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SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
For The Fiscal Year ended June 30, 2012
for the transition period from to .
Commission File No. 0-22818
THE HAIN CELESTIAL GROUP, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (631) 730-2200
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
Yes ¨ No ý
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.
Yes ¨ No ý
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (section 232.405 of this
chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ý No ¨
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to Form 10-K. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “accelerated filer,” “large accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes ¨ No ý
The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant based upon the closing price of the registrant’s stock, as quoted on the Nasdaq Global Select Market on December 31, 2011, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, was $1,359,724,000.
As of August 20, 2012 there were 44,955,920 shares outstanding of the registrant’s Common Stock, par value $.01 per share.
Documents Incorporated by Reference: Portions of The Hain Celestial Group, Inc. Definitive Proxy Statement for the 2012 Annual Meeting of Shareholders are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
THE HAIN CELESTIAL GROUP, INC.
Table of Contents
THE HAIN CELESTIAL GROUP, INC.
Item 1. Business
Unless otherwise indicated, references in this Annual Report to 2012, 2011, 2010 or “fiscal” 2012, 2011, 2010 or other years refer to our fiscal year ended June 30 of that year and references to 2013 or “fiscal” 2013 refer to our fiscal year ending June 30, 2013.
The Hain Celestial Group, Inc. was incorporated in Delaware on May 19, 1993. Our worldwide headquarters office is located at 58 South Service Road, Melville, New York 11747.
The Hain Celestial Group, Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company,” and herein referred to as “we,” “us,” and “our”) manufacture, market, distribute and sell natural and organic products under brand names which are sold as “better-for-you” products, providing consumers with the opportunity to lead A Healthy Way of LifeTM. Our brand names are well recognized in the various market categories they serve. We are a leader in many natural and organic products categories, with such well-known food brands as Earth's Best®, Celestial Seasonings®, Terra®, Garden of Eatin'®, Sensible Portions®, Rice Dream®, Soy Dream®, Almond Dream®, Imagine®, WestSoy®, The Greek Gods®, Ethnic Gourmet®, Rosetto®, Arrowhead Mills®, MaraNatha®, SunSpire®, Health Valley®, Spectrum Naturals®, Spectrum Essentials®, DeBoles®, Lima®, Danival®, GG UniqueFiber™, Yves Veggie Cuisine®, Europe's Best®, Linda McCartney® (under license), New Covent Garden Soup Co.®, Johnson's Juice Co.®, Farmhouse Fare® and Cully & Sully®. Our well-known personal care products are marketed under the Avalon Organics®, Alba Botanica®, JASON®, Queen Helene® and Earth's Best TenderCare® brands.
Our mission is to be the leading marketer, manufacturer and seller of natural and organic products by anticipating and exceeding consumer expectations in providing quality, innovation, value and convenience. We are committed to growing our Company while continuing to implement environmentally sound business practices and manufacturing processes.
We have acquired numerous companies and brands since our formation and intend to seek future growth through internal expansion as well as the acquisition of complementary brands. We consider the acquisition of natural and organic food and personal care products companies or product lines to be an integral part of our business strategy. During the fiscal year ended June 30, 2012, we acquired the Daniels Group in the United Kingdom, the Europe's Best brand in Canada and Cully & Sully in Ireland, which have significantly expanded our international operations. See Note 4, Acquisitions, in Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. Our operations are organized and managed by geography and are comprised of four operating segments. See "Segments," below.
Our business strategy within each operating segment is to integrate our brands under one management team and employ uniform marketing, sales and distribution programs. We believe that by integrating our various brands, we will continue to achieve economies of scale and enhanced market penetration. We seek to capitalize on the equity of our brands and the distribution achieved through each of our acquired businesses with strategic introductions of new products that complement existing lines to enhance revenues and margins.
We have a minority investment in Hain Pure Protein Corporation (“HPP” or “Hain Pure Protein”), which processes, markets and distributes antibiotic-free chicken and turkey products. We also have an investment in a joint venture in Hong Kong with Hutchison China Meditech Ltd. ("Chi-Med"), a majority owned subsidiary of Hutchison Whampoa Limited, a company listed on the Alternative Investment Market, a sub-market of the London Stock Exchange, to market and distribute co-branded infant and toddler feeding products and market and distribute selected brands in China and other markets. See Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, and Note 13, Investments and Joint Ventures.
As of June 30, 2012, we employed a total of 3,720 full-time employees. Of these employees, 252 were in sales and 2,359 in production, with the remaining 1,109 employees filling management, accounting, marketing, operations and clerical positions.
We sell our products in five product categories: grocery, snacks, tea, personal care and fresh. Our product lines include natural products, products made with organic ingredients and certified organic products. Our five product categories consist of the
Grocery products include infant formula, infant and toddler food, non-dairy beverages and frozen desserts (such as soy, rice, almond and coconut), flour and baking mixes, hot and cold cereals, pasta, condiments, cooking and culinary oils, granolas, granola bars, cereal bars, canned, chilled fresh, aseptic and instant soups, greek-style yogurt, chilis, packaged grains, chocolate, nut butters, juices, chilled hot-eating and frozen desserts, cookies, crackers, gluten-free frozen entrees and bars, frozen pastas and ethnic meals, frozen fruit and vegetables, cut fresh fruit, refrigerated and frozen soy protein meat-alternative products, tofu, seitan and tempeh products as well as other food products. Grocery products accounted for approximately 68% of our consolidated net sales in 2012, 62% in 2011 and 67% in 2010.
Our organic and natural snack products include a variety of veggie and other straws, potato, root vegetable and other exotic vegetable chips, tortilla style chips made with organic corn, whole grain chips, baked cheddar puffs and popcorn. Snack products accounted for approximately 15% of our consolidated net sales in 2012, 18% in 2011 and 11% in 2010.
We are a leading manufacturer and marketer of specialty teas. We develop flavorful and unique blends that are made from high-quality natural ingredients and flavors, and packaged in attractive, colorful and thought-provoking boxes. Our tea products include more than 70 varieties of herbal, green, wellness, white, red (rooibos) and chai teas. We offer caffeinated and herbal teas and also offer iced teas that do not require boiling water. We also offer a line of ready to drink kombucha products and green tea and kombucha energy shots. Tea products accounted for approximately 8% of our consolidated net sales in 2012, 9% 2011 and 10% in 2010.
Personal Care Products
Our natural health and beauty products cover a variety of personal care categories including skin, hair and oral care, deodorants, baby care items, diapers, acne treatment, body washes and sunscreens. Personal care products accounted for approximately 8% of our consolidated net sales in 2012, 10% in 2011 and 10% in 2010.
Our fresh products include fresh sandwiches, appetizers and full-plated meals for distribution to retailers, caterers, and food service providers, such as those in the transportation business. Fresh products account for approximately 1% our consolidated net sales.
Certain of our product lines have seasonal fluctuations. Hot tea, baking products, hot cereal, hot-eating desserts and soup sales are stronger in colder months while sales of snack foods and certain of our prepared food products are stronger in the warmer months.
We continuously evaluate our existing products for quality, taste, nutritional value and cost and make improvements where possible. We discontinue products or stock keeping units (“SKUs”) when sales of those items do not warrant further production.
We manage our business and report operating results geographically. Our reportable segments are the United States, the United Kingdom, which covers the United Kingdom and Ireland, and Rest of World. The Rest of World segment includes our operations in Canada and continental Europe. We use segment operating income to evaluate segment performance and to allocate resources. We believe this measure is most relevant to investors in order to analyze segment results and trends. Segment operating income excludes general corporate expenses (which are a component of selling, general and administrative expenses) and acquisition related and restructuring expenses.
Net sales for our reportable segments were as follows:
See Note 1, Business, and Note 17, Segment Information, for additional information about our segments.
United States Segment:
Our major brands sold by the United States segment by category are:
Our grocery products include Earth's Best® infant and toddler food, Earth's Best Organic® baby yogurt and fruit smoothies, Soy Dream®, WestSoy®, Rice Dream®, Coconut Dream® and Almond Dream® non-dairy beverages and frozen desserts, Arrowhead Mills® flour and baking mixes, hot and cold cereals, DeBoles® pasta, Hain Pure Foods® condiments, Spectrum® and Hollywood® cooking and culinary and Spectrum Essentials® nutritional oils, Health Valley® granolas, granola bars, cereal, cereal bars, cookies, crackers, and canned soups, Imagine® aseptic soups, Nile Spice® instant soups, The Greek Gods® greek-style yogurt, Almond Dream® yogurt, Casbah® packaged grains, SunSpire® chocolate, MaraNatha® nut butters, Walnut Acres® juices and pasta sauces, cookies, crackers, GlutenFree Cafe® gluten-free frozen entrees and bars, Rosetto® frozen pastas, Ethnic Gourmet® frozen meals, Yves Veggie Cuisine® soy protein meat-alternative products, Westbrae Natural® vegetarian products and WestSoy® brand tofu, seitan and tempeh products.
Our snack food products consist of Terra® varieties of root vegetable chips, potato chips and other exotic vegetable chips, Garden of Eatin'® organic tortilla chip products, Sensible Portions® Garden Veggie Straws®, Veggie Chips®, Potato Straws and Apple Straws snack products, Pita Bites®, Bostons - The Best You've Ever Tasted® popcorn, tortilla chips and snack mix, Bearitos® and Little Bear Snack Foods®.
Our tea products are marketed under the Celestial Seasonings® brand and include more than 70 varieties of herbal, green, wellness, white, red (rooibos) and chai teas, with well-known names like Sleepytime®, Lemon Zinger®, Mandarin Orange Spice®, Cinnamon Apple Spice, Red Zinger®, Tension Tamer® and Country Peach Passion®. We also sell a line of ready to drink kombucha products and green tea and kombucha energy shots. Since 2003, we have worked closely with Green Mountain Coffee Roasters, Inc. to offer a selection of Celestial Seasonings® teas in K-Cup® portion packs for the Keurig® Single-Cup Brewing system, including many of our popular hot teas and a line of Brew Over Ice iced teas.
Our health and beauty products include skin, hair and oral care, deodorants and baby care items under the Avalon Organics®, Alba Botanica®, JASON®, Zia® natural skincare, Queen Helene® and Earth's Best® brands.
Sales and Distribution
Our products are sold throughout the United States. Our customer base consists principally of natural food distributors and retailers, supermarkets, mass-market and e-tailers, club stores, drug store chains and grocery wholesalers.
In the United States, our products are sold through a combination of our retail direct sales force and internal sales professionals, supported by third-party food brokers. Food brokers act as agents for us within designated territories, usually on a non-exclusive basis, and receive commissions. A portion of our direct sales force is organized into dedicated teams to serve our significant customers. Additionally, we utilize our retail direct sales force for sales into natural food stores, which has allowed us to reduce our reliance on food brokers.
A significant portion of the products marketed by us are sold through independent food distributors. Food distributors purchase products from us for resale to retailers. Because food distributors take title to the products upon purchase, product pricing decisions on sales of our products by the distributors to the retailers are generally made in their sole discretion. We may influence product pricing with the use of promotional incentives.
United Kingdom Segment:
Our major brands sold by our United Kingdom segment by category are:
Our grocery products include New Covent Garden Soup Co.® chilled soups, Farmhouse Fare® and Lovetub® hot-eating desserts, Johnson's Juice Co.® fresh juices, Linda McCartney® frozen meat-free meals, Cully & Sully® chilled soups and ready meals and Rice Dream® non-dairy beverages. We also provide a comprehensive range of private label goods to multiple retailers, convenience stores and foodservice providers in the following categories; fresh soup, prepared fruit, fresh juice, fresh smoothies, chilled and frozen desserts, and meat-free meals.
Sales and Distribution
Our products are sold throughout the United Kingdom and Ireland. Our customer base consists principally of retailers, convenience stores, foodservice providers, business to business, natural food distributors, club stores and wholesalers.
Rest of World Segment (Canada and Continental Europe):
Our major brands sold in Canada by category are:
Our grocery products include Yves Veggie Cuisine® refrigerated and frozen soy protein meat-alternative products, Yves canned vegetables and lentils, Europe's Best® frozen fruit and frozen vegetables, Earth's Best® infant and toddler food, Casbah® packaged grains, MaraNatha® nut butters, Spectrum Essentials® cooking and culinary oils, Imagine® aseptic soups, Health Valley® canned soups, Nile Spice® instant soups, DeBoles® gluten free pasta, Arrowhead Mills® flour and The Greek Gods® greek-style yogurt. Our tea products are marketed under the Celestial Seasonings® brand and include more than 30 varieties of herbal, green, wellness, white, red (rooibos) and chai teas, with familiar names like Sleepytime®, Lemon Zinger® and Bengal Spice®. Our non-dairy beverages include Soy Dream®, Rice Dream®, Oat Dream®, Coconut Dream® and Almond Dream® in aseptic format, Rice Dream® in refrigerated format and Rice Dream® and Almond Dream® frozen desserts.
Our snack food products consist of Terra® varieties of root vegetable chips, potato chips and other exotic vegetable chips, Garden of Eatin'® organic tortilla chips and baked cheddar puff products, Sensible Portions® Garden Veggie Straws®, Potato Straws, and Pita Bites® snack products.
Our health and beauty products include skin, hair and oral care, deodorants and baby care items under the Avalon Organics®, Alba Botanica®, JASON® and Earth's Best® brands.
