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SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
For the quarterly period ended April 28, 2012
For the transition period from to
Commission file number: 000-25601
Brocade Communications Systems, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
130 Holger Way
San Jose, CA 95134
(Address, including zip code, of principal
executive offices and registrant’s telephone
number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ý No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨ No ý
The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock as of May 25, 2012 was 450,066,045 shares.
BROCADE COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS, INC.
QUARTER ENDED APRIL 28, 2012
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements regarding future events and future results. All statements other than statements of historical fact are statements that could be deemed forward-looking statements, including, but not limited to, statements regarding future revenue, margins, expenses, tax provisions, earnings, cash flows, benefit obligations, debt repayments, share repurchases or other financial items; any statements of the plans, strategies and objectives of management for future operations; any statements concerning expected development, performance or market share relating to products or services; any statements regarding future economic conditions or performance; any statements regarding pending litigation, including claims or disputes; any statements of expectation or belief; and any statements of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing. Words such as “expects,” “anticipates,” “assumes,” “targets,” “goals,” “projects,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates,” “continues,” “may,” variations of such words and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. These statements are based on current expectations, estimates, forecasts and projections about the industries in which Brocade operates, and the beliefs and assumptions of management. Readers are cautioned that these forward-looking statements are only predictions and are subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict, including those identified below under “Part II - Other Information, Item 1A. Risk Factors” and elsewhere herein. Therefore, actual results may differ materially and adversely from those expressed in any forward-looking statements. Further, Brocade undertakes no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements for any reason.
PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
BROCADE COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
1. Basis of Presentation
Brocade Communications Systems, Inc. (“Brocade” or the “Company”) has prepared the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements pursuant to the rules and regulations of the United States (“U.S.”) Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. The October 29, 2011 Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet was derived from the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements but does not include all disclosures required by U.S. GAAP. These Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 29, 2011.
The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are unaudited but, in the opinion of the Company's management, reflect all adjustments, including normal recurring adjustments, that management considers necessary for a fair presentation of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. The results for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results for the full fiscal year or any other future period.
The Company's fiscal year is 52 or 53 weeks ending on the last Saturday in October. Fiscal year 2012 is a 52-week fiscal year, and the second quarter of 2012 was a 13-week quarter. Fiscal year 2011 was a 52-week year, and the second quarter of 2011 was a 13-week quarter.
The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of Brocade and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.
Use of Estimates in Preparation of Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the amounts reported in the condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Estimates are used for, but not limited to, revenue recognition, sales allowances and programs, allowance for doubtful accounts, stock-based compensation, purchase price allocations, warranty obligations, inventory valuation and purchase commitments, restructuring costs, commissions, facilities lease losses, impairment of goodwill and intangible assets, litigation, income taxes and investments. Actual results may differ materially from these estimates.
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
There have been no material changes in the Company’s significant accounting policies for the six months ended April 28, 2012 as compared to the significant accounting policies disclosed in Brocade’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 29, 2011.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
There have been no new accounting pronouncements during the six months ended April 28, 2012, as compared to the recent accounting pronouncements disclosed in Brocade’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 29, 2011, that are expected to have a material impact on the Company's financial position, results of operations, cash flows or disclosure requirements.
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash, cash equivalents, short-term investments and accounts receivable. The Company’s cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments are primarily maintained at five major financial institutions. Deposits held with banks may be redeemed upon demand and may exceed the amount of insurance provided on such deposits.
A majority of the Company’s accounts receivable balance is derived from sales to original equipment manufacturer (“OEM”) partners in the computer storage and server industry. As of April 28, 2012, three customers accounted for 20%, 12% and 11%, respectively, of total accounts receivable, for a combined total of 43% of total accounts receivable. As of October 29, 2011, two customers accounted for 16% and 14%, respectively, of total accounts receivable, for a combined total of 30% of total accounts receivable. The Company performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers and generally does not require collateral on accounts receivable balances. The Company has established reserves for credit losses, sales allowances, and other allowances.
