XNAS:RBNF Quarterly Report 10-Q Filing - 6/30/2012

Effective Date 6/30/2012

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE

SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2012

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE

SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from _________________to___________________________

 

Commission file number 0-13507

 

RURBAN FINANCIAL CORP.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Ohio   34-1395608
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
incorporation or organization)    

 

401 Clinton Street, Defiance, Ohio 43512
(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

 

(419) 783-8950
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

None
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report.)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Large Accelerate Filer ¨ Accelerated Filer ¨ Non-Accelerated Filer ¨ Smaller Reporting Company x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨ No x

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Common Shares, without par value 4,861,779 shares
(class) (Outstanding at August 9, 2012)

 

 
 

 

RURBAN FINANCIAL CORP.

 

FORM 10-Q

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
     
Item 1. Financial Statements 3
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 29
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 39
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 40
     
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION  
     
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 41
Item 1A. Risk Factors 41
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 41
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities 41
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 41
Item 5. Other Information 42
Item 6. Exhibits 42
     
Signatures   43

 

2
 

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

The interim condensed consolidated financial statements of Rurban Financial Corp. (“Rurban” or the “Company”) are unaudited; however, the information contained herein reflects all adjustments which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of financial condition and results of operations for the interim periods presented. All adjustments reflected in these financial statements are of a normal recurring nature in accordance with Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. Results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 are not necessarily indicative of results for the complete year.

 

3
 

 

Rurban Financial Corp.

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 

 

   June   December 
($ in Thousands)  2012   2011 
         
ASSETS          
Cash and due from banks  $14,636   $14,846 
           
Investment Securities:          
Securities available for sale, at fair value   102,537    111,978 
Other securities - FRB and FHLB Stock   3,748    3,685 
Total investment securities   106,285    115,663 
           
Loans held for sale   10,595    5,238 
           
Loans, net of unearned income   452,110    442,554 
Allowance for loan losses   (6,618)   (6,529)
           
Net loans   445,492    436,025 
           
Premises and equipment, net   13,190    13,773 
Purchased software   355    159 
Cash surrender value of life insurance   12,401    12,224 
Goodwill   16,353    16,353 
Core deposits and other intangibles   1,534    1,849 
Foreclosed assets held for sale, net   1,708    1,830 
Mortgage servicing rights   3,359    2,820 
Accrued interest receivable   1,597    1,635 
Other assets   5,026    6,249 
Total assets  $632,531   $628,664 
           
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY          
Deposits          
Non interest bearing demand  $68,918   $65,963 
Interest bearing demand   109,268    107,446 
Savings   53,777    49,665 
Money market   81,114    74,244 
Time deposits   205,584    221,447 
Total deposits   518,661    518,765 
           
Notes payable   2,249    2,788 
Advances from Federal Home Loan Bank   17,500    12,776 
Fed funds purchased   -    - 
Repurchase agreements   15,824    18,779 
Trust preferred securities   20,620    20,620 
Accrued interest payable   3,836    2,954 
Other liabilities   3,567    4,050 
Total liabilities   582,257    580,732 
           
Equity          
Preferred stock   -    - 
Common stock   12,569    12,569 
Additional paid-in capital   15,350    15,323 
Retained earnings   22,452    20,466 
Accumulated other comprehensive income   1,672    1,343 
Treasury stock   (1,769)   (1,769)
Total equity   50,274    47,932 
           
Total liabilities and equity  $632,531   $628,664 

 

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited)

 

Note: The balance sheet at December 31, 2011 has been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements at that date

 

4
 

 

Rurban Financial Corp.

Condensed Consolidated Statements Income (Unaudited)

 

   Three Months Ended   Six Months Ended 
  June 30,   June 30,   June 30,   June 30, 
 ($ in Thousands)  2012   2011   2012   2011 
Interest income                    
Loans                    
Taxable  $6,037   $6,170   $11,965   $12,022 
Nontaxable   24    15    47    26 
Securities                    
Taxable   403    566    802    1,177 
Nontaxable   146    302    293    638 
Total interest income   6,610    7,053    13,107    13,863 
                     
Interest expense                    
Deposits   768    1,010    1,622    2,059 
Other borrowings   19    24    32    49 
Repurchase agreements   60    344    128    770 
Federal Home Loan Bank advances   74    113    149    246 
Trust preferred securities   421    349    1,033    693 
Total interest expense   1,342    1,840    2,964    3,817 
                     
Net interest income   5,268    5,213    10,143    10,046 
                     
Provision for loan losses   200    898    650    1,397 
                     
Net interest income after provision for loan losses   5,068    4,315    9,493    8,649 
                     
Noninterest income                    
Data service fees   576    1,304    1,219    2,216 
Trust fees   607    669    1,249    1,364 
Customer service fees   668    640    1,299    1,221 
Gain on sale of mortgage and OMSR's   1,395    565    2,576    990 
Mortgage loan servicing fees, net   (165)   (4)   164    135 
Gain on sale of non-mortgage loans   -    38    -    81 
Net gain on sales of securities   -    1,871    -    1,871 
Loss on sale or disposal of assets   (50)   (160)   (106)   (260)
Other income   177    174    388    342 
Total non-interest income   3,208    5,097    6,789    7,960 
                     
Noninterest expense                    
Salaries and employee benefits   3,597    3,573    7,096    7,103 
Net occupancy expense   528    517    1,076    1,101 
Equipment expense   712    718    1,423    1,429 
FDIC insurance expense   223    254    437    572 
Data processing fees   121    192    234    336 
Professional fees   390    577    775    1,051 
Marketing expense   103    90    193    146 
Printing and office supplies   67    119    145    195 
Telephone and communication   139    143    283    300 
Postage and delivery expense   200    259    429    603 
State, local and other taxes   118    134    238    278 
Employee expense   119    172    225    268 
Other intangible amortization expense   158    197    315    394 
OREO Impairment   58    -    58    - 
Other expenses   338    1,453    620    1,682 
Total non-interest expense   6,871    8,398    13,547    15,458 
                     
Income before income tax expense   1,405    1,014    2,735    1,151 
Income tax expense   391    237    749    363 
                     
Net income  $1,014   $777   $1,986   $788 
                     
Common share data:                    
Basic earnings per common share  $0.21   $0.16   $0.41   $0.16 
Diluted earnings per common share  $0.21   $0.16   $0.41   $0.16 
                     
Average shares outstanding:                    
Basic:   4,862    4,862    4,862    4,862 
Diluted:   4,862    4,862    4,862    4,862 

 

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited)

 

5
 

 

Rurban Financial Corp.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Other Comprehensive Income (Unaudited)

 

   Three Months Ended June 30,   Six Months Ended June 30, 
($'s in thousands)  2012   2011   2012   2011 
                 
Net income  $1,014   $777   $1,986   $788 
Other comprehensive income (loss):                    
Available-for-sale investment secuities:                    
Gross unrealized holding gains arising in the period   336    (1,592)   499    (1,278)
Related tax expense   (114)   541    (170)   435 
Less: reclassification adjustment for gains realized in income   -    1,871    -    1,871 
Related tax expense   -    (636)   -    (636)
Net effect on other comprehensive income   222    (2,286)   329    (2,078)
Total comprehensive income (loss)  $1,236   $(1,509)  $2,315   $(1,290)

 

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited)

 

6
 

 

Rurban Financial Corp.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in

Stockholders’ Equity (unaudited) 

 

                   Accumulated         
                   Other         
   Preferred   Common   Additional   Retained   Comprehensive   Treasury     
   Stock   Stock   Paid-In Capital   Earnings   Income (Loss)   Stock   Total 
Balance, January 1, 2012  $-   $12,569   $15,323   $20,466   $1,343   $(1,769)  $47,932 
Comprehensive Income                  1,986    329           
Expense of stock option plan             27                   27 
                                    
Balance, June 30, 2012  $-   $12,569   $15,350   $22,452   $1,672   $(1,769)  $50,274 
                                    
                                    
                                    
Balance, January 1, 2011  $-   $12,569   $15,235   $18,802   $1,187   $(1,769)  $46,024 
Comprehensive Income                  788    (844)        (56)
Expense of stock option plan             46                   46 
                                    
Balance, June 30, 2011  $-   $12,569   $15,281   $19,590   $343   $(1,769)  $46,014 

      

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited)

 

7
 

 

Rurban Financial Corp.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)

 

   Six Months Ended June 30, 
($'s in thousands)  2012   2011 
Operating Activities          
Net Income  $1,986   $788 
Items not requiring (providing) cash          
Depreciation and amortization   642    899 
Provision for loan losses   650    1,397 
Expense of share-based compensation plan   27    46 
Amortization of premiums and discounts on securities   693    841 
Amortization of intangible assets   315    394 
Amortization of originated mortgage servicing rights   603    165 
Recapture of originated mortgage servicing rights impairment   (419)   - 
Impairment of mortgage servicing rights   185    127 
Deferred income taxes   (170)   435 
Proceeds from sale of loans held for sale   144,542    69,018 
Originations of loans held for sale   (148,231)   (66,104)
Gain from sale of mortgage loans   (2,576)   (990)
Gain from sale of non-mortgage loans   -    (81)
Gain on sales of available for sale securities   -    (1,871)
Loss on sale of foreclosed assets   21    265 
(Gain) loss on sale of fixed assets   3    (5)
Income from bank owned life insurance   (177)   (184)
Changes in          
Interest receivable   38    110 
Other assets   1,238    898 
Interest payable and other liabilities   399    (136)
           
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities   (231)   6,012 
           
Investing Activities          
Purchase of available-for-sale securities   (17,859)   (27,658)
Purchase of Federal Home Loan Bank stock   (63)   - 
Proceeds from maturities of available-for-sale securities   27,105    11,070 
Proceeds from sales of availabe-for-sale-securities   -    44,332 
Proceeds from bank owned life insurance   -    1,354 
Net change in loans   (10,254)   (13,695)
Purchase of premises and equipment and software   (955)   (490)
Proceeds from sales or disposal of premises and equipment   701    5 
Proceeds from sale of foreclosed assets   219    1,218 
           
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities   (1,106)   16,136 
           
Financing Activities          
Net  increase (decrease) in demand deposits, money market, interest checking and savings accounts   15,759    (17,535)
Net decrease in certificates of deposit   (15,863)   (2,273)
Net decrease in securities sold under agreements to repurchase   (2,955)   (25,919)
Net increase in federal funds purchased   -    2,000 
Proceeds from Federal Home Loan Bank advances   20,500    15,500 
Repayment of Federal Home Loan Bank advances   (15,776)   (13,705)
Repayment of notes payable   (539)   (148)
           
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities   1,126    (42,080)
           
Decrease in Cash and Cash Equivalents   (211)   (19,932)
           
Cash and Cash Equivalents, Beginning of Year   14,846    30,418 
           
Cash and Cash Equivalents, End of Period  $14,636   $10,486 
           
Supplemental Cash Flows Information          
           
Interest Paid  $2,082   $3,397 
           
Transfer of loans to foreclosed assets  $118   $2,020 
           

 

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited) 

 

8
 

 

RURBAN FINANCIAL CORP.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

NOTE A—BASIS OF PRESENTATION

 

Rurban Financial Corp. (the “Company”) is a bank holding company whose principal activity is the ownership and management of its wholly-owned subsidiaries, The State Bank and Trust Company (“State Bank”), RFCBC, Inc. (“RFCBC”), Rurbanc Data Services, Inc. dba RDSI Banking Systems (“RDSI”), Rurban Statutory Trust I (“RST I”), and Rurban Statutory Trust II (“RST II”). State Bank owns all the outstanding stock of Rurban Mortgage Company (“RMC”), Rurban Investments, Inc. (“RII”) and State Bank Insurance, LLC (“SBI”).

