XMEX:WMT Wal-Mart Stores Inc Quarterly Report 10-Q Filing - 7/31/2012

Effective Date 7/31/2012

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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
ý
Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
For the quarterly period ended July 31, 2012.
or
o
Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
For the transition period from              to             .
Commission file number 1-6991
WAL-MART STORES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
71-0415188
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
702 S.W. 8th Street
Bentonville, Arkansas
 
72716
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(479) 273-4000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Not applicable
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or such shorter periods that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý   No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).     Yes  ý    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Check One:
Large Accelerated Filer
 
ý
  
Accelerated Filer
 
o
Non-Accelerated Filer
 
o
  
Smaller Reporting Company
 
o
Indicate by a check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  o    No  ý
Applicable Only to Corporate Issuers
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practical date.
Common Stock, $0.10 Par Value – 3,361,444,307 shares as of August 31, 2012.
 




Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.
Form 10-Q
For the Three and Six Months Ended July 31, 2012 and 2011



Table of Contents
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

1


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.
Financial Statements
Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income
(Unaudited) 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
July 31,
 
July 31,
(Amounts in millions, except per share data)
 
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
 
$
113,534

 
$
108,638

 
$
225,806

 
$
212,053

Membership and other income
 
762

 
728

 
1,508

 
1,502

Total revenues
 
114,296

 
109,366

 
227,314

 
213,555

Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of sales
 
85,657

 
81,770

 
170,843

 
159,947

Operating, selling, general and administrative expenses
 
21,941

 
21,213

 
43,386

 
41,329

Operating income
 
6,698

 
6,383

 
13,085

 
12,279

Interest:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Debt
 
487

 
525

 
990

 
1,016

Capital leases
 
68

 
75

 
138

 
146

Interest income
 
(50
)
 
(22
)
 
(88
)
 
(66
)
Interest, net
 
505

 
578

 
1,040

 
1,096

Income from continuing operations before income taxes
 
6,193

 
5,805

 
12,045

 
11,183

Provision for income taxes
 
2,032

 
1,868

 
3,990

 
3,668

Income from continuing operations
 
4,161

 
3,937

 
8,055

 
7,515

Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes
 

 

 

 
(28
)
Consolidated net income
 
4,161

 
3,937

 
8,055

 
7,487

Less consolidated net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
 
(145
)
 
(136
)
 
(297
)
 
(287
)
Consolidated net income attributable to Walmart
 
$
4,016

 
$
3,801

 
$
7,758

 
$
7,200

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic net income per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic income per common share from continuing operations attributable to Walmart
 
$
1.19

 
$
1.09

 
$
2.28

 
$
2.07

Basic loss per common share from discontinued operations attributable to Walmart
 

 

 

 

Basic net income per common share attributable to Walmart
 
$
1.19

 
$
1.09

 
$
2.28

 
$
2.07

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted net income per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted income per common share from continuing operations attributable to Walmart
 
$
1.18

 
$
1.09

 
$
2.27

 
$
2.06

Diluted loss per common share from discontinued operations attributable to Walmart
 

 

 

 

Diluted net income per common share attributable to Walmart
 
$
1.18

 
$
1.09

 
$
2.27

 
$
2.06

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
3,384

 
3,472

 
3,396

 
3,486

Diluted
 
3,398

 
3,485

 
3,411

 
3,501

Dividends declared per common share
 
$

 
$

 
$
1.59

 
$
1.46

See accompanying notes.


2


Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
July 31,
 
July 31,
(Amounts in millions)
 
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
Consolidated net income
 
$
4,161

 
$
3,937

 
$
8,055

 
$
7,487

Less consolidated net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
 
(129
)
 
(124
)
 
(272
)
 
(258
)
Less consolidated net income attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interest
 
(16
)
 
(12
)
 
(25
)
 
(29
)
Consolidated net income attributable to Walmart
 
4,016

 
3,801

 
7,758

 
7,200

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income, net of income taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Currency translation
 
(1,116
)
 
405

 
356

 
900

Derivatives
 
(322
)
 
65

 
(385
)
 
(113
)
Pension
 
(3
)
 

 
4

 

Other comprehensive income, net of income taxes
 
(1,441
)
 
470

 
(25
)
 
787

Less other comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest
 
357

 
(41
)
 
(74
)
 
(143
)
Less other comprehensive income attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interest
 
16

 
(21
)
 
(22
)
 
(4
)
Other comprehensive income attributable to Walmart
 
(1,068
)
 
408

 
(121
)
 
640

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive income, net of income taxes
 
2,720

 
4,407

 
8,030

 
8,274

Less comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest
 
228

 
(165
)
 
(346
)
 
(401
)
Less comprehensive income attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interest
 

 
(33
)
 
(47
)
 
(33
)
Comprehensive income attributable to Walmart
 
$
2,948

 
$
4,209

 
$
7,637

 
$
7,840

See accompanying notes.



3


Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
 
 
July 31,
 
January 31,
 
July 31,
(Amounts in millions)
 
2012
 
2012
 
2011
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
7,935

 
$
6,550

 
$
8,102

Receivables, net
 
5,365

 
5,937

 
5,265

Inventories
 
40,558

 
40,714

 
38,867

Prepaid expenses and other
 
2,319

 
1,685

 
3,308

Current assets of discontinued operations
 
82

 
89

 
88

Total current assets
 
56,259

 
54,975

 
55,630

Property and equipment:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Property and equipment
 
159,919

 
155,002

 
153,985

Less accumulated depreciation
 
(48,961
)
 
(45,399
)
 
(45,256
)
Property and equipment, net
 
110,958

 
109,603

 
108,729

Property under capital leases:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Property under capital leases
 
5,859

 
5,936

 
6,102

Less accumulated amortization
 
(3,170
)
 
(3,215
)
 
(3,241
)
Property under capital leases, net
 
2,689

 
2,721

 
2,861

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goodwill
 
20,081

 
20,651

 
21,532

Other assets and deferred charges
 
5,674

 
5,456

 
5,120

Total assets
 
$
195,661

 
$
193,406

 
$
193,872

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Short-term borrowings
 
$
6,091

 
$
4,047

 
$
6,435

Accounts payable
 
36,067

 
36,608

 
34,917

Dividends payable
 
2,717

 

 
2,556

Accrued liabilities
 
17,753

 
18,154

 
17,815

Accrued income taxes
 
1,308

 
1,164

 
898

Long-term debt due within one year
 
4,029

 
1,975

 
1,787

Obligations under capital leases due within one year
 
326

 
326

 
404

Current liabilities of discontinued operations
 
24

 
26

 
28

Total current liabilities
 
68,315

 
62,300

 
64,840

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Long-term debt
 
41,202

 
44,070

 
45,238

Long-term obligations under capital leases
 
2,975

 
3,009

 
3,214

Deferred income taxes and other
 
8,028

 
7,862

 
7,304

Redeemable noncontrolling interest
 
440

 
404

 
428

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies
 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common stock
 
338

 
342

 
346

Capital in excess of par value
 
3,739

 
3,692

 
3,530

Retained earnings
 
67,732

 
68,691

 
62,779

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
 
(1,531
)
 
(1,410
)
 
1,286

Total Walmart shareholders’ equity
 
70,278

 
71,315

 
67,941

Noncontrolling interest
 
4,423

 
4,446

 
4,907

Total equity
 
74,701

 
75,761

 
72,848

Total liabilities and equity
 
$
195,661

 
$
193,406

 
$
193,872

See accompanying notes.

