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SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2012
Commission file number 001-11460
NTN Buzztime, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. YES x NO ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every interactive data file required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. YES ¨ NO x
As of May 7, 2012 the registrant had outstanding 70,997,903 shares of common stock, $.005 par value per share.
NTN BUZZTIME, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Item 1. Financial Statements.
NTN BUZZTIME, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except par value amount)
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
NTN BUZZTIME, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
NTN BUZZTIME, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
NTN BUZZTIME, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(1) BASIS OF PRESENTATION
Description of Business
NTN Buzztime, Inc. (the “Company”) was incorporated in Delaware in 1984 as Alroy Industries and changed its corporate name to NTN Communications, Inc. in 1985. The Company changed its name to NTN Buzztime, Inc. in 2005 to better reflect the growing role of the Buzztime consumer brand.
The Company provides marketing services through interactive game content for hospitality venues that offer the games free to their customers. The Company has evolved from a developer and distributor of content to an interactive entertainment network providing media, advertising and consumer marketing services. The Company generates revenues by charging subscription fees for its services to its Network Subscribers and also from the sale of advertising aired on in-venue screens as well as in conjunction with customized games. Its games are currently available in approximately 3,900 locations in the U.S. and Canada.
Basis of Accounting Presentation
The accompanying unaudited interim condensed financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (GAAP) for interim financial statements and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 8 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments that are necessary, which are of a normal and recurring nature, for a fair presentation for the periods presented of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries: IWN, Inc., IWN, L.P., Buzztime Entertainment, Inc., NTN Wireless Communications, Inc., NTN Software Solutions, Inc., NTN Canada, Inc., and NTN Buzztime, Ltd., all of which, other than NTN Canada, Inc., are dormant subsidiaries. All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto contained in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011. The accompanying condensed balance sheet as of December 31, 2011 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2012 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be anticipated for the entire year ending December 31, 2012, or any other period.
The United States dollar is the Company’s functional currency, except for its operations in Canada where the functional currency is the Canadian dollar. The financial position and results of operations of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries are measured using the foreign subsidiary’s local currency as the functional currency. In accordance with ASC No. 830, Foreign Currency Matters, revenues and expenses of our foreign subsidiaries have been translated into U.S. dollars at weighted average exchange rates prevailing during the period. Assets and liabilities have been translated at the rates of exchange on the balance sheet date. The resulting translation gain and loss adjustments are recorded as a separate component of shareholders’ equity, unless there is a sale or complete liquidation of the underlying foreign investments. Transaction gains and losses that arise from exchange rate fluctuations on transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency are included in the results of operations as incurred. The Company recorded $19,000 and $9,000 in foreign currency losses for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 due to settlements of intercompany transactions, re-measurement of intercompany balances with our Canadian subsidiary and other non-functional currency denominated transactions, which are included in other expense, net in the accompanying statements of operations.
(2) Basic and Diluted Earnings Per Common Share
The Company computes basic and diluted earnings per common share in accordance with the provisions of ASC No. 260, Earnings per Share. Basic earnings per share excludes the dilutive effects of options, warrants and other convertible securities. Diluted earnings per share reflects the potential dilution of securities that could share in our earnings. Total options, warrants, convertible preferred stock and deferred stock units that were excluded from computing diluted net loss per common share represented approximately 9,008,000 and 9,148,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively, as their effect was anti-dilutive.
(3) ASSET ACQUISITION
On October 5, 2011, the Company entered into an Asset Purchase Agreement (the “Asset Purchase Agreement”) with Trailside Entertainment Corporation, a Massachusetts corporation (“Trailside Entertainment” or “Stump! Trivia”), in connection with the Company’s purchase of certain Trailside Entertainment assets used in the conduct of Trailside Entertainment’s business of providing live hosted trivia events at hospitality venues (the “Acquired Assets”). The asset purchase was also consummated on October 5, 2011.
