XNAS:ATNY API Technologies Corp Quarterly Report 10-Q Filing - 8/31/2012

Effective Date 8/31/2012

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Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

(Mark One)

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended August 31, 2012

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from             to        

Commission file number 001-35214

 

 

API TECHNOLOGIES CORP.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   98-0200798

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

4705 S. Apopka Vineland Rd. Suite 210

Orlando, FL 32819

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

(407) 876-0279

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 and 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the past 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days     Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company (as defined Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

 

Large Accelerated Filer   ¨    Accelerated Filer   x
Non-Accelerated Filer   ¨    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

State the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s class of common equity as of the latest practicable date:

54,764,617 shares of common stock with a par value of $0.001 per share at October 3, 2012.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

API TECHNOLOGIES CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Report on Form 10-Q

Quarter Ended August 31, 2012

Table of Contents

 

          Page  

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

  

Item 1.

  

Financial Statements (unaudited)

  
  

Consolidated Balance Sheets at August 31, 2012 and November 30, 2011

     3   
  

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and nine months ended August 31, 2012 and August 31, 2011

     4   
  

Consolidated Statement of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity for the nine months ended August 31, 2012

     5   
  

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended August 31, 2012 and August 31, 2011

     6   
  

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

     7   

Item 2.

  

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     30   
  

Forward-Looking Statements

     40   

Item 3.

  

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     41   

Item 4.

  

Controls and Procedures

     41   

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

  

Item 1.

  

Legal Proceedings

     42   

Item 1A.

  

Risk Factors

     42   

Item 2.

  

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

     42   

Item 3.

  

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

     42   

Item 4.

  

Mine Safety Disclosures

     42   

Item 5.

  

Other Information

     42   

Item 6.

  

Exhibits

     43   

Signatures

     44   

 

2


Table of Contents

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

(Dollar Amounts in Thousands)

API TECHNOLOGIES CORP.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

     August 31,
2012
    November 30,
2011
 

Assets

    

Current

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 15,818      $ 15,690   

Restricted cash (note 4c)

     700        700   

Accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $557 and $501 at August 31, 2012 and November 30, 2011, respectively

     48,591        52,983   

Inventories, net (note 7)

     67,035        72,017   

Deferred income taxes

     86        4,797   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     2,440        1,705   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     134,670        147,892   

Fixed assets, net

     42,418        44,149   

Fixed assets held for sale (note 2)

     2,681        3,216   

Goodwill (note 8)

     157,716        253,170   

Intangible assets, net

     52,505        50,001   

Other non-current assets

     9,692        8,019   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 399,682      $ 506,447   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity

    

Current

    

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

   $ 32,207      $ 46,002   

Deferred revenue

     629        1,892   

Current portion of long-term debt (note 11)

     2,477        1,917   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     35,313        49,811   

Deferred income taxes

     3,926        9,905   

Other long-term liabilities

     1,179        —     

Long-term debt, net of current portion and discount of $3,198 and $3,830 at August 31, 2012 and November 30, 2011, respectively (note 11)

     183,245        165,267   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     223,663        224,983   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies (note 17)

    

Preferred stock (Series A Mandatorily Redeemable Preferred Stock, $1,000 liquidation preference and 1,000,000 authorized shares, 26,000 and 0 shares issued and outstanding at August 31, 2012 and November 30, 2011, respectively) (note 12)

     25,922        —     

Shareholders’ equity

    

Common shares ($0.001 par value, 250,000,000 and 100,000,000 authorized shares, 54,764,553 and 54,568,384 shares issued and outstanding at August 31, 2012 and November 30, 2011, respectively)

     55        55   

Special voting stock ($0.01 par value, 1 share authorized, issued and outstanding at August 31, 2012 and November 30, 2011, respectively)

     —          —     

Additional paid-in capital

     326,683        322,675   

Common stock subscribed but not issued

     2,373        2,373   

Accumulated deficit

     (180,210     (43,810

Accumulated other comprehensive income

     1,196        171   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     150,097        281,464   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity

   $ 399,682      $ 506,447   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

API TECHNOLOGIES CORP.

Consolidated Statements of Operations

(Dollar Amounts in Thousands, Except Per Share Data)

 

     For the Three
Months Ended
Aug. 31,

2012
(Unaudited)
    For the Three
Months Ended
Aug. 31,
2011
(Unaudited)
    For the Nine
Months Ended
Aug. 31,
2012
(Unaudited)
    For the Nine
Months Ended
Aug. 31,
2011
(Unaudited)
 

Revenue, net

   $ 68,448      $ 69,231      $ 218,071      $ 122,488   

Cost of revenues

        

Cost of revenues

     51,425        52,614        165,115        97,755   

Restructuring charges (note 19)

     1,738        9        9,631        1,318   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total cost of revenues

     53,163        52,623        174,746        99,073   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit

     15,285        16,608        43,325        23,415   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating expenses

        

General and administrative

     6,877        7,499        19,802        18,803   

Selling expenses

     3,908        4,450        11,812        8,553   

Research and development

     2,690        2,406        7,891        3,540   

Business acquisition and related charges

     775        —          3,444        12,798   

Restructuring charges

     485        671        4,734        2,993   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     14,735        15,026        47,683        46,687   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

     550        1,582        (4,358     (23,272

Other expenses (income), net

        

Goodwill impairment (note 8)

     24,300        —          111,300        —     

Interest expense, net

     3,993        3,660        11,898        4,409   

Amortization of note discounts and deferred financing costs

     869        600        14,957        3,376   

Other income, net

     (367     (52     (2,327     (564
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     28,795        4,208        135,828        7,221   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loss from continuing operations before income taxes

     (28,245     (2,626     (140,186     (30,493

Expense (benefit) for income taxes

     (579     (12,998     (3,786     (15,688
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) from continuing operations, net of income taxes

     (27,666     10,372        (136,400     (14,805

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of income taxes

     —          —          —          (36
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

   $ (27,666   $ 10,372      $ (136,400   $ (14,841
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) per share from continuing operations—Basic and diluted

   $ (0.50   $ 0.20      $ (2.47   $ (0.38

Income (loss) per share from discontinued operations—Basic and diluted

   $ 0.00      $ 0.00      $ 0.00      $ 0.00   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) per share—Basic and diluted

   $ (0.50   $ 0.20      $ (2.47   $ (0.38
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average shares outstanding

        

Basic

     55,365,978        52,404,074        55,296,470        39,187,102   

Diluted

     55,365,978        52,416,071        55,296,470        39,187,102   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

API TECHNOLOGIES CORP.

Consolidated Statement of Changes in Preferred Stock and Shareholders’ Equity

(Unaudited)

(Dollar Amounts in Thousands)

 

    Preferred
Stock-
number
of shares
    Preferred
stock
amount
    Common
stock-
number
of shares
    Common
stock
amount
    Additional
paid-
in capital
    Common
stock
subscribed
but not issued
    Accumulated
deficit
    Accumulated
other
comprehensive
income
    Total
shareholders’
equity
 

Balance at November 30, 2011

    —        $ —          54,568,384      $ 55      $ 322,675      $ 2,373      $ (43,810   $ 171      $ 281,464   

Series A Mandatorily Redeemable Preferred Stock (see Note 12)

    26,000        26,268        —          —          —          —          —          —          —     

Accrued dividend in kind (effective) on Series A Mandatorily Redeemable Preferred Stock (see Note 12)

    —          (346     —          —          —          —          —          —          —     

Stock exchanged for subsidiary exchangeable shares and stock subject to issuance in connection with plan of arrangement (see Note 13)

    —          —          20,833        —          —          —          —          —          —     

Stock-based compensation expense

    —          —          —          —          1,260        —          —          —          1,260   

Stock issued as compensation

    —          —          227,477        —          674        —          —          —          674   

Stock withheld for taxes

    —          —          (52,141     —          (198     —          —          —          (198

Amounts related to beneficial conversion features and embedded derivatives on Convertible Notes and Preferred stock (note 12)

    —          —          —          —          2,272        —          —          —          2,272   

Net loss for the period

    —          —          —          —          —          —          (136,400     —          (136,400

Foreign currency translation adjustment

    —          —          —          —          —          —          —          1,025        1,025   
                 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive loss

    —          —          —          —          —          —          —          —          (135,375
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at August 31, 2012

    26,000      $ 25,922        54,764,553      $ 55      $ 326,683      $ 2,373      $ (180,210   $ 1,196      $ 150,097   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

5


Table of Contents

API TECHNOLOGIES CORP.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

(Dollar Amounts in Thousands)

 

     Nine Months Ended
August 31,
 
     2012     2011  

Cash flows from operating activities

    

Net loss

   $ (136,400   $ (14,841

Less: Loss from discontinued operations

     —          36   

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used by operating activities:

    

Depreciation and amortization

     13,184        6,562   

Amortization of note discounts and deferred financing costs

     2,313        600   

Amortization of note discounts due to debt extinguishment

     12,644        2,776   

Impairment of goodwill

     111,300        —     

Write down of fixed assets

     865        10   

Stock based compensation

     1,934        2,772   

Gain on sale of marketable securities

     —          (322

Loss (gain) on sale of fixed assets

     85        (155

Deferred income taxes

     (4,294     (16,216

Changes in operating asset and liabilities, net of business acquisitions

    

Accounts receivable

     10,634        (2,789

Inventories

     11,583        (1,147

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     (697     653   

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

     (18,802     1,746   

Deferred revenue

     (1,368     (628
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided (used) by continuing activities

     2,981        (20,943

Net cash provided (used) by discontinued operations

     —          (36
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided (used) by operating activities

     2,981        (20,979

Cash flows from investing activities

    

Purchase of fixed assets

     (889     (1,666

Purchase of intangible assets

     (1,088     —     

Proceeds from disposal of fixed assets

     480        155   

Proceeds from sale of marketable securities

     —          324   

Business acquisitions net of cash acquired of $3,045 (note 4a), and $32,353 (note 4e)

     (29,052     (233,769
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used by investing activities

     (30,549     (234,956

Cash flows from financing activities

    

Proceeds from issuance of common shares

     —          137,334   

Repurchase and retirement of common shares

     —          (96

Short-term borrowings advances (repayments), net

     —          (705

Repayment of long-term debt (note 11)

     (1,587     (29,141

Net proceeds from long-term debt (note 11)

     29,160        158,705   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

     27,573        266,097   

Effect of exchange rate on cash and cash equivalents

     123        484   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net change in cash and cash equivalents

     128        10,646   

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period—continuing operations

     15,690        5,509   

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period—discontinued operations

     —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

     15,690        5,509   

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

   $ 15,818      $ 16,155   

Less: cash and cash equivalents of discontinued operations, end of period

     —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents of continuing operations, end of period

   $ 15,818      $ 16,155   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

6


Table of Contents

API Technologies Corp.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited) (Dollar Amounts in Thousands, Except Per Share Data)

1. NATURE OF BUSINESS AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

Nature of Business

API Technologies Corp. (“API”, and together with its subsidiaries, the “Company”) designs, develops and manufactures high reliability engineered solutions, RF, sensors and measurement, power systems management technology, systems, secure communications and electronic components for military and aerospace applications, including mission critical information systems and technologies. With its recent acquisition of C-MAC Aerospace Limited, during the quarter ended May 31, 2012, the Company expanded its RF and microwave and microelectronics capabilities.

Prior to the third quarter of 2012, the Company reported in two business segments: Systems & Subsystems and Secure Systems & Informational Assurance. To better highlight to investors its profitability and product offerings, the Company made organizational changes that have resulted in changes to the way in which the Company’s Chief Operating Decision Maker manages and evaluates the business. For this reason and in accordance with authoritative guidance, beginning with the quarter ended August 31, 2012, the Company redefined its reportable operating segments. The Electronic Manufacturing Services (“EMS”) business (formerly part of the Systems & Subsystems segment) will be reported as a separate segment, as this more closely aligns with the Company’s management organization and strategic direction. The Company also renamed the Systems & Subsystems segment to Systems, Subsystems & Components (“SSC”) to more accurately describe the product offering of this segment. There were no changes to the Secure Systems & Information Assurance (“SSIA”) segment. Prior periods have been revised to conform with the new segments: SSC, EMS and SSIA.

On March 22, 2012, API completed the acquisition, through its UK-based subsidiary API Technologies (UK) Limited (“API UK”), of the entire issued share capital of C-MAC Aerospace Limited (“C-MAC”), for a total purchase price of £20,950 pounds sterling (approximately $33,000 USD), including the assumption of C-MAC’s loan facility (see Note 4a). C-MAC is a leading provider of high-reliability electronic systems, modules, and components to the defense, aerospace, space, industrial and energy sectors. C-MAC generated pro-forma revenues of approximately $36,960 for the year ended August 26, 2011.

On March 19, 2012 API completed the acquisition of substantially all of the assets of RTI Electronics (“RTIE”) for a total purchase price of $2,295, with $1,500 payable in cash at closing and the remainder pursuant to a $795 Promissory Note payable in 24 equal monthly installments (see Note 4b). Based in Anaheim, California, RTIE is a leading manufacturer of passive electronic components, including thermistors, film capacitors, magnetic transformers and inductors, and audio power conditioning units. RTIE had revenues for the year ended December 31, 2011 of approximately $5,300 from a diverse Fortune 500 customer base spanning the audio, defense, aerospace, and industrial markets.

On November 29, 2011, the Company entered into an asset purchase agreement (the “CMT Asset Purchase Agreement”) with Commercial Microwave Technology, Inc. (“CMT”), a California corporation, and Randall S. Wilson with respect to certain sections, as a shareholder of CMT, pursuant to which API Sub purchased substantially all of the assets of CMT. CMT designs and manufactures Radio Frequency and Microwave Filters, Multiplexers, and related products for use in space and commercial applications. The Company also assumed certain liabilities of CMT relating to the assets acquired. The Company purchased the assets of CMT for $8,200, subject to certain adjustments (see Note 4c).

On June 1, 2011, the Company completed the acquisition of Spectrum Control Inc. (“the Spectrum Merger”) provided for in the Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Spectrum Agreement”), entered into on March 28, 2011 by the Company, Spectrum Control, Inc. (“Spectrum”), and Erie Merger Corp. (“Merger Sub”), a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company. Spectrum is a leading designer and manufacturer of high performance, custom solutions for the defense, aerospace, industrial, and medical industries headquartered in Fairview, Pennsylvania. Pursuant to the terms and conditions of the Spectrum Agreement, Merger Sub was merged with and into Spectrum. Upon effectiveness of the Spectrum Merger, each outstanding share of common stock of Spectrum, other than shares owned by Spectrum or their subsidiaries, was converted into the right to receive twenty dollars in cash, without interest. Also upon the effectiveness of the Spectrum Merger, each outstanding option to purchase shares of common stock of Spectrum was accelerated so that it became fully vested and received in cash the product of the excess, if any, of twenty dollars less the exercise price per option multiplied times the number of shares of Spectrum common stock issuable upon exercise of such option. The total purchase price was approximately $273,264 (see Note 4d).

On January 9, 2011, API entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger, (the “Merger Agreement”) with Vintage Albany Acquisition, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Vintage”), and API Merger Sub, Inc., a New York corporation (“Sub”), pursuant to which the Company acquired SenDEC Corp., a New York corporation (“SenDEC”) (the “SenDEC Merger”). SenDEC is a leading defense electronics manufacturing services company headquartered in Fairport, New York. In the SenDEC Merger, API acquired all of the equity of SenDEC, which included SenDEC’s electronics manufacturing operations and approximately $30,000 of cash, in exchange for the issuance of 22,000,000 shares of API Common Stock to Vintage (see Note 4e).

 

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Table of Contents

The SenDEC Merger closed on January 21, 2011, immediately after the January 21, 2011 closing of the acquisition by Vintage of SenDEC, pursuant to the Agreement and Plan of Merger, entered into on January 9, 2011 and amended on January 19, 2011 (the “First Merger Agreement”) among Vintage, SenDEC, and South Albany Acquisition Corp., and Kenton W. Fiske, as Stockholder Representative, (the “First Merger”). API succeeded to the rights, and assumed the obligations, of Vintage under the First Merger Agreement, including without limitation, the obligation to pay former SenDEC shareholders up to $14,000 in earn-out payments, potentially payable in three installments through July 31, 2013, based on achievement of certain financial milestones of SenDEC (the “Earn-Out Payment”). The first installment is based on financial results for the trailing twelve months ending July 31, 2012. The fair value of this obligation was initially estimated to be $2,200 and was previously recorded in Accounts payable and accrued expenses. During the quarter ended May 31, 2012, given lower than projected revenues and the Company’s outlook for the EMS portion of the Systems & Subsystems segment (now the EMS segment), the Company reduced the fair value of this obligation to $nil. In addition to the Earn-Out Payment, under the First Merger Agreement, the Company has the obligation to pay the former shareholders of SenDEC an amount relating to certain tax benefits realized by SenDEC relating to the payment of certain bonuses and the conversion of SenDEC’s options in connection with the First Merger. In addition, certain SenDEC employees will be eligible for a bonus under a management bonus plan of up to $11,000, potentially payable in three installments through July 31, 2013, based on achievement of certain financial milestones of SenDEC. The first installment is based on financial results for the trailing twelve months ending July 31, 2012. As of August 31, 2012 no amount has been recorded related to this bonus plan.

