PINX:CDKG China Du Kang Co Ltd Quarterly Report 10-Q Filing - 3/31/2012

Effective Date 3/31/2012

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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2012
 
o
TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE EXCHANGE ACT
 
For the transition period from____to____
 
Commission File No.  333-157281
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
 
NEVADA
 
 90-0531621
(State or other jurisdiction of   incorporation or organization)
 
(IRS Employer Identification No.)
 
Town of Dukang, Baishui County,
A-28, Van Metropolis, #35 Tangyan Road,
Xi'an, Shaanxi, PRC, 710065
(Address of principal executive offices) 
            
8629-88830106-822
(Issuer's telephone number)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes x    No o
  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes o    No x
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

o Large Accelerated Filer   o Accelerated Filer     o Non-accelerated Filer         x Smaller Reporting Company
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.   Yes o   No x
 
State the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common equity, as of the latest practicable date: March 31, 2012:  100,113,791 shares of common stock
 


 
 

 
 
Table of Contents
10-Q China Du Kang Co., Ltd.
FORM 10-Q
 
   
PAGE
 
PART I
       
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
   
3
 
         
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OR PLAN OF OPERATION
    37  
         
QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
    40  
         
CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
   
40
 
         
PART II
         
LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
   
41
 
         
RISK FACTORS
   
41
 
         
UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
   
44
 
         
DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES
   
44
 
         
EXHIBITS
   
45
 
         
SIGNATURES
   
46
 
 
 
2

 
 
 
 
 
 
PART I.
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
 
FINANCIAL REPORT
 
At March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 and
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2012 and 2011
 





 
 
3

 

CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
INDEX
 
   
PAGE
 
       
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
    5  
         
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
    6  
         
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPRESENTATIVE INCOME
    7  
         
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
    8  
         
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
    9-36  
 
 
 
4

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 
   
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
   
(unaudited)
       
ASSETS
           
Current Assets:
           
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 946,072     $ 968,370  
Accounts receivable, net (Note 6)
    328,757       270,276  
Others receivable
    6,029       2,427  
Prepaid expenses (Note 7)
    927,136       678,528  
Inventories (Note 8)
    5,328,559       5,335,136  
Total current assets
    7,536,553       7,254,737  
                 
Property, Plant and Equipment, net (Note 9)
    4,374,206       4,451,669  
Intangible assets, net (Note 10)
    2,035,956       2,034,235  
Long-term investment
    1,897,323       1,885,399  
                 
Total Assets
  $ 15,844,038     $ 15,626,040  
                 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
               
Current Liabilities:
               
Accounts payable
  $ 1,255,577     $ 1,215,285  
Accrued expenses (Note 11)
    321,950       352,964  
Others payable
    146,109       125,599  
Taxes payable (Note 12)
    676,067       661,296  
Deferred revenue
    2,558,359       2,785,391  
Employee security deposit
    45,854       45,564  
Lease liability-current (Note 17)
    120,836       123,087  
Total Current Liabilities
    5,124,752       5,309,186  
                 
Long-term Liabilities:
               
Lease liability-long-term (Note 17)
    824,843       847,420  
Total Long-term Liabilities
    824,843       847,420  
Total Liabilities
    5,949,595       6,156,606  
                 
Commitments and Contingencies (Note 17)
    -       -  
                 
Shareholders' Equity:
               
China Du Kang Co., Ltd. Shareholders' Equity
               
Preferred stock, par value $0.001, 5,000,000 shares authorized;
               
no shares issued and outstanding as of                
March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011     -       -  
Common stock, par value $0.001, 250,000,000 shares authorized;
               
 100,113,791 shares issued and outstanding as of                
March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011     100,114       100,114  
Additional paid-in capital
    27,385,386       27,385,386  
Accumulated deficit
    (21,967,543 )     (22,292,346 )
Accumulated other comprehensive income
    (762,047 )     (821,700 )
Total China Du Kang Co., Ltd.  Shareholders' equity (deficit)     4,755,910       4,371,454  
Noncontrolling Interest
    5,138,533       5,097,980  
Total Shareholders' Equity (Deficit)
    9,894,443       9,469,434  
Total Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity (Deficit)   $ 15,844,038     $ 15,626,040  
 
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 
5

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
 
   
For the Three Months Ended
 
   
March 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
   
(unaudited)
   
(unaudited)
 
Revenues
           
Sales of Liquor
  $ 614,377     $ 427,679  
License Fees
    212,322       283,817  
Gross Profit
    826,699       711,496  
                 
Costs of Revenues
               
Costs of Liquor Sold
    459,435       340,138  
Costs of License Fees
    -       -  
Total Costs of Sales
    459,435       340,138  
                 
Gross Profit
    367,264       371,358  
                 
Operating Expenses
               
                 
Selling Expenses
               
Advertising expenses
    12,609       5,907  
Travel and entertainment
    7,652       1,734  
 Total Selling Expenses
    20,261       7,641  
                 
General and administrative expenses
               
Payroll
    71,353       78,288  
Employee benefit and pension
    21,617       19,080  
Depreciation and amortization expenses
    31,370       45,649  
Professional fees and consultancy fees
    52,530       25,104  
Office expenses
    20,982       15,842  
Vehicle expenses
    7,782       9,276  
Travel and entertainment
    7,908       11,029  
Other general and administrative expenses
    -       33,872  
Total General and Administrative Expenses
    213,542       238,140  
                 
Total Operating Expenses
    233,803       271,468  
                 
Income (Loss) from Operation
    133,461       125,577  
                 
Other Income (Expenses)
               
Interest income
    1,223       1,520  
Interest expenses
    (8,048 )     (18,543 )
Imputed interest
    -       (262,497 )
Governmental subsidy
    261,071       -  
Other income (expense)
    32       100  
Total other income (expenses)
    254,278       (279,420 )
                 
Income (Loss) before Provision for Income Tax
    387,739       (153,843 )
                 
Provision for Income Tax
    (22,353 )     (46,585 )
                 
Net Income (Loss)
    365,386       (200,428 )
                 
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
    40,583       31,831  
                 
Net Income (Loss) attributable to
               
     China Du Kang Co., Ltd.
  $ 324,803     $ (232,259 )
                 
Basic and Fully Diluted Earnings per Share
  $ 0.00     $ (0.00 )
                 
Weighted average shares outstanding
    100,113,791       100,113,791  
 
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
 
 
6

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPRESENTATIVE INCOME
 
   
For the Three Months Ended
 
   
March 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
   
(unaudited)
   
(unaudited)
 
             
Net income
  $ 365,386     $ (200,428 )
Other comprehensive income, net of tax:
               
      Effects of foreign currency conversion
    59,623       (45,704 )
Total other comprehensive, not of tax
    59,623       (45,704 )
Comprehensive income
    425,009       (246,132 )
     Comprehensive income attributable to
               
            the noncontrolling interest
    40,553       32,572  
Comprehensive income attributable to
               
