|• FORM 10-Q • RATIO OF EARNINGS TO FIXED CHARGES • RATIO OF EARNINGS TO FIXED CHARGES AND PREFERENCE DIVIDENDS • CEO CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002 • CFO CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002 • CEO CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350 • CFO CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350 • XBRL INSTANCE DOCUMENT • XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION SCHEMA • XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION CALCULATION LINKBASE • XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION DEFINITION LINKBASE • XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION LABEL LINKBASE • XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION PRESENTATION LINKBASE|
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2012
For the transition period from to
COMMISSION FILE NUMBER 001-14793
(EXACT NAME OF REGISTRANT AS SPECIFIED IN ITS CHARTER)
(Registrants telephone number, including area code)
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of large accelerated filer, accelerated filer and smaller reporting company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨ No x
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuers classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
Common stock: 206,134,458 outstanding as of April 30, 2012.
Forward Looking Statements
This Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. When used in this Form 10-Q or future filings by First BanCorp. (the Corporation) with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), in the Corporations press releases or in other public or stockholder communications, or in oral statements made with the approval of an authorized executive officer, the word or phrases would be, will allow, intends to, will likely result, are expected to, should, anticipate and similar expressions are meant to identify forward-looking statements.
First BanCorp wishes to caution readers not to place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date made, and represent First BanCorps expectations of future conditions or results and are not guarantees of future performance. First BanCorp advises readers that various factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement. Such factors include, but are not limited to, the following:
The Corporation does not undertake, and specifically disclaims any obligation, to update any forward- looking statements to reflect occurrences or unanticipated events or circumstances after the date of such statements except as required by the federal securities laws.
Investors should refer to the Corporations Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011 for a discussion of such factors and certain risks and uncertainties to which the Corporation is subject.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF LOSS
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS EQUITY
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.
PART I NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
1 BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
The Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) of First BanCorp. (First BanCorp or the Corporation) have been prepared in conformity with the accounting policies stated in the Corporations Audited Consolidated Financial Statements included in the Corporations Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in the financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (GAAP) have been condensed or omitted from these statements pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC and, accordingly, these financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Audited Consolidated Financial Statements of the Corporation for the year ended December 31, 2011, included in the Corporations 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K. All adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) that are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of the statement of financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods have been reflected. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
The results of operations for the quarter ended March 31, 2012 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the entire year.
Adoption of new accounting requirements and recently issued but not yet effective accounting requirements
The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) has issued the following accounting guidance relevant to the Corporations operations:
In April 2011, the FASB updated the Accounting Standards Codification (Codification) to improve the accounting for repurchase agreements and other agreements that both entitle and obligate a transferor to repurchase or redeem financial assets before their maturity. The amendments in this Update remove from the assessment of effective control the criterion relating to the transferors ability to repurchase or redeem financial assets on substantially the agreed terms, even in the event of default by the transferee. The Board concluded that this criterion is not a determining factor of effective control. Consequently, the amendments in this Update also eliminate the requirement to demonstrate that the transferor possesses adequate collateral to fund substantially all the cost of purchasing replacement financial assets. Eliminating the transferors ability criterion and related implementation guidance from an entitys assessment of effective control should improve the accounting for repurchase agreements and other similar transactions. The amendments in this Update are effective for the first interim or annual period beginning on or after December 15, 2011, and should be applied prospectively to transactions or modifications of existing transactions that occur on or after the effective date. Early adoption is not permitted. The Corporation adopted this guidance with no impact on the financial statements.
In May 2011, the FASB updated the Codification to develop common requirements for measuring fair value and for disclosing information about fair value measurements in accordance with GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs). The amendments in this Update apply to all reporting entities that are required or permitted to measure or disclose the fair value of an asset, a liability, or an instrument classified in a reporting entitys shareholders equity in the financial statements and result in common fair value measurement and disclosure requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRSs. The amendments in this Update are to be applied prospectively and are effective during interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011. Early application is not permitted. The Corporation adopted this guidance in 2012, refer to note 19 for applicable disclosures. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact in the Corporations consolidated financial position or results of operations.
