|• FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTER ENDED APRIL 30, 2012 • CERTIFICATION OF CEO PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 • CERTIFICATION OF CFO PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 • CERTIFICATION OF CEO/CFO PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 • XBRL INSTANCE FILE • XBRL SCHEMA FILE • XBRL CALCULATION FILE • XBRL LABEL FILE • XBRL PRESENTATION FILE|
ANGEION CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
ANGEION CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
ANGEION CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Angeion Corporation (the Company), through its Medical Graphics Corporation subsidiary, designs and markets non-invasive cardiorespiratory diagnostic systems that are sold under the MedGraphics and New Leaf brand and trade names. These cardiorespiratory diagnostic systems have a wide range of applications in healthcare, wellness, and health and fitness.
The consolidated balance sheet as of April 30, 2012, the consolidated statements of comprehensive loss for the three and six months ended April 30, 2012 and 2011, and the consolidated statements of cash flows for the six months ended April 30, 2012 and 2011, and the related information presented in these notes have been prepared by management in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X, without audit. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of results have been included. The consolidated balance sheet at October 31, 2011 was derived from the audited consolidated financial statements as of that date. Operating results for the three and six months ended April 30, 2012 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending October 31, 2012. For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in Angeion Corporations Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended October 31, 2011.
Comprehensive loss is a measure of all non-owner changes in shareholders equity and includes items such as net loss, certain foreign currency translation items, minimum pension liability adjustments and changes in the value of available-for-sale securities. Other comprehensive income (loss) for the periods ended April 30, 2012 and 2011 is comprised of unrealized gains (losses) on available-for-sale securities.
Preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities made in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Estimates include accounts receivable, product warranty and inventory reserves, and depreciable lives of property, equipment and intangible assets (including internal software development costs).
The Company determined there were no events subsequent to April 30, 2012, that required recognition or disclosure in these consolidated financial statements, except as disclosed in Note 3.
The Company recognizes revenue when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, transfer of title has occurred or services have been rendered, the selling price is fixed or determinable and collectability is reasonably assured. The Companys products are sold for cash or on unsecured credit terms requiring payment based on the shipment date. Credit terms can vary between customers due to many factors, but are generally, on average, 30-60 days. Revenue, net of discounts, is generally recognized upon shipment or delivery to customers in accordance with written sales terms. Standard sales terms do not include customer acceptance conditions, future credits, rebates, price protection or general rights of return. The terms of sales to both domestic customers and international distributors are identical, although adherence to these terms is more pervasive with domestic customers than with international customers. In instances when a customer order specifies final acceptance of the system, revenue is deferred until all customer acceptance criteria have been met. Estimated warranty obligations are recorded upon shipment.
Service contract revenue is based on a stated contractual rate and is deferred and recognized ratably over the service period, which is typically from one to four years. Deferred income associated with service contracts was $2,239,000 and $2,368,000 at April 30, 2012 and October 31, 2011, respectively. Revenue from installation and training services provided to customers is deferred until the service has been performed. The amount of deferred installation and training revenue was $79,000 and $152,000 at April 30, 2012 and October 31, 2011, respectively.
When a sales arrangement involves multiple deliverables, such as equipment, installation services and training, the amount of the consideration from the sale is allocated to each respective element based on selling price and is recognized as revenue when revenue recognition criteria for each element is met. Consideration allocated to delivered equipment that the Company has concluded has value to the customer on a standalone basis is equal to the total arrangement consideration less the selling price of installation and training. The selling price of installation and training services is based on specific objective evidence, including third-party invoices.
No customer accounted for more than 10% of revenues in any of the three- or six-month periods ended April 30, 2012 and 2011.
Advance Payments from Customers
The Company typically does not receive advance payments from its customers in connection with the sale of its products. The Company occasionally enters into an arrangement under which a customer agrees to purchase a large quantity of product that will be delivered over a period of time. Depending on the size of these arrangements, the Company may negotiate an advance payment from these customers. At April 30, 2012, advance payments from customers aggregated $141,000, while at October 31, 2011, advance payments from customers aggregated $31,000. Revenue recognition for customer orders that include advance payments is consistent with the Companys revenue recognition policy described above.