Pursuant to the terms of the Asset Purchase Agreement, in consideration for the Acquired Assets, the Company paid to Trailside Entertainment the sum of $250,000 in cash, $200,000 of which was paid on the closing date of the acquisition. The Company will hold back $50,000 (the “Holdback Amount”) of the purchase price for a period of six months to secure payment of the Company’s right to indemnification under the Asset Purchase Agreement. The $50,000 Holdback Amount is recorded as restricted cash on the accompanying consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2012. In April 2012, the Company delivered to Trailside Entertainment the $50,000 Holdback Amount in full.
In addition to the $250,000 cash payment, the Company agreed to pay additional consideration to Trailside Entertainment upon achieving certain gross profit objectives relating to the acquired business (as set forth in the Asset Purchase Agreement) for fiscal years 2012, 2013 and 2014. The Asset Purchase Agreement contains customary representations, warranties and covenants.
In connection with this transaction, the Company entered into employment agreements (the “Employment Agreements”) with two principal executives of Trailside Entertainment, Robert D. Carney and George Groccia, each of whom serve as a Vice President of the Company. The Company will use the acquired assets to complement its existing social entertainment offerings.
The Company accounted for the acquisition pursuant to ASC No. 805, Business Combinations. Accordingly, it recorded net assets and liabilities acquired at their fair values. As of December 31, 2011, the final purchase price allocation is as follows:
The purchase price may be increased or decreased if certain gross profit objectives relating to the acquired business deviate from the Company’s estimates in calendar years 2012, 2013 and 2014. In that event, the earnout liability will be adjusted and the change will be reflected in current earnings in the period that the adjustment becomes necessary.
The Company incurred approximately $51,000 in acquisition-related expenses, which were recorded in selling, general and administrative expense during the third and fourth quarters of 2011.
The following unaudited pro forma information assumes that the October 5, 2011 asset acquisition occurred on January 1, 2011. These unaudited pro forma results have been prepared for comparative purposes only and are not indicative of the results of operations that would have actually resulted had the acquisition been in effect as of the period indicated above, or of future results of operations. The unaudited pro forma results for the three months ended March 31, 2011 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2012 are as follows:
The unaudited pro forma information presented above has been adjusted for material, nonrecurring items directly related to the asset acquisition such as recording amortization expense on the acquired intangible asset and increasing the salary expense for the two principal executives of Trailside Entertainment who entered into employment agreements with the Company effective upon the acquisition date.
As a result of the acquisition, the Company recognized approximately $440,000 in additional revenue and $10,000 in earnings for the three months ended March 31, 2012.
(4) GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS
The Company’s goodwill balance relates to the purchase of NTN Canada. The Company performed its annual test for goodwill impairment for NTN Canada as of September 30, 2011 and determined that there were no indications of impairment at that time. The Company considered the need to perform an additional test of goodwill of its Canadian business as of March 31, 2012, but determined that the overall health of the underlying Canadian business has remained stable since the September 30, 2011 valuation.
Other Intangible Assets
The Company has intangible assets comprised predominantly of a customer list from the Stump! Trivia asset acquisition in 2011, unpatented technology and customer relationships from asset acquisitions during 2009, developed technology, trivia databases and trademarks. All intangible assets are amortized on a straight line basis. The useful lives of the assets reflect the estimated period of time and method by which the underlying intangible asset benefits will be realized. Amortization expense relating to all intangible assets totaled $93,000 and $101,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
(5) SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT COSTS
The Company capitalizes costs related to the development of certain of its software products in accordance with ASC No. 350, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other. Amortization expense relating to capitalized software development costs totaled $157,000 and $149,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, approximately $459,000 and $462,000, respectively, of capitalized software costs were not subject to amortization as the development of various software projects was not complete.
The Company performed its quarterly review of software development projects for the three months ended March 31, 2012, and determined to abandon various software development projects that it concluded were no longer a current strategic fit or for which the Company determined that the marketability of the content had decreased due to obtaining additional information regarding the specific purpose for which the content was intended. There was no impairment loss related to these projects, as the assets were fully depreciated and had no net book value. An impairment loss of $14,000 was recognized for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and is included in selling, general and administrative expenses.