In June 2011, the FASB updated the Codification to improve the comparability, consistency, and transparency of financial reporting and to increase the prominence of items reported in other comprehensive income. Under the amendments, an entity has the option to present the total comprehensive income either in a single continuous statement or in two separate but consecutive statements and eliminates the option to present the components of other comprehensive income as part of the statement of changes in stockholders equity. Additionally, this update requires consecutive presentation of the statement of net income and other comprehensive income and requires an entity to present reclassification adjustments on the face of the financial statements from other comprehensive income to net income. The amendments in this Update should be applied retrospectively and are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011. Early adoption is permitted, because compliance with the amendments is already permitted. The amendments do not require any transition disclosures. Beginning with the financial statements for the quarter and six-month period ended June 30, 2011, the Corporation is following the guidance of separate but consecutive presentation of the statement of net income and the statement of other comprehensive income.
In September 2011, the FASB updated the Codification to simplify how entities, both public and nonpublic, test goodwill for impairment. The amendments in the Update permit an entity to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount as a basis for determining whether it is necessary to perform the two-step goodwill impairment test. The more-likely-than-not threshold is defined as having a likelihood of more than 50 percent. Under the amendments in this Update, an entity has the option to bypass the qualitative assessment for any reporting unit in any period and proceed directly to performing the first step of the two-step goodwill impairment test. An entity may resume performing the qualitative assessment in any subsequent period. The amendments in this Update are effective for annual and interim goodwill impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011. Early adoption is permitted, including for annual and interim goodwill impairment tests performed as of a date before September 15, 2011, if an entitys financial statements for the most recent annual or interim period have not yet been issued. The Corporation is currently evaluating the impact, if any, of the adoption of this guidance on its financial statements.
In December 2011, the FASB updated the Codification to clarify the guidance on the derecognition of in substance real estate in order to resolve the diversity in practice when a parent ceases to have a controlling financial interest in a subsidiary that is in substance real estate as a result of default on the subsidiarys nonrecourse debt. Under the amendments in this Update, when a parent (reporting entity) ceases to have a controlling financial interest in a subsidiary that is in substance real estate as a result of default on the subsidiarys nonrecourse debt, the reporting entity should apply the guidance in Subtopic 360-20 to determine whether it should derecognize the in substance real estate. That is, even if the reporting entity ceases to have a controlling financial interest, the reporting entity would continue to include the real estate, debt, and the results of the subsidiarys operations in its consolidated financial statements until legal title to the real estate is transferred to legally satisfy the debt. The amendments in this Update are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning on or after June 15, 2012. The Corporation is currently evaluating the impact, if any, of the adoption of this guidance on its consolidated financial statements.
In December 2011, the FASB updated the Codification to enhance and provided converged disclosures about financial and derivative instruments that are either offset on the balance sheet, or are subject to an enforceable master netting arrangement (or other similar
arrangement). Entities are required to disclose both gross information and net information about both instruments and transactions eligible for offset in the statement of financial position and instruments and transactions subject to an agreement similar to a master netting arrangement. This scope would include derivatives, sale and repurchase agreements and reverse sale and repurchase agreements, and securities borrowing and securities lending arrangements. The amendments in this Update are effective for interim and annual period beginning on or after January 1, 2013. The Corporation is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this guidance, if any, on its consolidated financial statements.
2 EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE
The calculations of earnings per common share for the quarters ended on March 31, 2012 and 2011 are as follows:
Loss per common share is computed by dividing the net loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average common shares issued and outstanding. Net loss attributable to common stockholders represents net loss adjusted for preferred stock dividends including dividends declared, and cumulative dividends related to the current dividend period that have not been declared as of the end of the period, and the accretion of discount on preferred stock issuances. Basic weighted average common shares outstanding exclude unvested shares of restricted stock.
Potential common shares consist of common stock issuable under the assumed exercise of stock options, unvested shares of restricted stock, and outstanding warrants using the treasury stock method. This method assumes that the potential common shares are issued and the proceeds from the exercise, in addition to the amount of compensation cost attributable to future services, are used to purchase common stock at the exercise date. The difference between the number of potential shares issued and the shares purchased is added as incremental shares to the actual number of shares outstanding to compute diluted earnings per share. Stock options, unvested shares of restricted stock, and outstanding warrants that result in lower potential shares issued than shares purchased under the treasury stock method are not included in the computation of dilutive earnings per share since their inclusion would have an antidilutive effect on earnings per share. For the quarters ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, there were 120,221 and 131,532 outstanding stock options, respectively; warrants outstanding to purchase 1,285,899 and 389,483 shares of common stock, respectively, and 719,500 and 716 unvested shares of restricted stock, respectively, which were excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per common share because their inclusion would have an antidilutive effect.
