XFRA:DIG Quarterly Report 10-Q Filing - 3/31/2012

Effective Date 3/31/2012


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DIRECTV TABLE OF CONTENTS

Table of Contents

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)    

ý

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2012

OR

o

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                             to                            

Commission file number 1-34554

DIRECTV
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

DELAWARE
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  26-4772533
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

2230 East Imperial Highway
El Segundo, California
(Address of principal executive offices)

 

90245
(Zip Code)

(310) 964-5000
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

N/A
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

        Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý    No o

        Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ý    No o

        Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer ý   Accelerated filer o   Non-accelerated filer o
(Do not check if a
smaller reporting company)
  Smaller reporting company o

        Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o    No ý

        As of May 3, 2012, the registrant had outstanding 654,998,605 shares of common stock.

   


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DIRECTV

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
 
Page No.

Part I—Financial Information (Unaudited)

   

Item 1. Financial Statements

   

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2012 and 2011

 
2

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2012 and 2011

 
3

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011

 
4

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2012 and 2011

 
5

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 
6

Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 
31

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 
49

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

 
49

Part II—Other Information

   

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

 
50

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 
50

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 
50

Item 6. Exhibits

 
52

Signatures

 
54

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DIRECTV

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION (UNAUDITED)

ITEM 1.    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

        

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited)

 
 
Three Months
Ended
March 31,
 
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions,
Except Per Share Amounts)

 

Revenues

  $ 7,046   $ 6,319  

Operating costs and expenses

             

Costs of revenues, exclusive of depreciation and amortization expense

             

Broadcast programming and other

    2,964     2,593  

Subscriber service expenses

    499     449  

Broadcast operations expenses

    104     94  

Selling, general and administrative expenses, exclusive of depreciation and amortization expense

             

Subscriber acquisition costs

    816     796  

Upgrade and retention costs

    343     281  

General and administrative expenses

    417     340  

Depreciation and amortization expense

    595     611  
           

Total operating costs and expenses

    5,738     5,164  

Operating profit

    1,308     1,155  

Interest income

    12     7  

Interest expense

    (204 )   (172 )

Other, net

    41     42  
           

Income before income taxes

    1,157     1,032  

Income tax expense

    (416 )   (349 )
           

Net income

    741     683  

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

    (10 )   (9 )
           

Net income attributable to DIRECTV

  $ 731   $ 674  
           

Basic earnings attributable to DIRECTV per common share

  $ 1.08   $ 0.85  

Diluted earnings attributable to DIRECTV per common share

  $ 1.07   $ 0.85  

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding (in millions):

             

Basic

    678     793  

Diluted

    681     797  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.

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DIRECTV


CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(Unaudited)

 
 
Three Months
Ended
March 31,
 
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions)
 

Net income

  $ 741   $ 683  

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of taxes:

             

Foreign currency translation adjustments

    20     16  

Unrealized losses on securities

    (1 )   (3 )
           

Other comprehensive income

    19     13  
           

Comprehensive income

    760     696  

Less: Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest

    (12 )   (10 )
           

Comprehensive income attributable to DIRECTV

  $ 748   $ 686  
           

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.

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DIRECTV


CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited)

 
 
March 31,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions,
Except Share Data)

 

ASSETS

             

Current assets

             

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 4,526   $ 873  

Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $83 and $79

    2,197     2,474  

Inventories

    285     280  

Deferred income taxes

    71     62  

Prepaid expenses and other

    368     552  
           

Total current assets

    7,447     4,241  

Satellites, net

    2,225     2,215  

Property and equipment, net

    5,493     5,223  

Goodwill

    4,109     4,097  

Intangible assets, net

    889     909  

Investments and other assets

    1,749     1,738  
           

Total assets

  $ 21,912   $ 18,423  
           

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT

             

Current liabilities

             

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

  $ 4,188   $ 4,210  

Unearned subscriber revenues and deferred credits

    549     533  

Current portion of long-term debt

    1,500      
           

Total current liabilities

    6,237     4,743  

Long-term debt

    15,961     13,464  

Deferred income taxes

    1,796     1,771  

Other liabilities and deferred credits

    1,295     1,287  

Commitments and contingencies

             

Redeemable noncontrolling interest

    265     265  

Stockholders' deficit

             

Common stock and additional paid-in capital—$0.01 par value, 3,947,000,000 shares authorized, 664,796,472 and 691,306,695 shares issued and outstanding of Class A common stock at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively

    4,617     4,799  

Accumulated deficit

    (8,122 )   (7,750 )

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

    (137 )   (156 )
           

Total stockholders' deficit

    (3,642 )   (3,107 )
           

Total liabilities and stockholders' deficit

  $ 21,912   $ 18,423  
           

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.

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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions)
 

Cash Flows From Operating Activities

             

Net income

  $ 741   $ 683  

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

             

Depreciation and amortization

    595     611  

Amortization of deferred revenues and deferred credits

    (12 )   (8 )

Share-based compensation expense

    27     22  

Equity in earnings from unconsolidated affiliates

    (33 )   (25 )

Net foreign currency transaction gain

    (13 )   (8 )

Dividends received

        45  

Gain on sale of investments

        (26 )

Deferred income taxes

    58     115  

Excess tax benefit from share-based compensation

    (28 )   (24 )

Other

    22     14  

Change in other operating assets and liabilities:

             

Accounts receivable

    312     87  

Inventories

    (5 )   (65 )

Prepaid expenses and other

    161     53  

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

    (77 )   (142 )

Unearned subscriber revenue and deferred credits

    16     (5 )

Other, net

    (1 )   (18 )
           

Net cash provided by operating activities

    1,763     1,309  
           

Cash Flows From Investing Activities

             

Cash paid for property and equipment

    (753 )   (613 )

Cash paid for satellites

    (58 )   (31 )

Proceeds from sale of investments

        61  

Other, net

    25     39  
           

Net cash used in investing activities

    (786 )   (544 )
           

Cash Flows From Financing Activities

             

Cash proceeds from debt issuance

    3,996     3,990  

Debt issuance costs

    (23 )   (28 )

Repayment of long-term debt

        (341 )

Proceeds from borrowings under revolving credit facility

    400      

Repayment of borrowings under revolving credit facility

    (400 )    

Repayment of short-term borrowings

        (39 )

Repayment of other long-term obligations

    (13 )   (120 )

Common shares repurchased and retired

    (1,260 )   (1,405 )

Taxes paid in lieu of shares issued for share-based compensation

    (52 )   (53 )

Excess tax benefit from share-based compensation

    28     24  
           

Net cash provided by financing activities

    2,676     2,028  
           

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

    3,653     2,793  

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of the period

    873     1,502  
           

Cash and cash equivalents at end of the period

  $ 4,526   $ 4,295  
           

Supplemental Cash Flow Information

             

Cash paid for interest

  $ 255   $ 164  

Cash paid for income taxes

    113     77  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.

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DIRECTV

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

Note 1: Description of Business and Basis of Presentation

        DIRECTV, which we sometimes refer to as the company, we, or us, is a leading provider of digital television entertainment in the United States and Latin America. We operate two direct-to-home, or DTH, business units: DIRECTV U.S. and DIRECTV Latin America, which are differentiated by their geographic locations and are engaged in acquiring, promoting, selling and distributing digital entertainment programming primarily via satellite to residential and commercial subscribers. In addition, we own and operate three regional sports networks and own a 60% interest in Game Show Network, LLC, or GSN, a television network dedicated to game-related programming and Internet interactive game playing. We account for our investment in GSN using the equity method of accounting.

    DIRECTV U.S.  DIRECTV Holdings LLC and its subsidiaries, which we refer to as DIRECTV U.S., is the largest provider of DTH digital television services and the second largest provider in the multi-channel video programming distribution industry in the United States.

    DIRECTV Latin America.  DIRECTV Latin America Holdings, Inc. and its subsidiaries, or DIRECTV Latin America, is a leading provider of DTH digital television services throughout Latin America. DIRECTV Latin America is comprised of: PanAmericana, which provides services in Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Puerto Rico, Venezuela and certain other countries in the region, and Sky Brasil Servicos Ltda., which we refer to as Sky Brasil, which is a 93% owned subsidiary. DIRECTV Latin America also includes our 41% equity method investment in Innova, S. de R.L. de C.V., or Sky Mexico, which we include in the PanAmericana segment.

    DIRECTV Sports Networks.  DIRECTV Sports Networks LLC and its subsidiaries, or DSN, is comprised primarily of three regional sports networks based in Seattle, Washington; Denver, Colorado and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, each of which operates under the brand name ROOT Sports. The operating results of DSN are reported as part of the "Sports Networks, Eliminations and Other" reporting segment.

        During the first quarter of 2012, we revised our reportable segments. As further discussed in Note 10, our DIRECTV Latin America business unit, which was previously reported as a single segment, will now be reported as two segments, Sky Brasil and PanAmericana. We have restated certain prior period amounts to conform to the current year presentation of reporting segments.

        We have prepared the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, or GAAP, for interim financial reporting. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring items) that are necessary for a fair presentation have been included. The results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for any other interim period or for the full year. For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011 filed with the SEC on February 23, 2012, and all of our other filings, including Current Reports on Form 8-K, filed with the SEC after such date and through the date of this report.

        We prepare our consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP, which requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect amounts reported herein. We base our estimates and assumptions on historical experience and on various other factors that we believe to be reasonable

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DIRECTV

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(Unaudited)

under the circumstances. Due to the inherent uncertainty involved in making estimates, our actual results reported in future periods may be affected by changes in those estimates.


Note 2: Divestiture

        Due to certain governance arrangements which limit DIRECTV's ability to control GSN, we account for GSN as an equity method investment. In March 2011, we sold a 5% ownership interest in GSN for $60 million in cash to our equity partner, reducing our ownership interest to 60%. We recognized a $25 million gain, $16 million after tax, on the sale in "Other, net" in the Consolidated Statements of Operations, which represents the difference between the selling price and the carrying amount of the portion of our equity method investment sold. Additionally, we entered into an agreement with our equity partner in GSN under which we have the right to require them to purchase an additional 18% interest in GSN during specified windows in each of 2012, 2013 and 2014, and in 2014, if we have not exercised that right, our equity partner in GSN has the right to require us to sell such 18% interest to them, in each case for an exercise price which exceeds our carrying value for that portion of the investment. Such exercise price is calculated using a formula based on an agreed upon multiple of the earnings of GSN with a minimum price of $234 million and a maximum price of $288 million. As of March 31, 2012, the book value of our 60% interest in GSN was $431 million.


Note 3: Change in Accounting Estimate

    Depreciable Lives of Leased Set-Top Receivers

        We currently lease most set-top receivers provided to new and existing subscribers and therefore capitalize the cost of those set-top receivers. We depreciate capitalized set-top receivers over the estimated useful life of the equipment. As a result of the completion of an extensive evaluation of the estimated useful life of the set-top receivers in the third quarter of 2011, including consideration of historical write-offs, improved efficiencies in our refurbishment program, improved set-top receiver failure rates over time and management's judgment of the risk of technological obsolescence, we determined that the estimated useful life of high-definition, or HD, set-top receivers used in our DIRECTV U.S. business has increased to four years, from three years as previously estimated. We will continue to depreciate standard-definition set-top receivers at DIRECTV U.S. over a three-year estimated useful life. We have accounted for this change in the useful life of the HD set-top receivers at DIRECTV U.S. as a change in an accounting estimate beginning July 1, 2011. This change had the effect of reducing depreciation and amortization expense and increasing both net income attributable to DIRECTV and earnings per share in our consolidated results of operations as follows:

 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2012
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions,
Except Per Share Amounts)

 

Depreciation and amortization expense

  $ (55 )

Net income attributable to DIRECTV

    33  

Basic and diluted earnings attributable to DIRECTV per common share

  $ 0.05  

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DIRECTV

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(Unaudited)


Note 4: Goodwill and Intangible Assets

        As discussed in Note 10, during the first quarter of 2012, we revised our reportable segments and now report DIRECTV Latin America as two reportable segments, Sky Brasil and PanAmericana. Accordingly, goodwill historically assigned to the DIRECTV Latin America segment has been restated to reflect the amounts attributable to each of these new reporting segments.

        The changes in the carrying amounts of goodwill at each of our reporting segments for the three months ended March 31, 2012 were as follows:

 
 
DIRECTV Latin America
   
 
 
 
DIRECTV
U.S.
 
