XNAS:MBLX Metabolix Inc Quarterly Report 10-Q Filing - 3/31/2012

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Table of Contents

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

x

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2012

 

OR

 

o

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from                to                

 

Commission file number 001-33133

 

METABOLIX, INC.

 

Delaware

 

04-3158289

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

 

 

21 Erie Street
Cambridge, MA

 

02139

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

(617) 583-1700

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report.)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes x No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x  No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer o

 

Accelerated filer x

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer o

 

Smaller reporting company o

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes o  No x

 

The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock as of May 2, 2012 was 34,191,853.

 

 

 



Table of Contents

 

Metabolix, Inc.

Form 10-Q

For the Quarter Ended March 31, 2012

 

Table of Contents

 

 

 

Page

Part I. Financial Information

 

 

 

 

Item

 

 

1.

Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets at March 31, 2012, and December 31, 2011

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011

 

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

4.

Controls and Procedures

 

 

 

 

Part II. Other Information

 

 

 

 

Item

 

 

1.

Legal Proceedings

 

1A.

Risk Factors

 

2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

4.

Not Applicable

 

5.

Other Information

 

6.

Exhibits

 

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

 

2



Table of Contents

 

PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1.  CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

METABOLIX, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

UNAUDITED

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

 

 

March 31,

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2012

 

2011

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

Current Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

9,604

 

$

21,277

 

Short-term investments

 

56,347

 

55,578

 

Accounts receivable

 

114

 

146

 

Due from related parties

 

136

 

311

 

Unbilled receivables

 

489

 

304

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

687

 

823

 

Inventory

 

2,977

 

 

Total current assets

 

70,354

 

78,439

 

Restricted cash

 

622

 

622

 

Property and equipment, net

 

2,046

 

2,276

 

Long-term investments

 

 

1,503

 

Other assets

 

94

 

72

 

Total assets

 

$

73,116

 

$

82,912

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

 

 

 

Current Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

189

 

$

512

 

Accrued expenses

 

2,749

 

3,574

 

Current portion of deferred rent

 

165

 

165

 

Short-term deferred revenue

 

202

 

2,914

 

Total current liabilities

 

3,305

 

7,165

 

Deferred rent, net of current portion

 

179

 

221

 

Long-term deferred revenue

 

 

35,944

 

Other long-term liabilities

 

122

 

119

 

Total liabilities

 

3,606

 

43,449

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 7, 11)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock ($0.01 par value per share); 5,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued or outstanding

 

 

 

Common stock ($0.01 par value per share); 100,000,000 shares authorized at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, 34,145,107 and 34,115,798 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively

 

341

 

341

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

286,014

 

284,796

 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(23

)

(12

)

Accumulated deficit

 

(216,822

)

(245,662

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

69,510

 

39,463

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

73,116

 

$

82,912

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these interim consolidated financial statements

 

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Table of Contents

 

METABOLIX, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

UNAUDITED

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2012

 

2011

 

Revenue:

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue from termination of ADM collaboration

 

$

38,885

 

$

 

Grant revenue

 

378

 

25

 

License fee and royalty revenue from related parties

 

45

 

301

 

Product revenue

 

14

 

 

Total revenue

 

39,322

 

326

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of product revenue

 

55

 

 

Research and development

 

6,045

 

6,199

 

Selling, general, and administrative

 

4,399

 

3,787

 

Total costs and expenses

 

10,499

 

9,986

 

Income (loss) from operations

 

28,823

 

(9,660

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other income:

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income, net

 

17

 

20

 

Net Income (loss)

 

$

28,840

 

$

(9,640

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) per share:

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

0.84

 

$

(0.36

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted

 

$

0.84

 

$

(0.36

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number of shares used in per share calculations:

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

34,136,333

 

26,904,606

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted

 

34,265,638

 

26,904,606

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these interim consolidated financial statements

 

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Table of Contents

 

METABOLIX, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

UNAUDITED

(in thousands)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2012

 

2011

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

28,840

 

$

(9,640

)

Other comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

Change in unrealized gain on investments

 

(13

)

12

 

Change in foreign currency translation adjustment

 

2

 

1

 

Total other comprehensive income (loss)

 

(11

)

13

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

 

$

28,829

 

$

(9,627

)

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these interim consolidated financial statements

 

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METABOLIX, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

UNAUDITED

(in thousands)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2012

 

2011

 

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

28,840

 

$

(9,640

)

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation

 

379

 

384

 

Charge for 401(k) company common stock match

 

162

 

242

 

Stock-based compensation

 

1,104

 

1,233

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Receivables (billed and unbilled)

 

(153

)

(14

)

Due from related party

 

175

 

(265

)

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

114

 

96

 

Inventory

 

(2,977

)

 

Accounts payable

 

(323

)

(235

)

Accrued expenses

 

(885

)

(1,420

)

Deferred rent and other long-term liabilities

 

(39

)

(39

)

Deferred revenue

 

(38,656

)

296

 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

(12,259

)

(9,362

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of property and equipment

 

(148

)

(315

)

Purchase of short-term investments

 

(28,240

)

(8,502

)

Proceeds from the sale and maturity of short-term investments

 

28,961

 

25,663

 

Net cash provided by investing activities

 

573

 

16,846

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from options exercised

 

11

 

36

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

11

 

36

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

 

2

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

(11,673

)

7,521

 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

21,277

 

12,526

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

$

9,604

 

$

20,047

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these interim consolidated financial statements

 

6



Table of Contents

 

METABOLIX, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

UNAUDITED

 

(All dollar amounts, except share and per share amounts, are stated in thousands)

 

1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements are unaudited and have been prepared by Metabolix, Inc. (the “Company”) in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the Company’s annual consolidated financial statements have been condensed or omitted. The year-end consolidated balance sheet data was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by GAAP. The consolidated financial statements, in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) necessary for a fair statement of the financial position and results of operations for the interim periods ended March 31, 2012 and 2011.

 

The results of operations for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations to be expected for any future period or the entire fiscal year. These interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2011, which are contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 12, 2012.

 

2. ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Inventory

 

During the quarter ended March 31, 2012, the Company acquired raw material and finished goods inventory of biopolymer from Telles, LLC as described in Note 15.   The Company’s adopted inventory policies as a result of this transaction are to state inventory at the lower of cost or market and to value inventory using the weighted average cost method.  The Company analyzes its inventory levels quarterly and writes down, to cost of product revenue, inventory that has become obsolete, inventory in excess of expected sales requirements or inventory that fails to meet commercial sales specifications.

 

There has been no other material change in accounting policies since the Company’s fiscal year ended December 31, 2011, as described in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements included in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year then ended.