4


Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Shareholders’ Equity
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital in
 
 
 
Other
 
Walmart
 
 
 
 
 
Common Stock
 
Excess of
 
Retained
 
Comprehensive
 
Shareholders’
 
Noncontrolling
 
Total
(Amounts in millions)
Shares
 
Amount
 
Par Value
 
Earnings
 
Income (Loss)
 
Equity
 
Interest
 
Equity
Balances as of February 1, 2012
3,418

 
$
342

 
$
3,692

 
$
68,691

 
$
(1,410
)
 
$
71,315

 
$
4,446

 
$
75,761

Consolidated net income (excludes redeemable noncontrolling interest)

 

 

 
7,758

 

 
7,758

 
272

 
8,030

Other comprehensive income, net of income taxes (excludes redeemable noncontrolling interest)

 

 

 

 
(121
)
 
(121
)
 
74

 
(47
)
Cash dividends declared ($1.59 per share)

 

 

 
(5,409
)
 

 
(5,409
)
 

 
(5,409
)
Purchase of Company stock
(55
)
 
(5
)
 
(146
)
 
(3,306
)
 

 
(3,457
)
 

 
(3,457
)
Other
9

 
1

 
193

 
(2
)
 

 
192

 
(369
)
 
(177
)
Balances as of July 31, 2012
3,372

 
$
338

 
$
3,739

 
$
67,732

 
$
(1,531
)
 
$
70,278

 
$
4,423

 
$
74,701

See accompanying notes.



5


Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited) 
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
July 31,
(Amounts in millions)
 
2012
 
2011
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Consolidated net income
 
$
8,055

 
$
7,487

Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes
 

 
28

Income from continuing operations
 
8,055

 
7,515

Adjustments to reconcile income from continuing operations to net cash provided by operating activities:
 

 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
4,233

 
4,027

Deferred income taxes
 
(159
)
 
481

Other operating activities
 
(404
)
 
(205
)
Changes in certain assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions:
 

 
 
Accounts receivable
 
628

 
319

Inventories
 
237

 
(1,006
)
Accounts payable
 
(685
)
 
(453
)
Accrued liabilities
 
(456
)
 
(1,673
)
Accrued income taxes
 
146

 
703

Net cash provided by operating activities
 
11,595

 
9,708

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
 
Payments for property and equipment
 
(5,522
)
 
(5,671
)
Proceeds from the disposal of property and equipment
 
158

 
112

Investments and business acquisitions, net of cash acquired
 
(134
)
 
(3,501
)
Other investing activities
 
(200
)
 
168

Net cash used in investing activities
 
(5,698
)
 
(8,892
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
 
Net change in short-term borrowings
 
2,061

 
5,336

Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt
 
150

 
4,949

Payments of long-term debt
 
(589
)
 
(3,895
)
Dividends paid
 
(2,698
)
 
(2,541
)
Purchase of Company stock
 
(3,429
)
 
(3,540
)
Other financing activities
 
(273
)
 
(515
)
Net cash used in financing activities
 
(4,778
)
 
(206
)
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents
 
266

 
97

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
 
1,385

 
707

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year
 
6,550

 
7,395

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
7,935

 
$
8,102

See accompanying notes.

6


Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Note 1. Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements of Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. and its subsidiaries (“Walmart” or the “Company”) and the accompanying notes included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are unaudited. In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been included. Such adjustments are of a normal, recurring nature. The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, and the accompanying notes, are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”) and do not contain certain information included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2012. Therefore, the interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read with that Annual Report on Form 10-K.
The Company’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are based on a fiscal year ending on January 31 for the United States (“U.S.”) and Canadian operations. All other operations are consolidated using a one-month lag, generally based on a calendar year.
The Company’s business is seasonal to a certain extent due to different calendar events and national and religious holidays, as well as different climatic conditions. Historically, the Company’s highest sales volume and operating income occur in the fiscal quarter ending January 31, which includes the holiday season, and its lowest sales volume and operating income occur during the fiscal quarter ending April 30.
Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period’s presentation. These reclassifications did not impact the Company’s operating income or consolidated net income.
Receivables
Receivables are stated at their carrying values, net of a reserve for doubtful accounts. Receivables consist primarily of amounts due from:

insurance companies resulting from pharmacy sales;
banks for customer credit cards, debit cards and electronic bank transfers that take in excess of seven days to process;
suppliers for marketing or incentive programs;
consumer financing programs in certain international operations; and
real estate transactions.
The Walmart International segment offers a limited number of consumer credit products, primarily through its financial institutions in select countries. The receivable balance from consumer credit products was $946 million, net of a reserve for doubtful accounts of $113 million at July 31, 2012, compared to a receivable balance of $1.0 billion, net of a reserve for doubtful accounts of $63 million at January 31, 2012. These balances are included in receivables, net, on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Inventories
The Company values inventories at the lower of cost or market as determined primarily by the retail method of accounting, using the last-in, first-out (“LIFO”) method for substantially all of the Walmart U.S. segment’s inventories. The retail method of accounting results in inventory being valued at the lower of cost or market since permanent markdowns are currently taken as a reduction of the retail value of inventory. The Sam’s Club segment’s inventories are valued based on the weighted-average cost using the LIFO method. The Walmart International segment’s inventories are primarily valued by the retail method of accounting and are stated using the first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) method. At July 31, 2012 and January 31, 2012, the Company’s inventories valued at LIFO approximate those inventories as if they were valued at FIFO.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued two Accounting Standards Updates (“ASU”) which amend guidance for the presentation of comprehensive income. The amended guidance requires an entity to present components of net income and other comprehensive income in one continuous statement, referred to as the statement of comprehensive income, or in two separate, but consecutive statements. The previous option to report other comprehensive income and its components in the statement of shareholders’ equity was eliminated. Although the new guidance changes the presentation of comprehensive income, there are no changes to the components that are recognized in net income or other comprehensive income under existing guidance. Beginning with the quarter ended April 30, 2012, the Company elected to report other comprehensive income and its components in a separate statement of comprehensive income. The adoption of these ASUs did not impact the Company’s net income, financial position or cash flows.
In 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-04 to clarify the intent of the application of existing fair value measurement and disclosure

7


requirements, as well as change certain measurement requirements and disclosures. The Company adopted ASU 2011-04 effective February 1, 2012. In connection with the adoption, the Company made an accounting policy election to measure the credit risk of its derivative financial instruments that are subject to master netting agreements on a net basis by counterparty portfolio, consistent with how the Company previously had been measuring credit risk for these instruments. The adoption of ASU 2011-04 did not impact the Company’s net income, financial position or cash flows.
Note 2. Net Income Per Common Share
Basic income per common share from continuing operations attributable to Walmart is based on the weighted-average common shares outstanding during the relevant period. Diluted income per common share from continuing operations attributable to Walmart is based on the weighted-average common shares outstanding during the relevant period adjusted for the dilutive effect of outstanding stock options and other share-based awards. At July 31, 2012, all stock options outstanding were dilutive and included in the calculation of diluted income per common share from continuing operations attributable to Walmart. At July 31, 2011, the Company had approximately 4 million stock options outstanding that were antidilutive and not included in the calculation of diluted income per common share from continuing operations attributable to Walmart.
The following table provides a reconciliation of the numerators and denominators used to determine basic and diluted income per common share from continuing operations attributable to Walmart:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
July 31,
 
July 31,
(Amounts in millions, except per share data)
 
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
Numerator
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations
 
$
4,161

 
$
3,937

 
$
8,055

 
$
7,515

Less consolidated net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
 
(145
)
 
(136
)
 
(297
)
 
(287
)
Income from continuing operations attributable to Walmart
 
$
4,016

 
$
3,801

 
$
7,758

 
$
7,228

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Denominator
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding, basic
 
3,384

 
3,472

 
3,396

 
3,486

Dilutive impact of stock options and other share-based awards
 
14

 
13

 
15

 
15

Weighted-average common shares outstanding, diluted
 
3,398

 
3,485

 
3,411

 
3,501

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income per common share from continuing operations attributable to Walmart
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
1.19

 
$
1.09

 
$
2.28

 
$
2.07

Diluted
 
1.18

 
1.09

 
2.27

 
2.06

Note 3. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The following table provides the changes in the composition of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the six months ended July 31, 2012:
(Amounts in millions)
 
Currency Translation
and Other
 
Derivative
Instruments
 
Minimum
Pension Liability
 
Total
Balances as of February 1, 2012
 
$
(806
)
 
$
(7
)
 
$
(597
)
 
$
(1,410
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
260

 
(385
)
 
4

 
(121
)
Balances as of July 31, 2012
 
$
(546
)
 
$
(392
)
 
$
(593
)
 
$
(1,531
)
Amounts included in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) are recorded net of their related income tax effects. The Company’s unrealized net gains and losses on net investment hedges, included in the currency translation and other category of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), were not significant as of July 31, 2012 and January 31, 2012.


