PINX:MKTY Mechanical Technology Inc Quarterly Report 10-Q Filing - 6/30/2012

Effective Date 6/30/2012

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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 ______________

FORM 10-Q

______________

x     QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED June 30, 2012

OR

o     TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM ____ TO ______

______________

Mechanical Technology, Incorporated

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

______________

 

New York

 

0-6890

 

14-1462255

(State or Other Jurisdiction

of Incorporation)

  

(Commission File Number)

  

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

 

325 Washington Avenue Extension, Albany, New York 12205

(Address of registrant’s principal executive office)

(518) 218-2550

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  x  No  o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes
x  No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act (check one):

 

Large accelerated filer  o     

Accelerated filer  o  Non-accelerated filer  o    Smaller reporting company  x

(Do not check if a small reporting company)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12B-2 of the Act). Yes oNo x

 

The number of shares of common stock, par value of $0.01 per share, outstanding as of August 3, 2012 was 5,256,883.

 

 


 


 

 

MECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY, INCORPORATED AND SUBSIDIARIES

INDEX

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

2

Item 1. Financial Statements

2

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2012 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2011

2

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)

 

For the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2012 and 2011

3

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity

 

For the Year Ended December 31, 2011 and Six Months Ended June 30, 2012 (Unaudited)

4

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)

 

For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2012 and 2011

5

 

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

6

 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

17

 

 

Item 4.  Controls and Procedures

25

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

25

 

 

Item 1.        Legal Proceedings

25

 

 

Item 1A.    Risk Factors

26

 

 

Item 2.       Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

27

 

 

Item 3.       Defaults Upon Senior Securities

27

 

 

Item 4.       Mine Safety Disclosures

27

 

 

Item 5.       Other Information

27

 

 

Item 6.       Exhibits

28

 

 

SIGNATURES

29

 

 

 

 

1


 


 

 

 

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

Mechanical Technology, Incorporated and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2012 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2011

 

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

June 30,

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2012

 

2011

 

Assets

 

Current Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Cash

 

$

1,444

 

$

1,669

 

   Accounts receivable

 

 

650

 

 

1,881

 

   Inventories

 

 

1,169

 

 

957

 

   Deferred income taxes, net

 

 

20

 

 

20

 

   Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

133

 

 

102

 

   Total Current Assets

 

 

3,416

 

 

4,629

 

Deferred income taxes, net

 

 

1,515

 

 

1,515

 

Property, plant and equipment, net

 

 

183

 

 

258

 

   Total Assets

 

$

5,114

 

$

6,402

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and Equity

 

Current Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Accounts payable

 

$

307

 

$

191

 

   Accrued liabilities

 

 

1,066

 

 

1,238

 

   Deferred revenue

 

 

58

 

 

58

 

      Total Current Liabilities

 

 

1,431

 

 

1,487

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and Contingencies (Note 11)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Common stock, par value $0.01 per share, authorized 75,000,000; 6,261,975 and 6,259,975 issued in 2012 and 2011, respectively

 

 

63

 

 

63

 

  Additional paid-in-capital

 

 

135,502

 

 

135,389

 

  Accumulated deficit

 

 

(121,488

)

 

(120,097

)

  Common stock in treasury, at cost, 1,005,092 shares in both 2012 and 2011

 

 

 

(13,754

)

 

   (13,754

)

   Total MTI stockholders’ equity

 

 

323

 

 

1,601

 

    Non-controlling interest

 

 

3,360

 

 

3,314

 

   Total Equity

 

 

3,683

 

 

4,915

 

   Total Liabilities and Equity

 

$

5,114

 

$

6,402

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

2

 


 


 

 

 

 

Mechanical Technology, Incorporated and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)

For the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2012 and 2011

 

(Dollars in thousands, except per share)

 

Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

June 30,

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2012

 

2011

 

2012

 

2011

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Product revenue

 

$

1,366

 

$

2,140

 

$

2,570

 

$

4,679

 

Funded research and development revenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13

 

     Total revenue

 

 

1,366

 

 

2,140

 

 

2,570

 

 

4,692

 

Operating costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     Cost of product revenue

 

 

740

 

 

850

 

 

1,318

 

 

1,789

 

     Research and product development expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

      Funded research and product development

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25

 

         Unfunded research and product development

 

 

337

 

 

373

 

 

710

 

 

758

 

     Total research and product development expenses

 

 

337

 

 

373

 

 

710

 

 

783

 

      Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

978

 

 

1,318

 

 

2,070

 

 

2,625

 

Operating loss

 

 

(689

)

 

(401

)

 

(1,528

)

 

(505

)

Gain on derivatives

 

 

 

 

29

 

 

 

 

73

 

Other income (expense), net

 

 

180

 

 

(23

)

 

183

 

 

(24)

 

      Loss before income taxes and non-controlling interest

 

 

(509

)

 

(395

)

 

(1,345

)

 

(456

)

Income tax benefit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

      Net loss, net of tax

 

 

(509

)

 

(395

)

 

(1,345

)

 

(456

)

Plus: Net (income) loss attributed to non-controlling interest

 

 

(61

)

 

298

 

 

(46

)

 

553

 

      Net (loss) income attributed to MTI

 

$

(570

)

$

(97

)

$

(1,391

)

$

97

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Loss) earnings per share attributable to MTI (Basic and Diluted)

 

$

(.11

)

$

(.02

)

$

(.26

)

$

.02

 

Weighted average shares outstanding (Basic and Diluted)

 

 

5,256,246

 

 

4,771,658

 

 

5,255,564

 

 

4,771,658

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3

 


 


 

 

 

 

MECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY, INCORPORATED AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity

For the Year Ended December 31, 2011

and the Six Months Ended June 30, 2012 (Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

 

 

 

 

Treasury Stock

 

 

 

 

 

(Dollars in thousands)

Shares

 

Amount

 

Additional Paid-

in-Capital

 

Accumulated

Deficit

 

Shares

 

Amount

 

Non-Controlling

Interest (NCI)

 

Total

Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2010

5,776,750

 

$

58

 

$

134,733

  

$   

(122,483)

 

1,005,092

 

(13,754)

 

$

3,405

    

$

1,959

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income attributed to MTI

-

 

-

 

-

 

2,386

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

2,386

 

Stock based compensation

-

 

-

 

 360

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

360

 

Issuance of shares – restricted stock

483,225

 

5

 

                     296

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

301

 

Net loss attributed to NCI

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(738)

 

(738)

 

Equity contribution to NCI

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

647

 

647

 

December 31, 2011

6,259,975

 

$

      63

 

$

135,389

 

$

(120,097)

 

1,005,092

 

$

(13,754)

 

$

3,314

 

$

4,915

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss attributed to MTI

-

 

-

 

-

 

(1,391)     

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(1,391)

 

Stock based compensation

-

 

-

 

112

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

112

 

Issuance of shares – common stock

2,000

 

-

 

1

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

1

 

Net income attributed to NCI

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

46

 

46

 

June 30, 2012

6,261,975

 

$

63

 

$

135,502

 

$

(121,488)

 

1,005,092

 

$

(13,754)

 

$

3,360

 

$

3,683

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

4

 


 


 

 

 

 

MECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY, INCORPORATED AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)

For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2012 and 2011

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

2012

 

2011

 

Operating Activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(1,345

)

$

(456

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    Gain on derivatives

 

 

 

 

(73

)

   Depreciation

 

 

73

 

 

187

 

   (Gain) loss on disposal of equipment

 

 

(130

)

 

35

 

   Stock based compensation

 

 

113

 

 

202

 

   Provision for excess and obsolete inventories

 

 

68

 

 

16

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Accounts receivable

 

 

1,231

 

 

82

 

   Inventories

 

 

(280

)

 

(258

)

   Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

20

 

 

27

 

   Accounts payable

 

 

116

 

 

118

 

   Deferred revenue

 

 

 

 

32

 

   Accrued liabilities

 

 

(172

)

 

212

 

Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities

 

 

(306

)

 

124

 

Investing Activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of equipment

 

 

(10

)

 

(108

)

Proceeds from sale of equipment

 

 

91

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

 

81

 

 

(108

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financing Activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from the sale of subsidiary equity and warrants issued

 

 

 

 

458

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

 

 

458

 

(Decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(225

)

 

474

 

Cash - beginning of period

 

 

1,669

 

 

1,118

 

Cash - end of period

 

$

1,444

 

$

1,592

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

5

 


 


 

 

MECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY, INCORPORATED

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)

 

 

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

1.             Nature of Operations

Description of Business

Mechanical Technology, Incorporated (MTI or the Company), a New York corporation, was incorporated in 1961. MTI operates in two segments, the Test and Measurement Instrumentation segment, which is conducted through MTI Instruments, Incorporated (MTI Instruments), a wholly-owned subsidiary, and the New Energy segment, which is conducted through MTI MicroFuel Cells Incorporated (MTI Micro), a variable interest entity (VIE) that is included in these condensed consolidated financial statements and described further below in Note 2.