On June 3, 2011, our Board of Directors approved a change in our fiscal year end from May 31 to November 30, with the change to the reporting cycle beginning December 1, 2011.

The unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of API and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. There are no other entities controlled by the Company, either directly or indirectly. The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the requirements of Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”).

Accordingly, certain information and footnote disclosures required in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America have been condensed or omitted. In the opinion of the Company’s management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) that the Company considers necessary for the fair presentation of the Company’s consolidated financial position as of August 31, 2012 and the results of its operations and cash flows for the nine month period ended August 31, 2012. Results for the interim period are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for the entire year or for any other interim periods. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements of the Company and the notes thereto as of and for the six-month transition period ended November 30, 2011 included in the Company’s Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 9, 2012.

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Accounting Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts in the consolidated financial statements, and the disclosures made in the accompanying notes. Examples of estimates include the provisions made for bad debts and obsolete inventory, estimates associated with annual goodwill impairment tests, and estimates of deferred income tax and liabilities. The Company also uses estimates when assessing fair values of assets and liabilities acquired in business acquisitions as well as any fair value and any related impairment charges related to the carrying value of machinery and equipment, other long-lived assets, fixed assets held for sale and discontinued operations. The Company also uses estimates in determining the remaining economic lives of long-lived assets. In addition, the Company uses assumptions when employing the Black-Scholes valuation model to estimate the fair value of share options. Despite the Company’s intention to establish accurate estimates and use reasonable assumptions, actual results may differ from these estimates.

Inventories

Inventories, which include materials, labor, and manufacturing overhead, are stated at the lower of cost (on a first-in, first-out basis) or net realizable value. The Company records a provision for both excess and obsolete inventory when write-downs or write-offs are identified. The inventory valuation is based upon assumptions about future demand, product mix and possible alternative uses.

The Company periodically reviews and analyzes its inventory management systems, and conducts inventory impairment testing on an annual basis.

 

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Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are recorded at cost less accumulated depreciation and are depreciated using the following methods over the following periods:

 

Straight line basis

      

Buildings and leasehold improvements

     5-40 years   

Computer equipment

     3-5 years   

Furniture and fixtures

     5-8 years   

Machinery and equipment

     5-10 years   

Vehicles

     3 years   

Betterments are capitalized and amortized by the Company, using the same amortization basis as the underlying assets over the remaining useful life of the original asset. Betterments include renovations, major repairs and upgrades that increase the service of a fixed asset and extend the useful life. Gains and losses on depreciable assets retired or sold are recognized in the consolidated statements of operations in the year of disposal. Repairs and maintenance expenditures are expensed as incurred.

Fixed Assets Held for Sale

Fixed assets held for sale have been classified as held for sale in the consolidated balance sheets. The Company estimated the fair value of the net assets to be sold at approximately $2,681 at August 31, 2012 compared to $3,216 at November 30, 2011. The decrease is attributed to the sale of land and building in January, 2012 from the Spectrum acquisition previously held for sale as a result of initiatives to consolidate operational activities.

Discontinued Operations

Components of the Company that have been disposed of are reported as discontinued operations. The results of operations relating to API Nanofabrication and Research Corporation (“NanoOpto”) for prior periods are reported as discontinued operations and not included in the results from continuing operations figures.

Goodwill and Intangible Assets

Goodwill and intangible assets result primarily from business acquisitions accounted for under the purchase method. Goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite lives are not amortized but are subject to impairment by applying a fair value based test. The Company completes an annual (or more often if circumstances require) impairment assessment of its goodwill on a reporting unit level. The Company’s annual impairment test for goodwill is September 1st.

The Company has three reporting units: (i) Systems, Subsystems & Components, (ii) Electronic Manufacturing Services, and (iii) Secure Systems & Information Assurance. The goodwill in the consolidated financial statements relates to the acquisition of RTIE in March 2012, C-MAC in March 2012, CMT in November 2011, Spectrum in June 2011, the acquisition of SenDEC in January 2011, the acquisition of the assets of Kuchera Defense Systems, Inc. (“KDS”), KII, Inc. (“KII”) and Kuchera Industries, LLC (“KI Industries” and collectively with KDS and KII, the “KGC Companies”) in January 2010, and the acquisition of the Filtran Group companies, which was completed in 2002. All of the goodwill relates to our Systems, Subsystems & Components reporting unit, except for SenDEC and the KGC Companies, which relate to the Electronic Manufacturing Services reporting unit. Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price of acquired companies over the estimated fair value assigned to the individual assets acquired and liabilities assumed. The Company does not amortize goodwill but instead tests goodwill for impairment annually (on September 1) or more frequently if impairment indicators arise under the applicable accounting guidance.

A two-step test is performed to assess goodwill impairment. First, the fair value of each reporting unit is compared to its carrying value. The fair value is determined based on a market approach as well as the discounted future cash flows of the subsidiary carrying the goodwill. If the calculated fair value exceeds the carrying value of the assets, goodwill is not impaired and no further testing is performed. The second step is performed if the carrying value exceeds the fair value of the goodwill. If the carrying value of the reporting unit’s goodwill exceeds its implied fair value, an impairment loss equal to the difference is recorded.

Following the required accounting guidance, the Company performed the first step of the two-step test method based on discounted future cash flows on September 1, 2011. The respective reporting units’ future cash flows exceeded the carrying value of the underlying assets and therefore goodwill was not impaired and no further testing was required for the transition period ending November 30, 2011.

As at May 31, 2012, given lower than projected revenues and the Company’s outlook for the EMS portion of the Systems & Subsystems segment (now the EMS segment), the Company determined that the appropriate triggers had been reached to perform an impairment test beyond the annual goodwill impairment test. The Company performed the first step of the goodwill impairment

 

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assessment and the carrying value of the assets exceeded the fair value. As of the date of filing the 10-Q for May 31, 2012, the Company determined that an impairment of goodwill was probable, determined a reasonable estimate and therefore recorded a write-down of $87,000. During the third quarter of fiscal 2012, the Company completed its impairment analysis for the second step using the prior segments as of May 31, 2012, and determined that an additional $24,300 write-down of goodwill was required.

Intangible assets that have a finite life are amortized using the following basis over the following periods:

 

Non-compete agreements    Straight line over 5 years
Computer software    Straight line over 3-5 years
Customer related intangibles    Straight line or the pattern in which the economic benefits are expected to be realized, over an estimated life of 4-15 years
Marketing related intangibles    The pattern in which the economic benefits are expected to be realized, over an estimated life of 3-10 years
Technology related intangibles    The pattern in which the economic benefits are expected to be realized, over an estimated life of 10 years

Long-Lived Assets

The Company periodically evaluates the net realizable values of long-lived assets, principally identifiable intangible assets and capital assets, for potential impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of such assets may not be recoverable, as determined based on the estimated future undiscounted cash flows. If such assets were considered to be impaired, the carrying value of the related assets would be reduced to their estimated fair value.

Income Taxes

Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities and available net operating loss carry forwards. A valuation allowance is established to reduce tax assets if it is more likely than not that all or some portions of such tax assets will not be realized.

The Company’s valuation allowance was recorded on the deferred tax assets to provide for a reasonable provision, which in the Company’s estimation is more likely than not that all or some portions of such tax assets will not be realized. In determining the adequacy of the valuation allowance, the Company applied the authoritative guidance, and considered such factors as (i) which subsidiaries were producing income and which subsidiaries were producing losses and (ii) temporary differences occurring from depreciation and amortization which the Company expects to increase the taxable income over future periods.

The Company follows the guidance concerning accounting for uncertainty in income taxes, which clarifies the accounting and disclosure for uncertainty in tax positions. The guidance requires that the Company determine whether it is more likely than not that a tax position will not be sustained upon examination by the appropriate taxing authority. If a tax position does not meet the more likely than not recognition criterion, the guidance requires that the tax position be measured at the largest amount of benefit greater than 50 percent not likely of being sustained upon ultimate settlement.

Based on the Company’s evaluation, management has concluded that there are no significant uncertain tax positions requiring recognition in the consolidated financial statements or adjustments to deferred tax assets and related valuation allowance. Open tax years include the tax years ended May 31, 2008 through November 30, 2011.

The Company from time to time has been assessed interest or penalties by major tax jurisdictions, however such assessments historically have been minimal and immaterial to our financial results. If the Company receives an assessment for interest and/or penalties, it would be classified in the consolidated financial statements as general and administrative expense.

Revenue Recognition

The Company recognizes non-contract revenue when it is realized or realizable and earned. The Company considers non-contract revenue realized or realizable and earned when it has persuasive evidence of an arrangement, delivery has occurred, the sales price is fixed or determinable, and collectability is reasonably assured. Delivery is not considered to have occurred until products have been shipped and risk of loss and ownership has transferred to the client. Revenue from contracts, which represents less than one per cent of total revenue, is recognized using the percentage of completion method. The degree of completion is determined based on costs incurred, excluding costs that are not representative of progress to completion, as a percentage of total costs anticipated for each contract. A provision is made for losses on contracts in progress when such losses first become known. Revisions in cost and profit estimates, which can be significant, are reflected in the accounting period in which the relevant facts become known. Revenue from contracts under the percentage of completion method is not significant to the financial statements.

 

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Deferred Revenue

The Company defers revenue when payment is received in advance of the service or product being shipped or delivered. For some of the larger government contracts, the Company will bill upon meeting certain milestones. These milestones are established by the customer and are specific to each contract. Unearned revenue is recorded as deferred revenue. The Company generally recognizes revenue on the contracts when items are shipped.

Research and Development

Research and development costs are expensed when incurred.

Stock-Based Compensation

The Company follows the authoritative guidance for accounting for stock-based compensation. The guidance requires that new, modified and unvested stock-based payment transactions with employees, such as grants of stock options, restricted stock units (“RSUs”) and restricted stock, be recognized in the financial statements based on their fair value at the grant date and recognized as compensation expense over their vesting periods. Stock-based compensation cost for RSUs is measured based on the closing fair market value of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant. The fair value of each option granted is estimated on the grant date using the Black-Scholes option pricing model which takes into account as of the grant date the exercise price and expected life of the option, the current price of the underlying shares and its expected volatility, expected dividends on the shares and the risk-free interest rate for the term of the option.

Foreign Currency Translation and Transactions

The Company’s functional currency is United States dollars and the consolidated financial statements are stated in United States dollars, “the reporting currency.” Integrated foreign operations have been translated from various foreign currencies (Canadian dollars, British Pounds Sterling, Chinese Yuan, Euros, and Mexican Pesos) into United States dollars at the period-end exchange rate for monetary balance sheet items, the historical rate for fixed assets and shareholders’ equity, and the average exchange rate for the year for revenues, expenses, gains and losses. The gains or losses on translation are included as a component of other comprehensive income (loss) for the period.

Financial Instruments

The fair values of financial instruments including cash and cash equivalents, marketable securities, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and short-term borrowings approximate their carrying values due to the short-term nature of these instruments. Unless otherwise noted, it is management’s opinion that the Company is not exposed to significant interest rate, currency or credit risks arising from its financial instruments. Marketable securities are included at fair value based on quoted market prices in active markets. The recorded value of long-term debt approximates the fair value of the debt as the terms and rates approximate market rates.

In the ordinary course of business, the Company carries out transactions in various foreign currencies (Canadian Dollars, British Pounds Sterling, Chinese Yuan, Euros, and Mexican Pesos) included in the Company’s cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, bank indebtedness, as well as a mortgage loan. The translation adjustments related to these accounts have been reflected as a component of comprehensive income. Currently, the Company does not maintain a foreign currency hedging program.

Derivative Liabilities

Fair value accounting requires bifurcation of embedded derivative instruments of convertible debt or equity instruments, and measurement of their fair value for accounting purposes. The Company’s embedded derivative instruments such as put and call features, make whole provisions and default interest and dividend rates in the convertible note and convertible preferred stock are measured at fair value using the discounted cash flows model by taking the present value of probability weighted cash flow scenarios. Derivative liabilities are adjusted to reflect fair value at the end of each reporting period, with any change in the fair value being recorded in results of operations as Other income or expense.

Debt Issuance Costs and Long-term Debt Discounts

Fees paid to obtain debt financing or amendments under such debt financing are treated as debt issuance costs and are capitalized and amortized over the life of the debt using the effective interest method. These payments are shown as a financing activity on the consolidated statement of cash flows and are shown as Other non-current assets in the consolidated balance sheets.

In accordance with accounting standards the Company recognized the value of detachable warrants issued in conjunction with the issuance of the secured promissory notes and the modification of the convertible promissory notes. The Company valued the warrants using the Black-Scholes pricing model. The Company recorded the warrant relative fair value as an increase to additional paid-in capital and a discount against the related debt. The discount attributed to the value of the warrants was being amortized over the term of the underlying debt using the effective interest method and was written off when the related debt was extinguished.

 

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The Company may record debt and equity discounts in connection with raising funds through the issuance of convertible notes or equity instruments. These discounts may arise from (i) the receipt of proceeds less than the face value of the convertible notes or equity instruments, (ii) beneficial conversion features and/or (iii) recording derivative liabilities related to embedded features. These costs are amortized over the life of the debt to interest expense utilizing the effective interest method. If a conversion of the underlying debt occurs, a proportionate share of the unamortized discount is immediately expensed.

Concentration of Credit Risk

The Company maintains cash balances, at times, with financial institutions, which are in excess of amounts insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), Canadian Deposit Insurance Corporation (CDIC) and Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS in the United Kingdom). Management monitors the soundness of these institutions and has not experienced any collection losses with these institutions.

The US, Canadian and United Kingdom Governments’ Departments of Defense (directly and through subcontractors) account for approximately 44%, 3% and 9% of the Company’s revenues for the nine months ended August 31, 2012 (60%, 3% and 6% for the nine months ended August 31, 2011), respectively. A loss of a significant customer could adversely impact the future operations of the Company.

Earnings per Share of Common Stock

Basic earnings per share of common stock is computed by dividing income by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share of common stock gives effect to all dilutive potential shares of common stock outstanding during the period. The computation of diluted earnings per share does not assume conversion, exercise or contingent exercise of securities that would have an anti-dilutive effect on earnings per share (Note 16).

Comprehensive Income (Loss)

Comprehensive income (loss), which includes foreign currency translation adjustments and unrealized gains on marketable securities, is shown in the Consolidated Statement of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity.

3. EFFECTS OF RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

During the second quarter of 2011, the FASB issued guidance that provides two alternatives for the presentation of other comprehensive income, either (i) present items of net income and other comprehensive income in one continuous statement, referred to as the statement of comprehensive income or (ii) present items of other comprehensive income in a separate statement immediately following the statement of net income. Under either presentation method, amounts reclassified from other comprehensive income to net income and totals for net income, other comprehensive income, and comprehensive income will be presented. This guidance does not change the items that are reported in net income and other comprehensive income or the calculation of earnings per share. The guidance is effective for the Company on December 1, 2012, and retrospective application is required for all years presented.

4. ACQUISITIONS

a) C-MAC

On March 22, 2012, the Company completed the acquisition, through its UK-based subsidiary API UK, of the entire issued share capital of C-MAC, for a total purchase price of £20,950 pounds sterling (approximately $33,000 USD), consisting of i) the payment at closing of £19,250 pounds sterling (approximately $30,300 USD) and ii) the assumption of C-MAC’s term loan facility of £1,700 pounds sterling (approximately $2,700 USD) (see Note 11c). C-MAC is a leading provider of high-reliability electronic systems, modules, and components to the defense, aerospace, space, industrial and energy sectors. The acquisition expands the Company’s RF and Microwave and microelectronics capabilities and the Company believes that additional revenue opportunities will be generated through cross selling, C-MAC’s European based operation and API’s expansion into international markets. These factors contributed to a purchase price resulting in the recognition of goodwill.

The Company has accounted for the acquisition using the purchase method of accounting in accordance with the guidance on business combinations. The Company also incurred legal costs, reorganization charges and professional fees in connection with the acquisition of approximately $1,557 as of August 31, 2012. These expenses have been accounted for as operating expenses. The results of operations of C-MAC have been included in the Company’s results of operations beginning on March 22, 2012.