Sky Brasil
 
PanAmericana
 
Sports
Networks,
Eliminations
and Other
 
Total
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions)
 

Balance as of January 1, 2012

  $ 3,177   $ 414   $ 211   $ 295   $ 4,097  

Sky Brasil foreign currency translation adjustment

        12             12  
                       

Balance as of March 31, 2012

  $ 3,177   $ 426   $ 211   $ 295   $ 4,109  
                       


Note 5: Debt

        The following table sets forth our outstanding debt:

 
 
March 31,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions)
 

Senior notes

  $ 17,461   $ 13,464  

Less: Current portion of long-term debt

    (1,500 )    
           

Long-term debt

  $ 15,961   $ 13,464  
           

        As of March 31, 2012, DIRECTV U.S. had the ability to borrow up to an additional $2 billion under its revolving credit facility as discussed in further detail below.

    2012 Financing Transactions

        In January 2012, DIRECTV U.S. borrowed $400 million under its revolving credit facility, which was repaid in March 2012.

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DIRECTV

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(Unaudited)

        On March 8, 2012, DIRECTV U.S. issued the following senior notes in private placement transactions:

 
 
Principal
 
Proceeds, net
of discount
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions)
 

2.400% senior notes due in 2017

  $ 1,250   $ 1,249  

3.800% senior notes due in 2022

    1,500     1,499  

5.150% senior notes due in 2042

    1,250     1,248  
           

  $ 4,000   $ 3,996  
           

        We incurred $26 million of debt issuance costs in connection with this transaction.

        Pursuant to a registration rights agreement with the initial purchasers of the senior notes, DIRECTV U.S. has caused a registration statement to become effective, whereby all holders of the original notes can elect to exchange their existing notes for registered notes with identical terms, except that the registered notes are registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and will not bear the legends restricting their transfer. We expect that the exchange offer of these senior notes will be completed during the second quarter of 2012.

        On April 13, 2012, DIRECTV U.S. announced that, pursuant to the terms of its indenture, it will redeem for cash all of its then outstanding $1,500 million of 7.625% senior notes due in 2016 on May 15, 2012, at a price of 103.813%, together with accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date. As of March 31, 2012 we have recorded the outstanding balance in "Current portion of long-term debt" in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. Upon the completion of the redemption, we expect to make a cash payment of $1,614 million and recognize a pre-tax charge of $64 million, $39 million after tax, of which $57 million will result from the premium paid for the redemption and $7 million will result from the write-off of deferred debt issuance and other transaction costs.

    2011 Financing Transactions

        On March 10, 2011, DIRECTV U.S. issued the following senior notes:

 
 
Principal
 
Proceeds, net
of discount
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions)
 

3.500% senior notes due 2016

  $ 1,500   $ 1,497  

5.000% senior notes due 2021

    1,500     1,493  

6.375% senior notes due 2041

    1,000     1,000  
           

  $ 4,000   $ 3,990  
           

        We incurred $24 million of debt issuance costs in connection with this transaction.

        On March 17, 2011, DIRECTV U.S. purchased, pursuant to a tender offer, $341 million of its then outstanding $1,002 million of 6.375% senior notes due in 2015 at a price of 103.313%, plus accrued and unpaid interest, for a total of $358 million. The redemption of the 6.375% senior notes resulted in a first quarter of 2011 pre-tax charge of $11 million, $7 million after tax, primarily for the premium paid for the redemption. The charge was recorded in "Other, net" in our Consolidated Statements of Operations.

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NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(Unaudited)

    Senior Notes

        The following table sets forth our outstanding senior notes:

 
 
Principal amount
 
Carrying value, net of unamortized original
issue discounts or including premium
 
 
 
March 31,
2012
 
March 31,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions)
 

4.750% senior notes due 2014

  $ 1,000   $ 999   $ 999  

3.550% senior notes due 2015

    1,200     1,199     1,199  

3.125% senior notes due 2016

    750     750     750  

3.500% senior notes due 2016

    1,500     1,498     1,498  

7.625% senior notes due 2016

    1,500     1,500     1,500  

2.400% senior notes due 2017

    1,250     1,249      

5.875% senior notes due 2019

    1,000     994     994  

5.200% senior notes due 2020

    1,300     1,298     1,298  

4.600% senior notes due 2021

    1,000     999     999  

5.000% senior notes due 2021

    1,500     1,494     1,494  

3.800% senior notes due 2022

    1,500     1,499      

6.350% senior notes due 2040

    500     500     499  

6.000% senior notes due 2040

    1,250     1,234     1,234  

6.375% senior notes due 2041

    1,000     1,000     1,000  

5.150% senior notes due 2042

    1,250     1,248      
               

Total senior notes

  $ 17,500   $ 17,461   $ 13,464  
               

        The fair value of our senior notes was approximately $18,555 million at March 31, 2012 and $14,512 million at December 31, 2011. We calculated the fair values based on quoted market prices of our senior notes, which is a Level 1 input under accounting guidance for fair value measurements of assets and liabilities.

        All of our senior notes were issued by DIRECTV Holdings LLC and DIRECTV Financing Co., Inc., or the Co-Issuers, and have been registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. On November 14, 2011, we entered into a series of Supplemental Indentures whereby DIRECTV agreed to fully guarantee all of the senior notes, jointly and severally with substantially all of DIRECTV Holdings LLC's domestic subsidiaries. The Supplemental Indentures provide that DIRECTV unconditionally guarantees that the principal and interest on the respective senior notes will be paid in full when due and that the obligations of the Co-Issuers to the holders of the outstanding senior notes will be performed. All of the senior notes issued since November 14, 2011 are also similarly fully guaranteed by DIRECTV.

        As a result of the guarantees, holders of the senior notes have the benefit of DIRECTV's interests in the assets and related earnings of our operations that are not held through DIRECTV Holdings LLC and its subsidiaries. Those operations are primarily our DTH digital television services throughout Latin America which are held by DIRECTV Latin America Holdings, Inc. and its subsidiaries and DIRECTV Sports Networks LLC and its subsidiaries. However, the subsidiaries that own and operate DIRECTV Latin America Holdings and DIRECTV Sports Networks LLC have not guaranteed the senior notes.

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NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(Unaudited)

        The guarantees are unsecured senior obligations of DIRECTV and rank equally in right of payment with all of DIRECTV's existing and future senior debt and rank senior in right of payment to all of DIRECTV's future subordinated debt, if any. The guarantees are effectively subordinated to all existing and future secured obligations, if any, of DIRECTV to the extent of the value of the assets securing the obligations. DIRECTV will not be subject to the covenants contained in each indenture of the senior notes and our guarantees will terminate and be released on the terms set forth in each of the indentures.

        Our senior notes payable mature as follows: $1,500 million in 2012, $1,000 million in 2014, $1,200 million in 2015, $2,250 million in 2016 and $11,550 million in 2017 and thereafter. The amount of interest accrued related to our outstanding debt was $146 million at March 31, 2012 and $201 million at December 31, 2011.

    Revolving Credit Facility

        In February 2011, DIRECTV U.S.' $500 million, six-year senior secured credit facility was terminated and replaced with a five-year, $2 billion revolving credit facility. We pay a commitment fee of 0.30% per year for the unused commitment under the revolving credit facility, and borrowings bear interest at an annual rate of (i) the London interbank offer rate (LIBOR) (or for Euro advances the EURIBOR rate) plus 1.50% or at our option (ii) the higher of the prime rate plus 0.50% or the Fed Funds Rate plus 1.00%. The commitment fee and the annual interest rate may be increased or decreased under certain conditions, which include changes in DIRECTV U.S.' long-term, unsecured debt ratings. The revolving credit facility has been fully and unconditionally guaranteed, jointly and severally, by substantially all of DIRECTV U.S.' domestic subsidiaries on a senior unsecured basis.

    Covenants and Restrictions

        The revolving credit facility requires DIRECTV U.S. to maintain at the end of each fiscal quarter a specified ratio of indebtedness to adjusted net income. The revolving credit facility also includes covenants that restrict DIRECTV U.S.' ability to, among other things, (i) incur additional subsidiary indebtedness, (ii) incur liens, (iii) enter into certain transactions with affiliates, (iv) merge or consolidate with another entity, (v) sell, assign, lease or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of its assets, and (vi) change its lines of business. Additionally, the senior notes contain restrictive covenants that are similar. Should DIRECTV U.S. fail to comply with these covenants, all or a portion of its borrowings under the senior notes could become immediately payable and its revolving credit facility could be terminated. At March 31, 2012, management believes DIRECTV U.S. was in compliance with all such covenants. The senior notes and revolving credit facility also provide that the borrowings may be required to be prepaid if certain change-in-control events occur.

        Restricted Cash.    Restricted cash of $6 million as of March 31, 2012 and $30 million as of December 31, 2011 was included as part of "Prepaid expenses and other" in our Consolidated Balance Sheets. These amounts secure our letter of credit obligations. The restrictions on the cash will be removed as the letters of credit expire.

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Note 6: Contingencies

    Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest

        In connection with our acquisition of Sky Brasil in 2006, our partner who holds the remaining 7% interest, Globo Comunicações e Participações S.A., or Globo, was granted the right, until January 2014, to require us to purchase all, but not less than all, of its shares in Sky Brasil. Upon exercising this right, the fair value of Sky Brasil shares will be determined by mutual agreement or by an outside valuation expert, and we have the option to elect to pay for the Sky Brasil shares in cash, shares of our common stock or a combination of both. As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, we estimated that Globo's remaining 7% equity interest in Sky Brasil had a fair value of approximately $265 million. Adjustments to the carrying amount of the redeemable noncontrolling interest are recorded to additional paid-in-capital. We determined the fair values using significant unobservable inputs, which are Level 3 inputs under accounting guidance for measuring fair value.

    Venezuela Foreign Currency Exchange Controls

        Companies operating in Venezuela are required to obtain Venezuelan government approval to exchange Venezuelan bolivars into U.S. dollars at the official rate of 4.3 bolivars per U.S. dollar. Our ability to pay U.S. dollar denominated obligations and repatriate cash generated in Venezuela in excess of local operating requirements is limited, resulting in an increase in the cash balance at our Venezuelan subsidiary. At such time that exchange controls are eased, accumulated cash balances may ultimately be repatriated at less than their currently reported value, as the official exchange rate has not changed despite continuing high inflation in Venezuela. In addition, in the event of a significant devaluation of the bolivar, we may recognize a charge to earnings based on the amount of bolivar denominated net monetary assets (monetary assets net of monetary liabilities) held at the time of such devaluation and this may affect the growth of our Venezuelan business.

        We use the official 4.3 bolivars per U.S. dollar exchange rate to translate the financial statements of our Venezuelan subsidiary. As of March 31, 2012, our Venezuelan subsidiary had Venezuelan bolivar denominated net monetary assets of $312 million, including cash of $396 million.

    Litigation

        Litigation is subject to uncertainties and the outcome of individual litigated matters is not predictable with assurance. Various legal actions, claims and proceedings are pending against us arising in the ordinary course of business. We have established loss provisions for matters in which losses are probable and can be reasonably estimated. Some of the matters may involve compensatory, punitive, or treble damage claims, or demands that, if granted, could require us to pay damages or make other expenditures in amounts that could not be estimated at March 31, 2012. After discussion with counsel representing us in those actions, it is the opinion of management that such litigation is not expected to have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements. We expense legal costs as incurred.

        Pegasus Development Corporation and Personalized Media Communications L.L.C.    In December, 2000, Pegasus Development Corporation and Personalized Media Communications L.L.C. filed suit in the United States District Court for the District of Delaware against DIRECTV, Inc., Hughes Electronics Corporation, Thomson Consumer Electronics, Inc., and Philips Electronics North America Corporation. The suit alleged infringement of certain claims of seven United States patents and sought an injunction and a monetary award including damages for infringement, interest, costs, and attorneys'

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fees. Trial is presently scheduled for November, 2013. The suit now involves claims of four of the seven patents originally asserted, all of which have expired, and the validity and infringement of which are disputed by DIRECTV.

        Other Intellectual Property Litigation.    We are a defendant in several unrelated lawsuits claiming infringement of various patents relating to various aspects of our businesses. In certain of these cases other industry participants are also defendants, and also in certain of these cases we expect that at least some potential liability would be the responsibility of our equipment vendors pursuant to applicable contractual indemnification provisions. To the extent that the allegations in these lawsuits can be analyzed by us at this stage of their proceedings, we believe the claims are without merit and intend to defend the actions vigorously. We have determined that the likelihood of a material liability in such matters is remote or have made appropriate accruals and the final disposition of these claims is not expected to have a material effect on our consolidated financial position. However, if an adverse ruling is made in a lawsuit involving key intellectual property, such ruling could result in a loss that would be material to our consolidated results of operations of any one period. No assurance can be given that any adverse outcome would not be material to our consolidated financial position.

