XOTC:FMCC Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corp Quarterly Report 10-Q Filing - 6/30/2012

Effective Date 6/30/2012

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Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2012

or

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.

For the transition period from                                        to

Commission File Number: 001-34139

 

 

Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Freddie Mac

 

Federally chartered corporation   8200 Jones Branch Drive   52-0904874   (703) 903-2000
(State or other jurisdiction of   McLean, Virginia 22102-3110   (I.R.S. Employer   (Registrant’s telephone number,
incorporation or organization)   (Address of principal executive   Identification No.)   including area code)
  offices, including zip code)    

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports); and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. x Yes ¨ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). x Yes ¨ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

  Large accelerated filer  ¨     Accelerated filer  x
  Non-accelerated filer (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)  ¨   Smaller reporting company  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).        Yes  ¨    No  x

As of July 25, 2012, there were 650,033,623 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

     Page  

PART 1 — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

  

Item 1.         Financial Statements

     105   

Item 2.          Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     1   

Executive Summary

     1   

Selected Financial Data

     12   

Consolidated Results of Operations

     13   

Consolidated Balance Sheets Analysis

     34   

Risk Management

     50   

Liquidity and Capital Resources

     87   

Fair Value Measurements and Analysis

     92   

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

     95   

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

     95   

Forward-Looking Statements

     95   

Risk Management and Disclosure Commitments

     97   

Legislative and Regulatory Matters

     98   

Item 3.          Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     100   

Item 4.         Controls and Procedures

     102   

PART II — OTHER INFORMATION

  

Item 1.         Legal Proceedings

     197   

Item 1A.      Risk Factors

     197   

Item 2.          Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

     197   

Item 6.         Exhibits

     199   

SIGNATURES

     200   

GLOSSARY

     201   

EXHIBIT INDEX

     E-1   

 

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MD&A TABLE REFERENCE

 

Table

   

Description

   Page  
      

Selected Financial Data

     12  
  1     

Total Single-Family Loan Workout Volumes

     2  
  2     

Single-Family Credit Guarantee Portfolio Data by Year of Origination

     5  
  3     

Credit Statistics, Single-Family Credit Guarantee Portfolio

     6  
  4     

Mortgage-Related Investments Portfolio

     11  
  5     

Summary Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

     13  
  6     

Net Interest Income/Yield and Average Balance Analysis

     14  
  7     

Derivative Gains (Losses)

     17  
  8     

Other Income

     19  
  9     

Non-Interest Expense

     20  
  10     

REO Operations (Income) Expense, REO Inventory, and REO Dispositions

     21  
  11     

Composition of Segment Mortgage Portfolios and Credit Risk Portfolios

     24  
  12     

Segment Earnings and Key Metrics — Investments

     25  
  13     

Segment Earnings and Key Metrics — Single-Family Guarantee

     28  
  14     

Segment Earnings Composition — Single-Family Guarantee Segment

     29  
  15     

Segment Earnings and Key Metrics — Multifamily

     32  
  16     

Investments in Securities

     35  
  17     

Characteristics of Mortgage-Related Securities on Our Consolidated Balance Sheets

     36  
  18     

Additional Characteristics of Mortgage-Related Securities on Our Consolidated Balance Sheets

     37  
  19     

Mortgage-Related Securities Purchase Activity

     38  
  20     

Non-Agency Mortgage-Related Securities Backed by Subprime First Lien, Option ARM, and Alt-A Loans and Certain Related Credit Statistics

     39  
  21     

Non-Agency Mortgage-Related Securities Backed by Subprime, Option ARM, Alt-A and Other Loans

     40  
  22     

Net Impairment of Available-For-Sale Mortgage-Related Securities Recognized in Earnings

     41  
  23     

Ratings of Non-Agency Mortgage-Related Securities Backed by Subprime, Option ARM, Alt-A and Other Loans, and CMBS

     43  
  24     

Mortgage Loan Purchases and Other Guarantee Commitment Issuances

     45  
  25     

Derivative Fair Values and Maturities

     46  
  26     

Changes in Derivative Fair Values

     47  
  27     

Freddie Mac Mortgage-Related Securities

     48  
  28     

Issuances and Extinguishments of Debt Securities of Consolidated Trusts

     49  
  29     

Changes in Total Equity (Deficit)

     50  
  30     

Repurchase Request Activity

     52  
  31     

Mortgage Insurance by Counterparty

     55  
  32     

Bond Insurance by Counterparty

     56  
  33     

Derivative Counterparty Credit Exposure

     58  
  34     

Characteristics of the Single-Family Credit Guarantee Portfolio

     62  
  35     

Certain Higher-Risk Categories in the Single-Family Credit Guarantee Portfolio

     66  
  36     

Single-Family Home Affordable Modification Program Volume

     68  
  37     

Single-Family Relief Refinance Loans

     71  
  38     

Single-Family Loan Workouts, Serious Delinquency, and Foreclosures Volumes

     72  
  39     

Quarterly Percentages of Modified Single-Family Loans — Current and Performing

     73  
  40     

Single-Family Serious Delinquency Rates

     74  
  41     

Credit Concentrations in the Single-Family Credit Guarantee Portfolio

     76  
  42     

Single-Family Credit Guarantee Portfolio by Attribute Combinations

     77  
  43     

Single-Family Credit Guarantee Portfolio by Year of Loan Origination

     79  
  44     

Multifamily Mortgage Portfolio — by Attribute

     80  
  45     

Non-Performing Assets

     82  
  46     

REO Activity by Region

     83  
  47     

Credit Loss Performance

     85  
  48     

Single-Family Impaired Loans with Specific Reserve Recorded

     86  
  49     

Single-Family Credit Loss Sensitivity

     87  
  50     

Other Debt Security Issuances by Product, at Par Value

     90  
  51     

Other Debt Security Repurchases, Calls, and Exchanges

     90  
  52     

Freddie Mac Credit Ratings

     91  
  53     

Summary of Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis on Our Consolidated Balance Sheets

     93  
  54     

Summary of Change in the Fair Value of Net Assets

     94  
  55     

PMVS and Duration Gap Results

     102  
  56     

Derivative Impact on PMVS-L (50 bps)

     102  

 

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FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

     Page  

Freddie Mac Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

     106   

Freddie Mac Consolidated Balance Sheets

     107   

Freddie Mac Consolidated Statements of Equity (Deficit)

     108   

Freddie Mac Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

     109   

Note 1: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

     110   

Note 2: Conservatorship and Related Matters

     112   

Note 3: Variable Interest Entities

     115   

Note 4: Mortgage Loans and Loan Loss Reserves

     119   

Note 5: Individually Impaired and Non-Performing Loans

     124   

Note 6: Real Estate Owned

     129   

Note 7: Investments in Securities

     130   

Note 8: Debt Securities and Subordinated Borrowings

     139   

Note 9: Financial Guarantees

     141   

Note 10: Derivatives

     143   

Note 11: Freddie Mac Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)

     148   

Note 12: Income Taxes

     149   

Note 13: Segment Reporting

     149   

Note 14: Regulatory Capital

     157   

Note 15: Concentration of Credit and Other Risks

     158   

Note 16: Fair Value Disclosures

     164   

Note 17: Legal Contingencies

     190   

Note 18: Significant Components of Other Assets and Other Liabilities on our Consolidated Balance Sheets

     196   

 

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PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

We continue to operate under the conservatorship that commenced on September 6, 2008, under the direction of FHFA as our Conservator. The Conservator succeeded to all rights, titles, powers and privileges of Freddie Mac, and of any shareholder, officer or director thereof, with respect to the company and its assets. The Conservator has delegated certain authority to our Board of Directors to oversee, and management to conduct, day-to-day operations. The directors serve on behalf of, and exercise authority as directed by, the Conservator. See “BUSINESS — Conservatorship and Related Matters” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011, or 2011 Annual Report, for information on the terms of the conservatorship, the powers of the Conservator, and related matters, including the terms of our Purchase Agreement with Treasury.

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q includes forward-looking statements that are based on current expectations and are subject to significant risks and uncertainties. These forward-looking statements are made as of the date of this Form 10-Q and we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this Form 10-Q. Actual results might differ significantly from those described in or implied by such statements due to various factors and uncertainties, including those described in: (a) the “FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS” sections of this Form 10-Q, our 2011 Annual Report, and our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the first quarter of 2012; and (b) the “RISK FACTORS” and “BUSINESS” sections of our 2011 Annual Report.

Throughout this Form 10-Q, we use certain acronyms and terms that are defined in the “GLOSSARY.”

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION

AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

You should read this MD&A in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and related notes for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 included in “FINANCIAL STATEMENTS,” and our 2011 Annual Report.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Overview

Freddie Mac is a GSE chartered by Congress in 1970 with a public mission to provide liquidity, stability, and affordability to the U.S. housing market. We have maintained a consistent market presence since our inception, providing mortgage liquidity in a wide range of economic environments. We are working to support the recovery of the housing market and the nation’s economy by providing essential liquidity to the mortgage market and helping to stem the rate of foreclosures. We believe our actions are helping communities across the country by providing America’s families with access to mortgage funding at low rates while helping distressed borrowers keep their homes and avoid foreclosure, where feasible.

Summary of Financial Results

We continue to be affected by the ongoing weakness in the economy. However, certain actions taken since early 2009, including our participation in HAMP and HARP, are helping to stabilize the housing market. During the six months ended June 30, 2012, we observed certain signs of stabilization in the housing market, which contributed to our improved financial results in the second quarter of 2012. Our comprehensive income for the second quarter of 2012 was $2.9 billion, consisting of $3.0 billion of net income and $(128) million of total other comprehensive income (loss). By comparison, our comprehensive income (loss) for the second quarter of 2011 was $(1.1) billion, consisting of $(2.1) billion of net income (loss) and $1.0 billion of total other comprehensive income (loss).

Our total equity was $1.1 billion at June 30, 2012, reflecting our comprehensive income of $2.9 billion for the second quarter of 2012 and our dividend payment of $1.8 billion on our senior preferred stock in June 2012. As a result of our positive net worth at June 30, 2012, there is no need for a draw from Treasury under the Purchase Agreement for the second quarter of 2012.

Our Primary Business Objectives

We are focused on the following primary business objectives: (a) providing credit availability for mortgages and maintaining foreclosure prevention activities; (b) minimizing our credit losses; (c) developing mortgage market enhancements in support of a new infrastructure for the secondary mortgage market; (d) contracting the dominant presence of

 

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the GSEs in the marketplace; (e) maintaining sound credit quality on the loans we purchase or guarantee; and (f) strengthening our infrastructure and improving overall efficiency while also focusing on retention of key employees.

Our business objectives reflect direction we have received from the Conservator. On March 8, 2012, FHFA instituted a scorecard for use by both us and Fannie Mae that establishes objectives, performance targets and measures for 2012, and provides the implementation roadmap for FHFA’s strategic plan for Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae. We continue to align our resources and internal business plans to meet the goals and objectives laid out in the 2012 conservatorship scorecard. See “LEGISLATIVE AND REGULATORY MATTERS — FHFA’s Strategic Plan for Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae Conservatorships and 2012 Conservatorship Scorecard.” Based on our charter, other legislation, public statements from FHFA and Treasury officials, and other guidance and directives from our Conservator, we have a variety of different, and potentially competing, objectives. For more information, see “BUSINESS — Conservatorship and Related Matters — Impact of Conservatorship and Related Actions on Our Business” in our 2011 Annual Report.

Providing Credit Availability for Mortgages and Maintaining Foreclosure Prevention Activities

Our consistent market presence provides lenders with a constant source of liquidity for conforming mortgage products even when other sources of capital have withdrawn. We believe this liquidity provides our customers with confidence to continue lending in difficult environments. We estimate that we, Fannie Mae, and Ginnie Mae collectively guaranteed more than 90% of the single-family conforming mortgages originated during the second quarter of 2012. We also enable mortgage originators to offer homebuyers and homeowners lower mortgage rates on conforming loan products, in part because of the value investors place on GSE-guaranteed mortgage-related securities. In June 2012, we estimate that borrowers were paying an average of 54 basis points less on these conforming loans than on non-conforming loans. These estimates are based on data provided by HSH Associates, a third-party provider of mortgage market data.

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, we guaranteed $88.7 billion and $193.7 billion in UPB of single-family conforming mortgage loans, representing approximately 433,000 and 924,000 loans, respectively.

We are focused on reducing the number of foreclosures and helping to keep families in their homes. Our relief refinance initiative, including HARP (which is the portion of our relief refinance initiative for loans with LTV ratios above 80%), is a significant part of our effort to keep families in their homes. HARP loans have been provided to more than 680,000 borrowers since the initiative began in 2009, including approximately 200,000 borrowers during the first half of 2012. Our loan workout programs, including HAMP, are designed to help borrowers experiencing hardship avoid foreclosure. Since 2009, we have helped more than 697,000 borrowers experiencing hardship complete a loan workout. We plan to introduce additional initiatives during the remainder of 2012 designed to help more struggling borrowers avoid foreclosure through short sales and deed in lieu of foreclosure transactions.

The table below presents our single-family loan workout activities for the last five quarters.

Table 1 — Total Single-Family Loan Workout Volumes(1)

 

      For the Three Months Ended  
      06/30/2012      03/31/2012      12/31/2011      09/30/2011      06/30/2011  
     (number of loans)  

Loan modifications

     15,142        13,677        19,048        23,919        31,049   

Repayment plans

     8,712        10,575        8,008        8,333        7,981   

Forbearance agreements(2)

     4,738        3,656        3,867        4,262        3,709   

Short sales and deed in lieu of foreclosure transactions

     12,531        12,245        12,675        11,744        11,038   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total single-family loan workouts

     41,123        40,153        43,598        48,258        53,777   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Based on actions completed with borrowers for loans within our single-family credit guarantee portfolio. Excludes those modification, repayment, and forbearance activities for which the borrower has started the required process, but the actions have not been made permanent or effective, such as loans in modification trial periods. Also excludes certain loan workouts where our single-family seller/servicers have executed agreements in the current or prior periods, but these have not been incorporated into certain of our operational systems, due to delays in processing. These categories are not mutually exclusive and a loan in one category may also be included within another category in the same period.
(2) Excludes loans with long-term forbearance under a completed loan modification. Many borrowers complete a short-term forbearance agreement before another loan workout is pursued or completed. We only report forbearance activity for a single loan once during each quarterly period; however, a single loan may be included under separate forbearance agreements in separate periods.

A number of FHFA-directed changes to HARP were announced in late 2011. These changes are intended to allow more borrowers to participate in the program and benefit from refinancing their home mortgages, including borrowers whose mortgages have LTV ratios above 125%. As a result, our purchases of HARP loans increased 76% in the first half of 2012,

 

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compared to the first half of 2011. Since industry participation in HARP is not mandatory, implementation schedules have varied as individual lenders, mortgage insurers, and other market participants modify their processes.

During 2011, we also completed the initial implementation of the FHFA-directed servicing alignment initiative, under which we and Fannie Mae are aligning certain standards for servicing non-performing loans owned or guaranteed by the companies. As part of this initiative, we introduced a new non-HAMP standard loan modification, which became mandatory for our servicers beginning January 1, 2012. Unlike our prior non-HAMP modifications, the new non-HAMP standard modifications have trial periods and the modifications are not completed until the completion of the trial periods.

