XNAS:LQDT Liquidity Service Inc Quarterly Report 10-Q Filing - 3/31/2012

Effective Date 3/31/2012

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Table of Contents

 

 

 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 


 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

x      QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2012

 

OR

 

o         TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.

 

For the transition period from                    to

 

Commission file number 0-51813

 

LIQUIDITY SERVICES, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

Delaware

 

52-2209244

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Incorporation or Organization)

 

Identification No.)

 

 

 

1920 L Street, N.W., 6th Floor, Washington, D.C.

 

20036

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

(202) 467-6868

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

 

 

(Former Name, Former Address and Former Fiscal Year, If Changed Since Last Report)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes o No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer o

 

Accelerated filer x

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer o

 

Smaller reporting company o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No x

 

The number of shares outstanding of the issuer’s common stock, par value $.001 per share, as of May 2, 2012 was 31,209,219.

 

 

 



Table of Contents

 

INDEX

 

 

Page

Part I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION (UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

Item 1.      Consolidated Financial Statements

3

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets

3

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations

4

 

 

Consolidated Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity

5

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

6

 

 

Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

7

 

 

Item 2.      Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

16

 

 

Item 3.      Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

30

 

 

Item 4.      Controls and Procedures

31

 

 

Part II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

Item 1.      Legal Proceedings

32

 

 

Item 1A.   Risk Factors

32

 

 

Item 6.      Exhibits

32

 

 

SIGNATURES

33

 



Table of Contents

 

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Liquidity Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Dollars in Thousands)

 

 

 

March 31,

 

September 30,

 

 

 

2012

 

2011

 

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

104,756

 

$

128,984

 

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $897 and $514 at March 31, 2012 and September 30, 2011, respectively

 

11,508

 

6,049

 

Inventory

 

23,639

 

15,065

 

Prepaid and deferred taxes

 

10,071

 

16,073

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

5,067

 

4,805

 

Current assets of discontinued operations

 

84

 

277

 

Total current assets

 

155,125

 

171,253

 

Property and equipment, net

 

7,558

 

7,042

 

Intangible assets, net

 

34,062

 

2,993

 

Goodwill

 

150,766

 

40,549

 

Other assets

 

5,954

 

5,970

 

Total assets

 

$

353,465

 

$

227,807

 

Liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

  15,586

 

$

8,590

 

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

26,481

 

23,411

 

Profit-sharing distributions payable

 

6,117

 

7,267

 

Current portion of acquisition earn out payables

 

8,227

 

5,410

 

Customer payables

 

14,954

 

12,728

 

Current portion of note payable

 

9,000

 

 

Current liabilities of discontinued operations

 

616

 

2,160

 

Total current liabilities

 

80,981

 

59,566

 

Acquisition earn out payables

 

 

4,741

 

Note payable, net of current portion

 

32,000

 

 

Deferred taxes and other long-term liabilities

 

2,254

 

2,087

 

Total liabilities

 

115,235

 

66,394

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value; 120,000,000 shares authorized; 31,081,192 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2012; 31,192,608 shares issued and 29,030,552 shares outstanding at September 30, 2011

 

30

 

29

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

151,947

 

124,886

 

Treasury stock, at cost

 

 

(21,884

)

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

35

 

52

 

Retained earnings

 

86,218

 

58,330

 

Total stockholders’ equity

 

238,230

 

161,413

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

353,465

 

$

227,807

 

 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

3



Table of Contents

 

Liquidity Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations

(Dollars in Thousands, Except Per Share Data)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

Six Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2012

 

2011

 

2012

 

2011

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

$

112,165

 

$

83,097

 

$

208,389

 

$

151,677

 

Fee revenue

 

13,559

 

6,316

 

23,366

 

13,186

 

Total revenue from continuing operations

 

125,724

 

89,413

 

231,755

 

164,863

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Costs and expenses from continuing operations:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of goods sold (excluding amortization)

 

55,024

 

38,334

 

98,310

 

69,188

 

Profit-sharing distributions

 

11,385

 

11,879

 

23,872

 

22,205

 

Technology and operations

 

15,802

 

13,581

 

31,585

 

26,072

 

Sales and marketing

 

6,909

 

5,948

 

13,445

 

11,715

 

General and administrative

 

8,215

 

6,785

 

16,032

 

13,080

 

Amortization of contract intangibles

 

2,020

 

204

 

4,039

 

407

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

1,505

 

1,195

 

3,031

 

2,241

 

Acquisition costs

 

(6,989

)

 

(6,671

)

4,695

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total costs and expenses

 

93,871

 

77,926

 

183,643

 

149,603

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations

 

31,853

 

11,487

 

48,112

 

15,260

 

Interest expense and other expense, net

 

(583

)

(270

)

(1,108

)

(513

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income before provision for income taxes from continuing operations

 

31,270

 

11,217

 

47,004

 

14,747

 

Provision for income taxes

 

(12,508

)

(5,059

)

(19,116

)

(6,442

)

Income from continuing operations

 

18,762

 

6,158

 

27,888

 

8,305

 

Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax

 

 

(1,099

)

 

(1,863

)

Net income

 

$

18,762

 

$

5,059

 

$

27,888

 

$

6,442

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings (loss) per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

From continuing operations

 

$

0.61

 

$

0.23

 

$

0.91

 

$

0.31

 

From discontinued operations

 

 

(0.04

)

 

(0.07

)

Basic earnings per common share

 

$

0.61

 

$

0.19

 

$

0.91

 

$

0.24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted earnings (loss) per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

From continuing operations

 

$

0.57

 

$

0.22

 

$

0.85

 

$

0.30

 

From discontinued operations

 

 

(0.04

)

 

(0.07

)

Diluted earnings per common share

 

$

0.57

 

$

0.18

 

$

0.85

 

$

0.23

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic weighted average shares outstanding

 

30,840,322

 

27,298,989

 

30,616,816

 

27,253,138

 

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding

 

32,778,428

 

28,068,461

 

32,580,473

 

28,179,741

 

 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

4



Table of Contents

 

Liquidity Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Unaudited Consolidated Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity

(In Thousands Except Share Data)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

Accumulated
Other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Treasury Stock

 

Common Stock

 

Paid-in

 

Comprehensive

 

Retained

 

 

 

 

 

Shares

 

Amount

 

Shares

 

Amount

 

Capital

 

Income

 

Earnings

 

Total

 

Balance at September 30, 2011

 

(2,162,056

)

$

(21,884

)

31,192,608

 

$

29

 

$

124,886

 

$

52

 

$

58,330

 

$

161,413

 

Common stock retired

 

2,162,056

 

21,884

 

(2,162,056

)

 

(21,884

)

 

 

 

Exercise of common stock options and restricted stock

 

 

 

1,150,469

 

 

9,951

 

 

 

9,951

 

Stock consideration paid for acquisition

 

 

 

 

 

900,171

 

1

 

24,538

 

 

 

 

 

24,539

 

Compensation expense from grants of common stock options and restricted stock

 

 

 

 

 

14,456

 

 

 

14,456

 

Comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

27,888

 

27,888

 

Foreign currency translation and other

 

 

 

 

 

 

(17

)

 

(17

)

Balance at March 31, 2012

 

 

 

31,081,192

 

$

30

 

$

151,947

 

$

35

 

$

86,218

 

$

238,230

 

 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

5



Table of Contents

 

Liquidity Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 

 

 

Six Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

 

2012

 

2011

 

Operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

27,888

 

$

6,442

 

Less: Discontinued operations, net of tax

 

 

(1,863

)

Income from continuing operations

 

27,888

 

8,305

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations:

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

7,070

 

2,647

 

Stock compensation expense

 

5,118

 

4,528

 

Provision for inventory allowance

 

(40

)

(45

)

Provision (benefit) for doubtful accounts

 

(129

)

97

 

Incremental tax benefit from exercise of common stock options

 

(9,338

)

(1,495

)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

(620

)

(2,782

)

Inventory

 

(2,475

)

(2,029

)

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

13,160

 

409

 

Accounts payable

 

3,807

 

(1,217

)

Accrued expenses and other

 

3,023

 

(3,120

)

Profit-sharing distributions payable

 

(1,150

)

4,511

 

Customer payables

 

2,226

 

4,966

 

Acquisition earn out payables

 

(10,109

)

2,195

 

Other liabilities

 

167

 

(125

)

Net cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations

 

38,598

 

16,845

 

Net cash used in operating activities from discontinued operations

 

(29

)

(574

)

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

38,569

 

16,271

 

Investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of short-term investments

 

 

(7,862

)

Proceeds from the sale of short-term investments

 

 

28,525

 

Increase in goodwill and intangibles and cash paid for acquisitions

 

(80,040

)

(29

)

Purchases of property and equipment

 

(2,059

)

(2,973

)

Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities

 

(82,099

)

17,661

 

Financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

Repurchases of common stock

 

 

(3,541

)

Proceeds from exercise of common stock options (net of tax)

 

9,951

 

7,580

 

Incremental tax benefit from exercise of common stock options

 

9,338

 

1,495

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

19,289

 

5,534

 

Effect of exchange rate differences on cash and cash equivalents

 

(16

)

517

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

(24,257

)

39,983

 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

129,089

 

43,378

 

Less: Cash and cash equivalents of discontinued operations at end of period

 

76

 

271

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

$

104,756

 

$

83,090

 

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for income taxes

 

$

2,445

 

$

5,377

 

Cash paid for interest

 

40

 

38

 

Note payable issued in connection with acquisition

 

40,000

 

 

Contingent purchase price accrued

 

8,185

 

4,695

 

 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

6



Table of Contents

 

Liquidity Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

 

1.                                      Organization

 

Liquidity Services, Inc. and subsidiaries (LSI or the Company) operates leading auction marketplaces for surplus and salvage assets. LSI enables buyers and sellers to transact in an efficient, automated online auction environment offering over 500 product categories. The Company’s marketplaces provide professional buyers access to a global, organized supply of surplus and salvage assets presented with digital images and other relevant product information. Additionally, LSI enables its corporate and government sellers to enhance their financial return on excess assets by providing a liquid marketplace and value-added services that integrate sales and marketing, logistics and transaction settlement into a single offering. LSI organizes its products into categories across major industry verticals such as consumer electronics, general merchandise, apparel, scientific equipment, aerospace parts and equipment, technology hardware, energy equipment, industrial capital assets, fleet and transportation equipment and specialty equipment. The Company’s marketplaces are www.liquidation.com, www.govliquidation.com, www.govdeals.com, www.networkintl.com, www.truckcenter.com, and www.secondipity.com. LSI has one reportable segment consisting of operating auction marketplaces for sellers and buyers of surplus, salvage and scrap assets.

 

2.                                      Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Unaudited Interim Financial Information

 

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) for interim financial information. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal, recurring adjustments, considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. The information disclosed in the notes to the consolidated financial statements for these periods is unaudited. Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2012 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending September 30, 2012 or any future period.  Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation.  Revenue includes revenue earned under the profit-sharing model and the purchase model.  Fee revenue is revenue earned under the consignment model and is presented separately as it accounts for more than 10% of total revenue for certain periods presented. The incremental tax benefit of common stock options is presented separately in the operating section of the statement of cash flows.

