XNAS:PCH Potlatch Corp Quarterly Report 10-Q Filing - 9/30/2012

Effective Date 9/30/2012

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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_____________________________________________________________ 
Form 10-Q

(Mark One)
x
Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2012
Or 
¨
Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the transition period from             to             
Commission File Number 1-32729
 
_____________________________________________________________ 
 POTLATCH CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
 
82-0156045
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
601 West First Avenue, Suite 1600
 
 
Spokane, Washington
 
99201
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(509) 835-1500
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
_____________________________________________________________ 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer
 
x
 
Accelerated filer
o
Non-accelerated filer
 
o  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Smaller reporting company
o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x
The number of shares of common stock of the registrant outstanding as of October 12, 2012 was 40,373,461.
 




POTLATCH CORPORATION AND CONSOLIDATED SUBSIDIARIES
Index to Form 10-Q
 
 
 
Page  Number
PART I.
 
ITEM 1.
 
ITEM 2.
ITEM 3.
ITEM 4.
PART II.
 
ITEM 1.
ITEM 1A.
ITEM 6.





Part I

ITEM 1.

Financial Statements
 
Potlatch Corporation and Consolidated Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Income
Unaudited (Dollars in thousands, except per-share amounts)
 

 
Quarter Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
  
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
Revenues
$
151,911

 
$
152,891

 
$
381,835

 
$
387,494

Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of goods sold
109,806

 
108,420

 
287,469

 
287,473

Selling, general and administrative expenses
13,342

 
7,837

 
35,994

 
28,469

Asset impairment charge

 
1,180

 

 
1,180

 
123,148

 
117,437

 
323,463

 
317,122

Operating income
28,763

 
35,454

 
58,372

 
70,372

Interest expense, net
(6,280
)
 
(6,632
)
 
(19,043
)
 
(21,123
)
Income before income taxes
22,483

 
28,822

 
39,329

 
49,249

Income tax provision
(3,884
)
 
(3,223
)
 
(10,599
)
 
(7,505
)
Net income
$
18,599

 
$
25,599

 
$
28,730

 
$
41,744

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.46

 
$
0.64

 
$
0.71

 
$
1.04

Diluted
0.46

 
0.63

 
0.71

 
1.03

Distributions per share
$
0.31

 
$
0.51

 
$
0.93

 
$
1.53

Weighted-average shares outstanding (in thousands):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
40,357

 
40,187

 
40,317

 
40,147

Diluted
40,571

 
40,380

 
40,503

 
40,360

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


2



 
Potlatch Corporation and Consolidated Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
Unaudited (Dollars in thousands)
 

 
Quarter Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
  
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
Net income
$
18,599

 
$
25,599

 
$
28,730

 
$
41,744

Other comprehensive income, net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Defined benefit pension plans and other postretirement employee benefits:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of prior service credit included in net periodic cost, net of tax of $(836), $(765), $(2,548) and $(2,297)
(1,308
)
 
(1,198
)
 
(3,986
)
 
(3,592
)
Amortization of actuarial loss included in net periodic cost, net of tax of $1,801, $1,354, $5,405 and $4,061
2,819

 
2,117

 
8,457

 
6,351

Other comprehensive income, net of tax
1,511

 
919

 
4,471

 
2,759

Comprehensive income
$
20,110

 
$
26,518

 
$
33,201

 
$
44,503

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


3



 
Potlatch Corporation and Consolidated Subsidiaries
Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets
Unaudited (Dollars in thousands, except per-share amounts)
 

 
September 30,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash
$
9,033

 
$
7,819

Short-term investments
53,429

 
62,989

Receivables, net
24,532

 
13,533

Inventories
29,431

 
28,603

Deferred tax assets
11,909

 
11,909

Other assets
10,435

 
9,998

Total current assets
138,769

 
134,851

Property, plant and equipment, net
58,093

 
61,453

Timber and timberlands, net
455,415

 
459,687

Deferred tax assets
44,541

 
57,924

Other assets
11,898

 
32,305

 
$
708,716

 
$
746,220

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Current installments on long-term debt
$
8,413

 
$
21,661

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
67,046

 
55,948

Total current liabilities
75,459

 
77,609

Long-term debt
337,308

 
344,742

Liability for pensions and other postretirement employee benefits
135,854

 
163,116

Other long-term obligations
20,210

 
18,615

Stockholders’ equity
139,885

 
142,138

 
$
708,716

 
$
746,220

 
 
 
 
Shares outstanding (in thousands)
40,369

 
40,202

Stockholders’ equity per share
$
3.47

 
$
3.54

Working capital
$
63,310

 
$
57,242

Current ratio
1.8

 
1.7

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


4



 
Potlatch Corporation and Consolidated Subsidiaries
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Cash Flows
Unaudited (Dollars in thousands)
 

 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
2012
 
2011
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Net income
$
28,730

 
$
41,744

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization
19,271

 
22,916

Basis of real estate sold
1,623

 
10,053

Change in deferred taxes
10,539

 
7,506

Gain on disposition of property, plant and equipment
(1
)
 
(106
)
Employee benefit plans
3,001

 
(1,589
)
Equity-based compensation expense
3,057

 
3,144

Asset impairment

 
1,180

Proceeds from sales deposited with a like-kind exchange intermediary
(526
)
 

Funding of qualified pension plans
(21,630
)
 
(9,400
)
Working capital changes
(1,031
)
 
(3,342
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
43,033

 
72,106

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Decrease in short-term investments
9,560

 
10,559

Proceeds from company owned life insurance (COLI) loan
21,751

 

Additions to property, plant and equipment
(3,502
)
 
(4,163
)
Additions to timber and timberlands
(8,367
)
 
(7,915
)
Proceeds from disposition of property, plant and equipment
35

 
185

Other, net
(1,252
)
 
(1,564
)
Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities
18,225

 
(2,898
)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Distributions to common stockholders
(37,520
)
 
(61,458
)
Payments on long-term debt
(21,662
)
 
(5,011
)
Issuance of common stock
709

 
1,230

Change in book overdrafts
(29
)
 
(1,377
)
Deferred financing costs
(30
)
 
(343
)
Employee tax withholdings on equity-based compensation
(1,714
)
 
(1,610
)
Other, net
202

 
(15
)
Net cash used for financing activities
(60,044
)
 
(68,584
)
Increase in cash
1,214

 
624

Cash at beginning of period
7,819

 
5,593

Cash at end of period
$
9,033

 
$
6,217

SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION
 
 
 
Cash paid (received) during the period for:
 
 
 
Interest, net of amount capitalized
$
13,171

 
$
13,974

Income taxes, net
(38
)
 
(5,977
)
Non-cash investing activity:
 
 
 
Additions to timber and timberlands
60

 
341

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

5





 
Potlatch Corporation and Consolidated Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
Unaudited (Dollars in thousands)
 
NOTE 1.
Basis of Presentation
For purposes of this report, any reference to “Potlatch,” “the company,” “we,” “us,” and “our” means Potlatch Corporation and all of its wholly owned subsidiaries, except where the context indicates otherwise.
The accompanying Consolidated Statements of Income for the quarters and nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the quarters and nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, the Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 and the Consolidated Condensed Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. We believe that all adjustments necessary for a fair statement of the results of such interim periods have been included.
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 17, 2012.