Accounting guidance requires that identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed be reported at fair value as of the acquisition date of a business combination. Assets and liabilities acquired were as follows:

 

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     (in thousands)  

Cash

   $ 3,045   

Accounts receivable and other current assets

     6,182   

Inventory

     7,235   

Fixed assets

     4,438   

Customer related intangible assets

     7,848   

Goodwill

     13,078   

Current liabilities

     (4,614

Long-term liabilities

     (3,985
  

 

 

 

Fair value of net assets acquired

   $ 33,227   
  

 

 

 

The fair value of C-MAC exceeded the underlying fair value of all net assets acquired, giving rise to the goodwill. The resulting goodwill will be non-deductible for tax purposes.

The fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed remain subject to completion. The purchase accounting is preliminary subject to the completion of the fair value assessment of the acquired intangible assets and acquired inventory, and the fair value assessment of certain liabilities. Material adjustments, if any, to provisional amounts in subsequent periods, will be reflected retrospectively as required.

Revenues and net income of C-MAC for the period from the acquisition of March 22, 2012 to August 31, 2012 were approximately $16,342 and $266, respectively.

Fixed assets acquired in this transaction consist of the following:

 

     (in thousands)  

Land

   $ 155   

Buildings and leasehold improvements

     421   

Computer equipment

     280   

Furniture and fixtures

     70   

Machinery and equipment

     3,504   

Vehicles

     8   
  

 

 

 

Total fixed assets acquired

   $ 4,438   
  

 

 

 

b) RTIE

On March 19, 2012 the Company completed the acquisition of substantially all of the assets of RTIE for a total purchase price of $2,295, with $1,500 payable in cash at closing and the remainder pursuant to a $795 Promissory Note payable in 24 equal monthly installments. Based in Anaheim, California, RTIE is a leading manufacturer of passive electronic components, including thermistors, film capacitors, magnetic transformers and inductors, and audio power conditioning units. RTIE had revenues for the year ended December 31, 2011 of approximately $5,300 from a diverse Fortune 500 customer base spanning the audio, defense, aerospace, and industrial markets. The acquisition expands the Company’s RF and Microwave capabilities and the Company believes that its low-cost manufacturing capabilities and established sales channels will provide additional revenue opportunities and improved profitability for RTIE products. These factors contributed to a purchase price resulting in the recognition of goodwill.

The Company has accounted for the acquisition using the purchase method of accounting in accordance with the guidance on business combinations. The Company also incurred legal, travel and relocation costs, reorganization charges and professional fees in connection with the acquisition of approximately $769 as of August 31, 2012. These expenses have been accounted for as operating expenses. The results of operations of RTIE have been included in the Company’s results of operations beginning on March 19, 2012.

 

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Accounting guidance requires that identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed be reported at fair value as of the acquisition date of a business combination. Assets and liabilities acquired were as follows:

 

     (in thousands)  

Inventory

   $ 275   

Fixed assets

     82   

Goodwill

     2,177   

Current liabilities

     (225

Deferred revenue

     (14
  

 

 

 

Fair value of net assets acquired

   $ 2,295   
  

 

 

 

The fair value of RTIE exceeded the underlying fair value of all net assets acquired, giving rise to the goodwill. The resulting goodwill will be deductible for tax purposes.

The fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed remain subject to completion. The purchase accounting is preliminary subject to the completion of the fair value assessment of the acquired intangible assets. Material adjustments, if any, to provisional amounts in subsequent periods, will be reflected retrospectively as required.

Revenues and net income of RTIE for the period from March 19, 2012 to August 31, 2012 were approximately $1,388 and $212, respectively.

Fixed assets acquired in this transaction consist entirely of machinery and equipment.

c) Commercial Microwave Technology

On November 29, 2011, the Company entered into the CMT Asset Purchase Agreement with CMT and Randall S. Wilson with respect to certain sections, as a shareholder of CMT, pursuant to which the Company purchased substantially all of the assets of CMT. CMT designs and manufactures Radio Frequency and Microwave Filters, Multiplexers, and related products for use in space and commercial applications. The acquisition expands the Company’s RF and Microwave capabilities and the Company believes that its low-cost manufacturing capability and established sales channels will provide additional revenue opportunities and improved profitability for CMT products. These factors contributed to a purchase price resulting in the recognition of goodwill.

The Company also assumed certain liabilities of CMT relating to the assets acquired. The Company purchased the assets of CMT for $8,200, subject to certain adjustments; as a result the Company put $700 of the $8,200 purchase price into escrow for a period of twelve months to secure the indemnification obligations of CMT and Randall S. Wilson.

The Company has accounted for the acquisition using the purchase method of accounting in accordance with the guidance on business combinations. The Company also incurred legal costs, reorganization charges and professional fees in connection with the acquisition of approximately $102 as of November 30, 2011, and an additional $79 as of August 31, 2012. These expenses have been accounted for during the respective periods as operating expenses. The results of operations of CMT have been included in the Company’s results of operations beginning on December 1, 2011.

Accounting guidance requires that identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed be reported at fair value as of the acquisition date of a business combination. Assets and liabilities acquired were as follows:

 

     (in thousands)  

Accounts receivable and other current assets

   $ 2,007   

Inventory

     941   

Fixed assets

     371   

Goodwill

     1,893   

Intangible assets

     4,545   

Current liabilities

     (545

Deferred revenue

     (1,012
  

 

 

 

Fair value of net assets acquired

   $ 8,200   
  

 

 

 

The fair value of CMT exceeded the underlying fair value of all net assets acquired, giving rise to the goodwill. The resulting goodwill will be deductible for tax purposes.

Revenues and net income of CMT for the nine months ended August 31, 2012 were approximately $6,223 and $1,068, respectively.

Fixed assets acquired in this transaction consist entirely of machinery and equipment.

 

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d) Spectrum Control

On June 1, 2011, the Company completed the acquisition of Spectrum provided for in the Spectrum Agreement, entered into on March 28, 2011 by the Company, Spectrum and Merger Sub. Spectrum is a leading designer and manufacturer of high performance, custom solutions for the defense, aerospace, industrial, and medical industries headquartered in Fairview, Pennsylvania. The acquisition significantly expanded the Company’s product line to include RF, microwave, power systems and sensors product offerings and capabilities. In addition, the Company believes that its established sales channels will provide additional revenue opportunities and improved profitability for Spectrum products. These factors contributed to a purchase price resulting in the recognition of goodwill.

Pursuant to the terms and conditions of the Spectrum Agreement, Merger Sub was merged with and into Spectrum. Upon effectiveness of the Spectrum Merger, each outstanding share of common stock of Spectrum, other than shares owned by Spectrum or their subsidiaries, was converted into the right to receive $20.00 in cash, without interest. Also upon the effectiveness of the Spectrum Merger, each outstanding option to purchase shares of common stock of Spectrum was accelerated so that it became fully vested and received in cash the product of the excess, if any, of $20.00 less the exercise price per option multiplied times the number of shares of Spectrum common stock issuable upon exercise of such option.

The Company has accounted for the acquisition using the purchase method of accounting in accordance with the guidance on business combinations. The Company also incurred legal costs, reorganization charges and professional fees in connection with the acquisition of approximately $4,865. These expenses were accounted for as operating expenses, primarily as of May 31, 2011. Also in connection with this acquisition, the Company incurred approximately $7,210 of deferred financing costs (recorded in Other non-current assets on the consolidated balance sheet) and $4,250 of discounts related to the term loans (see Note 13a) that are being amortized to interest expense using the effective interest method. The results of operations of Spectrum have been included in the Company’s results of operations beginning on June 1, 2011.

Accounting guidance requires that identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed be reported at fair value as of the acquisition date of a business combination. Assets and liabilities acquired were as follows:

 

     (in thousands)  

Cash, net

   $ 7,141   

Accounts receivable and other current assets

     31,338   

Inventory

     34,813   

Fixed assets

     33,245   

Customer related intangible assets

     18,801   

Marketing related intangible assets

     4,372   

Technology related intangible assets

     18,395   

Goodwill

     161,158   

Current liabilities

     (19,495

Deferred revenue

     (200

Long-term liabilities

     (16,304
  

 

 

 

Fair value of net assets acquired

   $ 273,264   
  

 

 

 

The fair value of Spectrum exceeded the underlying fair value of all net assets acquired, giving rise to the goodwill. The resulting goodwill will be non-deductible for tax purposes. Customer, marketing and technology related intangibles are amortized based on the pattern in which the economic benefits are expected to be realized, over estimated lives of three to ten years.

Revenues and net income of Spectrum for the nine months ended August 31, 2012 were approximately $109,462 and $10,104, respectively. Revenues and net income from the acquisition date, June 1, 2011, to August 31, 2011 were approximately $40,193 and $3,537, respectively.

Fixed assets acquired in this transaction consist of the following:

 

     (in thousands)  

Land

   $ 1,823   

Buildings and leasehold improvements

     17,258   

Computer equipment

     2,345   

Furniture and fixtures

     1,109   

Machinery and equipment

     10,659   

Vehicles

     51   
  

 

 

 

Total fixed assets acquired

   $ 33,245   
  

 

 

 

 

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e) SenDEC Corp.

On January 9, 2011, API entered into the Merger Agreement with Vintage and Sub, pursuant to which the Company acquired SenDEC. SenDEC is a leading defense electronics manufacturing services company headquartered in Fairport, New York. In the SenDEC Merger, API acquired all of the equity of SenDEC, which included SenDEC’s electronics manufacturing operations and approximately $30,000 of cash, in exchange for the issuance of 22,000,000 shares of API common stock to Vintage. The acquisition significantly expanded the Company’s EMS segment to include Electronics Manufacturing Services (EMS), such as New Product Introductions (NPI) and prototypes, turnkey manufacturing and Printed Circuit Board (PCB) assembly. In addition, the Company believes that its established sales channels will provide additional revenue opportunities and improved profitability for SenDEC products. These factors contributed to a purchase price resulting in the recognition of goodwill.

The SenDEC Merger closed on January 21, 2011, immediately after the January 21, 2011 closing of the acquisition by Vintage of SenDEC, pursuant to the First Merger Agreement among Vintage, SenDEC, and South Albany Acquisition Corp., and Kenton W. Fiske, as Stockholder Representative. API succeeded to the rights, and assumed the obligations, of Vintage under the First Merger Agreement among Vintage, including the obligation to pay former SenDEC shareholders up to $14,000 in earnout payments, payable in three installments through July 31, 2013, based on achievement of certain financial milestones. The fair value of this obligation was initially estimated to be $2,200 and was previously recorded in Accounts payable and accrued expenses. During the quarter ended May 31, 2012, given lower than projected revenues and the Company’s outlook for the EMS portion of the Systems & Subsystems segment (now the EMS segment), the Company reduced the fair value of this obligation to $nil. In addition, certain SenDEC employees will be eligible for a bonus under a management bonus plan of up to $11,000, potentially payable in three installments through July 31, 2013, based on achievement of certain financial milestones of SenDEC. As of August 31, 2012 no amount has been recorded related to this bonus plan.

The Company has accounted for the acquisition using the purchase method of accounting in accordance with the guidance on business combinations. The Company also incurred legal costs, reorganization charges, professional fees and accelerated share option expense in connection with the acquisition of approximately $6,107. The expenses have been accounted for as operating expenses. The results of operations of SenDEC have been included in the Company’s results of operations beginning on January 21, 2011.

Accounting guidance requires that identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed be reported at fair value as of the acquisition date of a business combination. Assets and liabilities acquired were as follows:

 

 

     (in thousands)  

Cash

   $ 32,353   

Accounts receivable and other current assets

     7,844   

Inventory

     15,900   

Fixed assets

     5,389   

Customer related intangibles

     3,738   

Marketing related intangibles

     2,138   

Goodwill

     82,255   

Current liabilities

     (10,016

Deferred revenue

     (758
  

 

 

 

Fair value of net assets acquired

   $ 138,843   
  

 

 

 

The fair value of shares issued to Vintage, options issued to SenDEC management and the earn-out payments exceeded the underlying fair value of all net assets acquired, giving rise to the goodwill. The resulting goodwill will be non-deductible for tax purposes. Customer and marketing related intangibles are amortized based on the pattern in which the economic benefits are expected to be realized, over an estimated life of 4 years.

Revenues and net loss of SenDEC for the nine months ending August 31, 2012 were approximately $23,783 and $(3,268), respectively. Revenues and net loss from the acquisition date, January 21, 2011, to August 31, 2011 were approximately $27,254 and $(1,084), respectively.

Fixed assets acquired in this transaction consist of the following:

 

     (in thousands)  

Buildings and leasehold improvements

   $ 515   

Computer equipment

     200   

Furniture and fixtures

     105   

Machinery and equipment

     4,569   
  

 

 

 

Total fixed assets acquired

   $ 5,389   
  

 

 

 

 

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The following unaudited pro forma summary presents the combined results of operations as if the C-MAC and RTIE acquisitions described above had occurred at the beginning of the nine month period ended August 31, 2012 and that the C-MAC, RTIE, CMT, Spectrum and SenDEC acquisitions described above had occurred at the beginning of the three and nine month periods ended August 31, 2011.

 

 

     Three months ended August 31,      Nine months ended August 31,  
     2012
(actual)
    2011      2012     2011  

Revenues

   $ 68,448      $ 82,722       $ 229,982      $ 250,093   

Net loss from continuing operations

   $ (27,666   $ 12,262       $ (136,649   $ (16,116

Net loss

   $ (27,666   $ 12,262       $ (136,649   $ (16,151

Net loss from continuing operations per share – basic and diluted

   $ (0.50   $ 0.24       $ (2.47   $ (0.31

Net loss per share – basic and diluted

   $ (0.50   $ 0.24       $ (2.47   $ (0.31

5. DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS

On February 20, 2010 the Company announced that it closed its nanotechnology research and development subsidiary, NanoOpto, which was previously included in the Systems, Subsystems & Components segment. NanoOpto was acquired by API in 2007 and is located in Somerset, New Jersey. During the quarter ended August 31, 2010, the Company sold the assets of NanoOpto for gross cash proceeds of approximately $2,300.

6. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

The following table summarizes assets and liabilities, which have been accounted for at fair value, along with the basis for the determination of fair value.

 

     August 31, 2012      November 30, 2011  
     2012
Total
    Unobservable
Measurement
Criteria
(Level 3)
    Impairment      2011
Total
     Unobservable
Measurement
Criteria
(Level 3)
     Impairment  

Fixed assets held for sale

   $ 2,681      $ 2,681      $ —         $ 3,216       $ 3,216       $ —     

Derivative liabilities - Preferred Stock (Note 12)

     (267     (267     —           —           —           —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 2,414      $ 2,414      $ —         $ 3,216       $ 3,216       $ —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following is a summary of activity for the nine months ended August 31, 2012 and six month transition period ended November 30, 2011 for assets measured at fair value based on unobservable measure criteria:

 

     Fixed Assets Held
for Sale
    Derivative Liabilities –
Preferred Stock
 

Balance, May 31, 2011

   $ 150      $ —     

Add: Classified as assets held for sale

     3,066        —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, November 30, 2011

   $ 3,216      $ —     

Less: Fixed assets sold

     (535     —     

Add: Embedded features of convertible notes and preferred stock

     —          (855

Less: Embedded features of convertible notes upon conversion to preferred stock

     —          588   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, August 31, 2012

   $ 2,681      $ (267
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The fair value of the fixed assets held for sale was determined using a market approach by using prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving comparable assets. The Series A Preferred Stock (Note 12) also contain an embedded feature for a default dividend rate. The Company determined the fair value of the derivative liabilities related to the preferred stock by using the present value of probability weighted cash flow scenarios.

 

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7. INVENTORIES

Inventories consisted of the following:

 

 

     (in thousands)  
     August 31,
2012
     November 30,
2011
 

Raw materials

   $ 31,803       $ 35,872   

Work in progress

     25,379         28,955   

Finished goods

     9,853         7,190   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 67,035       $ 72,017   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Inventories are presented net of valuation allowances.

8. GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS

The goodwill in the consolidated financial statements relates to the acquisition of RTIE in March 2012, C-MAC in March 2012, CMT in November 2011, Spectrum in June 2011, the acquisition of SenDEC in January 2011, the acquisition of the assets of the KGC Companies in January 2010, and the acquisition of the Filtran Group companies, which was completed in 2002. All of the goodwill relates to our SSC and EMS reporting units.

As at May 31, 2012, given lower than projected revenues, primarily as a result of an overall decline in the defense market, and the Company’s outlook for the EMS portion of the Systems & Subsystems segment (now the EMS segment), the Company determined that the appropriate triggers had been reached to perform an impairment test beyond the annual goodwill impairment test. The Company performed the first step of the goodwill impairment assessment and the carrying value of the assets exceeded the fair value. During the quarter ended May 31, 2012, the Company determined that an impairment of goodwill was probable, determined a reasonable estimate and therefore recorded a write-down of $87,000. During the quarter ended August 31, 2012, the Company completed its impairment analysis for the second step using the prior segments as of May 31, 2012, and determined that an additional $24,300 write-down of goodwill was required.