Internal Software Development Costs
Internal software development costs consist primarily of internal salaries and consulting fees for developing software platforms for sale to or use by customers within equipment purchased from the Company. We capitalize costs related to the development of our software products, as all of our products are to be used as an integral part of a product or process to be sold or leased. This software is primarily related to our BreezeSuite platform, including underlying support systems.
We capitalize costs related to software developed for new products and significant enhancements of existing products once technological feasibility has been reached and all research and development for the components of the product have been completed. These costs will be amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life of the related product, not to exceed seven years, commencing with the date the product becomes available for general release to our customers. At each of April 30, 2012 and October 31, 2011, we have not yet amortized any capitalized software costs because the software has not yet been released for use. The achievement of technological feasibility and the estimate of a products economic life require managements judgment. Any changes in key assumptions, market conditions or other circumstances could result in an impairment of the capitalized asset and a charge to our operating results.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Fair Value Measurement - During May 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2011-04, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRSs. ASU No. 2011-04 changes certain fair value measurement principles and enhances certain fair value disclosure requirements, particularly for Level 3 measurements. ASU No. 2011-04 is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011 and is required to be applied prospectively. The Companys adoption of ASU No. 2011-04 did not have a material effect on its results of operations, financial position or cash flows.
Presentation of Comprehensive Income - During June 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-05, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Presentation of Comprehensive Income. ASU No. 2011-05 requires the presentation of comprehensive income in either a single continuous financial statement or two separate, but consecutive financial statements. ASU No. 2011-05 also includes a provision requiring the presentation of reclassification adjustments from other comprehensive income to net income on the face of the financial statements. During December 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-12, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Deferral of the Effective Date for Amendments to the Presentation of Reclassifications of Items Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income in Accounting Standards Update No. 2011-05, which deferred this requirement in order to allow the FASB more time to determine whether reclassification adjustments should be required to be presented on the face of the financial statements. ASUs No. 2011-05 and 2011-12 are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2011 and are required to be applied retrospectively. The Company adopted ASU 2011-05 in this report for the period ended April 30, 2012. The adoption did not have a material effect on its results of operations, financial position or cash flows.
The Angeion Corporation 2007 Stock Incentive Plan (the 2007 Plan) and the Angeion Corporation 2002 Stock Option Plan (the 2002 Plan) both provide that incentive stock options and nonqualified stock options to purchase shares of common stock may be granted at prices determined by the Compensation Committee, except that the purchase price of incentive stock options may not be less than the fair market value of the stock at date of grant. Under the 2007 Plan, all options expire no later than seven years from the grant date while under the 2002 Plan all options expire no later than ten years from the grant date. Options under both plans are subject to various vesting schedules. In addition, the 2007 Plan allows the granting of restricted stock awards, stock appreciation rights and performance stock.
Total share-based compensation expense included in the Companys statement of operations for the three months ended April 30, 2012 and 2011 was $46,000 and $72,000, respectively and for the six months ended April 30, 2012 and 2011 was $183,000 and $107,000, respectively.
A summary of our option activity for the six-month periods ended April 30, 2012 and 2011 follows:
The following table summarizes information concerning stock options outstanding as of April 30, 2012:
The total intrinsic value of options exercised during the three months ended April 30, 2012 and 2011 was $0 and $83,000, respectively. The total intrinsic value of options exercised during the six months ended April 30, 2012 and 2011 was $53,000 and $105,000, respectively. The total intrinsic value of options outstanding and exercisable at April 30, 2012 was $54,000, which was calculated using the closing stock price as of April 30, 2012 less the exercise price of in-the-money options. The Company issues new shares when stock options are exercised. Cash received from the exercise of stock options was $40,000 and $48,000 for the six months ended April 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively and there was no related tax benefit realized due to the Companys current tax loss position. There was no unrecognized compensation expense related to outstanding stock options as of April 30, 2012.