Our major brands sold by the Continental Europe segment by category are:
Our grocery brands include Lima®, Danival®, Natumi®, and GG UniqueFiberTM. The Lima brand includes traditional Japanese products such as soy sauce, miso and edamame, as well as grains, pasta, breakfast cereals, cereal cakes, snacks, sweeteners, spreads, non-dairy beverages, soups and condiments. The Danival® brand includes cooked vegetables, sauces, fruit spreads and jams, chestnuts and dessert products. Natumi® produces and sells non-dairy beverages based on rice, soy, oat and spelt. GG UniqueFiberTM produces high-fiber bran products in cracker and sprinkle form. We sell our non-dairy Rice Dream® brand, Terra® varieties of root vegetable and potato chips, and Celestial Seasonings® teas in Europe as well.
We process, market and distribute fresh prepared foods from our facility in Brussels, Belgium which includes appetizers, sandwiches and full-plated meals for distribution to retailers, caterers, and food service providers, such as those in the transportation business.
Sales and Distribution
Our products are sold throughout Canada. Our customer base consists principally of grocery supermarkets, club stores, natural food distributors, personal care distributors, drug store chains, and food service distributors.
In Canada, our products are sold through our own retail direct sales force. We also utilize third-party brokers who receive commissions and sell to foodservice and club customers and also handle our personal care sales. We utilize a third party merchandising team for retail execution. As in the United States, a portion of the products marketed by us are sold through independent distributors.
Our products are sold throughout Europe. European customers consist primarily of natural and organic food stores. Our products are primarily sold using our own direct sales force.
We sell our products to consumers in more than 50 countries. International sales represented approximately 28.1%, 17.9% and 18.9% of our consolidated net sales in fiscal 2012, 2011 and 2010, respectively. For a discussion of risks related to our foreign operations, see “Risk Factors” in Item 1A.
We use a combination of trade and consumer promotions to market our products. We use trade advertising and promotion, including placement fees, cooperative advertising and feature advertising in distribution catalogs. We also utilize advertising and sales promotion expenditures via national and regional consumer promotion through magazine advertising, couponing and other trial use programs. We utilize in-store product demonstrations and sampling in the club store channel. Our investments in consumer spending are aimed at enhancing brand equity and increasing consumption. These consumer spending categories include, but are not limited to, coupons, consumer advertising using radio and print, direct mailing and e-consumer relationship programs and other forms of promotions.
We also utilize sponsorship programs to help create brand awareness. In the United States, our Earth's Best® brand has an arrangement with PBS Kids and Sesame Street and our Terra Blues® are the official snack of JetBlue Airways. Hain Celestial, Terra® chips and Sensible Portions® are each an official partner of the New York Knicks. In addition, Sensible Portions products, Yves Veggie Cuisine® meatless burgers and Terra® chips are advertised and sold at Citi Field. In Canada, Hain Celestial Canada was the official supplier of natural and organic packaged grocery products for the 2010 Olympic Winter Games and Paralympic Winter Games held in Vancouver, Canada. As the official supplier, Hain Celestial Canada has the right to use the Olympic logo on the packaging of certain of its brands for sale in Canada through December 2012. There is no guarantee that these promotional investments in consumer spending will be successful.
New Product Initiatives Through Research and Development
We consider research and development of new products to be a significant part of our overall philosophy and we are committed to developing innovative, high-quality and safe products that exceed consumer expectations. A team of professional product developers, including microbiologists, nutritionists, food scientists, chefs and chemists, work to develop products to meet changing consumer needs. Our research and development staff incorporates product ideas from all areas of our business in order to formulate new products. In addition to developing new products, the research and development staff routinely reformulates and improves existing products based on advances in ingredients and technology, and conducts value engineering to maintain competitive price points. We incurred approximately $3.9 million in Company-sponsored research and development activities in 2012, $3.5 million in 2011 and $2.5 million in 2010. Our research and development investments do not include the expenditures on such activities undertaken by co-packers and suppliers who develop numerous products and ingredients collaboratively with us which are aligned with our brand strategies and our corporate mission. These efforts by co-packers and suppliers have resulted in a substantial number of our new product introductions and product reformulations. We
are unable to estimate the investments made by co-packers and suppliers in research and development on our behalf; however, we believe these activities and expenditures are important to our continuing ability to grow our business.
During 2012, 2011 and 2010, approximately 48%, 44% and 38%, respectively, of our revenue was derived from products manufactured at our own facilities.
Our United States segment currently operates the following manufacturing facilities:
Our United Kingdom segment has the following manufacturing facilities:
Our Rest of World segment has the following manufacturing facilities:
We own the manufacturing facilities in Moonachie, New Jersey; Boulder, Colorado; Hereford, Texas; Shreveport, Louisiana; West Chester, Pennsylvania; Ashland, Oregon; Vancouver, British Columbia; Andiran, France; Ashford, England; and Fakenham, England.
In addition to the products manufactured in our own facilities, independent manufacturers, who are referred to in our industry as co-packers, manufacture many of our products. During 2012, 2011 and 2010, approximately 52%, 56% and 62%, respectively, of our revenue was derived from products manufactured by independent co-packers. Many of our co-packers produce products for other companies as well. We believe that alternative sources of co-packing production are available for the majority of our co-packed products, although we may experience disruption in our operations if we are required to change any of our significant co-packing arrangements. Our co-packers are audited regularly by our quality assurance staff and are required to follow our Food Safety & Quality manual detailing standard operating procedures and compliance to Good Manufacturing Practices (GMPs), as well as to our new Supplier Code of Conduct. Additionally, the co-packers are required to ensure our products are manufactured in accordance with our quality and safety specifications and that they are compliant with all regulations, including new regulations issued under the 2010 U.S. Food Safety and Modernization Act. For a discussion of risks related to our co-packers, see "Risk Factors" in Item 1A.
Suppliers of Ingredients and Packaging
Our natural and certified organic raw materials as well as our packaging materials are obtained from various suppliers primarily located in the United States, and in the United Kingdom, Canada and Europe for our operations in those areas.
All of our raw and packaging materials are purchased based upon requirements designed to meet our rigid specifications for food quality and safety and to comply with applicable U.S. and international regulations. The Company works with reputable suppliers who assure the quality and safety of their ingredients. These assurances are supported by our purchasing contracts and quality assurance specification packets including affidavits, certificates of analysis and analytical testing, where required. Additionally our suppliers sign our new Supplier Code of Conduct, and are required to ensure that the ingredients they supply are in compliance with all laws and regulations. Our purchasers visit major suppliers around the world to procure competitively priced, quality ingredients that meet our specifications. Our quality assurance staff conducts written and then periodic on-site routine audits of ingredient vendors. We maintain ethical trade standards for ingredients such as cocoa by partnering with Fair Trade USA and Caring for Cocoa Communities Program for supporting sustainable farming practices, fair pricing and labor conditions.
We maintain long-term relationships with our suppliers. Purchase arrangements with ingredient suppliers are generally made annually and in the local currency of the country in which we operate. Purchases are made through purchase orders or contracts, and price, delivery terms and product specifications vary.
We operate in highly competitive geographic and product markets. Competitors include large national and international companies and numerous local and regional companies, some of which have greater resources. We compete for limited retailer shelf space for our products, and some of those retailers also market competitive products under their own private labels. We also compete with the conventional products of larger mainstream companies. Products are distinguished based on product quality, price, nutritional value, brand recognition and loyalty, product innovation, promotional activity, and the ability to identify and satisfy consumer preferences.
We believe that brand awareness is a significant component in a consumer's decision to purchase one product over another in highly competitive consumer products industries. Our trademarks and brand names for the product lines referred to herein are registered in the United States, Canada, the European Union and a number of other foreign countries and we intend to keep these filings current and seek protection for new trademarks to the extent consistent with business needs. We also copyright certain of our artwork and package designs. We own the trademarks for our principal products, including Earth's Best®, Sensible Portions®, Terra®, Rice Dream®, New Covent Garden Soup Co.®, Arrowhead Mills®, Bearitos®, Breadshop's®, Casbah®, Spectrum Naturals®, Spectrum Essentials®, MaraNatha®, SunSpire®, Celestial Seasonings®, DeBoles®, Ethnic Gourmet®, Garden of Eatin'®, The Greek Gods®, Hain Pure Foods®, Health Valley®, Imagine®, JASON®, Zia®, Little Bear Organic Foods®, Nile Spice®, Boston's The Best You've Ever Tasted®, Soy Dream®, Rosetto®, Gluten Free Café®, Walnut Acres Organic®, Westbrae Natural®, WestSoy®, Lima®, Danival®, Grains Noirs®, Natumi®, Johnson's Juice Co.®, Farmhouse Fare®, Cully & Sully®, Yves Veggie Cuisine®, Avalon Organics®, Alba Botanica®, Queen Helene®, Batherapy®, Shower Therapy®, Footherapy® and Earth's Best TenderCare® brands. We also have trademarks for most of our best-selling Celestial Seasonings teas, including Sleepytime®, Lemon Zinger®, Mandarin Orange Spice®, Red Zinger®, Wild Berry Zinger®, Tension Tamer®, Country Peach Passion® and Raspberry Zinger®.
We market the Linda McCartney® brand under license. In addition, we license the right from Sesame Workshop to utilize the Sesame Street name and logo, as well as other Sesame Street intellectual property, on certain of our Earth's Best® products. (See Item 1A. Risk Factors - “Our Inability to Use Our Trademarks Could Have a Material Adverse Effect on Our Business.”)
Along with our co-packers, brokers, distributors and raw materials and packaging suppliers, we are subject to extensive regulations in the United States by federal, state and local government authorities. In the United States, the federal agencies governing the manufacture and distribution of our products include, among others, the Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”), the United States Food & Drug Administration (“FDA”), the United States Department of Agriculture (“USDA”), the United States Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (“OSHA”). Under various statutes, these agencies prescribe, among other things, the requirements and establish the standards for quality, safety and
representation of our products to the consumer in labeling and advertising. Certain of these agencies, in certain circumstances, must not only approve our products, but also review the manufacturing processes and facilities used to produce these products before these products can be marketed in the United States. In addition to this oversight, advertising of our business is subject to regulation by the FTC.
Internationally, we are subject to the laws of the foreign jurisdictions in which we manufacture and sell our products, including the Canadian Food Inspection Agency in Canada and European Food Safety Authority which supports the European Commission, as well as individual country, province, state and local regulations.
In the United States, we certify our organic products in accordance to the USDA's National Organic Program through organizations such as Quality Assurance International (“QAI”), Oregon Tilth and the Texas Department of Agriculture. Where reciprocity does not exist or where a product is marketed solely outside of the United States, we use accredited certifying agencies to ensure compliance with country-specific government regulations for selling organic products.
The majority of our products are certified kosher under the supervision of accredited agencies including The Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations, The Organized Kashruth Laboratories, “KOF-K” Kosher Supervision, Star K Kosher Certification, Kosher Overseers Associated of America and Upper Midwest Kashruth.
We also work with other non-governmental organizations such as NSF International, which developed the NSF/ANSI 305 Standard for Personal Care Products Made with Organic Ingredients and provides third party certification through QAI for our personal care products in the absence of an established government regulation for these products.
We are working with the Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI) to certify all of our Company-owned manufacturing facilities under accredited programs including SQF (Safe Quality Foods) and BRC (British Retail Consortium) and ISO (International Organization for Standardization).
The following information can be found, free of charge, on our corporate website at http://www.hain-celestial.com:
In addition, copies of the Company's annual report will be made available, free of charge, upon written request.
We intend to satisfy the applicable disclosure requirements regarding amendments to, or waivers from, provisions of our Code of Ethics by posting such information on our website. The information contained on our website or connected to our website is not incorporated by reference into this Annual Report on Form 10-K and should not be considered part of this report.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Our business, operations and financial condition are subject to various risks and uncertainties. The most significant of these risks include those described below; however, there may be additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently consider immaterial. If any of the following risks and uncertainties develop into actual events, our business, financial condition or results of operations could be materially adversely affected. In such case, the trading price of our common stock could decline, and you may lose all or part of your investment. These risk factors should be read in conjunction with the other information in this Annual Report on Form 10-K and in the other documents that we file from time to time with the SEC.
Disruptions in the Worldwide Economy and the Financial Markets May Adversely Impact Our Business and Results of Operations
Adverse and uncertain economic and market conditions, particularly in the locations in which we operate, may impact customer and consumer demand for our products and our ability to manage normal commercial relationships with our customers, suppliers and creditors. Consumers may shift purchases to lower-priced or other perceived value offerings during economic downturns, which may adversely affect our results of operations. Consumers may also reduce the number of natural and organic products that they purchase where there are conventional alternatives, given that natural and organic products generally have higher retail prices than do their conventional counterparts. In addition, consumers may choose to purchase private label products rather than branded products, which generally have lower retail prices than do their branded counterparts. Distributors and retailers may become more conservative in response to these conditions and seek to reduce their inventories. Our results of operations depend upon, among other things, our ability to maintain and increase sales volumes with existing customers, our ability to attract new customers, the financial condition of our customers and our ability to provide products that appeal to consumers at the right price.
Prolonged unfavorable economic conditions may have an adverse effect on any of these factors and, therefore, could adversely impact our sales and profitability.
Our Markets Are Highly Competitive
We operate in highly competitive geographic and product markets. Numerous brands and products compete for limited retailer shelf space, where competition is based on product quality, brand recognition and loyalty, price, product innovation and promotional activity, availability and taste among other things. Retailers also market competitive products under their own private labels which are generally sold at lower prices and compete with some of our products. During periods of economic uncertainty, such as we have recently experienced, consumers tend to purchase more private label products, which could reduce sales volumes of our products.