     China Du Kang Co., Ltd.
  $ 384,456     $ (278,704 )

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 
7

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
 
   
For the Three Months Ended
 
   
March 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
   
(unaudited)
   
(unaudited)
 
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
           
             
Net income (loss) including noncontrolling interest
  $ 365,386     $ (200,428 )
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss)
               
   including noncontrolling interest to net cash
               
   provided (used) by operating activities:
               
        Imputed interest
    -       262,497  
        Depreciation
    119,545       89,608  
        Amortization
    11,153       12,404  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
               
   Increase in accounts receivable
    (56,813 )     (539,729 )
   (Increase)/Decrease in others receivable
    (3,589 )     73,096  
   (Increase)/Decrease in prepaid expenses
    (244,494 )     200,075  
   (Increase)/Decrease in inventories
    40,348       (290,375 )
    Increase in accounts payable
    32,630       84,634  
    Increase/(Decrease) in accrued expenses
    (33,270 )     61,268  
    Increase in other payable
    19,730       1,421  
    Decrease in taxes payable
    10,596       33,017  
    Decrease in deferred revenue
    (244,825 )     (72,754 )
    Decrease in lease liabilities
    (30,989 )     (31,685 )
Net cash used by operating activities
    (14,592 )     (316,951 )
                 
Cash Flows from Investing Activities
               
                 
Purchase of fixed assets
    (13,870 )     (77,067 )
Purchase of land use right
    -       (1,953,410 )
Net cash used by investing activities
    (13,870 )     (2,030,477 )
                 
Cash Flows from Financing Activities
               
                 
Proceeds from related parties
    -       1,625,993  
Repayments to related parties
    -       (1,518 )
Net cash provided by financing activities
    -       1,624,475  
                 
Increase (decrease) in cash
    (28,462 )     (722,978 )
Effects of exchange rates on cash
    6,164       43,111  
Cash at beginning of period
    968,370       1,994,126  
Cash at end of period
  $ 946,072     $ 1,314,259  
                 
Supplemental Disclosures of Cash Flow Information:
               
   Cash paid (received) during year for:
               
       Interest
  $ 8,048     $ 13,270  
       Income taxes
  $ -     $ -  
 
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
 
 
8

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 1- BASIS OF PRESENTATION
 
The accompanying unaudited financial statements of China Du Kang Co., Ltd. and subsidiaries, (the “Company” or "Du Kang") were prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. Management of the Company (“Management”) believes that the following disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and the notes for the year ended December 31, 2011.
 
These unaudited financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments that, in the opinion of Management, are necessary to present fairly the financial position and results of operations of the Company for the periods presented. Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2012, are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2012.
 
Note 2- ORGANIZATION AND BUSINESS BACKGROUND
 
China Du Kang Co., Ltd (“China Du Kang” or the “Company”) was incorporated as U. S. Power Systems, Inc., in the State of Nevada on January 16, 1987.  On or about June 8, 2006 the Company’s name was changed to Premier Organic Farms Group, Inc. On or about November 30, 2006 the name was changed to Amstar Financial Holdings, Inc. (“AFLH”). On or about March 18, 2008 the name was changed to its current name of China Du Kang Co., Ltd. with its corporate charter still residing in Nevada.  The Company changed its fiscal year ending from September 30 to December 31 in February 2008.
 
The Company had been engaged in the business to provide various financial services since it's incorporated. The Company was not successful and discontinued the majority of its operation by December 31, 2007.
 
On January 10, 2008, the Company entered into a Plan of Exchange Agreement (the “Exchange Agreement”) with Hong Kong Merit Enterprise Limited (“Merit”), a holding company incorporated in Hong Kong.  Pursuant to the terms of the Exchange Agreement, the Company agreed to issue post split 88,000,000 shares of its common stock to the shareholders of Merit in exchange for Merit to transfer all of its issued and outstanding shares of common stock to the Company, thereby causing Merit to become a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company.  The parties closed the transaction contemplated by the Agreement on February 11, 2008.
 
This transaction is being accounted for as a reverse merger, since the shareholders of Merit owns a majority of the outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock immediately following the share exchange.  Merit is deemed to be the acquirer in the reverse merger.  Consequently, the assets and liabilities and the historical operations that will reflected in the consolidated financial statements for periods prior to the share exchange will be those of Merit and its subsidiaries and will be recorded at the historical cost basis.  After completion of the share exchange, the Company‘s consolidated financial statements will include the assets and liabilities of both Du Kang and Merit, the historical operations of Merit and the operations of the Company and its subsidiaries from the closing date of the share exchange.

 
9

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 2- ORGANIZATION AND BUSINESS BACKGROUND (continued)
 
Merit was incorporated on September 8, 2006 in Hong Kong under the Companies Ordinances as a Limited Liability company.  Merit was formed for the purpose of seeking and consummating a merger or acquisition with a business entity organized as a private corporation, partnership, or sole proprietorship.
 
On January 22, 2008, Merit entered into a Share Purchase Agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) with the owners of Shaanxi Huitong Food Co., Inc. ("Huitong"), a limited liability company incorporated in the People's Republic of China ("PRC") on August 9, 2007 with a registered capital of $128,200 (RMB1,000,000).  Pursuant to the Purchase Agreement,  Merit agreed to purchase 100% of the equity ownership in  Huitong for a cash consideration of $136,722 (RMB 1,000,000).  The local government approved the transaction on February 1, 2008.  Subsequent to the completion of the acquisition, Huitong became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Merit.
 
Huitong was formed for the purpose of seeking and consummating a merger or acquisition with a business entity organized as a private corporation, partnership, or sole proprietorship.  On December  26, 2007, Huitong executed an acquisition agreement with shareholders of Shaanxi Xidenghui Technology Stock Co., Ltd. ("Xidenghui"), whereby Huitong agreed to acquire 98.24% of the equity ownership of Xidenghui from the shareholders.  Subsequent to completion of the acquisition agreement,  Xidenghui became a majority-owned subsidiary of Huitong. On October 1, 2011, Xidenghui amended its Bylaws to increase its registered capital to $23,964,642 (RMB 189,803,210). Huitong's equity ownership interest in Xidenghui decreased from 98.24% to 83.47%, as some related-parties contributed their loans to Xidenghui to paid-in capital.
 
Xidenghui was incorporated  in Weinan City, Shaanxi Province, PRC on March 29, 2001 under the Company Law of PRC.  Xidenghui was engaged in the business of production and distribution of distilled spirit with a brand name of “Xidenghui”.  Currently, its principal business is to hold an equity ownership interest in Shannxi Baishui Dukang Liquor Co., Ltd. (“Baishui Dukang”) and Shaanxi Baishui Dukang Liquor Brand Management Co., Ltd. (“Brand Management”), and to distribute liquor manufactured by Baishui Dukang.
 