 

As of September 30, 2011, the Company has ceased its operations in the United Kingdom and has substantially liquidated that entity (Liquidity Services, Ltd.).  The results of the UK operations are presented as discontinued operations for all periods presented. See Note 5.

 

The Company has evaluated subsequent events through the date that these financial statements were issued and filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

Business Combinations

 

The Company recognizes all of the assets acquired, liabilities assumed, contractual contingencies, and contingent consideration at their fair value on the acquisition date. Acquisition-related costs are recognized separately from the acquisition and expensed as incurred. Generally, restructuring costs incurred in periods subsequent to the acquisition date are expensed when incurred. Subsequent changes to the purchase price (i.e., working capital adjustments) or other fair value adjustments determined during the measurement period are recorded as an adjustment to goodwill. All subsequent changes to a valuation allowance or uncertain tax position that relate to the acquired company and existed at the acquisition date that occur both within the measurement period and as a result of facts and circumstances that existed at the acquisition date are recognized as an adjustment to goodwill. All other changes in valuation allowances are recognized as a reduction or increase to income or as a direct adjustment to additional paid-in capital as required.

 

Accounts Receivable

 

Accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amount and are non-interest bearing. The Company maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts to reserve for potentially uncollectible receivables. Allowances are based on management’s judgment, which considers historical experience and specific knowledge of accounts where collectability may not be probable. The Company makes provisions based on historical bad debt experience, a specific review of all significant outstanding invoices and an assessment of general economic conditions.

 

7



Table of Contents

 

Liquidity Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to the Unaudited
Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

 

Comprehensive Income

 

Comprehensive income includes net income adjusted for foreign currency translation and unrealized gains and losses on available-for-sale securities, and is reflected as a separate component of stockholders’ equity. For the three and six months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 comprehensive income was approximately $18,745,000 and $27,871,000; and $6,295,000 and $7,183,000, respectively.

 

Earnings per Share

 

Basic net income attributable to common stockholders per share is computed by dividing net income attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted net income attributable to common stockholders per share includes the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised or converted into common stock. The Company had 1,473,892 unvested restricted shares outstanding at March 31, 2012, which were issued at prices ranging from $7.48 to $42.31, of which 853,660 and 877,898, and 477,151 and 611,805 shares have been included in the calculation of diluted income per share for the three and six months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively, due to the difference between the issuance price and the average market price for the period in which they have been outstanding. The Company has also excluded the following stock options in its calculation of diluted income per share because the option exercise prices were greater than the average market prices for the applicable period:

 

(a)

 

for the three months ended March 31, 2012, 31,968 options;

 

 

 

(b)

 

for the six months ended March 31, 2012, 31,968 options;

 

 

 

(c)

 

for the three months ended March 31, 2011, 390,851 options; and

 

 

 

(d)

 

for the six months ended March 31, 2011, 264,552 options.

 

The following summarizes the potential outstanding common stock of the Company as of the dates set forth below:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

Six Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2012

 

2011

 

2012

 

2011

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

Weighted average shares calculation:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic weighted average shares outstanding

 

30,840,322

 

27,298,989

 

30,616,816

 

27,253,138

 

Treasury stock effect of options and restricted stock

 

1,938,106

 

769,472

 

1,963,657

 

926,603

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding

 

32,778,428

 

28,068,461

 

32,580,473

 

28,179,741

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations

 

$

18,762

 

$

6,158

 

$

27,888

 

$

8,305

 

Loss from discontinued operations

 

 

(1,099

)

 

(1,863

)

Net income

 

$

18,762

 

$

5,059

 

$

27,888

 

$

6,442

 

Basic income (loss) per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

From continuing operations

 

$

0.61

 

$

0.23

 

$

0.91

 

$

0.31

 

From discontinued operations

 

 

(0.04

)

 

(0.07

)

Basic income per common share

 

$

0.61

 

$

0.19

 

$

0.91

 

$

0.24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted income (loss) per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

From continuing operations

 

$

0.57

 

$

0.22

 

$

0.85

 

$

0.30

 

From discontinued operations

 

 

(0.04

)

 

(0.07

)

Diluted income per common share

 

$

0.57

 

$

0.18

 

$

0.85

 

$

0.23

 

 

8



Table of Contents

 

Liquidity Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to the Unaudited
Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company estimates the fair value of share-based awards on the date of grant. The fair value of stock options is determined using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. The fair value of restricted stock awards is based on the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant. The determination of the fair value of the Company’s stock option awards and restricted stock awards is based on a variety of factors including, but not limited to, the Company’s common stock price, expected stock price volatility over the expected life of awards, and actual and projected exercise behavior. Additionally, the Company has estimated forfeitures for share-based awards at the dates of grant based on historical experience, adjusted for future expectation. The forfeiture estimate is revised as necessary if actual forfeitures differ from these estimates.

 

The Company issues restricted stock awards where restrictions lapse upon either the passage of time (service vesting), achieving performance targets, or some combination of these restrictions. For those restricted stock awards with only service conditions, the Company recognizes compensation cost on a straight-line basis over the explicit service period. For awards to employees with both performance and service conditions, the Company starts recognizing compensation cost over the remaining service period, when it is probable the performance condition will be met. For awards to non-employees (who are not directors), the Company records compensation cost when the performance condition is met. For stock awards that contain performance vesting conditions, the Company excludes these awards from diluted earnings per share computations until the contingency is met as of the end of that reporting period.

 

The Company presents the cash flows resulting from the tax benefits resulting from tax deductions in excess of the compensation cost recognized for those options (excess tax benefits) as a financing activity inflow with a corresponding operating cash outflow in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.

 

3.                                      Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Disposition Services Contracts

 

The Company has a Surplus Contract with the DLA Disposition services in which the base term expired in February 2012 with two one year renewal options. The DoD has exercised the first renewal option. Under the new Surplus Contract, the Company is required to purchase all usable surplus property offered to the Company by the Department of Defense at a fixed percentage equal to 1.8% of the DoD’s original acquisition value. The Company retains 100% of the profits from the resale of the property and bears all of the costs for the merchandising and sale of the property. The Surplus Contract contains a provision providing for a mutual termination of the contract for convenience.

 

As a result of the Surplus Contract, the Company is the sole remarketer of all DoD surplus turned into the DLA Disposition Services available for sale within the United States, Puerto Rico, and Guam.

 

The Company has a Scrap Contract with the DLA Disposition Services in which the base term expires in August 2013 with two one year renewal options.  Under the terms of the Scrap Contract, the Company is required to purchase all scrap government property referred to it by the DLA Disposition Services. The Company distributes to the DLA Disposition Services 77% of the profits realized from the ultimate sale of the inventory, after deduction for allowable expenses, as provided for under the terms of the contract. The Contract also has a performance incentive that allows the Company to receive up to an additional 2% of the profit sharing distribution.  This incentive is measured annually on June 30th, and is applied to the prior 12 months. For the three and six months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 profit-sharing distributions to the DLA Disposition Services under the Scrap Contract were $11,385,000 and $23,872,000; and $11,879,000 and $22,205,000, respectively, including accrued amounts, as of March 31, 2012 and 2011, of $6,117,000 and $9,859,000, respectively. The Scrap Contract may be terminated by either the Company or the DLA Disposition Services if the rate of return performance ratio does not exceed specified benchmark ratios for two consecutive quarterly periods and the preceding twelve months. The Company has performed in excess of the benchmark ratios throughout the contract period through March 31, 2012.

 

As a result of the Scrap Contract, the Company is the sole remarketer of all U.S. Department of Defense scrap turned into the DLA Disposition Services available for sale within the United States, Puerto Rico, and Guam.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Liquidity Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to the Unaudited
Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

 

4.             Acquisitions

 

                Jacobs Trading Acquisition

 

On October 1, 2011, LSI completed its acquisition of the assets of Jacobs Trading, LLC. The acquisition price includes an upfront cash payment of $80.0 million, a seller subordinated 5% unsecured note of $40.0 million, the issuance of 900,171 shares of restricted stock (valued at $24.5M by applying a 15% discount to the Company’s closing share price on September 30, 2011) and an earn-out payment. The stock consideration contains a restriction that it is not freely tradable for six months following the acquisition date and the Company used the put option analysis method to fair value the stock. Under the terms of the agreement, the earn-out is based on EBITDA earned by Jacobs during the trailing 12 months ending December 31, 2012 and 2013. The Company’s estimate of the fair value of the earn-out as of March 31, 2012 was $8.2 million out of a possible total earn out payment of $30.0 million. During the three and six months ended March 31, 2012, the Company incurred and expensed zero and $0.3 million, respectively, of acquisition costs. Jacobs is a leading remarketer for the sale of surplus and returned consumer goods. Jacobs conducts its sales on a purchase model basis using its marketplace, an extensive global buyer base and product domain expertise.

 

Under the acquisition method of accounting, the total estimated purchase price is allocated to Jacobs’ net tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values as of October 1, 2011, the effective date of the acquisition of Jacobs. Based on management’s preliminary valuation, as the Company is waiting for additional information and analysis relating to accrued expenses, of the fair value of tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed, the purchase price was allocated as follows:

 

 

 

Consideration
Amount

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Accounts receivable

 

$

4,710

 

Inventory

 

6,059

 

Prepaid expenses

 

120

 

Goodwill

 

110,226

 

Vendor contract intangible asset

 

33,300

 

Covenants not to compete

 

2,400

 

Property and equipment

 

847

 

Accounts payable

 

(1,837

)

Accrued liabilities

 

(3,101

)

Total consideration

 

$

152,724

 

 

Goodwill was created as part of the acquisition as the Company acquired an experienced and knowledgeable workforce, all of which is expected to be tax deductable as a result of the asset purchase structure of the transaction.  The amount of revenue related to the acquired business included in the consolidated statement of operations since the date of acquisition is $47.6 million.  For the three and six months ended March 31, 2011, the pro forma revenue and EBITDA for the Company inclusive of Jacobs Trading was $109.7 million and $202.1 million; and $18.2 million and $27.2 million, respectively.

 

TruckCenter.com

 

On June 1, 2011, the Company acquired the assets of Truckcenter.com, LLC, (TC) for approximately $15,989,000. The acquisition price included an upfront cash payment of $9,000,000 and an earn-out payment. Under the terms of the agreement, the earn-out is based on EBITDA earned by TC during the trailing 12 months ending August 31, 2012, and the revenue earned by TC during each of the two 12 month periods after the closing date of the acquisition through May 31, 2013. The Company’s estimate of the fair value of the earn-out as of the date of acquisition was $6,989,000 out of a possible total earn out payment of $9,000,000.  Based upon revised projections, the Company has determined that the fair value of the earn-out as of March 31, 2012 is zero and has reversed the liability of $6,989,000 with a corresponding reduction(credit) in the Acquisition Costs line in the Consolidated Statement of Operations for the three and six-months ended March 31, 2012.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Liquidity Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to the Unaudited
Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

 

5.                                      Summary of Discontinued Operations

 

The Company’s United Kingdom (UK) subsidiary, Liquidity Services Ltd, (LSL) has ceased its operations and has substantially liquidated its assets and liabilities. Through the acquisition of Geneva Industries (Geneva) in 2008, Liquidity Services Limited conducted sales of surplus assets and retail merchandise. Following the acquisition of Geneva, the economic downturn, and a low buyer adoption rate of online inventory sourcing created ongoing losses that were not sustainable.