 

3. RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

 

In June 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued an accounting standards update that eliminates the option to present components of other comprehensive income as part of the statement of changes in equity and requires an entity to present items of net income and other comprehensive income either in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements. This guidance also requires an entity to present on the face of the financial statements reclassification adjustments from other comprehensive income to net income. This guidance became effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011. In December 2011, the FASB issued an accounting standards update that defers the presentation requirement for other comprehensive income reclassifications on the face of the financial statements. The Company adopted the provisions of the guidance in the first quarter of 2012 and elected to present items of net income and other comprehensive income in two separate but consecutive statements.

 

4. BASIC AND DILUTED NET INCOME (LOSS) PER SHARE

 

Basic net income (loss) per share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted net income per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of dilutive common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted shares outstanding is calculated by adding to the weighted shares outstanding any potential (unissued) shares of common stock from outstanding stock options and warrants based on

 

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the treasury stock method. In periods when a net loss is reported, all such common stock equivalents are excluded from the calculation because they would have an anti-dilutive effect, meaning the loss per share would be reduced. Therefore, in periods when a loss is reported there is no difference in basic and diluted loss per share.

 

Shares used to calculate diluted earnings per share are as follows:

 

 

 

Three months ended
March 31,

 

 

 

2012

 

2011

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Numerator:

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

28,840

 

$

(9,640

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denominator:

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding

 

34,136,333

 

26,904,606

 

Effect of dilutive securities:

 

 

 

 

 

Stock options

 

129,305

 

 

Dilutive potential common shares

 

129,305

 

 

Shares used in calculating diluted earnings per share

 

34,265,638

 

26,904,606

 

 

The number of shares of potentially dilutive common stock related to options and warrants that were excluded from the calculation of dilutive shares since the inclusion of such shares would be anti-dilutive for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively, are shown below:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2012

 

2011

 

Options

 

4,334,082

 

3,623,004

 

Warrants

 

4,086

 

4,086

 

Total

 

4,338,168

 

3,627,090

 

 

5. STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

 

The Company recognized stock-based compensation expense, related to employee stock option awards, of $1,122 and $1,233 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.  At March 31, 2012, there was approximately $6,980 of pre-tax stock-based compensation expense, net of estimated forfeitures, related to unvested awards not yet recognized which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.86 years.

 

A summary of option activity for the three months ended March 31, 2012 is as follows:

 

 

 

Number of

 

Weighted Average

 

 

 

Shares

 

Exercise Price

 

Outstanding at December 31, 2011

 

3,858,685

 

$

10.36

 

Granted

 

1,063,400

 

2.67

 

Exercised

 

(6,533

)

1.65

 

Cancelled

 

(284,600

)

8.53

 

Outstanding at March 31, 2012

 

4,630,952

 

8.72

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Options exercisable at March 31, 2012

 

2,615,895

 

$

10.93

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average grant date fair value of options granted during the three months ended March 31, 2012

 

 

 

$

1.85

 

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, the Company determined the fair value of stock options using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following assumptions for option grants, respectively:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2012

 

2011

 

Expected dividend yield

 

 

 

Risk-free rate

 

0.72% - 1.15%

 

2.38

%

Expected option term (in years)

 

5.36 – 5.47

 

5.6

 

Volatility

 

85%-87%

 

78

%

 

6. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

 

All costs associated with internal research and development as well as research and development services conducted for others are expensed as incurred. Research and development expenses include direct costs for salaries, employee benefits, subcontractors, facility related expenses, depreciation and stock-based compensation related to employees and non-employees involved in the Company’s research and development. Costs related to revenue-producing contracts are recorded as research and development expenses.

 

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7. ADM COLLABORATION

 

In 2004, the Company signed a Technology Alliance and Option Agreement with ADM Polymer Corporation (“ADM Polymer”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of ADM, to establish an alliance whereby the Company would provide technology, licenses and research and development services, and ADM would provide manufacturing services and capital necessary to produce biopolymers on a commercial scale.  The Technology Alliance and Option Agreement provided ADM with an option (the “Option”) to enter into a commercial alliance for further research, development, manufacture, use, and sale of biopolymers on the terms and conditions set forth in the Commercial Alliance Agreement.  In 2006, ADM exercised this Option, and the Technology Alliance and Option Agreement concluded.

 

The Commercial Alliance Agreement between Metabolix and ADM Polymer specified the terms and structure of the alliance. The primary function of this agreement was to establish the activities and obligations of the parties to commercialize PHA biopolymers, which have been marketed under the brand names Mirel™ and MveraTM. These activities included: the establishment of a joint venture company, Telles, LLC (“Telles”), to market and sell PHA biopolymers, the construction of a manufacturing facility capable of producing 110 million pounds of material annually (the “Commercial Manufacturing Facility”), the licensing of technology to Telles and to ADM, and the conducting of various research, development, manufacturing, sales and marketing, compounding and administrative services by the parties.

 

Telles was formed to: (i) serve as the commercial entity to establish and develop the commercial market for PHA biopolymers, and conduct the marketing and sales in accordance with the goals of the commercial alliance, (ii) assist in the coordination and integration of the manufacturing, compounding and marketing activities, and (iii) administer and account for financial matters on behalf of the parties.  Metabolix and ADM each had a 50% ownership and voting interest in Telles.

 

Under the Technology Alliance and Option Agreement and Commercial Alliance Agreement various payments were made to Metabolix by ADM as shown in the table below.  All of these payments were recorded as deferred revenue on the Company’s balance sheet and were expected to be recognized on a straight line basis over a period of approximately ten years in which Metabolix would fulfill its contractual obligations during the Commercial Phase of the Commercial Alliance Agreement.

 

Upfront Payment

 

$

3,000

 

Milestone Payments

 

2,000

 

Support Payments

 

22,050

 

Cost Sharing Payments for pre-commercial manufacturing plant construction and operations

 

11,835

 

Total

 

$

38,885

 

 

Under the Commercial Alliance Agreement ADM was permitted, under limited circumstances, to terminate the alliance if a change in circumstances that was not reasonably within the control of ADM made the anticipated financial return from the project inadequate or too uncertain. The agreement provided that, upon termination by ADM due to a change in circumstances, Metabolix would be permitted to continue to produce and sell PHA biopolymers, and ADM would be required to perform manufacturing services for the Company for a period of time following the termination (subject to certain payment obligations to ADM).  On January 9, 2012, ADM notified the Company that it was terminating the commercial alliance effective February 8, 2012.  ADM had recently undertaken a strategic review of its business investments and activities and made the decision to focus resources outside of Telles. As the basis for the decision, ADM indicated to the Company that the projected financial returns from the alliance were too uncertain.

 

The Commercial Alliance Agreement with ADM limited the rights of both ADM and the Company to work with other parties or alone in developing or commercializing certain PHAs produced through fermentation. These exclusivity obligations ended upon termination of the alliance.  Also, upon termination of the alliance, Metabolix intellectual property licenses to ADM Polymer and Telles ended, with Metabolix retaining all rights to its intellectual property.  ADM retained its Commercial Manufacturing Facility located in Clinton, Iowa, previously used to produce PHA biopolymers for Telles.

