stock, par value $0.01 per share; 200,000 shares authorized;
79,652 shares issued and 63,488 shares outstanding at June 30, 2012 and
79,652 shares issued and 63,703 shares outstanding at December 31, 2011

     797        797   

Additional paid-in capital

     219,693        213,560   

Accumulated other comprehensive income

     14,681        13,102   

Retained earnings

     861,428        840,206   

Less treasury stock at cost: 16,164 and 15,949 shares at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively

     (383,319     (375,534
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Stockholders’ Equity

     713,280        692,131   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

   $ 910,889      $ 817,514   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements

 

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Table of Contents

ADTRAN, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(Unaudited)

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 

     Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
     June 30,     June 30,  
     2012     2011     2012     2011  

Sales

   $ 183,998      $ 184,227      $ 318,733      $ 349,749   

Cost of sales

     88,797        77,400        149,445        144,127   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross Profit

     95,201        106,827        169,288        205,622   

Selling, general and administrative expenses

     35,905        30,898        69,017        60,450   

Research and development expenses

     32,458        24,619        57,252        48,256   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating Income

     26,838        51,310        43,019        96,916   

Interest and dividend income

     1,926        2,003        3,787        3,792   

Interest expense

     (581     (594     (1,168     (1,196

Net realized investment gain

     2,356        3,372        4,823        6,139   

Other income (expense), net

     492        (117     633        (242

Gain on bargain purchase of a business

     1,753        —          1,753        —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before provision for income taxes

     32,784        55,974        52,847        105,409   

Provision for income taxes

     (11,714     (19,031     (18,816     (34,208
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Income

   $ 21,070      $ 36,943      $ 34,031      $ 71,201   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average shares outstanding – basic

     63,619        64,690        63,720        64,441   

Weighted average shares outstanding – diluted

     64,393        66,135        64,628        66,044   

Earnings per common share – basic

   $ 0.33      $ 0.57      $ 0.53      $ 1.10   

Earnings per common share – diluted

   $ 0.33      $ 0.56      $ 0.53      $ 1.08   

Dividend per share

   $ 0.09      $ 0.09      $ 0.18      $ 0.18   

See notes to consolidated financial statements

 

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Table of Contents

ADTRAN, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(Unaudited)

(In thousands)

 

     Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
     June 30,     June 30,  
     2012     2011     2012     2011  

Net Income

   $ 21,070      $ 36,943      $ 34,031      $ 71,201   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), net of tax:

        

Net change in unrealized gains (losses) on marketable securities

     (5,054     (3,140     1,701        (5,791

Reclassification adjustments for amounts included in net income

     (181     (236     (179     (395

Foreign currency translation

     (96     369        58        456   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), net of tax

     (5,331     (3,007     1,580        (5,730
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive Income, net of tax

   $ 15,739      $ 33,936      $ 35,611      $ 65,471   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements

 

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Table of Contents

ADTRAN, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

(In thousands)

 

    

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
     2012     2011  

Cash flows from operating activities:

    

Net income

   $ 34,031      $ 71,201   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

    

Depreciation and amortization

     6,615        5,469   

Amortization of net premium on available-for-sale investments

     4,330        2,992   

Net realized gain on long-term investments

     (4,823     (6,139

Net (gain) loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment

     (204     17   

Gain on bargain purchase of a business

     (1,753     —     

Stock-based compensation expense

     4,432        4,165   

Deferred income taxes

     (2,427     (192

Tax benefit from stock option exercises

     1,701        10,318   

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation arrangements

     (1,346     (9,180

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

    

Accounts receivable, net

     (43,062     (12,373

Other receivables

     1,997        (6,463

Income tax receivable, net

     —          1,936   

Inventory

     5,548        (12,402

Prepaid expenses and other assets

     (1,527     (176

Accounts payable

     12,877        14,703   

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

     13,099        1,870   

Income tax payable, net

     7,508        —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     36,996        65,746   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

    

Purchases of property, plant and equipment

     (7,787     (6,287

Proceeds from disposals of property, plant and equipment

     266        —     

Proceeds from sales and maturities of available-for-sale investments

     138,307        237,459   

Purchases of available-for-sale investments

     (161,849     (335,870

Acquisition of business

     7,496        —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (23,567     (104,698
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

    

Proceeds from stock option exercises

     4,328        33,022   

Purchases of treasury stock

     (13,432     —     

Dividend payments

     (11,476     (11,596

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation arrangements

     1,346        9,180   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

     (19,234     30,606   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

     (5,805     (8,346

Effect of exchange rate changes

     (206     456   

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

     42,979        31,677   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

   $ 36,968      $ 23,787   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements

 

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ADTRAN, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

1. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of ADTRAN®, Inc. and its subsidiaries (ADTRAN) have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations for reporting on Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q. Accordingly, certain information and notes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements are not included herein. The December 31, 2011 Consolidated Balance Sheet is derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States.

In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of these interim statements have been included and are of a normal and recurring nature. The results of operations for an interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results for the full year. The interim statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in ADTRAN’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011, filed on February 29, 2012 with the SEC.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expense during the reporting period. Our more significant estimates include the allowance for doubtful accounts, obsolete and excess inventory reserves, warranty reserves, customer rebates, allowance for sales returns, determination of the deferred revenue components of multiple element sales agreements, estimated costs to complete obligations associated with deferred revenues, estimated income tax contingencies, the fair value of stock-based compensation, impairment of goodwill, value and estimated lives of intangible assets, and the evaluation of other-than-temporary declines in the value of investments. Actual amounts could differ significantly from these estimates.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

During the six months ended June 30, 2012, we adopted the following accounting standards, which had no material effect on our consolidated results of operations or financial condition:

In June 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2011-05, Presentation of Comprehensive Income (ASU 2011-05). ASU 2011-05 requires companies to present the components of net income and other comprehensive income either as one continuous statement or as two consecutive statements. ASU 2011-05 eliminates the option to present the components of other comprehensive income as part of the statement of changes in stockholders’ equity. While ASU 2011-05 changes the presentation of comprehensive income, it does not change the components that are recognized in net income or comprehensive income under current accounting guidance. This update is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, ending after December 15, 2011, with early adoption permitted. We adopted this amendment during the first quarter of 2012, and we have provided the disclosures required for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011.

In December 2011, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2011-12, Deferral of the Effective Date for Amendments to the Presentation of Reclassifications of Items Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income in Accounting Standards Update No. 2011-05 (ASU 2011-12). ASU 2011-12 defers the effective date for certain presentation requirements that relate to reclassification adjustments and the effect of those reclassification adjustments on the financial statements. This update is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, ending after December 15, 2011, with early adoption permitted. We adopted this amendment during the first quarter of 2012. The adoption of this amendment had no effect on our consolidated results of operations and financial condition for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012.

 

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In May 2011, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2011-04, Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRSs (ASU 2011-04). ASU 2011-04 is intended to improve the comparability of fair value measurements presented and disclosed in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP and IFRS. The amendments are of two types: (i) those that clarify the Board’s intent about the application of existing fair value measurement and disclosure requirements and (ii) those that change a particular principle or requirement for measuring fair value or for disclosing information about fair value measurements. This update is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011. We adopted this amendment during the first quarter of 2012. The adoption of this amendment had no effect on our consolidated results of operations and financial condition for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012.

2. BUSINESS COMBINATIONS

On May 4, 2012, we acquired the Nokia Siemens Networks (NSN) Broadband Access business (NSN BBA business). This acquisition provides us with an established customer base in key markets and complementary, market-focused products and was accounted for as a business combination. We have included the financial results of the NSN BBA business in our consolidated financial statements since the date of acquisition.

We received a cash payment of $7.5 million from NSN and recorded a bargain purchase gain of $1.8 million, net of income taxes, subject to customary working capital adjustments between the parties. The bargain purchase gain represents the excess of the consideration exchanged over the fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed. We have assessed the recognition and measurements of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on historical and pro forma data for future periods and have concluded that our valuation procedures and resulting measures were appropriate. The gain is included in the line item “Gain on bargain purchase of a business” in the 2012 Consolidated Statements of Income.

The preliminary allocation of the purchase price to the estimated fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date is as follows:

 

(In Thousands)       

Other receivables

   $ 395   

Inventory

     22,278   

Property, plant and equipment

     5,035   

Accounts payable

     (5,194

Unearned revenue

     (13,579

Accrued expenses

     (1,931

Accrued wages and benefits

     (2,251

Deferred tax liability

     (788

Non-current unearned revenue

     (18,059
  

 

 

 

Net liabilities assumed

     (14,094

Customer relationships

     5,162   

Developed technology

     3,176   

Other

     13   

Gain on bargain purchase of a business, net of tax

     (1,753
  

 

 

 

Net consideration received by buyer

   $ (7,496
  

 

 

 

The fair value of the customer relationships acquired was calculated using a discounted cash flow method (excess earnings) and is being amortized using a declining balance method derived from projected customer revenue over an average estimated useful life of 13 years. The fair value of the developed technology acquired was calculated using a discounted cash flow method (relief from royalty) and is being amortized using the straight-line method over an estimated useful life of five years.

 

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The following supplemental pro forma information presents the financial results as if the acquisition of the NSN BBA business had occurred on January 1, 2011. This supplemental pro forma information does not purport to be indicative of what would have occurred had the acquisition of the NSN BBA business been completed on January 1, 2011, nor are they indicative of any future results.

The actual revenue and pre-tax income excluding the bargain purchase gain included in our Consolidated Statements of Income from May 4, 2012 to June 30, 2012 was $22.6 million and $(0.4) million, respectively.

 

     Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
     June 30,     June 30,  
(In thousands)    2012     2011     2012     2011  

Pro forma revenue

   $ 40,164      $ 46,951      $ 74,070      $ 108,285   

Pro forma pre-tax income

   $ (3,813   $ (14,138   $ (15,458   $ (21,040

Weighted average exchange rate during the period (EURO/USD)

   1.00/$1.29      1.00/$1.44      1.00/$1.30      1.00/$1.40   

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, we incurred acquisition and integration related expenses and amortization of acquired intangibles of $3.9 million and $5.5 million, respectively, related to this acquisition.