 

MTI Instruments was incorporated in New York on March 8, 2000 and is a worldwide supplier of precision non-contact physical measurement solutions, portable balancing equipment and wafer inspection tools. MTI Instruments’ products use a comprehensive array of technologies to solve complex, real world applications in numerous industries including manufacturing, semiconductor, solar, commercial and military aviation, automotive and data storage. MTI Instruments’ products consist of electronic gauging instruments for position, displacement and vibration application within the design, manufacturing/production, test and research market; wafer characterization of semi-insulating and semi-conducting wafers within both the semiconductor and solar industries; tensile stage systems for materials testing at academic and industrial settings; and engine vibration analysis systems for both military and commercial aircraft.

 

MTI Micro was incorporated in Delaware on March 26, 2001, and has been developing Mobion®, a handheld energy-generating device to replace current lithium-ion and similar rechargeable battery systems in many handheld electronic devices for the military and consumer markets. Mobion® handheld generators are based on direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) technology, which has been recognized as an enabling technology for advanced portable power sources by the scientific community and industry analysts. As the need for advancements in portable power increases, MTI Micro has been developing Mobion® as a solution for advancing current and future electronic device power needs of the portable electronics market. As of June 30, 2012, the Company owned approximately 47.6% of MTI Micro’s outstanding common stock. Although MTI Micro continues to believe in the potential of its Mobion® based power solutions, it has suspended its MTI Micro operations until such time as market demand and other deciding factors, including obtaining additional external financing, the successful completion of customer trials, a new development program with a government agency, and/or a customer order, come to fruition. MTI Micro will continue to seek additional capital from external sources to resume operations and fund future development, if any. If MTI Micro is unable to secure additional financing, a new development program or customer order, the MTI Micro Board of Directors will assess other options for MTI Micro, including the sale of its intellectual property portfolio and other assets. 

 

Liquidity

 

The Company has historically incurred significant losses, the majority stemming from the direct methanol fuel cell product development and commercialization programs of MTI Micro, and had a consolidated accumulated deficit of $121.5 million as of June 30, 2012.  During the six months ended June 30, 2012, the Company generated a net loss attributed to MTI of $1.4 million and cash used in operating activities totaling $306 thousand. As of June 30, 2012, the Company had approximately $1.4 million of cash available to fund future operations and working capital of approximately $2.0 million, a $1.1 million decrease from $3.1 million at December 31, 2011. The Company currently has no debt outstanding. While it cannot be assured, management believes that, due in part to our current backlog and cost control initiatives, the Company will resume positive cash flows in the second half 2012 to fund the Company’s operations for the foreseeable future.  

 

The Company expects to continue funding its operations from current cash, its projected 2012 cash flow pursuant to management’s current plan, and possible draw downs from its existing line of credit, if necessary. The Company may also seek to supplement its resources through the sales of additional assets (including its investment in MTI Micro).  Besides the line of credit at MTI Instruments, the Company has no other commitments for funding future needs of the organization at this time and such additional financing during 2012 may not be available to the Company on acceptable terms, if at all. 

 

 

2.             Basis of Presentation

In the opinion of management, the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, which are of a normal recurring nature, necessary for a fair statement of the results for the periods presented in accordance with United States of America Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (U.S. GAAP) and with the instructions to Form 10-Q in Article 10 of the Securities Exchange Commissions (SEC) Regulation S-X.  The results of operations for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year.

 

 

6

 


 


 

 

 

 

 

Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the annual consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.

 

The information presented in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2011 has been derived from the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements. All other information has been derived from the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and June 30, 2011.

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiary, MTI Instruments and its VIE, MTI Micro. The Company is the primary beneficiary of the VIE.  All intercompany balances and transactions are eliminated in consolidation. The Company reflects the impact of the equity securities issuances in its investment in the VIE and additional paid-in-capital accounts for the dilution or anti-dilution of its ownership interest in the VIE.

 

The Company has performed an analysis under the VIE accounting model and determined that MTI Micro is a VIE. One of the criteria for determining whether an entity is a VIE is determining if the entity, MTI Micro, has equity at risk. Management has concluded that MTI Micro does not have equity at risk to fund operations into its next phase of development. Further, the Company has determined that it is the primary beneficiary of MTI Micro, and therefore should include MTI Micro’s results of operations in the Company’s consolidated financial statements. 

 

The Company's analysis to determine the primary beneficiary of MTI Micro focused primarily on determining which variable interest holder has the power to direct the activities that would have the most significant impact on the financial performance of MTI Micro. MTI Micro is governed by its own Board of Directors and significant decisions are made by a majority vote of this board. MTI does not have control of the MTI Micro Board of Directors; however, as of June 30, 2012, the Company’s Board of Directors and the MTI Micro Board of Directors consist of the same members, except for one additional director on the Company Board. Under the Articles of Incorporation of MTI Micro, each share of MTI Micro stock is entitled to a vote, and further, holders of a majority of the shares of MTI Micro's common stock have the ability to reconstitute the board. As of June 30, 2012, MTI, Counter Point Ventures Fund II, LP (Counter Point), Dr. Walter L. Robb, a member of the Company’s and MTI Micro’s Board of Directors, and Peng Lim, CEO and board member own 47.6%, 45.2%, 5.1% and 0.5% of the common shares of MTI Micro, respectively. Counter Point is a venture capital fund sponsored and managed by Dr. Robb. Since no entity of the related parties has power but, as a group, the Company and its related parties have the power, then the party within the related party group that is most closely associated with the VIE, MTI Micro, is the primary beneficiary.  Even though Dr. Robb and Counterpoint combined control a majority of the outstanding common stock, and they have the ability to elect the directors of MTI Micro and decide whether to continue to seek business opportunities for MTI Micro or instead seek opportunities to sell the intellectual property, they have not elected to do so. The Company continues to oversee the day to day operations, exercise management decision making, seek opportunities to sell intellectual property, and has a vested interest in the commercialization of MTI Micro’s fuel cell technology. Since inception in 2001, the Company has made the largest investment and been the principal funder of MTI Micro. The Company has also been exposed to losses and has the ability to benefit from MTI Micro. Considering the facts and circumstances, management believes the Company is most closely associated with the VIE, MTI Micro, and therefore, it is the primary beneficiary.   

 

Should there be a change in the facts and circumstances (such as undertaking additional activities, a change in governance or a change to the related party group) in the future, management will reassess whether the Company remains the primary beneficiary and should continue to include MTI Micro in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.  

 

Non-controlling interests (NCI) are classified as stockholders’ equity in the condensed consolidated financial statements. The condensed consolidated income statement presents condensed net income (loss) for both the Company and the non-controlling interests. The calculation of earnings per share is based on net income (loss) attributable to the Company.

 

Reclassifications

 

It is the Company’s policy to reclassify prior year consolidated financial statements to conform to current year presentation, if applicable. Prior period amounts related to prototype evaluation agreements have been reclassified.  The three months ended June 30, 2011 and the six months ended June 30, 2011 were adjusted by $14 thousand and $100 thousand, respectively.  The financial statement lines impacted in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations were reductions to “Unfunded and Total research and product development expenses and Operating loss” and increased expenses to “Other income (expense), net.”   

 

 

7

 


 


 

 

 

 

3.             Accounts Receivable

 

Receivable balances consist of the following at:

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Test and Measurement Instrumentation

 

New Energy

 

Consolidated Totals

June 30, 2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. Government

 

$

6

 

$

 

$

6

Commercial

 

 

644

 

 

 

 

644

  Total

 

$

650

 

$

 

$

650

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2011

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. Government

 

$

990

 

$

 

$

990

Commercial

 

 

887

 

 

4

 

 

891

  Total

 

$

1,877

 

$

4

 

$

1,881

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, the largest commercial customer represented 9.6% and 17.1%, respectively, and a U.S. governmental agency represented 14.7% and 7.7%, respectively, of the Company’s Test and Measurement Instrumentation segment product revenue. As of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the largest commercial customer represented 10.5% and 10.0%, respectively, and a U.S. governmental agency represented 0.3% and 52.7%, respectively, of the Company’s Test and Measurement Instrumentation segment accounts receivable.

