XNAS:LSCC Lattice Semiconductor Corp Quarterly Report 10-Q Filing - 6/30/2012

Effective Date 6/30/2012

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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
[X]
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED June 30, 2012
OR
[  ]
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM __________ TO __________
Commission file number 000-18032
LATTICE SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
 
State of Delaware
 
93-0835214
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or
organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
5555 N.E. Moore Court, Hillsboro, Oregon
 
97124-6421
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(503) 268-8000
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes [X] No [  ]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period as the registrant was required to submit and post such files).   Yes [X] No  [  ]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one): 
 
Large accelerated filer[  ]
Accelerated filer [X]
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer [  ]
Smaller reporting company [  ]
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   Yes  [  ] No [X]
Number of shares of common stock outstanding as of August 3, 2012                  117,346,319
 
 
 
 
 



LATTICE SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION
INDEX

 
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 5.
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 
 
 


2


Forward-Looking Statements

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Any statements about our expectations, beliefs, plans, objectives, assumptions or future events or performance are not historical facts and may be forward-looking. We use words or phrases such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “could,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “predicts,” “projects,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “continue,” “ongoing,” “future,” “potential” and similar words or phrases to identify forward-looking statements. Examples of forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements about: programmable logic products being expected to simplify board management design and reduce development costs; customers using both PLD and FPGA architectures; our plan to introduce new FPGA, PLD and associated software design tool products and to reduce the manufacturing cost of our products; the increase of seasonal trends in our product revenue; our existing facilities being suitable and adequate for our future needs; the majority of our revenue being through our sell-through distributors; the impact of our global tax structure and expectations regarding taxes and tax adjustments; our expectations that a significant portion of our revenue will continue to be dependent on the communications end market and the growth of our revenue from this end market; the Asia Pacific market being the primary source of our revenue; our ability to continue to serve our customers after the termination of our relationship with Avnet; the costs and benefits of our purchase of APAC IC and SiliconBlue; our plans to sell our auction rate securities; our plans to replace our legacy systems with new ERP system functionality; the costs and benefits of our restructuring plans; the impact of new accounting pronouncements; our making significant future investments in research and development and the increase of mask and engineering wafer costs; and our beliefs concerning the adequacy of our liquidity and ability to meet our operating and capital requirements and obligations.

Forward-looking statements involve estimates, assumptions, risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements. The key factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements include global economic conditions and uncertainty, the concentration and growth of our sales in the communications equipment end market, particularly as it relates to the concentration of our sales in the Asia Pacific region, market acceptance and demand for our new products, any disruption of our distribution channels, unexpected charges relating to our restructuring plans, the effect of the downturn in the economy on capital markets and credit markets, the impact of competitive products and pricing, unanticipated taxation requirements, or positions of the U.S. Internal Revenue Service, unexpected impacts of recent accounting guidance and the other risks that are described herein and that are otherwise described from time to time in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including, but not limited to, the items discussed in “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of Part II of this Report. You should not unduly rely on forward-looking statements because our actual results could differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statements made by us. In addition, any forward-looking statement applies only as of the date on which it is made. We do not plan to, and undertake no obligation to, update any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances that occur after the date on which such statements are made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.



3


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

LATTICE SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE (LOSS) INCOME
(In thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
2012
 
July 2,
2011
 
June 30,
2012
 
July 2,
2011
Revenue
$
70,792

 
$
83,861

 
$
142,492

 
$
166,476

Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of products sold
33,741

 
33,190

 
65,956

 
66,196

Research and development
19,363

 
18,631

 
38,509

 
38,771

Selling, general and administrative
19,405

 
17,738

 
37,328

 
34,908

Acquisition related charges
982

 

 
2,689

 

Restructuring charges
87

 
1,387

 
643

 
3,222

 
73,578

 
70,946

 
145,125

 
143,097

(Loss) income from operations
(2,786
)
 
12,915

 
(2,633
)
 
23,379

Other income, net
694

 
268

 
758

 
931

(Loss) income before income taxes
(2,092
)
 
13,183

 
(1,875
)
 
24,310

Provision for income taxes
10,450

 
152

 
18,381

 
360

Net (loss) income
$
(12,542
)
 
$
13,031

 
$
(20,256
)
 
$
23,950

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net (loss) income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
(0.11
)
 
$
0.11

 
$
(0.17
)
 
$
0.20

Diluted
$
(0.11
)
 
$
0.11

 
$
(0.17
)
 
$
0.20

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares used in per share calculations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
117,874

 
118,047

 
118,024

 
118,021

Diluted
117,874

 
121,468

 
118,024

 
121,695

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive (loss) income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net (loss) income
$
(12,542
)
 
$
13,031

 
$
(20,256
)
 
$
23,950

Other comprehensive income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Unrealized gain (loss) related to marketable securities, net
43

 
(16
)
 
(22
)
 
(7
)
    Reclassification adjustment for gains on the sale of marketable securities included in net income
(78
)
 

 
(78
)
 
(133
)
    Translation adjustment
104

 
(130
)
 
259

 
(55
)
Comprehensive (loss) income
$
(12,473
)
 
$
12,885

 
$
(20,097
)
 
$
23,755



See Accompanying Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.



4


LATTICE SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share and par value data)
(unaudited)
 
 
June 30,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
132,468

 
$
141,423

Short-term marketable securities
52,012

 
68,711

Accounts receivable, net
60,380

 
36,993

Inventories
37,116

 
37,278

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
16,005

 
16,200

Total current assets
297,981

 
300,605

Property and equipment, less accumulated depreciation
42,064

 
40,430

Long-term marketable securities
4,661

 
6,946

Other long-term assets
8,510

 
11,628

Intangible assets, net of amortization
16,904

 
18,377

Goodwill
44,808

 
44,808

Deferred income taxes
29,087

 
45,130

Total assets
$
444,015

 
$
467,924

Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
$
31,719

 
$
31,842

Accrued payroll obligations
7,244

 
9,373

Deferred income and allowances on sales to sell-through distributors
12,356

 
10,761

Total current liabilities
51,319

 
51,976

Long-term liabilities
20,497

 
22,387

Total liabilities
71,816

 
74,363

Commitments and contingencies

 

Stockholders' equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $.01 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized, none issued and outstanding

 

Common stock, $.01 par value, 300,000,000 shares authorized, 117,358,000 and 117,675,000 shares issued and outstanding
1,174

 
1,177

Paid-in capital
626,375

 
627,637

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(186
)
 
(345
)
Accumulated deficit
(255,164
)
 
(234,908
)
Total stockholders' equity
372,199

 
393,561

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
$
444,015

 
$
467,924

See Accompanying Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


5


LATTICE SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(unaudited)
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
2012
 
July 2,
2011
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net (loss) income
$
(20,256
)
 
$
23,950

Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
10,271

 
8,509

Change in deferred income tax provision
17,750

 

Gain on sale or maturity of marketable securities, net
(393
)
 
(454
)
Stock-based compensation
3,678

 
3,081

Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable, net
(23,387
)
 
(15,185
)
Inventories
162

 
2,264

Prepaid expenses and other assets
(374
)
 
898

Accounts payable and accrued expenses (includes restructuring)
(50
)
 
(1,286
)
Accrued payroll obligations
(2,129
)
 
(3,361
)
Deferred income and allowances on sales to sell-through distributors
1,595

 
889

Other liabilities
261

 
(78
)
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities
(12,872
)
 
19,227

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from sales or maturities of marketable securities
35,309

 
51,313

Purchase of marketable securities
(16,034
)
 
(40,823
)
Capital expenditures
(8,075
)
 
(7,307
)
Other investing activities, primarily time based software licenses
(2,340
)
 
(1,560
)
Net cash provided by investing activities
8,860

 
1,623

Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Net share settlement upon issuance of RSUs
(641
)
 
(435
)
Purchase of treasury stock
(6,970
)
 
(7,977
)
Net proceeds from issuance of common stock
2,668

 
4,213

Net cash used in financing activities
(4,943
)
 
(4,199
)
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents
(8,955
)
 
16,651

Beginning cash and cash equivalents
141,423

 
174,384

Ending cash and cash equivalents
$
132,468

 
$
191,035

Supplemental disclosures of non-cash investing and financing activities:
 
 
 
Unrealized loss related to marketable securities, net, included in Accumulated other comprehensive loss
$
(22
)
 
$
(7
)
Income taxes paid, net of refunds
$
382

 
$
551

Distribution of deferred compensation from trust assets
$
131

 
$
212

See Accompanying Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


6


LATTICE SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

Note 1 - Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies:

The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are unaudited and have been prepared by Lattice Semiconductor Corporation (“Lattice”, the “Company”, “we”, “us” or “our”) pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and in our opinion include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for the fair statement of results for the interim periods. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. These Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with our audited financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts and classification of assets, such as marketable securities, accounts receivable, inventory, auction rate securities, goodwill (including the assessment of reporting unit), intangible assets, deferred income taxes and liabilities, such as accrued liabilities (including restructuring charges and bonus arrangements), income taxes and deferred income and allowances on sales to sell-through distributors, forward exchange contracts, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the fiscal periods presented. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

We report based on a 52 or 53-week fiscal year ending on the Saturday closest to December 31. Our second quarter of fiscal 2012 and second quarter of fiscal 2011 ended on June 30, 2012 and July 2, 2011, respectively. All references to quarterly or three and six months ended financial results are references to the results for the relevant fiscal period.

Principles of Consolidation

The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of Lattice and its subsidiaries, all of which are wholly owned, after the elimination of all intercompany balances and transactions. Certain balances in prior fiscal years have been reclassified to conform to the presentation adopted in the current year.

Cash Equivalents and Marketable Securities

We consider all investments that are readily convertible into cash and have original maturities of three months or less, to be cash equivalents. Cash equivalents consist primarily of highly liquid investments in time deposits or money market accounts and are carried at cost. We account for marketable securities as available for sale with unrealized gains or losses recorded to Accumulated other comprehensive loss, unless losses are considered other-than-temporary, in which case, losses are charged to the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and other comprehensive (loss) income.