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, State Bank, RFCBC, RDSI, RMC, RII, and SBI. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and with the instructions for Form 10-Q. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements. The financial statements reflect all adjustments that are, in the opinion of management, necessary to fairly present the financial position, results of operations and cash flows of the Company. Those adjustments consist only of normal recurring adjustments. Results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 are not necessarily indicative of results for the complete year.

 

The condensed consolidated balance sheet of the Company as of December 31, 2011 has been derived from the audited consolidated balance sheet of the Company as of that date.

 

For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.

 

NOTE B—EARNINGS PER SHARE

 

Earnings per share (EPS) have been computed based on the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the periods presented. For the periods ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, share based awards totaling 303,224 and 324,951 common shares, respectively, were not considered in computing diluted EPS as they were anti-dilutive. The number of shares used in the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share were:

 

   Three Months Ended   Six Months Ended 
   June 30,   June 30, 
   2012   2011   2012   2011 
Basic earnings per share   4,861,779    4,861,779    4,861,779    4,861,779 
Diluted earnings per share   4,861,779    4,861,779    4,861,779    4,861,779 

 

9
 

 

Note C - Securities

 

The amortized cost and approximate fair value of securities were as follows:

 

       Gross   Gross     
$'s in thousands  Amortized   Unrealized   Unrealized   Approximate 
   Cost   Gains   Losses   Fair Value 
Available-for-Sale Securities:                    
June 30, 2012:                    
U.S. Treasury and Government agencies  $14,404   $207    -   $14,611 
Mortgage-backed securities   66,759    1,024    (56)   67,727 
State and political subdivisions   15,458    1,369    (10)   16,817 
Money Market Mutual Fund   3,359    -    -    3,359 
Equity securities   23    -    -    23 
                     
   $100,003   $2,600   $(66)  $102,537 

 

       Gross   Gross     
$'s in thousands  Amortized   Unrealized   Unrealized   Approximate 
   Cost   Gains   Losses   Fair Value 
December 31, 2011:                    
U.S. Treasury and                    
Government agencies  $25,238   $186   $-   $25,424 
Mortgage-backed securities   67,056    761    (119)   67,698 
State and political subdivisions   15,586    1,210    (3)   16,793 
Money Market Mutual Fund   2,040    -    -    2,040 
Equity securities   23    -    -    23 
                     
   $109,943   $2,157   $(122)  $111,978 

 

The amortized cost and fair value of securities available for sale at June 30, 2012, by contractual maturity, are shown below. Expected maturities will differ from contractual maturities because issuers may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties.

 

   Available for Sale 
   Amortized   Fair 
$'s in thousands  Cost   Value 
           
Within one year  $301    301 
Due after one year through five years   1,656    1,721 
Due after five years through ten years   8,192    8,433 
Due after ten years   19,713    20,973 
    29,862    31,428 
           
Mortgage-backed securities, money market mutual funds & equity securities   70,141    71,109 
           
Totals  $100,003   $102,537 

 

10
 

 

The carrying value of securities pledged as collateral, to secure public deposits and for other purposes, was $48.5 million at June 30, 2012 and $52.8 million at December 31, 2011. The securities delivered for repurchase agreements were $20.6 million at June 30, 2012 and $21.0 million at December 31, 2011.

 

Gross gains of $1.9 million and gross losses of $0.02 million, resulting from sales of available-for-sale securities were realized during the three and six month period ending June 30, 2011. The tax expense for net security gains for the three and six month periods ending June 30, 2011 was $0.6 million. There were no realized gains or losses from sales of available-for-sale securities for the three and six month periods ending June 30, 2012.

 

Certain investments in debt securities are reported in the financial statements at an amount less than their historical cost. Total fair value of these investments was $6.8 million at June 30, 2012 and $12.7 million at December 31, 2011, which was approximately 7 and 14 percent, respectively, of the Company’s available-for-sale investment portfolio at such dates. Based on evaluation of available evidence, including recent changes in market interest rates, credit rating information and information obtained from regulatory filings, management believes the declines in fair value for these securities are temporary. Should the impairment of any of these securities become other than temporary, the cost basis of the investment will be reduced and the resulting loss recognized in net income in the period the other-than-temporary impairment is identified.

 

 

Securities with unrealized losses, aggregated by investment class and length of time that individual securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position, at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 are as follows ($’s in thousands):

 

June 30, 2012  Less than 12 Months   12 Months or Longer   Total 
   Fair Value   Unrealized
Losses
   Fair Value   Unrealized
Losses
   Fair Value   Unrealized
Losses
 
Available-for-Sale Securities:                              
Mortgage-backed securities   5,248    (19)   670    (37)   5,918    (56)
State and political subdivisions   347    (8)   501    (2)   848    (10)
                               
   $5,595   $(27)  $1,171   $(39)  $6,766   $(66)

 

 

December 31, 2011  Less than 12 Months   12 Months or Longer   Total 
   Fair Value   Unrealized
Losses
   Fair Value   Unrealized
Losses
   Fair Value   Unrealized
Losses
 
Available-for-Sale Securities:                              
Mortgage-backed securities  $11,321    (56)  $844   $(63)  $12,165   $(119)
State and political subdivisions   501    (3)   -    -    501    (3)
                               
   $11,822   $(59)  $844   $(63)  $12,666   $(122)

 

The total unrealized losses on the mortgage-backed securities portfolio, all of which are residential mortgage-backed securities, are derived mainly from three private label senior tranche CMO securities. Management evaluates securities for other-than-temporary impairment at least on a quarterly basis, and more frequently when economic or market concern warrants such evaluation. Consideration is given to (1) the length of time and the extent to which the fair value has been less than cost, (2) the financial condition and near-term prospects of the issuer, and (3) the intent of the Company to not sell the investment and whether it is more likely than not that the Company will be required to sell the security before recovery of its amortized cost. Management has determined there is no other-than-temporary-impairment on these CMO securities. The total unrealized loss on the municipal security portfolio is due to the holding of several municipal securities, all with individually insignificant losses.

 

11
 

 

NOTE D – LOANS AND ALLOWANCE FOR LOAN LOSSES

 

Loans that management has the intent and ability to hold for the foreseeable future, or until maturity or payoffs, are reported at their outstanding principal balances adjusted for any charge-offs, the allowance for loan losses, any deferred fees or costs on originated loans and unamortized premiums or discounts on purchased loans. Interest income is reported on the interest method and includes amortization of net deferred loan fees and costs over the loan term. Generally, loans are placed on non-accrual status not later than 90 days past due, unless the loan is well-secured and in the process of collection. All interest accrued, but not collected for loans that are placed on non-accrual or charged-off, is reversed against interest income. The interest on these loans is accounted for on the cash-basis or cost-recovery method, until qualifying for return to accrual. Loans are returned to accrual status when all the principal and interest amounts contractually due are brought current and future payments are reasonably assured.

 

The allowance for loan losses is established as losses are estimated to have occurred through a provision for loan losses charged to income. Loan losses are charged against the allowance when management believes the non-collectability of a loan balance is probable. Subsequent recoveries, if any, are credited to the allowance.

 

The allowance for loan losses is evaluated on a regular basis by management and is based upon management’s periodic review of the collectability of the loans in light of historical experience, the nature and volume of the loan portfolio, adverse situations that may affect the borrower’s ability to repay, estimated value of any underlying collateral and prevailing economic conditions. This evaluation is inherently subjective as it requires estimates that are susceptible to significant revision as new information becomes available.

 

The allowance consists of allocated and general components. The allocated component relates to loans that are classified as impaired. For those loans that are classified as impaired, an allowance is established when the discounted cash flows (or collateral value or observable market price) of the impaired loan is lower than the carrying value of that loan. The general component covers nonclassified loans and is based on historical charge-off experience and expected loss given default derived from the Company’s internal risk rating process. Other adjustments may be made to the allowance for pools of loans after an assessment of internal or external influences on credit quality that are not fully reflected on the historical loss or risk rating data.

 

A loan is considered impaired when, based on current information and events, it is probable that State Bank will be unable to collect the scheduled payments of principal or interest when due according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement. Factors considered by management in determining impairment include payment status, collateral value and the probability of collecting scheduled principal and interest payments when due. Loans that experience insignificant payment delays and payment shortfalls generally are not classified as impaired. Management determines the significance of payment delays and payment shortfalls on a case-by-case basis, taking into consideration each of the circumstances surrounding the loan and the borrower, including the length of the delay, the reasons for the delay, the borrower’s prior payment record and the amount of the shortfall in relation to the principal and interest owed. Impairment is measured on a loan-by-loan basis for commercial, agricultural, and construction loans by either the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loan’s effective interest rate, the loan’s obtainable market price or the fair value of the collateral if the loan is collateral dependent.

 

When State Bank moves a loan to non-accrual status, total unpaid interest accrued to date is reversed from income. Subsequent payments are applied to the outstanding principal balance with the interest portion of the payment recorded on the balance sheet as a contra-loan. Interest received on impaired loans may be realized once all contractual principal amounts are received or when a borrower establishes a history of six consecutive timely principal and interest payments. It is at the discretion of management to determine when a loan is placed back on accrual status upon receipt of six consecutive timely payments.

 

12
 

 

Large groups of smaller balance homogenous loans are collectively evaluated for impairment. Accordingly, State Bank does not separately identify individual consumer and residential loans for impairment measurements, unless such loans are the subject of a restructuring agreement due to financial difficulties of the borrower.

 

Categories of loans at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 include:

 

($'s in thousands)  June 30,   December 31, 
   2012   2011 
Commercial  $76,042   $78,112 
Commercial real estate   199,918    187,829 
Agricultural   41,093    38,361 
Residential real estate   85,046    87,656 
Home Equity & Consumer   50,089    50,681 
Leasing   207    216 
Total loans   452,395    442,855 
Less          
Net deferred loan fees, premiums and discounts   (285)   (301)
Loans, net of unearned income  $452,110   $442,554 
Allowance for loan losses  $(6,618)  $(6,529)

 

The risk characteristics of each loan portfolio segment are as follows:

 

Commercial and Agricultural

 

Commercial and agricultural loans are primarily based on the identified cash flows of the borrower and secondarily on the underlying collateral provided by the borrower. The cash flows of borrowers, however may not be as expected and the collateral securing these loans may fluctuate in value. Most commercial loans are secured by the assets being financed or other business assets, such as accounts receivable or inventory, and may include a personal guarantee. Short-term loans may be made on an unsecured basis. In the case of loans secured by accounts receivable, the availability of funds for the repayment of these loans may be substantially dependent on the ability of the borrower to collect amounts due from its customers.

 

Commercial Real Estate including Construction

 

Commercial real estate loans are viewed primarily as cash flow loans and secondarily as loans secured by real estate. Commercial real estate lending typically involves higher loan principal amounts and the repayment of these loans is generally dependent on the successful operation of the property securing the loan or the business conducted on the property securing the loan. Commercial real estate loans may be more adversely affected by conditions in the real estate markets or in the general economy. The characteristics of properties securing the Bancorp’s commercial real estate portfolio are diverse, but with geographic location almost entirely in the Bancorp’s market area. Management monitors and evaluates commercial real estate loans based on collateral, geography and risk grade criteria. In general, the Company avoids financial single purpose projects unless other underwriting factors are present to help mitigate risk. In addition, management tracks the level of owner-occupied commercial real estate versus nonowner-occupied loans.

 

Construction loans are underwritten utilizing feasibility studies, independent appraisal reviews and financial analysis of the developers and property owners. Construction loans are generally based on estimates of costs and value associated with the complete project. These estimates may be inaccurate. Construction loans often involve the disbursement of substantial funds with repayment substantially dependent on the success of the ultimate project. Sources of repayment for these types of loans may be pre-committed permanent loans from approved long-term lenders, sales of developed property or an interim loan commitment from the Company until permanent financing is obtained. These loans are closely monitored by on-site inspections and are considered to have higher risks than other real estate loans due to their ultimate repayment being sensitive to interest rate changes, governmental regulation of real property, general economic conditions and the availability of long-term financing.