 

As of June 30, 2012, there were no outstanding receivables for the New Energy segment. The balance as of December 31, 2011 represents minimal amounts due for service contracts.

 

As of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Company had no allowance for doubtful uncollectible accounts receivable.

 

4.             Inventories

Inventories consist of the following at:

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

June 30, 2012

 

December 31, 2011

 

Finished goods

 

$

423

 

$

310

 

Work in process

 

 

302

 

 

211

 

Raw materials

 

 

444

 

 

436

 

 

 

$

1,169

 

$

957

 

 

As of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Company had an inventory reserve of $311 thousand and $243 thousand, respectively.

 

5.             Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, plant and equipment consist of the following at:

 

 

     

June 30, 2012

     

December 31, 2011

(Dollars in thousands)

 

 

Leasehold improvements

 

$

954

 

$

1,213

Computers and related software

 

 

1,719

 

 

2,130

Machinery and equipment

 

 

1,392

 

 

3,541

Office furniture and fixtures

 

 

277

 

 

457

 

 

 

4,342

 

 

7,341

Less accumulated depreciation

 

 

4,159

 

 

7,083

 

 

$

183

 

$

258

 

8

 


 


 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation expense was $73 thousand and $307 thousand for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and the year ended December 31, 2011, respectively.  In conjunction with the suspension of MTI Micro in late 2011, sales of certain surplus equipment on hand were made during the three months ended June 30, 2012.  This resulted in a net gain on sale of $130 thousand.  As of June 30, 2012, $91 thousand of the sales proceeds have been received and $51 thousand was due to the Company and included in “Prepaid expenses and other current assets” on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of June 30, 2012.   

 

6.             Income Taxes

 

During the quarter ended June 30, 2012, the Company’s effective income tax rate was 0%. The projected annual effective tax rate is less than the Federal statutory rate of 35%, primarily due to the permanent difference related to the stock-based compensation expense for employees of MTI Micro who transferred to MTI. For the quarter ended June 30, 2011, the Company’s effective income tax rate was also 0%.  The difference between the annual effective tax rate and the Federal statutory rate was the result of the change in the valuation allowance and the gain on derivative.

During the six months ended June 30, 2012, the Company’s effective income tax rate was 0%. The projected annual effective tax rate is less than the Federal statutory rate of 35%, primarily due to the permanent difference related to the stock-based compensation expense for employees of MTI Micro who transferred to MTI. For the six months ended June 30, 2011, the Company’s effective income tax rate was also 0%.  The difference between the annual effective tax rate and the Federal statutory rate was the result of the change in the valuation allowance and the gain on derivative.

The Company provides for recognition of deferred tax assets if the realization of such assets is more likely than not to occur in accordance with accounting standards that address income taxes.  Significant management judgment is required in determining the period in which the reversal of a valuation allowance should occur. The Company has considered all available evidence, both positive and negative, such as historical levels of income and future forecasts of taxable income amongst other items, in determining whether a full or partial release of our valuation allowance is required. In addition, the Company’s assessment requires us to schedule future taxable income in accordance with accounting standards that address income taxes to assess the appropriateness of a valuation allowance which further requires the exercise of significant management judgment.

As a result of our analyses in 2011, the Company released a portion of our valuation allowance against its deferred tax assets. The partial release of the valuation allowance caused an incremental tax benefit of $1.5 million to be recognized in the fourth quarter of 2011. The release of a portion of the valuation allowance was based upon a recent cumulative income history for MTI and its subsidiary exclusive of MTI Micro (MTI Micro files separate federal and state tax returns) causing the Company to evaluate what portion of the Company's deferred tax assets it believes are more likely than not to be realized. The Company has determined that it expects to generate sufficient levels of pre-tax earnings in the future to realize the net deferred tax assets recorded on the balance sheet at June 30, 2012. The Company has projected such pre-tax earnings utilizing a combination of historical and projected results, taking into consideration existing levels of permanent differences, non-deductible expense and the reversal of significant temporary differences.  The Company needs to generate approximately $225 thousand of taxable income in each year over the next twenty years to ensure the realizability of the approximately $1.5 million of deferred tax assets recorded on the condensed consolidated balance sheet at June 30, 2012.

The Company believes that the accounting estimate for the valuation of deferred tax assets is a critical accounting estimate because judgment is required in assessing the likely future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in our financial statements or tax returns. The Company based the estimate of deferred tax assets and liabilities on current tax laws and rates and, in certain cases, business plans and other expectations about future outcomes. In the event that actual results differ from these estimates or the Company adjusts these estimates in future periods, the Company may need to adjust the recorded valuation allowance, which could materially impact our financial position and results of operations. The valuation allowance was approximately $18 million at June 30, 2012 and $20 million at December 31, 2011, respectively. This decrease was primarily the result of a one-time adjustment in the deferred tax asset related to stock compensation expense for options that have lapsed or been voluntarily surrendered to the Company. The Company will continue to evaluate the ability to realize its deferred tax assets and related valuation allowances on a quarterly basis.

 

 

7.             Stockholders’ Equity

 

Common Stock

 

The Company has one class of common stock, par value $.01.  Each share of the Company’s common stock is entitled to one vote on all matters submitted to stockholders.  As of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, there were 5,256,883 and 5,254,883 shares of common stock issued and outstanding, respectively.

 

 

9

 


 


 

 

 

 

 

Changes in common shares issued and treasury stock outstanding are as follows:

 

 

 

Six Months Ended

June 30, 2012

 

Year Ended

December  31, 2011

 

Common Shares

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, beginning

 

6,259,975

 

5,776,750

 

 Issuance of shares for common stock grants

 

2,000

 

 

 Issuance of shares for restricted stock grants

 

 

483,225

 

Balance, ending

 

6,261,975

 

6,259,975

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Treasury Stock

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, beginning

 

1,005,092

 

1,005,092

 

Balance, ending

 

1,005,092

 

1,005,092

 

 

Warrants Issued

On December 20, 2006, the Company issued warrants to investors to purchase 378,472 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $18.16 per share. These warrants were fair valued by the Company until their expiration on December 19, 2011.

 

The Company recognized these derivatives as liabilities in the statement of financial position and measured these instruments at fair value. The fair value of the derivative was recorded in the “Derivative liability” line on the financial statements, and was valued quarterly using the Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model. Gains and losses on derivatives are included in “Gain / Loss on derivatives” in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations. During the six month period ended June 30, 2011, the Company recognized a gain on derivatives of $73 thousand.

 

Reservation of Shares

The Company had reserved common shares for future issuance as of June 30, 2012 as follows:

 

Stock options outstanding

 

412,555

 

Common stock available for equity awards or issuance of options

 

600,000

 

Number of common shares reserved

 

1,012,555

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings (Loss) per Share

The Company computes basic income (loss) per common share by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the reporting period. Diluted income (loss) per share reflects the potential dilution, if any, computed by dividing income (loss) by the combination of dilutive common share equivalents, comprised of shares issuable under outstanding investment rights, warrants and the Company’s share-based compensation plans, and the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the reporting period. Dilutive common share equivalents include the dilutive effect of in-the-money stock options, which are calculated based on the average share price for each period using the treasury stock method. Under the treasury stock method, the exercise price of a stock option, the amount of compensation cost, if any, for future service that the Company has not yet recognized, and the amount of windfall tax benefits that would be recorded in additional paid-in capital, if any, when the stock option is exercised are assumed to be used to repurchase shares in the current period.

Not included in the computation of earnings per share, assuming dilution, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, were options to purchase 412,555 shares of the Company’s common stock. These potentially dilutive items were excluded because the Company incurred a loss for this period and their inclusion would be anti-dilutive.

 

Not included in the computation of earnings per share, assuming dilution, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, were options to purchase 850,236 shares of the Company’s common stock and warrants to purchase 378,472 shares of the Company’s common stock. These potentially dilutive items were excluded because the average market price of the common stock did not exceed the exercise prices of the options and warrants for this period.

 

 

 

10

 


 


 

 

 

 

8.             Issuance of Common Stock, Warrants and Stock Options by MTI Micro

 

As of June 30, 2012, the Company owned approximately 47.6% of MTI Micro’s outstanding common stock, or 75,049,937 shares, and 53.3% of common stock and warrants issued, which includes 32,904,136 outstanding warrants. The number of shares of MTI Micro common stock authorized for issuance is 240,000,000 as of June 30, 2012.

