|• RADIO ONE, INC. FORM 10-Q JUNE 30, 2012 • EXHIBIT 31.1 JUNE 30, 2012 • EXHIBIT 31.2 JUNE 30, 2012 • EXHIBIT 32.1 JUNE 30, 2012 • EXHIBIT 32.2 JUNE 30, 2012 • RADIO ONE, INC. FORM 10-Q JUNE 30, 2012 PDF COPY|
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2012
Commission File No. 0-25969
RADIO ONE, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
1010 Wayne Avenue,
Silver Spring, Maryland 20910
(Address of principal executive offices)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer o Accelerated filer o Non-accelerated filer þ
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Yes o No þ
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
Unless otherwise noted, throughout this report, the terms “Radio One,” “the Company,” “we,” “our” and “us” refer to Radio One, Inc. together with its subsidiaries.
Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This document contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These forward-looking statements do not relay historical facts, but rather reflect our current expectations concerning future operations, results and events. All statements other than statements of historical fact are “forward-looking statements” including any projections of earnings, revenues or other financial items; any statements of the plans, strategies and objectives of management for future operations; any statements concerning proposed new services or developments; any statements regarding future economic conditions or performance; any statements of belief; and any statements of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing. You can identify some of these forward-looking statements by our use of words such as “anticipates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “likely,” “may,” “estimates” and similar expressions. You can also identify a forward-looking statement in that such statements discuss matters in a way that anticipates operations, results or events that have not already occurred but rather will or may occur in future periods. We cannot guarantee that we will achieve any forward-looking plans, intentions, results, operations or expectations. Because these statements apply to future events, they are subject to risks and uncertainties, some of which are beyond our control that could cause actual results to differ materially from those forecasted or anticipated in the forward-looking statements. These risks, uncertainties and factors include (in no particular order), but are not limited to:
You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which reflect our views as of the date of this report. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements because of new information, future events or otherwise.
RADIO ONE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
RADIO ONE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
RADIO ONE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
RADIO ONE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY AND NONCONTROLLING INTEREST
FOR THE SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2012
RADIO ONE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
RADIO ONE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
1. ORGANIZATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES:
Radio One, Inc. (a Delaware corporation referred to as “Radio One”) and its subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company”) is an urban-oriented, multi-media company that primarily targets African-American and urban consumers. Our core business is our radio broadcasting franchise that is the largest radio broadcasting operation that primarily targets African-American and urban listeners. We currently own and/or operate 54 broadcast stations located in 16 urban markets in the United States. While our primary source of revenue is the sale of local and national advertising for broadcast on our radio stations, our operating strategy is to operate the premier multi-media entertainment and information content provider targeting African-American and urban consumers. Thus, we have diversified our revenue streams by making acquisitions and investments in other complementary media properties. Our other media interests include our approximately 51.0% (see Note 3 — Acquisitions) controlling ownership interest in TV One, LLC (“TV One”), an African-American targeted cable television network that we invested in with an affiliate of Comcast Corporation and other investors; our 53.5% ownership interest in Reach Media, Inc. (“Reach Media”), which operates the Tom Joyner Morning Show; our ownership of Interactive One, LLC (“Interactive One”), an online platform serving the African-American community through social content, news, information, and entertainment, which operates a number of branded sites, including News One, UrbanDaily and HelloBeautiful; and our ownership of Community Connect, LLC (formerly Community Connect Inc.) (“CCI”), an online social networking company, which operates a number of branded websites, including BlackPlanet, MiGente and Asian Avenue. CCI is included within the operations of Interactive One. Through our national multi-media presence, we provide advertisers with a unique and powerful delivery mechanism to the African-American and urban audience.