For the three months ended April 28, 2012, four customers accounted for 20%, 15%, 13% and 10%, respectively, of the Company’s total net revenues for a combined total of 58% of total net revenues. For the three months ended April 30, 2011, four customers accounted for 15%, 14%, 13% and 11%, respectively, of the Company’s total net revenues for a combined total of 53% of total net revenues.
The Company currently relies on single and limited sources for multiple key components used in the manufacture of its products. Additionally, the Company relies on multiple contract manufacturers (“CMs”) for the manufacturing of its products. Although the Company uses standard parts and components for its products where possible, the Company’s CMs currently purchase, on the Company's behalf, several key product components from single or limited supplier sources.
3. Goodwill and Intangible Assets
The following table summarizes goodwill activity by reportable segment for the six months ended April 28, 2012 (in thousands):
The Company conducts its goodwill impairment test annually, as of the first day of the second fiscal quarter, or whenever events or changes in facts and circumstances indicate that the fair value of the reporting unit may be less than its carrying amount. For the annual goodwill impairment test, the Company uses the income approach, the market approach, or a combination thereof, to determine each reporting unit’s fair value. The income approach provides an estimate of fair value based on discounted expected future cash flows (“DCF”). The market approach provides an estimate of fair value using various prices or market multiples applied to the reporting unit’s operating results and then applying an appropriate control premium. During the fiscal year 2012 annual goodwill impairment test, the Company used a combination of approaches to estimate each reporting unit’s fair value. The Company believed that at the time of impairment testing performed in second fiscal quarter of 2012, the income approach and the market approach were equally representative of a reporting unit’s fair value.
Determining the fair value of a reporting unit or an intangible asset requires judgment and involves the use of significant estimates and assumptions. The Company based its fair value estimates on assumptions it believes to be reasonable, but inherently uncertain. Estimates and assumptions with respect to the determination of the fair value of its reporting units using the income approach include, among other inputs:
The Company’s estimates of revenues and costs are based on historical data, various internal estimates and a variety of external sources, and are developed as part of our regular long-range planning process. The control premium used in market or combined approaches is determined by considering control premiums offered as part of the acquisitions that have occurred in the reporting units’ comparable market segments. Based on the results of the annual goodwill impairment analysis performed during the second fiscal quarter of 2012, the Company determined that no impairment needed to be recorded.
Intangible assets other than goodwill are amortized on a straight-line basis over the following estimated remaining useful lives, unless the Company has determined these lives to be indefinite. The following tables present details of the Company’s intangible assets (in thousands, except for weighted-average remaining useful life):
The following table presents the amortization of intangible assets included on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (in thousands):
The following table presents the estimated future amortization of intangible assets as of April 28, 2012 (in thousands):
4. Balance Sheet Details
The following table provides details of selected balance sheet items (in thousands):
(1) Furniture and fixtures include the following amounts under leases as of April 28, 2012 and October 29, 2011 (in thousands):
(2) In connection with the purchase of the property located in San Jose, California, the Company obtained a four-year option to purchase a fourth unimproved approximate four acre parcel for a fixed price of approximately $26.0 million as well as a right of first offer to purchase this parcel. The option needed to be exercised no less than six months before the option expiration date on May 22, 2012. As of April 28, 2012, the Company retained the right of first offer, however, the Company elected to not exercise the option and it terminated in November 2011.
(3) The following table presents the depreciation and amortization of property and equipment included on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (in thousands):
5. Fair Value Measurements
The Company applies fair value measurements for both financial and nonfinancial assets and liabilities. The Company has no nonfinancial assets and liabilities that are required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of April 28, 2012.
The Company did not elect to measure any eligible financial instruments at fair value as April 28, 2012 and October 29, 2011.
Fair Value Hierarchy
The Company utilizes a fair value hierarchy that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. A financial instrument’s categorization within the fair value hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.