Some of our markets are dominated by multinational corporations with greater resources and more substantial operations than us. We cannot be certain that we will successfully compete for sales to distributors or retailers that purchase from larger competitors that have greater financial, managerial, sales and technical resources. Conventional food companies, including but not limited to Campbell Soup Company, Dean Foods Company, General Mills, Inc., Groupe Danone, The J.M. Smucker Company, Kellogg Company, Kraft Foods Inc., Nestle S.A., PepsiCo, Inc. and Unilever, PLC, and conventional personal care products companies, including but not limited to The Proctor and Gamble Company, Johnson & Johnson and Colgate-Palmolive, may be able to use their resources and scale to respond to competitive pressures and changes in consumer preferences by introducing new products, reducing prices or increasing promotional activities. We also compete with other natural and organic packaged food brands and companies, including Annie's, Inc., Nature's Path Foods, Inc. and Amy's Kitchen, and with smaller companies, which may be more innovative, able to bring new products to market faster and better able to quickly exploit and serve niche markets. Retailers also market competitive products under their own private labels, which are generally sold at lower prices and compete with some of our products. As a result of actual or perceived conflicts resulting from this competition, retailers may take actions that negatively affect us. As a result, we may need to increase our marketing, advertising and promotional spending to protect our existing market share, which may result in an adverse impact on our profitability.
Consumer Preferences for Our Products Are Difficult to Predict and May Change
Our business is primarily focused on sales of natural and organic products, including specialty teas, non-dairy beverages, infant and toddler foods, cereals, breakfast bars, chilled and fresh aseptic and instant soups, nut butters, cooking oils and personal care products which, if consumer demand for such categories were to decrease, could harm our business. In addition, we have other product categories, such as meat-alternative products and other specialty food items which are subject to evolving consumer preferences.
Consumer trends could change based on a number of possible factors, including:
A significant shift in consumer demand away from our products or our failure to maintain our current market position could reduce our sales or the prestige of our brands in our markets, which could harm our business. While we continue to diversify our product offerings, developing new products entails risks and we cannot be certain that demand for our products will continue at current levels or increase in the future.
Our Growth is Dependent on Our Ability to Introduce New Products and Improve Existing Products
Our growth depends in part on our ability to generate and implement improvements to our existing products and to introduce new products to consumers. The success of our innovation and product improvement effort is affected by our ability to anticipate changes in consumers preferences, the level of funding that can be made available, the technical capability of our research and development staff in developing and testing product prototypes, including complying with governmental regulations, and the success of our management in introducing the resulting improvements in a timely manner. If we are unsuccessful in implementing product improvements or introducing new products that satisfy the demands of consumers, our business could be harmed.
Our Acquisition Strategy Exposes Us to Risk, Including Our Ability to Integrate the Brands That We Acquire
We intend to continue to grow our business in part through the acquisition of new brands, both in the United States and internationally. Our acquisition strategy is based on identifying and acquiring brands with products that complement our existing product mix and identifying and acquiring brands in new geographies for purposes of expanding our business internationally. We cannot be certain that we will be able to successfully:
We may encounter increased competition for acquisitions in the future, which could result in acquisition prices we do not consider acceptable. We are unable to predict whether or when any prospective acquisition candidate will become available or the likelihood that any acquisition will be completed. Furthermore, acquisition-related costs are required to be expensed as incurred whether or not the acquisition is completed.
The success of acquisitions we make will be dependent upon our ability to effectively integrate those brands, including our ability to realize potentially available marketing opportunities and cost savings, some of which may involve operational changes. Despite our due diligence investigation of each business that we acquire, there may be liabilities of the acquired companies that we fail to or are unable to discover during the due diligence investigation and for which we, as a successor owner, may be responsible. In connection with acquisitions, we generally seek to minimize the impact of these types of potential liabilities through indemnities and warranties from the seller, which may in some instances be supported by deferring payment of a portion of the purchase price. However, these indemnities and warranties, if obtained, may not fully cover the liabilities due to limitations in scope, amount or duration, financial limitations of the indemnifying party or other reasons. We cannot be certain:
Companies or brands acquired may not achieve the level of sales or profitability that justify the investment made.
We cannot be certain that we will be successful in:
Additionally, integrating an acquired brand into our existing operations will require management resources and may divert management's attention from our day-to-day operations. If we are not successful in integrating the operations of acquired brands, our business could be harmed.
We May Not Be Able to Successfully Consummate Proposed Divestitures
We may, from time to time, divest businesses that are less of a strategic fit within our portfolio or do not meet our growth or profitability targets. Our profitability may be impacted by gains or losses on the sales of such businesses, or lost operating income or cash flows from such businesses. Additionally, we may be required to record asset impairment or restructuring charges related to divested businesses, or indemnify buyers for liabilities, which may reduce our profitability and cash flows. We may also not be able to negotiate such divestitures on terms acceptable to us. Such potential divestitures will require management resources and may divert management's attention from our day-to-day operations. If we are not successful in divesting such businesses, our business could be harmed.
We May Face Difficulties as We Expand Our Operations into Countries in Which We Have No Prior Operating Experience
We intend to continue to expand our global footprint in order to enter into new markets. This may involve expanding into countries other than those in which we currently operate. It may involve expanding into less developed countries, which may have less political, social or economic stability and less developed infrastructure and legal systems. It is costly to establish, develop and maintain international operations and develop and promote our brands in international markets. As we expand our business into new countries we may encounter regulatory, personnel, technological and other difficulties that increase our expenses or delay our ability to become profitable in such countries. This may have a material adverse effect on our business.
We are Dependent Upon the Services of Our Chief Executive Officer and Senior Management Team
We are highly dependent upon the services of Irwin D. Simon, our Chairman of the Board, President and Chief Executive Officer. We believe Mr. Simon's reputation as our founder and his expertise and knowledge in the natural and organic products industry are critical factors in our continuing growth. His relationships with customers and suppliers are not easily found elsewhere in the natural and organic products industry. The loss of the services of Mr. Simon could harm our business.
Additionally, if we lose one or more members of our senior management team, our business, financial position, results of operations or cash flows could be harmed. We may not be able to attract new employees or retain the services of all the members of our senior management team.
We Rely on Independent Distributors for a Substantial Portion of Our Sales
We rely upon sales made by or through non-affiliated distributors to customers. Distributors purchase directly for their own account for resale. One distributor, United Natural Foods, Inc., which redistributes products to natural foods supermarkets, independent natural retailers and other retailers, accounted for approximately 18%, 21% and 21% of our consolidated net sales for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2012, 2011, and 2010, respectively. The loss of, or business disruption at, one or more of these distributors may harm our business. If we are required to obtain additional or alternative distribution agreements or arrangements in the future, we cannot be certain that we will be able to do so on satisfactory terms or in a timely manner. Our inability to enter into satisfactory distribution agreements may inhibit our ability to implement our business plan or to establish markets necessary to expand the distribution of our products successfully.
Consolidation of Customers or the Loss of a Significant Customer Could Negatively Impact our Sales and Profitability
Retail customers, such as supermarkets and food distributors in the United States and the European Union continue to consolidate. This consolidation has produced larger, more sophisticated organizations with increased negotiating and buying power that are able to resist price increases or demand increased promotional programs, as well as operate with lower inventories, decrease the number of brands that they carry and increase their emphasis on private label products, which could negatively impact our business. The consolidation of retail customers also increases the risk that a significant adverse impact on their business could have a corresponding material adverse impact on us.
Our largest customer, United Natural Foods, Inc., a distributor, accounted for approximately 18%, 21% and 21% of our consolidated net sales for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2012, 2011, and 2010, respectively. No other customer accounted for more than 10% of our net sales in the past three fiscal years.
We do not generally enter into sales agreements with our customers. The loss of any large customer, the reduction of purchasing levels or the cancellation of any business from a large customer for an extended length of time could negatively impact our sales and profitability.
Loss of One or More of Our Manufacturing Facilities or Independent Co-Packers or Distribution Centers Could Harm Our Business
For the fiscal years ended June 30, 2012, 2011 and 2010, approximately 48%, 44% and 38%, respectively, of our revenue was
derived from products manufactured at our own manufacturing facilities. An interruption in or the loss of operations at one or more of these facilities, which may be caused by work stoppages, disease outbreaks or pandemics, acts of war, terrorism, fire, earthquakes, flooding or other natural disasters at one or more of these facilities, could delay or postpone production of our products, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition until such time as the interruption of operations is resolved or an alternate source of production could be secured.
During fiscal 2012, 2011 and 2010, approximately 52%, 56% and 62%, respectively, of our revenue was derived from products manufactured at independent co-packers. In some cases an individual co-packer may produce all of our requirements for a particular brand. The success of our business depends, in part, on maintaining a strong sourcing and manufacturing platform. We believe there are a limited number of competent, high-quality co-packers in the industry, and if we were required to obtain additional or alternative co-packing agreements or arrangements in the future, we can provide no assurance that we would be able to do so on satisfactory terms in a timely manner. Therefore, the loss of one or more co-packers, disruptions or delays at a co-packer, or our failure to retain co-packers for newly acquired products or brands, could delay or postpone production of our products or reduce or eliminate the availability of some of our products, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.
In addition, the success of our business depends, in large part, upon the establishment and maintenance of dependable transportation systems and a strong distribution network. A disruption in transportation services could result in an inability to supply materials to our or our co-packers' facilities. We utilize distribution centers which are managed by third parties. Activity at these distribution centers could be disrupted by a number of factors, including labor issues, failure to meet customer standards, acts of war, terrorism, fire, earthquakes, flooding or other natural disasters or bankruptcy or other financial issues affecting the third party providers. Any extended disruption in the distribution of our products could have a material adverse effect on our business.
If We Do Not Manage Our Supply Chain Effectively, Our Operating Results May be Adversely Affected
The inability of any supplier of raw materials, independent co-packer or third party distributor to deliver or perform for us in a timely or cost-effective manner could cause our operating costs to increase and our profit margins to decrease, especially as it relates to our products that have a short shelf life. We must continuously monitor our inventory and product mix against forecasted demand or risk having inadequate supplies to meet consumer demand as well as having too much inventory on hand that may reach its expiration date and become unsaleable. If we are unable to manage our supply chain efficiently and ensure that our products are available to meet consumer demand, our operating costs could increase and our profit margins could decrease.
Our Future Results of Operations May be Adversely Affected by the Availability of Organic Ingredients
Our ability to ensure a continuing supply of organic ingredients at competitive prices depends on many factors beyond our control, such as the number and size of farms that grow organic crops, climate conditions, changes in national and world economic conditions, currency fluctuations and forecasting adequate need of seasonal ingredients.
The organic ingredients that we use in the production of our products (including, among others, fruits, vegetables, nuts and grains) are vulnerable to adverse weather conditions and natural disasters, such as floods, droughts, frosts, earthquakes and pestilences. Adverse weather conditions and natural disasters can lower crop yields and reduce crop size and crop quality, which in turn could reduce our supplies of organic ingredients or increase the prices of organic ingredients. If our supplies of organic ingredients are reduced, we may not be able to find enough supplemental supply sources on favorable terms, if at all, which could impact our ability to supply product to our customers and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We also compete with other manufacturers in the procurement of organic product ingredients, which may be less plentiful in the open market than conventional product ingredients. This competition may increase in the future if consumer demand for organic products increases. This could cause our expenses to increase or could limit the amount of product that we can manufacture and sell.
Our Future Results of Operations May be Adversely Affected by Increased Fuel, Raw Materials and Commodity Costs
Many aspects of our business have been, and may continue to be, directly affected by the rising cost of fuel and commodities. Increased fuel costs translate into increased costs for the products and services we receive from our third party providers including, but not limited to, increased distribution costs for our products and increased packaging costs. Agricultural commodities and ingredients, including wheat, corn, soybeans, nuts and oils, are the principal inputs used in our products. These items are subject to price volatility which can be caused by commodity market fluctuations, crop yields, weather conditions, natural disasters (including floods, droughts, frosts, earthquakes and hurricanes), pest and disease problems,
changes in currency exchange rates, imbalances between supply and demand, natural disasters and government programs and policies among other factors. We seek to offset the impact of these cost increases with a combination of cost savings initiatives, operating efficiencies and price increases to our customers. However, if we are unable to fully offset such cost increases our financial results could be adversely affected.
The Profitability of Our Operations is Dependent on Our Ability to Implement and Achieve Targeted Savings and Efficiencies from Cost Reduction Initiatives
We continuously initiate productivity plans to improve our profitability and offset many of the input cost increases which are outside of our control. Our success depends on our ability to execute and realize cost savings and efficiencies from our operations. If we are unable to fully implement our productivity plans and achieve our anticipated efficiencies our profitability may be adversely impacted.
Our profit margins also depend on our ability to manage our inventory efficiently. As part of our effort to manage our inventory more efficiently, we carry out stock-keeping unit (“SKU”) rationalization programs from time to time, which may result in the discontinuation of numerous lower-margin or low-turnover SKUs. However, a number of factors, such as changes in customers' inventory levels, access to shelf space and changes in consumer preferences, may lengthen the number of days we carry certain inventories, hence impeding our effort to manage our inventory efficiently and thereby increasing our costs.
We are Subject to Risks Associated with Our International Sales and Operations, Including Foreign Currency Risks
Operating in international markets involves exposure to movements in currency exchange rates, which are volatile at times. The economic impact of currency exchange rate movements is complex because such changes are often linked to variability in real growth, inflation, interest rates, governmental actions and other factors. Consequently, isolating the effect of changes in currency does not incorporate these other important economic factors. These changes, if material, could cause adjustments to our financing and operating strategies.
We hold assets and incur liabilities, earn revenue, and pay expenses in a variety of currencies other than the United States dollar, primarily the British pound, Canadian dollar and the Euro. Our consolidated financial statements are presented in U.S. dollars, and therefore we must translate the assets, liabilities, revenue, and expenses into United States dollars for external reporting purposes. As a result, changes in the value of the U.S. dollar during a period may unpredictably and adversely impact our consolidated operating results and our asset and liability balances in our consolidated financial statements, even if their value has not changed in their original currency.