As of June 2011, our remaining Boston radio station was made the subject of a local marketing agreement (“LMA”) whereby we have made available, for a fee, air time on this station to another party. The remaining assets and liabilities of stations sold or stations that we do not operate that are the subject of an LMA, have been classified as discontinued operations as of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011. Thus, the Boston station’s results from operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, have been classified as discontinued operations in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
As part of our consolidated financial statements, consistent with our financial reporting structure and how the Company currently manages its businesses, we have provided selected financial information for the Company’s four reportable segments: (i) Radio Broadcasting; (ii) Reach Media; (iii) Internet; and (iv) Cable Television (See Note 12 – Segment Information.)
(b) Interim Financial Statements
The interim consolidated financial statements included herein have been prepared by the Company, without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). In management’s opinion, the interim financial data presented herein include all adjustments (which include only normal recurring adjustments) necessary for a fair presentation. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations.
Results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the full year. This Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
(c) Financial Instruments
Financial instruments as of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 consisted of cash and cash equivalents, investments, trade accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued expenses, note payable, long-term debt and redeemable noncontrolling interest. The carrying amounts approximated fair value for each of these financial instruments as of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively, except for the Company’s outstanding senior subordinated notes. The 63/8% Senior Subordinated Notes due February 2013 had a carrying value of $747,000 and a fair value of approximately $545,000 as of June 30, 2012, and a carrying value of $747,000 and a fair value of approximately $710,000 as of December 31, 2011. The 121/2%/15% Senior Subordinated Notes due May 2016 had a carrying value of approximately $327.0 million and a fair value of approximately $261.6 million as of June 30, 2012, and a carrying value of approximately $312.8 million and a fair value of approximately $262.2 million as of December 31, 2011. The fair values, classified as Level 2, were determined based on the trading values of these instruments as of the reporting date.
(d) Revenue Recognition
Within our radio broadcasting and Reach Media segments, the Company recognizes revenue for broadcast advertising when a commercial is broadcast and is reported, net of agency and outside sales representative commissions, in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 605, “Revenue Recognition.” Agency and outside sales representative commissions are calculated based on a stated percentage applied to gross billing. Generally, clients remit the gross billing amount to the agency or outside sales representative, and the agency or outside sales representative remits the gross billing, less their commission, to the Company. For our radio broadcasting and Reach Media segments, agency and outside sales representative commissions were approximately $9.2 million and $8.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Agency and outside sales representative commissions were approximately $16.4 million and $15.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
Interactive One generates the majority of the Company’s internet revenue, and derives such revenue principally from advertising services, including advertising aimed at diversity recruiting. Advertising services include the sale of banner and sponsorship advertisements. Advertising revenue is recognized either as impressions (the number of times advertisements appear in viewed pages) are delivered, when “click through” purchases or leads are reported, or ratably over the contract period, where applicable.
TV One, the driver of revenues in our Cable Television segment, derives advertising revenue from the sale of television air time to advertisers and recognizes revenue when the advertisements are run. TV One also receives affiliate fees and records revenue during the term of various affiliation agreements at levels appropriate for the most recent subscriber counts reported by the applicable affiliate.
(e) Barter Transactions
The Company provides advertising time in exchange for programming content and certain services and accounts for these exchanges in accordance with ASC 605, “Revenue Recognition.” The terms of these exchanges generally permit the Company to preempt such time in favor of advertisers who purchase time in exchange for cash. The Company includes the value of such exchanges in both net revenue and station operating expenses. The valuation of barter time is based upon the fair value of the network advertising time provided for the programming content and services received. For the three months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, barter transaction revenues were $711,000 and $761,000, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, barter transaction revenues were approximately $1.4 million and $1.6 million, respectively. Additionally, barter transaction costs were reflected in programming and technical expenses and selling, general and administrative expenses of $670,000 and $698,000 and $41,000 and $63,000, for the three months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, barter transaction costs were reflected in programming and technical expenses and selling, general and administrative expenses of approximately $1.4 million and $1.5 million and $83,000 and $129,000, respectively.