Assets and liabilities measured and recorded at fair value on a recurring basis as of April 28, 2012 were as follows (in thousands):
Assets and liabilities measured and recorded at fair value on a recurring basis as of October 29, 2011 were as follows (in thousands):
During the six months ended April 28, 2012, the Company had no transfers between levels of the fair value hierarchy of its assets measured at fair value.
6. Liabilities Associated with Facilities Lease Losses
The Company reevaluates its estimates and assumptions on a quarterly basis and makes adjustments to the reserve balance if necessary. The following table summarizes the activity related to the facilities lease loss reserve, net of expected sublease income (in thousands):
Cash payments for facilities that are part of our lease loss reserve are expected to be paid over the respective lease terms through fiscal year 2017.
The following table provides details of the Company's long-term debt (in thousands):
Senior Secured Notes
In January 2010, the Company issued $300 million in aggregate principal amount of senior secured notes due 2018 (the “2018 Notes”) and $300 million in aggregate principal amount of senior secured notes due 2020 (the “2020 Notes" and together with the 2018 Notes, the “Senior Secured Notes”). The senior secured notes bear interest payable semi-annually. No payments were made towards the principal of the senior secured notes during the six months ended April 28, 2012.
As of April 28, 2012 and October 29, 2011, the fair value of the Company’s senior secured notes was approximately $646 million and $626 million, respectively, estimated based on broker trading prices.
On or after January 2013, the Company may redeem all or a part of the 2018 Notes at the redemption prices set forth in the Indenture governing the 2018 Notes (the 2018 Indenture), plus accrued and unpaid interest and special interest, if any, to the applicable redemption date. In addition, at any time prior to January 2013, the Company may, on one or more than one occasion, redeem some or all of the 2018 Notes at any time at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the 2018 Notes redeemed, plus a “make-whole” premium determined as of, and accrued and unpaid interest and special interest, if any, to the applicable redemption date. On or after January 2015, the Company may redeem all or a part of the 2020 Notes at the redemption prices set forth in the Indenture governing the 2020 Notes (the 2020 Indenture), plus accrued and unpaid interest and special interest, if any, to the applicable redemption date. In addition, at any time prior to January 2015, the Company may, on one or more than one occasion, redeem some or all of the 2020 Notes at any time at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the 2020 Notes redeemed, plus a “make-whole” premium determined as of, and accrued and unpaid interest and special interest, if any, to the applicable redemption date. At any time prior to January 2013, the Company may also redeem up to 35% of the aggregate principal amount of the 2018 Notes and 2020 Notes, using the proceeds of certain qualified equity offerings, at the redemption prices set forth in the 2018 Indenture and the 2020 Indenture, respectively.
If the Company experiences specified change of control triggering events, it must offer to repurchase the senior secured notes at a repurchase price equal to 101% of the principal amount of the senior secured notes repurchased, plus accrued and unpaid interest and special interest, if any, to the applicable repurchase date. If the Company or its subsidiaries sell assets under certain specified circumstances, the Company must offer to repurchase the senior secured notes at a repurchase price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the senior secured notes repurchased, plus accrued and unpaid interest and special interest, if any, to the applicable repurchase date.
Senior Secured Credit Facility
In October 2008, the Company entered into a credit facility agreement for (i) a five-year $1,100 million term loan facility and (ii) a five-year $125 million revolving credit facility, which includes a $25 million swing line loan sub-facility and a $25 million letter of credit sub-facility. The credit facility agreement was subsequently amended in January 2010 and June 2011.
The Company may draw additional proceeds from the revolving credit facility in the future for ongoing working capital and other general corporate purposes. The term loan facility and revolving credit facility are referred to together as the “Senior Secured Credit Facility.” There were no principal amounts outstanding under the revolving credit facility as of April 28, 2012 and October 29, 2011.
During the six months ended April 28, 2012, the Company paid $120.0 million towards the principal of the term loan, $104.9 million of which were voluntary prepayments.
The Company believes that the carrying value of its Senior Secured Credit Facility approximates its fair value as the interest rate is based on a floating market rate.