        Early Cancellation Fees.    In 2008, a number of plaintiffs filed putative class action lawsuits in state and federal courts challenging the early cancellation fees we assess our customers when they do not fulfill their programming commitments. Several of these lawsuits are pending, some in California state court purporting to represent statewide classes, and some in federal courts purporting to represent nationwide classes. The lawsuits seek both monetary and injunctive relief. While the theories of liability vary, the lawsuits generally challenge these fees under state consumer protection laws as both unfair and inadequately disclosed to customers. Our motions to compel arbitration have been granted in all of the federal cases, except as to claims seeking injunctive relief under California statutes. The denial of our motion as to those claims is currently on appeal. We believe that our early cancellation fees are adequately disclosed, and represent reasonable estimates of the costs we incur when customers cancel service before fulfilling their programming commitments.

        ECAD.    Sky Brasil, along with other video distributors in Brazil, is disputing charges assessed by Escritorio Central de Arrecadacao, or ECAD, the organization responsible for collecting performance rights fees under Brazilian law. Sky Brasil has been withholding payments to ECAD since 2004, and has accrued amounts both we and Sky Brasil believe are adequate to satisfy amounts owed to ECAD. In order to continue its opposition to ECAD's claims, in October 2011, Sky Brasil was required to provide a letter of credit in the amount of approximately $85 million which represents the contested fees plus accrued interest and penalties, for the period from January 2004 to September 2009, plus an additional 30% required by Brazilian law. Sky Brasil's dispute with ECAD is currently pending in the Superior Justice Tribunal, and there are other claims by the Brazilian pay television association, known as ABTA, against ECAD before the Brazilian antitrust board, or CADE, which may affect ECAD or the rights fees it is attempting to collect.

        From time to time, we receive investigative inquiries or subpoenas from state and federal authorities with respect to alleged violations of state and federal statutes. These inquiries may lead to legal proceedings in some cases. DIRECTV U.S. has received a request for information from the Federal Trade Commission, or FTC, on issues similar to those resolved in 2010 with a multistate group of state attorneys general. We are cooperating with the FTC by providing information about our sales and marketing practices and customer complaints.

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    Income Tax Matters

        We have received tax assessments from certain foreign jurisdictions and have agreed to indemnify previously divested businesses for certain tax assessments relating to periods prior to their respective divestitures. These assessments are in various stages of the administrative process or litigation, and we believe we have adequately provided for any related liability.

        While the outcome of these assessments and other tax issues cannot be predicted with certainty, we believe that the ultimate outcome will not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

    Satellites

        We may purchase in-orbit and launch insurance to mitigate the potential financial impact of satellite launch and in-orbit failures if the premium costs are considered economic relative to the risk of satellite failure. The insurance generally covers the unamortized book value of covered satellites. We do not insure against lost revenues in the event of a total or partial loss of the capacity of a satellite. We generally rely on in-orbit spare satellites and excess transponder capacity at key orbital slots to mitigate the impact a satellite failure could have on our ability to provide service. At March 31, 2012, the net book value of in-orbit satellites was $1,860 million, all of which was uninsured.

    Other

        We are contingently liable under standby letters of credit and bonds in the aggregate amount of $143 million at March 31, 2012, primarily related to a judicial deposit in Brazil for the ECAD matter discussed above.


Note 7: Related Party Transactions

        In the ordinary course of our operations, we enter into transactions with related parties as discussed below. Related parties include Globo, which provides programming and advertising to Sky Brasil, and companies in which we hold equity method investments, including Sky Mexico and GSN.

        The majority of payments under contractual arrangements with related parties are pursuant to multi-year programming contracts. Payments under these contracts are typically subject to annual rate increases and are based on the number of subscribers receiving the related programming.

        The following table summarizes sales and purchase transactions with related parties:

 
 
Three Months
Ended
March 31,
 
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions)
 

Sales

  $ 1   $ 2  

Purchases

    237     187  

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        The following table sets forth the amount of accounts receivable from and accounts payable to related parties as of:

 
 
March 31,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions)
 

Accounts receivable

  $ 1   $ 1  

Accounts payable

    112     96  


Note 8: Stockholders' Deficit

    Share Repurchase Program

        Since 2006 our Board of Directors has approved multiple authorizations for the repurchase of our common stock, the most recent of which was announced in the first quarter of 2012, authorizing share repurchases of up to an additional $6 billion. As of March 31, 2012, we had approximately $5,566 million remaining under this authorization. The authorizations allow us to repurchase our common stock from time to time through open market purchases and negotiated transactions, or otherwise. The timing, nature and amount of such transactions will depend on a variety of factors, including market conditions, and the program may be suspended, discontinued or accelerated at any time. The sources of funds for the purchases under the remaining authorizations are our existing cash on hand, cash from operations and potential additional borrowings. Purchases are made in the open market, through block trades and other negotiated transactions. Repurchased shares are retired, but remain authorized for registration and issuance in the future.

        The following table sets forth information regarding shares repurchased and retired during the periods presented:

 
 
Three Months
Ended
March 31,
 
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
 
  (Amounts in Millions,
Except Per Share Amounts)

 

Total cost of repurchased shares

  $ 1,300   $ 1,406  

Average price per share

  $ 45.65   $ 43.88  

Number of shares repurchased and retired

    28     32  

        Of the $1,300 million in repurchases during the three months ended March 31, 2012, $67 million were paid for in April 2012. Of the $1,406 million in repurchases during the three months ended March 31, 2011, $69 million were paid for in April 2011. Amounts repurchased but settled subsequent to the end of such periods are considered non-cash financing activities and excluded from the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.

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        The following tables set forth a reconciliation of stockholders' deficit and redeemable noncontrolling interest for each of the periods presented:

 
   
 
Stockholders' Deficit
   
   
 
 
 
Class A
Common
Shares
 
Common
Stock and
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Accumulated
Deficit
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Total
Stockholders'
Deficit
 
Redeemable
Noncontrolling
Interest
 
Net
Income
 
 
  (Amounts in Millions, Except Share Data)
 

Balance as of January 1, 2012

    691,306,695   $ 4,799   $ (7,750 ) $ (156 ) $ (3,107 ) $ 265        

Net income

                731           731     10   $ 741  

Stock repurchased and retired

    (28,468,900 )   (197 )   (1,103 )         (1,300 )            

Stock options exercised and restricted stock units vested and distributed

    1,958,677     (52 )               (52 )            

Share-based compensation expense

          27                 27              

Tax benefit from share-based compensation

          28                 28              

Adjustment to the fair value of redeemable noncontrolling interest

          12                 12     (12 )      

Other comprehensive income

                      19     19     2        
                                 

Balance as of March 31, 2012

    664,796,472   $ 4,617   $ (8,122 ) $ (137 ) $ (3,642 ) $ 265        
                                 

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Stockholders' Deficit
   
   
 
 
 
Class A
Common
Shares
 
Common
Stock and
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Accumulated
Deficit
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Total
Stockholders'
Deficit
 
Redeemable
Noncontrolling
Interest
 
Net
Income
 
 
  (Amounts in Millions, Except Share Data)
 

Balance as of January 1, 2011

    808,447,044   $ 5,563   $ (5,730 ) $ (27 ) $ (194 ) $ 224        

Net income

                674           674     9   $ 683  

Stock repurchased and retired

    (32,036,462 )   (226 )   (1,180 )         (1,406 )            

Stock options exercised and restricted stock units vested and distributed

    1,900,775     (48 )               (48 )            

Share-based compensation expense

          22                 22              

Tax benefit from share-based compensation

          27                 27              

Adjustment to the fair value of redeemable noncontrolling interest

          10                 10     (10 )      

Other comprehensive income

                      13     13     1        
                                 

Balance as of March 31, 2011

    778,311,357   $ 5,348   $ (6,236 ) $ (14 ) $ (902 ) $ 224        
                                 

    Other Comprehensive Loss

        The following represents the components of other comprehensive income for each of the periods presented:

 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
 
 
Pre-Tax
 
Tax Benefit
(Expense)
 
Net of Tax
 
Pre-Tax
 
Tax Benefit
(Expense)
 
Net of Tax
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions)
 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

  $ 33   $ (13 ) $ 20   $ 26   $ (10 ) $ 16  

Unrealized losses on securities

    (2 )   1     (1 )   (5 )   2     (3 )
                           

Other comprehensive income

  $ 31   $ (12 ) $ 19   $ 21   $ (8 ) $ 13  
                           

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(Unaudited)

    Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

        The changes in accumulated other comprehensive loss for the three months ended March 31, 2012 were as follows:

 
 
Defined Benefit
Plans
 
Foreign
Currency Items
 
Unrealized
Losses on
Securities
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions)
 

Balance as of January 1, 2012

  $ (151 ) $ (8 ) $ 3   $ (156 )

Other comprehensive income

        20     (1 )   19  
                   

Balance as of March 31, 2012

  $ (151 ) $ 12   $ 2   $ (137 )
                   


Note 9: Earnings Per Common Share

        We compute basic earnings per common share, or EPS, by dividing net income attributable to DIRECTV by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period.

        Diluted EPS considers the effect of common equivalent shares, which consist entirely of common stock options and unvested restricted stock units issued to employees. In the computation of diluted EPS under the treasury stock method, the amount of assumed proceeds from restricted stock units and common stock options includes the amount of compensation cost attributable to future services not yet recognized, proceeds from the exercise of the options and the incremental income tax benefit or liability as if the awards were exercised or distributed during the period. We exclude common equivalent shares from the computation in loss periods as their effect would be antidilutive and we exclude common stock options from the computation of diluted EPS when their exercise price is greater than the average market price of our common stock. For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 we excluded no common stock options from the computation of diluted EPS, because all options' exercise prices were less than the average market price of our common stock during the periods presented.

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        The reconciliation of the amounts used in the basic and diluted EPS computation is as follows:

 
 
Income
 
Shares
 
Per Share
Amounts
 
 
  (Dollars and Shares in Millions,
Except Per Share Amounts)

 

Three Months Ended

                   

March 31, 2012

                   

Basic EPS

                   

Net income attributable to DIRECTV

  $ 731     678   $ 1.08  

Effect of dilutive securities

                   

Dilutive effect of stock options and restricted stock units

        3     (0.01 )
               

Diluted EPS

                   

Adjusted net income attributable to DIRECTV

  $ 731     681   $ 1.07  
               

March 31, 2011

                   

Basic EPS

                   

Net income attributable to DIRECTV

  $ 674     793   $ 0.85  

Effect of dilutive securities

                   

Dilutive effect of stock options and restricted stock units

        4      
               

Diluted EPS

                   

Adjusted net income attributable to DIRECTV

  $ 674     797   $ 0.85  
               


Note 10: Segment Reporting

        Our reportable segments, which are differentiated by their products and services as well as geographic location, are DIRECTV U.S., Sky Brasil and PanAmericana, which are engaged in acquiring, promoting, selling and distributing digital entertainment programming primarily via satellite to residential and commercial subscribers, and the Sports Networks, Eliminations and Other segment, which includes our three regional sports networks that provide programming devoted to local professional sports teams and college sporting events and locally produce their own programming. Sports Networks, Eliminations and Other also includes the corporate office, eliminations and other entities.

        We revised our reportable segments in the first quarter of 2012 and now report Sky Brasil and PanAmericana as segments. We previously reported these segments as the DIRECTV Latin America segment. As discussed above in Note 1, the Sky Brasil segment includes our 93% owned subsidiary Sky Brasil Servicos, Ltda. The PanAmericana segment includes the results of our wholly owned subsidiaries that provide services in Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Puerto Rico, Venezuela and certain other countries in the region. Sky Brasil and PanAmericana are now reported as separate segments due to Sky Brasil's growing significance to DIRECTV's consolidated results of operations and these segments are reflective of how our Chief Executive Officer currently reviews our operating results.

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(Unaudited)

        Selected information for our operating segments is reported as follows:

 
 
External
Revenues
 
Intersegment
Revenues
 
Total
Revenues
 
Operating
Profit
 
Depreciation
and
amortization
expense
 
Operating profit
before
depreciation and
amortization(1)
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions)
 

Three Months Ended

                                     

March 31, 2012

                                     

DIRECTV U.S. 

  $ 5,497   $ 2   $ 5,499   $ 1,038   $ 372   $ 1,410  

Sky Brasil

   
881
   
   
881
   
151
   
136
   
287
 

PanAmericana

    604         604     98     83     181  
                           

DIRECTV Latin America

    1,485         1,485     249     219     468  

Sports Networks, Eliminations and Other

   
64
   
(2

)
 
62
   
21
   
4
   
25
 
                           

Total

  $ 7,046   $   $ 7,046   $ 1,308   $ 595   $ 1,903  
                           

March 31, 2011

                                     

DIRECTV U.S. 