 

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The Company has no further performance obligations in connection with the commercial alliance after its termination, and as a result, the $38,885 of deferred revenue was recognized by the Company during its fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2012.

 

After termination of the Commercial Alliance Agreement, the parties entered into a Settlement Agreement dated March 6, 2012 in which the parties agreed to specific terms related to the winding up and dissolution of Telles.  Under this Settlement Agreement the Company purchased certain assets of the joint venture for $2,982, including all of Telles’s inventory, exclusive and perpetual rights to all of Telles’s trademarks, and all product registrations, certifications and approvals for Telles’s PHA biopolymers.  Pursuant to the Settlement Agreement, ADM relinquished any claims with respect to certain co-funded equipment previously acquired by Metabolix and situated at locations other than the Clinton, Iowa Commercial Manufacturing Facility, and Metabolix and Telles waived any rights to post-termination manufacturing and fermentation services under the Commercial Alliance Agreement. The Company assessed the market value of the various assets acquired from Telles under the Settlement Agreement and determined that the full amount of the $2,982 purchase price should be allocated to the raw material and biopolymer inventory.

 

Pursuant to the Settlement Agreement, Telles paid to ADM an amount equal to the aggregate cash balances of Telles totaling $3,778 on the date of the Settlement Agreement, minus $100 retained by Telles to settle any remaining trade obligations.  The Company believes the remaining trade obligations of Telles at the date of execution of the Settlement Agreement did not exceed $100.  In the event that ADM is required to repay to Telles or to pay to any creditor of Telles any amounts included in the $2,982 purchase price or the $3,678 distributed to ADM by Telles pursuant to the Settlement Agreement, Metabolix is obligated to reimburse ADM in an amount equal to 50% of such payments, provided that in no event would the amount to be so paid by Metabolix exceed the total of the $2,982 purchase price and the $3,678 Telles cash required to be so repaid or reimbursed by ADM. The Company is not aware of any such third party creditor claims, and believes that the likelihood that it will be required to reimburse ADM under this provision is remote. Therefore, no liability for this potential obligation is included in the Company’s balance sheet at March 31, 2012.

 

8. INCOME TAXES

 

The Company follows the accounting guidance related to income taxes including guidance which addresses accounting for uncertainty in income taxes. This guidance prescribes a threshold for the financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. It also provides guidance on derecognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosures and transitions. The Company had no amounts recorded for any unrecognized tax benefits as of March 31, 2012 or March 31, 2011.

 

The tax years 2008 through 2011 remain open to examination by major taxing jurisdictions to which the Company is subject, which are primarily in the U.S.

 

The Company’s policy is to record estimated interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions in income tax expense. As of March 31, 2012, and December 31, 2011, the Company had no accrued interest or penalties recorded related to uncertain tax positions.

 

At December 31, 2011 the Company had net operating loss carryforwards (NOLs) for federal and state income tax purposes of $180,436 and $142,414, respectively. Included in the federal and state NOLs is approximately $19,201 of deduction related to the exercise of stock options subsequent to the adoption of amended accounting guidance related to stock-based compensation. This amount represents an excess tax benefit as defined under the amended accounting guidance related to stock-based compensation and has not been recorded as a deferred tax asset. The Company’s existing federal and state NOL carryforwards begin to expire in 2012. The Company also had available research and development credits for federal and state income tax purposes of approximately $4,502 and $3,200 respectively. The federal and state research and development credits will begin to expire in 2014 and 2016 respectively. As of December 31, 2011 the Company also had available investment tax credits for state income tax purposes of $117 which also began to expire in 2012. Management of the Company has evaluated the positive and negative evidence bearing upon the realizability of its deferred tax assets, which are comprised principally of NOL carryforwards and research and development credits. Under the applicable accounting standards, management has considered the Company’s history of losses and concluded that

 

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it is more likely than not that the Company will not recognize the benefits of federal and state deferred tax assets. Accordingly, a full valuation allowance has been established against the deferred tax assets.

 

Utilization of the NOL and research and development credit carryforwards may be subject to a substantial annual limitation under Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 due to ownership change limitations that have occurred previously or that could occur in the future. These ownership changes may limit the amount of NOL and research and development credit carryforwards that can be utilized annually to offset future taxable income and tax, respectively. The Company has not currently completed an evaluation of ownership changes through December 31, 2011 to assess whether utilization of the Company’s NOL or R&D credit carryforwards would be subject to an annual limitation under section 382. To the extent an ownership change occurs in the future, the NOL and credit carryforwards my be subject to limitation.

 

9. ACCRUED EXPENSES

 

Accrued expenses consisted of the following at:

 

 

 

March 31,
2012

 

December 31,
2011

 

Employee compensation and benefits

 

$

1,100

 

$

1,740

 

Professional services

 

210

 

185

 

Contracted research and development

 

68

 

90

 

Intellectual property

 

250

 

240

 

Other

 

1,121

 

1,319

 

Total accrued expenses

 

$

2,749

 

$

3,574

 

 

10. SEGMENT INFORMATION

 

The accounting guidance for segment reporting establishes standards for reporting information on operating segments in annual financial statements. The Company operates in one segment, which is the business of developing and commercializing technologies for the production of polymers and chemicals in plants and in microbes. The Company’s chief operating decision-maker does not manage any part of the Company separately, and the allocation of resources and assessment of performance are based on the Company’s consolidated operating results. As of March 31, 2012 less than 10% of the Company’s combined total assets were located outside of the United States and the reported net income outside of the United States was less than 10% of the combined net income of the consolidated Company.

 

11. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

Legal Proceedings

 

On February 17, 2012, a purported shareholder class action, Hilary Coyne v. Metabolix, Inc., Richard P. Eno, and Joseph Hill, Civil Action 1:12-cv-10318 (the “class action”), was filed in the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts, naming the Company and certain officers of the Company as defendants. The class action alleges that the Company made material misrepresentations and/or omissions of material fact in the Company’s disclosures during the period from March 10, 2010 through its January 12, 2012 press release announcing that ADM had given notice of termination of the Telles joint venture for PHA biopolymers, all in violation of Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act and Rule 10b-5. The class action seeks certification as a class action, compensatory damages in an unspecified amount, plaintiff’s costs and attorneys’ fees, and unspecified equitable or injunctive relief.

 

On March 7, 2012, a purported derivative lawsuit, Childs v. Kouba et al., Civil Action 12-0892 (the “derivative action”), was filed in Massachusetts Superior Court for Middlesex County, on behalf of the Company against members of the Company’s Board of Directors for alleged breaches of their fiduciary duties and based on a nearly identical set of alleged facts as those asserted in the class action.  The derivative action seeks compensatory damages in an unspecified amount, plaintiff’s costs and attorneys’ fees, and unspecified equitable or injunctive relief. The parties in the derivative action filed and the court granted a joint motion to stay the derivative action until after resolution of the anticipated motion to dismiss in the class action.