 

The components of discontinued operations for the three and six months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 are as follows:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

Six Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2012

 

2011

 

2012

 

2011

 

 

 

(In thousands)

 

(In thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

$

 

$

2,690

 

$

 

$

5,751

 

Expenses

 

 

3,869

 

 

7,772

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

157

 

 

300

 

Interest income

 

 

(237

)

 

(458

)

Loss from discontinued operations

 

$

 

$

(1,099

)

$

 

$

(1,863

)

 

6.                                      Goodwill

 

The goodwill of acquired companies is primarily related to expected sales growth from future product offerings and customers.  The following summarizes our goodwill activity for the periods indicated:

 

 

 

Goodwill

 

Balance at September 30, 2010

 

$

39,831

 

New acquisitions

 

14,167

 

Impairment losses (1)

 

(13,449

)

Balance at September 30, 2011

 

40,549

 

New acquisitions

 

110,226

 

Other adjustments

 

(9

)

Balance at March 31, 2012

 

$

150,766

 

 


(1)         Goodwill impairment charge related to discontinued UK Operations.

 

Accumulated impairment losses as of the beginning and end of the period were $13.4 million.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Liquidity Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to the Unaudited
Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

 

7.                                      Intangible Assets

 

Intangible assets at March 31, 2012 and September 30, 2011 consisted of the following:

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 2012

 

September 30, 2011

 

 

 

Useful 
Life 
(in years)

 

Gross 
Carrying
Amount

 

Accumulated
Amortization

 

Net 
Carrying
Amount

 

Gross 
Carrying
Amount

 

Accumulated
Amortization

 

Net 
Carrying
Amount

 

 

 

(dollars in thousands)

 

Contract intangibles

 

5 - 7

 

$

38,994

 

$

(9,056

)

$

29,938

 

$

5,694

 

$

(5,016

)

$

678

 

Brand and technology

 

3 - 5

 

1,448

 

(634

)

814

 

1,447

 

(490

)

957

 

Covenants not to compete

 

3 - 5

 

4,400

 

(1,314

)

3,086

 

2,500

 

(1,336

)

1,164

 

Patent and trademarks

 

3 - 10

 

338

 

(114

)

224

 

289

 

(95

)

194

 

Total intangible assets, net

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

34,062

 

 

 

 

 

$

2,993

 

 

Future expected amortization of intangible assets at March 31, 2012 was as follows:

 

Years ending September 30,

 

(in thousands)

 

2012 (remaining six months)

 

$

4,525

 

2013

 

8,223

 

2014

 

8,052

 

2015

 

8,047

 

2016 and after

 

5,215

 

Total

 

$

34,062

 

 

8.                                      Debt

 

Senior Credit Facility

 

On April 30, 2010, the Company entered into a three year term senior credit facility (the Agreement) with a bank, which provides for borrowings up to $30.0 million. Borrowings under the Agreement bear interest at an annual rate equal to the 30 day LIBOR rate plus 1.25% (1.491% at March 31, 2012) due monthly. On March 13, 2012, the Company amended this credit facility extending the term to May 31, 2014 and increasing the borrowing capacity up to $75.0 million.  As of September 30, 2011 and March 31, 2012, the Company had no outstanding borrowings under the Agreement.

 

Borrowings under the Agreement are secured by substantially all of the assets of the Company. The Agreement contains certain financial and non-financial restrictive covenants including, among others, the requirements to maintain a minimum level of earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) and a minimum debt coverage ratio. As of March 31, 2012, the Company was in compliance with these covenants.

 

Subordinated Note

 

In conjunction with the Jacobs Trading acquisition, the Company issued a $40,000,000 seller subordinated 5% unsecured note.  Interest accrues and is due and payable at each principal repayment date.  Principal payments of $8.0 million, $12.0 million and $20.0 million are due on October 1, 2012, 2013, and 2014, respectively.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Liquidity Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to the Unaudited
Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

 

9.                                      Income Taxes

 

The Company’s interim effective income tax rate is based on management’s best current estimate of the expected annual effective income tax rate. The Company estimates that its fiscal year 2012 tax rate will be approximately 40%.

 

The Company applies the guidance related to uncertainty in income taxes. The Company has concluded that there were no uncertain tax positions identified during its analysis. The Company’s policy is to recognize interest and penalties in the period in which they occur in the income tax provision. The Company and its subsidiaries file income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, various state and local jurisdictions and in foreign jurisdictions, primarily the U.K. Currently, the Company is not subject to any income tax examinations. The statute of limitations for years prior to fiscal 2008 is now closed. However, certain tax attribute carryforwards that were generated prior to fiscal 2008 may be adjusted upon examination by tax authorities if they are utilized.

 

10.                               Stockholders’ Equity

 

Share Repurchase Program

 

On December 2, 2008, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a $10.0 million share repurchase program.  Under the program, the Company is authorized to repurchase the issued and outstanding shares of common stock.  Share repurchases may be made through open market purchases, privately negotiated transactions or otherwise, at times and in such amounts as management deems appropriate. The timing and actual number of shares repurchased will depend on a variety of factors including price, corporate and regulatory requirements and other market conditions.  The repurchase program may be discontinued or suspended at any time, and will be funded using our available cash. On each of February 2, 2010, November 30, 2010 and May 3, 2011, the Company’s Board of Directors approved the repurchase of up to an additional $10.0 million in shares under the share repurchase program. The Company’s Board of Directors reviews the share repurchase program periodically, the last such review having occurred in May 2011. During the year ended September 30, 2009, 707,462 shares were purchased under the program for approximately $3,874,000. During the year ended September 30, 2010, 1,225,019 shares were purchased under the program for approximately $14,471,000. During the year ended September 30, 2011, 229,575 shares were purchased under the program for approximately $3,541,000.  During the three months ended December 31, 2011, no shares were purchased under the program, and the prior shares repurchased were retired. During the three months ended March 31, 2012, no shares were purchased under the program. As of March 31, 2012, approximately $18,114,000 may yet be expended under the program.

 

2006 Omnibus Long-Term Incentive Plan (the 2006 Plan)

 

Under the 2006 Plan, 5,000,000 shares of common stock were initially reserved for issuance. In February 2009, at the Company’s annual meeting of stockholders, the stockholders approved an increase of 5,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock to the shares available for issuance under the 2006 Plan. At September 30, 2010, there were 3,986,513 shares remaining reserved for issuance in connection with awards under the 2006 Plan.  During fiscal year 2011, the Company granted options to purchase 321,072 shares to employees and directors with exercise prices between $14.30 and $17.02, and options to purchase 73,591 shares were forfeited. During fiscal year 2011, the Company granted 736,340 restricted shares to employees and directors at prices ranging from $12.88 to $25.52, and 150,112 restricted shares were forfeited. At September 30, 2011, there were 3,152,804 shares remaining reserved for issuance in connection with awards under the 2006 Plan. During the six months ended March 31, 2012, the Company issued options to purchase 181,783 shares to employees and directors at prices ranging from $31.37 to $42.31, and options to purchase 9,522 shares were forfeited. During the six months ended March 31, 2012, the Company issued 559,229 restricted shares to employees and directors at prices ranging from $31.37 to $42.31, and 71,366 restricted shares were forfeited. During the six months ended March 31, 2012, the Company issued 100,000 restricted shares to a non-employee that vest based on performance conditions. At March 31, 2012, there were 2,492,680 shares remaining reserved for issuance in connection with awards under the 2006 Plan. The maximum number of shares subject to options or stock appreciation rights that can be awarded under the 2006 Plan to any person is 1,000,000 per year. The maximum number of shares that can be awarded under the 2006 Plan to any person, other than pursuant to an option or stock appreciation right, is 700,000 per year. These shares and options generally vest over a period of one to four years conditioned on continued employment for the incentive period.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Liquidity Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to the Unaudited
Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

 

10.                               Stockholders’ Equity (Continued)

 

Stock Option Activity

 

A summary of the Company’s stock option activity for the year ended September 30, 2011, the three months ended December 31, 2011, and March 31, 2012 is as follows:

 

 

 

Options

 

Weighted-
Average
Exercise Price

 

Options outstanding at September 30, 2010

 

4,747,289

 

$

11.20

 

Options granted

 

321,072

 

15.21

 

Options exercised

 

(2,100,223

)

11.26

 

Options canceled

 

(73,591

)

13.18

 

Options outstanding at September 30, 2011

 

2,894,547

 

11.55

 

Options granted

 

149,815

 

32.73

 

Options exercised

 

(352,473

)

11.38

 

Options canceled

 

(5,123

)

13.37

 

Options outstanding at December 31, 2011

 

2,686,766

 

12.75

 

Options granted

 

31,968

 

42.31

 

Options exercised

 

(489,943

)

12.13

 

Options canceled

 

(4,399

)

15.91

 

Options outstanding at March 31, 2012

 

2,224,392

 

13.30

 

Options exercisable at March 31, 2012

 

1,093,494

 

12.10

 

 

The intrinsic value and weighted average remaining contractual life in years of outstanding and exercisable options at March 31, 2012 is approximately $70,061,000 and 6.95 and $35,753,000 and 6.36, respectively, based on a stock price of $44.80 on March 30, 2012.  Over the last three years, volatility rates have ranged from 60.35% - 71.27%, a dividend rate of 0%, risk free interest rates have ranged from 0.26% - 2.04%, and expected forfeiture rates have ranged from 15.38% - 19.63%.

 

Restricted Share Activity

 

A summary of the Company’s restricted share activity for the year ended September 30, 2011, the three months ended December 31, 2011, and March 31, 2012 is as follows:

 

 

 

Restricted
Shares

 

Weighted-
Average
Fair Value

 

Unvested restricted shares at September 30, 2010

 

973,167

 

$

9.73

 

Restricted shares granted

 

736,340

 

16.20

 

Restricted shares vested

 

(265,313

)

9.77

 

Restricted shares canceled

 

(150,112

)

12.06

 

Unvested restricted shares at September 30, 2011

 

1,294,082

 

13.13

 

Restricted shares granted

 

539,705

 

31.84

 

Restricted shares vested

 

(285,755

)

11.76

 

Restricted shares canceled

 

(50,436

)

11.34

 

Unvested restricted shares at December 31, 2011

 

1,497,596

 

20.18

 

Restricted shares granted

 

19,524

 

37.30

 

Restricted shares vested

 

(22,298

)

14.17

 

Restricted shares canceled

 

(20,930

)

19.23

 

Unvested restricted shares at March 31, 2012

 

1,473,892

 

20.52

 

 

The intrinsic value and weighted average remaining contractual life in years of unvested restricted shares at March 31, 2012 is approximately $66,030,000 and 8.71, respectively, based on a stock price of $44.80 on March 30, 2012.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Liquidity Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to the Unaudited
Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

 

11.                               Fair Value Measurement

 

The Company measures and records in the accompanying consolidated financial statements certain liabilities at fair value on a recurring basis. Authoritative guidance issued by the FASB establishes a fair value hierarchy for those instruments measured at fair value that distinguishes between assumptions based on market data (observable inputs) and the Company’s assumptions (unobservable inputs).  On January 1, 2012, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Update 2011-04, Fair Value Measurement: Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IRFS, which amended FASB ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement.  Adoption of the disclosure requirements did not have a material impact on our financial position or results of operations.  The hierarchy consists of three levels:

 

Level 1

 

Quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;

Level 2

 

Inputs other than Level 1 inputs that are either directly or indirectly observable; and

Level 3

 

Unobservable inputs developed using estimates and assumptions developed by the Company, which reflect those that a market participant would use.