During fiscal 2012, approximately 28.1% of our consolidated net sales were generated outside the United States, while such sales outside the United States were 17.9% of net sales in 2011 and 18.9% in 2010. Sales from outside our United States markets may continue to represent a significant portion of our total net sales in the future. Our non-U.S. sales and operations are subject to risks inherent in conducting business abroad, many of which are outside our control, including:
Our Inability to Use Our Trademarks Could Have a Material Adverse Effect on Our Business
We believe that brand awareness is a significant component in a consumer's decision to purchase one product over another in the highly competitive food, beverage and personal care industries. Although we endeavor to protect our trademarks and trade names, there can be no assurance that these efforts will be successful, or that third parties will not challenge our right to use one or more of our trademarks or trade names. We believe that our trademarks and trade names are significant to the marketing and sale of our products and that the inability to utilize certain of these names could have a material adverse affect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.
In addition, we market products under brands licensed under trademark license agreements, including Linda McCartney®, the Sesame Street name and logo and other Sesame Street intellectual property on certain of our Earth's Best® products, and Candle
Cafe™ brand. We believe that these trademarks have significant value and are instrumental in our ability to create and sustain demand for and to market those products offerings. We cannot assure you that these trademark license agreements will remain in effect and enforceable or that any license agreements, upon expiration, can be renewed on acceptable terms or at all. In addition, any future disputes concerning these trademark license agreements may cause us to incur significant litigation costs or force us to suspend use of the disputed trademarks and suspend sales of products using such trademarks.
New or Existing Government Regulations Could Adversely Affect Our Business
We are subject to a variety of laws and regulations in the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada and other countries where we manufacture, distribute and/or sell our food, beverage, personal care, and household products. These laws and regulations apply to many aspects of our operations, including the manufacture, packaging, labeling, distribution, advertising, and sale of our products.
We comply with regulatory requirements set forth by the FDA, USDA, FTC, EPA, Canadian Food Inspection Agency (“CFIA”) and other foreign regulators as well as state and local government agencies. The U.S. Food Safety Modernization Act passed in January 2011 grants the FDA greater authority over the safety of the national food supply with a specific emphasis on imported foods, which may cause delays on imported ingredients and finished goods. In addition, we advertise our products and could be the target of claims relating to false or deceptive advertising under foreign laws and U.S. federal and state laws, including the consumer protection statutes of some states.
As a publicly traded company, we are further subject to changing rules and regulations of federal and state government as well as the stock exchange on which our common stock is listed. These entities, including the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, the SEC and the NASDAQ® Global Select Market, have issued a significant number of new and increasingly complex requirements and regulations over the course of the last several years and continue to develop additional regulations and requirements in response to laws recently enacted by Congress. Our efforts to comply with these requirements have resulted in, and are likely to continue to result in, an increase in expenses and a diversion of management's time from other business activities.
Several proposed regulatory activities may have an adverse effect on our business:
We do not know whether or not any of the above will be realized and/or to what degree these proposed regulatory changes may impact our domestic and international food and personal care products. Any change in manufacturing, labeling or packaging requirements for our products may lead to an increase in costs, interruptions or delays, any of which could adversely affect the operations and financial condition of our business.
New or revised government laws and regulations as well as increased enforcement by government agencies could result in additional compliance costs; civil remedies, including fines, injunctions, withdrawals, recalls or seizures; and confiscations as well as potential criminal sanctions, any of which could adversely affect the operations and financial condition of our business.
Pending legislative initiatives and newly adopted legislation, such as the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 and the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act in the
areas of healthcare reform and other initiatives and legislation in the area of taxation of foreign profits, executive compensation and corporate governance could also increase our costs.
Failure by Co-packers or Suppliers of Raw Materials to Comply with Food Safety, Environmental or Other Regulations may Disrupt our Supply of Certain Products and Adversely Affect our Business
Our co-packers and other suppliers are subject to a number of regulations, including food safety and environmental regulations. Failure by any of our co-packers or other suppliers to comply with regulations, or allegations of compliance failure, may disrupt their operations. Disruption of the operations of a co-packer or other suppliers could disrupt our supply of product or raw materials, which could have an adverse effect on our business or consolidated results of operations. Additionally, actions we may take to mitigate the impact of any such disruption or potential disruption, including increasing inventory in anticipation of a potential production or supply interruption, may adversely affect our business or consolidated results of operations.
If the Reputation of One or More of Our Leading Brands Erodes Significantly, it Could Have a Material Impact on Our Results of Operations
Our financial success is directly dependent on the consumer perception of our brands. The success of our brands may suffer if our marketing plans or product initiatives do not have the desired impact on a brand's image or its ability to attract consumers. Further, our results could be negatively impacted if one of our brands suffers a substantial impediment to its reputation due to real or perceived quality issues or the Company is perceived to act in an irresponsible manner.
We May be Subject to Significant Liability Should the Consumption of Any of Our Products Cause Illness or Physical Harm
The sale of products for human use and consumption involves the risk of injury or illness to consumers. Such injuries may result from inadvertent mislabeling, tampering by unauthorized third parties or product contamination or spoilage. Under certain circumstances, we may be required to recall or withdraw products, which may lead to a material adverse effect on our business. Even if a situation does not necessitate a recall or market withdrawal, product liability claims might be asserted against us. While we are subject to governmental inspection and regulations and believe our facilities and those of our co-packers and suppliers comply in all material respects with all applicable laws and regulations, if the consumption of any of our products causes, or is alleged to have caused, a health-related illness in the future we may become subject to claims or lawsuits relating to such matters. Even if a product liability claim is unsuccessful or is not fully pursued, the negative publicity surrounding any assertion that our products caused illness or physical harm, including the risk of reputational harm being magnified and/or distorted through the rapid dissemination of information over the Internet, including through news articles, blogs, chat rooms and social media sites, could adversely affect our reputation with existing and potential customers and consumers and our corporate and brand image. Moreover, claims or liabilities of this sort might not be covered by our insurance or by any rights of indemnity or contribution that we may have against others. We maintain product liability insurance in an amount that we believe to be adequate. However, we cannot be sure that we will not incur claims or liabilities for which we are not insured or that exceed the amount of our insurance coverage. A product liability judgment against us or a product recall could have a material adverse effect on our business, consolidated financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.
We Rely on Independent Certification for a Number of Our Products
We rely on independent certification, such as certifications of our products as “organic” or “kosher,” to differentiate our products from others. The loss of any independent certifications could adversely affect our market position as a natural and organic products company, which could harm our business.
We must comply with the requirements of independent organizations or certification authorities in order to label our products as certified. For example, we can lose our “organic” certification if a manufacturing plant becomes contaminated with non-organic materials, or if it is not properly cleaned after a production run. In addition, all raw materials must be certified organic. Similarly, we can lose our “kosher” certification if a manufacturing plant and raw materials do not meet the requirements of the appropriate kosher supervision organization.
Due to the Seasonality of Many of Our Products and Other Factors, Our Results of Operations Are Subject to Quarterly Fluctuations
We manufacture and market hot tea products and, as a result, our quarterly results of operations reflect seasonal trends resulting from increased demand for our hot tea products in the cooler months of the year. In addition, some of our other products (e.g., baking and cereal products and soups) also show stronger sales in the cooler months while our snack food product lines and certain of our prepared food products are stronger in the warmer months.
Quarterly fluctuations in our sales volume and results of operations are due to a number of factors relating to our business,
including the timing of trade promotions, advertising and consumer promotions and other factors, such as seasonality, inclement weather and unanticipated increases in labor, commodity, energy or other operating costs. The impact on sales volume and results of operations due to the timing and extent of these factors can significantly impact our business. For these reasons, you should not rely on our quarterly results of operations as indications of our future performance.
An Impairment in the Carrying Value of Goodwill or Other Acquired Intangible Assets Could Materially and Adversely Affect our Consolidated Results of Operations and Net Worth
As of June 30, 2012, we had approximately $1.01 billion of goodwill and other intangible assets (primarily indefinite-lived intangible assets associated with our brands) on our balance sheet as a result of the acquisitions we have made since our inception. The value of these intangible assets depends on a variety of factors, including the success of our business, market conditions, earnings growth and expected cash flows. Impairments to these intangibles may be caused by factors outside of our control, such as increasing competitive pricing pressures, changes in discount rates based on changes in market interest rates or lower than expected sales and profit growth rates. Pursuant to generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, we are required to perform impairment tests on our goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets annually or at any time when events occur which could impact the value of our reporting units or our indefinite-lived brands. Impairment analysis and measurement is a process that requires considerable judgment. We determine the fair value of our indefinite-lived intangibles using the relief from royalty method. Significant and unanticipated changes in the value of our reporting units or our indefinite-lived intangible assets could require a charge for impairment in a future period that could substantially affect our consolidated earnings in the period of such charge. In addition, such charges would reduce our consolidated net worth.
During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2012, we recorded pre-tax non-cash impairment charges totaling $14.9 million related to certain long-lived assets of businesses being held for sale which are classified as discontinued operations (see Note 18, Discontinued Operations). Our reviews in fiscal 2010, 2011 and 2012 did not indicate an impairment related to our continuing operations; however, if our common stock price trades below book value per share for a sustained period, if there are changes in market conditions or a future downturn in our business, or if future interim or annual impairment tests indicate an impairment of our goodwill or indefinite-lived intangible assets, we may have to recognize additional non-cash impairment charges which may materially adversely affect our consolidated results of operations and net worth. For further details, see Note 7, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets, to our consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2012.
Joint Ventures That We Enter Into Present a Number of Risks and Challenges That Could Have a Material Adverse Effect on Our Business and Results of Operations
As part of our business strategy, we have made minority interest investments and established joint ventures. These transactions typically involve a number of risks and present financial and other challenges, including the existence of unknown potential disputes, liabilities or contingencies and changes in the industry, location or political environment in which these investments are located, that may arise after entering into such arrangements. We could experience financial or other setbacks if these transactions encounter unanticipated problems, including problems related to execution by the management of the companies underlying these investments. Any of these risks could adversely affect our results of operations.
Additionally, we are a minority equity owner in HPP. Because we do not own a majority or maintain voting control of HPP, we do not have the ability to control its policies, management or affairs. The management team of HPP could make business decisions without our consent that could impair the economic value of our investment in HPP. Any such diminution in the value of our investment could have an adverse impact on our business, results of operations and financial condition.
Our Business Operations Could Be Disrupted If Our Information Technology Systems Fail to Perform Adequately
The efficient operation of our business depends on our information technology systems. We rely on our information technology systems to effectively manage our business data, communications, supply chain, order entry and fulfillment, and other business processes. The failure of our information technology systems to perform as we anticipate could disrupt our business and could result in transaction errors, processing inefficiencies, and the loss of sales and customers, causing our business and results of operations to suffer. In addition, our information technology systems may be vulnerable to damage or interruption from circumstances beyond our control, including fire, natural disasters, system failures, security breaches, and viruses. Any such damage or interruption could have a material adverse effect on our business.
Litigation and Regulatory Enforcement Concerning Marketing and Labeling of Food Products Could Have a Material Impact on Our Results of Operations
The marketing and labeling of food and personal care products in recent years has brought increased risk that consumers will bring class action lawsuits and that the FTC and/or state attorneys general will bring legal action concerning the truth and accuracy of the marketing and labeling of the product. For example, although the FDA and USDA have each issued statements regarding the appropriate use of the word “natural,” there is no single, U.S. government-regulated definition of the term
“natural” for use in the food and personal care industry. The resulting uncertainty has led to consumer confusion and legal challenges. Plaintiffs have commenced legal actions against a number of food companies that market “natural” products, asserting false, misleading and deceptive advertising and labeling claims. Additional examples of causes of action that may be asserted in a consumer class action lawsuit include fraud, deceptive and unfair trade practices, and breach of state consumer protection statutes (such as Proposition 65 in California). The FTC and/or a state attorney general may bring legal action that seeks removal of a product from the market, warnings, fines and penalties. Even when not merited, class actions, proceedings by the FTC or state attorney general enforcement actions can be expensive to defend and adversely affect our reputation with existing and potential customers and consumers as well as damage to our brands.
Our Officers and Directors and 10% or Greater Beneficial Owners May Be Able to Control Our Actions
Our officers and directors and 10% or greater beneficial owners, including the Icahn Group, beneficially owned (assuming the exercise of all stock options held by our officers and directors) approximately 20.9% of our common stock as of June 30, 2012. Accordingly, our officers and directors and 10% or greater beneficial owners may be in a position to influence the election of our directors and otherwise influence stockholder action.
In addition, on July 7, 2010, we entered into an agreement with certain investment funds managed by Carl C. Icahn, or the Icahn Group (the “Icahn Group”). Pursuant to our agreement with the Icahn Group, we have approved the Icahn Group becoming the beneficial owner of 15%, but not more than 20%, of our common stock on the condition that the definition of “interested stockholder” in Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law is deemed amended to substitute 20% for 15%, and Section 203, as so amended, is applicable to, and in full force and effect, for the Icahn Group and us. According to the Form 4 filed by the Icahn Group on March 17, 2011, the Icahn Group beneficially owned an aggregate of 7,130,563 shares of our common stock or 15.9% of our outstanding common stock (based upon the 44,955,920 shares of our common stock outstanding as of August 20, 2012). As a result, the Icahn Group could increase its beneficial ownership of our common stock.