 

Residential and Consumer

 

Residential and consumer loans consist of two segments – residential mortgage loans and personal loans. For residential mortgage loans that are secured by 1-4 family residences and are generally owner-occupied, the Company generally establishes a maximum loan-to-value ratio and requires private mortgage insurance if that ratio is exceeded. Home equity loans are typically secured by a subordinate interest in 1-4 family residences, and consumer personal loans are secured by consumer personal assets, such as automobiles or recreational vehicles. Some consumer personal loans are unsecured, such as small installment loans and certain lines of credit. Repayment of these loans is primarily dependent on the personal income of the borrowers, which can be impacted by economic conditions in their market areas, such as unemployment levels. Repayment can also be impacted by changes in property values on residential properties. Risk is mitigated by the fact that the loans are of smaller individual amounts and spread over a large number of borrowers.

 

 

13
 

 

 

The following table presents the Company’s nonperforming loans at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

 

($'s in thousands)  June 30,   December 31, 
   2012   2011 
Commercial  $1,467   $2,393 
Commercial real estate   1,345    1,456 
Agricultural   -    - 
Residential real estate   1,958    2,471 
Home Equity & Consumer   545    580 
Leasing   -    - 
           
Total nonaccruing loans   5,315    6,900 
           
Accruing Troubled Debt Restructures (TDR's)   1,837    1,334 
           
Total Nonperforming Loans  $7,152   $8,234 

 

 

The following tables present the activity in the allowance for loan losses and the recorded investment in loans based on portfolio segment and impairment method for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, for the year ended December 31, 2011, and for the six months ended June 30, 2011.

 

       Commercial       Residential   Home Equity             
($'s in thousands)  Commercial   Real Estate   Agricultural   Real Estate   & Consumer   Other   Unallocated   Total 
                                 
ALLOWANCE FOR LOAN AND LEASE LOSSES
                                 
For the Three Months Ended                        
June 30, 2012                                
Beginning balance  $1,855   $2,913   $52   $1,000   $653   $135   $1   $6,609 
Charge Offs   -    (57)   -    (14)   (181)   -    -    (252)
Recoveries   25    19    -    11    6    -    -    61 
Provision   (363)   145    43    50    324    1    -    200 
Ending Balance  $1,517   $3,020   $95   $1,047   $802   $136   $1   $6,618 
                                         
For the Six Months Ended                        
June 30, 2012                                
Beginning balance  $1,914   $2,880   $51   $956   $599   $139   $(10)  $6,529 
Charge Offs   (205)   (99)   -    (65)   (341)   (16)   -    (726)
Recoveries   28    42    1    82    8    3    1    165 
Provision   (220)   197    43    74    536    10    10    650 
Ending Balance  $1,517   $3,020   $95   $1,047   $802   $136   $1   $6,618 

  

Loans Receivable at June 30, 2012

       Commercial       Residential   Home Equity             
   Commercial   Real Estate   Agricultural   Real Estate   & Consumer   Other   Unallocated   Total 
Ending balance:                                        
individually evaluated for impairment  $551   $-   $1   $353   $137   $-   $-   $1,042 
Ending balance:                                        
collectively evaluated for impairment  $966   $3,020   $94   $694   $665   $136   $1   $5,576 
Loans:                                        
Ending balance:                                        
individually evaluated for impairment  $1,296   $1,895   $3   $2,530   $511   $-   $-   $6,235 
Ending balance:                                        
collectively evaluated for impairment  $74,746   $198,023   $41,090   $82,516   $49,578   $207   $-   $446,160 

   

14
 

 

ALLOWANCE FOR LOAN AND LEASE LOSSES

 

For the Three Months Ended                                         
June 30, 2011                                         
Beginning balance  $1,766   $3,322   $18   $926   $451   $108   $1   $6,593 
Charge Offs   (387)   (1,108)   -    (63)   (63)   28    -    (1,593)
Recoveries   409    13    1    114    11    (3)   -    545 
Provision   (266)   1,217    8    (83)   28    (34)   29    899 
Ending Balance  $1,522   $3,444   $27   $894   $427   $99   $30   $6,444 

 

For the Six Months Ended 

June 30, 2011   

Beginning balance  $1,723   $3,774   $16   $643   $401   $128   $30   $6,715 
Charge Offs   (596)   (1,208)   -    (166)   (263)   1    -    (2,232)
Recoveries   414    16    2    114    18    (1)   -    563 
Provision   (19)   862    9    303    271   $(29)   -    1,397 
Ending Balance  $1,522   $3,444   $27   $894   $427   $99   $30   $6,443 

   

 

Loans Receivable at December 31, 2011

       Commercial       Residential   Home Equity             
   Commercial   Real Estate   Agricultural   Real Estate   & Consumer   Other   Unallocated   Total 
Ending balance:                                        
individually evaluated for impairment  $1,017   $19   $5   $280   $212   $-   $-   $1,533 
Ending balance:                                        
collectively evaluated for impairment  $897   $2,861   $46   $676   $387   $139   $(10)  $4,996 
Loans:                                        
Ending balance:                                        
individually evaluated for impairment  $3,283   $2,473   $5   $2,074   $543   $-   $-   $8,378 
Ending balance:                                        
collectively evaluated for impairment  $74,829   $185,356   $38,356   $85,582   $50,138   $216   $-   $434,477 

 

Loans Receivable at June 30, 2011

       Commercial       Residential   Home Equity             
   Commercial   Real Estate   Agricultural   Real Estate   & Consumer   Other   Unallocated   Total 
Ending balance:                                        
individually evaluated for impairment  $700   $813   $-   $226   $-   $-   $-   $1,739 
Ending balance:                                        
collectively evaluated for impairment  $822   $2,631   $27   $668   $427   $99   $30   $4,704 
Loans:                                        
Ending balance:                                        
individually evaluated for impairment  $2,426   $3,187   $-   $1,216   $389   $-   $-   $7,218 
Ending balance:                                        
collectively evaluated for impairment  $68,315   $178,983   $38,454   $92,252   $48,452   $3,877   $-   $430,333 

 

15
 

 

Credit Risk Profile

The Company categorizes loans into risk categories based on relevant information about the ability of borrowers to service their debt such as: current financial information, historical payment experience, credit documentation, public information and current economic trends, among other factors. The Company analyzes loans individually by classifying the loans as to credit risk. This analysis includes loans with an outstanding balance greater than $100 thousand and non-homogeneous loans, such as commercial and commercial real estate loans. This analysis is performed on a quarterly basis. The Company uses the following definitions for risk ratings:

 

Special Mention (5): Assets have potential weaknesses that deserve management’s close attention. If left uncorrected, these potential weaknesses may result in deterioration of the repayment prospects for the asset or in the Company’s credit position at some future date. Special mention assets are not adversely classified and do not expose the Company to sufficient risk to warrant adverse classification. Ordinarily, special mention credits have characteristics which corrective management action would remedy.

 

Substandard (6): Loans are inadequately protected by the current sound worth and paying capacity of the obligor or of the collateral pledged, if any. Loans so classified must have a well-defined weakness or weaknesses that jeopardize the liquidation of the debt. They are characterized by the distinct possibility that the Company will sustain some loss if the deficiencies are not corrected.

 

Doubtful (7): Loans classified as doubtful have all the weaknesses inherent in those classified Substandard with the added characteristic that the weaknesses make collection or liquidation in full, on the basis of current known facts, conditions and values, highly questionable and improbable.

 

Loans not meeting the criteria above that are analyzed individually as part of the above described process are considered to be pass (1-4) rated loans.

 

The following tables present the credit risk profile of the Company’s loan portfolio based on rating category and payment activity as of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 ($’s in thousands).

 

June 30, 2012              Residential   Home Equity         
   Commercial   Commercial RE   Agricultural   Real Estate   & Consumer   Other   Total 
1-2  $1,086   $116   $120   $-   $2   $-   $1,324 
3   23,656    60,773    10,254    73,912    45,416    24    214,035 
4   48,358    124,422    30,665    6,604    3,585    183    213,817 
Total Pass   73,100    185,311    41,039    80,516    49,003    207    429,176 
                                    
5   64    9,957    3    1,637    232    -    11,893 
6   1,535    3,209    51    819    312    -    5,926 
7   1,343    1,441    -    2,074    542    -    5,400 
8   -    -    -    -    -    -    - 
Total  $76,042   $199,918   $41,093   $85,046   $50,089   $207   $452,395 

 

December 31, 2011           Residential   Home Equity         
   Commercial   Commercial RE   Agricultural   Real Estate   & Consumer   Other   Total 
1-2  $909   $188   $152   $1,548   $127   $140   $3,064 
3   24,375    62,506    13,203    78,122    43,814    -    222,020 
4   48,004    110,633    24,950    1,576    6,095    76    191,334 
Total Pass   73,288    173,327    38,305    81,246    50,036    216    416,418 
                                    
5   610    9,703    5    1,666    72    -    12,056 
6   2,037    3,358    51    1,834    92    -    7,372 
7   2,177    1,441    -    2,910    481    -    7,009 
8   -    -    -    -    -    -    - 
Total  $78,112   $187,829   $38,361   $87,656   $50,681   $216   $442,855 

 

16
 

 

The following tables present the Company’s loan portfolio aging analysis as of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 ($’s in thousands).

 

   30-59 Days   60-89 Days   Greater Than   Total Past       Total Loans 
June 30, 2012  Past Due   Past Due   90 Days   Due   Current   Receivable 
                         
Commercial  $50   $199   $424   $673   $75,369   $76,042 
Commercial real estate   895    281    1,345    2,521    197,397    199,918 
Agricultural   -    -    -    -    41,093    41,093 
Residential Real Estate   87    294    753    1,134    83,912    85,046 
Home Equity & Consumer   353    5    265    623    49,466    50,089 
Leases   -    -    -    -    207    207 
Loans & Lease   1,385    779    2,787    4,951    447,444    452,395 
Loans held for Sale   -    -    -    -    10,595    10,595 
                               
Total  $1,385   $779   $2,787   $4,951   $458,039   $462,990 

 

   30-59 Days   60-89 Days   Greater Than   Total Past       Total Loans 
December 31, 2011  Past Due   Past Due   90 Days   Due   Current   Receivable 
                         
Commercial  $58   $-   $2,334   $2,392   $75,720   $78,112 
Commercial real estate   67    -    1,656    1,723    186,106    187,829 
Agricultural   -    -    -    -    38,361    38,361 
Residential Real Estate   412    784    569    1,765    85,891    87,656 
Home Equity & Consumer   465    194    505    1,164    49,517    50,681 
Leases   -    -    -    -    216    216 
Loans & Lease   1,002    978    5,064    7,044    435,811    442,855 
                               
Loans held for Sale   -    -    -    -    5,238    5,238 
                               
Total  $1,002   $978   $5,064   $7,044   $441,049   $448,093 

    

All loans past due 90 days are systematically placed on nonaccrual status.