On August 4, 2011, we acquired all of the outstanding stock of Bluesocket, Inc., a provider of wireless network solutions with virtual control, for $23.7 million in cash. The acquisition provides us with IEEE802.11N enterprise class wireless LAN expertise, technology, and products to address the growing transition within small-medium enterprises and large enterprises to wireless networks and mobile devices. We have included the financial results of Bluesocket in our consolidated financial statements since the date of acquisition. Pro forma results of operations prior to the closing date for the acquisition have not been presented because the effect of the acquisition was not material to our financial results.

The allocation of the purchase price to the estimated fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date is as follows:

 

(In Thousands)       

Cash

   $ 1,027   

Accounts receivable

     298   

Inventory

     792   

Prepaid expenses

     357   

Property, plant and equipment

     173   

Deferred tax assets, net

     12,962   

Accounts payable

     (441

Unearned revenue

     (600

Accrued expenses

     (332
  

 

 

 

Net assets acquired

     14,236   

Customer relationships

     1,530   

Developed technology

     3,230   

Intellectual property

     930   

Trade names

     270   

Goodwill

     3,492   
  

 

 

 

Total purchase price

   $ 23,688   
  

 

 

 

During the fourth quarter of 2011, the purchase price and purchase price allocation were adjusted for our final valuations. The adjustments resulted in a decrease to the goodwill recognized in the transaction.

The net deferred tax assets acquired are primarily related to net operating losses and previously capitalized and unamortized research and development expense for tax deduction purposes.

 

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The fair value of the customer relationships, developed technology and intellectual property acquired was calculated using an income approach (excess earnings method) and is being amortized using the straight-line method. The customer relationships and intellectual property are being amortized over an estimated useful life of 7 years and the developed technology is being amortized over an average estimated useful life of 4.5 years.

The fair value of the trade names acquired was calculated using an income approach (relief from royalty method) and is being amortized using the straight-line method over the estimate useful life of 4.5 years.

The goodwill of $3.5 million generated from this acquisition is primarily related to expected synergies and was assigned to our Enterprise Networks division. The goodwill will not be deductible for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, we incurred acquisition and integration related expenses and amortization of acquired intangibles of $0.4 million and $0.9 million, respectively, related to this acquisition.

3. INCOME TAXES

Our effective tax rate increased from 32.5% in the six months ended June 30, 2011 to 35.6% in the six months ended June 30, 2012. The tax provision rate in the six months ended June 30, 2012 did not include the benefit of the research tax credit, which expired on December 31, 2011. The exclusion of this benefit during the six months ended June 30, 2012 resulted in a 2.2 percentage point increase in our effective tax rate. Also, decreased benefits from a lower volume of stock option exercises in the six months ended June 30, 2012 resulted in a 1.4 percentage point increase in our effective tax rate. Finally, the closure of an audit resulted in a 0.4 percentage point decrease in our effective tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2012.

During the three months ended June 30, 2012, we acquired the NSN BBA business, which resulted in a bargain purchase gain reported on the income statement. The bargain purchase gain is presented net of tax in the income statement and a deferred tax liability was established in the opening balance sheet for the acquired entity.

4. PENSION BENEFIT PLAN

As a result of our acquisition of the NSN BBA business, we assumed a defined benefit obligation plan from NSN. As a result, we established a Contribution Trust Arrangement (CTA) as a vehicle to hold the pension assets. NSN has estimated the amount of the defined benefit obligation to be approximately $17.8 million. We are in the process of verifying the estimated defined benefit obligation in order to determine the value of assets to be transferred from NSN to us to fund the pension obligation. We anticipate the assets to be transferred will be equal to the defined benefit obligation as of the date of the acquisition.

The following table summarizes the components of net periodic pension cost for the period May 4, 2012 to June 30, 2012:

 

     May 4, 2012 to  
(In thousands)    June 30, 2012  

Service cost

   $ 190   

Interest cost

     127   

Expected return on plan assets

     (165
  

 

 

 

Net periodic pension cost

   $ 152   
  

 

 

 

 

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5. STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

The following table summarizes the stock-based compensation expense related to stock options, restricted stock units (RSUs) and restricted stock for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, which was recognized as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
     June 30,     June 30,  

(In thousands)

   2012     2011     2012     2011  

Stock-based compensation expense included in cost of sales

   $ 97      $ 89      $ 198      $ 180   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Selling, general and administrative expense

     1,047        999        2,098        2,006   

Research and development expense

     1,067        988        2,136        1,979   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense included in operating expenses

     2,114        1,987        4,234        3,985   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total stock-based compensation expense

     2,211        2,076        4,432        4,165   

Tax benefit for expense associated with non-qualified options

     (302     (276     (603     (716
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total stock-based compensation expense, net of tax

   $ 1,909      $ 1,800      $ 3,829      $ 3,449   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The fair value of our stock options was estimated using the Black-Scholes model. The determination of the fair value of stock options on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes model is affected by our stock price as well as assumptions regarding a number of complex and subjective variables that may have a significant impact on the fair value estimate.

There were no options granted during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012. The weighted-average assumptions and value of options granted for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 are summarized as follows:

 

     Three Months     Six Months  
     Ended     Ended  
     June 30,
2011
    June 30,
2011
 

Expected volatility

     37.68     37.68

Risk-free interest rate

     2.18     2.18

Expected dividend yield

     0.86     0.86

Expected life (in years)

     4.94        4.94   

Weighted-average estimated value

   $ 13.93      $ 13.93   

The fair value of our RSUs is calculated using a Monte Carlo Simulation valuation method. There were no RSU grants during the six months ended June 30, 2012 or 2011.

The fair value of restricted stock is equal to the closing price of our stock on the date of grant. There were no restricted stock grants during the six months ended June 30, 2012 or 2011.

Stock-based compensation expense recognized in our Consolidated Statements of Income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011 is based on options, RSUs and restricted stock ultimately expected to vest, and has been reduced for estimated forfeitures. Estimated forfeitures for stock options were based upon historical experience and approximate 1.6% annually. We estimated a 0% forfeiture rate for our RSUs and restricted stock due to the limited number of recipients and historical experience for these awards.

As of June 30, 2012, total compensation expense related to non-vested stock options, RSUs and restricted stock not yet recognized was approximately $17.3 million, which is expected to be recognized over an average remaining recognition period of 2.5 years.

 

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The following table is a summary of our stock options outstanding as of December 31, 2011 and June 30, 2012 and the changes that occurred during the six months ended June 30, 2012:

 

(In thousands, except per share amounts)    Number of
Options
    Weighted Avg.
Exercise Price
     Weighted Avg.
Remaining
Contractual
Life In Years
     Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
 

Options outstanding, December 31, 2011

     5,400      $  25.66         6.78       $  27,270   

Options granted

     —        $ —           

Options cancelled/forfeited

     (32   $ 26.31         

Options exercised

     (225   $ 19.25         
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Options outstanding, June 30, 2012

     5,143      $ 25.94         6.36       $ 25,607   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Options exercisable, June 30, 2012

     2,833      $ 23.83         4.74       $ 19,317   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The aggregate intrinsic values in the table above represent the total pre-tax intrinsic value (the difference between ADTRAN’s closing stock price on the last trading day of the quarter and the exercise price, multiplied by the number of in-the-money options) that would have been received by the option holders had all option holders exercised their options on June 30, 2012. The aggregate intrinsic value will change based on the fair market value of ADTRAN’s stock.

The total pre-tax intrinsic value of options exercised during the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2012 was $0.6 million and $3.6 million, respectively.

The following table is a summary of our RSUs and restricted stock outstanding as of December 31, 2011 and June 30, 2012 and the changes that occurred during the six months ended June 30, 2012:

 

(In thousands, except per share amounts)    Number
of Shares
     Weighted
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
 

Unvested RSUs and restricted stock outstanding, December 31, 2011

     90       $  34.21   

RSUs and restricted stock granted

     —         $ —     

RSUs and restricted stock vested

     —         $ —     

RSUs and restricted stock cancelled/forfeited

     —         $ —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Unvested RSUs and restricted stock, June 30, 2012

     90       $ 34.21   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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6. INVESTMENTS

At June 30, 2012, we held the following securities and investments, recorded at either fair value or cost.

 

(In thousands)    Amortized
Cost
     Gross Unrealized     Carrying
Value
 
      Gains      Losses    

Deferred compensation plan assets

   $ 10,598       $ 392       $ (190   $ 10,800   

Corporate bonds

     183,282         786         (333     183,735   

Municipal fixed-rate bonds

     188,845         696         (23     189,518   

Municipal variable rate demand notes

     46,790         —           —          46,790   

Fixed income bond fund

     846         —           —          846   

Marketable equity securities

     18,052         18,423         (603     35,872   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Available-for-sale securities held at fair value

   $ 448,413       $ 20,297       $ (1,149   $ 467,561   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Restricted investment held at cost

             48,250   

Other investments held at cost

             2,062   
          

 

 

 

Total carrying value of available-for-sale investments

           $ 517,873   
          

 

 

 

At December 31, 2011, we held the following securities and investments, recorded at either fair value or cost.

