XFRA:OS7 Oasis Petroleum Inc Quarterly Report 10-Q Filing - 3/31/2012

Effective Date 3/31/2012

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Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

March 31, 2012 For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2012

or

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from             to            

Commission file number: 1-34776

 

 

Oasis Petroleum Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   80-0554627
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

1001 Fannin Street, Suite 1500

Houston, Texas

  77002
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

(281) 404-9500

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer     x    Accelerated filer   ¨
Non-accelerated filer   ¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company     ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

Number of shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding at May 4, 2012: 93,105,257 shares.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

OASIS PETROLEUM INC.

FORM 10-Q

FOR THE QUARTER ENDED MARCH 31, 2012

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

     Page  

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

     1   

Item 1. — Financial Statements (Unaudited)

     1   

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011

     1   

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2012 and 2011

     2   

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2012

     3   

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2012 and 2011

     4   

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

     5   

Item  2. — Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     18   

Item 3. — Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     26   

Item 4. — Controls and Procedures

     27   

PART II — OTHER INFORMATION

     28   

Item 1. — Legal Proceedings

     28   

Item 1A. — Risk Factors

     28   

Item 2. — Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

     28   

Item 6. — Exhibits

     29   

SIGNATURES

     30   

EXHIBIT INDEX

     31   

 

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Table of Contents

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. — Financial Statements (Unaudited)

Oasis Petroleum Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet

(Unaudited)

 

     March 31, 2012     December 31, 2011  
     (In thousands, except share data)  
ASSETS     

Current assets

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 287,298      $ 470,872   

Short-term investments

     —          19,994   

Accounts receivable — oil and gas revenues

     78,455        52,164   

Accounts receivable — joint interest partners

     67,015        67,268   

Inventory

     10,422        3,543   

Prepaid expenses

     1,740        2,140   

Advances to joint interest partners

     3,280        3,935   

Deferred income taxes

     6,807        3,233   

Other current assets

     80        491   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

     455,097        623,640   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment

    

Oil and gas properties (successful efforts method)

     1,515,788        1,235,357   

Other property and equipment

     38,660        20,859   

Less: accumulated depreciation, depletion, amortization and impairment

     (215,436     (176,261
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total property, plant and equipment, net

     1,339,012        1,079,955   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Derivative instruments

     486        4,362   

Deferred costs and other assets

     18,815        19,425   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 1,813,410      $ 1,727,382   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY     

Current liabilities

    

Accounts payable

   $ 516      $ 12,207   

Advances from joint interest partners

     14,548        9,064   

Revenues and production taxes payable

     45,276        19,468   

Accrued liabilities

     139,713        119,692   

Accrued interest payable

     15,024        15,774   

Derivative instruments

     16,469        5,907   

Other current liabilities

     316        472   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     231,862        182,584   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Long-term debt

     800,000        800,000   

Asset retirement obligations

     15,664        13,075   

Derivative instruments

     6,434        3,505   

Deferred income taxes

     106,348        92,983   

Other liabilities

     2,013        997   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     1,162,321        1,093,144   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)

    

Stockholders’ equity

    

Common stock, $0.01 par value; 300,000,000 shares authorized; 93,136,773 issued and 93,074,949 outstanding at March 31, 2012; 92,483,393 issued and 92,460,914 outstanding at December 31, 2011

     922        921   

Treasury stock, at cost; 61,824 and 22,479 shares at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively

     (1,783     (602

Additional paid-in-capital

     648,964        647,374   

Retained earnings (deficit)

     2,986        (13,455
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

     651,089        634,238   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

   $ 1,813,410      $ 1,727,382   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

Oasis Petroleum Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations

(Unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended March 31,  
         2012             2011      
     (In thousands, except per share data)  

Revenues

    

Oil and gas revenues

   $ 137,906      $ 58,744   

Well services revenues

     660        —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     138,566        58,744   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Expenses

    

Lease operating expenses

     9,816        5,630   

Well services operating expenses

     477        —     

Marketing, transportation and gathering expenses

     2,569        312   

Production taxes

     13,266        6,083   

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

     38,886        13,812   

Exploration expenses

     2,835        32   

Impairment of oil and gas properties

     368        1,381   

General and administrative expenses

     12,199        5,950   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total expenses

     80,416        33,200   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

     58,150        25,544   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other income (expense)

    

Net loss on derivative instruments

     (18,586     (31,666

Interest expense

     (13,899     (5,198

Other income

     598        312   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other income (expense)

     (31,887     (36,552
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes

     26,263        (11,008

Income tax (expense) benefit

     (9,822     4,161   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

   $ 16,441      $ (6,847
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) per share:

    

Basic and diluted (Note 10)

   $ 0.18      $ (0.07

Weighted average shares outstanding:

    

Basic (Note 10)

     92,130        92,047   

Diluted (Note 10)

     92,231        92,047   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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Oasis Petroleum Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity

(Unaudited)

(In thousands)

 

                  Additional     Retained Earnings     Total
Stockholders’
 
   Common Stock      Treasury Stock        
     Shares     Amount      Shares      Amount     Paid-in-Capital     (Deficit)     Equity  

Balance as of December 31, 2011

     92,461      $ 921         22       $ (602   $ 647,374      $ (13,455   $ 634,238   

Stock-based compensation

     654        —           —           —          1,591        —          1,591   

Vesting of restricted shares

     —          1         —           —          (1     —          —     

Treasury stock – tax withholdings

     (40     —           40         (1,181     —          —          (1,181

Net income

     —          —           —           —          —          16,441        16,441   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance as of March 31, 2012

     93,075      $ 922         62       $ (1,783   $ 648,964      $ 2,986      $ 651,089   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

Oasis Petroleum Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended March 31,  
     2012     2011  
     (In thousands)  

Cash flows from operating activities:

    

Net income (loss)

   $ 16,441      $ (6,847

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:

    

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

     38,886        13,812   

Impairment of oil and gas properties

     368        1,381   

Deferred income taxes

     9,822        (4,161

Derivative instruments

     18,586        31,666   

Stock-based compensation expenses

     1,591        527   

Debt discount amortization and other

     648        256   

Working capital and other changes:

    

Change in accounts receivable

     (26,038     (6,667

Change in inventory

     (9,641     (37

Change in prepaid expenses

     31        479   

Change in other current assets

     483        (113

Change in other assets

     —          (3

Change in accounts payable and accrued liabilities

     10,775        (7,448

Change in other current liabilities

     (188     —     

Change in other liabilities

     1,001        —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     62,765        22,845   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

    

Capital expenditures

     (269,975     (91,126

Derivative settlements

     (1,291     (512

Purchases of short-term investments

     —          (114,974

Redemptions of short-term investments

     19,994        —     

Advances to joint interest partners

     655        885   

Advances from joint interest partners

     5,484        4,938   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (245,133     (200,789
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

    

Proceeds from issuance of senior notes

     —          400,000   

Purchases of treasury stock

     (1,181     (559

Debt issuance costs

     (25     (10,027
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

     (1,206     389,414   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

(Decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

     (183,574     211,470   

Cash and cash equivalents:

    

Beginning of period

     470,872        143,520   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

End of period

   $ 287,298      $ 354,990   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental non-cash transactions:

    

Change in accrued capital expenditures

   $ 22,336      $ (16,644

Change in asset retirement obligations

     2,867        1,656   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

4


Table of Contents

OASIS PETROLEUM INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

1. Organization and Operations of the Company

Organization

Oasis Petroleum Inc. (“Oasis” or the “Company”) was formed on February 25, 2010, pursuant to the laws of the State of Delaware, to become a holding company for Oasis Petroleum LLC (“OP LLC”), the Company’s predecessor. OP LLC was formed as a Delaware limited liability company on February 26, 2007 by certain members of the Company’s senior management team and certain private equity funds managed by EnCap Investments L.P. In connection with its initial public offering in June 2010 and related corporate reorganization, the Company acquired all of the outstanding membership interests in OP LLC in exchange for shares of the Company’s common stock. In May 2007, the Company formed Oasis Petroleum North America LLC (“OPNA”), a Delaware limited liability company, to conduct its domestic oil and natural gas exploration and production activities. In April 2008, the Company formed Oasis Petroleum International LLC (“OPI”), a Delaware limited liability company, to conduct business development activities outside of the United States of America. As of March 31, 2012, OPI had no business activities or material assets. In June 2011, the Company formed Oasis Well Services LLC (“OWS”), a Delaware limited liability company, to provide well services to OPNA. In July 2011, the Company formed Oasis Petroleum Marketing LLC (“OPM”), a Delaware limited liability company, to provide marketing services to OPNA.

Nature of Business

The Company is an independent exploration and production company focused on the acquisition and development of unconventional oil and natural gas resources in the Williston Basin. The Company’s proved and unproved oil and natural gas properties are located in the Montana and North Dakota areas of the Williston Basin and are owned by OPNA. The Company also operates businesses that are complementary to its primary development and production activities, including a marketing business (OPM) and a well services business (OWS).

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company include the accounts of Oasis and its wholly owned subsidiaries: OP LLC, OPNA, OPI, OWS and OPM. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have not been audited by the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm, except that the condensed consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2011 is derived from audited financial statements. All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Certain reclassifications of prior year balances have been made to conform such amounts to current year classifications. These reclassifications have no impact on net income (loss). In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for the fair presentation have been included. In preparing the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements, management has made certain estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts in the condensed consolidated financial statements and disclosures of contingencies. Actual results may differ from those estimates. The results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of annual results.

These interim financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) regarding interim financial reporting. Certain disclosures have been condensed or omitted from these financial statements. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for complete consolidated financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011 (“2011 Annual Report”).

Significant Accounting Policies

There have been no material changes to the Company’s critical accounting policies and estimates from those disclosed in the 2011 Annual Report.

 

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Table of Contents

3. Inventory

Equipment and materials consist primarily of tubular goods, well equipment to be used in future drilling or repair operations and well fracturing equipment, all of which are stated at the lower of cost or market with cost determined on an average cost method. Crude oil inventories include oil in tank and line fill and are valued at the lower of average cost or market value. Inventory consists of the following:

 

     March 31,
2012
     December 31,
2011
 
     (In thousands)  

Equipment and materials

   $ 7,485       $ 2,709   

Crude oil inventory

     2,937         834   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total inventory

   $ 10,422       $ 3,543   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

4. Property, Plant and Equipment

The following table sets forth the Company’s property, plant and equipment:

 

     March 31, 2012     December 31, 2011  
     (In thousands)  

Proved oil and gas properties (1)

   $ 1,434,402      $ 1,152,532   

Less: Accumulated depreciation, depletion, amortization and impairment

     (212,831     (174,948
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Proved oil and gas properties, net

     1,221,571        977,584   

Unproved oil and gas properties

     81,386        82,825   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Oil and gas properties, net

     1,302,957        1,060,409   

Other property and equipment

     38,660        20,859   

Less: Accumulated depreciation

     (2,605     (1,313
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other property and equipment, net

     36,055        19,546   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total property, plant and equipment, net

   $ 1,339,012      $ 1,079,955   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) Included in the Company’s proved oil and gas properties are estimates of future asset retirement costs of $14.1 million and $11.4 million at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively. In addition, the Company’s proved oil and gas properties include capitalized interest of $3.9 million and $3.1 million at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively.