NOTE 2.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In June 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, issued Accounting Standard Update, or ASU, 2011-05, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Presentation of Comprehensive Income, to increase the prominence of other comprehensive income in the financial statements. An entity has the option to present the components of net income and comprehensive income in either one or two consecutive financial statements. The new guidance is effective for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2011. We adopted this guidance and presented the components of net income and comprehensive income in two consecutive statements. The adoption of ASU 2011-05 did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial condition or results of operations.

NOTE 3.
Income Taxes
As a real estate investment trust, or REIT, if we meet certain requirements we generally are not subject to federal and state corporate income taxes on our income from investments in real estate that we distribute to our shareholders. We are, however, subject to corporate taxes on income earned by our taxable REIT subsidiaries, or Potlatch TRS, and on built-in gains (the excess of fair market value at January 1, 2006 over tax basis on that date) with respect to the REIT's sale of any real property owned at such date within the first ten years following our conversion to a REIT, except for sales that occurred in 2011. The Small Business Jobs Act of 2010 modified the built-in gains provisions to exempt sales of real properties by a REIT in 2011, if five years of the recognition period had elapsed before January 1, 2011. The built-in gains tax is eliminated or deferred if sale proceeds are reinvested in like-kind property in accordance with the like-kind exchange provisions of the Internal Revenue Code. The built-in gains tax is not applicable to the sale of timber pursuant to a stumpage sale agreement or timber deed.
For the quarters ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, we recorded income tax provisions related to Potlatch TRS of $3.9 million and $3.2 million, respectively, due to pre-tax income. For the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, we recorded income tax provisions related to Potlatch TRS of $10.5 million and $7.5 million, respectively, due to pre-tax income. For the nine months ended September 30, 2012, we recorded income tax expense of $0.1 million related to the sale of REIT properties.
We reviewed our tax positions at September 30, 2012 and determined that no uncertain tax positions were taken during the first nine months of 2012, and that no new information was available that would require derecognition of previously taken positions.
We reflect accrued interest related to tax obligations, as well as penalties, in our provision for income taxes. During the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, amounts for interest and penalties included in our tax provision were insignificant. At September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, we had no accrued interest or penalties related to income taxes.

6



NOTE 4.
Earnings per Share
The following table reconciles the number of shares used in calculating the basic and diluted earnings per share for the quarters and nine months ended September 30:
 
 
Quarter Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
(Dollars in thousands, except per-share amounts)
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
Net income
$
18,599

 
$
25,599

 
$
28,730

 
$
41,744

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic weighted-average shares outstanding
40,356,512

 
40,187,334

 
40,316,957

 
40,147,133

Incremental shares due to:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stock options
27,558

 
44,147

 
20,263

 
54,048

Performance shares
119,400

 
120,182

 
102,000

 
129,691

Restricted stock units
67,598

 
28,639

 
63,938

 
29,005

Diluted weighted-average shares outstanding
40,571,068

 
40,380,302

 
40,503,158

 
40,359,877

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic net income per share
$
0.46

 
$
0.64

 
$
0.71

 
$
1.04

Diluted net income per share
$
0.46

 
$
0.63

 
$
0.71

 
$
1.03

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Anti-dilutive shares excluded from the calculation:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Performance shares

 
77,767

 

 
77,767

Restricted stock units

 

 
1,000

 
2,700

Total anti-dilutive shares excluded from the calculation

 
77,767

 
1,000

 
80,467


NOTE 5.
Equity-Based Compensation
As of September 30, 2012, we had three stock incentive plans under which stock option, performance share or restricted stock unit, or RSU, grants were outstanding, with approximately 367,000 shares authorized for future use under the 2005 Stock Incentive Plan.
The following table details our compensation expense for the quarters and nine months ended September 30:
 
 
Quarter Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
(Dollars in thousands)
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
Employee equity-based compensation expense:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Performance shares
$
891

 
$
942

 
$
2,598

 
$
2,707

Restricted stock units
168

 
155

 
459

 
437

Total employee equity-based compensation expense
$
1,059

 
$
1,097

 
$
3,057

 
$
3,144

Related net income tax benefit
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Director deferred compensation expense (income)
$
1,126

 
$
(373
)
 
$
1,553

 
$
484


There were no realized tax benefits related to the excess of the deductible amount over the compensation cost recognized in the Consolidated Condensed Statements of Cash Flows during any of the periods presented above.

7



STOCK OPTIONS
The following table summarizes outstanding stock options as of September 30, 2012 and changes during the nine months ended September 30, 2012:
 
(Dollars in thousands, except exercise prices)
Shares
 
Weighted Avg.
Exercise Price
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic Value
Outstanding at January 1
144,684

 
$
23.34

 
 
Shares exercised
(40,830
)
 
16.63

 
$
679

Shares canceled or expired

 

 
 
Outstanding and exercisable at September 30
103,854

 
25.68

 
1,214

There were no unvested stock options outstanding during the nine months ended September 30, 2012. The aggregate intrinsic value of stock options exercised during the nine months ended September 30, 2011 was $1.3 million.
The following table summarizes outstanding stock options as of September 30, 2012:
 
 
Options Outstanding and Exercisable
Range of Exercise Prices
Outstanding
 
Weighted Avg.
Remaining
Contractual Life
 
Weighted Avg.
Exercise Price
$14.4398
11,545

 
0.17 years
 
$
14.44

$19.2569
30,340

 
1.17 years
 
19.26

$30.9204
61,969

 
2.17 years
 
30.92

$14.4398 to $30.9204
103,854

 
1.66 years
 
25.68


Cash received from stock option exercises for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 was $0.7 million and $1.2 million, respectively. No actual tax benefits were realized for tax deductions from options exercised during either period.
PERFORMANCE SHARES
The following table presents the key inputs used in the Monte Carlo simulation method to calculate the fair value of the performance share awards in 2012 and 2011, and the resulting fair values:
 
 
2012
 
2011
Shares granted
85,028

 
77,767

Stock price as of valuation date
$
31.11

 
$
39.10

Risk-free rate
0.40
%
 
1.26
%
Fair value of a performance share
$
34.24

 
$
55.84


The following table summarizes outstanding performance share awards as of September 30, 2012, and changes during the nine months ended September 30, 2012:
 
(Dollars in thousands, except grant date fair value)
Shares
 
Weighted Avg.
Grant Date
Fair Value
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic Value
Unvested shares outstanding at January 1
154,594

 
$
50.54

 
 
Granted
85,028

 
34.24

 
 
Forfeited
(2,596
)
 
44.99

 
 
Unvested shares outstanding at September 30
237,026

 
44.76

 
$
8,657


As of September 30, 2012, there was $4.2 million of unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested performance share awards, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.25 years.