As of June 30, 2012, approximately 26,000 borrowers were in modification trial periods, including approximately 15,000 borrowers in trial periods for our non-HAMP standard modification. Based on information provided by the MHA Program administrator, our servicers had completed 200,705 loan modifications under HAMP from the introduction of the initiative in 2009 through June 30, 2012.

Minimizing Our Credit Losses

To help minimize the credit losses related to our guarantee activities, we are focused on:

 

   

pursuing a variety of loan workouts, including foreclosure alternatives, in an effort to reduce the severity of losses we experience over time;

 

   

managing foreclosure timelines to the extent possible, given the prolonged foreclosure process in many states;

 

   

managing our inventory of foreclosed properties to reduce costs and maximize proceeds; and

 

   

pursuing contractual remedies against originators, lenders, servicers, and insurers, as appropriate.

We establish guidelines for our servicers to follow and provide them default management tools to use, in part, in determining which type of loan workout would be expected to provide the best opportunity for minimizing our credit losses. We require our single-family seller/servicers to first evaluate problem loans for a repayment or forbearance plan before considering modification. If a borrower is not eligible for a modification, our seller/servicers pursue other workout options before considering foreclosure.

We have contractual arrangements with our seller/servicers under which they agree to sell us mortgage loans, and represent and warrant that those loans have been originated under specified underwriting standards. If we subsequently discover that the representations and warranties were breached (i.e., contractual standards were not followed), we can exercise certain contractual remedies to mitigate our actual or potential credit losses. These contractual remedies include the ability to require the seller/servicer to repurchase the loan at its current UPB or make us whole for any credit losses realized with respect to the loan, after consideration of other recoveries, if any. The amount we expect to collect on outstanding repurchase requests is significantly less than the UPB of the loans subject to the repurchase requests primarily because many of these requests will likely be satisfied by the seller/servicers reimbursing us for realized credit losses. Some of these requests also may be rescinded in the course of the contractual appeals process. As of June 30, 2012, the UPB of loans subject to repurchase requests issued to our single-family seller/servicers was approximately $2.9 billion, and approximately 40% of these requests were outstanding for more than four months since issuance of our initial repurchase request (this figure includes repurchase requests for which appeals were pending). Of the total amount of repurchase requests outstanding at June 30, 2012, approximately $1.2 billion were issued due to mortgage insurance rescission or mortgage insurance claim denial.

Our credit loss exposure is also partially mitigated by mortgage insurance, which is a form of credit enhancement. Primary mortgage insurance is required to be purchased, typically at the borrower’s expense, for certain mortgages with higher LTV ratios. Although we received payments under primary and other mortgage insurance of $1.0 billion and $1.3 billion in the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively, which helped to mitigate our credit losses, many of our mortgage insurers remain financially weak. We expect to receive substantially less than full payment of our claims from three of our mortgage insurance counterparties that are currently partially paying claims under orders of their state regulators. We believe that certain other of our mortgage insurance counterparties may lack sufficient ability to meet all their expected lifetime claims paying obligations to us as those claims emerge.

 

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Developing Mortgage Market Enhancements in Support of a New Infrastructure for the Secondary Mortgage Market

In the first half of 2012, we continued our efforts to build value for the industry and build the infrastructure for a future housing finance system. These efforts include the implementation of the Uniform Mortgage Data Program, or UMDP, which provides us with the ability to collect additional data that we believe will improve our risk management practices. In the first quarter of 2012, we completed a key milestone of the UMDP with the launch of the Uniform Collateral Data Portal for the electronic submission of appraisal reports for conventional mortgages. In the second quarter of 2012, we implemented the Uniform Loan Delivery Dataset, or ULDD, which provides for the efficient collection and use of consistent information about loan terms, collateral, and borrowers. We are also working with FHFA and others to develop a plan for the design and building of a single securitization platform that can be used in a future secondary mortgage market. We are continuing to work with FHFA and Fannie Mae to develop recommendations to align certain of the terms of the contracts we and Fannie Mae use with our respective single-family seller/servicers, as well as certain practices we follow in managing our respective business relationships with these companies.

Contracting the Dominant Presence of the GSEs in the Marketplace

We continue to take steps toward the goal of gradually shifting mortgage credit risk from Freddie Mac to private investors, while simplifying and shrinking certain of our operations. In the case of single-family credit guarantees, we are exploring several ways to accomplish this goal, including increasing guarantee fees, establishing loss-sharing arrangements, and evaluating new risk-sharing transactions beyond the traditional charter-required mortgage insurance coverage. In addition, we are studying the steps necessary for our competitive disposition of certain investment assets, including non-performing loans. To evaluate how to accomplish the goal of contracting our operations in the multifamily business, we are conducting a market analysis of the viability of our multifamily operations without government guarantees. We also plan to continue to shift mortgage credit risk to private investors through our multifamily Other Guarantee Transactions.

Maintaining Sound Credit Quality on the Loans We Purchase or Guarantee

We continue to focus on maintaining credit policies, including our underwriting standards, that allow us to purchase and guarantee loans made to qualified borrowers that we believe will provide management and guarantee fee income (excluding the amounts associated with the Temporary Payroll Tax Cut Continuation Act of 2011), over the long-term, that exceeds our expected credit-related and administrative expenses on such loans. Under this Act, we were required to raise our guarantee fees by 10 basis points, and the proceeds from this increase will be remitted to Treasury to fund the payroll tax cut, rather than retained by us.

HARP loans represented 8% of the UPB of our single-family credit guarantee portfolio as of June 30, 2012. Mortgages originated after 2008, including HARP loans, represented 57% of the UPB of our single-family credit guarantee portfolio as of June 30, 2012, while the single-family loans originated from 2005 through 2008 represented 28% of this portfolio. Relief refinance mortgages of all LTV ratios comprised approximately 14% and 11% of the UPB in our total single-family credit guarantee portfolio at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively.

Approximately 95% of the single-family mortgages we purchased in both the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 were fixed-rate, first lien amortizing mortgages, based on UPB. Approximately 81% and 84% of the single-family mortgages we purchased in the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively, were refinance mortgages, and approximately 32% and 25%, respectively, of these refinance mortgages were HARP loans, based on UPB. Approximately 21% and 14% of our single-family purchase volume in the first half of 2012 and 2011, respectively, were relief refinance mortgages with LTV ratios above 80%.

The proportion of loans we purchased with original LTV ratios over 100% increased from approximately 5% of our single-family mortgage purchases (including relief refinance loans) in the first half of 2011 to 11% of our single-family mortgage purchases in the first half of 2012 due, in large part, to the changes in HARP announced in the fourth quarter of 2011, which allow borrowers with higher LTV ratios to refinance.

 

 

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The credit quality of the single-family loans we acquired in the first half of 2012 (excluding relief refinance mortgages, which represented approximately 30% of our single-family purchase volume during the first half of 2012) is significantly better than that of loans we acquired from 2005 through 2008 as measured by original LTV ratios, FICO scores, and the proportion of loans underwritten with fully documented income. The improvement in credit quality of loans we have purchased since 2008 (excluding relief refinance mortgages) is primarily the result of: (a) changes in our credit policies, including changes in our underwriting standards; (b) fewer purchases of loans with higher risk characteristics; and (c) changes in mortgage insurers’ and lenders’ underwriting practices.

Our underwriting procedures for relief refinance mortgages are limited in many cases, and such procedures generally do not include all of the changes in underwriting standards we have implemented since 2008. As a result, relief refinance mortgages generally reflect many of the credit risk attributes of the original loans. However, borrower participation in our relief refinance mortgage initiative may help reduce our exposure to credit risk in cases where borrower payments under their mortgages are reduced, thereby strengthening the borrower’s potential to make their mortgage payments.

Over time, relief refinance mortgages with LTV ratios above 80% (i.e., HARP loans) may not perform as well as other refinance mortgages because the continued high LTV ratios of these loans increases the probability of default. In addition, relief refinance mortgages may not be covered by mortgage insurance for the full excess of their UPB over 80%.

The table below presents the composition, loan characteristics, and serious delinquency rates of loans in our single-family credit guarantee portfolio, by year of origination at June  30, 2012.

Table 2 — Single-Family Credit Guarantee Portfolio Data by Year of Origination(1)

 

      At June 30, 2012     Six Months Ended
June  30, 2012
 
      Percent of
Portfolio
    Average
Credit
Score(2)
     Original
LTV  Ratio(3)
    Current
LTV
Ratio(4)
    Current
LTV  Ratio
>100%(4)(5)
    Serious
Delinquency
Rate(6)
    Percent of
Credit Losses
 

Year of Origination

               

2012

     9     756        77     75     13        

2011

     16       754         71        69        5        0.13        <1   

2010

     17       753         71        71        6        0.38        1  

2009

     15       752         69        72        6        0.68        2  
  

 

 

              

 

 

 

Combined-2009 to 2012

     57       754         72        71        7        0.40        3  
  

 

 

              

 

 

 

2008

     6       722         74        92        35        6.30        9  

2007

     9       703         77        112        61        12.05        36  

2006

     6       708         75        110        56        11.20        26  

2005

     7       714         73        94        37        6.83        17  
  

 

 

              

 

 

 

Combined-2005 to 2008

     28       711         75        103        48        9.21        88  
  

 

 

              

 

 

 

2004 and prior

     15       717         71        59        8        2.98        9  
  

 

 

              

 

 

 

Total

     100     736         72        78        18        3.45        100
  

 

 

              

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Based on the loans remaining in the portfolio at June 30, 2012, which totaled $1.7 trillion, rather than all loans originally guaranteed by us and originated in the respective year. Includes loans acquired under our relief refinance initiative, which began in 2009.
(2) Based on FICO score of the borrower as of the date of loan origination and may not be indicative of the borrowers’ creditworthiness at June 30, 2012. Excludes less than 1% of loans in the portfolio because the FICO scores at origination were not available. As of June 30, 2012, the average credit score for all relief refinance loans was 742, compared to an average of 735 for all other loans in the portfolio.
(3) See endnote (4) to “Table 34 — Characteristics of the Single-Family Credit Guarantee Portfolio” for information on our calculation of original LTV ratios.
(4) We estimate current market values by adjusting the value of the property at origination based on changes in the market value of homes in the same geographical area since origination. See endnote (5) to “Table 34 — Characteristics of the Single-Family Credit Guarantee Portfolio” for information on our calculation of current LTV ratios. As of June 30, 2012, the average current LTV ratio for all relief refinance loans was 82%.
(5) Calculated as a percentage of the aggregate UPB of loans with LTV ratios greater than 100% in relation to the total UPB of loans in the category.
(6) See “RISK MANAGEMENT— Credit Risk — Mortgage Credit Risk — Single-family Mortgage Credit Risk — Delinquencies” for further information about our reported serious delinquency rates.

Strengthening Our Infrastructure and Improving Overall Efficiency While Also Focusing On Retention of Key Employees

We are working to both enhance the quality of our infrastructure and improve our efficiency in order to preserve the taxpayers’ investment. We are focusing our resources primarily on key projects, many of which are related to FHFA mandated initiatives and will likely take several years to fully implement.

We continue to actively manage our general and administrative expenses, while also continuing to focus on retaining key talent. In the first half of 2012, to help mitigate the uncertainty surrounding compensation, we introduced a new compensation program for employees. Under the program, the majority of employees will have a more predictable income,

 

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as the program generally reduces the amount of compensation that is subject to variability. While uncertainty surrounding our future business model has contributed to employee turnover and low employee engagement, employee turnover moderated in the second quarter of 2012 compared to the same period of 2011. We are continuing to explore various strategic arrangements with outside firms to provide operational capability and staffing for key functions, as needed.

We believe the initiatives we are pursuing under the 2012 conservatorship scorecard and other FHFA-mandated initiatives will require additional resources and continue to affect our level of administrative expenses going forward.

Single-Family Credit Guarantee Portfolio

The UPB of our single-family credit guarantee portfolio declined approximately 3% during the first half of 2012, as the amount of single-family loan liquidations exceeded new loan purchase and guarantee activity. We believe this is due, in part, to declines in the amount of single-family mortgage debt outstanding in the market and our competitive position compared to other market participants.

The table below provides certain credit statistics for our single-family credit guarantee portfolio.

Table 3 — Credit Statistics, Single-Family Credit Guarantee Portfolio

 

      As of  
      6/30/2012     3/31/2012     12/31/2011     9/30/2011     6/30/2011  

Payment status —

          

One month past due

     1.79     1.63     2.02     1.94     1.92

Two months past due

     0.60     0.57     0.70     0.70     0.67

Seriously delinquent(1)

     3.45     3.51     3.58     3.51     3.50

Non-performing loans (in millions)(2)

   $ 118,463     $ 119,599     $ 120,514     $ 119,081     $ 114,819  

Single-family loan loss reserve (in millions)(3)

   $ 35,298     $ 37,771     $ 38,916     $ 39,088     $ 38,390  

REO inventory (in properties)

     53,271       59,307       60,535       59,596       60,599  

REO assets, net carrying value (in millions)

   $ 4,715     $ 5,333     $ 5,548     $ 5,539     $ 5,834  
      For the Three Months Ended  
      6/30/2012     3/31/2012     12/31/2011     9/30/2011     6/30/2011  
     (in units, unless noted)  

Seriously delinquent loan additions(1)

     75,904       80,815       95,661       93,850       87,813  

Loan modifications(4)

     15,142       13,677       19,048       23,919       31,049  

REO acquisitions

     20,033       23,805       24,758       24,378       24,788  

REO disposition severity ratio:(5)

          

California

     41.6     44.2     44.6     45.5     44.9

Arizona

     40.4     45.0     46.7     48.7     51.3

Florida

     46.2     48.6     50.1     53.3     52.7

Nevada

     54.3     56.5     54.2     53.2     55.4

Illinois

     47.8     49.3     51.2     50.5     49.4

Total U.S

     37.9     40.3     41.2     41.9     41.7

Single-family provision for credit losses (in millions)

   $ 177     $ 1,844     $ 2,664     $ 3,643     $ 2,542  

Single-family credit losses (in millions)

   $ 2,858     $ 3,435     $ 3,209     $ 3,440     $ 3,106  

 

 

(1) See “RISK MANAGEMENT — Credit Risk — Mortgage Credit Risk Single-Family Mortgage Credit Risk — Delinquencies” for further information about our reported serious delinquency rates.
(2) Consists of the UPB of loans in our single-family credit guarantee portfolio that have undergone a TDR or that are seriously delinquent. As of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, approximately $48.0 billion and $44.4 billion in UPB of TDR loans, respectively, were no longer seriously delinquent.
(3) Consists of the combination of: (a) our allowance for loan losses on mortgage loans held for investment; and (b) our reserve for guarantee losses associated with non-consolidated single-family mortgage securitization trusts and other guarantee commitments.
(4) Represents the number of modification agreements with borrowers completed during the quarter. Excludes forbearance agreements, repayment plans, and loans in modification trial periods.
(5) States presented represent the five states where our credit losses were greatest during 2011 and the six months ended June 30, 2012. Calculated as the amount of our losses recorded on disposition of REO properties during the respective quarterly period, excluding those subject to repurchase requests made to our seller/servicers, divided by the aggregate UPB of the related loans. The amount of losses recognized on disposition of the properties is equal to the amount by which the UPB of the loans exceeds the amount of sales proceeds from disposition of the properties. Excludes sales commissions and other expenses, such as property maintenance and costs, as well as applicable recoveries from credit enhancements, such as mortgage insurance.