8


Note 4. Fair Value Measurements
The Company records and discloses certain financial and non-financial assets and liabilities at their fair value. The fair value of an asset is the price at which the asset could be sold in an ordinary transaction between unrelated, knowledgeable and willing parties able to engage in the transaction. A liability’s fair value is defined as the amount that would be paid to transfer the liability to a new obligor in a transaction between such parties, not the amount that would be paid to settle the liability with the creditor. Assets and liabilities recorded at fair value are measured using the fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. The levels of the fair value hierarchy are:

Level 1 - Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets;
Level 2 - Inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are either directly or indirectly observable; and
Level 3 - Unobservable inputs for which little or no market data exists, therefore requiring the Company to develop its own assumptions.
Recurring Fair Value Measurements
The Company holds derivative instruments that are required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis. The fair values are the estimated amounts the Company would receive or pay upon termination of the related derivative agreements as of the reporting dates. The fair values have been measured using the income approach and Level 2 inputs, which include the relevant interest rate and foreign currency forward curves. As of July 31, 2012 and January 31, 2012, the notional amounts and fair values of these derivatives are as follows:
 
July 31, 2012
 
January 31, 2012
(Amounts in millions)
Notional Amount
 
Fair Value
 
Notional Amount
 
Fair Value
Receive fixed-rate, pay floating-rate interest rate swaps designated as fair value hedges
$
3,445

 
$
122

 
$
3,945

 
$
183

Receive fixed-rate, pay fixed-rate cross-currency interest rate swaps designated as net investment hedges
1,250

 
334

 
1,250

 
316

Receive fixed-rate, pay fixed-rate cross-currency interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedges
2,798

 
(229
)
 
2,884

 
(3
)
Receive floating-rate, pay fixed-rate interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedges
1,240

 
(13
)
 
1,270

 
(16
)
Receive floating-rate, pay fixed-rate forward starting interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedges
5,000

 
(376
)
 

 

Total
$
13,733

 
$
(162
)
 
$
9,349

 
$
480

Nonrecurring Fair Value Measurements
In addition to assets and liabilities that are recorded at fair value on a recurring basis, the Company’s assets and liabilities are also subject to nonrecurring fair value measurements. Generally, assets are recorded at fair value on a nonrecurring basis as a result of impairment charges. The Company did not record any significant impairment charges to assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis during the three and six months ended July 31, 2012, or for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2012.
Other Fair Value Disclosures
The Company records cash and cash equivalents and short-term borrowings at cost. The carrying values of these instruments approximate their fair value due to their short-term maturities.
The Company’s long-term debt is also recorded at cost. The fair value is estimated using Level 2 inputs based on the Company’s current incremental borrowing rate for similar types of borrowing arrangements. The carrying value and fair value of the Company’s long-term debt as of July 31, 2012 and January 31, 2012 are as follows: 
 
 
July 31, 2012
 
January 31, 2012
(Amounts in millions)
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
Long-term debt, including amounts due within one year
 
$
45,231

 
$
54,183

 
$
46,045

 
$
53,043



9


Note 5. Derivative Financial Instruments
The Company uses derivative financial instruments for hedging and non-trading purposes to manage its exposure to changes in interest and currency exchange rates, as well as to maintain an appropriate mix of fixed- and floating-rate debt. Use of derivative financial instruments in hedging programs subjects the Company to certain risks, such as market and credit risks. Market risk represents the possibility that the value of the derivative financial instrument will change. In a hedging relationship, the change in the value of the derivative financial instrument is offset to a great extent by the change in the value of the underlying hedged item. Credit risk related to a derivative financial instrument represents the possibility that the counterparty will not fulfill the terms of the contract. The notional, or contractual, amount of the Company’s derivative financial instruments is used to measure interest to be paid or received and does not represent the Company’s exposure due to credit risk. Credit risk is monitored through established approval procedures, including setting concentration limits by counterparty, reviewing credit ratings and requiring collateral (generally cash) from the counterparty when appropriate.
The Company only enters into derivative transactions with counterparties rated “A-” or better by nationally recognized credit rating agencies. The Company regularly monitors the credit ratings of its counterparties. In connection with various derivative agreements, the Company held cash collateral from counterparties of $300 million and $387 million at July 31, 2012 and January 31, 2012, respectively. The Company records cash collateral received as amounts due to the counterparties exclusive of any derivative asset. Furthermore, as part of the master netting arrangements with these counterparties, the Company is also required to post collateral if the Company’s net derivative liability position exceeds $150 million with any counterparty. The Company posted cash collateral with counterparties of $71 million and $0 at July 31, 2012 and January 31, 2012, respectively. The Company records cash collateral paid as amounts receivable from the counterparties exclusive of any derivative liability.
The Company uses derivative financial instruments for the purpose of hedging its exposure to interest and currency exchange rate risks and, accordingly, the contractual terms of a hedged instrument closely mirror those of the hedged item, providing a high degree of risk reduction and correlation. Contracts that are effective at meeting the risk reduction and correlation criteria are recorded using hedge accounting. If a derivative financial instrument is recorded using hedge accounting, depending on the nature of the hedge, changes in the fair value of the instrument will either be offset against the change in fair value of the hedged assets, liabilities or firm commitments through earnings or be recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) until the hedged item is recognized in earnings. The ineffective portion of an instrument’s change in fair value is immediately recognized in earnings during the period. The Company’s net investment and cash flow instruments are highly effective hedges and the ineffective portion has not been, and is not expected to be, significant. Instruments that do not meet the criteria for hedge accounting, or contracts for which the Company has not elected hedge accounting, are recorded at fair value with unrealized gains or losses reported in earnings during the period of the change.
Fair Value Instruments
The Company is a party to receive fixed-rate, pay floating-rate interest rate swaps that the Company uses to hedge the fair value of fixed-rate debt. The notional amounts are used to measure interest to be paid or received and do not represent the Company’s exposure due to credit loss. The Company’s interest rate swaps that receive fixed-interest rate payments and pay floating-interest rate payments are designated as fair value hedges. As the specific terms and notional amounts of the derivative instruments match those of the fixed-rate debt being hedged, the derivative instruments were assumed to be perfectly effective hedges. Changes in the fair values of these derivative instruments are recorded in earnings, but are offset by corresponding changes in the fair values of the hedged items and, accordingly, have no net impact on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. These fair value instruments will mature on dates ranging from April 2013 to May 2014.
Net Investment Instruments
The Company is a party to cross-currency interest rate swaps that the Company uses to hedge its net investments, as well as its currency exchange rate fluctuation exposure associated with the forecasted payments of principal and interest of non-U.S. denominated debt. The agreements are contracts to exchange fixed-rate payments in one currency for fixed-rate payments in another currency. All changes in the fair value of these instruments are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), offsetting the currency translation adjustment that is also recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). These instruments will mature on dates ranging from October 2023 to February 2030.
The Company has outstanding debt of approximately £3 billion and ¥275 billion that is designated as hedges of its net investments in the United Kingdom and Japan, respectively, as of July 31, 2012 and January 31, 2012. These non-derivative net investment hedges were classified as follows in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets:
(Amounts in millions)
July 31, 2012
 