 

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We are currently unable to assess the probability of loss or estimate a range of potential loss, if any, associated with these matters because they are at an early stage.

 

12. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

 

The Company has certain financial assets recorded at fair value which have been classified as Level 1, 2 or 3 within the fair value hierarchy as described in the accounting standards for fair value measurements. Fair values determined by Level 1 inputs utilize observable data such as quoted prices in active markets. Fair values determined by Level 2 inputs utilize data points other than quoted prices in active markets that are observable either directly or indirectly. Fair values determined by Level 3 inputs utilize unobservable data points in which there is little or no market data, which require the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions.

 

The Company’s financial assets classified as Level 2 have been initially valued at the transaction price and subsequently valued typically utilizing third party pricing services. Because the Company’s investment portfolio may include securities that do not always trade on a daily basis, the pricing services use many observable market inputs to determine value including reportable trades, benchmark yields and benchmarking of like securities. The Company validates the prices provided by the third party pricing services by reviewing their pricing methods and obtaining market values from other pricing sources. After completing the validation procedures, the Company did not adjust or override any fair value measurements provided by these pricing services as of March 31, 2012 or December 31, 2011.

 

The tables below present information about the Company’s assets that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 and indicate the fair value hierarchy of the valuation techniques utilized to determine such fair value.

 

 

 

Fair value measurements at reporting date using

 

 

 

 

 

Quoted prices in

 

 

 

Significant

 

 

 

 

 

active markets for

 

Significant other

 

unobservable

 

 

 

 

 

identical assets

 

observable inputs

 

inputs

 

Balance as of

 

Description

 

(Level 1)

 

(Level 2)

 

(Level 3)

 

3/31/12

 

Cash equivalents:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Money Market funds

 

$

6,498

 

$

 

$

 

$

6,498

 

Short-term investments:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate Debt

 

 

21,250

 

 

21,250

 

Government-sponsored enterprises

 

 

35,097

 

 

35,097

 

Total

 

$

6,498

 

$

56,347

 

$

 

$

62,845

 

 

 

 

Fair value measurements at reporting date using

 

 

 

 

 

Quoted prices in active

 

 

 

Significant

 

 

 

 

 

markets for identical

 

Significant other

 

unobservable

 

 

 

 

 

assets

 

observable inputs

 

inputs

 

Balance as of

 

Description

 

(Level 1)

 

(Level 2)

 

(Level 3)

 

12/31/11

 

Cash equivalents:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Money Market funds

 

$

18,262

 

$

 

$

 

$

18,262

 

Short-term investments:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate Debt

 

 

29,866

 

 

29,866

 

Government-sponsored Securities

 

 

25,712

 

 

25,712

 

Long-term investments:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Government Securities

 

 

1,503

 

 

1,503

 

Total

 

$

18,262

 

$

57,081

 

$

 

$

75,343

 

 

In the tables above as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, government securities included $21,072 and $29,707, respectively, of Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation guaranteed senior notes issued by financial institutions under the Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program.

 

The Company considers investments purchased with an original maturity date of ninety days or more at the date of purchase and a maturity date of one year or less at the balance sheet date to be short-term investments.  All other investments are classified as long-term.

 

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13. RELATED PARTIES

 

The Company engaged in various transactions with Tepha, Inc., a related party, and recorded $45 and $301 of license and royalty revenue during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.  As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Company had no outstanding receivables due from Tepha.

 

The Company had various transactions with its former alliance partner ADM, a related party, during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011. The Company had an outstanding receivable balance of $135 and $203 due from ADM at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively.

 

The Company also had various transactions with Telles. As of March 31, 2012 the Company had no significant outstanding receivable due from Telles. The Company had an outstanding receivable balance of $108 due from Telles as of December 31, 2011. For more information on the Company’s related party transactions, please see Note 8 to the Company’s audited financial statements included in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.

 

14. COMMON STOCK

 

Common Stock Issuances

 

During May 2011, the Company completed a public offering of 7,130,000 shares of its common stock at a price of $7.25 per share. Net proceeds were $49,333 after deducting underwriting discounts, commissions and offering costs of $2,360. The Company is using the proceeds from the offering for working capital and other general corporate purposes.

 

15. INVENTORY

 

During the quarter ended March 31, 2012 the Company acquired raw material and finished goods inventory of biopolymer from Telles, as a result of the termination of the joint venture with ADM.   Inventory consisted of the following at:

 

 

 

March 31,
2012

 

Raw materials

 

$

765

 

Finished goods

 

2,212

 

 

 

$

2,977

 

 

The Company did not own any inventory at December 31, 2011.

 

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16. RESTRUCTURING

 

In connection with the Telles termination, in the first quarter of 2012, the Company restructured its biopolymers business and downsized its operations to more appropriately align its 2012 business priorities and strategic plans with current cash and investment resources.  The Company recognized $859 of restructuring charges during the quarter ended March 31, 2012, as follows:

 

 

 

Original
Charges and
Amounts
Accrued

 

(Reversals) or
Adjustments
to Charges

 

Amounts Paid
through
March 31, 2012

 

Amounts
Accrued at
March 31, 2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employee severance, benefits and related costs

 

$

837

 

$

 

$

833

 

$

4

 

Contract termination costs

 

22

 

 

22

 

 

 

 

$

859

 

$

 

$

855

 

$

4

 

 

The Company expects to record an additional restructuring cost of approximately $150 in its second fiscal quarter of 2012 as a result of consolidating its operations and discontinuing use of its corporate office facility located at One Kendall Square, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

 

ITEM 2.  MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

 

(All dollar amounts are stated in thousands)

 

Forward Looking Statements

 

This quarterly report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. In particular, statements contained in the Form 10-Q, including but not limited to, statements regarding our future results of operations and financial position, business strategy and plan prospects, projected revenue or costs and objectives of management for future research, development or operations, are forward-looking statements. These statements relate to our future plans, objectives, expectations and intentions and may be identified by words such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “expects,” “plans,” “anticipate,” “intends,” “target,” “projects,” “contemplates,” “believe,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential,” and “continue,” or similar words.

 

Although we believe that our expectations are based on reasonable assumptions within the limits of our knowledge of our business and operations, the forward-looking statements contained in this document are neither promises nor guarantees. Our business is subject to significant risk and uncertainties and there can be no assurance that our actual results will not differ materially from our expectations. These forward looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements concerning: future financial performance and position and management’s strategy, plans and objectives for research and development, product development, and commercialization of current and future products, including the commercialization of our biopolymer products. Such forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated including, without limitation, risks related to our dependence on establishing collaborations or partnerships for the commercialization of our products, risks related to the development and commercialization of new and uncertain technologies, risks associated with our protection and enforcement of our intellectual property rights, as well as other risks and uncertainties set forth below under the caption “Risk Factors” in Part I, Item 1A, of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.

 

The forward-looking statements presented in this document are made only as of the date hereof and we do not intend to update or publicly announce the results of any revisions to any of our forward-looking statements other than as required under the federal securities laws.