(f) Earnings Per Share
Basic earnings per share is computed on the basis of the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed on the basis of the weighted average number of shares of common stock plus the effect of dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period using the treasury stock method. The Company’s potentially dilutive securities include stock options and restricted stock. Diluted earnings per share considers the impact of potentially dilutive securities except in periods in which there is a net loss, as the inclusion of the potentially dilutive common shares would have an anti-dilutive effect.
The following table sets forth the calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share (in thousands, except share and per share data):
All stock options and restricted stock awards were excluded from the diluted calculation for the six months ended June 30, 2012, as their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive. The following table summarizes the potential common shares excluded from the diluted calculation.
We report our financial and non-financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring and non-recurring basis under the provisions of ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures.” ASC 820 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and expands disclosures about fair value measurements.
The fair value framework requires the categorization of assets and liabilities into three levels based upon the assumptions (inputs) used to price the assets or liabilities. Level 1 provides the most reliable measure of fair value, whereas Level 3 generally requires significant management judgment. The three levels are defined as follows:
As of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the fair values of our financial assets and liabilities are categorized as follows:
The following table presents the changes in Level 3 liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011:
Gains (losses) included in earnings were recorded in the consolidated statement of operations as corporate selling, general and administrative expenses for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011.
For Level 3 assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of June 30, 2012, the significant unobservable inputs used in the fair value measurements were as follows:
Any significant increases or decreases in significant inputs could result in significantly higher or lower fair value measurements.
Certain assets and liabilities are measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis using Level 3 inputs as defined in ASC 820. These assets are not measured at fair value on an ongoing basis but are subject to fair value adjustments only in certain circumstances. Included in this category are goodwill, radio broadcasting licenses and other intangible assets, net, that are written down to fair value when they are determined to be impaired, as well as content assets that are periodically written down to net realizable value. The Company concluded these assets were not impaired during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively, and therefore, these assets were reported at carrying value as opposed to fair value. The Company recorded impairment of $313,000 related to our Charlotte radio broadcasting licenses during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012.
In May 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-04, which provides a consistent definition of fair value and ensures that the fair value measurement and disclosure requirements are similar between GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards. ASU 2011-04 changes certain fair value measurement principles and enhances the disclosure requirements particularly for level 3 fair value measurements. The Company adopted this guidance on January 1, 2012, and it did not have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.
In September 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-08, which provides companies with an option to perform a qualitative assessment that may allow them to skip the two-step impairment test. ASU 2011-08 amends existing guidance by giving an entity the option to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. If this is the case, companies will need to perform a more detailed two-step goodwill impairment test which is used to identify potential goodwill impairments and to measure the amount of goodwill impairment losses to be recognized, if any. ASU 2011-08 is effective for annual and interim goodwill impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011. The Company adopted this guidance on January 1, 2012 and it did not have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.
In June 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-05, “Presentation of Comprehensive Income,” which was subsequently modified in December 2011 by ASU 2011-12, “Deferral of the Effective Date for Amendments to the Presentation of Reclassifications of Items Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income in Accounting Standards Update No. 2011-05.” This ASU amends existing presentation and disclosure requirements concerning comprehensive income, most significantly by requiring that comprehensive income be presented with net income in a continuous financial statement, or in a separate but consecutive financial statement. The provisions of this ASU (as modified) are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2011. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company's financial statements, other than presentation and disclosure.
(i) Liquidity and Uncertainties Related to Going Concern
On March 31, 2011, the Company entered into a new senior credit facility (the “2011 Credit Agreement”). Under the 2011 Credit Agreement, beginning June 30, 2011, the Company became required to maintain compliance with certain financial ratios (as detailed in Note 9 — Long-Term Debt below). Based on our current projections, we expect to be in compliance with these financial ratios and other covenants over the next twelve months.