3 STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION PLAN
Between 1997 and January 2007, the Corporation had a stock option plan (the 1997 stock option plan) that authorized the granting of up to 579,740 options on shares of the Corporations common stock to eligible employees. The options granted under the plan could not exceed 20% of the number of common shares outstanding. Each option provides for the purchase of one share of common stock at a price not less than the fair market value of the stock on the date the option was granted. Stock options were fully vested upon grant. The maximum term to exercise the options is ten years. The stock option plan provides for a proportionate adjustment in the exercise price and the number of shares that can be purchased in the event of a stock dividend, stock split, reclassification of stock, merger or reorganization and certain other issuances and distributions such as stock appreciation rights.
Under the 1997 stock option plan, the Compensation and Benefits Committee (the Compensation Committee) had the authority to grant stock appreciation rights at any time subsequent to the grant of an option. Pursuant to stock appreciation rights, the optionee surrenders the right to exercise an option granted under the plan in consideration for payment by the Corporation of an amount equal
to the excess of the fair market value of the shares of common stock subject to such option surrendered over the total option price of such shares. Any option surrendered is cancelled by the Corporation and the shares subject to the option are not eligible for further grants under the option plan. On January 21, 2007, the 1997 stock option plan expired; all outstanding awards granted under this plan continue in full force and effect, subject to their original terms. No awards for shares could be granted under the 1997 stock option plan as of its expiration.
Stock options outstanding under the 1997 stock option plan as of March 31, 2012 follows:
On April 29, 2008, the Corporations stockholders approved the First BanCorp 2008 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the Omnibus Plan). The Omnibus Plan provides for equity-based compensation incentives (the awards) through the grant of stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units, performance shares, and other stock-based awards. This plan allows the issuance of up to 8,169,807 shares of common stock, subject to adjustments for stock splits, reorganizations and other similar events. The Corporations Board of Directors, upon receiving the relevant recommendation of the Compensation Committee, has the power and authority to determine those eligible to receive awards and to establish the terms and conditions of any awards subject to various limits and vesting restrictions that apply to individual and aggregate awards.
Under the Omnibus Plan, late in the first quarter of 2012, the Corporation issued 719,500 shares of restricted stock which will vest based on the employees continued service with the Corporation. Fifty percent (50%) of the shares vest in two years from the grant date and the remaining 50% vest in three years from the grant date. Included in the 719,500 shares of restricted stock are 557,000 shares granted to certain senior executive officers consistent with the requirements of the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) Interim Final Rule. Notwithstanding the vesting period mentioned above, the employees covered by TARP are restricted from transferring the shares. Specifically, the stock that has otherwise vested may not become transferable at any time earlier than as permitted under the schedule set forth by TARP, which is based on the repayment in 25% increments of the aggregate financial assistance received from the U.S. Department of Treasury (the Treasury).
The following table summarizes the restricted stock activity in 2012 under the Omnibus Plan for both executive officers covered by the TARP requirements and other employees:
As of March 31, 2012, there was $1.7 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to nonvested shares of restricted stock. That cost is expected to be recognized for 50% of the awards over a two year period and the other 50% over a three year period, as if they were multiple awards. No shares of restricted stock were granted or vested during the first quarter of 2011.
The fair value of the shares of restricted stock granted was based on the market price of the Corporations outstanding common stock on the date of the grant, $4.00. For the 557,000 shares of restricted stock granted under the TARP requirements, the market price was discounted due to post-vesting restrictions. For purposes of computing the discount, the Corporation assumes a common stock appreciation of 25% and a holding period by the Treasury of its outstanding common stock of the Corporation of 3 years, resulting in a fair value of $2.00 for restricted shares granted under the TARP requirements. Also, the Corporation uses empirical data to estimate employee termination, separate groups of employees that have similar historical exercise behavior are considered separately for valuation purposes.
No compensation cost has been recognized yet in the consolidated statement of loss for these awards in 2012. For the quarter ended March 31, 2011, the Corporation recognized $23,333 of stock based compensation related to 720 shares of restricted stock granted in 2008 to members of the Board of Directors that vested in the fourth quarter of 2011.