The Icahn Group could be in a position to influence the election of our directors or otherwise influence stockholder action, including, without limitation, whether, with whom and the terms on which we could engage in a change in control transaction, which could have the effect of discouraging, delaying or preventing a change in control.
Our Ability to Issue Preferred Stock May Deter Takeover Attempts
Our board of directors is empowered to issue, without stockholder approval, preferred stock with dividends, liquidation, conversion, voting or other rights which could decrease the amount of earnings and assets available for distribution to holders of our common stock and adversely affect the relative voting power or other rights of the holders of our common stock. In the event of issuance, the preferred stock could be used as a method of discouraging, delaying or preventing a change in control. Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation authorizes the issuance of up to 5,000,000 shares of “blank check” preferred stock with such designations, rights and preferences as may be determined from time-to-time by our board of directors. Although we have no present intention to issue any shares of our preferred stock, we may do so in the future under appropriate circumstances.
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2. Properties
Our primary facilities, which are leased except where otherwise indicated, are as follows:
(1) Lease term currently in process of being extended
We also lease space for other smaller offices and facilities in the United States, United Kingdom, Canada and Europe.
In addition to the foregoing distribution facilities operated by us, we also utilize bonded public warehouses from which deliveries are made to customers.
For further information regarding our lease obligations, see Note 15, Commitments and Contingencies. For further information regarding the use of our properties by segments, see Item 1, Business - Production.
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
From time to time, we are involved in litigation incidental to the ordinary conduct of our business. Disposition of pending litigation related to these matters is not expected by management to have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations or financial condition.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Outstanding shares of our Common Stock, par value $.01 per share, are listed on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the ticker symbol “HAIN”. The following table sets forth the reported high and low sales prices for our Common Stock for each fiscal quarter from July 1, 2010 through June 30, 2012.
As of August 20, 2012, there were 332 holders of record of our Common Stock.
We have not paid any dividends on our Common Stock to date. We intend to retain all future earnings for use in the development of our business and do not anticipate declaring or paying any dividends in the foreseeable future. The payment of all dividends will be at the discretion of our Board of Directors and will depend on, among other things, future earnings, operations, capital requirements, contractual restrictions, including restrictions under our credit facility and our outstanding senior notes, our general financial condition and general business conditions.
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers
Equity Compensation Plan Information
The following table sets forth certain information, as of June 30, 2012, concerning shares of common stock authorized for issuance under all of the Company’s equity compensation plans.
The following graph compares the performance of our common stock to the S&P 500 Index and to the Standard & Poor’s Packaged Foods and Meats Index (in which we are included) for the period from June 30, 2007 through June 30, 2012. The comparison assumes $100 invested on June 30, 2007.
Item 6. Selected Financial Data
The following information has been summarized from our financial statements. The information set forth below is not necessarily indicative of results of future operations, and should be read in conjunction with Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” and the consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto included in Item 8 of this Form 10-K to fully understand factors that may affect the comparability of the information presented below. Beginning on July 1, 2009, the revenues and expenses of HPP are no longer consolidated. Additionally, as described further in Note 18, Discontinued Operations, the Company made the decision during fiscal 2012 to sell its private-label chilled ready meals and sandwich operations in the United Kingdom, and as such, the results of these businesses have been classified as discontinued operations for all periods presented. Amounts are in thousands except for per share amounts.
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations should be read in conjunction with the June 30, 2012 Consolidated Financial Statements and the related Notes and “Item 1A. Risk Factors” contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2012. Forward-looking statements in this review are qualified by the cautionary statement included in this review under the sub-heading, “Note Regarding Forward Looking Information,” below. Operating results for the Company's private-label chilled ready meals and sandwich businesses, including the Daily BreadTM brand name, in the United Kingdom, have been reclassified as discontinued operations for all periods presented.
We manufacture, market, distribute and sell natural and organic products under brand names which are sold as “better-for-you,” providing consumers with the opportunity to lead A Healthy Way of LifeTM. We are a leader in many natural food and personal care products categories, with an extensive portfolio of well-known brands. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2012, the Company reorganized its reporting structure in a manner that resulted in a change to our operating and reportable segments. The change resulted from the Company's international expansion and was primarily driven by the acquisition of The Daniels Group in October 2011. Our operations are now organized and managed by geography, and are comprised of four operating segments: United States, United Kingdom, Canada and Europe. The Company previously operated and reported in one segment. Prior period information has been recast to conform to the current year presentation. Our business strategy is to integrate the brands in each of our segments under one management team and employ uniform marketing, sales and distribution strategies where possible. We market our products through a combination of direct sales personnel, brokers and distributors. We believe that our direct sales personnel combined with brokers and distributors provide an effective means of reaching a broad and diverse customer base. Our products are sold to specialty and natural food distributors, as well as to supermarkets, natural food stores, and other retail classes of trade including mass-market retailers, e-tailers, food service channels and club stores. We manufacture domestically and internationally and our products are sold in more than 50 countries.
We have acquired numerous brands since our formation and we intend to seek future growth through internal expansion as well as the acquisition of complementary brands. We consider the acquisition of natural and organic food and personal care products companies or product lines an integral part of our business strategy. We believe that by integrating our various brands, we will continue to achieve economies of scale and enhanced market penetration. We seek to capitalize on the equity of our brands and the distribution achieved through each of our acquired businesses with strategic introductions of new products that complement existing lines to enhance revenues and margins. We believe our continuing investments in the operational performance of our business units and our focused execution on cost containment, productivity, cash flow and margin enhancement positions us to offer innovative new products with healthful attributes and enables us to build on the foundation of our long-term strategy of sustainable growth. We are committed to creating and promoting A Healthy Way of LifeTM for the benefit of consumers, our customers, shareholders and employees.
We expect the economic environment to remain challenging. With the recent acquisitions we have made, a larger proportion of our sales take place outside of the United States. A deterioration in economic conditions either in the United States or Europe may have an adverse impact on our sales volumes and profitability. Our results are dependent on a number of factors impacting consumer confidence and spending, including but not limited to, general economic and business conditions and wage and employment levels.
Our sales and profits have continued to increase during a difficult period. We expect that we will continue to support the increased consumer consumption we have experienced in the United States over the last two years with expanded distribution, efficient use of promotional allowances and the introduction of innovative new products. We have experienced increases in select input costs, and we expect that higher input costs will continue to affect future periods. We strive to mitigate the impact of these challenging conditions and input cost increases with improvements in operating efficiencies, cost savings initiatives and price increases to our customers.
On April 27, 2012, we acquired Cully & Sully Limited, a marketer and manufacturer of branded natural chilled soups, savory pies and hot pots in Ireland for €10.5 million in cash, net (approximately $13.8 million at the transaction date exchange rate), and contingent consideration of up to €4.5 million based upon the achievement of specified operating results during the period through June 30, 2014. We believe the acquisition of Cully & Sully complements our existing product offerings and provides us with the opportunity to expand our presence into the Irish marketplace.
On October 25, 2011, we acquired the Daniels Group (“Daniels”), a leading marketer and manufacturer of natural chilled foods in the United Kingdom, for £146.5 million in cash, net (approximately $233.8 million at the transaction date exchange rate), and up to £13 million (approximately $20.5 million at the transaction date exchange rate) of contingent consideration based upon the achievement of specified operating results during the twelve month periods ended March 31, 2012 and March 31, 2013. Daniels’ product offerings include three leading brands, The New Covent Garden Soup Co.®, Johnson’s Juice Co.® and Farmhouse Fare®. Daniels also offers fresh prepared fruit products. Daniels’ products are sold at all major supermarkets and select foodservice outlets throughout the United Kingdom. We believe the acquisition of Daniels will extend our presence into one of the fastest-growing healthy food segments in the United Kingdom and provides a platform for the growth of our combined operation. We also believe the acquisition provides us with the scale in our international operations to allow us to introduce some of our existing global brands in the marketplace in a more meaningful way.
On October 5, 2011 we acquired the assets and business of the Europe’s Best brand of all natural frozen fruit and vegetable products through our wholly-owned Hain Celestial Canada subsidiary for $9.5 million in cash. The Europe’s Best product line includes premium fruit and vegetable products distributed in Canada. The acquisition provides us entry into a new category and is expected to complement our existing product offerings.
During the third quarter of fiscal 2012, the Company made the decision to sell its private-label chilled ready meals ("CRM") business in the United Kingdom, which was acquired in October 2011 as part of the acquisition of Daniels. The sale of the CRM business was completed on August 20, 2012. Additionally, during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2012, the Company made the decision to dispose of its sandwich operations, including the Daily BreadTM brand name in the United Kingdom. The disposal of the sandwich business is expected to be completed during the first quarter of fiscal 2013. Operating results for the CRM business, which have been included in the Company's consolidated financial statements for the period subsequent to the October 2011 acquisition, and the sandwich business have been classified as discontinued operations for all periods presented.
On August 22, 2012, the Company entered into an agreement to acquire Premier Foods plc's portfolio of market-leading packaged grocery brands including Hartley's®, Sun-Pat®, Gale's®, Robertson's®, and Frank Cooper's®, together with its manufacturing base in Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom. The product offerings acquired include peanut butter, honey, jams, fruit and jelly, marmalade and chocolate products. The acquisition, which is subject to approval by Premier Foods shareholders and consent from its banking syndicate, is expected to close by the end of October 2012. Consideration in the transaction will consist of £170 million in cash and £30 million in shares of the Company's common stock (calculated using the closing price of the Company's stock on the date of signing the agreement).
Results of Operations
FISCAL 2012 COMPARED TO FISCAL 2011
Net sales in fiscal 2012 were $1.38 billion, an increase of $269.7 million, or 24.3%, from net sales of $1.11 billion in fiscal 2011.
The sales increase primarily resulted from an increase in sales of $81.5 million in the United States from improved consumption and expanded distribution as well as an increase of $153.1 million in the United Kingdom primarily due to the acquisition of Daniels in the second quarter of the current fiscal year. Refer to the Segment Results section for additional discussion.
Gross profit in fiscal 2012 was $382.5 million, an increase of $62.6 million, or 19.6%, from last year’s gross profit of $319.8 million. Gross profit in fiscal 2012 was 27.8% of net sales compared to 28.9% of net sales for fiscal 2011. The change in gross profit percentage resulted from the mix of product sales, including the margin impact related to the inclusion of Daniels which operates at slightly lower relative margins. In addition, we experienced generally higher input costs, offset partially by productivity and price increases.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
Selling, general and administrative expenses were $237.6 million, an increase of $29.0 million, or 13.9%, in fiscal 2012 from $208.6 million in fiscal 2011. Selling, general and administrative expenses have increased primarily as a result of the costs brought on by the businesses we acquired, including higher amortization expense related to identified intangible assets, partially offset by savings resulting from the integration of the Sensible Portions brand operations. Selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of net sales was 17.2% in fiscal 2012 and 18.8% in fiscal 2011, a decrease of 160 basis points primarily related to the inclusion of Daniels which operates with lower relative expenses.
Acquisition Related Expenses and Restructuring Charges
We incurred acquisition and integration related expenses aggregating $8.0 million in the fiscal year ended June 30, 2012, which were primarily related to the acquisition of Daniels. The charges were offset by a net reduction of expense of $14.6 million primarily representing the reversal of the carrying value of contingent consideration for the Daniels acquisition based on our revised estimate of fair value, offset partially by additional expense related to the settlement of the contingent consideration for the World Gourmet acquisition.
We incurred acquisition and integration related expenses aggregating $3.5 million in the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 related
to the acquisitions of The Greek Gods greek-style yogurt brand, Danival and GG UniqueFiber and other acquisition and integration activities, which was offset by $4.2 million of net expense reduction related to adjustments in the carrying values of contingent consideration. We also incurred approximately $0.7 million of restructuring expenses, primarily related to the closing of a small non-dairy production facility in the United Kingdom.
Operating income in fiscal 2012 was $151.5 million, an increase of $40.4 million, or 36.3%, from $111.2 million in fiscal 2011. The increase in operating income resulted primarily from the increased sales and gross profit. Operating income as a percentage of net sales was 11.0% in fiscal 2012 compared with 10.0% in fiscal 2011. The change in operating income percentage is attributable to the decrease in acquisition related expenses (primarily due to the adjustment in the carrying value of contingent consideration) recorded during fiscal 2012, as described above.
Interest and Other Expenses, net
Interest and other expenses, net (which includes foreign currency gains and losses) were $17.3 million for the year ended June 30, 2012 compared to $12.2 million for fiscal 2011. Net interest expense totaled $15.8 million in fiscal 2012, which includes interest on the $150 million of 5.98% senior notes outstanding, interest related to borrowings under our revolving credit agreement, amortization of deferred financing costs and certain other interest charges, offset partially by interest income earned on cash equivalents. Net interest expense in fiscal 2011 was $14.1 million. The increase in interest expense primarily resulted from higher average borrowings under our revolving credit facility, the proceeds of which were used to purchase Daniels during the period, offset partially by a lower interest accretion on contingent consideration due to payments that were made during the first and second quarters of fiscal 2012.
Income Before Income Taxes and Equity in Earnings of Equity-Method Investees
Income before income taxes and equity in the after tax earnings of our equity-method investees for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2012 and 2011 was $134.2 million and $98.9 million, respectively. The increase was due to the items discussed above.