The Company uses the Black-Scholes option-pricing model (Black-Scholes model) to determine the fair value of stock options as of the grant date. The fair value of stock options under the Black-Scholes model requires management to make assumptions regarding projected employee stock option exercise behaviors, risk-free interest rates, volatility of the Companys stock price and expected dividends. The Company did not grant any options during any of the three- or six-month periods ended April 30, 2012 and 2011.
Restricted Stock Awards
Restricted stock awards are awards of common stock that are subject to restrictions on transfer and to a risk of forfeiture if the awardee leaves the Company before the restrictions lapse. The holder of a restricted stock award is generally entitled at all times on and after the date of issuance of the restricted shares to exercise the rights of a shareholder of the Company, including the right to vote the shares. The value of stock awards was established by the market price on the date of grant. A summary of the Companys restricted stock activity for the six months ended April 30, 2012 and 2011 is presented in the following table.
Unrecognized compensation expense related to outstanding restricted stock awards as of April 30, 2012 was $353,000. The Company expects to recognize this over a weighted average period of 2.22 years.
Employee Stock Purchase Plan
The Angeion Corporation 2003 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (Purchase Plan) allows participating employees to purchase shares of the Companys common stock at a discount through payroll deductions. The Purchase Plan is available to all employees subject to certain eligibility requirements. Terms of the Purchase Plan provide that participating employees may purchase the Companys common stock on a voluntary after-tax basis. Employees may currently purchase the Companys common stock at a price that is the lower of 85% of the fair market value of one share of common stock at the beginning or end of each stock purchase period or phase. The Purchase Plan is carried out in six-month phases, with phases beginning on January 1 and July 1 of each calendar year. For the phase that ended on December 31, 2011, employees purchased 2,504 shares at a price of $4.47 per share. As of April 30, 2012, the Company has withheld approximately $26,000 from employees participating in the phase that began on January 1, 2012. At April 30, 2012, 47,136 shares of common stock were available for future purchase under the Purchase Plan. In the May 30, 2012 annual meeting, the shareholders adopted plan amendments that increased the available shares by 100,000 shares.
Performance Share Awards
As a part of the compensation arrangements, on December 15, 2011, the Companys chief executive officer was awarded 25,090 shares of Company common stock to be delivered if the Company meets the specified operating earnings target in fiscal 2012. The officer is not entitled to rights of ownership and shares are not regarded as either issued or outstanding until delivered. These shares were valued at $117,000, with $16,000 recognized as expense in the quarter ended January 31, 2012. In the quarter ended April 30, 2012, the Company reversed this $16,000 as it is no longer probable that the shares will be awarded.
Performance share awards to non-employee consultants are an obligation within a consulting arrangement that does not grant any ownership rights until the shares are issued. The value of stock awards to non-employees remains variable until performance criteria have been achieved, when individual shares groups to be granted vest, establishing the value of each group over the dates that its related performance criteria was completed. Under variable accounting, amounts are expensed in relation to the shares expected to be granted over the performance period, with value of those whose performance criteria has been met at the market value on the date earned and value of all others marked to market as of the reporting date. At April 30, 2012, of the 24,000 shares available to be earned, 6,500 have vested with an aggregate market value fixed at $32,000. The Company does not expect the remaining 17,500 potential shares in the arrangement to be fully earned. Shares expected to be earned by the end of the agreement on the July 31, 2012 were valued at $26,000 at April 31, 2012. Expense (reversal) for the three and six months ended April 30, 2012 was $(20,000) and $15,000, respectively.
The following table presents the statement of operations classification of pre-tax stock-based compensation expense recognized for the three and six months ended April 30, 2012 and 2011:
The intangible assets are being amortized using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets, which range from five to ten years. Amortization expense was $109,000 and $105,000 the three months ended April 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively and $217,000 and 210,000 for the six months ended April 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Estimated amortization expense for each of the succeeding fiscal years based on the intangible assets as of April 30, 2012 is as follows:
The table above does not include estimated amortization expense for patents of $142,000, included in developed technology, or capitalized software of $945,000, neither of which has been placed in service. The Company capitalized software development costs of $171,000 and $48,000 during the three months ended April 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively and $356,000 and $138,000 during the six months ended April 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The Company expects to amortize this software over seven years upon completion of this development project.