In discussing our credit performance, we often use the terms “credit losses” and “credit-related expenses.” These terms are significantly different. Our “credit losses” consist of charge-offs and REO operations income (expense), while our “credit-related expenses” consist of our provision for credit losses and REO operations income (expense).

Since the beginning of 2008, on an aggregate basis, we have recorded provision for credit losses associated with single-family loans of approximately $75.2 billion, and have recorded an additional $4.1 billion in losses on loans purchased from PC trusts, net of recoveries. The majority of these losses are associated with loans originated in 2005 through 2008. While loans originated in 2005 through 2008 will give rise to additional credit losses that have not yet been incurred and, thus, have

 

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not yet been provisioned for, we believe that, as of June 30, 2012, we have reserved for or charged-off the majority of the total expected credit losses for these loans. Nevertheless, various factors, such as continued high unemployment rates or further declines in home prices, could require us to provide for losses on these loans beyond our current expectations.

Borrower payment performance (for all stages of delinquency) improved at June 30, 2012, compared to December 31, 2011. In addition, the number of seriously delinquent loan additions declined in each of the first two quarters of 2012. Excluding relief refinance loans, recent improvement in borrower payment performance reflects an improved credit profile of borrowers with loans originated since 2008. However, several factors, including the lengthening of the foreclosure process, have resulted in loans remaining in serious delinquency for longer periods than prior to 2008, particularly in states that require a judicial foreclosure process. As of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the percentage of seriously delinquent loans that have been delinquent for more than six months was 74% and 70%, respectively.

The credit losses and loan loss reserves associated with our single-family credit guarantee portfolio remained elevated in the first half of 2012, due, in part, to:

 

   

Losses associated with the continued high volume of foreclosures and foreclosure alternatives. These actions relate to the continued efforts of our servicers to resolve our large inventory of seriously delinquent loans. Due to the length of time necessary for servicers either to complete the foreclosure process or pursue foreclosure alternatives on seriously delinquent loans in our portfolio, we expect our credit losses will continue to remain high even if the volume of new serious delinquencies continues to decline.

 

   

Continued negative effect of certain loan groups within the single-family credit guarantee portfolio, such as those underwritten with certain lower documentation standards and interest-only loans, as well as 2005 through 2008 vintage loans. These groups continue to be large contributors to our credit losses.

 

   

Cumulative decline in national home prices of 24% since June 2006, based on our own index. As a result of this price decline, approximately 18% of loans in our single-family credit guarantee portfolio, based on UPB, had estimated current LTV ratios in excess of 100% (i.e., underwater loans) as of June 30, 2012.

 

   

Weak financial condition of many of our mortgage insurers, which has reduced our estimates of expected recoveries from these counterparties.

Some of our loss mitigation activities create fluctuations in our delinquency statistics. See “RISK MANAGEMENT — Credit Risk — Mortgage Credit Risk — Single-family Mortgage Credit Risk Credit Performance Delinquencies” for further information about factors affecting our reported delinquency rates.

Conservatorship and Government Support for our Business

We have been operating under conservatorship, with FHFA acting as our conservator, since September 6, 2008. The conservatorship and related matters have had a wide-ranging impact on us, including our regulatory supervision, management, business, financial condition, and results of operations.

We are dependent upon the continued support of Treasury and FHFA in order to continue operating our business. Our ability to access funds from Treasury under the Purchase Agreement is critical to keeping us solvent and avoiding the appointment of a receiver by FHFA under statutory mandatory receivership provisions.

While the conservatorship has benefited us, we are subject to certain constraints on our business activities imposed by Treasury due to the terms of, and Treasury’s rights under, the Purchase Agreement and by FHFA, as our Conservator.

Under the Purchase Agreement, Treasury made a commitment to provide funding, under certain conditions, to eliminate deficits in our net worth. The $200 billion cap on Treasury’s funding commitment will increase as necessary to eliminate any net worth deficits we may have during 2010, 2011, and 2012. We believe that the support provided by Treasury pursuant to the Purchase Agreement currently enables us to maintain our access to the debt markets and to have adequate liquidity to conduct our normal business activities, although the costs of our debt funding could vary.

We received cash proceeds of $19 million in June 2012 from a draw under Treasury’s funding commitment related to our quarterly deficit in equity at March 31, 2012. As a result, the aggregate liquidation preference of the senior preferred stock was $72.3 billion at June 30, 2012. At June 30, 2012, our assets exceeded our liabilities under GAAP; therefore there is no need for a draw from Treasury under the Purchase Agreement.

 

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We pay cash dividends to Treasury at an annual rate of 10%. Through June 30, 2012, we paid aggregate cash dividends to Treasury of $20.1 billion, an amount equal to 28% of our aggregate draws received under the Purchase Agreement. As of June 30, 2012, our annual cash dividend obligation to Treasury on the senior preferred stock of $7.2 billion exceeded our annual historical earnings in all but one period. As a result, we expect to make additional draws in future periods, even if our operating performance generates net income or comprehensive income.

Neither the U.S. government nor any other agency or instrumentality of the U.S. government is obligated to fund our mortgage purchase or financing activities or to guarantee our securities or other obligations.

For more information on conservatorship and the Purchase Agreement, see “BUSINESS — Conservatorship and Related Matters” in our 2011 Annual Report.

Consolidated Financial Results

Net income (loss) was $3.0 billion and $(2.1) billion for the second quarters of 2012 and 2011, respectively. Key highlights of our financial results include:

 

   

Net interest income for the second quarter of 2012 decreased to $4.4 billion from $4.6 billion in the second quarter of 2011, mainly due to the impact of a reduction in the average balances of our higher-yielding mortgage-related assets, partially offset by lower funding costs.

 

   

Provision for credit losses for the second quarter of 2012 declined to $155 million, compared to $2.5 billion for the second quarter of 2011. The decrease in the provision for credit losses primarily reflects improvements in the number of newly impaired loans (largely due to a decline in the portion of our single-family credit guarantee portfolio originated in 2005 through 2008) and the positive impacts of an increase in national home prices.

 

   

Non-interest income (loss) was $(751) million for the second quarter of 2012, compared to $(3.9) billion for the second quarter of 2011. The improvement was largely driven by a decrease in derivative losses during the second quarter of 2012 compared to the second quarter of 2011.

 

   

Non-interest expense declined to $536 million in the second quarter of 2012, from $546 million in the second quarter of 2011.

 

   

Comprehensive income (loss) was $2.9 billion for the second quarter of 2012 compared to $(1.1) billion for the second quarter of 2011. Comprehensive income for the second quarter of 2012 was driven by the $3.0 billion net income, partially offset by an increase in net unrealized losses related to our available-for-sale securities.

Mortgage Market and Economic Conditions

Overview

The U.S. real gross domestic product rose by 1.5% on an annualized basis during the second quarter of 2012, compared to 2.0% during the first quarter of 2012, according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis. The national unemployment rate was 8.2% in both June 2012 and March 2012, down from 8.5% in December 2011, based on data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. In the data underlying the unemployment rate, an average of approximately 75,000 monthly net new jobs were added to the economy during the second quarter of 2012, which shows evidence of a slow, but steady positive trend for the economy and the labor market.

Single-Family Housing Market

The single-family housing market exhibited certain signs of stabilization in the second quarter of 2012 despite continued weakness in the employment market and a significant inventory of seriously delinquent loans and REO properties in the market.

Based on data from the National Association of Realtors, sales of existing homes in the second quarter of 2012 averaged 4.54 million (at a seasonally adjusted annual rate), decreasing from 4.57 million in the first quarter of 2012. Based on data from the U.S. Census Bureau and HUD, new home sales in the second quarter of 2012 averaged approximately 363,000 (at a seasonally adjusted annual rate) increasing approximately 3.1% from approximately 352,000 in the first quarter of 2012. We estimate that home prices increased significantly during the second quarter of 2012, with our nationwide index registering approximately a 4.8% increase from March 2012 through June 2012 without seasonal adjustment. The second quarter of the

 

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year has historically been a period of strong home sales and related home price increases, as compared to the other quarters of the year. From June 2011 through June 2012 our nationwide home price index increased 1.0% on an annual basis. These estimates were based on our own price index of mortgage loans on one-family homes funded by us or Fannie Mae. Other indices of home prices may have different results, as they are determined using different pools of mortgage loans and calculated under different conventions than our own.

The foreclosure process has lengthened significantly in recent years, due to a number of factors, but particularly in states that require a judicial foreclosure process. There have also been a number of legislative and regulatory developments in recent periods affecting single-family mortgage servicing and foreclosure practices. It is possible that these developments will result in significant changes to mortgage servicing and foreclosure practices that could adversely affect our business. For information on these matters, see “RISK FACTORS — Operational Risks — We have incurred, and will continue to incur, expenses and we may otherwise be adversely affected by delays and deficiencies in the foreclosure process” in our 2011 Annual Report and “LEGISLATIVE AND REGULATORY MATTERS — Developments Concerning Single-Family Servicing Practices.”

Multifamily Housing Market

Multifamily market fundamentals continued to improve on a national level during the second quarter of 2012. The multifamily sector experienced strong interest from prospective borrowers and investors and continued to outperform other components of the commercial real estate sector. As reported by Reis, Inc., the national apartment vacancy rate improved from 8.0% at the end of 2009 to 4.7% during the second quarter of 2012 representing the lowest level since the end of 2001. Vacancy rates and effective rents are important to loan performance because multifamily loans are generally repaid from the cash flows generated by the underlying property and these factors significantly influence those cash flows. We believe these improving fundamentals and optimism about demand for multifamily housing have contributed to improvement in property values in most markets.

Mortgage Market and Business Outlook

Forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties, some of which are beyond our control. These statements are not historical facts, but rather represent our expectations based on current information, plans, judgments, assumptions, estimates, and projections. Actual results may differ significantly from those described in or implied by such forward-looking statements due to various factors and uncertainties. For example, a number of factors could cause the actual performance of the housing and mortgage markets and the U.S. economy during the remainder of 2012 to be significantly worse than we expect, including adverse changes in national or international economic conditions and changes in the federal government’s fiscal or monetary policies. See “FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS” for additional information.

Overview

We continue to expect key macroeconomic drivers of the economy, such as income growth, employment, and inflation, will affect the performance of the housing and mortgage markets in the remainder of 2012. Since we expect that economic growth will likely be stronger and mortgage interest rates lower in 2012 than in 2011, we believe that housing affordability will remain relatively high in 2012 for potential home buyers. We also expect that the volume of home sales will likely continue to increase in 2012, compared to the volume in 2011, but still remain relatively weak compared to historical levels. Important factors that we believe will continue to negatively impact single-family housing demand are the relatively high unemployment rate and relatively low consumer confidence measures. Consumer confidence measures, while up from recession lows, remain below long-term averages and suggest that households will likely continue to be cautious in home buying. We also expect to continue to experience a high level of refinancing activity in the near term, due to the impact of the expanded HARP initiative as well as the historically low interest rates on fixed-rate single-family mortgages. For information on the HARP initiative, see “RISK MANAGEMENT — Credit Risk — Mortgage Credit Risk — Single-Family Mortgage Credit Risk — Single-Family Loan Workouts and the MHA Program.”

While home prices remain at significantly lower levels from their peak in most areas, declines in the market’s inventory of vacant housing have supported stabilization in home prices in a number of metropolitan areas. To the extent a large volume of loans complete the foreclosure process in a short time period, the resulting increase in the market’s inventory of homes for sale could have a negative impact on home prices. Due to these and other factors, our expectation for home prices,

 

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based on our own index, is that national average home prices will continue to remain weak on an inflation-adjusted basis over the near term before a long-term recovery in housing begins.

Single-Family

Our charge-offs remained high during the first half of 2012, and we expect they will likely remain high during the remainder of 2012. This is in part due to the substantial number of underwater mortgage loans in our single-family credit guarantee portfolio. For the near term, we also expect:

 

   

REO disposition severity ratios to remain near their historical highs, though market conditions, such as home prices and the rate of home sales, have seen improvements in many key markets;

 

   

the amount of non-performing assets and the volume of our loan workouts to continue to remain high; and

 

   

continued high volume of loans in the foreclosure process as well as prolonged foreclosure timelines.

Multifamily

The most recent market data available continues to reflect improving national apartment fundamentals, including decreasing vacancy rates and increasing effective rents. We expect further improvements in the rental market during the next twelve months due to increased rental demand. As a result of the positive market fundamentals and continuing strong portfolio performance, we expect our credit losses and delinquency rates to remain relatively low during the remainder of 2012.

We continued our strong support of the multifamily market and the nation’s renters as evidenced by our $12.4 billion of multifamily purchase and guarantee volume in the first half of 2012, which provided financing for approximately 750 properties amounting to approximately 193,000 apartment units. The majority of these apartments were affordable to low and moderate income families. We expect an increase in our purchase and guarantee volumes for the full-year of 2012 when compared to 2011 levels as demand for multifamily financing remains strong as historically low interest rates are encouraging borrower interest.

Long-Term Financial Sustainability

There is significant uncertainty as to our long-term financial sustainability. The Acting Director of FHFA stated on September 19, 2011 that “it ought to be clear to everyone at this point, given [Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae’s] losses since being placed into conservatorship and the terms of the Treasury’s financial support agreements, that [Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae] will not be able to earn their way back to a condition that allows them to emerge from conservatorship.”

We expect to request additional draws under the Purchase Agreement in future periods. Over time, our dividend obligation to Treasury will increasingly drive future draws. Although we may experience period-to-period variability in earnings and comprehensive income, it is unlikely that we will generate net income or comprehensive income in excess of our annual dividends payable to Treasury over the long term.

There continues to be significant uncertainty in the current mortgage market environment, and continued high levels of unemployment, weakness in home prices, and adverse changes in interest rates, mortgage security prices, and spreads could lead to additional draws. For discussion of other factors that could result in additional draws, see “RISK FACTORS —Conservatorship and Related Matters — We expect to make additional draws under the Purchase Agreement in future periods, which will adversely affect our future results of operations and financial condition” in our 2011 Annual Report.

There is significant uncertainty as to whether or when we will emerge from conservatorship, as it has no specified termination date, and as to what changes may occur to our business structure during or following conservatorship, including whether we will continue to exist. We are not aware of any current plans of our Conservator to significantly change our business model or capital structure in the near-term. Our future structure and role will be determined by the Administration and Congress, and there are likely to be significant changes beyond the near-term. We have no ability to predict the outcome of these deliberations. For a discussion of FHFA’s strategic plan for us, see “LEGISLATIVE AND REGULATORY MATTERS — FHFA’s Strategic Plan for Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae Conservatorships and 2012 Conservatorship Scorecard.”

 

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Limits on Investment Activity and Our Mortgage-Related Investments Portfolio

The conservatorship has significantly impacted our investment activity. FHFA has stated that we will not be a substantial buyer or seller of mortgages for our mortgage-related investments portfolio. However, from time to time we may purchase or retain mortgage-related investments based on a variety of factors which could improve the price of our PCs. Under the terms of the Purchase Agreement and FHFA regulation, our mortgage-related investments portfolio is subject to a cap that decreases by 10% each year until the portfolio reaches $250 billion. As a result, the UPB of our mortgage-related investments portfolio could not exceed $729 billion as of December 31, 2011 and may not exceed $656.1 billion as of December 31, 2012. FHFA has indicated that such portfolio reduction targets should be viewed as minimum reductions and has encouraged us to reduce the mortgage-related investments portfolio at a faster rate than required. We are also subject to limits on the amount of mortgage assets we can sell in any calendar month without review and approval by FHFA and, if FHFA so determines, Treasury.