Derivative Financial Instruments

At June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, we had open foreign exchange contracts of zero and 140,000,000 JPY, respectively. The contracts outstanding at December 31, 2011 were settled in January 2012. Although such hedges mitigate our foreign currency exchange rate exposure from an economic perspective they were not designated as "effective" hedges for accounting purposes and are adjusted to fair value through earnings, an impact of less than $0.1 million for the periods reported. We do not hold or issue derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

Concentration Risk

Potential exposure to concentration risk consists primarily of cash and cash equivalents, marketable securities and trade receivables and supply of wafers for our new products. We place our investments primarily through three financial institutions and mitigate the concentration of credit risk by placing percentage limits on the maximum portion of the investment portfolio which may be invested in any one investment instrument. The Company's investment policy defines approved credit ratings for investment securities. Investments on-hand consisted primarily of money market instruments, “AA” or better corporate notes and bonds, “AA” or better rated U. S. municipal notes, and U.S. government agency obligations. See Note 3 for a discussion of the liquidity attributes of our marketable securities.
 

7


 
Accounts receivable are recorded at the invoice amount, do not bear interest, and are shown net of allowances for doubtful accounts of $1.0 million and $0.9 million at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively. We perform credit evaluations for essentially all customers and secure transactions with letters of credit or advance payments where appropriate. We regularly review our allowance for doubtful accounts and the aging of our accounts receivable. Write-offs for uncollected trade receivables have not been significant to date. Approximately 70% of our customers are located in the Asia Pacific region.

We expect that the majority of our revenue in fiscal 2012 will be reported resale by our sell-through distributors. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, Arrow Electronics, Inc. including Nu Horizons Electronics Corp., (a wholly owned subsidiary of Arrow Electronics, Inc. USA), and Weikeng (International and Industrial) Co. LTD made up approximately 47% and 45%, respectively, of total revenue.

We rely on Fujitsu Limited (“Fujitsu”) for most of our wafer purchases for our new products.

Revenue Recognition and Deferred Income
    
Revenue from sales to customers is recognized upon shipment, or in the case of sales by our sell-through distributors, at the time of reported resale, provided that persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, the price is fixed or determinable, title has transferred, collection of resulting receivables is reasonably assured, there are no customer remaining acceptance requirements and no remaining significant obligations. We sell our products directly to end customers or through a network of independent manufacturers' representatives and indirectly through a network of independent sell-in and sell-through distributors. Distributors provide us periodic data regarding the product, price, quantity, and end customer when products are resold as well as the quantities of our products they still have in stock. We must use estimates and apply judgment to reconcile sell-through distributors' reported inventories to their activities. Any error in our judgment could lead to inaccurate reporting of our Revenue, Cost of products sold, Deferred income and allowances on sales to sell-through distributors, and Net (loss) income.
    
At the time of shipment to a sell-through distributor we invoice at published list price. The final price is set at the time of resale and is determined in accordance with a distributor price agreement. Invoices are recorded in Accounts receivable, net with a corresponding credit to Deferred income and allowances on sales to sell-through distributors and inventory is transferred from Inventories to Deferred income and allowances on sales to sell-through distributors. Revenue and cost of products sold to sell-through distributors are deferred until either the product is resold by the distributor or, in certain cases, return privileges terminate, at which time Revenue and Cost of products sold are reflected in Net (loss) income.
 
The components of Deferred income and allowances on sales to sell-through distributors are presented in the following table (in thousands):
 
 
June 30,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
Inventory valued at published list price and held by sell-through distributors with right of return
 
$
44,999

 
$
40,147

Allowance for distributor advances
 
(26,020
)
 
(23,300
)
Deferred cost of sales related to inventory held by sell-through distributors
 
(6,623
)
 
(6,086
)
Total Deferred income and allowances on sales to sell-through distributors
 
$
12,356

 
$
10,761


We expect the majority of our revenue in fiscal 2012 will be from sell-through distributors. Resale of product by sell-through distributors as a percentage of our total revenue was 56% and 55% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively, and 57% and 60% for the three and six months ended July 2, 2011, respectively.

Revenue from software licensing was not material for the periods presented.

Note 2 - Net (loss) income Per Share:

We compute basic (loss) income per share by dividing net (loss) income available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. To determine diluted share count, we apply the treasury stock method to determine the dilutive effect of outstanding stock option shares, restricted stock units ("RSUs"), and ESPP shares. Our application of the treasury stock method includes as assumed proceeds the average unamortized stock-based compensation expense for the period and the impact of the pro forma deferred tax benefit or cost associated with stock-based

8


compensation expense.

A reconciliation of basic and diluted Net (loss) income per share is presented below (in thousands, except per share data):

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
2012
 
July 2,
2011
 
June 30,
2012
 
July 2,
2011
Basic and diluted Net (loss) income
$
(12,542
)
 
$
13,031

 
$
(20,256
)
 
$
23,950

Shares used in basic Net (loss) income per share
117,874

 
118,047

 
118,024

 
118,021

Dilutive effect of stock options, RSUs and ESPP shares

 
3,421

 

 
3,674

Shares used in diluted Net (loss) income per share
117,874

 
121,468

 
118,024

 
121,695

Basic Net (loss) income per share
$
(0.11
)
 
$
0.11

 
$
(0.17
)
 
$
0.20

Diluted Net (loss) income per share
$
(0.11
)
 
$
0.11

 
$
(0.17
)
 
$
0.20


The computation of diluted Net (loss) income per share for both the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, excludes the effects of stock options, RSUs and ESPP shares aggregating 12.2 million shares, as they are antidilutive. The computation of diluted Net (loss) income per share for the three and six months ended July 2, 2011 excludes the effects of stock options, RSUs and ESPP shares aggregating 4.0 million shares and 3.6 million shares, respectively, as they are antidilutive. Stock options, RSUs and ESPP shares are considered antidilutive when the aggregate of exercise price, unrecognized stock-based compensation expense and excess tax benefit are greater than the average market price for our common stock during the period or when the Company is in a net loss position. Stock options and RSUs that are antidilutive in the second quarter of fiscal 2012 could become dilutive in the future.

Note 3 - Marketable Securities:

The following table summarizes the contractual maturities of our marketable securities (at fair value and in thousands): 
 
June 30,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
Short-term marketable securities:
 
  
 
Maturities of less than five years
$
52,012

 
$
68,711

Long-term marketable securities:
 
  
 
Maturities of more than ten years
4,661

  
6,946

Total marketable securities
$
56,673

  
$
75,657


The following table summarizes the composition of our marketable securities (at fair value and in thousands): 
 
June 30,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
Short-term marketable securities:
 
  
 
Corporate and government bonds and notes and commercial paper
$
52,012

  
$
68,711

Long-term marketable securities:
 
  
 
Federally-insured or FFELP guaranteed student loans
4,661

  
6,946

Total marketable securities
$
56,673

  
$
75,657


9




The following table summarizes the composition of our auction rate securities (in thousands):
 
June 30, 2012
 
December 31, 2011
 
Par Value
 
Fair Value
  
S&P
 Credit
 rating
  
Par Value
  
Fair Value
  
S&P
 Credit
 rating
Long-term marketable securities:
 
  
 
  
 
  
 
  
 
  
 
Federally-insured or FFELP guaranteed student loans
$
5,700

  
$
4,661

  
AA+
  
$
8,300

  
$
6,946

  
AAA
Total auction rate securities
$
5,700

  
$
4,661

  
 
  
$
8,300

  
$
6,946

  
 

On May 22, 2012, student loan auction rate securities with a par value of $2.6 million and an estimated fair value of $2.3 million were redeemed by the issuer for $2.6 million. As a result, the Company reported a gain of $0.4 million and relieved $0.1 million of previously unrecognized gain in Accumulated other comprehensive loss. On March 29, 2011, the Company sold student loan auction rate securities, with a par value of $3.3 million and an estimated fair value of $2.8 million, for $3.3 million, reported a gain of $0.6 million and relieved $0.1 million of previously unrecognized gain in Accumulated other comprehensive income, in the first quarter of fiscal 2011. At June 30, 2012, due to continued multiple failed auctions and a determination of illiquidity, the auction rate securities held by the Company are classified as Long-term marketable securities. These auction rate securities are exposed to risks associated with student loan asset-backed notes. Such loans are insured by the federal government or guaranteed by the Federal Family Educational Loan Program ("FFELP"). The Company intends to sell its auction rate securities as markets for these securities resume or reasonable offers become available.

Note 4 - Fair Value of Financial Instruments (in thousands):

 
Fair value measurements as of
June 30, 2012
 
Fair value measurements as of
 December 31, 2011
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Short-term marketable securities
$
52,012

 
$
52,012

 
$

 
$

 
$
68,711

 
$
68,711

 
$

 
$

Long-term marketable securities
4,661

 

 

 
4,661

 
6,946

 

 

 
6,946

Foreign currency forward exchange contracts

 

 

 

 
18

 

 
18

 

Total fair value of financial instruments
$
56,673

 
$
52,012

 
$

 
$
4,661

 
$
75,675

 
$
68,711

 
$
18

 
$
6,946


We invest in various financial instruments including corporate and government bonds and notes, commercial paper and auction rate securities. In addition, we enter into foreign currency forward exchange contracts to mitigate our foreign currency exchange rate exposure. The Company carries these instruments at their fair value in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 820, "Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures" ("ASC 820"). The framework under the provisions of ASC 820 establishes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value. Each level of input has different levels of subjectivity and difficulty involved in determining fair value.