Baishui Dukang was incorporated in Baishui County, Shanxi Province, PRC on March 1, 2002 under the Company Law of PRC.  Baishui Dukang was principally engaged in the business of production and distribution of distilled spirit (liquor) with a brand name of “Baishui Du Kang”. On May 15, 2002, Xidenghui invested inventory and fixed assets with a total fair value of $ 4,470,219 (RMB 37,000,000) to Baishui Dukang and owns 90.51% of Baishui Dukang’s equity interest ownership, thereby causing Baishui Dukang to become a majority-owned subsidiary of Xidenghui. On July 29, 2003, Baishui Dukang amended its Bylaws to increase its registered capital to $5,603,479 (RMB 46,380,000). Xidenghui remains its 90.51% equity ownership interest in Baishui Dukang.
 
On October 30, 2007, Xidenghui executed an agreement with Mr. Zhang Hongjun, a PRC citizen, to establish a joint venture, Shaanxi Baishui Dukang Liquor Brand Management Co., Ltd. ("Brand Management").  Pursuant to the agreement, Xidenghui contributed cash of $95,704 (RMB 700,000), and owns 70% equity interest ownership therein.  Brand Management was subsequently incorporated on November 12, 2007.  Upon the completion of incorporation, Brand Management became a majority-owned subsidiary of the Xidenghui.  Brand Management is principally engaged in the business of distribution of Baishui Dukang’s liquor and manage the franchise of the “Baishui Du Kang” brand name.
 
 
10

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 2- ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS (continued)
 
Xidenghui, Baishui Dukang, and Brand Management are the three of these affiliated companies that are engaged in business operations.  Du Kang, Merit, and Huitong are holding companies, whose business is to hold an equity ownership interest in Baishui Dukang and Brand Management.   All these affiliated companies are hereafter referred to as the "Company".  Currently, the Company is principally engaged in the business of production and distribution of distilled spirit with the brand name of “Baishui Dukang”. The Company also licenses the brand name to other liquor manufactures and liquor stores.  The Company's structure is summarized in the following chart.
 
     China Du Kang Co., Ltd. ("China Du Kang")
F/K/A Amstar Financial Holdings, Inc. ("AFLH")
Incorporated in the State of Nevada
on January 16, 1987
   
        Acquiring 100% equity interest on 2/11/2008
    Hong Kong Merit Enterprise Limited
“Merit"
Incorporated in Hong Kong
on September 8, 2006
   
        Acquiring 100% equity interest on 1/22/2008
    Shaanxi Huitong Food Development Co., Inc.
“Huitong”
Incorporated in Shaanxi Province, PRC
on August 9, 2007
   
       
Acquiring 98.24% equity interest on 12/26/2007
The equity interest changed to 83.47% on October 1, 2011
    Shaanxi Xidenghui Technology Stock Co., Ltd.
“Xidenghui”
Incorporated in Shaanxi Province, PRC
on March 29, 2001
   
  Acquiring 90.51% equity interest on 5/15/2002   Acquiring 70% equity interest on 11/12/2007
  Shaanxi Baishui Dukang Liquor Co., Ltd.
“Baishui Dukang”
Incorporated in Shaanxi Province, PRC
on March 1, 2002
  Shaanxi Baishui Dukang Liquor Brand Management Co., Ltd.
       “Brand Management”
Incorporated in Shaanxi Province, PRC
on November 12, 2007
 
 
 
11

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 2- ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS (continued)
 
Under the PRC regulations on acquisition of businesses, commonly referred to as "SAFE" regulations (State Administration of Foreign Exchange), which were jointly  adopted on August 8, 2006 by six PRC regulatory agencies with jurisdictional Authority, a Chinese entity may not be owned or controlled directly by foreign investors or shareholders but may be acquired in a two-step transaction with a wholly owned foreign enterprise (“WOFE”).
 
China Du Kang is the US holding company for Merit, a Hong Kong entity organized under the Companies Ordinance as a limited liability company. Merit is established as a WOFE corporation for the purpose of effecting an acquisition transaction with Huitong, a WOFE corporation incorporated in PRC. Huitong in turn majority owns Xidenghui, which is a Chinese holding company. Xidenghui has two subsidiaries, Baishui Dukang and Brand Management.
 
This arrangement provides separate holding companies for the United States, Hong Kong, and PRC. This allows the Company to lawfully conduct operations in China while ownership is represented in shares of the U. S. holding company.
 
Note 3- CONTROL BY PRINCIPAL OWNERS
 
The directors, executive officers, their affiliates, and related parties own, directly or indirectly, beneficially and in the aggregate, the majority of the voting power of the outstanding capital of the Company. Accordingly, directors, executive officers and their affiliates, if they voted their shares uniformly, would have the ability to control the approval of most corporate actions, including approving significant expenses, increasing the authorized capital and the dissolution, merger or sale of the Company's assets.
 
Note 4- GOING CONCERN
 
As reflected in the accompanying consolidated financial statements, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $21,967,543 at March 31, 2012 that includes losses of $823,812 and $1,007,604 for the year ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively.  These factors raise substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern.
 
Management has taken steps to revise the Company's operating and financial requirements.  The Company is actively pursuing additional funding and a potential merger or acquisition candidate and strategic partners, which would enhance owners' investment.  However, there can be no assurance that sufficient funds required during the next year or thereafter will be generated from operations or that funds will be available from external sources such as debt or equity financings or other potential sources. The lack of additional capital resulting from the inability to generate cash flow from operations or to raise capital from external sources would force the Company to substantially curtail or cease operations and would, therefore, have a material adverse effect on its business. Furthermore, there can be no assurance that any such required funds, if available, will be available on attractive terms or that they will not have a significant dilutive effect on the Company's existing stockholders.
 
The accompanying financial statements do not include any adjustments related to the recoverability or classification of asset-carrying amounts or the amounts and classification of liabilities that may result should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

 
12

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 5- SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
Basis of Presentation
 
The accompanying consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America ("US GAAP").  This basis of accounting differs from that used in the statutory accounts of the Company, which are prepared in accordance with the "Accounting Principles of China " ("PRC GAAP").  Certain accounting principles, which are stipulated by US GAAP, are not applicable in the PRC GAAP.  The difference between PRC GAAP accounts of the Company and its US GAAP consolidated financial statements is immaterial.
 
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and all its majority-owned subsidiaries which require consolidation.  Inter-company transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
 
Certain amounts in the prior year's consolidated financial statements and notes have been revised to conform to the current year presentation.

Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period.  Actual results when ultimately realized could differ from those estimates.
 
Subsequent Events
 
The Company evaluated subsequent events through the date of issuance of these financial statements. We are not aware of any significant events that occurred subsequent to the balance sheet date but prior to the filing of this report that would have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
 
 
13

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 5- SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)
 
Foreign Currencies Translation
 
The Company maintains its books and accounting records in PRC currency "Renminbi" ("RMB"), which is determined as the functional currency.  Transactions denominated in currencies other than RMB are translated into RMB at the exchange rates quoted by the People’s Bank of China (“PBOC”) prevailing at the date of the transactions. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in currencies other than RMB are translated into RMB using the applicable exchange rates quoted by the PBOC at the balance sheet dates. Exchange differences are included in the statements of changes in owners' equity.  Gain and losses resulting from foreign currency transactions are included in operations.
 