  $ 5,143   $ 2   $ 5,145   $ 921   $ 442   $ 1,363  

Sky Brasil

   
654
   
   
654
   
133
   
95
   
228
 

PanAmericana

    460         460     86     70     156  
                           

DIRECTV Latin America

    1,114         1,114     219     165     384  

Sports Networks, Eliminations and Other

   
62
   
(2

)
 
60
   
15
   
4
   
19
 
                           

Total

  $ 6,319   $   $ 6,319   $ 1,155   $ 611   $ 1,766  
                           

(1)
Operating profit before depreciation and amortization, which is a financial measure that is not determined in accordance with GAAP can be calculated by adding amounts under the caption "Depreciation and amortization expense" to "Operating profit." This measure should be used in conjunction with GAAP financial measures and is not presented as an alternative measure of operating results, as determined in accordance with GAAP. Our management and Board of Directors use operating profit before depreciation and amortization to evaluate the operating performance of our company and our business segments and to allocate resources and capital to business segments. This metric is also used as a measure of performance for incentive compensation purposes and to measure income generated from operations that could be used to fund capital expenditures, service debt or pay taxes. Depreciation and amortization expense primarily represents an allocation to current expense of the cost of historical capital expenditures and for intangible assets resulting from prior business acquisitions. To compensate for the exclusion of depreciation and amortization expense from operating profit, our management and Board of Directors separately measure and budget for capital expenditures and business acquisitions.

We believe this measure is useful to investors, along with GAAP measures (such as revenues, operating profit and net income), to compare our operating performance to other communications, entertainment and media service providers. We believe that investors use current and projected operating profit before depreciation and amortization and similar measures to estimate our current

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    or prospective enterprise value and make investment decisions. This metric provides investors with a means to compare operating results exclusive of depreciation and amortization. Our management believes this is useful given the significant variation in depreciation and amortization expense that can result from the timing of capital expenditures, the capitalization of intangible assets, potential variations in expected useful lives when compared to other companies and periodic changes to estimated useful lives.

            The following represents a reconciliation of operating profit before depreciation and amortization to reported net income on the Consolidated Statements of Operations:

 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions)
 

Operating profit before depreciation and amortization

  $ 1,903   $ 1,766  

Depreciation and amortization

    (595 )   (611 )
           

Operating profit

    1,308     1,155  

Interest income

    12     7  

Interest expense

    (204 )   (172 )

Other, net

    41     42  
           

Income before income taxes

    1,157     1,032  

Income tax expense

    (416 )   (349 )
           

Net income

    741     683  

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

    (10 )   (9 )
           

Net income attributable to DIRECTV

  $ 731   $ 674  
           

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Note 11: Condensed Consolidating Financial Statements

        As discussed above in Note 5, on November 14, 2011, DIRECTV provided a guarantee of all the outstanding senior notes of DIRECTV Holdings LLC and DIRECTV Financing Co., Inc, or the Co-issuers, and is a guarantor for the March 2012 Notes as well.

        The following condensed consolidating financial statements of DIRECTV and subsidiaries have been prepared pursuant to rules regarding the preparation of consolidating financial statements of Regulation S-X. For the periods prior to November 14, 2011, the condensed consolidating financial statements have been prepared as if the DIRECTV guarantee had been in place during that period.

        These condensed consolidating financial statements present the condensed consolidating statements of operations and condensed consolidating statements of cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, and the condensed consolidating balance sheets as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

        The condensed consolidating financial statements are comprised of DIRECTV, or the Parent Guarantor, its indirect wholly owned subsidiaries, DIRECTV Holdings, DIRECTV Financing and each of DIRECTV Holdings' material subsidiaries (other than DIRECTV Financing), or the Guarantor Subsidiaries, as well as other subsidiaries who are not guarantors of the senior notes, or the Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries, and the eliminations necessary to present DIRECTV's financial statements on a consolidated basis. The Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries consist primarily of DIRECTV's direct-to-home digital television services throughout Latin America which are held by DIRECTV Latin America Holdings, Inc. and its subsidiaries, and DIRECTV Sports Networks LLC and its subsidiaries which are comprised primarily of three regional sports networks.

        The accompanying condensed consolidating financial statements are presented based on the equity method of accounting for all periods presented. Under this method, investments in subsidiaries are recorded at cost and adjusted for the subsidiaries' cumulative results of operations, capital contributions and distributions, and other changes in equity. Elimination entries include consolidating and eliminating entries for investments in subsidiaries, intercompany activity and balances, and income taxes.

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(Unaudited)


Condensed Consolidating Statement of Operations
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2012

 
 
Parent
Guarantor
 
Co-Issuers
 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Eliminations
 
DIRECTV
Consolidated
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions)
 

Revenues

  $   $ 59   $ 5,499   $ 1,568   $ (80 ) $ 7,046  

Operating costs and expenses

                                     

Costs of revenues, exclusive of depreciation and amortization expense

                                     

Broadcast programming and other

            2,441     542     (19 )   2,964  

Subscriber service expenses

            349     150         499  

Broadcast operations expenses

            78     28     (2 )   104  

Selling, general and administrative expenses, exclusive of depreciation and amortization expense

                                     

Subscriber acquisition costs

            646     170         816  

Upgrade and retention costs

            305     38         343  

General and administrative expenses

    6         329     141     (59 )   417  

Depreciation and amortization expense

            372     223         595  
                           

Total operating costs and expenses

    6         4,520     1,292     (80 )   5,738  
                           

Operating profit (loss)

    (6 )   59     979     276         1,308  

Equity in income of consolidated subsidiaries

    738     623             (1,361 )    

Interest income

                15     (3 )   12  

Interest expense

        (188 )       (19 )   3     (204 )

Other, net

    (4 )       1     44         41  
                           

Income before income taxes

    728     494     980     316     (1,361 )   1,157  

Income tax benefit (expense)

    3     47     (357 )   (109 )       (416 )
                           

Net income

    731     541     623     207     (1,361 )   741  

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

                (10 )       (10 )
                           

Net income attributable to DIRECTV

  $ 731   $ 541   $ 623   $ 197   $ (1,361 ) $ 731  
                           

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DIRECTV

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(Unaudited)


Condensed Consolidating Statement of Operations
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2011

 
 
Parent
Guarantor
 
Co-Issuers
 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Eliminations
 
DIRECTV
Consolidated
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions)
 

Revenues

  $   $ 143   $ 5,145   $ 1,189   $ (158 ) $ 6,319  

Operating costs and expenses

                                     

Costs of revenues, exclusive of depreciation and amortization expense

                                     

Broadcast programming and other

            2,200     406     (13 )   2,593  

Subscriber service expenses

            351     98         449  

Broadcast operations expenses

            74     22     (2 )   94  

Selling, general and administrative expenses, exclusive of depreciation and amortization expense

                                     

Subscriber acquisition costs

            682     114         796  

Upgrade and retention costs

            259     22         281  

General and administrative expenses

    5         359     119     (143 )   340  

Depreciation and amortization expense

            442     169         611  
                           

Total operating costs and expenses

    5         4,367     950     (158 )   5,164  
                           

Operating profit (loss)

    (5 )   143     778     239         1,155  

Equity in income of consolidated subsidiaries

    681     499             (1,180 )    

Interest income

                10     (3 )   7  

Interest expense

        (155 )   (1 )   (19 )   3     (172 )

Other, net

    (5 )   (11 )   5     53         42  
                           

Income before income taxes

    671     476     782     283     (1,180 )   1,032  

Income tax benefit (expense)

    3     8     (283 )   (77 )       (349 )
                           

Net income

    674     484     499     206     (1,180 )   683  

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

                (9 )       (9 )
                           

Net income attributable to DIRECTV

  $ 674   $ 484   $ 499   $ 197   $ (1,180 ) $ 674  
                           

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DIRECTV

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(Unaudited)


Condensed Consolidating Statement of Comprehensive Income
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2012

 
 
Parent
Guarantor
 
Co-Issuers
 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Eliminations
 
DIRECTV
Consolidated
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions)
 

Net income

  $ 731   $ 541   $ 623   $ 207   $ (1,361 ) $ 741  

Other comprehensive income, net of taxes:

                                     

Foreign currency translation adjustment

                20         20  

Unrealized losses on securities

                (1 )       (1 )
                           

Other comprehensive income

                19         19  
                           

Comprehensive income

    731     541     623     226     (1,361 )   760  

Less: Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest

                (12 )       (12 )
                           

Comprehensive income attributable to DIRECTV

  $ 731   $ 541   $ 623   $ 214   $ (1,361 ) $ 748  
                           

25


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DIRECTV

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(Unaudited)


Condensed Consolidating Statement of Comprehensive Income
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2011

 
 
Parent
Guarantor
 
Co-Issuers
 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Eliminations
 
DIRECTV
Consolidated
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions)
 

Net income

  $ 674   $ 484   $ 499   $ 206   $ (1,180 ) $ 683  

Other comprehensive income, net of taxes:

                                     

Foreign currency translation adjustment

                16         16  

Unrealized losses on securities

                (3 )       (3 )
                           

Other comprehensive income

                13         13  
                           

Comprehensive income

    674     484     499     219     (1,180 )   696  

Less: Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest

                (10 )       (10 )
                           

Comprehensive income attributable to DIRECTV

  $ 674   $ 484   $ 499   $ 209   $ (1,180 ) $ 686  
                           

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DIRECTV

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(Unaudited)

Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheet
As of March 31, 2012

 
 
Parent
Guarantor
 
Co-Issuers
 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Eliminations
 
DIRECTV
Consolidated
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions)
 

ASSETS

                                     

Total current assets

  $ 1,322   $ 3,208   $ 2,228   $ 1,408   $ (719 ) $ 7,447  

Satellites, net

            1,714     511         2,225  

Property and equipment, net

            3,117     2,376         5,493  

Goodwill

        1,828     1,349     932         4,109  

Intangible assets, net

            460     429         889  

Intercompany assets

    (3,355 )   17,097     13,368     (4,140 )   (22,970 )    

Other assets

    75     85     218     1,458     (87 )   1,749  
                           

Total assets

  $ (1,958 ) $ 22,218   $ 22,454   $ 2,974   $ (23,776 ) $ 21,912  
                           

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT)

                                     

Total current liabilities

  $ 190   $ 1,694   $ 3,666   $ 1,476   $ (789 ) $ 6,237  

Long-term debt

        15,961                 15,961  

Deferred income taxes

            1,334     540     (78 )   1,796  

Intercompany liabilities

    926     13,170     4,552     6,225     (24,873 )    

Other liabilities and deferred credits

    568     84     165     485     (7 )   1,295  

Redeemable noncontrolling interest

                265         265  

Stockholders' equity (deficit)

                                     

Capital stock and additional paid-in capital

    4,617     30     4,735     (2,965 )   (1,800 )   4,617  

Retained earnings (accumulated deficit)

    (8,122 )   (8,721 )   8,002     (3,059 )   3,778     (8,122 )

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

    (137 )           7     (7 )   (137 )
                           

Total stockholders' equity (deficit)

    (3,642 )   (8,691 )   12,737     (6,017 )   1,971     (3,642 )
                           

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity (deficit)

  $ (1,958 ) $ 22,218   $ 22,454   $ 2,974   $ (23,776 ) $ 21,912  
                           

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DIRECTV

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(Unaudited)


Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheet
As of December 31, 2011

 
 
Parent
Guarantor
 
Co-Issuers
 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Eliminations
 
DIRECTV
Consolidated
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions)
 

ASSETS

                                     

Total current assets

  $ 404   $ 533   $ 2,514   $ 1,360   $ (570 ) $ 4,241  

Satellites, net

            1,724     497     (6 )   2,215  

Property and equipment, net

            3,084     2,139         5,223  

Goodwill

        1,828     1,349     920         4,097  

Intangible assets, net

            461     448         909  

Intercompany assets

    (1,764 )   16,068     11,427     (4,490 )   (21,241 )    

Other assets

    74     64     256     1,424     (80 )   1,738  
                           

Total assets

  $ (1,286 ) $ 18,493   $ 20,815   $ 2,298   $ (21,897 ) $ 18,423  
                           

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT)

                                     

Total current liabilities

  $ 68   $ 204   $ 3,413   $ 1,347   $ (289 ) $ 4,743  

Long-term debt

        13,464                 13,464  

Deferred income taxes

            1,321     531     (81 )   1,771  

Intercompany liabilities

    1,202     11,582     3,865     5,938     (22,587 )    