(j) Redeemable noncontrolling interest
Redeemable noncontrolling interest is an interest in a subsidiary that is redeemable outside of the Company’s control either for cash or other assets. This interest is classified as mezzanine equity and measured at the greater of estimated redemption value at the end of each reporting period or the historical cost basis of the noncontrolling interests adjusted for cumulative earnings allocations. The resulting increases or decreases in the estimated redemption amount are affected by corresponding charges against retained earnings, or in the absence of retained earnings, additional paid-in-capital.
Investments consist primarily of corporate fixed maturity securities and government sponsored enterprise mortgage-backed securities.
Investments with original maturities in excess of three months and less than one year are classified as short-term investments. Long-term investments have original maturities in excess of one year.
Debt securities are classified as “available-for-sale” and reported at fair value. Investments in available-for-sale fixed maturity securities are classified as either current or noncurrent assets based on their contractual maturities. Fixed maturity securities are carried at estimated fair value based on quoted market prices for the same or similar instruments. Investment income is recognized when earned and reported net of investment expenses. Unrealized gains and losses are excluded from earnings and are reported as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) until realized, unless the losses are deemed to be other than temporary. Realized gains or losses, including any provision for other-than-temporary declines in value, are included in the statements of operations. For purposes of computing realized gains and losses, the specific-identification method of determining cost was used.
Evaluating Investments for Other than Temporary Impairments
The Company periodically performs evaluations, on a lot-by-lot and security-by-security basis, of its investment holdings in accordance with its impairment policy to evaluate whether any declines in the fair value of investments are other than temporary. This evaluation consists of a review of several factors, including but not limited to: length of time and extent that a security has been in an unrealized loss position, the existence of an event that would impair the issuer’s future earnings potential, and the near-term prospects for recovery of the market value of a security. The FASB has issued guidance for recognition and presentation of other than temporary impairment (“OTTI”), or FASB OTTI guidance. Accordingly, any credit-related impairment of fixed maturity securities that the Company does not intend to sell, and is not likely to be required to sell, is recognized in the consolidated statements of operations, with the noncredit-related impairment recognized in other comprehensive loss.
For fixed maturity securities where fair value is less than amortized cost, and where the securities are not deemed to be credit-impaired, the Company has asserted that it has no intent to sell and that it believes it is more likely than not that it will not be required to sell the investment before recovery of its amortized cost basis. If such an assertion had not been made, the security’s decline in fair value would be deemed to be other than temporary and the entire difference between fair value and amortized cost would be recognized in the statements of income.
For fixed maturity securities, a critical component of the evaluation for OTTI is the identification of credit-impaired securities, where the Company does not expect to receive cash flows sufficient to recover the entire amortized cost basis of the security. The difference between the present value of projected future cash flows expected to be collected and the amortized cost basis is recognized as credit-related OTTI in the statements of income. If fair value is less than the present value of projected future cash flows expected to be collected, the portion of OTTI related to other than credit factors is reduced in accumulated other comprehensive income.
In order to determine the amount of credit loss for a fixed maturity security, the Company calculates the recovery value by performing a discounted cash flow analysis based on the present value of future cash flows expected to be received. The discount rate is generally the effective interest rate of the fixed maturity security prior to impairment.
When determining the collectability and the period over which the fixed maturity security is expected to recover, the Company considers the same factors utilized in its overall impairment evaluation process described above.
The Company believes that it has adequately reviewed its investment securities for OTTI and that its investment securities are carried at fair value. However, over time, the economic and market environment (including any ratings change for any such securities, including US treasury securities and corporate bonds) may provide additional insight regarding the fair value of certain securities, which could change management’s judgment regarding OTTI. This could result in realized losses relating to other than temporary declines being charged against future income. Given the judgments involved, there is a continuing risk that further declines in fair value may occur and material OTTI may be recorded in future periods.