January 31, 2012
Long-term debt due within one year
$
781

 
$
785

Long-term debt
7,439

 
7,546

Liability subtotals
$
8,220

 
$
8,331



10


The translation of these debt instruments designated as net investment hedges is recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), offsetting the currency translation adjustment of the related net investments that is also recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). These instruments will mature on dates ranging from January 2013 to January 2039.
Cash Flow Instruments
The Company is a party to receive floating-rate, pay fixed-rate interest rate swaps that the Company uses to hedge the interest rate risk of certain non-U.S. denominated debt. The swaps are designated as cash flow hedges of interest expense risk. Amounts reported in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) related to derivatives are reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to earnings as interest payments are made on the Company’s variable-rate debt, converting the floating-rate interest expense into fixed-rate interest expense. These cash flow instruments will mature on dates ranging from August 2013 to July 2015.
The Company is also a party to receive fixed-rate, pay fixed-rate cross-currency interest rate swaps to hedge the currency exposure associated with the forecasted payments of principal and interest of non-U.S. denominated debt. The swaps are designated as cash flow hedges of the currency risk related to payments on the non-U.S. denominated debt. The effective portion of changes in the fair value of derivatives designated as cash flow hedges of foreign exchange risk is recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and is subsequently reclassified into earnings in the period that the hedged forecasted transaction affects earnings. The hedged items are recognized foreign currency-denominated liabilities that are remeasured at spot exchange rates each period, and the assessment of effectiveness (and measurement of any ineffectiveness) is based on total changes in the related derivative’s cash flows. As a result, the amount reclassified into earnings each period includes an amount that offsets the related transaction gain or loss arising from that remeasurement and the adjustment to earnings for the period’s allocable portion of the initial spot-forward difference associated with the hedging instrument. These cash flow instruments will mature on dates ranging from September 2029 to March 2034.
The Company also uses forward starting receive floating-rate, pay fixed-rate interest rate swaps to hedge its exposure to the variability in future cash flows due to changes in the LIBOR swap rate for U.S.-denominated 10- and 30-year debt issuances forecasted to occur in the future. Amounts reported in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) related to these derivatives are reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to earnings as interest payments are made on the hedged fixed-rate debt, adjusting interest expense to reflect the fixed-rate locked in by the forward starting swaps. These cash flow instruments hedge forecasted interest payments over a maximum period of 32 years. These forward starting swaps will be terminated on the day the hedged forecasted debt issuances occur, but no later than October 31, 2014, if the hedged forecasted debt issuances do not occur.
Financial Statement Presentation
Derivative instruments with an unrealized gain are recorded in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as either a current or a non-current asset, based on maturity date, and those hedging instruments with an unrealized loss are recorded as either a current or a non-current liability, based on maturity date.
The Company’s derivative instruments, excluding non-derivate debt instruments designated as net investment hedges, were classified as follows in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets:
 
July 31, 2012
 
January 31, 2012
(Amounts in millions)
Fair Value
Instruments
 
Net Investment
Instruments
 
Cash Flow
Instruments
 
Fair Value
Instruments
 
Net Investment
Instruments
 
Cash Flow
Instruments
Prepaid expenses and other
$
80

 
$

 
$

 
$
2

 
$

 
$

Other assets and deferred charges
42

 
334

 
106

 
181

 
316

 
91

Asset subtotals
$
122

 
$
334

 
$
106

 
$
183

 
$
316

 
$
91

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Long-term debt due within one year (hedged item)
$
80

 
$

 
$

 
$
2

 
$

 
$

Long-term debt (hedged item)
42

 

 

 
181

 

 

Deferred income taxes and other

 

 
724

 

 

 
110

Liability subtotals
$
122

 
$

 
$
724

 
$
183

 
$

 
$
110

Gains and losses related to the Company’s derivatives primarily relate to interest rate hedges, which are included in interest, net, in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to net income during the three and six months ended July 31, 2012 and 2011, as well as the amounts expected to be reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to net income during the next 12 months, are not significant.


11


Note 6. Share Repurchases
From time to time, the Company has repurchased shares of its common stock under share repurchase programs authorized by the Board of Directors. The current $15.0 billion share repurchase program has no expiration date or other restrictions limiting the period over which the Company can make share repurchases. At July 31, 2012, authorization for $7.9 billion of share repurchases remained under the current share repurchase program. Any repurchased shares are constructively retired and returned to an unissued status.
The Company considers several factors in determining when to execute share repurchases, including, among other things, current cash needs, capacity for leverage, cost of borrowings and the market price of its common stock. Cash paid for share repurchases during the six months ended July 31, 2012 and 2011, was as follows:
(Amounts in millions, except per share data)
 
Total Number of
Shares Repurchased
 
Average Price Paid per Share
 
Total Investment
Six months ended July 31, 2012
 
54.3
 
$63.17
 
$3,428.9
Six months ended July 31, 2011
 
65.4
 
$54.11
 
$3,540.0
Note 7. Common Stock Dividends
On March 1, 2012, the Board of Directors approved an increase in the annual dividend for fiscal 2013 to $1.59 per share, an increase of approximately 9% over the $1.46 per share dividend paid in fiscal 2012. For fiscal 2013, the annual dividend will be paid in four quarterly installments of $0.3975 per share, according to the following record and payable dates:
Record Date
  
Payable Date
March 12, 2012
  
April 4, 2012
May 11, 2012
  
June 4, 2012
August 10, 2012
  
September 4, 2012
December 7, 2012
  
January 2, 2013
The dividend installments payable on April 4, 2012, June 4, 2012, and September 4, 2012 were paid as scheduled.


12


Note 8. Contingencies
Legal Proceedings
The Company is involved in a number of legal proceedings. The Company has made accruals with respect to these matters, where appropriate, which are reflected in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. For some matters, a liability is not probable or the amount cannot be reasonably estimated and therefore an accrual has not been made. However, where a liability is reasonably possible and material, such matters have been disclosed. The Company may enter into discussions regarding settlement of these matters, and may enter into settlement agreements, if it believes settlement is in the best interest of the Company’s shareholders. Unless stated otherwise, the matters, or groups of related matters, discussed below, if decided adversely to or settled by the Company, individually or in the aggregate, may result in a liability material to the Company’s financial condition or results of operations.
Wage-and-Hour Class Action: The Company is a defendant in Braun/Hummel v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., a class action lawsuit commenced in March 2002 in the Court of Common Pleas in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The plaintiffs allege that the Company failed to pay class members for all hours worked and prevented class members from taking their full meal and rest breaks. On October 13, 2006, a jury awarded back-pay damages to the plaintiffs of approximately $78 million on their claims for off-the-clock work and missed rest breaks. The jury found in favor of the Company on the plaintiffs’ meal-period claims. On November 14, 2007, the trial judge entered a final judgment in the approximate amount of $188 million, which included the jury’s back-pay award plus statutory penalties, prejudgment interest and attorneys’ fees. By operation of law, post-judgment interest accrues on the judgment amount at the rate of six percent per annum from the date of entry of the judgment, which was November 14, 2007, until the judgment is paid, unless the judgment is set aside on appeal. On December 7, 2007, the Company filed its Notice of Appeal. The Company filed its opening appellate brief on February 17, 2009, plaintiffs filed their response brief on April 20, 2009, and the Company filed its reply brief on June 5, 2009. Oral argument was held before the Superior Court of Appeals on August 19, 2009. On June 10, 2011, the Superior Court of Appeals issued an opinion upholding the trial court’s certification of the class, the jury’s back pay award, and the awards of statutory penalties and prejudgment interest, but reversing the award of attorneys’ fees. On September 9, 2011, the Company filed a Petition for Allowance of Appeal with the Pennsylvania Supreme Court. On July 2, 2012, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court granted the Company’s Petition. The Company’s opening brief is due to be filed in the Pennsylvania Supreme Court on October 22, 2012. The Company believes it has substantial factual and legal defenses to the claims at issue, and plans to continue pursuing appellate review.
Gender Discrimination Class Actions: The Company is a defendant in Dukes v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., which was commenced as a class-action lawsuit in June 2001 in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, asserting that the Company had engaged in a pattern and practice of discriminating against women in promotions, pay, training, and job assignments, and seeking, among other things, injunctive relief, front pay, back pay, punitive damages, and attorneys’ fees. On June 21, 2004, the district court issued an order granting in part and denying in part the plaintiffs’ motion for class certification. As defined by the district court, the class included “[a]ll women employed at any Wal-Mart domestic retail store at any time since December 26, 1998, who have been or may be subjected to Wal-Mart’s challenged pay and management track promotions policies and practices.” The Company appealed the order to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals and subsequently to the United States Supreme Court. On June 20, 2011, the Supreme Court issued an opinion decertifying the class and remanding the case to the district court. On October 27, 2011, the plaintiffs’ attorneys filed an amended complaint proposing a class of current and former female associates at the Company’s California retail facilities, and the Company filed a Motion to Dismiss on January 13, 2012. On October 28, 2011, the plaintiffs’ attorneys filed a complaint in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas entitled Odle v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., proposing a class of current and former female associates at the Company’s Texas retail facilities, and the Company filed a Motion to Dismiss on March 5, 2012. Management does not believe any possible loss or the range of any possible loss that may be incurred in connection with this matter will be material to the Company’s financial condition or results of operations.
Hazardous Materials Investigations: On November 8, 2005, the Company received a grand jury subpoena from the United States Attorney’s Office for the Central District of California, seeking documents and information relating to the Company’s receipt, transportation, handling, identification, recycling, treatment, storage and disposal of certain merchandise that constitutes hazardous materials or hazardous waste. The Company has been informed by the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Central District of California that it is a target of a criminal investigation into potential violations of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (the “RCRA”), the Clean Water Act and the Hazardous Materials Transportation Statute. This U.S. Attorney’s Office contends, among other things, that the use of Company trucks to transport certain returned merchandise from the Company’s stores to its return centers is prohibited by RCRA because those materials may be considered hazardous waste. The government alleges that, to comply with RCRA, the Company must ship from the store certain materials as “hazardous waste” directly to a certified disposal facility using a certified hazardous waste carrier. The U.S. Attorney’s Office in the Northern District of California and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency subsequently joined in this investigation. The Company contends that the practice of transporting returned merchandise to its return centers for subsequent disposition, including disposal by certified facilities, is compliant with applicable laws and regulations. Management does not believe any possible loss or the range of any possible loss that may be incurred in connection with this matter will be material to the