 

Common Stock Issued – MTI Micro

 

On January 11, 2010, MTI Micro entered into a Purchase Agreement with Counter Point. Counter Point is a venture capital fund sponsored and managed by Dr. Walter L. Robb, a member of the Board of Directors of the Company and MTI Micro, and a current stockholder of MTI Micro. Pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, MTI Micro issued and sold to Counter Point 28,571,429 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share (the MTI Micro Common Stock), at a purchase price per share of $0.07, over a period of twelve months, and warrants (MTI Micro Warrants) to purchase shares of MTI Micro Common Stock equal to 20% of the shares of MTI Micro Common Stock purchased under the Purchase Agreement at an exercise price of $0.07 per share. The sale and issuance of the MTI Micro Common Stock and MTI Micro Warrants occurred over multiple closings (each, a Closing). Nine Closings occurred through December 31, 2010, with MTI Micro raising $1.9 million from the sale of 26,952,386 shares of MTI Micro Common Stock and MTI Micro Warrants to purchase 5,390,477 shares of MTI Micro Common Stock to Counter Point.  The final Closing occurred on January 5, 2011, with MTI Micro raising $113 thousand from the sale of 1,619,043 shares of MTI Micro Common Stock and MTI Micro Warrants to purchase 323,809 shares of MTI Micro Common Stock to Counter Point.

 

On February 9, 2011, Amendment No. 1 was entered into between MTI Micro and Counter Point. Pursuant to Amendment No. 1, MTI Micro issued and sold to Counter Point 6,428,574 shares of MTI Micro Common Stock at a purchase price per share of $0.07, through December 31, 2011, and MTI Micro Warrants to purchase shares of MTI Micro Common Stock equal to 20% of the shares of MTI Micro Common Stock purchased under Amendment No. 2 at an exercise price of $0.07 per share. The sale and issuance of the MTI Micro Common Stock and MTI Micro Warrants occurred over multiple closings (each, a Closing) occurring over four one-month closing periods (each, a Closing Period). Four Closings occurred through September 30, 2011, with MTI Micro raising $450 thousand from the sale of 6,428,574 shares of MTI Micro Common Stock and MTI Micro Warrants to purchase 1,285,715 shares of MTI Micro Common Stock to Counter Point.

 

On September 23, 2011, Amendment No. 2 was entered into between MTI Micro and Counter Point. Pursuant to Amendment No. 2, MTI Micro issued and sold to Counter Point 1,200,000 shares of MTI Micro Common Stock at a purchase price per share of $0.07, through December 31, 2011, and MTI Micro Warrants to purchase shares of MTI Micro Common Stock equal to 20% of the shares of MTI Micro Common Stock purchased under Amendment No. 2 at an exercise price of $0.07 per share. The sale and issuance of the MTI Micro Common Stock and MTI Micro Warrants occurred over multiple closings (each, a Closing) occurring over three one-month closing periods (each, a Closing Period). Three Closings occurred through December 31, 2011, with MTI Micro raising $84 thousand from the sale of 1,200,000 shares of MTI Micro Common Stock and MTI Micro Warrants to purchase 240,000 shares of MTI Micro Common Stock to Counter Point.

 

The following table represents changes in ownership between the Company and non-controlling interests (NCI) in common shares of MTI Micro:

 

 

 

 

MTI

 

Non Controlling Interest (NCI)

 

 

 

Average

 

 

 

Ownership

 

 

 

Ownership

 

 

 

Price

 

Shares

 

%

 

Shares

 

%

 

Total Shares

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at 12/31/10

 

 

75,049,937

 

50.6

 

73,325,490

 

49.4

 

148,375,427

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Stock issued under Purchase Agreement, 2011

$0.07

 

 

 

 

 

1,619,043

 

 

 

1,619,043

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance after Purchase Agreement

 

 

75,049,937

 

50.04

 

74,944,533

 

49.97

 

149,994,470

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Stock issued under Amendment No. 1

$0.07

 

 

 

 

 

6,428,574

 

 

 

6,428,574

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Stock issues under Amendment No. 2

$0.07

 

 

 

 

 

1,200,000

 

 

 

1,200,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at 12/31/11

 

 

75,049,937

 

47.61

 

82,573,107

 

52.39

 

157,623,044

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at 6/30/12

 

 

75,049,937

 

47.61

 

82,573,107

 

52.39

 

157,623,044

 

 

 

 

 

11

 


 


 

Reservation of Shares

 

MTI Micro has reserved common shares for future issuance, broken down between the Company and NCI, as follows as of June 30, 2012:

 

 

MTI

 

NCI

Total

Stock options outstanding

 

 

22,253,560

22,253,560

Warrants outstanding

 

32,904,136

 

12,196,411

45,100,547

Number of shares reserved for outstanding options and warrants

 

32,904,136

 

34,449,971

67,354,107

 

 

In addition, MTI Micro has 15,688,637 stock options available for issuance.

 

As of June 30, 2012, the Company owned an aggregate of approximately 47.6% of the outstanding shares of MTI Micro or 53.3% of the outstanding common stock and warrants issued of MTI Micro, and Counter Point and Dr. Robb owned approximately 45.2% and 5.1%, respectively of the outstanding shares of MTI Micro or 40.3% and 4.3%, respectively of the outstanding common stock and warrants issued of MTI Micro.

 

Warrants Issued – MTI Micro

 

On December 9, 2009, MTI Micro issued warrants to the then current shareholders of MTI Micro, including the Company, without consideration, to purchase 32,779,310 shares of MTI Micro Common Stock at an exercise price of $0.07 per share. The warrants became exercisable on December 9, 2010 and expire on December 8, 2017. The warrants have been accounted for as an equity distribution of $2.0 million, including warrants to the Company with a value of $2.0 million, which were eliminated in consolidation.

 

On December 9, 2009, MTI Micro issued warrants to the Bridge Investors of MTI Micro, including the Company, to purchase 5,081,237 shares of MTI Micro Common Stock at an exercise price of $0.07 per share. The MTI Micro Warrants became exercisable on December 9, 2009 and will expire on the earlier of: (i) April 15, 2014; (ii) immediately prior to a change in control; or (iii) immediately prior to an initial public offering of MTI Micro. The MTI Micro Warrants were issued without consideration and were accounted for as equity and a loss on extinguishment of debt was recorded in the amount of $289 thousand, including warrants to the Company with a value of $57 thousand, which were eliminated in consolidation.

 

Under the Purchase Agreement entered into on January 11, 2010, MTI Micro issued 5,714,286 MTI Micro Warrants to Counter Point to purchase shares of MTI Micro Common Stock at an exercise price of $0.07 per share. The MTI Micro Warrants became exercisable on the date of issuance and will expire on the earlier of: (a) the five (5) year anniversary of the Date of Issuance of the Warrant; (b) immediately prior to a change in control; or (c) the closing of a firm commitment underwritten public offering pursuant to a registration statement under the Securities Act. The MTI Micro Warrants were accounted for as equity.

 

Under Amendment No. 1 entered into on February 9, 2011, MTI Micro issued 1,285,715 MTI Micro Warrants to Counter Point to purchase shares of MTI Micro Common Stock at an exercise price of $0.07 per share. The MTI Micro Warrants became exercisable on the date of issuance and will expire on the earlier of: (a) the five (5) year anniversary of the Date of Issuance of the Warrant; (b) immediately prior to a change in control; or (c) the closing of a firm commitment underwritten public offering pursuant to a registration statement under the Securities Act. The MTI Micro Warrants were accounted for as equity.

 

Under Amendment No. 2 entered into on September 23, 2011, MTI Micro issued 240,000 MTI Micro Warrants to Counter Point to purchase shares of MTI Micro Common Stock at an exercise price of $0.07 per share. The MTI Micro Warrants became exercisable on the date of issuance and will expire on the earlier of: (a) the five (5) year anniversary of the Date of Issuance of the Warrant; (b) immediately prior to a change in control; or (c) the closing of a firm commitment underwritten public offering pursuant to a registration statement under the Securities Act. The MTI Micro Warrants were accounted for as equity.