The goodwill impairment was determined by estimating the excess of the fair value of the Systems & Subsystems segment over the fair value of the net assets of the segment and comparing that amount to the carrying value of the goodwill. The Systems & Subsystems segment is not publicly traded on its own, and therefore the unit’s fair value was estimated. The value was estimated using an income approach based on an analysis of discounted forecasted cash flows. After recording the total goodwill impairment of $111,300, the remaining goodwill balance was re-assigned between the new EMS segment and SSC segment based on the relative fair value of the reporting units.

Changes in the carrying amount of Goodwill were as follows:

 

     (in thousands)  

Balance, November 30, 2011

   $ 253,170   

Goodwill from C-MAC business acquisition (note 4a)

     13,078   

Goodwill from RTIE asset acquisition (note 4b)

     2,177   

Goodwill from CMT asset acquisition (note 4c)

     (500

Goodwill from Spectrum business acquisition (note 4d)

     958   

Goodwill from SenDEC business acquisition (note 4e)

     133   

Goodwill impairment

     (111,300
  

 

 

 

Balance, August 31, 2012

   $ 157,716   
  

 

 

 

Changes in the carrying amount of Intangible assets were as follows:

 

     (in thousands)  

Balance, November 30, 2011

   $ 50,001   

Intangible assets from C-MAC business acquisition (note 4a)

     7,848   

Intangible assets from CMT asset acquisition (note 4c)

     500   

Computer software purchased

     1,096   

Less: Amortization

     (6,940
  

 

 

 

Balance, August 31, 2012

   $ 52,505   
  

 

 

 

 

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9. SHORT-TERM DEBT

In connection with the acquisition of Spectrum, on June 1, 2011, API entered into a Credit Agreement with Morgan Stanley Senior Funding, Inc. as lead arranger, sole book runner and administrative agent, and with other lenders from time to time parties thereto (see Note 11a). In addition to a secured term loan, the Credit Agreement provided for a $15,000 secured revolving credit facility, with an option for the Company to request an increase in the revolving credit facility commitment of up to an aggregate of $5,000. This facility was undrawn as of August 31, 2012.

The Company also has a credit facility in place for its U.K. subsidiaries for approximately $396 (250 GBP), which renews in July 2013. This line of credit is tied to the prime rate in the United Kingdom and is secured by the subsidiaries’ assets. This facility was undrawn as of August 31, 2012.

10. ACCOUNTS PAYABLE AND ACCRUED EXPENSES

Accounts payable and accrued expenses consisted of the following:

 

     (in thousands)  
     August 31,
2012
     November 30,
2011
 

Trade accounts payable

   $ 18,728       $ 33,460   

Accrued expenses

     8,618         6,940   

Wage and vacation accrual

     4,861         5,602   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 32,207       $ 46,002   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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11. LONG-TERM DEBT

The Company has the following long-term debt obligations:

 

     (in thousands)  
     August 31,
2012
    November 30,
2011
 

Term loans, due June 1, 2016, base rate plus 6.25% interest or LIBOR plus 7.25%, (a)

   $ 183,800      $ 169,075   

Mortgage loan, due 2027, 1.35% above Barclays fixed bank rate (b)

     1,438        1,509   

Lockman loan – C-MAC acquisition (c)

     2,690        —     

Note payable – RTIE acquisition (d)

     637        —    

Capital leases payable

     355        430   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 188,920      $ 171,014   

Less: Current portion of long-term debt

     (2,477     (1,917

Discount on term loans

     (3,198     (3,830
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Long-term portion

   $ 183,245      $ 165,267   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

a) In connection with the acquisition of Spectrum, on June 1, 2011, API entered into a Credit Agreement with Morgan Stanley Senior Funding, Inc. as lead arranger, sole book runner and administrative agent, and with other lenders from time to time parties thereto. The Credit Agreement provided for a secured term loan in the principal amount of $200,000 and a $15,000 secured revolving credit facility, with an option for the Company to request an increase in the revolving credit facility commitment of up to an aggregate of $5,000. A portion of the proceeds from the secured term loan was used to repay the line of credit facility from RBC Bank, which was then terminated. On June 27, 2011, API entered into an Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, which amends and restates the Credit Agreement (as amended, the “Credit Agreement”) in its entirety and provides for a secured term loan facility in the principal amount of $170,000 and a $15,000 secured revolving credit facility, with an option for the Company to request an increase in the revolving credit facility commitment of up to an aggregate of $5,000. The borrowings under the senior credit facilities are secured by substantially all of the Company’s assets and are guaranteed by the Company’s U.S. and Canadian subsidiaries, which guaranty obligations are secured by a security interest on substantially all of the assets of such subsidiaries, including certain material real property.

On March 22, 2012, in connection with the acquisition of C-MAC, the Company entered into a Second Amendment to the Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the “Second Amendment”), which further amends the Credit Agreement.

Pursuant to the Second Amendment, an aggregate principal amount of $16,000 in new term loans (the “New Term Loans”) were advanced to the Company to finance a portion of the consideration payable in connection with the acquisition of C-MAC.

At the Company’s option, the New Term Loans accrue interest at a per annum rate based on either (i) the base rate plus a margin equal to 6.25% or (ii) the LIBOR rate plus a margin equal to 7.25%. The “base rate” means the highest of (i) the administrative agent’s prime lending rate; (ii) the federal funds rate plus a margin equal to 0.50%; (iii) the one month LIBOR rate plus a margin equal to 1.00%; and (iv) 2.50%. The “LIBOR rate” means the higher of (i) a floating per annum rate based upon the LIBOR rate for the applicable interest period and (ii) 1.50%. As of the effective date of the Second Amendment, the outstanding principal amount of all term loans incurred pursuant to the Credit Agreement before March 22, 2012 bear interest at the interest rate applicable to the New Term Loans.

The New Term Loans are otherwise subject to the same terms and conditions as, and are pari passu in right of payment with, all term loans previously incurred under the Credit Agreement.

In addition to the provision of the New Term Loans, the Second Amendment, among other things, (i) specifically permitted the Company and its subsidiaries to consummate the acquisition of CMAC; (ii) establishes an incremental term loan facility enabling the lenders to provide up to $30,000 in additional term loans to be used by the Company and its subsidiaries in connection with future permitted acquisitions; (iii) amends the provisions of the Credit Agreement governing whether the Company and its subsidiaries may make acquisitions; (iv) amends the financial covenants relating to consolidated total leverage and consolidated interest expense coverage; and (v) permitted the Company to enter into the Note Purchase Agreement (as defined below) and to issue the Notes. The Company paid customary closing and arrangement fees to the lenders in connection with the Second Amendment.

Accrued interest on the revolving loans and term loans is due and payable in arrears at the end of each of our fiscal quarters, provided that revolving loans and term loans accruing interest based upon the LIBOR rate are due and payable at the end of each applicable interest period (or at each three month interval in the case of loans with interest periods greater than three months).

 

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Revolving loans may be borrowed, repaid and re-borrowed until June 1, 2014, at which time all amounts borrowed pursuant to the revolving credit facility must be repaid. The term loans (including the New Term Loans) are to be repaid quarterly at the end of each of API’s fiscal quarters, with each quarterly installment equaling one quarter of 1% of the aggregate initial principal amount of the term loans, with the remaining balance to be paid on the maturity date of June 1, 2016. The term loans are subject to mandatory prepayment under certain circumstances, including in connection with API’s receipt of net proceeds from certain issuances of indebtedness, sales of assets, casualty events, annual excess cash flow and capital contributions resulting from the exercise of its equity cure rights with respect to financial covenants.

The Credit Agreement contains customary representations and warranties and customary affirmative and negative covenants applicable to API and its subsidiaries, including covenants that limit the ability of API and its subsidiaries to grant liens, merge or consolidate, dispose of assets, pay dividends or distributions, repurchase shares, incur indebtedness, make loans, make investments or acquisitions, enter into certain transactions with affiliates, make capital expenditures, enter into certain restrictive agreements affecting its subsidiaries, and enter into certain negative pledge arrangements, in each case subject to customary exceptions for a credit agreement of this size and type. The Company is also required to maintain compliance with a consolidated total leverage ratio and a consolidated interest expense coverage ratio. The Credit Agreement also includes customary events of default that include, among other things, non-payment defaults, inaccuracy of representations and warranties, covenant defaults, cross default to material indebtedness, bankruptcy and insolvency defaults, non-compliance with ERISA laws and regulations, defaults under the security documents or guaranties, material judgment defaults, and a change of control default. Under certain circumstances, the occurrence of an event of default could result in an increased interest rate equal to 2.0% above the applicable interest rate for loans, the acceleration of the Company’s obligations pursuant to the Credit Agreement and an obligation of the subsidiary guarantors to repay the full amount of the Company’s borrowings under the Credit Agreement.

The aggregate principal amount of term loans (including the $16,000 New Term Loans) outstanding under the Credit Agreement as amended was $183,800 as of August 31, 2012.

The Credit Agreement was previously amended on January 6, 2012, effective November 30, 2011, to provide for certain pro forma adjustments relating to our acquisition of Spectrum and CMT to be made to the calculation of consolidated earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization set forth in the Credit Agreement for the four quarter period ended November 30, 2011. In addition, such amendment provides that the Company shall apply the net sale proceeds of any sale leaseback transaction involving real property to prepay outstanding terms loans under the Credit Agreement.

b) A subsidiary of the Company in the United Kingdom entered into a 20 year term mortgage agreement in 2007, under which interest is charged at a margin of 1.35% over Barclays Fixed Base Rate of 0.5% at August 31, 2012. The mortgage is secured by the subsidiary’s assets.
c) A subsidiary of the Company in the United Kingdom entered into a 5 year term loan facility with Lockman Electronic Holdings Limited on December 16, 2011 (“Lockman Loan”), under which interest is charged at a margin of 5.0% over LIBOR. The margin increases by 0.5% each year on December 1 for the term of the agreement. The term loan is secured against a debenture over the subsidiary’s assets.
d) On March 19, 2012 the Company completed the acquisition of substantially all of the assets of RTIE (Note 4b) for a total purchase price of $2,295, with $1,500 payable in cash at closing and the remainder pursuant to a $795 Promissory Note payable in 24 equal monthly installments. The aggregate principal amount of the Promissory Note payable outstanding was $637 as of August 31, 2012.

12. PREFERRED STOCK

On March 22, 2012, following the acquisition of C-MAC, the Company entered into a Note Purchase Agreement by and among the Company and the purchaser referred to therein (the “Note Purchase Agreement”). Pursuant to the Note Purchase Agreement, the Company sold an aggregate initial principal amount of $26,000 of convertible subordinated notes (the “Note”) to a single purchaser in a private placement exempt from the registration requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. The Company received aggregate gross proceeds of $16,000 from the private placement, all of which will be used for working capital purposes. The purchaser of the Note is an affiliate of Senator Investment Group LP. At the time of the issuance of the Note, such affiliate also was the beneficial owner of approximately 10.7% of our outstanding common stock, without giving effect to the transactions contemplated by the Note Purchase Agreement.

 

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Upon the filing of the amendment to the Charter and the Certificate of Designation (as described and defined below), the Note converted into 26,000 shares of Series A Mandatorily Redeemable Preferred Stock of API (“Series A Preferred Stock”). The purchaser has the option to convert all or any portion of the amount of the liquidation preference (“Liquidation Preference”) (initially and currently $1,000 per share) of the Series A Preferred Stock into common stock of API at $6.00 per share. The outstanding Series A Preferred Stock, as of the date of this Report, is convertible into approximately 4,333,333 shares of common stock.

On March 22, 2012, certain stockholders of the Company took action by written consent (the “Written Consent”), as permitted pursuant to the Company’s bylaws and Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation, as amended (the “Charter”), to amend the Charter to (i) increase the number of shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, issuable by the Company to 250,000,000 shares from 100,000,000 shares; and (ii) authorize the issuance by the Company’s Board of Directors, from time to time, of up to 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share (the “Preferred Stock”), in one or more series. The Written Consent also approved the issuance of shares of API common stock in connection with the conversion of the Note and Series A Preferred Stock as contemplated by the Note Purchase Agreement for all purposes, including pursuant to the rules and regulations of The NASDAQ Stock Market.

On March 22, 2012, subject to the effectiveness of the amendments to the Charter described above, the Company’s Board of Directors also authorized the creation of a class of Preferred Stock designated as “Series A Mandatorily Redeemable Preferred Stock” (which we refer to herein as Series A Preferred Stock) pursuant to a Certificate of Designation (the “Certificate of Designation”).

The Company received aggregate gross proceeds of $16,000 from the issuance of the Note. The Company recorded a debt discount of $10,000 representing the difference between the principal amount of the Note and the proceeds received. The Note contained embedded features for a default interest rate and make whole provisions. Accordingly, the Company evaluated these embedded features and recorded an additional debt discount in the amount of $588. The Company also recorded $2,272 of additional discount resulting from the beneficial conversion feature of the Notes. The total debt discount was amortized over the contracted life of the Notes using the effective interest method. Up to the date of conversion this resulted in interest expense of $218.

On May 16, 2012, the Company filed the amendments to the Charter and the Certificate of Designation with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware, at which time they became effective. Pursuant to the Certificate of Designation, the Company is authorized to issue 1,000,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock. As described above, the Note converted into 26,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock.

Upon conversion of the Note, the remaining unamortized discount of $12,644 was recorded as interest expense and the $26,000 face value of the Note was recorded as Series A Preferred Stock.

The Series A Preferred Stock will rank, with respect to dividend rights, redemption rights and rights upon liquidation, dissolution or wind-up (i) senior to the common stock and each other class of capital stock or series of Preferred Stock established by the Board of Directors, the terms of which expressly provide that such class or series ranks junior to the Series A Preferred Stock; (ii) junior to all capital stock or series of Preferred Stock established by the Board, the terms of which expressly provide that such class or series will rank senior to the Series A Preferred Stock; and (iii) on parity with all other classes of capital stock or series of Preferred Stock established by the Board of Directors, the terms of which expressly provide that such class or series will rank on parity with the Series A Preferred Stock.

The holders of Series A Preferred Stock will be entitled to vote on all matters voted on by holders of the common stock, voting together as a single class with the other shares entitled to vote. The holders of Series A Preferred Stock will have the right to cast the number of votes equal to the total number of votes which could be cast in such vote by a holder of the number of shares of common stock into which the shares of Series A Preferred Stock could be converted.

Commencing on March 22, 2013, holders of Series A Preferred Stock are entitled to receive cumulative dividends on the Liquidation Preference (initially $1,000 per share), computed on the basis of a 360-day year of twelve 30-day months at a rate equal to 6% per annum, compounded quarterly on the last day of each March, June, September and December. Accrued and unpaid dividends also will be paid on the date of any redemption or on any liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of the Company. Dividends will be paid in kind each quarter, by adding the amount of the accrued and unpaid dividend to the Liquidation Preference amount of each share of Series A Preferred Stock (the “Accreted Dividend Amount”). The Accreted Dividend Amount will constitute part of the Liquidation Preference of each share of Series A Preferred Stock as of each applicable quarterly dividend payment date and dividends will begin to accrue on each Accreted Dividend Amount beginning on the date on which such amount is added to the Liquidation Preference amount of each share of Series A Preferred Stock. However, all dividends due and payable on the date that the Liquidation Preference of a share of Series A Preferred Stock becomes due and payable will be payable in cash on such date. Upon an Early Redemption Event, dividends shall accrue while such event is continuing at the rate equal to the rate for the most recently issued actively traded ten year U.S. Treasury security, plus 10.0%. An “Early Redemption Event” means if (a) the Company (i) defaults in its obligation to pay the amounts in connection with a redemption of the Series A Preferred Stock and such default continues unremedied for three business

 

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days; (ii) breaches in material respect any of its representations or warranties contained in the Note Purchase Agreement, the Note or other document delivered in connection therewith; (iii) breaches certain covenants under the Note Purchase Agreement or other document delivered in connection therewith (subject to applicable grace periods); (iv) defaults (A) in any payment of any indebtedness in excess of $5,500 or (B) defaults in the observance of any condition or agreement in respect of any such indebtedness, and as a consequence of such default, such indebtedness becomes due and payable prior to its stated maturity; (v) commences certain bankruptcy or similar proceedings or has a bankruptcy or similar proceeding commenced against it that is not dismissed within the applicable grace period; or (b) a material provision of the Note Purchase Agreement, the Note or other agreement delivered in connection therewith ceases to be effective.