8



RESTRICTED STOCK UNITS
The following table summarizes outstanding RSU awards as of September 30, 2012, and changes during the nine months ended September 30, 2012:
 
(Dollars in thousands, except grant date fair value)
Shares
 
Weighted Avg.
Grant Date
Fair Value
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic Value
Unvested shares outstanding at January 1
36,359

 
$
35.60

 
 
Granted
19,725

 
31.38

 
 
Vested
(1,290
)
 
33.27

 
 
Forfeited
(1,504
)
 
33.36

 
 
Unvested shares outstanding at September 30
53,290

 
34.16

 
$
1,991

For RSU awards granted during the period, the fair value of each share was determined on the date of grant using the grant date market price. The total fair value of RSU awards vested during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 was less than $0.1 million. As of September 30, 2012, there was $0.8 million of unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested RSU awards, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.3 years.

NOTE 6.
Detail of Certain Balance Sheet Accounts
The following tables detail certain accounts as of the balance sheet dates:
 
(Dollars in thousands)
September 30, 2012
 
December 31, 2011
Inventories:
 
 
 
Lumber and other manufactured wood products
$
13,168

 
$
12,002

Logs
11,703

 
12,400

Materials and supplies
4,560

 
4,201

 
$
29,431

 
$
28,603

 
 
 
 
Current Other Assets:
 
 
 
Basis of real estate held for sale
$
7,433

 
$
7,433

Prepaid expenses
1,567

 
1,128

Deferred charges
1,435

 
1,437

 
$
10,435

 
$
9,998

 
 
 
 
Noncurrent Other Assets:
 
 
 
Developed land costs
$
3,626

 
$
3,635

Derivative asset associated with interest rate swap
3,170

 
2,409

Deferred charges
2,973

 
4,129

Noncurrent investments
1,496

 
22,043

Restricted cash
526

 

Other
107

 
89

 
$
11,898

 
$
32,305


The decrease in Noncurrent Other Assets - Noncurrent investments as of September 30, 2012 from December 31, 2011 was due to borrowing against our company owned life insurance, or COLI, plan, based on the cash surrender value that had accumulated over the years, to make a pension contribution.

9



NOTE 7.
Pension Plans and Other Postretirement Employee Benefits
The following tables detail the components of net periodic cost (benefit) of our pension plans and other postretirement employee benefits, or OPEB, for the quarters and nine months ended September 30:

Quarters ended September 30:

 
Pension Plans
 
Other Postretirement
Employee Benefits
(Dollars in thousands)
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
Service cost
$
1,309

 
$
1,114

 
$
71

 
$
112

Interest cost
4,997

 
5,331

 
620

 
871

Expected return on plan assets
(7,188
)
 
(7,951
)
 

 

Amortization of prior service cost (credit)
192

 
171

 
(2,336
)
 
(2,134
)
Amortization of actuarial loss
3,839

 
2,479

 
781

 
992

Net periodic cost (benefit)
$
3,149

 
$
1,144

 
$
(864
)
 
$
(159
)

Nine months ended September 30:

 
Pension Plans
 
Other Postretirement
Employee Benefits
(Dollars in thousands)
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
Service cost
$
3,928

 
$
3,342

 
$
213

 
$
335

Interest cost
14,990

 
15,994

 
1,859

 
2,614

Expected return on plan assets
(21,566
)
 
(23,853
)
 

 

Amortization of prior service cost (credit)
577

 
513

 
(7,111
)
 
(6,402
)
Amortization of actuarial loss
11,517

 
7,437

 
2,345

 
2,975

Net periodic cost (benefit)
$
9,446

 
$
3,433

 
$
(2,694
)
 
$
(478
)
Our minimum funding requirement for 2012 was $9.7 million. During the first quarter of 2012, we borrowed against our COLI plan, based on the cash surrender value that had accumulated over the years, to make a $21.6 million pension contribution. We contributed $9.3 million to our qualified salaried pension plan, $6.8 million to our qualified hourly pension plan and $5.5 million to our qualified non-represented pension plan, with $11.9 million being discretionary funding. We do not anticipate additional contributions to any of our qualified pension plans in 2012. During the nine months ended September 30, 2012, we made contributions of $1.3 million to our non-qualified supplemental pension plan.
The following table details the components of "Other comprehensive income, net of tax" on our Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income of our pension plans and OPEB for the quarters and nine months ended September 30:
 
Quarter Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
(Dollars in thousands)
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
Other comprehensive income, net of tax, related to:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Defined benefit pension plans
$
2,459

 
$
1,616

 
$
7,377

 
$
4,849

OPEB obligations
(948
)
 
(697
)
 
(2,906
)
 
(2,090
)
Other comprehensive income, net of tax
$
1,511

 
$
919

 
$
4,471

 
$
2,759



10



NOTE 8.
Financial Instruments
The following table presents the estimated fair values of our financial instruments as of the balance sheet dates:
 
 
September 30, 2012
 
December 31, 2011
(Dollars in thousands)
Carrying
Amount
 
Fair
Value
 
Carrying
Amount
 
Fair
Value
Cash, restricted cash and short-term investments (Level 1)
$
62,988

 
$
62,988

 
$
70,808

 
$
70,808

Net derivative asset related to interest rate swaps (Level 2)
3,170

 
3,170

 
2,409

 
2,409

Derivative asset related to lumber swap (Level 2)

 

 
480

 
480

Long-term debt, including current installments on long-term debt (including fair value adjustments related to fair value hedges) (Level 2)
345,721

 
361,111

 
366,403

 
373,791

FAIR VALUE HEDGES OF INTEREST RATE RISK
As of September 30, 2012, we had six separate interest rate swap agreements with notional amounts totaling $46.75 million, associated with our $22.5 million debentures and $24.25 million of our medium-term notes. The swaps convert interest payments with fixed rates between 6.95% and 8.89% to variable rates of three-month LIBOR plus spreads between 4.738% and 6.518%. The interest rate swaps terminate at various dates between December 2015 and February 2018.
No net unrealized gain or loss was recognized in income for all periods presented because we recognized no hedge ineffectiveness.
NON-DESIGNATED LUMBER SWAP
In February 2012, we entered into two commodity swap contracts for a total of 22,500 mbf (thousand board feet) of southern yellow pine, which settled during the second quarter of 2012. In September 2011, we entered into a commodity swap contract for 31,200 mbf of southern yellow pine with an effective date of November 1, 2011 and a termination date of February 29, 2012. In October 2010, we entered into a commodity swap contract for 14,300 mbf of southern yellow pine, which settled in the first quarter of 2011. Changes in the fair value of derivatives not designated in hedging relationships are recorded directly in net income. As of September 30, 2012 there were no outstanding lumber swap contracts.
The following table presents the fair values of derivative instruments as of the balance sheet dates:
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Balance Sheet Location
 
September 30,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
Fair Value of Derivative Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate contracts
Other assets (non-current)
 
$
3,170

 
$
2,409

Total derivatives designated as hedging instruments
 
 
$
3,170

 
$
2,409

 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
Lumber contracts
Receivables, net
 
$

 
$
480

Total derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
 
 
$

 
$
480


There were no derivatives recorded as liabilities as of September 30, 2012 or December 31, 2011.