Level 1 instruments generally represent quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets. Therefore, determining fair value for Level 1 instruments generally does not require significant management judgment, and the estimation is not difficult. Our Level 1 instruments consist of federal agency, municipal or corporate notes and bonds, and commercial paper that are traded in active markets and are classified as Short-term marketable securities on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.

Level 2 instruments include inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices for identical instruments in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.

Level 3 instruments include unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities. Our auction rate securities are classified as Level 3 instruments. Management uses a combination of the market and income approach to derive the fair value of auction rate securities, which include third party valuation results, investment broker provided market information and available information on the credit quality of the

10


underlying collateral. As a result, the determination of fair value for Level 3 instruments requires significant management judgment and subjectivity. Our Level 3 instruments are classified as Long-term marketable securities on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet and are entirely made up of auction rate securities that consist of student loan asset-backed notes. Such loans are insured by the federal government or guaranteed by the Federal Family Educational Loan Program ("FFELP"). Fair value measurement may be sensitive to various unobservable inputs such as the ability of students to repay their loans, or change in the provision of government guarantees policy toward guaranteeing loan repayment. If students are unable to pay back their loans or the government changes their policy our investments may be further impaired.

There were no transfers between Levels 1 and 2 during the first six months ended fiscal 2012 or 2011. There were no transfers into or out of Level 3 during the first six months ended fiscal 2012 or 2011.

During the six months ended June 30, 2012 and July 2, 2011, the following changes occurred in our Level 3 instruments (in thousands):
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
2012
 
July 2,
2011
Beginning fair value of Long-term marketable securities
$
6,946

 
$
10,232

Fair value of securities sold or redeemed
(2,285
)
 
(2,843
)
Ending fair value of Long-term marketable securities
$
4,661

 
$
7,389


In accordance with ASC 320, “Investments-Debt and Equity Securities,” the Company recorded an unrealized loss of less than $0.1 million during the six months ended June 30, 2012 and July 2, 2011, on certain Short-term marketable securities (Level 1 instruments), which has been recorded in Accumulated other comprehensive loss. Future fluctuations in fair value related to these instruments that the Company deems to be temporary, including any recoveries of previous write-downs, would be recorded to Accumulated other comprehensive loss. In addition, during the six months ended June 30, 2012 and July 2, 2011, the Company realized a gain of $0.4 million and $0.6 million, respectively, related to the sale of a portion of its Long-term marketable securities portfolio. If the Company were to determine in the future that any further decline in fair value is other-than-temporary, we would record an impairment charge, which could have a materially detrimental impact on our operating results. If we were to liquidate our position in these securities, it is likely that the amount of any future realized gain or loss would be different from the unrealized gain or loss reported in Accumulated other comprehensive loss or the previously reported other-than-temporary impairment charge.

Note 5 - Inventories (in thousands):

 
June 30,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
Work in progress
$
26,384

  
$
24,260

Finished goods
10,732

  
13,018

Total inventories
$
37,116

  
$
37,278


Note 6 - Business Combinations and Goodwill:

On July 15, 2011 the Company acquired substantially all of the assets of Rise Technology Development Limited ("Rise"), a Hong Kong company, and its subsidiary, APAC IC Layout Consultants, Inc. (“APAC IC”), a Manila, Philippines based company engaged in engineering layout and design services for $1.0 million.  The acquisition of Rise and APAC IC, which was for cash, is part of the Company's effort to improve its research and development and operations activities, reduce costs and streamline its supply chain for improved predictability and flexibility.  The Company allocated the purchase price of the acquisition in accordance with the guidance of ASC 820, “Business Combinations”, which resulted in recording the majority of the purchase price, or $0.9 million, to Goodwill. The Company has not disclosed the purchase price allocation or pro forma information as the acquisition was immaterial to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.    

On December 16, 2011, we acquired SiliconBlue Technologies Ltd., a Cayman Islands exempted company ("SiliconBlue"), which put the Company in a unique position in the mobile consumer segment of the programmable logic market. The purchase price, totaling $63.2 million was paid in cash.
 
The Company allocated the purchase price of the acquisition in accordance with the guidance of ASC 820, “Business

11


Combinations”. Of the total purchase price, $43.9 million was allocated to goodwill, which represents the excess of the purchase price of an acquired business over the fair value of the underlying net tangible and intangible assets. The goodwill balance is primarily attributed to assembled workforce, expected synergies and expanded opportunities when integrating SiliconBlue's technology with our current product offering. SiliconBlue will expand our product offering in the mobile consumer and handheld market. These are among the factors that contributed to a purchase price for SiliconBlue that resulted in the recognition of goodwill. The goodwill and identifiable intangible assets are not deductible for tax purposes.     
    
The company is in the process of finalizing the purchase price accounting, as it relates to taxes, for the December 16, 2011 acquisition of SiliconBlue.

The following table presents the estimated fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed, including those items that are still preliminary, for the acquisition of SiliconBlue (in thousands):

 
Useful lives (in years)
 
Estimated Fair Values
Net tangible assets acquired
 
 
$
837

Acquired intangible assets:
 
 
 
     Developed technology
7
 
10,700

     Customer relationships
5.5
 
7,800

Goodwill
 
 
43,911

Total purchase price allocation
 
 
$
63,248


Inventories were recorded at their estimated fair value ("step-up"), which represented an amount equivalent to estimated selling prices less fulfillment costs and a normative selling profit. The step-up of $0.3 million was charged to Acquisition related costs in the six months ended June 30, 2012, approximating the estimated inventory turn-over for this particular product.

SiliconBlue was consolidated into our financial statements beginning on December 16, 2011.

No impairment charges relating to goodwill and intangible assets were recorded for the first six months of fiscal 2012.

Note 7 - Intangible Assets and Acquisition Related Charges:
 
In connection with our acquisition of SiliconBlue in December 2011, we recorded identifiable intangible assets related to developed technology and customer relationships based on guidance for determining fair value under the provisions of ASC 820. We did not have any identifiable intangible assets recorded as of July 2, 2011. The following table summarizes the details of the Company’s total purchased intangible assets (in thousands):

 
 
Weighted Average Amortization Period
 (in years)
 
Gross
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Intangible assets, net of amortization
 June 30, 2012
Developed technology
 
7
 
$
10,700

 
$
(828
)
 
$
9,872

Customer relationships
 
5.5
 
7,800

 
(768
)
 
7,032

Total
 
6.3
 
$
18,500

 
$
(1,596
)
 
$
16,904


    
Acquisition related charges include severance and professional fees related to acquisition, as well as the amortization of the stepped up value of inventory and amortization of identifiable intangible assets with finite useful lives. Acquisition related charges in connection with the acquisition of SiliconBlue from the date of acquisition, December 16, 2011 to June 30, 2012 were as follows (in thousands):

12


 
Three months ended
 June 30, 2012
 
Six months ended
 June 30, 2012
 
From December 16, 2011 to
 December 31, 2011
Severance related to integration of employees
$
67

 
$
633

 
$

Professional fees related to acquisition
29

 
501

 
397

Amortization of developed technology
382

 
764

 
64

Amortization of customer relationships
355

 
710

 
59

Amortization of $0.3 million step-up in inventory fair value at date of acquisition
124

 
248

 
16

Net all other, including reversal of bad debt reserve
25

 
(167
)
 

Total
$
982

 
$
2,689

 
$
536

 
Estimated acquisition related charges in connection with the acquisition of SiliconBlue for future years are as follows (in thousands):

            
Fiscal year
 
Estimated Acquisition related charges
2012
 
$
4,275

2013
 
2,947

2014
 
2,947

2015
 
2,947

2016
 
2,947

2017
 
2,179

2018
 
1,463

Total
 
$
19,705




13


Note 8 - Changes in Stockholders' Equity and Accumulated other Comprehensive loss (in thousands):

 
Common
stock
  
Paid-in
 capital
 
Treasury
stock
 
Accumu-
lated
deficit
 
Accumu-
lated
other
compre-
hensive
loss
 
Total
Balances, December 31, 2011
$
1,177


$
627,637

 
$


$
(234,908
)
 
$
(345
)

$
393,561

Net loss for the six months ended June 30, 2012

  

 

 
(20,256
)
 

 
(20,256
)
Unrealized loss related to marketable securities, net

  

 

 

 
(22
)
 
(22
)
Recognized gain on redemption of marketable securities, previously unrealized

 

 

 

 
(78
)
 
(78
)
Translation adjustments

  

 

 

 
259

 
259

Common stock issued in connection with the exercise of stock options, ESPP and vested RSUs (net of taxes)
10

  
2,017

 

 

 

 
2,027

Stock repurchase

 

 
(6,970
)
 

 

 
(6,970
)
Retirement of treasury stock
(13
)
 
(6,957
)
 
6,970

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense related to stock options, ESPP and RSUs

  
3,678

 

 

 

 
3,678

Balances, June 30, 2012
$
1,174

 
$
626,375

 
$

 
$
(255,164
)
 
$
(186
)
 
$
372,199


On February 24, 2012, the Company's Board of Directors approved a stock repurchase program pursuant to which up to $20.0 million of outstanding common stock may be repurchased from time to time. The duration of the repurchase program is twelve months. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, approximately 1.1 million and 1.3 million shares, respectively, were repurchased for $5.4 million and $7.0 million. All repurchases have and will be open market transactions and funded from available working capital.
    
Note 9 - Income Taxes:

We are subject to federal income tax as well as income tax of multiple state and foreign jurisdictions. We are no longer subject to federal, state and local, or foreign income tax examinations for years before 2008, 2007 and 2006, respectively.

We have federal net operating loss carryforwards that expire at various dates between 2023 and 2029. We have state net operating loss carryforwards that expire at various dates from 2012 through 2030. We also have federal and state credit carryforwards, some of which do not expire, with the remainder expiring at various dates from 2012 through 2031.