The Company’s financial statements are translated into the reporting currency, the United States Dollar (“US$”).  Assets and liabilities of the Company are translated at the prevailing exchange rate at each reporting period end. Contributed capital accounts are translated using the historical rate of exchange when capital is injected. Income and expense accounts are translated at the average rate of exchange during the reporting period.  Translation adjustments resulting from translation of these consolidated financial statements are reflected as accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) in the consolidated statements of changes in shareholders’ equity.
 
The exchange rates used for foreign currency translation were as follows (USD$1 = RMB):
 
Period Covered  
Balance Sheet
Date
   
Average Rates
 
             
Three months ended March 31, 2012
    6.32470       6.32012  
Three months ended March 31, 2011
    6.57010       6.5894  
Year ended December 31, 2011
    6.36470       6.47351  
Year ended December 31, 2010
    6.61180       6.77875  
 
Statement of Cash Flows
 
In accordance with FASB ASC 830-230, “Statement of Cash Flows”, cash flows from the Company’s operations is calculated based upon the functional currency.  As a result, amounts related to assets and liabilities reported on the statement of cash flows may not necessarily agree with changes in the corresponding balances on the balance sheet.

 
14

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 5- SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)
 
Revenue Recognition
 
The Company recognizes revenue when the earnings process is complete, both title and the risks and rewards of ownership are transferred or services have been rendered and accepted, the selling price is fixed or determinable, and collectability is reasonably assured.
 
(1) Sales of Liquor
 
The Company generally sells liquor to liquor distributors with which the Company executed an exclusive distributor contract, pursuant to which the distributor cannot act as a distributor for any other products of the third party.  The Company recognizes liquor sales revenue when the significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred pursuant to PRC law, including such factors as when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the sales price is fixed or determinable, sales and value-added tax laws have been complied with, and collectability is reasonably assured. The Company generally recognizes revenue from sales of liquor when its products are shipped.
 
The Company does not provide an unconditional right of return, price protection or any other concessions to our customers.  Sales returns and other allowances have been immaterial in our operation.
 
(2) License Fees
 
(a) License fees from liquor manufactures

We authorize liquor manufacturers who comply with our requirements to use certain sub brand names of “Baishui Dukang” to process the production of liquor and to sell to customers within the designated area in a certain period of time. The amount of license fee varies based on the sales territory and the number of sub brand names. We generally collect the entire license fee when the license agreement is executed, and then recognize license fee revenue over the beneficial period described by the agreement, as the revenue is realized or realizable and earned.
 
(b) License fees from liquor stores
 
We also authorize liquor stores who comply with our requirements to exclusively sell certain sub brand names of “Baishui Dukang” products within the designated area in a certain period of time. The amount of license fee varies based on the sales territory and the number of sub brand names. We generally collect the entire license fee when the agency agreement is executed, and then recognize license fee revenue over the beneficial period described by the agreement, as the revenue is realized or realizable and earned.
 
 
15

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 5- SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)
 
Deferred Revenue
 
Deferred revenue consists of prepayments to the Company for products that have not yet been delivered to the customers and franchise fees received upfront for services have not yet been rendered and accepted.  Payments received prior to satisfying the Company’s revenue recognition criteria are recorded as deferred revenue.
 
Cost of License Fees
 
Costs of franchise fees principally include the costs to prepare the franchise contracts and the payroll to employees who are responsible for inspection and monitoring the franchisees. These expenses are immaterial and therefore included in the general and administrative expenses.
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents
 
Cash and cash equivalents include cash on hand, deposits in banks with maturities of three months or less, and all highly liquid investments which are unrestricted as to withdrawal or use, and which have original maturities of three months or less.
 
Others Receivable
 
Others receivable principally includes advance to employees who are working on projects on behalf of the Company.  After the work is finished, they will submit expense reports with supporting documents to the accounting department. Upon being properly approved, the expenses are debited into the relevant accounts and the advances are credited out. Cash flows from these activities are classified as cash flows from operating activities.

Concentrations of Credit Risk
 
Financial instruments that subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents. The Company maintains its cash and cash equivalents with various financial institutions in the PRC which do not provide insurance for the amounts on deposit.  The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts and believes it is not exposed to significant credit risk in this area.
 
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
 
The carrying value of financial instruments including cash and cash equivalents, receivables, prepaid expenses, accounts payable, and accrued expenses, approximates their fair value due to the relatively short-term nature of these instruments.

 
16

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 5- SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)
 
Inventories
 
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market value. Actual cost is used to value raw materials and supplies. Finished goods and work-in-progress are valued on the weighted-average-cost method. Elements of costs in finished good and work-in-progress include raw materials, direct labor, and manufacturing overhead.
 
Baishui Dukang, one of our subsidiaries, is engaged in the distillery business.  Pursuant to the production requirement, all spirits that are newly distilled from sorghum, so call “liquor base”, must be barrel-aged for several years, so we bottle and sell only a portion of our liquor base inventory each year.  We classify barreled liquor base as work-in-progress. Following industry practice, we classify all barreled liquor base as a current asset.
 
Property, Plant and Equipment
 
Property, plant and equipment are carried at cost.  The cost of repairs and maintenance is expensed as incurred; major replacements and improvements are capitalized.
 
When assets are retired or disposed of, the cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts, and any resulting gains or losses are included in income in the year of disposition.
 
Depreciation is calculated on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life of the assets without residual value.  The percentages or depreciable life applied are:
 
Building and warehouses
20 years
Machinery and equipment
7-10 years
Office equipment and furniture
5 years
Motor vehicles
5 years
Leased assets
Lease duration
 
Intangible Assets
 
Intangible assets are carried at cost.  Amortization is calculated on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life of the assets without residual value.  The percentages or amortizable life applied are:
 
Land use right
50 years
Trade Mark
10 years
 
 
17

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 5- SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)
 
Land Use Right
 
All land belongs to the State in PRC.  Enterprises and individuals can pay the State a fee to obtain a right to use a piece of land for commercial purpose or residential purpose for an initial period of 50 years or 70 years, respectively.  The land use right can be sold, purchased, and exchanged in the market.  The successor owner of the land use right will reduce the amount of time which has been consumed by the predecessor owner.
 
The Company owns the right to use three pieces of land, approximately 657 acre, 2.4 acre, and 7.8 acre, located in Weinan City, Shaanxi Province for through February, 2051, March 2055, and May 2059.   The costs of these land use rights are amortized over their prospective beneficial period, using the straight-line method with no residual value.
 
Valuation of Long-Lived assets
 
Long-lived assets and certain identifiable intangibles are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to future net cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets. Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value less costs to sell.
 