11



The following table details the effect of derivatives on the Consolidated Statements of Income for the quarters and nine months ended September 30:
 
 
Location of Gain (Loss)
 Recognized in Income
 
Gain (Loss) Recognized in Income
 
 
 
Quarter Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
(Dollars in thousands)
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
Derivatives designated in fair value hedging relationships:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate contracts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Realized gain on hedging instrument(1)
Interest expense
 
$
213

 
$
255

 
$
646

 
$
791

Net gain recognized in income from fair value hedges
 
 
$
213

 
$
255

 
$
646

 
$
791

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lumber contracts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gain (loss) on derivative
Cost of goods sold
 
$

 
$
1,650

 
$
(480
)
 
$
4,401

Realized gain (loss) on derivative
Cost of goods sold
 

 
304

 
(396
)
 
553

Net gain (loss) recognized in income from derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
 
 
$

 
$
1,954

 
$
(876
)
 
$
4,954

 
(1) 
Realized gain on hedging instrument consists of net cash settlements and interest accruals on the interest rate swaps during the periods.

NOTE 9.
Commitments and Contingencies
In January 2007, the Environmental Protection Agency, or EPA, notified us that we are a potentially responsible party under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980, or CERCLA, and the Clean Water Act for cleanup of a site known as Avery Landing in northern Idaho. We own a portion of the land at the Avery Landing site, which we acquired in 1980 from the Milwaukee Railroad. The land we own at the site and adjacent properties were contaminated with petroleum as a result of the Milwaukee Railroad’s operations at the site prior to 1980. We entered into a consent order with the EPA in August 2008 to conduct an Engineering Evaluation/Cost Analysis, or EE/CA, study to determine the best means of addressing the contamination at the site. In January 2010, we submitted our draft EE/CA report to the EPA outlining various alternatives for addressing the contamination at the entire site. Ultimately, the EPA published a draft EE/CA report on January 26, 2011 for public comment. The EPA’s report focused on a limited number of remedial alternatives which range in cost from approximately $7.9 million to $10.5 million. The public comment period closed March 11, 2011. On July 5, 2011, the EPA issued an Action Memorandum for the Avery Landing Site selecting contaminant extraction and off-site disposal as the remedial alternative at an estimated cost of approximately $9.5 million. On April 12, 2012, the EPA issued a unilateral administrative order requiring us to remediate the portion of the Avery Landing site that we own. On May 23, 2012, we signed a consent order with the EPA pursuant to which the EPA agreed to suspend the unilateral administrative order and we agreed to provide 1.75 million in funding for EPA cleanup on a portion of our property (including the adjacent riverbank owned by the Idaho Department of Lands). The EPA may lift the suspension of the unilateral order at any time; however, we expect the suspension to be in effect until the end of 2012. As of September 30, 2012, after payment of $1.75 million to the EPA, we have accrued $4.25 million for this matter based upon the estimated cost of remediating the remainder of our property. We have reserved all of our rights to seek reimbursement for the costs of remediation from all parties potentially responsible.


12



NOTE 10.
Segment Information
The following table summarizes information by business segment for the quarters and nine months ended September 30:
 
Quarter Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
(Dollars in thousands)
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Resource
$
82,144

 
$
86,770

 
$
156,486

 
$
172,587

Real Estate
2,353

 
14,809

 
19,181

 
46,808

Wood Products
86,732

 
69,239

 
244,279

 
204,343

 
171,229

 
170,818

 
419,946

 
423,738

Elimination of intersegment revenues - Resource
(19,318
)
 
(17,927
)
 
(38,111
)
 
(36,244
)
Total consolidated revenues
$
151,911

 
$
152,891

 
$
381,835

 
$
387,494

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Resource
$
23,631

 
$
25,598

 
$
39,011

 
$
47,208

Real Estate
1,255

 
9,929

 
14,256

 
29,295

Wood Products
15,232

 
2,896

 
31,948

 
8,548

Eliminations and adjustments
(1,178
)
 
1,634

 
(106
)
 
4,160

 
38,940

 
40,057

 
85,109

 
89,211

Corporate
(16,457
)
 
(11,235
)
 
(45,780
)
 
(39,962
)
Income before income taxes
$
22,483

 
$
28,822

 
$
39,329

 
$
49,249

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Resource
$
6,061

 
$
6,519

 
$
12,071

 
$
13,851

Real Estate
9

 
21

 
27

 
21

Wood Products
1,507

 
1,925

 
5,013

 
5,906

 
7,577

 
8,465

 
17,111

 
19,778

Corporate
725

 
627

 
2,160

 
3,138

Total depreciation, depletion and amortization
$
8,302

 
$
9,092

 
$
19,271

 
$
22,916

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basis of real estate sold:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real Estate
$
397

 
$
2,714

 
$
1,806

 
$
13,287

Eliminations and adjustments
(16
)
 
(3,234
)
 
(183
)
 
(3,234
)
Total basis of real estate sold
$
381

 
$
(520
)
 
$
1,623

 
$
10,053





13



ITEM 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION
This report contains, in addition to historical information, certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including without limitation, statements regarding recognition of compensation costs relating to our performance shares and RSUs, contributions to our qualified pension plans, U.S. housing market conditions, housing starts and recovery, harvest deferrals, 2012 harvest levels, log prices, lumber demand, sales volumes and prices, seasonal conditions, business conditions for our business segments, wood products industry recovery, demand for our properties, Resource segment results, Wood Products segment results, Real Estate segment results, closing of a conservation-related sale and similar matters. Words such as “anticipate,” “expect,” “will,” “intend,” “plan,” “target,” “project,” “believe,” “seek,” “schedule,” “estimate,” “could,” “can,” “may” and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements reflect our current views regarding future events based on estimates and assumptions and are therefore subject to known and unknown risks and uncertainties and are not guarantees of future performance. Our actual results of operations could differ materially from our historical results or those expressed or implied by forward-looking statements contained in this report. For a nonexclusive listing of forward-looking statements and potential factors affecting our business, refer to “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Information” on page 1 and “Risk Factors” in Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.
Forward-looking statements contained in this report present our views only as of the date of this report. Except as required under applicable law, we do not intend to issue updates concerning any future revisions of our views to reflect events or circumstances occurring after the date of this report.