As a result of expiring unproved property leases, the Company recorded non-cash impairment charges on its unproved oil and gas properties of $0.4 million and $1.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. No impairment charges on proved oil and natural gas properties were recorded for the three months ended March 31, 2012 or 2011.

5. Fair Value Measurements

In accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s (“FASB”) authoritative guidance on fair value measurements, the Company’s financial assets and liabilities are measured at fair value on a recurring basis. The Company recognizes its non-financial assets and liabilities, such as asset retirement obligations and proved oil and natural gas properties upon impairment, at fair value on a non-recurring basis.

As defined in the authoritative guidance, fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date (“exit price”). To estimate fair value, the Company utilizes market data or assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability, including assumptions about risk and the risks inherent in the inputs to the valuation technique. These inputs can be readily observable, market corroborated or generally unobservable.

The authoritative guidance establishes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (“Level 1” measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (“Level 3” measurements). The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are as follows:

Level 1 — Unadjusted quoted prices are available in active markets for identical assets or liabilities as of the reporting date. Active markets are those in which transactions for the asset or liability occur in sufficient frequency and volume to provide pricing information on an ongoing basis.

Level 2 — Pricing inputs, other than unadjusted quoted prices in active markets included in Level 1, are either directly or indirectly observable as of the reporting date. Level 2 includes those financial instruments that are valued using models or other valuation methodologies. These models are primarily industry-standard models that consider various assumptions, including quoted forward prices for commodities, time value, volatility factors and current market and contractual prices for the underlying instruments, as well as other relevant economic measures. Substantially all of these assumptions are observable in the marketplace throughout the full term of the instrument and can be derived from observable data or are supported by observable levels at which transactions are executed in the marketplace.

Level 3 — Pricing inputs are generally less observable from objective sources, requiring internally developed valuation methodologies that result in management’s best estimate of fair value.

 

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Financial Assets and Liabilities

As required, financial assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement requires judgment and may affect the valuation of fair value assets and liabilities and their placement within the fair value hierarchy levels. The following tables set forth by level within the fair value hierarchy the Company’s financial assets and liabilities that were accounted for at fair value on a recurring basis:

 

     At fair value as of March 31, 2012  
     Level 1      Level 2     Level 3      Total  
     (In thousands)  

Assets (liabilities):

          

Money market funds

   $ 200,552       $ —        $ —         $ 200,552   

Commodity derivative instruments (see Note 6)

     —           (22,345     —           (22,345
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets (liabilities)

   $ 200,552       $ (22,345   $ —         $ 178,207   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     At fair value as of December 31, 2011  
     Level 1      Level 2      Level 3     Total  
     (In thousands)  

Assets (liabilities):

          

Money market funds

   $ 250,419       $ —         $ —        $ 250,419   

Commodity derivative instruments (see Note 6)

     —           —           (5,050     (5,050
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets (liabilities)

   $ 250,419       $ —         $ (5,050   $ 245,369   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

The Level 1 instruments presented in the tables above consist of money market funds included in Cash and cash equivalents on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011. The Company’s money market funds represent cash equivalents backed by the assets of high-quality major banks and financial institutions. The Company identified the money market funds as Level 1 instruments due to the fact that the money market funds have daily liquidity, quoted prices for the underlying investments can be obtained and there are active markets for the underlying investments.

The Level 2 and Level 3 instruments presented in the tables above consist of oil collars and deferred premium puts. The fair values of the Company’s oil collars and deferred premium puts are based upon a third-party preparer’s calculation using mark-to-market valuation reports provided by the Company’s counterparties for monthly settlement purposes to determine the valuation of its derivative instruments. The Company has the third-party preparer evaluate other readily available market prices for its derivative contracts as there is an active market for these contracts. The third-party preparer performs its independent valuation using an options pricing model similar to Black-Scholes. The significant inputs used are crude oil prices, volatility, skew, discount rate and the contract terms of the derivative instruments. However, the Company does not have access to the specific valuation models or inputs used by its counterparties or third-party preparer. The determination of the fair values also incorporates a credit adjustment for non-performance risk, as required by GAAP. The Company calculated the credit adjustment for derivatives in an asset position using current credit default swap values for each counterparty. The credit adjustment for derivatives in a liability position is based on the Company’s market credit spread. Based on these calculations, the Company recorded a downward adjustment to the fair value of its net derivative liability in the amount of $0.8 million and $0.3 million at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively.

The Company has adopted the FASB’s authoritative guidance amending certain accounting and disclosure requirements related to fair value measurements. The guidance clarifies and modifies some fair value measurement principles under GAAP, including a change in the valuation premise and the application of premiums and discounts. It also contains some new disclosure requirements under GAAP. The guidance had no impact on the Company’s financial position, cash flows or results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2012.

The following table presents a reconciliation of the changes in fair value of the derivative instruments classified as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy for the periods presented.

 

     2012     2011  
     (In thousands)  

Balance as of January 1

   $ (5,050   $ (10,486

Total gains or (losses) (realized or unrealized):

    

Included in earnings

     —          (31,666

Included in other comprehensive income

     —          —     

Settlements

     —          512   

Transfers in and out of Level 3 (1)

     5,050        —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance as of March 31

   $ —        $ (41,640
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Change in unrealized losses included in earnings relating to derivatives still held at March 31

   $ —        $ (31,154
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) During the first quarter of 2012, the inputs used to value the Company’s commodity derivative instruments were directly or indirectly observable and those contracts were transferred to Level 2.

 

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Fair Value of Other Financial Instruments

The Company’s financial instruments, including certain cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments, accounts receivable and accounts payable, are carried at amortized cost, which approximates cost and fair value due to the short-term maturity of these instruments. At March 31, 2012, the Company’s cash equivalents were all Level 1 assets. The carrying amount of the Company’s long-term debt (senior unsecured notes due 2019 and 2021 – see Note 7) reported in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet at March 31, 2012 is $800.0 million, with a fair value of $823.0 million. The Company’s unsecured notes are publicly traded and therefore categorized as a Level 1 asset.

Nonfinancial Assets and Liabilities

Asset retirement obligations. The carrying amount of the Company’s asset retirement obligations (“ARO”) in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet at March 31, 2012 is $15.9 million (see Note 8 — Asset Retirement Obligations). The Company determines the ARO by calculating the present value of estimated cash flows related to the liability. Estimating the future ARO requires management to make estimates and judgments regarding timing and existence of a liability, as well as what constitutes adequate restoration. Inherent in the fair value calculation are numerous assumptions and judgments, including the ultimate costs, inflation factors, credit adjusted discount rates, timing of settlement and changes in the legal, regulatory, environmental and political environments. These assumptions represent Level 3 inputs. To the extent future revisions to these assumptions impact the fair value of the existing ARO liability, a corresponding adjustment is made to the related asset.

Impairment. The Company reviews its proved oil and natural gas properties for impairment whenever events and circumstances indicate that a decline in the recoverability of their carrying value may have occurred. The Company estimates the expected undiscounted future cash flows of its oil and natural gas properties and compares such undiscounted future cash flows to the carrying amount of the oil and natural gas properties to determine if the carrying amount is recoverable. If the carrying amount exceeds the estimated undiscounted future cash flows, the Company will adjust the carrying amount of the oil and natural gas properties to fair value. The factors used to determine fair value are subject to management’s judgment and expertise and include, but are not limited to, recent sales prices of comparable properties, the present value of future cash flows, net of estimated operating and development costs using estimates of proved reserves, future commodity pricing, future production estimates, anticipated capital expenditures and various discount rates commensurate with the risk and current market conditions associated with realizing the expected cash flows projected. These assumptions represent Level 3 inputs. No impairment charges on proved oil and natural gas properties were recorded for the three months ended March 31, 2012 or 2011.

6. Derivative Instruments

The Company utilizes derivative financial instruments to manage risks related to changes in oil prices. As of March 31, 2012, the Company utilized two-way and three-way collar options to reduce the volatility of oil prices on a significant portion of the Company’s future expected oil production. All derivative instruments are recorded on the balance sheet as either assets or liabilities measured at fair value (see Note 5 — Fair Value Measurements). Derivative assets and liabilities arising from the Company’s derivative contracts with the same counterparty are also reported on a net basis, as all counterparty contracts provide for net settlement. The Company has not designated any derivative instruments as hedges for accounting purposes and does not enter into such instruments for speculative trading purposes. If a derivative does not qualify as a hedge or is not designated as a hedge, the changes in fair value, both realized and unrealized, are recognized in the Other Income (Expense) section of the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations as a gain or loss on derivative instruments. The Company’s cash flow is only impacted when the actual settlements under the derivative contracts result in making or receiving a payment to or from the counterparty. These cash settlements are reflected as investing activities in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows.

 

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As of March 31, 2012, the Company had the following outstanding commodity derivative instruments, all of which settle monthly based on the average West Texas Intermediate crude oil index price:

 

Settlement Period

  

Derivative
Instrument

   Total
Notional
Amount of
Oil (Barrels)
     Average
Sub-Floor
Price
     Average
Floor Price
     Average
Ceiling Price
     Fair Value
Asset
(Liability)
 
                                      (In thousands)  
2012    Two-Way Collars      1,237,500          $ 85.56       $ 106.50       $ (5,427
2012    Three-Way Collars      2,872,000       $ 66.62       $ 90.45       $ 109.14         (7,471
2013    Two-Way Collars      807,500          $ 89.23       $ 111.69         (1,646
2013    Three-Way Collars      2,404,500       $ 69.33       $ 91.61       $ 113.25         (7,338
2014    Two-Way Collars      62,000          $ 90.00       $ 112.78         1   
2014    Three-Way Collars      186,000       $ 70.00       $ 91.67       $ 113.58         (464
                 

 

 

 
                  $ (22,345
                 

 

 

 

The following table summarizes the location and fair value of all outstanding commodity derivative instruments recorded in the balance sheet for the periods presented:

 

Fair Value of Derivative Instrument Assets (Liabilities)

 
          Fair Value  

Instrument Type

  

Balance Sheet Location

   March 31,
2012
    December 31,
2011
 
          (In thousands)  

Crude oil collar

   Other current assets — current assets    $ 72      $ —     

Crude oil collar

   Derivative instruments — non-current assets      486        4,362   

Crude oil collar

   Derivative instruments — current liabilities      (16,469     (5,907

Crude oil collar

   Derivative instruments — non-current liabilities      (6,434     (3,505
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total derivative instruments

      $ (22,345   $ (5,050
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following table summarizes the location and amounts of realized and unrealized gains and losses from the Company’s commodity derivative instruments for the periods presented:

 

          Three Months Ended March 31,  
    

Income Statement Location

       2012             2011      
          (In thousands)  

Change in unrealized loss on derivative instruments

   Net loss on derivative instruments    $ (17,295   $ (31,154

Realized loss on derivative instruments

   Net loss on derivative instruments      (1,291     (512
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total net loss on derivative instruments

      $ (18,586   $ (31,666
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

7. Long-Term Debt

Senior secured revolving line of credit. OP LLC, as parent, and OPNA, as borrower, entered into a credit agreement dated June 22, 2007 (as amended and restated, the “Amended Credit Facility”). The Amended Credit Facility is restricted to the borrowing base, which is reserve-based and subject to semi-annual redeterminations on April 1 and October 1 of each year. On October 6, 2011, the Company entered into its fifth amendment to its Amended Credit Facility. This amendment reduced the interest rates payable on the borrowings under the Amended Credit Facility, extended the maturity date of the Amended Credit Facility from February 26, 2015 to October 6, 2016, and increased the senior secured revolving line of credit from $600 million to $1 billion. In connection with this amendment, the semi-annual redetermination of the borrowing base was also completed on October 6, 2011, which resulted in the borrowing base of the Amended Credit Facility increasing from $137.5 million to $350 million. In addition, on October 25, 2011, the Company’s lenders in the Amended Credit Facility waived the mandatory reduction of the Company’s borrowing base that otherwise would have occurred as a result of the issuance of the senior unsecured notes subsequently offered (see “Senior unsecured notes” below). Borrowings under the Amended Credit Facility are collateralized by perfected first priority liens and security interests on substantially all of the Company’s assets, including mortgage liens on oil and natural gas properties having at least 80% of the reserve value as determined by reserve reports.