(6) FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
ASC No. 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, applies to certain assets and liabilities that are being measured and reported on a fair value basis. Broadly, the ASC No. 820 framework requires fair value to be determined based on the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. ASC No. 820 also establishes a fair value hierarchy for ranking the quality and reliability of the information used to determine fair values. This hierarchy is as follows:
Assets and Liabilities that are Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis:
The Company does not have assets or liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis.
Assets and Liabilities that are Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis:
Certain assets are measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis and are subject to fair value adjustments only in certain circumstances. Included in this category are goodwill written down to fair value when determined to be impaired, acquired assets and long-lived assets including capitalized software that are written down to fair value when they are held for sale or determined to be impaired. The valuation methods for goodwill, assets and liabilities resulting from acquisitions, and long-lived assets involve assumptions concerning interest and discount rates, growth projections, and/or other assumptions of future business conditions. As all of the assumptions employed to measure these assets and liabilities on a nonrecurring basis are based on management’s judgment using internal and external data, these fair value determinations are classified in Level 3 of the valuation hierarchy.
There were no transfers between fair value measurement levels during the three months ended March 31, 2012.
(7) STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
The Company records stock-based compensation in accordance with ASC No. 718, Compensation – Stock Compensation. The Company estimates the fair value of stock options using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The fair value of stock options granted is recognized as expense over the requisite service period. Stock-based compensation expense for all share-based payment awards is recognized using the straight-line single-option method.
The Company uses the historical stock price volatility as an input to value its stock options under ASC No. 718. The expected term of stock options represents the period of time options are expected to be outstanding and is based on observed historical exercise patterns of the Company, which the Company believes are indicative of future exercise behavior. For the risk-free interest rate, the Company uses the observed interest rates appropriate for the term of time options are expected to be outstanding. The dividend yield assumption is based on the Company’s history and expectation of dividend payouts.
The following weighted-average assumptions were used for grants issued during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 under the ASC No. 718 requirements.
ASC No. 718 requires forfeitures to be estimated at the time of grant and revised if necessary in subsequent periods if actual forfeiture rates differ from those estimates. Forfeitures were estimated based on historical activity for the Company. Stock-based compensation expense for employees for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 was $78,000 and $71,000, respectively, and is expensed in selling, general and administrative expenses and credited to additional paid-in-capital. The Company granted 50,000 and 306,500 stock options during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
(8) RIGHTS OFFERING
In February 2012, the Company completed a rights offering to its stockholders of record as of February 2, 2012. The Company issued a total of 2,070,719 shares of its common stock at a subscription price of $0.25 per share. In connection with the rights offering, the Company entered into an investment agreement with Matador Capital Partners, LP, or Matador. Mr. Jeffrey A. Berg, one of the Company’s directors, is the managing member of the general partner of Matador. Under the terms of the investment agreement, upon expiration of the rights offering, Matador purchased for $0.25 per share 8,000,000 shares of our common stock not subscribed for and purchased by holders upon exercise of their subscription rights. The Company received gross proceeds of $2.5 million from the rights offering and under the investment agreement.
(9) NOTE PAYABLE
In July 2011, the Company entered into an equipment financing agreement with a bank in the amount of $123,000, which is recorded in other current liabilities and other liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet. The proceeds of the note payable were used to finance certain equipment purchases and other services related to the relocation of the Company’s Carlsbad, California office. The note payable bears interest at 5.85% and is collateralized by a first priority security interest in the equipment purchased with the proceeds. The Company will make 36 equal monthly payments in the amount of $3,705, which includes interest, until fully paid in August 2014. As of March 31, 2012, approximately $100,000 remained outstanding under this financing agreement.
(10) COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Sales and Use Tax
From time to time, state tax authorities will make inquiries as to whether or not a portion of the Company’s services require the collection of sales and use taxes from customers in those states. Many states have expanded their interpretation of their sales and use tax statutes to derive additional revenue. The Company evaluates such inquiries on a case-by-case basis and has favorably resolved the majority of these tax issues in the past without any material adverse consequences.