Long-term Investment
 
On March 1, 2006, Xidenghui executed an investment agreement with Shaanxi Yichuan Nature Park Co., Inc., pursuant to which, Xidenghui agreed to invest cash of $1,596,254 (RMB 12,000,000) to establish a joint-venture named Shaanxi Yellow-river Bay Wenquan Lake Park Co., Ltd., F/K/A Shaanxi Yellow-river Wetlands Park Co., Ltd., and owns 7.9% equity ownership interest therein. Shaanxi Yellow-river Wetlands Park Co., Ltd. is engaged in the business of recreation and entertainment.
 
Xidenghui finished the investment contribution in September 2007.  As the project is currently ongoing, the Management believes the amount invested approximates the fair value and uses the cost method to record the investment.
 
Advertising Costs

The Company expenses advertising costs as incurred or the first time the advertising takes place, whichever is earlier, in accordance with the FASB ASC 720-35, “Advertising Costs”.  The advertising costs were $12,609, and $5,907 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
 
 
18

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 5- SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)
 
Research and Development Costs
 
Research and development costs relating to the development of new products and processes, including significant improvements and refinements to existing products, are expensed when incurred in accordance with the FASB ASC 730, "Research and Development". Research and development costs were immaterial for the three months March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
 
Value-added Tax ("VAT")
 
Sales revenue represents the invoiced value of goods, net of a value-added tax (VAT).  All of the Company’s products that are sold in PRC are subject to a Chinese value-added tax at a rate of 17% of the gross sales price or at a rate approved by the Chinese local government.  This VAT may be offset by VAT paid on purchase of raw materials included in the cost of producing the finished goods. The Company presents VAT on a net basis.
 
Sales Tax and Sales Tax Affixation
 
Brand Management derives license fees revenue, which is subject to sales tax and sales tax affixation in PRC. Sales tax rate is 5% of the gross sales, and sales tax affixation is approximately 10% of the sales tax, or 0.05% of the gross sales. The Company presents sales tax and sales tax affixation on a net basis. License fee revenue represents the invoiced amount, net of sales tax and sales tax affixation.

Excise Tax
 
Baishui Dukang produces and distributes distilled liquor, which is subject to excise tax in PRC. Excise tax rate is $0.14 (RMB1.00) per kilogram and 10%-20% of gross sales revenue. The Company presents excise tax on a net basis. Sales revenue from sales of liquor represents the invoiced value of liquor sold, net of excise tax.
 
Related Parties
 
A party is considered to be related to the Company if the party directly or indirectly or through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with the Company. Related parties also include principal owners of the Company, its management, members of the immediate families of principal owners of the Company and its management and other parties with which the Company may deal if one party controls or can significantly influence the management or operating policies of the other to an extent that one of the transacting parties might be prevented from fully pursuing its own separate interests. A party which can significantly influence the management or operating policies of the transacting parties or if it has an ownership interest in one of the transacting parties and can significantly influence the other to an extent that one or more of the transacting parties might be prevented from fully pursuing its own separate interests is also a related party.

 
19

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 5- SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)
 
Due from/to Affiliates
 
Due from/to affiliates represent temporally short-term loans to/from affiliates, which are directly or indirectly, beneficially and in the aggregate, majority-owned and controlled by directors and principal shareholders of the Company.  These loans are unsecured, non-interest bearing and have no fixed terms of repayment, therefore, deemed payable on demand.  Cash flows from due from related parties are classified as cash flows from investing activities.  Cash flows from due to related parties are classified as cash flows from financing activities.
 
Loans from Directors and Officers

Loans from directors and officers are temporally short-term loans from our directors and officers to finance the Company’s operation due to lack of cash resources.  These loans are unsecured, non-interest bearing and have no fixed terms of repayment, therefore, deemed payable on demand.  Cash flows from these activities are classified as cash flows from financing activates.
 
Imputed Interest
 
The Company has financed it business operation through short-term borrowings from various related parties. These short-term borrowings are non-secured, non-interest bearing with no fixed repayment date. The imputed interests are assessed as an expense to the business operation and an addition to the paid-in capital. The calculation is performed quarterly  based on the average outstanding balance and the market interest rate. The interest rate used in the calculation of imputed interest for the three months ended March 31, 2011 was 6.375%. The imputed interest expense was $0 and $262,497 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011.
 
Pension and Employee Benefits
 
Full time employees of the PRC entities participate in a government mandated multi-employer defined contribution plan pursuant to which certain pension benefits, medical care, unemployment insurance, employee housing fund and other welfare benefits are provided to employees. Chinese labor regulations require the Company to accrue for these benefits based on certain percentages of the employees' salaries. The Management believes full time employees who have passed the probation period are entitled to such benefits.  The total provision for such employee benefits was $18,491 and $17,515 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
 
 
20

 

CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 5- SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)
 
Government Subsidies
 
The Company records government grants as current liabilities upon reception.   A government subsidy revenue is recognized only when there is reasonable assurance that the Company has complied with all conditions attached to the grant.  Government subsidies are generally exempt from income tax. The Company recognized government subsidy of $261,071 and $0 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
 
Income Taxes
 
The Company accounts for income tax in accordance with FASB ASC 740-10-25, which requires the asset and liability approach for financial accounting and reporting for income taxes.  Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases.  Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled.  The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.  A valuation allowance related to deferred tax assets is recorded when it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized.
 
Although the PRC Income Tax Law allows the enterprises to offset their future net income with operating losses carried forward, an enterprise need approval from the local tax authority before it can claim such tax benefit, and the outcome of the application is generally uncertain.  Therefore, the Management established a 100% valuation allowance for the operation losses carried forward and no deferred tax assets have been recorded.
 
Effective January 1, 2007, the Company adopted a new FASB guidance, which clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in an enterprise’s financial statements. The new FASB guidance prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return.  The new FASB guidance also provides guidance on de-recognition of tax benefits, classification on the balance sheet, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure, and transition.  In accordance with the new FASB guidance, the Company performed a self-assessment and concluded that there were no significant uncertain tax positions requiring recognition in its consolidated financial statements.
 
The Company accounts for income taxes in interim periods in accordance with FASB ASC 740-270, "Interim Reporting".  The Company has determined an estimated annual effect tax rate.  The rate will be revised, if necessary, as of the end of each successive interim period during the Company's fiscal year to its best current estimate. The estimated annual effective tax rate is applied to the year-to-date ordinary income (or loss) at the end of the interim period.
 
The Company may from time to time be assessed interest or penalties by major tax jurisdictions. In the event it receives an assessment for interest and/or penalties, it will be classified in the financial statements as tax expense.