OVERVIEW
The operating results of our Resource, Real Estate and Wood Products business segments have been and will continue to be influenced by a variety of factors, including the cyclical nature of the forest products industry, which is largely dependent on the economy and U.S. housing starts, changes in timber prices and in harvest levels from our timberlands, competition, timberland valuations, demand for our non-strategic timberland for higher and better use purposes, the efficiency and level of capacity utilization of our wood products manufacturing operations, changes in our principal expenses such as log costs and fuel costs, asset dispositions or acquisitions, and other factors. The U.S. housing market remained weak going into the beginning of the year, with only slight improvements in housing starts expected through 2012. However, we are seeing and experiencing indications that the domestic housing market has finally bottomed and is headed toward a recovery.
Stronger than anticipated demand for manufactured wood products that began in the first quarter has continued to positively impact our operations through the third quarter, particularly in our Wood Products segment. Prices and sales volumes showed substantial improvement over the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2011. Lumber prices increased 21% and 13%, respectively, in the third quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2012 over the comparable 2011 periods. We increased our production and shipments in the first quarter to take advantage of the greater demand, and have continued operating at this higher level through the third quarter. This combination of factors resulted in our Wood Products segment having very strong operating results for both the third quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2012.
In late 2011 we announced a harvest deferral from 4.1 million tons to 3.5 million tons in 2012. As a result, total harvest volumes for the third quarter and first nine months of 2012 decreased 11% and 14%, respectively, from the comparable periods in 2011. Harvest volume variances and price changes vary between our Northern and Southern regions, and between sawlogs and pulpwood. As a result of the decreased harvest in 2012, there were reductions in depletion and logging and hauling expenses, but these were partially offset by the increased cost of fuel.
Our Real Estate segment had solid results for the first nine months of 2012, with a large number of rural real estate and higher and better use, or HBU, acres sold. The product type sales prices per acre were relatively consistent between periods for our rural real estate and HBU properties. Results decreased from comparable periods in 2011 because the product mix of real estate sales changed, away from the larger non-strategic timberland sales. However, the current product mix of sales represents a solid base for our Real Estate segment.
While the third quarter and year-to-date results from our Resource and Real Estate segments were below those of the comparable periods in 2011, they met or exceeded our expectations. In our Wood Products business, prices have begun their normal seasonal softening, but they remain well above the prices expected earlier in the year. We anticipate lumber prices will bottom out in the first half of the fourth quarter before beginning to climb again as we move closer to the end of the year. At this time we still expect our 2012 harvest to be approximately 3.5 million tons. Our Resource segment is beginning to benefit from the improved demand and higher lumber pricing in the wood products industry, particularly in Idaho. However, we expect

14



log prices to decrease slightly in the fourth quarter due to seasonal factors and product mix. Interest and demand for our rural real estate properties and non-strategic timberlands remain strong. We have an approximately 2,000-acre, $11 million conservation-related sale of HBU property scheduled before year-end, so we expect solid results from our Real Estate segment in the fourth quarter. Actual product-type mix and the mix among regions will continue to be large factors in the segment's operating results.


RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
We are a real estate investment trust, or REIT, with approximately 1.43 million acres of timberlands in Arkansas, Idaho and Minnesota. Through wholly owned taxable subsidiaries, which we refer to in this report as Potlatch TRS, we operate a real estate sales and development business and five manufacturing facilities that produce lumber and plywood.
Our business is organized into three reporting segments: Resource, Real Estate and Wood Products. Sales between segments are recorded as intersegment revenues based on prevailing market prices. Because our Resource segment supplies our Wood Products segment with a portion of its wood fiber needs, intersegment revenues can represent a significant portion of the Resource segment’s total revenues. Our other segments generally do not generate intersegment revenues.
In the period-to-period discussions of our results of operations below, when we discuss our consolidated revenues, contributions by each of the segments to our revenues are reported after elimination of intersegment revenues. In the “Discussion of Business Segments” sections below, segment revenues are presented before elimination of intersegment revenues.
Quarter Ended September 30, 2012 Compared to Quarter Ended September 30, 2011
The following table sets forth period-to-period changes in items included in our Consolidated Statements of Income for the quarters ended September 30:
(Dollars in thousands)
2012
 
2011
 
Increase
(Decrease)
Revenues
$
151,911

 
$
152,891

 
$
(980
)
Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of goods sold
109,806

 
108,420

 
1,386

Selling, general and administrative expenses
13,342

 
7,837

 
5,505

Asset impairment charge

 
1,180

 
(1,180
)
 
123,148

 
117,437

 
5,711

Operating income
28,763

 
35,454

 
(6,691
)
Interest expense, net
(6,280
)
 
(6,632
)
 
(352
)
Income before income taxes
22,483

 
28,822

 
(6,339
)
Income tax provision
(3,884
)
 
(3,223
)
 
661

Net income
$
18,599

 
$
25,599

 
$
(7,000
)

Revenues – Revenues decreased $1.0 million, or 1%, in the third quarter of 2012 from the same period in 2011, as a result of decreased revenues from our Real Estate and Resource segments, primarily due to fewer acres of real estate sold and our planned harvest deferral, respectively, partially offset by increased sales in our Wood Products segment. A more detailed discussion of revenues follows in “Discussion of Business Segments.”
Cost of goods sold – Cost of goods sold increased $1.4 million, or 1%, in the third quarter of 2012 over the third quarter of 2011, primarily due to increased log usage in the Wood Products segment due to increased production, partially offset by a lower basis of real estate sold and reduced logging and hauling costs and depletion resulting from the harvest deferral.
Selling, general and administrative expenses – Selling, general and administrative expenses increased $5.5 million, or 70%, in the third quarter of 2012 over the same period in 2011, primarily due to higher pension and OPEB expenses related to our legacy plans of $1.6 million and non-cash mark to market adjustments in our deferred compensation plans of $2.6 million.
Asset impairment charge – We recorded a $1.2 million asset impairment charge to reflect the markdown to fair value of a building that was listed for sale during the third quarter of 2011.

15



Interest expense, net – Net interest expense decreased $0.4 million, or 5%, in the third quarter of 2012 from the same period in 2011, primarily due to reduced interest expense associated with the maturity and redemption of $21.7 million of debt in the first half of 2012.
Income tax provision – For the quarters ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, we recorded income tax provisions related to Potlatch TRS of $3.9 million and $3.2 million, respectively, due to pre-tax income.