The Company is involved in ongoing sales tax inquiries, including certain formal assessments which total $617,000, with certain states and provinces. As a result of those inquiries, the Company recorded a total liability of $561,000 and $604,000 as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively, which is included in the sales taxes payable balance in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. Based on the guidance set forth by ASC No. 450, Contingencies, management has deemed the likelihood as reasonably possible that it will be required to pay all or part of these assessments.
(11) ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
Accumulated other comprehensive income includes the accumulated gains or losses from foreign currency translation adjustments. The Company translated the assets and liabilities of its Canadian statement of financial position into U.S. dollars using the period end exchange rate. Revenue and expenses were translated using the weighted-average exchange rates for the reporting period. As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, $767,000 and $722,000 of foreign currency translation adjustments were recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income, respectively.
(12) RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
In May 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2011-04, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRS. This update clarifies the application of certain existing fair value measurement guidance and expands the disclosures for fair value measurements that are estimated using significant unobservable (Level 3) inputs. This update is effective on a prospective basis for annual and interim reporting periods beginning on or after December 15, 2011, which for us is January 1, 2012. Adopting this update did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In June 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-05, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220). This update (1) eliminates the option to present the components of other comprehensive income as part of the statement of changes in stockholders’ equity; (2) requires the consecutive presentation of the statement of net income and other comprehensive income; and (3) requires an entity to present reclassification adjustments on the face of the financial statements from other comprehensive income to net income. This update does not change the items that must be reported in other comprehensive income or when an item of other comprehensive income must be reclassified to net income nor does the update affect how earnings per share is calculated or presented. This update is required to be applied retrospectively and is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those years beginning after December 15, 2011, which for us is January 1, 2012. In December 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-12, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220). The amendment for this update is temporary and supersedes certain pending paragraphs in ASU No. 2011-05 to effectively defer only those changes in ASU No. 2011-05 that relate to the presentation of reclassification adjustments out of accumulated other comprehensive income until the FASB has time to reconsider these reclassification requirements. Since ASU No. 2011-05 and No. 2011-12 only pertain to enhanced disclosure, adopting these updates did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In September 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-08, Testing Goodwill for Impairment (Topic 350), to simplify how entities test goodwill for impairment. The amendments permit an entity to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not (that is, a likelihood of more than 50 percent) that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. If this is the case, the entity will need to perform a more detailed two-step goodwill impairment test which is used to identify potential goodwill impairments and to measure the amount of goodwill impairment losses to be recognized, if any. The amendments are effective for annual and interim goodwill impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011, with early adoption permitted. Adopting this update did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
(13) CONCENTRATIONS OF RISK
Buffalo Wild Wings together with its franchisees is a significant customer of the Company. For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, the Company generated approximately 22% and 21%, respectively, of total revenue from this national chain. As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, approximately $125,000 and $95,000, respectively, was included in accounts receivable from this customer.
Single Source Playmaker Supplier
The Company currently purchases its Playmakers from an unaffiliated Taiwanese manufacturer subject to the terms of a supply agreement dated April 23, 2007 with a term that automatically renews for one year periods. The Company currently does not have an alternative source for its playmaker devices. Management believes other manufacturers could be identified to produce the Playmakers on comparable terms. A change in manufacturers, however, could cause delays in supply and may have an adverse effect on the Company’s operations. As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, approximately $64,000 and $70,000, respectively, was included in accounts payable or accrued expenses for this supplier.
(14) CAPITAL LEASE OBLIGATIONS
The Company has several capital lease obligations, one of which is a $1,000,000 equipment lease facility entered into with an equipment leasing company in October 2009. The terms of this agreement allow for use of the facility for 24 months and for use of the facility in multiple tranches with each individual tranche having a 24 month term. As of March 31, 2012, the Company had utilized $743,000 of this facility, which has been accounted for as a capital lease. As of March 31, 2012, $196,000 remained outstanding for those tranches that have not yet expired under this facility. Pursuant to the terms of the agreements related to this facility, the Company has given the equipment leasing company notice of its intent to terminate each individual lease that was reaching the 24 month term as well as its intent to purchase the equipment under the expiring lease at fair market value. The Company and the leasing company are in dispute over the fair market value, and as a result, the leasing company has notified the Company that it is in default of the leasing agreements. The Company maintains that a disagreement on fair market value does not trigger a default under the related agreements. However, if the parties are unable to resolve the dispute, and a court finds against the Company, then a default could be triggered on additional equipment under the same lease. The estimated cost to purchase the equipment under the expired leases is reflected in the Company’s accompanying consolidated financial statements, however, while not expected to be a material difference, the actual amount may differ from the estimate.