 

9.             Fair Value Measurement

The Company performs a detailed analysis of financial assets and liabilities in determining the appropriate levels of classification. At each reporting period, all assets and liabilities for which the fair value measurements are based upon significant unobservable inputs are classified as Level 3. The derivative liability was valued using the Black-Sholes Option Pricing Model, which is based upon unobservable inputs. The derivative liability was $0 as of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011. The Company had no Level 1 and no Level 2 assets and liabilities as of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

 

 

 

12

 


 


 

 

 

 

The following is a rollforward of Level 3 fair value instruments for the twelve months ended December 31, 2011:

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Instrument

 

 

Beginning Balance as of January 1, 2011

 

 

Total (Gains) / Losses Realized and Unrealized

 

 

Purchases, Issuances, Sales and Settlements

 

 

Ending Balance as of

December 31, 2011

 

Derivative liability

 

$

73

 

$

(73)

 

$

 

$

 

Total Level 3 instruments

 

$

73

 

$

(73)

 

$

 

$

 

 

10.      Segment Information

The Company operates in two business segments, Test and Measurement Instrumentation and New Energy. The Test and Measurement Instrumentation segment designs, manufactures, markets and services high performance test and measurement instruments and systems, wafer characterization tools for the semiconductor and solar industries, tensile stage systems for materials testing at academic and industrial settings, and computer-based balancing systems for aircraft engines. The New Energy segment is focused on commercializing direct methanol fuel cells. The Company’s principal operations are located in North America.

 

The accounting policies of the Test and Measurement Instrumentation and New Energy segments are similar to those described in the summary of significant accounting policies in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K (Note 2). The Company evaluates performance based on profit or loss from operations before income taxes. Inter-segment sales and expenses are not significant.

 

Summarized financial information concerning the Company’s reportable segments is shown in the following table. The “Other” column includes corporate related items and items such as income taxes or unusual items, which are not allocated to reportable segments. The “Reconciling Items” column includes a non-controlling interest in a consolidated entity. In addition, segments’ non-cash items include any depreciation in reported profit or loss.

 

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Test and
Measurement
Instrumentation

 

New
Energy

 

Other

 

Reconciling
Items

 

Condensed
Consolidated
Totals

 

Three months ended June 30, 2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Product revenue

 

$

1,366

 

$

 

$

 

$

 

$

1,366

 

Research and product development expenses

 

 

337

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

337

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

433

 

 

60

 

 

485

 

 

 

 

978

 

Segment (loss) profit from operations before non-controlling interest

 

 

(345

)

 

116

 

 

(280

)

 

 

 

(509

)

Segment (loss) profit

 

 

(345

)

 

116

 

 

(280

)

 

(61

)

 

(570

)

Total assets

 

 

1,984

 

 

199

 

 

2,931

 

 

 

 

5,114

 

Capital expenditures

 

 

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

 

Depreciation

 

 

24

 

 

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

34

 

  

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Test and
Measurement
Instrumentation

 

New
Energy

 

Other

 

Reconciling
Items

 

Condensed
Consolidated
Totals

 

Three months ended June 30, 2011

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Product revenue

 

$

2,140

 

$

 

$

 

$

 

$

2,140

 

Research and product development expenses

 

 

268

 

 

105

 

 

 

 

 

 

373

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

545

 

 

388

 

 

385

 

 

 

 

1,318

 

Segment profit (loss) from operations before non-controlling interest

 

 

359

 

 

(582

)

 

(172

)

 

 

 

(395

)

Segment profit (loss)

 

 

359

 

 

(582

)

 

(172

)

 

298

 

 

(97

)

Total assets

 

 

2,140

 

 

303

 

 

1,651

 

 

 

 

4,094

 

Capital expenditures

 

 

90

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

95

 

Depreciation

 

 

21

 

 

65

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

88

 

 

13

 


 


 

 

 

 

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Test and
Measurement
Instrumentation

 

New Energy

 

Other

 

Reconciling
Items

 

Condensed
Consolidated
Totals

 

Six months ended June 30, 2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Product revenue

 

$

2,570

 

$

 

$

 

$

 

$

2,570

 

Research and product development expenses (income)

 

 

711

 

 

(1

)

 

 

 

 

 

710

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

951

 

 

96

 

 

1,023

 

 

 

 

2,070

 

Segment (loss) profit from operations before non-controlling interest

 

 

(823

)

 

88

 

 

(610

)

 

 

 

(1,345

)

Segment (loss) profit

 

 

(823

)

 

88

 

 

(610

)

 

(46

)

 

(1,391

)

Total assets

 

 

1,984

 

 

199

 

 

2,931

 

 

 

 

5,114

 

Capital expenditures

 

 

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

 

Depreciation

 

 

49

 

 

24

 

 

 

 

 

 

73

 

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Test and
Measurement
Instrumentation

 

New Energy

 

Other

 

Reconciling
Items

 

Condensed
Consolidated
Totals

 

Six months ended June 30, 2011

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Product revenue

 

$

4,679

 

$

 

$

 

$

 

$

4,679

 

Funded research and development revenue

 

 

 

 

13

 

 

 

 

 

 

13

 

Research and product development expenses

 

 

598

 

 

185

 

 

 

 

 

 

783

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

1,078

 

 

781

 

 

766

 

 

 

 

2,625

 

Segment profit (loss) from operations before non-controlling interest

 

 

981

 

 

(1,107

)

 

(330

)

 

 

 

(456

)

Segment profit (loss)

 

 

981

 

 

(1,107

)

 

(330

)

 

553

 

 

97

 

Total assets

 

 

2,140

 

 

303

 

 

1,651

 

 

 

 

4,094

 

Capital expenditures

 

 

103

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

108

 

Depreciation

 

 

40

 

 

142

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

187

 

 

 

The following table presents the details of “Other” segment loss:

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Three Months Ended

June 30,

 

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 

 

 

2012

 

2011

 

2012

 

2011

 

Corporate and other (expenses) income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation

$

 

 

$

(2

)

$

 

$

(5

)

Salaries and benefits

 

 

(260

)

 

(176

)

 

(612

)

 

(352

)

Gain on derivatives

 

 

 

 

29

 

 

 

 

73

 

Other (expense) income, net

 

 

(20

)

 

(23

)

 

2

 

 

(46

)

Total “Other” segment loss

$

 

(280

)

$

(172

)

$

(610

)

$

(330

)

 

The increase in salaries and benefits from the comparable prior year periods relates to a transfer of employees from MTI Micro to the Company, a new corporate hire to reduce outside consulting expenses and the reinstatement of full salary for the Chief Executive Officer.

 

11.          Commitments and Contingencies

Commitments:

Leases

The Company and its subsidiary lease certain manufacturing, laboratory and office facilities. The leases generally provide for the Company to pay either an increase over a base year level for taxes, maintenance, insurance and other costs of the leased properties or the Company’s allocated share of insurance, taxes, maintenance and other costs of leased properties. The leases contain renewal provisions.

 

Future minimum rental payments required under non-cancelable operating leases (with initial or remaining lease terms in excess of one year) are (dollars in thousands): $140 thousand remaining in 2012, $285 thousand in 2013 and $266 thousand in 2014.

 

 

14

 


 


Warranties

Below is a reconciliation of changes in product warranty liabilities:

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 

 

2012

 

2011

 

Balance, January 1

 

$

26

 

$

36

 

Accruals for warranties issued

 

 

6

 

 

23

 

Settlements made (in cash or in kind)

 

 

(4

)

 

(6

)

Balance, end of period

 

$

28

 

$

53

 

 

Licenses

Under a 2002 NYSERDA contract, MTI Micro agreed to pay NYSERDA a royalty of 5.0% of the sales price of any product sold incorporating IP developed pursuant to the NYSERDA contract. If the product is manufactured by a New York State manufacturer, this royalty is reduced to 1.5%. Total royalties are subject to a cap equal to two times the total contract funds paid by NYSERDA to MTI Micro, and may be reduced to reflect any New York State jobs created by MTI Micro. As of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, there are no amounts accrued in the condensed consolidated balance sheets related to this royalty provision.

Under the 2010 NYSERDA contract, MTI Micro agreed to pay NYSERDA a royalty of 5.0% of the sales price of any product sold incorporating IP developed pursuant to the NYSERDA contract. The obligation commences on the first date of the first sale of these products and is in place for fifteen years. Total royalties are subject to a cap equal to three times the total contract funds paid by NYSERDA to MTI Micro. However, if the product is manufactured by a New York State manufacturer, this royalty is reduced to 1.5% and total royalties are subject to a cap equal to one times the total contract funds paid by NYSERDA to MTI Micro. As of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, there are no amounts accrued in the condensed consolidated balance sheets related to this royalty provision.

Employment Agreements

The Company has employment agreements with certain employees that provide severance payments, certain other payments, accelerated vesting and exercise extension periods of certain options upon termination of employment under certain circumstances, as defined in the applicable agreements. As of June 30, 2012, the Company’s potential maximum cash obligation to these employees was approximately $487 thousand.