The Series A Preferred Stock will be convertible at any time at the discretion of the holders into that number of shares of common stock equal to the Liquidation Preference being converted (plus any accrued dividends that have not yet been accreted to the Liquidation Preference), divided by the initial conversion price of $6.00 per share, which initial conversion price is subject to adjustments as described below. In addition, upon a Change of Control (as defined in the Note Purchase Agreement), the sale of all or substantially all of the assets of the Company or the occurrence of certain dilution events described below (a “Mandatory Redemption Event”), then the holders of Series A Preferred Stock will have the right to receive upon conversion, in lieu of the common stock otherwise issuable, such shares of stock, securities or other property as would have been issued or payable upon such Mandatory Redemption Event had the shares of Series A Preferred Stock been converted into common stock immediately prior to such Mandatory Redemption Event.

13. SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

On June 27, 2011, API entered into a Common Stock Purchase Agreement, by and among API and the purchasers (as defined therein), pursuant to which API issued 4,791,958 shares of its common stock in a private placement for a purchase price of $6.50 per share. API received aggregate gross proceeds of approximately $31,148 from the private placement. In connection with the private placement, API also issued 300,000 shares of common stock to certain purchasers in consideration for a backstop commitment provided by such purchasers.

On March 18, 2011, the Company entered into a Common Stock Purchase Agreement, by and among the Company and the Purchasers (as defined therein), pursuant to which the Company issued 17,095,102 shares of its common stock in a private placement for a purchase price of $6.00 per share.

On March 28, 2011, the Company issued to an officer of the Company as part of his appointment as President and Chief Operating Officer, 300,000 shares of API’s common stock of which 140,019 of these shares were reacquired through the withholding of shares to pay employee tax obligations upon the issuance of the shares.

On January 31, 2011, the Company issued 1,216,667 shares of its common stock to the holders of the $3,650 Convertible Notes for a price equal to $3.00 per share upon conversion of the Convertible Notes.

On January 21, 2011, API acquired all of the equity of SenDEC, which included SenDEC’s electronics manufacturing operations and approximately $30,000 of cash, in exchange for the issuance of 22,000,000 API common shares to Vintage (see Note 4e).

On December 28, 2010, the Company filed a Certificate of Amendment of Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation, which effected a one-for-four reverse share split of the Company’s outstanding common shares. A one-for-four reverse share split was also effected for the exchangeable shares. All the references to number of shares, options and warrants presented in these financial statements have been adjusted to reflect the post split number of shares.

On January 20, 2010 the Company agreed to issue 800,000 shares of API common stock payable as part of the compensation to the KGC Companies or their designees. 250,000 shares were issued and delivered at closing, 250,000 shares were to be issued and delivered on the first anniversary of the closing and 300,000 shares were to be issued and delivered on the second anniversary of the closing. The Company has issued 126,250 shares in escrow from the 550,000 shares remaining to be delivered. The API Pennsylvania Subsidiaries have claimed a right of set off against the escrowed shares under the asset purchase agreement with respect to claimed amounts due to the Company under the indemnification provisions of the asset purchase agreement. The unissued shares have been accounted for as common shares subscribed but not issued.

In connection with the Plan of Arrangement that occurred on November 6, 2006, the Company was obligated to issue 2,354,505 shares of either API common stock or exchangeable shares of API Nanotronics Sub, Inc. in exchange for the API Electronics Group Corp. common shares previously outstanding. As of August 31, 2012, API is obligated to issue a remaining approximately 603,469 shares of its common stock under the Plan of Arrangement either directly for API common shares or in exchange for API Nanotronics Sub, Inc. exchangeable shares not held by API or its affiliates. There are 562,200 exchangeable shares outstanding (excluding exchangeable shares held by the Company). Exchangeable shares are substantially equivalent to our common shares.

 

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On March 9, 2010, the Company’s Board of Directors authorized a program to repurchase approximately 10% of its common shares (approximately 831,250 shares) over the next 12 months. As of May 31, 2011, the Company repurchased and retired 137,728 of its common shares under this program for net outlay of approximately $716. In the fiscal year ended May 31, 2011, the Company repurchased approximately 35,544 shares for net outlay of approximately $148. The repurchase program expired on March 9, 2011.

The Company issued 1,340,477 options and RSUs during the nine months ended August 31, 2012 (Note 14). The option grants were valued using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model.

14. SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION

On October 26, 2006, the Company adopted its 2006 Equity Incentive Plan (the “Equity Incentive Plan”), which was approved at the 2007 Annual Meeting of Stockholders of the Company. All the prior options issued by API were carried over to this plan under the provisions of the Plan of Arrangement. On October 22, 2009, the Company amended the Equity Incentive Plan to increase the number of shares of common stock under the plan from 1,250,000 to 2,125,000. On January 21, 2011, the Company amended the Equity Incentive Plan to increase the number of shares of common stock under the plan from 2,125,000 to 5,875,000, and further amended the plan on June 3, 2011 to permit the issuance of RSUs, which amendments were approved by the shareholders of the Company on November 4, 2011. Of the 5,875,000 shares authorized under the Equity Incentive Plan, 2,374,452 shares are available for issuance pursuant to options, RSUs, or stock as of August 31, 2012. Under the Company’s Equity Incentive Plan, incentive options and non-statutory options may have a term of up to ten years from the date of grant. The stock option exercise prices are equal to at least 100 percent of the fair market value of the underlying shares on the date the options are granted.

As of August 31, 2012, there was $2,220 of total unrecognized compensation related to non-vested stock options, which are not contingent upon attainment of certain milestones. For options with certain milestones necessary for vesting, the fair value is not calculated until the conditions become probable. The cost is expected to be recognized over the remaining periods of the options, which are expected to vest from 2012 to 2016.

During the nine months ended August 31, 2012 and 2011, $1,934 and $2,772, respectively, has been recognized as share-based compensation expense in cost of revenues, selling expense, general and administrative expense and business acquisition and related charges.

The fair value of each option grant is estimated at the grant date using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model based on the assumptions detailed below:

 

     August 31, 2012     August 31, 2011  

Expected volatility

     89.5     97.4

Expected dividends

     0     0

Expected term

     6 years        6 years   

Risk-free rate

     0.91     1.93

The summary of the common stock options granted, cancelled, exchanged or exercised under the Plan:

 

     Options     Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
 

Stock Options outstanding—May 31, 2011

     2,285,999      $ 5.74   

Less forfeited

     (178,858   $ 5.64   

Exercised

     (332,550   $ 5.53   

Issued

     145,000      $ 6.86   
  

 

 

   

Stock Options outstanding—November 30, 2011

     1,919,591      $ 5.72   

Less forfeited

     (248,826   $ 4.88   

Exercised

     —        $ —     

Issued

     1,025,000      $ 3.51   
  

 

 

   

Stock Options outstanding—August 31, 2012

     2,695,765      $ 5.06   
  

 

 

   

Stock Options exercisable—August 31, 2012

     1,514,848      $ 5.89   
  

 

 

   

 

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Restricted stock unit activity under the 2006 Equity Compensation Plan, for the nine month period ended August 31, 2012 is presented below:

 

     Units     Weighted
Average
Grant
Date Fair
Value
 

RSUs outstanding—May 31, 2011

     —        $ —     

Issued

     51,000      $ 6.43   
  

 

 

   

RSUs outstanding—November 30, 2011

     51,000      $ 6.43   

Issued

     315,477      $ 3.61   

Exercised—Stock issued

     (218,477   $ 3.56   
  

 

 

   

RSUs outstanding—August 31, 2012

     148,000      $ 4.43   
  

 

 

   

RSUs exercisable—August 31, 2012

     21,000      $ 6.61   

 

      RSUs and Options Outstanding      RSUs and Options Exercisable  

Range of

Exercise Price

   Number of
Outstanding
at August 31,

2012
     Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
     Weighted
Average
Remaining
Life
(Years)
     Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
(in thousands)
     Number
Exercisable
at August 31,
2012
     Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
     Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
(in thousands)
 

$0.00 – $ 3.55

     1,088,002       $ 3.03         9.45       $ 457         21,000       $ 0.00       $ 65   

$3.56 – $ 4.99

     36,334       $ 3.56         8.15       $ —           7,669       $ 3.56       $ —     

$5.00 – $ 6.99

     1,700,177       $ 5.87         6.15       $ —           1,488,258       $ 5.84       $ —     

$7.00 – $ 20.00

     19,252       $ 11.83         5.23       $ —           18,923       $ 11.89       $ —     
  

 

 

          

 

 

    

 

 

       

 

 

 
     2,843,765            7.43       $ 457         1,535,850          $ 65   
  

 

 

          

 

 

    

 

 

       

 

 

 

The intrinsic value is calculated as the excess of the market value as of August 31, 2012 over the exercise price of the shares. The market value as of August 31, 2012 was $3.09 as reported by the NASDAQ Stock Market.

15. SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION

Supplemental cash flow information for the nine months ended August 31:

 

     (in thousands)  
     2012      2011  

Supplemental Cash Flow Information

     

Cash paid for income taxes

   $ 74       $ 269   

Cash paid for interest

   $ 11,555       $ 1,783   

16 . EARNINGS PER SHARE OF COMMON STOCK

The following table sets forth the computation of weighted-average shares outstanding for calculating basic and diluted earnings per share (EPS):

 

     Three months ended August 31,      Nine months ended August 31,  
     2012      2011      2012      2011  

Weighted average shares-basic

     55,365,978         52,404,074         55,296,470         39,187,102   

Effect of dilutive securities

     *         11,997         *         *   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Weighted average shares—diluted

     55,365,978         52,416,071         55,296,470         39,187,102   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic EPS and diluted EPS for the three and nine months ended August 31, 2012 and 2011 have been computed by dividing the net income by the weighted average shares outstanding. The weighted average numbers of shares of common stock outstanding includes exchangeable shares and shares to be issued under the Plan of Arrangement. We consider outstanding options, warrants, RSUs and shares of Preferred Stock in computing diluted net income per share only when they are dilutive. For the three and nine months ended August 31, 2012 and nine months ended August 31, 2011, all outstanding options and RSUs (aggregating 2,843,765 and 2,021,341 incremental shares as of August 31, 2012 and August 31, 2011, respectively), warrants (for 955,362 shares of common stock as of August 31, 2012 and August 31, 2011), and shares of Series A Preferred Stock (representing 4,333,333 shares of common stock as of August 31, 2012), have been excluded from the computation of diluted EPS as they are anti-dilutive due to losses generated in these periods.

 

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17. COMMITMENTS

On September 15, 2011, Currency, Inc., KII Inc., Kuchera Industries, LLC, William Kuchera and Ronald Kuchera (the “Plaintiffs”) filed a lawsuit against API and the API Pennsylvania Subsidiaries in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware in relation to the Asset Purchase Agreement by and among API, the API Pennsylvania Subsidiaries, the KGC Companies, William Kuchera, and Ronald Kuchera dated January 20, 2010. Plaintiffs’ complaint alleges claims for breach of contract and unjust enrichment based on their contention that API and the API Pennsylvania Subsidiaries violated the Agreement by failing to issue certain shares of stock to Plaintiffs and by failing to cooperate with Plaintiffs in the filing of a final general and administrative overhead rate with the Defense Contracting Audit Agency. API and the API Pennsylvania Subsidiaries filed an answer to the complaint denying all liability and a counterclaim for breach of contract against Plaintiffs. The final outcome and impact of this matter is subject to many variables, and cannot be predicted. We establish accruals only for those matters where we determine that a loss is probable and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated. As a result, we have not accrued for any liability with respect to this matter. Of the 550,000 shares that have not been delivered under the Asset Purchase Agreement, 126,250 were placed in escrow and the remaining 423,750 shares have been accounted for as common shares subscribed but not issued with a value of $2,373. The Company expenses legal costs as they are incurred. While it is currently not possible to reasonably estimate the aggregate amount of costs which we may incur in connection with this matter, such costs could have a material adverse effect on our financial position, liquidity, or results of operations.

The Company is also a party to lawsuits in the normal course of its business. Litigation can be unforeseeable, expensive, lengthy and disruptive to normal business operations. Moreover, the results of complex legal proceedings are difficult to predict. An unfavorable resolution of a particular lawsuit could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, operating results, or financial condition.

18. INCOME TAXES

For the three and nine month periods ended August 31, 2012 , the Company’s effective income tax rates were 2.1% and 2.7%, respectively, and 494.9% and 51.4% for the three and nine month periods ended August 31, 2011, respectively, compared to an applicable U.S. federal statutory income tax rate of 34.0%. The difference between the effective tax rate and U.S. statutory tax as of August 31, 2012 is primarily due to the goodwill impairment, amortization and write-off of debt discounts related to the convertible debt, which are not-deductible for income tax purposes. For the three months ended August 31, 2012, the Company also recorded valuation allowances on deferred tax assets due to cumulative losses.

As of August 31, 2012, the Company has no significant unrecognized tax benefits.

The Company’s practice is to recognize interest and penalties related to income tax matters as income tax expense. For each of the periods presented herein, there were no significant amounts accrued or charged to expense for tax-related interest and penalties. As of August 31, 2012, $360 of penalties were accrued for late tax return filings for 2011.

The Company is subject to possible income tax examinations for its U.S. federal and state income tax returns filed for the tax years 2008 to present. International tax statutes may vary widely regarding the tax years subject to examination, but generally range from 2008 to the present.

19. RESTRUCTURING CHARGES RELATED TO CONSOLIDATION OF OPERATIONS

In accordance with accounting guidance for costs associated with asset exit or disposal activities, restructuring costs are recorded as incurred. Restructuring charges for employee workforce reductions are recorded upon employee notification.

In May 2012, the Company announced the restructuring of its EMS business (“EMS restructuring”) in order to improve its profitability. The actions taken as part of the EMS restructuring are intended to realize synergies from our combined EMS operations, contain costs, reduce our exposure to low margin and unprofitable revenue streams within the EMS businesses, and streamline our operations. Elements of the EMS restructuring include management re-alignment, workforce reductions and write-downs and charges related to inventory, fixed assets, and long-term leases. The Company anticipates the EMS restructuring will be substantially completed by the end of fiscal 2012. As of August 31, 2012, the Company reduced its EMS workforce by approximately 10%, which represents approximately 2% of its global workforce.

The Company estimates that approximately $418 relates to cash outlays, primarily due to employee separation expense. The majority of the non-cash charges are primarily related to the write-down of inventory related to the EMS product offerings, leasehold impairments and fixed asset impairments.

 

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Table of Contents

The following tables summarize the charges related to EMS restructuring activities by type of cost:

 

     EMS
Restructuring
(in thousands)
 

Salary and related charges

   $ 418   

Inventory write-down

     7,401   

Fixed asset impairment

     865   

Lease impairment

     1,925   
  

 

 

 

Accumulated restructuring charges at August 31, 2012

     10,609   

Cash payments

     (418

Non-cash charges

     (10,191
  

 

 

 

Balance, August 31, 2012

   $ —     
  

 

 

 

In 2010, the Company started a restructuring plan (“2010 Restructuring Plan”). During the nine months ended August 31, 2012 restructuring expenses included charges of approximately i) $983 related to workforce reductions and other expenses related to consolidating certain parts of its microwave operations from Palm Bay, Florida to its owned facility in State College, P.A., and consolidating certain parts of its operations in its leased facility in Windber, P.A and ii) $2,177 related to workforce reductions and other expenses related to consolidating certain parts of its C-MAC operations. Management continues to evaluate whether other related assets have been impaired, and has concluded that there should be no additional impairment charges as of August 31, 2012.

As of August 31, 2012 and November 30, 2011, the following table represents the details of restructuring charges with respect to the 2010 Restructuring Plan:

 

     Workforce
Reduction Cost
(in thousands)
 

Balance, May 31, 2011

   $ 460   

Restructuring charges

     2,304   
  

 

 

 

Accumulated restructuring charges at May 31, 2011

     2,764   

Cash payments

     (1,984

Non-cash charges

     —     
  

 

 

 

Balance, November 30, 2011

   $ 780   

Restructuring charges

     3,160   
  

 

 

 

Accumulated restructuring charges at August 31, 2012

     3,940   

Cash payments

     (3,525

Non-cash charges

     —     
  

 

 

 

Balance, August 31, 2012

   $ 415   
  

 

 

 

The remaining balance at August 31, 2012 is included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities.

20. SEGMENT INFORMATION

The Company follows the authoritative guidance on the required disclosures for segments which establish standards for the way that public business enterprises report information about operating segments in annual financial statements and requires that those enterprises report selected information about operating segments in financial reports. The guidance also establishes standards for related disclosures about products and services, geographic areas and major customers.