 

(In thousands)    Amortized
Cost
     Gross Unrealized     Carrying
Value
 
      Gains      Losses    

Deferred compensation plan assets

   $ 7,994       $ 119       $ (401   $ 7,712   

Corporate bonds

     159,077         181         (2,505     156,753   

Municipal fixed-rate bonds

     174,300         579         (53     174,826   

Municipal variable rate demand notes

     69,660         —           —          69,660   

Fixed income bond fund

     527         194         —          721   

Marketable equity securities

     12,771         19,098         (559     31,310   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Available-for-sale securities held at fair value

   $ 424,329       $ 20,171       $ (3,518   $ 440,982   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Restricted investment held at cost

             48,250   

Other investments held at cost

             2,123   
          

 

 

 

Total carrying value of available-for-sale investments

           $ 491,355   
          

 

 

 

As of June 30, 2012, our corporate bonds and municipal fixed-rate bonds had the following contractual maturities:

 

(In thousands)    Corporate
bonds
     Municipal
fixed-rate
bonds
 

Less than one year

   $ 39,614       $ 83,045   

One to two years

     114,900         56,268   

Two to three years

     29,221         7,210   

Three to five years

     —           42,995   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 183,735       $ 189,518   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Our investment policy provides limitations for issuer concentration, which limits, at the time of purchase, the concentration in any one issuer to 5% of the market value of our total investment portfolio.

 

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We review our investment portfolio for potential “other-than-temporary” declines in value on an individual investment basis. We assess, on a quarterly basis, significant declines in value which may be considered other-than-temporary and, if necessary, recognize and record the appropriate charge to write-down the carrying value of such investments. In making this assessment, we take into consideration qualitative and quantitative information, including but not limited to the following: the magnitude and duration of historical declines in market prices, credit rating activity, assessments of liquidity, public filings, and statements made by the issuer. We generally begin our identification of potential other-than-temporary impairments by reviewing any security with a fair value that has declined from its original or adjusted cost basis by 25% or more for six or more consecutive months. We then evaluate the individual security based on the previously identified factors to determine the amount of the write-down, if any. As a result of our review, we recorded an other-than-temporary impairment charge of $33 thousand during the six months ended June 30, 2012 related to eight marketable equity securities. For the six months ended June 30, 2011, we recorded an other-than-temporary impairment charge of $12 thousand related to three marketable equity securities.

Realized gains and losses on sales of securities are computed under the specific identification method. The following table presents gross realized gains and losses related to our investments.

 

      Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
     June 30,     June 30,  
(In thousands)    2012     2011     2012     2011  

Gross realized gains

   $ 2,631      $ 3,505      $ 5,300      $ 6,369   

Gross realized losses

   $ (275   $ (133   $ (477   $ (230

As of June 30, 2012 and 2011, gross unrealized losses related to individual securities that had been in a continuous loss position for 12 months or longer were not significant.

In accordance with the Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures Topic of the FASB ASC, we have categorized our cash equivalents held in money market funds and our investments held at fair value into a three-level fair value hierarchy based on the priority of the inputs to the valuation technique for the cash equivalents and investments as follows: Level 1 – Values based on unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in an active market; Level 2 – Values based on quoted prices in markets that are not active or model inputs that are observable either directly or indirectly; Level 3 – Values based on prices or valuation techniques that require inputs that are both unobservable and significant to the overall fair value measurement. These inputs include information supplied by investees.

 

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     Fair Value Measurements at June 30, 2012 Using  
(In thousands)    Fair Value      Quoted Prices
in Active
Market for
Identical
Assets

(Level 1)
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs

(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs

(Level 3)
 

Cash equivalents

           

Money market funds

   $ 9,250       $ 9,250       $ —         $ —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Available-for-sale securities

           

Deferred compensation plan assets

     10,800         10,800         —           —     

Available-for-sale debt securities

           

Corporate bonds

     183,735         —           183,735         —     

Municipal fixed-rate bonds

     189,518         —           189,518         —     

Municipal variable rate demand notes

     46,790         —           46,790         —     

Fixed income bond fund

     846         846         —           —     

Available-for-sale marketable equity securities

           

Equity securities – technology industry

     18,053         18,053         —           —     

Equity securities – other

     17,819         17,819         —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Available-for-sale securities

     467,561         47,518         420,043         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 476,811       $ 56,768       $ 420,043       $ —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     Fair Value Measurements at December 31, 2011 Using  
(In thousands)    Fair Value      Quoted Prices
in Active
Market for
Identical
Assets

(Level 1)
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs

(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs

(Level 3)
 

Cash equivalents

           

Money market funds

   $ 13,696       $ 13,696       $ —         $ —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Available-for-sale securities

           

Deferred compensation plan assets

     7,712         7,712         —           —     

Available-for-sale debt securities

           

Corporate bonds

     156,753         —           156,753         —     

Municipal fixed-rate bonds

     174,826         —           174,826         —     

Municipal variable rate demand notes

     69,660         —           69,660         —     

Fixed income bond fund

     721         721         —           —     

Available-for-sale marketable equity securities

           

Equity securities – technology industry

     18,743         18,743         —           —     

Equity securities – other

     12,567         12,567         —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Available-for-sale securities

     440,982         39,743         401,239         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 454,678       $ 53,439       $ 401,239       $ —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The fair value of our Level 2 securities is calculated using a weighted average market price for each security. Market prices are obtained from a variety of industry standard data providers, security master files from large financial institutions, and other third-party sources. These multiple market prices are used as inputs into a distribution-curve-based algorithm to determine the daily market value of each security.

 

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Our municipal variable rate demand notes have a structure that implies a standard expected market price. The frequent interest rate resets make it reasonable to expect the price to stay at par. These securities are priced at the expected market price.

7. INVENTORY

At June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, inventory consisted of the following:

 

     June 30,      December 31,  
(In thousands)    2012      2011  

Raw materials

   $ 49,669       $ 44,588   

Work in process

     4,272         3,954   

Finished goods

     49,835         39,258   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 103,776       $ 87,800   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

We establish reserves for estimated excess, obsolete, or unmarketable inventory equal to the difference between the cost of the inventory and the estimated fair value of the inventory based upon assumptions about future demand and market conditions. At June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, raw materials reserves totaled $8.6 million and $7.9 million, respectively, and finished goods inventory reserves totaled $1.6 million and $1.5 million, respectively.

8. GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS

The changes in the carrying value of goodwill, all of which is included in our Enterprise Networks division, for the six months ended June 30, 2012 are as follows:

 

(In thousands)       

Balance, December 31, 2011

   $  3,492   

Acquisitions

     —     

Impairment losses

     —     
  

 

 

 

Balance, June 30, 2012

   $ 3,492   
  

 

 

 

Balance as of June 30, 2012

  

Goodwill

   $ 3,492   

Accumulated impairment losses

     —     
  

 

 

 

Total goodwill

   $ 3,492   
  

 

 

 

We evaluate the carrying value of goodwill during the fourth quarter of each year and between annual evaluations if events occur or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of the reporting unit below its carrying amount. When evaluating whether goodwill is impaired, we first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is necessary to perform the two-step quantitative goodwill impairment test. If we determine that the two-step quantitative test is necessary, then we compare the fair value of the reporting unit to which the goodwill is assigned to the reporting unit’s carrying amount, including goodwill. If the carrying amount of the reporting unit exceeds its fair value, then the amount of the impairment loss is measured. There were no impairment losses during the six months ended June 30, 2012.

 

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The following table presents our intangible assets as of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011. Intangible assets are included in other assets in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets and include intangibles acquired in conjunction with our acquisition of Objectworld Communications Corporation on September 15, 2009, Bluesocket, Inc. on August 4, 2011, and the NSN BBA business on May 4, 2012.

 

     June 30, 2012      December 31, 2011  
(In thousands)    Gross
Value
     Accumulated
Amortization
    Net Value      Gross
Value
     Accumulated
Amortization
    Net Value  

Customer relationships

   $ 6,559       $ (361   $ 6,198       $ 1,623       $ (194   $ 1,429   

Developed technology

     6,267         (704     5,563         3,230         (303     2,927   

Intellectual property

     2,340         (684     1,656         2,340         (525     1,815   

Trade names

     270         (55     215         270         (28     242   

Other

     13         (1     12         —           —          —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   $ 15,449       $ (1,805   $ 13,644       $ 7,463       $ (1,050   $ 6,413   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Amortization expense was $0.5 million and $0.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively, and $0.8 million and $0.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

As of June 30, 2012, the estimated future amortization expense of our intangible assets is as follows:

 

(In thousands)    Amount  

Remainder of 2012

   $ 1,145   

2013

     2,291   

2014

     2,141   

2015

     2,036   

2016

     1,796   

Thereafter

     4,235   
  

 

 

 

Total

   $ 13,644   
  

 

 

 

9. STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

A summary of the changes in stockholders’ equity for the six months ended June 30, 2012 is as follows:

 

(In thousands)    Stockholders’ Equity  

Balance, December 31, 2011

   $  692,131   

Net income

     34,031   

Dividend payments

     (11,476

Dividends accrued for unvested restricted stock units

     (15

Net change in unrealized gains and losses on marketable securities (net of deferred taxes)

     1,701   

Reclassification adjustment for amounts included in net income (net of deferred taxes)

     (179

Foreign currency translation adjustment

     58   

Proceeds from stock option exercises

     4,328   

Purchase of treasury stock

     (13,432

Tax benefits from stock option exercises

     1,701   

Stock-based compensation expense

     4,432   
  

 

 

 

Balance, June 30, 2012

   $ 713,280   
  

 

 

 

Stock Repurchase Program

Since 1997, our Board of Directors has approved multiple share repurchase programs that have authorized open market repurchase transactions of up to 35 million shares of our common stock. During the six months ended June 30, 2012, we repurchased 0.5 million shares of our common stock at an average price of $29.51 per share. We have the authority to purchase an additional 5.4 million shares of our common stock under plans approved by the Board of Directors on April 14, 2008 and October 11, 2011.

 

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Table of Contents

Stock Option Exercises

We issued 0.2 million shares of treasury stock during the six months ended June 30, 2012 to accommodate employee stock option exercises. The stock options had exercise prices ranging from $8.70 to $33.70. We received proceeds totaling $4.3 million from the exercise of these stock options during the six months ended June 30, 2012.