Royalty Commitment

 

On January 28, 2010, MTI Instruments entered into an Asset Purchase and Sale Agreement with Ernest F. Fullam, Inc., Peter Fullam and Diane Fullam to acquire the tensile stage line of products from Ernest F. Fullam, Inc, a pioneering microscopy accessories company from Clifton Park , NY. As part of the acquisition, Mr. Peter Fullam joined MTI Instruments as a Product Sales Engineer until September 30, 2011, at which time he became a consultant for MTI Instruments, and MTI Instruments purchased machinery, inventory and the rights to use the Fullam/MTI Instruments product name. Additionally, commencing with the quarter ended March 31, 2010 and ending at the close of the quarter ending December 31, 2012, MTI Instruments will pay Ernest F. Fullam, Inc. a royalty equal to 5% of the Gross Sales achieved on specific Fullam products. Royalty expense related to this agreement was $0 and $3 thousand for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

 

Contingencies:

 

Legal

 

We are subject to legal proceedings, claims and liabilities which arise in the ordinary course of business. We accrue for losses associated with legal claims when such losses are probable and can be reasonably estimated. These accruals are adjusted as additional information becomes available or circumstances change. Legal fees are charged to expense as they are incurred.

 

12.          Line of Credit

 

On September 20, 2011, MTI Instruments entered into a working capital line of credit with First Niagara Bank, N.A.  Pursuant to the Demand Grid Note, MTI Instruments may borrow from time to time up to $400 thousand to support its working capital needs. The note is payable upon demand, and the interest rate on the note is equal to the prime rate with a floor of 4.0% per annum. The note is secured by a lien on all of the assets of MTI Instruments and is guaranteed by the Company. The line of credit was renewed on May 7, 2012. The line of credit is subject to a review date of June 30, 2013. Under the line of credit, MTI Instruments is required to hold a line balance of $0 for 30 consecutive days out during each consecutive year.  As of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, there were no amounts outstanding under the line of credit.

 

15

 


 


 

 

13.          Stock Based Compensation

The Mechanical Technology Incorporated 2012 Equity Incentive Plan (the 2012 Plan) was adopted by the Company’s Board of Directors on April 14, 2012 and approved by stockholders on June 14, 2012. The 2012 Plan provides an initial aggregate number of 600,000 shares of common stock which may be awarded or issued. The number of shares which may be awarded under the 2012 Plan and awards outstanding can be subject to adjustment on account of any recapitalization, reclassification, stock split, reverse stock split and other dilutive changes in Common Stock. Under the 2012 Plan, the Board of Directors is authorized to issue stock options (incentive and nonqualified), stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units and other stock-based awards to employees, officers, directors, consultants and advisors of the Company and its subsidiaries. Incentive stock options may only be granted to employees of the Company and its subsidiaries.

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2012, the Company granted 2,000 shares of the Company’s common stock from the 2006 Equity Incentive Plan, which immediately vested and the stock was issued to the holder. The fair value of this grant was $0.31 per share and was based on the closing market value price of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant.    

 

14.          New Accounting Pronouncements

In September 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued guidance on the presentation of comprehensive income. This guidance eliminates the current option to report other comprehensive income and its components in the statement of changes in equity. The guidance allows two presentation alternatives: (1) present items of net income and other comprehensive income in one continuous statement, referred to as the statement of comprehensive income; or (2) in two separate, but consecutive, statements of net income and other comprehensive income. This guidance is effective as of the beginning of a fiscal year that begins after December 15, 2011. Early adoption is permitted, but full retrospective application is required under both sets of accounting standards. The guidance also previously required the presentation of adjustments for items that are reclassified from other comprehensive income to net income in the statement where the components of net income and the components of other comprehensive income are presented; however, this portion of the guidance has been deferred. The Company adopted the guidance during the quarter ended March 31, 2012. The adoption of this new guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

Other pronouncements issued by the FASB, or other authoritative accounting standard groups with future effective dates, are either not applicable, or are not expected to be significant to the financial statements of the Company.

 

15.       Subsequent Events

The Company has evaluated subsequent events and transactions through the date of this filing for potential recognition or disclosure in the condensed consolidated financial statements and has noted no other subsequent events requiring recognition or disclosure other than as stated below. 

On July 2, 2012, the Governance, Compensation and Nominating Committee (the Committee) of the Board of Directors of the Company granted Kevin G. Lynch, the Company’s newest board member, options for 25,000 shares of the Company’s common stock and each of the remaining non-employee directors options for 12,500 shares of the Company’s common stock. The Committee also granted Peng Lim, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, options for 50,000 shares of the Company’s common stock and Rick Jones, the Company’s Chief Financial Officer, options for 25,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. All stock options granted have an exercise price equal to the closing price on July 2, 2012. Twenty-five percent of each award shall be exercisable on each of the first four anniversaries of the date of the award. All terms and conditions shall be in accordance with the 2012 Equity Incentive Plan. The Committee also established target bonuses for Mr. Lim.

On July 12, 2012, the Board of Directors of the Company appointed Kevin G. Lynch as the Lead Independent Director. The Board of Directors also established a cash compensation policy for non-employee directors. 

 

16

 


 


 

 

 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Unless the context requires otherwise, the terms “we,” “us,” and “our” refer to Mechanical Technology, Incorporated, a New York Corporation, “MTI Instruments” refers to MTI Instruments, Incorporated, a New York corporation and our wholly owned subsidiary, and “MTI Micro” refers to MTI MicroFuel Cells Incorporated, a Delaware corporation and variable interest entity that is included in these consolidated results. MTI Micro has a registered trademark in the United States for “Mobion.” Other trademarks, trade names, and service marks used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are the property of their respective owners.

 

The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included in Item 1 of Part I of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the audited consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations for the year ended December 31, 2011 contained in our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

In addition to historical information, the following discussion contains forward-looking statements, which involve risk and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements.  Important factors that could cause actual results to differ include those set forth in Part I Item 1A-Risk Factors in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011, as filed on March 27, 2012 as updated by Part II, Item 1A-Risk Factors of our Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2012, and this Form 10-Q and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Readers should not place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which the statements were made and are not guarantees of future performance. Except as may be required by applicable law, we do not undertake or intend to update any forward-looking statements after the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

Overview

 

MTI operates in two segments: the Test and Measurement Instrumentation segment, which is conducted through MTI Instruments, Incorporated (MTI Instruments), a wholly-owned subsidiary, and the New Energy segment, which is conducted through MTI MicroFuel Cells, Incorporated (MTI Micro), a variable interest entity (VIE) as of June 30, 2012. MTI and MTI Micro currently share the same Board of Directors, except for one additional director on the Company Board, while MTI also continues to oversee the day to day operations, exercise management decision making, seek opportunities to sell intellectual property, and have a vested interest in the commercialization of MTI Micro’s fuel cell technology. Since inception in 2001, MTI has made the largest investment and been the principal funder of MTI Micro. MTI has also been exposed to losses and has the ability to benefit from MTI Micro. Considering the facts and circumstances, management believes MTI is most closely associated with the VIE, MTI Micro, and therefore, it is the primary beneficiary.  Should there be a change in the facts and circumstances (such as undertaking additional activities, a change in governance or a change to the related party group) in the future, management will reassess whether MTI remains the primary beneficiary and should continue to include MTI Micro in MTI’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

  

Test and Measurement Segment – MTI Instruments is a worldwide supplier of metrology, portable balancing equipment and inspection systems.  Our products use state-of-the-art technology to solve complex real world applications in numerous industries including automotive, semiconductor, solar cell manufacturing, material testing, commercial and military aviation and data storage.  We are continuously working on ways to expand our sales reach, including expanded sales coverage throughout Europe and Asia, as well as a focus on internet marketing. 

 

Our test and measurement segment has three product groups: Precision Instruments, Semiconductor and Solar Metrology Systems, and Aviation Balancing Systems.  Our products consist of electronic, computerized gauging instruments for position, displacement and vibration applications for the design, manufacturing/production and test and research markets; metrology tools for wafer characterization of semiconductor and solar wafers; tensile stage systems for materials testing in research and industrial settings; and engine balancing and vibration analysis systems for both military and commercial aircraft.

 

In 2012, MTI Instruments was awarded a contract, potentially worth up to $917 thousand in product revenue, from the U.S. Air Force Metrology and Calibration Program Office (AFMETCAL) for the purchase of MTI Instruments portable balancing systems (PBS) calibration kits. As of June 30, 2012, MTI Instruments had recorded $769 thousand in orders, approximately 84% of the contract’s total potential value. In 2011, MTI Instruments was awarded a $4.1 million multi-year U.S. Air Force contract for the purchase of PBS4100+ portable aircraft engine balancing systems. As of June 30, 2012, MTI Instruments had recorded $855 thousand in orders, approximately 21% of the contract’s total potential value. MTI Instruments also has a multi-year U.S. Air Force contract to service and repair its existing fleet of PBS-4100/+ jet engine balancing systems with the latest diagnostic and balancing technology, which could potentially generate up to a total of $6.5 million in sales for the Company between 2009 and 2014.  As of June 30, 2012, MTI Instruments had recorded approximately $3.0 million in orders, approximately 46% of the contract’s total value. 