Stock-based compensation accounting guidance requires the Corporation to develop an estimate of the number of share-based awards that will be forfeited due to employee or director turnover. Quarterly changes in the estimated forfeiture rate may have a significant effect on share-based compensation, as the effect of adjusting the rate for all expense amortization is recognized in the period in which the forfeiture estimate is changed. If the actual forfeiture rate is higher than the estimated forfeiture rate, then an adjustment is made to increase the estimated forfeiture rate, which will result in a decrease to the expense recognized in the financial statements. If the actual forfeiture rate is lower than the estimated forfeiture rate, then an adjustment is made to decrease the estimated forfeiture rate, which will result in an increase to the expense recognized in the financial statements. When unvested options or shares of restricted stock are forfeited, any compensation expense previously recognized on the forfeited awards is reversed in the period of the forfeiture.
4 INVESTMENT SECURITIES
Investment Securities Available for Sale
The amortized cost, non-credit loss component of other-than-temporary impairment (OTTI) on securities with changes in fair value recorded in other comprehensive income (OCI), gross unrealized gains and losses recorded in OCI, approximate fair value, weighted-average yield and contractual maturities of investment securities available for sale as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 were as follows:
Maturities of mortgage-backed securities are based on contractual terms assuming no prepayments. Expected maturities of investments might differ from contractual maturities because they may be subject to prepayments and/or call options as was the case with approximately $101 million of Puerto Rico Government Obligations called during the first quarter of 2012. The weighted-average yield on investment securities available-for-sale is based on amortized cost and, therefore, does not give effect to changes in fair value. The net unrealized gain or loss on securities available-for-sale and the non-credit loss component of OTTI are presented as part of OCI.
The following tables show the Corporations available-for-sale investments fair value and gross unrealized losses, aggregated by investment category and length of time that individual securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position, as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011. The table also includes debt securities for which an OTTI was recognized and only the amount related to a credit loss was recognized in earnings. Unrealized losses for which OTTI had been recognized have been reduced by any subsequent recoveries in fair value:
Total proceeds from the sale of securities available for sale during the quarter ended March 31, 2011 amounted to approximately $41.4 million, none in the first quarter of 2012.
Assessment for OTTI
On a quarterly basis, the Corporation performs an assessment to determine whether there have been any events or economic circumstances indicating that a security with an unrealized loss has suffered an OTTI. A debt security is considered impaired if the fair value is less than its amortized cost basis at the reporting date. The accounting literature requires the Corporation to assess whether the unrealized loss is other-than-temporary.
OTTI losses must be recognized in earnings if an investor has the intent to sell the debt security or it is more likely than not that it will be required to sell the debt security before recovery of its amortized cost basis. However, even if an investor does not expect to sell a debt security, it must evaluate expected cash flows to be received and determine if a credit loss has occurred.
An unrealized loss is generally deemed to be other-than-temporary and a credit loss is deemed to exist if the present value of the expected future cash flows is less than the amortized cost basis of the debt security. The credit loss component of an OTTI, if any, is recorded as a component of net impairment losses on investment securities in the accompanying consolidated statements of loss, while the remaining portion of the impairment loss is recognized in OCI, provided the Corporation does not intend to sell the underlying debt security and it is more likely than not that the Corporation will not have to sell the debt security prior to recovery.
Debt securities issued by U.S. government agencies, government-sponsored entities and the U.S. Treasury accounted for more than 87% of the total available-for-sale portfolio as of March 31, 2012 and no credit losses are expected, given the explicit and implicit guarantees provided by the U.S. federal government. The Corporations assessment was concentrated mainly on private label mortgage-backed securities with an amortized cost of $81 million and in the Corporations $1.4 million investment in a collateralized debt obligation transaction for which credit losses are evaluated on a quarterly basis. The Corporation considered the following factors in determining whether a credit loss exists and the period over which the debt security is expected to recover:
No OTTI losses on available-for-sale debt securities were recorded during the quarter ended March 31, 2011.
The following table summarizes the roll-forward of credit losses on debt securities held by the Corporation for which a portion of an OTTI is recognized in OCI:
During the first quarter of 2012, a $1.2 million credit related impairment loss is related to Private label MBS, which are collateralized by fixed-rate mortgages on single family residential properties in the United States. The interest rate on these private-label MBS is variable, tied to 3-month LIBOR and limited to the weighted-average coupon of the underlying collateral. The underlying mortgages are fixed-rate single family loans with original high FICO scores (over 700) and moderate original loan-to-value ratios (under 80%), as well as moderate delinquency levels.