 

17
 

 

The following tables present impaired loan information as of and for the six and three months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, and as of the twelve months ended December 31, 2011:

 

       Unpaid     
June 30, 2012  Recorded   Principal   Related 
($'s in thousands)  Investment   Balance   Allowance 
With no related allowance recorded:               
Commercial  $348   $2,234   $- 
Commercial Real Estate   1,895    2,897    - 
Agricultural   -    -    - 
Residential   904    904    - 
Home Equity Consumer & Other   228    261    - 
All Impaired Loans < $100,000   870    870    - 
With a specific allowance recorded:               
Commercial   948    949    551 
Commercial Real Estate   -    -    - 
Agricultural   3    2    1 
Residential   1,626    1,678    353 
Home Equity Consumer & Other   283    283    137 
Totals:               
Commercial  $1,296   $3,183   $551 
Commercial Real Estate  $1,895   $2,897   $- 
Agricultural  $3   $2   $1 
Residential  $2,530   $2,582   $353 
Home Equity Consumer & Other  $511   $544   $137 
All Impaired Loans < $100,000  $870   $870   $- 

 

   Six Months Ended June 30, 2012   Three Months Ended June 30, 2012 
   Average   Interest   Average   Interest 
($'s in thousands)  Recorded   Income   Recorded   Income 
   Investment   Recognized   Investment   Recognized 
                 
With no related allowance recorded:                    
Commercial  $2,745   $-   $2,330   $- 
Commercial Real Estate   2,934    22    2,910    5 
Agricultural   -    -    -    - 
Residential   929    31    926    15 
Home Equity Consumer & Other   396    7    393    5 
All Impaired Loans < $100,000   870    -    870    - 
With a specific allowance recorded:                    
Commercial   950    3    949    (1)
Commercial Real Estate   -    -    -    - 
Agricultural   3    -    3    - 
Residential   1,668    34    1,665    17 
Home Equity Consumer & Other   292    8    291    4 
Totals:                    
Commercial  $3,695   $3   $3,279   $(1)
Commercial Real Estate  $2,934   $22   $2,910   $5 
Agricultural  $3   $-   $3   $- 
Residential  $2,597   $65   $2,591   $32 
Home Equity Consumer & Other  $688   $15   $684   $9 
All Impaired Loans < $100,000  $870   $-   $870   $- 

 

18
 

 

       Unpaid     
December 31, 2011  Recorded   Principal   Related 
($'s in thousands)  Investment   Balance   Allowance 
With no related allowance recorded:               
Commercial  $1,206   $1,856   $- 
Commercial Real Estate   1,061    2,149    - 
Agricultural   -    -    - 
Residential   581    581    - 
Home Equity Consumer & Other   189    217    - 
All Impaired Loans < $100,000   1,065    1,065    - 
With a specific allowance recorded:               
Commercial   2,077    3,787    1,017 
Commercial Real Estate   1,412    2,827    19 
Agricultural   5    5    5 
Residential   1,493    1,596    280 
Home Equity Consumer & Other   354    354    212 
Totals:               
Commercial  $3,283   $5,643   $1,017 
Commercial Real Estate  $2,473   $4,976   $19 
Agricultural  $5   $5   $5 
Residential  $2,074   $2,177   $280 
Home Equity Consumer & Other  $543   $571   $212 
All Impaired Loans < $100,000  $1,065   $1,065   $- 

 

June 30, 2011      Unpaid     
($'s in thousands)  Recorded   Principal   Related 
   Investment   Balance   Allowance 
With no related allowance recorded:               
Commercial & Industrial  $189   $539   $- 
Commercial RE & Construction   627    1,544    - 
Agricultural & Farmland   -    -    - 
Residential Real Estate   483    492    - 
Home Equity & Consumer   43    43    - 
All Impaired Loans < $100,000   1,016    1,016    - 
With a specific allowance recorded:               
Commercial & Industrial   2,237    4,074    700 
Commercial RE & Construction   2,560    3,328    813 
Agricultural & Farmland   -    -    - 
Residential Real Estate   733    938    226 
Home Equity & Consumer   346    354    - 
Totals:               
Commercial & Industrial  $2,426   $4,613   $700 
Commercial RE & Construction  $3,187   $4,872   $813 
Agricultural & Farmland  $-   $-   $- 
Residential Real Estate  $1,216   $1,430   $226 
Home Equity & Consumer  $389   $397   $- 
All Impaired Loans < $100,000   1,016    1,016    - 

 

19
 

 

   Six Months Ended   Three Months Ended 
June 30, 2011  Average   Interest   Average   Interest 
($'s in thousands)  Recorded   Income   Recorded   Income 
   Investment   Recognized   Investment   Recognized 
With no related allowance recorded:                    
Commercial & Industrial  $210   $-   $210   $- 
Commercial RE & Construction   993    -    961    - 
Agricultural & Farmland   -    -    -    - 
Residential Real Estate   532    14    531    6 
Home Equity & Consumer   43    -    43    - 
All Impaired Loans < $100,000   1,016    -    1,016    - 
With a specific allowance recorded:                    
Commercial & Industrial   2,663    (2)   2,664    2 
Commercial RE & Construction   3,188    2    3,192    12 
Agricultural & Farmland   -    -    -    - 
Residential Real Estate   1,189    18    1,188    9 
Home Equity & Consumer   133    4    131    2 
Totals:                    
Commercial & Industrial  $2,873   $(2)  $2,874   $2 
Commercial RE & Construction  $4,181   $2   $4,153   $12 
Agricultural & Farmland  $-   $-   $-   $- 
Residential Real Estate  $1,721   $32   $1,719   $15 
Home Equity & Consumer  $176   $4   $174   $2 
All Impaired Loans < $100,000   1,016    -   $1,016   $- 

 

Impaired loans less than $100,000 are included in groups of homogenous loans. These loans are evaluated based on delinquency status.

 

Interest income recognized on a cash basis does not materially differ from interest income recognized on an accrual basis.

 

A loan is considered impaired, in accordance with the impairment accounting guidance (ASC 310-10-35-16), when based on current information and events, it is probable State Bank will be unable to collect all amounts due from the borrower in accordance with the contractual terms of the loan. Impaired loans include non-performing commercial loans but also include loans modified in troubled debt restructurings where concessions have been granted to borrowers experiencing financial difficulties. These concessions could include a reduction in the interest rate on the loan, payment extensions, forgiveness of principal, forbearance or other actions intended to maximize collection.

 

Troubled Debt Restructured (TDR) Loans

TDRs are modified loans where a concession was provided to a borrower experiencing financial difficulties. Loan modifications are considered TDRs when the concessions provided are not available to the borrower through either normal channels or other sources. However, not all loan modifications are TDRs.

 

TDR Concession Types

 

The Company’s standards relating to loan modifications consider, among other factors, minimum verified income requirements, cash flow analysis, and collateral valuations. Each potential loan modification is reviewed individually and the terms of the loan are modified to meet a borrower’s specific circumstances at a point in time. All loan modifications, including those classified as TDRs, are reviewed and approved. The types of concessions provided to borrowers include:

 

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·Interest rate reduction: A reduction of the stated interest rate to a nonmarket rate for the remaining original life of the debt. The Company also may grant interest rate concessions for a limited timeframe on a case by case basis.
·Amortization or maturity date change beyond what the collateral supports, including any of the following:

 

(1)Lengthens the amortization period of the amortized principal beyond market terms. This concession reduces the minimum monthly payment and increases the amount of the balloon payment at the end of the term of the loan. Principal is generally not forgiven.

 

(2)Reduces the amount of loan principal to be amortized. This concession also reduces the minimum monthly payment and increases the amount of the balloon payment at the end of the term of the loan. Principal is generally not forgiven.

 

(3)Extends the maturity date or dates of the debt beyond what the collateral supports. This concession generally applies to loans without a balloon payment at the end of the term of the loan. In addition, there may be instances where renewing loans potentially require non-market terms and would then be reclassified as TDRs.

 

·Other: A concession that is not categorized as one of the concessions described above. These concessions include, but are not limited to: principal forgiveness, collateral concessions, covenant concessions, and reduction of accrued interest. Principal forgiveness may result from any TDR modification of any concession type.

 

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The table below presents the activity of TDRs during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and the twelve months ended December 31, 2011.

 

   Three Months Ended June 30, 2012 
($'s in thousands)            
       Pre-Modification   Post-Modification 
   Number of   Recorded   Recorded 
   Contracts   Investment   Investment 
                
Residential Real Estate   4   $159   $159 

 

   Six Months Ended June 30, 2012 
($'s in thousands)            
       Pre-Modification   Post-Modification 
   Number of   Recorded   Recorded 
   Contracts   Investment   Investment 
                
Residential Real Estate   8   $274   $274 

 

   Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2011 
             
       Pre-Modification   Post-Modification 
   Number of   Recorded   Recorded 
    Contracts    Investment    Investment 
                
Residential Real Estate   14   $1,011   $1,011 

 

Of the TDRs entered into during 2012, none had subsequently defaulted as of June 30, 2012. Redefaults are defined as loans that were performing TDRs that became 90 days or more past due post restructuring. The Company has specifically allocated $0.74 million of the $6.6 million in loan loss allowance to all TDR loans. All TDRs resulted from a reduction to a borrower’s rate or change in amortization. No principal reductions have been granted.

 

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NOTE E - NEW ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

 

ASU No. 2012-02, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Testing Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets for Impairment.

 

This ASU amends Topic 350 to allow the Company to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether the existence of events and circumstances indicates that it is more likely than not that the indefinite-lived intangible asset is impaired. If, after assessing the totality of events and circumstances, an entity concludes that it is not more likely than not that the indefinite-lived intangible asset is impaired, then the entity is not required to take further action. However, if the Company concludes otherwise, then it is required to determine the fair value of the indefinite-lived intangible asset and perform quantitative impairment test by comparing the fair value with the carrying amount in accordance with Codification Subtopic 350-30, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other, General Intangibles Other than Goodwill.

 

The Company also has the option to bypass the qualitative assessment for any indefinite-lived intangible asset in any period and proceed directly to performing the quantitative impairment test. An entity will be able to resume performing the qualitative assessment in any subsequent period.

 

The amendments in this update are effective for annual and interim impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after September 15, 2012. Early adoption is permitted, including for annual and interim impairment tests performed as of a date before July 27, 2012. Management has determined that the adoption of ASU 2012-02 will not have a material impact on Rurban’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

ASU No. 2011-03, Transfers and Servicing (Topic 860): Reconsideration of Effective Control for Repurchase Agreements (April 2011).

 

In April 2011, FASB issued ASU No. 2011-03 in order to improve the accounting for repurchase agreements (repos) and other agreements that both entitle and obligate a transferor to repurchase or redeem financial assets before their maturity. The transferor is deemed to have maintained effective control over the financial assets transferred (and thus must account for the transaction as a secured borrowing), for agreements that both entitle and obligate the transferor to repurchase or redeem the financial assets before their maturity, if all of the following conditions are met:

 

1)      The financial assets to be repurchased or redeemed are the same or substantially the same as those transferred.

2)      The agreement is to repurchase or redeem them before maturity, at a fixed or determinable price.

3)      The agreement is entered into contemporaneously with, or in contemplation of, the transfer.

 

The amendments in this update are effective for the first interim or annual period beginning on or after December 15, 2011, and should be applied retrospectively to the beginning of the annual period of adoption. Management adopted ASU 2011-03 effective January 1, 2012, as required, without a material impact on Rurban’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

ASU 2011-04, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (Topic 820): Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRSs.

 

This ASU amends Topic 820 to add both additional clarifications to existing fair value measurement and disclosure requirements and changes to existing principles and disclosure guidance. Clarifications were made to the relevancy of the highest and best use valuation concept, measurement of an instrument classified in an entity’s shareholder’s equity and disclosure of quantitative information about the unobservable inputs for Level 3 fair value measurements. Changes to existing principles and disclosures included measurement of financial instruments managed within a portfolio, the application of premiums and discounts in fair value measurement, and additional disclosures related to fair value measurements. The updated guidance and requirements are effective for financial statements issued for the first interim or annual period beginning after December 15, 2011, and should be applied prospectively. Early adoption is permitted. Management adopted ASU 2011-04 effective January 1, 2012, as required, without a material impact on Rurban’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

ASU 2011-05, Other Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Presentation of Comprehensive Income.