 
21

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 5- SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)
 
Statutory Reserves
 
Pursuant to the applicable laws in PRC, PRC entities are required to make appropriations to three non-distributable reserve funds, the statutory surplus reserve, statutory public welfare fund, and discretionary surplus reserve, based on after-tax net earnings as determined in accordance with the PRC GAAP, after offsetting any prior years’ losses. Appropriation to the statutory surplus reserve should be at least 10% of the after-tax net earnings until the reserve is equal to 50% of the Company's registered capital.  Appropriation to the statutory public welfare fund is 5% to 10% of the after-tax net earnings.  The statutory public welfare fund is established for the purpose of providing employee facilities and other collective benefits to the employees and is non-distributable other than in liquidation.  Beginning from January 1, 2006, enterprise is no more required to make appropriation to the statutory public welfare fund.  The Company does not make appropriations to the discretionary surplus reserve fund.
 
Since the Company has been accumulating deficiency, no contribution has been made to statutory surplus reserve fund and statutory public welfare reserve fund to date. The company will be required to make contribution to the statutory surplus reserve fund and statutory public welfare reserve fund upon the achievement of positive retained earnings, which means elimination of accumulated deficit and making further positive net income.
 
Comprehensive Income

FASB ASC 220, “Comprehensive Income”, establishes standards for reporting and display of comprehensive income, its components and accumulated balances.  Comprehensive income as defined includes all changes in equity during a period from non-owner sources. Accumulated comprehensive income, as presented in the accompanying statements of changes in owners' equity consists of changes in unrealized gains and losses on foreign currency translation.  This comprehensive income is not included in the computation of income tax expense or benefit.
 
Segment Reporting
 
FASB ASC 820, “Segments Reporting”, establishes standards for reporting information about operating segments on a basis consistent with the Company’s internal organization structure as well as information about geographical areas, business segments and major customers in financial statements. The Company currently operates in two principal business segments.
 
 
22

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 5- SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)
 
Earnings (Loss) Per Share
 
The Company reports earnings per share in accordance with FASB ASC 260, “Earnings Per Share” , which requires presentation of basic and diluted earnings per share in conjunction with the disclosure of the methodology used in computing such earnings per share.  Basic earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing income (loss) available to common shareholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period.  Diluted earnings per share is computed similar to basic earnings per share except that the denominator is increased to include the number of additional common shares that would have been outstanding if the potential common shares had been issued and if the additional common shares were dilutive.  There are no potentially dilutive securities outstanding (options and warrants) for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
 
Fair Value of Measurements
 
Accounting principles generally accepted in the United States define fair value as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Additionally, the inputs used to measure fair value are prioritized based on a three-level hierarchy. This hierarchy requires entities to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. The three levels of inputs used to measure fair value are as follows:
 
Level 1:
Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
   
Level 2:
Input other than quoted market prices that are observable, either directly or indirectly, and reasonably available.  Observable inputs reflect the assumptions market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability and are developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Company.
   
Level 3:
Unobservable inputs.  Unobservable inputs reflect the assumptions that the Company develops based on available information about what market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability.
 
An asset or liability’s level within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of any input that is significant to the fair value measurement.  Availability of observable inputs can vary and is affected by a variety of factors.  The Company uses judgment in determining fair value of assets and liabilities and Level 3 assets and liabilities involve greater judgment than Level 1 and Level 2 assets or liabilities.

 
23

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 5- SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)
 
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
 
In December 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) released Accounting Standards Update No. 2011-12 (“ASU 2011-12”), Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Deferral of the Effective Date for Amendments to the Presentation of Reclassifications of Items Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income in Accounting Standards Update No. 2011-05. ASU 2011-12 defers only those changes in ASU 2011-05 that relate to the presentation of reclassification adjustments out of accumulated other comprehensive income. The provisions of ASU 2011-12 became effective in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011. The adoption of ASU 2011-12 did not materially impact our financial statements.

In September 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued a revised standard on testing for goodwill impairment. The revised standard allows an entity to first assess qualitatively whether it is necessary to perform step one of the two-step annual goodwill impairment test. An entity is required to perform step one only if the entity concludes that it is more likely than not that a reporting unit’s fair value is less than its carrying amount, a likelihood of more than 50 percent. An entity can choose to perform the qualitative assessment on none, some, or all of its reporting units. Moreover, an entity can bypass the qualitative assessment for any reporting unit in any period and proceed directly to step one of the impairment test, and then perform the qualitative assessment in any subsequent period. The revised standard is effective for annual and interim goodwill impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011 and early adoption is permitted. The adoption of this new guidance did not have a material effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.
 
In June 2011, the FASB issued amended disclosure requirements for the presentation of comprehensive income. The amended guidance eliminates the option to present components of other comprehensive income (OCI) as part of the statement of changes in equity. Under the amended guidance, all changes in OCI are to be presented either in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive financial statements. The changes are effective January 1, 2012. Early application is permitted.  The adoption of this new guidance did not have a material effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.

In January 2011, the FASB temporarily deferred the disclosures regarding troubled debt restructurings which were included in the disclosure requirements about the credit quality of financing receivables and the allowance for credit losses which was issued in July 2010.  In April 2011, the FASB issued additional guidance and clarifications to help creditors in determining whether a creditor has granted a concession, and whether a debtor is experiencing financial difficulties for purposes of determining whether a restructuring constitutes a troubled debt restructuring. The new guidance and the previously deferred disclosures are effective July 1, 2011 applied retrospectively to January 1, 2011. Prospective application is required for any new impairments identified as a result of this guidance. The adoption of this new guidance did not have a material effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.
 
In December 2010, FASB issued an amendment to the disclosure of supplementary pro forma information for business combinations. The amendments in this ASU specify that if a public entity presents comparative financial statements, the entity should disclose revenue and earnings of the combined entity as though the business combination that occurred during the current year had occurred as of the beginning of the comparable prior annual reporting period only. The amendments also expand the supplemental pro forma disclosures to include a description of the nature and amount of material, nonrecurring pro forma adjustments directly attributable to the business combination included in the reported pro forma revenue and earnings. The amendments are effective prospectively for business combinations for which the acquisition date is on or after the beginning of the first annual reporting period beginning on or after December 15, 2010. Early adoption is permitted. The adoption of this new guidance did not have a material effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.
 