(l) Launch Support
TV One has entered into certain affiliate agreements requiring various payments by TV One for launch support. Launch assets are assets used to initiate carriage under new affiliation agreements and are amortized over the term of the respective contracts. Amortization is recorded as a reduction to revenue to the extent that revenue is recognized from the vendor, and any excess amortization is recorded as launch support amortization expense. The weighted-average amortization period for launch support is approximately 3.6 years. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, launch asset amortization of approximately $2.4 million and $4.9 million, respectively, was recorded as a reduction in revenue. For each of the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2011, launch amortization of approximately $2.1 million was recorded as a reduction in revenue.
(m) Content Assets
TV One has entered into contracts to acquire entertainment programming rights and programs from distributors and producers. The license periods granted in these contracts generally run from one year to perpetuity. Contract payments are made in installments over terms that are generally shorter than the contract period. Each contract is recorded as an asset and a liability at an amount equal to its gross contractual commitment when the license period begins and the program is available for its first airing.
Program rights are recorded at the lower of amortized cost or estimated net realizable value. Program rights are amortized based on the greater of the usage of the program or term of license. Estimated net realizable values are based on the estimated revenues directly associated with the program materials and related expenses. The Company recorded an additional $508,000 of amortization expense as a result of evaluating its contracts for recoverability for the three months ended June 30, 2012. All produced and licensed content is classified as a long-term asset, except for the portion of the unamortized content balance that will be amortized within one year as it is classified as a current asset.
2. RESTATEMENT OF CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS:
In its previously filed consolidated financial statements, the Company improperly classified cash payments for TV One content assets as investing activities rather than operating activities in its consolidated statements of cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2011 and all interim periods within that year after the first quarter of 2011 and the three month period ended March 31, 2012. The classification errors had no effect on the reported changes in cash and cash equivalents in any period, and also had no effect on the consolidated balance sheets, the consolidated statements of operations, or the consolidated statements of stockholders’ equity for any period. The reclassification adjustment will decrease cash flows from operating activities and increase cash flows from investing activities by approximately $10.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012, by approximately $23.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2011 and by approximately $2.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2011.
The following table summarizes the effects of the restatement adjustments on the consolidated statements of cash flows (in thousands):
On February 25, 2011, TV One completed a privately placed debt offering of $119 million (the “Redemption Financing”). The Redemption Financing is structured as senior secured notes bearing a 10% coupon and due in 2016. Subsequently, on February 28, 2011, TV One utilized $82.4 million of the Redemption Financing to repurchase 15.4% of its outstanding membership interests from certain of its financial investors and 2.0% of its outstanding membership interests held by TV One management (representing approximately 50% of interests held by management). Beginning on April 14, 2011, the Company began to account for TV One on a consolidated basis after having executed an amendment to the TV One operating agreement with the remaining members of TV One concerning certain governance issues. The Company’s preliminary purchase price allocation consisted of approximately $61.2 million to current assets, $39.0 million to launch assets, $2.4 million to fixed assets, $204.1 million to indefinite-lived intangibles (goodwill and TV One brand), $287.3 million to definite-lived intangibles (content assets, acquired advertising contracts, advertiser relationships, affiliation agreements, etc.), $225.7 million to liabilities (including the $119.0 million in debt discussed above) and $203.0 million in noncontrolling interests. In accordance with accounting standards applicable to business combinations, the Company recorded the assets and liabilities of TV One at fair value as of April 14, 2011. The Company recognized an after-tax gain of approximately $146.9 million during the second quarter of 2011 associated with the transaction. The gain is computed as the difference between the carrying value of the Company’s investment in TV One prior to date of consolidation and the fair value of the Company’s interest in TV One as of the consolidation date. Finally, on April 25, 2011, TV One utilized the balance of the Redemption Financing to repurchase 12.4% of its outstanding membership interests from DIRECTV. These redemptions by TV One increased the Company’s ownership interest in TV One from 36.8% to approximately 50.9% as of April 25, 2011. Subsequent to April 2011, our ownership in TV One increased to approximately 51.0% after a redemption of certain management interests.