 

As of March 31, 2012 and September 30, 2011, the Company had no Level 1 or Level 2 assets or liabilities that were recorded at fair value on a recurring basis. As of September 30, 2011, the Company’s $3,162,000 liability for the earn-out related to the Network International acquisition and the Company’s $6,989,000 liability for the earn-out related to the TruckCenter.com acquisition, and for March 31, 2012 the $8,185,000 liability for the earn-out related to the Jacobs Trading acquisition are the only liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis and are classified as Level 3 within the fair value hierarchy. The changes in liabilities measured at fair value for which the Company has used Level 3 inputs to determine fair value for the year ended September 30, 2011 and the six months ended March 31, 2012 are as follows ($ in thousands):

 

 

 

Level 3
Liabilities

 

Balance at September 30, 2010

 

$

2,805

 

Acquisition contingent consideration

 

11,684

 

Purchases and issuances

 

 

Settlements

 

(4,338

)

Unrealized (gains)/losses, net

 

 

Balance at September 30, 2011

 

10,151

 

Acquisition contingent consideration

 

8,227

 

Purchases and issuances

 

 

Settlements

 

(3,162

)

Unrealized (gains)/losses, net

 

(6,989

)

Balance at March 31, 2012

 

$

8,227

 

 

When valuing its Level 3 liability, the Company gives consideration to operating results, financial condition, economic and/or market events, and other pertinent information that would impact its estimate of the expected earn-out payment. The valuation procedures are primarily based on management’s projection of EBITDA for the acquired businesses and applying a discount to the expected earn out payments to estimate fair value. Discount rates range from 2.0% to 9.7% and are based on the Company’s cost of borrowing.  Given the short-term nature of the earn-out periods, changes in the discount rate are not expected to have a material impact on the fair value of these liabilities.  Because of the inherent uncertainty, this estimated value may differ significantly from the value that would have been used had a ready market for the liability existed, and it is reasonably possible that the difference could be material.  Changes in fair value of the Company’s Level 3 liabilities are recorded in Acquisition Costs in the consolidated statements of Operations.  There were no changes in unrealized (gains)/losses included in earnings related to financial liabilities still held as of March 31, 2012.

 

The Company’s financial assets not measured at fair value are cash and cash equivalents and the note payable that we issued as partial consideration for our Jacobs Trading acquisition.  With respect to cash and cash equivalents (which includes cash and commercial paper with original maturities of less than 90 days), we believe the carrying value approximates fair value due to the short term maturity of these instruments.  With respect to the note payable, we believe that the carrying value approximates fair value as the contractual interest rate approximates the current market rate.  If such rate were to materially differ, we would calculate the fair value of the note payable by discounting the contractual cash flows at the then current market rate. This fair value measurement is Level 3 as we use significant unobservable inputs and management judgment due to the absence of quoted market rates.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This document contains forward-looking statements. These statements are only predictions. The outcome of the events described in these forward-looking statements is subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to differ materially from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. These risks and other factors include but are not limited to the factors set forth in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2011 and subsequent filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. You can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “would,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential,” “continues” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements. There may be other factors of which we are currently unaware or deem immaterial that may cause our actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements.

 

All forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf apply only as of the date of this document and are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements included in this document. Except as may be required by law, we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances occurring after the date of this document or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

 

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and related notes and the information contained elsewhere in this document.

 

Overview

 

About us.  We operate leading auction marketplaces for surplus and salvage assets. We enable buyers and sellers to transact in an efficient, online auction environment offering over 500 product categories. Our marketplaces provide professional buyers access to a global, organized supply of surplus and salvage assets presented with customer focused information including digital images and other relevant product information along with services to efficiently complete the transaction. Additionally, we enable our corporate and government sellers to enhance their financial return on excess assets by providing liquid marketplaces and value-added services that integrate sales and marketing, logistics and transaction settlement into a single offering. We organize our products into categories across major industry verticals such as consumer electronics, general merchandise, apparel, scientific equipment, aerospace parts and equipment, technology hardware, energy equipment, industrial capital assets, fleet and transportation equipment and specialty equipment. Our online marketplaces are www.liquidation.com, www.govliquidation.com, www.govdeals.com, www.networkintl.com, www.truckcenter.com, and www.secondipity.com.

 

We believe our ability to create liquid marketplaces for surplus and salvage assets generates a continuous flow of goods from our corporate and government sellers. This flow of goods in turn attracts an increasing number of professional buyers to our marketplaces. During the last 12 months, the number of registered buyers grew from approximately 1,508,000 to approximately 1,711,000, or 13.5%.

 

Recent initiatives.  We continue to implement the Jacobs Trading acquisition according to our original plan.  The network effect of the integration is creating efficiencies for our selling and buying customers.  These efficiencies continue to bring new sellers into our marketplace and have enabled us to increase our operating performance creating margin improvements as we scale our commercial business.

 

We reversed the $7.0 million earn-out liability at March 31, 2012 related to our TruckCenter.com acquisition, which results in a credit in the Acquisition Costs line in our statement of operations for the three and six-month ended June 30, 2012.  The operating results of TruckCenter.com are unlikely to achieve the $7.0 million earn out payment (recorded at the acquisition) based on the last 11 months of operating history and estimates for the next 13 months. Therefore, based on revised projections, we determined that the fair value of the earn-out was zero as of March 31, 2012. The change in estimate does not affect our effective income tax rate.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Our revenue.  We generate substantially all of our revenue by retaining a percentage of the proceeds from the sales we manage for our sellers. We offer our sellers three primary transaction models: a profit-sharing model, a consignment model and a purchase model.

 

·                  Profit-sharing model.  Under our profit-sharing model, we purchase inventory from our suppliers and share with them a portion of the profits received from a completed sale in the form of a distribution. Distributions are calculated based on the value received from the sale after deducting direct costs, such as sales and marketing, technology and operations and other general and administrative costs. Because we are the primary obligor, and take general and physical inventory risks and credit risk under this transaction model, we recognize as revenue the sale price paid by the buyer upon completion of a transaction. Revenue from our profit-sharing model accounted for approximately 15.3 % and 17.5% of our total revenue for the three and six months ended March 31, 2012, respectively. The merchandise sold under our profit-sharing model accounted for approximately 8.8% and 10.2% of our gross merchandise volume, or GMV, for the three and six months ended March 31, 2012, respectively.

 

·                  Purchase model.  Under our purchase model, we offer our sellers a fixed amount or the option to share a portion of the proceeds received from our completed sales in the form of a distribution. Distributions are calculated based on the value we receive from the sale after deducting a required return to us that we have negotiated with the seller. Because we are the primary obligor, and take general and physical inventory risks and credit risk under this transaction model, we recognize as revenue the sale price paid by the buyer upon completion of a transaction. Revenue from our purchase model accounted for approximately 73.9% and 72.4% of our total revenue for the three and six months ended March 31, 2012, respectively. The merchandise sold under our purchase model accounted for approximately 42.5% and 42.6% of our GMV for the three and six months ended March 31, 2012.

 

·                  Consignment model — fee revenue.  Under our consignment model, we recognize commission revenue from sales of merchandise in our marketplaces that is owned by others. These commissions, which we refer to as seller commissions, represent a percentage of the sale price the buyer pays upon completion of a transaction. We vary the percentage amount of the seller commission depending on the various value-added services we provide to the seller to facilitate the transaction. For example, we generally increase the percentage amount of the commission if we take possession, handle, ship, or provide enhanced product information for the merchandise. We collect the seller commission by deducting the appropriate amount from the sales proceeds prior to their distribution to the seller after completion of the transaction. Revenue from our consignment model accounted for approximately 10.8% and 10.1% of our total revenue for the three and six months ended March 31, 2012, respectively. The merchandise sold under our consignment model accounted for approximately 48.7% and 47.2% of our GMV for the three and six months ended March 31, 2012, respectively.

 

We collect a buyer premium on substantially all of our transactions under all of our transaction models. Buyer premiums are calculated as a percentage of the sale price of the merchandise sold and are paid to us by the buyer. Buyer premiums are in addition to the price of the merchandise. Under our profit-sharing model, we typically share the proceeds of any buyer premiums with our sellers.

 

Industry trends.  We believe there are several industry trends impacting the growth of our business including: (1) the increase in the adoption of the Internet by businesses to conduct e-commerce both in the United States and abroad; (2) product innovation in the retail supply chain that has increased the pace of product obsolescence and, therefore, the supply of surplus assets; (3) the increase in the volume of returned merchandise handled by both online and offline retailers; (4) the increase in government regulations necessitating verifiable recycling and remarketing of surplus assets; (5) the increase in outsourcing by corporate and government organizations of disposition activities for surplus and end-of-life assets; and (6) as a result of the economic downturn, an increase in buyer demand for surplus merchandise as consumers trade down by purchasing less expensive goods and seek greater value from their purchases, which results in lower per unit prices and margins in our retail goods business.

 

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Our Seller Agreements

 

Our DoD agreements.  We have two contracts with the DoD pursuant to which we acquire, manage and sell excess property:

 

·                  Surplus Contract.  In June 2001, we were awarded the original Surplus Contract, a competitive-bid exclusive contract under which we acquire, manage and sell all usable DoD surplus personal property turned into the DLA Disposition Services. Surplus property generally consists of items determined by the DoD to be no longer needed, and not claimed for reuse by, any federal agency, such as computers, electronics, office supplies, scientific and medical equipment, aircraft parts, clothing and textiles. On November 6, 2008, the DoD extended the original Surplus Contract through December 17, 2008,  the original Contract wind down period was completed during fiscal year 2010. We responded to a RFP from the DLA Disposition Services regarding a renewal of the Surplus Contract, and we were awarded the contract. We executed the new Contract on December 18, 2008. The new Surplus Contract expires in February 2013, subject to the DoD’s right to extend it for one additional one-year term.  Revenue from our Surplus Contract (including buyer premiums) accounted for approximately 26.4% and 26.3% of our total revenue for the three and six months ended March 31, 2012, respectively. The property sold under our Surplus Contract accounted for approximately 15.5% and 15.9% of our GMV for the three and six months ended March 31, 2012, respectively.

 

·                  Scrap Contract.  In June 2005, we were awarded a competitive-bid exclusive contract under which we acquire, manage and sell substantially all scrap property of the DoD turned into the DLA Disposition Services. Scrap property generally consists of items determined by the DoD to have no use beyond their base material content, such as metals, alloys, and building materials. We were required to pay $5.7 million to the DoD in fiscal 2005 for the right to manage the operations and remarket scrap material in connection with the Scrap Contract. The Scrap Contract base term expires in August 2013, subject to the DoD’s right to extend it for two additional one-year terms.  Revenue from our Scrap Contract (including buyer premiums) accounted for approximately 15.3% and 17.5% of our total revenue for the three and six months ended March 31, 2012, respectively. The property sold under our Scrap Contract accounted for approximately 8.8% and 10.2% of our GMV for the three and six months ended March 31, 2012, respectively.