During the fourth quarter of 2011, we concluded it was more likely than not that we would be able to realize the benefit of a portion of our remaining deferred tax assets. We based this conclusion on improved operating results over the past two years and our expectations about generating taxable income in the foreseeable future including the implementation of a global tax structure. We exercised significant judgment and considered estimates about our ability to generate revenues, gross profits, operating income and taxable income in future periods under our new tax structure in reaching this decision.

As part of our global tax structure implementation, an intercompany sale of inventory and fixed assets occurred during the first quarter of 2012. The inventory portion of this intercompany sale is expected to be sold to end customers in the normal course of business. As the inventory sells to our end customers, taxes are applied to the gain based on U.S. statutory tax rates, primarily offset by deferred tax assets. This resulted in an increase to the effective tax rate and a net tax provision of $10.5 million and $18.4 million in the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively. Over 90% of this inventory has been sold to end customers as of June 30, 2012, and the remainder is expected to be sold in the third quarter of 2012. This is expected to result in a substantial decrease in the net tax provision in the third quarter and a further decrease in the fourth quarter.
    

14


We are not currently under examination in any tax jurisdictions.

We believe that it is reasonably possible that $0.4 million of unrecognized tax benefits and $0.1 million of associated interest and penalties could significantly change during the next twelve months. The $0.5 million potential change would represent a decrease in unrecognized tax benefits, comprised of items related to federal research and development credits and uncertain income tax positions related to foreign tax filings for years that will no longer be subject to examination under expiring statutes of limitations.

We are paying foreign income taxes, which are reflected in the provision for income taxes in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (loss) income and are primarily related to the cost of operating an offshore research and development, marketing and sales subsidiaries. We are not currently paying federal income taxes and do not expect to pay such taxes until the benefits of our tax net operating losses are fully utilized. We expect to pay a nominal amount of state income tax. We accrue interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions in the provision for income taxes.

Note 10 - Restructuring:

During 2011, the Company's Board of Directors adopted a restructuring plan to more efficiently implement the Company's product development strategy and to better align the Company's corporate strategy with the Company's sales resources (the “2011 restructuring plan”). In connection with the 2011 restructuring plan, the Company reduced and refocused its headcount at certain of its research and development facilities, including Pennsylvania and Shanghai, China, and streamlined its supply chain activities at its headquarters for reduced operational costs, improved predictability and flexibility. Part of the 2011 restructuring plan includes extending silicon development capabilities, product and test engineering, planning and logistics activities by locating personnel in Manila, Philippines. The 2011 restructuring plan was completed at the end of the second quarter of fiscal 2012. Approximately $0.1 million and $0.6 million of expense was incurred in the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively, and $1.4 million and $4.0 million was incurred in the three and six months ended July 2, 2011, respectively.

During fiscal 2009, we initiated a restructuring plan ("2009 restructuring plan") to lower operating expenses primarily by reducing headcount, reducing occupancy in certain leased facilities and to transfer inventory management, order fulfillment, and direct sales logistics from our headquarters in Oregon to a third party contractor in Singapore. In addition, the Company established an operations center in Singapore to transfer some of its supply chain activities from the Company’s headquarters in Oregon. As part of the 2011 restructuring plan, we updated our estimate of the remaining severance and lease loss reserve for the 2009 restructuring plan. This resulted in a credit to Restructuring charges in the first quarter of fiscal 2011 of $0.8 million, primarily for re-occupying certain leased facilities.

At June 30, 2012, no restructuring accrual remained on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.

The following table displays the activity related to the 2011 restructuring plan described above (in thousands):
 
Balance at
December 31, 2011
 
Charged to
expense during six months ended
June 30, 2012
 
Paid or
settled
 
Adjustments
to reserve
 
Balance at
June 30, 2012
Severance and related costs
$
1,543

 
$
296

 
$
(1,735
)
 
$
(104
)
 
$

Lease loss reserve
26

 

 
(12
)
 
(14
)
 

Other

 
465

 
(465
)
 

 

Total restructuring plans
$
1,569

 
$
761

 
$
(2,212
)
 
$
(118
)
 
$


Total Restructuring charges included in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (loss) income were as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30, 2012
 
July 2, 2011
 
June 30,
2012
 
July 2,
2011
Severance and related costs
$
(3
)
 
$
1,171

 
$
193

 
$
3,490

Lease loss reserve

 

 
(14
)
 
(628
)
Other
90

 
216

 
464

 
360

Total restructuring charges
$
87

 
$
1,387

 
$
643

 
$
3,222


15



We cannot be certain as to the actual amount of any remaining restructuring charges, changes in original estimates or the timing of their recognition for financial reporting purposes.

Note 11 - Stock-Based Compensation:

Total stock-based compensation expense included in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (loss) income was as follows (in thousands): 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
2012
 
July 2,
2011
 
June 30,
2012
 
July 2,
2011
Line item:
 
 
 
 
 
  
 
Cost of products sold
$
142

 
$
155

 
$
249

  
$
213

Research and development
817

 
750

 
1,439

  
1,350

Selling, general and administrative
1,095

 
781

 
1,990

  
1,415

Restructuring charges

 
51

 

 
103

Total stock-based compensation
$
2,054

 
$
1,737

 
$
3,678

  
$
3,081


Note 12 - Legal Matters:

On June 11, 2007, a patent infringement lawsuit was filed by Lizy K. John (“John”) against Lattice Semiconductor Corporation in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Texas, Marshall Division. John seeks an injunction, unspecified damages, and attorneys' fees and expenses. The Company filed a request for re-examination of the patent by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (“PTO”), which was granted by the PTO, and the re-examination has concluded. The litigation was stayed pending the results of the re-examination. The stay was lifted on January 1, 2012 but the court has not yet conducted a scheduling conference or set a trial date. At this stage of the proceedings, we do not have an estimate of the likelihood or the amount of any potential exposure to us. The Company believes it possesses defenses to these claims and intends to vigorously defend this litigation.

On December 8, 2010, Intellectual Ventures I LLC and Intellectual Ventures II LLC (“Intellectual Ventures”) filed a patent infringement lawsuit against the Company, Altera Corporation and Microsemi Corporation in the U.S. District Court for the District of Delaware, seeking unspecified damages. At this stage of the proceedings, we do not have an estimate of the likelihood or the amount of any potential exposure to us. The Company believes it possesses defenses to these claims and intends to vigorously defend this litigation.

We are also exposed to certain other asserted and unasserted potential claims. There can be no assurance that, with respect to potential claims made against us, we could resolve such claims under terms and conditions that would not have a material adverse effect on our business, our liquidity or our financial results. Periodically, we review the status of each significant matter and assess its potential financial exposure. If the potential loss from any claim or legal proceeding is considered probable and a range of possible losses can be estimated, we then accrue a liability for the estimated loss based on the provisions of Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 450, “Contingencies" (“ASC 450”). Legal proceedings are subject to uncertainties, and the outcomes are difficult to predict. Because of such uncertainties, accruals are based only on the best information available at the time. As additional information becomes available, we reassess the potential liability related to pending claims and litigation and may revise estimates. Presently, no accrual has been estimated under ASC 450 for potential losses that may or may not arise from the current lawsuits in which we are involved.



16


Note 13 - Segment and Geographic Information:

We operate in one industry segment comprising the design, development, manufacture and marketing of high performance programmable logic devices. Our revenue by major geographic area based on ship-to location was as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30, 2012
 
July 2, 2011
 
June 30, 2012
 
July 2, 2011
United States:
$
7,669

 
11
%
 
$
9,532

 
11
%
 
$
18,381

 
13
%
 
$
23,217

 
14
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Asia Pacific (primarily China and Taiwan)
40,347

 
57

 
44,127

 
53

 
76,714

 
54

 
87,779

 
53

Europe
12,086

 
17

 
18,740

 
22

 
25,312

 
18

 
36,321

 
22

Japan
9,042

 
13

 
10,087

 
12

 
18,821

 
13

 
16,524

 
10

Other Americas
1,648

 
2

 
1,375

 
2

 
3,264

 
2

 
2,635

 
1

Total foreign revenue
63,123

 
89

 
74,329

 
89

 
124,111

 
87

 
143,259

 
86

Total revenue
$
70,792

 
100
%
 
$
83,861

 
100
%
 
$
142,492

 
100
%
 
$
166,476

 
100
%



17



ITEM 2.
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Overview

Lattice Semiconductor Corporation (“Lattice”, the “Company”, "we", "us", or "our") designs, develops and markets high performance programmable logic products and related software. Programmable logic products are widely used semiconductor components that can be configured by end customers as specific logic circuits, enabling shorter design cycle times and reduced development costs. Our end customers are primarily original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”) in the communications, computing, consumer, industrial, military, automotive, and medical end markets. Within the programmable logic market there are two groups of products - programmable logic devices (“PLD”) and field programmable gate arrays (“FPGA”) - each representing a distinct silicon architectural approach. Products based on the two alternative programmable logic architectures are generally optimal for different types of logic functions, although many logic functions can be implemented using either architecture. We believe that a substantial portion of programmable logic customers utilize both PLD and FPGA architectures.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Critical accounting policies are those that are both most important to the portrayal of a company's financial condition and results and require management's most difficult, subjective and complex judgments, often as a result of the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain. Management believes that there have been no significant changes during the six months ended June 30, 2012 to the items that we disclosed as our critical accounting policies and estimates in Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts and classification of assets, such as marketable securities, accounts receivable, inventory, auction rate securities, goodwill, deferred income taxes and liabilities, accrued liabilities (including restructuring charges and accrual for bonus arrangements), income taxes, deferred income and allowances on sales to certain sell-through distributors, forward exchange contracts, and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the fiscal periods presented. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Results of Operations

Revenue

Key elements of our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (loss) income were as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
June 30, 2012
 
July 2, 2011
 
June 30, 2012
 
July 2, 2011
Revenue
 
$
70,792

 
100.0
 %
 
$
83,861

 
100.0
%
 
$
142,492

 
100.0
 %
 
$
166,476

 
100.0
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross margin
 
37,051

 
52.3

 
50,671

 
60.4

 
76,536

 
53.7

 
100,280

 
60.2

Research and development
 
19,363

 
27.4

 
18,631

 
22.2

 
38,509

 
27.0

 
38,771

 
23.3

Selling, general and administrative
 
19,405

 
27.4

 
17,738

 
21.2

 
37,328

 
26.2

 
34,908

 
21.0

Acquisition related charges
 
982

 
1.4

 

 

 
2,689

 
1.9

 

 

Restructuring charges
 
87

 
0.1

 
1,387

 
1.7

 
643

 
0.5

 
3,222

 
1.9

Income from operations
 
$
(2,786
)
 
(3.9
)%
 
$
12,915

 
15.4
%
 
$
(2,633
)
 
(1.8
)%
 
$
23,379

 
14.0
%

Revenue for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 decreased to $70.8 million and $142.5 million, respectively, compared to $83.9 million and $166.5 million for the three and six months ended July 2, 2011, respectively. Revenue decreased from our Mainstream and Mature products but was partially offset by an increase in revenue from our New products.