8. Commitments and Contingencies
The Company’s accrued liability for estimated future warranty costs is included in “Other accrued liabilities” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The following table summarizes the activity related to the Company’s accrued liability for estimated future warranty costs during the six months ended April 28, 2012 and April 30, 2011 (in thousands):
In addition, the Company has standard indemnification clauses contained within its various customer contracts. As such, the Company indemnifies the parties to whom it sells its products with respect to the Company’s product, alone or potentially in combination with others, infringing upon any patents, trademarks, copyrights, or trade secrets, as well as against bodily injury or damage to real or tangible personal property caused by a defective Company product. As of April 28, 2012, there have been no known material events or circumstances that have resulted in a customer contract-related indemnification liability to the Company.
Manufacturing and Purchase Commitments
Brocade has manufacturing arrangements with CMs under which Brocade provides twelve-month product forecasts and places purchase orders in advance of the scheduled delivery of products to Brocade’s customers. The required lead time for placing orders with the CMs depends on the specific product. Brocade issues purchase orders and the CMs then generate invoices based on prices and payment terms mutually agreed upon and set forth in those purchase orders. Although the purchase orders Brocade places with its CMs are cancellable, the terms of the agreements require Brocade to purchase all inventory components not returnable, usable by, or sold to other customers of the CMs.
As of April 28, 2012, the Company’s aggregate commitment to the CMs for inventory components used in the manufacture of Brocade products was $218.7 million, which the Company expects to utilize during future normal ongoing operations, net of a purchase commitments reserve of $4.4 million. The Company’s purchase commitments reserve reflects the Company’s estimate of purchase commitments it does not expect to consume in normal ongoing operations within the next twelve months.
The Company has several ongoing income tax audits. For additional discussions, see Note 11, “Income Taxes,” of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. The Company believes it has adequate reserves for all open tax years.
In March 2012, a stockholder filed a complaint alleging that the proposal in Brocade’s proxy seeking additional shares for the 2009 Stock Plan pool was misleading and incomplete; the plaintiff claimed the right to enjoin the stockholders’ vote. In early April 2012, the plaintiff filed a motion for preliminary injunction seeking to enjoin the stockholders’ vote on the proposal. Brocade filed an opposition to the plaintiff’s motion for preliminary injunction. On April 10, 2012, the Court held a hearing and issued an order granting the plaintiff’s motion. On April 12, 2012, the Court entered a stipulation and order regarding settlement in which Brocade agreed to postpone the vote on the proposal at least seven days and to issue supplemental disclosures regarding the proposal. The supplemental disclosures were filed with the SEC on April 12, 2012. Brocade’s stockholders approved the proposal on April 20, 2012.
Intellectual Property Litigation
On June 21, 2005, Enterasys Networks, Inc. (“Enterasys”) filed a lawsuit against Foundry Networks, LLC (formerly Foundry Networks, Inc.) (“Foundry”) (and Extreme Networks, Inc.) in the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts alleging that certain of Foundry’s products infringe six of Enterasys’ patents and seeking injunctive relief, as well as unspecified damages. The Court severed the claims against Extreme from the claims against Foundry for trial, and Enterasys subsequently added Brocade as a defendant. On August 28, 2007, the Court granted Foundry’s motion to stay the case based on petitions that Foundry had filed with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (“USPTO”) in 2007 for reexamination of five of the six Enterasys patents. Two of the patents received final rejections during their respective reexaminations, in which the USPTO held that the claims were invalid. The USPTO has issued reexamination certificates for the remaining three patents undergoing reexamination indicating that the patents were valid over the references that had been submitted. Meanwhile, on May 21, 2010, the Court lifted the stay of the litigation, and Enterasys subsequently dropped from the litigation the two invalid patents. Accordingly, four patents remain at issue in the litigation. No trial date has been set.
On September 6, 2006, Chrimar Systems, Inc. (“Chrimar”) filed a lawsuit against Foundry (and D-Link Corporation and PowerDsine, Ltd.) in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan alleging that certain of Foundry’s products infringe Chrimar’s U.S. Patent 5,406,260 and seeking injunctive relief, as well as unspecified damages. Discovery has been completed. No trial date has been set.