The provision for income taxes includes federal, foreign, state and local income taxes. Our income tax expense was $41.2 million in fiscal 2012 compared to $37.8 million in fiscal 2011. Our effective income tax rate from continuing operations was 30.7% of pre-tax income in fiscal 2012 compared to 38.2% in fiscal 2011. The effective tax rate in fiscal 2012 was lower than the prior year primarily as a result of reduced losses incurred in the United Kingdom and the acquisition of Daniels on October 25, 2011 and the increased income in its lower tax rate jurisdiction. The Company's tax rate in fiscal 2012 was also favorably impacted by the reduction of the carrying value of our liability for contingent consideration that was recorded in the fourth quarter, which did not have a corresponding tax impact, which was partially offset by an unfavorable impact of $1.2 million related to nondeductible transaction costs incurred in connection with the acquisition of Daniels. Prior to the acquisition of Daniels, no tax benefits were recognized for losses incurred in the United Kingdom. The Company will continue to maintain a valuation allowance on its net deferred tax assets related to those carryforward losses until an appropriate level of profitability is attained such that the losses may be utilized. If the Company is able to realize any of these deferred tax assets in the future, the provision for income taxes will be reduced by a release of the corresponding valuation allowance. In addition, in fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011, the Company recorded adjustments to recognize decreases of $0.8 million and $1.0 million, respectively, in its liability for uncertain tax positions as the result of expirations of statute of limitations.
The effective rate for each period differs from the federal statutory rate primarily due to the items noted previously as well as the effect of state and local income taxes. Our effective tax rate may change from quarter to quarter based on recurring and non-recurring factors including the geographical mix of earnings, enacted tax legislation, state and local income taxes and tax audit settlements.
Equity in Earnings of Equity-Method Investees
Our equity in the net income from our joint venture investments for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2012 was $1.1 million compared to a loss of $2.1 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011. Our equity in the earnings of HPP increased to $2.4 million during fiscal 2012 from a loss of $2.2 million during fiscal 2011, which was partially offset by losses incurred by HHO as they continue to develop the Asian markets for our products.
Income From Continuing Operations
Income from continuing operations for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2012 and 2011 was $94.2 million and $59.0 million, or
$2.05 and $1.32 per diluted share, respectively. The increase was attributable to the factors noted above.
Our loss from discontinued operations for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2012 was $15.0 million compared to a loss of $4.0 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011. Net sales reported within discontinued operations was $73.7 million and $21.7 million during fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011, respectively. The operating loss included within discontinued operations was $16.8 million and $4.4 million for the respective periods. The operating loss for fiscal 2012 includes non-cash impairment and other non-recurring charges totaling $14.9 million related to the write-down of certain long-lived assets based on their current estimated fair value.
The following table provides a summary of net sales and operating income/(loss) by reportable segment for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2012 and 2011:
(1) Includes $7,974 and $4,434 of acquisition related expenses and restructuring charges for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Corporate and other also includes reductions of expense of $14,627 and $4,177 for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively, related to net reversals of the carrying value of contingent consideration.
The Rest of World consists of our Canada and Continental Europe operating segments. The Corporate category consists of expenses related to the Company's centralized administrative function which do not specifically relate to an operating segment. Such Corporate expenses are comprised mainly of the compensation and related expenses of certain of the Company's senior executive officers and other selected employees who perform duties related to our entire enterprise, as well as expenses for certain professional fees, facilities, and other items which benefit the Company as a whole. Additionally, acquisition related expenses and restructuring charges are included in Corporate and other. Refer to Note 17, Segment Information, for additional details.
Our net sales in the United States in fiscal 2012 were $991.6 million, an increase of $81.5 million, or 9.0%, from net sales of $910.1 million in fiscal 2011. The sales increase was directly related to continued improved consumption and expanded distribution with growth from many of our brands, including Earth's Best, Celestial Seasonings, Imagine, MaraNatha, Garden of Eatin', Sensible Portions, The Greek Gods, Alba Botanica, Avalon and JASON. Operating income in the United States in fiscal 2012 was $149.8 million, an increase of $19.6 million, or 15.1%, from operating income of $130.2 million in fiscal 2011. Additionally, operating income as a percentage of net sales in the United States increased to 15.1% from 14.3% during these periods. The improvement primarily resulted from savings from the integration of the Sensible Portions brand operations, price increases and productivity improvements, offset partially by higher input costs.
Our net sales in the United Kingdom in fiscal 2012 were $192.4 million, an increase of $153.1 million, or 389.6%, from net sales of $39.3 million in fiscal 2011. The sales increase was primarily a result of the acquisition of Daniels during the second quarter of fiscal 2012. Operating income in the United Kingdom in fiscal 2012 was $9.7 million, an increase of $14.5 million, from an operating loss of $4.8 million in fiscal 2011. The improvement was also due to the acquisition of Daniels.
Our net sales in the Rest of World were $194.3 million in fiscal 2012, and increase of $35.1 million, or 22.1%, from fiscal 2011. The increase was primarily the result of increased sales in Canada due to the acquisition of the Europe's Best brand, and to a lesser extent, increased sales in Europe from Danival and GG UniqueFiber, both of which were acquired during the third quarter of fiscal 2011. Operating income as a percentage of net sales increased to 6.9% from 6.1%, reflecting the continued leveraging of the existing cost structure.
FISCAL 2011 COMPARED TO FISCAL 2010
Net sales in fiscal 2011 were $1.11 billion, an increase of $218.5 million, or 24.6%, from net sales of $890.0 million in fiscal 2010.
The sales increase resulted from an increase in sales of $187.9 million in the United States from improved consumption as well as sales from the acquisition of The Greek Gods and a full year of Sensible Portions, acquired in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2010. Our international sales increased $30.7 million, including sales in Europe from Danival and GG UniqueFiber, which were both acquired in the third quarter of fiscal 2011. Refer to the Segment Results section for additional details.
Gross profit in fiscal 2011 was $319.8 million, an increase of $71.1 million, or 28.6%, from last year’s gross profit of $248.8 million. Gross profit in fiscal 2011 was 28.9% of net sales compared to 28.0% of net sales for fiscal 2010.
The improved gross profit percentage resulted from the mix of product sales, including the sales from The Greek Gods and Sensible Portions brands acquisitions, which have relatively higher gross profit margins, and productivity improvements and cost savings which partially offset input cost increases.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
Selling, general and administrative expenses were $208.6 million, an increase of $42.7 million, or 25.7%, in fiscal 2011 from $165.9 million in fiscal 2010. Selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of net sales was 18.8% in fiscal 2011 and 18.6% in fiscal 2010.
Selling, general and administrative expenses have increased primarily as a result of the costs brought on by the businesses we acquired, including $3.5 million of increased amortization expense related to identified intangibles. Selling, general and administrative expenses also included $8.9 million of increased costs related to the Company’s long-term incentive plans. Selling, general and administrative expenses included approximately $1.7 million of expenses related to litigation in the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010.
Acquisition Related Expenses and Restructuring Charges
We incurred acquisition and integration related expenses aggregating $3.5 million in the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 related to the acquisitions of The Greek Gods greek-style yogurt brand, Danival and GG UniqueFiber and other acquisition and integration activities, which was offset by $4.2 million of net expense reduction related to adjustments in the carrying values of contingent consideration. We also incurred approximately $0.7 million of restructuring expenses, primarily related to the closing of a small production facility in the United Kingdom.
In the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010, we incurred approximately $2.8 million of acquisition related expenses, primarily related to the acquisition of the Sensible Portions brand.
Operating income in fiscal 2011 was $111.2 million, an increase of $31.1 million, or 38.8%, from $80.1 million in fiscal 2010. The increase in operating income resulted primarily from the increased sales and gross profit. Operating income as a percentage of net sales was 10.0% in fiscal 2011 compared with 9.0% in fiscal 2010. The increase in operating income percentage is attributable to the items discussed above.
Interest and Other Expenses, net
Interest and other expenses, net were $12.2 million for fiscal 2011 compared to $11.8 million for fiscal 2010. Net interest expense totaled $14.1 million in fiscal 2011, which includes interest on the $150 million of 5.98% senior notes outstanding,
interest related to borrowings under our revolving credit agreement, amortization of deferred financing costs and certain other interest charges, offset partially by interest income earned on cash equivalents. Net interest expense in fiscal 2010 was $9.8 million. The increase in interest expense resulted from a combination of higher borrowings under our revolving credit facility used to fund our recent acquisitions and the interest accretion on contingent consideration of $1.7 million. Other expenses includes approximately $2.1 million of exchange gains for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 compared to $0.7 million of exchange losses in the prior year. Also included in other expenses for the year ended June 30, 2010 is a $1.2 million non-cash impairment charge for an other-than-temporary decline in the fair value of our investment in the shares of Yeo Hiap Seng Limited, a Singapore-based natural food and beverage company listed on the Singapore Stock Exchange.
Income Before Income Taxes and Equity in Earnings of Equity-Method Investees
Income before income taxes and equity in the after tax earnings of our equity-method investees for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 was $98.9 million and $68.3 million, respectively. The increase in each period was due to the items discussed above.
Our income tax expense was $37.8 million in fiscal 2011 compared to $28.4 million in fiscal 2010. Our effective income tax rates for fiscal 2011 and 2010 were 38.2% and 41.5%, respectively. The effective tax rate in both years was affected by losses incurred related to our continuing operations in the United Kingdom for which no deferred tax benefit was being recorded. Additionally, in fiscal 2010, the Company recorded valuation allowances for deferred tax assets in the United Kingdom recorded prior to fiscal 2010. The impact of the United Kingdom continuing operations losses and deferred tax valuation allowances on the effective tax rate in fiscal 2011 was to increase it 2.1 percentage points and in fiscal 2010 was to increase it 8.4 percentage points. The fiscal 2011 effective tax rate was also favorably impacted by an increase in the benefit for the domestic production activities deduction of $1.4 million.
The effective rate for each period differs from the federal statutory rate primarily due to the items noted previously as well as the effect of state and local income taxes. Our effective tax rate may change from quarter to quarter based on recurring and non-recurring factors including the geographical mix of earnings, enacted tax legislation, state and local income taxes and tax audit settlements.
Equity in Earnings of Equity-Method Investees
Our share in the net earnings from our investments in HPP and HHO for fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 was a loss of $2.1 million compared to a loss of $1.7 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010. HPP’s results for fiscal 2011 included approximately $7.9 million of net loss (of which $3.9 million is included in the Company’s portion of HPP’s earnings) related to the impairment of long lived assets previously used in HPP’s divested Kosher Valley operation. HPP’s results for fiscal 2010 included approximately $4.6 million of net loss related to its Kosher Valley brand. HPP’s profitable antibiotic-free chicken and turkey results were more than offset by the losses incurred in the start-up of the Kosher Valley brand. In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2010, HPP divested its Kosher Valley brand in a transaction with Empire Kosher Poultry, Inc. (“Empire”), wherein the Kosher Valley brand and customer relationships were exchanged for an equity interest in Empire.
Income From Continuing Operations
Income from continuing operations for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 was $59.0 million and $38.2 million, or $1.32 and $0.92 per diluted share, respectively. The increase in each period was attributable to the factors noted above.
The following table provides a summary of net sales and operating income/(loss) by reportable segment for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2011 and 2010:
(1) Includes $4,434 and $3,152 of acquisition related expenses and restructuring charges for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively. Corporate and other also includes reductions of expense of $4,177 for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 related to net reversals of the carrying value of contingent consideration.
Our net sales in the United States for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 were $910.1 million, an increase of $187.9 million from the prior year's net sales of $722.2 million. The sales increase was directly related to improved consumption and was led by our Earth's Best brand, renewed growth in our Avalon, Alba Botanica, and JASON brands, as well as sales from the acquisition of The Greek Gods brand and a full year of sales of the Sensible Portions brand, acquired in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2010. United States operating profit increased 31.9% to $130.2 million. United States operating margin improved to 14.3% of net sales in fiscal 2011 from 13.7% in the previous year. The improvement resulted from the profit contribution of the aforementioned acquired brands as well as an increase in gross profit, which resulted from the mix of product sales, including the sales from The Greek Gods and Sensible Portions acquisitions, which have relatively higher gross profit margins, and productivity improvements and cost savings which partially offset input cost increases.
Our net sales in the United Kingdom were $39.3 million in fiscal 2011, an increase of $8.0 million, or 25.5%, from net sales of $31.3 million in fiscal 2010. The sales increase in the United Kingdom resulted from increased sales of our Linda McCartney meat-free frozen foods and our frozen desserts. Changes in foreign exchange rates had a minimal impact on net sales. United Kingdom operating loss decreased in fiscal 2011 as a result of improvement in gross profit and reduced operating expenses.
Net sales in the Rest of World category were $159.2 million in fiscal 2011, an increase of $22.7 million from net sales of $136.5 million in fiscal 2010. Sales in Europe increased $14.9 million, or 20.3%. Sales in Europe included sales from Danival and GGUniqueFiber, each acquired in the third quarter of fiscal 2011 and were unfavorably impacted by $1.3 million as a result of changes in foreign exchange rates. Sales in Canada increased $7.8 million, or 12.4%, which includes a $4.1 million favorable impact as a result of changes in foreign exchange rates. Operating income increased 13.1% to $9.8 million in fiscal 2011 as a result of the two acquisitions in Europe as well as the increased sales in Canada.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
We finance our operations and growth primarily with the cash flows we generate from our operations and from both long-term fixed-rate borrowings and borrowings available to us under our credit agreement.
Our cash balance increased $2.4 million during the year ended June 30, 2012 to $29.9 million. Our working capital was $246.0 million at June 30, 2012, an increase of $45.6 million from $200.4 million at the end of fiscal 2011. The increase was due principally to a $26.9 million increase in accounts receivable, a $15.7 million increase in inventories, offset partially by a $21.4 million increase in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities.