Revenue by Product Line

18



FPGA and PLD revenue decreased in the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2012, when compared to the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2011. There was a 13% decrease in FPGA units sold and an 11% decrease in revenue in the second quarter of fiscal 2012 when compared to the second quarter of fiscal 2011. There was a 14% decrease in FPGA units sold and an 18% decrease in revenue in the first six months of fiscal 2012 when compared to the first six months of fiscal 2011. There was a 10% decrease in PLD units sold and an 18% decrease in revenue in the second quarter of fiscal 2012, when compared to the second quarter of fiscal 2011. There was a 2% decrease in PLD units sold and a 12% decrease in revenue in the first six months of fiscal 2012 when compared to the first six months of fiscal 2011.The decrease in reported revenue for each period presented is related to changes in product mix, primarily the result of an increase in New product revenue and a decline in Mainstream and Mature product revenue, and a decrease in units sold.

The composition of our revenue by product line for the three and six months of fiscal 2012 and 2011 was as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
June 30, 2012
 
July 2, 2011
 
June 30, 2012
 
July 2, 2011
FPGA
 
$
24,847

  
35
%
 
$
27,902

  
33
%
 
$
48,184

 
34
%
 
$
59,081

 
35
%
PLD
 
45,945

  
65

 
55,959

  
67

 
94,308

 
66

 
107,395

 
65

Total revenue
 
$
70,792

  
100
%
 
$
83,861

  
100
%
 
$
142,492

 
100
%
 
$
166,476

 
100
%

Revenue by End Market

Revenue from the Industrial and other end market decreased 25% and 23% in the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2012, respectively, when compared to the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2011. Revenue from the Consumer end market decreased 18% and stayed flat for the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2012, respectively, when compared to the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2011. Revenue in the Communications end market, historically our largest end market, decreased 7% and 11% for the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2012, when compared to the same periods in the prior year and accounted for approximately 52% and 47% of our total revenue for the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2012. We expect that a significant portion of our revenue will continue to be dependent on the health of the Communications end market.

The composition of our revenue by end market for the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2012 and 2011 was as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
June 30, 2012
 
July 2, 2011
 
June 30, 2012
 
July 2, 2011
Communications
 
$
36,489

  
52
%
 
$
39,205

  
47
%
 
$
67,000

 
47
%
 
$
75,536

 
45
%
Industrial and other
 
18,925

  
26

 
25,097

  
30

 
39,228

 
27

 
50,875

 
31

Consumer
 
6,911

  
10

 
8,386

  
10

 
18,211

 
13

 
18,228

 
11

Computing
 
8,467

 
12

 
11,173

 
13

 
18,053

 
13

 
21,784

 
13

Total revenue
 
$
70,792

 
100
%
 
$
83,861

 
100
%
 
$
142,492

 
100
%
 
$
166,476

 
100
%

Revenue by Product Classification

Revenue for New products increased 55% and 49% for the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2012, respectively, compared to the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2011. New product revenue increased primarily due to an increase in unit sales partially offset by a decrease in average selling price. The decrease in average selling price for New products resulted from changes in product mix and end customer mix, primarily related to revenue from certain significant customers in the communications end market. Revenue for Mainstream products decreased 16% and 18% for the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2012, respectively, when compared to the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2011. Mainstream product revenue decreased due to a decrease in both average selling price and in unit sales. Mature product revenue decreased 41% and 28% for the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2012, respectively, compared to the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2011. Mature product revenue decreased due to a decrease in average selling price for the comparable six month periods, but was partially offset by an increase in units sold for the comparable three month periods. The decrease in average selling price for Mature products resulted from changes in product mix and end customer mix, primarily associated with the decline in revenue from our Industrial and Other end market.

19



The composition of our revenue by product classification for the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2012 and 2011 was as follows (dollars in thousands): 

 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
June 30, 2012
 
July 2, 2011
 
June 30, 2012
 
July 2, 2011
New *
 
$
13,766

  
20
%
 
$
8,878

  
10
%
 
$
25,155

 
18
%
 
$
16,908

 
10
%
Mainstream *
 
42,709

  
60

 
50,826

  
61

 
81,052

 
57

 
98,853

 
59

Mature *
 
14,317

  
20

 
24,157

  
29

 
36,285

 
25

 
50,715

 
31

Total revenue
 
$
70,792

  
100
%
 
$
83,861

  
100
%
 
$
142,492

 
100
%
 
$
166,476

 
100
%
 



* Product Classifications:
New:
LatticeECP4, LatticeECP3, MachXO2, Power Manager II, and iCE40
Mainstream:  
ispMACH 4000ZE, ispMACH 4000/Z, LatticeSC, LatticeECP2/M, LatticeECP, LatticeXP2, LatticeXP, MachXO, ispClock A/D/S, Software and IP
Mature:
ispXPLD, ispXPGA, FPSC, ORCA 2, ORCA 3, ORCA 4, ispPAC, isplsi 8000V, ispMACH 5000B, ispMACH 2LV, ispMACH 5LV, ispLSI 2000V, ispLSI 5000V, ispMACH 5000VG, all 5-volt CPLDs, ispGDX2, GDX/V, ispMACH 4/LV, iCE65, ispClock, Power Manager I, all SPLDs

* Product categories are modified as appropriate relative to our portfolio of products and the generation within each major product family. New products consist of our latest generation of products, while Mainstream and Mature are older or based on unique late stage customer-based production needs. Generally, product categories are adjusted every two to three years, at which time prior periods are reclassified to conform to the new categorization. In the first fiscal quarter of 2012 we reclassified our New, Mainstream and Mature product categories to better reflect our current product portfolio.

Revenue by Geography

The composition of our revenue by geography, based on ship-to location, is as follows (dollars in thousands): 

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30, 2012
 
July 2, 2011
 
June 30, 2012
 
July 2, 2011
United States:
$
7,669

 
11
%
 
$
9,532

 
11
%
 
$
18,381

 
13
%
 
$
23,217

 
14
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Asia Pacific (primarily China and Taiwan)
40,347

 
57

 
44,127

 
53

 
76,714

 
54

 
87,779

 
53

Europe
12,086

 
17

 
18,740

 
22

 
25,312

 
18

 
36,321

 
22

Japan
9,042

 
13

 
10,087

 
12

 
18,821

 
13

 
16,524

 
10

Other Americas
1,648

 
2

 
1,375

 
2

 
3,264

 
2

 
2,635

 
1

Total foreign revenue
63,123

 
89

 
74,329

 
89

 
124,111

 
87

 
143,259

 
86

Total revenue
$
70,792

 
100
%
 
$
83,861

 
100
%
 
$
142,492

 
100
%
 
$
166,476

 
100
%


We assign revenue to geographies based on customer ship-to address at the point where revenue is recognized. In the case of sell-in distributors, which made up 56% and 55% of revenue for the second and first six months of fiscal 2012, respectively and OEM customers, which made up 31% and 32% of revenue for the second and first six months of fiscal 2012, respectively, revenue is typically recognized, and geography is assigned, when products are shipped to our distributor or customer. In the case of sell-through distributors, which made up 13% of revenue for both the second and first six months of fiscal 2012, respectively, revenue is recognized when resale occurs and geography is assigned based on the customer location on the resale reports provided by the distributor.

Revenue from foreign sales as a percentage of total revenue was 89% and 87% for the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2012, respectively, compared to 89% and 86% for the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2011, respectively. We believe the Asia Pacific region will remain the primary source of our revenue due to relatively more favorable business conditions in Asia and a continuing trend towards the outsourcing of manufacturing by North American and European customers to the Asia

20


Pacific region.

Termination of Avnet Inc. ("Avnet") global franchise agreement

On August 28, 2011, our global franchise agreement with Avnet terminated, however, we had mutually agreed to terms for the transition of inventory through December 31, 2011. Revenue from Avnet made up approximately 20% and 21% of our total revenue for the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2011. We do not expect a significant disruption in our ability to service customers as a result of this change. We continue to serve our end customers with a network that includes a global distributor, regional distributors, manufacturer's representatives, and our direct sales team.

Gross Margin and Operating Expenses

Our gross margin percentage was 52.3% and 53.7% in the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2012, respectively, compared to 60.4% and 60.2% in the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2011, respectively. The decrease in gross margin percentage for the second quarter and first six months of 2012, as compared to the second quarter and first six months of 2011, was due to product mix as New products accounted for 20% and 18% of revenue in the second quarter and first six months of 2012, respectively, compared to 11% and 10% in the second quarter and first six months of 2011, and a decrease in revenue of our Mature products sold to the Industrial and other end customer market. New products typically have lower gross margins than products classified under our Mainstream and Mature life cycle classifications. In addition, products sold to customers in the Industrial and Other end markets typically have higher gross margins than products sold to customers in other end markets. Gross margin was lower due to an increase in revenue from certain of the Company's large customers, primarily in the communications end markets, when comparing the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2012 to the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2011. Additionally, during the second quarter of fiscal 2012 the Company completed the restructuring of its research and development and operations groups under the 2011 restructuring plan, and cost allocations were updated to reflect this new structure.