 

This ASU amends Topic 220 to give an entity the option to present the total of comprehensive income, the components of net income, and the components of other comprehensive income either in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements. An entity is also required to present on the face of the financial statement reclassification adjustments for items that are reclassified from other comprehensive income to net income in the statement(s) where the components of net income and the components of other comprehensive income are presented. The amendments do not change items that must be reported in other comprehensive income or when an item of other comprehensive income must be reclassified to net income, only the format for presentation. The updated guidance and requirements are effective for financial statements issued for the fiscal years, and the interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2011. The amendments should be applied retrospectively. On October 21, 2011, the FASB issued a proposed deferral of the requirement that companies present reclassification adjustments for each component of OCI in both net income and OCI on the face of the financial statements. Early adoption is permitted. Management adopted ASU 2011-05 effective January 1, 2012, as required. The statements of comprehensive income have been included within this Form 10-Q.

 

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ASC 2011-08 – Intangibles – Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Testing Goodwill for Impairment.

 

The ASU amends Topic 350 to permit an entity the option to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not (50% threshold) that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount as a basis for determining whether it is necessary to perform the two-step goodwill impairment test. The amendments are effective for annual and interim goodwill impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011. Early adoption is permitted, including for annual and interim goodwill impairment tests performed as of a date before September 15, 2011, if an entity’s financial statements for the most recent annual or interim period have not yet been issued. Management anticipates this standard will have no material effect to Rurban’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

NOTE F – SEGMENT INFORMATION

 

The reportable segments are determined by the products and services offered, primarily distinguished between banking and data processing operations. “Other” segment information includes the accounts of the holding company, Rurban, which provides management and operational services to its subsidiaries. Information reported internally for performance assessment follows.

 

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NOTE F — SEGMENT INFORMATION

 

As of and for the three months ended June 30, 2012 

       Data       Total   Intersegment   Consolidated 
Income statement information ($'s in thousands)  Banking   Processing   Other   Segments   Elimination   Totals 
                         
Net interest income (expense)  $5,790   $(69)  $(419)  $5,302   $(34)  $5,268 
                               
Non-interest income - external   customers   2,662    578    9    3,249         3,249 
                               
Non-interest income - other segments   80    251    60    391    (432)   (41)
                               
Total revenue   8,532    760    (350)   8,942    (466)   8,476 
                               
Non-interest expense   6,083    842    369    7,294    (423)   6,871 
                               
Significant non-cash items:                              
Depreciation and amortization   237    68    3    308    -    308 
Provision for loan losses   200    -    -    200    -    200 
                               
Income tax expense (benefit)   667    (28)   (248)   391    -    391 
                               
Segment profit (loss)  $1,582  $(54)  $(471)  $1,057   $(43)  $1,014 
                               
Balance sheet information                               
                               
Total assets  $626,889   $2,684   $7,066   $636,639   $(4,108)  $632,531 
                               
Goodwill and intangibles  $17,887   $-   $-   $17,887   $-   $17,887 
                               
Premises and equipment expenditures  $184   $-   $-   $184   $-   $184 

 

As of and for the three months ended June 30, 2011 

       Data       Total   Intersegment   Consolidated 
Income statement information ($'s in thousands)  Banking   Processing   Other   Segments   Elimination   Totals 
                         
Net interest income (expense)  $5,608   $(77)  $(318)  $5,213        $5,213 
                               
Non-interest income - external   customers   3,782    1,308    7    5,097         5,097 
                               
Non-interest income - other segments   49    340    38    427    (427)   - 
                               
Total revenue   9,439    1,571    (273)   10,737    (427)   10,310 
                               
Non-interest expense   6,972    1,356    497    8,825    (427)   8,398 
                               
Significant non-cash items:                              
Depreciation and amortization   220    223    2    445    -    445 
Provision for loan losses   898    -    -    898    -    898 
                               
Income tax expense (benefit)   410    73    (246)   237    -    237 
                               
Segment profit (loss)  $1,159   $142   $(524)  $777   $-   $777 
                               
Balance sheet information                               
                               
Total assets  $611,963   $5,465   $5,534   $622,962   $(4,901)  $618,061 
                               
Goodwill and intangibles  $18,517   $408   $-   $18,925   $-   $18,925 
                               
Premises and equipment expenditures  $371   $-   $-   $371   $-   $371 

 

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As of and for the six months ended June 30, 2012 

       Data       Total   Intersegment   Consolidated 
Income statement information ($'s in thousands)  Banking   Processing   Other   Segments   Elimination   Totals 
                         
Net interest income (expense)  $11,291   $(82)  $(1,032)  $10,177   $(34)  $10,143 
                               
Non-interest income - external   customers   5,625    1,198    26    6,849         6,849 
                               
Non-interest income - other segments   160    1,065    114    1,339    (1,399)   (60)
                               
Total revenue   17,076    2,181    (892)   18,365    (1,433)   16,932 
                               
Non-interest expense   12,530    1,725    664    14,919    (1,372)   13,547 
                               
Significant non-cash items:                              
Depreciation and amortization   462    174    6    642    -    642 
Provision for loan losses   650    -    -    650    -    650 
                               
Income tax expense (benefit)   1,132    155    (538)   749    -    749 
                               
Segment profit (loss)  $2,764  $301   $(1,018)  $2,047   $(61)  $1,986 
                               
Balance sheet information                               
                               
Total assets  $626,889   $2,684   $7,066   $636,639   $(4,108)  $632,531 
                               
Goodwill and intangibles  $17,887   $-   $-   $17,887   $-   $17,887 
                               
Premises and equipment expenditures  $953   $2   $-   $955   $-   $955 

  

As of and for the six months ended June 30, 2011 

       Data       Total   Intersegment   Consolidated 
Income statement information ($'s in thousands)  Banking   Processing   Other   Segments   Elimination   Totals 
                         
Net interest income (expense)  $10,836   $(157)  $(633)  $10,046        $10,046 
                               
Non-interest income - external   customers   5,720    2,221    19    7,960         7,960 
                               
Non-interest income - other segments   100    721    75    896    (896)   - 
                               
Total revenue   16,656    2,785    (539)   18,902    (896)   18,006 
                               
Non-interest expense   12,633    2,863    858    16,354    (896)   15,458 
                               
Significant non-cash items:                              
Depreciation and amortization   445    449    5    899    -    899 
Provision for loan losses   1,397    -    -    1,397    -    1,397 
                               
Income tax expense (benefit)   636    (27)   (246)   363    -    363 
                               
Segment profit (loss)  $1,990  $(51)  $(1,151)  $788   $-   $788 
                               
Balance sheet information                               
                               
Total assets  $611,963   $5,465   $5,534   $622,962   $(4,901)  $618,061 
                               
Goodwill and intangibles  $18,517   $408   $-   $18,925   $-   $18,925 
                               
Premises and equipment expenditures  $490   $-   $-   $490   $-   $490 

 

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NOTE G – DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

 

Risk Management Objective of Using Derivatives

 

The Company is exposed to certain risks arising from both its business operations and economic conditions. The Company manages its exposures to a wide variety of business and operational risks primarily through management of its core business activities. The Company manages economic risks, including interest rate, liquidity and credit risk, primarily by managing the amount, sources, and duration of its assets and liabilities and through the use of derivative financial instruments. Specifically, the Company enters into derivative financial instruments to manage exposures that arise from business activities that result in the receipt or payment of future known and uncertain cash amounts, the value of which are determined by interest rates. The Company’s derivative financial instruments are used to manage differences in the amount, timing, and duration of the Company’s known or expected cash payments principally related to certain variable-rate assets.

 

Non-designated Hedges

 

The Company does not use derivatives for trading or speculative purposes. Derivatives not designated as hedges are not speculative and result from a service the Company provides to certain customers. The Company executes interest rate swaps with commercial banking customers to facilitate their respective risk management strategies. Those interest rate swaps are simultaneously hedged by offsetting interest rate swaps that the Company executes with a third party, such that the Company minimizes its net risk exposure resulting from such transactions. As the interest rate swaps associated with this program do not meet the strict hedge accounting requirements, changes in the fair value of both the customer swaps and the offsetting swaps are recognized directly in earnings. As of June 30, 2012, the notional amount of customer-facing swaps was approximately $4.44 million. This amount is offset with third party counterparties, as described above.

 

Fair Values of Derivative Instruments on the Balance Sheet

 

The table below presents the fair value of the Company’s derivative financial instruments, as well as their classification on the Balance Sheet, as of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011. ($’s in thousands)

 

  Asset Derivatives   Liability Derivatives  
  June 30, 2012   December 31, 2011   June 30, 2012     December 31, 2011 
   Balance Sheet    Fair    Balance Sheet    Fair    Balance Sheet    Fair    Balance Sheet   Fair 
   Location    Value    Location    Value    Location    Value    Location   Value 
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:                                        
Interest rate contracts   Other Assets    149   Other Assets       Other Liabilities    149        $ 

 

Effect of Derivative Instruments on the Income Statement

 

The Company’s derivative financial instruments had no net effect on the Income Statements for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012.

 

27
 

 

NOTE H – FAIR VALUE OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES

 

Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. A fair value measurement must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. There is a hierarchy of three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

 

Level 1 Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities
   
Level 2 Observable inputs other than Level 1 prices, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities
   
Level 3 Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities

 

Following is a description of the valuation methodologies and inputs used for assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis, recognized in the accompanying balance sheets, as well as the general classifications of such assets pursuant to the valuation hierarchy.

 

Available-for-Sale Securities

 

The fair values of available-for-sale securities are determined by various valuation methodologies. Level 1 securities include money market mutual funds. Level 1 inputs included quoted prices in an active market. Level 2 securities include U.S. government agencies, mortgage-backed securities, and obligations of political and state subdivisions. Level 2 inputs do not include quoted prices for individual securities in active markets; however, they do include inputs that are either directly or indirectly observable for the individual security being valued. Such observable inputs include interest rates and yield curves at commonly quoted intervals, volatilities, prepayment speeds, credit risks and default rates. Also included are inputs derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data by correlation or other means.

 

The following table presents the fair value measurements of assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis and the level within the fair value hierarchy in which the fair value measurements fall at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

 

Interest Rate Contracts

 

The fair values of interest rate contracts are based upon the estimated amount the Company would receive or pay to terminate the contracts or agreements, taking into account underlying interest rates, credit worthiness of underlying customers for credit derivatives and, when appropriate, the creditworthiness of the counterparties.

 

($'s in thousands)  Fair Values at   Fair Value Measurements Using: 
Description  6/30/2012   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3 
Available-for-Sale Securities:                    
U.S. Treasury and Government                    
    Agencies  $14,611   $-   $14,611   $- 
Mortgage-backed securities   67,727    -    67,727    - 
State and political subdivisions   16,817    -    16,817    - 
Money Market Mutual Fund   3,359    3,359    -    - 
Equity securities   23    -    23    - 
Interest rate contracts   149    -    149    - 

  

28
 

 

($'s in thousands)  Fair Values at   Fair Value Measurements Using: 
Description  12/31/2011   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3 
Available-for-Sale Securities:                    
U.S. Treasury and Government Agencies  $25,424   $-   $25,424   $- 
Mortgage-backed securities   67,698    -    67,698    - 
State and political subdivisions   16,793    -    16,793    - 
Money Market Mutual Funds   2,040    2,040    -    - 
Equity Securities   23    -    23    - 

 

Level 1 – Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets

Level 2 – Significant Other Observable Inputs

Level 3 – Significant Unobservable Inputs

 

Following is a description of the valuation methodologies and inputs used for assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis and recognized in the accompanying balance sheets, as well as the general classification of such assets pursuant to the valuation hierarchy.