Other liabilities and deferred credits

    551     82     159     495         1,287  

Redeemable noncontrolling interest

                265         265  

Stockholders' equity (deficit)

                                     

Capital stock and additional paid-in capital

    4,799     11     4,684     (561 )   (4,134 )   4,799  

Retained earnings (accumulated deficit)

    (7,750 )   (6,850 )   7,373     (5,703 )   5,180     (7,750 )

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

    (156 )           (14 )   14     (156 )
                           

Total stockholders' equity (deficit)

    (3,107 )   (6,839 )   12,057     (6,278 )   1,060     (3,107 )
                           

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity (deficit)

  $ (1,286 ) $ 18,493   $ 20,815   $ 2,298   $ (21,897 ) $ 18,423  
                           

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DIRECTV

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(Unaudited)


Condensed Consolidating Statement of Cash Flows
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2012

 
 
Parent
Guarantor
 
Co-Issuers
 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Eliminations
 
DIRECTV
Consolidated
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions)
 

Cash flows from operating activities

                                     

Net cash provided by operating activities

  $ 319   $ 986   $ 429   $ 576   $ (547 ) $ 1,763  
                           

Cash flows from investing activities

                                     

Cash paid for property and equipment

            (354 )   (399 )       (753 )

Cash paid for satellites

    (2 )       (34 )   (22 )       (58 )

Return of capital from subsidiary

    1,903                 (1,903 )    

Other, net

                25         25  
                           

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

    1,901         (388 )   (396 )   (1,903 )   (786 )
                           

Cash flows from financing activities

                                     

Cash proceeds from debt issuance

        3,996                 3,996  

Debt issuance costs

        (23 )               (23 )

Proceeds from borrowings under revolving credit facility

        400                 400  

Repayment of borrowings under revolving credit facility

        (400 )               (400 )

Repayment of other long-term obligations

            (5 )   (8 )       (13 )

Common shares repurchased and retired

    (1,260 )                   (1,260 )

Taxes paid in lieu of shares issued for share-based compensation

            (43 )   (9 )       (52 )

Excess tax benefit from share-based compensation

            23     5         28  

Intercompany payments (funding)

    158         (13 )   (145 )        

Cash dividend to Parent

        (2,450 )           2,450      
                           

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

    (1,102 )   1,523     (38 )   (157 )   2,450     2,676  
                           

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

    1,118     2,509     3     23         3,653  

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of the period

    129     228     4     512         873  
                           

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period

  $ 1,247   $ 2,737   $ 7   $ 535   $   $ 4,526  
                           

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DIRECTV

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(concluded)

(Unaudited)

Condensed Consolidating Statement of Cash Flows
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2011

 
 
Parent
Guarantor
 
Co-Issuers
 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Eliminations
 
DIRECTV
Consolidated
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions)
 

Cash flows from operating activities

                                     

Net cash provided by operating activities

  $ 492   $ 623   $ 374   $ 342   $ (522 ) $ 1,309  
                           

Cash flows from investing activities

                                     

Cash paid for property and equipment

            (345 )   (268 )       (613 )

Cash paid for satellites

            (31 )           (31 )

Proceeds from sale of investments

                61         61  

Return of capital from subsidiary

    2,728                 (2,728 )    

Other, net

                39         39  
                           

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

    2,728         (376 )   (168 )   (2,728 )   (544 )
                           

Cash flows from financing activities

                                     

Cash proceeds from debt issuance

        3,990                 3,990  

Debt issuance costs

        (28 )               (28 )

Repayment of long-term debt

        (341 )               (341 )

Repayment of short-term borrowings

                (39 )       (39 )

Repayment of other long-term obligations

            (26 )   (94 )       (120 )

Common shares repurchased and retired

    (1,405 )                   (1,405 )

Taxes paid in lieu of shares issued for share-based compensation

    (2 )       (43 )   (8 )       (53 )

Excess tax benefit from share-based compensation

            20     4         24  

Intercompany payments (funding)

    38         50     (88 )        

Cash dividend to Parent

        (3,250 )           3,250      
                           

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

    (1,369 )   371     1     (225 )   3,250     2,028  
                           

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

    1,851     994     (1 )   (51 )       2,793  

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of the period

    447     683     4     368         1,502  
                           

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period

  $ 2,298   $ 1,677   $ 3   $ 317   $   $ 4,295  
                           

***

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ITEM 2.    MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

        The following management's discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our management's discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011 filed with the SEC on February 23, 2012, and all of our other filings, including Current Reports on Form 8-K, filed with the SEC after such date and through the date of this report.

        This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q may contain certain statements that we believe are, or may be considered to be, "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of various provisions of the Securities Act of 1933 and of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. These forward-looking statements generally can be identified by the use of statements that include phrases such as we "believe", "expect", "anticipate", "intend", "plan", "foresee", "project" or other similar references to future periods. Examples of forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements we make regarding our outlook for 2012 financial results, liquidity and capital resources.

        Forward-looking statements are based on our current expectations and assumptions regarding our business, the economy and other future conditions. Because forward-looking statements relate to the future, they are subject to inherent uncertainties, risks and changes in circumstances that are difficult to predict. Our actual results may differ materially from those contemplated by the forward-looking statements. We caution you therefore against relying on any of these forward-looking statements. They are neither statements of historical fact nor guarantees or assurances of future performance. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements include economic, business, competitive, national or global political, market and regulatory conditions and the following, each of which is described in more detail in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011 or in Part II, Item 1A of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q:

    Levels of competition are increasing.

    We depend on others to produce programming and programming costs are increasing.

    Increased subscriber churn or subscriber upgrade and retention costs could materially adversely affect our financial performance.

    Our subscriber acquisition costs could materially increase.

    DIRECTV Latin America is subject to various additional risks associated with doing business internationally, which include political and economic instability and foreign currency exchange rate volatility and controls.

    Our ability to keep pace with technological developments is uncertain.

    Our business relies on intellectual property, some of which is owned by third parties, and we may inadvertently infringe patents and proprietary rights of others.

    Construction or launch delays on satellites could materially adversely affect our revenues and earnings.

    Our satellites are subject to significant launch and operational risks.

    The loss of a satellite, none of which is currently insured, could materially adversely affect our business and earnings.

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    Satellite programming signals have been stolen and may be stolen in the future, which could result in lost revenues and would cause us to incur incremental operating costs that do not result in subscriber acquisition.

    The ability to maintain FCC licenses and other regulatory approvals is critical to our business.

    We may have an indemnity obligation to Liberty Media, which is not limited in amount or subject to any cap, that could be triggered if parts of the Liberty Transaction or Liberty's 2008 Transaction with News Corporation are treated as a taxable transaction.

    We face risks arising from the outcome of various legal proceedings.

    We face risks related to our reliance on network information systems and other technology.

    Our strategic initiatives may not be successfully implemented, may not elicit the expected customer response in the market and may result in competitive reactions.

    Those and the other factors that are described in more detail in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.

        Any forward-looking statement made by us in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q speaks only as of the date on which it is made. Factors or events that could cause our actual results to differ may occur and it is not possible for us to predict them all. We undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future development or otherwise, except as required by law.

CONTENTS

        The following is a discussion of our results of operations and financial condition. This discussion should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report. Information in this section is organized as follows:

    Summary Data

    Business Overview

    Significant Events Affecting the Comparability of the Results of Operations

    Key Terminology

    Results of Operations

    Liquidity and Capital Resources

    Contractual Obligations

    Contingencies

    Certain Relationships and Related-Party Transactions

    Critical Accounting Estimates

    Accounting Changes

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      DIRECTV

      SUMMARY DATA

      (Unaudited)

 
 
Three Months
Ended
March 31,
 
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions,
Except Per Share
Amounts)

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations Data:

             

Revenues

  $ 7,046   $ 6,319  

Total operating costs and expenses

    5,738     5,164  
           

Operating profit

    1,308     1,155  

Interest income

    12     7  

Interest expense

    (204 )   (172 )

Other, net

    41     42  
           

Income before income taxes

    1,157     1,032  

Income tax expense

    (416 )   (349 )
           

Net income

    741     683  

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

    (10 )   (9 )
           

Net income attributable to DIRECTV

  $ 731   $ 674  
           

Basic earnings attributable to DIRECTV per common share

  $ 1.08   $ 0.85  

Diluted earnings attributable to DIRECTV per common share

  $ 1.07   $ 0.85  

Weighted average number of total common shares outstanding (in millions)

             

Basic

    678     793  

Diluted

    681     797  

 

 
 
March 31,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions)
 

Consolidated Balance Sheets Data:

             

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 4,526   $ 873  

Total current assets

    7,447     4,241  

Total assets

    21,912     18,423  

Total current liabilities

    6,237     4,743  

Long-term debt

    15,961     13,464  

Redeemable noncontrolling interest

    265     265  

Total stockholders' deficit

    (3,642 )   (3,107 )

Reference should be made to the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

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DIRECTV

SUMMARY DATA—(concluded)

(Unaudited)

 
 
Three Months
Ended
March 31,
 
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions)
 

Other Data:

             

Operating profit before depreciation and amortization(1)

             

Operating profit

  $ 1,308   $ 1,155  

Add: Depreciation and amortization expense

    595     611  
           

Operating profit before depreciation and amortization

  $ 1,903   $ 1,766  
           

Operating profit before depreciation and amortization margin

    27.0 %   27.9 %

Cash flow information

             

Net cash provided by operating activities

  $ 1,763   $ 1,309  

Net cash used in investing activities

    (786 )   (544 )

Net cash provided by financing activities

    2,676     2,028  

Free cash flow(2)

             

Net cash provided by operating activities

    1,763     1,309  

Less: Cash paid for property and equipment

    (753 )   (613 )

Less: Cash paid for satellites

    (58 )   (31 )
           

Free cash flow

  $ 952   $ 665  
           

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Selected Segment Data

 
 
Revenues
 
Percentage of
total
revenues
 
Operating
profit
 
Depreciation and
amortization
expense
 
Operating profit
before
depreciation and
amortization(1)
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions)
 

Three Months Ended

                               

March 31, 2012

                               

DIRECTV U.S. 

  $ 5,499     78.0 % $ 1,038   $ 372   $ 1,410  

Sky Brasil

   
881
   
12.5

%
 
151
   
136
   
287
 

PanAmericana

    604     8.6 %   98     83     181  
                       

DIRECTV Latin America

    1,485     21.1 %   249     219     468  

Sports Networks, Eliminations and Other

   
62
   
0.9

%
 
21
   
4
   
25
 
                       

Total

  $ 7,046     100.0 % $ 1,308   $ 595   $ 1,903  
                       

March 31, 2011

                               

DIRECTV U.S. 

  $ 5,145     81.4 % $ 921   $ 442   $ 1,363  

Sky Brasil

   
654
   
10.3

%
 
133
   
95
   
228
 

PanAmericana

    460     7.3 %   86     70     156  
                       

DIRECTV Latin America

    1,114     17.6 %   219     165     384  

Sports Networks, Eliminations and Other

   
60
   
1.0

%
 
15
   
4
   
19
 
                       

Total

  $ 6,319     100.0 % $ 1,155   $ 611   $ 1,766  
                       

(1)
Operating profit before depreciation and amortization, which is a financial measure that is not determined in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, or GAAP, can be calculated by adding amounts under the caption "Depreciation and amortization expense" to "Operating profit." This measure should be used in conjunction with GAAP financial measures and is not presented as an alternative measure of operating results, as determined in accordance with GAAP. Our management and our Board of Directors use operating profit before depreciation and amortization to evaluate the operating performance of our company and our business segments and to allocate resources and capital to business segments. This metric is also used as a measure of performance for incentive compensation purposes and to measure income generated from operations that could be used to fund capital expenditures, service debt or pay taxes. Depreciation and amortization expense primarily represents an allocation to current expense of the cost of historical capital expenditures and for acquired intangible assets resulting from prior business acquisitions. To compensate for the exclusion of depreciation and amortization expense from operating profit, our management and our Board of Directors separately measure and budget for capital expenditures and business acquisitions.

We believe this measure is useful to investors, along with GAAP measures (such as revenues, operating profit and net income), to compare our operating performance to other communications, entertainment and media service providers. We believe that investors use current and projected operating profit before depreciation and amortization and similar measures to estimate our current or prospective enterprise value and make investment decisions. This metric provides investors with a means to compare operating results exclusive of depreciation and amortization expense. Our management believes this is useful given the significant variation in depreciation and amortization expense that can result from the timing of capital expenditures, the capitalization of intangible assets, potential variations in expected useful lives when compared to other companies and periodic changes to estimated useful lives.