DISCUSSION OF BUSINESS SEGMENTS
 
 
Quarter Ended
 
 
 
September 30,
 
 
(Dollars in thousands)
2012
 
2011
 
Increase
(Decrease)
Segment Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
Resource
$
82,144

 
$
86,770

 
$
(4,626
)
Real Estate
2,353

 
14,809

 
(12,456
)
Wood Products
86,732

 
69,239

 
17,493

Total segment revenues, before eliminations
$
171,229

 
$
170,818

 
$
411

 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment Operating Income:
 
 
 
 
 
Resource
$
23,631

 
$
25,598

 
$
(1,967
)
Real Estate
1,255

 
9,929

 
(8,674
)
Wood Products
15,232

 
2,896

 
12,336

Total segment operating income, before eliminations and adjustments, and corporate items
$
40,118

 
$
38,423

 
$
1,695


Resource Segment – Revenues for the segment decreased $4.6 million, or 5%, during the third quarter of 2012 from the third quarter of 2011. Total harvest volumes decreased 11% in the third quarter of 2012 compared to the same quarter in 2011, due to the planned harvest deferral, primarily in our Southern region. These reduced volumes accounted for negative $9.7 million of the revenue variance, while slightly higher prices offset the volume variance by positive $4.9 million.
In our Northern region, total harvest volumes decreased 4% in the third quarter of 2012 from the third quarter of 2011 primarily due to the harvest deferral in 2012 and higher than normal harvest levels in the third quarter of 2011 when a portion of the harvest was shifted from our Southern region into Idaho to capture better pricing opportunities. In addition, the late spring break-up in Idaho in the second quarter of 2011 pushed additional harvest volume into the third quarter of 2011. As a result, sawlog volumes decreased 5% in the third quarter of 2012 compared to the same quarter in 2011. Sawlog prices increased 3%, primarily due to improved lumber prices. Northern pulpwood volumes remained flat between the periods, with Idaho maximizing production during the quarter due to increased pricing, while production in Minnesota decreased due to increased harvesting in the second quarter of 2012 as a result of unusually good spring weather. Pulpwood prices increased 4% due to stronger demand in Idaho than in 2011, partially offset by weaker demand in Minnesota due to the increased harvesting in the second quarter of 2012.
In our Southern region, total harvest volumes decreased 25% in the third quarter of 2012 from the same period in 2011. Sawlog volume decreased 35% due to the harvest deferral in 2012. Sawlog prices increased 4% as a result of a shift in product mix to higher priced hardwoods. Southern pulpwood volumes decreased 14% between the periods due to the harvest deferral in 2012, as well as increased volumes in the third quarter of 2011 as thinning operations on our pine plantations resulted in increased pulpwood volumes. Pulpwood prices increased 12% primarily due to a shift in product mix to more hardwoods and increased prices for both pine and hardwoods.
Expenses for the segment decreased $2.6 million, or 4%, during the third quarter of 2012 from the third quarter of 2011, primarily related to lower logging and hauling costs and depletion due to the decreased harvest levels. Operating income for our Resource segment decreased $2.0 million, or 8%, in the third quarter of 2012 from the same period in 2011.

16



The following table summarizes our harvest levels for the quarters ended September 30:
(Volume in tons)
2012
 
2011
Northern region
 
 
 
 
Sawlog
785,240

 
824,483

 
Pulpwood
123,420

 
122,947

 
Stumpage
6,717

 
6,063

 
  Total
915,377

 
953,493

 
 
 
 
 
Southern region
 
 
 
 
Sawlog
161,274

 
247,253

 
Pulpwood
213,092

 
247,668

 
Stumpage

 
7,312

 
  Total
374,366

 
502,233

 
 
 
 
 
Total harvest volume
1,289,743

 
1,455,726


Real Estate Segment – Revenues decreased $12.5 million, expenses decreased $3.8 million and operating income decreased $8.7 million in the third quarter of 2012 compared to the same period in 2011 as a result of fewer acres sold and the mix of types of acres sold. Results for the third quarter of 2011 included the third and final phase of a large non-strategic timberland and rural real estate land sale transaction in Idaho.
The following table summarizes our real estate sales for the quarters ended September 30:
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
Acres Sold
 
Average
Price/Acre
 
Acres Sold
 
Average
Price/Acre
Higher and better use (HBU)
280

 
$
2,444

 
966

 
$
2,074

Rural real estate
674

 
1,146

 
3,663

 
1,221

Non-strategic timberland
1,231

 
728

 
5,612

 
1,485

Total
2,185

 
 
 
10,241

 
 

Wood Products – Revenues for the segment increased $17.5 million, or 25%, in the third quarter of 2012 over the same period in 2011. Lumber prices and volumes increased 21% and 4%, respectively, over the previous year due to improved demand in the third quarter of 2012. Expenses for the segment increased $5.2 million, or 8%, in the third quarter of 2012 over the same quarter of 2011, primarily as a result of increased log usage, slightly higher log prices, and additional wages and benefits costs associated with increased production volume. There was no lumber hedge activity in the third quarter of 2012, but we recognized a benefit of $2.0 million from a mark to market adjustment in the third quarter of 2011. Operating income for the segment was $15.2 million for the third quarter of 2012 compared to $2.9 million in the third quarter of 2011.


17



Nine Months Ended September 30, 2012 Compared to Nine Months Ended September 30, 2011
The following table sets forth period-to-period changes in items included in our Consolidated Statements of Income for the nine months ended September 30:
(Dollars in thousands)
2012
 
2011
 
Increase
(Decrease)
Revenues
$
381,835

 
$
387,494

 
$
(5,659
)
Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of goods sold
287,469

 
287,473

 
(4
)
Selling, general and administrative expenses
35,994

 
28,469

 
7,525

Asset impairment charge

 
1,180

 
(1,180
)
 
323,463

 
317,122

 
6,341

Operating income
58,372

 
70,372

 
(12,000
)
Interest expense, net
(19,043
)
 
(21,123
)
 
(2,080
)
Income before income taxes
39,329

 
49,249

 
(9,920
)
Income tax provision
(10,599
)
 
(7,505
)
 
3,094

Net income
$
28,730

 
$
41,744

 
$
(13,014
)

Revenues – Revenues decreased $5.7 million, or 1%, in the nine months ended September 30, 2012 from the same period in 2011, as a result of decreased revenues from our Real Estate and Resource segments, primarily due to fewer acres of real estate sold and our planned harvest deferral, respectively, partially offset by increased sales in our Wood Products segment. A more detailed discussion of revenues follows in “Discussion of Business Segments.”
Cost of goods sold – Cost of goods sold was basically unchanged between the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011. In our Resource segment, logging and hauling costs and depletion decreased as a result of the harvest deferral, but were partially offset by higher fuel costs, and in our Real Estate segment, costs decreased due to a lower basis of real estate sold. These decreases were offset by increased log usage in the Wood Products segment due to increased production.
Selling, general and administrative expenses – Selling, general and administrative expenses increased $7.5 million, or 26%, in the nine months ended September 30, 2012 over the same period in 2011, primarily due to higher legacy employee compensation related expenses of $4.7 million and non-cash mark to market adjustments in our deferred compensation plans of $2.1 million.
Asset impairment charge – We recorded a $1.2 million asset impairment charge to reflect the markdown to fair value of a building that was listed for sale during the third quarter of 2011.
Interest expense, net – Net interest expense decreased $2.1 million, or 10%, in the nine months ended September 30, 2012 from the same period in 2011, primarily due to a $1.2 million non-cash charge for deferred costs related to the reduction in our revolving credit facility in the first quarter of 2011 and reduced interest expense associated with the maturity and redemption of $21.7 million of debt in the first half of 2012.
Income tax provision – For the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, we recorded income tax provisions related to Potlatch TRS of $10.5 million and $7.5 million, respectively, due to pre-tax income. For the nine months ended September 30, 2012, we recorded income tax expense of $0.1 million related to the sale of REIT properties.