 

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Borrowings under the Amended Credit Facility are subject to varying rates of interest based on (1) the total outstanding borrowings (including the value of all outstanding letters of credit) in relation to the borrowing base and (2) whether the loan is a London interbank offered rate (“LIBOR”) loan or a domestic bank prime interest rate loan (defined in the Amended Credit Facility as an Alternate Based Rate or “ABR” loan). As of March 31, 2012, any outstanding LIBOR and ABR loans would have borne their respective interest rates plus the applicable margin indicated in the following table:

 

Ratio of Total Outstanding Borrowings to Borrowing Base

   Applicable Margin
for LIBOR Loans
  Applicable Margin
for ABR Loans

Less than .25 to 1

   1.50%   0.00%

Greater than or equal to .25 to 1 but less than .50 to 1

   1.75%   0.25%

Greater than or equal to .50 to 1 but less than .75 to 1

   2.00%   0.50%

Greater than or equal to .75 to 1 but less than .90 to 1

   2.25%   0.75%

Greater than .90 to 1 but less than or equal 1

   2.50%   1.00%

An ABR loan may be repaid at any time before the scheduled maturity of the Amended Credit Facility upon the Company providing advance notification to the lenders under the Amended Credit Facility (the “Lenders”). Interest is paid quarterly on ABR loans based on the number of days an ABR loan is outstanding as of the last business day in March, June, September and December. The Company has the option to convert an ABR loan to a LIBOR-based loan upon providing advance notification to the Lenders. The minimum available loan term is one month and the maximum loan term is six months for LIBOR-based loans. Interest for LIBOR loans is paid upon maturity of the loan term. Interim interest is paid every three months for LIBOR loans that have loan terms greater than three months in duration. At the end of a LIBOR loan term, the Amended Credit Facility allows the Company to elect to repay the borrowing, continue a LIBOR loan with the same or a differing loan term or convert the borrowing to an ABR loan.

On a quarterly basis, the Company also pays a 0.375% annualized commitment fee on the average amount of borrowing base capacity not utilized during the quarter and fees calculated on the average amount of letter of credit balances outstanding during the quarter.

The Amended Credit Facility contains covenants that include, among others:

 

   

a prohibition against incurring debt, subject to permitted exceptions;

 

   

a prohibition against making dividends, distributions and redemptions, subject to permitted exceptions;

 

   

a prohibition against making investments, loans and advances, subject to permitted exceptions;

 

   

restrictions on creating liens and leases on the assets of the Company and its subsidiaries, subject to permitted exceptions;

 

   

restrictions on merging and selling assets outside the ordinary course of business;

 

   

restrictions on use of proceeds, investments, transactions with affiliates or change of principal business;

 

   

a provision limiting oil and natural gas derivative financial instruments;

 

   

a requirement that the Company not allow a ratio of Total Net Debt (as defined in the Amended Credit Facility) to consolidated EBITDAX (as defined in the Amended Credit Facility) to be greater than 4.0 to 1.0 for the four quarters ended on the last day of each quarter; and

 

   

a requirement that the Company maintain a Current Ratio (as defined in the Amended Credit Facility) of consolidated current assets (with exclusions as described in the Amended Credit Facility) to consolidated current liabilities (with exclusions as described in the Amended Credit Facility) of not less than 1.0 to 1.0 as of the last day of any fiscal quarter.

The Amended Credit Facility contains customary events of default. If an event of default occurs and is continuing, the Lenders may declare all amounts outstanding under the Amended Credit Facility to be immediately due and payable.

As of March 31, 2012, the Company had no borrowings and no outstanding letters of credit issued under the Amended Credit Facility, resulting in an unused borrowing base capacity of $350 million. The Company was in compliance with the financial covenants of the Amended Credit Facility as of March 31, 2012.

Senior unsecured notes. During 2011, the Company issued $400.0 million of 7.25% senior unsecured notes due February 1, 2019 (the “2019 Notes”) and $400.0 million of 6.5% senior unsecured notes due November 1, 2021 (the “2021 Notes”), collectively the “Notes”. Interest on the Notes is payable semi-annually in arrears. The Notes are guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by the Company’s material subsidiaries (the “Guarantors”). These guarantees are full and unconditional and joint and several among the Guarantors. The issuance of these Notes resulted in net proceeds to the Company of approximately $783.4 million.

The Notes were issued under indentures, which are substantially the same, as amended and supplemented by supplemental indentures (collectively the “Indentures”), among the Company, the Guarantors and U.S. Bank National Association, as trustee (the “Trustee”). The Company has certain options to redeem up to 35% of the Notes at a certain redemption price based on a percentage of the principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date, with the proceeds of certain equity offerings so long as the redemption occurs within 180 days of completing such equity offering and at least 65% of the aggregate principal amount of the Notes remains outstanding after such redemption. Prior to certain dates, the Company has the options to redeem some or all of the Notes for cash at certain redemption prices equal to a certain percentage of their principal amount plus an applicable make-whole premium and accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date. The Company estimates that the fair value of these options are immaterial at March 31, 2012.

 

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The Indentures restrict the Company’s ability and the ability of certain of its subsidiaries to: (i) incur additional debt or enter into sale and leaseback transactions; (ii) pay distributions on, redeem or repurchase equity interests; (iii) make certain investments; (iv) incur liens; (v) enter into transactions with affiliates; (vi) merge or consolidate with another company; and (vii) transfer and sell assets. These covenants are subject to certain exceptions and qualifications. If at any time when the Notes are rated investment grade by both Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. and Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services and no Default (as defined in the Indentures) has occurred and is continuing, many of such covenants will terminate and the Company and its subsidiaries will cease to be subject to such covenants.

The Indentures contains customary events of default, including:

 

   

default in any payment of interest on any Note when due, continued for 30 days;

 

   

default in the payment of principal or premium, if any, on any Note when due;

 

   

failure by the Company to comply with its other obligations under the Indentures, in certain cases subject to notice and grace periods;

 

   

payment defaults and accelerations with respect to other indebtedness of the Company and its Restricted Subsidiaries (as defined in the Indentures) in the aggregate principal amount of $10.0 million or more;

 

   

certain events of bankruptcy, insolvency or reorganization of the Company or a Significant Subsidiary (as defined in the Indentures) or group of Restricted Subsidiaries that, taken together, would constitute a Significant Subsidiary;

 

   

failure by the Company or any Significant Subsidiary or group of Restricted Subsidiaries that, taken together, would constitute a Significant Subsidiary to pay certain final judgments aggregating in excess of $10.0 million within 60 days; and

 

   

any guarantee of the Notes by a Guarantor ceases to be in full force and effect, is declared null and void in a judicial proceeding or is denied or disaffirmed by its maker.

Deferred financing costs. As of March 31, 2012, the Company had $17.8 million of deferred financing costs related to the Amended Credit Facility and the Notes. The deferred financing costs are included in Deferred costs and other assets on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet at March 31, 2012 and are being amortized over the respective terms of the Amended Credit Facility, the 2019 Notes and the 2021 Notes. The amortization of these deferred financing costs is included in Interest expense on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations.

8. Asset Retirement Obligations

The following table reflects the changes in the Company’s ARO during the three months ended March 31, 2012:

 

     (In thousands)  

Balance at December 31, 2011

   $ 13,075   

Liabilities incurred during period

     1,698   

Liabilities settled during period

     —     

Accretion expense during period (1)

     185   

Revisions to estimates

     984   
  

 

 

 

Balance at March 31, 2012

   $ 15,942   
  

 

 

 

 

(1) Included in Depreciation, depletion and amortization on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations.

At March 31, 2012, the current portion of the total ARO balance was approximately $0.3 million and is included in Accrued liabilities on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.

9. Income Taxes

The Company’s effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 was 37.4% and 37.8%, respectively, which was consistent with the statutory tax rate applicable to the U.S. and the blended state rate for the states in which the Company conducts business. As of March 31, 2012, the Company did not have any uncertain tax positions requiring adjustments to its tax liability.

The Company had deferred tax assets for its federal and state tax loss carryforwards at March 31, 2012 recorded in noncurrent deferred taxes. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when, in the opinion of management, it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. As of March 31, 2012, management determined that a valuation allowance was not required for the tax loss carryforwards as they are expected to be fully utilized before expiration.

 

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10. Earnings (Loss) Per Share

Basic earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing income available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares outstanding for the periods presented. The calculation of diluted earnings (loss) per share includes the impact of potentially dilutive non-vested restricted shares outstanding during the periods presented, unless their effect is anti-dilutive. There are no adjustments made to income available to common stockholders in the calculation of diluted earnings (loss) per share.

The following is a calculation of the basic and diluted weighted-average shares outstanding for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011:

 

     Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
     2012      2011  
     (In thousands)  

Basic weighted average common shares outstanding

     92,130         92,047   

Dilution effect of stock awards at end of period(1)

     101         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding

     92,231         92,047   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Anti-dilutive stock-based compensation awards

     376         260   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Because the Company reported a net loss for the three months ended March 31, 2011, no unvested stock awards were included in computing diluted loss per share because the effect would have been anti-dilutive.

11. Commitments and Contingencies

Lease obligations. The Company’s total rental commitments under non-cancelable leases for office space and other property and equipment at March 31, 2012 were $12.3 million.

Drilling contracts. As of March 31, 2012, the Company had certain drilling rig contracts with initial terms greater than one year. In the event of early contract termination under these contracts, the Company would be obligated to pay approximately $62.3 million as of March 31, 2012 for the days remaining through the end of the primary terms of the contracts.

Volume commitment agreements. As of March 31, 2012, the Company had certain agreements with an aggregate requirement to deliver a minimum quantity of approximately 13.1 MMBbl and 17.6 Bcf from its Williston Basin project areas within a specified timeframe. Future obligations under these agreements were approximately $65.5 million as of March 31, 2012.

Fracturing services. As of March 31, 2012, the Company had certain agreements with third party fracturing service companies for an initial term greater than one year. In the event of early contract termination under these agreements, the Company would be obligated to pay approximately $66.6 million as of March 31, 2012 for the months remaining through the end of the primary term of the agreements.