 

Under the original Surplus Contract, as amended, we were obligated to purchase all DoD surplus property at set prices representing a percentage of the original acquisition cost, which varied depending on the type of surplus property being purchased. We were entitled to 39.5% of the profits of sale (defined as gross proceeds of sale less allowable operating expenses) under the original Surplus Contract. Under the Scrap Contract, we acquire scrap property at a per pound price. We refer to these disbursement payments to the DoD as profit-sharing distributions. As a result of these arrangements, we recognize as revenue the gross proceeds from these sales. The DoD also reimburses us for actual costs incurred for packing, loading and shipping property under the Scrap and original Surplus Contracts that we are obligated to pick up from non-DoD locations.

 

Under the new Surplus Contract, which was executed on December 18, 2008, we are not required to distribute any portion of the profits realized under the Contract, as the new Contract contains a higher fixed percentage price of 1.8% of the DLA Disposition Services’ acquisition value to be paid for the property. The DoD has broad discretion to determine what property will be made available for sale to us under the new Surplus Contract and may retrieve or restrict property previously sold to us for national security reasons or if the property is otherwise needed to support the mission of the DoD.

 

Under the Scrap Contract, we also have a small business performance incentive based on the number of scrap buyers that are small businesses that allows us to receive up to an additional 2% of the profit sharing distribution. On May 21, 2007, we entered into a bilateral contract modification under which the DoD agreed to increase our profit-sharing distribution for the Scrap Contract from 20% to 23% effective June 1, 2007, in exchange for our agreement to implement additional inventory assurance processes and procedures with respect to the mutilation of demilitarized scrap property sold.

 

Our Wal-Mart Contracts.  We have various contracts with Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., pursuant to which we have the exclusive right to purchase certain consumer products from Wal-Mart that have been removed from the sales stream of its retail operations. All of these agreements have customary commercial terms, which generally expire within a year and allow both parties to terminate for convenience with reasonable notice.  As a result of the Jacobs Trading acquisition, we also have a long-term contract with Wal-Mart that does not provide for termination for convenience.  The term of this agreement expires on May 16, 2016 and thereafter continues on a month to month basis.

 

Our commercial agreements.  We have over 500 corporate clients each of which has sold in excess of $10,000 of surplus and salvage assets in our marketplaces during the last twelve months. Our agreements with these clients are generally terminable at will by either party.

 

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Key Business Metrics

 

Our management periodically reviews certain key business metrics for operational planning purposes and to evaluate the effectiveness of our operational strategies, allocation of resources and our capacity to fund capital expenditures and expand our business. These key business metrics include:

 

Gross merchandise volume.  Gross merchandise volume, or GMV, is the total sales value of all merchandise sold through our marketplaces during a given period. We review GMV because it provides a measure of the volume of goods being sold in our marketplaces and thus the activity of those marketplaces. GMV also provides a means to evaluate the effectiveness of investments that we have made and continue to make, including in the areas of customer support, value-added services, product development, sales and marketing, and operations. The GMV of goods sold in our marketplaces during the three and six months ended March 31, 2012 totaled $218.4 million and $397.6 million, respectively.

 

Completed transactions.  Completed transactions represents the number of auctions in a given period from which we have recorded revenue. Similar to GMV, we believe that completed transactions is a key business metric because it provides an additional measurement of the volume of activity flowing through our marketplaces. During the three and six months ended March 31, 2012, we completed approximately 128,200 and 234,800 transactions, respectively.

 

Total registered buyers.  We grow our buyer base through a combination of marketing and promotional efforts.  A person becomes a registered buyer by completing an online registration process on one of our marketplaces. As part of this process, we collect business and personal information, including name, title, company name, business address and contact information, and information on how the person intends to use our marketplaces. Each prospective buyer must also accept our terms and conditions of use. Following the completion of the online registration process, we verify each prospective buyer’s e-mail address and confirm that the person is not listed on any banned persons list maintained internally or by the U.S. federal government. After the verification process, which is completed generally within 24 hours, the registration is approved and activated and the prospective buyer is added to our registered buyer list.

 

Total registered buyers, as of a given date, represents the aggregate number of persons or entities who have registered on one of our marketplaces. We use this metric to evaluate how well our marketing and promotional efforts are performing. Total registered buyers excludes duplicate registrations, buyers who are suspended from utilizing our marketplaces and those buyers who have voluntarily removed themselves from our registration database. In addition, if we become aware of registered buyers that are no longer in business, we remove them from our database. As of March 31, 2012, we had approximately 1,711,000 registered buyers.

 

Total auction participants.  For each auction we manage, the number of auction participants represents the total number of registered buyers who have bid one or more times in that auction. As a result, a registered buyer who bids, or participates, in more than one auction is counted as an auction participant in each auction in which he or she participates. Thus, total auction participants for a given period is the sum of the auction participants in each auction conducted during that period. We use this metric to allow us to compare our online auction marketplaces to our competitors, including other online auction sites and traditional on-site auctioneers. In addition, we measure total auction participants on a periodic basis to evaluate the activity level of our base of registered buyers and to measure the performance of our marketing and promotional efforts. For the three and six months ended March 31, 2012, approximately 564,000 and 1,003,000 total auction participants participated in auctions on our marketplaces, respectively.

 

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Non-GAAP Financial Measures

 

EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA. EBITDA is a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure and is equal to net income plus interest expense and other expense, net; provision for income taxes; amortization of contract intangibles; and depreciation and amortization. Our definition of adjusted EBITDA differs from EBITDA because we further adjust EBITDA for stock-based compensation expense and acquisition costs (including changes in earn out estimates).

 

We believe EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA are useful to an investor in evaluating our performance for the following reasons:

 

·                                          The amortization of contract intangibles relates to amortization of the Scrap Contract beginning in June 2005 and the contract intangibles associated with the Jacobs Trading Acquisition on October 1, 2011. Depreciation and amortization expense primarily relates to property and equipment. Both of these expenses are non-cash charges that have fluctuated significantly over the past five years. As a result, we believe that adding back these non-cash charges to net income is useful in evaluating the operating performance of our business on a consistent basis from year-to-year.

 

·                                          As a result of varying federal and state income tax rates, we believe that presenting a financial measure that adjusts net income for provision for income taxes is useful to investors when evaluating the operating performance of our business.

 

·                                          In December 2004, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued new authoritative guidance that requires all share-based payments to employees, including grants of employee stock options, to be recognized in the income statement based on their estimated fair values. Pro forma disclosure is no longer an alternative. We adopted the provisions of this new guidance on October 1, 2005, using the prospective method. Unvested stock based awards issued prior to October 1, 2005, the date that we adopted this new authoritative guidance, were accounted for at the date of adoption using the intrinsic value method originally applied to those awards. Accordingly, we believe adjusting net income for this non-cash stock based compensation expense is useful to investors when evaluating the operating performance of our business.

 

·                                          In December 2007, the FASB issued new authoritative guidance related to business combinations. This guidance changes the accounting for acquisitions by eliminating the step acquisition model, changing the recognition of contingent consideration so that it is recognized at the time of acquisition rather than when it is probable, disallowing the capitalization of transaction costs and delaying when restructurings related to acquisitions can be recognized. We adopted this guidance for the fiscal year beginning October 1, 2009. Accordingly, we believe adjusting net income for these acquisition related expenses is useful to investors when evaluating the operating performance of our business on a consistent basis from year-to-year.

 

·                                          We believe these measures are important indicators of our operational strength and the performance of our business because they provide a link between profitability and operating cash flow.

 

·                                          We also believe that analysts and investors use EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA as supplemental measures to evaluate the overall operating performance of companies in our industry.

 

Our management uses EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA:

 

·                                          as measurements of operating performance because they assist us in comparing our operating performance on a consistent basis as they remove the impact of items not directly resulting from our core operations;

 

·                                          for planning purposes, including the preparation of our internal annual operating budget;

 

·                                          to allocate resources to enhance the financial performance of our business;

 

·                                          to evaluate the effectiveness of our operational strategies; and

 

·                                          to evaluate our capacity to fund capital expenditures and expand our business.

 

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EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA as calculated by us are not necessarily comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies. In addition, EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA: (a) do not represent net income or cash flows from operating activities as defined by GAAP; (b) are not necessarily indicative of cash available to fund our cash flow needs; and (c) should not be considered as alternatives to net income, income from operations, cash provided by operating activities or our other financial information as determined under GAAP.

 

We prepare adjusted EBITDA by adjusting EBITDA to eliminate the impact of items that we do not consider indicative of our core operating performance. You are encouraged to evaluate these adjustments and the reasons we consider them appropriate for supplemental analysis. As an analytical tool, adjusted EBITDA is subject to all of the limitations applicable to EBITDA. Our presentation of adjusted EBITDA should not be construed as an implication that our future results will be unaffected by unusual or non-recurring items.

 

The table below reconciles net income from continuing operations to EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations for the periods presented.

 

 

 

Three Months
Ended March 31,

 

Six Months
Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2012

 

2011

 

2012

 

2011

 

 

 

(in thousands) (unaudited)

 

Income from continuing operations

 

$

18,762

 

$

6,158

 

$

27,888

 

$

8,305

 

Interest expense and other expense, net

 

583

 

270

 

1,108

 

513

 

Provision for income taxes

 

12,508

 

5,059

 

19,116

 

6,442

 

Amortization of contract intangibles

 

2,020

 

204

 

4,039

 

407

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

1,505

 

1,195

 

3,031

 

2,241

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EBITDA from continuing operations

 

35,378

 

12,886

 

55,182

 

17,908

 

Stock compensation expense

 

2,493

 

2,312

 

5,118

 

4,528

 

Acquisition costs

 

(6,989

)

 

(6,671

)

4,695

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations

 

$

30,882

 

$

15,198

 

$

53,629

 

$

27,131

 

 

Critical Accounting Estimates

 

Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with GAAP. The preparation of these consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. A “critical accounting estimate” is one which is both important to the portrayal of our financial condition and results and requires management’s most difficult, subjective or complex judgments, often as a result of the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain. We continuously evaluate our critical accounting estimates. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

 

Revenue recognition.  For transactions in our online marketplaces, which generate substantially all of our revenue, we recognize revenue when all of the following criteria are met:

 

·                  a buyer submits the winning bid in an auction and, as a result, evidence of an arrangement exists and the sale price has been determined;

 

·                  title has passed to a buyer and the buyer has assumed risks and rewards of ownership; and

 

·                  collection is reasonably assured.

 

Substantially all of our sales are recorded subsequent to payment authorization being received, utilizing credit cards, wire transfers and PayPal, an Internet based payment system, as methods of payments. As a result, we are not subject to significant collection risk, as goods are generally not shipped before payment is received.