Sales of the Companys equipment are subject to a warranty obligation. Equipment warranties typically extend for a period of twelve months from the date of installation. Standard warranty terms are included in customer contracts. Under the terms of these warranties, the Company is obligated to repair or replace any components or assemblies that it deems defective in workmanship or materials. The Company reserves the right to reject warranty claims if it determines that failure is due to normal wear, customer modifications, improper maintenance or misuse. The Company maintains a warranty reserve that reflects the estimated expenses that it will incur to honor the warranties on its products. The Company adjusts the warranty reserve based on the number and type of equipment that is subject to warranty, adjusted for the remaining months of warranty coverage. The warranty reserve adjustment reflects the Companys historical warranty experience based on type of equipment. Warranty provisions and claims for the six months ended April 30, 2012 and 2011 were as follows:
Basic income (loss) per share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average shares outstanding during the reporting period. Diluted income per share is computed similarly to basic income (loss) per share except that in computing diluted income per share the weighted average shares outstanding are increased to include additional shares issuable from the assumed exercise of stock options, if dilutive, as well as the dilutive effects of any unvested restricted share awards. When results are losses, diluted loss per share does not include any of these dilutive effects in its calculation. When dilutive effects are included, the number of additional shares is calculated by assuming that outstanding stock options are exercised, outstanding restricted share grants vest and that the cash proceeds from the exercise together with the assumed employment value represented by the unamortized stock-based compensation were used to reacquire shares of common stock at the average market price during the reporting period.
The Company had unexpired options for the purchase of its common shares and unvested restricted and performance stock awards at April 30, 2012 and 2011 of 526,092 and 546,034 shares, respectively.
Shares used in the loss per share computations are as follows:
As a result of the net loss in the three and six months ended April 30, 2012 and 2011, the outstanding stock options and unvested restricted and performance stock shares were considered antidilutive and, therefore, were excluded from diluted loss per share of those periods.
The Company has recorded a provision for taxes from operations of $7,000 and $10,000 for the three months ended April 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. For the six-month periods ended April 30, 2012 and 2011, the provision for taxes from operations was $14,000 and $20,000, respectively.
At October 31, 2011, the reserve for uncertain tax positions was $41,000, increasing to $42,000 during the second quarter of fiscal 2012. The entire amount of the reserve is related to uncertainties regarding income tax nexus with various states in which the Company has limited activities. Included in the reserve is $17,000 of estimated interest and penalties. The total amount of the reserve has increased the Companys effective tax rate, and would therefore decrease the effective tax rate if removed.
Estimated interest and penalties related to potential underpayment of income taxes are classified as a component of tax expense in the consolidated statement of comprehensive loss. The Company does not expect the amount of reserves for uncertain tax positions to change significantly in the next twelve months. Similarly, the Company does not anticipate that the total reserve for uncertain tax positions will significantly change due to the settlement of audits and the expiration of statutes of limitations within the next twelve months.
The Company files a consolidated federal income tax return in the United States Federal jurisdiction and files various combined and separate tax returns in several state and local jurisdictions. For United States federal tax, the Company is no longer subject to examinations by the authorities for fiscal years ending prior to November 1, 2008. The expiration dates of the statute of limitations related to the various state income tax returns that the Company files vary by state. There is no statute of limitations for assessments related to jurisdictions where the Company may have a nexus but has chosen not to file an income tax return.
The Company had a federal net operating loss carry forward at October 31, 2011 of approximately $15.9 million. This amount is the remaining utilizable carry forward following the application of a limit due to an ownership change under Internal Revenue Code Section 382 that occurred during the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2006. This carry forward is available to offset a portion of taxes payable in future years. If not used, this carry forward will expire in the years 2012 through 2031. The Company also has $109,000 of alternative minimum tax credit carry forwards that do not have expiration dates. Even though the Company has substantial federal net operating loss carry forwards, any income may still be subject to U.S. and State alternative minimum taxes.