The table below presents the UPB of our mortgage-related investments portfolio, for purposes of the limit imposed by the Purchase Agreement and FHFA regulation.

Table 4 — Mortgage-Related Investments Portfolio(1)

 

      June 30, 2012      December 31, 2011  
     (in millions)   

Investments segment — Mortgage investments portfolio

   $ 386,404      $ 449,273  

Single-family Guarantee segment — Single-family unsecuritized mortgage loans(2)

     60,053        62,469  

Multifamily segment — Mortgage investments portfolio

     134,822        141,571  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total mortgage-related investments portfolio

   $ 581,279      $ 653,313  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Based on UPB and excludes mortgage loans and mortgage-related securities traded, but not yet settled.
(2) Represents unsecuritized seriously delinquent single-family loans managed by the Single-family Guarantee segment.

We consider the liquidity of our assets in our mortgage-related investments portfolio based on three categories: (a) agency securities; (b) assets that are less liquid than agency securities; and (c) illiquid assets. Assets that are less liquid than agency securities include unsecuritized performing single-family mortgage loans, multifamily mortgage loans, CMBS, and housing revenue bonds. Our less liquid assets collectively represented approximately 31% of the UPB of the portfolio at June 30, 2012, compared to 32% as of December 31, 2011. Illiquid assets include unsecuritized seriously delinquent and modified single-family mortgage loans which we removed from PC trusts, and our investments in non-agency mortgage-related securities backed by subprime, option ARM, and Alt-A and other loans. Our illiquid assets collectively represented approximately 32% of the UPB of the portfolio at June 30, 2012, as compared to 29% as of December 31, 2011. The elevated level of illiquid assets is primarily due to our removal of seriously delinquent and modified loans from PC trusts. The changing composition of our mortgage-related investments portfolio to a greater proportion of assets that are less liquid and illiquid may influence our decisions regarding funding and hedging. The description above of the relative liquidity of our assets is based on our own internal expectations given current market conditions. Changes in market conditions could adversely affect the liquidity of our assets at any given time.

 

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SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA(1)

The selected financial data presented below should be reviewed in conjunction with MD&A and our consolidated financial statements and related notes for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012.

 

      Three Months Ended June 30,     Six Months Ended June 30,  
      2012     2011     2012     2011  
     (dollars in millions, except share-related amounts)  

Statements of Comprehensive Income Data

        

Net interest income

   $ 4,386     $ 4,561     $ 8,886     $ 9,101  

Provision for credit losses

     (155     (2,529     (1,980     (4,518

Non-interest income (loss)

     (751     (3,857     (2,267     (5,109

Non-interest expense

     (536     (546     (1,132     (1,243

Net income (loss)

     3,020       (2,139     3,597       (1,463

Comprehensive income (loss)

     2,892       (1,100     4,681       1,640  

Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders

     1,212       (3,756     (15     (4,685

Net income (loss) per common share:

        

Basic

     0.37       (1.16            (1.44

Diluted

     0.37       (1.16            (1.44

Cash dividends per common share

                            

Weighted average common shares outstanding (in thousands):(2)

        

Basic

     3,239,711       3,244,967       3,240,627       3,245,970  

Diluted

     3,239,711       3,244,967       3,240,627       3,245,970  
       June 30, 2012     December 31, 2011  
      (dollars in millions)  

Balance Sheets Data

        

Mortgage loans held-for-investment, at amortized cost by consolidated trusts (net of allowances for loan losses)

       $ 1,532,939     $ 1,564,131  

Total assets

         2,066,335       2,147,216  

Debt securities of consolidated trusts held by third parties

         1,468,613       1,471,437  

Other debt

         581,743       660,546  

All other liabilities

         14,893       15,379  

Total equity (deficit)

         1,086       (146

Portfolio Balances(3)

        

Mortgage-related investments portfolio

       $ 581,279     $ 653,313  

Total Freddie Mac mortgage-related securities(4)

         1,594,401       1,624,684  

Total mortgage portfolio(5)

         2,012,224       2,075,394  

Non-performing assets(6)

         126,228       129,152  
      Three Months Ended June 30,     Six Months Ended June 30,  
      2012     2011     2012     2011  

Ratios(7)

        

Return on average assets(8)

     0.6     (0.4 )%      0.3     (0.1 )% 

Non-performing assets ratio(9)

     6.8       6.4       6.8       6.4  

Equity to assets ratio(10)

                            

 

 

  (1) See “NOTE 1: SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES” in our 2011 Annual Report for information regarding our accounting policies and the impact of new accounting policies on our consolidated financial statements.
  (2) Includes the weighted average number of shares that are associated with the warrant for our common stock issued to Treasury as part of the Purchase Agreement. This warrant is included in basic loss per share, because it is unconditionally exercisable by the holder at a cost of $0.00001 per share.
  (3) Represents the UPB and excludes mortgage loans and mortgage-related securities traded, but not yet settled.
  (4) See “Table 27 — Freddie Mac Mortgage-Related Securities” for the composition of this line item.
  (5) See “Table 11 — Composition of Segment Mortgage Portfolios and Credit Risk Portfolios” for the composition of our total mortgage portfolio.
  (6) See “Table 45 — Non-Performing Assets” for a description of our non-performing assets.
  (7) The dividend payout ratio on common stock is not presented because the amount of cash dividends per common share is zero for all periods presented. The return on common equity ratio is not presented because the simple average of the beginning and ending balances of total equity (deficit), net of preferred stock (at redemption value) is less than zero for all periods presented.
  (8) Ratio computed as net income divided by the simple average of the beginning and ending balances of total assets.
  (9) Ratio computed as non-performing assets divided by the ending UPB of our total mortgage portfolio, excluding non-Freddie Mac mortgage-related securities.
(10) Ratio computed as the simple average of the beginning and ending balances of total equity (deficit) divided by the simple average of the beginning and ending balances of total assets.

 

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CONSOLIDATED RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion of our consolidated results of operations should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements, including the accompanying notes. Also see “CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES” for information concerning certain significant accounting policies and estimates applied in determining our reported results of operations.

Table 5 — Summary Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

 

      Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
      2012     2011     2012     2011  
     (in millions)  

Net interest income

   $ 4,386     $ 4,561     $ 8,886     $ 9,101  

Provision for credit losses

     (155     (2,529     (1,980     (4,518
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net interest income after provision for credit losses

     4,231       2,032       6,906       4,583  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-interest income (loss):

        

Gains (losses) on extinguishment of debt securities of consolidated trusts

     (1     (125     (5     98  

Gains (losses) on retirement of other debt

     (45     3       (66     15  

Gains (losses) on debt recorded at fair value

     62       (37     45       (118

Derivative gains (losses)

     (882     (3,807     (1,938     (4,234

Impairment of available-for-sale securities:

        

Total other-than-temporary impairment of available-for-sale securities

     (135     (230     (610     (1,284

Portion of other-than-temporary impairment recognized in AOCI

     37       (122     (52     (261
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net impairment of available-for-sale securities recognized in earnings

     (98     (352     (662     (1,545

Other gains (losses) on investment securities recognized in earnings

     (356     209       (644     89  

Other income

     569       252       1,003       586  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total non-interest income (loss)

     (751     (3,857     (2,267     (5,109
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-interest expense:

        

Administrative expenses

     (401     (384     (738     (745

REO operations income (expense)

     30       (27     (141     (284

Other expenses

     (165     (135     (253     (214
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total non-interest expense

     (536     (546     (1,132     (1,243
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income tax benefit

     2,944       (2,371     3,507       (1,769

Income tax benefit

     76       232       90       306  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

     3,020       (2,139     3,597       (1,463
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of taxes and reclassification adjustments:

        

Changes in unrealized gains (losses) related to available-for-sale securities

     (238     903       909       2,844  

Changes in unrealized gains (losses) related to cash flow hedge relationships

     107       135       218       267  

Changes in defined benefit plans

     3       1       (43     (8
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of taxes and reclassification adjustments

     (128     1,039       1,084       3,103  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

   $ 2,892     $ (1,100   $ 4,681     $ 1,640  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Interest Income

The table below presents an analysis of net interest income, including average balances and related yields earned on assets and incurred on liabilities.

 

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Table 6 — Net Interest Income/Yield and Average Balance Analysis

 

      Three Months Ended June 30,  
      2012     2011  
      Average
Balance(1)(2)
    Interest
Income
(Expense)(1)
    Average
Rate
    Average
Balance(1)(2)
    Interest
Income
(Expense)(1)
    Average
Rate
 
     (dollars in millions)  

Interest-earning assets:

            

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 32,039      $ 6        0.07   $ 33,660      $ 10        0.12

Federal funds sold and securities purchased under agreements to resell

     37,995        15        0.16       32,227        8        0.09  

Mortgage-related securities:

            

Mortgage-related securities(3)

     358,279        4,038        4.51       450,575        5,215        4.63  

Extinguishment of PCs held by Freddie Mac

     (111,351 )       (1,275 )       (4.58     (166,318 )       (1,966 )       (4.73
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total mortgage-related securities, net

     246,928        2,763        4.48       284,257        3,249        4.57  
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Non-mortgage-related securities(3)

     24,779        14        0.22       26,078        26        0.39  

Mortgage loans held by consolidated trusts(4)

     1,538,134        16,806        4.37       1,643,680        19,782        4.81  

Unsecuritized mortgage loans(4)

     240,693        2,224        3.69       242,471        2,274        3.75  
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total interest-earning assets

   $ 2,120,568      $ 21,828        4.12     $ 2,262,373      $ 25,349        4.48  
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Interest-bearing liabilities:

            

Debt securities of consolidated trusts including PCs held by Freddie Mac

   $ 1,560,470      $ (15,900     (4.08   $ 1,656,150      $ (19,227     (4.64

Extinguishment of PCs held by Freddie Mac

     (111,351 )       1,275        4.58       (166,318 )       1,966        4.73  
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total debt securities of consolidated trusts held by third parties

     1,449,119        (14,625     (4.04     1,489,832        (17,261     (4.63

Other debt:

            

Short-term debt

     128,860        (43 )       (0.13     194,153        (95 )       (0.19

Long-term debt(5)

     464,966        (2,617 )       (2.25     500,587        (3,238 )       (2.59
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total other debt

     593,826        (2,660 )       (1.79     694,740        (3,333 )       (1.92

Total interest-bearing liabilities

     2,042,945        (17,285     (3.38     2,184,572        (20,594     (3.77

Expense related to derivatives(6)

            (157 )       (0.03            (194 )       (0.03

Impact of net non-interest-bearing funding

     77,623               0.12       77,801               0.13  
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total funding of interest-earning assets

   $ 2,120,568      $ (17,442     (3.29   $ 2,262,373      $ (20,788     (3.67
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Net interest income/yield

     $ 4,386        0.83       $ 4,561        0.81  
    

 

 

       

 

 

   
      Six Months Ended June 30,  
      2012     2011  
      Average
Balance(1)(2)
    Interest
Income
(Expense)(1)
    Average
Rate
    Average
Balance(1)(2)
    Interest
Income
(Expense)(1)
    Average
Rate
 
     (dollars in millions)  

Interest-earning assets:

            

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 41,535      $ 10        0.05   $ 35,611      $ 26        0.14

Federal funds sold and securities purchased under agreements to resell

     32,026        24        0.15       40,044        26        0.13  

Mortgage-related securities:

            

Mortgage-related securities (3)

     370,753        8,401        4.53       453,773        10,531        4.64  

Extinguishment of PCs held by Freddie Mac

     (118,357 )       (2,716 )       (4.59     (166,923 )       (4,029 )       (4.83
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total mortgage-related securities, net

     252,396        5,685        4.50       286,850        6,502        4.53  
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Non-mortgage-related securities(3)

     26,621        30        0.23       27,694        56        0.40  

Mortgage loans held by consolidated trusts(4)

     1,548,978        34,274        4.43       1,647,123        39,846        4.84  

Unsecuritized mortgage loans (4)

     247,785        4,536        3.66       241,514        4,608        3.82  
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total interest-earning assets

   $ 2,149,341      $ 44,559        4.15     $ 2,278,836      $ 51,064        4.48  
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Interest-bearing liabilities:

            

Debt securities of consolidated trusts including PCs held by Freddie Mac

   $ 1,570,609      $ (32,594     (4.15   $ 1,660,879      $ (38,693     (4.66

Extinguishment of PCs held by Freddie Mac

     (118,357 )       2,716        4.59       (166,923 )       4,029        4.83  
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total debt securities of consolidated trusts held by third parties

     1,452,252        (29,878     (4.11     1,493,956        (34,664     (4.64

Other debt:

            

Short-term debt

     138,995        (83 )       (0.12     194,488        (210 )       (0.21

Long-term debt(5)

     480,805        (5,393 )       (2.24     509,310        (6,688 )       (2.63
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total other debt

     619,800        (5,476 )       (1.77     703,798        (6,898 )       (1.96
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total interest-bearing liabilities

     2,072,052        (35,354     (3.41     2,197,754        (41,562     (3.78

Expense related to derivatives(6)

            (319 )       (0.03            (401 )       (0.04

Impact of net non-interest-bearing funding

     77,289               0.12       81,082               0.14  
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total funding of interest-earning assets

   $ 2,149,341      $ (35,673     (3.32   $ 2,278,836      $ (41,963     (3.68
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Net interest income/yield

     $ 8,886        0.83       $ 9,101        0.80  
    

 

 

       

 

 

   

 

 

(1) Excludes mortgage loans and mortgage-related securities traded, but not yet settled.
(2) We calculate average balances based on amortized cost.
(3) Interest income (expense) includes accretion of the portion of impairment charges recognized in earnings where we expect a significant improvement in cash flows.
(4) Non-performing loans, where interest income is generally recognized when collected, are included in average balances.
(5) Includes current portion of long-term debt.
(6) Represents changes in fair value of derivatives in closed cash flow hedge relationships that were previously deferred in AOCI and have been reclassified to earnings as the associated hedged forecasted issuance of debt affects earnings.

Net interest income decreased by $175 million and $215 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively, compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2011. Net interest yield increased by two basis points and

 

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three basis points during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively, compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2011. The primary driver underlying the decreases in net interest income was the reduction in the average balance of higher-yielding mortgage-related assets due to continued liquidations, partially offset by lower funding costs from the replacement of debt at lower rates. The increases in net interest yield were primarily due to the benefits of lower funding costs, partially offset by the negative impact of the reduction in the average balance of higher-yielding mortgage-related assets.

We only recognize interest income on non-performing loans that have been placed on non-accrual status when cash payments are received. We refer to the interest income that we do not recognize as foregone interest income (i.e., interest income we would have recorded if the loans had been current in accordance with their original terms). Foregone interest income and reversals of previously recognized interest income, net of cash received, related to non-performing loans was $0.8 billion and $1.7 billion during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively, compared to $1.0 billion and $2.0 billion during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively. These reductions were primarily due to the decreased volume of non-performing loans on non-accrual status.

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, spreads on our debt and our access to the debt markets remained favorable relative to historical levels. For more information, see “LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES — Liquidity.”

