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Home>Research & Insights>Investment Insights>This International Growth Fund Screens for Quality and Hedges Currency Risk

This International Growth Fund Screens for Quality and Hedges Currency Risk

WisdomTree International Hedged Quality Dividend Growth emphasizes high-quality companies.

Daniel Sotiroff, 07/05/2017

WisdomTree International Hedged Quality Dividend Growth ETF IHDG emphasizes dividend-paying stocks through its dividend-weighted approach. The fund also screens for profitability and earnings growth, which increases its likelihood of holding stocks that will maintain or grow their dividend payments. Despite this reasonable approach, the fund’s short history and its high fee compared with alternatives limit its Morningstar Analyst Rating to Bronze.

The portfolio targets 300 developed-markets stocks that score high on various measures of quality, including long-term estimated earnings growth, return on equity, and return on assets. The emphasis on these metrics tilts the portfolio toward companies with more-durable competitive advantages and causes the fund to have a growth orientation. Almost 94% of the companies in this portfolio have wide or narrow Morningstar Economic Moat Ratings, which is among the top decile in the foreign large-growth Morningstar Category. The fund’s return on invested capital and ROE also land in the top decile of the category.

Stocks are weighted based on total dividends paid in the previous 12 months. This approach overweights stocks that have declined in price relative to dividends paid and away from those that have become more expensive. This contrarian methodology can cause turnover to be higher than a market-cap-weighted approach, and it emphasizes stocks with high dividend yields. Currently this fund’s yield lands in the highest decile of its category.

This fund also hedges its currency risk using currency forwards or futures contracts, which has aided the fund’s performance in the past several years as the dollar has been strengthening relative to many other currencies. Although it has a short history, its annualized return during the past three years through May 2017 was better than 97% of its peers', and volatility was in the lowest decile of the category. Over long periods of time, hedging currency risk can reduce the volatility associated with fluctuations in foreign exchange rates. The majority of the funds in this category do not hedge their currency risk.

Fundamental View
Strategies that emphasize dividend-paying stocks can offer investors some tangible benefits. Regular dividend payments can help investors stay the course through market downturns. Firms that provide stable dividend payments can also help investors better forecast income. Dividends can also be used to signal a company’s financial strength, making corporate managers hesitant to reduce dividend payments. Additionally, dividend payments reduce the cash available for a firm to pursue investment activities. This can instill a sense of discipline and encourage companies to pursue projects that offer high rates of return. This portfolio’s dividend yield has persistently ranked in the top decile of its category during its short three-year history.

This fund uses a strategy that emphasizes growth over dividend yield. However, it screens for expected earnings growth rather than dividend growth directly. This could pose a risk to the strategy as higher expected earnings don’t necessarily translate into actual dividend payments. Managers may use excess earnings to pay down debt, repurchase shares, or pursue other investment opportunities. In addition to future earnings growth, this fund also screens its holdings for profitability using ROE and return on assets.  Indeed, this fund’s holdings have been more profitable than those of many of its category peers. Over the past 12 months through May 2017 this fund’s ROE and ROIC were in the top decile of the category.

The focus on dividend-paying stocks combined with screens for quality causes the fund’s sector composition to look different from its peers. This fund has substantially higher allocations to stocks from defensive sectors such as consumer staples and healthcare, an lower allocations in sectors that are more cyclical such as technology and energy. The more-defensive nature of this fund also causes it to have lower volatility than its peers. Furthermore, many of the stocks held in this portfolio have wide or narrow economic moat ratings, meaning they have robust competitive advantages.

Wide-moat companies such as Unilever ULRoche RHHBY, and British American Tobacco BTI are among this fund’s top holdings. These are major multinational firms that have global revenue streams, making their listing country less important. Despite the global presence of this fund’s holdings, foreign investments can offer diversification benefits to a portfolio of U.S. stocks. During the past three years through May 2017, this fund’s correlation with the Russell 1000 Index has been far less than perfect, at 0.73.

Daniel Sotiroff is an analyst, passive strategies research, for Morningstar Research Services LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Morningstar, Inc.

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