 
24

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 6- ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE

Accounts receivable consists of the following:
   
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
   
(unaudited)
       
             
Accounts receivable
  $ 328,757     $ 270,276  
Less: Allowance for doubtful accounts
    -       -  
    Accounts  receivable, net
  $ 328,757     $ 270,276  
 
Bad debt expense charged to operations was $0 and $0 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
 
Note 7- PREPAID EXPENSES
 
Prepaid expenses consist of the following:
 
   
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
   
(unaudited)
       
             
Machinery and parts
  $ 116,165     $ 20,520  
Raw materials and supplies
    577,980       519,629  
Packing and supply materials
    216,307       138,379  
Office expenses
    16,684       -  
        Total
  $ 927,136     $ 678,528  
 
Note 8- INVENTORIES
 
Inventories consist of following:
 
   
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
   
(unaudited)
       
             
Finished goods
  $ 1,762,610     $ 1,799,934  
Work-in-progress
    2,895,610       2,700,921  
Raw materials
    153,718       154,603  
Supplies and packing materials
    516,621       679,678  
    Total   $ 5,328,559     $ 5,335,136  

 
25

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 9- PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
 
The following is a summary of property, plant and equipment:
 
   
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
   
(unaudited)
       
             
Building and warehouses
  $ 3,295,293     $ 3,274,587  
Machinery and equipment
    2,320,785       2,306,197  
Office equipment and furniture
    196,943       191,972  
Motor vehicles
    373,224       370,878  
Leased assets
    2,471,664       2,457,187  
        Total
    8,657,909       8,600,821  
Less: Accumulated depreciation
    (4,608,634 )     (4,460,944 )
      4,049,275       4,139,877  
Add: Construction in progress
    324,931       311,792  
        Total property, plant and equipment, net
  $ 4,374,206     $ 4,451,669  
 
Depreciation expense charged to operations was $119,545 and $89,608 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Depreciation expense with respect to production equipment that was charged to cost of sales was $99,328 and $56,363 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.  The remainder, depreciation expense attributable to equipment used in administration, was $20,217 and $33,245 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively, and was included in general and administration expenses.
 
Note 10- INTANGIBLE ASSETS
 
The following is a summary of intangible assets, less amortization:
 
   
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
   
(unaudited)
       
Land use right
  $ 2,098,531     $ 2,085,341  
Trade Mark of "Xidenghui"
    71,150       70,702  
Trade Mark of "Baishui Du Kang"
    26,088       25,924  
      Total intangible assets
    2,195,769       2,181,967  
                 
Less: Accumulated amortization
    (159,813 )     (147,732 )
                 
   Total intangible assets, net
  $ 2,035,956     $ 2,034,235  
 
Amortization expense charged to operations was $11,153 and $12,404 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

 
26

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 11- ACCRUED EXPENSES
 
Accrued expenses consist of the following:
 
   
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
   
(unaudited)
       
             
Accrued payroll
  $ 52,550     $ 84,933  
Accrued employee benefits
    59,342       59,000  
Accrued pension and employee benefit
    157,002       138,643  
Accrued office expenses
    53,056       70,388  
       Total
  $ 321,950     $ 352,964  
 
Note 12- TAXES PAYABLE
 
Taxes payable consists of the following:
 
   
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
   
(unaudited)
       
             
Income tax
  $ 494,933     $ 469,626  
Sales tax and sales tax affixation
    141,736       142,148  
Excise taxes
    17,013       44,694  
Value-added Tax ("VAT")
    19,724       2,429  
Other taxes
    2,661       2,399  
      Total taxes payable
  $ 676,067     $ 661,296  

 
27

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 13- SALES OF LIQUOR TO RELATED PARTY
 
The Company generally sells liquor to liquor distributors. Some of these liquor distributors are our affiliates, which are directly or indirectly, beneficially and in the aggregate, majority-owned and controlled by directors and principal shareholders of the Company.  The price will be different if we sell liquor to third parties. The amount sold to these affiliates follows:
 
     
For the Three Months Ended
 
     
June 30,
 
Name of Related Party
Description
 
2012
   
2011
 
     
(unaudited)
   
(unaudited)
 
               
Shaanxi Dukang Group Co., Ltd.
Affiliate 1
  $ 441,562     $ 358,244  
Shaanxi Baishui Shiye Co., Ltd.(F/K/A
                 
     Shaanxi Baishui Dukang Trade Co., Ltd.)
Affiliate 2
    26,369       67,803  
      $ 467,931     $ 426,047  
 
In related to sales to related-parties, our subsidiaries have accounts receivable and deferred revenue from related-parties, as disclosed in the following:
 
Accounts receivable from related parties consists of the following:
 
     
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
  Description  
2012
   
2011
 
Name of Related Party
   
(unaudited)
       
               
Shaanxi Dukang Group Co., Ltd.
Affiliate 1
  $ 19,367     $ -  
Shaanxi Baishui Shiye Co., Ltd.(F/K/A
                 
     Shaanxi Baishui Dukang Trade Co., Ltd.)
Affiliate 2
    67,405       66,981  
Less: Allowance for doubtful accounts
      -       -  
    Accounts Receivable from Related-parties, net
    $ 86,772     $ 66,981  
 
Bad debt expense charged to operations was $0 and $0 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
 
Deferred revenue from related parties consists of the following:
 
     
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
Name of Related Party
Description
 
2012
   
2011
 
     
(unaudited)
       
               
Shaanxi Dukang Group Co., Ltd.
Affiliate 1
  $ 351,487     $ 427,732  
Shaanxi Baishui Shiye Co., Ltd.(F/K/A
                 
     Shaanxi Baishui Dukang Trade Co., Ltd.)
Affiliate 2
    200,527       217,021  
Total Deferred Revenue from Related-parties
    $ 552,014     $ 644,753  
 
The nature of the affiliation of each related party follows:
 
Affiliate 1--The CEO of the Company is a director of Shaanxi Dukang Group Co., Ltd. and has significant influence on the operations therein.
 
Affiliate 2--The CEO of the Company is the sole director of Shaanxi Baishui Shiye Co., Ltd. and has significant influence on the operations therein.
 
28

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 14- SEGMENT REPORTING
 
The Company operates in two reportable business segments that are determined based upon differences in products and services. Summarized information by business segment for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 is as follows:
 
   
For the Three Months Ended
 
   
March 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
   
(unaudited)
   
(unaudited)
 
REVENUE
           
      Sales of Liquor
  $ 614,377     $ 427,679  
      Franchise Fees
    212,322       283,817  
                 
COST OF SALES
               
      Sales of Liquor
  $ 459,435     $ 340,138  
      Franchise Fees
    -       -  
                 
GROSS PROFITS
               
      Sales of Liquor
  $ 154,942     $ 87,541  
      Franchise Fees
    212,322       283,817  
 
   
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
   
(unaudited)
       
             
TOTAL ASSETS OF LIQUOR PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION
  $ 12,428,618     $ 12,139,862  
                 
TOTAL ASSETS OF BRAND NAME LICENSE
  $ 4,213,996     $ 4,201,880  

 
29

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 15- CONCENTRATIONS AND CREDIT RISKS
 
The Company operates in the PRC and grants credit to its customers in this geographic region based on an evaluation of the customer's financial condition. Although the PRC is economically stable, it is always possible that unanticipated events in foreign countries could disrupt the Company’s operations.
 
Major Customers

The following major customers accounted for approximately 5% or more of the Company’s total sales, as summarized in the following:
 
       
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
       
2012
   
2011
 
       
(unaudited)
   
(unaudited)
 
                             
Major
 
Type of
       
Percentage of
         
Percentage of
 
Customer
 
Customer
 
Revenue
   
Total Revenue
   
Revenue
   
Total Revenue
 
Shaanxi Dukang Group Co., Ltd.
 
Distributor
  $ 400,151       48.40 %   $ 358,244       50.35 %
Shaanxi Baishui Dukang Shiye Co., Ltd.
 