13


Company’s financial condition or results of operations.
FCPA Investigation and Related Matters
The Audit Committee (the “Audit Committee”) of the Board of Directors of the Company, which is composed solely of independent directors, is conducting an internal investigation into, among other things, alleged violations of the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (the “FCPA”) and other alleged crimes or misconduct in connection with foreign subsidiaries, including Wal-Mart de México, S.A.B. de C.V. (“Walmex”), and whether prior allegations of such violations and/or misconduct were appropriately handled by the Company. The Audit Committee and the Company have engaged outside counsel from a number of law firms and other advisors who are assisting in the on-going investigation of these matters. The Company is also conducting a voluntary global review of its policies, practices and internal controls for FCPA compliance. The Company is engaged in strengthening its global anti-corruption compliance programs through appropriate remedial anti-corruption measures. In November 2011, the Company voluntarily disclosed that investigative activity to the U.S. Department of Justice (the “DOJ”) and the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”).
The Company has been informed by the DOJ and the SEC that it is also the subject of their respective investigations into possible violations of the FCPA. The Company is cooperating with the investigations by the DOJ and the SEC. A number of federal and local government agencies in Mexico have also initiated investigations of these matters. Walmex is cooperating with the Mexican governmental agencies conducting these investigations. Furthermore, lawsuits relating to the matters under investigation have been filed by several of the Company’s shareholders against it, certain of its current directors, certain of its former directors, certain of its current and former officers and certain of Walmex’s current and former officers.
The Company could be exposed to a variety of negative consequences as a result of the matters noted above. There could be one or more enforcement actions in respect of the matters that are the subject of some or all of the ongoing government investigations, and such actions, if brought, may result in judgments, settlements, fines, penalties, injunctions, cease and desist orders or other relief, criminal convictions and/or penalties. The shareholder lawsuits may result in judgments against the Company and its current and former directors and officers named in those proceedings. The Company cannot predict at this time the outcome or impact of the government investigations, the shareholder lawsuits, or its own internal investigation and review. In addition, the Company expects to incur costs in responding to requests for information or subpoenas seeking documents, testimony and other information in connection with the government investigations, in defending the shareholder lawsuits, and in conducting its internal investigation and review. These costs will be expensed as incurred. The Company has incurred expenses of approximately $34 million and $51 million during the three and six months ended July 31, 2012, respectively, related to these matters. These matters may require the involvement of certain members of the Company’s senior management that could impinge on the time they have available to devote to other matters relating to the business. The Company may also see ongoing media and governmental interest in these matters that could impact the perception among certain audiences of its role as a corporate citizen.    
The Company’s process of assessing and responding to the governmental investigations and the shareholder lawsuits continues and its internal investigation and review are on-going. Although the Company does not presently believe that these matters will have a material adverse effect on its business, given the inherent uncertainties in such situations, the Company can provide no assurance that these matters will not be material to its business in the future.

14


Note 9. Acquisitions
Certain acquisitions completed during fiscal 2013 and 2012 are as follows:
Bounteous Company Limited (“BCL”): In February 2007, the Company purchased an initial 35% interest in BCL, a retailer in China, for $264 million and, as additional consideration, paid $376 million to extinguish a third-party loan issued to the selling BCL shareholders that was secured by the pledge of the remaining equity of BCL. Concurrent with its initial investment in BCL, the Company entered into a Shareholders’ Agreement, which provided the Company with voting rights associated with a portion of the common stock of BCL securing the loan, amounting to an additional 30% of the aggregate outstanding shares. During the second quarter of fiscal 2013, the Company completed its acquisition of the remaining equity interest in BCL for an additional payment of approximately $101 million.
Massmart Holdings Limited (“Massmart”): In June 2011, the Company completed a tender offer for approximately 51% ownership in Massmart, a South African retailer with approximately 290 stores throughout sub-Saharan Africa. The final purchase price for the acquisition was ZAR 16.9 billion ($2.5 billion). The assets acquired were $6.9 billion, including $3.1 billion in goodwill; liabilities assumed were $2.4 billion; and the non-controlling interest was $2.0 billion. The Company began consolidating Massmart’s results in its fiscal 2012 third quarter reporting period.
Netto Food Stores Limited (“Netto”): In April 2011, the Company completed the regulatory approved acquisition of 147 Netto stores from Dansk Supermarked in the United Kingdom. The Company has converted the majority of these stores to the ASDA brand. The final purchase price for the acquisition was £750 million ($1.2 billion). The assets acquired were $1.3 billion, including $748 million in goodwill, and liabilities assumed were $103 million. The Company began consolidating Netto’s results in its fiscal 2012 second quarter reporting period.


15


Note 10. Segments
The Company is engaged in the operations of retail stores located in the U.S., 12 countries in Africa, Argentina, Brazil, Canada, 5 countries in Central America, Chile, China, India, Japan, Mexico, and the United Kingdom. The Company’s operations are conducted in three segments: Walmart U.S., Walmart International, and Sam’s Club. The Company defines its segments as those business units whose operating results its chief operating decision maker (“CODM”) regularly reviews to analyze performance and allocate resources. The Company sells similar individual products and services in each of its segments. It is impractical to segregate and identify revenue for each of these individual products and services.
The Walmart U.S. segment includes the Company’s mass merchant concept in the United States operating under the “Walmart” or “Wal-Mart” brands, as well as walmart.com. The Walmart International segment consists of the Company’s operations outside of the United States, including various websites. The Sam’s Club segment includes the warehouse membership clubs in the United States, as well as samsclub.com. Other unallocated consists of corporate overhead and other items not allocated to any of the Company’s segments.
The Company measures the results of its segments using, among other measures, each segment’s net sales and operating income, which includes certain corporate overhead allocations. From time to time, the Company revises the measurement of each segment’s operating income, including any corporate overhead allocations, as dictated by the information regularly reviewed by its CODM. When the measurement of a segment changes, previous period amounts and balances are reclassified to be comparable to the current period’s presentation.
Net sales by segment are as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended July 31,
 
Six Months Ended July 31,
(Amounts in millions)
 
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
Net sales:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Walmart U.S.
 