 

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Overview

 

Metabolix is an innovation-driven bioscience company focused on delivering sustainable solutions to the plastics, chemicals and energy industries. We have core capabilities in microbial genetics, fermentation process engineering, chemical engineering, polymer science, plant genetics and botanical science, and we have assembled these capabilities in a way that has allowed us to integrate our biotechnology research with real world chemical engineering and industrial practice. In addition, we have created an extensive intellectual property portfolio to protect our innovations and, together with our technology, to serve as a valuable foundation for future industry collaborations.

 

The markets for petroleum-based plastics, chemicals and fuels are among the largest in the global economy. Issues associated with the prolonged use of petroleum-based products include plastic waste management and pollution, limited fossil fuel availability and price volatility, and global warming and climate change. We believe that a substantial global market opportunity exists to develop and commercialize our technology to produce sustainable, renewable alternatives to petroleum-based products including advanced biopolymers, biobased industrial chemicals and bioenergy.

 

Metabolix was formed to leverage the ability of natural systems to produce complex biopolymers from renewable resources. Metabolix has focused on a family of biopolymers found in nature called polyhydroxyalkanoates, or (“PHAs”), which occur naturally in living organisms and are chemically similar to polyesters. Metabolix has demonstrated the production of PHAs at the industrial scale to produce PHA biopolymers and biobased industrial chemicals, as well as production of PHB, a subclass of PHA biopolymer, in agriculturally significant crop plants.

 

In 2006, we entered into a commercial alliance with ADM Polymer Corporation (“ADM Polymer”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Archer Daniels Midland Company (“ADM”), one of the largest agricultural processors in the world.

 

Under the commercial alliance, ADM was responsible for resin manufacturing, and Metabolix was primarily responsible for product development, compounding, marketing and sales. Through this alliance, the companies developed a proprietary, world scale microbial fermentation and recovery system for producing PHA biopolymers and established a joint venture company, Telles, LLC (“Telles”), to commercialize PHA biopolymer products. In 2009, ADM completed construction of the initial phase of its Commercial Manufacturing Facility located in Clinton, Iowa (“the Commercial Manufacturing Facility”). In 2010, the plant commenced operations and began production. In 2010 and 2011, Telles conducted significant product and commercial development activities with potential customers, marketed and sold product to customers under the tradenames Mirel™ and Mvera™, and developed a network of business partners and distributors. On January 9, 2012, ADM notified us that they were terminating the commercial alliance, effective as of February 8, 2012. ADM undertook a strategic review of its business investments and activities and made the decision to focus resources outside of Telles. As the basis for the decision, ADM indicated to us in January 2012 that the projected financial returns from the alliance were too uncertain.

 

Upon termination, ADM retained the Commercial Manufacturing Facility. We retained significant rights and assets associated with the PHA biopolymers business consistent with our intent to launch the business using a new commercial model, continuing business operations, marketing biopolymer products, and identifying alternate manufacturing capability. We hold exclusive rights to the Metabolix technology and intellectual property used in the joint venture. We have also acquired all of Telles’s product inventory and compounding raw materials, all product certifications and all product trademarks including MirelTM and MveraTM, and we retained all co-funded pilot plant equipment in locations outside of the Clinton, Iowa plant. Metabolix has no obligations under the ledger account totaling $433 million which was funded by ADM to construct the Commercial Manufacturing Facility and to provide working capital to Telles.

 

In the first quarter of 2012, we restructured the biopolymers business and downsized our operations to more appropriately align our 2012 business priorities and strategic plans with current cash and investment resources. Although the restructuring was done primarily through employee termination, we retained a core team in our biopolymers group to provide continuity with technology, manufacturing process, and markets. We have continued to work closely with customers during this transition to understand their product needs and to match them to available inventory. In addition, we have opened constructive discussions with alternative manufacturing and commercialization partners for biopolymers. Through Telles, we learned extremely valuable information about how customers and brand owners envision the use of PHA biopolymers in their products. Based on these interactions, we

 

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remain confident that Metabolix biopolymers provide an important solution to those wishing to reduce dependence on petroleum, reduce plastic waste in the environment, and utilize new solutions to meet sustainable packaging goals.

 

In 2012, our primary objectives are to advance business discussions with third parties with the goal of establishing a new commercial model for our PHA biopolymers, to work closely with our core customers to provide product from existing inventory during the transition phase and ensure ongoing development of PHA biopolymer products, to narrow our market development focus to high value market segments as the foundation to successfully build the business, and to establish a new manufacturing and supply chain properly sized to our business.

 

For our second platform we are developing C4 and C3 chemicals from biobased sources, not the fossil fuels that are currently used to produce most industrial chemicals today. During 2009 we completed all work under our U.S. Department of Commerce National Institute of Standards and Technology grant, a $2 million grant aimed at producing C4 chemicals from renewable sources. We were able to achieve all of the technical milestones outlined in this grant. In 2010, we continued to scale up our C4 chemicals technology and continued efforts on chemical recovery and purification. We made progress toward production of biobased gamma-butyrolactone (“GBL”) samples for shipment to potential customers and we expanded exploratory partnership discussions.

 

In 2011, Metabolix and CJ CheilJedang (“CJ”) announced a joint development agreement to continue to advance and refine our production technology and assess investment options for the commercialization of biobased C4 chemicals via fermentation. The two companies are collaborating closely to develop a detailed market and economic analysis examining all aspects of an investment to commercialize biobased C4 chemicals. In addition to this collaboration, in the C4 program we produced GBL at industrial scale and demonstrated a chemical profile consistent with existing industrial specifications.

 

The Company believes that developing and commercializing biobased C3 chemicals could represent another attractive market for our technology.

 

Our third technology platform, crop-based businesses, which is at an early stage, is an innovative biorefinery system which uses plant crops to co-produce PHAs that can subsequently be recovered as bioplastics or biobased chemicals while also generating bioenergy or biofuels in an integrated biorefinery. For this system, we intend to extract polymer from the engineered plant crop, so that the remaining plant material can be used as a biomass feedstock for the production of bioenergy products including electricity and biofuel. In 2010, we expanded our recovery technology to enable the production of industrial chemicals from this platform. Our crop research has included tobacco, as well as oilseed, specifically camelina, sugarcane and switchgrass.

 

In 2011, Metabolix was awarded a $6 million grant by the U.S. Department of Energy (“DOE”) to engineer switchgrass producing 10 percent PHB, by weight, in the whole plant and to develop methods to thermally convert the PHB-containing biomass to crotonic acid and a higher density residual biomass fraction for production of biofuel.

 

As of March 31, 2012, we had an accumulated deficit of $216,822 and total stockholders’ equity was $69,510.

 

Collaborative Arrangements

 

Our strategy for collaborative arrangements is to retain substantial participation in the future economic value of our technology while receiving current cash payments to offset research and development costs and working capital needs. By their nature, these agreements are complex and have multiple elements that cover a variety of present and future activities.