Dividend Payments

During the six months ended June 30, 2012, we paid cash dividends as follows (in thousands except per share amount):

 

Record Date

   Payment Date    Per Share Amount      Total Dividend Paid  

February 2, 2012

   February 16, 2012    $ 0.09       $ 5,739   

April 26, 2012

   May 10, 2012    $ 0.09       $ 5,737   

Other Comprehensive Income

Other comprehensive income consists of the net change in unrealized gains and losses on marketable securities, reclassification adjustments for amounts included in net income related to realized gains on previously impaired marketable securities and foreign currency translation adjustments.

The components of other comprehensive income for the three months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011 are as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended June 30, 2012     Three Months Ended June 30, 2011  
(In thousands)    Before-Tax
Amount
    Tax
(Expense)
Benefit
     Net-of-Tax
Amount
    Before-Tax
Amount
    Tax
(Expense)
Benefit
     Net-of-Tax
Amount
 

Net change in unrealized gains (losses) related to marketable securities

   $ (8,285   $ 3,231       $ (5,054   $ (5,169   $ 2,029       $ (3,140

Reclassification adjustment for amounts included in net income

     (297     116         (181     (382     146         (236

Foreign currency translation adjustment

     (96     —           (96     369        —           369   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

   $ (8,678   $ 3,347       $ (5,331   $ (5,182   $ 2,175       $ (3,007
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

The components of other comprehensive income for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011 are as follows:

 

     Six Months Ended June 30, 2012     Six Months Ended June 30, 2011  
(In thousands)    Before-Tax
Amount
    Tax
(Expense)
Benefit
    Net-of-Tax
Amount
    Before-Tax
Amount
    Tax
(Expense)
Benefit
     Net-of-Tax
Amount
 

Net change in unrealized gains (losses) related to marketable securities

   $ 2,789      $ (1,088   $ 1,701      $ (8,493   $ 2,702       $ (5,791

Reclassification adjustment for amounts included in net income

     (294     115        (179     (581     186         (395

Foreign currency translation adjustment

     58        —          58        456        —           456   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

   $ 2,553      $ (973   $ 1,580      $ (8,618   $ 2,888       $ (5,730
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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10. EARNINGS PER SHARE

A summary of the calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011 is as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended      Six Months Ended  
     June 30,      June 30,  
(In thousands, except per share amounts)    2012      2011      2012      2011  

Numerator

           

Net income

   $ 21,070       $ 36,943       $ 34,031       $ 71,201   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Denominator

           

Weighted average number of shares – basic

     63,619         64,690         63,720         64,441   

Effect of dilutive securities

           

Stock options

     720         1,387         865         1,547   

Restricted stock and restricted stock units

     54         58         43         56   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Weighted average number of shares – diluted

     64,393         66,135         64,628         66,044   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income per share – basic

   $ 0.33       $ 0.57       $ 0.53       $ 1.10   

Net income per share – diluted

   $ 0.33       $ 0.56       $ 0.53       $ 1.08   

Anti-dilutive options to purchase common stock outstanding were excluded from the above calculations. Anti-dilutive options totaled 2.5 million and 0.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively, and 2.1 million and 0.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

11. SEGMENT INFORMATION

We operate in two reportable segments: (1) the Carrier Networks Division and (2) the Enterprise Networks Division. We evaluate the performance of our segments based on gross profit; therefore, selling, general and administrative expense, research and development expenses, interest income and dividend income, interest expense, net realized investment gain/loss, other income/expense and provision for taxes are reported on an entity-wide basis only. There are no inter-segment revenues.

The following table presents information about the reported sales and gross profit of our reportable segments for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011. Asset information by reportable segment is not reported, since we do not produce such information internally.

 

     Three Months Ended  
     June 30, 2012      June 30, 2011  
(In thousands)    Sales      Gross Profit      Sales      Gross Profit  

Carrier Networks

   $ 152,707       $ 78,738       $ 150,492       $ 87,465   

Enterprise Networks

     31,291         16,463         33,735         19,362   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 183,998       $ 95,201       $ 184,227       $ 106,827   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     Six Months Ended  
     June 30, 2012      June 30, 2011  
(In thousands)    Sales      Gross Profit      Sales      Gross Profit  

Carrier Networks

   $ 249,361       $ 131,621       $ 282,852       $ 166,963   

Enterprise Networks

     69,372         37,667         66,897         38,659   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 318,733       $ 169,288       $ 349,749       $ 205,622   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Sales by Product

Our three major product categories are Carrier Systems, Business Networking and Loop Access.

Carrier Systems products are used by communications service providers to provide data, voice and video services to consumers and enterprises. The Carrier Systems category includes our broadband access products comprised of Total Access® 5000 multi-service access and aggregation platform products, Total Access 1100/1200 Series Fiber-To-The-Node (FTTN) products, hiX 5600 Series Multi-Service Access Node (MSAN), Ultra Broadband Ethernet (UBE) and Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer (DSLAM) products. Our broadband access products are used by service providers around the world to deliver high-speed Internet access, Plain Old Telephone Service (POTS), Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP), IP Television (IPTV), and/or Ethernet services from the central office or remote terminal locations to customer premises. The Carrier Systems category also includes our optical products. These products consist of optical multiplexers and transceivers including those used in our Optical Networking Edge (ONE) products, NetVanta 8000 series products, and our family of OPTI products. Optical products are used to deliver higher bandwidth services, aggregate large numbers of low bandwidth services, or transport wavelength services across a fiber optic infrastructure. Total Access 1500 products, 303 concentrator products, M13 multiplexer products, and a number of mobile backhaul products are also included in the Carrier Systems product category.

Business Networking products provide access to telecommunication services, facilitating the delivery of converged services and Unified Communications to the small and mid-sized enterprises (SME) market. The Business Networking category includes Internetworking products and Integrated Access Devices (IADs). Internetworking products consist of our Total Access IP Business Gateways, Optical Network Terminals (ONTs), Virtual Wireless LAN products and NetVanta product lines. NetVanta products include multi-service routers, managed Ethernet switches, IP Private Branch Exchange (PBX) products, IP phone products, Unified Communications solutions, Unified Threat Management (UTM) solutions, and Carrier Ethernet Network Terminating Equipment (NTE). IAD products consist of our Total Access 600 Series and the Total Access 850.

Loop Access products are used by carrier and enterprise customers for access to copper-based telecommunications networks. The Loop Access category includes products such as: Digital Data Service (DDS) and Integrated Services Digital Network (Total Reach) products, High bit-rate Digital Subscriber Line (HDSL) products including Total Access 3000 HDSL and Time Division Multiplexed-Symmetrical HDSL (TDM-SHDSL) products, T1/E1/T3, Channel Service Units/Data Service Units, and TRACER fixed wireless products.

The table below presents sales information by product category for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011.

 

     Three Months Ended      Six Months Ended  
     June 30,      June 30,  
(In thousands)    2012      2011      2012      2011  

Carrier Systems

   $ 126,755       $ 112,289       $ 198,013       $ 199,039   

Business Networking

     36,590         35,699         79,732         72,062   

Loop Access

     20,653         36,239         40,988         78,648   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 183,998       $ 184,227       $ 318,733       $ 349,749   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

In addition, we identify subcategories of product revenues, which we divide into our core products and legacy products. Our core products consist of Broadband Access and Optical products (included in Carrier Systems) and Internetworking products (included in Business Networking) and our legacy products include HDSL products (included in Loop Access) and other products not included in the aforementioned core products.

 

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Subcategory revenues included in the above are as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended      Six Months Ended  
     June 30,      June 30,  
(In thousands)    2012      2011      2012      2011  

Core Products

           

Broadband Access (included in Carrier Systems)

   $ 106,042       $ 77,062       $ 155,524       $ 128,844   

Optical (included in Carrier Systems)

     14,003         22,008         28,258         42,924   

Internetworking (NetVanta & Multi-service Access Gateways) (included in Business Networking)

     34,935         33,029         75,909         65,912   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Subtotal

     154,980         132,099         259,691         237,680   

Legacy Products

           

HDSL (does not include T1) (included in Loop Access)

     19,465         34,049         38,424         74,994   

Other products (excluding HDSL)

     9,553         18,079         20,618         37,075   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Subtotal

     29,018         52,128         59,042         112,069   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 183,998       $ 184,227       $ 318,733       $ 349,749   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Sales by Geographic Region

The table below presents sales information by geographic area for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011. International sales correlate to shipments with a non-U.S. destination.

 

     Three Months Ended      Six Months Ended  
(In thousands)    June 30,      June 30,  
   2012      2011      2012      2011  

United States

   $ 130,389       $ 160,804       $ 246,832       $ 313,917   

International

     53,609         23,423         71,901         35,832   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 183,998       $ 184,227       $ 318,733       $ 349,749   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

12. LIABILITY FOR WARRANTY RETURNS

Our products generally include warranties of 90 days to ten years for product defects. We accrue for warranty returns at the time revenue is recognized based on our estimate of the cost to repair or replace the defective products. We engage in extensive product quality programs and processes, including actively monitoring and evaluating the quality of our component suppliers. Our products continue to become more complex in both size and functionality as many of our product offerings migrate from line card applications to systems products. The increasing complexity of our products will cause warranty incidences, when they arise, to be more costly. Our estimates regarding future warranty obligations may change due to product failure rates, material usage, and other rework costs incurred in correcting a product failure. In addition, from time to time, specific warranty accruals may be recorded if unforeseen problems arise. Should our actual experience relative to these factors be worse than our estimates, we will be required to record additional warranty expense. Alternatively, if we provide for more reserves than we require, we will reverse a portion of such provisions in future periods. The liability for warranty obligations totaled $7.2 million at June 30, 2012 and $4.1 million at December 31, 2011. These liabilities are included in accrued expenses in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets.