$
67,357

 
$
64,893

 
$
133,698

 
$
127,562

Walmart International
 
32,016

 
30,099

 
64,093

 
58,004

Sam’s Club
 
14,161

 
13,646

 
28,015

 
26,487

Net sales
 
$
113,534

 
$
108,638

 
$
225,806

 
$
212,053

Operating income by segment and interest, net, are as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended July 31,
 
Six Months Ended July 31,
(Amounts in millions)
 
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
Segment operating income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Walmart U.S.
 
$
5,251

 
$
4,989

 
$
10,284

 
$
9,646

Walmart International
 
1,484

 
1,408

 
2,803

 
2,496

Sam’s Club
 
536

 
487

 
1,026

 
942

Other unallocated
 
(573
)
 
(501
)
 
(1,028
)
 
(805
)
Operating income
 
6,698

 
6,383

 
13,085

 
12,279

Interest, net
 
505

 
578

 
1,040

 
1,096

Income from continuing operations before income taxes
 
$
6,193

 
$
5,805

 
$
12,045

 
$
11,183



16


Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Overview
Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. (“Walmart,” the “Company” or “we”) operates retail stores in various formats around the world and is committed to saving people money so they can live better. We earn the trust of our customers every day by providing a broad assortment of quality merchandise and services at everyday low prices (“EDLP”), while fostering a culture that rewards and embraces mutual respect, integrity and diversity. EDLP is our pricing philosophy under which we price items at a low price every day so that our customers trust that our prices will not change under frequent promotional activities. Our focus for Sam’s Club is to provide exceptional value on brand name and private label merchandise at “members only” prices for both business and personal use. Internationally, we operate with similar philosophies.
We intend for this discussion to provide the reader with information that will assist in understanding our financial statements, the changes in certain key items in those financial statements from period to period and the primary factors that accounted for those changes. We also discuss certain performance metrics that management uses to assess the Company’s performance. Additionally, the discussion provides information about the financial results of the various segments of our business to provide a better understanding of how those segments and their results affect the financial condition and results of operations of the Company as a whole.
This discussion relates to Walmart and its consolidated subsidiaries and should be read in conjunction with our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements as of July 31, 2012, and the accompanying notes included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, as well as our Consolidated Financial Statements as of January 31, 2012, the accompanying notes and the related Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, contained in our Annual Report to Shareholders for the year ended January 31, 2012, and incorporated by reference in, and included as an exhibit to, our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2012.
Our fiscal year ends on January 31 for our United States (“U.S.”) and Canadian operations. All other operations are consolidated using a one-month lag, generally on a calendar basis.
Currently, our operations consist of three reportable business segments: Walmart U.S., Walmart International, and Sam’s Club. The Walmart U.S. segment includes the Company’s mass merchant concept in the U.S., operating under the “Walmart” or “Wal-Mart” brand, as well as walmart.com. The Walmart International segment consists of the Company’s operations outside of the U.S., including various websites. The Sam’s Club segment includes the warehouse membership clubs in the U.S., as well as samsclub.com.
Our business is seasonal to a certain extent due to different calendar events and national and religious holidays, as well as different climatic conditions. Historically, our highest sales volume and operating income occur in the fiscal quarter ending January 31, which includes the holiday season, and our lowest sales volume and operating income occur during the fiscal quarter ending April 30.
Throughout this Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, we discuss segment operating income and comparable store and club sales. The Company measures the results of its segments using, among other measures, each segment’s operating income, including certain corporate overhead allocations. From time to time, we revise the measurement of each segment’s operating income, including any corporate overhead allocations, as dictated by the information regularly reviewed by our chief operating decision maker. When we do so, the previous period amounts for segment operating income are reclassified to conform to the current period’s presentation. The amounts representing “Other unallocated” in the leverage discussion of the Company’s performance metrics consist of corporate overhead and other items not allocated to any of the Company’s segments.
Comparable store and club sales is a metric which indicates the performance of our existing U.S. stores and clubs by measuring the change in sales for such stores and clubs for a particular period from the corresponding period in the previous year. Walmart’s definition of comparable store and club sales includes sales from stores and clubs open for the previous 12 months, including remodels, relocations and expansions, as well as sales initiated online. Changes in format continue to be excluded from comparable store and club sales when the conversion is accompanied by a relocation or expansion that results in a change in retail square feet of more than five percent. Comparable store and club sales are also referred to as “same-store” sales by others within the retail industry. The method of calculating comparable store and club sales varies across the retail industry. As a result, our calculation of comparable store and club sales is not necessarily comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.
In discussing our operating results, we sometimes refer to the impact of changes in currency exchange rates that we use to convert the operating results for all countries where the functional currency is not the U.S. dollar. We calculate the effect of changes in currency exchange rates as the difference between current period activity translated using the current period’s currency exchange rates and the comparable prior year period’s currency exchange rates. Throughout our discussion, we refer to the results of this calculation as the impact of currency exchange rate fluctuations. When we refer to constant currency operating results, we are referring to our operating results without the impact of the currency exchange rate fluctuations and without the impact of acquisitions until the acquisitions are included in both comparable periods. The disclosure of constant

17


currency amounts or results permits investors to understand better our underlying performance without the effects of currency exchange rate fluctuations or acquisitions.
We made certain reclassifications to prior period amounts or balances to conform to the presentation in the current fiscal year. These reclassifications did not impact the Company’s operating income or consolidated net income. Additionally, certain prior period segment asset and expense allocations have been reclassified among segments to be comparable with the current period presentation.
Company Performance Metrics
The Company’s performance metrics emphasize three priorities for improving shareholder value: growth, leverage and returns. The Company’s priority of growth focuses on sales through comparable store or club sales and unit square feet growth; the priority of leverage encompasses the Company’s objective to increase its operating income at a faster rate than the growth in net sales by growing its operating, selling, general and administrative expenses (“operating expenses”) at a slower rate than the growth of its net sales; and the priority of returns focuses on how efficiently the Company employs its assets through return on investment (“ROI”) and how effectively the Company manages working capital through free cash flow.
Growth
Net Sales
 
 
Three Months Ended July 31,
 
Six Months Ended July 31,
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
(Dollar amounts in millions)
 
Net Sales
 
Percent 
of Total
 
Percent
Change
 
Net Sales
 
Percent 
of Total
 
Net Sales
 
Percent 
of Total
 
Percent
Change
 
Net Sales
 
Percent 
of Total
Walmart U.S.
 
$
67,357

 
59.3
%
 
3.8
%
 
$
64,893

 
59.7
%
 
$
133,698

 
59.2
%
 
4.8
%
 
$
127,562

 
60.1
%
Walmart International
 
32,016

 
28.2
%
 
6.4
%
 
30,099

 
27.7
%
 
64,093

 
28.4
%
 
10.5
%
 
58,004

 
27.4
%
Sam’s Club
 
14,161

 
12.5
%
 
3.8
%
 
13,646

 
12.6
%
 
28,015

 
12.4
%
 
5.8
%
 
26,487

 
12.5
%
Net sales
 
$
113,534

 
100.0
%
 
4.5
%
 
$
108,638

 
100.0
%
 
$
225,806

 
100.0
%
 
6.5
%
 
$
212,053

 
100.0
%

Our consolidated net sales increased 4.5% and 6.5% for the three and six months ended July 31, 2012, respectively, when compared to the three and six months ended July 31, 2011. The increases in net sales were due to 3.2% year-over-year growth in retail square feet and positive comparable store and club sales across the Company. In addition, the fiscal 2012 acquisitions accounted for $1.9 billion and $3.8 billion of the net sales increases during the three and six months ended July 31, 2012, respectively. The increases in net sales were partially offset by $2.2 billion and $3.0 billion of negative impact from fluctuations in currency exchange rates during the three and six months ended July 31, 2012, respectively.
Calendar Comparable Store and Club Sales
Comparable store and club sales is a measure which indicates the performance of our existing U.S. stores and clubs by measuring the growth in sales for such stores and clubs for a particular period over the corresponding period in the previous fiscal year. The retail industry generally reports comparable store and club sales using the retail calendar (also known as the 4-5-4 calendar) and, to be consistent with the retail industry, we provide comparable store and club sales using the retail calendar in our quarterly earnings releases. However, when we discuss our comparable store and club sales below, we are referring to our calendar comparable store and club sales calculated using our fiscal calendar. As our fiscal calendar differs from the retail calendar, our calendar comparable store and club sales also differ from the retail calendar comparable store and club sales provided in our quarterly earnings releases. Calendar comparable store and club sales, as well as the impact of fuel, for the three and six months ended July 31, 2012 and 2011, were as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended July 31,
 
Six Months Ended July 31,
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
 
 
With Fuel
 
Fuel Impact
 
With Fuel
 
Fuel Impact
Walmart U.S.
 