Based on the expected cash flows derived from the model, and since the Corporation does not have the intention to sell the securities and has sufficient capital and liquidity to hold these securities until a recovery of the fair value occurs, only the credit loss component was reflected in earnings. Significant assumptions in the valuation of the private label MBS as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 were as follow:
No OTTI losses on equity securities held in the available-for-sale investment portfolio were recognized for the first quarter of 2012 or 2011.
5 OTHER EQUITY SECURITIES
Institutions that are members of the Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLB) system are required to maintain a minimum investment in FHLB stock. Such minimum is calculated as a percentage of aggregate outstanding mortgages, and an additional investment is required that is calculated as a percentage of total FHLB advances, letters of credit, and the collateralized portion of interest-rate swaps outstanding. The stock is capital stock issued at $100 par value. Both stock and cash dividends may be received on FHLB stock.
As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Corporation had investments in FHLB stock with a book value of $36.7 million. The net realizable value is a reasonable proxy for the fair value of these instruments. Dividend income from FHLB stock for the quarters ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 amounted to $0.4 million and $0.7 million, respectively.
The FHLB stocks owned by the Corporation are issued by the FHLB of New York and by the FHLB of Atlanta. Both Banks are part of the Federal Home Loan Bank System, a national wholesale banking network of 12 regional, stockholder-owned congressionally chartered banks. The Federal Home Loan Banks are all privately capitalized and operated by their member stockholders. The system is supervised by the Federal Housing Finance Agency, which ensures that the Home Loan Banks operate in a financially safe and sound manner, remain adequately capitalized and able to raise funds in the capital markets, and carry out their housing finance mission.
The Corporation has other equity securities that do not have a readily available fair value. The carrying value of such securities as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 was $1.3 million.
6 LOANS HELD FOR INVESTMENT
The following is a detail of the loan portfolio held for investment:
Loans held for investment on which accrual of interest income had been discontinued as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 were as follows:
The Corporations aging of the loans held for investment portfolio as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, follows:
The Corporations primary lending area is Puerto Rico. The Corporations Puerto Rico banking subsidiary, FirstBank, also lends in the U.S. and British Virgin Islands markets and in the United States (principally in the state of Florida). Of the total gross loans held for investment portfolio of $10.3 billion as of March 31, 2012, approximately 84% have credit risk concentration in Puerto Rico, 8% in the United States and 8% in the Virgin Islands.
As of March 31, 2012, the Corporation had $342.3 million outstanding in credit facilities granted to the Puerto Rico Government and/or its political subdivisions, down from $360.1 million as of December 31, 2011, and $142.0 million granted to the Virgin Islands government, up from $139.4 million as of December 31, 2011. A substantial portion of these credit facilities consist of loans to the central Government. Another portion of these obligations consists of loans to public corporations that obtain revenues from rates charged for services or products, such as electric power and water utilities. Public corporations have varying degrees of independence from the central Government and many receive appropriations or other payments from it. The Corporation also has loans to various municipalities in Puerto Rico for which the good faith, credit and unlimited taxing power of the applicable municipality have been pledged to their repayment.
Aside from loans extended to the Puerto Rico Government and its political subdivision, the largest loan to one borrower as of March 31, 2012 in the amount of $269.0 million is with one mortgage originator in Puerto Rico. This commercial loan is secured by individual real-estate loans, mostly 1-4 residential mortgage loans.
7 ALLOWANCE FOR LOAN AND LEASE LOSSES AND IMPAIRED LOANS
The changes in the allowance for loan and lease losses for the periods ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 were as follows:
Purchases of loans of $42.0 million during the first quarter of 2012 were consistent with a strategic program established by the Corporation in 2005 to purchase ongoing residential mortgage loan production from mortgage bankers in Puerto Rico. Generally, the loans purchased from mortgage bankers were conforming residential mortgage loans. Purchases of conforming residential mortgage loans provide the Corporation the flexibility to retain or sell the loans, including through securitization transactions depending upon whether the Corporation wants to retain high yielding loans and improve net interest margins or generate profits by selling loans. When the Corporation sells such loans, it generally keeps the servicing of the loans. The Corporation sold approximately $46.9 million of performing residential mortgage loans in the secondary market to FNMA and FHLMC during the first quarter of 2012. Also, the Corporation securitized approximately $54.3 million of FHA/VA mortgage loans into GNMA mortgage-backed securities during the first quarter of 2012.