A summary of warranty expense and write-off activity for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011 is as follows:

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

(In thousands)

   2012     2011  

Balance at beginning of period

   $ 4,118      $ 3,304   

Plus: Amounts charged to cost and expenses

     3,313        1,525   

Amounts assumed on acquisition

     1,932        —     

Less: Deductions

     (2,137     (1,183
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

   $ 7,226      $ 3,646   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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13. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

We employ the law firm of our director emeritus for legal services. All bills for services rendered by this firm are reviewed and approved by our Chief Financial Officer. We believe that the fees for such services are comparable to those charged by other firms for services rendered to us. For the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, we incurred fees of $10 thousand per month for these legal services.

14. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

In the ordinary course of business, we may be subject to various legal proceedings and claims, including employment disputes, patent claims, disputes over contract agreements and other commercial disputes. In some cases, claimants seek damages or other relief, such as royalty payments related to patents, which, if granted, could require significant expenditures. Although the outcome of any claim or litigation can never be certain, it is our opinion that the outcome of all contingencies of which we are currently aware will not materially affect our business, operations, financial condition or cash flows.

We have committed to invest up to an aggregate of $7.9 million in two private equity funds, and we have contributed $8.4 million as of June 30, 2012, of which $7.7 million has been applied to these commitments.

15. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

On July 10, 2012, we announced that our Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.09 per common share to be paid to stockholders of record at the close of business on July 26, 2012. The payment date will be August 9, 2012. The quarterly dividend payment will be approximately $5.7 million. In July 2003, our Board of Directors elected to begin declaring quarterly dividends on our common stock considering the tax treatment of dividends and adequate levels of Company liquidity.

During the third quarter of 2012 and as of August 3, 2012, we repurchased 0.5 million shares of our common stock through open market purchases at an average cost of $21.08 per share. We have the authority to purchase an additional 4.9 million shares of our common stock under plans approved by the Board of Directors on April 14, 2008 and October 11, 2011.

 

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and the related notes that appear elsewhere in this document.

OVERVIEW

ADTRAN, Inc. designs, manufactures and markets solutions and provides services and support for communications networks. Our solutions are widely deployed by providers of communications services (serviced by our Carrier Networks Division), and small and mid-sized enterprises (SMEs) (serviced by our Enterprise Networks Division), and enable voice, data, video and Internet communications across wireline and wireless networks. Many of these solutions are currently in use by every major United States and many global service providers, as well as by many public, private and governmental organizations worldwide.

Our success depends upon our ability to increase unit volume and market share through the introduction of new products and succeeding generations of products having lower selling prices and increased functionality as compared to both the prior generation of a product and to the products of competitors. An important part of our strategy is to reduce the cost of each succeeding product generation and then lower the product’s selling price based on the cost savings achieved in order to gain market share and/or improve gross margins. As a part of this strategy, we seek in most instances to be a high-quality, low-cost provider of products in our markets. Our success to date is attributable in large measure to our ability to design our products initially with a view to their subsequent redesign, allowing both increased functionality and reduced manufacturing costs in each succeeding product generation. This strategy enables us to sell succeeding generations of products to existing customers, while increasing our market share by selling these enhanced products to new customers.

Our three major product categories are Carrier Systems, Business Networking and Loop Access. Carrier Systems products are used by communications service providers to provide data, voice and video services to consumers and enterprises. Business Networking products provide access to telecommunication services, facilitating the delivery of converged services and Unified Communications to the SME market. Loop Access products are used by carrier and enterprise customers for access to copper-based telecommunications networks.

In addition, we identify subcategories of product revenues, which we divide into our core products and legacy products. Our core products consist of Broadband Access and Optical products (included in Carrier Systems) and Internetworking products (included in Business Networking) and our legacy products include HDSL products (included in Loop Access) and other products not included in the aforementioned core products. Many of our customers are migrating their networks to deliver higher bandwidth services by utilizing newer technologies. We believe that products and services offered in our core product areas position us well for this migration. Despite occasional increases, we anticipate that revenues of many of our legacy products, including HDSL, will decline over time; however, revenues from these products may continue for years because of the time required for our customers to transition to newer technologies.

See Note 11 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in this report for further information regarding these product categories.

Sales were $184.0 million and $318.7 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 compared to $184.2 million and $349.7 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011. Product revenues for our three primary growth areas, Broadband Access, Optical Access and Internetworking, were $155.0 million and $259.7 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 compared to $132.1 million and $237.7 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011. Our gross margin decreased to 51.7% and 53.1% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 from 58.0% and 58.8% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011. Our operating income margin decreased to 14.6% and 13.5% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 from 27.9% and 27.7% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011. Net income was $21.1 million and $34.0 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 compared to $36.9 million and $71.2 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011. Our effective tax rate increased to 35.7% for the three months ended June 30, 2012 from 34.0% for the three months ended June 30, 2011 and increased to 35.6% for the six months ended June 30, 2012 from 32.5% for the six months ended June 30, 2011. Earnings per share, assuming dilution, were $0.33 and $0.53 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 compared to $0.56 and $1.08 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011.

 

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Our operating results have fluctuated on a quarterly basis in the past, and may vary significantly in future periods due to a number of factors, including customer order activity and backlog. Backlog levels vary because of seasonal trends, the timing of customer projects and other factors that affect customer order lead times. Many of our customers require prompt delivery of products. This requires us to maintain sufficient inventory levels to satisfy anticipated customer demand. If near-term demand for our products declines, or if potential sales in any quarter do not occur as anticipated, our financial results could be adversely affected. Operating expenses are relatively fixed in the short term; therefore, a shortfall in quarterly revenues could significantly impact our financial results in a given quarter.

Our operating results may also fluctuate as a result of a number of other factors, including a decline in general economic and market conditions, increased competition, customer order patterns, changes in product mix, timing differences between price decreases and product cost reductions, product warranty returns, expediting costs and announcements of new products by us or our competitors. Additionally, maintaining sufficient inventory levels to assure prompt delivery of our products increases the amount of inventory that may become obsolete and increases the risk that the obsolescence of this inventory may have an adverse effect on our business and operating results. Also, not maintaining sufficient inventory levels to assure prompt delivery of our products may cause us to incur expediting costs to meet customer delivery requirements, which may negatively impact our operating results in a given quarter.

Accordingly, our historical financial performance is not necessarily a meaningful indicator of future results, and, in general, management expects that our financial results may vary from period to period. A list of factors that could materially affect our business, financial condition or operating results is included under “Factors That Could Affect Our Future Results” in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” contained in Item 2 of Part I of this report. These factors have also been discussed in more detail in Item 1A of Part I in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011, filed on February 29, 2012 with the SEC.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES

Our critical accounting policies and estimates have not changed significantly from those detailed in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011, filed on February 29, 2012 with the SEC.

EFFECT OF RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

See Note 1 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 1 of this Form 10-Q for a full description of recent accounting pronouncements, including the expected dates of adoption and estimated effects on results of operations and financial condition, which is incorporated herein by reference.

 

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ACQUISITION EXPENSES

On August 4, 2011, we closed on the acquisition of Bluesocket, Inc. and on May 4, 2012, we closed on the acquisition of the Nokia Siemens Networks (NSN) Broadband Access business (NSN BBA business). Acquisition related expenses, amortizations and adjustments for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 for both transactions are as follows:

 

(In Thousands)    Three
Months Ended
June 30, 2012
    Six
Months Ended
June 30, 2012
 

Bluesocket, Inc. acquisition

    

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

   $ 267      $ 485   

Amortization of other purchase accounting adjustments

     111        377   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Subtotal

     378        862   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

NSN BBA acquisition

    

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

     172        172   

Amortization of other purchase accounting adjustments

     1,052        1,052   

Acquisition related professional fees, travel and other expenses

     2,705        4,285   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Subtotal

     3,929        5,509   

Total acquisition related expenses, amortizations and adjustments

     4,307        6,371   

Tax effect

     (1,361     (2,039
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total acquisition related expenses, amortizations and adjustments, net of tax

   $ 2,946      $ 4,332   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The acquisition related expenses, amortizations and adjustments above were recorded in the following Consolidated Statements of Income categories for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012:

 

(In Thousands)    Three
Months Ended
June 30, 2012
    Six
Months Ended
June 30, 2012
 

Revenue (adjustments to deferred revenue recognized in the period)

   $ 508      $ 654   

Cost of goods sold

     669        806   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Subtotal

     1,177        1,460   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

     2,361        3,922   

Research and development expenses

     769        989   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Subtotal

     3,130        4,911   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total acquisition related expenses, amortizations and adjustments

     4,307        6,371   

Tax effect

     (1,361     (2,039
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total acquisition related expenses, amortizations and adjustments, net of tax

   $ 2,946      $ 4,332   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS – THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2012 COMPARED TO THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2011

SALES

ADTRAN’s sales decreased 0.1% from $184.2 million in the three months ended June 30, 2011 to $184.0 million in the three months ended June 30, 2012, and decreased 8.9% from $349.7 million in the six months ended June 30, 2011 to $318.7 million in the six months ended June 30, 2012. The decrease in sales for the three months ended June 30, 2012 is primarily attributable to a $23.1 million decrease in sales of our HDSL and other legacy products and an $8.0 million decrease in sales of our Optical products, substantially offset by a $29.0 million increase in sales of our Broadband Access products and a $1.9 million increase in sales of our Internetworking products. The decrease in sales for the six months ended June 30, 2012 is primarily attributable to a $53.0 million decrease in sales of our HDSL and other legacy products, a $14.7 million decrease in sales of our Optical products, partially offset by a $26.7 million increase in sales of our Broadband Access products and a $10.0 million increase in sales of our Internetworking products.