On August 4, 2010, Brocade and Foundry (“Plaintiffs”) filed a lawsuit against A10 Networks, Inc. (“A10”), A10’s founder and other individuals in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California. On October 29, 2010, Plaintiffs filed an amended complaint. In the amended complaint, Brocade alleged that A10 and the individual defendants have misappropriated Plaintiff’s trade secrets, infringed copyrighted works, interfered with existing contracts between the Plaintiffs and their employees, breached contracts, breached their fiduciary duties and duties of loyalty, and that certain of A10’s products infringe 13 of Brocade’s patents. Brocade is seeking injunctive relief, as well as monetary damages. On May 16, 2011, A10 filed an answer and counterclaim alleging that certain of Brocade’s products infringe a patent recently acquired by A10 and seeking injunctive relief, as well as unspecified damages. In addition, A10 filed petitions with the USPTO to have each of 13 of the patents reexamined, in view of prior art that A10 alleges invalidates the patents. The petitions were granted, and reexaminations of the patents are in progress. On January 6, 2012, the Court granted Brocade’s summary judgment motion of non-infringement of the A10 patent. Trial on Brocade’s claims against A10 and the individual defendants is scheduled for July 16, 2012.
On September 9, 2011, A10 filed a lawsuit against Brocade in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California. A10 alleged that certain of Brocade’s products infringed two patents acquired by A10. After Brocade moved to dismiss the complaint, A10 dismissed one of its patents-in-suit, leaving only one patent at issue. In lieu of answering the complaint, Brocade filed a new motion to dismiss the complaint. Trial is scheduled for May 2013.
From time to time, the Company is subject to other legal proceedings and claims in the ordinary course of business, including claims of alleged infringement of trademarks, copyrights, patents and/or other intellectual property rights and commercial contract disputes. Third parties assert patent infringement claims against the Company from time to time in the form of letters, lawsuits and other forms of communication. In addition, from time to time, the Company receives notification from customers claiming that they are entitled to indemnification or other obligations from the Company related to infringement claims made against them by third parties. Litigation, even if the Company is ultimately successful, can be costly and divert management’s attention away from the day-to-day operations of the Company.
On a quarterly basis, the Company reviews relevant information with respect to litigation contingencies and updates its accruals, disclosures and, when possible, estimates of reasonably possible losses or ranges of loss based on such reviews. However, litigation is inherently unpredictable, and outcomes are typically uncertain, and the Company’s past experience does not provide any additional visibility or predictability to estimate the range of loss that may occur because the costs, outcome and status of these types of claims and proceedings have varied significantly in the past. The Company is not currently able to reasonably estimate the possible loss or range of loss from the above legal proceedings and, accordingly, the Company is unable to estimate the effects of the above on its financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
The Company records a liability when it is both probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated.
9. Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities
In the normal course of business, the Company is exposed to fluctuations in interest rates and the exchange rates associated with foreign currencies. The Company’s primary objective for holding derivative financial instruments is to manage foreign currency exchange rate risk. The Company currently does not enter into derivative instruments to manage credit risk. However, the Company manages its exposure to credit risk through its investment policies. The Company generally enters into derivative transactions with high-credit quality counterparties and, by policy, limits the amount of credit exposure to any one counterparty based on its analysis of that counterparty’s relative credit standing.
The amounts subject to credit risk related to derivative instruments are generally limited to the amounts, if any, by which counterparty’s obligations exceed the Company’s obligations with that counterparty.
Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risk
A majority of the Company’s revenue, expense and capital purchasing activities is transacted in U.S. dollars. However, the Company is exposed to foreign currency exchange rate risk inherent in conducting business globally in numerous currencies, of which the most significant to its operations for the six months ended April 28, 2012 were the Chinese yuan, the euro, the Japanese yen, the Indian rupee, the British pound, the Singapore dollar and the Swiss franc. The Company is primarily exposed to foreign currency fluctuations related to operating expenses denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. The Company has established a foreign currency risk management program to protect against fluctuations in the volatility of future cash flows caused by changes in foreign currency exchange rates. This program reduces, but does not always entirely eliminate, the impact of foreign currency exchange rate movements. The Company’s foreign currency risk management program includes foreign currency derivatives with cash flow hedge accounting designation that utilizes foreign currency forward and option contracts to hedge exposures to the variability in the U.S. dollar equivalent of anticipated non-U.S. dollar-denominated cash flows. These instruments generally have a maturity of less than one year. For these derivatives, the Company reports the after-tax gain or loss from the effective portion of the hedge as a component of accumulated other comprehensive loss in stockholders’ equity and reclassifies it into earnings in the same period in which the hedged transaction affects earnings. Net gains (losses) relating to the effective portion of foreign currency derivatives recorded in the condensed consolidated statements of income are as follows (in thousands):
The net foreign currency exchange gains and losses recorded as part of “Interest and other income (loss), net” were losses of $0.2 million and $1.4 million for the three and six months ended April 28, 2012, respectively, and gains of $0.3 million and $0.5 million for the three and six months ended April 30, 2011, respectively.
Gross unrealized loss positions are recorded within “Other accrued liabilities” and “Other non-current liabilities,” and gross unrealized gain positions are recorded within “Prepaid expenses and other current assets.” As of April 28, 2012, the Company had gross unrealized loss positions of $3.3 million and $0.1 million, and gross unrealized gain positions of $0.7 million included in “Other accrued liabilities,” “Other non-current liabilities” and “Prepaid expenses and other current assets,” respectively. Effective cash flow hedges are reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive loss. Ineffective cash flow hedges are included in the Company’s net income as part of “Interest and other income (loss), net.” The amount recorded was not significant.
Volume of Derivative Activity
Total gross notional amounts, presented by currency, are as follows (in thousands):
The Company utilizes a rolling hedge strategy for the majority of its foreign currency derivative instruments with cash flow hedge accounting designation that hedges exposures to the variability in the U.S. dollar equivalent of anticipated non-U.S. dollar-denominated cash flows. All of the Company’s foreign currency forward contracts are single delivery, which are settled at maturity involving one cash payment exchange.
10. Stock-Based Compensation
Stock-based compensation expense, net of estimated forfeitures, was included in the following line items on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income as follows (in thousands):
The following table presents stock-based compensation expense, net of estimated forfeitures, by grant type (in thousands):
The following table presents unrecognized compensation expense, net of estimated forfeitures, of the Company’s equity compensation plans as of April 28, 2012, which is expected to be recognized over the following weighted-average periods (in thousands, except for weighted-average period):
The following table presents details on grants made by the Company for the following periods:
The total intrinsic value of stock options exercised for the six months ended April 28, 2012 and April 30, 2011 was $19.8 million and $28.5 million, respectively.
11. Income Taxes
For the three and six months ended April 28, 2012, the Company recorded an income tax benefit of $0.7 million and $3.9 million, respectively, primarily due to a discrete benefit from net reserve releases of settling the federal research and development tax credit for fiscal years 2009 and 2010 with the Internal Revenue Service ("IRS"), closing the IRS audits for fiscal years 2004 through 2006, settling Foundry's 2006 and 2007 California franchise tax audit, and releases from expiring statutes of limitations, offset by a decrease to the federal research and development tax credit which expired on December 31, 2011.
For the three and six months ended April 30, 2011, the Company recorded an income tax benefit of $0.6 million and $6.3 million, respectively, primarily due to a discrete benefit from the retroactive reinstatement of the federal research and development tax credit for calendar year 2011, as a result of the Tax Relief Act enacted on December 17, 2010, and reserve releases from the settlement of certain issues with the IRS regarding the Company's fiscal years 2007 and 2008 audits.