Liquidity is affected by many factors, some of which are based on normal ongoing operations of the company's business and some of which arise from fluctuations related to global economics and markets. The Company's cash balances are held in the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada and Europe. With the current exception of Canada, it is the Company's current intent to permanently reinvest these funds outside the United States, and its current plans do not demonstrate a need to
repatriate them to fund its United States operations. If these funds were to be needed for the Company's operations in the United States, it may be required to record and pay significant United States income taxes to repatriate these funds.
We maintain our cash and cash equivalents primarily in money market funds or their equivalent. As of June 30, 2012, all of our investments mature in less than three months. Accordingly, we do not believe that our investments have significant exposure to interest rate risk. Cash provided by (used in) operating, investing and financing activities is summarized below.
Net cash provided by operating activities was $122.0 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2012, compared to $58.7 million provided in fiscal 2011 and $71.0 million provided in fiscal 2010. The increase in cash provided by operations in fiscal 2012 as compared to fiscal 2011 resulted from a $37.5 million increase due to changes in our working capital and a $25.8 million increase in net income and other non-cash items. The improvement in cash used for changes in operating assets and liabilities (which is exclusive of the opening balances of acquired companies), primarily resulted from favorable changes in accounts receivable and accounts payable, including timing of income tax payments. The decrease in cash provided by operating activities in fiscal 2011 resulted from a $45.1 million decrease due to changes in our working capital, partially offset by a $32.7 million increase in net income and other non-cash charges.
In the fiscal year ended June 30, 2012, we used $270.7 million of cash in investing activities. We used $257.3 million of cash in connection with our acquisitions of The Daniels Group, Europe's Best and Cully & Sully, and $20.4 million for capital expenditures. We also received $6.9 million of repayments of advances made to HPP. We used cash in investing activities of $55.5 million during the year ended June 30, 2011. We used $45.3 million of cash in connection with our acquisitions of the assets and business of 3 Greek Gods, Danival and GG UniqueFiber. We also used $11.5 million of cash in investing activities in connection with capital additions. We used cash in investing activities during fiscal 2010 of $62.8 million, of which $51.4 million was used in connection with our acquisitions of the Sensible Portions business and Churchill Food Products Limited. We also used $11.4 million of cash in investing activities in connection with capital additions.
Net cash of $147.4 million was provided by financing activities for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2012. We had proceeds from exercises of stock options of $14.2 million in fiscal 2012. We also drew $161.0 million under our revolving credit facility, which was used for the Daniels acquisition, offset partially by $32.4 million of contingent consideration paid related to the acquisitions of Sensible Portions and The Greek Gods brands. During fiscal 2011, net cash of $7.1 million was provided by financing activities. We had proceeds from exercises of stock options of $17.9 million and from net borrowings under our Credit Agreement of $4.1 million. These items were partially offset by $14.8 million of cash used to settle the first payment of contingent consideration due in connection with The Greek Gods acquisition. We used cash of $32.4 million in financing activities during fiscal 2010, principally as a result of repaying $33.4 million of outstanding borrowings, which was partially offset by $2.1 million of cash proceeds from stock option exercises.
In our internal evaluations, we also use the non-GAAP financial measure “operating free cash flow.” The difference between operating free cash flow and net cash provided by operating activities, which is the most comparable U.S. GAAP financial measure, is that operating free cash flow reflects the impact of capital expenditures. Since capital spending is essential to maintaining our operational capabilities, we believe that it is a recurring and necessary use of cash. As such, we believe investors should also consider capital spending when evaluating our cash from operating activities. We view operating free cash flow as an important measure because it is one factor in evaluating the amount of cash available for discretionary investments.
Our operating free cash flow was $101.5 million for the year ended June 30, 2012, an increase of $54.4 million from the year ended June 30, 2011. The increase in our operating free cash flow resulted from the increase in our cash flow from operations, as discussed above. Our operating free cash flow for the year ended June 30, 2011 decreased $12.4 million from the year ended June 30, 2010. The decrease in our operating free cash flow resulted from the decrease in our cash flow from operations, as discussed above. Our capital spending has increased slightly over historical levels as a result of our recent acquisitions. We expect that our capital spending for the next fiscal year will be approximately $50 million. Our anticipated significant capital expenditures during fiscal 2013 include the acquisition of equipment for a new non-dairy production facility in Europe and the expansion of our Fakenham, United Kingdom production facility to accommodate new products and increased volume.
We have $150 million in aggregate principal amount of 10 year senior notes due May 2, 2016 issued in a private placement. The notes bear interest at 5.98%, payable semi-annually on November 2 and May 2. As of June 30, 2012 and 2011, $150.0 million of the senior notes was outstanding.
We also have a credit agreement which provides us with a $600 million revolving credit facility (the “Credit Agreement”) expiring in July 2015. The Credit Agreement was increased on August 20, 2012 from $400 million to $600 million upon the exercise of an existing $100 million accordion feature, which feature was increased to $200 million. Loans under the Credit Agreement bear interest at a base rate (greater of the applicable prime rate or Federal Funds Rate plus an applicable margin) or, at our option, the reserve adjusted LIBOR rate plus an applicable margin. As of June 30, 2012 and 2011, there were $240.0 million and $79.0 million of borrowings outstanding, respectively, under the Credit Facility.
The Credit Agreement and the notes are guaranteed by substantially all of our current and future direct and indirect domestic subsidiaries. We are required by the terms of the Credit Agreement and the senior notes to comply with financial and other customary affirmative and negative covenants for facilities and notes of this nature.
Obligations for all debt instruments, capital and operating leases and other contractual obligations as of June 30, 2012 are as follows:
(1) Including interest.
(2) As of June 30, 2012, we had non-current unrecognized tax benefits of $1.1 million for which we are not able to reasonably estimate the timing of future cash flows. As a result, this amount has not been included in the table above.
We believe that our cash on hand of $29.9 million at June 30, 2012, as well as projected cash flows from operations and availability under our Credit Agreement are sufficient to fund our working capital needs in the ordinary course of business, anticipated fiscal 2013 capital expenditures of approximately $50 million, and the $27.9 million of debt and lease obligations described in the table above, during the 2013 fiscal year. Furthermore, our discontinued operations are not expected to have a significant impact on the Company's liquidity and capital resources.
Critical Accounting Estimates
The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based on our consolidated financial statements, which are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. Our significant accounting policies are described in Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies. The policies below have been identified as the critical accounting policies we use which require us to make estimates and assumptions and exercise judgment that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and amounts of income
and expenses during the reporting periods presented. We believe in the quality and reasonableness of our critical accounting policies; however, it is possible that materially different amounts would be reported under different conditions or using assumptions, estimates or making judgments different from those that we have applied. Our critical accounting policies are as follows, including our methodology for estimates made and assumptions used:
Sales are recognized when the earnings process is complete, which occurs when products are shipped in accordance with terms of agreements, title and risk of loss transfer to customers, collection is probable and pricing is fixed or determinable. Sales are reported net of sales and promotion incentives, which include trade discounts and promotions and certain coupon costs. Shipping and handling costs billed to customers are included in reported sales. Allowances for cash discounts are recorded in the period in which the related sale is recognized.
Sales and Promotion Incentives
We offer a variety of sales incentives and promotions, including price discounts, slotting fees and coupons, to our customers and to consumers to support the Company's products. These incentives are deducted from our gross sales to determine reported net sales. The recognition of expense for these programs involves the use of judgment related to performance and redemption estimates. Differences between estimated expense and actual redemptions are normally insignificant and recognized as a change in estimate in the period such change occurs.
Trade Promotions. Accruals for trade promotions are recorded primarily at the time a product is sold to the customer based on expected levels of performance. Settlement of these liabilities typically occurs in subsequent periods primarily through an authorization process for deductions taken by a customer from amounts otherwise due to the Company.
Coupon Redemption. Coupon redemption costs are accrued in the period in which the coupons are offered, based on estimates of redemption rates that are developed by management. Management estimates are based on recommendations from independent coupon redemption clearing-houses as well as on historical information. Should actual redemption rates vary from amounts estimated, adjustments to accruals may be required.
Valuation of Accounts and Chargebacks Receivable
We perform ongoing credit evaluations on existing and new customers daily. We apply reserves for delinquent or uncollectible trade receivables based on a specific identification methodology and also apply a general reserve based on the experience we have with our trade receivables aging categories. Credit losses have been within our expectations in recent years. While United Natural Foods, Inc. represented approximately 20% and a second customer represented approximately 8% of our trade receivable balance at June 30, 2012, we believe there is no significant or unusual credit exposure at this time.
Based on cash collection history and other statistical analysis, we estimate the amount of unauthorized deductions that our customers have taken that we expect will be collectible and repaid in the near future in the form of a chargeback receivable. While our estimate of this receivable balance could be different had we used different assumptions and made different judgments, historically our cash collections of this type of receivable have been within our expectations and no significant write-offs have occurred during the most recent three fiscal years.
There can be no assurance that we would have the same experience with our receivables during different economic conditions, or with changes in business conditions, such as consolidation within the food industry and/or a change in the way we market and sell our products.
Our inventory is valued at the lower of cost or market, utilizing the first-in, first-out method. We provide write-downs for finished goods expected to become non-saleable due to age and specifically identify and provide for slow moving or obsolete raw ingredients and packaging.
Property, Plant and Equipment
Our property, plant and equipment is carried at cost and depreciated or amortized on a straight-line basis over the lesser of the estimated useful lives or lease life, whichever is shorter. We believe the asset lives assigned to our property, plant and equipment are within the ranges/guidelines generally used in food manufacturing and distribution businesses. Our manufacturing plants and distribution centers, and their related assets, are reviewed to determine if any impairment exists whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. Impairment testing requires estimates and judgments to be made by management with respect to items such as underlying cash flow projections, future sales volumes and growth rates. At this time, we believe there are no impairments of the carrying values of such assets.
Accounting for Acquisitions
Our growth strategy has included the acquisition of numerous brands and businesses. The purchase price of these acquisitions has been determined after due diligence of the acquired business, market research, strategic planning, and the forecasting of expected future results and synergies. Estimated future results and expected synergies are subject to judgment as we integrate each acquisition and attempt to leverage resources.
The accounting for the acquisitions we have made requires that the assets and liabilities acquired, as well as any contingent consideration that may be part of the agreement, be recorded at their respective fair values at the date of acquisition. This requires management to make significant estimates in determining the fair values, especially with respect to intangible assets, including estimates of expected cash flows, expected cost savings and the appropriate weighted average cost of capital. As a result of these significant judgments to be made we often obtain the assistance of independent valuation firms. We complete these assessments as soon as practical after the closing dates. Any excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair values of the identifiable net assets acquired is recorded as goodwill. See Note 4 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
In connection with some of our acquisitions, we have undertaken certain restructurings of the acquired businesses to realize efficiencies and potential cost savings. Our restructuring activities include the elimination of duplicate facilities, reductions in staffing levels, and other costs associated with exiting certain activities of the businesses we acquire.
It is typical for us to rationalize the product lines of businesses acquired within the first year or two after an acquisition. These rationalizations often include elimination of portions of the product lines acquired, the reformulation of recipes and formulas used to produce the products, and the elimination of customers that do not meet our credit standards. In certain instances, it is necessary to change co-packers used to produce the products. Each of these activities soon after an acquisition may have the effect of reducing sales to a level lower than that of the business acquired and operated prior to our acquisition. As a result, pro forma information regarding sales cannot and should not be construed as representative of our growth rates.
Stock Based Compensation
We provide compensation benefits in the form of stock options and restricted stock to employees and non-employee directors. The cost of stock based compensation is recorded at fair value at the date of grant and expensed in the consolidated statement of income over the requisite service period. The fair value of stock option awards is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and is recognized in expense over the vesting period of the options using the straight-line method. The Black-Scholes option pricing model requires various assumptions, including the expected volatility of our stock, the expected term of the option, the risk-free interest rate and the expected dividend yield. Expected volatility is based on historical volatility of our common stock. The risk-free rate for the expected term of the option is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant. The fair value of restricted stock awards is equal to the market value of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant and is recognized in expense over the vesting period using the straight-line method. We recognize compensation expense for only that portion of stock based awards that are expected to vest. We utilize historical employee termination behavior to determine our estimated forfeiture rates. If the actual forfeitures differ from those estimated by management, adjustments to compensation expense will be made in future periods.
Goodwill and Intangible Assets
The carrying value of goodwill, which is allocated to the Company’s reporting units, and other intangible assets with indefinite useful lives are tested annually for impairment as of the first day of the fourth quarter of each fiscal year, and on an interim basis if events or circumstances warrant it. Events or circumstances that might indicate an interim valuation is warranted include unexpected business conditions, economic factors or a sustained decline in the Company’s market capitalization below the Company’s carrying value. In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2012, we elected to early adopt the new accounting guidance included in ASU No. 2011-08, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Testing Goodwill for Impairment. ASU No. 2011-08 permits entities to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount as a basis for determining whether it is necessary to perform the two-step goodwill impairment test included in U.S. GAAP. Entities are not required to calculate the fair value of a reporting unit unless they determine that it is more likely than not that the fair value is less than the carrying amount. We applied this guidance to our fiscal 2012 annual goodwill impairment testing conducted during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2012. We determined that it was not necessary for two of our reporting units to apply the traditional two-step quantitative impairment test in ASC 350 based on qualitative information that it is more likely than not that the fair value of those reporting units exceeded their carrying values.