 

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Table of Contents

The authoritative accounting guidance uses a management approach for determining segments. The management approach designates the internal organization that is used by management for making operating decisions and assessing performance as the source of the Company’s reportable segments. Previously, the Company reported our segment information in two segments: Systems & Subsystems and Secure Systems & Information Assurance. To better highlight to investors its profitability and product offerings, beginning with the third quarter of fiscal 2012, the Company redefined its reportable operating segments based on the way in which the Chief Operating Decision Maker manages and evaluates the business. For this reason and consistent with authoritative guidance, the Company concluded that the EMS business should be reported as a separate segment, as this more closely aligns with its management organization and strategic direction. The Company also renamed the Systems & Subsystems segment to Systems, Subsystems & Components to more accurately describe the product offering of this segment. There were no changes to the Secure Systems & Information Assurance segment. The Company’s operations are conducted in three principal business segments: Systems, Subsystems & Components (SSC), Secure Systems & Information Assurance (SSIA) and Electronic Manufacturing Services (EMS). The presentation of prior periods has been revised to conform to the new segments. Inter-segment sales are presented at their market value for disclosure purposes.

 

Nine months ended August 31, 2012

(in thousands)

   SSC     SSIA     EMS     Corporate     Inter
Segment
Eliminations
     Total  

Sales to external customers

   $ 150,298      $ 19,131      $ 48,642      $ —        $ —         $ 218,071   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenue

     150,298        19,131        48,642          —           218,071   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating income before expenses below:

     28,817        4,016        176        —          —           33,009   

Corporate—head office expenses

     —          —          —          6,374        —           6,374   

Acquisition related charges

     809        —          —          2,635        —           3,444   

Restructuring

     2,685        312        11,205        163        —           14,365   

Depreciation and amortization

     9,800        271        2,956        157        —           13,184   

Goodwill impairment

     24,192        —          87,108        —          —           111,300   

Other expense

     89        35        (94     24,498        —           24,528   

Income tax expense (benefit)

     (197     598        —          (4,187     —           (3,786
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

   $ (8,561   $ 2,800      $ (100,999   $ (29,640   $ —         $ (136,400
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Segment assets—as at August 31, 2012

   $ 237,936      $ 15,432      $ 136,351      $ 9,963      $ —         $ 399,682   

Goodwill included in assets—as at Aug. 31, 2012

   $ 155,247      $ —        $ 2,469      $ —        $ —         $ 157,716   

Purchase of fixed assets, to August 31, 2012

   $ 783      $ 5      $ 101      $ —        $ —         $ 889   

Nine months ended August 31, 2011

(in thousands)

   SSC     SSIA     EMS     Corporate     Inter
Segment
Eliminations
     Total  

Sales to external customers

   $ 57,167      $ 16,903      $ 48,418      $ —        $ —         $ 122,488   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenue

     57,167        16,903        48,418        —          —           122,488   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating income (loss) before expenses below:

     4,561        477        (2,795     —          —           2,243   

Corporate—head office expenses

     —          —          —          6,155        —           6,155   

Corporate—acquisition related charges

     —          —          —          12,798        —           12,798   

Depreciation and amortization

     3,454        304        2,770        34        —           6,562   

Other (income) expenses

     (174     75        267        7,053        —           7,221   

Income tax expense (benefit)

     (15,895     175        2        30        —           (15,688
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income (loss) from continuing operations

     17,176        (77     (5,834     (26,070     —           (14,805

Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax

     (36     —          —          —          —           (36
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

   $ 17,140      $ (77   $ (5,834   $ (26,070   $ —         $ (14,841
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Segment assets—as at November 30, 2011

   $ 316,149      $ 15,604      $ 162,862      $ 11,832      $ —         $ 506,447   

Goodwill included in assets—as at Nov. 30, 2011

   $ 163,726      $ —        $ 89,444      $ —        $ —         $ 253,170   

Purchase of fixed assets, to August 31, 2011

   $ 190      $ 639      $ 837      $ —        $ —         $ 1,666   

 

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Table of Contents

Three months ended August 31, 2012

(in thousands)

   SSC     SSIA     EMS     Corporate     Inter
Segment
Eliminations
     Total  

Sales to external customers

   $ 50,816      $ 4,651      $ 12,981      $ —        $ —         $ 68,448   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenue

     50,816        4,651        12,981          —           68,448   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating income before expenses below:

     9,139        701        (404     —          —           9,436   

Corporate—head office expenses

     —          —          —          1,800        —           1,800   

Acquisition related charges

     355        —          —          420        —           775   

Restructuring

     1,689        255        224        55        —           2,223   

Depreciation and amortization

     3,194        90        733        71        —           4,088   

Goodwill impairment

     24,192        —          108        —          —           24,300   

Other expense

     13        (34     (405     4,921        —           4,495   

Income tax expense (benefit)

     (50     173        —          (702     —           (579
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

   $ (20,254   $ 217      $ (1,064   $ (6,565   $ —         $ (27,666
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Purchase of fixed assets, to August 31, 2012

   $ 502      $ —        $ —        $ —        $ —         $ 502   

Three months ended August 31, 2011

(in thousands)

   SSC     SSIA     EMS     Corporate     Inter
Segment
Eliminations
     Total  

Sales to external customers

   $ 45,848      $ 6,066      $ 17,317      $ —        $ —         $ 69,231   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenue

     45,848        6,066        17,317        —          —           69,231   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating income (loss) before expenses below:

     6,907        574        231        —          —           7,712   

Corporate—head office expenses

     —          —          —          1,684        —           1,684   

Corporate—acquisition related charges

     —          —          —          —          —           —     

Depreciation and amortization

     3,222        92        1,121        11        —           4,446   

Other (income) expenses

     (9     17        36        4,164        —           4,208   

Income tax expense (benefit)

     (13,203     175        —          30        —           (12,998
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income (loss) from continuing operations

     16,897        290        (926     (5,889     —           10,372   

Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax

     —          —          —          —          —           —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

   $ 16,897      $ 290      $ (926   $ (5,889   $ —         $ 10,372   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Purchase of fixed assets, to August 31, 2011

   $ 416      $ 112      $ 140      $ —        $ —         $ 668   

21. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

The Company has evaluated subsequent events through October 10, 2012, the date the financial statements were issued, and up to the time of filing of the financial statements with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Business Overview of API Technologies Corp.

General

We design, develop and manufacture electronic systems, subsystems, RF and secure solutions for technically demanding defense, aerospace and commercial applications. We own and operate several state-of-the-art manufacturing facilities in the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, China and Mexico. Our defense customers, which include military prime contractors, and the contract manufacturers who work for them, in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom and various other countries in the world, outsource many of their defense electronic components and systems to us as a result of the combination of our design, development and manufacturing expertise. Our commercial customers, who represent the commercial, aerospace, space, industrial, and medical communities, leverage our products, engineering, and manufacturing capabilities to address high-reliability requirements.

Operating through three segments: Systems, Subsystems & Components (“SSC”), Electronic Manufacturing Services (“EMS”), and Secure Systems & Information Assurance (“SSIA”), we are positioned as a total engineered solution provider to various world governments, military, defense, aerospace and homeland security contractors, and leading industrial and commercial firms. With a focus on high-reliability products for critical applications, our solutions portfolio spans RF/microwave and microelectronics, electromagnetics, power products, sensors, and security products. We also offer a wide range of electronic manufacturing services from prototyping to high volume production and secure communication products, including ruggedized computers and peripherals, network security appliances, and TEMPEST Emanation prevention products. Previously, the Company reported our segment information in two segments: Systems & Subsystems and Secure Systems & Information Assurance. To better highlight to our investors our profitability and product offerings, beginning with the third quarter of fiscal 2012, we redefined our reportable operating segments, based on the way in which the Chief Operating Decision Maker manages and evaluates the business. For this reason and consistent with authoritative guidance, we concluded that the EMS business should be reported as a separate segment, as this more closely aligns with our management organization and strategic direction. We also renamed the Systems & Subsystems segment to Systems, Subsystems & Components to more accurately describe the product offering of this segment. There were no changes to the Secure Systems & Information Assurance segment.

On March 22, 2012, our Board approved an amendment to our Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation (the “Charter”) to (i) increase the number of our shares of common stock from 100,000,000 to 250,000,000 shares, and (ii) authorize the issuance by the Company’s Board of Directors of up to 10,000,000 shares of Preferred Stock, in one or more series. On March 22, 2012, subject to the effectiveness of such amendment to the Charter, our Board of Directors also authorized the creation of a class of Preferred Stock designated as “Series A Mandatorily Redeemable Preferred Stock” (which we also refer to as Series A Preferred Stock) pursuant to a Certificate of Designation (“Certificate of Designation”). Pursuant to the Certificate of Designation, we are authorized to issue 1,000,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock. Shareholders owning a majority of our common stock on March 22, 2012 approved such actions by a written consent and on May 16, 2012 we filed the amendments to the Charter and the Certificate of Designation with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware, at which time they became effective.

On March 22, 2012, we, through our subsidiary API Technologies (UK) Limited (“API UK”), acquired the entire issued share capital of C-MAC Aerospace Limited (“C-MAC”) for a total purchase price of £21.0 million (approximately $33.0 million), including the assumption of C-MAC’s loan facility. C-MAC is a leading provider of high-reliability electronic systems, modules, and components to the defense, aerospace, space, industrial and energy sectors.

After closing the purchase of C-MAC, we raised $16.0 million of capital in a private placement through the form of a $26.0 million convertible subordinated note (the “Note”), which following the effectiveness of the amendment to the Charter and the Certificate of Designation (as defined below), converted into 26,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock of API.

On March 19, 2012 we completed the acquisition of substantially all of the assets of RTIE Electronics (“RTIE”) for a total purchase price of approximately $2.3 million, with $1.5 million payable in cash at closing and the remainder pursuant to a Promissory Note of approximately $0.8 million payable in 24 equal monthly installments. Based in Anaheim, California, RTIE is a leading manufacturer of passive electronic components, including thermistors, film capacitors, magnetic transformers and inductors, and audio power conditioning units. RTIE had revenues in the year ended December 31, 2011 of approximately $5.3 million from a diverse Fortune 500 customer base spanning the audio, defense, aerospace, and industrial markets.

On November 29, 2011, we purchased substantially all of the assets and assumed certain liabilities of Commercial Microwave Technology, Inc. (“CMT”), a California corporation. CMT designs and manufactures Radio Frequency and Microwave Filters, Multiplexers, and related products for use in space and commercial applications. We purchased the assets of CMT for $8.2 million, subject to certain adjustments.

 

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On June 1, 2011, API completed the acquisition of Spectrum Control, Inc. (“Spectrum”) through the merger of Erie Merger Corp., a wholly owned subsidiary of API, with and into Spectrum. Spectrum is a leading designer and manufacturer of high performance, custom solutions for the defense, aerospace, industrial, and medical industries headquartered in Fairview, Pennsylvania. Pursuant to the merger, each share of common stock of Spectrum was converted into the right to receive $20.00 in cash, without interest. The total transaction value was approximately $273.3 million, including the value of stock options cashed-out as a result of the merger. The Spectrum acquisition has significantly expanded our Systems, Subsystems & Components revenues, including approximately $109.5 million to net revenues for the nine months ended August 31, 2012. In addition, we added Spectrum’s manufacturing facilities in Fairview, Pennsylvania; State College, Pennsylvania; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Grass Valley, California; Marlborough, Massachusetts; Hudson, New Hampshire; Auburn, New York; Wesson, Mississippi; Juarez, Mexico; and Guang Dong Province, China.

Also on June 1, 2011, API entered into a credit facility with Morgan Stanley Senior Funding, Inc., as lead arranger, sole book-runner and administrative agent (“Morgan Stanley”), providing for a secured term loan in the principal amount of $200.0 million and a $15.0 million secured revolving credit facility. On June 27, 2011, the Company entered into an Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (as amended, the “Credit Agreement”) with Morgan Stanley and the lenders a party thereto from time to time, to provide for a secured term loan facility in the principal amount of $170.0 million and a $15.0 million secured revolving credit facility, with an option for API to request an increase in the revolving credit facility commitment of up to an aggregate of $5.0 million. The Credit Agreement was further amended on January 6, 2012, effective November 30, 2011, to provide for certain pro forma adjustments relating to our acquisition of Spectrum and CMT to be made to the calculation of consolidated earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization set forth in the Credit Agreement for the four quarter period ended November 30, 2011. In addition, the amendment provides that we will apply the net sale proceeds of any sale leaseback transaction involving real property to prepay outstanding terms loans under the Credit Agreement. On March 22, 2012, we entered into a Second Amendment to the Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the “Second Amendment”), which amends the Credit Agreement. Pursuant to the terms of the Second Amendment, an aggregate principal amount of $16.0 million in new term loans (the “New Term Loans”) were advanced to the Company to finance a portion of the consideration payable in connection with the acquisition of C-MAC. See “Liquidity and Capital Resources“ below for a further description of the Second Amendment.

On June 27, 2011 we completed a private placement of approximately $31.0 million of common stock at a price of $6.50 per share.

Commencing in 2010, we began cost reduction initiatives to rationalize the number of our facilities and personnel, which has resulted in us consolidating certain parts of our manufacturing operations. Following the acquisition of Spectrum in June 2011, we implemented further cost reduction initiatives to reduce the number of facilities and personnel that resulted in us consolidating certain of our manufacturing operations, in St. Mary’s, Pennsylvania, Palm Bay, Florida and three other Pennsylvania facilities into other existing locations in the U.S. During the nine months ended August 31, 2012, we also consolidated certain parts of our C-MAC operations. These changes have resulted in an anticipated reduction of approximately $26.0 million in annual costs.

On May 31, 2012, we approved a restructuring plan (the “EMS restructuring”) for our EMS lines within our EMS business segment in order to improve the profitability of the EMS businesses. The actions taken as part of the EMS restructuring are intended to realize synergies from our combined EMS operations, contain costs, reduce our exposure to low margin and unprofitable revenue streams within the EMS businesses, and streamline our operations. Elements of the EMS restructuring include management re-alignment, workforce reductions and write-downs and charges related to inventory, fixed assets, and long-term leases. It is anticipated that the EMS restructuring will be substantially completed by the end of fiscal 2012.

As at May 31, 2012, given lower than projected revenues and our outlook for the EMS business, we determined that the appropriate triggers had been reached to perform an impairment test beyond the annual goodwill impairment test. We performed the first step of the goodwill impairment assessment and the carrying value of the assets exceeded the fair value. As of the date of filing the 10-Q for May 31, 2012, we determined that an impairment of goodwill was probable, determined a reasonable estimate and therefore recorded a write-down of $87.0 million. During the third quarter of fiscal 2012, we completed our impairment analysis for the second step of the prior segments as of May 31, 2012, and determined that an additional $24.3 million write-down of goodwill was required.

Operating Revenues

We derive operating revenues from our three principal business segments: Systems, Subsystems & Components (“SSC”); Electronic Manufacturing Services (“EMS”); and Secure Systems & Information Assurance (“SSIA”). The acquisitions of C-MAC on March 22, 2012, Spectrum on June 1, 2011 and the asset acquisitions of RTIE on March 19, 2012 and CMT on November 29, 2011 significantly expanded our Systems, Subsystems & Components revenues. The operations of SenDEC and the KGC Companies are now reflected in our EMS segment (previously reported as part of the Systems, Subsystems & Components segment). The asset acquisition of Cryptek on July 7, 2009 resulted in the creation of our Secure Systems & Information Assurance segment. Our customers are located primarily in the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom, but we also sell products to customers located throughout the world, including NATO and European Union countries.

 

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Systems, Subsystems& Components (SSC) Revenue includes high-performance RF/microwave, electromagnetic, power, sensor, and microelectronics solutions used in high-reliability defense, space, industrial and commercial applications, including missile defense systems, radar systems, electronic warfare systems (e.g. counter-IED RF jamming devices), unmanned air, ground and robotic systems, satellites, as well as industrial, medical, energy and telecommunications products. The main demand today for our SSC products come from various world governments, including militaries, defense organizations, aerospace, space, homeland security, prime defense contractors and manufacturers of industrial products.

Electronic Manufacturing Services (EMS) Revenue includes high speed surface mount circuit card assemblies, electromechanical assemblies, system and integrated level solutions used in high-reliability defense, industrial, and commercial applications. The main demand today for our EMS products come from various world governments, including militaries, defense organizations, aerospace, space, homeland security, prime defense contractors and manufacturers of industrial and commercial products.

Secure Systems & Information Assurance (SSIA) Revenue includes revenues derived from the manufacturing of TEMPEST and Emanation products and services, ruggedized computers and peripherals, network security appliances and software. The principal market for these products are the defense industries of the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom and other NATO and European Union countries. These products and systems include: TEMPEST and Emanation products and services, ruggedized computers and peripherals, network security appliances and software.