Carrier Networks sales increased 1.5% from $150.5 million in the three months ended June 30, 2011 to $152.7 million in the three months ended June 30, 2012, and decreased 11.8% from $282.9 million in the six months ended June 30, 2011 to $249.4 in the six months ended June 30, 2012. The increase in sales for the three months ended June 30, 2012 is primarily attributable to increases in sales of our Broadband Access products and Internetworking NTE products, partially offset by decreases in sales of our Optical products and HDSL and other legacy products. The decrease in sales for the six months ended June 30, 2012 is primarily attributable to decreases in sales of our Optical products and HDSL and other legacy products. This decline was partially offset by the added sales of the NSN BBA business and an increase in sales of our Internetworking NTE products and organic Broadband Access products. Our organic Broadband Access sales for the six months ended June 30, 2012 were impacted by a delay in both the start and ramp-up of orders during the first quarter of this year from one of our larger carrier customers due to a new systems implementation. The declining trend in HDSL and other legacy products has been expected as we evolve our products towards packet-based technologies.

Enterprise Networks sales decreased 7.2% from $33.7 million in the three months ended June 30, 2011 to $31.3 million in the three months ended June 30, 2012, and increased 3.7% from $66.9 million in the six months ended June 30, 2011 to $69.4 million in the six months ended June 30, 2012. The decrease for the three months ended June 30, 2012 is primarily attributable to a decrease in sales of Internetworking products and legacy products. The increase for the six months ended June 30, 2012 is primarily attributable to an increase in Internetworking product sales, partially offset by a decrease in sales of legacy products. Internetworking product sales attributable to Enterprise Networks were 91.1% of the division’s sales in the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, compared to 85.4% and 85.2% in the three and six months ended June 30, 2011. Legacy products primarily comprise the remainder of Enterprise Networks sales. Enterprise Networks sales as a percentage of total sales decreased from 18.3% for the three months ended June 30, 2011 to 17.0% for the three months ended June 30, 2012 and increased from 19.1% for the six months ended June 30, 2011 to 21.8% for the six months ended June 30, 2012.

International sales, which are included in the Carrier Networks and Enterprise Networks amounts discussed above, increased 128.9% from $23.4 million in the three months ended June 30, 2011 to $53.6 million in the three months ended June 30, 2012, and increased 100.7% from $35.8 million in the six months ended June 30, 2011 to $71.9 million in the six months ended June 30, 2012. International sales, as a percentage of total sales, increased from 12.7% for the three months ended June 30, 2011 to 29.1% for the three months ended June 30, 2012, and increased from 10.2% for the six months ended June 30, 2011 to 22.6% for the six months ended June 30, 2012. International sales increased in the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 primarily due to sales attributable to the acquired NSN BBA business and an increase in organic sales in Latin America.

Carrier System product sales increased $14.5 million in the three months ended June 30, 2012 and decreased $1.0 million in the six months ended June 30, 2012 compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2011. The increase for the three months ended June 30, 2012 is primarily due to a $29.0 million increase in Broadband Access product sales, partially offset by an $8.0 million decrease in Optical product sales and a $6.5 million decrease in legacy product sales. The decrease for the six months ended June 30, 2012 is primarily due to a $14.7 million decrease in Optical product sales and a $13.0 million decrease in legacy product sales. This decline was partially offset by the added sales of the NSN BBA business and an increase in sales of our Internetworking NTE products and organic Broadband Access products.

 

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Our organic Broadband Access sales for the six months ended June 30, 2012 were impacted by a delay in both the start and ramp-up of orders during the first quarter of this year from one of our larger carrier customers due to a new systems implementation. The declining trend in HDSL and other legacy products has been expected as we evolve our products towards packet-based technologies.

Business Networking product sales increased $0.9 million and $7.7 million in the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2011. The increase for the three months ended June 30, 2012 is primarily due to a $1.9 million increase in Interworking product sales across both divisions, partially offset by a $1.0 million decrease in legacy product sales. The increase for the six months ended June 30, 2012 is primarily due to a $10.0 million increase in Interworking product sales across both divisions, partially offset by a $2.3 million decrease in legacy product sales. The decrease in sales of traditional products is a result of customers shifting to newer technologies. Many of these newer technologies are integral to our Internetworking product area.

Loop Access product sales decreased $15.6 million and $37.7 million in the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2011. The decrease for the three months ended June 30, 2012 is primarily due to a $14.6 million decrease in HDSL product sales. The decrease for the six months ended June 30, 2012 is primarily due to a $36.6 million decrease in HDSL product sales.

COST OF SALES

As a percentage of sales, cost of sales increased from 42.0% in the three months ended June 30, 2011 to 48.3% in the three months ended June 30, 2012 and increased from 41.2% in the six months ended June 30, 2011 to 46.9% in the six months ended June 30, 2012. This increase is primarily attributable to lower gross margins related to the recently acquired NSN BBA business, customer price movements to achieve market share position and higher warranty costs.

Carrier Networks cost of sales, as a percent of division sales, increased from 41.9% in the three months ended June 30, 2011 to 48.4% in the three months ended June 30, 2012 and increased from 41.0% in the six months ended June 30, 2011 to 47.2% in the six months ended June 30, 2012. The increase in Carrier Networks cost of sales as a percentage of sales is primarily attributable to lower gross margins related to the recently acquired NSN BBA business, customer price movements to achieve market share position and higher warranty costs.

Enterprise Networks cost of sales, as a percent of division sales, increased from 42.6% in the three months ended June 30, 2011 to 47.4% in the three months ended June 30, 2012 and increased from 42.2% in the six months ended June 30, 2011 to 45.7% in the six months ended June 30, 2012. The increase is primarily attributable to lower cost absorption due to the lower production volumes, customer price movements to achieve market share position, and the impact of cost allocations between divisions.

An important part of our strategy is to reduce the product cost of each succeeding product generation and then to lower the product’s price based on the cost savings achieved. This may cause variations in our gross profit percentage due to timing differences between the recognition of cost reductions and the lowering of product selling prices.

SELLING, GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES

Selling, general and administrative expenses increased 16.2% from $30.9 million in the three months ended June 30, 2011 to $35.9 million in the three months ended June 30, 2012 and increased 14.2% from $60.5 million in the six months ended June 30, 2011 to $69.0 million in the six months ended June 30, 2012. The increase in selling, general and administrative expenses for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2012 is primarily related to increases in staffing and fringe benefit costs due to increased headcount, including expenses and increased headcount related to the NSN BBA business acquired on May 4, 2012 and Bluesocket, Inc., which was acquired on August 4, 2011, professional services, legal services and travel expenses. The increases in professional services, legal services and travel expenses were primarily attributable to the acquired NSN BBA business.

Selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of sales increased from 16.8% in the three months ended June 30, 2011 to 19.5% in the three months ended June 30, 2012 and increased from 17.3% in the six months ended June 30, 2011 to 21.7% in the six months ended June 30, 2012. Selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of sales may fluctuate whenever there is a significant fluctuation in revenues for the periods being compared.

 

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RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENSES

Research and development expenses increased 31.8% from $24.6 million in the three months ended June 30, 2011 to $32.5 million in the three months ended June 30, 2012 and increased 18.6% from $48.3 million in the six months ended June 30, 2011 to $57.3 million in the six months ended June 30, 2012. The increase in research and development expenses for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 is primarily related to increases in staffing and fringe benefit costs due to increased headcount, including expenses and increased headcount related to the NSN BBA business acquired on May 4, 2012 and Bluesocket, Inc., which was acquired on August 4, 2011, and amortization of acquired intangible assets related to both acquisitions.

As a percentage of sales, research and development expenses increased from 13.4% in the three months ended June 30, 2011 to 17.6% in the three months ended June 30, 2012 and increased from 13.8% in the six months ended June 30, 2011 to 18.0% in the six months ended June 30, 2012. Research and development expenses as a percentage of sales will fluctuate whenever there are incremental product development activities or a significant fluctuation in revenues for the periods being compared.

We expect to continue to incur research and development expenses in connection with our new and existing products and our expansion into international markets. We continually evaluate new product opportunities and engage in intensive research and product development efforts which provides for new product development, enhancement of existing products and product cost reductions. We may incur significant research and development expenses prior to the receipt of revenues from a major new product group.

INTEREST AND DIVIDEND INCOME

Interest and dividend income decreased 3.8% from $2.0 million in the three months ended June 30, 2011 to $1.9 million in the three months ended June 30, 2012 and was flat at $3.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and June 30, 2012. The decrease for the three months ended June 30, 2012 is primarily driven by a 6.6% reduction in the average rate of return on our investments as a result of lower interest rates, partially offset by a 13.2% increase in our average investment balances.

INTEREST EXPENSE

Interest expense, which is primarily related to our taxable revenue bond, remained constant at $0.6 million in each of the three months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011 and $1.2 million in each of the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. See “Liquidity and Capital Resources” below for additional information on our revenue bond.

NET REALIZED INVESTMENT GAIN

Net realized investment gain decreased 30.1% from $3.4 million in the three months ended June 30, 2011 to $2.4 million in the three months ended June 30, 2012 and decreased 21.4% from $6.1 million in the six months ended June 30, 2011 to $4.8 million in the six months ended June 30, 2012. The higher amount of realized gains in the period ended June 30, 2011 is primarily driven by the sales of previously impaired assets in the deferred compensation plans and sales of other equity securities. See “Investing Activities” in “Liquidity and Capital Resources” below for additional information.

OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE), NET

Other income (expense), net, comprised primarily of miscellaneous income, gains and losses on foreign currency transactions, investment account management fees, scrap raw material sales, and gains and losses on the disposal of property, plant and equipment occurring in the normal course of business, changed from $0.1 million of expense in the three months ended June 30, 2011 to $0.5 million of income in the three months ended June 30, 2012 and changed from $0.2 million of expense in the six months ended June 30, 2011 to $0.6 million of income in the six months ended June 30, 2012.

INCOME TAXES

Our effective tax rate increased from 32.5% in the six months ended June 30, 2011 to 35.6% in the six months ended June 30, 2012. The tax provision rate in the six months ended June 30, 2012 did not include the benefit of the research tax credit, which expired on December 31, 2011. The exclusion of this benefit during the six months ended June 30, 2012 resulted in a 2.2 percentage point increase in our effective tax rate. Also, decreased benefits from a lower volume of stock option exercises in the six months ended June 30, 2012 resulted in a 1.4 percentage point increase in our effective tax rate. Finally, the closure of an audit resulted in a 0.4 percentage point decrease in our effective tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2012.