Research and development expense was $19.4 million and $38.5 million in the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2012, respectively, compared to $18.6 million and $38.8 million in the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2011, respectively. Research and development expenses consist primarily of personnel, masks, engineering wafers, third-party design automation software, test equipment and tooling depreciation, and qualification expenses. The increase in the second quarter of fiscal 2012, compared to the second quarter of fiscal 2011, was primarily a result of an increase in severance related labor costs, partially offset by a decrease in engineering mask and wafer costs. The decrease in the first six months of fiscal 2012 compared to the first six months of fiscal 2011 was primarily due to a reduction in masks and engineering wafer costs. We believe that a continued commitment to research and development is essential to maintain product leadership and provide innovative new product offerings, and therefore we expect to continue to make significant future investments in research and development. As we continue to move to more advanced process technologies, mask and engineering wafer costs become increasingly more expensive and will therefore represent a greater proportion of total research and development expenses.

Selling, general and administrative expense was $19.4 million and $37.3 million for the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2012, respectively, compared to $17.7 million and $34.9 million in the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2011, respectively. This increase in the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2012 compared to the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2011 was a result of an increase in labor related costs, primarily due to the additional headcount associated with the December 16, 2011 acquisition of SiliconBlue, severance costs charged in the second quarter of fiscal 2012, legal costs and marketing related costs.

Acquisition related charges were $1.0 million and $2.7 million for the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2012. The charges include $0.7 million and $1.7 million in amortization of intangibles assets for the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2012, respectively, and $0.6 million in severance related costs, and $0.4 million other costs for the first quarter and first six months of fiscal 2012, related to our December 16, 2011 acquisition of SiliconBlue. We estimate acquisition related charges will be approximately $0.8 million for the third quarter of fiscal 2012, primarily related to amortization of intangible assets.

The Company implemented restructuring plans during the fiscal years 2005, 2009 and 2011. Included in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (loss) income and reported as Restructuring charges are charges of $0.1 million and $0.6 million for the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2012, respectively, and the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2011, are charges of $1.4 million and $3.2 million, respectively, primarily resulting from severance and related costs under these restructuring plans.

Other income, net


21


The following table summarizes the activity in Other income, net (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
June 30,
2012
 
July 2,
2011
 
June 30,
2012
 
July 2,
2011
Interest income
 
$
238

 
$
303

 
$
465

 
$
602

Gain primarily related to sale of marketable securities, net
 
393

 
(26
)
 
393

 
454

Loss on foreign exchange transactions and other, net
 
63

 
(9
)
 
(100
)
 
(125
)
Total other income, net
 
$
694

 
$
268

 
$
758

 
$
931



The increase in Other income, net, in the second quarter of fiscal 2012, as compared to the second quarter of fiscal 2011 resulted from a gain on the redemption of auction rate securities that was recorded in the second quarter of fiscal 2012 while no comparable transaction occurred in the second quarter of fiscal 2011. The decrease in Other income, net, in the first six months of fiscal 2012, as compared to the first six months of fiscal 2011, resulted from a gain on the sale of auction rate securities that was recorded in the first quarter of fiscal 2011.

Provision for income taxes
    
On December 31, 2011, we began to implement a global tax structure to more effectively align the Company's corporate structure and transaction flows with the Company's geographic business operations including responsibility for sales and purchasing activities. We have numerous sales offices in foreign locations, operational centers in the Philippines and Singapore, and research and development sites in China, India and the Philippines. Revenues from non-Domestic regions account for over 80% of all revenue. In addition, the large majority of our suppliers are located in the Asia Pacific region. Based on these factors we have created new and realigned existing legal entities, intercompany sales of rights to intellectual property, inventory and fixed assets across different tax jurisdictions, and implemented cost-sharing and intellectual property licensing and royalty agreements between our U.S. and low cost tax jurisdictions. These actions created a gain for tax purposes, for which we recorded a $76.8 million tax provision in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2011. This provision was fully offset by the release of valuation allowance on deferred tax assets of $76.8 million recorded as a tax benefit during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2011. The global tax structure was completed during the first quarter of 2012 upon the intercompany sale of inventory and fixed assets. The inventory portion of this intercompany sale is expected to be sold to end customers in the normal course of business. As the inventory sells to our end customers, taxes are applied to the gain based on U.S. statutory tax rates, primarily offset by deferred tax assets. Over 90% of this inventory has been sold to end customers as of June 30, 2012, and the remainder is expected to be sold in the third quarter of 2012. This is expected to result in a substantial decrease in the net tax provision in the third quarter and a further decrease in the fourth quarter.
        
During the fourth quarter of 2011, we also concluded that it was more likely than not that we would be able to realize the benefit of a portion of our remaining deferred tax assets. We based this conclusion on improved operating results over the past two years and our expectations about generating taxable income in the foreseeable future including the implementation of a global tax structure discussed above. We exercised significant judgment and considered estimates about our ability to generate revenues, gross profits, operating income and taxable income in future periods under our new tax structure in reaching this decision.
    
We are not currently paying federal income taxes and do not expect to pay such taxes until the benefits of our tax net operating losses and credits are fully utilized. We expect to pay a nominal amount of state income tax. We accrue interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions in the Provision for income taxes.

We are paying foreign income taxes which are primarily related to the cost of operating offshore research and development, marketing and sales subsidiaries.
    
The inherent uncertainties related to the geographical distribution and relative level of profitability among various high and low tax jurisdictions make it difficult to estimate the impact of the global tax structure on our future effective tax rate.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Financial Condition Sources and Uses of Cash (in thousands):

22


 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
2012
 
July 2,
2011
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities
$
(12,872
)
 
$
19,227

Net cash provided by investing activities
8,860

 
1,623

Net cash used in financing activities
(4,943
)
 
(4,199
)
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents
$
(8,955
)
 
$
16,651


Operating Activities
    
Net cash used in operating activities was $12.9 million in the first six months of fiscal 2012, compared to net cash provided by operating activities of $19.2 million in the first six months of fiscal 2011. The decrease in comparable periods is primarily the result of the decrease in Net income from operations from $24.0 million in the first six months of fiscal 2011 to a Net loss from operations of $20.3 million in the first six months of fiscal 2012. In addition, other significant items of operating activities include:

Net cash was provided by operations as a result of a decrease in Deferred income taxes of $17.8 million in the first six months of fiscal 2012 compared to $0.0 million in the first six months of fiscal 2011.

Net cash was used in operations as a result of an increase in Accounts receivable, net of $23.4 million in the first six months of fiscal 2012 compared to an increase of $15.2 million in the first six months of fiscal 2011. Days sales outstanding increased from 61 days as of July 2, 2011 to 77 days as of June 30, 2012. The increase in days outstanding is primarily due to an increase in accounts with customers in Asia, which typically carry longer payment terms.

Net cash was used in operations as a result of an increase in Prepaid expense and other assets of $0.4 million in the first six months of fiscal 2012 compared to a decrease of $0.9 million in the first six months of fiscal 2011.

Net cash was provided by operations as a result of an increase in Deferred income and allowances on sales to sell-through distributors of $1.6 million in the first six months of fiscal 2012 compared to $0.9 million in the first six months of fiscal 2011. This increase was the result of replenishing inventory at our distributors to offset the decline in inventory related to the termination of our distribution agreement with Avnet at December 31, 2011.

Investing Activities

Net cash provided by investing activities was $8.9 million in the first six months of fiscal 2012, compared to $1.6 million in the first six months of fiscal 2011. Net cash was provided by investing activities for net proceeds on sales greater than purchases of marketable securities of $19.3 million in the first six months of fiscal 2012, compared to $10.5 million for the first six months of fiscal 2011. Capital expenditures were $8.1 million in the first six months of fiscal 2012, an increase from $7.3 million in the first six months of fiscal 2011.

Financing Activities

Net cash used in financing activities increased by $0.7 million for the first six months of fiscal 2012 compared to the first six months of fiscal 2011 due to the purchase of Treasury stock in the amount of $7.0 million in the first six months of fiscal 2012 compared to $8.0 million of purchases in the first six months of fiscal 2011. Partially offsetting these amounts is a net decrease of $1.5 million in proceeds from issuance of common stock, when the first six months of fiscal 2012 is compared to the first six months of fiscal 2011.

Liquidity

As of June 30, 2012, our principal source of liquidity was $184.5 million of Cash and cash equivalents and Short-term marketable securities, which were approximately $25.6 million less than the balance of $210.1 million at December 31, 2011. Working capital decreased to $246.7 million at June 30, 2012 from $248.6 million at December 31, 2011.

We believe that our existing liquid resources and cash expected to be generated from future operations will be adequate to meet our operating, capital requirements and obligations for at least the next twelve months.

23



At both June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Company held auction rate securities with a par value of $5.7 million and $8.3 million, respectively. On May 22, 2012, the Company redeemed student loan auction rate securities with a par value of $2.6 million and an estimated fair value of $2.3 million, and as a result reported a gain of $0.4 million and relieved $0.1 million of previously unrecognized gain in Accumulated other comprehensive loss. On March 29, 2011, the Company sold student loan auction rate securities, with a par value of $3.3 million and an estimated fair value of $2.8 million for $3.3 million and as a result, reported a gain of $0.6 million and relieved $0.1 million of previously unrecognized gain in Accumulated other comprehensive loss. The Company intends to sell its auction rate securities as markets for these securities resume or reasonable offers become available. At June 30, 2012, due to the unavailability of auctions and market illiquidity, the fair value of auction rate securities held by the Company and classified as Long-term marketable securities was $4.7 million. These auction rate securities are exposed to risks associated with student loan asset-backed notes. Such loans are insured by the federal government or guaranteed by the Federal Family Educational Loan Program. If we were to liquidate our position in these securities, the amount realized could be materially different than the estimated fair value amounts at which we are carrying these securities and there could be a materially detrimental effect on our financial results.