1.9
%
 
(1.1
)%
 
 %
 
%
 
3.1
%
 
(1.0
)%
 
%
 
%
Sam’s Club
 
3.2
%
 
9.0
 %
 
(0.8
)%
 
4.5
%
 
5.3
%
 
8.9
 %
 
%
 
4.4
%
Total U.S.
 
2.1
%
 
0.6
 %
 
(0.1
)%
 
0.8
%
 
3.4
%
 
0.6
 %
 
%
 
0.8
%


18


Leverage
Operating Income
 
Three Months Ended July 31,
 
Six Months Ended July 31,
 
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
(Dollar amounts in millions)
Operating Income
 
Percent 
of Total
 
Percent
Change
 
Operating Income
 
Percent 
of Total
 
Operating Income
 
Percent 
of Total
 
Percent
Change
 
Operating Income
 
Percent 
of Total
Walmart U.S.
$
5,251

 
78.4
 %
 
5.3
%
 
$
4,989

 
78.1
 %
 
$
10,284

 
78.7
 %
 
6.6
%
 
$
9,646

 
78.6
 %
Walmart International
1,484

 
22.2
 %
 
5.4
%
 
1,408

 
22.1
 %
 
2,803

 
21.4
 %
 
12.3
%
 
2,496

 
20.3
 %
Sam’s Club
536

 
8.0
 %
 
10.1
%
 
487

 
7.6
 %
 
1,026

 
7.8
 %
 
8.9
%
 
942

 
7.7
 %
Other unallocated
(573
)
 
(8.6
)%
 
14.4
%
 
(501
)
 
(7.8
)%
 
(1,028
)
 
(7.9
)%
 
27.7
%
 
(805
)
 
(6.6
)%
Total operating income
$
6,698

 
100.0
 %
 
4.9
%
 
$
6,383

 
100.0
 %
 
$
13,085

 
100.0
 %
 
6.6
%
 
$
12,279

 
100.0
 %
We believe comparing the growth of our operating expenses to the growth of our net sales and comparing the growth of our operating income to the growth of our net sales are meaningful measures as they indicate how effectively we manage costs and leverage operating expenses. Our objective is to grow operating expenses at a slower rate than net sales and to grow operating income at a faster rate than net sales. On occasion, we may make strategic growth investments that may, at times, cause our operating expenses to grow at a faster rate than net sales and that may result in our operating income growing at a slower rate than net sales.
Operating Expenses
For the three and six months ended July 31, 2012, operating expenses increased 3.4% and 5.0%, respectively, when compared to the same periods in the previous year, while net sales increased 4.5% and 6.5%, respectively, when compared to the same periods in the previous year. Operating expenses increased primarily due to acquisitions, additional associate incentive payments and continued investment in our Global eCommerce initiatives. Additionally, operating expenses included FCPA-related expenses of $34 million and $51 million for the three and six months ended July 31, 2012, respectively. For the three and six months ended July 31, 2012, we met our objective of leveraging operating expenses.
Operating Income
For the three and six months ended July 31, 2012, operating income grew by 4.9% and 6.6%, respectively, when compared to the same periods in the previous year, while net sales increased by 4.5% and 6.5%, respectively, when compared to the same periods in the previous year. Although fluctuations in currency exchange rates negatively impacted operating income by $110 million and $160 million for the three and six months ended July 31, 2012, respectively, we met our objective of growing operating income at a faster rate than net sales for the three and six months ended July 31, 2012.
Returns
Return on Investment
Management believes return on investment (“ROI”) is a meaningful metric to share with investors because it helps investors assess how effectively Walmart is deploying its assets. Trends in ROI can fluctuate over time as management balances long-term potential strategic initiatives with possible short-term impacts. ROI was 18.1% and 18.4% for the trailing 12-month periods ended July 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The decline in ROI is attributable to a reduction of our average working capital deficit, timing of capital expenditures and the impact of acquisitions.
We define ROI as adjusted operating income (operating income plus interest income, depreciation and amortization, and rent expense) for the fiscal year or trailing twelve months divided by average invested capital during that period. We consider average invested capital to be the average of our beginning and ending total assets of continuing operations, plus average accumulated depreciation and average amortization less average accounts payable and average accrued liabilities for that period, plus a rent factor equal to the rent for the fiscal year or trailing twelve months multiplied by a factor of eight.
ROI is considered a non-GAAP financial measure. We consider return on assets (“ROA”) to be the financial measure computed in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) that is the most directly comparable financial measure to ROI as we calculate that financial measure. ROI differs from ROA (which is income from continuing operations for the fiscal year or trailing twelve months divided by average total assets of continuing operations for the period) because ROI: adjusts operating income to exclude certain expense items and adds interest income; adjusts total assets from continuing operations for the impact of accumulated depreciation and amortization, accounts payable and accrued liabilities; and incorporates a factor of rent to arrive at total invested capital.

19


Although ROI is a standard financial metric, numerous methods exist for calculating a company’s ROI. As a result, the method used by management to calculate ROI may differ from the methods other companies use to calculate their ROI. We urge you to understand the methods used by other companies to calculate their ROI before comparing our ROI to that of such other companies.
The calculation of ROI, along with a reconciliation to the calculation of ROA, the most comparable GAAP financial measure, is as follows:
 
 
For the Trailing Twelve Months Ending
July 31,
(Dollar amounts in millions)
 
2012
 
2011
CALCULATION OF RETURN ON INVESTMENT
Numerator
 
 
 
 
Operating income
 
$
27,364

 
$
25,894

+ Interest income
 
185

 
159

+ Depreciation and amortization
 
8,336

 
7,920

+ Rent
 
2,570

 
2,110

= Adjusted operating income
 
$
38,455

 
$
36,083

 
 
 
 
 
Denominator
 
 
 
 
Average total assets of continuing operations (1)
 
$
194,682

 
$
185,299

+ Average accumulated depreciation and amortization (1)
 
50,314

 
46,263

- Average accounts payable (1)
 
35,492

 
34,435

- Average accrued liabilities (1)
 
17,784

 
17,681

+ Rent x 8
 
20,560

 
16,880

= Average invested capital
 
$
212,280

 
$
196,326

Return on investment (ROI)
 
18.1
%
 
18.4
%
 
 
 
 
 
CALCULATION OF RETURN ON ASSETS
Numerator
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations
 
$
16,994

 
$
16,283

Denominator
 
 
 
 
Average total assets of continuing operations (1)
 
$
194,682

 
$
185,299

Return on assets (ROA)
 
8.7
%
 
8.8
%
 
 
 
As of July 31,
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
Certain Balance Sheet Data
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets of continuing operations (2)
 
$
195,579

 
$
193,784

 
$
176,813

Accumulated depreciation and amortization
 
52,131

 
48,497

 
44,029

Accounts payable
 
36,067

 
34,917

 
33,953

Accrued liabilities
 
17,753

 
17,815

 
17,547

 
(1) The average is based on the addition of the account balance at the end of the current period to the account balance at the end of the prior period and
dividing by 2.
(2) Total assets of continuing operations as of July 31, 2012, 2011 and 2010 in the table above exclude assets of discontinued operations that are reflected in
the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets of $82 million, $88 million and $131 million, respectively.