18



DISCUSSION OF BUSINESS SEGMENTS
 
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
 
September 30,
 
 
(Dollars in thousands)
2012
 
2011
 
Increase
(Decrease)
Segment Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
Resource
$
156,486

 
$
172,587

 
$
(16,101
)
Real Estate
19,181

 
46,808

 
(27,627
)
Wood Products
244,279

 
204,343

 
39,936

Total segment revenues, before eliminations
$
419,946

 
$
423,738

 
$
(3,792
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment Operating Income:
 
 
 
 
 
Resource
$
39,011

 
$
47,208

 
$
(8,197
)
Real Estate
14,256

 
29,295

 
(15,039
)
Wood Products
31,948

 
8,548

 
23,400

Total segment operating income, before eliminations and adjustments, and corporate items
$
85,215

 
$
85,051

 
$
164


Resource Segment – Revenues for the segment decreased $16.1 million, or 9%, during the first nine months of 2012 from the same period in 2011, as total harvest volumes decreased 14% as a result of the harvest deferral, partially offset by increased prices. The reduced volumes accounted for a negative $23.0 million variance, offset by a positive pricing variance of $6.9 million.
In our Northern region, total harvest volumes decreased 6% in the first nine months of 2012 from the same period in 2011. Sawlog volumes decreased 7%, primarily due to the harvest deferral in 2012. Sawlog prices increased 2%, primarily due to improved lumber prices. Northern pulpwood prices increased 8% due to a general increase in demand, which resulted in a 1% increase in volumes.
In our Southern region, total harvest volumes decreased 25% in the first nine months of 2012 from the same period in 2011. Sawlog volumes and prices decreased 34% and 3%, respectively, primarily due to the harvest deferral. Southern pulpwood volumes decreased 14% between periods due to the harvest deferral, as well as increased volumes in the third quarter of 2011 as thinning operations on our pine plantations resulted in increased pulpwood volumes. A shift to higher priced hardwoods and increased prices for both pine and hardwoods resulted in a 6% increase in pulpwood prices.
Expenses for the segment decreased $7.9 million, or 6%, during the first nine months of 2012 compared to the same period of 2011, primarily related to lower logging and hauling costs and depletion due to the decreased harvest levels, partially offset by the increased cost of fuel. Operating income for our Resource segment decreased $8.2 million, or 17%, in the first nine months of 2012 from the same period of 2011.

19



The following table summarizes our harvest levels for the nine months ended September 30:

(Volume in tons)
2012
 
2011
Northern region
 
 
 
 
Sawlog
1,445,772

 
1,546,925

 
Pulpwood
268,256

 
264,532

 
Stumpage
34,016

 
38,619

 
  Total
1,748,044

 
1,850,076

 
 
 
 
 
Southern region
 
 
 
 
Sawlog
445,834

 
672,557

 
Pulpwood
517,215

 
600,043

 
Stumpage

 
15,006

 
  Total
963,049

 
1,287,606

 
 
 
 
 
Total harvest volume
2,711,093

 
3,137,682


Real Estate Segment – Revenues decreased $27.6 million, expenses decreased $12.6 million and operating income decreased $15.0 million in the first nine months of 2012 compared to the same period in 2011 as a result of fewer acres sold and the mix of types of acres sold. The results for the first nine months of 2011 included four large non-strategic timberland and rural real estate sales in Idaho. The product type sales prices per acre were relatively consistent between periods for HBU and rural real estate properties.
The following table summarizes our real estate sales for the nine months ended September 30:
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
Acres Sold
 
Average
Price/Acre
 
Acres Sold
 
Average
Price/Acre
Higher and better use (HBU)
4,238

 
$
1,985

 
2,126

 
$
2,031

Rural real estate
7,346

 
1,165

 
8,294

 
1,244

Non-strategic timberland
3,312

 
668

 
23,859

 
1,348

Total
14,896

 
 
 
34,279

 
 

Wood Products – Revenues for the segment increased $39.9 million, or 20%, in the first nine months of 2012 over the same period in 2011 as a result of both increased sales volumes and prices. Lumber prices and volumes increased 13% and 9%, respectively, over the previous year due to improved demand. Expenses for the segment increased $16.5 million, or 8%, in the first nine months of 2012 over the same period in 2011, primarily as a result of increased log usage, slightly higher log prices and additional wages and benefits costs associated with increased production volume. The net effect of our lumber hedge was $0.9 million of expense in the first nine months of 2012 compared to $5.0 million of income in the 2011 period. Operating income for the segment was $31.9 million for the first nine months of 2012 compared to $8.5 million in the first nine months of 2011.


LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
At September 30, 2012, our financial position included long-term debt of $345.7 million compared to $366.4 million at December 31, 2011. Stockholders’ equity for the first nine months of 2012 decreased $2.3 million primarily due to the payment of our quarterly cash distributions to common stockholders totaling $37.5 million, partially offset by net income of $28.7 million. The ratio of long-term debt to stockholders’ equity was 2.5 to 1 at September 30, 2012 compared to 2.6 to 1 at December 31, 2011.



20



Working capital totaled $63.3 million at September 30, 2012, an increase of $6.1 million from the December 31, 2011 balance of $57.2 million. The significant changes in the components of working capital are as follows:
The current portion of long-term debt decreased $13.2 million due to the maturity and redemption of $21.7 million of debt in the first half of 2012, partially offset by the scheduled maturity of $8.4 million of debt in August 2013.
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities increased $11.1 million as a result of higher trade payables due to increased logging activities, plus accruals for interest and non-income tax payments.
Receivables increased $11.0 million primarily due to increased trade receivables due to the seasonal effects in the Resource segment and increased Wood Products sales.
Cash and short-term investments decreased $8.3 million primarily due to the payment of our quarterly cash distributions to common stockholders totaling $37.5 million and the redemption of debt mentioned above, partially offset by the additional cash generated by our improved business results.
Inventories increased $0.8 million due to increased production of our manufactured wood products during the first nine months of 2012 that resulted in a $1.2 million increase in our lumber and manufactured wood products inventory, offset by a $0.7 million reduction in our log inventory.