 

 

17


 


 


 

New Energy Segment - MTI Micro has been developing off-the-grid power solutions for various portable electronic devices. Our patented proprietary direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) technology platform, called Mobion®, converts methanol fuel to usable electricity capable of providing continuous power as long as necessary fuel flows are maintained. Our proprietary fuel cell power solution consists of two primary components integrated into an easily manufactured device: the direct methanol fuel cell power engine, which we refer to as our Mobion® Chip, and methanol fuel cartridges. The methanol used by the technology is fully biodegradable.

 

Although MTI Micro continues to believe in the potential of its Mobion® based power solutions, operations have been suspended at MTI Micro until such time as market demand and other deciding factors, including obtaining additional external financing, the successful completion of customer trials, a new development program with a government agency, and/or a customer order come to fruition. MTI Micro will continue to seek additional capital from external sources to resume operations and fund future development, if any. If MTI Micro is unable to secure additional financing, a new development program or customer order, the MTI Micro Board of Directors will assess other options for MTI Micro including the sale of its intellectual property portfolio and other assets.

 

 

Recent Developments

On April 12, 2012, Kevin G. Lynch was appointed to the Board of Directors and the Audit Committee of the Company.

On April 14, 2012, the Board of Directors and executive officers of the Company surrendered 355,459 stock options without consideration and without any obligation on the part of the Company to grant stock options in replacement thereof or other consideration relating thereto at any time in the future in order to make more stock options available for future grants.

The Mechanical Technology Incorporated 2012 Equity Incentive Plan (the 2012 Plan) was adopted by the Company’s Board of Directors on April 14, 2012 and approved by stockholders on June 14, 2012. The 2012 Plan provides an initial aggregate number of 600,000 shares of common stock which may be awarded or issued. The number of shares which may be awarded under the 2012 Plan and awards outstanding can be subject to adjustment on account of any recapitalization, reclassification, stock split, reverse stock split and other dilutive changes in Common Stock. Under the 2012 Plan, the Board of Directors is authorized to issue stock options (incentive and nonqualified), stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units and other stock-based awards to employees, officers, directors, consultants and advisors of the Company and its subsidiaries. Incentive stock options may only be granted to employees of the Company and its subsidiaries.

On June 18, 2012, the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors of the Company approved the dismissal of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP (PwC) and engaged UHY LLP (UHY) as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2012.

 

In conjunction with the suspension of MTI Micro in late 2011, sales of certain surplus equipment on hand were made during the three months ended June 30, 2012.  This resulted in a net gain on sale of $130 thousand.  As of June 30, 2012, $91 thousand of the sales proceeds have been received and $51 thousand was due to the Company and included in “Prepaid expenses and other current assets” on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of June 30, 2012.  

 

Results of Operations

Results of Operations for the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2012 Compared to the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2011.

 

Test and Measurement Instrumentation Segment

 

Product Revenue. Product revenue in our Test and Measurement Instrumentation segment for the three months ended June 30, 2012 decreased by $774 thousand, or 36.2%, to $1.4 million in 2012 from $2.1 million in 2011. This decrease in product revenue was primarily attributed to a 65% decline in capacitance product shipments stemming from production slowdowns at our customers in Asia.  Also contributing to the second quarter decline was a $340 thousand drop in aviation balancing system sales due to fewer shipments to commercial customers.  For the quarter ended June 30, 2012, the largest commercial customer for the segment was a European distributor, which accounted for $152 thousand, or 11.1%, of the second quarter revenue. In 2011, the largest commercial customer for the segment was a distributor in China which accounted for $250 thousand, or 11.7%, of the second quarter revenue. The U.S. Air Force was the largest government customer for the quarter ended June 30, 2012 and accounted for $239 thousand, or 17.5%, of the second quarter revenue. The U.S. Air Force was the largest government customer for the quarter ended June 30, 2011 and accounted for $246 thousand, or 11.5%, of the second quarter revenue. 

 

 

18


 


 


Product revenue in our Test and Measurement Instrumentation segment for the six months ended June 30, 2012 decreased by $2.1 million, or 45.1%, to $2.6 million in 2012 from $4.7 million in 2011. This decrease in product revenue was due primarily to a $1.1 million decline in aviation balancing equipment sales. In 2011, first quarter product revenue had included unique order activity for aviation balancing systems which began during the fourth quarter of 2010 and shipped during the first quarter of 2011.  Also in 2011, commercial aviation balancing equipment sales were higher during the second quarter as compared to the second quarter of 2012.  Further contributing to the current year-to-date decline has been a 47% drop in capacitance product shipments stemming from production slowdowns at our customers in Asia, fewer wafer metrology equipment shipments, most notably to the solar industry, and a 17.0% drop in other general instrumentation revenue.  For the six months ended June 30, 2012, the largest commercial customer for the segment was an Asian distributor, which accounted for $246 thousand, or 9.6%, of the year-to-date revenue. In 2011, the largest commercial customer for the segment was a U.S. military aerospace equipment subcontractor which accounted for $801 thousand, or 17.1%, of the year-to-date revenue. The U.S. Air Force was the largest government customer for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and accounted for $378 thousand, or 14.7%, of the year-to-date revenue. The U.S. Air Force was the largest government customer for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and accounted for $358 thousand, or 7.7%, of the year-to-date revenue.

 

Information regarding government contracts included in product revenue is as follows:

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

 

 

Revenues for the

Three Months Ended

June 30,

 

Revenue Contract
to Date

 

Total Contract
Orders Received
to Date

 

Contract (1)

 

Expiration

 

2012

 

2011

 

June 30, 2012

 

June 30, 2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$6.5 million Air Force Retrofit and Maintenance of PBS-4100 Systems

 

09/27/2014  (2)

 

$

49

 

$

120

 

$

3,017

 

$

3,017

$4.1 million Air Force PBS-4100 Systems

 

08/29/2015  (3)

 

$

171

 

$

 

$

855

 

$

855

$917 thousand Air Force PBS Calibration Kits

 

09/30/2014  (4)

 

$

 

$

 

$

 

$

769

__________________

 

(1)

Contract values represent maximum potential values and may not be representative of actual results.

(2)

Date represents expiration of contract, including all four potential option extensions.

(3)

Date represents expiration of contract, including all four potential option extensions.

(4)

Date represents expiration of contract, including two potential option extensions. 

          

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

 

 

Revenues for the

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 

Revenue Contract
to Date

 

Total Contract
Orders Received
to Date

Contract (1)

 

Expiration

 

2012

 

2011

 

June 30, 2012

 

June 30, 2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$6.5 million Air Force Retrofit and Maintenance of PBS-4100 Systems

 

09/27/2014  (2)

 

$

112

 

$

203

 

$

3,017

 

$

3,017

$4.1 million Air Force PBS-4100 Systems

 

08/29/2015  (3)

 

$

171

 

$

 

$

855

 

$

855

$917 thousand Air Force PBS Calibration Kits

 

09/30/2014  (4)

 

$

 

$

 

$

 

$

769

__________________

 

(1)

Contract values represent maximum potential values and may not be representative of actual results.

(2)

Date represents expiration of contract, including all four potential option extensions.

(3)

Date represents expiration of contract, including all four potential option extensions.

(4)

Date represents expiration of contract, including two potential option extensions. 

 

Cost of Product Revenue. Cost of product revenue in our Test and Measurement Instrumentation segment for the three months ended June 30, 2012 decreased by $110 thousand, or 12.9%, to $740 thousand in 2012 from $850 thousand in 2011 in conjunction with the aforementioned 36.2% decrease in product revenue.  Gross profit, as a percentage of product revenue, decreased to 45.8%, compared to 60.3% for the same period in 2011 due to the change in product mix, higher production overhead costs related to personnel additions and an increase to the inventory reserve to account for potentially obsolete/slow moving inventory. 