The allowance for impaired loans is part of the allowance for loan and lease losses. The allowance for impaired loans covers those loans for which management has determined that it is probable that the debtor will be unable to pay all the amounts due in accordance with the contractual terms of the loan agreement, and does not necessarily represent loans for which the Corporation will incur a loss.
Information regarding impaired loans for the periods ended March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 was as follows:
Interest income of approximately $11.4 million was recognized on impaired loans for the quarter ended March 31, 2011. The average recorded investment in impaired loans for the first quarter of 2011 was $1.5 billion.
The following tables show the activity for impaired loans and the related specific reserve during the three-month period ended March 31, 2012:
The Corporations credit quality indicators by loan type as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 are summarized below:
The Corporation considered a loan as adversely classified if its risk rating is Substandard, Doubtful or Loss. These categories are defined as follows:
Substandard A Substandard Asset is inadequately protected by the current sound worth and paying capacity of the obligor or of the collateral pledged, if any. Assets so classified must have a well-defined weakness or weaknesses that jeopardize the liquidation of the debt. They are characterized by the distinct possibility that the institution will sustain some loss if the deficiencies are not corrected.
Doubtful Doubtful classifications have all the weaknesses inherent in those classified Substandard with the added characteristic that the weaknesses make collection or liquidation in full, on the basis of currently known facts, conditions and values, highly questionable and improbable. A Doubtful classification may be appropriate in cases where significant risk exposures are perceived, but Loss cannot be determined because of specific reasonable pending factors which may strengthen the credit in the near term.
Loss Assets classified Loss are considered uncollectible and of such little value that their continuance as bankable assets is not warranted. This classification does not mean that the asset has absolutely no recovery or salvage value, but rather it is not practical or desirable to defer writing off this basically worthless asset even though partial recovery may be affected in the future. There is little or no prospect for near term improvement and no realistic strengthening action of significance pending.
The Corporation provides homeownership preservation assistance to its customers through a loss mitigation program in Puerto Rico and in accordance with the governments Home Affordable Modification Program guidelines. Depending upon the nature of borrowers financial condition, restructurings or loan modifications through this program as well as other restructurings of individual commercial, commercial mortgage, construction and residential mortgage loans in the U.S. mainland fit the definition of Troubled debt restructurings (TDR). A restructuring of a debt constitutes a TDR if the creditor for economic or legal reasons related to the debtors financial difficulties grants a concession to the debtor that it would not otherwise consider. Modifications involve changes in one or more of the loan terms that bring a defaulted loan current and provide sustainable affordability. Changes may include the refinancing of any past-due amounts, including interest and escrow, the extension of the maturity of the loan and modifications of the loan rate. As of March 31, 2012, the Corporations total TDR loans of $853.6 million consisted of $386.3 million of residential mortgage loans, $113.8 million of commercial and industrial loans, $223.6 million of commercial mortgage loans, $108.0 million of construction loans and $21.9 million of consumer loans. Outstanding unfunded commitments on TDR loans amounted to $3.7 million as of March 31, 2012.
The Corporations loss mitigation programs for residential mortgage and consumer loans can provide for one or a combination of the following: movement of interest past due to the end of the loan, extension of the loan term, deferral of principal payments for a significant period of time, and reduction of interest rates either permanently (up to 2010) or for a period of up to two years (step-up rates). Additionally, in remote cases, the restructuring may provide for the forgiveness of contractually due principal or interest. Uncollected interest is added to the end of the loan term at the time of the restructuring and not recognized as income until collected or when the loan is paid off. These programs are available to only those borrowers who have defaulted, or are likely to default, permanently on their loan and would lose their homes in foreclosure action absent some lender concession. Notwithstanding, if the Corporation is not reasonably assured that the borrower will comply with its contractual commitment, properties are foreclosed.
In addition to residential loans modified in TDRs described above, the Corporation also enters into trial modifications with certain borrowers. Trial modifications generally represent a three month period whereby the borrower makes monthly payments under the anticipated modified payment terms prior to a formal modification. Trial modifications lasting more than three months are considered TDRs. Upon successful completion of a trial modification, the Corporation and the borrower enter into a permanent modification where the terms of the loan are formally modified. Approximately 79% of all loans that entered into a trial modification during the last twelve months became permanent modifications as of March 31, 2012. Substantially all permanent modifications are considered TDRs and are included in the TDR disclosures herein. As of March 31, 2012, the Corporation had 202 loans that were in trial modifications and were not considered TDRs, with an unpaid principal balance of $30.8 million and a carrying value of $28.4 million.