Litigation. The Company is party to various legal and/or regulatory proceedings from time to time arising in the ordinary course of business. The Company believes all such matters are without merit and involve amounts which, if resolved unfavorably, either individually or in the aggregate, will not have a material adverse effect on its financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

12. Condensed Consolidating Financial Information

The 2019 Notes and the 2021 Notes (see Note 7) are guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by the Guarantors, which are 100% owned by the Company. These guarantees are full and unconditional and joint and several among the Guarantors. Certain of the Company’s immaterial wholly owned subsidiaries do not guarantee the Notes (“Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries”).

The following financial information reflects consolidating financial information of the Company (“Issuer”) and its Guarantors on a combined basis, prepared on the equity basis of accounting. The Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries are immaterial and, therefore, not presented separately. The information is presented in accordance with the requirements of Rule 3-10 under the SEC’s Regulation S-X. The financial information may not necessarily be indicative of results of operations, cash flows or financial position had the Guarantors operated as independent entities. The Company has not presented separate financial and narrative information for each of the Guarantors because it believes such financial and narrative information would not provide any additional information that would be material in evaluating the sufficiency of the Guarantors. The consolidating statement of cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2011 includes a revision in presentation in the Issuer column, which increased cash flows from operating activities by $3.2 million and reduced cash flows from financing activities by the same amount. These revisions are eliminated in consolidation and have no effect on the Guarantors or consolidated financial statements.

 

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Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheet

(In thousands, except share data)

 

     March 31, 2012  
     Parent/
Issuer
    Combined
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Intercompany
Eliminations
    Consolidated  
ASSETS         

Current assets

        

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 293,434      $ (6,136   $ —        $ 287,298   

Accounts receivable – oil and gas revenues

     —          78,455        —          78,455   

Accounts receivable – joint interest partners

     88        70,285        (3,358     67,015   

Inventory

     —          10,422        —          10,422   

Prepaid expenses

     154        1,586        —          1,740   

Advances to joint interest partners

     —          3,280        —          3,280   

Deferred income taxes

     —          6,807        —          6,807   

Other current assets

     8        72        —          80   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

     293,684        164,771        (3,358     455,097   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment

        

Oil and gas properties (successful efforts method)

     —          1,515,788        —          1,515,788   

Other property and equipment

     —          38,660        —          38,660   

Less: accumulated depreciation, depletion, amortization and impairment

     —          (215,436     —          (215,436
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total property, plant and equipment, net

     —          1,339,012        —          1,339,012   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Investments in and advances to subsidiaries

     1,141,459        —          (1,141,459     —     

Derivative instruments

     —          486        —          486   

Deferred costs and other assets

     15,262        3,553        —          18,815   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 1,450,405      $ 1,507,822      $ (1,144,817   $ 1,813,410   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY         

Current liabilities

        

Accounts payable

   $ 3,270      $ 604      $ (3,358   $ 516   

Advances from joint interest partners

     —          14,548        —          14,548   

Revenues and production taxes payable

     —          45,276        —          45,276   

Accrued liabilities

     50        139,663        —          139,713   

Accrued interest payable

     15,017        7        —          15,024   

Derivative instruments

     —          16,469        —          16,469   

Other current liabilities

     —          316        —          316   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     18,337        216,883        (3,358     231,862   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Long-term debt

     800,000        —          —          800,000   

Asset retirement obligations

     —          15,664        —          15,664   

Derivative instruments

     —          6,434        —          6,434   

Deferred income taxes

     (19,021     125,369        —          106,348   

Other liabilities

     —          2,013        —          2,013   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     799,316        366,363        (3,358     1,162,321   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity

        

Capital contributions from affiliates

     —          1,097,890        (1,097,890     —     

Common stock, $0.01 par value; 300,000,000 shares authorized; 93,136,773 issued and 93,074,949 outstanding

     922        —          —          922   

Treasury stock, at cost; 61,824 shares

     (1,783     —          —          (1,783

Additional paid-in-capital

     648,964        8,743        (8,743     648,964   

Retained earnings

     2,986        34,826        (34,826     2,986   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

     651,089        1,141,459        (1,141,459     651,089   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

   $ 1,450,405      $ 1,507,822      $ (1,144,817   $ 1,813,410   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheet

(In thousands, except share data)

 

     December 31, 2011  
     Parent/
Issuer
    Combined
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Intercompany
Eliminations
    Consolidated  
ASSETS         

Current assets

        

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 443,482      $ 27,390      $ —        $ 470,872   

Short-term investments

     19,994        —          —          19,994   

Accounts receivable – oil and gas revenues

     —          52,164        —          52,164   

Accounts receivable – joint interest partners

     88        68,808        (1,628     67,268   

Inventory

     —          3,543        —          3,543   

Prepaid expenses

     309        1,831        —          2,140   

Advances to joint interest partners

     —          3,935        —          3,935   

Deferred income taxes

     —          3,233        —          3,233   

Other current assets

     18        473        —          491   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

     463,891        161,377        (1,628     623,640   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment

        

Oil and gas properties (successful efforts method)

     —          1,235,357        —          1,235,357   

Other property and equipment

     —          20,859        —          20,859   

Less: accumulated depreciation, depletion, amortization and impairment

     —          (176,261     —          (176,261
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total property, plant and equipment, net

     —          1,079,955        —          1,079,955   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Investments in and advances to subsidiaries

     958,880        —          (958,880     —     

Derivative instruments

     —          4,362        —          4,362   

Deferred costs and other assets

     15,742        3,683        —          19,425   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 1,438,513      $ 1,249,377      $ (960,508   $ 1,727,382   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY         

Current liabilities

        

Accounts payable

   $ 1,563      $ 12,272      $ (1,628   $ 12,207   

Advances from joint interest partners

     —          9,064        —          9,064   

Revenues and production taxes payable

     —          19,468        —          19,468   

Accrued liabilities

     103        119,589        —          119,692   

Accrued interest payable

     15,767        7        —          15,774   

Derivative instruments

     —          5,907        —          5,907   

Other current liabilities

     —          472        —          472   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     17,433        166,779        (1,628     182,584   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Long-term debt

     800,000        —          —          800,000   

Asset retirement obligations

     —          13,075        —          13,075   

Derivative instruments

     —          3,505        —          3,505   

Deferred income taxes

     (13,158     106,141        —          92,983   

Other liabilities

     —          997        —          997   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     804,275        290,497        (1,628     1,093,144   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity

        

Capital contributions from affiliates

     —          941,575        (941,575     —     

Common stock, $0.01 par value; 300,000,000 shares authorized; 92,483,393 issued and 92,460,914 outstanding

     921        —          —          921   

Treasury stock, at cost; 22,479 shares

     (602     —          —          (602

Additional paid-in-capital

     647,374        8,743        (8,743     647,374   

Retained earnings (deficit)

     (13,455     8,562        (8,562     (13,455
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

     634,238        958,880        (958,880     634,238   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

   $ 1,438,513      $ 1,249,377      $ (960,508   $ 1,727,382   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

Condensed Consolidating Statement of Operations

(In thousands)

 

     Three Months Ended March 31, 2012  
     Parent/
Issuer
    Combined
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Intercompany
Eliminations
    Consolidated  

Revenues

        

Oil and gas revenues

   $ —        $ 137,906      $ —        $ 137,906   

Well services revenues

     —          660        —          660   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     —          138,566        —          138,566   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Expenses

        

Lease operating expenses

     —          9,816        —          9,816   

Well services operating expenses

     —          477        —          477   

Marketing, transportation and gathering expenses

     —          2,569        —          2,569   

Production taxes

     —          13,266        —          13,266   

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

     —          38,886        —          38,886   

Exploration expenses

     —          2,835        —          2,835   

Impairment of oil and gas properties

     —          368        —          368   

General and administrative expenses

     2,449        9,750        —          12,199   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total expenses

     2,449        77,967        —          80,416   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

     (2,449     60,599        —          58,150   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other income (expense)

        

Equity in earnings in subsidiaries

     26,264        —          (26,264     —     

Net loss on derivative instruments

     —          (18,586     —          (18,586

Interest expense

     (13,414     (485     —          (13,899

Other income

     177        421        —          598   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other income (expense)

     13,027        (18,650     (26,264     (31,887
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

     10,578        41,949        (26,264     26,263   

Income tax benefit (expense)

     5,863        (15,685     —          (9,822
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

   $ 16,441      $ 26,264      $ (26,264   $ 16,441   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidating Statement of Operations

(In thousands)

 

     Three Months Ended March 31, 2011  
     Parent/
Issuer
    Combined
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Intercompany
Eliminations
     Consolidated  

Oil and gas revenues

   $ —        $ 58,744      $ —         $ 58,744   

Expenses

         

Lease operating expenses

     —          5,630        —           5,630   

Marketing, transportation and gathering expenses

     —          312        —           312   

Production taxes

     —          6,083        —           6,083   

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

     —          13,812        —           13,812   

Exploration expenses

     —          32        —           32   

Impairment of oil and gas properties

     —          1,381        —           1,381   

General and administrative expenses

     1,263        4,687        —           5,950   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total expenses

     1,263        31,937        —           33,200   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

     (1,263     26,807        —           25,544   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Other income (expense)

         

Equity in earnings in subsidiaries

     (3,170     —          3,170         —     

Net loss on derivative instruments

     —          (31,666     —           (31,666

Interest expense

     (4,941     (257     —           (5,198

Other income

     293        19        —           312   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total other income (expense)

     (7,818     (31,904     3,170         (36,552
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Loss before income taxes

     (9,081     (5,097     3,170         (11,008

Income tax benefit

     2,234        1,927        —           4,161   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net loss

   $ (6,847   $ (3,170   $ 3,170       $ (6,847
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

Condensed Consolidating Statement of Cash Flows

(In thousands)

 

     Three Months Ended March 31, 2012  
     Parent/
Issuer
    Combined
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Intercompany
Eliminations
    Consolidated  

Cash flows from operating activities:

        

Net income

   $ 16,441      $ 26,264      $ (26,264   $ 16,441   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

        

Equity in earnings of subsidiaries

     (26,264     —          26,264        —     

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

     —          38,886        —          38,886   

Impairment of oil and gas properties

     —          368        —          368   

Deferred income taxes

     (5,863     15,685        —          9,822   

Derivative instruments

     —          18,586        —          18,586   

Stock-based compensation expenses

     1,591        —          —          1,591   

Debt discount amortization and other

     480        168        —          648   

Working capital and other changes:

        

Change in accounts receivable

     —          (27,768     1,730        (26,038

Change in inventory

     —          (9,641     —          (9,641

Change in prepaid expenses

     155        (124     —          31   

Change in other current assets

     10        473        —          483   

Change in accounts payable and accrued liabilities

     904        11,601        (1,730     10,775   

Change in other current liabilities

     —          (188     —          (188

Change in other liabilities

     —          1,001        —          1,001   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

     (12,546     75,311        —          62,765   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

        

Capital expenditures

     —          (269,975     —          (269,975

Derivative settlements

     —          (1,291     —          (1,291

Redemptions of short-term investments

     19,994        —          —          19,994   

Advances to joint interest partners

     —          655        —          655   

Advances from joint interest partners

     —          5,484        —          5,484   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

     19,994        (265,127     —          (245,133
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

        

Purchases of treasury stock

     (1,181     —          —          (1,181

Debt issuance costs

     —          (25     —          (25

Investment in / capital contributions from affiliates

     (156,315     156,315        —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

     (157,496     156,290        —          (1,206
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Decrease in cash and cash equivalents