20


Free Cash Flow
We define free cash flow as net cash provided by operating activities in a period minus payments for property and equipment made in that period. We generated free cash flow of $6.1 billion compared to $4.0 billion for the six months ended July 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The increase in free cash flow was primarily due to improvement in inventory management, timing related to 401(k) plan payments and improved operating performance.
Free cash flow is considered a non-GAAP financial measure. Management believes, however, that free cash flow, which measures our ability to generate additional cash from our business operations, is an important financial measure for use in evaluating the Company’s financial performance. Free cash flow should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, income from continuing operations as a measure of our performance and net cash provided by operating activities as a measure of our liquidity.
Additionally, our definition of free cash flow is limited, in that it does not represent residual cash flows available for discretionary expenditures as the measure does not deduct the payments required for debt service and other contractual obligations or payments made for business acquisitions. Therefore, we believe it is important to view free cash flow as a measure that provides supplemental information to our entire statement of cash flows.
Although other companies report their free cash flow, numerous methods may exist for calculating a company’s free cash flow. As a result, the method used by our management to calculate free cash flow may differ from the methods other companies use to calculate their free cash flow. We urge you to understand the methods used by other companies to calculate their free cash flow before comparing our free cash flow to that of such other companies.
The following table sets forth a reconciliation of free cash flow, a non-GAAP financial measure, to net cash provided by operating activities, which we believe to be the GAAP financial measure most directly comparable to free cash flow, as well as information regarding net cash used in investing activities and net cash used in financing activities.
 
 
Six Months Ended July 31,
(Amounts in millions)
 
2012
 
2011
Net cash provided by operating activities
 
$
11,595

 
$
9,708

Payments for property and equipment
 
(5,522
)
 
(5,671
)
Free cash flow
 
$
6,073

 
$
4,037

 
 
 
 
 
Net cash used in investing activities (1)
 
$
(5,698
)
 
$
(8,892
)
Net cash used in financing activities
 
(4,778
)
 
(206
)
(1) “Net cash used in investing activities” includes payments for property and equipment, which is also included in our computation of free cash flow.


21


Results of Operations
The following discussion of our results of operations is based on our continuing operations and excludes any results or discussion of our discontinued operations.
Consolidated Results of Operations
Three and six months ended July 31, 2012 and 2011
 
 
Three Months Ended July 31,
 
Six Months Ended July 31,
(Amounts in millions, except unit counts)
 
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
Net sales
 
$
113,534

 
$
108,638

 
$
225,806

 
$
212,053

Percentage change from comparable period
 
4.5
%
 
5.5
%
 
6.5
%
 
4.9
%
Total U.S. calendar comparable store and club sales increase
 
2.1
%
 
0.6
%
 
3.4
%
 
0.6
%
Gross profit rate
 
24.6
%
 
24.7
%
 
24.3
%
 
24.6
%
Operating income
 
$
6,698

 
$
6,383

 
$
13,085

 
$
12,279

Operating income as a percentage of net sales
 
5.9
%
 
5.9
%
 
5.8
%
 
5.8
%
Unit counts
 
10,351

 
9,667

 
10,351

 
9,667

Retail square feet
 
1,047

 
1,015

 
1,047

 
1,015

Our consolidated net sales increased 4.5% and 6.5% for the three and six months ended July 31, 2012, respectively, when compared to the three and six months ended July 31, 2011. The increases in net sales were due to 3.2% year-over-year growth in retail square feet and positive comparable store and club sales across the Company. In addition, the fiscal 2012 acquisitions accounted for $1.9 billion and $3.8 billion of the net sales increases during the three and six months ended July 31, 2012, respectively. The increases in net sales were partially offset by $2.2 billion and $3.0 billion of negative impact from fluctuations in currency exchange rates during the three and six months ended July 31, 2012, respectively.
Our gross profit rate declined 18 and 23 basis points for the three and six months ended July 31, 2012, respectively, when compared to the same periods in the previous year. The Walmart U.S. and Walmart International segments realized a decline in gross profit rate during the three and six months ended July 31, 2012, primarily due to the impact of price investment in the Walmart U.S. segment and acquisitions in the Walmart International segment, partially offset by a slight improvement in gross profit rate from the Sam’s Club segment due to a favorable impact from product mix.
Operating expenses, as a percentage of net sales, declined 20 and 28 basis points for the three and six months ended July 31, 2012, respectively, when compared to the same periods in the previous year, as the Company continues to focus on leveraging expenses. Operating expenses included FCPA-related expenses of $34 million and $51 million for the three and six months ended July 31, 2012, respectively. The Company leveraged expenses for the three and six months ended July 31, 2012.
Our effective income tax rates were 32.8% and 33.1% for the three and six months ended July 31, 2012, respectively, and we expect the effective tax rate for fiscal 2013 to be at the lower end of the previous guidance of 32.5% to 33.5%. This compares to our effective income tax rates of 32.2% and 32.8% for the three and six months ended July 31, 2011, respectively. Our effective income tax rate may fluctuate from quarter to quarter as a result of factors including changes in our assessment of certain tax contingencies, valuation allowances, changes in tax law, outcomes of administrative audits, the impact of discrete items and the mix of earnings among our U.S. and international operations where the statutory rates are generally lower than the U.S. statutory rate.
As a result of the factors discussed above, we reported $4.2 billion and $8.1 billion of income from continuing operations for the three and six months ended July 31, 2012, respectively, compared to $3.9 billion and $7.5 billion for the three and six months ended July 31, 2011, respectively.


22


Walmart U.S. Segment
Three and six months ended July 31, 2012 and 2011
 
 
Three Months Ended July 31,
 
Six Months Ended July 31,
(Amounts in millions, except unit counts)
 
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
Net sales
 
$
67,357

 
$
64,893

 
$
133.698

 
$
127,562

Percentage change from comparable period
 
3.8
%
 
0.4
 %
 
4.8
%
 
0.5
 %
Calendar comparable store sales increase (decrease)
 
1.9
%
 
(1.1
)%
 
3.1
%
 
(1.0
)%
Operating income
 
$
5,251

 
$
4,989

 
$
10,284

 
$
9,646

Operating income as a percentage of net sales
 
7.8
%
 
7.7
 %
 
7.7
%
 
7.6
 %
Unit counts
 
3,913

 
3,822

 
3,913

 
3,822

Retail square feet
 
632

 
620

 
632

 
620

Net sales for the Walmart U.S. segment increased 3.8% and 4.8% during the three and six months ended July 31, 2012, respectively, when compared to the same periods in the previous year. The increases in net sales were primarily due to increases in comparable store sales of 1.9% and 3.1% as a result of improved ticket and traffic for the three and six months ended July 31, 2012, respectively, combined with year-over-year growth in retail square feet of 1.9%. Our focus on expanded merchandise assortment and price leadership drove our sales performance.
Gross profit rate declined 20 and 22 basis points during the three and six months ended July 31, 2012, respectively, compared to the same periods in the previous year. The decline in gross profit rate is primarily due to our continued focus on our price investment strategy to lower retail price points on numerous merchandise categories.
Operating expenses, as a percentage of segment net sales, declined 27 and 33 basis points during the three and six months ended July 31, 2012, respectively, compared to the same periods in the previous year, primarily due to our continued focus on productivity and expense management.
 
Walmart International Segment
Three and six months ended July 31, 2012 and 2011
 
 
Three Months Ended July 31,
 
Six Months Ended July 31,
(Amounts in millions, except unit counts)
 
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
Net sales
 
$
32,016

 
$
30,099

 
$
64,093

 
$
58,004

Percentage change from comparable period
 
6.4
%
 
16.2
%
 
10.5
%
 
13.9
%
Operating income
 
$
1,484

 
$
1,408

 
$
2,803

 
$
2,496