For the commercial real estate, commercial and industrial, and the construction portfolios, at the time of the restructuring, the Corporation determines, on a loan by loan basis, whether a concession was granted for economic or legal reasons related to the borrowers financial difficulty. Concessions granted for commercial loans could include: reductions in interest rates to rates that are considered below market; extension of repayment schedules and maturity dates beyond original contractual terms; waiving of borrower covenants; forgiveness of principal or interest; or other contract changes that would be considered a concession. The Corporation mitigates loan defaults for its commercial loan portfolios through its collections function. The functions objective is to minimize both early stage delinquencies and losses upon default of commercial loans. In the case of C&I, commercial mortgage and construction loan portfolios, the Special Asset Group (SAG) focuses on strategies for the accelerated reduction of non-performing assets through note sales, short sales, loss mitigation programs, and sales of REO. In addition to the management of the resolution process for problem loans, the SAG oversees collection efforts for all loans to prevent migration to the non-performing and/or adversely classified status. The SAG utilizes relationship officers, collection specialists and attorneys. In the case of residential construction projects, the workout function monitors project specifics, such as project management and marketing, as deemed necessary. The SAG utilizes its collections infrastructure of workout collection officers, credit work-out specialists, in-house legal counsel, and third party consultants. In the case of residential construction projects and large commercial loans, the function also utilizes third-party specialized consultants to monitor the residential and commercial construction projects in terms of construction, marketing and sales,
and restructuring of large commercial loans. In addition, the Corporation extends, renews and restructures loans with satisfactory credit profiles. Many commercial loan facilities are structured as lines of credit, which are mainly one year in term and therefore are required to be renewed annually. Other facilities may be restructured or extended from time to time based upon changes in the borrowers business needs, use of funds, timing of completion of projects and other factors. If the borrower is not deemed to have financial difficulties, extensions, renewals and restructurings are done in the normal course of business and not considered concessions, and the loans continue to be recorded as performing.
Selected information on TDRs that includes the recorded investment by loan class and modification type is summarized in the following table. This information reflects all TDRs at March 31, 2012:
The following table presents the Corporations TDR activity for the quarter ended March 31, 2012:
TDRs are classified as either accrual or nonaccrual loans. A loan on nonaccrual and restructured as a TDR will remain on nonaccrual status until the borrower has proven the ability to perform under the modified structure for a minimum of six months and there is evidence that such payments can and are likely to continue as agreed. Performance prior to the restructuring, or significant events that coincide with the restructuring, are included in assessing whether the borrower can meet the new terms and may result in the loans being returned to accrual at the time of the restructuring or after a shorter performance period. If the borrowers ability to meet the revised payment schedule is uncertain, the loan remains classified as a nonaccrual loan. Loan modifications increase Corporations interest income by returning a non-performing loan to performing status, if applicable, and increase cash flows by providing for payments to be made by the borrower, and avoid increases in foreclosure and real estate owned (REO) costs. The Corporation continues to consider a modified loan as an impaired loan for purposes of estimating the allowance for loan and lease losses. A TDR loan that specifies an interest rate that at the time of the restructuring is greater than or equal to the rate the Corporation is willing to accept for a new loan with comparable risk may not be reported as a TDR or an impaired loan in the calendar years subsequent to the restructuring if it is in compliance with its modified terms. During the quarter ended March 31, 2012, $5.1 million were removed from the TDR classification, as reflected in the table above.
The following table provides a breakdown between accrual and nonaccrual status of TDRs as of March 31, 2012:
TDRs exclude restructured mortgage loans that are government guaranteed (i.e. FHA/VA loans) totaling $87.3 million. The Corporation excludes government guaranteed loans from TDRs given that in the event that the borrower defaults on the loan, the principal and interest are guaranteed by the U.S. Government, therefore, the risk of loss on these types of loans is very low. The Corporation does not consider loans with government guarantees to be impaired loans for the purpose of calculating the allowance for loan and lease losses.
Loan modifications that are considered TDRs completed during the quarters ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 were as follows:
Recidivism, or the borrower defaulting on its obligation pursuant to a modified loan, results in the loan once again becoming a non-performing loan. Recidivism occurs at a notably higher rate than do defaults on new origination loans, so modified loans present a higher risk of loss than do new origination loans. The Corporation considers a loan to have defaulted if the borrower has failed to make payments of either principal, interest, or both for a period of 90 days or more.