 

ADM Collaboration

 

In 2004, the Company signed a Technology Alliance and Option Agreement with ADM Polymer Corporation (“ADM Polymer”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of ADM, to establish an alliance whereby the Company would provide technology, licenses and research and development services, and ADM would provide manufacturing services and capital necessary to produce biopolymers on a commercial scale.  The Technology Alliance and Option

 

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Agreement provided ADM with an option (the “Option”) to enter into a commercial alliance for further research, development, manufacture, use, and sale of biopolymers on the terms and conditions set forth in the Commercial Alliance Agreement.  In 2006, ADM exercised this Option, and the Technology Alliance and Option Agreement concluded.

 

The Commercial Alliance Agreement between Metabolix and ADM Polymer specified the terms and structure of the alliance. The primary function of this agreement was to establish the activities and obligations of the parties to commercialize PHA biopolymers, which have been marketed under the brand names Mirel™ and MveraTM. These activities included: the establishment of a joint venture company, Telles, LLC (“Telles”), to market and sell PHA biopolymers, the construction of a manufacturing facility capable of producing 110 million pounds of material annually (the “Commercial Manufacturing Facility”), the licensing of technology to Telles and to ADM, and the conducting of various research, development, manufacturing, sales and marketing, compounding and administrative services by the parties.

 

Telles was formed to: (i) serve as the commercial entity to establish and develop the commercial market for PHA biopolymers, and conduct the marketing and sales in accordance with the goals of the commercial alliance, (ii) assist in the coordination and integration of the manufacturing, compounding and marketing activities, and (iii) administer and account for financial matters on behalf of the parties.  Metabolix and ADM each had a 50% ownership and voting interest in Telles.

 

Under the Technology Alliance and Option Agreement and Commercial Alliance Agreement various payments were made to Metabolix by ADM as shown in the table below.  All of these payments were recorded as deferred revenue on the Company’s balance sheet and were expected to be recognized on a straight line basis over a period of approximately ten years in which Metabolix would fulfill its contractual obligations during the Commercial Phase of the Commercial Alliance Agreement.

 

Upfront Payment

 

$

3,000

 

Milestone Payments

 

2,000

 

Support Payments

 

22,050

 

Cost Sharing Payments for pre-commercial manufacturing plant construction and operations

 

11,835

 

Total

 

$

38,885

 

 

Under the Commercial Alliance Agreement ADM was permitted, under limited circumstances, to terminate the alliance if a change in circumstances that was not reasonably within the control of ADM made the anticipated financial return from the project inadequate or too uncertain. The agreement provided that, upon termination by ADM due to a change in circumstances, Metabolix would be permitted to continue to produce and sell PHA biopolymers, and ADM would be required to perform manufacturing services for the Company for a period of time following the termination (subject to certain payment obligations to ADM).  On January 9, 2012, ADM notified the Company that it was terminating the commercial alliance effective February 8, 2012.  ADM had recently undertaken a strategic review of its business investments and activities and made the decision to focus resources outside of Telles. As the basis for the decision, ADM indicated to the Company that the projected financial returns from the alliance were too uncertain.

 

The Commercial Alliance Agreement with ADM limited the rights of both ADM and the Company to work with other parties or alone in developing or commercializing certain PHAs produced through fermentation. These exclusivity obligations ended upon termination of the alliance.  Also, upon termination of the alliance, Metabolix intellectual property licenses to ADM Polymer and Telles ended, with Metabolix retaining all rights to its intellectual property.  ADM retained its Commercial Manufacturing Facility located in Clinton, Iowa, previously used to produce PHA biopolymers for Telles.

 

The Company has no further performance obligations in connection with the commercial alliance after its termination, and as a result, the $38,885 of deferred revenue was recognized by the Company during its fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2012.

 

After termination of the Commercial Alliance Agreement, the parties entered into a Settlement Agreement dated March 6, 2012 in which the parties agreed to specific terms related to the winding up and dissolution of Telles.

 

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Under this Settlement Agreement the Company purchased certain assets of the joint venture for $2,982, including all of Telles’s inventory, exclusive and perpetual rights to all of Telles’s trademarks, and all product registrations, certifications and approvals for Telles’s PHA biopolymers.  Pursuant to the Settlement Agreement, ADM relinquished any claims with respect to certain co-funded equipment previously acquired by Metabolix and situated at locations other than the Clinton, Iowa Commercial Manufacturing Facility, and Metabolix and Telles waived any rights to post-termination manufacturing and fermentation services under the Commercial Alliance Agreement. The Company assessed the market value of the various assets acquired from Telles under the Settlement Agreement and determined that the full amount of the $2,982 purchase price should be allocated to the raw material and biopolymer inventory.

 

Pursuant to the Settlement Agreement, Telles paid to ADM an amount equal to the aggregate cash balances of Telles totaling $3,778 on the date of the Settlement Agreement, minus $100 retained by Telles to settle any remaining trade obligations.  The Company believes the remaining trade obligations of Telles at the date of execution of the Settlement Agreement did not exceed $100.  In the event that ADM is required to repay to Telles or to pay to any creditor of Telles any amounts included in the $2,982 purchase price or the $3,678 distributed to ADM by Telles pursuant to the Settlement Agreement, Metabolix is obligated to reimburse ADM in an amount equal to 50% of such payments, provided that in no event would the amount to be so paid by Metabolix exceed the total of the $2,982 purchase price and the $3,678 Telles cash required to be so repaid or reimbursed by ADM. The Company is not aware of any such third party creditor claims, and believes that the likelihood that it will be required to reimburse ADM under this provision is remote. Therefore, no liability for this potential obligation is included in the Company’s balance sheet at March 31, 2012.

 

Government Grants

 

As of March 31, 2012, expected gross proceeds of $5,648 remain to be received under our U.S. and Canadian government grants, which includes amounts for reimbursement to our subcontractors, as well as reimbursement for our employees’ time, benefits and other expenses related to future performance.

 

The status of our United States and Canadian government grants is as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

Total received

 

Remaining amount

 

 

 

 

 

Funding

 

Government

 

through

 

available as of

 

Contract/Grant

 

Program Title

 

Agency

 

Funds

 

March 31, 2012

 

March 31, 2012

 

Expiration

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Renewable Enhanced Feedstocks For Advanced Biofuels And Bioproducts

 

Department of Energy

 

$

6,000

 

$

514

 

$

5,486

 

June 2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blow Molded Bioproducts From Renewable Plastics

 

Department of Agriculture

 

349

 

315

 

34

 

August 2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Advanced Technologies For Engineering Of Camilina

 

Canadian Ministry of Agriculture

 

210

 

82

 

128

 

February 2013

 

Total

 

 

 

$

6,559

 

$

911

 

$

5,648

 

 

 

 

Critical Accounting Estimates and Judgments

 

The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to revenue recognition, stock-based compensation and restructuring charges. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates. The significant accounting policies used in preparation of these condensed consolidated financial statements for the three months ended March 31, 2012 are consistent with those discussed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011. The

 

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critical accounting policies and the significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements for the three months ended March 31, 2012 are consistent with those discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011 in the section captioned “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Critical Accounting Estimates and Judgments.”