 

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During the three months ended June 30, 2012, we acquired the NSN BBA business, which resulted in a bargain purchase gain reported on the income statement. The bargain purchase gain is presented net of tax in the income statement and a deferred tax liability was established in the opening balance sheet for the acquired entity.

NET INCOME

As a result of the above factors, net income decreased $15.9 million from $36.9 million in the three months ended June 30, 2011 to $21.1 million in the three months ended June 30, 2012 and decreased $37.2 million from $71.2 million in the six months ended June 30, 2011 to $34.0 million in the six months ended June 30, 2012.

As a percentage of sales, net income decreased from 20.1% in the three months ended June 30, 2011 to 11.5% in the three months ended June 30, 2012 and decreased from 20.4% in the six months ended June 30, 2011 to 10.7% in the six months ended June 30, 2012.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

Liquidity

We intend to finance our operations with cash flow from operations. We have used, and expect to continue to use, the cash generated from operations for working capital, purchases of treasury stock, dividend payments, and other general corporate purposes, including (i) product development activities to enhance our existing products and develop new products and (ii) expansion of sales and marketing activities. We believe our cash and cash equivalents, investments and cash generated from operations to be adequate to meet our operating and capital needs for the foreseeable future.

At June 30, 2012, cash on hand was $37.0 million and short-term investments were $169.4 million, which resulted in available short-term liquidity of $206.4 million. At December 31, 2011, our cash on hand of $43.0 million and short-term investments of $159.3 million resulted in available short-term liquidity of $202.3 million. The increase in short-term liquidity from December 31, 2011 to June 30, 2012 primarily reflects funds provided by our operating activities, proceeds from stock option exercises and cash received from NSN as a result of our acquisition of the NSN BBA business, offset by an increase in the purchase of long-term investments, equipment acquisitions and dividends.

Operating Activities

Our working capital, which consists of current assets less current liabilities, increased 3.6% from $329.3 million as of December 31, 2011 to $341.1 million as of June 30, 2012. The quick ratio, defined as cash, cash equivalents, short-term investments, and net accounts receivable, divided by current liabilities, decreased from 4.50 as of December 31, 2011 to 2.87 as of June 30, 2012. The current ratio, defined as current assets divided by current liabilities, decreased from 6.32 as of December 31, 2011 to 4.01 as of June 30, 2012. The increase in our working capital and decreases in the quick ratio and the current ratio are primarily attributable to changes in the underlying assets and liabilities, including deferred revenue balances, relating to the acquired NSN BBA business.

Net accounts receivable increased 55.7% from $76.1 million at December 31, 2011 to $118.5 million at June 30, 2012. Our allowance for doubtful accounts was $8 thousand at December 31, 2011 and $5 thousand at June 30, 2012. Quarterly accounts receivable days sales outstanding (DSO) increased from 40 days as of December 31, 2011 to 59 days as of June 30, 2012. Net accounts receivable and DSO increased for the quarter ended June 30, 2012 due to trade receivables incurred during the months of May and June in the acquired NSN BBA business and the timing of shipments in the organic business during the quarter. Other receivables decreased from $9.7 million at December 31, 2011 to $8.1 million at June 30, 2012. Generally, the change in other receivables is due to the timing of shipments and payments received for raw materials supplied to our contract manufacturers.

Quarterly inventory turnover increased from 3.5 turns as of December 31, 2011 to 3.6 turns as of June 30, 2012. Inventory increased 18.2% from December 31, 2011 to June 30, 2012. The increase in inventory is primarily attributable to inventories acquired during the acquisition of the NSN BBA business. We expect inventory levels to fluctuate as we attempt to maintain sufficient inventory in response to seasonal cycles of our business; ensuring competitive lead times while managing the risk of inventory obsolescence that may occur due to rapidly changing technology and customer demand.

 

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Accounts payable increased 59.8% from $29.4 million at December 31, 2011 to $47.0 million at June 30, 2012. The increase in accounts payable is primarily attributable to accounts payable incurred during the months of May and June in the acquired NSN BBA business. Additionally, accounts payable will fluctuate due to variations in the timing of the receipt of supplies, inventory and services and our subsequent payments for these purchases.

Investing Activities

Capital expenditures totaled approximately $7.8 million and $6.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. These expenditures were primarily used to purchase manufacturing and test equipment and computer software and hardware.

On May 4, 2012, we acquired the NSN BBA business. This acquisition provides us with an established customer base in key markets and complementary, market-focused products and was accounted for as a business combination. We received a cash payment of $7.5 million from NSN and recorded a bargain purchase gain of $1.8 million, net of income taxes, subject to customary working capital adjustments between the parties.

Our combined short-term and long-term investments increased $26.5 million from $491.4 million at December 31, 2011 to $517.9 million at June 30, 2012. This increase reflects the impact of additional funds available for investment provided by our operating activities and stock option exercises by our employees, reduced by our cash needs for equipment acquisitions and dividends, as well as net realized and unrealized losses and amortization of net premiums on our combined investments.

We invest all available cash not required for immediate use in operations primarily in securities that we believe bear minimal risk of loss. At June 30, 2012 these investments included municipal variable rate demand notes of $46.8 million, municipal fixed-rate bonds of $189.5 million and corporate bonds of $183.7 million. At December 31, 2011, these investments included municipal variable rate demand notes of $69.7 million, municipal fixed-rate bonds of $174.8 million and corporate bonds of $156.8 million. As of June 30, 2012, our corporate bonds, municipal fixed-rate bonds, and municipal variable rate demand notes were classified as available-for-sale and had a combined duration of 0.97 years with an average credit rating of AA-. Because our bond portfolio has a high quality rating and contractual maturities of a short duration, we are able to obtain prices for these bonds derived from observable market inputs, or for similar securities traded in an active market, on a daily basis.

Our long-term investments increased 4.9% from $332.0 million at December 31, 2011 to $348.4 million at June 30, 2012. The primary reason for the increase in our long-term investments during 2012 was cash generated from operations. Long-term investments at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 included an investment in a certificate of deposit of $48.3 million, which serves as collateral for our revenue bonds, as discussed below. We have various equity investments included in long-term investments at a cost of $18.1 million and $12.8 million, and with a fair value of $35.9 million and $31.3 million, at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively.

Long-term investments at June 30, 2012 also include $10.8 million related to our deferred compensation plans; $2.1 million of other investments carried at cost, consisting of interests in two private equity funds and an investment in a privately held telecommunications equipment manufacturer; and $0.8 million of a fixed income bond fund.

We review our investment portfolio for potential “other-than-temporary” declines in value on an individual investment basis. We assess, on a quarterly basis, significant declines in value which may be considered other-than-temporary and, if necessary, recognize and record the appropriate charge to write-down the carrying value of such investments. In making this assessment, we take into consideration qualitative and quantitative information, including but not limited to the following: the magnitude and duration of historical declines in market prices, credit rating activity, assessments of liquidity, public filings, and statements made by the issuer. We generally begin our identification of potential other-than-temporary impairments by reviewing any security with a fair value that has declined from its original or adjusted cost basis by 25% or more for six or more consecutive months. We then evaluate the individual security based on the previously identified factors to determine the amount of the write-down, if any. As a result of our review, we recorded an other-than-temporary impairment charge of $33 thousand during the six months ended June 30, 2012 related to eight marketable equity securities. For the six months ended June 30, 2011, we recorded an other-than-temporary impairment charge of $12 thousand related to three marketable equity securities.

 

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Financing Activities

Dividends

In July 2003, our Board of Directors elected to begin declaring quarterly dividends on our common stock considering the tax treatment of dividends and adequate levels of Company liquidity. During the six months ended June 30, 2012, we paid dividends totaling $11.5 million.

Debt

We have amounts outstanding under loans made pursuant to an Alabama State Industrial Development Authority revenue bond (the Bond) which totaled $47.0 million at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011. At June 30, 2012, the estimated fair value of the Bond was approximately $48.4 million, based on a debt security with a comparable interest rate and maturity and a Standard & Poor’s credit rating of A+. Included in long-term investments are restricted funds in the amount of $48.3 million at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, which is a collateral deposit against the principal amount of the Bond. We have the right to set-off the balance of the Bond with the collateral deposit in order to reduce the balance of the indebtedness. The Bond matures on January 1, 2020, and bears interest at the rate of 5% per annum. In conjunction with this program, we are eligible to receive certain economic incentives from the state of Alabama that reduce the amount of payroll withholdings we are required to remit to the state for those employment positions that qualify under this program.

We are required to make payments in the amounts necessary to pay the principal and interest on the amounts currently outstanding. Based on positive cash flow from operating activities, we have decided to continue early partial redemptions of the Bond. It is our intent to make annual principal payments in addition to the interest amounts that are due. In connection with this decision, $0.5 million of the Bond debt has been classified as a current liability in accounts payable in the Consolidated Balance Sheet at June 30, 2012.

Stock Repurchase Program

Since 1997, our Board of Directors has approved multiple share repurchase programs that have authorized open market repurchase transactions of up to 35 million shares of our common stock. During the six months ended June 30, 2012, we repurchased 0.5 million shares of our common stock at an average price of $29.51 per share. We have the authority to purchase an additional 5.4 million shares of our common stock under plans approved by the Board of Directors on April 14, 2008 and October 11, 2011.

Stock Option Exercises

To accommodate employee stock option exercises, we issued 0.2 million shares of treasury stock for $4.3 million during the six months ended June 30, 2012. During the six months ended June 30, 2011, we issued 1.7 million shares of treasury stock for $33.0 million.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements and Contractual Obligations

We do not have off-balance sheet financing arrangements and have not engaged in any related party transactions or arrangements with unconsolidated entities or other persons that are reasonably likely to materially affect liquidity or the availability of or requirements for capital resources. During the six months ended June 30, 2012, there have been no material changes in contractual obligations and commercial commitments from those discussed in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011 filed on February 29, 2012 with the SEC.