 

Impaired Loans (Collateral-dependent)

 

Loans for which it is probable the Company will not collect all principal and interest due according to contractual terms are measured for impairment. If the impaired loan is collateral dependent, then the fair value method of measuring the amount of impairment is utilized. This method requires obtaining an independent appraisal of the collateral and applying a discount factor to the value based on the Company’s loan review policy. All impaired loans held by the Company were collateral dependent at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

 

Mortgage Servicing Rights

 

Mortgage servicing rights do not trade in an active, open market with readily observable prices. Accordingly, fair value is estimated using discounted cash flow models associated with the servicing rights and discounting the cash flows using discount market rates. The servicing portfolio has been valued using all relevant positive and negative cash flows including servicing fees, miscellaneous income and float; marginal costs of servicing; the cost of carry of advances; and foreclosure losses; and applying certain prevailing assumptions used in the marketplace. Due to the nature of the valuation inputs, mortgage servicing rights are classified within Level 3 of the hierarchy.

 

Foreclosed Assets Held For Sale

 

Assets acquired through, or in lieu of, loan foreclosure are held for sale and are initially recorded at fair value (based on current appraised value) at the date of foreclosure, establishing a new cost basis. Subsequent to foreclosure, valuations are periodically performed by management and the assets are carried at the lower of carrying amount or fair value less cost to sell. Management has determined fair value measurements on other real estate owned primarily through evaluations of appraisals performed, and current and past offers for the other real estate under evaluation.

 

29
 

 

Software

 

The Company reviews the carrying value of software for impairment whenever events and circumstances indicate that the carrying value of an asset may not be recoverable from the estimated future cash flows expected to result from its use and eventual disposition. In cases where undiscounted expected future cash flows are less than the carrying value, an impairment loss is recognized equal to an amount by which the carrying value exceeds the fair value of assets. The factors considered by management in performing this assessment include current operating results, trends and prospects, the manner in which the property is used, and the effects of obsolescence, demand, competition, and other economic factors.

 

The following table presents the fair value measurements of assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis and the level within the fair value hierarchy in which the fair value measurements fall at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 ($’s in thousands):

 

($'s in thousands)  Fair Values at   Fair Value Measurements Using: 
Description  6/30/2012   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3 
Impaired loans  $5,046   $-   $-   $5,046 
Mortgage servicing rights   3,359    -    -    3,359 
Foreclosed assets   1,122    -    -    1,122 

 

($'s in thousands)  Fair Values at   Fair Value Measurements Using: 
Description  12/31/2011   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3 
Impaired loans  $5,575   $-   $-   $5,575 
Mortgage servicing rights   2,820    -    -    2,820 
Foreclosed assets   877    -    -    877 
Software   159    -    -    159 

 

Unobservable (Level 3) Inputs

 

The following table presents quantitative information about unobservable inputs used in recurring and nonrecurring Level 3 fair value measurements.

 

  Fair Value at   Valuation        Range (Weighted 
($'s in thousands)  6/30/2012   Technique   Unobservable Inputs   Average) 
                 
Collateral-dependent impaired loans  $5,046    Market comparable properties    Comparability adjustments (%)    Not available 
                     
Foreclosed assets   1,122    Market comparable properties    Marketability discount    10.0%
                     
Mortgage servicing rights   3,359    Discounted cash flow    Discount Rate    8.5%
           Constant prepayment rate     17.9%
           P&I earnings credit     0.25%
           T&I earnings credit      1.1%
           Inflation for cost of servicing      1.5%

 

There were no changes in the inputs or methodologies used to determine fair value at June 30, 2012 as compared to December 31, 2011.

 

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The following table presents estimated fair values of the Company’s other financial instruments carried at other than fair value. The fair values of certain of these instruments were calculated by discounting expected cash flows, which involves significant judgments by management and uncertainties. Fair value is the estimated amount at which financial assets or liabilities could be exchanged in a current transaction between willing parties, other than in a forced or liquidation sale. Because no market exists for certain of these financial instruments, and because management does not intend to sell these financial instruments, the Company does not know whether the fair values shown below represent values at which the respective financial instruments could be sold individually or in the aggregate.

 

The following methods were used to estimate the fair value of all other financial instruments recognized in the accompanying balance sheets at amounts other than fair value.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents and Federal Reserve and Federal Home Loan Bank Stock and Accrued Interest Payable and Receivable

 

The carrying amount approximates the fair value.

 

Loans

 

The estimated fair value for loans receivable, including loans held for sale, net, is based on estimates of the rate State Bank would charge for similar loans at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, applied for the time period until the loans are assumed to re-price or be paid.

 

Deposits & Other Borrowings

 

Deposits include demand deposits, savings accounts, NOW accounts and certain money market deposits. The carrying amount approximates the fair value. The estimated fair value for fixed-maturity time deposits, as well as borrowings, is based on estimates of the rate State Bank could pay on similar instruments with similar terms and maturities at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

 

The fair value of commitments is estimated using the fees currently charged to enter into similar agreements, taking into account the remaining terms of the agreements and the present creditworthiness of the counterparties. The estimated fair value for other financial instruments and off-balance-sheet loan commitments approximate cost at June 30, 2012 and are not considered significant to this presentation.

 

June 30, 2012  Carrying   Fair Value Measurments Using 
$'s in thousands  Amount   (Level 1)   (Level 2)   (Level 3) 
                 
Financial assets                    
Cash and cash equivalents  $14,636   $14,636   $-   $- 
Loans held for sale   10,595    -    10,915    - 
Loans, net of allowance for loan losses   445,492    -    -    451,079 
Federal Reserve and FHLB Bank stock   3,748    -    3,748    - 
Accrued interest receivable   1,597    -    1,597    - 
                     
Financial liabilities                    
Deposits  $518,661   $-   $522,162   $- 
Short-term borrowings   15,824    -    15,830    - 
Notes payable   2,249    -    2,279    - 
FHLB advances   17,500    -    18,295    - 
Trust preferred securities   20,620    -    8,652    - 
Accrued interest payable   3,836    -    3,836    - 

 

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December 31, 2011  Carrying   Fair Value Measurments Using 
$'s in thousands  Amount   (Level 1)   (Level 2)   (Level 3) 
                 
Financial assets                    
Cash and cash equivalents  $14,846   $14,846   $-   $- 
Loans held for sale   5,238    -    5,334    - 
Loans, net of allowance for loan losses   436,025    -    -    443,727 
Federal Reserve and FHLB Bank stock, at cost   3,685    -    3,685    - 
Interest receivable   1,635    -    1,635    - 
                     
Financial liabilities                    
Deposits  $518,765   $-   $521,654   $- 
Short-term borrowings   18,779    -    18,903    - 
Notes payable   2,788    -    2,815    - 
Federal Home Loan Bank advances   12,776    -    13,149    - 
Trust preferred securities   20,620    -    8,320    - 
Interest payable   2,954    -    2,954    - 

 

NOTE I: DEBT COVENANT

 

Pursuant to a covenant contained in a loan agreement between the Company and First Tennessee Bank, National Association (“FTB”), the Company’s Banking Subsidiary, State Bank, must maintain certain performance ratios, including a minimum Tier 1 Capital to average assets ratio of 7.5 percent, a year-to-date return on assets (ROA) of 50 basis points and a nonperforming asset ratio (calculated as non-performing loans plus OREO divided by total assets) of less than 2.25 percent. In addition the issuance of any regulatory order would constitute a covenant violation.

 

At June 30, 2012, State Bank’s compliance with the loan covenants were as follows: Tier 1 capital to average assets was 8.1 percent, year -to-date ROA was 87 basis points and the nonperforming asset ratio was 1.41 percent. On March 9, 2010, a consent order was issued for RDSI which is still in place as of June 30, 2012. FTB agreed to waive this non-financial covenant violation and enter into a new agreement which requires full payout of the obligation by October 31, 2013. As of June 30, 2012, the outstanding balance of this obligation was $1.1 million.

 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Information

 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, contains certain forward-looking statements that are provided to assist in the understanding of anticipated future financial performance. Forward-looking statements provide current expectations or forecasts of future events and are not guarantees of future performance. Examples of forward-looking statements include: (a) projections of income or expense, earnings per share, the payments or non-payments of dividends, capital structure and other financial items; (b) statements of plans and objectives of the Company or our management or Board of Directors, including those relating to products or services; (c) statements of future economic performance; and (d) statements of assumptions underlying such statements. Words such as “anticipates”, “believes”, “plans”, “intends”, “expects”, “projects”, “estimates”, “should”, “may”, “would be”, “will allow”, “will likely result”, “will continue”, “will remain”, or other similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, but are not the exclusive means of identifying those statements. Forward-looking statements are based on management’s expectations and are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties. Although management believes that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are reasonable, actual results may differ materially from those expressed or implied in such statements. Risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially include, without limitation, changes in interest rates, changes in the competitive environment, and changes in banking regulations or other regulatory or legislative requirements affecting bank holding companies. Additional detailed information concerning a number of important factors which could cause actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements contained in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations is available in the Company’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including the disclosure under the heading “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of Part I of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011. Undue reliance should not be placed on the forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date hereof. Except as may be required by law, the Company undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect unanticipated events or circumstances after the date on which the statement is made.

 

Overview of Rurban

 

Rurban Financial Corp. (“Rurban” or the “Company”) is a bank holding company registered with the Federal Reserve Board. Rurban’s wholly-owned subsidiary, The State Bank and Trust Company (“State Bank”), is engaged in commercial banking. Rurban’s technology subsidiary, Rurbanc Data Services, Inc. (“RDSI”), provides item processing services to community banks and businesses.

 

Rurban Statutory Trust I (“RST”) was established in August 2000. In September 2000, RST completed a pooled private offering of 10,000 Trust Preferred Securities with a liquidation amount of $1,000 per security. The proceeds of the offering were loaned to Rurban in exchange for junior subordinated debentures of Rurban with terms substantially similar to the Trust Preferred Securities. The sole assets of RST are the junior subordinated debentures, and the back-up obligations, in the aggregate, constitute a full and unconditional guarantee by Rurban of the obligations of RST.

 

Rurban Statutory Trust II (“RST II”) was established in August 2005. In September 2005, RST II completed a pooled private offering of 10,000 Trust Preferred Securities with a liquidation amount of $1,000 per security. The proceeds of the offering were loaned to Rurban in exchange for junior subordinated debentures of Rurban with terms substantially similar to the Trust Preferred Securities. The sole assets of RST II are the junior subordinated debentures, and the back-up obligations, in the aggregate, constitute a full and unconditional guarantee by Rurban of the obligations of RST II.

 

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On August 5, 2010, the Company notified the trustees of the Capital Securities of the Company’s election to defer (a) the quarterly interest payments on the RST II Capital Securities, beginning on September 15, 2010 and extending through September 15, 2012, and (b) the semi-annual interest payments on the RST I Capital Securities, beginning on September 7, 2010 and extending through September 7, 2012. During any interest deferral period, the trust preferred indentures prohibit the Company from paying common stock dividends or repurchasing shares of common stock. As of June 30, 2012, the accumulative deferred interest totaled $3.3 million.

 

RFCBC, Inc. (“RFCBC”) is an Ohio corporation and wholly-owned subsidiary of Rurban that was incorporated in August 2004. RFCBC operates as a loan subsidiary in servicing and working out problem loans.

 

Rurban Investments, Inc. (“RII”) is a Delaware corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of State Bank that was incorporated in January 2009. RII holds agency, mortgage backed and municipal securities.

 

State Bank Insurance, LLC (“SBI”) is an Ohio corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of State Bank that was incorporated in June of 2010. SBI is an insurance company that engages in the sale of insurance products to retail and commercial customers of State Bank.

 

Unless the context indicates otherwise, all references herein to “Rurban”, “we”, “us”, “our”, or the “Company” refer to Rurban Financial Corp. and its consolidated subsidiaries.