Provision for Credit Losses

We maintain loan loss reserves at levels we believe are appropriate to absorb probable incurred losses on mortgage loans held-for-investment and loans underlying our financial guarantees. Our loan loss reserves are increased through the provision for credit losses and are reduced by net charge-offs. The provision for credit losses primarily reflects our estimate of incurred losses for newly impaired loans as well as changes in our estimates of loss for previously impaired loans based on the likelihood of ultimate transition to loss events and the expected severity rates of incurred losses.

Our provision for credit losses declined to $0.2 billion in the second quarter of 2012, compared to $2.5 billion in the second quarter of 2011, and was $2.0 billion in the first half of 2012 compared to $4.5 billion in the first half of 2011. The decrease in the provision for credit losses for the second quarter and first half of 2012 compared to the respective periods in 2011 primarily reflects improvements in the number of newly impaired loans (largely due to a decline in the portion of our single-family credit guarantee portfolio originated in 2005 through 2008) and lower estimated future losses due to the positive impact of an increase in national home prices. While national home prices exhibited strong growth in the second quarter of 2012, our expectation is that national average home prices will remain weak (on an inflation-adjusted basis) over the near term before a long-term recovery in housing begins. As such, we adjusted our estimated loss severity rates in the second quarter of 2012 to align with our expectations for near term home prices. Our provision for credit losses in the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 primarily reflected a decline in the rate at which delinquent loans transition into serious delinquency.

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, our charge-offs, net of recoveries for single-family loans exceeded the amount of our provision for credit losses. Our charge-offs in the first half of 2012 were less than they otherwise would have been because of the continued suppression of loan and collateral resolution activity due to the length of the foreclosure process. We believe the level of our charge-offs will continue to remain high for the remainder of 2012.

As of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the UPB of our single-family non-performing loans was $118.5 billion and $120.5 billion, respectively. These amounts include $48.0 billion and $44.4 billion, respectively, of single-family TDRs that are less than three months past due. However, TDRs remain categorized as non-performing throughout the remaining life of the loan regardless of whether the borrower makes payments, which return the loan to a current payment status after modification. See “RISK MANAGEMENT — Credit Risk — Mortgage Credit Risk” for further information on our single-family credit guarantee portfolio, including credit performance, charge-offs, our loan loss reserves balance, and our non-performing assets.

The total number of seriously delinquent loans declined approximately 7% during the first half of 2012. However, our serious delinquency rates remain high compared to the rates we experienced in years prior to 2009 due to the continued weakness in home prices in the last several years, persistently high unemployment, extended foreclosure timelines, and continued challenges faced by servicers processing large volumes of problem loans. Our seller/servicers have an active role

 

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in our loan workout activities, including under the servicing alignment initiative and the MHA Program, and a decline in their performance could result in a failure to realize the anticipated benefits of our loss mitigation plans.

Since the beginning of 2008, on an aggregate basis, we have recorded provision for credit losses associated with single-family loans of approximately $75.2 billion, and have recorded an additional $4.1 billion in losses on loans purchased from our PCs, net of recoveries. The majority of these losses are associated with loans originated in 2005 through 2008. While loans originated in 2005 through 2008 will give rise to additional credit losses that have not yet been incurred, and thus have not been provisioned for, we believe that, as of June 30, 2012, we have reserved for or charged-off the majority of the total expected credit losses for these loans. Nevertheless, various factors, such as continued high unemployment rates or further declines in home prices, could require us to provide for losses on these loans beyond our current expectations. See “Table 3 — Credit Statistics, Single-Family Credit Guarantee Portfolio” for certain quarterly credit statistics for our single-family credit guarantee portfolio.

Our provision for credit losses and amount of charge-offs in the future will be affected by a number of factors. These factors include: (a) the actual level of mortgage defaults; (b) the effect of the MHA Program, the servicing alignment initiative, and other loss mitigation efforts, including any requirement to utilize principal forgiveness in our loan modification initiatives; (c) any government actions or programs that affect the ability of troubled borrowers to obtain modifications, including legislative changes to bankruptcy laws; (d) changes in property values; (e) regional economic conditions, including unemployment rates; (f) additional delays in the foreclosure process; (g) third-party mortgage insurance coverage and recoveries; and (h) the realized rate of seller/servicer repurchases. In addition, in April 2012, FHFA issued an advisory bulletin that could have an effect on our provision for credit losses in the future. The advisory bulletin specifies that, once a loan is classified as “loss,” we generally are required to charge-off the portion of the loan balance that exceeds the fair value of the property, less cost to sell. We are currently assessing the operational and accounting impacts of this advisory bulletin and have not yet determined when or how we will implement this bulletin or its impact on our consolidated financial statements. See “LEGISLATIVE AND REGULATORY DEVELOPMENTS — FHFA Advisory Bulletin” for additional information. See “RISK MANAGEMENT — Credit Risk — Institutional Credit Risk” for information on mortgage insurers and seller/servicer repurchase obligations.

We recognized a benefit for credit losses associated with our multifamily mortgage portfolio of $22 million and $13 million for the second quarters of 2012 and 2011, respectively, and $41 million and $73 million for the first half of 2012 and 2011, respectively. Our loan loss reserves associated with our multifamily mortgage portfolio were $496 million and $545 million as of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively. The decline in loan loss reserves for multifamily loans was driven primarily by an increase in property values underlying individually impaired loans.

Non-Interest Income (Loss)

Gains (Losses) on Extinguishment of Debt Securities of Consolidated Trusts

When we purchase PCs that have been issued by consolidated PC trusts, we extinguish a pro rata portion of the outstanding debt securities of the related consolidated trusts. We recognize a gain (loss) on extinguishment of the debt securities to the extent the amount paid to extinguish the debt security differs from its carrying value.

Losses on extinguishment of debt securities of consolidated trusts were $1 million and $125 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. For the three months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, we extinguished debt securities of consolidated trusts with a UPB of $0.7 billion and $22.2 billion, respectively (representing our purchase of single-family PCs with a corresponding UPB amount). The losses during the three months ended June 30, 2011 were primarily due to the repurchase of debt securities of consolidated trusts at a larger net purchase premium driven by a decrease in interest rates during the period.

Gains (losses) on extinguishment of debt securities of consolidated trusts were $(5) million and $98 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, we extinguished debt securities of consolidated trusts with a UPB of $1.4 billion and $47.0 billion, respectively (representing our purchase of single-family PCs with a corresponding UPB amount). The decrease in purchases of single-family PCs during the 2012 periods was primarily due to a lower volume of dollar roll transactions to support the market and pricing of our single-family PCs. The gains for the six months ended June 30, 2011 were due to the repurchases of debt securities of consolidated trusts at a net purchase discount during the first quarter of 2011 driven by an increase in interest rates during the period. See “Table 19 — Mortgage-Related Securities Purchase Activity” for additional information regarding purchases of mortgage-related securities, including those issued by consolidated PC trusts.

 

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Gains (Losses) on Retirement of Other Debt

Gains (losses) on retirement of other debt were $(45) million and $3 million during the three months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Gains (losses) on retirement of other debt were $(66) million and $15 million during the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. We recognized losses on debt retirements in the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 primarily due to write-offs of unamortized deferred issuance costs related to calls of other debt securities. We recognized gains on debt retirements in the six months ended June 30, 2011 primarily due to the repurchase of other debt securities at discounts. For more information, see “LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES — Liquidity — Other Debt Securities — Other Debt Retirement Activities.”

Gains (Losses) on Debt Recorded at Fair Value

Gains (losses) on debt recorded at fair value primarily relate to changes in the fair value of our foreign-currency denominated debt. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, we recognized gains on debt recorded at fair value of $62 million and $45 million, respectively, primarily due to a combination of the U.S. dollar strengthening relative to the Euro and changes in interest rates. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, we recognized losses on debt recorded at fair value of $37 million and $118 million, respectively, primarily due to the U.S. dollar weakening relative to the Euro. We mitigate changes in the fair value of our foreign-currency denominated debt by using foreign currency swaps and foreign-currency denominated interest-rate swaps.

Derivative Gains (Losses)

The table below presents derivative gains (losses) reported in our consolidated statements of comprehensive income. See “NOTE 10: DERIVATIVES — Table 10.2 — Gains and Losses on Derivatives” for information about gains and losses related to specific categories of derivatives. Changes in fair value and interest accruals on derivatives not in hedge accounting relationships are recorded as derivative gains (losses) in our consolidated statements of comprehensive income. At June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively, we did not have any derivatives in hedge accounting relationships; however, there are amounts recorded in AOCI related to discontinued cash flow hedges. Amounts recorded in AOCI associated with these closed cash flow hedges are reclassified to earnings when the forecasted transactions affect earnings. If it is probable that the forecasted transaction will not occur, then the deferred gain or loss associated with the forecasted transaction is reclassified into earnings immediately.

While derivatives are an important aspect of our strategy to manage interest-rate risk, they generally increase the volatility of reported net income because, while fair value changes in derivatives affect net income, fair value changes in several of the types of assets and liabilities being hedged do not affect net income. Beginning in the fourth quarter of 2011, we began to increase the portion of our debt issued with longer-term maturities. This allows us to take advantage of attractive long-term rates while decreasing our reliance on interest-rate swaps.

Table 7 — Derivative Gains (Losses)

 

      Derivative Gains (Losses)  
      Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
      2012     2011     2012     2011  
     (in millions)  

Interest-rate swaps

   $ (2,506   $ (3,749   $ (1,298   $ (2,026

Option-based derivatives(1)

     2,276       1,602       1,199       795  

Other derivatives(2)

     310       (308     199       (402

Accrual of periodic settlements(3)

     (962     (1,352     (2,038     (2,601
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   $ (882   $ (3,807   $ (1,938   $ (4,234
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Primarily includes purchased call and put swaptions and purchased interest-rate caps and floors.
(2) Includes futures, foreign-currency swaps, commitments, swap guarantee derivatives, and credit derivatives.
(3) Includes imputed interest on zero-coupon swaps.

Gains (losses) on derivatives not accounted for in hedge accounting relationships are principally driven by changes in: (a) interest rates and implied volatility; and (b) the mix and volume of derivatives in our derivative portfolio.

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, we recognized losses on derivatives of $0.9 billion and $1.9 billion, respectively, due to losses related to the accrual of periodic settlements on interest-rate swaps as we were in a net pay-fixed swap position. We recognized fair value losses on our pay-fixed swaps of $8.0 billion and $4.2 billion,

 

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respectively, which were largely offset by: (a) fair value gains on our receive-fixed swaps of $5.4 billion and $2.9 billion, respectively; and (b) fair value gains on our option-based derivatives of $2.3 billion and $1.2 billion, respectively, resulting from gains on our purchased call swaptions due to a decrease in longer-term interest rates. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, the effect of the decline in longer-term interest rates was partially mitigated due to a change in the mix of our derivatives portfolio, whereby we increased our holdings of receive-fixed swaps relative to pay-fixed swaps to rebalance our portfolio during a period of steadily declining interest rates and increased our issuances of debt with longer-term maturities.

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, we recognized losses on derivatives of $3.8 billion and $4.2 billion, respectively, primarily due to declines in interest rates in the second quarter. We recognized fair value losses on our pay-fixed swap positions of $7.3 billion and $3.3 billion, respectively, partially offset by fair value gains on our receive-fixed swaps of $3.6 billion and $1.3 billion, respectively. We also recognized fair value gains of $1.6 billion and $0.8 billion, respectively, on our option-based derivatives, resulting from gains on our purchased call swaptions as interest rates decreased during these periods. Additionally, we recognized losses related to the accrual of periodic settlements during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 due to our net pay-fixed swap position in the current interest rate environment.

Investment Securities-Related Activities

Impairments of Available-For-Sale Securities

We recorded net impairments of available-for-sale securities recognized in earnings, which were related to non-agency mortgage-related securities, of $98 million and $662 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively, compared to $352 million and $1.5 billion during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively. The decrease in net impairments recognized in earnings during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 was primarily driven by improvements in forecasted home prices over the expected life of the securities. See “CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS ANALYSIS — Investments in Securities — Mortgage-Related Securities — Other-Than-Temporary Impairments on Available-For-Sale Mortgage-Related Securities” and “NOTE 7: INVESTMENTS IN SECURITIES” for additional information.

Other Gains (Losses) on Investment Securities Recognized in Earnings

Other gains (losses) on investment securities recognized in earnings primarily consist of gains (losses) on trading securities. Trading securities mainly include Treasury securities, agency fixed-rate and variable-rate pass-through mortgage-related securities, and agency REMICs, including inverse floating-rate, interest-only and principal-only securities. We recognized $(400) million and $(777) million related to gains (losses) on trading securities during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively, compared to $274 million and $74 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively.

The losses on trading securities during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 were primarily driven by changes in market prepayment expectations for our interest-only and inverse-floater investment securities, given recent low interest rates. The gains on trading securities during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 were primarily due to the impact of a decline in interest rates coupled with a tightening of OAS levels on agency securities.

Other Income

The table below summarizes the significant components of other income.

 

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Table 8 — Other Income

 

      Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
      2012      2011     2012      2011  
     (in millions)  

Other income:

          

Gains (losses) on sale of mortgage loans

   $ 44      $ 161     $ 84      $ 256  

Gains (losses) on mortgage loans recorded at fair value

     201        136       340        103  

Recoveries on loans impaired upon purchase

     87        132       176        257  

Guarantee-related income, net(1)

     130        81       200        135  

All other

     107        (258     203        (165
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total other income

   $ 569      $ 252     $ 1,003      $ 586  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Most of our guarantee-related income relates to securitized multifamily mortgage loans where we have not consolidated the securitization trusts on our consolidated balance sheets.

Gains (Losses) on Sale of Mortgage Loans

During the three months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, we recognized $44 million and $161 million, respectively, of gains on sale of mortgage loans with associated UPB of $6.3 billion and $4.3 billion, respectively. During the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, we recognized $84 million and $256 million, respectively, of gains on sale of mortgage loans with associated UPB of $10.0 billion and $7.7 billion, respectively. All such amounts relate to our securitizations of multifamily loans on our consolidated balance sheets, which we elected to carry at fair value. We had lower gains on sale of mortgage loans in the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, compared to the same periods of 2011, as a significant portion of the improved fair value of the loans was recognized within gains (losses) on mortgage loans recorded at fair value during periods prior to the loans’ securitization.

Gains (Losses) on Mortgage Loans Recorded at Fair Value

During the three months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, we recognized $201 million and $136 million, respectively, of gains on mortgage loans recorded at fair value, and we recognized $340 million and $103 million of such gains during the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. All such amounts relate to multifamily loans which we had elected to carry at fair value and were designated for securitization. We held higher balances of these loans on our consolidated balance sheets during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, compared to the same periods in 2011 which, when combined with improving fair values on those loans, resulted in higher gains during the 2012 periods.

Recoveries on Loans Impaired upon Purchase

Recoveries on loans impaired upon purchase represent the recapture into income of previously recognized losses associated with purchases of delinquent loans from our PCs in conjunction with our guarantee activities. Recoveries occur when a loan that was impaired upon purchase is repaid in full or when at the time of foreclosure the estimated fair value of the acquired property, less costs to sell, exceeds the carrying value of the loan. For impaired loans where the borrower has made required payments that return the loan to less than three months past due, the recovery amounts are recognized as interest income over time as periodic payments are received.

During the three months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, we recognized recoveries on loans impaired upon purchase of $87 million and $132 million, respectively, and these recoveries were $176 million and $257 million during the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Our recoveries on loans impaired upon purchase declined in the second quarter and first half of 2012, compared to the same periods of 2011, due to a lower volume of foreclosure transfers and payoffs associated with loans impaired upon purchase.