 

Results of Operations

 

Comparison of the Three Months Ended March 31, 2012 and 2011

 

Revenue

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

 

 

2012

 

2011

 

Change

 

Revenue from termination of ADM collaboration

 

$

38,885

 

$

 

$

38,885

 

Grant revenue

 

378

 

25

 

353

 

License fee and royalty revenue from related parties

 

45

 

301

 

(256

)

Product revenue

 

14

 

 

14

 

Total revenue

 

$

39,322

 

$

326

 

$

38,996

 

 

Total revenue was $39,322 and $326 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.  During the three months ended March 31, 2012 we recognized $38,885 of previously deferred revenue related to our Telles joint venture with ADM that terminated effective February 8, 2012.  This deferred revenue, which was previously expected to be recognized over a future estimated ten year period as we met our contractual performance obligations, became immediately recognizable upon termination when no further performance obligations remained.  Grant revenue was $378 and $25 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The increase of $353 was primarily generated from our Renewable Enhanced Feedstocks for Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts (“REFABB”) grant and our Blow Molded Bioproducts from Renewable Plastics grant. During the three months ended March 31, 2012 we recognized $45 of license fee and royalty revenue from related parties compared to $301 for the respective period in 2011. The decrease of $256 was primarily attributable to a royalty earned under a licensing agreement with Tepha, Inc. during the first quarter of 2011.  During the three months ended March 31, 2012 we recognized $14 of product revenue related to the sale of biopolymer.

 

Costs and expenses

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

 

 

2012

 

2011

 

Change

 

Cost of product revenues

 

$

55

 

$

 

$

55

 

Research and development

 

6,045

 

6,199

 

(154

)

Selling, general, and administrative

 

4,399

 

3,787

 

612

 

Total costs and expenses

 

$

10,499

 

$

9,986

 

$

513

 

 

Research and development expenses

 

Research and development expenses were $6,045 and $6,199 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.  The decrease of $154 was primarily attributable to decreases in contracted research and travel offset by an increase in consulting services. Contracted research decreased to $276 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 compared to $455 for the respective period in 2011. The decrease of $179 was primarily due to the termination of the Telles joint venture. Travel related expenses were $49 and $174 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The decrease of $125 was primarily the result of decreased travel related to product and business development. Consulting services increased to $224 during the three months ended March 31, 2012 compared to $82 during the respective period in 2011. The increase of $142 was primarily due to business development costs transferred to Metabolix as a result of the termination of Telles. Included in research and development expenses were $440 of restructuring charges.

 

We expect our research and development expenses to decline during 2012 as a result of the termination of our Telles joint venture in February 2012 and our subsequent decision to restructure our operations, primarily through employee termination. We plan to retain a core team to provide continuity with the commercialization of our

 

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biopolymer technology and we will continue to evaluate options to launch the PHA biopolymers business with a new commercial model. We also expect to continue development of biobased industrial chemicals. In addition, we will continue to incur costs in support of our REFABB grant, the object of which is the demonstration of low cost chemicals production from biomass crops and developing intellectual property in our oilseeds program.

 

Selling, general, and administrative expenses

 

Selling, general, and administrative expenses were $4,399 and $3,787 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The increase of $612 was primarily related to an increase in employee compensation and related benefit expenses, professional fees and consulting services. Employee compensation and benefit related expense increased to $2,554 from $2,356 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The increase of $198 was primarily due to employee termination payments made in connection with our restructuring and recruiting fees incurred in connection with our search for additional members to serve on our Board of Directors. Professional fees increased to $842 from $578 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The increase of $264 was primarily due to legal fees incurred in connection to the termination of Telles and increased patent costs. Included in selling, general, and administrative expenses were $419 of restructuring costs.

 

We expect a decline in selling, general and administrative expenses during 2012. The expected decrease is primarily related to the termination of the Telles joint venture in February 2012 and our subsequent decision to restructure our operations, primarily through employee terminations. We expect that this will result in lower sales and marketing expenses.

 

Other Income (Net)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

 

 

2012

 

2011

 

Change

 

Total other income (net)

 

$

17

 

$

20

 

$

(3

)

 

Other income (net) was $17 and $20 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Other income (net) during both periods consisted of investment income.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Currently, we require cash to fund our working capital needs, to purchase capital assets and to pay our operating lease obligations.

 

The primary sources of our liquidity have been:

 

· equity financing;

· our strategic alliance with ADM;

· government grants; and

· interest earned on cash and short-term investments.

 

Following the recent termination of our strategic alliance with ADM in the first quarter 2012, it will not be a source of future liquidity.

 

We have incurred significant expenses relating to our research and development efforts. As of March 31, 2012, we had an accumulated deficit of $216,822. Our total unrestricted cash, cash equivalents and investments as of March 31, 2012 were $65,951 as compared to $78,358 at December 31, 2011. As of March 31, 2012, we had no outstanding debt.

 

Our cash and cash equivalents at March 31, 2012 were held for working capital purposes. We do not enter into investments for trading or speculative purposes. The primary objective of our investment activities is to preserve our capital. As of March 31, 2012, we had restricted cash of $622.  Restricted cash consists of $522 held in connection with the lease agreements for our Cambridge, Massachusetts facilities and $100 held in connection with our

 

20



Table of Contents

 

corporate credit card program. Investments are made in accordance with our corporate investment policy, as approved by our Board of Directors. Investments are limited to high quality corporate debt, U.S. Treasury bills and notes, bank debt obligations, municipal debt obligations and asset-backed securities. The policy establishes maturity limits, concentration limits, and liquidity requirements. As of March 31, 2012, we were in compliance with this policy.

 

We believe that our cash, cash equivalents and investments and interest we earn on these balances, will be sufficient to meet our anticipated cash requirements for at least the next 12 months. If our available cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments are insufficient to satisfy our liquidity requirements, or if we require additional capital to construct or acquire manufacturing facilities, we may need to sell additional equity or debt securities or obtain a credit facility. The sale of additional equity and debt securities may result in additional dilution to our stockholders. If we raise additional funds through the issuance of debt securities or preferred stock, these securities could have rights senior to those of our common stock and could contain covenants that would restrict our operations. We may require additional capital beyond our currently forecasted amounts. Any such required additional capital may not be available on reasonable terms, if at all. If we are unable to obtain additional financing, we may be required to reduce the scope of, delay or eliminate some or all of our planned research, development and commercialization activities, which could harm our business.