 

Recent Regulatory Developments

 

The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (the “Dodd-Frank Act”) was enacted into law on July 21, 2010. The Dodd-Frank Act is significantly changing the regulation of financial institutions and the financial services industry. Because the Dodd-Frank Act requires various federal agencies to adopt a broad range of regulations with significant discretion, many of the details of the new law and the effects they will have on the Company will not be known for months and even years.

 

Among the provisions already implemented pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Act, the following provisions have or may have an effect on the business of the Company and its subsidiaries:

 

·a new Consumer Financial Protection Bureau has been formed with broad powers to adopt and enforce consumer protection regulations;

 

·the federal law prohibiting the payment of interest on commercial demand deposit accounts was eliminated effective in July 2011;

 

·the standard maximum amount of deposit insurance per customer was permanently increased to $250,000 and non-interest-bearing transaction accounts have unlimited insurance through December 31, 2012;

 

·the assessment base for determining deposit insurance premiums has been expanded from domestic deposits to average assets minus average tangible equity; and

 

·public companies in all industries are or will be required to provide shareholders the opportunity to cast a non-binding advisory vote on executive compensation.

 

Additional provisions not yet implemented that may have an effect on the Company and its subsidiaries include the following:

 

·new capital regulations for bank holding companies will be adopted, which may impose stricter requirements, and any new trust preferred securities issued after May 19, 2010 will no longer constitute Tier I capital; and

 

·new corporate governance requirements applicable generally to all public companies in all industries will require new compensation practices and disclosure requirements, including requiring companies to “claw back” incentive compensation under certain circumstances, to consider the independence of compensation advisors and to make additional disclosures in proxy statements with respect to compensation matters.

 

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Many provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act have not yet been implemented and will require interpretation and rule making by federal regulators. As a result, the ultimate effect of the Dodd-Frank Act on the Company cannot yet be determined. However, it is likely that the implementation of these provisions will increase compliance costs and fees paid to regulators, along with possibly restricting the operations of the Company and its subsidiaries.

 

Recent Developments regarding RDSI

 

On March 9, 2011, Rurban Financial Corp. (“Rurban”) and its wholly-owned nonbank data services subsidiary, RDSI, entered into a Consent Order (the “Consent Order”) with the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the “FRB”) that directs RDSI to take certain actions to strengthen its financial condition and operations. Rurban’s banking subsidiary, State Bank, is not a party to the Consent Order.

 

The Consent Order specifies, among other conditions, that RDSI must strengthen board oversight of critical areas of operations, maintain appropriate capital levels, strengthen working capital management, and modify its strategic plan to improve earnings. While the Consent Order remains in effect, RDSI is prohibited from declaring or paying any dividends to Rurban without the prior approval of the FRB, and Rurban is prohibited from making any capital investments in or loans to RDSI without the prior approval of the FRB.

 

The existence of this Consent Order may limit the ability of RDSI to secure new clients as well as to retain existing clients.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011 describes the significant accounting policies used in the development and presentation of the Company’s financial statements. The accounting and reporting policies of the Company are in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States and conform to general practices within the banking industry. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions. The Company’s financial position and results of operations can be affected by these estimates and assumptions and are integral to the understanding of reported results. Critical accounting policies are those policies that management believes are the most important to the portrayal of the Company’s financial condition and results, and they require management to make estimates that are difficult, subjective, or complex.

 

Allowance for Loan Losses - The allowance for loan losses provides coverage for probable losses inherent in the Company’s loan portfolio. Management evaluates the adequacy of the allowance for loan losses each quarter based on changes, if any, in underwriting activities, loan portfolio composition (including product mix and geographic, industry or customer-specific concentrations), trends in loan performance, regulatory guidance and economic factors. This evaluation is inherently subjective, as it requires the use of significant management estimates. Many factors can affect management’s estimates of specific and expected losses, including volatility of default probabilities, rating migrations, loss severity and economic and political conditions. The allowance is increased through provisions charged to operating earnings and reduced by net charge-offs.

 

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The Company determines the amount of the allowance based on relative risk characteristics of the loan portfolio. The allowance recorded for commercial loans is based on reviews of individual credit relationships and an analysis of the migration of commercial loans and actual loss experience. The allowance recorded for homogeneous consumer loans is based on an analysis of loan mix, risk characteristics of the portfolio, fraud loss and bankruptcy experiences, and historical losses, adjusted for current trends, for each homogeneous category or group of loans. The allowance for credit losses relating to impaired loans is based on the loan’s observable market price, the collateral for certain collateral-dependent loans, or the discounted cash flows using the loan’s effective interest rate.

 

Regardless of the extent of the Company’s analysis of customer performance, portfolio trends or risk management processes, certain inherent but undetected losses are probable within the loan portfolio. This is due to several factors, including inherent delays in obtaining information regarding a customer’s financial condition or changes in their unique business conditions, the subjective nature of individual loan evaluations, collateral assessments and the interpretation of economic trends. Volatility of economic or customer-specific conditions affecting the identification and estimation of losses for larger non-homogeneous credits and the sensitivity of assumptions utilized to establish allowances for homogenous groups of loans are also factors. The Company estimates a range of inherent losses related to the existence of these exposures. The estimates are based upon the Company’s evaluation of imprecise risk associated with the commercial and consumer allowance levels and the estimated impact of the current economic environment. To the extent that actual results differ from management’s estimates, additional loan loss provisions may be required that could adversely impact earnings for future periods.

 

Goodwill and Other Intangibles - The Company records all assets and liabilities acquired in purchase acquisitions, including goodwill and other intangibles, at fair value as required. Goodwill is subject, at a minimum, to annual tests for impairment. Other intangible assets are amortized over their estimated useful lives using straight-line or accelerated methods, and are subject to impairment if events or circumstances indicate a possible inability to realize the carrying amount. The initial goodwill and other intangibles recorded and subsequent impairment analysis requires management to make subjective judgments concerning estimates of how the acquired asset will perform in the future. Events and factors that may significantly affect the estimates include, among others, customer attrition, changes in revenue growth trends, specific industry conditions and changes in competition. A decrease in earnings resulting from these or other factors could lead to an impairment of goodwill that could adversely impact earnings for future periods.

 

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Six Months Ended June 30, 2012 compared to Six Months Ended June 30, 2011

 

Net Income: Net income for the six months ended June 30, 2012 was $1.99 million or $0.41 per diluted share, compared to a net income of $0.79 million, or $0.16 per diluted share, for the six months of 2011. For the six months ended June 30, 2012, the Banking Group (consisting primarily of State Bank), had net income of $2.8 million which is up 39 percent from the net income of $2.0 million from the comparable 2011 period. RDSI reported year to date net income of $301 thousand compared to a net loss of $51 thousand for the year ago first six months.

 

Provision for Loan Losses: The year to date provision for loan losses was $0.65 million compared to $1.40 million for the prior period. The lower provision reflects the improving quality of State Bank’s loan portfolio and slower migration of problem credits to non-performing status, as well as a recovering economy. As of June 30, 2012, the allowance for loan losses stood at $6.6 million, or 1.46 percent of total loans, compared to 1.47 percent at June 30, 2011. The Company’s non-performing assets (“NPAs”) at June 30, 2012 were $8.9 million, down $2.6 million, or 22.6 percent, since June 30, 2011. At the 2012 second quarter-end, non-performing assets were 1.40 percent of total assets compared to 1.85 percent at June 30, 2011.

 

Asset Quality Review
($’s in Thousands)
  June 30,
2012
   December 31,
2011
   June 30,
2011
 
Net charge-offs  $560   $2,180   $1,669 
Non-accruing loans  $5,315   $6,900   $8,073 
Trouble Debt Restructures  $1,837   $1,334   $1,312 
Non-performing loans  $7,152   $8,234   $9,385 
OREO / OAO  $1,708   $1,830   $2,056 
Non-performing assets  $8,860   $10,064   $11,441 
Non-performing assets / Total assets   1.40%   1.60%   1.85%
Allowance for loan losses / Total loans   1.46%   1.48%   1.47%
Allowance for loan losses / Non-performing loans   92.5%   79.3%   68.7%

 

Consolidated Revenue: Total revenue, consisting of net interest income and noninterest income, was $16.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012, a decrease of $1.07 million, or 6.0 percent, from the $18.0 million generated during the first six months of 2011.

 

Net interest income was $10.1 million, which is flat from the prior year. The Company had a $5.0 million reduction in earning assets, which was offset by a 27 basis point reduction in the rate paid on interest bearing liabilities. The net interest margin was 3.70 percent, which was flat compared to the prior year.

 

Noninterest income was $6.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012 compared to $8.0 million for the prior year period. Mortgage refinancing has provided Rurban with a sizable opportunity for diversification and growth of fee income. State Bank originated $148.2 million of mortgage loans in the first six months of 2012. These originations and subsequent sales resulted in $2.6 million of gains, which compares to gains of $0.99 million for the first six months of 2011. The 160 percent increase in gains from mortgage sales in 2012 reflect the combined impact of a 132 percent increase in mortgages sold and a 20 basis point, or 12.1 percent, increase in the spread to 1.85 percent, compared to the year-earlier period. The prior year was impacted by a $1.9 million gain from the sale of securities.

 

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Consolidated Noninterest Expense: Noninterest expense for the first six months of 2012 was $13.5 million, compared to $15.5 million in the prior-year second quarter. Since the prior year, the Company has reduced employee headcount by 24, or 11 percent, from 228 employees at June 30, 2011 to 204 employees at June 30, 2012. Significant contributing factors outside of compensation expenses were reductions in FDIC premiums, professional fees and postage and delivery expenses from RDSI. The prior year was impacted by a $1.1 million prepayment penalty from the early retirement of FHLB and REPO advances.

 

Income Taxes: Income taxes for the first six months of 2012 were $0.75 million, compared to $0.36 million for the first six months of 2011. The increase was due primarily to the increase in pre-tax income from the prior year.

 

Three Months Ended June 30, 2012 compared to Three Months Ended June 30, 2011

 

Net Income: Net income for the second quarter of 2012 was $1.01 million or $0.21 per diluted share, compared to a net income of $0.78 million, or $0.16 per diluted share, for the second quarter of 2011. For the quarter, the Banking Group (consisting primarily of The State Bank and Trust Company), had net income of $1.6 million, which is up 36.5 percent compared to the net income of $1.2 million from the year ago second quarter. RDSI reported a net loss of $54 thousand compared to net income of $142 thousand from the year ago second quarter.

 

Provision for Loan Losses: The second quarter provision for loan losses was $0.20 million compared to $0.45 million and $0.89 million, respectively, for the linked and year-ago quarters. Charge-offs for the quarter were $0.19 million compared to $0.37 million and $1.05 million, respectively, for the linked and year-ago quarters. Total delinquent loans ended the quarter at $4.95 million, which is down $3.2 million, or 39.5 percent, from the prior year.

 

Consolidated Revenue: Total revenue, consisting of net interest income and noninterest income, was $8.5 million for the second quarter of 2012, a decrease of $1.83 million, or 17.8 percent, from the $10.3 million generated during the 2011 second quarter. The prior year second quarter included gains on the sale of securities of $1.9 million.

 

Net interest income was $5.3 million, which is flat from the prior year second quarter. The Company’s earning assets were flat and the margin was reduced by 2 basis points. The net interest margin was 3.81 percent.

 

Noninterest income was $3.2 million for the 2012 second quarter compared to $5.1 million for the prior year period. Excluding data service fees, which are contributed by Rurban’s data services subsidiary, the remaining noninterest income is generated by the Banking Group. The prior year included a significant gain on the sale of securities.