 

 

 

 

19


 


 


 

 

 

 

Cost of product revenue in our Test and Measurement Instrumentation segment for the six months ended June 30, 2012 decreased by $471 thousand, or 26.3%, to $1.3 million in 2012 from $1.8 million in 2011 in conjunction with the aforementioned 45.1% decrease in product revenue.  Gross profit, as a percentage of product revenue, decreased to 48.7%, compared to 61.8% for the same period in 2011 due to the change in product mix, higher production overhead costs related to personnel additions and an increase to the inventory reserve to account for potentially obsolete/slow moving inventory. 

 

Unfunded Research and Product Development Expenses. Unfunded research and product development expenses in our Test and Measurement Instrumentation segment for the three months ended June 30, 2012 increased by $69 thousand, or 25.6%, to $337 thousand in 2012 from $268 thousand in 2011. This increase was due to additional personnel costs.

 

Unfunded research and product development expenses in our Test and Measurement Instrumentation segment for the six months ended June 30, 2012 increased by $113 thousand, or 18.9%, to $711 thousand in 2012 from $598 thousand in 2011.  This increase was due to additional personnel costs and higher external development spending for new development projects.

 

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses in our Test and Measurement Instrumentation segment for the three months ended June 30, 2012 decreased by $112 thousand, or 20.5%, to $433 thousand in 2012 from $545 thousand in 2011.  This decrease is the result of reduced personnel costs and sales commissions, partially offset by higher consultant costs. 

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses in our Test and Measurement Instrumentation segment for the six months ended June 30, 2012 decreased by $127 thousand, or 11.8%, to $951 thousand in 2012 from $1.1 million in 2011.  This decrease is the result of reduced personnel costs and sales commissions, partially offset by higher consultant costs. 

 

New Energy Segment

 

Funded Research and Development Revenue. There was no funded research and development revenue in our New Energy segment for the three months ended June 30, 2012 and June 30, 2011. The final billings for both the DOE and the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) grants were done in the first quarter of 2011 for approximately $6 thousand each, as the majority of work was finished in 2010. There are no active grants at this time.

 

There was no funded research and development revenue in our New Energy segment for the six months ended June 30, 2012 compared to $13 thousand in the prior year. The final billings for both the DOE and the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) grants were done in the first quarter of 2011 for approximately $6 thousand each, as the majority of work was finished in 2010. There are no active grants at this time.

 

Information regarding our contracts included in funded research and development revenue is as follows:

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contract

 

Expiration (1)

 

Revenue

Six Months

Ended

June 30, 2012

 

 

Revenue

Six Months

Ended

June 30, 2011

 

 

Revenue Contract to Date

June 30, 2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$2.99 million DOE (2)

 

3/31/2011

$

 

$

7

 

$

2,994

$296 thousand NYSERDA

 

12/31/10

$

 

$

6

 

$

296

 

__________________________________________________________________________________________

 

(1)

Dates represent expiration of contract, not date of final billing.

(2)

The DOE contract was initially awarded for $2.4 million, effective for January 2009 through March 31, 2010.  An extension to this was granted in April 2010, increasing total funding to $2.99 million and an expiration date of March 31, 2011.  The DOE contract was a cost share contract.

 

 

Funded Research and Product Development Expenses. There was no funded research and product development expenses in our New Energy segment for the three months ended June 30, 2012 or June 30, 2011. There are no active grants at this time.

 

There was no funded research and product development expenses in our New Energy segment for the six months ended June 30, 2012, compared to $25 thousand in 2011. There are no active grants at this time.

 

Unfunded Research and Product Development Expenses. There was no unfunded research and product development expenses in our New Energy segment for the three months ended June 30, 2012, compared to $105 thousand in 2011.  This decrease is attributable to the suspension of operations in late 2011, and no further research is being performed at this time.

 

There was unfunded research and product development income of $1 thousand in our New Energy segment for the six months ended June 30, 2012, compared to unfunded research and product development expenses of $160 thousand in 2011.  This decrease is attributable to the suspension of operations in late 2011, and no further research is being performed at this time.

 

 

 

20


 


 


Selling, General and Administrative Expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses in our New Energy segment decreased by $328 thousand to $60 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2012, compared to $388 thousand in 2011.  This decrease is attributable to the suspension of operations in late 2011. Currently, MTI Micro has no employees and projects to spend between $5 and $10 thousand per month for operating activities including rent, preparing prototypes for customer demonstrations, minimal sales efforts, patent fees to keep the patent portfolio current and minimal consultant costs to perform these initiatives.  During the remainder of 2012, MTI Micro also expects to incur a one time expense of approximately $20 thousand for lab set up fees in its modified leased space.  

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses in our New Energy segment decreased by $685 thousand to $96 thousand for the six months ended June 30, 2012, compared to $781 thousand in 2011.  This decrease is attributable to the suspension of operations in late 2011 and future spending is noted above in the three month explanation.

 

Results of Consolidated Operations

 

Operating Loss. Operating loss for the three months ended June 30, 2012 was $689 thousand compared to $401 thousand in 2011. This increase in operating loss was a result of the factors noted above.

 

Operating loss for the six months ended June 30, 2012 was $1.5 million compared to $505 thousand in 2011. This increase in operating loss was a result of the factors noted above.

 

Gain on Derivatives. We had no gain on derivatives for the three months ended June 30, 2012 compared to a gain on derivatives of $29 thousand in 2011. We had no gain on derivatives for the six months ended June 30, 2012 compared to a gain on derivatives of $73 thousand in 2011. Gain on derivatives was the result of derivative treatment of the freestanding warrants issued to investors in conjunction with our December 2006 capital raise. These warrants expired on December 19, 2011.

 

Income Tax Benefit (Expense). There was no income tax benefit (expense) for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011. During the six months ended June 30, 2012, our effective income tax rate was 0%. The projected annual effective tax rate is less than the Federal statutory rate of 35%, primarily due to the permanent difference related to the stock-based compensation expense for employees of MTI Micro who transferred to MTI. For the six months ended June 30, 2011, our effective income tax rate was also 0%.  The difference between the annual effective tax rate and the Federal statutory rate was the result of the change in the valuation allowance and the gain on derivative. The valuation allowance against our deferred tax assets was approximately $18 million at June 30, 2012 and $20 million at December 31, 2011, respectively. This decrease was primarily the result of a one-time adjustment in the deferred tax asset related to stock compensation expense for options that have lapsed or been voluntarily surrendered to the Company.  We will continue to evaluate the ability to realize our deferred tax assets and related valuation allowances on a quarterly basis.

 

Net (Income) Loss Attributed to Non-Controlling Interests (of MTI Micro). The net income attributed to non-controlling interests for the three months ended June 30, 2012 was $61 thousand compared to a net loss of $298 thousand in 2011. This is the result of net income of MTI Micro of $116 thousand in 2012 compared to a net loss of MTI Micro of $581 thousand in 2011 as a result of the suspension of operations in late 2011 and the money received from the sales of certain surplus equipment on hand.

 

The net income attributed to non-controlling interests for the six months ended June 30, 2012 was $46 thousand compared to a net loss of $553 thousand in 2011. This is the result of net income of MTI Micro of $88 thousand in 2012 compared to a net loss of MTI Micro of $1.1 million in 2011 as a result of the suspension of operations in late 2011 and the money received from the sales of certain surplus equipment on hand.

 

Net (Loss) Income. Net loss for the three months ended June 30, 2012 was $570 thousand compared to net loss of $97 thousand for the same period in 2011. The increase in net loss of $473 thousand is primarily attributed to a decrease of MTI Instruments net income of $703 thousand, a reduction of the net loss of MTI Micro of $697 thousand, and a reduction in the net loss attributed to non-controlling interests of $359 thousand. These are a result of the factors discussed above.

 

Net loss for the six months ended June 30, 2012 was $1.4 million compared to net income of $97 thousand for the same period in 2011. The decrease in net income of $1.5 million is primarily attributed to a decrease of MTI Instruments net income of $1.8 million, a reduction of the net loss of MTI Micro of $1.2 million, and a reduction in the net loss attributed to non-controlling interests of $600 thousand. These are a result of the factors discussed above.

 

 

 

 

21


 


 


 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Several key indicators of our liquidity are summarized in the following table:

 

(Dollars in thousands)

Six Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended

 

Year Ended

 

June 30,

 

June 30,

 

Dec 31,

 

2012

     

2011

     

2011

Cash

$

1,444

 

 

$

1,592

 

 

$

1,669

 

Working capital

 

1,985

 

 

 

1,852

 

 

 

3,142

 

Net (loss) income attributed to MTI

 

(1,391

)

 

 

97

 

 

 

2,386

 

Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities

 

(306

)

 

 

124

 

 

 

67

 

Purchase of property, plant and equipment

 

(10

)