 

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Revenue is also evaluated for reporting revenue of gross proceeds as the principal in the arrangement or net of commissions as an agent. In arrangements in which we are deemed to be the primary obligor, bear physical and general inventory risk, and credit risk, we recognize as revenue the gross proceeds from the sale, including buyer’s premiums. Arrangements in which we act as an agent or broker on a consignment basis, without taking general or physical inventory risk, revenue is recognized based on the sales commissions that are paid to us by the sellers for utilizing our services; in this situation, sales commissions represent a percentage of the gross proceeds from the sale that the seller pays to us upon completion of the transaction.

 

We have evaluated our revenue recognition policy related to sales under our profit-sharing model and determined it is appropriate to account for these sales on a gross basis. The following factors were most heavily relied upon in our determination:

 

·                We are the primary obligor in the arrangement.

 

·                We are the seller in substance and in appearance to the buyer; the buyer contacts us if there is a problem with the purchase. Only we and the buyer are parties to the sales contract and the buyer has no recourse to the supplier. If the buyer has a problem, he or she looks to us, not the supplier.

 

·                The buyer does not and cannot look to the supplier for fulfillment or for product acceptability concerns.

 

·                We have general inventory risk.

 

·                We take title to the inventory upon paying the amount set forth in the contract with the supplier. Such amount is generally a percentage of the supplier’s original acquisition cost and varies depending on the type of the inventory purchased or a fixed price per pound under our Scrap Contract.

 

·                We are at risk of loss for all amounts paid to the supplier in the event the property is damaged or otherwise becomes unsaleable. In addition, as payments made for inventory are excluded from the calculation for the profit-sharing distribution under our DoD contracts, we effectively bear inventory risk for the full amount paid to acquire the property (i.e., there is no sharing of inventory risk).

 

Business Combinations.  We recognize all of the assets acquired, liabilities assumed, contractual contingencies, and contingent consideration at their fair value on the acquisition date. Acquisition-related costs are recognized separately from the acquisition and expensed as incurred. Generally, restructuring costs incurred in periods subsequent to the acquisition date are expensed when incurred. Subsequent changes to the purchase price (i.e., working capital adjustments) or other fair value adjustments determined during the measurement period are recorded as an adjustment to goodwill. All subsequent changes to a valuation allowance or uncertain tax position that relate to the acquired company and existed at the acquisition date that occur both within the measurement period and as a result of facts and circumstances that existed at the acquisition date are recognized as an adjustment to goodwill. All other changes in valuation allowances are recognized as a reduction or increase to income tax expense or as a direct adjustment to additional paid-in capital as required.

 

Valuation of goodwill and other intangible assets.  We identify and value intangible assets that we acquire in business combinations, such as customer arrangements, customer relationships and non-compete agreements, that arise from contractual or other legal rights or that are capable of being separated or divided from the acquired entity and sold, transferred, licensed, rented or exchanged. The fair value of identified intangible assets is based upon an estimate of the future economic benefits expected to result from ownership, which represents the amount at which the assets could be bought or sold in a current transaction between willing parties, that is, other than in a forced or liquidation sale.

 

We test our goodwill and other intangible assets for impairment annually or more frequently if events or circumstances indicate impairment may exist. Examples of such events or circumstances could include a significant change in business climate or a loss of significant customers. We apply a two-step fair value-based test to assess goodwill for impairment. The first step compares the fair value of a reporting unit to its carrying amount, including goodwill. If the carrying amount of the reporting unit exceeds its fair value, the second step is then performed. The second step compares the carrying amount of the reporting unit’s goodwill to the fair value of the goodwill. If the fair value of the goodwill is less than the carrying amount, an impairment loss would be recorded in our statements of operations. Intangible assets with definite lives are amortized over their estimated useful lives and are also reviewed for impairment if events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying amount may not be realizable.

 

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Our management makes certain estimates and assumptions in order to determine the fair value of net assets and liabilities, including, among other things, an assessment of market conditions, projected cash flows, cost of capital and growth rates, which could significantly impact the reported value of goodwill and other intangible assets. Estimating future cash flows requires significant judgment, and our projections may vary from cash flows eventually realized. The valuations employ a combination of present value techniques to measure fair value, corroborated by comparisons to estimated market multiples. These valuations are based on a discount rate determined by our management to be consistent with industry discount rates and the risks inherent in our current business model.

 

We cannot predict the occurrence of certain future events that might adversely affect the reported value of goodwill and other intangible assets, which totaled $184.8 million at March 31, 2012. Such events may include strategic decisions made in response to economic and competitive conditions, the impact of the economic environment on our base of buyers and sellers or material negative changes in our relationships with material customers.

 

Income taxes.  We account for income taxes using the asset and liability approach for measuring deferred taxes based on temporary differences between the financial statement and income tax bases of assets and liabilities existing at each balance sheet date using enacted tax rates for the years in which the taxes are expected to be paid or recovered. A valuation allowance is provided to reduce the deferred tax assets to a level that we believe will more likely than not be realized. The resulting net deferred tax asset reflects management’s estimate of the amount that will be realized.

 

We apply the guidance related to accounting for uncertainty in income taxes. We concluded that there were no uncertain tax positions identified during its analysis.

 

We provide for income taxes based on our estimate of federal and state tax liabilities. These estimates include, among other items, effective rates for state and local income taxes, estimates related to depreciation and amortization expense allowable for tax purposes, and the tax deductibility of certain other items. Our estimates are based on the information available to us at the time we prepare the income tax provision. We generally file our annual income tax returns several months after our fiscal year-end. Income tax returns are subject to audit by federal, state and local governments, generally years after the returns are filed. These returns could be subject to material adjustments or differing interpretations of the tax laws.

 

Stock-based compensation.  We recognize in the statements of operations all share-based payments to employees, including grants of employee stock options, to be recognized in the income statement based on their estimated fair values. We use the Black-Scholes option pricing model to estimate the fair values of share-based payments.

 

The above list is not intended to be a comprehensive list of all of our accounting estimates. In many cases, the accounting treatment of a particular transaction is specifically dictated by GAAP, with little need for management’s judgment in their application. There are also areas in which management’s judgment in selecting any available alternative would not produce a materially different result. See our audited financial statements and related notes, which contain accounting policies and other disclosures required by GAAP.

 

Components of Revenue and Expenses

 

Revenue.  We generate substantially all of our revenue from sales of merchandise held in inventory and by retaining a percentage of the proceeds from the sales. Our revenue recognition practices are discussed in more detail in the section above entitled “Critical Accounting Estimates.”

 

Cost of goods sold (excluding amortization).  Cost of goods sold includes the costs of purchasing and transporting property for auction, as well as credit card transaction fees.

 

Profit-sharing distributions.  Our Scrap and original Surplus Contracts with the DoD have been structured as profit-sharing arrangements in which we purchase and take possession of all goods we receive from the DoD at a contractual percentage of the original acquisition cost of those goods or at a per pound price for scrap. After deducting allowable operating expenses, we disburse to the DoD on a monthly basis a percentage of the profits of the aggregate monthly sales. We retain the remaining percentage of these profits after the DoD’s disbursement. We refer to these disbursement payments to the DoD as profit-sharing distributions.

 

Technology and operations.  Technology expenses consist primarily of personnel costs related to our programming staff who develop and deploy new marketplaces and continuously enhance existing marketplaces. These personnel also develop and upgrade the software systems that support our operations, such as sales processing. Because our marketplaces and support systems require frequent upgrades and enhancements to maintain viability, we have determined that the useful life for substantially all of our internally developed software is less than one year. As a result, we expense these costs as incurred.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Operations expenses consist primarily of operating costs, including buyer relations, shipping logistics and distribution center operating costs.

 

Sales and marketing.  Sales and marketing expenses include the cost of our sales and marketing personnel as well as the cost of marketing and promotional activities. These activities include online marketing campaigns such as paid search advertising.

 

General and administrative.  General and administrative expenses include all corporate and administrative functions that support our operations and provide an infrastructure to facilitate our future growth. Components of these expenses include executive management and staff salaries, bonuses and related taxes and employee benefits; travel; headquarters rent and related occupancy costs; and legal and accounting fees. The salaries, bonus and employee benefits costs included as general and administrative expenses are generally more fixed in nature than our operating expenses and do not vary directly with the volume of merchandise sold through our marketplaces.

 

Amortization of contract intangibles.  Amortization of contract intangibles expense consists of the amortization of our Scrap Contract award during June 2005 and our contract intangibles associated with the Jacobs Trading acquisition on October 1, 2011. The Scrap Contract required us to purchase the rights to operate the scrap operations of the DoD during the seven year base term of the contract. The intangible asset created from the $5.7 million purchase is being amortized over 84 months on a straight-line basis. The amortization period is correlated to the base term of the contract, exclusive of renewal periods. The intangible asset created in conjunction with the acquisition is valued at $33.3 million and is being amortized over 55 months on a straight-line basis. The amortization period is correlated to the base term of the Wal-Mart contract from the acquisition date, exclusive of renewal periods.

 

Depreciation and amortization.  Depreciation and amortization expenses consist primarily of the depreciation and amortization of amounts recorded in connection with the purchase of furniture, fixtures and equipment.

 

Acquisition costs.  Acquisition costs consist of expenses incurred to complete a business combination and adjustments to the fair value of earn-outs.

 

Interest expense and other expense, net.  Interest expense and other expense, net consists primarily of interest expense on borrowings under our subordinated note payable.

 

Income taxes.  During fiscal years 2010 and 2011, we had an effective income tax rate for continuing operations of approximately 45% and 43%, respectively, which included federal, state and foreign income taxes. We estimate that our future effective income tax rate will be approximately 40%.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Results of Operations

 

The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, selected statement of operations data expressed as a percentage of revenue. The results of operations for the periods indicated have been recast so that the basis of presentation is consistent with that of the results of operations and cash flows of Liquidity Services, Ltd., as discontinued operations.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

Six Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

 

2012

 

2011

 

2012

 

2011

 

Revenue

 

100.0

%

100.0

%

100.0

%

100.0

%

Costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of goods sold (excluding amortization)

 

43.8

 

42.9

 

42.4

 

42.0

 

Profit-sharing distributions

 

9.1

 

13.3

 

10.3

 

13.5

 

Technology and operations

 

12.6

 

15.2

 

13.6

 

15.8

 

Sales and marketing

 

5.5

 

6.6

 

5.8

 

7.1

 

General and administrative

 

6.5

 

7.6

 

6.9

 

7.9

 

Amortization of contract intangibles

 

1.6

 

0.2

 

1.7

 

0.2

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

1.2

 

1.3

 

1.4

 

1.4

 

Acquisition costs

 

(5.6

)

 

(2.9

)

2.9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total costs and expenses

 

74.7

 

87.1

 

79.2

 

90.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations

 

25.3

 

12.9

 

20.8

 

9.2

 

Interest expense and other expense, net

 

(0.5

)

(0.3

)

(0.5

)

(0.3

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations before provision for income taxes

 

24.8

 

12.6

 

20.3

 

8.9

 

Provision for income taxes

 

(9.9

)

(5.7

)

(8.3

)

(3.9

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations

 

14.9

%

6.9

%

12.0

%

5.0

%

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2012 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2011

 

Revenue.  Revenue increased $36.3 million, or 40.6%, to $125.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 from $89.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2011. This was primarily due to (1) a 81.3% increase, or $31.4 million, in our U.S. commercial business as a result of the acquisitions of Jacobs Trading on October 1, 2011 and TruckCenter.com on June 1, 2011, as well as several new programs for large retailers and manufacturers; and (2) a 19.3% increase, or $5.4 million, in our surplus business, as a result of increasing property flow from the DoD and a higher mix of high value capital assets such as rolling stock — offset in part by a slight decline in our DoD scrap business.  The amount of gross merchandise volume increased $83.4 million, or 61.8%, to $218.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 from $135.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2011, primarily due to (1) the growth in our U.S. commercial and the DoD surplus business discussed above; and (2) a 41.8% increase, or $10.9 million, in our state and local government (GovDeals) business.