 

Mortgage refinancing has provided Rurban with a sizable opportunity for diversification and growth of fee income. Origination activity continued at a high level in the second quarter of 2012. State Bank originated $79.9 million of mortgage loans in the second quarter of 2012. These second quarter 2012 originations and subsequent sales resulted in $1.4 million of gains, which compares to gains of $0.57 million for the second quarter of 2011. Compared to the prior year second quarter, total originations are up $41.8 million and sales have increased by $45.2 million.

 

Consolidated Noninterest Expense: Noninterest expense for the second quarter of 2012 was $6.9 million compared to $8.4 million in the prior-year second quarter. The prior year second quarter included a $1.1 million prepayment penalty on the early retirement of FHLB and REPO advances.

 

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Income Taxes: Income taxes for the second quarter of 2012 were $0.39 million compared to $0.24 million for the second quarter of 2011. The increase was due primarily to the increase in pre-tax income from the prior year.

 

Changes in Financial Condition

 

Total assets at June 30, 2012 were $632.5 million, an increase of $3.9 million or 0.62 percent since 2011 year end. Total loans, net of unearned income, were $452.1 million as of June 30, 2012, up $9.6 million from year end, an increase of 2.2 percent.

 

Total deposits at June 30, 2012 were $518.7 million, flat as compared to December 2011 balances. Borrowed funds, (notes payable, FHLB advances, Fed Funds purchased and REPOs) totaled $35.6 million at June 30, 2012. This is up slightly from the prior year end when borrowed funds totaled $34.3 million. Total equity for the Company now stands at 7.95 percent of total assets, which is up 4.3 percent from the prior year level of 7.62 percent. Retained earnings have grown by $1.99 million from year end due to net income growth.

 

Capital Resources

 

At June 30, 2012, actual capital levels and minimum required levels were as follows ($’s in thousands):

 

  Actual   Minimum Required
For Capital
Adequacy Purposes
   Minimum Required
To Be Well Capitalized
Under Prompt Corrective
Action Regulations
 
  Amount   Ratio   Amount   Ratio   Amount   Ratio 
                        
Total capital (to risk weighted assets)                              
Consolidated  $54,379    11.7%  $37,043    8.0%  $-    N/A 
State Bank  $56,048    12.2%  $36,702    8.0%  $45,877    10.0%

 

Both the Company and State Bank were categorized as well capitalized at June 30, 2012.

 

LIQUIDITY

 

Liquidity relates primarily to the Company’s ability to fund loan demand, meet deposit customers’ withdrawal requirements and provide for operating expenses. Assets used to satisfy these needs consist of cash and due from banks, federal funds sold, interest-earning deposits in other financial institutions, securities available-for-sale and loans held for sale. These assets are commonly referred to as liquid assets. Liquid assets were $127.8 million at June 30, 2012 compared to $132.1 million at December 31, 2011.

 

Liquidity risk arises from the possibility that the Company may not be able to meet the Company’s financial obligations and operating cash needs or may become overly reliant upon external funding sources. In order to manage this risk, the Board of Directors of the Company has established a Liquidity Policy that identifies primary sources of liquidity, establishes procedures for monitoring and measuring liquidity and quantifies minimum liquidity requirements. This policy designates the Asset/Liability Committee (“ALCO”) as the body responsible for meeting these objectives. The ALCO reviews liquidity regularly and evaluates significant changes in strategies that affect balance sheet or cash flow positions. Liquidity is centrally managed on a daily basis by the Company’s Chief Financial Officer and Asset Liability Manager.

 

The Company’s commercial real estate, first mortgage residential and multi-family mortgage portfolio of $285.0 million at June 30, 2012 and $275.5 million at December 31, 2011, which can and has been used to collateralize borrowings, is an additional source of liquidity. Management believes the Company’s current liquidity level, without these borrowings, is sufficient to meet its liquidity needs. At June 30, 2012, all eligible commercial real estate, first mortgage residential and multi-family mortgage loans were pledged under an FHLB blanket lien.

 

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The cash flow statements for the periods presented provide an indication of the Company’s sources and uses of cash, as well as an indication of the ability of the Company to maintain an adequate level of liquidity. A discussion of the cash flow statements for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011 follows.

 

The Company experienced negative cash flows from operating activities for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and positive cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2011. Net cash used in operating activities was $0.23 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and net cash flow provided was $6.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2011. Highlights for the current year include $144.5 million in proceeds from the sale of loans, which is up $75.5 million from the prior year. Originations of loans held for sale was a use of cash of $148.2 million, which is also up from the prior year, by $82.1 million. For the year, there was a net recapture of OMSR impairment of $0.23 million.

 

The Company experienced negative cash flows from investing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and positive cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2011. Net cash flows used in investing activities was $1.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and cash provided was $16.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2011. Highlights for the current period include $17.9 million in purchases of available-for-sale securities, which is down $9.8 million from the prior year. These cash payments were offset by $27.1 million in proceeds from maturities of securities, which is an increase of $16.0 million from the prior year. The prior year cash flow was driven by the investment sales related to the Company’s deleveraging of the balance sheet in June of 2011. During the first quarter of 2011, the Company terminated several life insurance policies on retired executives and realized a cash inflow of $1.4 million. The Company experienced a $10.3 million increase in loans, which is down $3.4 million from the prior year change. Sales of foreclosed assets provided cash of $1.2 million for the prior year second quarter.

 

The Company experienced positive cash flows from financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and negative cash flows from financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2011. Net cash flow provided by financing activities was $1.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and a use of cash of $42.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2011. Highlights for the current period include a $15.8 million increase in transaction deposits for the six months ended June 30, 2012, which compares very favorably with a $17.5 million decrease in transaction deposits for the six months ended June 30, 2011. Certificates of deposits declined by $15.9 million in the current year compared to a decline of $2.3 million for the prior year.

 

ALCO uses an economic value of equity (“EVE”) analysis to measure risk in the balance sheet incorporating all cash flows over the estimated remaining life of all balance sheet positions. The EVE analysis calculates the net present value of the Company’s assets and liabilities in rate shock environments that range from -400 basis points to +400 basis points. The likelihood of a decrease in rates as of June 30, 2012 was considered to be remote given the current interest rate environment and therefore, was not included in this analysis. The results of this analysis are reflected in the following tables for June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

 

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June 30, 2012
Economic Value of Equity
($’s in thousands)
Change in Rates  $ Amount   $ Change   % Change 
+400 basis points   110,018    19,599    21.68%
+300 basis points   107,407    16,988    18.79%
+200 basis points   103,946    13,527    14.96%
+100 basis points   98,692    8,272    9.15%
Base Case   90,420    -    - 

 

December 31, 2011
Economic Value of Equity
($’s in thousands)
Change in Rates  $ Amount   $ Change   % Change 
+400 basis points   112,424    19,890    21.49%
+300 basis points   110,164    17,630    19.05%
+200 basis points   106,833    14,299    15.45%
+100 basis points   101,331    8,796    9.51%
Base Case   92,534    -    - 

 

Off-Balance-Sheet Borrowing Arrangements:

 

Significant additional off-balance-sheet liquidity is available in the form of FHLB advances and unused federal funds lines from correspondent banks. Management expects the risk of changes in off-balance-sheet arrangements to be immaterial to earnings.

 

The Company’s commercial real estate, first mortgage residential and multi-family mortgage portfolios of $285.0 million have been pledged to meet FHLB collateralization requirements as of June 30, 2012. Based on the current collateralization requirements of the FHLB, the Company had approximately $19.7 million of additional borrowing capacity at June 30, 2012. The Company also had $30.0 million in unpledged securities that may be used to pledge for additional borrowings.

 

At June 30, 2012, the Company had unused federal funds lines totaling $11.5 million, with a zero balance outstanding.

 

The Company’s contractual obligations as of June 30, 2012 were comprised of long-term debt obligations, other debt obligations, operating lease obligations and other long-term liabilities. Long-term debt obligations are comprised of FHLB Advances of $17.5 million. Other debt obligations are comprised of Trust Preferred securities of $20.6 million and Notes Payable of $2.2 million. The operating lease obligations consist of a lease on the RDSI-North building of $162 thousand per year and a lease on the DCM-Lansing facility of $105 thousand per year. Total time deposits at June 30, 2012 were $205.6 million, of which $103.1 million matures beyond one year.

 

Also, as of June 30, 2012, the Company had commitments to sell mortgage loans totaling $30.9 million. The Company believes that it has adequate resources to fund commitments as they arise and that it can adjust the rate on savings certificates to retain deposits in changing interest rate environments. If the Company requires funds beyond its internal funding capabilities, advances from the FHLB of Cincinnati and other financial institutions are available.

 

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ASSET LIABILITY MANAGEMENT

 

Asset liability management involves developing, executing and monitoring strategies to maintain appropriate liquidity, maximize net interest income and minimize the impact that significant fluctuations in market interest rates would have on current and future earnings. The business of the Company and the composition of its balance sheet consist of investments in interest-earning assets (primarily loans, mortgage-backed securities, and securities available for sale) which are primarily funded by interest-bearing liabilities (deposits and borrowings). With the exception of specific loans which are originated and held for sale, all of the financial instruments of the Company are for other than trading purposes. All of the Company’s transactions are denominated in U.S. dollars with no specific foreign exchange exposure. In addition, the Company has limited exposure to commodity prices related to agricultural loans. The impact of changes in foreign exchange rates and commodity prices on interest rates are assumed to be insignificant. The Company’s financial instruments have varying levels of sensitivity to changes in market interest rates resulting in market risk. Interest rate risk is the Company’s primary market risk exposure; to a lesser extent, liquidity risk also impacts market risk exposure.

 

Interest rate risk is the exposure of a banking institution’s financial condition to adverse movements in interest rates. Accepting this risk can be an important source of profitability and shareholder value; however, excessive levels of interest rate risk could pose a significant threat to the Company’s earnings and capital base. Accordingly, effective risk management that maintains interest rate risks at prudent levels is essential to the Company’s safety and soundness.

 

Evaluating a financial institution’s exposure to changes in interest rates includes assessing both the adequacy of the management process used to control interest rate risk and the organization’s quantitative level of exposure. When assessing the interest rate risk management process, the Company seeks to ensure that appropriate policies, procedures, management information systems and internal controls are in place to maintain interest rate risks at prudent levels of consistency and continuity. Evaluating the quantitative level of interest rate risk exposure requires the Company to assess the existing and potential future effects of changes in interest rates on its consolidated financial condition, including capital adequacy, earnings, liquidity and asset quality (when appropriate).

 

The Federal Reserve Board together with the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency and the Federal Deposit Insurance Company adopted a Joint Agency Policy Statement on interest rate risk effective June 26, 1996. The policy statement provides guidance to examiners and bankers on sound practices for managing interest rate risk, which will form the basis for ongoing evaluation of the adequacy of interest rate risk management at supervised institutions. The policy statement also outlines fundamental elements of sound management that have been identified in prior Federal Reserve guidance and discusses the importance of these elements in the context of managing interest rate risk. Specifically, the guidance emphasizes the need for active board of director and senior management oversight and a comprehensive risk management process that effectively identifies, measures and controls interest rate risk.

 

Financial institutions derive their income primarily from the excess of interest collected over interest paid. The rates of interest an institution earns on its assets and owes on its liabilities generally are established contractually for a period of time. Since market interest rates change over time, an institution is exposed to lower profit margins (or losses) if it cannot adapt to interest rate changes. For example, assume that an institution’s assets carry intermediate or long-term fixed rates and that those assets are funded with short-term liabilities. If market interest rates rise by the time the short-term liabilities must be refinanced, the increase in the institution’s interest expense on its liabilities may not be sufficiently offset if assets continue to earn at the long-term fixed rates. Accordingly, an institution’s profits could decrease on existing assets because the institution will either have lower net interest income or possibly, net interest expense. Similar risks exist when assets are subject to contractual interest rate ceilings, or rate-sensitive assets are funded by longer-term, fixed-rate liabilities in a declining rate environment.