(15) GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION
Geographic breakdown of the Company’s revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 is as follows:
Geographic breakdown of the Company’s long-term tangible assets as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 is as follows:
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
CAUTION CONCERNING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (including, but not limited to, the following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations) and the documents incorporated herein by reference contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These forward-looking statements reflect future events, results, performance, prospects and opportunities, including statements related to our strategic plans and targets, revenue generation, product availability and offerings, reduction in cash usage, reliance on cash on hand and cash from operations, capital needs, capital expenditures, industry trends and financial position of NTN Buzztime, Inc. and its subsidiaries. Forward-looking statements are based on information currently available to us and our current expectations, estimates, forecasts, and projections about the industries in which we operate and the beliefs and assumptions of management. Words such as “expects,” “anticipates,” “could,” “targets,” “projects,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates,” “may,” “will,” “would,” variations of such words, and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. In addition, any statements which refer to projections of our future financial performance, our anticipated growth and trends in our business, and other characterizations of future events or circumstances, are forward-looking statements. Readers are cautioned that these forward-looking statements are only predictions and are subject to risks, uncertainties, and assumptions that may be difficult to predict. Therefore, actual results may differ materially and adversely from those expressed in any forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011, under the section entitled “Risk Factors,” and in Item 1A of Part II of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and in other reports we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission from time to time. We undertake no obligation to revise or update publicly any forward-looking statement for any reason.
Our trademarks, trade names and service marks referenced herein include Buzztime, iTV Network, Playmaker and Stump! Trivia. Each other trademark, trade name or service mark appearing in this quarterly report belongs to its owner.
We provide marketing services through interactive game content for hospitality venues that offer the games free to their customers. Founded in 1984, our company has evolved from a developer and distributor of content to an interactive entertainment network providing media, advertising and consumer marketing services. Built on an extended network platform, this entertainment system not only allows multiple players to interact at the venue, but also enables competition between different venues. We generate revenues by charging subscription fees for our service to our Network Subscribers and also from the sale of advertising aired on in-venue screens as well as in conjunction with customized games. Our games are currently available in approximately 3,900 locations in the U.S. and Canada, where they are shown on approximately 20,000 screens daily. We have over 2.4 million registered users and over 52 million games are played each year. Approximately 34% of our Network Subscriber venues are related to national and regional restaurants and include well-known names such as Buffalo Wild Wings, Black Angus, Hooters, Native New Yorker and Old Chicago.
In October 2011, we acquired substantially all of the assets of the Stump! Trivia hosted live trivia business. Stump! Trivia currently conducts nearly 300 events per week, or over 14,000 annually, primarily in the Northeastern region of the U.S. We plan to expand this business into other regions of the U.S. We generated $440,000 in revenue related to the Stump! Trivia business in the first quarter of 2012 and we expect these revenues to grow.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES
The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based on our condensed consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (GAAP). The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to deferred costs and revenues, depreciation of broadcast equipment, the provision for income taxes including the valuation allowance, stock-based compensation, bad debts, investments, purchase price allocations related to acquisitions, including any earnout liability, impairment of software development costs, goodwill, broadcast equipment, intangible assets and contingencies, including the reserve for sales tax inquiries. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. Critical accounting policies and estimates are defined as those that are both most important to the portrayal of the Company’s financial condition and results and require management’s most subjective judgments.
There have been no material changes in our critical accounting policies, estimates and judgments during the three months ended March 31, 2012 from those described in the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” section of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Three months ended March 31, 2012 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2011
We generated a net loss of $1,045,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 compared to a net loss of $559,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2011.