The Company has recorded a full valuation allowance against its net deferred tax asset based on its belief that it was more likely than not that the asset would not be realized in the future. Although this determination was made in a prior fiscal year, it is still applicable as of April 30, 2012, and the Company will continue to assess the need for a full valuation allowance in future quarters. Any reduction of the valuation allowance related to post-bankruptcy net operating losses and other deferred tax assets would (i) first affect earnings as a reduction in the provision for taxes and (ii) thereafter, the remaining $0.9 million would increase additional paid-in capital as these deferred tax assets represent employee stock-based compensation tax deductions included in the Companys net operating losses.
During the first quarter of fiscal 2011, the Company incurred a charge of $418,000 included in general and administrative expenses, consisting of an accrual of separation payments for the former chief executive officer of $451,000 reduced by the effect of forfeitures of previously expensed unvested option and restricted stock award costs. During the quarter ended April 30, 2012, the Company incurred charges for separations in certain sales and marketing personnel in relation to executive leadership changes and cost savings force reductions.
The following table reconciles 2012 and 2011 second quarter and year-to-date activity for accrued separation expenses.
The Company operates in a single industry segment, the manufacture and sale of cardiorespiratory diagnostic products. The Company sells its products into many countries throughout the world. Net sales by geographic area are shown in the following table.
From time to time, the Company is also subject to claims and lawsuits that have been filed in the ordinary course of business. From time to time, the Company initiates lawsuits against others to enforce patents or to seek collection of debts in the ordinary course of business. There is no material pending or outstanding litigation at the current time.
The Company, through its Medical Graphics Corporation subsidiary, designs and markets non-invasive cardiorespiratory diagnostic systems that are sold under the MedGraphics and New Leaf brand and trade names. These cardiorespiratory diagnostic systems have a wide range of applications in healthcare, wellness, and health and fitness. Revenues consist of equipment, supplies and accessories sales as well as service revenues. Equipment, supplies and accessories sales reflect sales of non-invasive cardiorespiratory diagnostic equipment and aftermarket sales of peripherals and supplies. Service revenues consist of revenues from extended service contracts, non-warranty service visits and additional training.
Total revenues for the fiscal second quarter of 2012 were $6.3 million, compared to $6.8 million in 2011. Operating expenses for the fiscal second quarter of 2012 were $3.8 million, a decrease of 3.5% from the same period in 2011. Net loss for the three months ended April 30, 2012 was ($409,000), or ($0.11) per basic and diluted share, compared to a net loss of ($138,000), or ($0.04) per basic and diluted share, for the same period in 2011. Total revenues for the six months ended April 30, 2012 were $13.3 million compared to $13.9 million in 2011. Operating expenses for the six months ended April 30, 2012 were $8.1 million, a decrease of 2.6 % from $8.3 million in the same period in 2011. Net loss for the six months ended April 30, 2012 was ($658,000), or ($0.17) per basic and diluted share, compared to a net loss of ($462,000), or ($0.12) per basic and diluted share, for the same period in 2011.
The Company has been reviewing its strategic options with respect to its New Leaf branded health and fitness business and entered into a non-binding Letter of Intent with a non-affiliated third party during the quarter ended April 30, 2012. The completion of the sale of the New Leaf business is subject to the negotiation and execution of definitive agreements with this third party, which is not deemed certain to occur at April 30, 2012 or through the date of this filing.
Results of Operations
The following table contains selected information from the Companys consolidated statements of comprehensive loss, expressed as a percentage of revenues:
The following paragraphs discuss the Companys performance for the three- and six-month periods ending April 30, 2012 and 2011:
The Company experiences some seasonality in its revenues, with the first and fourth quarter of its fiscal year historically being its lowest and highest revenue quarters, respectively. The Company experiences additional variability in each quarter due to a number of factors, including customer budget cycles, product introductions, Company sales incentive programs, general economic conditions and the timing of customer orders.