In accordance with ASC 320, “Investments-Debt and Equity Securities,” the Company recorded an unrealized loss of less than $0.1 million during the six months ended June 30, 2012 on certain Short-term marketable securities (Level 1 instruments), which has been recorded in Accumulated other comprehensive loss. Future fluctuations in fair value related to these instruments that the Company deems to be temporary, including any recoveries of previous write-downs, would be recorded to Accumulated other comprehensive loss. The Company realized a gain of $0.4 million and $0.6 million related to the sale of a portion of its Long-term marketable securities portfolio, during the first six months of fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011, respectively.

If the Company were to determine in the future that any further decline in fair value is other-than-temporary, we would record an impairment charge, which could have a materially detrimental impact on our operating results. If we were to liquidate our position in these securities, it is likely that the amount of any future realized gain or loss would be different from the unrealized gain or loss reported in Accumulated other comprehensive income.

On February 24, 2012, the Company's Board of Directors approved a stock repurchase program pursuant to which up to $20.0 million of outstanding common stock may be repurchased from time to time. The duration of the repurchase program is twelve months. During the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2012, approximately 1.1 million and 1.3 million shares were repurchased for $5.4 million and $7.0 million, respectively. All repurchases were and will be open market transactions and funded from available working capital.
    
On October 21, 2010, the Company's Board of Directors approved a stock repurchase program pursuant to which up to $20.0 million of outstanding common stock could have been repurchased. The duration of the repurchase program was twelve months from adoption. During the repurchase program, approximately 2.8 million shares were repurchased for $16.4 million. All shares repurchased under this program were retired by December 31, 2011. All repurchases were open market transactions and were funded from available working capital. The program ended by its terms in October 2011.

We may in the future seek new or additional sources of funding. In addition, in order to secure additional wafer supply, we may from time to time consider various financial arrangements including equity investments, advance purchase payments, loans, or similar arrangements with independent wafer manufacturers in exchange for committed wafer capacity. To the extent that we pursue any such additional financing arrangements, additional debt or equity financing may be required. There can be no assurance that such additional financing will be available when needed or, if available, will be on favorable terms. Any future equity financing will decrease existing stockholders’ equity percentage ownership and may, depending on the price at which the equity is sold, result in dilution.

Contractual Obligations

There have been no significant changes to the Company's contractual obligations outside of the ordinary course of business in the first six months of fiscal 2012 as summarized in Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
        
As of June 30, 2012, we did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements, as defined in Item 303(a)(4)(ii) of SEC Regulation S-K.


24


ITEM 3.
QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Credit Market Risks

At June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, we held auction rate securities with a par value of $5.7 million and $8.3 million, respectively. At June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the auction rate securities held by us had an estimated fair value of $4.7 million and $6.9 million, respectively. Our investments in auction rate securities are subject to interest rate and market risk. A hypothetical 10% movement in interest rates would not have a material impact on the fair value of the portfolio. If the market for our investment portfolio declines, our consolidated operating results may be negatively impacted.

Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risk

We have international subsidiary and branch operations. In addition, a portion of our silicon wafer and other purchases are denominated in Japanese yen and we bill our Japanese customers in yen. We mitigate the resulting foreign currency exchange rate exposure by entering into foreign currency forward exchange contracts for Japanese yen.  Although such hedges mitigate our foreign currency exchange rate exposure from an economic perspective they were not designated as "effective" hedges for accounting purposes and are adjusted to fair value through earnings. We do not hold or issue derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

As a result of the use of derivative financial instruments, Lattice is exposed to the risk that counter-parties to derivative contracts will fail to meet their contractual obligations. To mitigate the counter-party credit risk, Lattice enters into contracts with carefully selected major financial institutions based upon their credit ratings and other factors.

Except for the above, there have been no material changes to the quantitative and qualitative disclosures about market risk reported in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.

ITEM 4.
CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Conclusion Regarding the Effectiveness of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer, we conducted an evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as such term is defined under Rule 13a-15(e) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Based on this evaluation, our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting. In 2010 and most of 2011 we implemented a new ERP system including new modules related to our general ledger, accounts payable and elements of our cost accounting systems. Legacy operating and financial information was migrated to the new ERP system, which resulted in the modification of certain controls, procedures and processes. In 2011 we also designed financial reporting systems consistent with our new tax structure to be implemented beginning with the 2012 fiscal year. As with any changes to our reporting systems, we follow a system implementation life cycle process that requires significant pre-implementation planning, design and testing. We plan to continue to replace our legacy systems with the new ERP system functionality over the next several years.

    


25


PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1.
LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

The information set forth above under Note 12 contained in the “Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements” is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 1A.
RISK FACTORS

The risk factors included herein include any material changes to and supersede the description of the risk factors associated with our business previously disclosed in Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011. The following risk factors and other information included in this Quarterly Report should be carefully considered. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial also may impair our business operations. If any of the following risks occur, our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flows could be materially adversely affected.

Currently, Fujitsu Semiconductor Limited ("Fujitsu") is our sole source supplier of wafers for most of our newest FPGA and PLD products.

As a semiconductor company, we operate in a dynamic environment marked by rapid product obsolescence. The programmable logic market is characterized by rapid technology and product evolution followed by a slow ramp process to volume production. Our success depends on our ability to develop and introduce new products that compete effectively on the basis of price and performance and which address the markets we serve. We work closely with foundries in our development of products meeting these market demands, and rely on the foundry to timely produce high quality products.

We have entered into agreements with Fujitsu pursuant to which Fujitsu manufactures most of our new products on its 130 nanometer, 90 nanometer and 65 nanometer technologies. Fujitsu is our sole source supplier of wafers for most of our newest FPGA and PLD products. The success of certain of our next generation products is dependent on our ability to successfully partner with Fujitsu or new foundry partners. If for any reason Fujitsu does not provide their facilities and support for our process technology development, we may have difficulty timely and effectively developing new products until we can find a replacement supplier. Similarly, if for any reason Fujitsu discontinues manufacturing our new products (e.g. stop production on certain process technologies) we will have to switch to a new foundry. We may be unsuccessful in establishing new foundry relationships for our next generation products, or may incur substantial cost and manufacturing delays until we form a new relationship, each of which could adversely affect our operating results.

In order to secure new or additional wafer supply, we may from time to time consider various financial arrangements including equity investments, advance purchase payments, loans, or similar arrangements with independent wafer manufacturers in exchange for committed wafer capacity. To the extent that we pursue any such additional financing arrangements, additional debt or equity financing may be required. There can be no assurance that such additional financing will be available when needed or, if available, will be on favorable terms. Any future equity financing will decrease existing stockholders’ equity percentage ownership and may, depending on the price at which the equity is sold, result in dilution.

Additionally, a disruption of Fujitsu's foundry operations as a result of a fire, earthquake, act of terrorism, political or labor unrest, governmental uncertainty, war, disease or other natural disaster or catastrophic event, or any other reason, could disrupt our wafer supply and could adversely affect our operating results.

Our future revenue is dependent on programmable logic solutions. Customer design-in activity, and thus, future revenue growth is dependent on market acceptance of our new silicon and software design tool products and the continued market acceptance of our current products. Future revenue is inherently uncertain and could impact our ability to manage production or our ability to forecast sales.

We face uncertainties relating to the potential impact of customer design-in activity because it is unknown whether any particular customer design-in will ultimately result in sales of significant volume. After a specific customer design-in is obtained, many factors can impact the timing and amount of sales that we ultimately realize. Changes in the competitive position of our technology, the customer's product competitiveness or product strategy, the financial position of the customer, and other factors can impact the timing and amount of sales ultimately realized from any specific customer design-in.

We are presently shipping our latest generation FPGA, PLD and Programmable Mixed Signal product families that are critical to our ability to grow our overall revenue. We also plan to continue upgrading our customer design tool products and

26


increase our offerings of intellectual property cores. Our future revenue growth is dependent on customer design-in activity, market acceptance of our new silicon and software design tool products and the continued market acceptance of our current products. The success of these products is dependent on a variety of specific technical factors including:

successful product definition;
timely and efficient completion of product design;
timely and efficient implementation of wafer manufacturing and assembly processes;
product performance;
product cost;
the quality and reliability of the product; and
ease of use.

If, due to these or other factors, our new silicon and software products do not achieve market acceptance, or our current products do not maintain market acceptance, we may not be able to manage production levels or accurately forecast the future revenue and operating results may be adversely affected.

We depend on distributors, primarily those that use the sell-through distribution model, to generate a majority of our sales and complete order fulfillment. The failure of our distributors to sell our products and otherwise perform as expected could materially reduce our future sales.