     (150,048     (33,526     —          (183,574

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

     443,482        27,390        —          470,872   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   $ 293,434      $ (6,136   $ —        $ 287,298   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidating Statement of Cash Flows

(In thousands)

 

    
     Three Months Ended March 31, 2011  
     Parent/
Issuer
    Combined
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Intercompany
Eliminations
    Consolidated  

Cash flows from operating activities:

        

Net loss

   $ (6,847   $ (3,170   $ 3,170      $ (6,847

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:

        

Equity in earnings of subsidiaries

     3,170        —          (3,170  

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

     —          13,812        —          13,812   

Impairment of oil and gas properties

     —          1,381        —          1,381   

Deferred income taxes

     (2,234     (1,927     —          (4,161

Derivative instruments

     —          31,666        —          31,666   

Stock-based compensation expenses

     527        —          —          527   

Debt discount amortization and other

     188        68        —          256   

Working capital and other changes:

        

Change in accounts receivable

     —          (7,550     883        (6,667

Change in inventory

     —          (37     —          (37

Change in prepaid expenses

     118        361        —          479   

Change in other current assets

     (113     —          —          (113

Change in other assets

     —          (3     —          (3

Change in accounts payable and accrued liabilities

     5,681        (12,246     (883     (7,448
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     490        22,355        —          22,845   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

        

Capital expenditures

     —          (91,126     —          (91,126

Derivative settlements

     —          (512     —          (512

Purchases of short-term investments

     (114,974     —          —          (114,974

Advances to joint interest partners

     —          885        —          885   

Advances from joint interest partners

     —          4,938        —          4,938   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (114,974     (85,815     —          (200,789
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

        

Proceeds from issuance of senior notes

     400,000        —          —          400,000   

Purchases of treasury stock

     (559     —          —          (559

Debt issuance costs

     (9,650     (377     —          (10,027

Investment in / capital contributions from subsidiaries

     (49,999     49,999        —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

     339,792        49,622        —          389,414   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     225,308        (13,838     —          211,470   

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

     119,940        23,580        —          143,520   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   $ 345,248      $ 9,742      $ —        $ 354,990   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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13. Subsequent Events

The Company has evaluated the period after the balance sheet date, noting no subsequent events or transactions that required recognition or disclosure in the financial statements, other than as noted below.

Senior secured revolving line of credit. On April 3, 2012, the Company entered into a sixth amendment to its Amended Credit Facility (the “Sixth Amendment”) among OPNA, as borrower, OP LLC, OPM, OWS and the Company, as guarantors, the lenders party thereto and BNP Paribas, as administrative agent. In connection with the Sixth Amendment, the semi-annual redetermination of the Company’s borrowing base was completed on April 3, 2012, which resulted in the borrowing base of the Amended Credit Facility increasing from $350 million to $500 million. The Sixth Amendment also added two new lenders to the bank group. All other terms and conditions of the Amended Credit Facility remained the same (see Note 7 — Long-Term Debt). Effective April 20, 2012, the Company executed an agreement consenting to the resignation of BNP Paribas as the administrative agent and a lender under the Amended Credit Facility. Wells Fargo was appointed successor administrative agent and assumed the credit commitment of BNP Paribas. BNP Paribas remains as a counterparty for the Company’s commodity derivative instruments.

Fracturing services. In April 2012, the Company entered into an agreement with one of its third party fracturing service companies to terminate the original contract that had an initial term greater than one year. The Company did not pay any early contract termination fees related to this termination agreement.

Derivative instruments. In May 2012, the Company entered into new two-way and three-way costless collar options, all of which settle monthly based on the West Texas Intermediate crude oil index price, for a total notional amount of 306,000 barrels in 2012, 730,000 barrels in 2013, 730,000 barrels in 2014, and 62,000 barrels in 2015. These derivative instruments do not qualify for and were not designated as hedging instruments for accounting purposes.

 

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Table of Contents

Item 2. — Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011 (“2011 Annual Report”), as well as the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control. All statements, other than statements of historical fact included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, regarding our strategy, future operations, financial position, estimated revenues and losses, projected costs, prospects, plans and objectives of management are forward-looking statements. When used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, the words “could,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “expect,” “may,” “continue,” “predict,” “potential,” “project” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain such identifying words. In particular, the factors discussed below and detailed under Item 1A. “Risk Factors” in our 2011 Annual Report, could affect our actual results and cause our actual results to differ materially from expectations, estimates, or assumptions expressed in, forecasted in, or implied in such forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements may include statements about:

 

   

our business strategy;

 

   

estimated future net reserves and present value thereof;

 

   

technology;

 

   

cash flows and liquidity;

 

   

our financial strategy, budget, projections, execution of business plan and operating results;

 

   

oil and natural gas realized prices;

 

   

timing and amount of future production of oil and natural gas;

 

   

availability of drilling, completion and production equipment and materials;

 

   

availability of qualified personnel;

 

   

owning and operating a services company;

 

   

the amount, nature and timing of capital expenditures;

 

   

availability and terms of capital;

 

   

property acquisitions;

 

   

costs of exploiting and developing our properties and conducting other operations;

 

   

drilling and completion of wells;

 

   

infrastructure for salt water disposal;

 

   

gathering, transportation and marketing of oil and natural gas, both in the Williston Basin and domestically;

 

   

general economic conditions;

 

   

operating environment, including inclement weather conditions;

 

   

competition in the oil and natural gas industry;

 

   

effectiveness of risk management activities;

 

   

environmental liabilities;

 

   

counterparty credit risk;

 

   

governmental regulation and the taxation of the oil and natural gas industry;

 

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Table of Contents
   

developments in oil-producing and natural gas-producing countries;

 

   

uncertainty regarding future operating results; and

 

   

plans, objectives, expectations and intentions contained in this report that are not historical.

All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. We disclaim any obligation to update or revise these statements unless required by Securities law, and you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Although we believe that our plans, intentions and expectations reflected in or suggested by the forward-looking statements we make in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are reasonable, we can give no assurance that these plans, intentions or expectations will be achieved. Some of the key factors which could cause actual results to vary from our expectations include changes in oil and natural gas prices, the timing of planned capital expenditures, availability of acquisitions, uncertainties in estimating proved reserves and forecasting production results, operational factors affecting the commencement or maintenance of producing wells, the condition of the capital markets generally, as well as our ability to access them, the proximity to and capacity of transportation facilities, and uncertainties regarding environmental regulations or litigation and other legal or regulatory developments affecting our business, as well as those factors discussed below and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, all of which are difficult to predict. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the forward-looking events discussed may not occur. These cautionary statements qualify all forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf.

Overview

We are an independent exploration and production company focused on the acquisition and development of unconventional oil and natural gas resources primarily in the Montana and North Dakota regions of the Williston Basin. Since our inception, we have acquired properties that provide current production and significant upside potential through further development. Our drilling activity is primarily directed toward projects that we believe can provide us with repeatable successes in the Bakken and Three Forks formations. We also operate businesses that are complementary to our primary development and production activities, including a marketing business, Oasis Petroleum Marketing LLC (“OPM”), and a well services business, Oasis Well Services LLC (“OWS”). The revenues and expenses related to work performed by OPM and OWS for Oasis Petroleum North America LLC’s working interests are eliminated in consolidation and, therefore, do not directly contribute to our consolidated results of operations.

Our use of capital for acquisitions and development allows us to direct our capital resources to what we believe to be the most attractive opportunities as market conditions evolve. We have historically acquired properties that we believe will meet or exceed our rate of return criteria. For acquisitions of properties with additional development, exploitation and exploration potential, we have focused on acquiring properties that we expect to operate so that we can control the timing and implementation of capital spending. In some instances, we have acquired non-operated property interests at what we believe to be attractive rates of return either because they provided a foothold in a new area of interest or complemented our existing operations. We intend to continue to acquire both operated and non-operated properties to the extent we believe they meet our return objectives. In addition, the acquisition of non-operated properties in new areas provides us with geophysical and geologic data that may lead to further acquisitions in the same area, whether on an operated or non-operated basis.

Due to the geographic concentration of our oil and natural gas properties in the Williston Basin, we believe the primary sources of opportunities, challenges and risks related to our business for both the short and long-term are:

 

   

Commodity prices for oil and natural gas;

 

   

Transportation capacity;

 

   

Availability and cost of services; and

 

   

Availability of qualified personnel.

Our revenue, profitability and future growth rate depend substantially on factors beyond our control, such as economic, political and regulatory developments as well as competition from other sources of energy. Oil and natural gas prices historically have been volatile and may fluctuate widely in the future. Sustained periods of low prices for oil or natural gas could materially and adversely affect our financial position, our results of operations, the quantities of oil and natural gas reserves that we can economically produce and our access to capital.

Prices for oil and natural gas can fluctuate widely in response to relatively minor changes in the global and regional supply of and demand for oil and natural gas, as well as market uncertainty, economic conditions and a variety of additional factors. Since the inception of our oil and natural gas activities, commodity prices have experienced significant fluctuations. We enter into crude oil sales contracts with purchasers who have access to crude oil transportation capacity, utilize derivative financial instruments to manage our commodity price risk, and enter into physical delivery contracts to manage our price differentials. In an effort to improve price realizations from the sale of our oil and natural gas, we manage our commodities marketing activities in-house, which enables us to market and sell our oil and natural gas to a broader array of potential purchasers. Due to the availability of other markets and pipeline connections, we do not believe that the loss of any single oil or natural gas customer would have a material adverse effect on our results of operations or cash flows. Additionally, during the first quarter of 2012, we began to actively increase the number of operated wells that we have connected to a third-party oil gathering system in our West Williston project area. At the end of March 2012, the Company had 91 operated wells connected, up from only three operated wells that were connected at the beginning of 2012. We currently flow approximately 60% of our gross operated oil production on the third-party oil gathering system.

 

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Changes in commodity prices may also significantly affect the economic viability of drilling projects as well as the economic valuation and economic recovery of oil and gas reserves. Oil prices have increased significantly since 2009. As a result of higher commodity prices and continued successes in the application of completion technologies in the Bakken formation, there were more than 220 active drilling rigs in the Williston Basin at March 31, 2012. Although additional Williston Basin transportation takeaway capacity was added in recent months, production also increased due to the elevated drilling activity. The increased production coupled with the refinery and transportation constraints caused price differentials in the first quarter of 2012 to be at and above the high end of the historical average range of approximately 10% to 15% of the price quoted for NYMEX West Texas Intermediate (“WTI”) crude oil.

Our large concentrated acreage position potentially provides us with a multi-year inventory of drilling projects and requires some forward planning visibility for obtaining services. Our ability to develop and hold our existing undeveloped leasehold acreage is primarily dependent upon having access to drilling rigs and completion services. The utilization of existing drilling rigs and of existing completion service equipment in the Williston Basin is at an all-time high. This has resulted in drilling rigs, completion equipment and crews being imported from Canada and other parts of the United States. To ensure access to drilling rigs, we have entered into fixed-term drilling rig contracts for periods of up to three years and currently have twelve drilling rigs under contract. In order to ensure the availability of completion services and the timely fracture stimulation of newly drilled wells, we formed OWS in June 2011 to provide well services on our operated wells, in addition to entering into fracturing service contracts with third party companies.