Cash Flows Summary
The following table presents information regarding our cash flows for the nine months ended September 30:
(Dollars in thousands)
2012
 
2011
Net cash provided by operating activities
$
43,033

 
$
72,106

Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities
18,225

 
(2,898
)
Net cash used for financing activities
(60,044
)
 
(68,584
)
Increase in cash
1,214

 
624

Cash at beginning of period
7,819

 
5,593

Cash at end of period
$
9,033

 
$
6,217


Net cash provided by operating activities for the first nine months of 2012 totaled $43.0 million, compared to $72.1 million for the same period in 2011. The decrease between periods was primarily due to increased funding of our qualified pension plans, the decrease in cash generated from real estate sales and lower net income in the first nine months of 2012 compared to the same period in 2011.
Net cash provided by investing activities totaled $18.2 million for the first nine months of 2012. Net cash used for investing activities totaled $2.9 million for the first nine months of 2011. During the first nine months of 2012, we borrowed $21.8 million against our COLI plan, based on the cash surrender value that had accumulated over the years, to fund our 2012 pension contributions. In addition, a $9.6 million net decrease in short-term investments was partially offset by $11.9 million of capital expenditures. In the first nine months of 2011, $12.1 million of capital expenditures was partially offset by a $10.6 million net decrease in short-term investments. Capital expenditures in both periods were primarily for reforestation activities and routine general replacement projects associated with our wood products manufacturing facilities.
Net cash used for financing activities totaled $60.0 million and $68.6 million for the first nine months of 2012 and 2011, respectively. Net cash used for financing activities in the first nine months of 2012 was primarily for payment of our quarterly cash distributions to common stockholders of $37.5 million and debt maturities and redemptions of $21.7 million. Net cash used for financing activities in the first nine months of 2011 was primarily for payment of our quarterly cash distributions to common stockholders of $61.5 million and a debt maturity and redemption of $5.0 million.
As of September 30, 2012, there were no borrowings outstanding under the revolving line of credit, and approximately $1.9 million of the letter of credit subfacility was being used to support several outstanding letters of credit. Available borrowing capacity at September 30, 2012 was $148.1 million.

21



The following table sets forth the most restrictive covenants in the bank credit facility and our status with respect to these covenants as of September 30, 2012:
 
Covenant Requirement
 
Actual at
September 30, 2012
Minimum Interest Coverage Ratio
2.00 to 1.00
 
3.38 to 1.00
Minimum Collateral Coverage Ratio
3.00 to 1.00
 
3.62 to 1.00
Maximum Funded Indebtedness to Capitalization Ratio
70.0%
 
55.5%
Minimum Liquidity Requirement
$60.0 million
 
$210.5 million

Our senior notes contain covenants that limit our ability to distribute cash to our shareholders, such as through the payment of dividends and repurchase of our capital stock, unless certain financial conditions are met. Our cumulative Funds Available for Distribution, or FAD, as defined in the covenant, less our dividends paid was $28.4 million at September 30, 2012. The remaining balance available for the payment of future dividends pursuant to the covenant was $90.1 million at September 30, 2012.
Contractual Obligations
There have been no material changes to our contractual obligations in the nine months ended September 30, 2012 outside the ordinary course of business.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We currently are not a party to off-balance sheet arrangements that would require disclosure under this section.

ITEM 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
In February 2012, we entered into two lumber swap contracts to mitigate commodity price risk related to sales by our Wood Products segment. These contracts cash settled during the second quarter of 2012. See Note 8 to the consolidated financial statements for additional information about the lumber commodity swaps.
Other than for the lumber commodity swaps above, our exposures to market risk have not changed materially since December 31, 2011. For quantitative and qualitative disclosures about market risk, see Item 7A – “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure about Market Risk” in our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

ITEM 4.
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
We conducted an evaluation (pursuant to Rule 13a-15(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, or the Exchange Act), under the supervision and with the participation of management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e)) as of September 30, 2012. These disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports that are filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission's rules and forms. Our disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that this information is accumulated and communicated to management, including the principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Based on the evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that these disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of September 30, 2012.
There are inherent limitations to the effectiveness of any system of disclosure controls and procedures, including the possibility of human error and the circumvention or overriding of the controls and procedures. Accordingly, even effective disclosure controls and procedures can only provide reasonable assurance of achieving their control objectives.
Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
In the nine months ended September 30, 2012 there were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that would materially affect or are reasonably likely to materially affect our internal control over financial reporting.


22



Part II

ITEM 1.
Legal Proceedings
Other than the environmental matter described in Note 9 to the consolidated financial statements included in this report, we believe there is no pending or threatened litigation that would have a material adverse effect on our financial position, operations or liquidity.

ITEM 1A.
Risk Factors
There have been no material changes in the risk factors previously disclosed in “Risk Factors” in Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.

ITEM 6.
Exhibits
The exhibit index is located on page 25 of this Form 10-Q.

23



SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
 
POTLATCH CORPORATION
 
 
(Registrant)
 
 
 
 
 
 
By
  /s/ Eric J. Cremers
 
 
 
Eric J. Cremers
 
 
 
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
 
 
 
(Duly Authorized; Principal Financial Officer)
 
 
 
 
 
 
By
  /s/ Terry L. Carter
 
 
 
Terry L. Carter
 
 
 
Controller and Treasurer
 
 
 
(Duly Authorized; Principal Accounting Officer)
Date:
October 23, 2012
 
 

24



POTLATCH CORPORATION AND CONSOLIDATED SUBSIDIARIES
EXHIBIT INDEX
 
EXHIBIT
NUMBER
 
DESCRIPTION
 
 
 
(3)(a)*
 
Second Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Registrant, effective February 3, 2006, filed as Exhibit 99.2 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed by the Registrant on February 6, 2006.
 
 
 
(3)(b)*
 
Bylaws of the Registrant, as amended through February 18, 2009, filed as Exhibit (3)(b) to the Current Report on Form 8K filed by the Registrant on February 20, 2009.
 
 
 
(4)
 
Registrant undertakes to furnish to the Commission, upon request, any instrument defining the rights of holders of long-term debt.
 
 
 
(31)
 
Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certifications.
 
 
 
(32)
 
Furnished statements of the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer under 18 U.S.C. Section 1350.
 
 
 
101
 
The following financial information from Potlatch Corporation’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2012, filed on October 23, 2012, formatted in XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language): (i) the Consolidated Statements of Income for the quarters and nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, (ii) the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the quarters and nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, (iii) the Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, (iv) the Consolidated Condensed Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, and (v) the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.


 *    Incorporated by reference


25

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