Revenue increased $65,000, or 1%, to $6,066,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 from $6,001,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2011 due primarily to $440,000 generated by the Stump! Trivia business we acquired in October 2011, offset by a decrease in subscription revenue related to lower average site count and lower average revenue generated per site as well as a decrease of approximately $86,000 in advertising and other miscellaneous revenues. Comparative site count information for the Buzztime Network is as follows:
Direct Costs and Gross Margin
The following table compares direct costs and gross margin for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011:
Gross margin as a percentage of revenue decreased to 73% for the three months ended March 31, 2012 from 75% for the three months ended March 31, 2011. Direct costs increased $93,000, or 6%, to $1,617,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 from $1,524,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2011. The increase in direct costs was primarily due to direct expenses of $319,000 related to Stump! Trivia. These increases were offset by decreased direct depreciation and amortization expense of $99,000 due to assets becoming fully depreciated, decreased service provider fees of $49,000 primarily due to fewer service calls, decreased content fees of $42,000 and decreased freight expense of $39,000 due to fewer installation and deinstallation of customer sites during the three months ended March 31, 2012 compared to the same period in 2011.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
Selling, general and administrative expenses increased $440,000, or 9%, to $5,272,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 from $4,832,000 for the same period in 2011. The increase in selling, general and administrative expenses was due to increased payroll and related expense of $205,000 primarily due to increased headcount and incentive compensation offset by a decrease in severance expense, increased consulting fees of $188,000 due to software development and other corporate initiatives, increased service fees of $74,000 due to outsourcing our warehouse management, increased travel and entertainment of $60,000 due to higher headcount in sales and account management as well as sales training held during the first quarter of 2012, and other miscellaneous increases of $63,000. These increases were offset by decreased occupancy expense of $109,000 resulting from our new corporate headquarters lease and decreased marketing expenses of $41,000.
Depreciation and Amortization Expense
Depreciation and amortization expense (excluding depreciation and amortization included in direct operating costs) increased $9,000 to $174,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 from $165,000 for the same period in 2011 primarily due to depreciation of tenant improvement assets acquired in connection with our new corporate headquarters lease and amortization of the Stump! Trivia intangible asset acquired during the fourth quarter of 2011, offset by decreased amortization related to an intangible asset acquired in 2009.
Other Expense, Net
Other expense, net increased in expense by $4,000 to $32,000 of other expense for the three months ended March 31, 2012 from $28,000 of other expense for the same period in 2011 primarily due to increased foreign currency exchange losses related to our foreign operations.
We expect to incur state income tax liability in 2012 related to our U.S. operations. We also expect to pay income taxes in Canada due to the profitability of NTN Canada. For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, we recorded a net tax provision of $16,000 and $11,000, respectively. We have established a full valuation allowance for substantially all deferred tax assets, including our net operating loss carryforwards, since we could not conclude that we were more likely than not able to generate future taxable income to realize these assets.
Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, or EBITDA, is not intended to represent a measure of performance in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Nor should EBITDA be considered as an alternative to statements of cash flows as a measure of liquidity. EBITDA is included herein because we believe it is a measure of operating performance that financial analysts, lenders, investors and other interested parties find to be a useful tool for analyzing companies like us that carry significant levels of non-cash depreciation and amortization charges in comparison to their GAAP earnings or loss.
The following table reconciles our consolidated net loss per GAAP to EBITDA for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011:
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
As of March 31, 2012, we had cash and cash equivalents of $3,143,000 compared to cash and cash equivalents of $1,374,000 as of December 31, 2011.
In February 2012, we completed a rights offering to our stockholders of record as of February 2, 2012. We issued a total of 2,070,719 shares of our common stock at a subscription price of $0.25 per share. In connection with the rights offering, we entered into an investment agreement with Matador Capital Partners, LP, or Matador. Mr. Jeffrey A. Berg, one of our directors, is the managing member of the general partner of Matador. Under the terms of the investment agreement, upon expiration of the rights offering, Matador purchased for $0.25 per share 8,000,000 shares of our common stock not subscribed for and purchased by holders upon exercise of their subscription rights. We received gross proceeds of $2.5 million from the rights offering and under the investment agreement.