All Other

All other income consists primarily of transactional fees, fees assessed to our servicers, such as for technology use and late fees or other penalties, and other miscellaneous income. All other income increased during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, compared to the same periods in 2011, principally due to the correction of certain prior period accounting errors not material to our financial statements that were recorded during the second quarter of 2011. During the second quarter of 2011, our largest correction related to an error associated with the accrual of interest income for certain impaired mortgage-related securities during 2010 and 2009, which reduced other income during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 by approximately $293 million.

 

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Non-Interest Expense

The table below summarizes the components of non-interest expense.

Table 9 — Non-Interest Expense

 

      Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
      2012     2011      2012      2011  
     (in millions)  

Administrative expenses:

          

Salaries and employee benefits

   $ 227     $ 219      $ 403      $ 426  

Professional services

     81       64        152        120  

Occupancy expense

     14       15        28        30  

Other administrative expense

     79       86        155        169  
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total administrative expenses

     401       384        738        745  

REO operations (income) expense

     (30     27        141        284  

Other expenses

     165       135        253        214  
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total non-interest expense

   $ 536     $ 546      $ 1,132      $ 1,243  
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Administrative Expenses

Administrative expenses increased during the three months ended June 30, 2012 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2011, due to an increase in professional services expense and salaries and employee benefits expense. Professional services expense increased as a result of initiatives we are pursuing under the 2012 conservatorship scorecard and other FHFA-mandated initiatives. Salaries and employee benefits expense increased primarily because of a change in the timing of the recognition of compensation-related expenses as a result of our new compensation program for employees, which we introduced in the second quarter of 2012. During the six months ended June 30, 2012, administrative expenses decreased slightly compared to the six months ended June 30, 2011 as lower salaries and employee benefits expense and other administrative expenses more than offset higher professional services expense.

We currently expect that our general and administrative expenses for the full-year 2012 will be marginally higher than those we experienced in the full-year 2011, resulting from increased professional services expense, in part due to: (a) our need to respond to developments in the continually changing mortgage market; (b) an environment in which we are subject to increased regulatory oversight and mandates; and (c) strategic arrangements that we may enter into with outside firms to provide operational capability and staffing for key functions. We believe the initiatives we are pursuing under the 2012 conservatorship scorecard and other FHFA-mandated initiatives will require additional resources and continue to affect our level of administrative expenses going forward.

REO Operations (Income) Expense

The table below presents the components of our REO operations (income) expense, and REO inventory and disposition information.

 

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Table 10 — REO Operations (Income) Expense, REO Inventory, and REO Dispositions

 

      Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
      2012     2011     2012     2011  
     (dollars in millions)  

REO operations (income) expense:

        

Single-family:

        

REO property expenses(1)

   $ 293     $ 300     $ 671     $ 608  

Disposition (gains) losses, net(2)

     (182     56       (260     182  

Change in holding period allowance, dispositions

     (33     (129     (90     (284

Change in holding period allowance, inventory(3)

     (27     5       (26     156  

Recoveries (4)

     (85     (197     (157     (370
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total single-family REO operations (income) expense

     (34     35       138       292  

Multifamily REO operations (income) expense

     4       (8     3       (8
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total REO operations (income) expense

   $ (30   $ 27     $ 141     $ 284  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

REO inventory (in properties), at June 30:

        

Single-family

     53,271       60,599       53,271       60,599  

Multifamily

     11       19       11       19  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

     53,282       60,618       53,282       60,618  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

REO property dispositions (in properties):

        

Single-family

     26,069       29,348       51,102       60,975  

Multifamily

     7       7       11       8  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

     26,076       29,355       51,113       60,983  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Consists of costs incurred to maintain or protect a property after it is acquired in a foreclosure transfer, such as legal fees, insurance, taxes, and cleaning and other maintenance charges.
(2) Represents the difference between the disposition proceeds, net of selling expenses, and the fair value of the property on the date of the foreclosure transfer.
(3) Represents the (increase) decrease in the estimated fair value of properties that were in inventory during the period.
(4) Includes recoveries from primary mortgage insurance, pool insurance and seller/servicer repurchases.

REO operations (income) expense was $(30) million for the second quarter of 2012, as compared to $27 million during the second quarter of 2011 and was $141 million in the first half of 2012 compared to $284 million for the first half of 2011. The decline in expense for the 2012 periods was primarily due to improving home prices in certain geographical areas with significant REO activity, which resulted in gains on disposition of properties as well as lower write-downs of single-family REO inventory. Recoveries on REO properties also declined during the second quarter and first half of 2012, compared to the same periods of 2011. Lower recoveries on REO properties were primarily due to lower REO property volume, reduced recoveries from mortgage insurers, and a decline in reimbursements of losses from seller/servicers associated with repurchase requests.

We believe the volume of our single-family REO acquisitions during the first half of 2012 was less than it otherwise would have been due to: (a) the length of the foreclosure process, particularly in states that require a judicial foreclosure process; and (b) resource constraints on foreclosure activities for five larger servicers involved in a recent settlement with a coalition of state attorneys general and federal agencies. The lower acquisition rate, coupled with high disposition levels, led to a lower REO property inventory level at June 30, 2012, compared to December 31, 2011. We expect that the length of the foreclosure process will continue to remain above historical levels. Additionally, we expect our REO activity to remain at elevated levels, as we have a large inventory of seriously delinquent loans in our single-family credit guarantee portfolio. To the extent a large volume of loans completes the foreclosure process in a short period of time, the resulting REO inventory could have a negative effect on the housing market. See “RISK MANAGEMENT — Credit Risk — Mortgage Credit Risk — Non-Performing Assets” for additional information about our REO activity.

Other Expenses

Other expenses were $165 million and $135 million in the second quarters of 2012 and 2011, respectively, and were $253 million and $214 million in the first half of 2012 and 2011, respectively. Other expenses consist primarily of HAMP servicer incentive fees, costs related to terminations and transfers of mortgage servicing, and other miscellaneous expenses.

Income Tax Benefit

For the three months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, we reported an income tax benefit of $76 million and $232 million, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, we reported an income tax benefit of $90 million and $306 million, respectively. See “NOTE 12: INCOME TAXES” for additional information.

 

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Comprehensive Income (Loss)

Our comprehensive income (loss) was $2.9 billion and $4.7 billion for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively, consisting of: (a) $3.0 billion and $3.6 billion of net income, respectively; and (b) $(128) million and $1.1 billion of total other comprehensive income (loss), respectively, primarily due to a change in net unrealized losses related to our available-for-sale securities.

Our comprehensive income (loss) was $(1.1) billion and $1.6 billion for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively, consisting of: (a) $(2.1) billion and $(1.5) billion of net income (loss), respectively; and (b) $1.0 billion and $3.1 billion of total other comprehensive income, respectively, primarily due to a reduction in net unrealized losses related to our available-for-sale securities. See “CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS ANALYSIS — Total Equity (Deficit)” for additional information regarding total other comprehensive income.

Segment Earnings

Our operations consist of three reportable segments, which are based on the type of business activities each performs — Investments, Single-family Guarantee, and Multifamily. Certain activities that are not part of a reportable segment are included in the All Other category.

The Investments segment reflects results from our investment, funding and hedging activities. In our Investments segment, we invest principally in mortgage-related securities and single-family performing mortgage loans, which are funded by other debt issuances and hedged using derivatives. In our Investments segment, we also provide funding and hedging management services to the Single-family Guarantee and Multifamily segments. The Investments segment reflects changes in the fair value of the Multifamily segment CMBS and held-for-sale loans that are associated with changes in interest rates. Segment Earnings for this segment consist primarily of the returns on these investments, less the related funding, hedging, and administrative expenses.

The Single-family Guarantee segment reflects results from our single-family credit guarantee activities. In our Single-family Guarantee segment, we purchase single-family mortgage loans originated by our seller/servicers in the primary mortgage market. In most instances, we use the mortgage securitization process to package the purchased mortgage loans into guaranteed mortgage-related securities. We guarantee the payment of principal and interest on the mortgage-related securities in exchange for management and guarantee fees. Segment Earnings for this segment consist primarily of management and guarantee fee revenues, including amortization of upfront fees, less credit-related expenses, administrative expenses, allocated funding costs, and amounts related to net float benefits or expenses.

The Multifamily segment reflects results from our investment (both purchases and sales), securitization, and guarantee activities in multifamily mortgage loans and securities. Although we hold multifamily mortgage loans and non-agency CMBS that we purchased for investment, our purchases of such multifamily mortgage loans for investment have declined significantly since 2010, and our purchases of CMBS have declined significantly since 2008. The only CMBS that we have purchased since 2008 have been senior, mezzanine, and interest-only tranches related to certain of our securitization transactions, and these purchases have not been significant. Currently, our primary business strategy is to purchase multifamily mortgage loans for aggregation and then securitization. We guarantee the senior tranches of these securitizations in Other Guarantee Transactions. Our Multifamily segment also issues Other Structured Securities, but does not issue REMIC securities. Our Multifamily segment also enters into other guarantee commitments for multifamily HFA bonds and housing revenue bonds held by third parties. Segment Earnings for this segment consist primarily of the interest earned on assets related to multifamily investment activities and management and guarantee fee income, less credit-related expenses, administrative expenses, and allocated funding costs. In addition, the Multifamily segment reflects gains on sale of mortgages and the impact of changes in fair value of CMBS and held-for-sale loans associated only with market factors other than changes in interest rates, such as liquidity and credit.

We evaluate segment performance and allocate resources based on a Segment Earnings approach, subject to the conduct of our business under the direction of the Conservator. The financial performance of our Single-family Guarantee segment and Multifamily segment are measured based on each segment’s contribution to GAAP net income (loss). Our Investments segment is measured on its contribution to GAAP comprehensive income (loss), which consists of the sum of its contribution to: (a) GAAP net income (loss); and (b) GAAP total other comprehensive income (loss), net of taxes. The sum of Segment Earnings for each segment and the All Other category equals GAAP net income (loss). Likewise, the sum of comprehensive income (loss) for each segment and the All Other category equals GAAP comprehensive income (loss).

 

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The All Other category consists of material corporate level expenses that are: (a) infrequent in nature; and (b) based on management decisions outside the control of the management of our reportable segments. By recording these types of activities to the All Other category, we believe the financial results of our three reportable segments reflect the decisions and strategies that are executed within the reportable segments and provide greater comparability across time periods. The All Other category also includes the deferred tax asset valuation allowance associated with previously recognized income tax credits carried forward.

In presenting Segment Earnings, we make significant reclassifications among certain financial statement line items in order to reflect a measure of net interest income on investments and a measure of management and guarantee income on guarantees that is in line with how we manage our business. We present Segment Earnings by: (a) reclassifying certain investment-related activities and credit guarantee-related activities between various line items on our GAAP consolidated statements of comprehensive income; and (b) allocating certain revenues and expenses, including certain returns on assets and funding costs, and all administrative expenses to our three reportable segments.

As a result of these reclassifications and allocations, Segment Earnings for our reportable segments differs significantly from, and should not be used as a substitute for, net income (loss) as determined in accordance with GAAP. Our definition of Segment Earnings may differ from similar measures used by other companies. However, we believe that Segment Earnings provides us with meaningful metrics to assess the financial performance of each segment and our company as a whole.

See “NOTE 14: SEGMENT REPORTING” in our 2011 Annual Report for further information regarding our segments, including the descriptions and activities of the segments and the reclassifications and allocations used to present Segment Earnings.

In the first half of 2012, under guidance from FHFA, we curtailed mortgage-related investments portfolio purchase and retention activities that are undertaken for the primary purpose of supporting the price performance of our PCs. We are evaluating possible strategies that could improve the price performance of our PCs.

 

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The table below provides information about our various segment mortgage portfolios at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011. For a discussion of each segment’s portfolios, see “Segment Earnings — Results.”

Table 11 — Composition of Segment Mortgage Portfolios and Credit Risk Portfolios(1)

 

      June 30, 2012     December 31, 2011  
     (in millions)  

Segment mortgage portfolios:

    

Investments — Mortgage investments portfolio:

    

Single-family unsecuritized mortgage loans(2)

   $ 92,462     $ 109,190   

Freddie Mac mortgage-related securities

     184,358       220,659   

Non-agency mortgage-related securities

     81,634       86,526   

Non-Freddie Mac agency securities

     27,950       32,898   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Investments — Mortgage investments portfolio

     386,404       449,273   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Single-family Guarantee — Managed loan portfolio:(3)

    

Single-family unsecuritized mortgage loans(4)

     60,053       62,469   

Single-family Freddie Mac mortgage-related securities held by us

     184,358       220,659   

Single-family Freddie Mac mortgage-related securities held by third parties

     1,376,822       1,378,881   

Single-family other guarantee commitments(5)

     13,691       11,120   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Single-family Guarantee — Managed loan portfolio

     1,634,924       1,673,129   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Multifamily — Guarantee portfolio:

    

Multifamily Freddie Mac mortgage related securities held by us

     2,633       3,008   

Multifamily Freddie Mac mortgage related securities held by third parties

     30,588       22,136   

Multifamily other guarantee commitments(5)

     9,844       9,944   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Multifamily — Guarantee portfolio

     43,065       35,088   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Multifamily — Mortgage investments portfolio

    

Multifamily investment securities portfolio

     55,225       59,260   

Multifamily loan portfolio

     79,597       82,311   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Multifamily — Mortgage investments portfolio

     134,822       141,571   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Multifamily portfolio

     177,887       176,659   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Less : Freddie Mac single-family and certain multifamily securities(6)

     (186,991     (223,667 )  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total mortgage portfolio

   $ 2,012,224     $ 2,075,394   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Credit risk portfolios:(7)

    

Single-family credit guarantee portfolio:(3)

    

Single-family mortgage loans, on-balance sheet

   $ 1,675,687     $ 1,733,215   

Non-consolidated Freddie Mac mortgage-related securities

     9,929       10,735   

Other guarantee commitments

     13,691       11,120   

Less: HFA-related guarantees (8)

     (7,751     (8,637 )  

Less: Freddie Mac mortgage-related securities backed by Ginnie Mae certificates(8)

     (709     (779 )  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total single-family credit guarantee portfolio

   $ 1,690,847     $ 1,745,654   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Multifamily mortgage portfolio:

    

Multifamily mortgage loans, on-balance sheet

   $ 79,597     $ 82,311   

Non-consolidated Freddie Mac mortgage-related securities

     33,221       25,144   

Other guarantee commitments

     9,844       9,944   

Less: HFA-related guarantees (8)

     (1,206     (1,331 )  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total multifamily mortgage portfolio

   $ 121,456     $ 116,068   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Based on UPB and excludes mortgage loans and mortgage-related securities traded, but not yet settled.
(2) Excludes unsecuritized seriously delinquent single-family loans managed by the Single-family Guarantee segment. However, the Single-family Guarantee segment continues to earn management and guarantee fees associated with unsecuritized single-family loans in the Investments segment’s mortgage investments portfolio.
(3) The balances of the mortgage-related securities in the Single-family Guarantee managed loan portfolio are based on the UPB of the security, whereas the balances of our single-family credit guarantee portfolio presented in this report are based on the UPB of the mortgage loans underlying the related security. The differences in the loan and security balances result from the timing of remittances to security holders, which is typically 45 or 75 days after the mortgage payment cycle of fixed-rate and ARM PCs, respectively.
(4) Represents unsecuritized seriously delinquent single-family loans managed by the Single-family Guarantee segment.
(5) Represents the UPB of mortgage-related assets held by third parties for which we provide our guarantee without our securitization of the related assets.
(6) Freddie Mac single-family mortgage-related securities held by us are included in both our Investments segment’s mortgage investments portfolio and our Single-family Guarantee segment’s managed loan portfolio, and Freddie Mac multifamily mortgage-related securities held by us are included in both the multifamily investment securities portfolio and the multifamily guarantee portfolio. Therefore, these amounts are deducted in order to reconcile to our total mortgage portfolio.
(7) Represents the UPB of loans for which we present characteristics, delinquency data, and certain other statistics in this report. See “GLOSSARY” for further description.
(8) We exclude HFA-related guarantees and our resecuritizations of Ginnie Mae certificates from our credit risk portfolios and most related statistics because these guarantees do not expose us to meaningful amounts of credit risk due to the credit enhancement provided on them by the U.S. government.