Total revenue for the three months ended April 30, 2012, was $6.3 million compared to $6.8 million in the same period in 2011. This 7.4% decrease resulted from the Companys accommodation of requested short-term delays in customer order deliveries near quarter end. This delayed revenue added approximately $700,000 to order backlog compared to April 30, 2011 levels and resulted from new customer facility-related delays, customer IT-related delays, and group purchasing organization contingencies. The Company expects to ship these orders and recognize substantially all the related revenue in the second half of fiscal 2012. These delays were the primary reason for the 5.1% decrease in domestic revenue during the three months ended April 30, 2012. International revenue decreased by 18.3% from prior year period levels primarily reflecting weaker performance in Canada and the Far East regions.
During the second quarter, equipment, supplies and accessories sales totaled $5.1 million, a decrease of 12.1% compared to $5.8 million during last years period. Service revenue increased 16% to $1.1 million, versus $987,000 in last years second quarter. Recurring revenue, comprised of supplies and service revenues, increased by 10.8% to $3.2 million and accounted for 51.5% of total revenues.
Gross margin percentage for the three months ended April 30, 2012 was 55.4% compared to 57.3% in the same period in 2011, while the gross margin percentage for the six months ended April 30, 2012 was 55.9% compared to 56.8% in the 2011 period. The percentage decreases in the 2012 periods were primarily attributable to reduced sales volume and increased provisions for obsolete inventory of $70,000. We expect that gross margin percentage levels to remain in the mid-50% range during the remaining fiscal 2012 quarters.
Selling and Marketing
Selling and marketing expense decreased 6.8% to $1,937,000 for the three months ended April 30, 2012 from $2,079,000 for the comparable period of 2011. The $142,000 decrease in selling and marketing expense is primarily due to reduced sales commissions and marketing-related expenses totaling $155,000. The Company also reduced its management incentive accrual totaling $55,000 during the three-month period ending April 30, 2012. Offsetting these decreases, adjustments to selling and marketing personnel resulted in non-recurring expenses of $192,000 but resulted in savings within the quarter of $141,000. Additionally, group purchasing organization fees increased by $54,000 compared to the prior year period.
Selling and marketing expense decreased 2.9% to $4,008,000 for the six months ended April 30, 2012 from $4,126,000 for the comparable period of 2011. The $118,000 decrease in selling and marketing expense during the first half of fiscal 2012 is primarily from decreases in sales commissions and marketing-related expenses totaling $209,000. The Company also incurred reduced management incentive accruals of $88,000 during the first half of fiscal 2012. Offsetting these decreases, adjustments to selling and marketing personnel required non-recurring expense charges of $192,000, which with other first quarter personal savings, gave rise to personnel savings within the six months of $163,000. Additionally, group purchasing organization fees increased by $96,000 compared to the prior year period.
General and Administrative
General and administrative expense increased 3.2% to $967,000 for the three months ended April 30, 2012 from $937,000 for the comparable period of 2011. The $30,000 increase in general and administrative expense is primarily due to $148,000 in increased compensation and consultant related costs for the additional administrative staff that joined the Company in late fiscal 2011 and in the current fiscal 2012 period. This increase was partially offset by $88,000 in reduced accruals for management incentives and a $26,000 reversal of the allowance for doubtful accounts receivable due to collections of previously written off accounts.
General and administrative expense decreased 7.6% to $2,150,000 for the six months ended April 30, 2012 from $2,327,000 for the comparable period of 2011. The $177,000 decrease is primarily due to the absence of a one-time charge of $418,000 (net of stock-based compensation reversal of $33,000) related to the separation of a former chief executive officer, which occurred during the Companys first quarter of 2011. The remaining difference is primarily comprised of $266,000 in increased compensation and consultant related costs for the additional administrative staff that joined the Company in late fiscal 2011 and in the current fiscal 2012 period, as well as $77,000 in increased stock-based compensation. These increases were partially offset by $69,000 in reduced accruals for management incentives.