First Quarter 2012 Highlights:

 

   

We completed and placed on production 26 gross (19.9 net) operated wells in the Williston Basin during the three months ended March 31, 2012;

 

   

We had 26 gross (20.6 net) operated wells awaiting completion and 7 gross (5.0 net) operated wells in the process of being drilled in the Bakken and Three Forks formations at March 31, 2012;

 

   

Average daily production was 17,633 Boe per day during the three months ended March 31, 2012;

 

   

Net gas production increased to 8.6 MMcfpd during the three months ended March 31, 2012 due to rapidly connecting additional wells in the Williston Basin to third-party infrastructure;

 

   

As of March 31, 2012, we had nine operated rigs running with three additional rigs under contract to be delivered later in 2012;

 

   

OWS completed its first fracturing job in late March 2012, and we anticipate that OWS will begin full time operations during the second quarter of 2012;

 

   

Exploration and production (“E&P”) capital expenditures were $267.0 million, consisting primarily of $246.9 million in drilling expenditures during the three months ended March 31, 2012; and

 

   

At March 31, 2011, we had $287.3 million of cash and cash equivalents and had no outstanding debt or outstanding letters of credit under our revolving credit facility.

Results of Operations

Revenues

Our revenues are derived from the sale of oil and natural gas production and do not include the effects of derivative instruments. Our revenues may vary significantly from period to period as a result of changes in volumes of production sold or changes in commodity prices.

 

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The following table summarizes our revenues and production data for the periods indicated.

 

     Three Months Ended March 31,  
     2012      2011      Change  

Operating results (in thousands):

        

Revenues

        

Oil

   $ 131,376       $ 57,172       $ 74,204   

Natural gas

     6,530         1,572         4,958   

Well services

     660         —           660   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues

     138,566         58,744         79,822   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Production data:

        

Oil (MBbls)

     1,474         694         780   

Natural gas (MMcf)

     785         202         583   

Oil equivalents (MBoe)

     1,605         728         877   

Average daily production (Boe/d)

     17,633         8,090         9,543   

Average sales prices:

        

Oil, without realized derivatives (per Bbl) (1)

   $ 88.10       $ 82.33       $ 5.77   

Oil, with realized derivatives (per Bbl) (1) (2)

     87.23         81.59         5.64   

Natural gas (per Mcf) (3)

     8.32         7.78         0.54   

 

(1) For the three months ended March 31, 2012, average sales prices for oil are calculated using total oil revenues, excluding bulk purchase sales of $1.5 million, divided by oil production.
(2) Realized prices include realized gains or losses on cash settlements for commodity derivatives, which do not qualify for and were not designated as hedging instruments for accounting purposes.
(3) Natural gas prices include the value for natural gas and natural gas liquids.

Three months ended March 31, 2012 as compared to three months ended March 31, 2011

Total revenues. Our total revenues increased $79.8 million, or 136%, to $138.6 million during the three months ended March 31, 2012 as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2011. Our primary revenues are a function of oil and natural gas production volumes sold and average sales prices received for those volumes. Average daily production sold increased by 9,543 Boe per day, or 118%, to 17,633 Boe per day during the three months ended March 31, 2012 as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2011. The increase in average daily production sold was primarily a result of our well completions during the last three quarters of 2011 and the first quarter of 2012. Well completions in our West Williston, East Nesson and Sanish project areas increased average daily production by approximately 7,782 Boe per day, 1,431 Boe per day and 444 Boe per day, respectively, during the first quarter of 2012 as compared to the first quarter of 2011. Average oil sales prices, without realized derivatives, increased by $5.77/Bbl, or 7%, to an average of $88.10/Bbl for the three months ended March 31, 2012 as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2011. The higher production amounts sold increased revenues by $73.5 million, while higher oil and natural gas sales prices increased revenues by $4.1 million during the three months ended March 31, 2012. The remaining $2.2 million increase in total revenues was attributable to $1.5 million of oil bulk purchase revenues and $0.7 million of well services revenues during the three months ended March 31, 2012.

Expenses

The following table summarizes our operating expenses for the periods indicated.

 

     Three Months Ended March 31,  
     2012     2011     $ Change  
     (In thousands, except per Boe of
production)
 

Expenses:

      

Lease operating expenses

   $ 9,816      $ 5,630      $ 4,186   

Wells services operating expenses

     477        —          477   

Marketing, transportation and gathering expenses

     2,569        312        2,257   

Production taxes

     13,266        6,083        7,183   

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

     38,886        13,812        25,074   

Exploration expenses

     2,835        32        2,803   

Impairment of oil and gas properties

     368        1,381        (1,013

General and administrative expenses

     12,199        5,950        6,249   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total expenses

     80,416        33,200        47,216   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

     58,150        25,544        32,606   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other income (expense):

      

Net loss on derivative instruments

     (18,586     (31,666     13,080   

Interest expense

     (13,899     (5,198     (8,701

Other income

     598        312        286   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other income (expense)

     (31,887     (36,552     4,665   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes

     26,263        (11,008     37,271   

Income tax (expense) benefit

     (9,822     4,161        (13,983
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

   $ 16,441      $ (6,847   $ 23,288   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Costs and expenses (per Boe of production):

      

Lease operating expenses (1)

   $ 6.12      $ 7.73      $ (1.61

Marketing, transportation and gathering expenses

     1.60        0.43        1.17   

Production taxes

     8.27        8.35        (0.08

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

     24.23        18.97        5.26   

General and administrative expenses

     7.60        8.17        (0.57

 

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(1) For the three months ended March 31, 2011, lease operating expenses excludes marketing, transportation and gathering expenses to conform such amount to current year classifications.

Three months ended March 31, 2012 compared to three months ended March 31, 2011

Lease operating expenses. Lease operating expenses increased $4.2 million to $9.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2011. This increase was due to an increased number of producing wells, increased water production and increased costs associated with salt water trucking and disposal period over period. The unit operating costs decreased from $7.73 per Boe for the three months ended March 31, 2011 to $6.12 per Boe for the three months ended March 31, 2012, as a result of the 118% increase in production.

We have $57 million of capital in our 2012 budget primarily allocated to building salt water disposal (“SWD”) infrastructure, which is currently being deployed in our key operating areas. This infrastructure is expected to reduce our dependence on trucks for water hauling and simplify operational logistics. At the end of March 2012, we had approximately 25% of operated water production flowing through our operated pipeline system. We expect to have approximately 80% of operated water production flowing through the pipeline system by year-end 2012. Additionally, we currently dispose of approximately 60% of our operated water production at our operated disposal wells. This continued expansion of our SWD systems is expected to reduce lease operating expenses throughout the remainder of 2012.

Well services operating expenses. The $0.5 million in well services operating expenses represents non-affiliated fracturing service costs incurred by OWS for fracturing jobs completed in the first quarter of 2012. There were no well services operating expenses during the first quarter of 2011 because OWS was not formed until June 2011.

Marketing, transportation and gathering expenses. This line item includes all of our marketing, transportation, gathering and bulk oil purchase costs. The $2.3 million increase quarter over quarter is mainly attributable to the $1.4 million cost for bulk oil purchases made by OPM in the first quarter of 2012. The remaining increase was due to increased transportation costs related to incremental wells getting connected to gathering lines in the first quarter of 2012. Excluding the bulk oil purchases, Marketing, transportation and gathering on a per Boe basis would have been $0.74 in the first quarter of 2012.

Production taxes. Our production taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 were 9.6% and 10.4%, respectively, as a percentage of oil and natural gas sales. The first quarter 2012 production tax rate was lower than the first quarter 2011 production tax rate primarily due to certain new wells in Montana that are subject to lower incentivized production tax rates.

Depreciation, depletion and amortization (DD&A). DD&A expense increased $25.1 million to $38.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2011. This increase in DD&A expense for the three months ended March 31, 2012 was primarily a result of our production increases from our well completions during the last three quarters of 2011 and the first quarter 2012. The DD&A rate for the three months ended March 31, 2012 was $24.23 per Boe compared to $18.97 per Boe for the three months ended March 31, 2011. The higher DD&A rate was due to a greater increase in well costs over an increase in reserves.

Exploration expenses. The $2.8 million increase in exploration expenses quarter over quarter is primarily due to geological and geophysical costs for the purchase of 3D seismic data.

Impairment of oil and gas properties. During the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, we recorded non-cash impairment charges of $0.4 million and $1.4 million, respectively, for unproved property leases that expired during the period. No impairment charges of proved oil and gas properties were recorded for the three months ended March 31, 2012 or 2011.

General and administrative expenses. Our general and administrative (“G&A”) expenses increased $6.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 from $6.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2011. Of this increase, approximately $4.0 million related to employee compensation expenses due to our organizational growth, including the addition of OWS, and $1.1 million was due to additional amortization of our restricted stock awards during the three months ended March 31, 2012. As of March 31, 2012, we had 176 full-time employees compared to 70 full-time employees as of March 31, 2011. Excluding G&A expenses related to OWS of $1.6 million, E&P only G&A on a per Boe basis would have been $6.59 in the first quarter of 2012.

Derivative instruments. As a result of our derivative activities, we incurred cash settlement net losses of $1.3 million and $0.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. In addition, as a result of forward oil price changes, we recognized a $17.3 million and a $31.2 million non-cash unrealized mark-to-market net derivative loss during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

Interest expense. Interest expense increased $8.7 million to $13.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2011. The increase was primarily the result of interest expense incurred on our senior unsecured notes issued in February and November 2011 at interest rates of 7.25% and 6.5%, respectively. There were no borrowings under our revolving credit facility during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

 

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Income taxes. Income tax expense for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 was recorded at 37.4% and 37.8% of pre-tax net income, respectively. Our effective tax rate is expected to continue to closely approximate the statutory rate applicable to the U.S. and the blended state rate of the states in which we conduct business.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our primary sources of liquidity as of the date of this report have been proceeds from our senior unsecured notes issued during 2011, proceeds from our IPO in June 2010, cash flows from operations and historically, borrowings under our revolving credit facility and capital contributions from private investors. Our primary use of capital has been for the acquisition, development and exploration of oil and natural gas properties. We continually monitor potential capital sources, including equity and debt financings, in order to meet our planned capital expenditures and liquidity requirements. Our future success in growing proved reserves and production will be highly dependent on our ability to access outside sources of capital.

Our cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 are presented below:

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2012     2011  
     (In thousands)  

Net cash provided by operating activities

   $ 62,765      $ 22,845   

Net cash used in investing activities

     (245,133     (200,789

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

     (1,206     389,414   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

(Decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

   $ (183,574   $ 211,470   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows provided by operating activities

Our cash flows depend on many factors, including the price of oil and natural gas and the success of our development and exploration activities as well as future acquisitions. We actively manage our exposure to commodity price fluctuations by executing derivative transactions to mitigate the change in oil prices on a portion of our production, thereby mitigating our exposure to oil price declines, but these transactions may also limit our cash flow in periods of rising oil prices.

Net cash provided by operating activities was $62.8 million and $22.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The increase in cash flows provided by operating activities for the period ended March 31, 2012 as compared to 2011 was primarily the result of an increase in oil and natural gas production of 118% and an increase in average oil sales prices, without realized derivatives, of 7%. In addition, at March 31, 2012, we had a working capital surplus of $223.2 million. This surplus was primarily attributable to our cash and cash equivalents balance as a result of the net proceeds from the issuance of our senior unsecured notes in 2011.