 

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Segment Earnings — Results

Investments

The table below presents the Segment Earnings of our Investments segment.

Table 12 — Segment Earnings and Key Metrics — Investments(1)

 

      Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
      2012     2011     2012     2011  
     (dollars in millions)  

Segment Earnings:

        

Net interest income

   $ 1,559     $ 1,826     $ 3,322     $ 3,479  

Non-interest income (loss):

        

Net impairment of available-for-sale securities recognized in earnings

     (14     (139     (510     (1,168

Derivative gains (losses)

     236       (2,156     436       (1,053

Gains (losses) on trading securities

     (413     256       (811     22  

Gains (losses) on sale of mortgage loans

     6       4       (8     16  

Gains (losses) on mortgage loans recorded at fair value

     257       167       219       84  

Other non-interest income (loss)

     673       (184     1,186       357  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total non-interest income (loss)

     745       (2,052     512       (1,742
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-interest expense:

        

Administrative expenses

     (108     (101     (200     (196

Other non-interest expense

            (1            (1
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total non-interest expense

     (108     (102     (200     (197
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Segment adjustments(2)

     164       126       319       329  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Segment Earnings (loss) before income tax benefit

     2,360       (202     3,953       1,869  

Income tax benefit

     108       212       143       278  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Segment Earnings, net of taxes

     2,468       10       4,096       2,147  

Total other comprehensive income, net of taxes

     27       633       362       1,759  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

   $ 2,495     $ 643     $ 4,458     $ 3,906  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Key metrics:

        

Portfolio balances:

        

Average balances of interest-earning assets:(3)(4)

        

Mortgage-related securities(5)

   $ 308,287     $ 393,361     $ 319,439     $ 396,238  

Non-mortgage-related investments(6)

     94,806       91,965       100,173       103,348  

Unsecuritized single-family loans(7)

     98,158       92,339       103,732       88,927  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total average balances of interest-earning assets

   $ 501,251     $ 577,665     $ 523,344     $ 588,513  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Return:

        

Net interest yield — Segment Earnings basis (annualized)

     1.24     1.26     1.27     1.18

 

 

(1) For reconciliations of the Segment Earnings line items to the comparable line items in our consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP, see “NOTE 13: SEGMENT REPORTING — Table 13.2 — Segment Earnings and Reconciliation to GAAP Results.”
(2) For a description of our segment adjustments, see “NOTE 14: SEGMENT REPORTING — Segment Earnings” in our 2011 Annual Report.
(3) Excludes mortgage loans and mortgage-related securities traded, but not yet settled.
(4) We calculate average balances based on amortized cost.
(5) Includes our investments in single-family PCs and certain Other Guarantee Transactions, which have been consolidated under GAAP on our consolidated balance sheet since January 1, 2010.
(6) Includes the average balances of interest-earning cash and cash equivalents, non-mortgage-related securities, and federal funds sold and securities purchased under agreements to resell.
(7) Excludes unsecuritized seriously delinquent single-family mortgage loans.

Segment Earnings for our Investments segment increased by $2.5 billion and $1.9 billion to $2.5 billion and $4.1 billion during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively, compared to $10 million and $2.1 billion during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively, primarily due to: (a) derivative gains during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 versus losses during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011; (b) improvements in other non-interest income; and (c) a reduction in net impairments of available-for-sale securities recognized in earnings. These factors were partially offset by our recognition of losses on trading securities during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 versus gains on trading securities during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011.

Comprehensive income for our Investments segment increased by $1.9 billion and $552 million to $2.5 billion and $4.5 billion during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively, compared to $643 million and $3.9 billion during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively, primarily due to higher Segment Earnings, partially offset by lower other comprehensive income, primarily due to a smaller improvement in the net unrealized loss position of AOCI.

 

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During the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, the UPB of the Investments segment mortgage investments portfolio decreased at an annualized rate of 29.4% and 28.0%, respectively. We held $212.3 billion of agency securities and $81.6 billion of non-agency mortgage-related securities as of June 30, 2012, compared to $253.6 billion of agency securities and $86.5 billion of non-agency mortgage-related securities as of December 31, 2011. The decline in UPB of agency securities is due mainly to liquidations, including prepayments, and selected sales. Our selected sales during the six months ended June 30, 2012 were due to a variety of reasons, including the impact of tightening OAS levels on certain assets that we were able to sell at attractive levels. The decline in UPB of non-agency mortgage-related securities is due mainly to the receipt of monthly remittances of principal repayments from both the recoveries of liquidated loans and, to a lesser extent, voluntary repayments of the underlying collateral, representing a partial return of our investments in these securities. Since the beginning of 2007, we have incurred actual principal cash shortfalls of $2.1 billion on impaired non-agency mortgage-related securities in the Investments segment. See “CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS ANALYSIS — Investments in Securities” for additional information regarding our mortgage-related securities.

Segment Earnings net interest income decreased by $267 million and $157 million and net interest yield decreased by two basis points and increased by nine basis points during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively, compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively. The primary driver of the decreases in net interest yield during the three months ended June 30, 2012 and net interest income for both periods was the reduction in the average balance of higher-yielding mortgage-related assets due to continued liquidations, partially offset by lower funding costs, primarily due to the replacement of debt at lower rates. The increase in net interest yield during the six months ended June 30, 2012 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2011 was primarily due to the lower funding costs outweighing the impact of the reduction in the average balance of higher-yielding mortgage-related assets.

Segment Earnings non-interest income (loss) was $745 million and $512 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively, compared to $(2.1) billion and $(1.7) billion during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively. This improvement was primarily due to: (a) derivative gains during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 versus losses during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011; (b) improvements in other non-interest income; and (c) a reduction in net impairments of available-for-sale securities recognized in earnings. These factors were partially offset by our recognition of losses on trading securities during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 versus gains on trading securities during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011.

Impairments recorded in our Investments segment were $14 million and $510 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively, compared to $139 million and $1.2 billion during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011. The decrease in net impairments recognized in earnings during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 was primarily driven by improvements in forecasted home prices over the expected life of the securities. See “CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS ANALYSIS — Investments in Securities — Mortgage-Related Securities — Other-Than-Temporary Impairments on Available-For-Sale Mortgage-Related Securities” for additional information on our impairments.

We recorded gains (losses) on trading securities of $(413) million and $(811) million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively, compared to $256 million and $22 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively. The losses on trading securities during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 were primarily driven by changes in market prepayment expectations for our interest-only and inverse-floater investment securities, given recent low interest rates. The gains on trading securities during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 were primarily due to the impact of a decline in interest rates coupled with a tightening of OAS levels on agency securities.

While derivatives are an important aspect of our strategy to manage interest-rate risk, they generally increase the volatility of reported Segment Earnings, because while fair value changes in derivatives affect Segment Earnings, fair value changes in several of the types of assets and liabilities being hedged do not affect Segment Earnings. We recorded derivative gains (losses) for this segment of $236 million and $436 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively, compared to $(2.2) billion and $(1.1) billion during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, longer-term swap interest rates decreased, resulting in fair value losses on our pay-fixed swaps, partially offset by: (a) fair value gains on our receive-fixed swaps; and (b) fair value gains on our option-based derivatives resulting from gains on our purchased call swaptions. Increased derivative gains in 2012 resulted from a change in the mix of our derivatives portfolio, whereby we increased our holdings of receive-fixed swaps relative to pay-fixed swaps to rebalance our portfolio during a period of steadily declining interest rates and increased our issuances of debt with longer-term maturities. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, we also recognized

 

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gains on other derivative transactions, such as commitments to purchase mortgage loans. See “Non-Interest Income (Loss) — Derivative Gains (Losses)” for additional information on our derivatives.

Other non-interest income (loss) for this segment was $673 million and $1.2 billion during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively, compared to $(184) million and $357 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively. The improvement in other non-interest income was primarily due to an increase in amortization income of basis adjustments resulting from the securitization and sales of retained mortgage loans and sales of Freddie Mac mortgage-related securities from our mortgage-related investments portfolio. In addition, during the three months ended June 30, 2011 we recorded certain prior period accounting errors not material to our financial statements. During the three months ended June 30, 2011, the largest correction related to an error associated with the accrual of interest income for certain impaired mortgage-related securities during 2010 and 2009, which reduced other non-interest income during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 by approximately $293 million.

Our Investments segment’s total other comprehensive income was $27 million and $362 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively, compared to $633 million and $1.8 billion during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively. Net unrealized losses in AOCI on our available-for-sale securities for this segment increased by $81 million and decreased by $161 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively. The increase in our net unrealized losses in AOCI during the three months ended June 30, 2012 was primarily due to the impact of widening OAS levels on our non-agency mortgage-related securities, partially offset by fair value gains related to the movement of non-agency mortgage-related securities with unrealized losses towards maturity and the impact of the decline in interest rates. The decrease in our net unrealized losses during the six months ended June 30, 2012, was primarily due to fair value gains related to the movement of non-agency mortgage-related securities with unrealized losses towards maturity and fair value gains due to the impact of the decline in interest rates, partially offset by the impact of widening OAS levels on our non-agency mortgage-related securities. Net unrealized losses in AOCI on our available-for-sale securities decreased by $498 million and $1.5 billion during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively, primarily due to the impact of fair value gains related to the movement of non-agency mortgage-related securities with unrealized losses towards maturity, the impact of declining rates on our agency securities, and the recognition in earnings of other-than-temporary impairments on our non-agency mortgage-related securities, partially offset by the impact of widening of OAS levels on our non-agency mortgage-related securities. The changes in fair value of CMBS, excluding impacts from the changes in interest rates which are included in the Investments segment, are reflected in the Multifamily segment.

For a discussion of items that may impact our Investments segment net interest income over time, see “EXECUTIVE SUMMARY — Limits on Investment Activity and Our Mortgage-Related Investments Portfolio.”

 

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Single-Family Guarantee

The table below presents the Segment Earnings of our Single-family Guarantee segment.

Table 13 — Segment Earnings and Key Metrics — Single-Family Guarantee(1)

 

      Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
      2012     2011     2012     2011  
     (dollars in millions)  

Segment Earnings:

        

Net interest income (expense)

   $ (1   $ (30   $ (33   $ 70  

Provision for credit losses

     (462     (2,886     (2,646     (5,170

Non-interest income:

        

Management and guarantee income

     1,026       848       2,037       1,718  

Other non-interest income

     171       208       352       419  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total non-interest income

     1,197       1,056       2,389       2,137  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-interest expense:

        

Administrative expenses

     (232     (228     (425     (443

REO operations income (expense)

     34       (35     (138     (292

Other non-interest expense

     (82     (106     (155     (172
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total non-interest expense

     (280     (369     (718     (907
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Segment adjustments(2)

     (192     (143     (388     (328
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Segment Earnings (loss) before income tax (expense) benefit

     262       (2,372     (1,396     (4,198

Income tax (expense) benefit

     (21     (14     (38     (8
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Segment Earnings (loss), net of taxes

     241       (2,386     (1,434     (4,206

Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of taxes

     1       1       (22     (3
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

   $ 242     $ (2,385   $ (1,456   $ (4,209
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Key metrics:

        

Balances and Volume (in billions, except rate):

        

Average balance of single-family credit guarantee portfolio and HFA guarantees

   $ 1,706     $ 1,816     $ 1,723     $ 1,817  

Issuance - Single-family credit guarantees(3)

   $ 100     $ 62     $ 210     $ 158  

Fixed-rate products - Percentage of purchases(4)

     95     90     95     93

Liquidation rate — Single-family credit guarantees (annualized)(5)

     32     17     31     23

Management and Guarantee Fee Rate (in bps, annualized):

        

Contractual management and guarantee fees(6)

     14.8       13.7       14.5       13.6  

Amortization of delivery fees

     9.3       5.0       9.1       5.3  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Segment Earnings management and guarantee income

     24.1       18.7       23.6       18.9  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Credit:

        

Serious delinquency rate, at end of period

     3.45     3.50     3.45     3.50

REO inventory, at end of period (number of properties)

     53,271       60,599       53,271       60,599  

Single-family credit losses, in bps (annualized)(7)

     66.7       68.4       72.7       69.7  

Market:

        

Single-family mortgage debt outstanding (total U.S. market, in billions)(8)

   $ 10,179     $ 10,383     $ 10,179     $ 10,383  

30-year fixed mortgage rate(9)

     3.7     4.5     3.7     4.5

 

 

(1) For reconciliations of the Segment Earnings line items to the comparable line items in our consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP, see “NOTE 13: SEGMENT REPORTING - Table 13.2 - Segment Earnings and Reconciliation to GAAP Results.”
(2) For a description of our segment adjustments, see “NOTE 14: SEGMENT REPORTING - Segment Earnings” in our 2011 Annual Report.
(3) Based on UPB.
(4) Excludes Other Guarantee Transactions.
(5) Represents principal repayments relating to loans underlying Freddie Mac mortgage-related securities and other guarantee commitments, including those related to our removal of seriously delinquent and modified mortgage loans and balloon/reset mortgage loans out of PC pools.
(6) Results for the 2012 periods include the effect of the legislated 10 basis point increase in guarantee fees that became effective April 1, 2012.
(7) Calculated as the amount of single-family credit losses divided by the sum of the average carrying value of our single-family credit guarantee portfolio and the average balance of our single-family HFA initiative guarantees.
(8) Source: Federal Reserve Flow of Funds Accounts of the United States of America dated June 7, 2012. The outstanding amount for June 30, 2012 reflects the balance as of March 31, 2012.
(9) Based on Freddie Mac’s Primary Mortgage Market Survey rate for the last week in the period, which represents the national average mortgage commitment rate to a qualified borrower exclusive of any fees and points required by the lender. This commitment rate applies only to financing on conforming mortgages with LTV ratios of 80%.

Segment Earnings (loss) for our Single-family Guarantee segment improved to $0.2 billion and $(1.4) billion for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively, compared to $(2.4) billion and $(4.2) billion for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively, primarily due to a decline in Segment Earnings provision for credit losses.

The table below provides summary information about the composition of Segment Earnings (loss) for this segment for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011.