 

In the first quarter of 2012, we restructured our business, taking a restructuring charge of $859.  We currently expect cash usage for 2012 to be in the range of $28,000 to $30,000, and to end 2012 with cash and investments of approximately $48,000 to $50,000.  We also anticipate ending 2012 with an annual cash usage run rate of $24,000, excluding any additional partner funding, grant revenue or other sources of income.  In connection with the wind-up of the Telles joint venture, we made a payment of approximately $2,982 to ADM in March 2012, primarily to acquire all of Telles’ inventory.

 

Net cash used in operating activities was $12,259 and $9,362 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The increase of $2,897 in cash used from operating activities primarily reflects $2,982 used to purchase the Telles inventory.

 

Net cash provided by investing activities was $573 and $16,846 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Net cash provided by investment activities for the three months ended March 31, 2012 consisted of $28,961 provided by sale and maturity of short-term investments offset by $28,240 used to purchase short-term investments and $148 used to purchase capital equipment.

 

Net cash provided by financing activities was $11 and $36 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Net cash provided by financing activities for both periods was solely attributable to the proceeds received from the exercise of stock options.

 

Contractual Obligations

 

The following table summarizes our contractual obligations at March 31, 2012.

 

 

 

Payments Due by Period

 

 

 

 

 

Less than

 

2-3

 

4-5

 

More than

 

 

 

Total

 

1 year

 

years

 

years

 

5 years

 

Purchase obligations

 

$

75

 

$

25

 

$

50

 

$

 

 

$

 

Operating lease obligations

 

2,575

 

1,285

 

1,290

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$

2,650

 

$

1,310

 

$

1,340

 

$

 

$

 

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

As of March 31, 2012, we had no off-balance sheet arrangements as defined in Item 303(a)(4) of the Securities and Exchange Commission’s Regulation S-K.

 

Related Party Transactions

 

See Note 13 to our consolidated financial statements for a full description of our related party transactions.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In June 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued an accounting standards update that eliminates the option to present components of other comprehensive income as part of the statement of changes in equity and requires an entity to present items of net income and other comprehensive income either in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements. This guidance also requires an entity to present on the face of the financial statements reclassification adjustments from other comprehensive income to net income. This guidance became effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011. In December 2011, the FASB issued an accounting standards update that defers the presentation requirement for other comprehensive income reclassifications on the face of the financial statements. We adopted the provisions of the guidance in the first quarter of 2012 and elected to present items of net income and other comprehensive income in two separate but consecutive statements.

 

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.

 

There have been no material changes in information regarding our exposure to market risk, as described in Item 7A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES.

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Our management (with the participation of our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer) evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”)), as of March 31, 2012. Disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported on a timely basis and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including the Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Based on this evaluation, our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer concluded that these disclosure controls and procedures are effective.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There was no change in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) during the quarter ended March 31, 2012 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

PART II — OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

 

On February 17, 2012, a purported shareholder class action, Hilary Coyne v. Metabolix, Inc., Richard P. Eno, and Joseph Hill, Civil Action 1:12-cv-10318 (the “class action”), was filed in the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts, naming the Company and certain officers of the Company as defendants. The class action alleges that the Company made material misrepresentations and/or omissions of material fact in the Company’s disclosures during the period from March 10, 2010 through its January 12, 2012 press release announcing that ADM had given notice of termination of the Telles joint venture for PHA bioplastics, all in violation of Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act and Rule 10b-5. The class action seeks certification as a class action, compensatory damages in an unspecified amount, plaintiff’s costs and attorneys’ fees, and unspecified equitable or injunctive relief.

 

On March 7, 2012, a purported derivative lawsuit, Childs v. Kouba et al., Civil Action 12-0892 (the “derivative action”), was filed in Massachusetts Superior Court for Middlesex County, on behalf of the Company against members of the Company’s Board of Directors for alleged breaches of their fiduciary duties and based on a nearly identical set of alleged facts as those asserted in the class action.  The derivative action seeks compensatory damages in an unspecified amount, plaintiff’s costs and attorneys’ fees, and unspecified equitable or injunctive relief.

 

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Table of Contents

 

The parties in the derivative action filed and the court granted a joint motion to stay the derivative action until after resolution of the anticipated motion to dismiss in the class action.

 

We are currently unable to assess the probability of loss or estimate a range of potential loss, if any, associated with these matters because they are at an early stage.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS.

 

There have been no material changes in information regarding our risk factors as described in Part 1, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.

 

ITEM 2.  UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS.

 

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

 

On January 12, 2012 the Company issued 22,776 shares of common stock to participants in its Metabolix, Inc. 401(k) Plan as a matching contribution. The issuance of these securities is exempt from registration pursuant to Section 3(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933 as exempted securities.

 

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2012, there were no repurchases made by us or on our behalf, or by any “affiliated purchasers,” of shares of our common stock.

 

ITEM 3.  DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES.

 

None.

 

ITEM 4. (NOT APPLICABLE).

 

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION.

 

None.

 

ITEM 6. EXHIBITS.

 

10.1

 

Joint Commercial Alliance Settlement Agreement dated March 6, 2012, among the Registrant, ADM Polymer Corporation, Telles, LLC, and Telles (Europe) BV (furnished herewith). Confidential treatment has been requested for certain portions of this document. Such provisions have been filed separately with the Commission.

 

 

 

10.2

 

First Amendment dated February 29, 2012, of Lease between Fortune Wakefield, LLC (“Landlord”) and Metabolix, Inc. dated March 30, 2007 (furnished herewith).

 

 

 

10.3

 

Letter Agreement, dated as of February 6, 2012, by and among the Company, Jack W. Schuler, Renate Schuler and the Schuler Family Foundation (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K (Reg. No. 001-33133) dated February 10, 2012.

 

 

 

31.1

 

Certification Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 of the Principal Executive Officer (furnished herewith).

 

 

 

31.2

 

Certification Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 of the Principal Financial Officer (furnished herewith).

 

 

 

32.1

 

Section 1350 Certification (furnished herewith).

 

 

 

101.1

 

The following financial information from the Metabolix Inc. Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2012 formatted in XBRL: (i) Consolidated Balance Sheets, March 31, 2012 and

 

23



Table of Contents

 

 

 

December 31, 2011; (ii) Consolidated Statements of Operations, Three Months Ended March 31, 2012 and 2011; (iii) Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss), Three Months Ended March 31, 2012 and 2011; (iv) Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, Three Months Ended March 31, 2012 and 2011; and (v) Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.*

 

 

 


*

 

XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language) information is furnished and not filed or a part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of section 11 or 12 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, is deemed not filed for purposes of section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and otherwise is not subject to liability under these sections.

 

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Table of Contents

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

METABOLIX, INC.

 

 

 

 

 

 

May 9, 2012

By:

/s/ RICHARD P. ENO

 

 

Richard P. Eno

 

 

President and Chief Executive Officer

 

 

(Principal Executive Officer)

 

 

 

May 9, 2012

By:

/s/ JOSEPH D. HILL

 

 

Joseph D. Hill

 

 

Chief Financial Officer

 

 

(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

25


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