The traditional two-step impairment test requires us to estimate the fair values of our reporting units. The estimate of the fair values of our reporting units are based on the best information available as of the date of the assessment. We generally use a blended analysis of the present value of discounted cash flows and the market valuation approach. The discounted cash flow model uses the present values of estimated future cash flows. Considerable management judgment is necessary to evaluate the impact of operating and external economic factors in estimating our future cash flows. The assumptions we use in our evaluations include projections of growth rates and profitability, our estimated working capital needs, as well as our weighted
average cost of capital. The market valuation approach indicates the fair value of a reporting unit based on a comparison to comparable publicly traded firms in similar businesses. Estimates used in the market value approach include the identification of similar companies with comparable business factors. Changes in economic and operating conditions impacting the assumptions we made could result in additional goodwill impairment in future periods. If the carrying value of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, the goodwill of that reporting unit is potentially impaired. At this point we proceed to the second step of the analysis, wherein we measure the excess, if any, of the carrying value of a reporting unit’s goodwill over its implied fair value, and record the impairment loss indicated.
Indefinite-lived intangible assets consist primarily of acquired trade names and trademarks. We measure the fair value of these assets using the relief from royalty method. This method assumes that the trade names and trademarks have value to the extent their owner is relieved from paying royalties for the benefits received. We estimate the future revenues for the associated brands, the appropriate royalty rate and the weighted average cost of capital. In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2012, we elected to early adopt ASU No. 2012-02, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Testing Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets for Impairment. ASU No. 2012-02 permits entities to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not that an indefinite-lived intangible asset is impaired. Entities are not required to calculate the fair value of an indefinite-lived intangible asset unless they determine that it is more likely than not that such asset is impaired. The adoption of this standard did not have any impact on our consolidated financial statements.
We completed our annual impairment testing of goodwill and our trade names as of April 1, 2012, with the assistance of an independent valuation firm. The analysis and assessment of these assets indicated that no impairment was required as either the fair values exceeded the recorded carrying values (for our indefinite-lived intangible assets and certain reporting units), or as described above, the qualitative assessment resulted in a determination that it was more likely than not that the fair value of the reporting unit exceeded its carrying amount (for certain of our reporting units). Although we believe our assumptions are reasonable, different assumptions or changes in the future may result in different conclusions and expose us to impairment charges in the future. The fair value of our Europe reporting unit exceeded its carrying value by less than 10%. This reporting unit represented approximately 2% of our goodwill balance as of April 1, 2012. Holding all other assumptions constant at the testing date, a one percentage point increase in the discount rate used in the testing of this unit would reduce the estimated fair value below its carrying value, indicating a possible impairment. While we believe this operation can support the value of goodwill reported, this reporting unit is the most sensitive to changes in the underlying assumptions.
Valuation Allowances for Deferred Tax Assets
Deferred tax assets arise when we recognize expenses in our financial statements that will be allowed as income tax deductions in future periods. Deferred tax assets also include unused tax net operating losses and tax credits that we are allowed to carry forward to future years. Accounting rules permit us to carry deferred tax assets on the balance sheet at full value as long as it is “more likely than not” the deductions, losses, or credits will be used in the future. A valuation allowance must be recorded against a deferred tax asset if this test cannot be met. Our determination of our valuation allowances are based upon a number of assumptions, judgments, and estimates, including forecasted earnings, future taxable income, and the relative proportions of revenue and income before taxes in the various jurisdictions in which we operate. Concluding that a valuation allowance is not required is difficult when there is significant negative evidence that is objective and verifiable, such as cumulative losses in recent years.
We believe that the cumulative losses incurred by the Company in the United Kingdom prior to the acquisition of Daniels, represented sufficient evidence for management to determine that a full valuation allowance for our United Kingdom deferred tax assets was appropriate, which the Company initially recorded in the third quarter of fiscal 2010. Until an appropriate level of profitability is attained such that the losses may by utilized, we expect to maintain a valuation allowance on those net deferred tax assets.
If we generate taxable income in the future on a sustained basis in the United Kingdom or other jurisdictions in a manner such that those prior losses (for which we have recorded full valuation allowances) may be utilized, our conclusion regarding the need for full valuation allowances in these tax jurisdictions could change, resulting in the reversal of some or all of the valuation allowances. If these operations generate taxable income prior to reaching profitability on a sustained basis, we would reverse a portion of the valuation allowance related to the corresponding realized tax benefit for that period, without changing our conclusions on the need for a full valuation allowance against the remaining net deferred tax assets.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
See Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, for information regarding recent accounting pronouncements.
Note Regarding Forward Looking Information
Certain statements contained in this Annual Report constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Rule 3b-6 of
the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Words such as “plan,” “continue,” “expect,” “expected,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “believe,” “may,” “potential,” “can,” “positioned,” “should,” “future,” “look forward” and similar expressions, or the negative of those expressions, may identify forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements include the Company's beliefs or expectations relating to: (i) the integration of our brands and the resulting impact thereof; (ii) the availability of alternative co-packers and the impact to our business if we are required to change our significant co-packing arrangements; (iii) the level of our sales made outside the United States; (iv) our intention to grow through acquisitions as well as internal expansion; (v) our long-term strategy for sustainable growth; (vi) the economic environment; (vii) our support of increased consumer consumption; (viii) higher input costs; (ix) the integration of acquisitions and the opportunities for growth related thereto; (x) the completion of divestitures; (xi) the repatriation of foreign cash balances; (xii) our cash and cash equivalent investments having no significant exposure to interest rate risk; (xiii) our expectations regarding our capital spending for fiscal year 2013; and (xiv) our sources of liquidity being adequate to fund our anticipated operating and cash requirements for the next twelve months. Such forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause the actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements of the Company, or industry results, to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Such factors include, among others, the following:
As a result of the foregoing and other factors, no assurance can be given as to the future results, levels of activity and achievements and neither the Company nor any person assumes responsibility for the accuracy and completeness of these statements.
Supplementary Quarterly Financial Data:
Unaudited quarterly financial data (in thousands, except per share amounts) for fiscal 2012 and 2011 is summarized as follows. The sum of the net income per share from continuing and discontinued operations for each of the four quarters may not equal the net income per share for the full year, as presented, due to rounding.
(a) Operating income was impacted by approximately $0.1 million ($0.1 million net of tax) for the three months ended December 31, 2011 and $0.2 million ($0.2 million net of tax) for the three months ended June 30, 2012 as a result of restructuring expenses incurred. Operating income was also impacted by $1.5 million ($1.0 million net of tax) for the
three months ended September 30, 2011, $4.8 million ($3.1 million net of tax) for the three months ended December 31, 2011, and $0.5 million ($0.3 million net of tax) for the three months ended March 31, 2012 as a result of acquisition related transaction expenses and integration costs incurred. For the three months ended June 30, 2012, operating income was impacted by a net reduction in acquisition related transaction expenses and integration costs of $13.8 million ($13.5 million net of tax), principally related to the reversal of the carrying value of contingent consideration for the Daniels acquisition.
(b) Net income was unfavorably impacted by $1.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 as a result of a discrete tax item related to nondeductible transaction costs and favorably impacted by $0.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 related to a decrease in the Company's liability for uncertain tax positions as the result of an expiration of the statute of limitations.
(c) Operating income was impacted by approximately $0.2 million ($0.2 million net of tax) for the three months ended September 30, 2010, $0.2 million ($0.2 million net of tax) for the three months ended December 31, 2010 and $0.5 million ($0.4 million net of tax) for the three months ended March 31, 2011 as a result of restructuring expenses incurred. Operating income was also impacted by $1.2 million ($0.8 million net of tax) for the three months ended September 30, 2010, $0.6 million ($0.4 million net of tax) for the three months ended December 31, 2010. For the three months ended March 31, 2011, operating income was impacted by a net reduction in acquisition related transaction expenses and integration costs of $2.4 million ($1.5 million net of tax), principally related to adjustments to the carrying value of contingent consideration for the acquisition of the Sensible Portions brand. For the three months ended June 30, 2011, operating income was not significantly impacted by net acquisition related transaction expenses recorded.
(d) Net income was favorably impacted by $1.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2011 as a result of a discrete tax item related to uncertain tax benefits.
We manufacture and market hot tea products and, as a result, our quarterly results of operations reflect seasonal trends resulting from increased demand for hot tea products in the cooler months of the year. In addition, some of our other products (e.g., soups, hot-eating desserts, and baking and cereal products) also show stronger sales in the cooler months while our snack food and certain of our prepared food product lines are stronger in the warmer months. In years where there are warm winter seasons, our sales of cooler weather products, which typically increase in our second and third fiscal quarters, may be negatively impacted.
Quarterly fluctuations in our sales volume and operating results are due to a number of factors relating to our business, including the timing of trade promotions, advertising and consumer promotions and other factors, such as seasonality, inclement weather and unanticipated increases in labor, commodity, energy, insurance or other operating costs. The impact on sales volume and operating results due to the timing and extent of these factors can significantly impact our business. For these reasons, you should not rely on our quarterly operating results as indications of future performance.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
At June 30, 2012, we did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements as defined in item 303(a)(4) of Regulation S-K that have had or are likely to have a material current or future effect on our consolidated financial statements.
Impact of Inflation
Inflation has caused increased ingredient, fuel, labor and benefits costs and in some cases has materially increased our operating expenses. For more information regarding ingredient costs, see “Item 7A., Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk—Ingredient Inputs Price Risk.” To the extent competitive and other conditions permit, we seek to recover increased costs through a combination of price increases, new product innovation and by implementing process efficiencies and cost reductions.
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
The principal market risks (i.e., the risk of loss arising from adverse changes in market rates and prices) to which the Company is exposed are:
We centrally manage our debt and cash equivalents, considering investment opportunities and risks, tax consequences and overall financing strategies. Our cash equivalents consist primarily of commercial paper and obligations of U.S. Government agencies. As of June 30, 2012, we had $240.0 million of variable rate debt outstanding. Assuming current cash equivalents and variable rate borrowings, a hypothetical change in average interest rates of one percentage point would not have a material effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows over the next fiscal year.
Foreign Currency Exchange Rates
Operating in international markets involves exposure to movements in currency exchange rates, which are volatile at times, and the impact of such movements, if material, could cause adjustments to our financing and operating strategies.
During fiscal 2012, approximately 28.1% of our consolidated net sales were generated from sales outside the United States, while such sales outside the United States were 17.9% of net sales in 2011 and 18.9% of net sales in 2010. These revenues, along with related expenses and capital purchases are conducted in British Pounds Sterling, Euros and Canadian Dollars.
We enter into forward contracts for the purpose of reducing the effect of exchange rate changes, primarily on forecasted intercompany purchases by our Canadian subsidiary, which we have designated as cash flow hedges. We had approximately $16.6 million in notional amounts of forward contracts at June 30, 2012. See Note 14, Financial Instruments Measured at Fair Value.
Fluctuations in currency exchange rates may also impact the Stockholders’ Equity of the Company. Amounts invested in our non-U.S. subsidiaries are translated into U.S. dollars at the exchange rates of the last day of our fiscal year. Any resulting cumulative translation adjustments are recorded in Stockholders’ Equity as Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income. The cumulative translation adjustments component of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income decreased $13.6 million, net of tax, during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2012.
Ingredient Inputs Price Risk
The Company purchases ingredient inputs such as wheat, corn, soybeans, almonds, canola oil and fruit as well as packaging materials, to be used in its operations. These inputs are subject to price fluctuations that may create price risk. We do not attempt to hedge against fluctuations in the prices of the ingredients by using future, forward, option or other derivative instruments. As a result, the majority of our future purchases of these items are subject to changes in price. We may enter into fixed purchase commitments in an attempt to secure an adequate supply of specific ingredients. These agreements are tied to specific market prices. Market risk is estimated as a hypothetical 10% increase or decrease in the weighted-average cost of our primary inputs as of June 30, 2012. Based on our cost of goods sold during the twelve months ended June 30, 2012, such a change would have resulted in an increase or decrease to cost of sales of approximately $62 million. We attempt to offset the impact of input cost increases with a combination of cost savings initiatives and efficiencies and price increases to our customers.
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
The following consolidated financial statements of The Hain Celestial Group, Inc. and subsidiaries are included in Item 8:
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
Consolidated Balance Sheets - June 30, 2012 and 2011
Consolidated Statements of Income - Fiscal Years ended June 30, 2012, 2011 and 2010
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity - Fiscal Years ended June 30, 2012, 2011 and 2010
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows - Fiscal Years ended June 30, 2012, 2011 and 2010
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
The following consolidated financial statement schedule of The Hain Celestial Group, Inc. and subsidiaries is included in Item 15 (a):
Schedule II - Valuation and qualifying accounts
All other schedules for which provision is made in the applicable accounting regulation of the SEC are not required under the
related instructions or are inapplicable and therefore have been omitted.
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
The Stockholders and Board of Directors of
The Hain Celestial Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of The Hain Celestial Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of June 30, 2012 and 2011, and the related consolidated statements of income, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the three fiscal years ended June 30, 2012. Our audits also included the financial statement schedule listed in the Index at Item 15(a). These financial statements and schedule are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements and schedule based on our audits.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of The Hain Celestial Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries at June 30, 2012 and 2011, and the consolidated results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three fiscal years ended June 30, 2012, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Also, in our opinion, the related financial statement schedule, when considered in relation to the basic financial statements taken as a whole presents fairly in all material respects the information set forth therein.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), The Hain Celestial Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2012, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated August 29, 2012 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.
/s/ Ernst & Young LLP
Jericho, New York
August 29, 2012
THE HAIN CELESTIAL GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
JUNE 30, 2012 AND 2011
(In thousands, except share amounts)
See notes to consolidated financial statements.
THE HAIN CELESTIAL GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
FISCAL YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 2012, 2011, AND 2010
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
See notes to consolidated financial statements.
THE HAIN CELESTIAL GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
FISCAL YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 2012, 2011, AND 2010
(In thousands, except per share and share amounts)