Cash flows used in investing activities

Net cash used in investing activities was $245.1 million and $200.8 million during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The increase in cash used in investing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2012 compared to 2011 of $44.3 million was mainly attributable to increased levels of capital expenditures for drilling and development costs.

Our capital expenditures for drilling, development and acquisition costs are summarized in the following table:

 

     Three Months Ended
March  31, 2012
 
     (In thousands)  

Project Area:

  

West Williston

   $ 204,030   

East Nesson

     50,061   

Sanish

     12,892   
  

 

 

 

Total E&P capital expenditures

     266,983   

Non-E&P capital expenditures (1)

     21,284   
  

 

 

 

Total capital expenditures (2)

   $ 288,267   
  

 

 

 

 

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(1) Non-E&P capital expenditures include such items as equipment for OWS, district tools, administrative capital and capitalized interest.
(2) Capital expenditures reflected in the table above differ from the amounts shown in the statement of cash flows in our condensed consolidated financial statements because amounts reflected in the table above include accrued liabilities for capital expenditures, while the amounts presented in the statement of cash flows are presented on a cash basis. The capital expenditures amount presented in the statement of cash flows also includes cash paid for other property and equipment as well as cash paid for asset retirement obligations.

Our total 2012 capital expenditure budget is $884 million, which consists of:

 

   

$758 million of development capital for operated and non-operated wells (including expected savings from services provided by OWS);

 

   

$57 million for constructing infrastructure to support production in our core project areas, primarily related to SWD systems that will lower lease operating expenses;

 

   

$25 million for maintaining and expanding our leasehold position;

 

   

$6 million for micro-seismic work, purchase of seismic data and other test work;

 

   

$15 million for OWS, including $12 million for equipment budgeted and ordered in 2011 that arrived in the first quarter of 2012; and

 

   

$23 million for other non-E&P capital, including items such as district tools, administrative capital and capitalized interest.

While we have budgeted $884 million for these purposes, the ultimate amount of capital we will expend may fluctuate materially based on market conditions and the success of our drilling and operations results as the year progresses. We believe that cash on hand, cash flows from operating activities and availability under our revolving credit facility should be more than sufficient to fund our 2012 capital expenditure budget. However, because the operated wells funded by our 2012 drilling plan represent only a small percentage of our gross identified drilling locations, we will be required to generate or raise multiples of this amount of capital to develop our entire inventory of identified drilling locations should we elect to do so.

Our capital budget may be adjusted as business conditions warrant. The amount, timing and allocation of capital expenditures is largely discretionary and within our control. If oil and natural gas prices decline or costs increase significantly, we could defer a significant portion of our budgeted capital expenditures until later periods to prioritize capital projects that we believe have the highest expected returns and potential to generate near-term cash flows. We routinely monitor and adjust our capital expenditures in response to changes in prices, availability of financing, drilling and acquisition costs, industry conditions, the timing of regulatory approvals, the availability of rigs, success or lack of success in drilling activities, contractual obligations, internally generated cash flows and other factors both within and outside our control.

Cash flows used in or provided by financing activities

Net cash used in financing activities was $1.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 compared to $389.4 million net cash provided by financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2011. For the three months ended March 31, 2012, cash used in financing activities was primarily due to purchases of treasury stock for shares withheld by the Company equivalent to the payroll tax withholding obligations due from employees upon the vesting of restricted stock awards. For the three months ended March 31, 2011, cash sourced through financing activities was primarily provided by the net proceeds from the issuance of our senior unsecured notes in February 2011.

Senior secured revolving line of credit. On April 3, 2012, we entered into a sixth amendment to our revolving credit facility. In connection with this amendment, the semi-annual redetermination of our borrowing base was completed on April 3, 2012, which resulted in an increase to the borrowing base of our revolving credit facility from $350 million to $500 million. Additionally, two new lenders were added to the bank group. Borrowings under our revolving credit facility are collateralized by perfected first priority liens and security interests on substantially all of our assets, including mortgage liens on oil and natural gas properties having at least 80% of the reserve value as determined by reserve reports. At our election, interest is generally determined by reference to (i) the London interbank offered rate, or LIBOR, plus an applicable margin between 1.50% and 2.50% per annum; or (ii) a domestic bank prime rate plus an applicable margin between 0.00% and 1.00% per annum.

As of March 31, 2012, we had no borrowings and no outstanding letters of credit under our revolving credit facility. The revolving credit facility also contains certain financial covenants and customary events of default. If an event of default occurs and is continuing, the lenders under our revolving credit facility may declare all amounts outstanding under our revolving credit facility to be immediately due and payable. As of March 31, 2012, we were in compliance with the financial covenants of our revolving credit facility.

 

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Senior unsecured notes. On February 2, 2011, we issued $400 million of 7.25% senior unsecured notes (the “2019 Notes”) due February 1, 2019. Interest is payable on the 2019 Notes semi-annually in arrears on each February 1 and August 1, commencing August 1, 2011. The 2019 Notes are guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by our material subsidiaries. The issuance of these 2019 Notes resulted in net proceeds to us of approximately $390 million, which we are using to fund our exploration, development and acquisition program and for general corporate purposes.

At any time prior to February 1, 2014, we may redeem up to 35% of the 2019 Notes at a redemption price of 107.25% of the principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date, with the proceeds of certain equity offerings as long as the redemption occurs within 180 days of completing such equity offering and at least 65% of the aggregate principal amount of the 2019 Notes remains outstanding after such redemption. Prior to February 1, 2015, we may redeem some or all of the 2019 Notes for cash at a redemption price equal to 100% of their principal amount plus an applicable make-whole premium and accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date. On and after February 1, 2015, we may redeem some or all of the 2019 Notes at redemption prices (expressed as percentages of the principal amount) equal to 103.625% for the twelve-month period beginning on February 1, 2015, 101.813% for the twelve-month period beginning February 1, 2016 and 100.00% beginning on February 1, 2017, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date.

On November 10, 2011, we issued $400 million of 6.5% senior unsecured notes (the “2021 Notes”) due November 1, 2021. Interest is payable on the 2021 Notes semi-annually in arrears on each May 1 and November 1, commencing May 1, 2012. The 2021 Notes are guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by our material subsidiaries. The issuance of these 2021 Notes resulted in net proceeds to us of approximately $393 million, which we are using to fund our exploration, development and acquisition program and for general corporate purposes.

At any time prior to November 1, 2014, we may redeem up to 35% of the 2021 Notes at a redemption price of 106.5% of the principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date, with the proceeds of certain equity offerings as long as the redemption occurs within 180 days of completing such equity offering and at least 65% of the aggregate principal amount of the 2021 Notes remains outstanding after such redemption. Prior to November 1, 2016, we may redeem some or all of the 2021 Notes for cash at a redemption price equal to 100% of their principal amount plus an applicable make-whole premium and accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date. On and after November 1, 2016, we may redeem some or all of the 2021 Notes at redemption prices (expressed as percentages of principal amount) equal to 103.25% for the twelve-month period beginning on November 1, 2016, 102.167% for the twelve-month period beginning November 1, 2017, 101.083% for the twelve-month period beginning on November 1, 2018 and 100.00% beginning on November 1, 2019, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date. If a change in control occurs at any time on or prior to January 1, 2013, we may redeem all, but not less than all, of the 2021 Notes, at a redemption price equal to 110% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date.

The indentures governing our 2019 Notes and our 2021 Notes restrict our ability and the ability of certain of our subsidiaries to: (i) incur additional debt or enter into sale and leaseback transactions; (ii) pay distributions on, redeem or repurchase equity interests; (iii) make certain investments; (iv) incur liens; (v) enter into transactions with affiliates; (vi) merge or consolidate with another company; and (vii) transfer and sell assets. These covenants are subject to a number of important exceptions and qualifications. If at any time when our 2019 Notes or our 2021 Notes are rated investment grade by both Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. and Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services and no default (as defined in the indenture) has occurred and is continuing, many of such covenants will terminate and we will cease to be subject to such covenants.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

See Note 5 to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for a discussion of our money market funds and derivative instruments and their related fair value measurements. See also Item 3. “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk” below.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

There have been no material changes in our critical accounting policies and estimates from those disclosed in our 2011 Annual Report.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

Currently, we do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements as defined by the SEC. In the ordinary course of business, we enter into various commitment agreements and other contractual obligations, some of which are not recognized in our consolidated financial statements in accordance with GAAP. See Note 11 to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for a description of our commitments and contingencies.

 

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Item 3. — Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

The following market risk disclosures should be read in conjunction with the quantitative and qualitative disclosures about market risk contained in our 2011 Annual Report, as well as with the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

We are exposed to a variety of market risks including commodity price risk, interest rate risk and counterparty and customer risk. We address these risks through a program of risk management including the use of derivative instruments.

Commodity price exposure risk. We are exposed to market risk as the prices of oil and natural gas fluctuate as a result of changes in supply and demand and other factors. To partially reduce price risk caused by these market fluctuations, we have entered into derivative instruments in the past and expect to enter into derivative instruments in the future to cover a significant portion of our future production.

We utilize derivative financial instruments to manage risks related to changes in oil prices. As of March 31, 2012, we utilized two-way and three-way collar options to reduce the volatility of oil prices on a significant portion of our future expected oil production. A two-way collar is a combination of options: a sold call and a purchased put. The purchased put establishes a minimum price (floor) and the sold call establishes a maximum price (ceiling) we will receive for the volumes under contract. A three-way collar is a combination of options: a sold call, a purchased put and a sold put. The purchased put establishes a minimum price (floor), unless the market price falls below the sold put (sub-floor), at which point the minimum price would be WTI plus the difference between the purchased put and the sold put strike price. The sold call establishes a maximum price (ceiling) we will receive for the volumes under contract.

We recognize all derivative instruments at fair value. The credit standing of our counterparties is analyzed and factored into the fair value amounts recognized on the balance sheet. Derivative assets and liabilities arising from our derivative contracts with the same counterparty are also reported on a net basis, as all counterparty contracts provide for net settlement.

The following is a summary of our derivative contracts as of March 31, 2012:

 

Settlement

Period

  

Derivative
Instrument

   Total
Notional
Amount of
Oil (Barrels)
     Average
Sub-Floor
Price
     Average
Floor Price
     Average
Ceiling Price
     Fair Value
Asset
(Liability)
 
                                      (In thousands)  

2012

   Two-Way Collars      1,237,500          $ 85.56       $ 106.50       $ (5,427

2012

   Three-Way Collars      2,872,000       $ 66.62       $ 90.45       $ 109.14         (7,471

2013

   Two-Way Collars      807,500          $ 89.23       $ 111.69         (1,646

2013

   Three-Way Collars      2,404,500       $ 69.33       $ 91.61       $ 113.25         (7,338

2014

   Two-Way Collars      62,000          $ 90.00       $ 112.78         1   

2014

   Three-Way Collars      186,000       $ 70.00       $ 91.67       $ 113.58         (464
                 

 

 

 
                  $ (22,345
                 

 

 

 

Interest rate risk. We had (i) $400.0 million of senior unsecured notes at a fixed cash interest rate of 7.25% per annum and (ii) $400.0 million of senior unsecured notes at a fixed cash interest rate of 6.5% per annum outstanding at March 31, 2012. During the first three months of 2012, we had no indebtedness outstanding under our revolving credit facility. We may utilize interest rate derivatives to alter interest rate exposure in an attempt to reduce interest rate expense related to existing debt issued under our revolving credit facility. Interest rate derivatives would be used solely to modify interest rate exposure and not to modify the overall leverage of the debt portfolio.