Loan modifications considered troubled debt restructurings that defaulted during the periods ended March 31, 2012 and March 31, 2011 and had been modified in a TDR during the 12-months preceding the default date were as follows:
For certain TDRs, the Corporation splits the loans into two new notes, A and B notes. The A note is restructured to comply with the Corporations lending standards at current market rates, and is tailored to suit the customers ability to make timely interest and principal payments. The B note includes the granting of the concession to the borrower and varies by situation. The B note is charged-off but the obligation is not forgiven to the borrower, and any payments collected are accounted for as recoveries. At the time of restructuring, the A note is identified and classified as a TDR. If the loan performs for at least six months according to the modified terms, the A note may be returned to accrual status. The borrowers payment performance prior to the restructuring are included in assessing whether the borrower can meet the new terms and may result in that the loans be returned to accrual status at the time of restructuring. In the periods following the calendar year in which a loan was restructured, the Note A may no longer be reported as a TDR if it is on accrual, is in compliance with its modified terms, and yields a market rate (as determined and documented at the time of the restructure)
The recorded investment in loans restructured using the A/B note restructure workout strategy was approximately $126.4 million at March 31, 2012. The following table provides additional information about the volume of this type of loan restructuring and the effect on the allowance for loan and lease losses in the first quarter of 2012:
Of the loans comprising the $126.4 million that have been deemed collectible, approximately $105.8 million were placed in accruing status as the borrowers have exhibited a period of sustained performance. These loans continue to be individually evaluated for impairment purposes.
As of March 31, 2012, the Corporation maintains a $2.8 million reserve for unfunded loan commitments mainly related to outstanding construction loans commitments. The reserve for unfunded loan commitments is an estimate of the losses inherent in off-balance sheet loan commitments at the balance sheet date. It is calculated by multiplying an estimated loss factor by an estimated probability of funding, and then by the period-end amounts for unfunded commitments. The reserve for unfunded loan commitments is included as part of accounts payable and other liabilities in the consolidated statement of financial condition.
8 LOANS HELD FOR SALE
As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Corporations loans held for sale portfolio was composed of:
9 DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS AND HEDGING ACTIVITIES
One of the market risks facing the Corporation is interest rate risk, which includes the risk that changes in interest rates will result in changes in the value of the Corporations assets or liabilities and the risk that net interest income from its loan and investment portfolios will be adversely affected by changes in interest rates. The overall objective of the Corporations interest rate risk management activities is to reduce the variability of earnings caused by changes in interest rates.
The Corporation designates a derivative as a fair value hedge, cash flow hedge or as an economic undesignated hedge when it enters into the derivative contract. As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, all derivatives held by the Corporation were considered economic undesignated hedges. These undesignated hedges are recorded at fair value with the resulting gain or loss recognized in current earnings.
The following summarizes the principal derivative activities used by the Corporation in managing interest rate risk:
Interest rate cap agreements Interest rate cap agreements provide the right to receive cash if a reference interest rate rises above a contractual rate. The value increases as the reference interest rate rises. The Corporation enters into interest rate cap agreements for protection from rising interest rates. Specifically, the interest rate on certain of the Corporations commercial loans to other financial institutions is generally a variable rate limited to the weighted-average coupon of the referenced residential mortgage collateral, less a contractual servicing fee. During the second quarter of 2010, the counterparty for interest rate caps for certain private label MBS was taken over by the FDIC, which resulted in the immediate cancelation of all outstanding commitments, and as a result, interest rate caps with a notional amount of $87.0 million are no longer considered to be derivative financial instruments. The total exposure to fair value of $3.0 million related to such contracts was reclassified to an account receivable.
Interest rate swaps Interest rate swap agreements generally involve the exchange of fixed and floating-rate interest payment obligations without the exchange of the underlying notional principal amount. As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, most of the interest rate swaps outstanding are used for protection against rising interest rates. Similar to unrealized gains and losses arising from changes in fair value, net interest settlements on interest rate swaps are recorded as an adjustment to interest income or interest expense depending on whether an asset or liability is being economically hedged.
Indexed options Indexed options are generally over-the-counter (OTC) contracts that the Corporation enters into in order to receive the appreciation of a specifie