 

Cost of goods sold (excluding amortization).  Cost of goods sold (excluding amortization) increased $16.7 million, or 43.5%, to $55.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 from $38.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2011.  As a percentage of revenue, cost of goods sold (excluding amortization) increased to 43.8% from 42.9%.  These increases are primarily due to the growth of our commercial business discussed above.

 

Profit-sharing distributions.  Profit-sharing distributions decreased $0.5 million, or 4.2%, to $11.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 from $11.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2011.  As a percentage of revenue, profit-sharing distributions decreased to 9.1% from 13.3%.  These decreases are primarily due to a slight decline in the scrap business for the period indicated.

 

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                Technology and operations expenses.  Technology and operations expenses increased $2.2 million, or 16.4%, to $15.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 from $13.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2011, primarily due to the acquisitions of Jacobs Trading and TruckCenter.com.  As a percentage of revenue, technology and operations expenses decreased to 12.6% from 15.2%, primarily due to the increase in revenue, while leveraging our fixed costs, such as distribution centers.

 

                Sales and marketing expenses.  Sales and marketing expenses increased $1.0 million, or 16.2%, to $6.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 from $5.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2011, primarily due to (1) expenses of $0.4 million in staff wages, including stock based compensation; and (2) expenses of $0.6 million for the acquisitions of Jacobs Trading and TruckCenter.com.  As a percentage of revenue, sales and marketing expenses decreased to 5.5% from 6.6%, primarily due to the increase in revenue, while leveraging our fixed costs, such as marketing staff.

 

                General and administrative expenses.  General and administrative expenses increased $1.4 million, or 21.1%, to $8.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 from $6.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2011, primarily due to (1) expenses of $0.6 million in staff wages, including stock based compensation; and (2) expenses of $0.6 million for the acquisitions of Jacobs Trading and TruckCenter.com. As a percentage of revenue, general and administrative expenses decreased to 6.5% from 7.6%, primarily due to the increase in revenue while leveraging our fixed costs, such as corporate staff.

 

                Amortization of contract intangibles.  Amortization of contract intangibles increased $1.8 million, or 890.2% to $2.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 from $0.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2011, as a result of our acquisition of Jacobs Trading on October 1, 2011.  The contract intangible asset created in conjunction with the acquisition was valued at $33.3 million and is being amortized over 55 months on a straight-line basis.

 

                Depreciation and amortization expenses.  Depreciation and amortization expenses increased $0.3 million, or 25.9%, to $1.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 from $1.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2011, primarily due to additional depreciation expense resulting from the purchase of $4.8 million of property and equipment during the fiscal year ended September 30, 2011.

 

                Acquisition costs.  Acquisition costs decreased $7.0 million to $7.0 million of income for the three months ended March 31, 2012 from $0 for the three months ending March 31, 2011, as a result of the reversal of the TruckCenter.com earn out liability.  On June 1, 2011, we acquired the assets of Truckcenter.com, LLC, for approximately $16.0 million.  The acquisition price included an upfront cash payment of $9.0 million and a potential earn-out payment. Our estimate of the fair value of the earn-out as of the date of acquisition was $7.0 million out of a possible total earn out payment of $9.0 million.  Upon a review of the estimate as of March 31, 2012, we determined that the fair value of the earn-out from the TruckCenter.com acquisition is zero and have reversed the liability of $7.0 million.

 

                Interest expense and other expense, net.  Interest expense and other expense, net increased $0.3 million or 115.9% to $0.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 from $0.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2011, primarily due to the $40 million Jacobs Trading acquisition seller subordinated note which bears interest at 5%.

 

                Provision for income tax expense.  Income tax expense increased $7.4 million, or 147.2%, to $12.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 from $5.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2011, primarily due to the increase in income before provision for income taxes.

 

                Income from continuing operations.  Income from continuing operations increased $12.6 million or 204.7% to $18.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 from $6.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2011.

 

                Discontinued operations.  Losses from discontinued operations for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 were $0 million and $1.1 million, respectively, as we liquidated our UK operations as of September 30, 2011.

 

                Net income.  Net income increased $13.7 million, or 270.9%, to $18.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 from $5.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2011.

 

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Six Months Ended March 31, 2012 Compared to Six Months Ended March 31, 2011

 

                Revenue.  Revenue increased $66.9 million, or 40.6%, to $231.8 million for the six months ended March 31, 2012 from $164.9 million for the six months ended March 31, 2011. This was primarily due to (1) a 77.7% increase, or $54.5 million, in our U.S. commercial business as a result of the acquisitions of Jacobs Trading on October 1, 2011 and TruckCenter.com on June 1, 2011, as well as several new programs for large retailers and manufacturers; and (2) a 17.4% increase, or $9.0 million, in our surplus business, as a result of increasing property flow from the DoD and a higher mix of high value capital assets such as rolling stock.  The amount of gross merchandise volume increased $138.9 million, or 53.7%, to $397.6 million for the six months ended March 31, 2012 from $258.7 million for the six months ended March 31, 2011, primarily due to (1) the growth in our U.S. commercial and the DoD businesses discussed above; and (2) a 30.4% increase, or $14.4 million, in our state and local government (GovDeals) business.

 

                Cost of goods sold (excluding amortization).  Cost of goods sold (excluding amortization) increased $29.1 million, or 42.1%, to $98.3 million for the six months ended March 31, 2012 from $69.2 million for the six months ended March 31, 2011.  As a percentage of revenue, cost of goods sold (excluding amortization) increased to 42.4% from 42.0%.  These increases are primarily due to the growth of our commercial business as discussed above and the Jacobs Trading acquisition that utilizes the purchase model.

 

                Profit-sharing distributions.  Profit-sharing distributions increased $1.7 million, or 7.5%, to $23.9 million for the six months ended March 31, 2012 from $22.2 million for the six months ended March 31, 2011, primarily due to the growth in our scrap business.  As a percentage of revenue, profit-sharing distributions decreased to 10.3% from 13.5%.

 

                Technology and operations expenses.  Technology and operations expenses increased $5.5 million, or 21.1%, to $31.6 million for the six months ended March 31, 2012 from $26.1 million for the six months ended March 31, 2011, primarily due to (1) expenses of $0.8 million in staff and temporary wages, including stock based compensation, and consultant fees associated with technology infrastructure projects; and (2) expenses of $4.7 million from the acquisitions of Jacobs Trading and TruckCenter.com.  As a percentage of revenue, technology and operations expenses decreased to 13.6% from 15.8%, primarily due to the increase in revenue, while leveraging our fixed costs, such as distribution centers.

 

                Sales and marketing expenses.  Sales and marketing expenses increased $1.7 million, or 14.8%, to $13.4 million for the six months ended March 31, 2012 from $11.7 million for the six months ended March 31, 2011, primarily due to (1) expenses of $0.5 million in staff wages, including stock based compensation; and (2) expenses of $1.0 million for the acquisitions of Jacobs Trading and TruckCenter.com. As a percentage of revenue, sales and marketing expenses decreased to 5.8% from 7.1%, primarily due to the increase in revenue, while leveraging our fixed costs, such as marketing staff.

 

                General and administrative expenses.  General and administrative expenses increased $2.9 million, or 22.6%, to $16.0 million for the six months ended March 31, 2012 from $13.1 million for the six months ended March 31, 2011, primarily due to (1) expenses of $1.2 million in staff wages, including stock based compensation; and (2) expenses of $1.5 million for the acquisitions of Jacobs Trading and TruckCenter.com. As a percentage of revenue, general and administrative expenses decreased to 6.9% from 7.9%, primarily due to the increase in revenue while leveraging our fixed costs, such as corporate staff.

 

                Amortization of contract intangibles.  Amortization of contract intangibles increased $3.6 million, or 892.4% to $4.0 million for the six months ended March 31, 2012 from $0.4 million for the six months ended March 31, 2011, as a result of our acquisition of Jacobs Trading on October 1, 2011.  The contract intangible asset created in conjunction with the acquisition was valued at $33.3 million and is being amortized over 55 months on a straight-line basis.

 

                Depreciation and amortization expenses.  Depreciation and amortization expenses increased $0.8 million, or 35.2%, to $3.0 million for the six months ended March 31, 2012 from $2.2 million for the six months ended March 31, 2011, primarily due to additional depreciation expense resulting from the purchase of $4.8 million of property and equipment during the fiscal year ended September 30, 2011.

 

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Table of Contents

 

                Acquisition costs.  Acquisition costs decreased $11.4 million to $6.7 million of income for the six months ended March 31, 2012 from $4.7 million of expense for the six months ending March 31, 2011, primarily due to (1) the reversal of the TruckCenter.com earn out liability. On June 1, 2011, we acquired the assets of Truckcenter.com, LLC, for approximately $16.0 million.  The acquisition price included an upfront cash payment of $9.0 million and a potential earn-out payment. Our estimate of the fair value of the earn-out as of the date of acquisition was $7.0 million out of a possible total earn out payment of $9.0 million.  Upon a review of the estimate as of March 31, 2012, we determined that the fair value of the earn-out from the TruckCenter.com acquisition was zero and have reversed the liability of $7.0 million; and (2) in December, 2010, we recorded $4.7 million of additional liability for the Network International acquisition earn out.  On June 15, 2010, we acquired the stock of Network International, Inc. for approximately $10.3 million.  The acquisition price included an upfront cash payment of $7.5 million and an earn-out payment.  Our estimate of the fair value of the earn-out at the time of the acquisition was $2.8 million out of a possible total earn out payment of $7.5 million.  Upon review of the estimate as of December 31, 2010, we determined that the operating results of Network International were exceeding original estimates significantly, and estimated that the full $7.5 million earn out payment would be likely based on the last six months of operating history and estimates for the next 12 months. Therefore, we recorded an additional liability of $4.7 million as of December 31, 2010.

 

                Interest expense and other expense, net.  Interest expense and other expense, net increased $0.6 million or 116.0% to $1.1 million for the six months ended March 31, 2012 from $0.5 million for the six months ended March 31, 2011, primarily due to the $40 million Jacobs Trading acquisition seller subordinated note which bears interest at 5%.

 

                Provision for income tax expense.  Income tax expense increased $12.7 million, or 196.7%, to $19.1 million for the six months ended March 31, 2012 from $6.4 million for the six months ended March 31, 2011, primarily due to the increase in income before provision for income taxes.

 

                Income from continuing operations.  Income from continuing operations increased $19.6 million or 235.8% to $27.9 million for the six months ended March 31, 2012 from $8.3 million for the six months ended March 31, 2011.