We have committed to invest up to an aggregate of $7.9 million in two private equity funds, and we have contributed $8.4 million as of June 30, 2012, of which $7.7 million has been applied to these commitments.

 

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FACTORS THAT COULD AFFECT OUR FUTURE RESULTS

The following are some of the risks that could affect our financial performance or could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in our forward-looking statements:

 

   

Our operating results may fluctuate in future periods, which may adversely affect our stock price.

 

   

Our revenue for a particular period can be difficult to predict, and a shortfall in revenue may harm our operating results.

 

   

The failure to complete the integration of the NSN BBA business as soon as we expect or the failure to realize benefits from this acquisition as significant as we expect may affect our future results of operations and financial condition, and could affect our stock price.

 

   

General economic conditions may reduce our revenues and harm our operating results.

 

   

Our exposure to the credit risks of our customers and distributors may make it difficult to collect accounts receivable and could adversely affect our operating results and financial condition.

 

   

We expect gross margin to vary over time, and our level of product gross margin may not be sustainable.

 

   

We must continue to update and improve our products and develop new products in order to compete and to keep pace with improvements in telecommunications technology.

 

   

Our products may not continue to comply with the regulations governing their sale, which may harm our business.

 

   

Our failure or the failure of our contract manufacturers to comply with applicable environmental regulations could adversely impact our results of operations.

 

   

If our products do not interoperate with our customers’ networks, installations may be delayed or cancelled, which could harm our business.

 

   

The lengthy approval process required by major and other service providers for new products could result in fluctuations in our revenue.

 

   

We engage in research and development activities to improve the application of developed technologies, and as a consequence may miss certain market opportunities enjoyed by larger companies with substantially greater research and development efforts who may focus on more leading edge development.

 

   

We depend heavily on sales to certain customers; the loss of any of these customers would significantly reduce our revenues and net income.

 

   

Our strategy of outsourcing a portion of our manufacturing requirements to subcontractors located in Asia or other international regions may result in us not meeting our cost, quality or performance standards.

 

   

Our dependence on a limited number of suppliers may prevent us from delivering our products on a timely basis, which could have a material adverse effect on customer relations and operating results.

 

   

We compete in markets that have become increasingly competitive, which may result in reduced gross profit margins and market share.

 

   

Our estimates regarding future warranty obligations may change due to product failure rates, shipment volumes, field service obligations and other rework costs incurred in correcting product failures. If our estimates change, the liability for warranty obligations may be increased or decreased, impacting future cost of goods sold.

 

   

Managing our inventory is complex and may include write-downs of excess or obsolete inventory.

 

   

The anticipated growth of our international operations could expose us to additional risks, increase our costs and adversely affect our operating results and financial condition.

 

   

We may be adversely affected by fluctuations in currency exchange rates.

 

   

Our success depends on our ability to reduce the selling prices of succeeding generations of our products.

 

   

Our failure to maintain rights to intellectual property used in our business could adversely affect the development, functionality, and commercial value of our products.

 

   

Software under license from third parties for use in certain of our products may not continue to be available to us on commercially reasonable terms.

 

   

We may incur liabilities or become subject to litigation that would have a material effect on our business.

 

   

Consolidation and deterioration in the competitive service provider market could result in a significant decrease in our revenue.

 

   

We depend on distributors who maintain inventories of our products. If the distributors reduce their inventories of these products, our sales could be adversely affected.

 

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If we are unable to successfully develop relationships with system integrators, service providers, and enterprise value added resellers, our sales may be negatively affected.

 

 

If we fail to manage our exposure to worldwide financial and securities markets successfully, our operating results and financial statements could be materially impacted.

 

 

Changes in our effective tax rate or assessments arising from tax audits may have an adverse impact on our results.

 

 

We are required to periodically evaluate the value of our long-lived assets, including the value of intangibles acquired and goodwill resulting from business combinations. Any future impairment charges required may adversely affect our operating results.

 

 

Our success depends on attracting and retaining key personnel.

 

 

Regulatory and potential physical impacts of climate change and other natural events may affect our customers and our production operations, resulting in adverse effects on our operating results.

 

 

While we believe our internal control over financial reporting is adequate, a failure to maintain effective internal control over financial reporting as our business expands could result in a loss of investor confidence in our financial reports and have an adverse effect on our stock price.

 

 

The price of our common stock has been volatile and may continue to fluctuate significantly.

The foregoing list of risks is not exclusive. For a more detailed description of the risk factors associated with our business, see Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011, filed on February  29, 2012 with the SEC.

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

We are exposed to financial market risks, including changes in interest rates and prices of marketable equity and fixed-income securities. The primary objective of the large majority of our investment activities is to preserve principal while at the same time achieving appropriate yields without significantly increasing risk. To achieve this objective, a majority of our marketable securities are investment grade, municipal, fixed-rate bonds, municipal variable rate demand notes and municipal money market instruments denominated in United States dollars. Our investment policy provides limitations for issuer concentration, which limits, at the time of purchase, the concentration in any one issuer to 5% of the market value of our total investment portfolio.

We maintain depository investments with certain financial institutions. Although these depository investments may exceed government insured depository limits, we have evaluated the credit worthiness of these financial institutions, and determined the risk of material financial loss due to exposure of such credit risk to be minimal. As of June 30, 2012, $30.8 million of our cash and cash equivalents, primarily certain domestic money market funds and foreign depository accounts, were in excess of government provided insured depository limits.

As of June 30, 2012, approximately $427.5 million of our cash and investments may be directly affected by changes in interest rates. We have performed a hypothetical sensitivity analysis assuming market interest rates increase or decrease by 50 basis points (bps) for an entire year, while all other variables remain constant. At June 30, 2012, we held $165.0 million of cash and investments where a change in interest rates would impact our interest income. A hypothetical 50 bps decline in interest rates as of June 30, 2012 would reduce annualized interest income on our cash and investments by approximately $0.7 million. In addition, we held $356.8 million of fixed-rate municipal bonds and corporate bonds whose fair values may be directly affected by a change in interest rates. A hypothetical 50 bps increase in interest rates as of June 30, 2012 would reduce the fair value of our municipal fixed-rate bonds and corporate bonds by approximately $1.7 million.

As of June 30, 2011, approximately $437.9 million of our cash and investments was subject to being directly affected by changes in interest rates. We have performed a hypothetical sensitivity analysis assuming market interest rates increase or decrease by 50 bps for the entire year, while all other variables remain constant. A hypothetical 50 bps decline in interest rates as of June 30, 2011 would have reduced annualized interest income on our cash, money market instruments and municipal variable rate demand notes by approximately $0.2 million. In addition, a hypothetical 50 bps increase in interest rates as of June 30, 2011 would have reduced the fair value of our municipal fixed-rate bonds and corporate bonds by approximately $3.0 million.

For further information about the fair value of our available-for-sale investments as of June 30, 2012 see Note 6 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

(a) Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures. Our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer are responsible for establishing and maintaining “disclosure controls and procedures” (as defined in the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) for ADTRAN. Our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, after evaluating the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report, have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective.

(b) Changes in internal control over financial reporting. There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during our most recent fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

A list of factors that could materially affect our business, financial condition or operating results is included under “Factors That Could Affect Our Future Results” in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” contained in Item 2 of Part I of this report. There have been no material changes to the risk factors as disclosed in Item 1A of Part I of our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011, filed on February 29, 2012 with the SEC.

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

The following table sets forth repurchases of our common stock for the months indicated:

 

Period

   Total
Number of
Shares
Purchased
     Average
Price
Paid per
Share
     Total Number of
Shares  Purchased
as Part of Publicly
Announced Plans
or Programs
     Maximum Number
of Shares that May
Yet Be Purchased
Under the Plans or
Programs
 

April 1, 2012 – April 30, 2012

     268,283       $ 29.68         268,283         5,588,679   

May 1, 2012 – May 31, 2012

     186,872       $ 29.27         186,872         5,401,807   

June 1, 2012 – June 30, 2012

     —           —           —           5,401,807   
  

 

 

       

 

 

    

Total

     455,155            455,155      
  

 

 

       

 

 

    

On April 14, 2008, our Board of Directors approved additional repurchases of up to 5,000,000 shares of our common stock. This plan will be implemented through open market purchases from time to time as conditions warrant.

On October 11, 2011, our Board of Directors approved additional repurchases of up to 5,000,000 shares of our common stock. Upon completion of the current plan, this plan will be implemented through open market purchases from time to time as conditions warrant.

 

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ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

Exhibits.

 

 

Exhibit No.

  

Description

31    Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certifications
32    Section 1350 Certifications
101.INS*    XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH*    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL*    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.LAB*    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels Linkbase Document
101.PRE*    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
101.DEF*    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

 

 

* Pursuant to Regulation S-T, this interactive data file is deemed not filed or part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of Sections 11 or 12 of the Securities Act of 1933, is deemed not filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and otherwise is not subject to liability under these sections.

 

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SIGNATURE

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

      ADTRAN, INC.
      (Registrant)
Date: August 3, 2012       /s/ James E. Matthews
      James E. Matthews
      Senior Vice President – Finance,
      Chief Financial Officer, Treasurer,
      Secretary and Director
      (Principal Accounting Officer)

 

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EXHIBIT INDEX

 

 

Exhibit No.

  

Description

31    Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certifications
32    Section 1350 Certifications
101.INS*    XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH*    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL*    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.LAB*    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels Linkbase Document
101.PRE*    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
101.DEF*    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

 

* Pursuant to Regulation S-T, this interactive data file is deemed not filed or part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of Sections 11 or 12 of the Securities Act of 1933, is deemed not filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and otherwise is not subject to liability under these sections.

 

37

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