Distributor
    45,801       5.54 %     67,803       9.53 %
Mr. Jincai Bai'
 
Licensee
    -       -       43,203       6.07 %
Ms. Xiaoyan Shi
 
Agent
    -       -       50,403       7.08 %
Mr. Anxian Xie
 
Agent
    44,857       5.43 %     43,203       6.07 %
Mr. Changzhong Ji
 
Agent
    44,857       5.43 %     -       -  
Ms. Jie Cao
 
Agent
    44,857       5.43 %     -       -  
Ms. Xiaoli Du
 
Agent
    -       -       36,002       5.06 %
Ms. Sue Dong
 
Agent
    -       -       36,002       5.06 %
Total
      $ 580,523       70.22 %   $ 634,860       89.23 %
 
Major Suppliers
 
The following major suppliers accounted for approximately 5% or more of the Company’s total purchase, as summarized in the following:
 
   
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
   
(unaudited)
   
(unaudited)
 
                         
Major
       
Percentage of
         
Percentage of
 
Suppliers
 
Purchase
   
Total Purchase
   
Purchase
   
Total Purchase
 
Hunan Dexing Taochi Co., Ltd.
  $ 12,718       10.92 %   $ -       -  
Hunan Liling Liangyou Taochi Co., Ltd.
    19,155       16.45 %     27,426       11.27 %
Hunan Fengling Liangyou China Co., Ltd.
    -       -       -       -  
Hunan Xinshiji Taochi Co., Ltd.
    -       -       61,871       25.42 %
Shanxi Wenxiyingfa Glass Co., Ltd.
    -       -       68,097       27.98 %
Sichuan Guangan Defeng Glass Co., Ltd.
    -       -       13,879       5.70 %
Wenzhou Zhixin Wujin Glass Co., Ltd.
    30,910       26.55 %     -       -  
Yuncheng Aofeng Glass Co., Ltd.
    47,893       41.14 %     50,799       20.87 %
Total
  $ 110,675       95.07 %   $ 222,071       91.25 %
 
 
30

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 16- NONCONTROLLING INTEREST
 
Balance of Noncontrolling Interest consists of the following:
 
    Subsidiary and Noncontrolling Interest percentage    
Total
Noncontrolling
Interest
 
   
Brand Management
   
Baishui Dukang
   
Xidenghui
     
      30.00%       9.49%       16.53% (4)      
                                 
Balance @ December 31, 2010
  $ 206,671     $ (61,636 )   $ (42,984 )   $ 102,051  
                                 
Noncontrolling Interest income (Loss)
    130,183       (29,866 )     27,494       127,810  
                                 
Debt Conversion
    -       218,865       4,644,728       4,863,593  
                                 
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)-
                               
   effects of Foreign Currency Conversion
    2,225       (509 )     2,809       4,526  
                                 
Balance @ December 31, 2011
  $ 339,079     $ 126,854     $ 4,632,047     $ 5,097,980  
                                 
Noncontrolling Interest income (Loss)
    20,118       20,465       -       40,583  
                                 
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)-
                               
   effects of Foreign Currency Conversion
    (15 )     (15 )     -       (30 )
                                 
Balance @ March 31, 2012
  $ 359,182     $ 147,304     $ 4,632,047     $ 5,138,533  

 
31

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 16- NONCONTROLLING INTEREST (continued)
 
Noncontrolling interest income consists of the following:
 
 
For the three months Ended March 31, 2012
 
                                                 
Name of Subsidiary
Brand Management
   
Baishui Dukang
   
Xidenghui
   
Parent/Holding Company
 
   
Total Income
   
Noncontrolling Interest Income
   
Total Income
   
Noncontrolling Interest Income
   
Total Income
   
Noncontrolling Interest Income
   
Total Income
   
Noncontrolling Interest Income
 
      100%       30%       100%       9.49%       100%       16.53% (4)              
                                                             
Net Income (Loss)
  $ 67,060     $ 20,118     $ 215,645     $ 20,465     $ 82,823     $ 13,691     $ (144 )   $ -  
                                                                 
Income (Loss) from subsidiary
                                                               
      (equity method)
    -       -       -       -       242,122       40,023       324,945       40,583  
                                                                 
Total Income (Loss)
    67,060       20,118       215,645       20,465       324,945       53,713       324,801       40,583  
                                                                 
Adjustments to noncontrolling interest
                                                         
    to absorb accumulated deficit
    -       -       -       -       -       (53,713 )     -       -  
                                                                 
Less: Income (Loss) attributable to
                                                               
      noncontrolling interest
    (20,118 )     -       (20,465 )     -       -       -       -       -  
                                                                 
Income (Loss) attributable to Majority
  $ 46,942             $ 195,180             $ 324,945             $ 324,801 (3)        
Income (Loss) attributable to
                                                               
     noncontrolling interest
          $ 20,118             $ 20,465             $ -             $ 40,583  
 
 
For the three months Ended March 31, 2011
 
                                                 
Name of Subsidiary
Brand Management
   
Baishui Dukang
   
Xidenghui
   
Parent/Holding Company
 
   
Total Income
   
Noncontrolling Interest Income
   
Total Income
   
Noncontrolling Interest Income
   
Total Income
   
Noncontrolling Interest Income
   
Total Income
   
Noncontrolling Interest Income
 
      100%       30%       100%       9.49%       100%       1.76%              
                                                             
Net Income (Loss)
  $ 139,755     $ 41,926     $ (62,529 )   $ (5,934 )   $ (277,648 )   $ (4,887 )   $ (6 )   $ -  
                                                                 
Income (Loss) from subsidiary
                                                               
      (equity method)
    -       -       -       -       41,234       726       (232,253 )     31,832  
                                                                 
Total Income (Loss)
    139,755       41,926       (62,529 )     (5,934 )     (236,414 )     (4,161 )     (232,259 )     31,832  
                                                                 
Less: Income (Loss) attributable to
                                                               
      noncontrolling interest
    (41,926 )     -       5,934       -       4,161       -       -       -  
                                                                 
Income (Loss) attributable to Majority
  $ 97,828             $ (56,595 )           $ (232,253 )           $ (232,259 )        
Income (Loss) attributable to
                                                               
     noncontrolling interest
          $ 41,926             $ (5,934 )           $ (4,161 )           $ 31,832 (3)
 
 
32

 
 
CHINA DU KANG CO., LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 16- NONCONTROLLING INTEREST (continued)
 
Noncontrolling interest income consists of the following:
 
 
For the Year Ended December 31, 2011
 
                                                 
Name of Subsidiary
Brand Management
   
Baishui Dukang
   
Xidenghui
   
Parent/Holding Company
 
   
Total Income
   
Noncontrolling Interest Income
   
Total Income
   
Noncontrolling Interest Income
   
Total Income
   
Noncontrolling Interest Income
   
Total Income
   
Noncontrolling Interest Income
 
      100%       30%       100%       9.49%       100%       16.53% (4)