The total amount of unrecognized tax benefits of $105.0 million as of April 28, 2012 would affect the Company’s effective tax rate, if recognized. Although the timing of the closure of audits is highly uncertain, it is reasonably possible that the balance of unrecognized tax benefits could significantly change during fiscal year 2012.
The IRS and other tax authorities regularly examine the Company's income tax returns. The IRS is currently examining fiscal years 2009 and 2010. In addition, the Company is under negotiations with the Appeals division of the IRS on transfer pricing issues for fiscal years 2007 and 2008, and in discussion with foreign tax authorities to obtain correlative relief on transfer pricing adjustments settled with the IRS. We believe that our reserves for unrecognized tax benefits are adequate for all open tax years. The timing of the resolution of income tax examinations, as well as the amounts and timing of related settlements, is highly uncertain. The Company believes that before the end of fiscal year 2012, it is reasonably possible that either certain audits will conclude or the statutes of limitations relating to certain income tax examination periods will expire, or both. As such, after we reach settlement with the tax authorities, we expect to record a corresponding adjustment to our unrecognized tax benefits. Given the uncertainty as to settlement terms, the timing of payments and the impact of such settlements on other uncertain tax positions, the range of estimated potential decreases in underlying uncertain tax positions is between $0 and $10 million in the next twelve months.
The Company believes that sufficient positive evidence exists from historical operations and projections of taxable income in future years to conclude that it is more likely than not that the Company will realize its deferred tax assets. Accordingly, the Company applies a valuation allowance only on the deferred tax assets relating to capital loss carryforwards, due to limited carryforward periods and the character of such tax attributes. The Governor of the State of California and the California state legislature have introduced tax proposals affecting future state income tax apportionment that may have a significant impact on our ability to realize certain California deferred tax assets. We will reevaluate the realization of these California deferred tax assets if and when the current law changes.
12. Segment Information
Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise for which separate financial information is available that is evaluated regularly by the Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”), or decision-making group, in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. Currently, the CODM is the Chief Executive Officer.
Brocade is organized into four operating segments. Two of the operating segments, Data Storage Products and Global Services are individually reportable segments. The other two operating segments, Ethernet Switching & Internet Protocol (“IP”) Routing and Application Delivery Products (“ADP”), combine to form a third reportable segment: Ethernet Products. These segments are organized principally by product category.
Financial decisions and the allocation of resources are based on the information from the Company’s internal management reporting system. The Company does not track its assets by operating segments. The majority of the Company’s assets as of April 28, 2012 were attributable to its United States operations.
Summarized financial information by reportable segment for the three and six months ended April 28, 2012 and April 30, 2011, based on the internal management reporting system, is as follows (in thousands):
13. Net Income per Share
The following table presents the calculation of basic and diluted net income per share (in thousands, except per share amounts):
14. Comprehensive Income
The components of comprehensive income, net of tax, are as follows (in thousands):
15. Guarantor and Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries
On January 20, 2010, the Company issued in total $600.0 million aggregate principal amount of its senior secured notes. The Company's obligations under the senior secured notes are guaranteed by certain of the Company's domestic subsidiaries (the “Subsidiary Guarantors”). Each of the Subsidiary Guarantors is 100% owned by the Company and all guarantees are joint and several. The senior secured notes are not guaranteed by certain of the Company's domestic subsidiaries and all of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries (the “Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries”).
Pursuant to the terms of the senior secured notes, the guarantees are full and unconditional, but are subject to release under the following circumstances:
Because the guarantees are subject to release under the above described circumstances, they would not be deemed “full and unconditional” for purposes of Rule 3-10 of Regulation S-X. However, as these circumstances are customary, the Company concluded that it may rely on Rule 3-10 of Regulation S-X, as the other requirements of Rule 3-10 have been met.
The following tables present condensed consolidated financial statements for the parent company, the Subsidiary Guarantors and the Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries, respectively.
The following is the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of April 28, 2012 (in thousands):
The following is the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of October 29, 2011 (in thousands):
The following is the condensed consolidated statement of income for the three months ended April 28, 2012 (in thousands):