Cost of Revenue

We conduct all of our design and manufacturing efforts in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Mexico and China. Cost of goods sold primarily consists of costs that were incurred to design, manufacturer, test and ship the products. These costs include raw materials, including freight, direct labor, subcontractor services, tooling required to design and build the parts, and the cost of testing (labor and equipment) the products throughout the manufacturing process and final testing before the parts are shipped to the customer. Other costs include provision for obsolete and slow moving inventory, and restructuring charges related to the consolidation of operations.

Operating Expenses

Operating expenses consist of selling, general, administrative expenses, research and development, business acquisition and related charges and other income or expenses.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses include compensation and benefit costs for all employees, including sales and customer service, sales commissions, executive, finance and human resource personnel. Also included in SG&A is compensation related to stock-based awards to employees and directors, professional services for accounting, legal and tax, information technology, rent and general corporate expenditures.

Research and Development Expenses

Research and development (“R&D”) expenses represent the cost of our development efforts. R&D expenses include salaries of engineers, technicians and related overhead expenses, the cost of materials utilized in research, and additional engineering or consulting services. R&D costs are expensed as incurred.

Business Acquisition and Related Charges

Business acquisition charges primarily represent costs of engaging outside legal, accounting, due diligence, business valuation consultants and accelerated stock option expenses related to business combinations. Related charges include costs incurred related to our efforts to consolidate operations of recently acquired and legacy businesses.

Other Expenses (Income)

Other expense (income) consists of interest expense on term loans, notes payable, operating loans and capital leases, interest income on cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities, amortization of note discounts and deferred financing costs, gains or losses on disposal of property and equipment, and gains or losses on foreign currency transactions. Other income also includes gains related to the sales of fixed assets held for sale and acquisition-related gains when net assets acquired exceed the purchase price of the business acquisition.

 

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Backlog

Management uses a number of indicators to measure the growth of the business. One measure is sales backlog. Our sales backlog at August 31, 2012 was approximately $148.2 million compared to $142.5 million at November 30, 2011. The increase primarily relates to $31.4 million of additional backlog from the C-MAC acquisition, partially offset by lower EMS bookings during the first nine months of fiscal 2012.

Our backlog figures represent confirmed customer purchase orders that we had not shipped at the time the figures were calculated. We have very little insight on the timing of new contract releases and, as such, the backlog can increase or decrease significantly based on timing of customer purchase orders.

Results of Operations for the Three Months Ended August 31, 2012 and August 31, 2011

The following discussion of results of operations is a comparison of our three months ended August 31, 2012 and 2011.

Operating Revenue

 

     (dollar amounts in thousands)
Three months ended August 31,
 
     2012      2011      %
Change
 

Revenues by segments:

        

SSC

   $ 50,816       $ 45,848         10.8

EMS

     12,981         17,317         (25.0 )% 

SSIA

     4,651         6,066         (23.3 )% 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 68,448       $ 69,231         (1.1 )% 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

We recorded a 1.1% decrease in overall revenues for the three months ended August 31, 2012 over the same period in 2011. The decrease is mainly attributed to the decrease in revenues in our EMS segment, partially offset by the impact of the acquisitions of C-MAC on March 22, 2012, RTIE on March 19, 2012 and CMT on November 29, 2011, which together represented approximately $10.4 million of revenue for the SSC segment for the three months ended August 31, 2012. During the three months ended August 31, 2012, the increase in our SSC segment revenues as a result of acquisitions was partially offset by lower revenues in the defense market. The SSIA results include lower revenue generated by our subsidiaries in the U.K. as a result of the completion of one program with a new customer and in the U.S. from lower revenue from several existing customers.

Operating Expenses

Cost of Revenue and Gross Margin

 

     Three months ended August 31,  
     2012     2011  

Gross margin by segments:

    

SSC

     24.1     27.4

EMS

     11.3     11.4

SSIA

     33.3     34.1

Overall

     22.3     24.0

Our combined gross margin for the three months ended August 31, 2012 decreased by approximately 1.7 percentage points compared to the three months ended August 31, 2011. Gross margin varies from period to period and can be affected by a number of factors, including product mix, production efficiency, and restructuring activities. Overall cost of revenue from continuing operations as a percentage of sales increased in the three months ended August 31, 2012 from 76.0% to 77.7% compared to the same period last year. The SSC segment cost of sales increased by 3.3 percentage points compared to the same period in 2011, primarily due to higher restructuring costs related to the C-MAC acquisition incurred in the quarter ended August 31, 2012. The EMS segment cost of sales for the three months ended August 31, 2012 remained consistent with the same period in 2011. The SSIA segment realized a small increase in cost of sales mainly as a result of a product mix shift to customers with a slightly lower margin. Combined restructuring costs recorded in the three months ended August 31, 2012 were approximately $1.7 million compared to approximately $0.0 million in the comparable period of 2011.

On May 31, 2012, we approved the EMS restructuring plan for our EMS business in order to improve its profitability. The actions taken as part of the EMS restructuring are intended to realize synergies from the Company’s combined EMS operations, contain costs, reduce the Company’s exposure to low margin and unprofitable revenue streams within the EMS businesses, and

 

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streamline our operations. Elements of the EMS restructuring include management re-alignment, workforce reductions and write-downs and charges related to inventory, fixed assets, and long-term leases. It is anticipated that the EMS restructuring will be substantially completed by the end of fiscal 2012.

General and Administrative Expenses

General and administrative expenses decreased to approximately $6.9 million for the three months ended August 31, 2012 from $7.5 million for the three months ended August 31, 2011. The decrease is primarily a result of cost reductions following restructuring initiatives and lower stock based compensation, partially offset by higher amortization and the acquisition of C-MAC in March 2012, which increased general and administrative expenses by approximately $0.7 million for the three months ended August 31, 2012. As a percentage of sales, general and administrative expenses were 10.0% for the three months ended August 31, 2012, compared to 10.8% for the three months ended August 31, 2011.

The major components of general and administrative expenses are as follows:

 

     (dollar amounts in thousands)
Three months ended August 31,
 
     2012      % of
sales
    2011     % of
sales
 

Depreciation and Amortization

   $ 2,015         2.9   $ 2,348        3.4

Accounting and Administration

   $ 1,302         1.9   $ 1,967        2.8

Stock based compensation

   $ 409         0.6   $ (45     (0.1 )% 

Professional Services

   $ 186         0.3   $ 571        0.8

Selling Expenses

Selling expenses from continuing operations decreased to approximately $3.9 million for the three months ended August 31, 2012 from approximately $4.5 million for the three months ended August 31, 2011. The decrease was largely due to cost reductions following restructuring initiatives, partially offset by the inclusion of selling expenses related to the acquisition of C-MAC and CMT on March 22, 2012 and November 29, 2011, respectively. As a percentage of sales, selling expenses were 5.7% for the three months ended August 31, 2012, compared to 6.4% for the three months ended August 31, 2011.

The major components of selling expenses are as follows:

 

 

     (dollar amounts in thousands)
Three months ended August 31,
 
     2012      %  of
sales
    2011      % of
sales
 

Payroll Expense – Sales

   $ 1,823         2.7   $ 2,067         3.0

Commissions

   $ 1,299         1.9   $ 1,340         1.9

Advertising

   $ 189         0.3   $ 323         0.5

Research and Development Expenses

Research and development costs from continuing operations increased to approximately $2.7 million for the three months ended August 31, 2012 compared to approximately $2.4 million for the three months ended August 31, 2011. The increase was largely due to the inclusion of approximately $0.7 million research and development expenses related to the acquisition of C-MAC on March 22, 2012. As a percentage of sales, research and development expenses were 3.9% for the three months ended August 31, 2012, compared to 3.5% for the three months ended August 31, 2011.

Business acquisition and related charges

Business acquisition charges primarily represent costs of engaging outside legal, accounting, due diligence, business valuation consultants and accelerated stock option expenses related to business combinations. For the three months ended August 31, 2012, business acquisition charges of approximately $0.8 million related to the C-MAC and RTIE acquisitions compared to approximately $0.0 million for the three months ended August 31, 2011.

Operating Income

We posted operating income from continuing operations for the three months ended August 31, 2012 of approximately $0.6 million compared to operating income of approximately $1.6 million for the three months ended August 31, 2011. The reduction in operating income of approximately $1.0 million is primarily attributed to the increased acquisition costs and restructuring charges primarily related to the C-MAC acquisition, partially offset by improved overall results in our SSC segment as a result of the C-MAC, RTIE and CMT acquisitions, the implementation of consolidation efforts and cost cutting measures.

 

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Other Expenses (Income)

Total other expense for the three months ended August 31, 2012 amounted to approximately $28.8 million, compared to other expense of $4.2 million for the three months ended August 31, 2011.

The increase in other expense in the three month period ended August 31, 2012, compared to the comparable period in 2011 is largely attributable to a $24.3 million impairment to goodwill and increased amortization of note discounts and deferred financing costs.

Income Taxes

Income taxes amounted to a net benefit of approximately $0.6 million for the three months ended August 31, 2012 compared to a net benefit of $13.0 million in the three months ended August 31, 2011. The benefit during the three months ended August 31, 2012, is primarily due to tax losses incurred during the period. The current provision is less than the statutory tax rate due to non-deductible expenses including goodwill impairment and valuation allowances placed upon the deferred tax assets. The prior year benefit related to the Company’s release of a portion of the valuation allowance as a result of acquiring Spectrum.

Income (Loss) From Discontinued Operations

We had no activity in discontinued operations for the three months ended August 31, 2012 or 2011. Discontinued operations relate to the sale of the assets of our nanotechnology operations in June 2010.

Net income (loss)

We recorded a net loss for the three months ended August 31, 2012 of approximately $27.7 million, compared to net income of approximately $10.4 million for the three months ended August 31, 2011. The increase in net loss is largely due to goodwill impairment of $24.3 million, lower income tax benefits, higher amortization of note discounts, business acquisition charges and restructuring expenses, partially offset by the additional operating income from the acquisition of C-MAC, RTIE and CMT and the implementation of consolidation efforts.

Results of Operations for the Nine Months Ended August 31, 2012 and August 31, 2011

The following discussion of results of operations is a comparison of our nine months ended August 31, 2012 and 2011.

Operating Revenue

 

     (dollar amounts in thousands)
Nine months ended August 31,
 
     2012      2011      %
Change
 

Revenues by segments:

        

SSC

   $ 150,298       $ 57,167         162.9

EMS

     48,642         48,418         0.5

SSIA

     19,131         16,903         13.2
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 218,071       $ 122,488         78.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

We recorded a 78.0% increase in overall revenues for the nine months ended August 31, 2012 over the same period in 2011. The increase is mainly attributed to the acquisition of C-MAC on March 22, 2012, RTIE on March 19, 2012, CMT on November 29, 2011 and Spectrum on June 1, 2011, which together represented approximately $93.0 million of incremental revenue for the SSC segment for the nine months ended August 31, 2012. Overall EMS revenues remained fairly consistent, primarily a result of higher commercial sales volumes in one of our Pennsylvania locations during the nine months ended August 31, 2012, offset by lower sales volumes at our EMS facility in New York. The SSIA results include additional revenue generated by our subsidiary in the United Kingdom from two new customers and from existing customers at our subsidiary in Canada.

 

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Operating Expenses

Cost of Revenue and Gross Margin

 

     Nine months ended August 31,  
     2012     2011  

Gross margin by segments:

    

SSC

     29.3     25.8

EMS

     (15.5 )%      6.6

SSIA

     36.1     32.2

Overall

     19.9     19.1

Our combined gross margin for the nine months ended August 31, 2012 increased by approximately 0.8 percentage points compared to the nine months ended August 31, 2011. Gross margin varies from period to period and can be affected by a number of factors, including product mix, new product introduction, production efficiency and restructuring activities. Overall cost of revenue from continuing operations as a percentage of sales decreased in the nine months ended August 31, 2012 from 80.9% to 80.1% compared to the same period last year. The SSC segment cost of sales decreased 3.5 percentage points compared to the same period in 2011, mainly as a result of product mix from the acquisitions of Spectrum and C-MAC and reduced cost of sales as a result of consolidating manufacturing operations as part of our restructuring initiatives. The EMS segment cost of sales increased 22.1 percentage points compared to the same period in 2011, mainly as a result of restructuring costs including a $7.4 million impairment of inventory. The SSIA segment realized a decrease in cost of sales mainly as a result of additional higher margin revenue from two customers in the United Kingdom and the Company realizing benefits achieved through the consolidation efforts and cost cutting measures. Restructuring costs recorded in the nine months ended August 31, 2012 were approximately $9.6 million compared to approximately $1.3 million in the comparable period of 2011.

On May 31, 2012, the Company approved the EMS restructuring plan for its EMS lines in order to improve its profitability. The actions taken as part of the EMS restructuring are intended to realize synergies from the Company’s combined EMS operations, contain costs, reduce the Company’s exposure to low margin and unprofitable revenue streams within the EMS businesses, and streamline the Company’s operations. Elements of the EMS restructuring include management re-alignment, workforce reductions and write-downs and charges related to inventory, fixed assets, and long-term leases. It is anticipated that the EMS restructuring will be substantially completed by the end of fiscal 2012.

As of August 31, 2012, we completed headcount reductions of approximately 40 positions as part of the EMS restructuring, which is approximately 10% of our EMS workforce and 2% of our global workforce. The EMS restructuring resulted in pre-tax restructuring charges of approximately $10.6 million. This includes approximately $0.4 million in severance and related charges, $7.4 million in inventory write-downs, approximately $1.9 million in lease restructuring costs, and $0.9 million in impairment of fixed assets. We incurred approximately $0.4 million in cash expenditures under the EMS restructuring, which were primarily severance and severance related expenses, and do not anticipate any significant cash outlays related to the disposition of assets impaired under the EMS restructuring.

General and Administrative Expenses

General and administrative expenses increased to approximately $19.8 million for the nine months ended August 31, 2012 from $18.8 million for the nine months ended August 31, 2011. The increase is primarily a result of higher amortization, the addition of C-MAC in March 2012 and Spectrum in June 2011, which increased general and administrative expenses by approximately $1.6 million, and $4.6 million, respectively, for the nine months ended August 31, 2012, partially offset by lower stock based compensation and cost reductions following restructuring initiatives. As a percentage of sales, general and administrative expenses were 9.1% for the nine months ended August 31, 2012, compared to 15.4% for the nine months ended August 31, 2011.

The major components of general and administrative expenses are as follows:

 

     (dollar amounts in thousands)
Nine months ended August 31,
 
     2012      % of
sales
    2011      % of
sales
 

Depreciation and Amortization

   $ 7,167         3.3   $ 3,245         2.6

Accounting and Administration

   $ 3,736         1.7   $ 4,422         3.6

Stock based compensation

   $ 1,769         0.8   $ 2,094         1.7

Professional Services

   $ 1,617         0.7   $ 2,236         1.8

 

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Selling Expenses

Selling expenses from continuing operations increased to approximately $11.8 million for the nine months ended August 31, 2012 from approximately $8.6 million for the nine months ended August 31, 2011. The increase was largely due to the inclusion of selling expenses related to the acquisition of C-MAC and Spectrum on March 22, 2012, and June 1, 2011, respectively. As a percentage of sales, selling expenses were 5.4% for the nine months ended August 31, 2012, compared to 7.0% for the nine months ended August 31, 2011.

The major components of selling expenses are as follows:

 

 

     (dollar amounts in thousands)
Nine months ended August 31,
 
     2012      % of
sales
    2011      % of
sales
 

Payroll Expense – Sales

   $ 5,821         2.7   $ 4,399         3.6

Commissions

   $ 3,775         1.7   $ 2,201         1.8

Advertising

   $ 622         0.3   $ 348         0.3

Research and Development Expenses

Research and development costs from continuing operations increased to approximately $7.9 million for the nine months ended August 31, 2012 compared to approximately $3.5 million for the nine months ended August 31, 2011. The increase was largely due to the inclusion of research and development expenses related to the acquisitions of C-MAC, CMT, and Spectrum on March 22, 2012, November 29, 2011 and June 1, 2011, respectively. As a percentage of sales, research and development expenses were 3.6% for the nine months ended August 31, 2012, compared to 2.9% for the nine months ended August 31, 2011.

Business acquisition and related charges

Business acquisition charges primarily represent costs of engaging outside legal, accounting, due diligence, business valuation consultants and accelerated stock option expenses related to business combinations. For the nine months ended August 31, 2012, business acquisition charges of approximately $3.4 million related to the C-MAC, CMT and Spectrum acquisitions compared to approximately $12.8 million for the nine months ended August 31, 2011 associated with the completion of the SenDEC and Spectrum acquisitions.

