# A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Management Fee

Taken from the fund's prospectus, this area qualifies the management and administrative fees listed under Management Fees. The actual fees listing most commonly represents the costs shareholders paid for management and administrative services over the fund's prior fiscal year.

If fee levels have changed since the end of the most recent fiscal year, the actual fees will most commonly be presented as a recalculation based on the prior year's average monthly net assets using the new, current expenses.

Although contract-type management costs are listed in a fund's prospectus, these are maximum amounts and funds may waive a portion, or possibly all, of those fees. Actual fees thus represent a closer approximation of the true costs to shareholders.

 

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