The following unaudited pro forma summary presents consolidated information of the Company as if the consolidation of TV One had occurred on January 1, 2011. The pro forma financial information gives effect to the Company’s consolidation of TV One by the application of the pro forma adjustments to the historical consolidated financial statements of the Company. Such unaudited pro forma financial information is based on the historical financial statements of the Company and TV One and certain adjustments, which the Company believes to be reasonable based on current available information, to give effect to these transactions. Pro forma adjustments were made from January 1, 2011 up to the date of the consolidation with the actual results reflected thereafter in the pro forma financial information.
The unaudited pro forma condensed consolidated financial data does not purport to represent what the Company’s results of operations actually would have been if the consolidation of TV One had occurred on January 1, 2011, or what such results will be for any future periods. The actual results in the periods following the consolidation date may differ significantly from that reflected in the unaudited pro forma condensed consolidated financial data for a number of reasons including, but not limited to, differences between the assumptions used to prepare the unaudited pro forma condensed consolidated financial data and the actual amounts.
The financial information of TV One has been derived from the historical financial statements of TV One, which were prepared in accordance with GAAP.
Unaudited adjustments have been made to adjust the results of TV One to reflect additional amortization expense that would have been incurred assuming the fair value adjustments to intangible assets as well as additional interest expense on the debt assumed had been applied from January 1, 2011, as well as additional pro forma adjustments, to give effect to these transactions occurring on January 1, 2011.
4. DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS:
As of June 2011, our remaining Boston radio station was made the subject of an LMA whereby we have made available, for a fee, air time on this station to another party. The remaining assets and liabilities of stations sold or stations that we do not operate that are the subject of an LMA, have been classified as discontinued operations as of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011. Thus, stations sold or stations that we do not operate that are the subject of an LMA results from operations for the three months and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, have been classified as discontinued operations in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
The following table summarizes the operating results for all of the stations sold or stations that we do not operate that are the subject of an LMA and are classified as discontinued operations for all periods presented:
The assets and liabilities of these stations classified as discontinued operations in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets consisted of the following:
5. GOODWILL AND RADIO BROADCASTING LICENSES:
In the past, we have made acquisitions whereby a significant amount of the purchase price was allocated to radio broadcasting licenses, goodwill and other intangible assets. In accordance with ASC 350, “Intangibles - Goodwill and Other,” we do not amortize our radio broadcasting licenses and goodwill. Instead, we perform a test for impairment annually or on an interim basis when events or changes in circumstances or other conditions suggest impairment may have occurred. Other intangible assets continue to be amortized on a straight-line basis over their useful lives. We perform our annual impairment test as of October 1 of each year.
Valuation of Broadcasting Licenses
We utilize the services of a third-party valuation firm to provide independent analysis when evaluating the fair value of our radio broadcasting licenses and reporting units. Fair value is estimated to be the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. We use the income approach to test for impairment of radio broadcasting licenses. A projection period of 10 years is used, as that is the time horizon in which operators and investors generally expect to recover their investments. When evaluating our radio broadcasting licenses for impairment, the testing is done at the unit of accounting level as determined by ASC 350, “Intangibles - Goodwill and Other.” In our case, each unit of accounting is a clustering of radio stations into one of the 15 geographical radio markets that we own and/or operate. Broadcasting license fair values are based on the estimated after-tax discounted future cash flows of the applicable unit of accounting assuming an initial hypothetical start-up operation which possesses FCC licenses as the only asset. Over time, it is assumed the operation acquires other tangible assets such as advertising and programming contracts, employment agreements and going concern value, and matures into an average performing operation in a specific radio market. The income approach model incorporates several variables, including, but not limited to: (i) radio market revenue estimates and growth projections; (ii) estimated market share and revenue for the hypothetical participant; (iii) likely media competition within the market; (iv) estimated start-up costs and losses incurred in the early years; (v) estimated profit margins and cash flows based on market size and station type; (vi) anticipated capital expenditures; (vii) probable future terminal values; (viii) an effective tax rate assumption; and (ix) a discount rate based on the weighted-average cost of capital for the radio broadcast industry. In calculating the discount rate, we considered: (i) the cost of equity, which includes estimates of the risk-free return, the long-term market return, small stock risk premiums and industry beta; (ii) the cost of debt, which includes estimates for corporate borrowing rates and tax rates; and (iii) estimated average percentages of equity and debt in capital structures. Since our annual October 2011 assessment, we have not made any changes to the methodology for valuing broadcasting licenses.