Counterparty and customer credit risk. Joint interest receivables arise from billing entities which own partial interest in the wells we operate. These entities participate in our wells primarily based on their ownership in leases on which we choose to drill. We have limited ability to control participation in our wells. We are also subject to credit risk due to concentration of our oil and natural gas receivables with several significant customers. The inability or failure of our significant customers to meet their obligations to us or their insolvency or liquidation may adversely affect our financial results. In addition, our oil and natural gas derivative arrangements expose us to credit risk in the event of nonperformance by counterparties. However, in order to mitigate the risk of nonperformance, we only enter into derivative contracts with counterparties that are high credit-quality financial institutions, most of which are lenders under our revolving credit facility. This risk is also managed by spreading our derivative exposure across several institutions and limiting the hedged volumes placed under individual contracts.

While we do not require all of our customers to post collateral and we do not have a formal process in place to evaluate and assess the credit standing of our significant customers for oil and natural gas receivables and the counterparties on our derivative instruments, we do evaluate the credit standing of such counterparties as we deem appropriate under the circumstances. This evaluation may include reviewing a counterparty’s credit rating, latest financial information and, in the case of a customer with which we have receivables, their historical payment record, the financial ability of the customer’s parent company to make payment if the customer cannot and undertaking the due diligence necessary to determine credit terms and credit limits. Several of our significant customers for oil and natural gas receivables have a credit rating below investment grade or do not have rated debt securities. In these circumstances, we have considered the lack of investment grade credit rating in addition to the other factors described above.

 

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Table of Contents

We may, from time to time, purchase commercial paper instruments from high credit quality counterparties. These counterparties may include issuers in a variety of industries including the domestic and foreign financial sector. Our investment policy requires that our counterparties have minimum credit ratings thresholds and provides maximum counterparty exposure values. Although we do not anticipate any of our commercial paper issuers being unable to pay us upon maturity, we take a risk in purchasing the commercial paper instruments available in the marketplace. If a commercial paper issuer is unable to return investment proceeds to us at the maturity date, it could take a significant amount of time to recover all or a portion of the assets originally invested. Our commercial paper balance was $40.0 million at March 31, 2012.

Most of the counterparties on our derivative instruments currently in place are lenders under our revolving credit facility with investment grade ratings. We are likely to enter into any future derivative instruments with these or other lenders under our revolving credit facility, which also carry investment grade ratings. Furthermore, the agreements with each of the counterparties on our derivative instruments contain netting provisions. As a result of these netting provisions, our maximum amount of loss due to credit risk is limited to the net amounts due to and from the counterparties under the derivative contracts. We had a net derivative asset position of $0.6 million and a net derivative liability position of $22.9 million at March 31, 2012.

Item 4. — Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures. As required by Rule 13a-15(b) of the Exchange Act, we have evaluated, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”), our principal executive officer; Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”), our principal financial officer; and Chief Accounting Officer (“CAO”), the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of March 31, 2012. Our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports filed or submitted by us under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our CEO, CFO and CAO as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Based on the evaluation, our CEO, CFO and CAO have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at March 31, 2012.

Changes in internal control over financial reporting. There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the three months ended March 31, 2012 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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Table of Contents

PART II — OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. — Legal Proceedings

See Part I, Item 1, Note 11 to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements entitled “Commitments and Contingencies,” which is incorporated in this item by reference.

Item 1A. — Risk Factors

Our business faces many risks. Any of the risks discussed elsewhere in this Form 10-Q and our other SEC filings could have a material impact on our business, financial position or results of operations. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently believe to be immaterial may also impair our business operations.

For a discussion of our potential risks and uncertainties, see the information in Item 1A. “Risk Factors” in our 2011 Annual Report. Except for the risk factor set forth below, there have been no material changes in our risk factors from those described in our 2011 Annual Report.

Recently approved final rules regulating air emissions from natural gas production operations could cause us to incur increased capital expenditures and operating costs, which may be significant.

On April 17, 2012, the EPA approved final regulations under the Clean Air Act that, among other things, require additional emissions controls for natural gas and natural gas liquids production, including New Source Performance Standards to address emissions of sulfur dioxide and volatile organic compounds (“VOC”) and a separate set of emission standards to address hazardous air pollutants frequently associated with such production activities. The final regulations require the reduction of VOC emissions from natural gas wells through the use of reduced emission completions or “green completions” on all hydraulically fractured wells constructed or refractured after January 1, 2015. For well completion operations occurring at such well sites before January 1, 2015, the final regulations allow operators to capture and direct flowback emissions to completion combustion devices, such as flares, in lieu of performing green completions. These regulations also establish specific new requirements regarding emissions from dehydrators, storage tanks and other production equipment. We are currently reviewing this new rule and assessing its potential impacts. Compliance with these requirements could increase our costs of development and production, though we do not expect these requirements to be any more burdensome to us than to other similarly situated companies involved in oil and natural gas exploration and production activities.

Item 2. — Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Unregistered sales of securities. There were no sales of unregistered equity securities during the period covered by this report.

Issuer purchases of equity securities. The following table contains information about our acquisition of equity securities during the three months ended March 31, 2012:

 

Period

   Total
Number of
Shares

Exchanged
(1)
     Average Price
Paid
per Share
     Total Number of Shares
Purchased as Part of
Publicly Announced
Plans or Programs
     Maximum Number (or
Approximate Dollar Value) of
Shares that  May Be Purchased
Under the Plans or Programs
 

January 1 – January 31, 2012

     20,389       $ 29.10         —           —     

February 1 – February 29, 2012

     6,249         31.27         —           —     

March 1 – March 31, 2012

     12,707         30.75         —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     39,345       $ 29.98         —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Represent shares that employees surrendered back to the Company that equaled in value the amount of taxes needed for payroll tax withholding obligations upon the vesting of restricted stock awards. These repurchases were not part of a publicly announced program to repurchase shares of our common stock, nor do we have a publicly announced program to repurchase shares of common stock.

 

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Table of Contents

Item 6. — Exhibits

 

Exhibit

No.

 

Description of Exhibit

  10.1   Sixth Amendment to Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated as of April 3, 2012, among Oasis Petroleum North America, as borrower, Oasis Petroleum LLC, Oasis Petroleum Marketing LLC, Oasis Well Services LLC and Oasis Petroleum Inc., as guarantors, BNP Paribas, as administrative agent, and the lenders party thereto (filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on April 5, 2012, and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.2   April 20, 2012 Resignation, Consent and Appointment Agreement and Amendment Agreement (filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on April 23, 2012, and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.3   Indemnification Agreement, dated as of February 14, 2012, effective as of March 1, 2012, between Oasis Petroleum Inc. and Mr. Bobby S. Shackouls (filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on February 15, 2012, and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.4   Amended and Restated Employment Agreement dated as of March 1, 2012 between Oasis Petroleum Inc. and Thomas B. Nusz (filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on March 2, 2012, and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.5   Amended and Restated Employment Agreement dated as of March 1, 2012 between Oasis Petroleum Inc. and Taylor L. Reid (filed as Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on March 2, 2012, and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.6   Employment Agreement dated as of March 1, 2012 between Oasis Petroleum Inc. and Michael H. Lou (filed as Exhibit 10.3 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on March 2, 2012, and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.7   Amended and Restated Executive Change in Control and Severance Benefit Plan dated as of March 1, 2012 (filed as Exhibit 10.4 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on March 2, 2012, and incorporated herein by reference).
  31.1(a)   Sarbanes-Oxley Section 302 certification of Principal Executive Officer.
  31.2(a)   Sarbanes-Oxley Section 302 certification of Principal Financial Officer.
  32.1(b)   Sarbanes-Oxley Section 906 certification of Principal Executive Officer.
  32.2(b)   Sarbanes-Oxley Section 906 certification of Principal Financial Officer.
101.INS (a)   XBRL Instance Document.
101.SCH (a)   XBRL Schema Document.
101.CAL (a)   XBRL Calculation Linkbase Document.
101.DEF (a)   XBRL Definition Linkbase Document.
101.LAB (a)   XBRL Labels Linkbase Document.
101.PRE (a)   XBRL Presentation Linkbase Document.

 

(a) Filed herewith.
(b) Furnished herewith.

 

29


Table of Contents

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

        OASIS PETROLEUM INC.
Date: May 8, 2012   By:  

/s/ Thomas B. Nusz

    Thomas B. Nusz
   

Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

     By:  

/s/ Michael H. Lou

    Michael H. Lou
    Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
    (Principal Financial Officer)
     By:  

/s/ Roy W. Mace

    Roy W. Mace
    Senior Vice President, Chief Accounting Officer
    (Principal Accounting Officer)

 

30


Table of Contents

EXHIBIT INDEX

 

Exhibit

No.

 

Description of Exhibit

  10.1   Sixth Amendment to Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated as of April 3, 2012, among Oasis Petroleum North America, as borrower, Oasis Petroleum LLC, Oasis Petroleum Marketing LLC, Oasis Well Services LLC and Oasis Petroleum Inc., as guarantors, BNP Paribas, as administrative agent, and the lenders party thereto (filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on April 5, 2012, and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.2   April 20, 2012 Resignation, Consent and Appointment Agreement and Amendment Agreement (filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on April 23, 2012, and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.3   Indemnification Agreement, dated as of February 14, 2012, effective as of March 1, 2012, between Oasis Petroleum Inc. and Mr. Bobby S. Shackouls (filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on February 15, 2012, and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.4   Amended and Restated Employment Agreement dated as of March 1, 2012 between Oasis Petroleum Inc. and Thomas B. Nusz (filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on March 2, 2012, and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.5   Amended and Restated Employment Agreement dated as of March 1, 2012 between Oasis Petroleum Inc. and Taylor L. Reid (filed as Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on March 2, 2012, and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.6   Employment Agreement dated as of March 1, 2012 between Oasis Petroleum Inc. and Michael H. Lou (filed as Exhibit 10.3 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on March 2, 2012, and incorporated herein by reference).
  10.7   Amended and Restated Executive Change in Control and Severance Benefit Plan dated as of March 1, 2012 (filed as Exhibit 10.4 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on March 2, 2012, and incorporated herein by reference).
  31.1(a)   Sarbanes-Oxley Section 302 certification of Principal Executive Officer.
  31.2(a)   Sarbanes-Oxley Section 302 certification of Principal Financial Officer.
  32.1(b)   Sarbanes-Oxley Section 906 certification of Principal Executive Officer.
  32.2(b)   Sarbanes-Oxley Section 906 certification of Principal Financial Officer.
101.INS (a)   XBRL Instance Document.
101.SCH (a)   XBRL Schema Document.
101.CAL (a)   XBRL Calculation Linkbase Document.
101.DEF (a)   XBRL Definition Linkbase Document.
101.LAB (a)   XBRL Labels Linkbase Document.
101.PRE (a)   XBRL Presentation Linkbase Document.

 

(a) Filed herewith.
(b) Furnished herewith.

 

31

XFRA:OS7 Oasis Petroleum Inc Quarterly Report 10-Q Filling

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