Research and Development
Research and development expense decreased 3.6% to $870,000 for the three months ended April 30, 2012 from $902,000 for the comparable period of 2011. The $32,000 decrease is primarily due to reduced recruitment cost and management incentive accruals of $55,000 and $23,000, respectively. These reductions were offset in part by additional staff costs of $39,000 and ongoing product development expense of $22,000. In addition, approximately $175,000 of incurred costs were capitalized in the second quarter of fiscal 2012, versus $48,000 in 2011, as software in progress related to development costs after the projects achieved technological feasibility. As we have discussed previously, while this capitalized cost spending affects our cash flow and to a lesser extent our bottom line, we believe that both of these investments provide the foundation for a future product pipeline of new integrated patient care and consumer health programs that will deliver sustained growth. Portions of these software projects will be ongoing during the remainder of fiscal 2012, when we expect the benefits of this effort will become available for use in our product offerings.
Research and development expense increased 4.4% to $1,736,000 for the six months ended April 30, 2012 from $1,663,000 for the comparable period of 2011. The $73,000 increase is primarily due to additional staff costs of $107,000 and increased ongoing product development expense of $76,000. These increases were offset in part by decreases from reduced recruitment cost and management incentive accrual of $80,000 and $14,000, respectively. In addition, approximately $360,000 of incurred costs were capitalized in the first half of fiscal 2012, versus $138,000 in 2011 as software in progress as described above.
Amortization of Intangibles
Amortization of developed technology was $109,000 and $217,000 for the three and six months ended April 30, 2012, respectively, and $105,000 and $210,000 for the three and six months ended April 30, 2011. We expect $105,000 of these costs to be recurring quarterly through the remainder of fiscal 2012, when the related assets will be fully amortized. The release of products incorporating software currently being capitalized will require the amortization of those software costs in the periods following their expected releases.
Provision for Income Taxes
The Company is required to present the provision for taxes as if it were fully taxable in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Accounting Standards Codification 852-740. In prior years, the Company used its pre-emergence bankruptcy NOLs in the calculation of its income taxes payable but is still required to pay U.S. and State alternative minimum taxes (AMT) in certain jurisdictions, even though it has substantial federal and state NOL carry forwards available. During the three- and six-month periods ended April 30, 2012 and 2011, the Company did not use any tax benefits related to pre-emergence bankruptcy NOLs. See note 8 to the consolidated financial statements, Income Taxes, in this Form 10-Q for additional discussion of the accounting for income taxes.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
The Company has financed its liquidity needs over the last several years through revenue generated by the operations of its Medical Graphics Corporation subsidiary.
The Company had cash, cash equivalents and investments of $9.3 million and working capital of $12.8 million as of April 30, 2012.
During the first half of fiscal 2012, the Company reported a net loss of $658,000. However, cash flows from operating activities for the period were $584,000, primarily due to reductions in accounts receivable of $1,945,000 and the add-back of non-cash expenses totaling $526,000 for depreciation, amortization and stock-based compensation expense. These favorable changes were offset in part by increases in inventory of $703,000 to prepare for the release of our Real Time Diffusion (RTD) product line and $395,000 for accounts payable reductions. We began to sell RTD products in late March 2012.
For the six months ended April 30, 2012, the Company used $505,000 of cash for the purchase of property and equipment and intangible assets, primarily $ 356,000 for software capitalization, and received $241,000 from the sale of maturing investment grade debt instruments.
The Company received cash from financing activities of $51,000 during the six months ended April 30, 2012, which primarily consisted of proceeds from the exercise of stock options and the issuance of shares under the Employee Stock Purchase Plan. The Company spent $10,000 within its currently authorized share repurchase program, which has $2,792,000 remaining in the current program authorized through July 31, 2013.
The Company believes that its liquidity and capital resource needs for fiscal 2012 and the following twelve months will be met through its cash flows resulting from operations, as well as current cash, cash equivalents and investments.
In addition, as previously discussed, the Company has developed a market-focused approach to strategically leverage the strength of its MedGraphics brand and worldwide selling and distribution capability. The Company has held discussions with various potential strategic product and technology partners. The Company may use some of its cash and capital resources in the acquisition of new technologies or businesses. Although the Company is continuing to look at a number of these opportunities, it currently has no agreements or understandings with any of these third parties.