During the second quarter of 2012, the total market revenue growth for certain markets was below that used in our 2011 annual impairment testing. We deemed this shortfall to be an impairment indicator that warranted interim impairment testing of certain of our radio broadcasting licenses, which we performed as of June 30, 2012. The Company recorded an impairment charge of $313,000 related to our Charlotte radio broadcasting licenses. The remaining radio broadcasting licenses that were tested during the second quarter of 2012 were not impaired. Below are some of the key assumptions used in the income approach model for estimating broadcasting licenses fair values for all annual and interim impairment assessments performed since January 2011.
Valuation of Goodwill
The impairment testing of goodwill is performed at the reporting unit level. In testing for the impairment of goodwill, with the assistance of a third-party valuation firm, we primarily rely on the income approach. The approach involves a 10-year model with similar variables as described above for broadcasting licenses, except that the discounted cash flows are generally based on the Company’s estimated and projected market revenue, market share and operating performance for its reporting units, instead of those for a hypothetical participant. We follow a two-step process to evaluate if a potential impairment exists for goodwill. The first step of the process involves estimating the fair value of each reporting unit. If the reporting unit’s fair value is less than its carrying value, a second step is performed as per the guidance of ASC 805-10, “Business Combinations,” to allocate the fair value of the reporting unit to the individual assets and liabilities of the reporting unit in order to determine the implied fair value of the reporting unit’s goodwill as of the impairment assessment date. Any excess of the carrying value of the goodwill over the implied fair value of the goodwill is written off as a charge to operations. Since our annual assessment, we have not made any changes to the methodology of valuing or allocating goodwill when determining the carrying values of the radio markets, Reach Media, Interactive One or TV One.
Below are some of the key assumptions used in the income approach model for estimating the fair value for Reach Media for all interim, annual and year end assessments since January 2011. When compared to the discount rates used for assessing radio market reporting units, the higher discount rates used in these assessments reflect a premium for a riskier and broader media business, with a heavier concentration and significantly higher amount of programming content related intangible assets that are highly dependent on the on-air personality Tom Joyner. With the assistance of a third-party valuation firm, the Company assessed the fair value of the redeemable noncontrolling interest in Reach Media at June 30, 2012. Upon review of the results of the interim and year-end impairment tests, and quarter-end assessment, the Company concluded that the carrying value of goodwill attributable to Reach Media had not been impaired.
Goodwill Valuation Results
The table below presents the changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by segment during the six month period ended June 30, 2012. The goodwill balances for each reporting unit are not disclosed so as to not make publicly available sensitive information that could potentially be competitively harmful to the Company.
6. INVESTMENT IN AFFILIATED COMPANY:
In January 2004, the Company, together with an affiliate of Comcast Corporation and other investors, launched TV One, an entity formed to operate a cable television network featuring lifestyle, entertainment and news-related programming targeted primarily towards African-American viewers. At that time, we committed to make a cumulative cash investment of $74.0 million in TV One, of which $60.3 million had been funded as of April 30, 2007. Since December 31, 2006, the initial four year commitment period for funding the capital had been extended on a quarterly basis due in part to TV One’s lower than anticipated capital needs. In connection with the Redemption Financing (as defined in Note 3 — Acquisitions), we funded our remaining capital commitment amount of approximately $13.7 million on April 19, 2011 and currently anticipate no further capital commitment. In December 2004, TV One entered into a distribution agreement with DIRECTV and certain affiliates of DIRECTV became investors in TV One.