 

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Table 14 — Segment Earnings Composition — Single-Family Guarantee Segment

 

      Six Months Ended June 30, 2012  
      Segment Earnings
Management and
Guarantee Income(1)
     Credit Expenses (2)         
      Amount      Average
Rate(3)
     Amount     Average
Rate(3)
     Net
Amount(4)
 
     (dollars in millions, rates in bps)  

Year of origination:(5)

             

2012 

   $ 78        16.4        $ (23     4.3        $ 55    

2011 

     368        25.9          (106     7.5          262    

2010 

     386        26.8          (178     11.9          208    

2009 

     382        27.7          (160     11.6          222    

2008 

     174        26.5          (161     30.7          13    

2007 

     165        19.6          (883     117.7          (718 )  

2006 

     105        19.4          (525     93.9          (420 )  

2005 

     121        19.7          (584     91.8          (463 )  

2004 and prior

     258        20.7          (164     12.0          94    
  

 

 

       

 

 

      

 

 

 

Total

   $ 2,037        23.6        $ (2,784     32.2        $ (747 )  
  

 

 

       

 

 

      

Administrative expenses

                (425 )  

Net interest income (expense)

                (33 )  

Other non-interest income and expenses, net

                (229 )  
             

 

 

 

Segment Earnings (loss), net of taxes

              $ (1,434
             

 

 

 
      Six Months Ended June 30, 2011  
      Segment Earnings
Management and
Guarantee Income(1)
     Credit Expenses (2)     

 

 
      Amount      Average
Rate(3)
     Amount     Average
Rate(3)
     Net
Amount(4)
 
     (dollars in millions, rates in bps)  

Year of origination:(5)

             

2011 

   $ 91        17.6        $ (16     4.4        $ 75    

2010 

     369        20.9          (117     6.4          252    

2009 

     322        17.8          (137     7.4          185    

2008 

     203        23.5          (445     61.7          (242 )  

2007 

     196        18.8          (1,881     196.5          (1,685

2006 

     115        17.0          (1,566     219.3          (1,451

2005 

     128        16.5          (949     116.2          (821 )  

2004 and prior

     294        18.0          (351     19.5          (57 )  
  

 

 

       

 

 

      

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,718        18.9        $ (5,462     60.2        $ (3,744
  

 

 

       

 

 

      

Administrative expenses

                (443 )  

Net interest income (expense)

                70    

Other non-interest income and expenses, net

                (89 )  
             

 

 

 

Segment Earnings (loss), net of taxes

              $ (4,206
             

 

 

 

 

(1) Includes amortization of delivery fees of $785 million and $476 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
(2) Consists of the aggregate of the Segment Earnings provision for credit losses and Segment Earnings REO operations expense. Historical rates of average credit expenses may not be representative of future results. In the first quarter of 2012, we enhanced our method of allocating credit expenses by loan origination year. Prior period amounts have been revised to conform to the current period presentation.
(3) Calculated as the annualized amount of Segment Earnings management and guarantee income or credit expenses, respectively, divided by the sum of the average carrying values of the single-family credit guarantee portfolio and the average balance of our single-family HFA initiative guarantees. Segment Earnings management and guarantee income and average rate for the six months ended June 30, 2012 include the effect of the legislated 10 basis point increase in guarantee fees that became effective April 1, 2012.
(4) Calculated as Segment Earnings management and guarantee income less credit expenses.
(5) Segment Earnings management and guarantee income is presented by year of guarantee origination, whereas credit expenses are presented based on year of loan origination.

As of June 30, 2012, loans originated after 2008 have, on a cumulative basis, provided management and guarantee income that has exceeded the credit-related and administrative expenses associated with these loans. We currently believe our management and guarantee fee rates for guarantee issuances after 2008, when coupled with the higher credit quality of the mortgages within these new guarantee issuances, will provide management and guarantee fee income (excluding the amounts associated with the Temporary Payroll Tax Cut Continuation Act of 2011), over the long term, that exceeds our expected credit-related and administrative expenses associated with the underlying loans. Nevertheless, various factors, such as continued high unemployment rates, further declines in home prices, or negative impacts of HARP loans (which may not perform as well as other refinance mortgages, due in part to the high LTV ratios of the loans), could require us to incur expenses on these loans beyond our current expectations.

 

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Based on our historical experience, we expect that the performance of the loans in an individual origination year will vary over time. The aggregate UPB of the loans from an origination year will decline over time due to repayments, refinancing, and other liquidation events, resulting in declining management and guarantee fee income from the loans in that origination year in future periods. In addition, we expect that the credit-related expenses related to the remaining loans in the origination year will increase over time, as some borrowers experience financial difficulties and default on their loans. As a result, there will likely be periods when an origination year is not profitable, though it may remain profitable on a cumulative basis.

Our management and guarantee income associated with guarantee issuances in 2005 through 2008 has not been adequate to cover the credit and administrative expenses associated with such loans, primarily due to the high rate of defaults on the loans originated in those years coupled with the high volume of refinancing of these loans that has occurred since 2008. High levels of refinancing and delinquency since 2008 have significantly reduced the balance of performing loans from those years that remain in our portfolio and consequently reduced management and guarantee income associated with loans originated in 2005 through 2008 (we do not recognize Segment Earnings management and guarantee income on non-accrual mortgage loans). We also believe that the management and guarantee fees associated with originations after 2008 will not be sufficient to offset the future expenses associated with our 2005 to 2008 guarantee issuances for the foreseeable future. Consequently, we may report a net loss for the Single-family Guarantee segment for the full-year of 2012.

Segment Earnings management and guarantee income increased during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively, primarily due to an increase in amortization of delivery fees. This was driven by a higher volume of delivery fees in recent periods and a lower interest rate environment during the first half of 2012, which increased refinance activity.

Effective April 1, 2012, at the direction of FHFA, we increased the guarantee fee on single-family residential mortgages sold to Freddie Mac by 10 basis points under the Temporary Payroll Tax Cut Continuation Act of 2011. The proceeds from this increase will be remitted to Treasury to fund the payroll tax cut, rather than retained by us. The receipt of these fees is recognized within Segment Earnings management and guarantee income, and the remittance of these fees to Treasury is reported in non-interest expense. We recognized $10 million of expense in the second quarter of 2012 (and a similar amount of income) associated with the legislated 10 basis point increase to single-family guarantee fees. While we expect these fees to become significant over time, the effect of the 10 basis point increase was not significant to the average rate of our aggregate Segment Earnings management and guarantee income in the second quarter of 2012. We will begin remitting the fees to Treasury on a quarterly basis in September 2012. As of June 30, 2012, there were approximately 432,000 loans totaling $88.3 billion in UPB in our single-family credit guarantee portfolio that are subject to the 10 basis point increase in guarantee fees associated with this legislation.

The UPB of the Single-family Guarantee managed loan portfolio was $1.6 trillion and $1.7 trillion at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively. The annualized liquidation rate on our securitized single-family credit guarantees was approximately 32% and 31% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively, and remained high in the second quarter of 2012 due to recent declines in interest rates and, to a lesser extent, the impact of the expanded HARP initiative, that resulted in significant refinancing activity. Refinance activity has also resulted in an increase in our guarantee issuances from $158 billion in the first half of 2011 to $210 billion in the first half of 2012. However, we expect the size of our Single-family Guarantee managed loan portfolio will continue to decline during 2012.

Refinance volumes remained high during the second quarter of 2012 due to continued historically low interest rates and HARP, and represented 81% and 84% of our single-family mortgage purchase volume during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively, compared to 70% and 79% of our single-family mortgage purchase volume during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively, based on UPB. Relief refinance mortgages comprised approximately 35% and 36% of our total refinance volume during the first half of 2012 and 2011, respectively. Over time, relief refinance mortgages with LTV ratios above 80% (i.e., HARP loans) may not perform as well as other refinance mortgages because the continued high LTV ratios of these loans increase the probability of default. Based on our historical experience, there is an increase in borrower default risk as LTV ratios increase, particularly for loans with LTV ratios above 80%. In addition, relief refinance mortgages may not be covered by mortgage insurance for the full excess of their UPB over 80%. Approximately 21% and 14% of our single-family purchase volume in the first half of 2012 and 2011, respectively, were relief refinance mortgages with LTV ratios above 80%. For more information about our relief refinance mortgage initiative, see “RISK MANAGEMENT — Credit Risk — Mortgage Credit Risk — Single-Family Mortgage Credit Risk — Single-Family Loan Workouts and the MHA Program.”

 

 

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The credit quality of the single-family loans we acquired beginning in 2009 (excluding relief refinance mortgages) is significantly better than that of loans we acquired from 2005 through 2008, as measured by original LTV ratios, FICO scores, and the proportion of loans underwritten with fully documented income. HARP loans represented 8% of the UPB of our single-family credit guarantee portfolio as of June 30, 2012. Including HARP loans, mortgages originated after 2008 represent 57% of the UPB of our single-family credit guarantee portfolio as of June 30, 2012, and their composition of that portfolio continues to grow. Relief refinance mortgages of all LTV ratios comprised approximately 14% and 11% of the UPB in our total single-family credit guarantee portfolio at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively.

Provision for credit losses for the Single-family Guarantee segment declined to $0.5 billion and $2.6 billion for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively, compared to $2.9 billion and $5.2 billion for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively. The decrease in the Segment Earnings provision for credit losses for the second quarter and first half of 2012 compared to the respective periods in 2011 primarily reflects improvements in the number of newly impaired loans (largely due to a decline in the portion of our single-family credit guarantee portfolio originated in 2005 through 2008) and lower estimated future losses due to the positive impact of an increase in national home prices. While national home prices exhibited strong growth in the second quarter of 2012, our expectation is that national average home prices will remain weak (on an inflation-adjusted basis) over the near term before a long-term recovery in housing begins. As such, we adjusted our estimated loss severity rates in the second quarter of 2012 to align with our expectations for near term home prices. Our Segment Earnings provision for credit losses in the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 primarily reflected a decline in the rate at which delinquent loans transition into serious delinquency. See “Table 3 — Credit Statistics, Single-Family Credit Guarantee Portfolio” for certain quarterly credit statistics for our single-family credit guarantee portfolio.

Single-family credit losses as a percentage of the average balance of the single-family credit guarantee portfolio and HFA-related guarantees were 73 basis points and 70 basis points for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Charge-offs, net of recoveries, associated with single-family loans were $6.2 billion and $6.0 billion in the first half of 2012 and 2011, respectively. See “RISK MANAGEMENT — Credit Risk — Mortgage Credit Risk Single-Family Mortgage Credit Risk” for further information on our single-family credit guarantee portfolio, including credit performance, charge-offs, and our non-performing assets.

The serious delinquency rate on our single-family credit guarantee portfolio was 3.45% and 3.58% as of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively, and declined during the first half of 2012 primarily due to a high volume of foreclosure transfers and a slowdown in new serious delinquencies. Our serious delinquency rate remains high compared to the rates we experienced in years prior to 2009, due to the continued weakness in home prices, persistently high unemployment, extended foreclosure timelines, and continued challenges faced by servicers processing large volumes of problem loans. In addition, our serious delinquency rate was adversely affected by the decline in the size of our single-family credit guarantee portfolio in the first half of 2012 because this rate is calculated on a smaller number of loans at the end of the period.

REO operations (income) expense for the Single-family Guarantee segment was $(34) million for the second quarter of 2012, as compared to $35 million during the second quarter of 2011 and $138 million in the first half of 2012 compared to $292 million for the first half of 2011. The decline in the 2012 periods, compared to the same periods of 2011, was primarily due to improving home prices in certain geographical areas with significant REO activity, which resulted in gains on disposition of properties as well as lower write-downs of single-family REO inventory. We also experienced lower recoveries on REO properties of $85 million for the second quarter of 2012, as compared to $197 million during the second quarter of 2011 and $157 million in the first half of 2012 compared to $370 million for the first half of 2011. Lower recoveries were primarily due to lower REO property volume, reduced recoveries from mortgage insurers, and a decline in reimbursements of losses from seller/servicers associated with repurchase requests.

Our REO inventory (measured in number of properties) declined 12% from December 31, 2011 to June 30, 2012 as the volume of single-family REO dispositions exceeded the volume of single-family REO acquisitions. Although there was an improvement in REO disposition severity during the first half of 2012, the REO disposition severity ratios on sales of our REO inventory remain high as compared to periods before 2008. We believe the volume of our single-family REO acquisitions during the first half of 2012 was less than it otherwise would have been due to: (a) the length of the foreclosure process, particularly in states that require a judicial foreclosure process; and (b) resource constraints on foreclosure activities for certain larger servicers involved in a recent settlement with a coalition of state attorneys general and federal agencies.

 

  31   Freddie Mac


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Multifamily

The table below presents the Segment Earnings of our Multifamily segment.

Table 15 — Segment Earnings and Key Metrics — Multifamily(1)

 

      Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
      2012     2011     2012     2011  
     (dollars in millions)  

Segment Earnings:

        

Net interest income

   $ 330     $ 304     $ 648     $ 583   

(Provision) benefit for credit losses

     22       13       41       73   

Non-interest income (loss):

        

Management and guarantee income

     36       30       69       58   

Net impairment of available-for-sale securities recognized in earnings

     (19     (182     (35     (317 )  

Gains (losses) on sale of mortgage loans

     38       157       92       240   

Gains (losses) on mortgage loans recorded at fair value

     (56     (31     121       19   

Other non-interest income (loss)

     119       (13     228       43   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total non-interest income (loss)

     118       (39     475       43   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-interest expense:

        

Administrative expenses

     (61     (55     (113     (106 )  

REO operations income (expense)

     (4     8       (3     8   

Other non-interest expense

     (83     (28     (98     (41 )  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total non-interest expense

     (148     (75     (214     (139 )  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Segment Earnings before income tax benefit (expense)

     322       203       950       560   

Income tax benefit (expense)

     (4     (3     (8     (1 )  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Segment Earnings, net of taxes

     318       200       942       559   

Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of taxes

     (156     405       744       1,347   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

   $ 162     $ 605     $ 1,686     $ 1,906   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Key metrics:

        

Balances and Volume:

        

Average balance of Multifamily loan portfolio

   $ 81,238     $ 83,718     $ 82,184     $ 84,749   

Average balance of Multifamily guarantee portfolio

   $ 41,368     $ 29,014     $ 39,007     $ 27,163   

Average balance of Multifamily investment securities portfolio

   $ 55,761     $ 61,909     $ 56,895     $ 62,376   

Multifamily new loan purchase and other guarantee commitment volume

   $ 6,661     $ 4,513     $ 12,412     $ 7,561   

Multifamily units financed from new volume activity

     107,049       74,251       193,480       126,892   

Multifamily Other Guarantee Transaction issuance

   $ 5,309     $ 3,686     $ 8,448     $ 6,592   

Yield and Rate:

        

Net interest yield — Segment Earnings basis (annualized)

     0.96     0.83     0.93     0.79 %  

Average Management and guarantee fee rate, in bps (annualized)(2)

     36.2       43.0       37.4       44.7   

Credit:

        

Delinquency rate:

        

Credit-enhanced loans, at period end

     0.44     0.70     0.44     0.70 %  

Non-credit-enhanced loans, at period end

     0.19     0.19     0.19     0.19 %  

Total delinquency rate, at period end(3)

     0.27     0.31     0.27     0.31 %  

Allowance for loan losses and reserve for guarantee losses, at period end

   $ 496     $ 705     $ 496     $ 705   

Allowance for loan losses and reserve for guarantee losses, in bps

     40.4       62.8       40.4       62.8   

Credit losses, in bps (annualized)(4)

     3.8      </