We depend on our distribution partners to sell our products to end customers, generate a majority of our sales, complete order fulfillment and stock our products. Our distributors also help us provide technical support and other value-added services to end customers. Our sales could be adversely affected if our distribution partners do not continue to effectively sell our products and provide related services.
We expect that the majority of our revenue in fiscal 2012 will be reported resale by our sell-through distributors. Our primary sell-through distributors, Arrow Electronics, Inc. including Nu Horizons Electronics Corp., (a wholly owned subsidiary of Arrow Electronics, Inc. USA), Avnet, Inc. ("Avnet"), and Weikeng (International and Industrial) Co. LTD made up approximately 53%, 49% and 34% of total revenue for fiscal years 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively. For the first six months of fiscal 2012 Arrow Electronics, Inc. including Nu Horizons Electronics Corp., (a wholly owned subsidiary of Arrow Electronics, Inc. USA), and Weikeng (International and Industrial) Co. LTD made up approximately 45% of total revenue. We depend on the timeliness and accuracy of these resale reports from our distributors; late or inaccurate resale reports could have a detrimental effect on our ability to properly recognize revenue and our ability to predict future sales.
In addition, our distribution channels recently have experienced consolidation due to merger and acquisition activity in that business sector. Consolidation may result in our distributors allocating fewer resources to the distribution and sale of our products, which could adversely affect our financial results.
On December 31, 2011 our global franchise agreement with Avnet terminated. Revenue from Avnet made up approximately 17% of our total revenue for both years ended December 31, 2011, and January 1, 2011. We intend to serve the Avnet end customers through a network that includes a global distributor, regional distributors, manufacturer's representatives, and our direct sales team. If our end customers experience disruption in the supply of our products, or if our distributors and representatives are unable to provide technical support and other value-added services at least at historical levels, we may lose future sales and our financial results could be adversely affected.
At times, our sales are concentrated in a small number of distributors, which are in various international locations and of various financial strengths. Financial difficulties, inability to access capital markets, or other reasons may affect our distributors' performance, which could materially harm our business and our operating results.
Our success depends on our ability to rapidly develop and introduce new products. Failure to do so would have a material adverse effect on our business and negatively impact our financial condition and results of operations.

The programmable logic market is characterized by rapid technology and product evolution on some of the most advanced technologies. Our success depends on our ability to develop and introduce new products which compete effectively on the basis of price and performance and which address the markets we serve. We continually design next generation products that enable us to offer our customers lower power, lower cost, and more innovative products to maintain our competitive position. These new products typically are more technologically complex than their predecessors, and thus have increased potential for delays in their introduction.
The success of new product introductions is dependent upon several factors, including timely completion and

27


introduction of new product designs, achievement of acceptable prices for wafer, package, assemble and test costs, yields and market acceptance. Our development of new products and our customers’ decisions to design them into their systems can take as long as three years, depending upon the complexity of the device and the application. Accordingly, new product development requires a long-term forecast of market trends and customer needs, and the successful introduction of our products may be adversely affected by competing products or by technologies serving the markets addressed by our products. If we experience delays in the introduction of new products, our operating results could be adversely affected.
In addition, new product introductions frequently depend on our development and implementation of new process technologies, and our growth will depend in part upon the successful development and market acceptance of these process technologies. Our products require technically sophisticated sales and marketing personnel to market these products successfully to customers. We are developing new products with lower power consumption, with smaller feature sizes, the fabrication of which will be substantially more complex than our current products. If we are unable to design, develop, manufacture, market and sell new products successfully, our operating results will be harmed. Our new product development, process development or execution to design and bring to market products that offer lower power, lower cost with more innovation marketing and sales efforts may not be successful. Furthermore, our new products may not achieve market acceptance and price expectations for our new products may not be achieved which could significantly harm our business and may have an adverse effect on our financial condition or operating results.
We may be unable to assimilate and integrate the operations, personnel, technologies, products, and information systems of SiliconBlue Technologies Ltd., APAC IC Layout Consultants, Inc., or future acquisitions, which may harm our business, financial condition or operating results.

One element of our business strategy includes expansion through the acquisition of businesses, assets, products or technologies that allow us to complement our existing product offerings, expand our market coverage, increase our skilled engineering workforce or enhance our technological capabilities.
On December 9, 2011, we acquired SiliconBlue Technologies Ltd., a Cayman Islands exempted company ("SiliconBlue"), which put us in a unique position in the mobile consumer segment of the programmable logic market. The purchase price, totaling $63.2 million was paid in cash. In addition, the Company recorded Goodwill of $43.9 million in connection with the purchase of SiliconBlue.
 
The acquisition of SiliconBlue may result in revenue and gross margin fluctuations due to seasonality, increased operating expenses, inventory valuation volatility and a more competitive pricing environment.

On July 15, 2011, we completed the purchase of Rise Technology Development Limited ("Rise"), a Hong Kong company, and its subsidiary, APAC IC Layout Consultants, Inc. ("APAC IC"), a Manila, Philippines based company engaged in engineering layout and design services, for approximately $1.0 million, which includes all assets and liabilities of the entity. This acquisition of Rise and APAC IC is part of our effort to improve our research and development and operations activities, reduce costs and streamline our supply chain for improved predictability and flexibility. In addition, the Company recorded Goodwill of $0.9 million in connection with the purchase of Rise and APAC IC.

Acquisitions similar to SiliconBlue and APAC, or future acquisitions typically entail many risks and we may encounter difficulties in assimilating and integrating the operations, personnel, technologies, products and information systems of the acquired companies or businesses. We may experience delays in the timing and successful integration of an acquired company’s technologies and product development as a result of:
volume production;
unanticipated costs and expenditures;
changing relationships with customers;
suppliers and strategic partners; or,
contractual, intellectual property or employment issues.

In addition, key personnel of an acquired company may decide not to work for us. The acquisition of another company or its products and technologies may also require us to enter into a geographic or business market in which we have little or no prior experience. These challenges could disrupt our ongoing business, distract our management and employees, harm our reputation and increase our expenses. These challenges are magnified as the size of the acquisition increases.

Acquisitions typically require large one-time charges and can result in increased debt or contingent liabilities, adverse tax consequences, inventory write downs related to competing products, and the recording and later amortization of amounts

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related to certain purchased intangible assets, any of which items could negatively impact our results of operations. In addition, we have or may record goodwill in connection with an acquisition and incur goodwill impairment charges in the future. Any of these charges could cause the price of our common stock to decline.
Acquisitions or asset purchases made entirely or partially for cash may reduce our cash reserves. We may seek to obtain additional cash to fund an acquisition by selling equity or debt securities. Any issuance of equity or convertible debt securities may be dilutive to our existing stockholders.
We cannot assure you that we will be able to consummate any future acquisitions or that we will realize any anticipated benefits from any of our historic or future acquisitions. We may not be able to find suitable acquisition opportunities that are available at attractive valuations, if at all. Even if we do find suitable acquisition opportunities, we may not be able to consummate the acquisitions on commercially acceptable terms, and any decline in the price of our common stock may make it significantly more difficult and expensive to initiate or consummate additional acquisitions.
We are required under U.S. GAAP to test goodwill for possible impairment on an annual basis and at any other time that circumstances arise indicating the carrying value may not be recoverable. At December 31, 2011, we had $44.8 million of goodwill. We completed our annual test of goodwill impairment in the fourth quarter of 2011 and concluded that we did not have any impairment at that time. There is no assurance that future impairment tests will indicate that Goodwill will be deemed recoverable. The success of any acquisition, including Rise and APAC IC and SiliconBlue, requires the integration of products, technologies, personnel and administrative resources, and could result in departures of key personnel, loss of key customers, distributors or vendors, equity dilution or acquisition of unknown liabilities. Furthermore, our ability to predict seasonality, end customer demand, and our customers' end customer demand for SiliconBlue products is limited. As a result, an acquisition similar to SiliconBlue and APAC, or future acquisitions could disrupt our operations and may have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition or operating results.

A downturn in the communications equipment end market could cause a reduction in demand for our products and limit our ability to maintain revenue levels and operating results.

Historically the largest percentage of our revenue (approximately 52% for second quarter of fiscal 2012) has been derived from customers participating in the communications equipment end market. In addition, the Company sells products used by two large China-based telecommunication equipment providers. This is primarily due to strength in the wireless portion of the communications end market. For the first six months of fiscal 2012 and for the 2011 full fiscal year, the same two large telecommunication equipment providers accounted for a combined 15% and 12%, respectively, of revenue. In the past, a general weakening in demand for programmable logic products from customers in the communications end market has adversely affected our revenue. In addition, telecommunication equipment providers are building networks for 4G networks in which we compete. Any deterioration in the communication end market, our ability to compete in future telecommunications solutions (e.g. 4G networks) or our end customers' reduction in capital spending to support this end market could lead to a reduction in demand for our products which could adversely affect our revenue and results of operations.
 
The consumer end market is characterized by rapid product obsolescence and requires that we have the right products at the right time for our customers to fulfill demand for products in the consumer end market. If we are unable to forecast demand for our products, or we don't have products to ship at the right time, our financial condition and results may be adversely affected.

Our revenue from the consumer end market consists primarily of revenue from our products designed and used in a broad range of products including flat panel displays, DVD players and recorders, digital cameras and camcorders, gaming consoles, set-top boxes, and smart handheld devices is characterized by rapidly changing market requirements and products. Our success in this market will depend principally on our ability to:

meet the market windows for consumer products;
to predict technology and market trends;
to develop products on a timely basis;
avoid cancellations or delay of products;
    
Any of the foregoing problems could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

Global economic conditions and uncertainty, as well as the highly cyclical nature of the semiconductor industry, could adversely affect our revenue, gross margin and expenses, collectability of accounts receivable, supplier relationships,

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and ability to access capital markets.

Our revenue and gross margin can fluctuate significantly due to downturns in the general economy or the semiconductor industry. These downturns are often severe and prolonged and can result in significant reductions in the demand for PLD and FPGA products in markets in which we compete. Global economic weakness or cyclical downturns have previously resulted from periods of economic recession, reduced access to credit markets, weakening or strengthening of the U.S. dollar relative to other currencies, weak end-user demand, excess industry capacity, political instability, government fiscal policy, sovereign debt, terrorist activity, military actions, or general reductions in inventory levels by customers, and may cause a decrease in revenue, gross margin, earnings or growth rates and problems with our ability to manage inventory levels and collect customer receivables. In addition, our relationships with our suppliers and our ability to access capital markets could be adversely affected. In addition, customer financial difficulties have previously resulted and could in the future result in, increases in bad debt write-offs and additions to reserves in our accounts receivable. Global economic and cyclical downturns also may lead to restructuring actions and associated expenses. Uncertainty about future economic conditions makes it difficult for us to forecast operating results