Operating profit before depreciation and amortization margin is calculated by dividing Operating profit before depreciation and amortization by Revenues.

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    Selected Segment Data—(concluded)

(2)
Free cash flow, which is a financial measure that is not determined in accordance with GAAP, can be calculated by deducting amounts under the captions "Cash paid for property and equipment" and "Cash paid for satellites" from "Net cash provided by operating activities" from the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. This financial measure should be used in conjunction with other GAAP financial measures and is not presented as an alternative measure of cash flows from operating activities, as determined in accordance with GAAP. Our management and our Board of Directors use free cash flow to evaluate the cash generated by our current subscriber base, net of capital expenditures, for the purpose of allocating resources to activities such as adding new subscribers, retaining and upgrading existing subscribers, for additional capital expenditures and other capital investments or transactions and as a measure of performance for incentive compensation purposes. We believe this measure is useful to investors, along with other GAAP measures (such as cash flows from operating and investing activities), to compare our operating performance to other communications, entertainment and media companies. We believe that investors also use current and projected free cash flow to determine the ability of revenues from our current and projected subscriber base to fund required and discretionary spending and to help determine our financial value.

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BUSINESS OVERVIEW

        DIRECTV, which we sometimes refer to as the company, we, or us, is a leading provider of digital television entertainment in the United States and Latin America. We operate two direct-to-home, or DTH, business units: DIRECTV U.S. and DIRECTV Latin America, which are differentiated by their geographic location and are engaged in acquiring, promoting, selling and distributing digital entertainment programming primarily via satellite to residential and commercial subscribers. In addition, we own and operate three regional sports networks and own a 60% interest in Game Show Network, LLC, or GSN, a television network dedicated to game-related programming and Internet interactive game playing. We account for our investment in GSN using the equity method of accounting.

    DIRECTV U.S.  DIRECTV Holdings LLC and its subsidiaries, which we refer to as DIRECTV U.S., is the largest provider of DTH digital television services and the second largest provider in the multi-channel video programming distribution industry in the United States. As of March 31, 2012, DIRECTV U.S. had slightly less than 20.0 million subscribers.

    DIRECTV Latin America.  DIRECTV Latin America Holdings, Inc. and its subsidiaries, or DIRECTV Latin America, is a leading provider of DTH digital television services throughout Latin America. DIRECTV Latin America is comprised of: PanAmericana, which provides services in Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Puerto Rico, Venezuela and certain other countries in the region, and Sky Brasil Servicos Ltda., which we refer to as Sky Brasil, which is a 93% owned subsidiary. DIRECTV Latin America also includes our 41% equity method investment in Innova, S. de R.L. de C.V., or Sky Mexico. As of March 31, 2012, PanAmericana had approximately 4.3 million subscribers, Sky Brasil had approximately 4.2 million subscribers and Sky Mexico had approximately 4.3 million subscribers.

    DIRECTV Sports Networks.  DIRECTV Sports Networks LLC and its subsidiaries, or DSN, is comprised primarily of three regional sports networks based in Seattle, Washington; Denver, Colorado and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, each of which operates under the brand name ROOT Sports. The operating results of DSN are reported as part of the "Sports Networks, Eliminations and Other" operating segment.

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SIGNIFICANT EVENTS AFFECTING THE COMPARABILITY OF THE RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Change in Accounting Estimate

    Depreciable Lives of Leased Set-Top Receivers

        We currently lease most set-top receivers provided to new and existing subscribers and therefore capitalize the cost of those set-top receivers. We depreciate capitalized set-top receivers over the estimated useful life of the equipment. As a result of the completion of an extensive evaluation of the estimated useful life of the set-top receivers in the third quarter of 2011, including consideration of historical write-offs, improved efficiencies in our refurbishment program, improved set-top receiver failure rates over time and management's judgment of the risk of technological obsolescence, we determined that the estimated useful life of HD set-top receivers used in our DIRECTV U.S. business has increased to four years, from three years as previously estimated. We will continue to depreciate standard-definition set-top receivers at DIRECTV U.S. over a three-year estimated useful life. We have accounted for this change in the useful life of the HD set-top receivers at DIRECTV U.S. as a change in an accounting estimate beginning July 1, 2011. This change had the effect of reducing depreciation and amortization expense and increasing both net income attributable to DIRECTV and earnings per share in our consolidated results of operations as follows:

 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2012
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions,
Except Per Share Amounts)

 

Depreciation and amortization expense

  $ (55 )

Net income attributable to DIRECTV

    33  

Basic and diluted earnings attributable to DIRECTV per common share

  $ 0.05  

Divestitures

        In March 2011, we sold a 5% ownership interest in GSN for $60 million in cash, reducing our ownership interest to 60%. We recognized a $25 million, $16 million after tax, on the sale in "Other, net" in the Consolidated Statements of Operations, which represents the difference between the selling price and the carrying amount of the portion of our equity method investment sold. For additional information regarding the GSN sale, refer to Note 2 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Financing Transactions

    2012 Financing Transactions

        In the first quarter of 2012, DIRECTV U.S. borrowed and repaid $400 million under its revolving credit facility. In March 2012, DIRECTV U.S. issued $4 billion of senior notes resulting in $3,996 million of proceeds, net of discount.

    2011 Financing Transactions

        In March 2011, DIRECTV U.S. issued $4 billion of senior notes resulting in $3,990 million of proceeds, net of discount. In March 2011, DIRECTV U.S. purchased, pursuant to a tender offer, $341 million of its then outstanding $1,002 million of 6.375% senior notes, resulting in a pre-tax charge of $11 million, $7 million after tax, primarily for the premiums paid. The charge was recorded in "Other, net" in our Consolidated Statements of Operations.

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KEY TERMINOLOGY

        The following key terminology is used in management's discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations:

        Revenues.    We earn revenues mostly from monthly fees we charge subscribers for subscriptions to basic and premium channel programming, pay-per-view programming and seasonal live sporting events. We also earn revenues from monthly fees that we charge subscribers with multiple non-leased set-top receivers (which we refer to as mirroring fees), monthly fees we charge subscribers for leased set-top receivers, monthly fees we charge subscribers for advanced receiver services (which includes access to HD and DVR services), hardware revenues from subscribers who lease or purchase set-top receivers from us, warranty service fees and advertising services. Revenues are reported net of customer credits and discounted promotions.

        Broadcast Programming and Other.    These costs primarily include license fees for basic and premium channel programming, pay-per-view programming and seasonal live sporting events. Other costs include continuing service fees paid to third parties for active subscribers and warranty service costs.

        Subscriber Service Expenses.    Subscriber service expenses include the costs of customer call centers, billing, remittance processing and certain home services expenses, such as in-home repair costs.

        Broadcast Operations Expenses.    These expenses include broadcast center operating costs, signal transmission expenses (including costs of collecting signals for our local channel offerings), and costs of monitoring, maintaining and insuring our satellites. Also included are engineering expenses associated with deterring theft of our signal.

        Subscriber Acquisition Costs.    These costs include the cost of set-top receivers and other equipment, commissions we pay to national retailers, independent satellite television retailers, dealers and telcos, and the cost of installation, advertising, marketing and customer call center expenses associated with the acquisition of new subscribers. Set-top receivers leased to new subscribers are capitalized in "Property and equipment, net" in the Consolidated Balance Sheets and depreciated over their useful lives. In certain countries in Latin America, where our customer agreements provide for the lease of the entire DIRECTV or SKY System, we also capitalize the costs of the other customer premises equipment and related installation costs. The amount of set-top receivers capitalized each period for subscriber acquisitions is included in "Cash paid for property and equipment" in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.

        Upgrade and Retention Costs.    Upgrade and retention costs are associated with upgrade efforts for existing subscribers that we believe will result in higher average monthly revenue per subscriber, or ARPU, and lower churn. Our upgrade efforts include subscriber equipment upgrade programs for DVR, HD and HD DVR receivers and local channels and similar initiatives. Retention costs also include the costs of installing and providing hardware under our movers program for subscribers relocating to a new residence. Set-top receivers leased to existing subscribers under upgrade and retention programs are capitalized in "Property and equipment, net" in the Consolidated Balance Sheets and depreciated over their useful lives. The amount of set-top receivers capitalized each period for upgrade and retention programs is included in "Cash paid for property and equipment" in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.

        General and Administrative Expenses.    General and administrative expenses include departmental costs for legal, administrative services, finance, marketing and information technology. These costs also

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include expenses for bad debt and other operating expenses, such as legal settlements, and gains or losses from the sale or disposal of fixed assets.

        Average Monthly Revenue Per Subscriber.    We calculate ARPU by dividing average monthly revenues for the period (total revenues during the period divided by the number of months in the period) by average subscribers for the period. We calculate average subscribers for the period by adding the number of subscribers as of the beginning of the period and for each quarter end in the current year or period and dividing by the sum of the number of quarters in the period plus one.

        Average Monthly Subscriber Churn.    Average monthly subscriber churn represents the number of subscribers whose service is disconnected, expressed as a percentage of the average total number of subscribers. We calculate average monthly subscriber churn by dividing the average monthly number of disconnected subscribers for the period (total subscribers disconnected, net of reconnects, during the period divided by the number of months in the period) by average subscribers for the period.

        Subscriber Count.    The total number of subscribers represents the total number of subscribers actively subscribing to our service, including subscribers who have suspended their account for a particular season of the year because they are temporarily away from their primary residence and subscribers who are in the process of relocating and commercial equivalent viewing units.

        SAC.    We calculate SAC, which represents total subscriber acquisition costs stated on a per subscriber basis, by dividing total subscriber acquisition costs for the period by the number of gross new subscribers acquired during the period. We calculate total subscriber acquisition costs for the period by adding together "Subscriber acquisition costs" expensed during the period and the amount of cash paid for equipment leased to new subscribers during the period.

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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Three Months Ended March 31, 2012 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2011

DIRECTV U.S. Results of Operations

        The following table provides operating results and a summary of key subscriber data for the DIRECTV U.S. segment:

 
 
Three Months Ended
and As of March 31,
 
Change
 
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
$
 
%
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions, Except Per Subscriber Amounts)
   
 

Revenues

  $ 5,499   $ 5,145   $ 354     6.9 %

Operating costs and expenses

                         

Costs of revenues, exclusive of depreciation and amortization expense

                         

Broadcast programming and other

    2,441     2,200     241     11.0 %

Subscriber service expenses

    349     351     (2 )   (0.6 )%

Broadcast operations expenses

    78     74     4     5.4 %

Selling, general and administrative expenses, exclusive of depreciation and amortization expense

                         

Subscriber acquisition costs

    646     682     (36 )   (5.3 )%

Upgrade and retention costs

    305     259     46     17.8 %

General and administrative expenses

    270     216     54     25.0 %

Depreciation and amortization expense

    372     442     (70 )   (15.8 )%
                     

Total operating costs and expenses

    4,461     4,224     237     5.6 %
                     

Operating profit

  $ 1,038   $ 921   $ 117     12.7 %
                     

Operating profit margin

    18.9 %   17.9 %        

Other data:

                         

Operating profit before depreciation and amortization

  $ 1,410   $ 1,363   $ 47     3.4 %

Operating profit before depreciation and amortization margin

    25.6 %   26.5 %        

Total number of subscribers (in thousands)

    19,966     19,407     559     2.9 %

ARPU

  $ 91.99   $ 88.79   $ 3.20     3.6 %

Average monthly subscriber churn %

    1.44 %   1.50 %       (4.0 )%

Gross subscriber additions (in thousands)

    941     1,052     (111 )   (10.6 )%

Subscriber disconnections (in thousands)

    860     868     (8 )   (0.9 )%

Net subscriber additions (in thousands)

    81     184     (103 )   (56.0 )%

Average subscriber acquisition costs—per subscriber (SAC)

  $ 857   $ 814   $ 43     5.3 %

Capital expenditures:

                         

Property and equipment

    109     102     7     6.9 %

Subscriber leased equipment—subscriber acquisitions

    160     174     (14 )   (8.0 )%

Subscriber leased equipment—upgrade and retention

    85     69     16     23.2 %

Satellites

    34     31     3     9.7 %
                     

Total capital expenditures

  $ 388   $ 376   $ 12     3.2 %
                     

        Subscribers.    In the first quarter of 2012, net subscriber additions decreased due to lower gross additions primarily resulting from stricter credit policies, partially offset by a lower churn rate resulting from a higher number of subscribers on commitments or auto-bill pay arrangements, as well as an increase in upgrade and retention offers to existing subscribers.

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        Revenues.    DIRECTV U.S. revenues increased in the first quarter of 2012 as a result of higher ARPU and a larger subscriber base. The increase in ARPU resulted primarily from price increases on programming packages and set-top receiver lease fees, as well as higher advanced receiver service fees and an increase in subscriber purchases of premium channels, partially offset by increased promotional offers to new and existing subscribers.

        Operating profit before depreciation and amortization.    Operating profit before depreciation and amortization increased in the first quarter of 2012 as compared to the first quarter of 2011, as higher revenues and lower subscriber acquisition costs were partially offset by higher broadcast programming costs, increased general and administrative expenses and higher upgrade and retention costs. The operating profit before depreciation and amortization margin decreased in the first quarter of 2012 as compared to the first quarter of 2011 as the revenue growth was more than offset by higher relative growth in broadcast programming and other costs.

        Broadcast programming and other costs increased primarily due to annual program supplier rate increases and the larger number of subscribers.

        Subscriber acquisition costs decreased primarily due to lower gross subscriber additions. SAC, which includes the cost of capitalized set-top receivers, increased primarily due to higher marketing costs per subscriber added and an increase in subscriber demand for advanced products.

        Upgrade and retention costs increased in the first quarter of 2012 due to higher installation costs associated with greater advanced equipment upgrades.

        General and administrative expenses increased in the first quarter of 2012 primarily due to the benefit from a property tax adjustment recorded during the first quarter of 2011, as well as higher labor costs in 2012.

        Operating profit.    Operating profit and operating profit margin increased in the first quarter of 2012 compared to the first quarter of 2011. The increase in operating profit margin was primarily due to lower depreciation and amortization expense in the first quarter of 2012 resulting from the change in the HD set-top receiver estimated depreciable life from three to four years and the completion of the amortization of a contract rights intangible asset, partially offset by lower operating profit before depreciation and amortization margin.

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DIRECTV Latin America Results of Operations

        The following table provides operating results and a summary of key subscriber data for consolidated DIRECTV Latin America operations:

 
 
Three Months
Ended and As of
March 31,
 
Change
 
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
$
 
%
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions, Except Per Subscriber Amounts)
   
 

Revenues

  $ 1,485   $ 1,114   $ 371     33.3 %

Operating profit before depreciation and amortization

    468     384     84     21.9 %

Operating profit before depreciation and amortization margin

    31.5 %   34.5 %        

Operating profit

  $ 249   $ 219   $ 30     13.7 %

Operating profit margin

    16.8 %   19.7 %        

Other data:

                         

ARPU

  $ 60.59   $ 61.69   $ (1.10 )   (1.8 )%

Average monthly total subscriber churn %

    1.80 %   1.87 %       (3.7 )%

Average monthly post paid subscriber churn %

    1.47 %   1.43 %       2.8 %

Total number of subscribers (in thousands)

    8,464     6,235     2,229     35.7 %

Gross subscriber additions (in thousands)

    1,034     765     269     35.2 %

Net subscriber additions (in thousands)

    593     427     166     38.9 %

Capital expenditures:

                         

Property and equipment

    44     11     33     300.0 %

Subscriber leased equipment—subscriber acquisitions

    252     171     81     47.4 %

Subscriber leased equipment—upgrade and retention

    103     84     19     22.6 %

Satellites

    22         22     N/A  
                     

Total capital expenditures

  $ 421   $ 266   $ 155     58.3 %
                     

(1)
DIRECTV Latin America subscriber data exclude subscribers of the Sky Mexico platform.

        Subscribers.    The increase in gross subscriber additions in the first quarter of 2012 was primarily due to greater middle market demand primarily in Brazil, Argentina and Colombia. Net subscribers additions increased in the first quarter of 2012 due to higher gross subscriber additions and lower total average churn due to higher prepaid re-connections in PanAmericana, which was partially offset by an increase in post paid churn, primarily in Brazil.

        Revenues.    Revenues increased in the first quarter of 2012 primarily due to strong subscriber growth partially offset by a decrease in ARPU. The decrease in ARPU was primarily due to unfavorable exchange rates in Brazil and Argentina, as well as the effect of increased penetration in the middle market partially offset by price increases on programming packages and higher penetration of advanced products.

        Operating profit before depreciation and amortization.    Operating profit before depreciation and amortization increased in the first quarter of 2012 as compared to the first quarter of 2011, primarily due to the increased gross profit generated from the higher revenues, partially offset by higher subscriber acquisition costs due to the higher number of gross subscriber additions, increased subscriber service expenses due to a larger subscriber base and higher upgrade and retention costs resulting from the increased demand for advanced products. The operating profit before depreciation and amortization margin decreased in the first quarter of 2012 as compared to the first quarter of 2011 as

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the revenue growth was more than offset by higher relative growth in subscriber acquisition and upgrade and retention costs, as well as increased subscriber service expenses.

        Operating profit.    Operating profit increased in the first quarter of 2012 as compared to the first quarter of 2011, primarily due to higher operating profit before depreciation and amortization discussed above, partially offset by higher depreciation and amortization expense resulting from an increase in basic and advanced set-top receivers capitalized due to the higher gross subscriber additions attained in the last year. The operating profit margin decline was due to the lower operating profit before depreciation and amortization margin discussed above and higher depreciation and amortization expense.

DIRECTV Other Income and Income Taxes

        Interest income.    Interest income was $12 million in the first quarter of 2012 and $7 million in the first quarter of 2011.

        Interest expense.    The increase in interest expense to $204 million in the first quarter of 2012 from $172 million in the first quarter of 2011 was due to an increase in the average debt balance, partially offset by a decrease in weighted average interest rates.

        Other, net.    The significant components of "Other, net" were as follows:

 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
Change
 
Other, net:
 
2012
 
2011
 
$
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions)
 

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated subsidiaries

  $ 33   $ 25   $ 8  

Gain on sale of investments

        26     (26 )

Fair-value loss on non-employee stock options

    (4 )   (5 )   1  

Loss on early extinguishment of debt

        (11 )   11  

Net foreign currency transaction gain

    13     8     5  

Other

    (1 )   (1 )    
               

Total

  $ 41   $ 42   $ (1 )
               

        Income Tax Expense.    We recognized income tax expense of $416 million for the first quarter of 2012 compared to income tax expense of $349 million for the first quarter of 2011. The effective tax rate for the first quarter of 2012 was 36.0% compared to 33.8% for the first quarter of 2011, primarily due to a benefit recorded for previously unrecognized foreign tax credits in the first quarter of 2011 .

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Earnings Per Share

        Earnings per share and weighted average shares outstanding were as follows:

 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
 
  (Shares in Millions)
 

Basic earnings attributable to DIRECTV per common share

  $ 1.08   $ 0.85  

Diluted earnings attributable to DIRECTV per common share

    1.07     0.85  

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding

             

Basic

    678     793  

Diluted

    681     797  

        The increases in basic and diluted earnings per share were due to higher net income attributable to DIRECTV and a reduction in weighted average shares outstanding resulting from our share repurchase program.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

        As of March 31, 2012, our cash and cash equivalents totaled $4,526 million compared to $873 million at December 31, 2011. The $3,653 million increase resulted primarily from $1,763 million of cash provided by operating activities and approximately $3,996 million of cash proceeds from the issuance of senior notes, partially offset by $1,260 million in cash used for the repurchase of shares and $811 million of cash paid for the acquisition of satellites, property and equipment.

        As of March 31, 2012, DIRECTV U.S. had the ability to borrow up to $2 billion under a revolving credit facility, which is available until February 2016. DIRECTV U.S. is subject to certain restrictive covenants under its credit facility.

        As a measure of liquidity, the current ratio (ratio of current assets to current liabilities) was 1.19 at March 31, 2012 and 0.89 at December 31, 2011.

        Since 2006 our Board of Directors has approved multiple authorizations for the repurchase of our common stock, the most recent of which was announced in the first quarter of 2012, authorizing share repurchases of up to an additional $6 billion. As of March 31, 2012, we had approximately $5,566 million remaining under this authorization. During the three months ended March 31, 2012, we repurchased and retired 28 million common shares for $1,300 million, at an average price of $45.65. The authorizations allow us to repurchase our common stock from time to time through open market purchases and negotiated transactions, or otherwise. The timing, nature and amount of such transactions will depend on a variety of factors, including market conditions, and the program may be suspended, discontinued or accelerated at any time. The sources of funds for the purchases under the remaining authorizations are our existing cash on hand, cash from operations and potential additional borrowings.

        We expect to fund our cash requirements and our existing business plan using our available cash balances and cash provided by operations. Additional borrowings, which may include borrowings under the $2 billion DIRECTV U.S. revolving credit facility, may be required to fund strategic investment opportunities should they arise. We may also borrow additional amounts in the future in order to maintain our target of outstanding long-term debt of 2.5 times our annual operating profit before depreciation and amortization of DIRECTV on a consolidated basis; however, we will evaluate our optimal leverage target on an ongoing basis.

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        Several factors may affect our ability to fund our operations and commitments that we discuss in "Contractual Obligations" and "Contingencies" below. In addition, our future cash flows may be reduced if we experience, among other things, significantly higher subscriber additions than planned, increased subscriber churn or upgrade and retention costs, higher than planned capital expenditures for satellites and broadcast equipment, satellite anomalies or signal theft. Additionally, DIRECTV U.S.' ability to borrow under the revolving credit facility is contingent upon DIRECTV U.S. meeting financial and other covenants associated with its facility as more fully described below.

Borrowings

        At March 31, 2012, we had $17,461 million in total outstanding borrowings, bearing a weighted average interest rate of 4.9%. Our outstanding borrowings consist of senior notes issued by DIRECTV U.S. as more fully described in Note 5 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 1, Part I of this Quarterly Report and in Note 10 to the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8, Part II of our 2011 Form 10-K.

        On May 15, 2012, DIRECTV U.S. will redeem for cash of all of its then outstanding $1,500 million of 7.625% senior notes, resulting in a cash payment of $1,614 million and pre-tax charge of $64 million, $39 million after tax, of which $57 million will result from the premium paid for the redemption and $7 million will result from the write-off of deferred debt issuance and other transaction costs.

        Our senior notes payable mature as follows: $1,500 million in 2012, $1,000 million in 2014, $1,200 million in 2015, $2,250 million in 2016 and $11,550 million in 2017 and thereafter.

        All of our senior notes were issued by DIRECTV Holdings LLC and DIRECTV Financing Co., Inc., or the Co-Issuers, and have been registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. On November 14, 2011, we entered into a series of Supplemental Indentures whereby DIRECTV agreed to fully guarantee all of the senior notes, jointly and severally with substantially all of DIRECTV Holdings LLC's domestic subsidiaries. The Supplemental Indentures provide that DIRECTV unconditionally guarantees that the principal and interest on the respective senior notes will be paid in full when due and that the obligations of the Co-Issuers to the holders of the outstanding senior notes will be performed. All of the senior notes issued since November 14, 2011 are also similarly fully guaranteed by DIRECTV.

        As a result of the guarantees, holders of the senior notes have the benefit of DIRECTV's interests in the assets and related earnings of our operations that are not held through DIRECTV Holdings LLC and its subsidiaries. Those operations are primarily our DTH digital television services throughout Latin America which are held by DIRECTV Latin America Holdings, Inc. and its subsidiaries and DIRECTV Sports Networks LLC and its subsidiaries which are comprised primarily of three regional sports television networks based in Seattle, Washington; Denver, Colorado and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. However, the subsidiaries that own and operate DIRECTV Latin America Holdings and DIRECTV Sports Networks LLC have not guaranteed the senior notes.

        The guarantees are unsecured senior obligations of DIRECTV and rank equally in right of payment with all of DIRECTV's existing and future senior debt and rank senior in right of payment to all of DIRECTV's future subordinated debt, if any. The guarantees are effectively subordinated to all existing and future secured obligations, if any, of DIRECTV to the extent of the value of the assets securing the obligations. DIRECTV will not be subject to the covenants contained in each indenture of the senior notes and our guarantees will terminate and be released on the terms set forth in each of the indentures.

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Revolving Credit Facility

        In February 2011, DIRECTV U.S.' $500 million, six-year senior secured credit facility was terminated and replaced with a five-year, $2 billion revolving credit facility. We pay a commitment fee of 0.30% per year for the unused commitment under the revolving credit facility, and borrowings bear interest at an annual rate of (i) the London interbank offer rate (LIBOR) (or for Euro advances the EURIBOR rate) plus 1.50% or at our option (ii) the higher of the prime rate plus 0.50% or the Fed Funds Rate plus 1.00%. The commitment fee and the annual interest rate may be increased or decreased under certain conditions, which include changes in DIRECTV U.S.' long-term, unsecured debt ratings. The revolving credit facility has been fully and unconditionally guaranteed, jointly and severally, by substantially all of DIRECTV U.S.' domestic subsidiaries on a senior unsecured basis.

Covenants and Restrictions

        The revolving credit facility requires DIRECTV U.S. to maintain at the end of each fiscal quarter a specified ratio of indebtedness to adjusted net income. The revolving credit facility also includes covenants that restrict DIRECTV U.S.' ability to, among other things, (i) incur additional subsidiary indebtedness, (ii) incur liens, (iii) enter into certain transactions with affiliates, (iv) merge or consolidate with another entity, (v) sell, assign, lease or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of its assets, and (vi) change its lines of business. Additionally, the senior notes contain restrictive covenants that are similar. Should DIRECTV U.S. fail to comply with these covenants, all or a portion of its borrowings under the senior notes could become immediately payable and its revolving credit facility could be terminated. At March 31, 2012, management believes DIRECTV U.S. was in compliance with all such covenants. The senior notes and revolving credit facility also provide that the borrowings may be required to be prepaid if certain change-in-control events occur.

Contingencies

Venezuela Foreign Currency Exchange Controls

        Companies operating in Venezuela are required to obtain Venezuelan government approval to exchange Venezuelan bolivars into U.S. dollars at the official rate of 4.3 bolivars per U.S. dollar. Our ability to pay U.S. dollar denominated obligations and repatriate cash generated in Venezuela in excess of local operating requirements is limited, resulting in an increase in the cash balance at our Venezuelan subsidiary. At such time that exchange controls are eased, accumulated cash balances may ultimately be repatriated at less than their currently reported value, as the official exchange rate has not changed despite continuing high inflation in Venezuela. In addition, in the event of a significant devaluation of the bolivar, we may recognize a charge to earnings based on the amount of bolivar denominated net monetary assets (monetary assets net of monetary liabilities) held at the time of such devaluation and this may affect the growth of our Venezuelan business.

        We use the official 4.3 bolivars per U.S. dollar exchange rate to translate the financial statements of our Venezuelan subsidiary. As of March 31, 2012, our Venezuelan subsidiary had Venezuelan bolivar denominated net monetary assets of $312 million, including cash of $396 million.

        Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest.    As discussed in Note 6 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part 1, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report, Globo has the right to exchange Sky Brasil shares for cash or our common shares. If Globo exercises this right, we have the option to elect to pay the consideration in cash, shares of our common stock, or a combination of both.

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Dividend Policy

        Dividends may be paid on our common stock only when, as, and if declared by our Board of Directors in its sole discretion. We have no current plans to pay any dividends on our common stock. We currently expect to use our future earnings for the development of our businesses or other corporate purposes, which may include share repurchases.

CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS

        The following table sets forth our contractual obligations as of March 31, 2012, including the future periods in which payments are expected. Additional details regarding these obligations are provided in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part I, Item 1 referenced in the table below and the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011. The contractual obligations below do not include payments that could be made related to our net unrecognized tax benefits liability, which amounted to $397 million as of March 31, 2012. The timing and amount of any future payments is not reasonably estimable, as such payments are dependent on the completion and resolution of examinations with tax authorities. We do not expect a significant payment related to these obligations within the next twelve months.

 
 
Payments Due By Period
 
Contractual Obligations
 
Total
 
2012
 
2013-2014
 
2015-2016
 
2017 and
thereafter
 
 
  (Dollars in Millions)
 

Long-term debt obligations (Note 5)(a)

  $ 27,739   $ 1,987   $ 2,482   $ 4,731   $ 18,539  

Purchase obligations(b)

    8,224     1,870     3,805     1,330     1,219  

Operating lease obligations(c)

    848     63     156     141     488  

Capital lease obligations(d)

    1,526     71     182     254     1,019  
                       

Total

  $ 38,337   $ 3,991   $ 6,625   $ 6,456   $ 21,265  
                       

(a)
Long-term debt obligations include interest calculated based on the rates in effect at March 31, 2012, however, the obligations do not reflect potential prepayments required under indentures.

(b)
Purchase obligations consist primarily of broadcast programming commitments, regional professional team rights agreements, service contract commitments and satellite construction and launch contracts. Broadcast programming commitments include guaranteed minimum contractual commitments that are typically based on a flat fee or a minimum number of required subscribers subscribing to the related programming. Actual payments may exceed the minimum payment requirements if the actual number of subscribers subscribing to the related programming exceeds the minimum amounts. Service contract commitments include minimum commitments for the purchase of services that have been outsourced to third parties, such as billing services, telemetry, tracking and control services and broadcast center services. In most cases, actual payments, which are typically based on volume, usually exceed these minimum amounts.

(c)
Certain of the operating leases contain variable escalation clauses and renewal or purchase options, which we do not consider in the amounts disclosed.

(d)
Capital lease obligations include prepayments related to a satellite lease contract which we expect to account for as a capital lease upon commencement.

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CONTINGENCIES

        For a discussion of "Contingencies," see Part I, Item 1, and Note 6 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements of this Quarterly Report, which we incorporate herein by reference.

CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED-PARTY TRANSACTIONS

        For a discussion of "Certain Relationships and Related-Party Transactions," see Part I, Item 1, Note 7 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements of this Quarterly Report, which we incorporate herein by reference.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES

        For a discussion of changes to our "Critical Accounting Estimates," see Part I, Item 1, Note 3 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements of this Quarterly Report, which we incorporate herein by reference. For additional information, see Item 7. Critical Accounting Estimates in Part II of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.

ACCOUNTING CHANGES

        For a discussion of "Accounting Changes," see Part I, Item 1, Note 3 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements of this Quarterly Report, which we incorporate herein by reference.

        * * *

ITEM 3.    QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

        There have been no material changes in our market risk during the three months ended March 31, 2012. For additional information, see Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk in Part II of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.

        * * *

ITEM 4.    CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

        We carried out an evaluation as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q under the supervision and with the participation of management, including our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act). Based on the evaluation, our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of March 31, 2012.

        There has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that occurred during our fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2012, that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

        * * *

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PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1.    LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

        (a)   Material pending legal proceedings, other than ordinary routine litigation incidental to the business, to which we became or were a party during the quarter ended March 31, 2012 or subsequent thereto, but before the filing of the report, are summarized below:

        Dealer Arbitration.    In February, 2012, Consolidated Smart Broadband Systems, LLC, one of our multi-dwelling unit (MDU) dealers, filed a demand for arbitration in Los Angeles, California against DIRECTV, LLC. Consolidated is asserting claims for damages of approximately $70 million, alleging breach of contract and tortious interference with prospective economic advantage. The arbitration commenced on April 26, 2012. We believe their claims are without merit and we are defending the action. This proceeding resulted, in part, from recently adopted amendments to some of our policies related to our MDU and other retail dealers. Various other current or former dealers have asserted claims against us relating to such amendments or other matters, and we believe such claims are generally without merit. We have determined the likelihood of a material liability in such matters is remote or have made appropriate accruals, and the final disposition of these claims is not expected to have a material effect on our consolidated financial position or results of operation. However, no assurance can be given that any adverse outcome would not be material to our results of operation of any one period.

        Other.    We are subject to other legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of our business. The amount of ultimate liability with respect to such actions is not expected to materially affect our financial position, results of operations or liquidity.

        (b)   No previously reported legal proceedings were terminated during the first quarter ended March 31, 2012.

ITEM 1A.    RISK FACTORS

        The risk factors included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011 have not materially changed. See Part I Item 2 of this Quarterly Report related to "forward-looking statements" which we incorporate by reference.

ITEM 2.    UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

    Share Repurchase Program

        Since 2006 our Board of Directors has approved multiple authorizations for the repurchase of our common stock, the most recent of which was announced in the first quarter of 2012, authorizing share repurchases of up to an additional $6 billion. The authorizations allow us to repurchase our common stock from time to time through open market purchases and negotiated transactions, or otherwise. The timing, nature and amount of such transactions will depend on a variety of factors, including market conditions, and the program may be suspended, discontinued or accelerated at any time. The sources of funds for the purchases under the remaining authorizations are our existing cash on hand, cash from operations and potential additional borrowings. Purchases are made in the open market, through block trades and other negotiated transactions. Repurchased shares are retired, but remain authorized for registration and issuance in the future.

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        A summary of the repurchase activity for the three months ended March 31, 2012 is as follows:

Period
 
Total Number
of Shares
Purchased
 
Average Price
Paid Per Share
 
Total Number of
Shares Purchased
as Part of Publicly
Announced Plans
or Programs
 
Maximum Dollar
Value that May
Yet Be Purchased
Under the Plans
or Programs
 
 
  (Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
 

January 1–31, 2012

    9   $ 43.76     9   $ 455  

February 1–29, 2012

    9     45.52     9     6,038  

March 1–31, 2012

    10     47.56     10     5,566  
                       

Total

    28     45.65     28     5,566  
                       

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ITEM 6.    EXHIBITS

Exhibit
Number
 
Exhibit Name
  3.1   Limited Liability Company Articles of Organization of DIRECTV, LLC dated as of July 19, 2002, as amended on October 28, 2002, October 17, 2002 and January 1, 2012 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.7 of the Form S-4 of DIRECTV and DIRECTV Holdings LLC filed on March 26, 2012 (SEC File No. 333-180335)).

 

4.1

 

Indenture, dated as of March 8, 2012, by and among DIRECTV Holdings LLC, DIRECTV Financing Co., Inc., the Guarantors signatory thereto and The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., as trustee (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 of the Form 8-K of DIRECTV filed on March 14, 2012 (SEC File No. 1-34554)).

 

4.2

 

Form of 2.400% Notes due 2017 (included in Exhibit 4.1) (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 of the Form 8-K of DIRECTV filed on March 14, 2012 (SEC File No. 1-34554)).

 

4.3

 

Form of 3.800% Notes due 2021 (included in Exhibit 4.1) (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.3 of the Form 8-K of DIRECTV filed on March 14, 2012 (SEC File No. 1-34554)).

 

4.4

 

Form of 5.150% Notes due 2042 (included in Exhibit 4.1) (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.4 of the Form 8-K of DIRECTV filed on March 14, 2012 (SEC File No. 1-34554)).

 

††10.1

 

DIRECTV Executive Severance Plan Document and Summary Plan Description (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of the Form 8-K of DIRECTV filed on January 27, 2012 (SEC File No. 1-34554)).

 

††10.2

 

Summary Terms—2012 Restricted Stock Unit Grants (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of the Form 8-K of DIRECTV filed on February 15, 2012 (SEC File No. 1-34554)).

 

††10.3

 

Summary Terms—2012 Cash Bonus (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 of the Form 8-K of DIRECTV filed on February 15, 2012 (SEC File No. 1-34554)).

 

††10.4

 

Summary Terms—2012 Stock Option Grant (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 of the Form 8-K of DIRECTV filed on February 15, 2012 (SEC File No. 1-34554)).

 

††10.5

 

Amended and Restated DIRECTV Executive Deferred Compensation Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.5 of the Form 10-K of DIRECTV filed on February 23, 2012 (SEC File No. 1-34554)).

 

10.6

 

Registration Rights Agreement, dated as of March 8, 2012, by and among DIRECTV Holdings LLC, DIRECTV Financing Co., Inc., the Guarantors signatory thereto and the Initial Purchasers named therein (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of the Form 8-K of DIRECTV filed on March 14, 2012 (SEC File No. 1-34554)).

 

*31.1

 

Certification of the Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

*31.2

 

Certification of the Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

*32.1

 

Certification of the Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, As Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

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Exhibit
Number
 
Exhibit Name
  *32.2   Certification of the Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, As Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

101.INS

 

XBRL Instance Document

 

101.SCH

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

 

101.CAL

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document

 

101.DEF

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

 

101.LAB

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document

 

101.PRE

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

*
Furnished, not filed.

††
Management contract or compensatory plan arrangement.

*  *  *

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SIGNATURES

        Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

    DIRECTV
(Registrant)

Date: May 8, 2012

 

By:

 

/s/ PATRICK T. DOYLE

Patrick T. Doyle
(Duly Authorized Officer and Executive Vice President,
Treasurer and Chief Financial Officer)

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EXHIBIT INDEX

Exhibit
Number
 
Exhibit Name
  31.1   Certification of the Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

31.2

 

Certification of the Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

32.1

 

Certification of the Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, As Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

32.2

 

Certification of the Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, As Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

101.INS

 

XBRL Instance Document

 

101.SCH

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

 

101.CAL

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document

 

101.DEF

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

 

101.LAB

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document

 

101.PRE

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document


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