 

                Discontinued operations.  Losses from discontinued operations for the six months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 were $0 million and $1.9 million, respectively, as we liquidated our UK operations as of September 30, 2011.

 

                Net income.  Net income increased $21.5 million, or 332.9%, to $27.9 million for the six months ended March 31, 2012 from $6.4 million for the six months ended March 31, 2011.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Historically, our primary cash needs have been working capital (including capital used for inventory purchases), which we have funded primarily through cash generated from operations. As of March 31, 2012, we had approximately $104.8 million in cash and cash equivalents and $70.5 million available under our $75.0 million senior credit facility, due to issued letters of credit for $4.5 million; $1.0 million of our availability under this facility is set aside as a contractual obligation under our DoD Scrap Contract.

 

On December 2, 2008, our Board of Directors approved a $10.0 million share repurchase program.  Under the program, we are authorized to repurchase the issued and outstanding shares of common stock.  Share repurchases may be made through open market purchases, privately negotiated transactions or otherwise, at times and in such amounts as management deems appropriate. The timing and actual number of shares repurchased will depend on a variety of factors including price, corporate and regulatory requirements and other market conditions.  The repurchase program may be discontinued or suspended at any time, and will be funded using our available cash. On each of February 2, 2010, November 30, 2010 and May 3, 2011, our Board of Directors approved the repurchase of up to an additional $10.0 million in shares under the share repurchase program.  Our Board of Directors reviews the share repurchase program periodically, the last such review having occurred in May 2011. During the year ended September 30, 2009, 707,462 shares were purchased under the program for approximately $3,874,000. During the year ended September 30, 2010, 1,225,019 shares were purchased under the program for approximately $14,471,000. During the year ended September 30, 2011, 229,575 shares were purchased under the program for approximately $3,541,000.  During the three months ended December 31, 2011, no shares were purchased under the program, and the prior shares repurchased were retired. During the three months ended March 31, 2012, no shares were purchased under the program. As of March 31, 2012, approximately $18,114,000 may yet be expended under the program.

 

Substantially all of our sales are recorded subsequent to receipt of payment authorization, utilizing credit cards, wire transfers and PayPal, an Internet based payment system, as methods of payments. As a result, we are not subject to significant collection risk, as goods are generally not shipped before payment is received.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Changes in Cash Flows: Six Months Ended March 31, 2012 Compared to Six Months Ended March31, 2011

 

                Net cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations was $38.6 million for the six months ended March 31, 2012 and $16.8 million for the six months ended March 31, 2011. For the six months ended March 31, 2012, net cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations primarily consisted of net income of $27.9 million, depreciation and amortization expense of $7.1 million, stock compensation expense of $5.1 million and a net decrease in accounts receivable, inventory and prepaid assets of $10.1 million, offset in part by a net decrease in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities of $2.1 million and provisions for inventory allowance, doubtful accounts and incremental tax from exercise of common stock options of $9.5 million, net. For the six months ended March 31, 2011, net cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations primarily consisted of net income of $8.3 million, depreciation and amortization expense of $2.6 million, stock compensation expense of $4.5 million and a net increase in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities of $7.2 million, offset in part by a net increase in accounts receivable, inventory and prepaid assets of $4.4 million and provisions for inventory allowance, doubtful accounts and incremental tax from exercise of common stock options of $1.4 million, net.

 

                Net cash used in investing activities was $82.1 million for the six months ended March 31, 2012 and net cash provided by investing activities was $17.7 million for the six months ended March 31, 2011. Net cash used in investing activities for the six months ended March 31, 2012 consisted primarily of $80.0 million for the acquisition of Jacobs Trading and capital expenditures of $2.1 million for purchases of equipment and leasehold improvements.  Net cash provided by investing activities for the six months ended March 31, 2011 consisted primarily of net sales of short-term investments of $20.7 million offset in part by purchases of equipment and leasehold improvements of $3.0 million.

 

                Net cash provided by financing activities was $19.3 million for the six months ended March 31, 2012 and $5.5 million for the six months ended March 31, 2011. Net cash provided by financing activities for the six months ended March 31, 2012 consisted primarily of proceeds from the exercise of common stock options including the tax benefit of $19.3 million. Net cash provided by financing activities for the six months ended March 31, 2011 consisted primarily of proceeds from the exercise of common stock options including the tax benefit of $9.0 million, offset in part by $3.5 million for stock repurchases.

 

                Capital Expenditures.  Our capital expenditures consist primarily of computers and purchased software, office equipment, furniture and fixtures, and leasehold improvements. The timing and volume of such capital expenditures in the future will be affected by the addition of new customers or expansion of existing customer relationships. We expect capital expenditures to range from $5.0 million to $6.0 million in the fiscal year ending September 30, 2012. We intend to fund those expenditures primarily from operating cash flows. Our capital expenditures for the six months ended March 31, 2012 were $2.1 million. As of March 31, 2012, we had no outstanding commitments for capital expenditures.

 

                Senior credit facility.  We maintain a $75.0 million senior credit facility due May 31, 2014. The senior credit facility bears an annual interest rate of 30 day LIBOR plus 1.25%. As of March 31, 2012, we had no outstanding indebtedness under our senior credit facility and our borrowing availability was $70.5 million due to issued letters of credit for $4.5 million; $1.0 million of our availability under this facility is set aside as a contractual obligation under our DoD Scrap Contract. The obligations under our senior credit facility are unconditionally guaranteed by us and each of our existing and subsequently acquired or organized subsidiaries (other than our subsidiary organized to service our DoD Scrap Contract) and secured on a first priority basis by security interests (subject to permitted liens) in substantially all assets owned by us, and each of our other domestic subsidiaries, subject to limited exceptions. The Agreement contains certain financial and non-financial restrictive covenants including, among others, the requirements to maintain a minimum level of earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) and a minimum debt coverage ratio. Our credit agreement contains a number of affirmative and restrictive covenants including limitations on mergers, consolidations and dissolutions, sales of assets, investments and acquisitions, indebtedness and liens, and dividends and other restricted payments. As of March 31, 2012, we were in full compliance with the terms and conditions of our credit agreement.

 

                Subordinated note.  In conjunction with the Jacobs Trading acquisition, we issued a $40,000,000 seller subordinated 5% unsecured note.  Interest accrues and is due and payable at each principal repayment date.  Principal payments of $8.0 million, $12.0 million and $20.0 million are due on October 1, 2012, 2013, and 2014, respectively.

 

29



Table of Contents

 

We believe that our existing cash and cash equivalents and short term investments, will be sufficient to meet our anticipated cash needs for at least the next 12 months. Our future capital requirements will depend on many factors including our rate of revenue growth, the timing and extent of spending to support development efforts, the expansion of sales and marketing activities, the development and deployment of new marketplaces, the introduction of new value added services and the costs to establish additional distribution centers. Although we are currently not a party to any definitive agreement with respect to potential investments in, or acquisitions of, complementary businesses, products or technologies, we may enter into these types of arrangements in the future, which could also require us to seek additional equity or debt financing. The sale of additional equity securities or convertible debt securities would result in additional dilution to our stockholders. Additional debt would result in increased interest expense and could result in covenants that would restrict our operations. There is no assurance that such financing, if required, will be available in amounts or on terms acceptable to us, if at all.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have any transactions, obligations or relationships that could be considered material off-balance sheet arrangements.

 

New Accounting Pronouncements

 

In September 2011, the FASB amended its guidance for testing goodwill for impairment by allowing an entity to use a qualitative approach to test goodwill for impairment.  The amended guidance, included in ASU 2011-08, “Testing Goodwill for Impairment” is effective for our annual reporting period beginning on October 1, 2012.  The amended guidance is intended to reduce complexity and costs by allowing an entity the option to make a qualitative evaluation about the likelihood of goodwill impairment to determine whether it should calculate the fair value of a reporting unit.  We do not expect the adoption to have a material impact on the financial statements.

 

In June 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-05, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220)—Presentation of Comprehensive Income, to require an entity to present the total of comprehensive income, the components of net income, and the components of other comprehensive income either in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements. ASU 2011-05 eliminates the option to present the components of other comprehensive income as part of the statement of equity. ASU 2011-05 is effective for our first quarter of fiscal 2013 (quarter ending December 31, 2012) and should be applied retrospectively. We believe there will be no significant impact on the consolidated financial statements.

 

In May 2011, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2011-04, Fair Value Measurement: Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IRFS, which amended FASB ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement.  The objective of this update is to create common fair value measurement and disclosure requirements between GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”).  The amendments clarify existing fair value measurement and disclosure requirements and make changes to particular principles or requirements for measuring or disclosing information about fair value measurements.  These amendments are not expected to have a significant impact on companies applying GAAP.  This provision is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011; therefore, we adopted the amendment January 1, 2012.  Adoption of the disclosure requirements did not have a material impact on our financial position or results of operations.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk.

 

Interest rate sensitivity. We did not have any debt as of September 30, 2011 and we had $40.0 million of fixed 5% unsecured subordinated debt as of March 31, 2012, and thus do not have any related interest rate exposure. Our investment policy requires us to invest funds in excess of current operating requirements. The principal objectives of our investment activities are to preserve principal, provide liquidity and maximize income consistent with minimizing risk of material loss.

 

Exchange rate sensitivity. We consider our exposure to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations to be minimal, as less than one percent of our GMV is denominated in foreign currencies. We have not engaged in any hedging or other derivative transactions to date.

 

30



Table of Contents

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

 

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow for timely decisions regarding required disclosure. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, management recognized that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives, and management is required to apply its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.

 

During the most recent fiscal quarter, there has not occurred any change in our internal control over financial reporting that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

As of March 31, 2012, we carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures. Based on the foregoing, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective and were operating at the reasonable assurance level.

 

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Table of Contents

 

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings.

 

From time to time, we may become involved in litigation relating to claims arising in the ordinary course of our business. There are no claims or actions pending or threatened against us that, if adversely determined, would in our judgment have a material adverse effect on us.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

In addition to the other information set forth in this report, you should carefully consider the factors set forth in Part I, “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2011, which could materially affect our business, financial condition or future results. The risks described in our Form 10-K are not the only risks we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial also may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and/or operating results.

 

Item 6. Exhibits.

 

Exhibit No.

 

Description

3.1

 

Fourth Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to Amendment No. 2 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (Registration No. 333-129656), filed with the SEC on January 17, 2006.

3.2

 

Amended and Restated Bylaws, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to Amendment No. 2 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (Registration No. 333-129656), filed with the SEC on January 17, 2006.

31.1

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

31.2

 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

32.1

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

32.2

 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

101

 

The following materials from the Registrant’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2012, formatted in Extensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL): (i) Consolidated Balance Sheets, (ii) Consolidated Statements of Operations, (iii) Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity, (iv) Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, and (v) Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized on May 4, 2012.

 

 

LIQUIDITY SERVICES, INC.

 

(Registrant)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ William P. Angrick, III

 

 

William P. Angrick, III

 

 

Chairman of the Board of Directors and Chief Executive Officer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ James M. Rallo

 

 

James M. Rallo

 

 

Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

 

33


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