Operating Loss

We posted an operating loss from continuing operations for the nine months ended August 31, 2012 of approximately $4.4 million compared to an operating loss of approximately $23.3 million for the nine months ended August 31, 2011. The reduction in operating losses of approximately $18.9 million is attributed to the improved overall results in our SSC segment as a result of the C-MAC, RTIE, CMT and Spectrum acquisitions, the implementation of consolidation efforts and cost cutting measures, and lower business acquisition and related charges, partially offset by increased restructuring costs, including those with respect to the EMS restructuring plan.

Other Expenses (Income)

Total other expense for the nine months ended August 31, 2012 amounted to approximately $135.8 million, compared to other expense of $7.2 million for the nine months ended August 31, 2011.

The increase in other expense is largely attributable to a $111.3 million goodwill impairment, an increase in interest expense of approximately $6.9 million from higher debt levels throughout the nine month period ended August 31, 2012, compared to the prior year, and from the write-off of approximately $12.6 million of discounts related to the Note that converted to shares of Series A Preferred Stock during the nine months ended August 31, 2012, partially offset by reduced amortization of note discounts and deferred financing costs as a result of the debt extinguishment during the nine months ended August 31, 2011. The increase in net other expense was also partially offset by the reduction of $2.2 million from previously accrued earn-out payments related to the SenDEC acquisition in the nine months ended August 31, 2012.

Income Taxes

Income taxes amounted to a net benefit of approximately $3.8 million for the nine months ended August 31, 2012, compared to income tax benefit of approximately $15.7 million for the nine months ended August 31, 2011. The benefit during the nine months ended August 31, 2012 is primarily related to current year-to-date tax losses. The current provision is less than the statutory tax rate due to non-deductible expenses including goodwill impairment and the write-off of debt discounts related to the convertible debt, as well as, the recording of a valuation allowance against deferred tax assets due to a history of cumulative losses. The prior year benefit related to the Company’s release of a portion of the valuation allowance as a result of acquiring Spectrum.

 

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Income (Loss) From Discontinued Operations

We had no activity in discontinued operations for the nine months ended August 31, 2012, compared to a loss of approximately $36,000 in the same period of fiscal 2011. The loss was attributable to the sale of the assets of our nanotechnology operations in June 2010.

Net loss

We recorded a net loss for the nine months ended August 31, 2012 of approximately $136.4 million, compared to a net loss of approximately $14.8 million for the nine months ended August 31, 2011. The increase in net loss is largely due to the $111.3 million goodwill impairment, lower tax benefits, higher restructuring and other expenses, including interest and amortization of note discounts, partially offset by lower business acquisition and related charges, the reversal of previously accrued earn-out payments related to the SenDEC acquisition, the additional operating income from the acquisitions of C-MAC, RTIE, CMT and Spectrum, and the implementation of consolidation efforts.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our sources of capital include cash flows from operations, available credit facilities and the issuance of equity securities.

At August 31, 2012, we held cash and cash equivalents of approximately $15.8 million compared to $15.7 million at November 30, 2011.

Cash generated by continuing operating activities of approximately $3.0 million for the nine months ended August 31, 2012 was higher than cash used by continuing operations of approximately $21.0 million for the nine months ended August 31, 2011. The increase in cash generated by continuing operating activities resulted primarily from lower business acquisition and related charges, higher product sales, and higher collection activities during the nine months ended August 31, 2012 compared to the same period in 2011. The increase was partially offset by higher interest payments in the nine months ended August 31, 2012.

Cash used by investing activities for the nine months ended August 31, 2012 was approximately $30.5 million, which consisted of approximately $29.0 million used for the purchase of C-MAC and RTIE and $2.0 million for the acquisition of fixed and intangible assets, partially offset by proceeds on the sale of fixed assets of approximately $0.5 million from the sale of the St. Mary’s, Pennsylvania land and building. Cash used in investing activities for the nine months ended August 31, 2011 consisted mainly of approximately $266.0 million used to purchase Spectrum, partially offset by approximately $32.4 million of cash acquired in the SenDEC acquisition.

Cash generated by financing activities for the nine months ended August 31, 2012 totaled approximately $27.6 million, and resulted from the net proceeds associated with the New Term Loans and the Note, partially offset by the repayment of long-term debt, mainly related to the term loans under the Credit Agreement. During the nine months ended August 31, 2011 cash generated by financing of approximately $266.1 million consisted mainly of the proceeds from i) net proceeds of approximately $158.7 million from term loans issued to Morgan Stanley, ii) a private placement of approximately $31.8 million in June 2011, and ii) a private placement of approximately $105.5 million in March 2011, partially offset by the repayment of $3.7 million in short-term borrowings, $20.0 million promissory notes and $9.1 million sellers’ notes issued in connection with the acquisition of the assets of the KGC Companies, and the repayment of certain capital lease obligations.

As of August 31, 2012, the Company had $15.0 million available under the Credit Agreement to meet its cash requirements. Accrued interest on the revolving loans and term loans is due and payable in arrears at the end of each of our fiscal quarters, provided that revolving loans and term loans accruing interest based upon the LIBOR rate are due and payable at the end of each applicable interest period (or at each three month interval in the case of loans with interest periods greater than three months).

On March 22, 2012, the Company entered into the Second Amendment. Pursuant to the Second Amendment, the New Term Loans were advanced to the Company to finance a portion of the consideration payable in connection with the acquisition of C-MAC. The New Term Loans are repayable quarterly at the end of each of the Company’s fiscal quarters, with each quarterly installment equaling 0.25% of the original aggregate principal amount of the New Term Loans and any remaining balance being due on the maturity date of June 1, 2016. In connection with the acquisition of C-MAC, the Company assumed a term loan facility of approximately $2.7 million, which matures on December 16, 2016 and currently accrues interest at 5.0% over LIBOR.

At the Company’s option, the New Term Loans accrue interest at a per annum rate based on either (i) the base rate plus a margin equal to 6.25% or (ii) the LIBOR rate plus a margin equal to 7.25%. The “base rate” means the highest of (i) the administrative agent’s prime lending rate; (ii) the federal funds rate plus a margin equal to 0.50%; (iii) the one month LIBOR rate plus a margin

 

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equal to 1.00%; and (iv) 2.50%. The “LIBOR rate” means the higher of (i) a floating per annum rate based upon the LIBOR rate for the applicable interest period and (ii) 1.50%. As of the effective date of the Second Amendment, the outstanding principal amount of all term loans incurred pursuant to the Credit Agreement before March 22, 2012 bear interest at the interest rate applicable to the New Term Loans.

The New Term Loans are otherwise subject to the same terms and conditions as, and are pari passu in right of payment with, all term loans previously incurred under the Credit Agreement.

In addition to the provision of the New Term Loans, the Second Amendment, among other things, (i) specifically permitted the Company and its subsidiaries to consummate the acquisition of C-MAC; (ii) establishes an incremental term loan facility enabling the lenders to provide up to $30.0 million in additional term loans to be used by the Company and its subsidiaries in connection with future permitted acquisitions; (iii) amends the provisions of the Credit Agreement governing whether the Company and its subsidiaries may make acquisitions; (iv) amends the financial covenants relating to consolidated total leverage and consolidated interest expense coverage; and (v) permitted the Company to enter into the Note Purchase Agreement and to issue the Notes.

The Credit Agreement includes customary events of default that include, among other things, non-payment defaults, inaccuracy of representations and warranties, covenant defaults, cross default to material indebtedness, bankruptcy and insolvency defaults, non-compliance with ERISA laws and regulations, defaults under the security documents or guaranties, material judgment defaults, and a change of control default. Under certain circumstances, the occurrence of an event of default could result in an increased interest rate equal to 2.0% above the applicable interest rate for loans, the acceleration of the Company’s obligations pursuant to the Credit Agreement and an obligation of the subsidiary guarantors to repay the full amount of the Company’s borrowings under the credit facility. If the Company were unable to obtain a waiver for a breach of covenant and the bank accelerated the payment of any outstanding amounts, such acceleration may cause the Company’s cash position to deteriorate or, if cash on hand were insufficient to satisfy the payment due, may require the Company to obtain alternate financing to satisfy the accelerated payment. In addition, if our cash is utilized to repay any outstanding debt, we could experience an immediate and significant reduction in working capital available to operate our business.

The Credit Agreement also contains two financial covenants: a consolidated total leverage ratio and a consolidated interest expense coverage ratio, which were amended by the Second Amendment. The consolidated total leverage ratio, which is defined as the ratio of total consolidated indebtedness to trailing four quarter consolidated Adjusted EBITDA (defined in the Credit Agreement), was amended by the Second Amendment so that it must be less than the ratio set forth opposite such period below:

 

Fiscal Quarter Ending

   Ratio  

February 29, 2012

     4.25:1.00   

May 31, 2012

     4.25:1.00   

August 31, 2012

     4.25:1.00   

November 30, 2012

     4.00:1.00   

February 28, 2013

     4.00:1.00   

May 31, 2013

     3.75:1.00   

August 31, 2013

     3.75:1.00   

November 30, 2013

     3.75:1.00   

February 28, 2014

     3.50:1.00   

May 31, 2014

     3.50:1.00   

August 31, 2014

     3.50:1.00   

November 30, 2014

     3.50:1.00   

February 28, 2015

     3.35:1.00   

May 31, 2015 and each Fiscal Quarter ending thereafter

     3.25:1.00   

The consolidated interest expense coverage ratio, which is defined as the ratio of consolidated Adjusted EBITDA to Consolidated Cash Interest Expense, as defined in the Credit Agreement, was amended by the Second Amendment so that it must be greater than the ratio set forth opposite such fiscal quarter below:

 

Fiscal Quarter Ending

   Ratio  

February 29, 2012

     2.70:1.00   

May 31, 2012

     2.70:1.00   

August 31, 2012

     2.70:1.00   

November 30, 2012

     2.80:1.00   

February 28, 2013

     2.90:1.00   

May 31, 2013

     3.00:1.00   

August 31, 2013

     3.00:1.00   

November 30, 2013

     3.00:1.00   

 

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Fiscal Quarter Ending

   Ratio  

February 28, 2014

     3.15:1.00   

May 31, 2014

     3.25:1.00   

August 31, 2014

     3.25:1.00   

November 31, 2014

     3.25:1.00   

February 28, 2015

     3.25:1.00   

May 31, 2015 and each Fiscal Quarter ending thereafter

     3.50:1.00   

As at August 31, 2012, the Company was in compliance with its financial covenants under the Credit Agreement, as amended.

We believe that (i) our available cash and cash equivalents, (ii) funds available under our Credit Agreement, and (iii) future cash flows from operations, will be sufficient to satisfy our anticipated cash requirements for the next twelve months, including scheduled debt repayment, dividends, lease commitments, planned capital expenditures, and research and development expenses. There can be no assurance, however, that unplanned capital replacement or other future events, will not require us to seek additional debt or equity financing and, if so required, that it will be available on terms acceptable to us, if at all. In addition, any raising of additional funds could dilute our current shareholders’ ownership interests.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

We describe our significant accounting policies in Note 2 to the unaudited consolidated financial statements in Item 1 of this Report and the effects of recent accounting pronouncements in Note 3 to the unaudited consolidated financial statements in Item 1 of this Report. There were no significant changes in our accounting policies or critical accounting estimates that are discussed in our Transition Report on Form 10-K for the six-month transition period ended November 30, 2011.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

During the six-month transition period ended November 30, 2011 and the nine months ended August 31, 2012, the Company did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements.

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This document and the documents incorporated in this document by reference contain forward-looking statements that are subject to risks and uncertainties. All statements other than statements of historical fact contained in this document and the materials accompanying this document are forward-looking statements.

The forward-looking statements are based on the beliefs of management, as well as assumptions made by and information currently available to management. Frequently, but not always, forward-looking statements are identified by the use of the future tense and by words such as “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “will,” “may,” “could,” “would,” “projects,” “continues,” “estimates” or similar expressions. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and actual results could differ materially from those indicated by the forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors that may cause the Company or its industry’s actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements.

The forward-looking statements contained or incorporated by reference in this document are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 (“Securities Act”) and Section 21E of the Exchange Act and are subject to the safe harbor created by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements include declarations regarding our plans, intentions, beliefs or current expectations.

Management wishes to caution investors that any forward-looking statements made by or on behalf of the Company are subject to uncertainties and other factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from such statements. Among the important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated by forward-looking statements are the risks and uncertainties described under “Risk Factors” in our Transition Report on Form 10-K for the six-month period ended November 30, 2011, in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and in our other filings with the SEC. These uncertainties and other risk factors include, but are not limited to: changing economic and political conditions in the United States and in other countries, the ability to effectively integrate acquired companies, our ability to maintain compliance with our financial covenants, war, changes in governmental spending and budgetary policies, governmental laws and regulations surrounding various matters such as environmental remediation, contract pricing, and international trading restrictions, customer product acceptance, continued access to capital markets, and foreign currency risks.

Management wishes to caution investors that other factors might, in the future, prove to be important in affecting the Company’s results of operations. New factors emerge from time to time and it is not possible for management to predict all such factors, nor can it assess the impact of each such factor on the business or the extent to which any factor, or a combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements.

 

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Forward-looking statements are expressly qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement. The forward-looking statements included in this document are made as of the date of this document and management does not undertake any obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect new information, subsequent events or otherwise.

 

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Foreign Currency

Certain of our European sales and related selling expenses are denominated in Euros, British Pounds Sterling, and other local currencies. In addition, certain of our operating expenses are denominated in Canadian dollars, Mexican Pesos and Chinese Yuan. As a result, fluctuations in currency exchange rates may affect our operating results and cash flows. For each of the periods presented herein, currency exchange rate gains and losses were not material.

Interest Rate Exposure

We have market risk exposure relating to possible fluctuations in interest rates. We may utilize interest rate swap agreements in the future to minimize the risks and costs associated with variable rate debt, however, we have not done so to date. We do not enter into derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Controls and Procedures

 

(a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures.

We maintain “disclosure controls and procedures,” as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. We have carried out an evaluation under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of August 31, 2012. Based on that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of August 31, 2012.

 

(b) Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

During the quarter ended August 31, 2012, there have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

Information with respect to legal proceedings can be found in Note 17 “Commitments” to the Consolidated Financial Statements contained in Part I, Item 1 of this report.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

There are no material changes from the risk factors set forth under Part I, Item 1A–”Risk Factors” in our Transition Report on Form 10-K for the transition period ended November 30, 2011 except, as previously disclosed in our Quarterly Report for the quarterly period ended May 31, 2012, the risk factor “Shareholders may experience dilution if a significant proportion of our outstanding options and warrants are exercisedis revised as follows:

Shareholders may experience dilution if a significant proportion of our outstanding options and warrants are exercised, and upon conversion of the Series A Preferred Stock, including upon conversion of dividends paid in kind on the Series A Preferred Stock

Because our success is highly dependent upon our employees, directors and consultants, we have and intend in the future to grant to some or all of our key employees, directors and consultants options or warrants to purchase shares of our common stock as non-cash incentives. We have adopted an equity incentive plan for this purpose. To the extent that significant numbers of such options may be exercised when the exercise price is below the then current market price for our common shares, the interests of the other shareholders of the Company may be diluted. As of November 30, 2011, we have outstanding options to purchase 1,919,591 shares of common stock that were granted to directors, officers, employees and consultants that had a weighted average price of $5.72 and 51,000 restricted stock units. In addition, we have issued warrants to purchase an aggregate of 955,362 common stock with a weighted average exercise price of $5.57 per share.

Shareholders will also experience dilution upon the conversion of the Series A Preferred Stock. Initially, 4,333,333 shares of common stock are issuable upon conversion of the initial 26,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock. Any dividends that are paid on the Series A Preferred Stock will be paid in kind and not in cash. As a result, additional shares of common stock will become issuable in the future upon conversion of the Series A Preferred Stock, up to a maximum of 6,194,513 shares in the aggregate assuming a conversion price of $6.00 per share and that no early redemption event occurs under the Series A Preferred Stock.

Upon the occurrence of an early redemption event under the Series A Preferred Stock, we will be required to pay additional make-whole amounts that may result in an increase in the maximum number of shares of common stock that are issuable upon conversion of the Series A Preferred Stock.

 

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

(a) None.

(b) Not applicable.

(c) None.

 

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

None.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION

None.

 

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ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

 

Exhibit

Number

  

Exhibit Title

31.1    Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification by Chief Executive Officer (filed herewith).
31.2    Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification of Chief Financial Officer (filed herewith).
32.1    Certification of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002 (filed herewith).
32.2    Certification of the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002 (filed herewith).
101.INS    XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

    API TECHNOLOGIES CORP.
Date: October 10, 2012     By:   /S/ PHIL REHKEMPER         
      Phil Rehkemper
     

Chief Financial Officer

(Duly Authorized Officer)

 

44

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