Forward Looking Statements.
The discussion above contains forward-looking statements about Angeions future financial results and business prospects that by their nature involve substantial risks and uncertainties. You can identify these statements by the use of words such as anticipate, believe, estimate, expect, project, intend, plan, will, target, and other words and terms of similar meaning in connection with any discussion of future operating or financial performance or business plans or prospects. Our actual results may differ materially depending on a variety of factors including: (1) national and worldwide economic and capital market conditions, including the continuing uncertainty in the European market; (2) continuing cost-containment efforts in our hospital, clinic and office markets; (3) remaining as a qualified provider for several large group purchasing organizations, thereby ensuring continued access to our market and efficiently increasing our sales potential to expanded numbers of companies using these buying groups; (4) any changes in the patterns of medical reimbursement that may result from national healthcare reform; (5) our ability to successfully operate our business, including successfully converting our increasing research and development expenditures into new and improved cardiorespiratory diagnostic products and services and selling these products and services under the MedGraphics and New Leaf brand names into existing and new markets; (6) our ability to complete our software development initiatives and migrate our MedGraphics and New Leaf platforms to a next generation technology; (7) our ability to maintain our cost structure at a level that is appropriate to our near to mid-term revenue expectations and that will enable us to increase revenues and profitability as opportunities develop; (8) our ability to expand our international revenue through our distribution partners and our Milan, Italy representative branch office; (9) our ability to successfully defend ourselves from product liability claims related to our cardiorespiratory diagnostic products and claims associated with our prior cardiac stimulation products; (10) our ability to defend our existing intellectual property and obtain protection for intellectual property we develop in the future; (11) our ability to develop and maintain an effective system of internal controls and procedures and disclosure controls and procedures; (12) our dependence on third-party vendors; and (13) the ability of new members of our senior management to make a successful transition into their new roles and for all members of senior management to ultimately develop and implement a strategic plan. Additional information with respect to the risks and uncertainties faced by the Company may be found in, and the above discussion is qualified in its entirety by, the other risk factors that are described from time to time in the Companys Securities and Exchange Commission reports, including the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended October 31, 2011.
(a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Management, with the participation of the Companys chief executive officer, Gregg O. Lehman, Ph.D., and chief financial officer, Robert M. Wolf, has evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of the disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as of the end of the period covered by this report. Management has concluded that the Companys disclosure controls and procedures are effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that the Company files under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the SEC and that the disclosure controls are also effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the Companys Exchange Act reports is accumulated and communicated to management, including the chief executive officer and principal accounting officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
(b) Changes in Internal Controls
There have been no changes in internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the second fiscal quarter of 2012 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrants internal control over financial reporting.
From time to time, the Company is also subject to claims and lawsuits that have been filed in the ordinary course of business. From time to time, the Company initiates lawsuits against others to enforce patents or to seek collection of debts in the ordinary course of business. There is no material pending or outstanding litigation at the current time.
We described the most significant risk factors applicable to the Company in Part I, Item 1A Risk Factors of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended October 31, 2011. We believe there have been no material changes from the risk factors disclosed in that Annual Report on Form 10-K.
In the three months ended April 30, 2012, the Company repurchased shares of its common stock, as follows:
(1) The Company instituted the stock repurchase program on March 16, 2010, and between that date and October 31, 2010, it repurchased 466,049 shares of common stock at a cost of $2,024,000, completing the original program.
On April 15, 2011, the Company announced its Board had authorized a $2.0 million extension to the stock repurchase program. On May 26, 2011, the Company announced the Board had increased this amount to $3.0 million. On March 8, 2012, the Companys Board of Directors authorized an extension of its stock repurchase program until July 31, 2013. As of April 30, 2012, the Company had $2,792,000 authorized for future purchases under this program. Under the program, the Company may purchase common stock in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions.
Subsequent to the 2012 Annual Meeting of Shareholders of Angeion Corporation, the Board of Directors appointed the following directors to the committees listed below:
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.