On February 25, 2011, TV One completed its $119 million Redemption Financing. The Redemption Financing is structured as senior secured notes bearing a 10% coupon and is due in 2016. Subsequently, on February 28, 2011, TV One utilized $82.4 million of the Redemption Financing to repurchase 15.4% of its outstanding membership interests from certain financial investors and 2.0% of its outstanding membership interests held by TV One management (representing approximately 50% of interests held by management). Beginning on April 14, 2011, the Company began to account for TV One on a consolidated basis after having executed an amendment to the TV One operating agreement with the remaining members of TV One concerning certain governance issues. Finally, on April 25, 2011, TV One utilized the balance of the Redemption Financing to repurchase 12.4% of its outstanding membership interests from DIRECTV. These redemptions by TV One, increased the Company’s holding in TV One from 36.8% to approximately 50.9% as of April 25, 2011. Subsequent to April 2011, our ownership in TV One increased to approximately 51.0% after a further redemption of certain management interests.
Prior to the consolidation date, the Company recorded its investment at cost and had adjusted its carrying amount of the investment to recognize the change in the Company’s claim on the net assets of TV One resulting from operating income or losses of TV One as well as other capital transactions of TV One using a hypothetical liquidation at book value approach. On April 14, 2011, the Company began to account for TV One on a consolidated basis and the basis of the assets and liabilities of TV One at that date were recorded at fair value. For the three months and six months June 30, 2011, the Company’s allocable share of TV One’s operating income was $208,000 and approximately $3.3 million, respectively.
We entered into separate network services and advertising services agreements with TV One in 2003. Under the network services agreement, we provided TV One with administrative and operational support services and access to Radio One personalities. In consideration of providing these services, we received equity in TV One, and received an annual cash fee of $500,000 for providing services under the network services agreement. The network services agreement, originally scheduled to expire in January 2009 was extended to January 2011, at which time it expired.
Under an advertising services agreement, we provided a specified amount of advertising to TV One. Prior to the consolidation date, the Company was accounting for the services provided to TV One under the advertising services agreement in accordance with ASC 505-50-30, “Equity.” As services were provided to TV One, the Company recorded revenue based on the fair value of the most reliable unit of measurement in these transactions. The most reliable unit of measurement had been determined to be the value of underlying advertising time that was provided to TV One. The Company recognized $501,000 in revenue relating to this agreement for the three months ended June 30, 2011 and $874,000 in revenue relating to this agreement for the six months ended June 30, 2011. The advertising services agreement was also originally scheduled to expire in January 2009 and was extended to January 2011, at which time it expired. However, we entered into a new advertising services agreement with TV One with an effective date of January 2011. Under the new advertising services agreement, we (i) provide advertising services to TV One on certain of our media properties and (ii) act as media placement agent for TV One in certain instances. In return for such services, TV One pays us for such advertising time and services and, where we act as media placement agent, pays us a media placement fee equal to the lesser of 15% of media placement costs or a market rate, in addition to reimbursing us (or paying in advance) for all actual costs associated with the media placement services.
The Company’s investments (short-term and long-term) consist of the following:
The following tables show the gross unrealized losses and fair value of the Company’s investments with unrealized losses that are not deemed to be other-than-temporarily impaired, aggregated by investment category and length of time that individual securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position:
The Company’s investments in debt securities are sensitive to interest rate fluctuations, which impact the fair value of individual securities. Unrealized losses on the Company’s investments in debt securities have occurred due to volatility and liquidity concerns within the capital markets during the quarter ended June 30, 2012.
The amortized cost and estimated fair value of debt securities at June 30, 2012, by contractual maturity, are shown below. Actual maturities may differ from contractual maturities of mortgage-backed securities because borrowers have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties.