These three New Jersey municipal CEFs warrant consideration, despite the state's fiscal woes.
The last two CEF Weekly articles focused on municipal closed-end-fund, or CEF, investing at the state level in New York and California. While national muni funds offer greater geographic diversification than state funds, the latter group offers a greater tax incentive. This week we look at CEFs focusing on the New Jersey muni market, whose state's residents face one of the highest income tax rates in the country. Individuals and couples with more than $500,000 in taxable income, for example, are subject to a 9% state tax on top of the 35% federal income tax. Investing in New Jersey municipal bonds effectively gives about an 85% boost to take-away income.
Before we look at specific funds, investors may wonder whether investing in the New Jersey municipal market is a wise decision. The state has long been a poster child for fiscal insolvency, after all. Governor Chris Christie was interviewed by "60 Minutes" alongside Meredith Whitney in late 2010 in an episode that predicted a widespread default of municipalities and states. Whitney's interview is frequently cited as a big factor in spooking muni investors. Christie didn't exactly paint a reassuring picture. About this time last year, things were not looking good for New Jersey. The state faced a fiscal 2012 shortfall of $10.5 billion (about 36% of the general fund budget), one of the highest unfunded pension obligations in the country, and a downgrade of its general obligation debt to AA- from AA.
One year later, New Jersey has closed its deficit and, with four months left in its fiscal year, projects a small surplus for fiscal 2013. The state is now focusing on closing its massive unfunded pension obligation and has allocated an ample amount of funds (about $1.5 billion) towards its municipal aid program. These actions have decreased the credit risk for individual municipalities, whose credit ratings may not necessarily correspond to the state's rating.
New Jersey investors should note that the New Jersey municipal debt market is much smaller than it is in other states. As such, fund portfolios typically contain bonds issued in Pennsylvania, New York, and U.S. territories. While the income from U.S. territory bonds are, oddly enough, exempt from federal and state taxes, income from the other out-of-state bonds are not. On average, 9.3% of each New Jersey CEF portfolio is made up of bonds not exempt from state taxes, and 8.5% of each open-end New Jersey muni portfolio is made up of these bonds. Nevertheless, investors might find this sliver of taxable bonds worth it for the ability to construct a diversified portfolio with little work on their part.
The small size of the New Jersey municipal market also means that the bonds are more illiquid. As such, New Jersey municipal CEFs have an advantage over the equivalent open-end funds in that they have the freedom of focusing on bonds with the highest return potential without having to worry about fund inflows and outflows.
Although we highlighted five New York and California muni CEFs in our last two CEF Weekly articles, the smaller market for bonds issued in the Garden State means that there is a much smaller pool of funds to choose from (14 in sum). This week we chose to highlight our favorite three New Jersey municipal CEFs.
Invesco Van Kampen NJ Investment Grade VTJ
For the income-oriented investor, Invesco Van Kampen NJ Investment Grade offers a good risk/return trade-off. The fund currently pays the highest distribution rate on this list at 6.3% of share price and 6.6% of net asset value, or NAV. Over the past five years, the fund has slowly raised its monthly distribution to $0.095 per share from $0.067. Aside from a 2007 year-end capital gains distribution, the distribution has consisted entirely of income over that period. Its undistributed net investment income balance, or UNII, now rests at $0.4717 per share and consistently increased alongside the distribution. Total return to NAV has also been above average. Over trailing one-, three-, and five-year periods, the fund returned an annualized 26.1%, 14.9%, and 5.8%, while the average New Jersey municipal CEF returned 21.5%, 13.7%, and 5.8%.
However, investors should be prepared for higher NAV volatility as well. The fund's higher-than-average leverage ratio (total assets/net assets) of 1.62 has led to NAV standard deviations of 4.4%, 5.1%, and 7.6%, over one-, three-, and five year periods. In comparison, New Jersey municipal CEFs had average NAV standard deviations of 3.9%, 4.8%, and 7.4% over the same periods.