We believe existing cash and cash equivalents together with funds generated from operations will be sufficient to meet our operating cash requirements for at least the next twelve months. We have no debt obligations other than capital leases and a note payable for certain equipment purchases. It is our intention to continue entering into capital lease or financing facilities for certain equipment requirements when economically advantageous. In the event that net cash provided by operating activities and cash on hand are not sufficient to meet future cash requirements, we may be required to reduce planned capital expenses, reduce operational cash uses, sell assets or seek financing. Any actions we may undertake to reduce planned capital purchases, reduce expenses, or generate proceeds from the sale of assets may be insufficient to cover shortfalls in available funds. If we require additional capital, we may be unable to secure additional financing on terms that are acceptable to us, or at all.
As of March 31, 2012, we had working capital (current assets in excess of current liabilities) of $505,000 compared to negative working capital (current liabilities in excess of current assets) of $1,070,000 as of December 31, 2011. The following table shows our change in working capital from December 31, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities, as reflected in the accompanying consolidated statements of cash flows, are summarized as follows:
Net cash provided by operating activities. We are primarily dependent on cash flows from operations to meet our cash requirements. Net cash generated from operating activities was $255,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 compared to net cash generated from operating activities of $904,000 for the same period in 2011. The $649,000 decrease in cash provided by operations was primarily due to an increase in net loss of $560,000, after giving effect to adjustments made for non-cash transactions and a decrease of $89,000 in cash provided by operating assets and liabilities during the three months ended March 31, 2012 compared to the same period in 2011.
Our largest use of cash is payroll and related costs. Cash used related to payroll increased $568,000 to $3,008,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 from $2,440,000 during the same period in 2011 due primarily to increased headcount. Our primary source of cash is cash we generate from customers. Cash received from customers decreased $49,000 to $6,250,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 from $6,299,000 during the same period in 2011.
Net cash used in investing activities. We used $712,000 in cash for investing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2012 compared to a cash use of $682,000 for investing activities during the same period in 2011. The $30,000 increase in cash used in investing activities was primarily due to an increase in capitalized software development activities of $107,000 offset by a decrease in capital expenditures of $77,000 due primarily to decreased field equipment purchases.
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities. Net cash provided by financing activities increased $2,301,000 to $2,205,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 compared to net cash used in financing activities of $96,000 for the same period in 2011. The increase in cash provided by financing activities was due to net proceeds from the rights offering and the related investment agreement completed in February 2012 of $2,310,000 and decreased payments on our capital leases of $35,000, offset by a $10,000 increase in principal payments on our note payable and a $34,000 decrease in proceeds from the exercise of stock options.
RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
Refer to Note 12 of the condensed consolidated financial statements, “Recent Accounting Pronouncements.”
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
Under SEC rules and regulations, as a smaller reporting company we are not required to provide the information otherwise required by this item.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures.
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
As of the end of the period covered by this report, our management evaluated our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, or the Exchange Act) as to whether such disclosure controls and procedures were effective in providing reasonable assurance that the information required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms and ensuring that information required to be disclosed in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Based on our evaluation, our chief executive officer and chief financial officer concluded that such disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this report.
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
There was no change in our internal control over financial reporting during our most recently completed fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
PART II — OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
An investment in our common stock involves a high degree of risk. You should consider carefully the risks and uncertainties described under Item 1A of Part I of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011 together with all other information contained or incorporated by reference in this report before you decide to invest in our common stock. If any of the risks described in our annual report occur, our business, financial condition, results of operations and our future growth prospects could be materially and adversely affected. Under these circumstances, the trading price of our common stock could decline, and you may lose all or part of your investment. As of the date of this report, we do not believe that there have been any material changes to the risk factors previously disclosed in our annual report.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.
Item 5. Other Information.
Item 6. Exhibits.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.